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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138462/the-antibacterial-and-anti-inflammatory-activity-of-chicken-cathelicidin-2-combined-with-exogenous-surfactant-for-the-treatment-of-cystic-fibrosis-associated-pathogens
#1
Brandon J H Banaschewski, Brandon Baer, Christina Arsenault, Teah Jazey, Edwin J A Veldhuizen, Johan Delport, Tracey Gooyers, James F Lewis, Henk P Haagsman, Ruud A W Veldhuizen, Cory Yamashita
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is characterized by recurrent airway infections with antibiotic-resistant bacteria and chronic inflammation. Chicken cathelicin-2 (CATH-2) has been shown to exhibit antimicrobial activity against antibiotic-resistant bacteria and to reduce inflammation. In addition, exogenous pulmonary surfactant has been suggested to enhance pulmonary drug delivery. It was hypothesized that CATH-2 when combined with an exogenous surfactant delivery vehicle, bovine lipid extract surfactant (BLES), would exhibit antimicrobial activity against CF-derived bacteria and downregulate inflammation...
November 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138064/bicontinuous-microemulsions-as-a-biomembrane-mimetic-system-for-melittin
#2
Douglas G Hayes, Ran Ye, Rachel N Dunlap, Divina B Anunciado, Sai Venkatesh Pingali, Hugh M O'Neill, Volker S Urban
Antimicrobial peptides effectively kill antibiotic-resistant bacteria by forming pores in prokaryotes' biomembranes via penetration into the biomembranes' interior. Bicontinuous microemulsions, consisting of interdispersed oil and water nanodomains separated by flexible surfactant monolayers, are potentially valuable for hosting membrane-associated peptides and proteins due to their thermodynamic stability, optical transparency, low viscosity, and high interfacial area. Here, we show that bicontinuous microemulsions formed by negatively-charged surfactants are a robust biomembrane mimetic system for the antimicrobial peptide melittin...
November 11, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130758/proniosomes-derived-niosomes-recent-advancements-in-drug-delivery-and-targeting
#3
Maryam Khatoon, Kifayat Ullah Shah, Fakhar Ud Din, Shefaat Ullah Shah, Asim Ur Rehman, Naz Dilawar, Ahmad Nawaz Khan
Vesicular drug delivery systems have gained wide attention in the field of nanotechnology. Among them proniosomes become the superior over other vesicular carriers. Proniosomes are dry formulations of water soluble nonionic surfactant coated carrier system which immediately forms niosomes upon hydration. They have the capability to overcome the instability problems associated with niosomes and liposomes and have the potential to improve solubility, bioavailability, and absorption of various drugs. Furthermore, they offer versatile drug delivery concept for enormous number of hydrophilic and hydrophobic drugs...
2017: Drug Delivery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121767/from-pulmonary-surfactant-synthetic-kl4-peptide-as-effective-sirna-delivery-vector-for-pulmonary-delivery
#4
Yingshan Qiu, Michael Y T Chow, Wanling Liang, Winnie W Y Chung, Judith C W Mak, Jenny K W Lam
Pulmonary delivery of small interfering RNA (siRNA) has huge potential for the treatment of a wide range of respiratory diseases. The ability of naked siRNA to transfect cells in the lungs without a delivery vector has prompted the investigation of whether an endogenous component is at least partially responsible for the cellular uptake of siRNA, and whether a safe and efficient delivery system could be developed from this component to further improve the transfection efficiency. Surfactant protein B (SP-B), a positively charged protein molecule found in lung surfactant, is one of the possible candidates...
November 17, 2017: Molecular Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116074/-proteome-of-the-human-hacat-keratinocytes-identification-of-the-oxidative-stress-proteins-after-sodium-dodecyl-sulpfate-exposur
#5
N A Petushkova, A L Rusanov, V G Zgoda, M A Pyatnitskiy, O V Larina, K V Nakhod, N G Luzgina, A V Lisitsa
Oxidative stress is a universal response of the skin cell damage of various origins. Sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS, sodium lauryl sulfate) is an anionic surfactant commonly used as an emulsifying detergent in household cleaners. Sodium dodecyl sulfate is the reference compound for testing toxicity on cellular skin models. The effect of sodium dodecyl sulfate in sub toxic dose 25 μg/mL during 48 h on the protein profile of human keratinocytes HaCaT was studied by tandem mass spectrometry with electrospray ionization...
