keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Restraint* -rat*

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551518/heterogeneous-catalytic-ozonation-of-clofibric-acid-using-ce-mcm-48-preparation-reaction-mechanism-comparison-with-ce-mcm-41
#1
Shangyi Li, Yiming Tang, Weirui Chen, Zhe Hu, Xukai Li, Laisheng Li
Three-dimensional mesoporous MCM-48 and Ce loaded MCM-48 (Ce/MCM-48) were synthesized by hydrothermal and impregnating methods, respectively. They were characterized by XRD, SEM, TEM, EDS, XPS, N2 adsorption-desorption techniques, and the results showed that Ce/MCM-48 still retained a highly ordered cubic structure. A series of experiments were conducted to study the catalytic activity of Ce/MCM-48 and Ce/MCM-41 for ozonation of clofibric acid in aqueous solution. Total Organic Carbon (TOC) removal efficiency in Ce/MCM-48/O3 can be improved to 64% at 120min reaction time, 54% by Ce/MCM-41/O3, only 24% by MCM-48/O3, 23% by single ozonation...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551315/prevalence-of-exercise-addiction-symptomology-and-disordered-eating-in-australian-students-studying-nutrition-and-dietetics
#2
Tetyana Rocks, Fiona Pelly, Gary Slater, Lisa Anne Martin
BACKGROUND: Previous research has reported the existence of disordered eating in students studying nutrition and dietetics. However, the occurrence of exercise addiction, previously linked to disordered eating, is poorly understood in this group. OBJECTIVE: The main objective of this study was to explore the prevalence of self-reported symptoms of exercise addiction and the association with disordered eating in a sample of students studying nutrition and dietetics...
May 25, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549157/exposure-to-acute-psychosocial-stress-disrupts-the-luteinizing-hormone-surge-independent-of-estrous-cycle-alterations-in-female-mice
#3
Elizabeth R Wagenmaker, Suzanne M Moenter
The disruptive effects of severe stress on reproductive function are well documented, but surprisingly few studies exist that demonstrate milder psychosocial stressors interfere with the ovarian cycle in females. We hypothesized repeated application of psychosocial stress would disrupt estrous cycles in mice. Mice were transferred to a new cage, transported to a new room and restrained (2h) for 21 consecutive days. Contrary to our hypothesis, this paradigm did not affect estrous cycles. We next tested the hypothesis that a single exposure to mild stress disrupts a specific aspect of the cycle: the proestrous luteinizing hormone (LH) surge...
May 25, 2017: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548919/a-novel-method-for-quanitifying-comfort-in-child-passengers-demonstrates-an-association-between-child-restraint-comfort-and-errors-in-use-of-booster-seats
#4
Cameron K Fong, Lynne E Bilston, Gunther Paul, Julie Brown
OBJECTIVE: Misuse of child restraint systems is a widespread and long-standing problem impacting risk of injury and death in car crashes. Discomfort has been suggested as a causative factor for misuse, particularly in errors introduced by children while they use the restraints. However, the relationship between comfort and errors in use has never been studied. In this study we examine the reliability and sensitivity of a newly developed observational method for assessing comfort in children in vehicles...
May 29, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546974/predicting-body-mass-index-in-women-the-value-of-the-psychological-components-of-depression-anxiety-dietary-restraint-and-nutritional-habits
#5
Behnaz Nikkar Esfahani, Majid Kolahdouzan, Abdulaziz Aflakseir, Mojgan Gharipour
BACKGROUND: Understanding the association between psychological affective disturbances and anthropometric parameters, including body mass index (BMI), is important. These issues may have potential preventive effects on weight reduction in relation to different aspects of women's lifestyles and psychopathological states. The present study aimed to predict BMI based on psychological factors including; depression, anxiety, dietary restraint, and nutritional habits, in a sample of women with sedentary jobs in several Iranian governmental organizations...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546058/the-role-of-il-6-in-neurodevelopment-after-prenatal-stress
#6
Serena B Gumusoglu, Rebecca S Fine, Samuel J Murray, Jada L Bittle, Hanna E Stevens
Prenatal stress exposure is associated with adverse psychiatric outcomes, including autism and ADHD, as well as locomotor and social inhibition and anxiety-like behaviors in animal offspring. Similarly, maternal immune activation also contributes to psychiatric risk and aberrant offspring behavior. The mechanisms underlying these outcomes are not clear. Offspring microglia and the pro-inflammatory cytokine interleukin-6 (IL-6), known to influence microglia, may serve as common mechanisms between prenatal stress and prenatal immune activation...
