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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534479/efficient-protein-production-inspired-by-how-spiders-make-silk
#1
Nina Kronqvist, Médoune Sarr, Anton Lindqvist, Kerstin Nordling, Martins Otikovs, Luca Venturi, Barbara Pioselli, Pasi Purhonen, Michael Landreh, Henrik Biverstål, Zigmantas Toleikis, Lisa Sjöberg, Carol V Robinson, Nicola Pelizzi, Hans Jörnvall, Hans Hebert, Kristaps Jaudzems, Tore Curstedt, Anna Rising, Jan Johansson
Membrane proteins are targets of most available pharmaceuticals, but they are difficult to produce recombinantly, like many other aggregation-prone proteins. Spiders can produce silk proteins at huge concentrations by sequestering their aggregation-prone regions in micellar structures, where the very soluble N-terminal domain (NT) forms the shell. We hypothesize that fusion to NT could similarly solubilize non-spidroin proteins, and design a charge-reversed mutant (NT*) that is pH insensitive, stabilized and hypersoluble compared to wild-type NT...
May 23, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508363/glycoproteins-enrichment-and-lc-ms-ms-glycoproteomics-in-central-nervous-system-applications
#2
Rui Zhu, Ehwang Song, Ahmed Hussein, Firas H Kobeissy, Yehia Mechref
Proteins and glycoproteins play important biological roles in central nervous systems (CNS). Qualitative and quantitative evaluation of proteins and glycoproteins expression in CNS is critical to reveal the inherent biomolecular mechanism of CNS diseases. This chapter describes proteomic and glycoproteomic approaches based on liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS or LC-MS/MS) for the qualitative and quantitative assessment of proteins and glycoproteins expressed in CNS. Proteins and glycoproteins, extracted by a mass spectrometry friendly surfactant from CNS samples, were subjected to enzymatic (tryptic) digestion and three down-stream analyses: (1) a nano LC system coupled with a high-resolution MS instrument to achieve qualitative proteomic profile, (2) a nano LC system combined with a triple quadrupole MS to quantify identified proteins, and (3) glycoprotein enrichment prior to LC-MS/MS analysis...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503550/design-of-surfactant-protein-b-peptide-mimics-based-on-the-saposin-fold-for-synthetic-lung-surfactants
#3
Frans J Walther, Larry M Gordon, Alan J Waring
Surfactant protein (SP)-B is a 79-residue polypeptide crucial for the biophysical and physiological function of endogenous lung surfactant. SP-B is a member of the Saposin or Saposin-like proteins (SAPLIP) family of proteins that share an overall three-dimensional folding pattern based on secondary structures and disulfide connectivity and exhibit a wide diversity of biological functions. Here we review the synthesis, molecular biophysics and activity of synthetic analogs of Saposin proteins designed to mimic those interactions of the parent proteins with lipids that enhance interfacial activity...
September 2016: Biomedicine Hub
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493723/influence-of-conventional-surfactants-on-the-self-assembly-of-a-bola-type-amphiphilic-peptide
#4
Yueying Cao, Dong Wang, Peng Zhou, Yurong Zhao, Yawei Sun, Jiqian Wang
Structural and morphological regulation is a distinctly important topic in peptide self-assembly, and is also regarded as the fundamental point in peptide-based biomaterials development. In this paper, we showed that adding anionic surfactant SDS to a bola amphiphilic peptide KI4K could result in the reconstruction of β-sheet secondary structure besides the changes in self-assembly morphologies from nanotubes to helical ribbons, nanofibers or straight nanotapes according to the negatively stained transmission electron microscopy, atomic force microscopy, circular dichroism spectroscopy and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy results...
May 11, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490071/recovery-of-a-bacteriocin-like-inhibitory-substance-from-pediococcus-acidilactici-kp10-using-surfactant-precipitation
#5
Fadzlie Wong Faizal Wong, Arbakariya B Ariff, Sahar Abbasiliasi, David C Stuckey
Bacteriocin is an important peptide which can be used as an anti-microbial agent in food. However, simpler and more cost-effective purification methods need to be developed compared to chromatography to enhance its commercial viability. Surfactant precipitation was employed for the first time to purify bacteriocin-like inhibitory substance (BLIS) from a fermentation broth of Pediococcus acidilactici Kp10, and the amount precipitated was investigated as a function of anionic surfactant (AOT) concentration, and pH...
