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Reproductive coercion

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503353/a-systematic-review-of-reproductive-coercion-in-international-settings
#1
Karen Trister Grace, Christina Fleming
Reproductive coercion is behavior that interferes with a woman's autonomous reproductive decision-making. It may take the form of birth control sabotage, pregnancy coercion, or controlling the outcome of a pregnancy. Perpetrators may be partners, a partner's family, or the woman's family. This article reviews the literature on reproductive coercion in international settings. In this review of 10 research studies, findings are presented on prevalence and type of reproductive coercion, associated factors, specific tactics, relationship with intimate partner violence and domestic violence (in-laws particularly), and implications for women's reproductive health...
December 2016: World Medical & Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426620/committee-opinion-no-699-adolescent-pregnancy-contraception-and-sexual-activity
#2
(no author information available yet)
In 2015, the birth rate among U.S. adolescents and young adults (aged 15-19 years) reached a historic low at 22.3 per 1,000 women. Despite positive trends, the United States continues to have the highest adolescent pregnancy rate among industrialized countries with data. Racial and ethnic disparities in adolescent pregnancy rates continue to exist, as do state-based differences in pregnancy, birth, and abortion rates. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists supports access for adolescents to all contraceptive methods approved by the U...
May 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426615/committee-opinion-no-699-adolescent-pregnancy-contraception-and-sexual-activity
#3
(no author information available yet)
In 2015, the birth rate among U.S. adolescents and young adults (aged 15-19 years) reached a historic low at 22.3 per 1,000 women. Despite positive trends, the United States continues to have the highest adolescent pregnancy rate among industrialized countries with data. Racial and ethnic disparities in adolescent pregnancy rates continue to exist, as do state-based differences in pregnancy, birth, and abortion rates. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists supports access for adolescents to all contraceptive methods approved by the U...
May 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409266/intimate-partner-violence-and-prep-acceptability-among-low-income-young-black-women-exploring-the-mediating-role-of-reproductive-coercion
#4
Tiara Willie, Trace Kershaw, Jacquelyn C Campbell, Kamila A Alexander
A few studies suggest that women who experience intimate partner violence (IPV) are willing to use pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), but no research has examined mediators of this relationship. The current study used path analysis to examine a phenomenon closely associated with IPV: reproductive coercion, or explicit male behaviors to promote pregnancy of a female partner without her knowledge or against her will. Birth control sabotage and pregnancy coercion-two subtypes of reproductive coercion behaviors-were examined as mediators of the relationship between IPV and PrEP acceptability among a cohort of 147 Black women 18-25 years of age recruited from community-based organizations in an urban city...
April 13, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402692/racial-ethnic-differences-in-women-s-experiences-of-reproductive-coercion-intimate-partner-violence-and-unintended-pregnancy
#5
Charvonne N Holliday, Heather L McCauley, Jay G Silverman, Edmund Ricci, Michele R Decker, Daniel J Tancredi, Jessica G Burke, Patricia Documét, Sonya Borrero, Elizabeth Miller
OBJECTIVE: To explore racial/ethnic differences in reproductive coercion (RC), intimate partner violence (IPV), and unintended pregnancy (UIP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed cross-sectional, baseline data from an intervention that was conducted between August 2008 and March 2009 in five family planning clinics in the San Francisco, California area, to examine the association of race/ethnicity with RC, IPV, and UIP among female patients aged 16-29 (n = 1234)...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395395/contexts-and-consequences-of-takeovers-in-hamadryas-baboons-female-parity-reproductive-state-and-observational-evidence-of-pregnancy-loss
#6
Alexis L Amann, Mathew Pines, Larissa Swedell
The evolutionary consequences of sexual selection and sexual conflict are epitomized in the hamadryas baboon, a species characterized by strong sexual dimorphism and intense male-male competition. Hamadryas males coerce individual females into reproductively exclusive one-male units via aggressive takeovers, and infants involved in such takeovers are at least four times more likely to be killed (or otherwise die) after takeovers compared to other times. Here we examine female reproductive state before and after takeovers to further investigate the determinants of takeovers and their impact on female reproduction...
