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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806319/transient-segmental-enhancement-of-pyogenic-liver-abscess-a-comparison-between-contrast-enhanced-ultrasound-and-computed-tomography
#1
Kun Sun, Wei Zhu, Yan Luo, Yongzhong Li, Xiang Zhou
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the correlation between the transient segmental enhancement (TSE) of liver abscesses on contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) imaging and contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) scans. METHODS: In total, 42 abscesses in 38 patients were evaluated with real-time CEUS and contrast-enhanced CT imaging. The CT imaging and CEUS examinations were performed within one to 2 days of each other in all cases. The initial reports of the observations of TSE on CEUS scans were correlated later with the findings of TSE on contrast-enhanced CT images...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803550/palliative-end-ileostomy-and-gastrojejunostomy-for-a-metastatic-distal-transverse-colonic-malignancy-complicated-by-a-proximal-duodenocolic-fistula-a-case-report
#2
Gnanaselvam Pamathy, Umesh Jayarajah, Yapa Hamillage Hemantha Gunathilaka, Sivasuriya Sivaganesh
BACKGROUND: Fistulae between the colon and upper gastrointestinal tract are distressing and uncommon complications of malignancies involving this region. We report a case of a middle-aged man with a locally advanced and metastatic distal transverse colon malignancy who presented with a duodenocolic fistula proximal to the primary tumor and underwent palliative surgery. CASE PRESENTATION: A 50-year-old Sri Lankan man presented to our hospital with a history of feculent vomiting of 1 week's duration preceded by worsening constipation and abdominal fullness of 2 months' duration...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803414/laparoscopic-reversal-of-mini-gastric-bypass-to-original-anatomy-for-severe-postoperative-malnutrition
#3
Laurent Genser, Antoine Soprani, Malek Tabbara, Jean-Michel Siksik, Jean Cady, Sergio Carandina
PURPOSE: Malnutrition after mini-gastric bypass (MGB) is a rare and dreaded complication with few data available regarding its surgical management. We aim to report the feasibility, safety, and results of laparoscopic reversal of MGB to normal anatomy (RMGB) in case of severe and refractory malnutrition syndrome after intensive nutritional support (SRMS). METHODS: A 10-year retrospective chart review was performed on patients who underwent RMGB (video included) for SRMS following MGB...
August 12, 2017: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802308/vitreous-amyloidosis-with-autonomic-neuropathy-of-the-digestive-tract-associated-with-a-novel-transthyretin-p-gly87arg-variant-in-a-bangladeshi-patient-a-case-report
#4
Benjamin Terrier, Magali Colombat, Caroline Beugnet, Astrid Quéant, Jonathan London, Jean-Baptiste Daudin, Claire Le Jeunne, Luc Mouthon, Dominique Monnet, Cécile Cauquil, Catherine Lacroix, David Adams, Antoine Brézin, Sophie Valleix
BACKGROUND: Hereditary transthyretin amyloidosis is an autosomal dominant inherited disorder, first described in families with sensorimotor and autonomic neuropathy. Since its first description, more than 120 amyloidogenic transthyretin mutations have been reported with various geographic distributions and associated with a wide range of phenotypes involving the peripheral nerve, the heart, the gastrointestinal tract, the eyes, the central nervous system, or the kidneys. In some cases of transthyretin amyloidosis, the first clinical manifestation is vitreous opacity...
