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Mauro Fisberg, Irina Kovalskys, Georgina Gómez, Attilio Rigotti, Lilia Yadira Cortés Sanabria, Martha Cecilia Yépez García, Rossina Gabriella Pareja Torres, Marianella Herrera-Cuenca, Ioná Zalcman Zimberg, Berthold Koletzko, Michael Pratt, Luis A Moreno Aznar, Viviana Guajardo, Regina Mara Fisberg, Cristiane Hermes Sales, Ágatha Nogueira Previdelli
Non-communicable diseases are growing at an alarming rate in Latin America. We assessed total and added sugar intake in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela, to verify the adequacy of the World Health Organization's recommendations, considering gender, socioeconomic level (SEL) and age. A total of 9218 non-institutionalized individuals living in urban areas (age range 15-65 years) were assessed in the Latin American Study of Nutrition and Health (ELANS), a multicenter household population-based cross-sectional survey...
March 22, 2018: Nutrients
Tharangrut Hanprasertpong, Kasem Raungrongmorakot, Alan Geater, Pawin Puapornpong, Wipada Laosooksathit, Aurasa Hemachandra, Maysita Suksamarnwong
Thalassaemia is a common haematologic health condition in Southeast Asian countries (SEA) including Thailand. Reducing the birth of new thalassaemia cases is an effective method to control disease. The background level of knowledge and attitude of pregnant women on the disease influences their decision to perform antenatal screening. Unfortunately, the information about pregnant women's knowledge and attitude on antenatal thalassaemia screening in a developing country such as Thailand is lacking. We therefore conducted this cross-sectional study to examine patients' knowledge and to evaluate the factors which influence the patient's knowledge and attitude on antenatal thalassaemia screening...
March 22, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Bahr Weiss, Tam Nguyen, Lam Trung, Victoria Ngo, Anna Lau
Tobacco smoking is one of the most significant modifiable behavioral health risk factors worldwide. Although smoking rates in some high-income countries (HIC) have declined, rates in many low-and-middle-income countries (LMIC) remain high. Adolescence is a key developmental risk period for smoking initiation. Research indicates that a major adolescent risk factor for tobacco smoking is antisocial deviance, which includes such behaviors as aggression, risk-taking, and rule-breaking. The linkages between antisocial deviance and smoking suggest that these behaviors and their underlying attitudes can be important targets for smoking prevention programs, but for public health efficiency it is important to target the components of antisocial deviance most closely linked smoking...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Neethu George, Deepthi N Shanbhag, Meera George, Ann Christy Shaju, Reuben C Johnson, P Thomas Mathew, Chaitanya Prasad Golapalli, Ramakrishna Goud
Context: Adolescence is the time which is crucial for the overall development of a person both mentally and physically. In this period, along with academic intelligence, emotional intelligence (EI) also plays an equal or strong role in student life. Aims: This study was to assess EI, parental bonding, and their association among adolescents in high schools under Sarjapur PHC area. Subjects and Methods: This was a cross-sectional study conducted among high school students under Sarjapur PHC area...
October 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
Carlos J Chaccour, Sergi Alonso, Rose Zulliger, Joe Wagman, Abuchahama Saifodine, Baltazar Candrinho, Eusébio Macete, Joe Brew, Christen Fornadel, Hidayat Kassim, Lourdes Loch, Charfudin Sacoor, Kenyssony Varela, Cara L Carty, Molly Robertson, Francisco Saute
Background: Most of the reduction in malaria prevalence seen in Africa since 2000 has been attributed to vector control interventions. Yet increases in the distribution and intensity of insecticide resistance and higher costs of newer insecticides pose a challenge to sustaining these gains. Thus, endemic countries face challenging decisions regarding the choice of vector control interventions. Methods: A cluster randomised trial is being carried out in Mopeia District in the Zambezia Province of Mozambique, where malaria prevalence in children under 5 is high (68% in 2015), despite continuous and campaign distribution of long-lasting insecticide-treated nets (LLINs)...
2018: BMJ Global Health
Lauren Maxwell, Arijit Nandi, Andrea Benedetti, Karen Devries, Jennifer Wagman, Claudia García-Moreno
Introduction: Inadequately spaced pregnancies, defined as pregnancies fewer than 18 months apart, are linked to maternal, infant, and child morbidity and mortality, and adverse social, educational and economic outcomes in later life for women and children. Quantifying the relation between intimate partner violence (IPV) and women's ability to space and time their pregnancies is an important part of understanding the burden of disease related to IPV. Methods: We applied Cox proportional hazards models to monthly data from the Demographic and Health Surveys' Reproductive Health Calendar to compare interpregnancy intervals for women who experienced physical, sexual and/or emotional IPV in 29 countries...
