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chromium diabetes

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716402/-significance-of-the-examination-of-the-metal-element-content-of-herbal-extracts-in-adjuvant-therapy
#1
Klára Szentmihályi
The consumption of herbal teas is becoming more and more popular nowadays both as luxury foods and a complementary part of medical therapy. Beside the organic agents of medicinal plants, the presence of inorganic ions is also relevant in exerting the favorable pharmacological effect. The author briefly summarizes the importance of some essential metal ions and their quantitative values in teas applied in the adjuvant therapy of diabetes and used as diuretics. The common feature of teas used in diabetes is that they contain a measurable amount of chromium and the concentration of most essential elements (such as K, Mg, Mn and Zn) is significant, which can be considered as a mineral source for some metal ions...
May 2018: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707032/chromium-containing-traditional-chinese-medicine-tianmai-xiaoke-tablet-for-newly-diagnosed-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-meta-analysis-and-systematic-review-of-randomized-clinical-trials
#2
REVIEW
Yuming Gu, Xuemin Xu, Zhe Wang, Yunsheng Xu, Xiuzhi Liu, Lejun Cao, Xueyang Wang, Zhengxin Li, Bo Feng
Objective: Chromium-containing traditional Chinese medicine Tianmai Xiaoke tablet (TMXKT) is approved for treating newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in China. This review aimed to compile the evidence from randomized clinical trials (RCTs) and quantify the effects of TMXKT on newly diagnosed T2DM. Methods: Seven online databases were investigated up to March 20, 2017. The meta-analysis included RCTs investigating the treatment of newly diagnosed T2DM, in which TMXKT combined with conventional therapy was compared with placebo or conventional therapy...
2018: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689356/effects-of-polysaccharides-from-inonotus-obliquus-and-its-chromium-iii-complex-on-advanced-glycation-end-products-formation-%C3%AE-amylase-%C3%AE-glucosidase-activity-and-h-2-o-2-induced-oxidative-damage-in-hepatic-l02-cells
#3
Cong Wang, Xudong Gao, Ramesh Kumar Santhanam, Zhongqin Chen, Yue Chen, Leilei Xu, Chunli Wang, Nicola Ferri, Haixia Chen
In the present study, the antioxidant activity, anti-glycation activity, α-amylase, α-glucosidase inhibitory activity of polysaccharides from Inonotus obliquus (UIOPS) and its chromium (III) complex (UIOPC) were investigated. Their protective effects against H2 O2 -induced oxidative damages in hepatic L02 cells were also assessed. Results demonstrated that UIOPC and UIOPS exhibited remarkable DPPH scavenging activity, ferric reducing power and hemolysis inhibitory activity. UIOPC also showed significant inhibitory capacity on α-amylase and α-glucosidase than UIOPS (P < 0...
April 21, 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674487/metals-in-urine-in-relation-to-the-prevalence-of-pre-diabetes-diabetes-and-atherosclerosis-in-rural-india
#4
Ganesan Velmurugan, Krishnan Swaminathan, Ganesh Veerasekar, Jonathan Q Purnell, Sundaresan Mohanraj, Mani Dhivakar, Anil Kumar Avula, Mathew Cherian, Nalla G Palaniswami, Thomas Alexander, Thalappil Pradeep
OBJECTIVE: Diabetes and cardiovascular diseases are growing burdens in rural communities worldwide. We have observed a high prevalence of diabetes among rural farming communities in India and sought to evaluate the association of non-traditional risk factors, such as metals, with diabetes and other cardiometabolic risk factors in this community. METHODS: Anthropometric measurements, chemistries and carotid intima-media thickness were determined in 865 participants of the Kovai Medical Center and Hospital-Nallampatti Non-Communicable Disease Study-I (KMCH-NNCD-I, 2015), a cross-sectional study conducted in a farming village in South India...
April 19, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589268/changes-in-trace-elements-during-early-stages-of-chronic-kidney-disease-in-type-2-diabetic-patients
#5
Ching-Chiang Lin, Ching-Tang Shih, Chien-Hung Lee, Yeou-Lih Huang
Trace elements can influence glucose metabolism and be related to oxidative stress in type 2 diabetes mellitus. Moreover, trace elements play important roles in the nephrotic complications of these patients. Nevertheless, few investigations have been made into the changes in the levels of trace elements in diabetic patients at various stages of chronic kidney disease (CKD). The aims of this present study were to determine the levels of some important trace elements in diabetic patients during the early stages of CKD and to identify the relationship between these elements and CKD progression in type 2 diabetic patients...
March 28, 2018: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29523006/the-effects-of-supplementation-with-chromium-on-insulin-resistance-indices-in-women-with-polycystic-ovarian-syndrome-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-clinical-trials
#6
Javad Heshmati, Reza Omani-Samani, Samira Vesali, Saman Maroufizadeh, Mahroo Rezaeinejad, Maryam Razavi, Mahdi Sepidarkish
Recently, the effects of nutritional supplementation on improvement or prevention of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) have been considered. Several studies have been carried out on the effect of chromium supplementation in improving PCOS patients. This study aimed to summarize the available findings regarding the effect of chromium on improving the polycystic ovary syndrome. The review includes randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing chromium treatment with placebo or other treatments in women with PCOS...
