keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Cross country

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166704/the-prevalence-and-causes-of-visual-impairment-in-seven-year-old-children
#1
Soraya Ghaderi, Hassan Hashemi, Ebrahim Jafarzadehpur, Abbasali Yekta, Hadi Ostadimoghaddam, Ali Mirzajani, Mehdi Khabazkhoob
BACKGROUND: To report the prevalence and causes of visual impairment in seven-year-old children in Iran and its relationship with socio-economic conditions. METHODS: In a cross-sectional population-based study, first-grade students in the primary schools of eight cities in the country were randomly selected from different geographic locations using multistage cluster sampling. The examinations included visual acuity measurement, ocular motility evaluation, and cycloplegic and non-cycloplegic refraction...
November 22, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166417/oral-status-and-prosthetic-treatment-needs-in-functionally-impaired-and-elderly-individuals
#2
Angelika Lantto, Robert Lundqvist, Inger Wårdh
PURPOSE: The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to describe the oral status and prosthetic treatment needs of dependent, functionally impaired individuals and dependent elderly individuals in comparison with the general population. METHODS: A total of 355 subjects, sampled from the register of increased financial support for dependent and functionally impaired individuals in the north of Sweden, were examined. The variables were number of teeth, Eichner Index, type and condition of prostheses, and treatment needs...
November 22, 2017: International Journal of Prosthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165621/treatment-of-tuberculosis-in-complex-emergencies-in-developing-countries-a-scoping-review
#3
Geraldine Munn-Mace, Divya Parmar
Almost 172 million people live in complex emergencies globally resulting from political and/or economic instability. The provision and continuity of health care in complex emergencies remain a significant challenge. Health agencies are often hesitant to implement tuberculosis programmes in particular because its treatment requires a longer commitment than most acute diseases. However, not treating tuberculosis promptly increases mortality and untreated tuberculosis further increases the incidence of tuberculosis...
November 20, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165395/the-associations-among-psychological-distress-coping-style-and-health-habits-in-japanese-nursing-students-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Akio Tada
Background: Nursing students in many countries have been reported to experience high levels of stress and psychological distress. Health habits could potentially mediate the association between coping styles and psychological status. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the mediation effect of health habits in the relationship between stress coping styles and psychological distress in Japanese nursing students. Methods: A total of 181 nursing students completed anonymous self-reported questionnaires comprised of the General Health Questionnaire-12 (GHQ-12), the Brief Coping Orientation questionnaire, and an additional questionnaire on health behavior...
November 22, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164950/the-institutional-foundations-of-medicalization-a-cross-national-analysis-of-mental-health-and-unemployment
#5
Veerle Buffel, Jason Beckfield, Piet Bracke
In this study, we question (1) whether the relationship between unemployment and mental healthcare use, controlling for mental health status, varies across European countries and (2) whether these differences are patterned by a combination of unemployment and healthcare generosity. We hypothesize that medicalization of unemployment is stronger in countries where a low level of unemployment generosity is combined with a high level of healthcare generosity. A subsample of 36,306 working-age respondents from rounds 64...
September 2017: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164725/a-scoping-review-of-environmental-health-nursing-research
#6
Barbara J Polivka, Rosemary V Chaudry
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this scoping review was to determine the extent and focus of published environmental health nursing research. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: The search was limited to peer reviewed, English-language environmental health nursing research with at least one nursing author, published between 1995 and 2015 in a nursing journal, and catalogued in CINAHL. RESULTS: Publication of the 548 identified articles occurred in 118 different nursing journals...
November 22, 2017: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164665/comparing-safety-information-of-biosimilars-with-their-originators-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-european-risk-management-plans
#7
L R A Lepelaars, F Renda, L Pani, G Pimpinella, H G M Leufkens, G Trifirò, G Tafuri, A K Mantel-Teeuwisse, F Trotta
BACKGROUND: Biosimilars have been available in the European Union since 2006. However, their uptake in routine care is heterogeneous across countries. AIMS: To compare the safety information of biosimilars and their originators based on the information in the EU risk management plan (RMP). METHODS: A cross-sectional analysis on publicly available regulatory documents (RMPs and Summaries of Product Characteristics) of biosimilars and corresponding originators until 1 November 2015 was performed...
