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Cardiac arrest children out of hospital

Kathleen L Meert, Russell Telford, Richard Holubkov, Beth S Slomine, James R Christensen, J Michael Dean, Frank W Moler
OBJECTIVE: To investigate relationships between cardiac arrest characteristics and survival and neurobehavioral outcome among children recruited to the Therapeutic Hypothermia after Pediatric Cardiac Arrest Out-of-Hospital trial. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of Therapeutic Hypothermia after Pediatric Cardiac Arrest Out-of-Hospital trial data. SETTING: Thirty-six PICUs in the United States and Canada. PATIENTS: All children (n = 295) had chest compressions for greater than or equal to 2 minutes, were comatose, and required mechanical ventilation after return of circulation...
September 27, 2016: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
Young Sun Ro, Sang Do Shin, Kyoung Jun Song, Ki Jeong Hong, Ki Ok Ahn, Do Kyun Kim, Young Ho Kwak
OBJECTIVE: We studied the effect of a dispatcher-assisted cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) program on paediatric out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) outcomes by age groups. METHODS: All emergency medical services (EMS)-treated paediatric OHCAs in Korea were enrolled between 2012 and 2014, excluding cases witnessed by EMS providers and those with unknown outcomes. The cases were divided into three groups: bystander CPR with dispatcher assistance, bystander CPR without dispatcher assistance, and no-bystander CPR...
November 2016: Resuscitation
Ericka L Fink, David K Prince, Jonathan R Kaltman, Dianne L Atkins, Michael Austin, Craig Warden, Jamie Hutchison, Mohamud Daya, Scott Goldberg, Heather Herren, Janice A Tijssen, James Christenson, Christian Vaillancourt, Ronna Miller, Robert H Schmicker, Clifton W Callaway
AIM: Outcomes for pediatric out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) are poor. Our objective was to determine temporal trends in incidence and mortality for pediatric OHCA. METHODS: Adjusted incidence and hospital mortality rates of pediatric non-traumatic OHCA patients from 2007-2012 were analyzed using the 9 region Resuscitation Outcomes Consortium-Epidemiological Registry (ROC-Epistry) database. Children were divided into 4 age groups: perinatal (<3 days), infants (3days-1year), children (1-11 years), and adolescents (12-19 years)...
October 2016: Resuscitation
Madoka Inoue, Hideo Tohira, Teresa Williams, Paul Bailey, Meredith Borland, Nicole McKenzie, Deon Brink, Judith Finn
OBJECTIVE: The present study was to describe the trends in the incidence, characteristics and survival of paediatric out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) over an 18 year period. METHODS: We conducted a population-based retrospective cohort study using prospectively collected data from all OHCA patients aged <18 years who were attended by St John Ambulance Western Australia paramedics in the Perth metropolitan area, WA, between 1997 and 2014. The incidence, characteristics and survival were compared across 4 year periods (1997-2000, 2001-2005, 2006-2010 and 2011-2014)...
August 23, 2016: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
Faye S Silverstein, Beth S Slomine, James Christensen, Richard Holubkov, Kent Page, J Michael Dean, Frank W Moler
OBJECTIVES: To analyze functional performance measures collected prospectively during the conduct of a clinical trial that enrolled children (up to age 18 yr old), resuscitated after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, who were at high risk of poor outcomes. DESIGN: Children with Glasgow Motor Scale score less than 5, within 6 hours of resuscitation, were enrolled in a clinical trial that compared two targeted temperature management interventions (THAPCA-OH, NCT00878644)...
August 9, 2016: Critical Care Medicine
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Annals of Intensive Care
Lennart van Zellem, Elisabeth M Utens, Marlous Madderom, Jeroen S Legerstee, Femke Aarsen, Dick Tibboel, Corinne Buysse
UNLABELLED: Very little is known about the psychological consequences of a cardiac arrest (CA) during childhood. Our aim was to assess long-term emotional and behavioral functioning, and its predictors, in survivors of CA in childhood. This long-term follow-up study involved all consecutive infants, children, and adolescents surviving CA in a tertiary-care university children's hospital between January 2002 and December 2011. Emotional and behavioral functioning was assessed with the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL), Teacher's Report Form (TRF), and Youth Self-Report (YSR)...
