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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342674/mindfulness-predicts-student-nurses-communication-self-efficacy-a-cross-national-comparative-study
#1
Vibeke Sundling, Annelie J Sundler, Inger K Holmström, Dorte Vesterager Kristensen, Hilde Eide
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare student nurses' communication self-efficacy, empathy, and mindfulness across two countries, and to analyse the relationship between these qualities. METHODS: The study had a cross-sectional design. Data was collected from final year student nurses in Norway and Sweden. Communication self-efficacy, empathy, and mindfulness were reported by questionnaires; Clear-cut communication with patients, Jefferson Scale of Empathy, and Langer 14 items mindfulness scale...
March 11, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340184/a-cross-national-comparison-of-incident-reporting-systems-implemented-in-german-and-swiss-hospitals
#2
Tanja Manser, Michael Imhof, Constanze Lessing, Matthias Briner
Objective: This study aimed to empirically compare incident reporting systems (IRS) in two European countries and to explore the relationship of IRS characteristics with context factors such as hospital characteristics and characteristics of clinical risk management (CRM). Design: We performed exploratory, secondary analyses of data on characteristics of IRS from nationwide surveys of CRM practices. Setting: The survey was originally sent to 2136 hospitals in Germany and Switzerland...
March 7, 2017: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340159/detection-of-polish-clinical-aspergillus-fumigatus-isolates-resistant-to-triazoles
#3
Urszula Nawrot, Ewelina Kurzyk, Maiken Cavling Arendrup, Martyna Mroczynska, Katarzyna Wlodarczyk, Beata Sulik-Tyszka, Marta Wróblewska, Marek Ussowicz, Przemyslaw Zdziarski, Kinga Niewinska, Anna Brillowska-Dabrowska
We studied the presence of triazole resistance of 121 Aspergillus fumigatus clinical isolates collected in two Polish cities, Warsaw and Wrocław, to determine if resistance is emerging in our country. We identified five itraconazole resistant isolates (4.13%) carrying the TR34/L98H alteration in Cyp51A gene, four of which were cross-resistant to posaconazole and one to voriconazole. One isolate was intermediate susceptible to itraconazole and harbored no Cyp51A alterations. The study confirms the presence of azole resistant A...
March 4, 2017: Medical Mycology: Official Publication of the International Society for Human and Animal Mycology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339560/temporal-trends-in-renal-function-and-birthweight-in-japanese-adolescent-males-1998-2015
#4
Takeshi Kanda, Ayano Takeda, Hiroshi Hirose, Takayuki Abe, Hidenori Urai, Mikako Inokuchi, Shu Wakino, Mitsuaki Tokumura, Hiroshi Itoh, Hiroshi Kawabe
Background.: Low birthweight (LBW) is a worldwide public health problem, demonstrating an increasing incidence in developed countries, including Japan. LBW is also a risk factor for later development of chronic kidney disease (CKD). To date, studies have not evaluated the population impacts of increasing LBW rates on renal function. Methods.: Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was evaluated in 3737 Japanese adolescent males (15-16 years old) using annual cross-sectional data over an 18-year period (1998-2015)...
January 17, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339326/using-online-methods-to-develop-and-examine-the-hong-kong-chinese-translation-of-the-dissociative-experiences-scale
#5
Chitat Chan, Hong Wang Fung, Tat Ming Choi, Colin A Ross
Identifying dissociation is important for mental health services because it could fundamentally affect one's diagnosis and treatment plan. The Dissociative Experiences Scale (DES) is a widely-used self-report scale for measuring dissociative experiences. It has been translated into many languages and used in many countries. However, there is no validated Hong Kong Chinese version of the DES available in the field, and there is no other validated Hong Kong Chinese instrument for assessing dissociative disorders...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Evidence-informed Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337801/cross-cultural-comparisons-of-drinking-motives-in-10-countries-data-from-the-drinc-project
#6
Sean P Mackinnon, Marie-Eve Couture, M L Cooper, Emmanuel Kuntsche, Roisin M O'Connor, Sherry H Stewart
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: This study tested the measurement invariance of the Drinking Motives Questionnaire-Revised Short Form (DMQ-R-SF) in undergraduates across 10 countries. We expected the four-factor structure to hold across countries, and for social motives to emerge as the most commonly endorsed motive, followed by enhancement, coping and conformity motives. We also compared individualistic and collectivistic countries to examine potential differences in the endorsement of drinking motives when countries were divided according to this broad cultural value...
