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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531823/correlates-of-khat-use-during-pregnancy-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Motohiro Nakajima, Mulusew G Jebena, Mohammed Taha, Markos Tesfaye, Esayas Gudina, Andrine Lemieux, Richard Hoffman, Mustafa al'Absi
OBJECTIVES: Khat is widely used in East African countries including Ethiopia. A growing body of evidence indicates that long-term khat use is associated with various health consequences. The aim of this study was to examine the magnitude and correlates of khat use in pregnant women. METHODS: This study used a cross-sectional, face-to-face interview design that included 642 pregnant women receiving antenatal care services at primary care centers in Ethiopia. A series of chi-square tests and regression models were conducted to examine whether khat use status (i...
May 9, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531787/clinical-nutrition-in-primary-care-an-evaluation-of-resident-physicians-attitudes-and-self-perceived-proficiency
#2
Sarah L Han, Reto Auer, Jacques Cornuz, Pedro Marques-Vidal
BACKGROUND & AIMS: There is little information regarding the impact of clinical nutrition training among medical residents. We aimed to evaluate the attitudes, self-perceived proficiency and knowledge of Swiss residents regarding clinical nutrition. METHODS: Cross-sectional study conducted between June and September 2014 in two medical education facilities located in Lausanne, Switzerland. Attitudes, self-perceived proficiency and knowledge regarding clinical nutrition were assessed by questionnaire...
October 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531395/nationwide-survey-of-nutritional-management-in-an-asian-upper-middle-income-developing-country-government-hospitals-combination-of-quantitative-survey-and-focus-group-discussion
#3
K Chittawatanarat, K Tosanguan, U Chaikledkaew, S Tejavanija, Y Teerawattananon
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The objective of this study was to identify the differences in pattern, process, and management of nutrition care in government hospitals in Thailand (an Asian upper-middle income developing country). METHODS: This is a combination of a quantitative nationwide questionnaire survey and focus group discussions. A total of 2300 questionnaires were sent to government hospitals across Thailand. The responders were divided by routine-nutrition screening/assessment unit vs...
August 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531228/cultural-values-and-cross-cultural-video-consumption-on-youtube
#4
Minsu Park, Jaram Park, Young Min Baek, Michael Macy
Video-sharing social media like YouTube provide access to diverse cultural products from all over the world, making it possible to test theories that the Web facilitates global cultural convergence. Drawing on a daily listing of YouTube's most popular videos across 58 countries, we investigate the consumption of popular videos in countries that differ in cultural values, language, gross domestic product, and Internet penetration rate. Although online social media facilitate global access to cultural products, we find this technological capability does not result in universal cultural convergence...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531223/dengue-in-bali-clinical-characteristics-and-genetic-diversity-of-circulating-dengue-viruses
#5
Dewi Megawati, Sri Masyeni, Benediktus Yohan, Asri Lestarini, Rahma F Hayati, Febrina Meutiawati, Ketut Suryana, Tangking Widarsa, Dewa G Budiyasa, Ngurah Budiyasa, Khin S A Myint, R Tedjo Sasmono
A high number of dengue cases are reported annually in Bali. Despite the endemicity, limited data on dengue is available for Bali localities. Molecular surveillance study was conducted to explore the clinical and virological characteristics of dengue patients in urban Denpasar and rural Gianyar areas in Bali during the peak season in 2015. A total of 203 adult dengue-suspected patients were recruited in a prospective cross-sectional study. Demographic and clinical information were obtained, and dengue screening was performed using NS1 and IgM/IgG ELISAs...