August 13, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801510/therapeutic-options-for-bleeding-oesophageal-varices-cyanoacrylate-and-balloon-occluded-retrograde-obliteration-brto
#5
Helena L Frischtak, Jessica P Davis, Neeral L Shah
A 56-year-old male with cirrhosis presented with acute bleeding from cardiofundal gastroesophageal varices (GOV) and was treated with endoscopic cyanoacrylate glue. Glue therapy achieved stabilisation of the patient in the emergent setting. Three months later, the patient suffered rebleeding. At that time, he underwent retreatment with balloon-occluded retrograde obliteration (BRTO), with no recurrence at a follow-up of 14 months.Available treatments for bleeding GOV include methods to (a) directly obstruct the varices (endoscopic variceal ligation , sclerotherapy and cyanoacrylate glue, BRTO) or to (b) decrease portal pressure (surgical portacaval shunts; transportal intrahepatic portosystemic shunt)...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799279/oesophageal-replacement-with-stomach-a-personal-series-and-review-of-published-experience
#6
Karim Awad, Bruce Jaffray
AIM: To describe the outcomes of oesophageal replacement using stomach in children. METHODS: All children undergoing oesophageal replacement in a regional centre were prospectively recorded in a customised database and subjected to continual follow up. Complications within 30 days were classified as early, and all other complications were classified as late. Outcomes were related to a comprehensive analysis of published experience where studies were classified as having long-term follow up if the median duration exceeded 5 years...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794695/water-filtered-infrared-a-wira-overcomes-swallowing-disorders-and-hypersalivation-a-case-report
#7
Gerd Hoffmann
Case description: A patient with a Barrett oesophageal carcinoma and a resection of the oesophagus with gastric pull-up developed swallowing disorders 6 years and 2 months after the operation. Within 1 year and 7 months two recurrences of the tumor at the anastomosis were found and treated with combined chemoradiotherapy or chemotherapy respectively. 7 years and 9 months after the operation local tumor masses and destruction were present with no ability to orally drink or eat (full feeding by jejunal PEG tube): quality of life was poor, as saliva and mucus were very viscous (pulling filaments) and could not be swallowed and had to be spat out throughout the day and night resulting in short periods of sleep (awaking from the necessity to spit out)...
2017: German Medical Science: GMS E-journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791319/gastric-superficial-neoplasia-high-miss-rate-but-slow-progression
#8
Yuichi Shimodate, Motowo Mizuno, Akira Doi, Naoyuki Nishimura, Hirokazu Mouri, Kazuhiro Matsueda, Hiroshi Yamamoto
BACKGROUND AND AIMS:  Gastric superficial neoplasia (GSN) is often overlooked at endoscopy because of difficulty in identifying it. The miss rate of GSN at endoscopy and the impact on clinical outcome of the missed GSN have not been fully elucidated. In this study, we investigated these issues. METHODS:  Among 1462 endoscopically and pathologically diagnosed gastric cancers in our hospital from January 2011 to December 2014, previous records of esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) were available for 198 lesions (index lesions) and were reviewed retrospectively...
August 2017: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789612/lichenoid-esophagitis-presenting-as-fatal-upper-gastrointestinal-bleeding-in-a-52%C3%A2-year-old-woman-a-case-diagnosed-by-autopsy
#9
Andrew Mitchell, Tony Petrella
BACKGROUND: "Lichenoid esophagitis" is a descriptive term for a lichenoid pattern of inflammation in the esophagus for which a precise histologic diagnosis cannot be established. The differential diagnosis includes lichen planus, a drug-related reaction, and viral infection. Lichenoid esophagitis causing death has not been reported previously. We describe a case, diagnosed by autopsy, of lichenoid esophagitis in which massive bleeding from generalized epithelial sloughing and a large longitudinal ulcer proved fatal...
August 8, 2017: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783521/paraduodenal-pancreatitis-as-an-uncommon-cause-of-gastric-outlet-obstruction-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#10
Soroush Larjani, Vanessa R Bruckschwaiger, Leslie A Stephens, Paul D James, Guillaume Martel, Richard Mimeault, Fady K Balaa, Kimberly A Bertens
INTRODUCTION: Paraduodenal pancreatitis (PP) is an under-recognized form of focal chronic or recurrent pancreatitis. Since PP presents with non-specific symptoms and shares radiological and histopathological features with other entities, it can be challenging to diagnose. PRESENTATION OF CASE REPORT: Herein, a case of a 64 year-old Caucasian male with PP presenting with recurrent gastric outlet obstruction (GOO) is detailed. Over the course of two years, he underwent multiple balloon dilatations for symptom management...
