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postsecondary transition

Brian T Gregg, Dana M Howell, Anne Shordike
An increasing number of U.S. military veterans are entering postsecondary education with problems attributed to deployed military service. The primary objective of this research was to describe the lived experiences of student veterans transitioning from active military service to postsecondary education. Phenomenological interviews were performed with 13 student veterans who had transitioned from military deployment to postsecondary education. An overall essential meaning of "emerging in college culture" was manifested from three themes, supported by rich textural and structural descriptions of student veterans' experiences: (1) repurposing military experiences for life as a student veteran, (2) reconstructing civilian identity, and (3) navigating postsecondary context and interactions...
November 2016: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
Susan W White, Rebecca Elias, Carlos E Salinas, Nicole Capriola, Caitlin M Conner, Susan B Asselin, Yasuo Miyazaki, Carla A Mazefsky, Patricia Howlin, Elizabeth E Getzel
BACKGROUND: There is a growing call for empirically based programming to support the success of students with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) as they transition to college. AIMS: The purpose of this study was to identify the needs and challenges faced by adolescents and young adults with ASD in postsecondary education. METHODS: A mixed methods approach was taken to explore the needs of college-bound and college-enrolled students with ASD. Primary stakeholders (i...
September 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Amanda M Giust, Diana M Valle-Riestra
Project Panther LIFE is an inclusive postsecondary transition program for students with intellectual disabilities providing university access and participation with the primary goal of employment at program completion. Students in the program receive support from their academic mentors and peer coaches during the academic year. This study examines the skills and activities mentors use during their weekly sessions with students with intellectual disabilities and identifies areas in which mentors may require further support or training...
May 25, 2016: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities: JOID
Amy M Salazar, Stephanie S Roe, Jessica S Ullrich, Kevin P Haggerty
Youth transitioning from foster care to adulthood access and succeed in college at much lower rates than the general population. A variety of services exist to support youth with their postsecondary goals, but few if any have evidence for their effectiveness. As part of a National Institute on Drug Abuse-funded intervention development project to design Fostering Higher Education, a structured, testable postsecondary access and retention intervention for youth transitioning from foster care to adulthood, focus groups were conducted with community stakeholders to collect recommendations for how to most effectively structure the intervention...
May 2016: Children and Youth Services Review
Vivien Chan
The number of students entering post-secondary education with already diagnosed disabilities is on the rise and mirrors the percentage of children in primary and secondary public schools with registered disabilities. Requirements governed by civil rights laws fundamentally change when comparing the support schools have to provide to students during primary and secondary school with disability access in postsecondary higher education. Psychiatrists may be asked to assist with scholastic disability at any stage of education and need to know about available supports and the parameters of disability in schools...
February 2016: Current Psychiatry Reports
Anne M Roux, Paul T Shattuck, Jessica E Rast, Julianna A Rava, Amy D Edwards, Xin Wei, Mary McCracken, Jennifer W Yu
Approximately 80% of college-going youth with autism in the US attend a 2-year college at some point. These community-based, universally accessible institutions offer both academic and vocational courses and have experience in teaching diverse learners. This study used nationally representative survey data from the National Longitudinal Transition Study-2 to describe the characteristics and services experiences of adults with autism who attended postsecondary education after high school, focusing on those who attended a 2-year college...
2015: Autism Research and Treatment
David Zarifa, David Walters, Brad Seward
Canada's fear of future skill and labor shortages has brought youth with disabilities to the forefront of public policy. Many universities are now reporting that an increased proportion of their graduating students identify as having a disability, and as a result, educational achievement-based programs designed to accommodate students' needs are growing across campuses. Despite recent attention by policymakers on improving accessibility standards and increasing employer incentives, young Canadians with disabilities continue to face barriers in their transitions to the workforce...
November 2015: Canadian Review of Sociology, Revue Canadienne de Sociologie
Stephanie W Cawthon, Rachel Leppo, Jin Jin Ge, Mark Bond
Using data from the second National Longitudinal Transition Study (Newman et al., 2011), the authors investigated longitudinal patterns of educational accommodations use in secondary and, later, postsecondary settings by students who are d/Deaf or hard of hearing (SDHH). The study focused on language and communication (LC) accommodations used primarily by SDHH, plus non-LC accommodations typically used by a broad range of students. Both LC accommodations for standardized testing and instruction showed decreased use in postsecondary settings compared with high school...
2015: American Annals of the Deaf
Soo-Yong Byun, Matthew J Irvin, Judith L Meece
Using data from the National Education Longitudinal Study of 1988, this study documented college attendance patterns of rural youth in terms of the selectivity of first postsecondary institution of attendance, the timing of transition to postsecondary education, and the continuity of enrollment. The study also examined how these college attendance patterns among rural students differed from those among their non-rural counterparts and which factors explained these rural/nonrural differences. Results showed that rural youth were less likely than their nonrural counterparts to attend a selective institution...
2015: PJE. Peabody Journal of Education
Consuelo M Kreider, Roxanna M Bendixen, Barbara J Lutz
AIM: To inform rehabilitation professionals' role in supporting transition to higher education through identification and description of disability related needs experienced by university students. METHODS: Participants were recruited from a large research-intensive university in the southeastern United States and included 13 students eligible for university disability services, 9 university personnel, and 1 parent of a university student with a disability. Disabilities of study participants were invisible; all but one chose to disclose diagnostic information...
2015: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
Shara B Goudreau, Melissa Knight
OBJECTIVE: ADHD is defined as impairment to self-regulatory behavior and executive functioning (EF). Many students with other learning disabilities (LD) also experience EF impairments. With the rising number of students with ADHD and LD enrolling in higher education, it is important to recognize the challenges these students face and to provide effective support when transitioning from secondary to postsecondary school. This article examines the challenges of the transition from secondary to postsecondary environments, specifically with the student diagnosed with ADHD and/or other LD...
