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surfactant peptide

Noriho Sakamoto, Hiroshi Ishimoto, Tomoyuki Kakugawa, Minoru Satoh, Tomoko Hasegawa, Shin Tanaka, Atsuko Hara, Shota Nakashima, Hirokazu Yura, Takuto Miyamura, Hanako Koyama, Towako Morita, Seiko Nakamichi, Yasushi Obase, Yuji Ishimatsu, Hiroshi Mukae
BACKGROUND: Interstitial lung disease (ILD) is a prognostic indicator of poor outcome in myositis. Although the pathogenesis of myositis-associated ILD is not well understood, neutrophils are thought to play a pivotal role. Neutrophils store azurophil granules that contain defensins, which are antimicrobial peptides that regulate the inflammatory response. Here, we evaluated levels of the human neutrophil peptides (HNPs) α-defensin 1 through 3 in patients with myositis-associated ILD to determine whether HNPs represent disease markers and play a role in the pathogenesis of myositis-associated ILD...
March 12, 2018: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
Dipendra Gyawali, Jimin P Kim, Jian Yang
A novel photo-crosslinkable nanogel is prepared from a biodegradable polymer template with intrinsic photoluminescence and high photostability. The fluorescent nanogels display excellent biodegradability and cytocompatibility owed to the facile synthesis scheme involving a solvent-and surfactant-free one-pot reaction, derived entirely from biocompatible monomers citric acid, maleic acid, L-cysteine, and poly(ethylene glycol). The resultant nanogels are less than 200 nm in diameter with a narrow size distribution and monodispersity, and demonstrate long-term structural stability in biological buffer for two weeks...
March 2018: Bioactive Materials
Lucía Martínez-Jothar, Sofia Doulkeridou, Raymond M Schiffelers, Javier Sastre Torano, Sabrina Oliveira, Cornelus F van Nostrum, Wim E Hennink
Maleimide-thiol chemistry is widely used for the design and preparation of ligand-decorated drug delivery systems such as poly(lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) based nanoparticles (NPs). While many publications on nanocarriers functionalized exploiting this strategy are available in the literature, the conditions at which this reaction takes place vary among publications. This paper presents a comprehensive study on the conjugation of the peptide cRGDfK and the nanobody 11A4 (both containing a free thiol group) to maleimide functionalized PLGA NPs by means of the maleimide-thiol click reaction...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
Vijayaraghavan Rangachari, Dexter N Dean, Pratip Rana, Ashwin Vaidya, Preetam Ghosh
Self-templating propagation of protein aggregate conformations is increasingly becoming a significant factor in many neurological diseases. In Alzheimer disease (AD), intrinsically disordered amyloid-β (Aβ) peptides undergo aggregation that is sensitive to environmental conditions. High-molecular weight aggregates of Aβ that form insoluble fibrils are deposited as senile plaques in AD brains. However, low-molecular weight aggregates called soluble oligomers are known to be the primary toxic agents responsible for neuronal dysfunction...
March 8, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Avinash Y Gahane, Pritish Ranjan, Virender Singh, Raj K Sharma, Neeraj Sinha, Mandeep Sharma, Rama Chaudhry, Ashwani K Thakur
In the quest for new antimicrobial materials, hydrogels of Fmoc-protected peptides and amino acids have gained momentum due to their ease of synthesis and cost effectiveness; however, their repertoire is currently limited, and the mechanistic details of their function are not well understood. Herein, we report the antibacterial activity of the hydrogel and solution phases of Fmoc-phenylalanine (Fmoc-F) against a variety of Gram-positive bacteria including methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). Fmoc-F, a small molecule hydrogelator, reduces the bacterial load both in vitro and in the skin wound infections of mice...
March 8, 2018: Soft Matter
Betty Gourdon, Xavier Declèves, Jean-Manuel Péan, Caroline Chemin
PURPOSE: Oral drug delivery using NPs is a current strategy for poorly absorbed molecules. It offers significant improvement in terms of bioavailability. However, the encapsulation of proteins and peptides in polymeric NPs is a challenge. Firstly, the present study focused on the double emulsion process in order to encapsulate the OXY peptide. Then the technique was challenged by a one-step simplified process, the simple emulsion. METHODS: In order to study the influence of formulation and process parameters, factorial experimental designs were carried on...
