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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334529/midterm-outcome-of-kidney-transplantation-from-donors-with-thin-basement-membrane-nephropathy
#1
Chanjoong Choi, Sanghyun Ahn, Seung-Kee Min, Jongwon Ha, Curie Ahn, Yonsu Kim, Hajeong Lee, Sang-Il Min
BACKGROUND: Thin basement membrane nephropathy (TBMN) is the most common cause of persistent glomerular hematuria. Most individuals with TBMN show a benign course, although it can be difficult to distinguish it from early stages of progressive renal diseases. However, only limited studies address the prognosis of donors with TBMN and their recipients. METHODS: From 2007 to 2016, 11 recipients received kidney grafts from donors with TBMN, and their clinical data were analyzed retrospectively...
January 12, 2018: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334491/a-randomized-titrate-to-target-study-comparing-fixed-dose-combinations-of-azilsartan-medoxomil-and-chlorthalidone-with-olmesartan-and-hydrochlorothiazide-in-stage-2-systolic-hypertension
#2
William C Cushman, George L Bakris, William B White, Michael A Weber, Domenic Sica, Andrew Roberts, Eric Lloyd, Stuart Kupfer
BACKGROUND: Azilsartan medoxomil (AZL-M), an angiotensin II receptor blocker, has been developed in fixed-dose combinations (FDCs) with chlorthalidone (CTD). OBJECTIVE/METHODS: We compared FDCs of AZL-M/CTD 20/12.5 mg once daily titrated to 40/25 mg if needed or AZL-M/CTD 40/12.5 mg once daily titrated to 80/25 mg if needed with an olmesartan medoxomil (OLM)-hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) 20/12.5 mg FDC once daily titrated to 40/25 mg if needed in a randomized, double-blind, 8-week study of 1085 participants with clinic SBP 160-190 mmHg and DBP 119 mmHg or less...
January 13, 2018: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334268/analysis-of-the-development-and-progression-of-carbon-monoxide-poisoning-related-acute-kidney-injury-according-to-the-kidney-disease-improving-global-outcomes-kdigo-criteria
#3
Youn-Jung Kim, Chang Hwan Sohn, Dong-Woo Seo, Bum Jin Oh, Kyoung Soo Lim, Jai Won Chang, Won Young Kim
CONTEXT: Acute kidney injury (AKI) can occur after carbon monoxide (CO) intoxication; however, limited data are available. This study aimed to evaluate the prognostic value of the development and progression of AKI in patients with acute CO poisoning. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study using a prospective registry of CO poisoning between January 2010 and December 2015. AKI was defined and classified according to the Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) criteria...
January 15, 2018: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334234/is-there-an-association-between-severity-of-illness-and-psychiatric-symptoms-in-patients-with-chronic-renal-failure
#4
D Guenzani, M Buoli, G S Carnevali, M Serati, P Messa, S Vettoretti
Chronic renal failure (CRF) is a frequent condition in elderly subjects, and it is associated with psychiatric comorbidity, especially depressive symptoms. Purpose of the present research was to compare patients with different severity of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in terms of psychiatric symptoms. One hundred CKD subjects were randomly selected among those attending the Department of Nephrology, University of Milan. The patients were evaluated through the following rating scales: Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Symptom Checklist (SCL-90), Kidney Disease Quality of Life- Short Form (KDQOL-SF) and Cumulative Illness Rating Scale (CIRS)...
January 15, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333833/-infrequent-mutation-in-renal-coloboma-syndrome-case-report-and-review
#5
Ignacio Ruiz Del Olmo Izuzquiza, Yolanda Romero Salas, Ana Rodríguez Valle, Inmaculada González Viejo, María L Justa Roldán
Renal-coloboma syndrome is an autosomal dominant disease characterized by renal hypodysplasia and coloboma. A case of a 12-year-old girl with chronic kidney disease, bilateral optic nerve colobomas and an exceptional PAX-2 gene mutation is presented. Diagnosed in prenatal scans with bilateral renal hypoplasia, she presented clinical and laboratory findings of chronic kidney disease at 5 days of life. Following tests showed grade II bilateral vesicoureteral reflux spontaneously solved, maintained non nephrotic proteinuria controlled with enalapril and bilateral colobomas with left macular atrophy...
February 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333622/metabolic-acidosis-and-anaemia-associated-with-dorzolamide-in-a-patient-with-impaired-renal-function
#6
Iva Hoffmanová, Daniel Sánchez
Topical carbonic anhydrase inhibitors (CAI), used for treatment of glaucoma, are generally regarded as safe and unconnected with systemic side effects. We report an unusual case of fatigue, metabolic acidosis, and normocytic anaemia associated with ocular administration of the CAI, dorzolamide, in a patient with impaired renal function. In chronic kidney disease, where CAI elimination may be decreased, and patients prone to develop metabolic acidosis, systemic absorption of ocular administered CAI could lead to rare, but potentially serious adverse reaction, that are a consequence of inhibition of extraocular carbonic anhydrase isoenzymes...