2018: BMJ Global Health
Joan Costa-Font, Cristina Hernandez-Quevedo, Azusa Sato
The distribution of income related health inequalities appears to exhibit changing patterns when both developing countries and developed countries are examined. This paper tests for the existence of a health Kuznets' curve; that is, an inverse U-shape pattern between economic developments (as measured by GDP per capita) and income-related health inequalities (as measured by concentration indices). We draw upon both cross sectional (the World Health Survey) and a long longitudinal (the European Community Household Panel survey) dataset...
2018: Social Indicators Research
Margot Jackson, Kathleen Kiernan, Sara McLanahan
Among the core dimensions of socioeconomic status, maternal education is the most strongly associated with children's cognitive development, and is a key predictor of other resources within the family that strongly predict children's well-being: economic insecurity, family structure, and maternal depression. Most studies examine these circumstances in isolation of one another and/or at particular points in time, precluding a comprehensive understanding of how the family environment evolves over time and contributes to educational disparities in children's skill development and learning...
November 2017: Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science
Alex Antonio Florindo, Ligia Vizeu Barrozo, Gavin Turrell, João Paulo Dos Anjos Souza Barbosa, William Cabral-Miranda, Chester Luiz Galvão Cesar, Moisés Goldbaum
Cities that support cycling for transportation reap many public health benefits. However, the prevalence of this mode of transportation is low in Latin American countries and the association with facilities such as bike paths and train/subway stations have not been clarified. We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of the relationship between bike paths, train/subway stations and cycling for transportation in adults from the city of Sao Paulo. We used data from the Sao Paulo Health Survey ( n = 3145). Cycling for transportation was evaluated by a questionnaire and bike paths and train/subway stations were geocoded using the geographic coordinates of the adults' residential addresses in 1500-m buffers...
March 21, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Feng-Hang Chang, Pengsheng Ni, Hung-Yi Chiou, Wen-Hsuan Hou, Alan M Jette
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the cultural and semantic equivalence of the Activity Measure Post-Acute Care (AM-PAC) outpatient short forms after they were translated from American English to Mandarin Chinese. METHOD: This study was conducted with a composite sample of a group of 483 American adults (mean age 63.1 years, 42.4% males) and 553 Taiwanese adults (mean age 60.6 years, 47.2% males) who were undergoing home care or outpatient rehabilitation services...
March 21, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
Ashley C Rider, Chad S Kessler, Whitney W Schwarz, Gillian R Schmitz, Laura Oh, Michael D Smith, Eric A Gross, Hans House, Michael C Wadman, Bruce M Lo
Introduction: The goal of this study was to characterize current practices in the transition of care between the emergency department and primary care setting, with an emphasis on the use of the electronic medical record (EMR). Methods: Using literature review and modified Delphi technique, we created and tested a pilot survey to evaluate for face and content validity. The final survey was then administered face-to-face at eight different clinical sites across the country...
March 2018: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
Tesfaye Assebe Yadeta, Alemayehu Worku, Gudina Egata, Berhanu Seyoum, Dadi Marami, Yemane Berhane
Background: Vertically transmitted group B Streptococcus (GBS) causes fetal and neonatal infections. However, there is limited information on the vertical transmission of GBS in low-income countries. This study, therefore, aimed to determine the rate of vertical transmission of GBS and associated factors among pregnant women in Eastern Ethiopia. Subjects and methods: A cross-sectional, facility-based study was conducted among pregnant women in Harar town, Eastern Ethiopia, from June to October, 2016...
2018: Infection and Drug Resistance
João Perdigão, Carla Silva, Jaciara Diniz, Catarina Pereira, Diana Machado, Jorge Ramos, Hugo Silva, Fernanda Abilleira, Clarice Brum, Ana J Reis, Maíra Macedo, João L Scaini, Ana B Silva, Leonardo Esteves, Rita Macedo, Fernando Maltez, Sofia Clemente, Elizabeth Coelho, Sofia Viegas, Paulo Rabna, Amabélia Rodrigues, Nuno Taveira, Luísa Jordao, Afrânio Kritski, José Lapa E Silva, Igor Mokrousov, David Couvin, Nalin Rastogi, Isabel Couto, Arnab Pain, Ruth McNerney, Taane G Clark, Andrea von Groll, Elis R Dalla-Costa, Maria Lúcia Rossetti, Pedro E A da Silva, Miguel Viveiros, Isabel Portugal
Tuberculosis (TB) remains a major health problem within the Community of Portuguese Language Speaking Countries (CPLP). Despite the marked variation in TB incidence across its member-states and continued human migratory flux between countries, a considerable gap in the knowledge on the Mycobacterium tuberculosis population structure and strain circulation between the countries still exists. To address this, we have assembled and analysed the largest CPLP M. tuberculosis molecular and drug susceptibility dataset, comprised by a total of 1447 clinical isolates, including 423 multidrug-resistant isolates, from five CPLP countries...
