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Minimally invasive esophagectomy

Chris Durkin, Travis Schisler, Jens Lohser
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Despite marked improvements in perioperative outcomes, esophagectomy continues to be a high-risk operation associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Progress has been achieved through evidence-based changes in preoperative optimization, intraoperative ventilation strategies, fluid therapy, and analgesia, as well as expedited postoperative recovery pathways. This review will summarize the recent literature on the anesthetic management of patients undergoing esophageal resection...
October 18, 2016: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
Frans van Workum, Stefan A W Bouwense, Misha D P Luyer, Grard A P Nieuwenhuijzen, Donald L van der Peet, Freek Daams, Ewout A Kouwenhoven, Marc J van Det, Frits J H van den Wildenberg, Fatih Polat, Suzanne S Gisbertz, Mark I van Berge Henegouwen, Joos Heisterkamp, Barbara S Langenhoff, Ingrid S Martijnse, Janneke P Grutters, Bastiaan R Klarenbeek, Maroeska M Rovers, Camiel Rosman
BACKGROUND: Currently, a cervical esophagogastric anastomosis (CEA) is often performed after minimally invasive esophagectomy (MIE). However, the CEA is associated with a considerable incidence of anastomotic leakage requiring reintervention or reoperation and moderate functional results. An intrathoracic esophagogastric anastomosis (IEA) might reduce the incidence of anastomotic leakage, improve functional results and reduce costs. The objective of the ICAN trial is to compare anastomotic leakage and postoperative morbidity, mortality, quality of life and cost-effectiveness between CEA and IEA after MIE...
October 18, 2016: Trials
Qi Wang, Zixiang Wu, Gang Chen, Sai Zhang, Gang Shen, Ming Wu
Background Minimally invasive esophagectomy (MIE) Ivor Lewis has been increasingly performed over the last two decades. To guide the implementation of this technically demanding procedure, a comprehensive assessment of MIE-Ivor Lewis learning curves should include both the general competence to accomplish the procedure and the ability to generate oncological benefits. These objectives are believed to be associated with different phases of the learning curve. Methods A retrospective review of the first 109 patients who underwent MIE-Ivor Lewis by a single qualified surgeon was conducted...
October 5, 2016: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon
Saurabh Singhal, Aparna Kailasam, Shunsuke Akimoto, Takahiro Masuda, Carrie Bertellotti, Sumeet K Mittal
BACKGROUND: Advent of minimally-invasive esophagectomy necessitated the incorporation of stapled anastomotic techniques especially for intrathoracic anastomosis. We present our approach to the Ivor Lewis esophagectomy highlighting a simple modification in the anastomotic technique and review our experience with anastomotic outcomes. METHODS: With IRB approval, patients who underwent Ivor Lewis esophagectomy with circular-stapled end-to-end anastomosis (EEA) were identified, divided into three equal sequential cohorts (A, B, and C), and compared for perioperative outcome...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
Lin Zhou, Peng Ge, Jiakuan Chen, Jian Wang, Ming Wang, Xiaofei Li, Tao Jiang
OBJECTIVE: To explore the clinical efficacy and safety of gastroepiploic tunnel esophagogastrostomy applied in minimally invasive esophagectomy and gastroesophageal cervical anastomosis. METHODS: Clinical data of 137 esophageal cancer patients who received minimally invasive esophagectomy from December 2013 to June 2015 in Department of Thoracic Surgery, Tangdu Hospital, The Fourth Military Medical University were analyzed retrospectively, including 84 patients receiving anastomosis with tubular anastomat (circular staple group), and 53 patients receiving gastroepiploic tunnel anastomosis(tunnel group, position of tunnel anastomosis located in the side of gastrocolic omentum, about 2-3 cm apart from fundus)...
