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Reproductive coercion

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460674/exploring-reproductive-coercion-in-relationship-contexts-among-young-adult-primarily-african-american-women-at-three-women-s-health-clinics
#1
Mary T Paterno, Jessica E Draughon Moret, Anna Paskausky, Jacquelyn C Campbell
Understanding reproductive coercion experiences in marginalized populations is important to assist in tailoring care and services. Reproductive coercion is consistently associated with intimate partner violence (IPV), engaging in sexual risk-taking, and is more commonly reported among non-White women. We conducted a secondary analysis of data from a mixed methods study to examine reproductive coercion in relationship contexts among a sample ( N = 130) of young adult, primarily African American women recruited from three women's health clinics; 12 also participated in an in-depth interview...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29378541/measurement-of-sexual-health-outcomes-among-people-who-inject-drugs-pilot-study-in-catalonia-spain-and-barnaul-russia
#2
Cinta Folch, Lev Zohrabyan, Natalia Vagaitseva, Jordi Casabona, Igor Toskin
BACKGROUND: The main objective of this study was to test some of the draft sexual health indicators developed by the World Health Organization as part of a comprehensive indicator framework to monitor progress in universal access to reproductive health. METHODS: Cross-sectional studies among people who inject drugs were conducted in Catalonia (n = 734) and Barnaul (n = 500). 'Sexual competency' was measured using three indicators: sexual satisfaction, sexual safety, and sexual autonomy...
January 29, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355492/racial-and-ethnic-differences-in-patterns-of-long-acting-reversible-contraceptive-use-in-the-united-states-2011-2015
#3
Renee D Kramer, Jenny A Higgins, Amy L Godecker, Deborah B Ehrenthal
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether demographic, socioeconomic, and reproductive health characteristics affect long-acting reversible contraceptive (LARC) use differently by race-ethnicity. Results may inform the dialogue on racial pressure and bias in LARC promotion. STUDY DESIGN: Data derived from the 2011-2013 and 2013-2015 National Surveys of Family Growth (NSFG). Our study sample included 9321 women aged 15-44. Logistic regression analyses predicted current LARC use (yes vs...
January 17, 2018: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323576/preserving-the-reproductive-potential-of-transgender-and-intersex-people
#4
Sam Rowlands, Jean-Jacques Amy
BACKGROUND: The bodies of some transgender and intersex people have been mutilated and their minds subjected to immense distress. Their gender has often been determined by others. Loss of fertility used to be considered an inevitable consequence of treatment. OBJECTIVE: To review the issue of preserving the reproductive potential of transgender and intersex people. METHODS: A narrative review based on a wide-ranging search of the literature in multiple disciplines...
January 11, 2018: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294705/an-examination-of-domestic-violence-advocates-responses-to-reproductive-coercion
#5
Sara A McGirr, Heather D Bomsta, Cortney Vandegrift, Katie Gregory, Beth Ann Hamilton, Cris M Sullivan
Reproductive coercion (RC) is a form of intimate partner violence (IPV) that continues to lack adequate attention by both researchers and practitioners. RC is defined as "male partners' attempts to promote pregnancy in their female partners through verbal pressure and threats to become pregnant (pregnancy coercion), direct interference with contraception (birth control sabotage), and threats and coercion related to pregnancy continuation or termination (control of pregnancy outcomes)." This type of partner violence can have serious consequences on a survivor's health and well-being...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229932/neutral-fitness-outcomes-contradict-inferences-of-sexual-coercion-derived-from-male-s-damaging-mating-tactic-in-a-widow-spider
#6
Luciana Baruffaldi, Maydianne C B Andrade
Sexual conflict over mating frequency has driven the evolution of morphological and behavioural traits across taxa. Interactions may be termed 'coercive' and assumed to arise from conflict when male mating behaviours cause physical injury to females and females appear to resist injurious matings.However, coercion per se occurs only if the behaviour reduces female fitness; and such outcomes are rarely measured. Here we show that a damaging mating tactic, apparently adaptive for males, is not coercive for females...
December 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171893/should-clinicians-set-limits-on-reproductive-autonomy
#7
Louise P King
As a gynecologic surgeon with a focus on infertility, I frequently hold complex discussions with patients, exploring with them the risks and benefits of surgical options. In the past, we physicians may have expected our patients to simply defer to our expertise and choose from the options we presented. In our contemporary era, however, patients frequently request options not favored by their physicians and even some they've found themselves online. In reproductive endocrinology and infertility, the range of options that may be offered or that patients may themselves seek out is continuously widening...
