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Cardiac arrest children out of hospital

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754417/teaching-paediatric-basic-life-support-in-medical-schools-using-peer-teaching-or-video-demonstration-a-prospective-randomised-trial
#1
Frederik Stephan, Hanjo Groetschel, Anja K Büscher, Deniz Serdar, Kjell A Groes, Rainer Büscher
AIM: The outcome of children with an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest is still poor, but bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation can increase survival and minimise severe neurological sequelae. While teaching basic life support is standardised in emergency medicine classes, paediatric basic life support (PBLS) in neonates and toddlers is under-represented in paediatric curricula during university education. The appropriate mixture of E-learning and peer teaching lessons remains controversial in teaching paediatric basic skills...
May 13, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704520/trends-in-the-incidence-and-outcome-of-paediatric-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-a-17-year-observational-study
#2
Ziad Nehme, Siva Namachivayam, Anri Forrest, Warwick Butt, Stephen Bernard, Karen Smith
BACKGROUND: System-based improvements to the chain of survival have yielded increases in survival from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) in adults. Comparatively little is known about the long-term trends in incidence and survival following paediatric OHCA. METHODS: Between 2000 and 2016, we included children aged ≤16 years who suffered a non-traumatic OHCA in the state of Victoria, Australia. Trends in incidence and unadjusted outcomes were assessed using linear regression and a non-parametric test for trend...
April 25, 2018: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697042/dispatcher-cpr-instructions-across-the-age-continuum
#3
Kristi L Weinmeister, E Brooke Lerner, Clare E Guse, Khalid A Ateyyah, Ronald G Pirrallo
BACKGROUND: Survival rates following out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) increase two to three times when cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is started by bystanders, as compared to starting CPR when Emergency Medical Services (EMS) arrives. Municipalities that have implemented dispatcher-assisted bystander CPR programs have seen increased rates of bystander CPR. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation instructions are given for victims of all ages, but it is unknown if offering instructions results in similar rates of EMS-documented bystander CPR across the age continuum in these municipalities...
April 26, 2018: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659415/functional-status-change-among-children-with-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-to-support-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-in-a-pediatric-cardiac-icu-a-single-institution-report
#4
Asaad G Beshish, Mathew R Baginski, Thomas J Johnson, Barry K Deatrick, Ryan P Barbaro, Gabe E Owens
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to describe the functional status of survivors from extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation instituted during in-hospital cardiac arrest using the Functional Status Scale. We aimed to determine risk factors leading to the development of new morbidity and unfavorable functional outcomes. DESIGN: This was a single-center retrospective chart review abstracting patient characteristics/demographic data, duration of cardiopulmonary resuscitation, duration of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support, as well as maximum lactate levels within 2 hours before and after extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation...
April 13, 2018: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577964/resuscitation-registers-how-many-active-registers-are-there-and-how-many-collect-data-on-paediatric-cardiac-arrests
#5
Alison Booth, Alexander Moylan, Jasmin Hodgson, Kath Wright, Kristyn Langworthy, Naoki Shimizu, Ian Maconochie
BACKGROUND: Cardiac arrest, particularly in children, often has a poor outcome and international guidelines highlight significant gaps in the evidence base for effective resuscitation. Whilst randomised controlled trials for some interventions can be justified, they are not appropriate for many aspects of resuscitation. Therefore, guidelines must use other sources of data such as epidemiological evidence from cardiac arrest registries, to improve the efficacy of resuscitation. The aim of our study was to identify existing national cardiac arrest registries and document key information about the registries, including whether they contain data on paediatric arrests...
March 22, 2018: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29511001/time-to-epinephrine-administration-and-survival-from-nonshockable-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-among-children-and-adults
#6
Matthew Hansen, Robert H Schmicker, Craig D Newgard, Brian Grunau, Frank Scheuermeyer, Sheldon Cheskes, Veer Vithalani, Fuad Alnaji, Thomas Rea, Ahamed H Idris, Heather Herren, Jamie Hutchison, Mike Austin, Debra Egan, Mohamud Daya
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have demonstrated that earlier epinephrine administration is associated with improved survival from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) with shockable initial rhythms. However, the effect of epinephrine timing on patients with nonshockable initial rhythms is unclear. The objective of this study was to measure the association between time to epinephrine administration and survival in adults and children with emergency medical services (EMS)-treated OHCA with nonshockable initial rhythms...
May 8, 2018: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425976/non-invasive-characterization-of-hemodynamics-in-adult-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-patients-soon-after-return-of-spontaneous-circulation
#7
Joseph P Ornato, Tammy Nguyen, Peter Moffett, Stephen Miller, Michael J Vitto, David Evans, Alan Payne, Kathy Baker, Mary Schaeffer
BACKGROUND: Little is known about hemodynamics in adult, out-of-hospital (OHCA) patients following return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC). A 1994 study when "high-dose epinephrine" use was common showed consistently elevated systemic vascular resistance (SVR) lasting ≥6 h in 49 adult patients after return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC). STUDY AIM: To characterize hemodynamic abnormalities in adult OHCA patients soon after ROSC. Our hypothesis was that, unlike the consistently high SVR values reported when "high-dose" epinephrine was in common use, there would be a more heterogenous distribution of SVR values using current adrenergic therapy...
