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Oral maxillofacial

Michael Dau, Amir Edalatpour, Ralf Schulze, Bilal Al-Nawas, Abdulmonem Alshihri, Peer W Kämmerer
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare the subjective quality rating of panoramic radiography (PAN) and cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) in planning of dental implant procedures by clinicians with different educational background. METHODS: Radiographic images (PAN and CBCT) of 42 patients were examined as follows: 10 maxillary (MX) anterior region, 16 MX posterior region and 16 mandibular (MD) posterior region. These sites were used for planning of dental implant insertion...
October 19, 2016: Dento Maxillo Facial Radiology
Jamie Y Kim, Chung H Kau, Terpsithea Christou, Maja Ovsenik, Young Guk Park
: The purpose of this study is to compare 3-dimensional facial averages of Asians (Koreans and Chinese) and Houstonian white faces using a (3-dimensional) surface imaging system. METHODS: Three-dimensional images of Korean adults (Seoul, Korea) with class I malocclusion captured using the 3dMDface. The images of 138 Koreans were processed to generate average male and female facial shells using Rapidform 2006 plus pack 2 software and then superimposed and compared with the average shells of Chinese adults (Xi' An, China) and white adults (Houston, Tex...
September 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
Akif Türer, Mustafa Cenk Durmuşlar, Ismail Şener, Ahmet Ferhat Misir, Mehmet Emin Önger
Mandibular fracture is the most common injury seen in facial fractures and plays an important role for oral and maxillofacial surgery department. The purpose of this study is to investigate the potential of the local administration of rosuvastatin (RSV) on mandibular fracture healing in rats. Thirty-two rats were divided into 4 groups: group C-14 (control), group R-14, group C-28 (control), and group R-28. A unilateral standard vertical osteotomy was performed right side of the mandibula extending from the tooth to the mandibular basis for each animal...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Yuki Sakamoto, Shuichi Fujita, Masaki Adachi, Hiroshi Sakamoto, Tomofumi Naruse, Souichi Yanamoto, Toru Ikeda, Masahiro Umeda
Carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma (CEPA) is a carcinoma that shows histologic evidence of arising in or from a benign pleomorphic adenoma. Carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma often occurs in parotid glands, but is extremely rarely in the tongue. A 53-year-old Japanese woman was referred to the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Nagasaki University Hospital, because of tumor of the right dorsum tongue. She had a history of surgery of breast cancer (invasive ductal carcinoma) and it was disseminated to the lung and bone...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Ritesh Kumar, Syed Saeed Ahmed, Gulam Sarwar Hashmi, Md Kalim Ansari, Sajjad Abdur Rahman
AIM: The present study was planned to investigate the etiology of injuries and to analyze correlation between clinical and radiological findings in cases of craniomaxillofacial trauma. STUDY DESIGN: An 18 months cross-sectional study was done and 325 patients with maxillofacial fractures were analyzed from January 2013 to June 2014 who reported to the department of oral and maxillofacial surgery, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh. Data was recorded in a preformed case sheet which included: patient's demographic data, cause of injury, type of injury, treatment plan...
September 2016: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
Jimoh Olubanwo Agbaje, Elke Van de Casteele, Marjolein Hiel, Ciska Verbaanderd, Ivo Lambrichts, Constantinus Politis
OBJECTIVE: To report the incidence of trigeminal neuropathy seen among new patients in a referral center within a period of 1 year (2013). The cause of damage, method of management and treatment outcome was assessed after 1-year follow-up. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The records of all new patients visiting the oral and maxillofacial unit of the University hospital of Leuven in 2013 were screened for a history of damage to branches of the trigeminal nerve. The selected records were examined and the duration of nerve damage, received treatment as well as the outcome of the neuropathy after treatment was noted after 1-year follow-up...
September 2016: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
B Krishnan, G Arun Prasad, B Madhan
AIM: Proper and adequate documentation in operation notes is a basic tool of clinical practice with medical and legal implications. An audit was done to ascertain if oral and maxillofacial surgery operative notes in an Indian public sector hospital adhered to the guidelines published by the Royal College of Surgeons England. METHODS: Fifty randomly selected operative notes were evaluated against the guidelines by RCS England with regards to the essential generic components of an operation note...
September 2016: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
Hao Feng, Shasha Wang, Yan Liu, Xuejuan Liao, Yaling Tang, Xinhua Liang
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of microwave ablation as a substitute for surgery in patients with a mucocele of the anterior lingual salivary glands. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Hospital of Stomatology, Sichuan University (Chengdu, China), 78 patients with a clinical diagnosis of a mucocele of the anterior lingual salivary glands underwent microwave ablation from November 2012 to May 2015...
September 21, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Chase L Andreason, Timothy H Pohlman
The timely recognition of shock secondary to hemorrhage from severe facial trauma or as a complication of complex oral and maxillofacial surgery presents formidable challenges. Specific hemostatic disorders are induced by hemorrhage and several extreme homeostatic imbalances may appear during or after resuscitation. Damage control resuscitation has evolved from massive transfusion to a more complex therapeutic paradigm that includes hemodynamic resuscitation, hemostatic resuscitation, and homeostatic resuscitation...
November 2016: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics of North America
Patrick J Vezeau
Hemostasis is a key step in safe and predictable surgery. Knowledge of normal blood clotting mechanisms and abnormal diathesis is necessary to anticipate potential problems during and after surgery. As an adjunct to bleeding control, topical hemostatic agents have long been used in all surgical disciplines. This article provides a brief review of hemostasis and a topical summary of different classes of topical hemostatic agents useful to oral and maxillofacial surgery, including indications and potential complications/side effects...