April 27, 2015: Journal of Attention Disorders
Kathleen Sheppard-Jones, Harold Lawrence Kleinert, Wendy Druckemiller, Megan Kovacevich Ray
Postsecondary education (PSE) is increasingly becoming an option for students with intellectual disability (ID; Grigal & Hart, 2012 ). Postsecondary education offers the promise of pursuing a valued social role (that of college student), enhanced social networks, and, most significantly, increased employment options. To date, research and practice in the area of transition to PSE for students with ID has focused primarily upon the sending (public school systems) and receiving (colleges or universities) agencies ( Oertle & Bragg, 2014 ; Thoma et al...
April 2015: Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
Gauri S Joshi, Emily C Bouck
Given the history of poor postschool outcomes for students with disabilities, researchers repeatedly sought to demonstrate the links between predictor variables and postschool outcomes for students with disabilities. This secondary data analysis used the National Longitudinal Transition Study-2 to examine the relationship between postsecondary education-related transition services and postsecondary education participation for students with learning disabilities. Logistic regression analyses indicated receiving core content area instruction in the general education classroom was positively related to postsecondary education participation...
February 19, 2015: Journal of Learning Disabilities
Eric J Moore, Amy Schelling
Postsecondary education (PSE) programs for individuals with intellectual disabilities (IDs) have emerged exponentially in the United States over the last decade. Research regarding these postsecondary programs has largely been descriptive, and thus, there exists a need for qualitative, outcome-based research. In this comparative case report, graduates from two types of PSE programs for individuals with IDs are surveyed regarding employment outcomes and other personal developments. The results from each postsecondary program are compared with one another and also with a comparison group of individuals with IDs who did not attend a postsecondary program (utilizing the 2009 National Longitudinal Transition Study 2)...
June 2015: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities: JOID
Dayuma I Vargas Lascano, Nancy L Galambos, Harvey J Krahn, Margie E Lachman
This study examined trajectories of perceived control and their association with parents' education and personal educational experience (educational attainment and years of full-time postsecondary education) in 971 Canadian high school seniors tracked 7 times across 25 years. Latent growth models showed that, on average, perceived control increased from age 18 to age 25 and decreased by age 32, with a further slower decrease by age 43. Parents' education contributed to a growing gap in perceived control, however, such that among individuals with at least 1 university-educated parent, perceived control increased across 25 years, reaching its highest level at age 43...
January 2015: Developmental Psychology
Sarah Geenen, Laurie E Powers, Lee Ann Phillips, May Nelson, Jessica McKenna, Nichole Winges-Yanez, Linda Blanchette, Adrienne Croskey, Lawrence D Dalton, Amy Salazar, Paul Swank
The purpose of the study was to conduct a preliminary efficacy evaluation of the Better Futures model, which is focused on improving the postsecondary preparation and participation of youth in foster care with mental health challenges. Sixty-seven youth were randomized to either a control group that received typical services or an intervention group, which involved participation in a Summer Institute, individual peer coaching, and mentoring workshops. Findings indicate significant gains for the intervention group on measures of postsecondary participation, postsecondary and transition preparation, hope, self-determination, and mental health empowerment, as compared to the control group...
April 2015: Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research
David S Kirk, Robert J Sampson
Official sanctioning of students by the criminal justice system is a long-hypothesized source of educational disadvantage, but its explanatory status remains unresolved. Few studies of the educational consequences of a criminal record account for alternative explanations such as low self-control, lack of parental supervision, deviant peers, and neighborhood disadvantage. Moreover, virtually no research on the effect of a criminal record has examined the "black box" of mediating mechanisms or the consequence of arrest for postsecondary educational attainment...
January 1, 2013: Sociology of Education
Cheryl Zawaduk, Susan Duncan, M Star Mahara, Betty Tate, Doris Callaghan, Deborah McCullough, Marilyn Chapman, Jocelyne Van Neste-Kenny
In Canada, nurse educators from five postsecondary institutions in the province of British Columbia established a collaborative nursing education initiative in 1989, with a vision to transform RN college diploma programs to baccalaureate degree programs. The principles, processes, and structures that served to develop and sustain this nursing education initiative are briefly reviewed. Curriculum, scholarship, and education legislation serve as platforms to critically explore a 25-year history (1989-2014) of successes, challenges, and transitions within this unique nursing education collaboration...
October 2014: Journal of Nursing Education
Mary E Morningstar, Diane S Bassett, Joanne Cashman, Carol Kochhar-Bryant, Michael L Wehmeyer
Society has witnessed significant improvements in the lives of students receiving transition services over the past 30 years. The field of transition has developed an array of evidence-based interventions and promising practices, however, secondary school reform efforts have often overlooked these approaches for youth without disabilities. If we are to see improvements in postsecondary outcomes for all youth, reform efforts must begin with active participation of both general and special educators and critical home, school, and community stakeholders...
December 1, 2012: Career Development and Transition for Exceptional Individuals
Stephanie W Cawthon, Jacqueline M Caemmerer
Parent involvement and parent expectations are important factors in successful academic and career outcomes for students who are d/Deaf or hard of hearing. Parental roles are particularly important during the transition planning process for students with disabilities. Results are presented from an exploratory study of 56 parents that measured their involvement, perceptions, and expectations during the transition process. Parents positively rated their experiences with the individualized education program (IEP) process and held high expectations for both their child's educational attainment and employment...
2014: American Annals of the Deaf
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