April 2018: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421664/epidemiology-and-outcome-of-paediatric-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrests-a-paediatric-sub-study-of-the-pan-asian-resuscitation-outcomes-study-paros
#8
Lai Peng Tham, Win Wah, Rachel Phillips, Nur Shahidah, Yih Yng Ng, Sang Do Shin, Tatsuya Nishiuchi, Kwanhathai Darin Wong, Patrick Chow-In Ko, Nalinas Khunklai, Ghulam Yasin Naroo, Marcus Eng Hock Ong
BACKGROUND: The Pan Asian Resuscitation Outcomes Study (PAROS) is a retrospective study of out- of-hospital cardiac arrest(OHCA), collaborating with EMS agencies and academic centers in Japan, South Korea, Malaysia, Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand and UAE-Dubai. The objectives of this study is to describe the characteristics and outcomes, and to find factors associated with survival after paediatric OHCA. METHODS: We studied all children less than 17 years of age with OHCA conveyed by EMS and non-EMS transports from January 2009 to December 2012...
April 2018: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29392429/minimally-invasive-surgery-mis-in-children-and-adolescents-with-pheochromocytomas-and-retroperitoneal-paragangliomas-experiences-in-42-patients
#9
Martin K Walz, Laura D Iova, Judith Deimel, Hartmut P H Neumann, Birke Bausch, Stefan Zschiedrich, Harald Groeben, Pier F Alesina
BACKGROUND: Pheochromocytomas (PH) and paragangliomas (PGL) are rare tumours in children accounting for about 1% of the paediatric hypertension. While minimally invasive surgical techniques are well established in adult patients with PH, the experience in children is extremely limited. To the best of our knowledge, we herewith present the largest series of young patients operated on chromaffin tumours by minimally invasive access. MATERIALS: In the setting of a prospective study (1/2001-12/2016), 42 consecutive children and adolescents (33 m, 9 f) were operated on...
April 2018: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29367204/cardiac-arrest-survival-in-pediatric-and-general-emergency-departments
#10
Kenneth A Michelson, Joel D Hudgins, Michael C Monuteaux, Richard G Bachur, Jonathan A Finkelstein
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Pediatric out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) has a low rate of survival to hospital discharge. Understanding whether pediatric emergency departments (EDs) have higher survival than general EDs may help identify ways to improve care for all patients with OHCA. We sought to determine if OHCA survival differs between pediatric and general EDs. METHODS: We used the 2009-2014 Nationwide Emergency Department Sample to study children under 18 with cardiac arrest...
February 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29361872/effectiveness-of-basic-life-support-training-for-middle-school-students
#11
Sami Aloush, Ahmad Tubaishat, Mohammed ALBashtawy, Mohammad Suliman, Intima Alrimawi, Ashraf Al Sabah, Yousef Banikhaled
Bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation improves survival after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. This study aimed to assess the effectiveness of a basic life support (BLS) educational course given to 110 middle school children, using a pretest posttest design. In the pretest, students were asked to demonstrate BLS on a manikin to simulate a real-life scenario. After the pretest, a BLS training course of two sessions was provided, followed by posttest on the same manikin. Students were assessed using an observational sheet based on the American Heart Association's BLS guidelines...
January 1, 2018: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228147/association-of-early-postresuscitation-hypotension-with-survival-to-discharge-after-targeted-temperature-management-for-pediatric-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-secondary-analysis-of-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#12
Alexis A Topjian, Russell Telford, Richard Holubkov, Vinay M Nadkarni, Robert A Berg, J Michael Dean, Frank W Moler
Importance: Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) occurs in more than 6000 children each year in the United States, with survival rates of less than 10% and severe neurologic morbidity in many survivors. Post-cardiac arrest hypotension can occur, but its frequency and association with survival have not been well described during targeted temperature management. Objective: To determine whether hypotension is associated with survival to discharge in children and adolescents after resuscitation from OHCA...