September 2017: Molekuliarnaia Biologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096754/overview-of-ribosomal-and-non-ribosomal-antimicrobial-peptides-produced-by-gram-positive-bacteria
#6
M Tajbakhsh, A Karimi, F Fallah, M M Akhavan
The increasing incidence of antimicrobial resistance bacterial infection and decreasing effectiveness of conventional antibiotics to treatment have caused serious problems worldwide. The demand for new generationantibiotics to combat microbial pathogens is imperative. Cationic antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) with different sources from prokaryotic to complex eukaryotic organisms, with variable length, amino acid composition and secondary structure, have been consideredduring the past decades.  The advantages of large number of AMPs are related to broad spectrum and morphogenetic activities, low resistance rate among microorganismswithout side effect on human cells, rapid killing of bacteria via membrane damage and intracellular targets,and their critical roles in anti-inflammatory...
October 31, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067798/peptide-self-assembled-nanostructures-with-distinct-morphologies-and-properties-fabricated-by-molecular-design
#7
Meiwen Cao, Sha Lu, Wenjing Zhao, Li Deng, Meng Wang, Jiqian Wang, Peng Zhou, Dong Wang, Hai Xu, Jian R Lu
Six surfactant-like peptides with the same amino acid composition but different primary sequences are designed, including G3A3V3I3K3, K3I3V3A3G3, I3V3A3G3K3, K3G3A3V3I3, V3G3I3A3K3, and K3A3I3G3V3. These peptides form antiparallel β-sheets during self-assembly. Because the constituent residues have different side chain size and hydrophobicity, sequence changes adjust group distribution and hydrophobicity on the two sides of a given β-sheet. This consequently tunes the binding energy of the side-to-side pairing conformations and leads to different self-assembled structures...
November 1, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064564/directed-evolution-of-polypropylene-and-polystyrene-binding-peptides
#8
Kristin Rübsam, Lina Weber, Felix Jakob, Ulrich Schwaneberg
Surface functionalization of biological inert polymers (e.g. polypropylene PP; polystyrene PS) with material binding peptides facilitates an efficient immobilization of enzymes, bioactive peptides or antigens at ambient temperature in water. The developed robust directed evolution protocol enables to tailor polymer binding anchor peptides (PBPs) for efficient binding under application conditions. Key for a successful directed evolution campaign was to develop an epPCR protocol with a very high mutation frequency (60 mutations/kb) to ensure sufficient diversity in PBPs (47 aas LCI: "liquid chromatography peak I"; 44 aas TA2: "Tachystatin A2")...
October 24, 2017: Biotechnology and Bioengineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044254/high-stability-of-gold-nanoparticles-towards-dna-modification-and-efficient-hybridization-via-a-surfactant-free-peptide-route
#9
Xin-Yi Li, Fu-Yan Feng, Zi-Tong Wu, Yi-Zhen Liu, Xiao-Dong Zhou, Ji-Ming Hu
With the assistance of peptides, a stable and highly efficient approach for the quick loading of thiol-DNA onto AuNPs is proposed with a high DNA utilization, which is generally applicable to specific DNA detection and diverse AuNP sizes. The maximum efficiency of hybridization reached 93% while the reaction time was shortened to 30 min.
October 18, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040295/hydrophobic-residues-are-critical-for-the-helix-forming-hemolytic-and-bactericidal-activities-of-amphipathic-antimicrobial-peptide-tp4
#10
Ting-Wei Chang, Shu-Yi Wei, Shih-Han Wang, Hung-Mu Wei, Yu-June Wang, Chiu-Feng Wang, Chinpan Chen, You-Di Liao
Antimicrobial peptides are important components of the host innate defense mechanism against invading pathogens, especially for drug-resistant bacteria. In addition to bactericidal activity, the 25 residue peptide TP4 isolated from Nile tilapia also stimulates cell proliferation and regulates the innate immune system in mice. In this report, TP4 hyperpolarized and depolarized the membrane potential of Pseudomonas aeruginosa at sub-lethal and lethal concentrations. It also inhibited and eradicated biofilm formation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961531/peptide-surfactant-interactions-a-combined-spectroscopic-and-molecular-dynamics-simulation-approach
#11
Guillaume Roussel, Yves Caudano, André Matagne, Mark S Sansom, Eric A Perpète, Catherine Michaux
In the present contribution, we report a combined spectroscopic and computational approach aiming to unravel at atomic resolution the effect of the anionic SDS detergent on the structure of two model peptides, the α-helix TrpCage and the β-stranded TrpZip. A detailed characterization of the specific amino acids involved is performed. Monomeric (single molecules) and micellar SDS species differently interact with the α-helix and β-stranded peptides, emphasizing the different mechanisms occurring below and above the critical aggregation concentration (CAC)...