July 2017: American Journal of Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375750/implementing-trauma-informed-partner-violence-assessment-in-family-planning-clinics
#7
Michele R Decker, Sarah Flessa, Ruchita V Pillai, Rebecca N Dick, Jamie Quam, Diana Cheng, Raegan McDonald-Mosley, Kamila A Alexander, Charvonne N Holliday, Elizabeth Miller
OBJECTIVE: Intimate partner violence (IPV) and reproductive coercion (RC) are associated with poor reproductive health. Little is known about how family planning clinics implement brief IPV/RC assessment interventions in practice. We describe the uptake and impact of a brief, trauma-informed, universal IPV/RC assessment and education intervention. METHODS: Intervention implementation was evaluated via a mixed methods study among women ages 18 and up receiving care at one of two family planning clinics in greater Baltimore, MD...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347494/using-family-members-as-gamete-donors-or-gestational-carriers
#8
(no author information available yet)
The use of adult intrafamilial gamete donors and gestational surrogates is generally ethically acceptable when all participants are fully informed and counseled, but consanguineous arrangements or ones that simulate incestuous unions should be prohibited. Adult child-to-parent arrangements require caution in order to avoid coercion, and parent-to-adult child arrangements are acceptable in limited situations. Programs that choose to participate in intrafamilial arrangements should be prepared to spend additional time counseling participants and ensuring that they have made free, informed decisions...
March 24, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272840/implementation-of-a-family-planning-clinic-based-partner-violence-and-reproductive-coercion-intervention-provider-and-patient-perspectives
#9
Elizabeth Miller, Heather L McCauley, Michele R Decker, Rebecca Levenson, Sarah Zelazny, Kelley A Jones, Heather Anderson, Jay G Silverman
CONTEXT: Despite multiple calls for clinic-based services to identify and support women victimized by partner violence, screening remains uncommon in family planning clinics. Furthermore, traditional screening, based on disclosure of violence, may miss women who fear reporting their experiences. Strategies that are sensitive to the signs, symptoms and impact of trauma require exploration. METHODS: In 2011, as part of a cluster randomized controlled trial, staff at 11 Pennsylvania family planning clinics were trained to offer a trauma-informed intervention addressing intimate partner violence and reproductive coercion to all women seeking care, regardless of exposure to violence...
June 2017: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28136000/altruism-or-obligation-the-motivations-and-experience-of-women-who-donate-oocytes-to-known-recipients-in-assisted-conception-treatment-an-interpretative-phenomenological-analysis-study
#10
Santanu Acharya, Louise Bryant, Maureen Twiddy
INTRODUCTION: This qualitative study was conducted to explore the motivations and experience of oocyte donors donating to women known to them. METHODS: Three women who donated oocytes to a close relative were interviewed and data were analysed using an Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis approach. RESULTS: The two key elements noted were "motivations for donation" and "coping with the consequences of oocyte donation". The motivation for donation was influenced by the familial bond that was strengthened by the donation process in some cases...
March 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881751/artificial-selection-on-male-genitalia-length-alters-female-brain-size
#11
Séverine D Buechel, Isobel Booksmythe, Alexander Kotrschal, Michael D Jennions, Niclas Kolm
Male harassment is a classic example of how sexual conflict over mating leads to sex-specific behavioural adaptations. Females often suffer significant costs from males attempting forced copulations, and the sexes can be in an arms race over male coercion. Yet, despite recent recognition that divergent sex-specific interests in reproduction can affect brain evolution, sexual conflict has not been addressed in this context. Here, we investigate whether artificial selection on a correlate of male success at coercion, genital length, affects brain anatomy in males and females...
November 30, 2016: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875829/sexual-health-risk-and-prevention
#12
Teri Aronowitz
Sexuality is an important aspect of health across the lifespan and includes sex, gender identities, sexual orientation, intimacy, pleasure, reproduction, and free from coercion and discrimination. In 2010, individuals 50 years and older living with HIV in the US made up 8.5 per 100,000 persons affected by the virus, with African Americans accounting for 46% of seroconversion in the same year, which was 10.7 times greater than Whites. African American women are particularly at-risk. Although there are many promising HIV prevention interventions to date, there are few that focus specifically on older adults...
2017: Interdisciplinary Topics in Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27639927/psychometric-properties-and-refinement-of-the-reproductive-coercion-scale
#13
Heather L McCauley, Jay G Silverman, Kelley A Jones, Daniel J Tancredi, Michele R Decker, Marie C McCormick, S Bryn Austin, Heather A Anderson, Elizabeth Miller
OBJECTIVE: Identification and refinement of psychometric properties of the Reproductive Coercion Scale (RCS) for use in survey research and clinical practice. STUDY DESIGN: Young women aged 16-29 years seeking services in 24 Pennsylvania and 5 California family planning clinics completed questionnaires. Data were pooled for analysis (n=4674), and underlying domains were assessed using Horn's Parallel Analysis and Exploratory Factor Analysis. Multidimensional Item Response Theory was used to refine the scale and assess reliability and validity of a short-form RCS...