December 2017: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056537/male-partner-reproductive-coercion-among-women-veterans
#8
Elian A Rosenfeld, Elizabeth Miller, Xinhua Zhao, Florentina E Sileanu, Maria K Mor, Sonya Borrero
BACKGROUND: Male partner reproductive coercion is defined as male partners' attempts to promote pregnancy through interference with women's contraceptive behaviors and reproductive decision-making. Male partners may try to promote pregnancy through birth control sabotage such as taking away or destroying their partners' contraceptives, refusing to wear condoms, and/or verbally pressuring their partners to abstain from contraceptive use. Reproductive coercion is associated with an elevated risk for unintended pregnancy...
October 19, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885401/inpatient-postpartum-long-acting-reversible-contraception-care-that-promotes-reproductive-justice
#9
Michelle H Moniz, Kayte Spector-Bagdady, Michele Heisler, Lisa Hope Harris
Inpatient insertion of long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARC) (intrauterine devices and implants) is increasingly offered to women immediately after childbirth. Enthusiasm for this approach stems from robust safety, effectiveness, and cost-effectiveness data and responsiveness to women's needs and preferences. Although clinical evidence for immediate postpartum LARC is well-established, the ethical implications of enhancing access to this care have not been fully considered. Contraceptive policies and practices often embody a tension between fostering liberal availability and potentially coercive promotion of some methods...
October 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866956/youth-experiences-in-accessing-sexual-healthcare-services-in-vietnam
#10
Anh Hoang, Chinh Quoc Nguyen, Cong Dinh Duong
Poor sexual and reproductive health outcomes among youth are reflective of the many barriers members of this group face in accessing health services. This study provides an in-depth account of the unique challenges that young people face in accessing sexual healthcare services in Vietnam. We surveyed 130 men and women aged 18-24 years at two major reproductive health sites in Ho Chi Minh City. We identified and explored seven domains: health insurance status, modern contraception use, HIV/STI testing, cervical cancer screening, unintended pregnancy, reproductive coercion and the patient-provider relationship...
September 4, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832408/reproductive-coercion-among-women-living-with-hiv-an-unexplored-risk-factor-for-negative-sexual-and-mental-health-outcomes
#11
Jocelyn C Anderson, Karen Trister Grace, Elizabeth Miller
BACKGROUND: Unintended pregnancy is prevalent among women living with HIV, and is associated with poor health outcomes for women and babies. Reproductive coercion may be one unexplored mechanism for this elevated risk. METHODS: Past-year reproductive coercion data were obtained via self-reported survey from a sample of women receiving HIV specialty care in Baltimore, Maryland, USA. RESULTS: In total, 11 of the 67 women (16.4%) included in the sample reported past-year reproductive coercion...
October 23, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697769/a-nurse-delivered-clinic-based-intervention-to-address-intimate-partner-violence-among-low-income-women-in-mexico-city-findings-from-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Jhumka Gupta, Kathryn L Falb, Oriana Ponta, Ziming Xuan, Paola Abril Campos, Annabel Arellano Gomez, Jimena Valades, Gisele Cariño, Claudia Diaz Olavarrieta
BACKGROUND: Rigorous evaluations of health sector interventions addressing intimate partner violence (IPV) in low- and middle-income countries are lacking. We aimed to assess whether an enhanced nurse-delivered intervention would reduce IPV and improve levels of safety planning behaviors, use of community resources, reproductive coercion, and mental quality of life. METHODS: We randomized 42 public health clinics in Mexico City to treatment or control arms. In treatment clinics, women received the nurse-delivered session (IPV screening, supportive referrals, health/safety risk assessments) at baseline (T1), and a booster counselling session after 3 months (T2)...
July 12, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668360/reproductive-coercion-in-high-school-aged-girls-associations-with-reproductive-health-risk-and-intimate-partner-violence
#13
Jennifer L Northridge, Ellen J Silver, Hina J Talib, Susan M Coupey
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of reproductive coercion, a form of intimate partner violence (IPV) including contraceptive sabotage and pregnancy pressure, among urban high school-aged girls and to examine its associations with reproductive health risks. DESIGN AND SETTING: A self-administered survey completed by high school-aged girls living in high-poverty neighborhoods while awaiting medical care in a pediatric emergency room, inpatient service, school-based, and hospital-based clinic...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651895/sexual-conflict-facultative-asexuality-and-the-true-paradox-of-sex
#14
REVIEW
Nathan W Burke, Russell Bonduriansky
Theory suggests that occasional or conditional sex involving facultative switching between sexual and asexual reproduction is the optimal reproductive strategy. Therefore, the true 'paradox of sex' is the prevalence of obligate sex. This points to the existence of powerful, general impediments to the invasion of obligately sexual populations by facultative mutants, and recent studies raise the intriguing possibility that a key impediment could be sexual conflict. Using Bateman gradients we show that facultative asexuality can amplify sexual conflict over mating, generating strong selection for both female resistance and male coercion...