September 21, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951444/quantitative-analysis-of-proteome-modulations-in-alveolar-epithelial-type-ii-cells-in-response-to-pulmonary-aspergillus-fumigatus-infection
#12
Pegah Seddigh, Thilo Bracht, Valerie Molinier-Frenkel, Flavia Castellano, Olaf Kniemeyer, Marc Schuster, Juliane Weski, Anja Hasenberg, Andreas Kraus, Gernot Poschet, Thomas Hager, Dirk Theegarte, Christiane Opitz, Axel A Brakhage, Barbara Sitek, Mike Hasenberg, Matthias Gunzer
The ubiquitous mold Aspergillus fumigatus threatens immunosuppressed patients as inducer of lethal invasive aspergillosis. A. fumigatus conidia are airborne and reach the alveoli, where they encounter alveolar epithelial cells (AEC). Previous studies reported the importance of the surfactant-producing AEC II during A. fumigatus infection via in vitro experiments using cell lines. We established a negative isolation protocol yielding untouched primary murine AEC II with a purity >90 %, allowing ex vivo analyses of the cells, which encountered the mold in vivo...
September 26, 2017: Molecular & Cellular Proteomics: MCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939491/fab-antibody-fragment-functionalized-liposomes-for-specific-targeting-of-antigen-positive-cells
#13
Anna Ohradanova-Repic, Eugénia Nogueira, Ingrid Hartl, Andreia C Gomes, Ana Preto, Eva Steinhuber, Vanessa Mühlgrabner, Marko Repic, Mario Kuttke, Alexander Zwirzitz, Marek Prouza, Miloslav Suchanek, Gordana Wozniak-Knopp, Vaclav Horejsi, Gernot Schabbauer, Artur Cavaco-Paulo, Hannes Stockinger
Liposomes functionalized with monoclonal antibodies or their antigen-binding fragments have attracted much attention as specific drug delivery devices for treatment of various diseases including cancer. The conjugation of antibodies to liposomes is usually achieved by covalent coupling using cross-linkers in a reaction that might adversely affect the characteristics of the final product. Here we present an alternative strategy for liposome functionalization: we created a recombinant Fab antibody fragment genetically fused on its C-terminus to the hydrophobic peptide derived from pulmonary surfactant protein D, which became inserted into the liposomal bilayer during liposomal preparation and anchored the Fab onto the liposome surface...
September 19, 2017: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937237/selective-inhibition-of-nf-kappab-and-surfactant-therapy-in-experimental-meconium-induced-lung-injury
#14
J Kopincova, P Mikolka, M Kolomaznik, P Kosutova, A Calkovska, D Mokra
Meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS) in newborns is characterized mainly by respiratory failure due to surfactant dysfunction and inflammation. Previous meta-analyses did not prove any effect of exogenous surfactant treatment nor glucocorticoid administration on final outcome of children with MAS despite oxygenation improvement. As we supposed there is the need to intervene in both these fields simultaneously, we evaluated therapeutic effect of combination of exogenous surfactant and selective inhibitor of NF-kappaB (IKK-NBD peptide)...
September 22, 2017: Physiological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880521/peptide-dendrons-as-thermal-stability-amplifiers-for-immunoglobulin-g1-monoclonal-antibody-biotherapeutics
#15
Rohit Bansal, Sameer Dhawan, Soumili Chattopadhyay, Govind P Maurya, V Haridas, Anurag S Rathore
Biotherapeutics such as monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) have a major share of the pharmaceutical industry for treatment of life-threatening chronic diseases such as cancer, skin ailments, and immune disorders. Instabilities such as aggregation, fragmentation, oxidation, and reduction have resulted in the practice of storing these products at low temperatures (-80 to -20 °C). However, reliable storage at these temperatures can be a challenge, particularly in developing and underdeveloped countries; hence, lately, there has been a renewed interest in creating formulations that would offer stability at higher temperatures (25 to 55 °C)...