November 2016: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics of North America
Julie Ann Smith
Hemophilia will be encountered in the oral and maxillofacial surgeon's office. A thorough understanding of hemophilia is necessary to safely care for these patients. One must understand the severity of the patient's hemophilia as well as whether or not inhibitors are present. The patient's surgical management will be influenced by these two factors. In addition to the possible need to transfuse factors or desmopressin, special care must be taken perioperatively to avoid bleeding complications. This article reviews the overall management of hemophilia A and B as well as the specific perioperative management of these patients...
November 2016: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics of North America
Arman G Haghighi, Rebecca G Finder, Jeffrey D Bennett
There are multiple systemic diseases that have an impact on coagulation, of which oral and maxillofacial surgeons must be cognizant. Recent evidence has supported the potential for both hypocoagulable and hypercoagulable states in patients with liver and kidney disease with an even less understood impact on prolonged bleeding in the oral cavity. These systemic diseases are not limited to diseases affecting the liver, kidney, and bone marrow; however, these diseases are common among the patient population and surgeons must be capable of making appropriate judgment and modifying care appropriately...
November 2016: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics of North America
Thomas M Halaszynski
Oral health care providers are concerned with how to manage patients prescribed coagulation-altering therapy during the perioperative/periprocedural period for dental and oral surgery interventions. Management and recommendation can be based on medication pharmacology and the clinical relevance of coagulation factor levels/deficiencies. Caution should be used with concurrent use of medications that affect other components of the clotting mechanisms; prompt diagnosis and any necessary intervention to optimize outcome is warranted...
November 2016: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics of North America
Elisabetta Vignudelli, Giuseppe Monaco, Maria Rosaria Antonella Gatto, Simonetta Franco, Claudio Marchetti, Giuseppe Corinaldesi
PURPOSE: Coronectomy of mandibular third molars is a procedure that still raises a number of questions. The aim of the present study was to answer one unsolved question: the periodontal healing distal to the mandibular second molar after third molar coronectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective cohort study was performed of 30 patients treated at the Unit of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery of the Department of Biomedical and Neuromotor Science of the University of Bologna...
September 17, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Chandrashekhar R Bande, Akshay Mishra, M K Gupta, Manu Goel, Mayur J Gawande
PURPOSE: Resections in the posterior component of the oral cavity usually lead to severe functional compromise and lower quality of life for patients. Notable advances in reconstruction of the posterior part of the mouth and of the oropharynx have occurred in recent decades. The anatomic and physiologic rehabilitation of the defect to a reasonable outcome with low morbidity and mortality remains the founding basis of any surgical reconstruction, which also holds true for oral oropharyngeal and retromaxillary reconstructions...
September 17, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
A Schnabel, U Range, G Hahn, T Siepmann, R Berner, C M Hedrich
Historically, osteomyelitis was considered an infectious disorder. More recently, inflammatory mechanisms were recognized causing a significant proportion of pediatric osteomyelitis. This study was to compare characteristics of children with chronic non-bacterial (CNO) and bacterial osteomyelitis (BOM). A chart review of osteomyelitis patients from the departments of pediatrics, pediatric surgery, orthopedic surgery, and oral and maxillofacial surgery was conducted in a tertiary referral center, covering the years 2004-2014...
October 11, 2016: Rheumatology International
Aline Priscila Ataíde, Felipe Paiva Fonseca, Alan Roger Santos Silva, Jacks Jorge Júnior, Márcio Ajudarte Lopes, Pablo Agustin Vargas
OBJECTIVES: Oral lesions affecting infants account for approximately 10% of all samples from diagnostic services and studies investigating the distribution of these lesions in pediatrics from different geographic areas are desired to improve the diagnostic knowledge of clinicians. Therefore, the aim of this study is to describe the distribution of oral lesions in a southeastern Brazilian population. METHODS: The oral pathology files of the University of Campinas was retrospectively reviewed for all cases diagnosed from 2000 to 2014 affecting patients 16-years-old and younger...
November 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Hans Prakash Sathasivam, Sumairi Ismail, Abdul Rahim Ahmad, Nor Nazaliza Basri, Hartinie Muhamad, Nur Fazilah Mohd Tahir, Chee Lynn Saw, Nurshaline Hj Kipli, Shin Hin Lau
OBJECTIVES: This study was performed to obtain the clinicodemographic data regarding patients with trigeminal neuralgia (TN) treated at oral-maxillofacial medicine clinics, as there is a paucity of such information in the Asian setting. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective multicenter study involving clinicodemographic information of 320 patients with TN diagnosed between 2001 and 2012 at eight regional oral-maxillofacial medicine clinics and followed up for at least 6 months...
August 17, 2016: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
S M Balaji
Ballistic injuries of oral and maxillofacial region are usually fatal due to close propinquity with the vital structures. The severity of injury depends on the caliber of the weapon used and distance from which the patient is shot. The preliminary care of facial ballistic wounds strictly adheres to the basics of trauma resuscitation. Early and appropriate surgical management has proved to be influential on the final outcome and esthetic result. Treatment of facial gunshot wounds should be planned and carried out carefully to avoid esthetic complications...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
Arvind Hariharan, N R Diwakar, K Jayanthi, H M Hema, S Deepukrishna, Snehal R Ghaste
CONTEXT: This study compared digital two-dimensional (2D) lateral cephalograms and cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) total and half-skull images for the reliability of cephalometric measurements. AIMS: (1) To compare the accuracy of cephalometric measurements and reproducibility between the digital and CBCT cephalograms in the Indian population. (2) To compare interobserver variability in landmark identification through their cephalometric measurements by comparing different imaging modalities (CBCT total skull, CBCT half-skull, and conventional lateral cephalogram)...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
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