June 23, 2017: Trends in Ecology & Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639335/a-systematic-review-on-identifying-risk-factors-associated-with-early-sexual-debut-and-coerced-sex-among-adolescents-and-young-people-in-communities
#15
REVIEW
Regina Lai Tong Lee, Alice Yuen Loke, Tsz Man Tommy Hung, Howard Sobel
AIM: To review literature on identifying the risk factors associated with early sexual coerced debut with the aim to facilitate the health care workers' planning of relevant health services to improve intervention strategies for delaying of early coerced sexual debut or forced sexual debut (CSD/FSD) in the communities. BACKGROUND: Identifying the risk factors associated with coercion at first sex is crucial for developing appropriate sexual and reproductive health information and health promotion in response...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503353/a-systematic-review-of-reproductive-coercion-in-international-settings
#16
Karen Trister Grace, Christina Fleming
Reproductive coercion is behavior that interferes with a woman's autonomous reproductive decision-making. It may take the form of birth control sabotage, pregnancy coercion, or controlling the outcome of a pregnancy. Perpetrators may be partners, a partner's family, or the woman's family. This article reviews the literature on reproductive coercion in international settings. In this review of 10 research studies, findings are presented on prevalence and type of reproductive coercion, associated factors, specific tactics, relationship with intimate partner violence and domestic violence (in-laws particularly), and implications for women's reproductive health...
December 2016: World Medical & Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426620/committee-opinion-no-699-adolescent-pregnancy-contraception-and-sexual-activity
#17
(no author information available yet)
In 2015, the birth rate among U.S. adolescents and young adults (aged 15-19 years) reached a historic low at 22.3 per 1,000 women. Despite positive trends, the United States continues to have the highest adolescent pregnancy rate among industrialized countries with data. Racial and ethnic disparities in adolescent pregnancy rates continue to exist, as do state-based differences in pregnancy, birth, and abortion rates. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists supports access for adolescents to all contraceptive methods approved by the U...
May 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426615/committee-opinion-no-699-adolescent-pregnancy-contraception-and-sexual-activity
#18
(no author information available yet)
In 2015, the birth rate among U.S. adolescents and young adults (aged 15-19 years) reached a historic low at 22.3 per 1,000 women. Despite positive trends, the United States continues to have the highest adolescent pregnancy rate among industrialized countries with data. Racial and ethnic disparities in adolescent pregnancy rates continue to exist, as do state-based differences in pregnancy, birth, and abortion rates. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists supports access for adolescents to all contraceptive methods approved by the U...
May 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409266/intimate-partner-violence-and-prep-acceptability-among-low-income-young-black-women-exploring-the-mediating-role-of-reproductive-coercion
#19
Tiara Willie, Trace Kershaw, Jacquelyn C Campbell, Kamila A Alexander
A few studies suggest that women who experience intimate partner violence (IPV) are willing to use pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), but no research has examined mediators of this relationship. The current study used path analysis to examine a phenomenon closely associated with IPV: reproductive coercion, or explicit male behaviors to promote pregnancy of a female partner without her knowledge or against her will. Birth control sabotage and pregnancy coercion-two subtypes of reproductive coercion behaviors-were examined as mediators of the relationship between IPV and PrEP acceptability among a cohort of 147 Black women 18-25 years of age recruited from community-based organizations in an urban city...
April 13, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402692/racial-ethnic-differences-in-women-s-experiences-of-reproductive-coercion-intimate-partner-violence-and-unintended-pregnancy
#20
Charvonne N Holliday, Heather L McCauley, Jay G Silverman, Edmund Ricci, Michele R Decker, Daniel J Tancredi, Jessica G Burke, Patricia Documét, Sonya Borrero, Elizabeth Miller
OBJECTIVE: To explore racial/ethnic differences in reproductive coercion (RC), intimate partner violence (IPV), and unintended pregnancy (UIP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed cross-sectional, baseline data from an intervention that was conducted between August 2008 and March 2009 in five family planning clinics in the San Francisco, California area, to examine the association of race/ethnicity with RC, IPV, and UIP among female patients aged 16-29 (n = 1234)...
August 2017: Journal of Women's Health
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