October 18, 2017: Bioconjugate Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877748/a-pilot-clinical-trial-of-recombinant-human-angiotensin-converting-enzyme-2-in-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome
#16
Akram Khan, Cody Benthin, Brian Zeno, Timothy E Albertson, John Boyd, Jason D Christie, Richard Hall, Germain Poirier, Juan J Ronco, Mark Tidswell, Kelly Hardes, William M Powley, Tracey J Wright, Sarah K Siederer, David A Fairman, David A Lipson, Andrew I Bayliffe, Aili L Lazaar
BACKGROUND: Renin-angiotensin system (RAS) signaling and angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) have been implicated in the pathogenesis of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). We postulated that repleting ACE2 using GSK2586881, a recombinant form of human angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (rhACE2), could attenuate acute lung injury. METHODS: We conducted a two-part phase II trial comprising an open-label intrapatient dose escalation and a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled phase in ten intensive care units in North America...
September 7, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873558/selective-and-eco-friendly-synthesis-of-lipoaminoacid-based-surfactants-for-food-using-immobilized-lipase-and-protease-biocatalysts
#17
Claudia Bernal, Fanny Guzman, Andres Illanes, Lorena Wilson
Lipoaminoacids, as surfactants, are an excellent option for food industry due to the currently trends in consumption of functional and natural ingredients. Synthesis of lauroyl glycine lipoaminoacid was carried out with a lipase from Pseudomonas stutzeri and a protease from Bacillus subtilis, which were immobilized in octyl-glyoxyl silica and glyoxyl-silica supports, respectively, comparing their catalytic performance. The enzymatic selectivity towards the lipoaminoacid instead of the dipeptide glycylglycine and synthesis yield were evaluated with respect to the characteristics of the immobilized biocatalysts and synthesis conditions...
January 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872861/entropic-anomaly-observed-in-lipid-polymorphisms-induced-by-surfactant-peptide-sp-b-1-25
#18
Nhi Tran, Justin Kurian, Avni Bhatt, Robert McKenna, Joanna R Long
The N-terminal 25 amino-acid residues of pulmonary surfactant protein B (SP-B1-25) induces unusual lipid polymorphisms in a model lipid system, 4:1 DPPC/POPG, mirroring the lipid composition of native pulmonary surfactant. It is widely suggested that SP-B1-25-induced lipid polymorphisms within the alveolar aqueous subphase provide a structural platform for rapid lipid adsorption to the air-water interface. Here, we characterize in detail the phase behavior of DPPC and POPG in hydrated lipid assemblies containing therapeutic levels of SP-B1-25 using (2)H and (31)P solid state NMR spectroscopy...
September 25, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845101/synthesis-and-surface-activity-of-cationic-amino-acid-based-surfactants-in-aqueous-solution
#19
Katarzyna E Greber
I studied the possibility of using amino acid-based surfactants as emulsifiers at the same time as preservatives. Fourteen lipopeptides were synthesized employing a solid phase peptide synthesis procedure. All compounds were designed to be positively charged from +1 to +4 and acylated with fatty acid chain-palmitic and miristic. The surface activity of the obtained lipopeptides was tested using a semi-automatic tensiometer to calculate parameters describing the behavior of lipopeptides in the air/water interface...
2017: Journal of Surfactants and Detergents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828368/inhalation-therapies-in-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome
#20
REVIEW
Antonio Artigas, Marta Camprubí-Rimblas, Neus Tantinyà, Josep Bringué, Raquel Guillamat-Prats, Michael A Matthay
The defining features of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) are an excessive inflammatory respiratory response associated with high morbidity and mortality. Treatment consists mainly of measures to avoid worsening lung injury and cannot reverse the underlying pathophysiological process. New pharmacological agents have shown promising results in preclinical studies; however, they have not been successfully translated to patients with ARDS. The lack of effective therapeutic interventions has resulted in a recent interest in strategies to prevent ARDS with treatments delivering medications directly to the lungs by inhalation and nebulization, hopefully minimizing systemic adverse events...
July 2017: Annals of Translational Medicine
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