May 22, 2017: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542431/the-mediating-role-of-rumination-in-the-relation-between-attentional-bias-towards-thin-female-bodies-and-eating-disorder-symptomatology
#7
Laura Dondzilo, Elizabeth Rieger, Romina Palermo, Susan Byrne, Jason Bell
The present study sought to investigate the association between selective attentional processing of body images, rumination, and eating disorder symptoms in young women. Seventy-three undergraduate female students (ages 17-24) completed a modified dot-probe task to assess whether young women showed a differential attentional bias pattern towards thin and non-thin female bodies. Participants also completed self-report measures of eating disorder pathology. It was found that increased reports of dietary restraint and body dissatisfaction were associated with both greater attentional bias towards thin bodies and avoidance of non-thin bodies (as compared to neutral images), although the former relationship was stronger than the latter...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535866/comparing-phlebotomy-by-tail-tip-amputation-facial-vein-puncture-and-tail-vein-incision-in-c57bl-6-mice-by-using-physiologic-and-behavioral-metrics-of-pain-and-distress
#8
Elizabeth S Moore, Thomas A Cleland, Wendy O Williams, Christine M Peterson, Bhupinder Singh, Teresa L Southard, Bret Pasch, Rachael N Labitt, Erin K Daugherity
Tail tip amputation with minimal restraint is not widely used for mouse phlebotomy. In part, this infrequency may reflect policies influenced by tail tip amputation procedures for genotyping, which involve greater handling and tissue removal. To assess tail tip amputation with minimal restraint as a phlebotomy technique, we compared it with 2 more common methods: scruffing with facial vein puncture and lateral tail vein incision with minimal restraint. Blood glucose levels, audible and ultrasonic vocalizations, postphlebotomy activity and grooming behavior, open field and elevated plus maze behaviors, nest-building scores, and histologic changes at the phlebotomy site were evaluated...
May 1, 2017: Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science: JAALAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535306/examination-of-psychosocial-and-physiological-risk-for-bulimic-symptoms-in-youth-with-type-1-diabetes-transitioning-to-an-insulin-pump-a-pilot-study
#9
Claire M Peterson, Deborah Young-Hyman, Sarah Fischer, Jessica T Markowitz, Andrew B Muir, Lori M Laffel
This study tested hypotheses drawn from a risk model positing that psychosocial risk plus disease-related and treatment factors contribute to bulimic symptoms in youth with type 1 diabetes (T1D) transitioning to an insulin pump. The goal of this study was to examine whether disease-related factors, particularly disease- and treatment-based disruption in hunger and satiety, contribute to report of bulimic symptoms in youth with T1D after accounting for psychosocial risk factors. 43 youth (ages 10-17, 54% female) with established T1D were recruited before transition from multiple daily injections to insulin-pump therapy from three tertiary pediatric diabetes centers...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533759/changes-in-the-relative-balance-of-approach-and-avoidance-inclinations-to-use-alcohol-following-cue-exposure-vary-in-low-and-high-risk-drinkers
#10
Ross C Hollett, Werner G K Stritzke, Phoebe Edgeworth, Michael Weinborn
According to the ambivalence model of craving, alcohol craving involves the dynamic interplay of separate approach and avoidance inclinations. Cue-elicited increases in approach inclinations are posited to be more likely to result in alcohol consumption and risky drinking behaviors only if unimpeded by restraint inclinations. Current study aims were (1) to test if changes in the net balance between approach and avoidance inclinations following alcohol cue exposure differentiate between low and high risk drinkers, and (2) if this balance is associated with alcohol consumption on a subsequent taste test...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533318/putting-the-brakes-on-hypertensive-remodeling-an-atf3-mechanism-of-myofibroblast-restraint
#11
EDITORIAL
Jennifer Davis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 23, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528892/hot-chicks-cold-feet
#12
Randi Oppermann Moe, Jon Bohlin, Andreas Flø, Guro Vasdal, Solveig Marie Stubsjøen
Infrared thermography (IRT) is increasingly applied as a noninvasive technique for measuring surface body temperature alterations related to e.g. stress, emotions and leg pathologies in avian species. As a basis for the validation of IRT as a future tool for veterinary diagnostics such as detection and/or prediction of subclinical footpad pathologies in broiler chickens, this study explored effects of manual restraint at two different ages on footpad temperatures. Head region temperatures were applied as additional measures of emotional arousal and stress...
May 19, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524236/commitment-to-care-the-most-important-coping-strategies-among-family-caregivers-of-patients-undergoing-haemodialysis
#13
Shahriar Salehi-Tali, Fazlollah Ahmadi, Kourosh Zarea, Malek Fereidooni-Moghadam
BACKGROUND: Caregivers of patients undergoing haemodialysis often experience an intensive burden of care; therefore, it is important to understand the type of strategies that are used by caregivers to adapt and to commit themselves to caring for another individual. AIM: The aim of this study was to explore the specific coping strategies used by family caregivers of patients undergoing haemodialysis. METHODS: In this qualitative study, 16 family caregivers of patients undergoing haemodialysis were selected through purposive sampling in four dialysis centres in south of Iran...