October 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482785/microemulsions-for-protein-delivery-loading-optimization-and-stability
#6
Diego R Perinelli, Marco Cespi, Stefania Pucciarelli, Silvia Vincenzetti, Luca Casettari, Jenny K W Lam, Serena Logrippo, Elisa Canala, Mahmoud E Soliman, Giulia Bonacucina, Giovanni F Palmieri
BACKGROUND: Microemulsions are attractive delivery systems for therapeutic proteins and peptides due to their ability to enhance bioavailability. Although different proteins and peptides have been successfully delivered through such ternary systems, no information can be found about protein loading and the formulation stability when such microemulsions are prepared with pharmaceutically-approved oils and surfactants. The aim of this work was to optimise a ternary system consisting of water/ethyl oleate/Span 80-Tween 80 and to determine its protein loading capacity and stability, using bovine serum albumin (BSA) as a model of biomolecule...
May 7, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466946/giant-vesicles-from-rehydrated-crude-mixtures-containing-unexpected-mixtures-of-amphiphiles-formed-under-plausibly-prebiotic-conditions
#7
Michele Fiore, Warren Madanamoothoo, Alexandra Berlioz-Barbier, Ofelia Maniti, Agnès Girard-Egrot, René Buchet, Peter Strazewski
Giant lipid vesicles resemble compartments of biological cells, mimicking them in their dimension, membrane structure and partly in their membrane composition. The spontanenous appearance of closed membranes composed of bilayers of self-assembling amphiphiles was likely a prerequisite for Darwinian competitive behavior to set in at the molecular level. Such compartments should be dynamic in their membrane composition (evolvable), and sufficiently stable to harbor macromolecules (leak-free), yet semi-permeable for reactive small molecules to get across the membrane (stay away from chemical equilibrium)...
May 16, 2017: Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465315/a-first-in-human-clinical-study-of-a-new-sp-b-and-sp-c-enriched-synthetic-surfactant-chf5633-in-preterm-babies-with-respiratory-distress-syndrome
#8
David G Sweet, Mark A Turner, Zbyněk Straňák, Richard Plavka, Paul Clarke, Ben J Stenson, Dominique Singer, Rangmar Goelz, Laura Fabbri, Guido Varoli, Annalisa Piccinno, Debora Santoro, Christian P Speer
OBJECTIVE: CHF5633 (Chiesi Farmaceutici S.p.A., Parma, Italy) is the first fully synthetic surfactant enriched by peptide analogues of two human surfactant proteins. We planned to assess safety and tolerability of CHF5633 and explore preliminary efficacy. DESIGN: Multicentre cohort study. PATIENTS: Forty infants from 27(+0) to 33(+6) weeks gestation with respiratory distress syndrome requiring fraction of inspired oxygen (FiO2) ≥0.35 were treated with a single dose of CHF5633 within 48 hours after birth...
May 2, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438316/multiple-modes-of-capillary-electrophoresis-applied-in-peptide-nucleic-acid-related-study
#9
Xiaoqian Wang, Youhao Hu, Feng Qu, Rizwan Ullah Khan
Peptide Nucleic Acid (PNA) is a nucleic acid analogue, whose neutrally charged and hydrophobic backbone makes it more stable in vivo, so it might act as a potentially better protein probe as compared to aptamer. Currently the investigation of PNA and protein interaction is scarce. In this research, multiple modes of capillary electrophoresis were established and applied for PNA characterization and its interaction with ssDNA and protein. A 15-mer PNA having the same nucleobase sequence as 15-mer anti-thrombin DNA aptamer was chosen as PNA model for this study, its pI (7...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437109/structure-of-the-fundamental-lipopeptide-surfactin-at-the-air-water-interface-investigated-by-sum-frequency-generation-spectroscopy
#10
S A Goussous, M T L Casford, A C Murphy, G P C Salmond, F J Leeper, P B Davies
The lipopeptide surfactin produced by certain strains of Bacillus subtilis is a powerful biosurfactant possessing potentially useful antimicrobial properties. In order to better understand its surface behavior, we have used surface sensitive sum frequency generation (SFG) vibrational spectroscopy in the C-H and C═O stretching regions to determine its structure at the air/water interface. Using surfactin with the leucine groups of the peptide ring perdeuterated, we have shown that a majority of the SFG signals arise from the 4 leucine residues...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413467/calcitonin-gene-related-peptide-protects-type-ii-alveolar-epithelial-cells-from-hyperoxia-induced-dna-damage-and-cell-death
#11
Hongmin Fu, Tiesong Zhang, Rongwei Huang, Zhen Yang, Chunming Liu, Ming Li, Fang Fang, Feng Xu
Hyperoxia therapy for acute lung injury (ALI) may unexpectedly lead to reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and cause additional ALI. Calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) is a 37 amino acid neuropeptide that regulates inflammasome activation. However, the role of CGRP in DNA damage during hyperoxia is unclear. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of CGRP on DNA damage and the cell death of alveolar epithelial type II cells (AEC II) exposed to 60% oxygen. AEC II were isolated from 19-20 gestational day fetal rat lungs and were exposed to air or to 60% oxygen during treatment with CGRP or the specific CGRP receptor antagonist CGRP8-37...