July 25, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782002/comparison-of-submucosal-tunneling-biopsy-versus-eus-guided-fna-for-gastric-subepithelial-lesions-a-prospective-study-with-crossover-design
#11
Hideki Kobara, Hirohito Mori, Naoki Nishimoto, Shintaro Fujihara, Noriko Nishiyama, Maki Ayaki, Tatsuo Yachida, Tae Matsunaga, Taiga Chiyo, Nobuya Kobayashi, Koji Fujita, Kiyohito Kato, Hideki Kamada, Makoto Oryu, Kunihiko Tsutsui, Hisakazu Iwama, Reiji Haba, Tsutomu Masaki
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS : Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration (FNA) for gastrointestinal subepithelial lesions (SELs) has limited diagnostic accuracy due to technical problems and small lesion size. We previously reported a novel submucosal tunneling biopsy (STB) technique for sampling SELs. This study aimed to evaluate the diagnostic ability and safety of STB compared to that of FNA for SELs. PATIENTS AND METHODS : The study was a non-randomized, prospective comparative study with crossover design in patients with endoluminal gastric SELs...
August 2017: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781865/treatment-of-lymph-node-metastases-from-gastric-cancer-with-a-combination-of-irreversible-electroporation-and-electrochemotherapy-a-case-report
#12
Nina Klein, Stefan Zapf, Enric Gunther, Michael Stehling
The combination of Irreversible Electroporation and Electrochemotherapy (IRECT) was well tolerated, safe, and had antitumor activity in this case study of a patient with lymph node metastases from gastric cancer. We therefore recommend the consideration of further clinical studies to investigate the treatment of cancerous tissue with IRECT.
August 2017: Clinical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781796/gastric-adenocarcinoma-at-the-anastomotic-site-50-years-after-gastrojejunostomy-a-case-report
#13
Tsutomu Namikawa, Yasuhiro Kawanishi, Kazune Fujisawa, Eri Munekage, Masaya Munekage, Hiromichi Maeda, Hiroyuki Kitagawa, Michiya Kobayashi, Kazuhiro Hanazaki
We herein report a rare case of superficially spreading early gastric cancer occurring 50 years after gastrojejunostomy. An 83-year-old woman was diagnosed with gastric cancer after complaining of epigastric discomfort. The patient had undergone gastrojejunostomy with Braun jejunojejunostomy for benign chronic peptic ulcer 50 years prior. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy revealed an irregular nodular lesion on the gastric side of the anastomosis of the gastrojejunostomy. No abnormal lesions were identified by abdominal contrast-enhanced computed tomography...
August 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781789/metastatic-gastric-carcinoma-to-the-breast-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-chinese-literature
#14
Huanhuan Yan, Jun Liu, Xu Ming, Xiaoqian Zhou, Hui Jin, Xiang Li, Miao Zheng
Breast metastasis is extremely unusual in gastric cancer patients worldwide. We herein report the case of a 39-year-old female Chinese patient presenting with symptoms of inflammation in the left breast. A biopsy did not reveal any evidence of malignancy. A modified radical mastectomy was performed and the postoperative pathological examination revealed infiltration by signet ring cell gastric carcinoma. A review of the Chinese literature was performed, and a total of 16 patients with breast metastasis from gastric carcinoma have been reported from 1990 onwards...