March 23, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336743/is-socioeconomic-position-associated-with-risk-of-attempted-suicide-in-rural-sri-lanka-a-cross-sectional-study-of-165%C3%A2-000-individuals
#7
D W Knipe, D Gunnell, R Pieris, C Priyadarshana, M Weerasinghe, M Pearson, S Jayamanne, A H Dawson, F Mohamed, I Gawarammana, K Hawton, F Konradsen, M Eddleston, C Metcalfe
BACKGROUND: Lower socioeconomic position (SEP) is associated with an increased risk of suicidal behaviour in high-income countries, but this association is unclear in low-income and middle-income countries. METHODS: We investigated the association of SEP with attempted suicide in a cross-sectional survey of 165 233 Sri Lankans. SEP data were collected at the household (assets, social standing (highest occupation of a household member), foreign employment and young (≤40 years) female-headed households) and individual level (education and occupation)...
March 22, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336741/differences-between-determinants-of-in-hospital-mortality-and-hospitalisation-costs-for-patients-with-acute-heart-failure-a-nationwide-observational-study-from-japan
#8
Noriko Sasaki, Susumu Kunisawa, Hiroshi Ikai, Yuichi Imanaka
OBJECTIVES: Although current case-mix classifications in prospective payment systems were developed to estimate patient resource usage, whether these classifications reflect clinical outcomes remains unknown. The efficient management of acute heart failure (AHF) with high mortality is becoming more important in many countries as its prevalence and associated costs are rapidly increasing. Here, we investigate the determinants of in-hospital mortality and hospitalisation costs to clarify the impact of severity factors on these outcomes in patients with AHF, and examine the level of agreement between the predicted values of mortality and costs...
March 22, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336545/changes-in-intestinal-microbiota-composition-and-metabolism-coincide-with-increased-intestinal-permeability-in-young-adults-under-prolonged-physiologic-stress
#9
J Philip Karl, Lee M Margolis, Elisabeth H Madslien, Nancy E Murphy, John W Castellani, Yngvar Gundersen, Allison V Hoke, Michael W Levangie, Raina Kumar, Nabarun Chakraborty, Aarti Gautam, Rasha Hammamieh, Svein Martini, Scott J Montain, Stefan M Pasiakos
The magnitude, temporal dynamics, and physiologic effects of intestinal microbiome responses to physiologic stress are poorly characterized. This study used a systems biology approach and multiple-stressor military training environment to determine the effects of physiologic stress on intestinal microbiota composition and metabolic activity, and intestinal permeability (IP). 73 Soldiers were provided three rations/d with or without protein- or carbohydrate-based supplements during a four day cross-country ski march (STRESS)...
March 23, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336242/pacritinib-versus-best-available-therapy-for-the-treatment-of-myelofibrosis-irrespective-of-baseline-cytopenias-persist-1-an-international-randomised-phase-3-trial
#10
Ruben A Mesa, Alessandro M Vannucchi, Adam Mead, Miklos Egyed, Anita Szoke, Aleksandr Suvorov, Janos Jakucs, Andrew Perkins, Ritam Prasad, Jiri Mayer, Judit Demeter, Peter Ganly, Jack W Singer, Huafeng Zhou, James P Dean, Peter A Te Boekhorst, Jyoti Nangalia, Jean-Jacques Kiladjian, Claire N Harrison
BACKGROUND: Available therapies for myelofibrosis can exacerbate cytopenias and are not indicated for patients with severe thrombocytopenia. Pacritinib, which inhibits both JAK2 and FLT3, induced spleen responses with limited myelosuppression in phase 1/2 trials. We aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of pacritinib versus best available therapy in patients with myelofibrosis irrespective of baseline cytopenias. METHODS: This international, multicentre, randomised, phase 3 trial (PERSIST-1) was done at 67 sites in 12 countries...