May 22, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529716/epidemiology-of-adulthood-drowning-deaths-in-bangladesh-findings-from-a-nationwide-health-and-injury-survey
#6
Mohammad Jahangir Hossain, Animesh Biswas, Saidur Rahman Mashreky, Fazlur Rahman, Aminur Rahman
Background: Annual global death due to drowning accounts for 372,000 lives, 90% of which occur in low and middle income countries. Life in Bangladesh exposes adults and children to may water bodies for daily household needs, and as a result drowning is common. In Bangladesh, due to lack of systemic data collection, drowning among adults is unknown; most research is focused on childhood drowning. The aim of the present study was to explore the epidemiology of adulthood drowning deaths in Bangladesh. Methodology: A nationwide cross-sectional survey was conducted from January to December in 2003 among 171,366 rural and urban households, with a sample of 819,429 individuals to determine the epidemiology of adulthood drowning in Bangladesh...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529541/differences-in-age-specific-hpv-prevalence-between-self-collected-and-health-personnel-collected-specimen-in-a-cross-sectional-study-in-ghana
#7
Adolf K Awua, Richard M K Adanu, Edwin K Wiredu, Edwin A Afari, Alberto Severini
BACKGROUND: HPV infections are ubiquitous and particularly common among sexually active young women. However, there are regional and national variations in age-specific HPV prevalence, which have implications for cervical cancer control. Data on age-specific HPV prevalences for Ghana and most sub-Saharan countries are scanty. Therefore, this study primarily sought to determine the age-specific HPV prevalence among women in a Ghanaian community and to determine whether these prevalences determined with health-personnel and self-collected specimens were comparable...
2017: Infectious Agents and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528487/role-of-medicines-of-unknown-identity-in-adverse-drug-reaction-related-hospitalizations-in-developing-countries-evidence-from-a-cross-sectional-study-in-a-teaching-hospital-in-the-lao-people-s-democratic-republic
#8
Céline Caillet, Chanvilay Sichanh, Gaëtan Assemat, Myriam Malet-Martino, Agnès Sommet, Haleh Bagheri, Noudy Sengxeu, Niphonh Mongkhonmath, Mayfong Mayxay, Lamphone Syhakhang, Maryse Lapeyre-Mestre, Paul N Newton, Anne Roussin
INTRODUCTION: The health dangers of medicines of unknown identity (MUIs) [loose pharmaceutical units repackaged in individual bags without labelling of their identity] have been suspected in L/MICs. Using visual and analytical tools to identify MUIs, we investigated the frequency of, and factors associated with, adverse drug reaction (ADR)-related hospitalizations in a central hospital in Vientiane Capital, Lao People's Democratic Republic (PDR). METHODS: All unplanned admissions, except for acute trauma and intentional overdose, were prospectively recorded during a 7-week period in 2013, leading to include 453 adults hospitalized for ≥24 h...
May 20, 2017: Drug Safety: An International Journal of Medical Toxicology and Drug Experience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526987/assessment-of-antibiotic-use-in-farm-animals-in-rwanda
#9
Rosine Manishimwe, Kizito Nishimwe, Lonzy Ojok
The irrational use of antibiotics in humans and animals is highly related to the emergence and increase of antibiotic-resistant bacteria worldwide. A cross-sectional survey aimed at evaluating the current level of practices regarding antibiotic use in farm animals in Rwanda was carried out countrywide. Interviews were conducted on 229 farmers rearing different types of animals. The study has revealed that almost all respondent farmers could name at least one antibiotic used in farm animals and peni-streptomycin was named by most of them (95...
May 19, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526538/trastuzumab-emtansine-versus-treatment-of-physician-s-choice-in-patients-with-previously-treated-her2-positive-metastatic-breast-cancer-th3resa-final-overall-survival-results-from-a-randomised-open-label-phase-3-trial
#10
Ian E Krop, Sung-Bae Kim, Antonio Gonzalez Martin, Patricia M LoRusso, Jean-Marc Ferrero, Tanja Badovinac-Crnjevic, Silke Hoersch, Melanie Smitt, Hans Wildiers
BACKGROUND: In the randomised, parallel assignment, open-label, phase 3 TH3RESA study, progression-free survival was significantly longer with trastuzumab emtansine versus treatment of physician's choice in previously treated patients with HER2-positive advanced breast cancer. We report results from the final overall survival analysis of the TH3RESA trial. METHODS: Eligible patients for the TH3RESA trial were men and women (aged ≥18 years) with centrally confirmed HER2-positive advanced breast cancer previously treated with both trastuzumab and lapatinib (advanced setting) and a taxane (any setting) and with progression on two or more HER2-directed regimens in the advanced setting...