August 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771400/single-incision-laparoscopic-intragastric-surgery-for-gastric-submucosal-tumor-located-adjacent-to-esophagogastric-junction-report-of-four-cases
#15
Shinsuke Katsuyama, Kiyokazu Nakajima, Yukinori Kurokawa, Tsuyoshi Takahashi, Yasuhiro Miyazaki, Tomoki Makino, Makoto Yamasaki, Shuji Takiguchi, Masaki Mori, Yuichiro Doki
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic local gastric resection has become the standard form of surgery for gastric submucosal tumors (SMTs) and is currently being actively selected for these cases. However, total gastrectomy or proximal gastrectomy is performed when tumors are adjacent to the cardia of stomach. Unfortunately, these procedures are highly invasive and can cause marked decreases in activities of daily living. We perform a single-incision laparoscopic intragastric surgery (sLIGS), which are both minimally invasive and offers improved cosmetic outcomes, to treat SMT located adjacent to the esophagogastric junction (EGJ)...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771198/prevention-of-gastric-cancer-eradication-of-helicobacter-pylori-and-beyond
#16
REVIEW
Tetsuya Tsukamoto, Mitsuru Nakagawa, Yuka Kiriyama, Takeshi Toyoda, Xueyuan Cao
Although its prevalence is declining, gastric cancer remains a significant public health issue. The bacterium Helicobacter pylori is known to colonize the human stomach and induce chronic atrophic gastritis, intestinal metaplasia, and gastric cancer. Results using a Mongolian gerbil model revealed that H. pylori infection increased the incidence of carcinogen-induced adenocarcinoma, whereas curative treatment of H. pylori significantly lowered cancer incidence. Furthermore, some epidemiological studies have shown that eradication of H...
August 3, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770137/intrathoracic-gastric-volvulus-presenting-with-git-bleed
#17
Rahul Kadam, Vsv Prasad
Intrathoracic gastric volvulus in neonatal period is a life-threatening surgical emergency. We report a case of neonate with respiratory distress and GI bleeding who was diagnosed to have congenital diaphragmatic eventration with Intrathoracic gastric volvulus.
April 2017: Journal of Neonatal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770132/congenital-duodenal-obstruction-situs-inversus-totalis-and-gastric-perforation-in-a-neonate
#18
Rajat Piplani, Samir K Acharya, Deepak Bagga
We report a rare case of incomplete congenital duodenal obstruction (Type 1 duodenal atresia) in association with situs inversus totalis presenting with gastric perforation in a neonate. The infantogram was suggestive of perforation with air under diaphragm along with dextrocardia. On exploration, a pin point perforation at fundus near lesser curvature along with situs inversus was noted. Primary closure of gastric perforation was done. Patient was then discharged on full breast feeds but was readmitted with intolerance to feeds and recurrent bilious vomiting...
April 2017: Journal of Neonatal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768470/misleading-18-fdg-pet-ct-finding-caused-by-chronic-hiv-infection-in-a-patient-with-gastric-carcinoma-a-case-report
#19
Nilufer Bulut, Burcak Yılmaz
The aim of this study was to describe the influence of HIV infection on the staging of gastric cancer by using positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) imaging. We treated a patient with local advanced gastric cancer. PET/CT showed an unusual hypermetabolic activity of lymph nodes, and the patient was later found to be HIV-positive. PET/CT scans in cancer staging of patients with chronic HIV infection may show advanced stage disease. Spread of primary tumor to unusual sites should be a warning sign for the possible concurrent diseases...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768236/programmed-death-ligand-1-and-met-co-expression-is-a-poor-prognostic-factor-in-gastric-cancers-after-resection
#20
Mi Jung Kwon, Kab-Choong Kim, Eun Sook Nam, Seong Jin Cho, Hye-Rim Park, Soo Kee Min, Jinwon Seo, Ji-Young Choe, Hye Kyung Lee, Ho Suk Kang, Kyueng-Whan Min
Programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) plays an essential protein for immune evasion, contributing to tumor development and progression. Recent studies have reported MET as an upregulator for PD-L1 overexpression through an oncogenic pathway. However, an association between PD-L1 expression with MET has not been reported in gastric cancer.The prognostic significance of PD-L1 and its association with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), microsatellite instability (MSI), and mucin phenotype remain controversial.We performed in situ hybridization for EBV-encoded RNA and immunohistochemistry in tissue microarrays for 394 gastric cancers...
July 19, 2017: Oncotarget
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