July 2016: European Journal of Pediatrics
Kathleen L Meert, Beth S Slomine, James R Christensen, Russell Telford, Richard Holubkov, J Michael Dean, Frank W Moler
OBJECTIVES: To describe family burden among caregivers of children who survived out-of-hospital cardiac arrest and who were at high risk for neurologic disability and examine relationships between family burden, child functioning, and other factors during the first year post arrest. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of data from the Therapeutic Hypothermia after Pediatric Cardiac Arrest Out-of-Hospital trial. SETTING: Thirty-six PICUs in the United States and Canada...
June 2016: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
Alexis A Topjian, Sarah M Sánchez, Justine Shults, Robert A Berg, Dennis J Dlugos, Nicholas S Abend
OBJECTIVES: To determine 1) whether early electroencephalographic background features were associated with survival and neurologic outcomes among children resuscitated from cardiac arrest and not treated with therapeutic hypothermia and 2) if addition of electroencephalographic background to commonly used clinical criteria is more predictive of outcome than clinical criteria alone. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: PICU and Cardiac ICUs of a tertiary children's hospital...
June 2016: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
Yan-Ren Lin, Yuan-Jhen Syue, Waradee Buddhakosai, Huai-En Lu, Chin-Fu Chang, Chih-Yu Chang, Cheng Hsu Chen, Wen-Liang Chen, Chao-Jui Li
The postresuscitative hemodynamic status of children with traumatic out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) might be impacted by the early administration of epinephrine, but this topic has not been well addressed. The aim of this study was to analyze the early postresuscitative hemodynamics, survival, and neurologic outcome according to different time points of first epinephrine treatment among children with traumatic OHCA.Information on 388 children who presented to the emergency departments of 3 medical centers and who were treated with epinephrine for traumatic OHCA during the study period (2003-2012) was retrospectively collected...
March 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Beth S Slomine, Faye S Silverstein, James R Christensen, Richard Holubkov, Kent Page, J Michael Dean, Frank W Moler
OBJECTIVE: This study examined 12-month neurobehavioral outcomes in children who survived out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OH-CA), were comatose after resuscitation, and were enrolled in a clinical trial to evaluate targeted temperature management to hypothermia (33.0°C) or normothermia (36.8°C) (Therapeutic Hypothermia after Pediatric Cardiac Arrest, Out-of-Hopsital [THAPCA-OH]; NCT00878644). METHODS: Baseline functioning was assessed by caregiver responses on the Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales-Second Edition (VABS-II) soon after OH-CA (based on functioning before OH-CA); children with broadly normal baseline functioning (VABS-II ≥70) were included in the THAPCA-OH primary outcome...
April 2016: Pediatrics
Mark S Wainwright, Gregory Hansen, Juan Piantino
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Approximately one in five children admitted to a pediatric ICU have a new central nervous system injury or a neurological complication of their critical illness. The spectrum of neurologic insults in children is diverse and clinical practice is largely empirical, as few randomized, controlled trials have been reported. This lack of data poses a substantial challenge to the practice of pediatric neurocritical care (PNCC). PNCC has emerged as a novel subspecialty, and its presence is expanding within tertiary care centers...
April 2016: Current Opinion in Critical Care
Alex Kwok-Keung Law, Man-Ho Ng, Kam-Lun E Hon, Colin A Graham
AIM: To describe the epidemiology and outcomes of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) in a Hong Kong (HK) pediatric population and to identify factors associated with favorable outcomes. METHODS: Retrospective case note review of patients younger than 18 years who presented to the emergency department of Prince of Wales Hospital, HK with cardiac arrest from 2003 to 2013. Patients were classified as infants (<1 year), children (1-11 years) and adolescents (12-18 years)...