November 22, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164314/cross-national-gender-variations-of-digit-ratio-2d-4d-correlate-with-life-expectancy-suicide-rate-and-other-causes-of-death
#8
Bernd Lenz, Johannes Kornhuber
The second-to-fourth finger length ratio (2D:4D) is an indication of prenatal sex hormone exposure, and has sex-specifically been associated with several lethal illnesses including ischemic heart disease, diverse cancers, and suicide. Our primary aim was to verify that 2D:4D sex-specifically relates to life expectancy and suicide numbers on a national level (23 countries). We also used a hypothesis-free approach to investigate associations with other causes of death [p value adjustment for multiple hypothesis testing using the false discovery rate procedure (FDR)]...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Neural Transmission
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163857/italian-translation-and-cross-cultural-comparison-with-the-childhood-attachment-and-relational-trauma-screen-carts
#9
A Simonelli, C Sacchi, L Cantoni, M Brown, P Frewen
Background: The Childhood Attachment and Relational Trauma Screen (CARTS) is a computer-administered survey designed to assess retrospectively the socio-ecological context in which instances of child abuse may have occurred. To date, studies supporting the validity of the CARTS have only been undertaken in English-speaking North American populations. Validation projects in other countries and cross-cultural comparisons are therefore warranted. Objective: Develop and preliminarily evaluate the psychometric properties of an Italian version of the CARTS on college students and compare such observations to data acquired from Canadian students...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163730/association-between-dental-caries-and-body-mass-index-in-schoolchildren-aged-between-14-and-16-years-in-riyadh-saudi-arabia
#10
Ahmed Abdullah Alghamdi, Ahmed Almahdy
Background: Dental caries and obesity are multifactorial diseases that have common risk factors. Studies worldwide reported varied outcomes about the association between dental caries and obesity. There is no published study that investigates this association among schoolchildren in Arabic countries. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between dental caries (DMFT) and body mass index (BMI) for children aged between 14 and 16 years old in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. The role of oral hygiene habits, parent's education, sugar consumption and physical activity in causing both diseases was also evaluated...
December 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163643/persistent-bovine-viral-diarrhea-virus-bvdv-infection-in-cattle-herds
#11
REVIEW
A Khodakaram-Tafti, G H Farjanikish
Bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) is a significant pathogen associated with gastrointestinal, respiratory, and reproductive diseases of cattle worldwide. It causes continuous economic losses to the cattle industry primarily due to decreased reproductive performance. The ability of virus to cross the placenta during early pregnancy can result in the birth of persistently infected (PI) calves. Persistently infected animals are generally much more efficient transmitters of BVDV than transiently or acutely infected animals because they are capable of shedding large quantities of virus throughout their lives and are considered the primary reservoirs for BVDV...
2017: Iranian journal of veterinary research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162717/reference-values-for-the-6-min-walk-distance-6mwt-in-healthy-children-aged-7-to-12-years-in-brazil-main-results-of-the-tc6minbrasil-multi-center-study
#12
Lucas de Assis Pereira Cacau, Vitor Oliveira Carvalho, Alessandro Dos Santos Pin, Carlos Raphael Araujo Daniel, Daisy Satomi Ykeda, Eliane Maria de Carvalho, Juliana Valente Francica, Luíza Martins Faria, Mansueto Gomes-Neto, Marcelo Fernandes, Marcelo Velloso, Marlus Karsten, Patrícia de Sá Barros, Valter Joviniano de Santana-Filho
INTRODUCTION: Brazil is a country with great climatic, socioeconomic, and cultural differences that does not yet have a reference value for the 6-min walk test (6MWT) in healthy children. To avoid misinterpretation, the use of equations to predict the maximum walking distance should be established in each country. OBJECTIVES: We sought to establish reference values and to develop an equation to predict the 6-min walk distance (6MWT) for healthy children in Brazil...
November 21, 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162326/identifying-perceptions-of-academic-reform-in-pharmacy-using-a-four-frame-organizational-change-model
#13
Dalia Bajis, Betty Chaar, Iman A Basheti, Rebekah Moles
BACKGROUND: In an ever-changing environment, pharmacy education is in the race to catch up and excel to produce competent pharmacists. Examining academic institutions, including schools of pharmacy, their internal systems and framework, it seems appropriate to view these institutions using multiple lenses. Bolman and Deal conceptualized a method to examine organizations using four constructs (structural, human resource, political, and symbolic). The Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR), with deep-rooted pharmacy education and practice was the setting for this research...
November 10, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162098/malaria-early-warning-tool-linking-inter-annual-climate-and-malaria-variability-in-northern-guadalcanal-solomon-islands
#14
Jason Smith, Lloyd Tahani, Albino Bobogare, Hugo Bugoro, Francis Otto, George Fafale, David Hiriasa, Adna Kazazic, Grant Beard, Amanda Amjadali, Isabelle Jeanne
BACKGROUND: Malaria control remains a significant challenge in the Solomon Islands. Despite progress made by local malaria control agencies over the past decade, case rates remain high in some areas of the country. Studies from around the world have confirmed important links between climate and malaria transmission. This study focuses on understanding the links between malaria and climate in Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, with a view towards developing a climate-based monitoring and early warning for periods of enhanced malaria transmission...