May 16, 2017: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526075/testing-times-trends-in-availability-price-and-market-share-of-malaria-diagnostics-in-the-public-and-private-healthcare-sector-across-eight-sub-saharan-african-countries-from-2009-to-2015
#11
Kara Hanson, Catherine Goodman
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization guidelines have recommended that all cases of suspected malaria should receive a confirmatory test with microscopy or a malaria rapid diagnostic test (RDT), however evidence from sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) illustrates that only one-third of children under five with a recent fever received a test. The aim of this study was to evaluate availability, price and market share of microscopy and RDT from 2009/11 to 2014/15 in 8 SSA countries, to better understand barriers to improving access to malaria confirmatory testing in the public and private health sectors...
May 19, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526074/oral-health-behaviour-in-migrant-and-non-migrant-adults-in-germany-the-utilization-of-regular-dental-check-ups
#12
Fabian Erdsiek, Dorothee Waury, Patrick Brzoska
BACKGROUND: Migrants in many European countries including Germany tend to utilize preventive measures less frequently than the majority population. Little is known about the dental health of migrants as well as about their oral health behaviour, particularly in the adult population. The aim of this study was to examine differences in the uptake of annual dental check-ups in adult migrants and non-migrants in Germany. METHODS: We used data from the cross-sectional survey 'German Health Update 2010' conducted by the Robert Koch Institute (n = 22,050)...
May 19, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526065/malnutrition-and-poor-oral-health-status-are-major-risks-among-primary-school-children-at-lasbela-balochistan-pakistan
#13
Muhammad Ayaz Mustufa, Abdul Karim Jamali, Ifra Sameen, Fateh Muhammad Burfat, Mir Yousaf Baloch, Abdul Hameed Baloch, Ghulam Rasool Baloch, Shazia Kulsoom Lashari, Sobiya Mohiuddin Ayaz, Muhammad Younus Baloch
BACKGROUND: This survey was focusing on health and oral hygiene status of primary school children at Lasbela district considering the comparatively less developed and socio demographically deprived part of the Country. METHODS: A cross sectional survey was conducted to determine the health status of primary school children in seven tehseels of district Lasbela, Balochistan after applying proportionate sampling technique from March 2015 to July 2015. Field teams visited assigned schools to screen children and collect health related data on predesigned and pre coded proforma...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526021/current-status-challenges-and-the-way-forward-for-clinical-pharmacy-service-in-ethiopian-public-hospitals
#14
Arebu Issa Bilal, Zelalem Tilahun, Gebremedhin Beedemariam Gebretekle, Belete Ayalneh, Bisrat Hailemeskel, Ephrem Engidawork
BACKGROUND: Clinical pharmacy service has evolved steadily over the past few decades and is now contributing to the 'patient care journey' at all stages. It is improving the safety and effectiveness of medicines and has made a significant contribution to the avoidance of medication errors. In Ethiopia, clinical pharmacy service is in its initial phase, being started in July 2013. This study therefore aimed at assessing the status, challenges and way forward of clinical pharmacy service in the country...
