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Reproductive coercion

Elizabeth Miller, Heather L McCauley, Michele R Decker, Rebecca Levenson, Sarah Zelazny, Kelley A Jones, Heather Anderson, Jay G Silverman
CONTEXT: Despite multiple calls for clinic-based services to identify and support women victimized by partner violence, screening remains uncommon in family planning clinics. Furthermore, traditional screening, based on disclosure of violence, may miss women who fear reporting their experiences. Strategies that are sensitive to the signs, symptoms and impact of trauma require exploration. METHODS: In 2011, as part of a cluster randomized controlled trial, staff at 11 Pennsylvania family planning clinics were trained to offer a trauma-informed intervention addressing intimate partner violence and reproductive coercion to all women seeking care, regardless of exposure to violence...
March 8, 2017: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
Santanu Acharya, Louise Bryant, Maureen Twiddy
INTRODUCTION: This qualitative study was conducted to explore the motivations and experience of oocyte donors donating to women known to them. METHODS: Three women who donated oocytes to a close relative were interviewed and data were analysed using an Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis approach. RESULTS: The two key elements noted were "motivations for donation" and "coping with the consequences of oocyte donation". The motivation for donation was influenced by the familial bond that was strengthened by the donation process in some cases...
March 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Séverine D Buechel, Isobel Booksmythe, Alexander Kotrschal, Michael D Jennions, Niclas Kolm
Male harassment is a classic example of how sexual conflict over mating leads to sex-specific behavioural adaptations. Females often suffer significant costs from males attempting forced copulations, and the sexes can be in an arms race over male coercion. Yet, despite recent recognition that divergent sex-specific interests in reproduction can affect brain evolution, sexual conflict has not been addressed in this context. Here, we investigate whether artificial selection on a correlate of male success at coercion, genital length, affects brain anatomy in males and females...
November 30, 2016: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
Teri Aronowitz
Sexuality is an important aspect of health across the lifespan and includes sex, gender identities, sexual orientation, intimacy, pleasure, reproduction, and free from coercion and discrimination. In 2010, individuals 50 years and older living with HIV in the US made up 8.5 per 100,000 persons affected by the virus, with African Americans accounting for 46% of seroconversion in the same year, which was 10.7 times greater than Whites. African American women are particularly at-risk. Although there are many promising HIV prevention interventions to date, there are few that focus specifically on older adults...
2017: Interdisciplinary Topics in Gerontology and Geriatrics
Heather L McCauley, Jay G Silverman, Kelley A Jones, Daniel J Tancredi, Michele R Decker, Marie C McCormick, S Bryn Austin, Heather A Anderson, Elizabeth Miller
OBJECTIVE: Identification and refinement of psychometric properties of the Reproductive Coercion Scale (RCS) for use in survey research and clinical practice. STUDY DESIGN: Young women aged 16-29 years seeking services in 24 Pennsylvania and 5 California family planning clinics completed questionnaires. Data were pooled for analysis (n=4674), and underlying domains were assessed using Horn's Parallel Analysis and Exploratory Factor Analysis. Multidimensional Item Response Theory was used to refine the scale and assess reliability and validity of a short-form RCS...
March 2017: Contraception
Jocelyn C Anderson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Health Care for Women International
Karen Trister Grace, Jocelyn C Anderson
Reproductive coercion is a behavior that interferes with the autonomous decision-making of a woman, with regard to reproductive health. It may take the form of birth control sabotage, pregnancy coercion, or controlling the outcome of a pregnancy. The objectives of this article are to address the questions: (1) What is known about reproductive coercion, its prevalence, and correlates? (2) What strategies do women use to preserve their reproductive autonomy when experiencing reproductive coercion? (3) What interventions are effective to decrease reproductive coercion? In this review of 27 research studies, 12 contained findings regarding the general phenomenon of reproductive coercion and 19 contained findings about at least one component of reproductive coercion...
August 16, 2016: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
Shaun S Killen, Darren P Croft, Karine Salin, Safi K Darden
Sexual coercion of females by males is widespread across sexually reproducing species. It stems from a conflict of interest over reproduction and exerts selective pressure on both sexes. For females, there is often a significant energetic cost of exposure to male sexually coercive behaviours.Our understanding of the efficiency of female resistance to male sexually coercive behaviour is key to understanding how sexual conflict contributes to population level dynamics and ultimately to the evolution of sexually antagonistic traits...
April 2016: Functional Ecology
Kamila A Alexander, Ellen M Volpe, Sarah Abboud, Jacquelyn C Campbell
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To describe prevalence of reproductive coercion, sexual risk behaviours and mental health symptoms among women reporting lifetime sexual experiences with men and women compared to peers reporting sex exclusively with men. BACKGROUND: Reproductive coercion, a global public health problem, is understudied among sexual minority women. Violence against women remains high among women who have sex with women and men. Rates of sexual and physical violence among this population are higher than women reporting exclusive sexual partnerships with either men or women...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Judith W Herrman, Nadine Finigan-Carr, Katherine M Haigh
AIMS & OBJECTIVES: Adolescent dating violence or intimate partner violence (IPV), is a critical issue in society today. The purpose of this study is to present the findings from a data set reflecting IPV among adolescents who are pregnant and parenting, and living in out-of-home care and to analyze these findings in order to generate potential interventions to address this significant issue. BACKGROUND: Because of their developmental stage, coupled with the stress of pregnancy and new parenthood, adolescent women who are pregnant or postpartum are often at a high risk of abuse...