March 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27627844/a-spotlight-on-reproductive-coercion
#14
Jocelyn C Anderson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27535921/reproductive-coercion-a-systematic-review
#15
Karen Trister Grace, Jocelyn C Anderson
Reproductive coercion is a behavior that interferes with the autonomous decision-making of a woman, with regard to reproductive health. It may take the form of birth control sabotage, pregnancy coercion, or controlling the outcome of a pregnancy. The objectives of this article are to address the questions: (1) What is known about reproductive coercion, its prevalence, and correlates? (2) What strategies do women use to preserve their reproductive autonomy when experiencing reproductive coercion? (3) What interventions are effective to decrease reproductive coercion? In this review of 27 research studies, 12 contained findings regarding the general phenomenon of reproductive coercion and 19 contained findings about at least one component of reproductive coercion...
August 16, 2016: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27478292/male-sexually-coercive-behaviour-drives-increased-swimming-efficiency-in-female-guppies
#16
Shaun S Killen, Darren P Croft, Karine Salin, Safi K Darden
Sexual coercion of females by males is widespread across sexually reproducing species. It stems from a conflict of interest over reproduction and exerts selective pressure on both sexes. For females, there is often a significant energetic cost of exposure to male sexually coercive behaviours.Our understanding of the efficiency of female resistance to male sexually coercive behaviour is key to understanding how sexual conflict contributes to population level dynamics and ultimately to the evolution of sexually antagonistic traits...
April 2016: Functional Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27272932/reproductive-coercion-sexual-risk-behaviours-and-mental-health-symptoms-among-young-low-income-behaviourally-bisexual-women-implications-for-nursing-practice
#17
Kamila A Alexander, Ellen M Volpe, Sarah Abboud, Jacquelyn C Campbell
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To describe prevalence of reproductive coercion, sexual risk behaviours and mental health symptoms among women reporting lifetime sexual experiences with men and women compared to peers reporting sex exclusively with men. BACKGROUND: Reproductive coercion, a global public health problem, is understudied among sexual minority women. Violence against women remains high among women who have sex with women and men. Rates of sexual and physical violence among this population are higher than women reporting exclusive sexual partnerships with either men or women...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27271242/intimate-partner-violence-and-pregnant-and-parenting-adolescents-in-out-of-home-care-reflections-on-a-data-set-and-implications-for-intervention
#18
Judith W Herrman, Nadine Finigan-Carr, Katherine M Haigh
AIMS & OBJECTIVES: Adolescent dating violence or intimate partner violence (IPV), is a critical issue in society today. The purpose of this study is to present the findings from a data set reflecting IPV among adolescents who are pregnant and parenting, and living in out-of-home care and to analyze these findings in order to generate potential interventions to address this significant issue. BACKGROUND: Because of their developmental stage, coupled with the stress of pregnancy and new parenthood, adolescent women who are pregnant or postpartum are often at a high risk of abuse...
June 6, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27260857/male-reproductive-morphology-across-latitudinal-clines-and-under-long-term-female-sex-ratio-bias
#19
Mercedes Burns, Nobuo Tsurusaki
SynopsisRecent work in evolutionary ecology has capitalized on the species-specific, rapidly evolving nature of male reproductive traits, but it is unclear how the strength of sexual selection mechanisms, such as female choice and intersexual conflict, changes with ecological factors-shifts in latitude, elevation, and sex-ratio. Marginal habitats, such as those found at high elevation or latitude, might be expected to exert energetic hardships on males such that they do not invest heavily in reproductive structures...
October 2016: Integrative and Comparative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27188460/predicting-unprotected-sex-and-unplanned-pregnancy-among-urban-african-american-adolescent-girls-using-the-theory-of-gender-and-power
#20
Janet E Rosenbaum, Jonathan Zenilman, Eve Rose, Gina Wingood, Ralph DiClemente
Reproductive coercion has been hypothesized as a cause of unprotected sex and unplanned pregnancies, but research has focused on a narrow set of potential sources of reproductive coercion. We identified and evaluated eight potential sources of reproductive coercion from the Theory of Gender and Power including economic inequality between adolescent girls and their boyfriends, cohabitation, and age differences. The sample comprised sexually active African-American female adolescents, ages 15-21. At baseline (n = 715), 6 months (n = 607), and 12 months (n = 605), participants completed a 40-min interview and were tested for semen Y-chromosome with polymerase chain reaction from a self-administered vaginal swab...
June 2016: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
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