March 2018: Hormone and Metabolic Research, Hormon- und Stoffwechselforschung, Hormones et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29513378/incidence-and-predictors-of-target-lesion-failure-in-a-multiethnic-asian-population-receiving-the-synergy-coronary-stent-a-prospective-all-comers-registry
#7
Rajiv Ananthakrishna, William Kristanto, Li Liu, Siew-Pang Chan, Poay Huan Loh, Edgar L Tay, Koo Hui Chan, Mark Y Chan, Chi-Hang Lee, Adrian F Low, Huay Cheem Tan, Joshua P Loh
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the target lesion failure (TLF) rate of the SYNERGY stent in all-comers, multiethnic Asian population. BACKGROUND: Currently, most drug eluting stents deliver anti-proliferative drugs from a durable polymer which is associated with a risk of late stent thrombosis. The novel everolimus-eluting, platinum chromium SYNERGY stent is coated with a bioabsorbable abluminal polymer that resolves within 4 months. METHODS: This was a prospective, single center registry of consecutive patients treated with the SYNERGY stent between December 2012 and April 2015...
March 7, 2018: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29484580/five-year-clinical-outcomes-of-everolimus-eluting-stents-from-the-post-marketing-study-of-cocr-ees-xience-v-promus-in-japan
#8
Jiro Aoki, Ken Kozuma, Masaki Awata, Mamoru Nanasato, Nobuo Shiode, Kengo Tanabe, Junichi Yamaguchi, Hajime Kusano, Hong Nie, Takeshi Kimura
The Cobalt Chromium Everolimus-Eluting Stent (CoCr-EES) Post Marketing Surveillance (PMS) Japan study is a prospective multicenter registry designed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of XIENCE V/PROMUS everolimus-eluting stents in routine clinical practice at 47 centers representative of the clinical environment in Japan. We enrolled 2010 consecutive patients (2649 lesions) who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention using CoCr-EES. Clinical outcomes were evaluated through 5 years. Mean age was 68.8 years, 41...
February 26, 2018: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192951/first-in-man-study-of-dedicated-bifurcation-cobalt-chromium-sirolimus-eluting-stent-bioss-lim-c%C3%A2-three-month-results
#9
Robert J Gil, Jacek Bil, Adam Kern, Tomasz Pawłowski
BACKGROUND: The optimal approach to coronary bifurcation treatment by percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is still a subject of debate, and dedicated bifurcation stents are one of the proposed solutions. AIM: The aim of this report was to assess the effectiveness and safety profile of a new dedicated bifurcation stent - sirolimus-eluting BiOSS LIM C® (Balton, Poland) at the first three months of a 12-month registry. METHODS: This is a two-centre registry, which enrolled patients with non-ST elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE-ACS) and stable angina...
2018: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135673/myocardial-cobalt-levels-are-elevated-in-the-setting-of-total-hip-arthroplasty
#10
Cody C Wyles, T Carson Wright, Melanie C Bois, Md Shahrier Amin, Ahmed Fayyaz, Sarah M Jenkins, Saranya P Wyles, Patrick L Day, David L Murray, Robert T Trousdale, Nandan S Anavekar, William D Edwards, Joseph J Maleszewski
BACKGROUND: Arthroplasty implants commonly contain elemental metal that may undergo wear-related release. Recently, cases of hip implant-associated myocardial injury have been reported. However, we are not aware of any previous study that has systematically measured myocardial metal levels or examined the relationship with total hip arthroplasty (THA). METHODS: Archives of our institution were queried for autopsies of individuals who had undergone THA between 1990 and 2013...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029608/association-of-trace-metal-elements-with-lipid-profiles-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-patients-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Amare Desalegn Wolide, Belay Zawdie, Tilahun Alemayehu, Samuel Tadesse
BACKGROUND: It is well known that dyslipidemia and chronic hyperglycemia increase the onset of diabetes and diabetic complication. The aim of this study is to see the association of trace metals elements and lipid profile among type 2 diabetes mellitus patients. METHODS: The study was conducted on 214 type 2 diabetic patients at Jimma University Specialized Hospital, Jimma, Ethiopia. All the eligible study participants responded to the structured interviewer administered questionnaire and fasting venous blood was drawn for biochemical analysis...