June 6, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Mercedes Burns, Nobuo Tsurusaki
SynopsisRecent work in evolutionary ecology has capitalized on the species-specific, rapidly evolving nature of male reproductive traits, but it is unclear how the strength of sexual selection mechanisms, such as female choice and intersexual conflict, changes with ecological factors-shifts in latitude, elevation, and sex-ratio. Marginal habitats, such as those found at high elevation or latitude, might be expected to exert energetic hardships on males such that they do not invest heavily in reproductive structures...
October 2016: Integrative and Comparative Biology
Janet E Rosenbaum, Jonathan Zenilman, Eve Rose, Gina Wingood, Ralph DiClemente
Reproductive coercion has been hypothesized as a cause of unprotected sex and unplanned pregnancies, but research has focused on a narrow set of potential sources of reproductive coercion. We identified and evaluated eight potential sources of reproductive coercion from the Theory of Gender and Power including economic inequality between adolescent girls and their boyfriends, cohabitation, and age differences. The sample comprised sexually active African-American female adolescents, ages 15-21. At baseline (n = 715), 6 months (n = 607), and 12 months (n = 605), participants completed a 40-min interview and were tested for semen Y-chromosome with polymerase chain reaction from a self-administered vaginal swab...
June 2016: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
Kelley A Jones, Marie D Cornelius, Jay G Silverman, Daniel J Tancredi, Michele R Decker, Catherine L Haggerty, Natacha M De Genna, Elizabeth Miller
CONTEXT: Intimate partner violence and reproductive coercion are associated with unintended pregnancies and STDs. Greater condom negotiation self-efficacy among young women may mediate these associations. METHODS: A sample of 841 female adolescents (aged 16-19) and 1,387 young adult women (aged 20-24) recruited from 24 family planning clinics in western Pennsylvania in 2011-2012 reported on intimate partner violence, reproductive coercion, condom negotiation self-efficacy and sexual health outcomes at baseline and four- and 12-month follow-ups...
June 2016: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
Sharon J Phillips, Ariana H Bennett, Michele R Hacker, Marji Gold
BACKGROUND: Reproductive coercion impacts many women of reproductive age. OBJECTIVES: We sought to explore how reproductive coercion, including pregnancy coercion and birth control sabotage, impacts women in a primary care population. METHODS: We administered a survey to women accessing care at a family medicine clinic in the Bronx, NY. Reproductive coercion was defined as a positive response to at least one of five questions adapted from previous studies...
June 2016: Family Practice
Faye J Thompson, Harry H Marshall, Jennifer L Sanderson, Emma I K Vitikainen, Hazel J Nichols, Jason S Gilchrist, Andrew J Young, Sarah J Hodge, Michael A Cant
In many vertebrate societies, forced eviction of group members is an important determinant of population structure, but little is known about what triggers eviction. Three main explanations are: (i) the reproductive competition hypothesis, (ii) the coercion of cooperation hypothesis, and (iii) the adaptive forced dispersal hypothesis. The last hypothesis proposes that dominant individuals use eviction as an adaptive strategy to propagate copies of their alleles through a highly structured population. We tested these hypotheses as explanations for eviction in cooperatively breeding banded mongooses (Mungos mungo), using a 16-year dataset on life history, behaviour and relatedness...
March 16, 2016: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
Elizabeth Miller, Daniel J Tancredi, Michele R Decker, Heather L McCauley, Kelley A Jones, Heather Anderson, Lisa James, Jay G Silverman
OBJECTIVE: We assessed the effectiveness of a provider-delivered intervention targeting reproductive coercion, an important factor in unintended pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: We randomized 25 family planning clinics (17 clusters) to deliver an education/counseling intervention or usual care. Reproductive coercion and partner violence victimization at 1 year follow-up were primary outcomes. Unintended pregnancy, recognition of sexual and reproductive coercion, self-efficacy to use and use of harm reduction behaviors to reduce victimization and contraception nonuse, and knowledge and use of partner violence resources were secondary outcomes...
July 2016: Contraception
Irene Villalta, Fernando Amor, Xim Cerdá, Raphaël Boulay
Ants provide one of the best examples of the division of labor in animal societies. While the queens reproduce, workers generally refrain from laying eggs and dedicate themselves exclusively to domestic tasks. In many species, the small diploid larvae are bipotent and can develop either into workers or queens depending mostly on environmental cues. This generates a conflicting situation between the adults that tend to rear a majority of larvae into workers and the larvae whose individual interest may be to develop into reproductive queens...
April 2016: Die Naturwissenschaften
Karen Trister Grace
Reproductive coercion is behavior that interferes with a woman's decision making regarding reproductive health. It may consist of contraception sabotage and/or pressure to either carry a pregnancy to term or to have an abortion. Reproductive coercion may coexist with intimate partner violence and be associated with higher rates of unintended pregnancy. Midwives and other women's health care providers can play an integral role in identifying reproductive coercion and implementing harm-reduction strategies.
January 2016: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
Julia R Steinberg, Jeanne M Tschann, Dorothy Furgerson, Cynthia C Harper
RATIONALE: Most research in mental health and abortion has examined factors associated with post-abortion psychological health. However, research that follows women from before to after their abortion consistently finds that depressive, anxiety, and stress symptoms are highest just before an abortion compared to any time afterwards. OBJECTIVE: This finding suggests that studies investigating psychosocial factors related to pre-abortion mental health are warranted...
February 2016: Social Science & Medicine
Elisabeth H Quint
Adolescents with special needs have unique reproductive health care needs related to their physical and cognitive issues. This review discusses some of the most common concerns that are encountered in clinical practice, as the clinician will partner with the adolescent and her family to guide her through the pubertal transition and to help navigate the risks and rights of reproduction. Families often seek anticipatory guidance before menarche on menstrual hygiene, abuse risk and sexuality and can be reassured that most teens with special needs do very well with menstruation...
February 2016: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
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