January 12, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
Kristina Krmpotic, Hilary Writer
INTRODUCTION: Cardiorespiratory arrest outside hospital occurs in approximately 1/10,000 children per year in resource-rich countries, with two-thirds of arrests occurring in children under 18 months of age. Approximately 45% of cases have undetermined causes, including sudden infant death syndrome. Of the rest, 20% are caused by trauma, 10% by chronic disease, and 6% by pneumonia. METHODS AND OUTCOMES: We conducted a systematic overview, aiming to answer the following clinical question: What are the effects of treatments for non-submersion out-of-hospital cardiorespiratory arrest in children? We searched: Medline, Embase, The Cochrane Library, and other important databases up to November 2014 (Clinical Evidence overviews are updated periodically; please check our website for the most up-to-date version of this overview)...
2015: Clinical Evidence
George Imataka, Osamu Arisaka
Although previous studies have reported on the effectiveness of brain hypothermia therapy in childhood acute encephalopathy, additional studies in this field are necessary. In this review, we discussed brain hypothermia therapy methods for two clinical conditions for which sufficient evidences are currently available in the literature. The first condition is known as hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy and occurs in newborns and the second condition is acute encephalopathy which occurs in adults following cardiopulmonary resuscitation associated with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest state resulting from ventricular arrhythmia...
November 2015: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Gun Hee Jung, Je Hyeok Oh, Chan Woong Kim, Sung Eun Kim, Dong Hoon Lee
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the decrease in chest compression depth during 30 : 2 compression-to-ventilation ratio one-handed chest compression (OHCC) in an out-of-hospital pediatric arrest setting, and whether switching hands every other cycle could maintain compression depth. METHODS: A 5-year-old child-sized manikin was used, and 50 medical students participated in the present study. First, the participants performed 5 min OHCC with a 30 : 2 compression-to-ventilation ratio on the floor (baseline test)...
November 27, 2015: European Journal of Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the European Society for Emergency Medicine
Yoshikazu Goto, Akira Funada, Yumiko Nakatsu-Goto
INTRODUCTION: Obtaining favorable neurological outcomes is extremely difficult in children transported to a hospital without a prehospital return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). However, the crucial prehospital factors affecting outcomes in this cohort remain unclear. We aimed to determine the prehospital factors for survival with favorable neurological outcomes (Cerebral Performance Category 1 or 2 (CPC 1-2)) in children without a prehospital ROSC after OHCA...
2015: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
H Harve, H Salmi, E Rahiala, P Pohjalainen, M Kuisma
BACKGROUND: We wanted to study the incidence, distribution and characteristics of paediatric out-of-hospital emergency care on a population level. This knowledge could ameliorate the design and education of emergency medical services and their personnel. METHODS: We studied all (n = 1863) emergency medical services responses and the patient records for paediatric patients (age 0-16 years) in Helsinki, Finland (population 603,968, paediatric population 92,742) during a 12-month period (2012)...
March 2016: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
Natalie Jayaram, Bryan McNally, Fengming Tang, Paul S Chan
BACKGROUND: Little is known about survival after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) in children. We examined whether OHCA survival in children differs by age, sex, and race, as well as recent survival trends. METHODS AND RESULTS: Within the prospective Cardiac Arrest Registry to Enhance Survival (CARES), we identified children (age <18 years) with an OHCA from October 2005 to December 2013. Survival to hospital discharge by age (categorized as infants [0 to 1 year], younger children [2 to 7 years], older children [8 to 12 years], and teenagers [13 to 17 years]), sex, and race was assessed using modified Poisson regression...
October 8, 2015: Journal of the American Heart Association
Gavin D Perkins, Samantha J Brace-McDonnell
INTRODUCTION: Reducing premature death is a key priority for the UK National Health Service (NHS). NHS Ambulance services treat approximately 30 000 cases of suspected cardiac arrest each year but survival rates vary. The British Heart Foundation and Resuscitation Council (UK) have funded a structured research programme--the Out of Hospital Cardiac Arrest Outcomes (OHCAO) programme. The aim of the project is to establish the epidemiology and outcome of OHCA, explore sources of variation in outcome and establish the feasibility of setting up a national OHCA registry...
October 1, 2015: BMJ Open
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