January 14, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333579/factors-associated-with-the-number-and-size-of-renal-angiomyolipomas-in-sporadic-angiomyolipoma-saml-a-study-of-adult-patients-with-saml-managed-in-a-dutch-tertiary-referral-center
#7
J L H Ruud Bosch, Francis Vekeman, Mei Sheng Duh, Maureen Neary, Matthew Magestro, Jonathan Fortier, Paul Karner, Raluca Ionescu-Ittu, Bernard A Zonnenberg
PURPOSE: To describe the patient characteristics, treatments, disease monitoring, and kidney function of patients with sporadic angiomyolipoma (sAML), stratified by the number and size of renal angiomyolipomas (AMLs). METHODS: Single-center retrospective analysis of patients with sAML treated from 1990 to 2015 in a dedicated clinic for inheritable tumor syndromes in a tertiary referral center from the Netherlands. Patients' first AML assessment at the clinic was defined as the index date...
January 15, 2018: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333149/a-summary-of-worldwide-national-activities-in-chronic-kidney-disease-ckd-testing
#8
Roberto Ruiz-Arenas, Rosa Sierra-Amor, David Seccombe, Stella Raymondo, Maria Stella Graziani, Mauro Panteghini, Tewogbade A Adedeji, Shanthi Naidu Kamatham, Vanja Radišić Biljak
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a major public health issue worldwide and is associated with adverse health outcomes, especially in low- and middle-income countries. In a cash limited healthcare system, guidelines that improve the efficiency of health care free up resources needed for other healthcare services. This short review presents some examples from national acitivities in CKD testing, including countries throughout the globe: Mexico in North America, Uruguay in South America, Italy in Europe, Nigeria in Africa and India in Asia...
December 2017: EJIFCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333148/a-pathway-to-national-guidelines-for-laboratory-diagnostics-of-chronic-kidney-disease-examples-from-diverse-european-countries
#9
Vanja Radišić Biljak, Kristin Moberg Aakre, Dogan Yucel, Anne-Sophie Bargnoux, Jean-Paul Cristol, Laurence Piéroni
The principal benefit of guidelines is to improve the quality of care received by patients. In the 2012 Clinical Practice Guideline for the Evaluation and Management of Chronic Kidney Disease (KDIGO) was released and it is designed to provide information and assist decision making. This review gives a brief overview of a various national CKD guidelines that rely on the newly released KDIGO guidelines. All of the included countries (France, Turkey, Norway and Croatia) are non-English speaking countries and they differ in population and socio economic aspects...
December 2017: EJIFCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333146/cystatin-c-is-indispensable-for-evaluation-of-kidney-disease
#10
Anders Grubb
The present minireview of the place of cystatin C in clinical medicine emphasizes, and discuss the evidence, that cystatin C-based GFR-estimating equations do not require the use of vague terms like race and sex, that cystatin C-based GFR-esti mating equations are useful for both children and adults, including the elderly, that the best GFR-estimation requires simultaneous use of both cystatin C- and creatinine-based equations, that cystatin C-based GFR-estimating equations are superior to creatinine-based equations in predicting end-stage renal disease, cardiovascular manifestations, hospitalisation and death, and, finally that cystatin C is required to diagnose the new syndrome "Shrunken Pore Syndrome" with its high mortality and morbidity, even in the absence of reduced GFR...
December 2017: EJIFCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333145/moving-toward-standardization-of-urine-albumin-measurements
#11
Jesse C Seegmiller, W Greg Miller, Lorin M Bachmann
Measurement of urine albumin is important for detecting and monitoring kidney disease. At the present time, measurement of urine albumin is not standardized due to the lack of a reference system, which includes both a reference measurement procedure and certified reference materials. Developing a reference system will provide a means for clinical laboratory measurement procedures to become standardized and will enable successful use of uniform clinical decision points. Currently, urine albumin results vary in excess of 40% depending on which commercially available measurement procedure is utilized for measurement...
December 2017: EJIFCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333144/did-creatinine-standardization-give-benefits-to-the-evaluation-of-glomerular-filtration-rate
#12
Laurence Piéroni, Anne-Sophie Bargnoux, Jean-Paul Cristol, Etienne Cavalier, Pierre Delanaye
During the last decade, a lot of efforts has been made to improve the evaluation of renal functions. Measured Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR) remains the only valuable test to confirm or confute the status of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and is recommended by Kidney Disease Global Outcomes guidelines when estimation of GFR is not reliable. However, in routine clinical practice, serum creatinine remains the one of the most prescribed biological parameters and is an undeniable factor, alone or in association with other parameters, of the estimation of GFR...
December 2017: EJIFCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333143/task-force-on-ckd-we-have-come-a-long-way
#13
Graham R D Jones
Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is an important medical condition where diagnosis, staging and monitoring is largely based on routine laboratory tests. During the last 15 years there have been many important changes in the clinical management of CKD described in key international guidelines. In order to successfully implement these guidelines, laboratories must collaborate with clinicians to provide a co-ordinated service, including accurate measurements and of creatinine and urine albumin and reporting of an estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR)...