May 19, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521360/exposure-of-the-external-carotid-artery-through-the-posterior-triangle-of-the-neck-a-novel-approach-to-facilitate-bypass-procedures-to-the-posterior-cerebral-circulation
#14
Ali Tayebi Meybodi, Michael T Lawton, Pooneh Mokhtari, Olivia Kola, Ivan H El-Sayed, Arnau Benet
BACKGROUND: The external carotid artery (ECA) is the main high-flow donor for extracranial-intracranial revascularization procedures. However, anatomic restraints limit the availability of ECA in posterior exposures of the craniocervical junction aimed for bypass to distal vertebral artery segments. OBJECTIVE: To examine the feasibility and safety of exposure of the ECA through the posterior triangle of the neck. METHODS: A preliminary feasibility study on the posterior neck exposure of the ECA was performed in 1 cadaveric head (2 sides) followed by a morphometric study on 9 cadaveric heads (18 sides)...
June 1, 2017: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521032/a-neglected-cause-of-iatrogenic-brachial-plexus-injuries-in-psychiatric-patients
#15
José Fernando Guedes-Corrêa, Maristella Reis da Costa Pereira, Francisco José Lourenço Torrão-Junior, José Vicente Martins, Daniel Alves Neiva Barbosa
BACKGROUND: Psychiatric patients are often kept immobilized during hospitalization to avoid self-inflicted injuries and danger to third parties. Inadequate positioning can lead to brachial plexus injuries (BPI). OBJECTIVE: To present a series of 5 psychiatric patients with BPI after being left sedated and restrained for prolonged periods of time during hospitalization. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the charts of 5 psychiatric patients with iatrogenic BPI referred by other institutions to our service...
May 18, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513876/the-inter-play-between-facilitation-and-context-in-the-promoting-action-on-research-implementation-in-health-services-framework-a-qualitative-exploratory-implementation-study-embedded-in-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-to-reduce-restraint-in-nursing-homes
#16
Tone Elin Mekki, Christine Øye, Bodil Margrete Kristensen, Helen Dahl, Astrid Haaland, Kristin Aas Nordin, Marta R Strandos, Toril Marie Terum, Arnt Egil Ydstebø, Brendan Mccormack
AIM: To explore the inter-play between external facilitation and nursing home contexts relative to intervention outcomes. BACKGROUND: The Promoting Action on Research Implementation in Health Services framework is frequently used to theoretically inform implementation and research in nursing and recent reviews indicate high face validity for health services. However, the inter-play and relationship between framework sub- elements of evidence, context and facilitation and the prospective utility in non-English speaking contexts warrant further illumination...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513397/congress-backs-summer-of-protest-over-pay
#17
Matthew Mckew
Nurses across the UK could be set for a historic summer of protest after an RCN poll revealed strong support for strikes over pay restraint. The college warned that unless the next government scraps the 1% pay cap it will hold a ballot on industrial action later this year, threatening the first ever members' strikes in the RCN's 100-year history.
May 17, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511569/weightbearing-vs-gravity-stress-radiographs-for-stability-evaluation-of-supination-external-rotation-fractures-of-the-ankle
#18
Angela Seidel, Fabian Krause, Martin Weber
BACKGROUND: Isolated lateral malleolar fractures may result from a supination-external rotation (SER) injury of the ankle. Stable fractures maintain tibiotalar congruence due to competent medial restraints and can be treated nonoperatively with excellent functional results and long-term prognosis. Stability might be assessed with either stress radiographs or weightbearing radiographs. METHODS: A consecutive series of patients with closed SER fractures (presumed AO 44-B1) were prospectively enrolled from 2008 to 2015...
May 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507317/elevation-of-p11-in-lateral-habenula-mediates-depression-like-behavior
#19
J-S Seo, P Zhong, A Liu, Z Yan, P Greengard
The lateral habenula (LHb) is a key brain region involved in the pathophysiology of depression. It is activated by stimuli associated with negative experiences and is involved in encoding aversive signals. Hyperactivity of LHb is found in both rodent models of depression and human patients with depression. However, little is known about the underlying molecular mechanisms. Here we show that in LHb neurons, p11, a multifunctional protein implicated in depression, is significantly upregulated by chronic restraint stress...
May 16, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506820/seasonal-variation-of-hospital-violence-seclusion-and-restraint-in-a-forensic-psychiatric-hospital
#20
Satu Kuivalainen, Katri Vehviläinen-Julkunen, Olavi Louheranta, Anu Putkonen, Eila Repo-Tiihonen, Jari Tiihonen
Several epidemiological studies have reported seasonal patterns in both violent and self-destructive behaviour. However, a few studies on hospital violence have found contradictory results. The aim of this study was to investigate whether there was any seasonal variation of violence in a forensic psychiatric hospital providing care for persons suffering from psychotic disorders and violent or self-destructive behaviour. Seasonal variation of the prevalence of seclusion and restraint was also investigated. Reports of violent incidents and seclusion and restraint statistics from between 2007 and 2012 were examined with Poisson regression analysis...
May 12, 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
keyword
keyword
40100
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"