November 21, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162085/association-of-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-and-oab-severity-with-quality-of-life-and-mental-health-in-china-taiwan-and-south-korea-results-from-a-cross-sectional-population-based-study
#15
Kyu-Sung Lee, Tag Keun Yoo, Limin Liao, Jianye Wang, Yao-Chi Chuang, Shih-Ping Liu, Romeo Chu, Budiwan Sumarsono
BACKGROUND: Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and overactive bladder (OAB) symptoms have a substantial effect on quality of life (QoL). We report QoL and mental health results from a LUTS prevalence study in three Asian countries. METHODS: A cross-sectional, population-representative, internet-based study among individuals aged ≥40 years in China, Taiwan and South Korea. Instruments included: Overactive Bladder Symptom Score (OABSS); International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS); other International Continence Society (ICS) symptom questions; health-related QoL 12-item short-form (HRQoL-SF12v2); Work Limitations Questionnaire (WLQ); Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS)...
November 21, 2017: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162065/from-policy-to-practice-exploring-the-implementation-of-antiretroviral-therapy-access-and-retention-policies-between-2013-and-2016-in-six-sub-saharan-african-countries
#16
Julie Ambia, Jenny Renju, Alison Wringe, Jim Todd, Eveline Geubbels, Jessica Nakiyingi-Miiro, Mark Urassa, Tom Lutalo, Amelia C Crampin, Daniel Kwaro, Catherine Kyobutungi, Natsayi Chimbindi, F Xavier Gomez-Olive, Malebogo Tlhajoane, Brian Njamwea, Basia Zaba, Paul Mee
BACKGROUND: Understanding the implementation of 2013 World Health Organization (WHO) consolidated guidelines on the use of antiretroviral drugs for treating and preventing HIV infection at the facility level provides important lessons for the roll-out of future HIV policies. METHODS: A national policy review was conducted in six sub-Saharan African countries to map the inclusion of the 2013 WHO HIV treatment recommendations. Twenty indicators of policy adoption were selected to measure ART access (n = 12) and retention (n = 8)...
November 21, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162062/rural-households-at-risk-of-malaria-did-not-own-sufficient-insecticide-treated-nets-at-dabat-hdss-site-evidence-from-a-cross-sectional-re-census
#17
Kindie Fentahun Muchie, Kassahun Alemu, Amare Tariku, Adino Tesfahun Tsegaye, Solomon Mekonnen Abebe, Mezgebu Yitayal, Tadesse Awoke, Gashaw Andargie Biks
BACKGROUND: Malaria is the leading cause of disease burden across the world, especially in African countries. Ethiopia has designed a five year (2011-2015) plan to cover 100% of the households in malarious areas with one insecticide treated net (ITN) for every two persons, and to raise consistent ITN utilization to at least 80%. However, evidence on ownership of ITN among malarious rural households in northwest Ethiopia is quite limited. Hence, the present study aimed at assessing ownership of ITN and associated factors among rural households at risk of malaria at Dabat Health and Demographic Surveillance System site, northwest Ethiopia...
November 21, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162034/genetic-diversity-and-structure-of-iberian-peninsula-cowpeas-compared-to-world-wide-cowpea-accessions-using-high-density-snp-markers
#18
Márcia Carvalho, María Muñoz-Amatriaín, Isaura Castro, Teresa Lino-Neto, Manuela Matos, Marcos Egea-Cortines, Eduardo Rosa, Timothy Close, Valdemar Carnide
BACKGROUND: Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. Walp) is an important legume crop due to its high protein content, adaptation to heat and drought and capacity to fix nitrogen. Europe has a deficit of cowpea production. Knowledge of genetic diversity among cowpea landraces is important for the preservation of local varieties and is the basis to obtain improved varieties. The aims of this study were to explore diversity and the genetic structure of a set of Iberian Peninsula cowpea accessions in comparison to a worldwide collection and to infer possible dispersion routes of cultivated cowpea...
November 21, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162013/closing-the-health-gap
#19
Michael Marmot
One way of characterising the good society is one that has achieved a high degree of health equity. For a low-income country, one route to this achievement is to increase national income. But other features of society come to the fore, for low, middle and high-income societies alike. In England, my review of health inequalities highlighted: good early child development, education and life long learning, employment and working conditions, having enough income to lead a healthy life, healthy and sustainable places to live and work, taking a social determinants approach to prevention...
November 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161971/lying-to-patients-with-dementia-attitudes-versus-behaviours-in-nurses
#20
Daniela Cantone, Francesco Attena, Sabrina Cerrone, Antonio Fabozzi, Riccardo Rossiello, Laura Spagnoli, Concetta Paola Pelullo
BACKGROUND: Using lies, in dementia care, reveals a common practice far beyond the diagnosis and prognosis, extending to the entire care process. OBJECTIVES: In this article, we report results about the attitude and the behaviour of nurses towards the use of lies to patients with dementia. RESEARCH DESIGN: An epidemiological cross-sectional study was conducted between September 2016 and February 2017 in 12 elderly residential facilities and in the geriatric, psychiatric and neurological wards of six specialised hospitals of Italy's Campania Region...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
keyword
keyword
40081
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"