March 5, 2018: Pharmaceutical Research
Elena Piacenza, Alessandro Presentato, Raymond J Turner
In the last 15 years, the exploitation of biological systems (i.e. plants, bacteria, mycelial fungi, yeasts, and algae) to produce metal(loid) (Me)-based nanomaterials has been evaluated as eco-friendly and a cost-effective alternative to the chemical synthesis processes. Although the biological mechanisms of biogenic Me-nanomaterial (Bio-Me-nanomaterials) production are not yet completely elucidated, a key advantage of such bio-nanostructures over those chemically synthesized is related to their natural thermodynamic stability, with several studies ascribed to the presence of an organic layer surrounding these Bio-Me-nanostructures...
February 25, 2018: Critical Reviews in Biotechnology
Xiaoyan Guan, Le Zhang, Jette Wypych
Disulfide linkage is critical to protein folding and structural stability. The location of disulfide linkages for antibodies is routinely discovered by comparing the chromatograms of the reduced and non-reduced peptide mapping with location identification confirmed by collision-induced dissociation (CID) mass spectrometry (MS)/MS. However, CID product spectra of disulfide-linked peptides can be difficult to interpret, and provide limited information on the backbone region within the disulfide loop. Here, we applied an electron-transfer dissociation (ETD)/CID combined fragmentation method that identifies the disulfide linkage without intensive LC comparison, and yet maps the disulfide location accurately...
February 22, 2018: MAbs
Ismail Ocsoy, Didar Tasdemir, Sumeyye Mazicioglu, Weihong Tan
The integration of nanotechnology in medicine has had a tremendous impact in the past few decades. The discovery of synthesis of nanomaterials (NMs) and their functions as versatile tools promoted various applications in nano-biotechnology and nanomedicine. Although the physical and chemical methods are still considered as commonly used methods, they introduce several drawbacks such as the use of toxic chemicals (solvent, reducing, and capping agents) and poor control of size, size distribution, and morphology, respectively...
February 21, 2018: Advances in Biochemical Engineering/biotechnology
Eiichi Toorisaka, Yumi Nonaka
A new emulsification technique using porous silica particles was studied as a facile and instantaneous formation method for thermodynamically unstable emulsions. In this study, oil encapsulated in silica particles was released instantly upon the addition of a phosphate buffer, forming an oil-in-water (O/W) emulsion. Emulsion formation was inhibited or promoted using lipophilic or hydrophilic surfactant additives, respectively. We concluded that this phenomenon is affected by the wettability of the soybean oil on the silica surface, which is controlled by the surfactant...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Oleo Science
Mihael Spacapan, Tjaša Danevčič, Ines Mandic-Mulec
Gram-positive bacteria use peptides as auto-inducing (AI) signals to regulate the production of extracellular enzymes (e.g., proteases). ComX is an AI peptide, mostly known for its role in the regulation of bacterial competence and surfactant production in Bacillus subtilis . These two traits are regulated accordingly to the bacterial population size, thus classifying ComX as a quorum sensing signal. ComX also indirectly regulates exoprotease production through the intermediate transcriptional regulator DegQ...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Reiko Sakurai, Cindy Lee, Humphrey Shen, Alan J Waring, Frans J Walther, Virender K Rehan
BACKGROUND: Despite improvements in perinatal care, bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in extremely premature infants has not decreased. Postnatal surfactant therapy provides symptomatic relief from respiratory distress syndrome, but does not translate into a reduction in BPD. Therefore, the search for effective interventions to prevent BPD continues. OBJECTIVES: Since PPAR-γ agonists have been demonstrated to promote neonatal lung maturation and injury repair, we hypothesized that a formulation of a PPAR-γ agonist, pioglitazone (PGZ) and a synthetic lung surfactant (a surfactant protein B peptide mimic, B-YL) combined would stimulate lung maturation and block hyperoxia-induced neonatal lung injury more effectively than either modality alone...
February 9, 2018: Neonatology
Swe-Htet Naing, Ryan C Oliver, Kevin L Weiss, Volker S Urban, Raquel L Lieberman
Intramembrane aspartyl proteases (IAPs) comprise one of four families of integral membrane proteases that hydrolyze substrates within the hydrophobic lipid bilayer. IAPs include signal peptide peptidase, which processes remnant signal peptides from nascent polypeptides in the endoplasmic reticulum, and presenilin, the catalytic component of the γ-secretase complex that processes Notch and amyloid precursor protein. Despite their broad biomedical reach, basic structure-function relationships of IAPs remain active areas of research...
