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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333923/perception-and-practice-of-hiv-aids-counseling-and-testing-among-secondary-school-adolescents-in-ogun-waterside-local-government-area-ogun-state-southwest-nigeria
#1
Adekunle D Alabi, Olalekan A Oke, Babatunde O Adedokun, Tamramat I Runsewe-Abiodun
A large proportion of Nigerian adolescents are sexually active and the country has one of the highest HIV prevalence among youths globally. This study was done to assess the perception and practice of HIV/AIDS counseling and testing (HCT) among secondary school adolescents in a rural community in Southwest Nigeria. A cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out using multistage sampling method. The results showed that despite high level of HCT awareness, majority of the adolescents (62.9%) had negative attitude toward it...
January 1, 2018: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333874/road-traffic-injuries-among-riders-of-electric-bike-electric-moped-in-southern-china
#2
Xujun Zhang, Yaming Yang, Jie Yang, Jie Hu, Yang Li, Ming Wu, Lorann Stallones, Henry Xiang
Objective Electric bike/moped-related road traffic injuries have become a burgeoning public health problem in China. The objective of this study was to identify the prevalence and potential risk factors of electric bike/moped -related road traffic injuries among electric bike/moped riders in southern China. Methods A cross-sectional study was used to interview 3,151 electric bike/moped riders in southern China. Electric bike/moped-related road traffic injuries that occurred from July 2014 to June 2015 were investigated...
January 15, 2018: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332686/no-evidence-for-an-epidemiological-transition-in-sleep-patterns-among-children-a-12-country-study
#3
Taru Manyanga, Joel D Barnes, Mark S Tremblay, Peter T Katzmarzyk, Stephanie T Broyles, Tiago V Barreira, Mikael Fogelholm, Gang Hu, Carol Maher, Jose Maia, Timothy Olds, Olga L Sarmiento, Martyn Standage, Catrine Tudor-Locke, Jean-Philippe Chaput
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationships between socioeconomic status (SES; household income and parental education) and objectively measured sleep patterns (sleep duration, sleep efficiency, and bedtime) among children from around the world and explore how the relationships differ across country levels of human development. DESIGN: Multinational, cross-sectional study from sites in Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, Colombia, Finland, India, Kenya, Portugal, South Africa, the United Kingdom, and the United States...
February 2018: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332634/reports-of-wheezing-and-of-diagnosed-asthma-are-associated-with-impaired-social-functioning-secondary-analysis-of-the-cross-sectional-world-health-survey-data
#4
Adrian Loerbroks, Jos A Bosch, Aziz Sheikh, Shelby Yamamoto, Raphael M Herr
OBJECTIVE: We sought to investigate whether there are associations between asthma and social functioning in adults from Western and non-Western countries. METHODS: We analyzed data on individuals (94% aged 20+, 52% female) from 50 countries participating in the cross-sectional World Health Survey. We used information on self-reports of wheezing and an asthma diagnosis. Social functioning was defined by reports of severe or extreme difficulties related to personal relationships or participation in the community...
February 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332619/clinical-characteristics-of-non-tuberculous-mycobacterial-pulmonary-infections-in-bamako-mali
#5
B Kone, Y S Sarro, M Maiga, M Sanogo, A M Somboro, B Diarra, A C G Togo, N Coulibaly, B P P Dembele, D Goita, B Baya, A Kone, S Diabaté, M A Polis, M Belson, S Dao, S Orsega, C J Achenbach, R L Murphy, S Diallo, S Siddiqui
The global spread of non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) may be due to HIV/AIDS and other environmental factors. The symptoms of NTM and tuberculosis (TB) disease are indistinguishable, but their treatments are different. Lack of research on the epidemiology of NTM infections has led to underestimation of its prevalence within TB endemic countries. This study was designed to determine the prevalence and clinical characteristics of pulmonary NTM in Bamako. A cross-sectional study which include 439 suspected cases of pulmonary TB...