September 25, 2016: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Zihui Tan, Xu Zhang, Xinye Wang, Jianhua Fu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility, safety and short-term clinical outcomes of robot-assisted minimally invasive esophagectomy (RAMIE). METHODS: Clinical data of 17 patients with esophageal cancer who received RAMIE between April 2016 and July 2016 were analyzed retrospectively. RESULTS: The age of the patients ranged from 44 to 83. Six patients received neoadjuvant radiochemotherapy while 11 patients underwent surgery alone. All patients were performed by the robot-assisted thoraco-laparoscopic minimally invasive esophagectomy...
September 25, 2016: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Lijie Tan, Han Tang
Esophageal cancer is one of the most common digestive tract cancers in our country. Although multimodality therapy has been used in the treatment of esophageal cancer, such as radiotherapy, chemotherapy and targeted therapy, surgery plays its irreplaceable role. With the development of techniques and innovation of instruments, minimally invasive esophagectomy is introduced into practice worldwide. Due to its less trauma and fewer complications, minimally invasive esophagectomy draws great attention, however, controversy exists in the question whether minimally invasive esophagectomy has similar efficacy to open esophagectomy...
September 25, 2016: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Yin Li
Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) is a patient-centered, surgeon-led system combining anesthesia, nursing, nutrition and psychology. It aims to minimize surgical stress and maintain physiological function in perioperative care, thereby expediting recovery. ERAS theory has been clinically applied for nearly 20 years and it is firstly used in colorectal surgery, then widely used in other surgical fields. However, ERAS is not used commonly in esophagectomy because of its surgical complexity and high morbidity of postoperative complications, which limits the application of ERAS in the field of esophagectomy...
September 25, 2016: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Frans van Workum, Jolijn van der Maas, Frits J H van den Wildenberg, Fatih Polat, Ewout A Kouwenhoven, Marc J van Det, Grard A P Nieuwenhuijzen, Misha D Luyer, Camiel Rosman
BACKGROUND: Both cervical esophagogastric anastomosis (CEA) and intrathoracic esophagogastric anastomosis (IEA) are used to restore gastrointestinal integrity following minimally invasive esophagectomy (MIE). No prospective randomized data on functional outcome, postoperative morbidity, and mortality between these techniques are currently available. METHODS: A comparison was conducted including all consecutive patients with esophageal carcinoma of the distal esophagus or gastroesophageal junction undergoing MIE with CEA or MIE with IEA from October 2009 to July 2014 in 3 high-volume esophageal cancer centers...
September 24, 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Inderpal S Sarkaria, Nabil P Rizk, Rachel Grosser, Debra Goldman, David J Finley, Amanda Ghanie, Camelia S Sima, Manjit S Bains, Prasad S Adusumilli, Valerie W Rusch, David R Jones
OBJECTIVE: Robotic-assisted minimally invasive esophagectomy (RAMIE) is an emerging complex operation with limited reports detailing morbidity, mortality, and requirements for attaining proficiency. Our objective was to develop a standardized RAMIE technique, evaluate procedure safety, and assess outcomes using a dedicated operative team and 2-surgeon approach. METHODS: We conducted a study of sequential patients undergoing RAMIE from January 25, 2011, to May 5, 2014...
July 2016: Innovations: Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery
Federico Marchesi, Chiara Rapacchi, Vittoria Pattonieri, Francesco Tartamella, Maria Teresa Mita, Stefano Cecchini
Refractory esophageal strictures are a common sequela of caustic ingestion. If endoscopic dilation becomes ineffective, esophagectomy represents the only therapeutic option. The minimally invasive approach, specifically the thoracoscopic access in prone position, may allow postoperative morbidity to be reduced. We present the first case described in the Literature of minimally invasive esophagectomy in prone position for a long-term failure of endoscopic dilation after caustic ingestion.
2016: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
Z T Yu
Surgery is the major approach for the treatment of patients with resectable esophageal cancer. Patients treated with conventional surgery have poor survival rates. In recent years, many new theories of surgery for esophageal cancer are springing up and the quality of life and survival rates have been improved. However, controversies exist in the selection of appropriate surgical approach, minimally invasive esophagectomy and neoadjuvant therapy. The aim of this article is to discuss these three hot issues.