March 20, 2017: Lancet Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336088/trends-in-adhd-medication-use-in-children-and-adolescents-in-five-western-countries-2005-2012
#11
Christian J Bachmann, Linda P Wijlaars, Luuk J Kalverdijk, Mehmet Burcu, Gerd Glaeske, Catharina C M Schuiling-Veninga, Falk Hoffmann, Lise Aagaard, Julie M Zito
Over the last two decades, the use of ADHD medication in US youth has markedly increased. However, less is known about ADHD medication use among European children and adolescents. A repeated cross-sectional design was applied to national or regional data extracts from Denmark, Germany, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom (UK) and the United States (US) for calendar years 2005/2006-2012. The prevalence of ADHD medication use was assessed, stratified by age and sex. Furthermore, the most commonly prescribed ADHD medications were assessed...
March 20, 2017: European Neuropsychopharmacology: the Journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335786/matching-safety-to-access-global-actors-and-pharmacogovernance-in-kenya-a-case-study
#12
Kathy Moscou, Jillian C Kohler
BACKGROUND: The Kenyan government has sought to address inadequacies in its National Pharmaceutical Policy and the Pharmacy and Poisons Board's (PPB) medicines governance by engaging with global actors (e.g. the World Health Organization). Policy actors have influenced the way pharmacovigilance is defined, how challenges are understood and which norms are requisite to address drug safety issues. In this paper, we investigate the relationship between specific modes of engagement among global (exogenous) and domestic actors at the national and sub-national level to identify the positive or negative effect on pharmacovigilance and pharmacogovernance in Kenya...
March 23, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335755/the-incidence-of-diabetes-mellitus-and-diabetic-retinopathy-in-a-population-based-cohort-study-of-people-age-50%C3%A2-years-and-over-in-nakuru-kenya
#13
Andrew Bastawrous, Wanjiku Mathenge, Kevin Wing, Madeleine Bastawrous, Hillary Rono, Helen A Weiss, David Macleod, Allen Foster, Tunde Peto, Peter Blows, Matthew Burton, Hannah Kuper
BACKGROUND: The epidemic rise of diabetes carries major negative public health and economic consequences particularly for low and middle-income countries. The highest predicted percentage growth in diabetes is in the sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) region where to date there has been no data on the incidence of diabetic retinopathy from population-based cohort studies and minimal data on incident diabetes. The primary aims of this study were to estimate the cumulative six-year incidence of Diabetes Mellitus (DM) and DR (Diabetic Retinopathy), respectively, among people aged ≥50 years in Kenya...
March 23, 2017: BMC Endocrine Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335004/barriers-and-facilitators-for-institutional-delivery-among-poor-mesoamerican-women-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Bernardo Hernandez, Danny V Colombara, Marielle C Gagnier, Sima S Desai, Annie Haakenstad, Casey Johanns, Claire R McNellan, Jennifer Nelson, Erin B Palmisano, Diego Ríos-Zertuche, Alexandra Schaefer, Paola Zúñiga-Brenes, Emma Iriarte, Ali H Mokdad
Professional skilled care has shown to be one of the most promising strategies to reduce maternal mortality, and in-facility deliveries are a cost-effective way to ensure safe births. Countries in Mesoamerica have emphasized in-facility delivery care by professionally skilled attendants, but access to good-quality delivery care is still lacking for many women. We examined the characteristics of women who had a delivery in a health facility and determinants of the decision to bypass a closer facility and travel to a distant one...
March 15, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334777/clinicians-interpretations-of-point-of-care-urine-culture-versus-laboratory-culture-results-analysis-from-the-four-country-poetic-trial-of-diagnosis-of-uncomplicated-urinary-tract-infection-in-primary-care
#15
Saskia Hullegie, Mandy Wootton, Theo J M Verheij, Emma Thomas-Jones, Janine Bates, Kerenza Hood, Micaela Gal, Nick A Francis, Paul Little, Michael Moore, Carl Llor, Timothy Pickles, David Gillespie, Nigel Kirby, Curt Brugman, Christopher C Butler
Background.: Urine culture at the point of care minimises delay between obtaining the sample and agar inoculation in a microbiology laboratory, and quantification and sensitivity results can be available more rapidly in primary care. Objective.: To identify the degree to which clinicians' interpretations of a point-of-care-test (POCT) urine culture (Flexicult™ SSI-Urinary Kit) agrees with laboratory culture in women presenting to primary care with symptoms of uncomplicated urinary tract infections (UTI)...