February 1, 2018: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207756/intravenous-fluid-administration-and-the-survival-of-pre-hospital-resuscitated-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-patients-in-thailand
#13
Phichet Nongchang, Wongsa Laohasiri Wong, Somsak Pitaksanurat, Pairoj Boonsirik Amchai
Introduction: Out of Hospital Cardiac Arrest (OHCA) is a leading cause of death worldwide. The Emergency Medical Service (EMS) provides early care to critical OHCA patients. Pre hospital intervention has been improving OHCA survival rate, however it is still unclear for the recommendation of routine infusion of Intravenous (IV) fluids during cardiac arrest resuscitation. Aim: This study aimed to determine whether IV fluid administration was associated with increasing survival of resuscitated OHCA patients and to assess the survival rate of resuscitated OHCA patients...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056524/conventional-versus-chest-compression-only-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-by-bystanders-for-children-with-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest
#14
Yoshikazu Goto, Akira Funada, Yumiko Goto
AIM: It is unclear whether chest-compression-only cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CC-CPR) is therapeutically equivalent to conventional CPR for children with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). We aimed to determine the association of CC-CPR and conventional CPR with outcomes in discrete child patient populations with OHCA. METHODS: We analysed 6810 children (aged <18years) using Japanese registry from 2007 to 2014. Main outcomes measure was 30-day neurologically intact survival after OHCA, defined as Glasgow-Pittsburgh cerebral performance categories 1 or 2...
January 2018: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036580/time-to-epinephrine-and-survival-after-paediatric-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest
#15
Tatsuma Fukuda, Yutaka Kondo, Kei Hayashida, Hiroshi Sekiguchi, Ichiro Kukita
Aims: Delay in administration of epinephrine is associated with decreased survival among children with in-hospital cardiac arrest with an initial non-shockable rhythm. Whether this association is applicable to paediatric out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) population remains unknown. We aimed to determine whether time to epinephrine administration is associated with outcomes in paediatric OHCA. Methods and results: This was a nation-wide population-based study of paediatric OHCA in Japan from 2005 to 2012 based on data from the All-Japan Utstein Registry...
July 11, 2017: European Heart Journal. Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968304/dispatcher-assisted-telephone-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-using-a-french-language-compression-ventilation-pediatric-protocol
#16
Michael Peters, Samuel Stipulante, Anne-Sophie Delfosse, Katarina Schumacher, André Mulder, Frédéric Lebrun, Anne-Françoise Donneau, Alexandre Ghuysen
OBJECTIVE: Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) in pediatrics is a devastating event associated with poor survival rates. Although telephone dispatcher-assisted cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR; T-CPR) instructions improve the frequency and quality of bystander CPR for OHCA in adults, this support remains undeveloped in children. Our objective was to assess the effectiveness of a pediatric T-CPR protocol in untrained and trained bystanders. Secondarily, we sought to determine the feasibility and the effectiveness of ventilation in such a protocol...
October 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927190/outcomes-differ-by-first-documented-rhythm-after-witnessed-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-in-children-an-observational-study-with-prospective-nationwide-population-based-cohort-database-in-japan
#17
Masahiko Hara, Kenichi Hayashi, Tetsuhisa Kitamura
Aims: To evaluate and compare outcomes and impacts of delay of time to cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) by type of first documented rhythm in paediatric patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). Methods and results: We enrolled 3968 paediatric (aged <18 years) OHCA patients whose events were witnessed between 2005 and 2012 from a prospective nationwide population-based cohort database in Japan. We assessed and compared their neurologically favourable 1-month survival according to first documented rhythm: pulseless ventricular tachycardia/ventricular fibrillation (pVT/VF), pulseless electrical activity (PEA), or asystole...
January 1, 2017: European Heart Journal. Quality of Care & Clinical Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926779/cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-associated-injuries-in-still-newborns-infants-and-toddlers-in-a-german-forensic-collective
#18
B Ondruschka, C Baier, M Siekmeyer, C Buschmann, J Dreßler, M Bernhard
INTRODUCTION: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) may lead to injuries. Forensic experts are sometimes confronted with claims that fatal injuries were caused by chest compressions during CPR rather than by assaults. We want to answer, how often CPR-associated injuries are present in younger children and if they may mimic injuries caused by abuse. MATERIAL AND METHODS: All autopsy records of the Institute of Legal Medicine in Leipzig, Germany in a 6-year study period were used (2011-2016)...
October 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917566/out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-due-to-ventricular-fibrillation-in-children-a-call-to-action
#19
EDITORIAL
Sarah R Fuchs, Prince J Kannankeril
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838970/out-of-hospital-sudden-cardiac-arrest-in-children-with-congenital-heart-defects
#20
Jarle Jortveit, Jakob Klcovansky, Gaute Døhlen, Leif Eskedal, Sigurd Birkeland, Henrik Holmstrøm
AIMS: Out-of-hospital sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) is a rare but devastating event in children and adolescents. The risk is assumed to be higher in children with congenital heart defects (CHDs) than in healthy individuals. The aim of the present study was to investigate the rate of and survival after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in children 2-18 years old with CHDs. METHODS AND RESULTS: Data concerning all live births in Norway between 1994 and 2009 were retrieved from the Medical Birth Registry of Norway, the patient administrative systems at all hospitals in Norway, the Oslo University Hospital's Clinical Registry for Congenital Heart Defects and the Norwegian Cause of Death Registry...
January 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood
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