September 23, 2016: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
Misbah Khan, Anam Muzaffar, Aamir Ali Syed, Shahid Khatak, Ali Raza Khan, Muhammad Ijaz Ashraf
Minimally invasive esophagectomy is becoming the routine procedure for resectable esophageal cancer. The aim of this retrospective study is to analyze the oncologic adequacy of these two procedures at our Centre. Out of 1252 registered esophageal cancer patients at our institute from 2006 to 2015, 206 patients who underwent a surgical resection with curative intent and a complete medical record were retrospectively evaluated thru hospital medical record system (HIS). Patients were allocated into the conventional open OE, and minimally invasive MIE and Hybrid esophagectomy groups...
September 15, 2016: Updates in Surgery
Inderpal S Sarkaria
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Gavitt A Woodard, Jane C Crockard, Carolyn Clary-Macy, Clara T Zoon-Besselink, Kirk Jones, Wolfgang Michael Korn, Andrew H Ko, Alexander R Gottschalk, Stanley J Rogers, David M Jablons
BACKGROUND: There is a clear survival benefit to neoadjuvant chemoradiation prior to esophagectomy for patients with stages II-III esophageal cancer. A minimally invasive esophagectomy approach may decrease morbidity but is more challenging in a previously radiated field and therefore patients who undergo neoadjuvant chemoradiation may experience more postoperative complications. METHODS: A prospective database of all esophageal cancer patients who underwent attempted hybrid minimally invasive Ivor Lewis esophagectomy was maintained between 2006 and 2015...
August 28, 2016: Journal of Surgical Oncology
Ryan A Macke
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Robert J Cerfolio, Benjamin Wei, Mary T Hawn, Douglas J Minnich
Minimally invasive esophagectomy with intrathoracic dissection and anastomosis is increasingly performed. Our objectives are to report our operative technique, early results and lessons learned. This is a retrospective review of 85 consecutive patients who were scheduled for minimally invasive Ivor Lewis esophagectomy (laparoscopic or robotic abdominal and robotic chest) for esophageal cancer. Between 4/2011 and 3/2015, 85 (74 men, median age: 63) patients underwent robotic Ivor Lewis esophageal resection. In all, 64 patients (75%) had preoperative chemoradiotherapy, 99% had esophageal cancer, and 99% had an R0 resection...
2016: Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Zane Hammoud
Robotic-assisted minimally invasive esophagectomy is gaining acceptance as a safe and effective alternative to open esophagectomy.
2016: Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Rajan N Amin, Samip J Parikh, Venu Gopala Reddy Gangireddy, Praveen Kanneganti, Swathi Talla, Sumanth Daram
Background. Approximately one-fifth of all esophageal cancer cases are defined as early esophageal cancer (EEC). Although endoscopic therapy (ET) has been shown to be equally effective as esophagectomy (EST) in patients with EEC, there is little information comparing the survival outcomes of the two therapies based on anatomical location. Methods. A population-based study was conducted and the data was obtained from Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results program. Patients with EEC (i.e., stages Tis and T1a) and treated with either ET or EST were analyzed to compare EEC-related survival for three different locations of tumor...
2016: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
Manila Singh, Rajeev Uppal, Kapil Chaudhary, Amit Javed, Anil Aggarwal
Minimally invasive and hybrid minimally invasive esophagectomy (MIE) is a technically challenging procedure. Anesthesia for the same is equally challenging due to special requirements of the video-assisted thoracoscopic technique used and shared operative and respiratory fields. Standard ventilatory strategy for this kind of surgery has been 1-lung ventilation with the help of a double-lumen tube. Prone positioning for thoracoscopic dissection facilitates gravity-dependant collapse of the operative side lung induced by a unilateral capnothorax, thus making the use of single-lumen endotracheal tube a feasible option for this surgery...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
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