March 1, 2017: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334012/challenges-of-developing-a-cardiovascular-risk-calculator-for-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#16
Cynthia S Crowson, Silvia Rollefstad, George D Kitas, Piet L C M van Riel, Sherine E Gabriel, Anne Grete Semb
OBJECTIVE: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk calculators designed for use in the general population do not accurately predict the risk of CVD among patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), who are at increased risk of CVD. The process of developing risk prediction models involves numerous issues. Our goal was to develop a CVD risk calculator for patients with RA. METHODS: Thirteen cohorts of patients with RA originating from 10 different countries (UK, Norway, Netherlands, USA, Sweden, Greece, South Africa, Spain, Canada and Mexico) were combined...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333986/building-the-road-to-a-regional-zoonoses-strategy-a-survey-of-zoonoses-programmes-in-the-americas
#17
Melody J Maxwell, Mary H Freire de Carvalho, Armando E Hoet, Marco A N Vigilato, Julio C Pompei, Ottorino Cosivi, Victor J Del Rio Vilas
BACKGROUND: In recent years, global public health security has been threatened by zoonotic disease emergence as exemplified by outbreaks of H5N1 and H1N1 influenza, SARS, and most recently Ebola and Zika. Additionally, endemic zoonoses, such as rabies, burden countries year after year, placing demands on limited finances and personnel. To survey the baseline status of the emerging and endemic zoonoses programmes of the Latin American and the Caribbean (LAC) countries, the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) conducted a survey of priority emerging and endemic zoonoses, countries´ prioritization criteria and methodologies, and suggestions to strengthen countries capacities and regional approaches to zoonoses control...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333355/wgs-to-predict-antibiotic-mics-for-neisseria-gonorrhoeae
#18
David W Eyre, Dilrini De Silva, Kevin Cole, Joanna Peters, Michelle J Cole, Yonatan H Grad, Walter Demczuk, Irene Martin, Michael R Mulvey, Derrick W Crook, A Sarah Walker, Tim E A Peto, John Paul
Background: Tracking the spread of antimicrobial-resistant Neisseria gonorrhoeae is a major priority for national surveillance programmes. Objectives: We investigate whether WGS and simultaneous analysis of multiple resistance determinants can be used to predict antimicrobial susceptibilities to the level of MICs in N. gonorrhoeae. Methods: WGS was used to identify previously reported potential resistance determinants in 681 N. gonorrhoeae isolates, from England, the USA and Canada, with phenotypes for cefixime, penicillin, azithromycin, ciprofloxacin and tetracycline determined as part of national surveillance programmes...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333286/high-prevalence-of-moderate-and-severe-depressive-and-anxiety-symptoms-in-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Laura G Cooney, Iris Lee, Mary D Sammel, Anuja Dokras
Study question: Do women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) have an increased prevalence of moderate and severe depressive and anxiety symptoms compared with control women, and do these symptoms correlate with age, BMI, testosterone, hirsutism or insulin resistance (IR)? Summary answer: Women with PCOS have significantly increased odds of moderate and severe depressive and anxiety symptoms, independent of obesity, and the symptoms are weakly associated with age, BMI, elevated testosterone, hirsutism and IR...
March 9, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332954/attitudes-towards-parenthood-partnership-and-social-rights-for-diverse-families-evidence-from-a-pilot-study-in-five-countries
#20
Mara A Yerkes, Giulia Maria Dotti Sani, Cristina Solera
Attitudes towards the civil and social citizenship rights of individuals in diverse family forms are under researched. We use cross-national data from a pilot study among students in Denmark, Spain, Croatia, Italy and the Netherlands to explore cross-country differences in beliefs about partnership, parenthood and social rights of same-sex couples vs. heterosexual couples or married vs. cohabiting couples. The results suggest a polarization in students' attitudes between countries that appear more traditional (i...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
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