April 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412812/an-ionstar-experimental-strategy-for-ms1-ion-current-based-quantification-using-ultra-high-field-orbitrap-reproducible-in-depth-and-accurate-protein-measurement-in-larger-cohorts
#12
Xiaomeng Shen, Shichen Shen, Jun Li, Qiang Hu, Lei Nie, Chengjian Tu, Xue Wang, Benjamin Orsburn, Jianmin Wang, Jun Qu
In-depth and reproducible protein measurement in many biological samples is often critical for pharmaceutical/biomedical proteomics but remains challenging. MS1-based quantification using quadrupole/ultra-high-field Orbitrap(Q/UHF-Orbitrap) holds great promise, but the critically important experimental approaches enabling reliable large-cohort analysis have long been overlooked. Here we described an IonStar experimental strategy achieving excellent quantitative quality of MS1 quantification. Key features include: i)an optimized, surfactant-aided sample preparation approach provides highly efficient(>75%recovery) and reproducible(<15%CV) peptide recovery across large cell/tissue cohorts; ii)a long column with modest gradient length (e...
April 16, 2017: Journal of Proteome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409852/tandem-mass-spectrometric-analysis-of-novel-peptide-modified-gemini-surfactants-used-as-gene-delivery-vectors
#13
Mays Al-Dulaymi, Anas El-Aneed
Diquaternary ammonium gemini Surfactants have emerged as effective gene delivery vectors. A novel series of eleven peptide-modified compounds was synthesized, showing promising results in delivering genetic materials. The purpose of this work is to elucidate the tandem mass spectrometric (MS/MS) dissociation behaviour of these novel molecules establishing a generalized MS/MS fingerprint. Exact mass measurements were achieved using a hybrid quadrupole orthogonal time-of-flight mass spectrometer (QqToF-MS) and a multi-stage tandem mass spectrometric analysis was conducted using a triple quadrupole-linear ion trap mass spectrometer (QqQLIT-MS)...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Mass Spectrometry: JMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359959/designing-new-surfactant-peptides-for-binding-to-carbon-nanotubes-via-computational-approaches
#14
Alireza Mansouri, Karim Mahnam
The non-covalent interaction between single-walled carbon nanotube and surfactant peptides makes them soluble in biological media to be used in nano-medicine, drug delivery and gene therapy. Pervious study has shown that two important parameters in binding peptides into nanotubes are hydrophobic effect and the number of aromatic amino acids. Ten surfactant peptides with the length of eight residue, including Lys, Trp, Tyr, Phe and Val, were designed to investigate the important parameters in binding peptides to a (6, 6) carbon nanotube...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Molecular Graphics & Modelling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347848/comparison-of-the-protective-effect-of-self-emulsifying-peptide-drug-delivery-systems-towards-intestinal-proteases-and-glutathione
#15
Gergely Hetényi, Janine Griesser, Michael Moser, Frédéric Demarne, Vincent Jannin, Andreas Bernkop-Schnürch
AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the protective effect of self-emulsifying drug delivery systems (SEDDS) for therapeutic peptides towards intestinal proteases and reduced glutathione (GSH). METHODS: Sodium docusate was applied as anionic surfactant for hydrophobic ion pairing with leuprorelin (LEU), insulin (INS) and desmopressin (DES). The complexes were loaded into SEDDS that were characterized regarding droplet size distribution and zeta potential. The release profile of the peptides was examined by dialysis membrane method...