December 2017: EJIFCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333142/ifcc-task-force-on-chronic-kidney-disease-integrated-project-tf-ckd-special-issue
#14
EDITORIAL
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No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: EJIFCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332935/novel-treatment-strategies-for-chronic-kidney-disease-insights-from-the-animal-kingdom
#15
REVIEW
Peter Stenvinkel, Johanna Painer, Makoto Kuro-O, Miguel Lanaspa, Walter Arnold, Thomas Ruf, Paul G Shiels, Richard J Johnson
Many of the >2 million animal species that inhabit Earth have developed survival mechanisms that aid in the prevention of obesity, kidney disease, starvation, dehydration and vascular ageing; however, some animals remain susceptible to these complications. Domestic and captive wild felids, for example, show susceptibility to chronic kidney disease (CKD), potentially linked to the high protein intake of these animals. By contrast, naked mole rats are a model of longevity and are protected from extreme environmental conditions through mechanisms that provide resistance to oxidative stress...
January 15, 2018: Nature Reviews. Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332911/impact-of-continuous-administration-of-tolvaptan-on-preventing-medium-term-worsening-renal-function-and-long-term-adverse-events-in-heart-failure-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#16
Yusuke Nakano, Tomofumi Mizuno, Toru Niwa, Kentaro Mukai, Hirokazu Wakabayashi, Atsushi Watanabe, Hirohiko Ando, Hiroaki Takashima, Kenta Murotani, Katsuhisa Waseda, Tetsuya Amano
Tolvaptan (TLV) has an inhibiting effect for worsening renal function (WRF) in acute decompensated heart failure (HF) patients. However, there are limited data regarding the effect of continuous TLV administration on medium-term WRF.This was a retrospective observational study in hospitalized HF patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). TLV was administered to those patients with fluid retention despite standard HF therapy. We compared 34 patients treated with TLV (TLV group) to 33 patients treated with conventional HF therapy with high-dose loop diuretics (furosemide ≥ 40 mg) (Loop group)...
January 15, 2018: International Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332336/downregulation-of-guanine-nucleotide-binding-protein-beta-1-gnb1-is-associated-with-worsened-prognosis-of-clearcell-renal-cell-carcinoma-and-is-related-to-vegf-signaling-pathway
#17
C Chen, H Chi, L Min, Z Junhua
PURPOSE: Clear-cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is characterized by genetic abnormalities, while the role of Guanine Nucleotide-Binding Protein Beta 1 (GNB1) in ccRCC has not been studied. We thus aimed to evaluate the expression and prognostic value of GNB1 in ccRCC. METHODS: A two-stage study (exploration and validation) was conducted using in silico and immunohistochemical (IHC) scoring of ccRCC samples from our institute, to evaluate the association between GNB1 expression and clinicopathological parameters of ccRCC patients...
November 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332180/cd39-adenosinergic-axis-in-renal-pathophysiology-and-therapeutics
#18
REVIEW
Bellamkonda K Kishore, Simon C Robson, Karen M Dwyer
Extracellular ATP interacts with purinergic type 2 (P2) receptors and elicits many crucial biological functions. Extracellular ATP is sequentially hydrolyzed to ADP and AMP by the actions of defined nucleotidases, such as CD39, and AMP is converted to adenosine, largely by CD73, an ecto-5'-nucleotidase. Extracellular adenosine interacts with P1 receptors and often opposes the effects of P2 receptor activation. The balance between extracellular ATP and adenosine in the blood and extracellular fluid is regulated chiefly by the activities of CD39 and CD73, which constitute the CD39-adenosinergic axis...
January 13, 2018: Purinergic Signalling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332011/examining-the-utility-of-cystatin-c-as-a-confirmatory-test-of-chronic-kidney-disease-across-the-age-range-in-middle-aged-and-older-community-dwelling-adults
#19
Mark Canney, Donal J Sexton, Neil O'Leary, Martin Healy, Rose Anne Kenny, Mark A Little, Conall M O'Seaghdha
BACKGROUND: Cystatin C has been proposed as a confirmatory test of chronic kidney disease (CKD). This is most applicable to older individuals with CKD, the majority of whom have a creatinine-based estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) of 45-59 mL/min/1.73 m2 (CKD stage 3a). We sought to examine the utility of cystatin C as a confirmatory test of CKD across the age range in the general population of older adults. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis of 5386 participants from The Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing, a cluster-sampled national cohort of community-dwelling adults aged ≥50 years...
January 13, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331722/effect-of-vitamin-d-supplementation-on-serum-sclerostin-levels-in-chronic-kidney-disease
#20
REVIEW
Ashok Kumar Yadav, Vivek Kumar, Debasish Banerjee, Krishan Lal Gupta, Vivekanand Jha
Vitamin D deficiency, cardiovascular disease and abnormal bone mineral metabolism are common in chronic kidney disease (CKD). Abnormal bone mineral metabolism has been linked to vascular calcification in CKD. Sclerostin has emerged as an important messenger in cross talk between bone-vascular axis. We analyzed sclerostin in subjects who participated in the randomized, double blind, placebo controlled trial investigating the effect of cholecalciferol supplementation on vascular function in non-diabetic CKD stage G3-4 and vitamin D ≤20ng/ml [CTRI/2013/05/003648]...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
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