January 15, 2018: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332105/the-emergence-of-carbapenem-resistant-klebsiella-pneumoniae-isolates-producing-oxa-48-and-ndm-in-the-southern-asir-province-saudi-arabia
#6
Ibrahim A Al-Zahrani, Bander A Alsiri
To identify the prevalence of carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (CRKP) and the most common types of cabapenemases among CRKP in the Southern (Asir) province hospitals, Saudi Arabia. Methods: The cross-sectional study was conducted between late April and September in 2015. A total of 54 Klebsiella pneumoniae (K. pneumoniae) isolates with reduced sensitivity to carbapenems were obtained from various clinical specimens of the 2 largest hospitals in the Southern province. Minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of carbapenems were confirmed using E-test...
January 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331897/a-framework-for-delineating-the-regional-boundaries-of-pm2-5-pollution-a-case-study-of-china
#7
Jianzheng Liu, Weifeng Li, Jiansheng Wu
Fine particulate matter (PM2.5) pollution has been a major issue in many countries. Considerable studies have demonstrated that PM2.5 pollution is a regional issue, but little research has been done to investigate the regional extent of PM2.5 pollution or to define areas in which PM2.5 pollutants interact. To allow for a better understanding of the regional nature and spatial patterns of PM2.5 pollution, This study proposes a novel framework for delineating regional boundaries of PM2.5 pollution. The framework consists of four steps, including cross-correlation analysis, time-series clustering, generation of Voronoi polygons, and polygon smoothing using polynomial approximation with exponential kernel method...
January 11, 2018: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331097/vigorous-physical-activity-perceived-stress-sleep-and-mental-health-among-university-students-from-23-low-and-middle-income-countries
#8
Supa Pengpid, Karl Peltzer
Background Vigorous physical activity (VPA) may be beneficial for mental health. The aim of the study was to investigate cross-sectional associations between VPA, perceived stress, sleep quality and quantity and mental health among university students. Methods In a cross-sectional study, using anonymous questionnaires, data was collected from 15122 (42.1% male and 57.9% female) university students [mean age 20.6, standard deviation (SD) = 2.0] from 23 countries in the Americas, Africa and Asia. They were assessed using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (short version), and measures of sociodemographic, health status, health behaviour and anthropometrics...
January 13, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330996/missed-immunization-opportunities-among-children-under-5-years-of-age-dwelling-in-karachi-city
#9
Asif Khaliq, Sayeeda Amber Sayed, Syed Abdullah Hussaini, Kiran Azam, Mehak Qamar
BACKGROUND: Immunization is the safest and effective measure for preventing and eradicating various communicable diseases. A glaring immunization gap exists between developing and industrialized countries towards immunization, because the developing countries including Pakistan are still striving to provide basic immunization to their children. The purpose of this study was to access the prevalence and factors of missing immunization among under 5-year children of Karachi.. METHODS: A cross sectional study was conducted from June 2015 to October 2015 among different outpatient clinics of Karachi...
October 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330986/use-of-psychoactive-drugs-among-medical-undergraduates-in-abbottabad
#10
Haq Nawaz, Aftab Alam Khan, Saima Bukhari
BACKGROUND: Psychoactive substance abuse is prevalent among medical undergraduates of Pakistan, India & Western countries which can adversely affect the physical & psychological grooming of a medical undergraduate thus threatening to compromise their role as future physicians & health-care providers in the society. The objective of the present cross-sectional study was to explore the prevalence and patterns of psychoactive substance/drug consumption among undergraduate students of a public sector medical college in Abbottabad...