February 6, 2018: Biophysical Journal
Mercedes Novo, Sonia Freire, Wajih Al-Soufi
The oligomers formed during the early steps of amyloid aggregation are thought to be responsible for the neurotoxic damage associated with Alzheimer's disease. It is therefore of great interest to characterize this early aggregation process and the aggregates formed, especially for the most significant peptide in amyloid fibrils, Amyloid-β(1-42) (Aβ42). For this purpose, we directly monitored the changes in size and concentration of initially monomeric Aβ42 samples, using Fluorescence Correlation Spectroscopy...
January 29, 2018: Scientific Reports
Hyejin Kim, Takashi Kimoto, Satoko Sakai, Etsuhisa Takahashi, Hiroshi Kido
We reported previously that intranasal instillation of a synthetic human pulmonary surfactant with a carboxy vinyl polymer as a viscosity improver, named SF-10, shows potent adjuvanticity for humoral immunity in mice and cynomolgus monkeys. SF-10 effectively induces influenza hemagglutinin vaccine (HAv)-specific IgA in nasal and lung washes and IgG in sera with their neutralizing activities. Since CD8+ T cell-mediated protection is an important requirement for adaptive immunity, we investigated in this study the effects of SF-10 with antigen on local and systemic cell-mediated immunity...
2018: PloS One
Gozde Eskici, Paul H Axelsen
Reverse micelles made with sodium bis(2-ethylhexyl) sulfosuccinate suspended in isooctane are commonly used experimental models of aqueous microenvironments. However, there are important unanswered questions about the very characteristic that makes them of interest, namely their size. To explore the factors that determine the size of reverse micelles, all-atom molecular dynamics simulations were performed in which micelles of different size but the same water-loading ratio were simulated on an Anton 2 machine, so that systems of the necessary size could be extended into the microsecond timescale...
January 24, 2018: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Ian W Hamley, Valeria Castelletto, Ashkan Dehsorkhi, Juan Torras, Carlos Aleman, Irina Portnaya, Dganit Danino
The secondary structure of proline rich surfactant-like peptides is examined for the first time and is found to be influenced by charged end groups in peptides P6K, P6E, KP6E and an equimolar mixture of P6K and P6E. The peptides exhibit a conformational transition from unordered to polyproline II (PPII) above a critical concentration, detected from circular dichroism (CD) measurements and unexpectedly from fluorescence dye probe measurements. Isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC) measurements provided the Gibbs energies of hydration of P6K and P6E, which correspond essentially to the hydration energies of the terminal charged residues...
January 22, 2018: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
Sonja Bonengel, Max Jelkmann, Muthanna Abdulkarim, Mark Gumbleton, Vera Reinstadler, Herbert Oberacher, Felix Prüfert, Andreas Bernkop-Schnürch
The objective of this study was to investigate the impact of different hydrophobic ion pairs (HIP) on the oral bioavailability of the model drug octreotide in pigs. Octreotide was ion paired with the anionic surfactants deoxycholate, decanoate and docusate differing in lipophilicity. These hydrophobic ion pairs were incorporated in self-emulsifying drug delivery systems (SEDDS) based on BrijO10, octyldodecanol, propylene glycol and ethanol in a concentration of 5mg/ml. SEDDS were characterized regarding size distribution, zeta potential, stability towards lipase, log DSEDDS/release medium and mucus diffusion behavior...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
Masson Victor, Arafah Karim, Voisin Sébastien, Bulet Philippe
The exoskeleton of arthropods, called cuticle, is a biological composite material consisting principally of N-acetylglucosamine polymer embedded in cuticular proteins (CPs). The CPs have been studied and characterized by mass spectrometry in several cuticular structures and in many arthropods. Such analyses were usually carried out by protein extraction using SDS detergent followed by electrophoresis, allowing detection and identification of a large number of CPs. To build a repertoire of cuticular structures from Bombyx mori, Apis mellifera and Anopheles gambiae we avoided the use of SDS and electrophoresis...
January 12, 2018: Proteomics
Momoko Kitaoka, Ayaka Naritomi, Yoshinori Kawabe, Masamichi Kamihira, Noriho Kamiya, Masahiro Goto
Antigen-specific immunotherapy is the only curative approach for the treatment of allergic diseases such as Japanese cedar pollinosis. Immunotherapy using a T cell epitope vaccine in combination with the adjuvant R848 is of particular interest as a safe and effective approach to treat allergic diseases. Herein, we propose a simple and easy to handle vaccine administration method using the original solid-in-oil (S/O) nanodispersion system that permeates through the skin. The S/O nanodispersion system is composed of nanoparticles of hydrophilic molecules surrounded with hydrophobic surfactants that are dispersed in an oil vehicle...
March 2017: Bioengineering & Translational Medicine
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