March 17, 2018: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
Timo Lajunen
Antonovsky's concept "sense of coherence" (SOC) and the related measurement instrument "The Orientation to Life Questionnaire" (OLQ) has been widely applied in studies on health and well-being. The purpose of the present study is to investigate the cultural differences in factor structures and psychometric properties as well as mean scores of the 13-item form of Antonovsky's OLQ among Australian (n = 201), Finnish (n = 203), and Turkish (n = 152) students. Three models of factor structure were studied by using confirmatory factor analysis: single-factor model, first-order correlated-three-factor model, and the second-order three-factor model...
January 1, 2018: Psychological Reports
Jennifer Bido, Roya Ghazinouri, Jamie E Collins, Desirée Diez Portela, Luis Alcantara, Thomas S Thornhill, Jeffrey N Katz
BACKGROUND: Medical missions to low and middle-income countries are increasingly frequent, with an estimated 6,000 trips sponsored by U.S. organizations accounting for approximately 200,000 surgical cases and $250 million in costs annually. However, these missions have received little critical evaluation. This paper describes the research program Operation Walk (Op-Walk) Boston, and proposes an evaluation model for similar surgical missions. METHODS: We propose an evaluation model, borrowing from the work of Donabedian and enriched by evidence from our research program...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
Adam J Weiss, Torben Vestergaard-Frandsen, Ernesto Ruiz-Tiben, Donald R Hopkins, Franklin Aseidu-Bekoe, David Agymang
Despite several periods of stagnating guinea worm disease (GWD) incidence in Ghana during its national eradication campaign in the 1990s and early 2000s, the last reported case of GWD was in May 2010. In July 2011, Ghana celebrated the interruption of guinea worm (GW) transmission. Although it has been established that GWD causes disability, pain, and socioeconomic hardship, there is a dearth of population-based evidence collected in post-GW-endemic countries to document the value attributed to GWD eradication by residents in formerly endemic communities...
March 19, 2018: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Mostafa Heydari, Maliheh Metanat, Mohammad-Ali Rouzbeh-Far, Seyed Mehdi Tabatabaei, Mohammad Rakhshani, Nahid Sepehri-Rad, Maryam Keshtkar-Jahromi
Dengue fever (DF) is a mosquito-borne acute viral disease presenting with hemorrhagic manifestations in severe cases. Southeast Iran is in close proximity to Pakistan, an endemic country for DF. This cross-sectional study was conducted in the Sistan and Baluchestan province in the southeast of Iran to investigate possibility of DF (immunoglobulin M [IgM], immunoglobulin G [IgG], and nonstructural protein 1 [NS1] antigen tests) in 60 clinically suspected patients (April 2013 to August 2015). NS1 protein was detected in 5% ( N = 3), at least one of the antibodies (IgM and/ or IgG) was detected in 11% ( N = 7) of the samples...
March 19, 2018: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Dumbiri J Onyeajam, Sudha Xirasagar, Mahmud M Khan, James W Hardin, Oluwole Odutolu
BACKGROUND: Utilization of Antenatal Care (ANC) is very low in Nigeria. Self-reported patient satisfaction may be useful to identify provider- and facility-specific factors that can be improved to increase ANC satisfaction and utilization. METHODS: Exit interview data collected from ANC users and facility assessment survey data from 534 systematically selected facilities in four northern Nigerian states were used. Associations between patient satisfaction (satisfied, not-satisfied) and patient ratings of the provider's interactions, care processes, out-of-pocket costs, and quality of facility infrastructure were studied...
March 20, 2018: BMC Public Health
Shenghua Li, Fei Xu, Jing He, Zhiyong Wang, Lap Ah Tse, Yaqing Xiong, Daowen Chen
BACKGROUND: The present association between socioeconomic status (SES) and stroke is positive in developing communities, but it is negative in developed countries where a positive SES-stroke relationship was recorded several decades ago. We hypothesized that the SES-stroke relationship in developing societies mirrors the trajectory of the Western countries at some stage of economic development. This study aimed to examine whether this inflexion is approaching in China. METHODS: This study comprises of two cross-sectional surveys conducted in the same urban areas of Nanjing, China in 2000 (S2000) and 2011 (S2011) using the same selection criteria (i...
March 20, 2018: BMC Public Health
Sherlly Xie, Md Jobayer Hossain
BACKGROUND: Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a serious disease with complex etiology and marked variation in survival. Known prognostic factors include AML subtypes, age at diagnosis and sex. However, survival outcomes may vary across healthcare systems. In this study, we evaluated the survival patterns in individuals diagnosed with AML at ages 0-24 years in the US and England between prognostic features and across countries. METHODS: We obtained data on 4387 and 2194 subjects from the US Surveillance Epidemiology and End Result registries and UK National Cancer Data Repository...
March 16, 2018: Cancer Epidemiology
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