October 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330347/performance-of-candidates-disclosing-dyslexia-with-other-candidates-in-a-uk-medical-licensing-examination-cross-sectional-study
#11
Zahid B Asghar, Aloysius Niroshan Siriwardena, Chris Elfes, Jo Richardson, James Larcombe, Katherine A Neden, Amer Salim, David Smalley, Carol Blow
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: The aim of this study was to compare performance of candidates who declared an expert-confirmed diagnosis of dyslexia with all other candidates in the Applied Knowledge Test (AKT) of the Membership of the Royal College of General Practitioners licensing examination. STUDY DESIGN: We used routinely collected data from candidates who took the AKT on one or more occasions between 2010 and 2015. Multivariate logistic regression was used to analyse performance of candidates who declared dyslexia with all other candidates, adjusting for candidate characteristics known to be associated with examination success including age, sex, ethnicity, country of primary medical qualification, stage of training, number of attempts and time spent completing the test...
January 12, 2018: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329624/apparent-prevalence-of-and-risk-factors-for-infection-with-ostertagia-ostertagi-fasciola-hepatica-and-dictyocaulus-viviparus-in-swiss-dairy-herds
#12
C F Frey, R Eicher, K Raue, C Strube, M Bodmer, B Hentrich, B Gottstein, N Marreros
Infections with helminth parasites can negatively affect performance of dairy cows. Knowledge on infection intensity, spatial distributions and risk factors are key to develop targeted treatment strategies. Canada and most EU countries have conducted large investigations, but respective data for Switzerland were missing. We now performed a bulk tank milk serosurvey for Ostertagia ostertagi, Fasciola hepatica, and Dictyocaulus viviparus on a total of 1036 voluntarily participating dairy herds that were sampled at confinement periods, i...
January 30, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329534/a-large-scale-study-of-a-poultry-trading-network-in-bangladesh-implications-for-control-and-surveillance-of-avian-influenza-viruses
#13
N Moyen, G Ahmed, S Gupta, T Tenzin, R Khan, T Khan, N Debnath, M Yamage, D U Pfeiffer, G Fournie
BACKGROUND: Since its first report in 2007, avian influenza (AI) has been endemic in Bangladesh. While live poultry marketing is widespread throughout the country and known to influence AI dissemination and persistence, trading patterns have not been described. The aim of this study is to assess poultry trading practices and features of the poultry trading networks which could promote AI spread, and their potential implications for disease control and surveillance. Data on poultry trading practices was collected from 849 poultry traders during a cross-sectional survey in 138 live bird markets (LBMs) across 17 different districts of Bangladesh...
January 12, 2018: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329428/perceived-environmental-barriers-to-physical-activity-in-young-adults-in-dhaka-city-bangladesh-does-gender-matter
#14
Riaz Uddin, Nicola W Burton, Asaduzzaman Khan
Background: Physical activity (PA) has demonstrated health benefits, but participation is low in many countries. Little is known about environmental barriers to PA among young Asian adults. The purpose of this study was to identify common perceived environmental barriers to PA in young adults in Dhaka, Bangladesh and to examine if these barriers differed by gender. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study with a self-administered survey and data collected from a convenience sample of 573 students aged 20...
January 10, 2018: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329054/relationship-between-sedentary-behavior-and-depression-a-mediation-analysis-of-influential-factors-across-the-lifespan-among-42-469-people-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#15
Brendon Stubbs, Davy Vancampfort, Joseph Firth, Felipe B Schuch, Mats Hallgren, Lee Smith, Benjamin Gardner, Kai G Kahl, Nicola Veronese, Marco Solmi, André F Carvalho, Ai Koyanagi
BACKGROUND: Sedentary behavior (SB) is associated with diabetes, cardiovascular disease and low mood. There is a paucity of multi-national research investigating SB and depression, particularly among low- and middle-income countries. This study investigated the association between SB and depression, and factors which influence this. METHODS: Cross-sectional data were analyzed from the World Health Organization's Study on Global Ageing and Adult Health. Depression was based on the Composite International Diagnostic Interview...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327442/transplantation-or-rurality-migration-and-hiv-risk-among-chinese-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-the-urban-areas
#16
Chuncheng Liu, Rong Fu, Weiming Tang, Bolin Cao, Stephen W Pan, Chongyi Wei, Joseph D Tucker, M Kumi Smith
INTRODUCTION: Migration of men who have sex with men (MSM) from rural to urban areas is common across low- and middle-income countries and is widely believed to contribute to elevated HIV risk among migrant MSM in urban areas. Little consensus exists on whether their risk is due to their transplantation or their being from resource-constrained rural areas. This study seeks to clarify the relationship between migration and HIV risks by comparing differences in HIV-related risky sexual behaviours and healthcare utilization across competing conceptualizations of migratory statuses...