May 19, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525651/selecting-elephant-grass-families-and-progenies-to-produce-bioenergy-through-mixed-models-reml-blup
#15
E V Rodrigues, R F Daher, A Dos Santos, M Vivas, J C Machado, G do A Gravina, Y P de Souza, A K Vidal, A Dos S Rocha, R S Freitas
Brazil has great potential to produce bioenergy since it is located in a tropical region that receives high incidence of solar energy and presents favorable climatic conditions for such purpose. However, the use of bioenergy in the country is below its productivity potential. The aim of the current study was to select full-sib progenies and families of elephant grass (Pennisetum purpureum S.) to optimize phenotypes relevant to bioenergy production through mixed models (REML/BLUP). The circulating diallel-based crossing of ten elephant grass genotypes was performed...
May 18, 2017: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524726/objectively-measured-physical-activity-in-brazilians-with-visual-impairment-description-and-associated-factors
#16
Rafael Barbosa Porcellis da Silva, Alexandre Carriconde Marques, Felipe Fossati Reichert
BACKGROUND: Low level of physical activity is a serious health issue in individuals with visual impairment. Few studies have objectively measured physical activity in this population group, particularly outside high-income countries. The aim of this study was to describe physical activity measured by accelerometry and its associated factors in Brazilian adults with visual impairment. METHODS: In a cross-sectional design, 90 adults (18-95 years old) answered a questionnaire and wore an accelerometer for at least 3 days (including one weekend day) to measure physical activity (min/day)...
May 19, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524340/effectiveness-and-clinical-inertia-in-patients-with-antidiabetic-therapy
#17
Manuel Enrique Machado-Duque, Adriana Carolina Ramírez-Riveros, Jorge Enrique Machado-Alba
AIMS: To establish the effectiveness of antidiabetic therapy and the frequency of clinical inertia in the management of type 2 diabetes mellitus in Colombia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study with follow-up of patients who had been treated for at least 1 year and were receiving medical consultation for antidiabetic treatment. Effectiveness was established when haemoglobin-A1c levels were <7% and when clinical inertia was reached, which was defined as no therapeutic modifications despite not achieving management controls...
May 19, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523939/prevalence-of-psychological-distress-how-do-australia-and-canada-compare
#18
Joanne C Enticott, Elizabeth Lin, Frances Shawyer, Grant Russell, Brett Inder, Scott Patten, Graham Meadows
OBJECTIVE: To compare equivalent population-level mental health indicators in Canada and Australia, and articulate recommendations to support equitable mental health services. These are two somewhat similar resource-rich countries characterized by extensive non-metropolitan and rural regions as well as significant areas of socioeconomic deprivation. METHODS: A cross-national epidemiology and equity study: primary outcome was Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K10) in recent national surveys...
May 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523643/cyberbullying-and-cybervictimization-within-a-cross-cultural-context-a%C3%A2-study-of-canadian-and-tanzanian-adolescents
#19
Jennifer D Shapka, Hezron Z Onditi, Rebecca J Collie, Noam Lapidot-Lefler
This study explored cyberbullying and cybervictimization (CBCV), for adolescents aged 11-15 from Tanzania (N = 426) and Canada (N = 592). Measurement invariance and model invariance was found for CBCV. In addition, multigroup structural equation modeling was used to explore several variables: age, gender, average hours online each day, accessing the Internet in a private location, having online privacy concerns, going online for social purposes, and motivation for cyberbullying. Results found interesting patterns within each country...
May 19, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523493/the-socio-economic-impact-of-work-disability-due-to-inflammatory-bowel-disease-in-brazil
#20
Renata de S B Fróes, Ana Teresa Pugas Carvalho, Antonio Jose de V Carneiro, Adriana Maria Hilu de Barros Moreira, Jessica P L Moreira, Ronir R Luiz, Heitor S de Souza
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) might have economic and social impacts in Brazil, where its prevalence has increased recently. This study aimed to assess disability due to IBD in the Brazilian population and demographic factors potentially associated with absence from work. METHODS: Analysis was performed using the computerized Single System of Social Security Benefits Information, with a cross-check for aid pension and disability retirement, for Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC)...
May 18, 2017: European Journal of Health Economics: HEPAC: Health Economics in Prevention and Care
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