March 24, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330122/production-purification-and-characterization-of-a-thermotolerant-alkaline-serine-protease-from-a-novel-species-bacillus-caseinilyticus
#16
Thirumala Mothe, Vishnuvardhan Reddy Sultanpuram
Alkaline proteases are important enzymes in many industrial applications, especially as additives in laundry detergent industry. Though there are a number of Bacillus species which are reported to be producing proteases, the efficiency of a protease produced by a novel strain has to be studied in comparison to the others. Hence, in this study, an alkaline serine protease produced by a novel species Bacillus caseinilyticus was purified and characterized for its possible usage in detergent industry. Ammonium sulphate, dialysis and DEAE column chromatographic methods were used for purification of the isolated alkaline protease...
June 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315219/assessment-of-ige-reactivity-of-%C3%AE-casein-by-western-blotting-after-digestion-with-simulated-gastric-fluid
#17
Sara Benedé, Rosina López-Fandiño, Elena Molina
Cow's milk allergy is defined as an immunologically mediated adverse reaction to cow's milk proteins and it is usually, along with hen's egg allergy, the first food allergy identified in childhood.One of the main aspects to consider when evaluating the allergenic potential of food proteins is the effect of gastric digestion. It is known that allergens are usually able to survive the harsh acidic environment of the stomach, tolerate the presence of surfactants, and resist digestion by pepsin. They might also be digested into high molecular weight peptide fragments, which retain the same, or sometimes increased, IgE-binding...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291369/ultrashort-single-walled-carbon-nanotubes-insert-into-a-pulmonary-surfactant-monolayer-via-self-rotation-poration-and-mechanical-inhibition
#18
Tongtao Yue, Yan Xu, Shixin Li, Zhen Luo, Xianren Zhang, Fang Huang
It has been widely accepted that longer single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) exhibit higher toxicity by causing severe pneumonia once inhaled, yet relatively little is known regarding the potential toxicity of ultrashort SWCNTs, which are of central importance to the development of suitable vehicles for biomedical applications. Here, by combining coarse-grained molecular dynamics (CGMD), pulling simulations, and scaling analysis, we demonstrate that the inhalation toxicity of ultrashort SWCNTs (1.5 nm < l < 5...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288148/natriuretic-peptide-c-receptor-in-the-developing-sheep-lung-role-in-perinatal-transition
#19
Bobby Mathew, Christopher A D'Angelis, Satyan Lakshminrusimha, Peter A Nickerson, June J Sokolowski, Vasantha H S Kumar, Huamei Wang, Karen A Wynn, Bruce A Holm, Rita M Ryan
BACKGROUND: At birth, the release of surfactant from Alveolar Type II (ATII) cells is stimulated by increased activity of the beta-adrenergic/adenylyl cyclase/cAMP- signaling cascade. Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) stimulates surfactant secretion through Natriuretic peptide receptor A (NPR-A). ANP inhibits adenylyl cyclase activity through its binding to NPR-C. We wished to further understand the role of the NPR-C in perinatal transition. METHODS: We studied fetal and newborn sheep ATII expression of NPR-C and surfactant secretion in isolated ATIIs by measuring (3)[H] choline release into the media...
March 13, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282112/peptide-cross-linkers-immobilization-of-platinum-nanoparticles-highly-dispersed-on-graphene-oxide-nanosheets-with-enhanced-photocatalytic-activities
#20
Tsukasa Mizutaru, Galina Marzun, Sebastian Kohsakowski, Stephan Barcikowski, Dachao Hong, Hiroaki Kotani, Takahiko Kojima, Takahiro Kondo, Junji Nakamura, Yohei Yamamoto
For exerting potential catalytic and photocatalytic activities of metal nanoparticles (MNPs), immobilization of MNPs on a support medium in highly dispersed state is desired. In this Research Article, we demonstrated that surfactant-free platinum nanoparticles (PtNPs) were efficiently immobilized on graphene oxide (GO) nanosheets in a highly dispersed state by utilizing oligopeptide β-sheets as a cross-linker. The fluorenyl-substituted peptides were designed to form β-sheets, where metal-binding thiol groups and protonated and positively charged amino groups are integrated on the opposite sides of the surface of a β-sheet, which efficiently bridge PtNPs and GO nanosheet...
March 22, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
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