January 2018: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327419/treatment-interruption-in-hiv-positive-patients-followed-up-in-cameroon-s-antiretroviral-treatment-program-individual-and-healthcare-supply-related-factors-anrs-12288-evolcam-survey
#17
Christelle Tong, Marie Suzan-Monti, Luis Sagaon-Teyssier, Mohamed Mimi, Christian Laurent, Gwenaëlle Maradan, Marie-Thérèse Mengue, Bruno Spire, Christopher Kuaban, Laurent Vidal, Sylvie Boyer
INTRODUCTION: Decreasing international financial resources for HIV and increasing numbers of antiretroviral treatment (ART) treated patients may jeopardize treatment continuity in low income settings. Using data from the EVOLCam ANRS-12288 survey, this study aimed to document the prevalence of unplanned treatment interruption for more than 2 consecutive days (TI>2d) and investigate associated individual and healthcare supply-related factors within the Cameroonian ART Program. METHODS: A cross-sectional mixed methods survey was carried out between April and December 2014 in 19 HIV services of the Center and Littoral regions...
January 12, 2018: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326774/the-burden-of-truncus-arteriosus-in-an-urban-city-in-africa-how-are-we-fairing
#18
Barakat Adeola Animasahun, Aminat Titilayo Ogunlana, Henry Olusegun Gbelee
Background: The true incidence of truncus arteriosus in underdeveloped countries is difficult to determine. This is due largely to underreporting as a result of nonavailability of technologically advanced facilities to make definitive diagnosis prenatally. There is a lack of data on the profile and outcome of patients with persistent truncus arteriosus (PTA) in Nigeria. This study aims to document the demographic characteristics, mode of presentation, indications for echocardiography, associated anomalies, average age at diagnosis, and outcome of patients with truncus arteriosus in our center...
October 2017: Heart Views: the Official Journal of the Gulf Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326187/pilot-study-protocol-to-inform-a-future-longitudinal-study-of-ageing-using-linked-administrative-data-healthy-ageing-in-scotland-hagis
#19
Elaine Douglas, Alasdair Rutherford, David Bell
INTRODUCTION: Population ageing is a welcome testament to improvements in the social, economic and health circumstances over the life course. However, these successes necessitate that we understand more about the pathways of ageing to plan and cost our health and social care services, to support our ageing population to live healthier for longer and to make adequate provisions for retirement. Longitudinal studies of ageing facilitate such understanding in many countries around the world...
January 10, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326182/variations-in-childbirth-interventions-in-high-income-countries-protocol-for-a-multinational-cross-sectional-study
#20
Anna Seijmonsbergen-Schermers, Ank de Jonge, Thomas van den Akker, Katrien Beeckman, Annick Bogaerts, Monalisa Barros, Patricia Janssen, Lorena Binfa, Eva Rydahl, Lucy Frith, Mechthild Gross, Berglind Hálfdánsdóttir, Deirdre Daly, Jean Calleja-Agius, Patricia Gillen, Anne Britt Vika Nilsen, Eugene Declercq
INTRODUCTION: There are growing concerns about the increase in rates of commonly used childbirth interventions. When indicated, childbirth interventions are crucial for preventing maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality, but their routine use in healthy women and children leads to avoidable maternal and neonatal harm. Establishing ideal rates of interventions can be challenging. This study aims to describe the range of variations in the use of commonly used childbirth interventions in high-income countries around the world, and in outcomes in nulliparous and multiparous women...
January 10, 2018: BMJ Open
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