October 13, 2017: BMC Endocrine Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940882/safety-and-efficacy-of-the-next-generation-resolute-onyx-zotarolimus-eluting-stent-primary-outcome-of-the-resolute-onyx-core-trial
#12
Matthew J Price, Richard A Shlofmitz, Douglas J Spriggs, Thomas A Haldis, Paul Myers, Alexandra Popma Almonacid, Akiko Maehara, Michelle Dauler, Yun Peng, Roxana Mehran
OBJECTIVES: To assess the safety and efficacy of the novel Resolute (R-) Onyx drug-eluting stent (DES). BACKGROUND: The R-Onyx DES consists of a composite wire with an outer shell of cobalt chromium alloy and a platinum-iridium inner core to enhance radiopacity, with thinner, swaged struts and modified stent geometry compared with the predicate Resolute DES, resulting in a slightly lower total drug load in most sizes. METHODS: This was a prospective, single-arm non-inferiority trial compared with a historical control...
September 23, 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856601/chromium-supplementation-reduces-resting-heart-rate-in-patients-with-metabolic-syndrome-and-impaired-glucose-tolerance
#13
Barbora Nussbaumerova, Hana Rosolova, Miroslav Krizek, Frantisek Sefrna, Jaroslav Racek, Ludek Müller, Christian Sindberg
Chromium (Cr) is considered as an important mineral, involved in biochemical reactions in human metabolic pathways. Organically bound Cr supplementation has been suggested to improve glycemia especially in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, but there are conflicting reports on efficacy. Effect of Cr is not clear in prediabetes status. Seventy patients with metabolic syndrome and impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), who are observed and treated in the Center of Preventive Cardiology of the University Hospital in Pilsen, were included in the prospective, randomized, double-blind, and placebo-controlled clinical study...
August 30, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826695/natural-health-products-and-diabetes-a-practical-review
#14
REVIEW
Candace Necyk, Leyanna Zubach-Cassano
The prevalence of natural health product (NHP) use in Canada is extensive. Patients with chronic diseases, including diabetes, use NHPs at a higher rate than the general population. Many NHPs exert hypoglycemic effects, among other effects relevant to diabetes management. To provide a practical, clinical review of NHPs with such effects targeted to pharmacists, a literature search was performed to collect data on the efficacy and safety profiles of 10 commonly used NHPs that exert antidiabetic properties. The following NHPs are included in this clinical review: alpha-lipoic acid, chromium, magnesium, bitter melon, cinnamon, fenugreek, gymnema, milk thistle, Reishi mushroom and white mulberry...
December 2017: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756807/association-between-plasma-metal-levels-and-diabetes-risk-a-case-control-study-in-china
#15
Xiu Ting Li, Peng Fei Yu, Yan Gao, Wen Hui Guo, Jun Wang, Xin Liu, Ai Hua Gu, Gui Xiang Ji, Qiu Dong, Bo Shen Wang, Ying Cao, Bao Li Zhu, Hang Xiao
OBJECTIVE: Many metals, some of which have been classified as environmental endocrine disruptors, are used extensively in everyday consumer products and are ubiquitous in our living environment. In the present study, we aimed to explore the associations between the prevalence risk of type 2 diabetes and plasma levels of 20 trace elements as well as those of heavy metals in a Han Chinese population. METHODS: We conducted a case-control study to investigate the associations between plasma concentrations of 20 metals and diabetes in Jiangsu province...
July 2017: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences: BES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733937/sequential-extraction-as-novel-approach-to-compare-12-medicinal-plants-from-kenya-regarding-their-potential-to-release-chromium-manganese-copper-and-zinc
#16
R Mogwasi, S Zor, D K Kariuki, M Z Getenga, V Nischwitz
This study is focusing on a novel approach to screen a large number of medicinal plants from Kenya regarding their contents and availability of selected metals potentially relevant for treatment of diabetes patients. For this purpose, total levels of zinc, chromium, manganese, and copper were determined by flame atomic absorption spectrometry and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry as well as BCR sequential extraction to fractionate the elemental species in anti-diabetic medicinal plants collected from five natural locations in two sub counties in Nyamira County, Kenya...
April 2018: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677892/chromium-supplementation-for-adjuvant-treatment-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-results-from-a-pooled-analysis
#17
Haohai Huang, Guangzhao Chen, Yong Dong, Yongkun Zhu, Honglang Chen
SCOPE: We conducted a pooled analysis of randomized controlled trials to evaluate the effects of chromium supplementation on clinically relevant metabolic biomarkers in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: Electronic searches were conducted and the bibliographies of located articles were searched, and 28 studies were suitable for statistical pooling. Endpoints were calculated as weighted mean differences (WMDs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) by using fixed-effects or random-effects models...
January 2018: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643849/prevalence-of-exposure-of-heavy-metals-and-their-impact-on-health-consequences
#18
Kanwal Rehman, Fiza Fatima, Iqra Waheed, Muhammad Sajid Hamid Akash
Even in the current era of growing technology, the concentration of heavy metals present in drinking water is still not within the recommended limits as set by the regulatory authorities in different countries of the world. Drinking water contaminated with heavy metals namely; arsenic, cadmium, nickel, mercury, chromium, zinc, and lead is becoming a major health concern for public and health care professionals. Occupational exposure to heavy metals is known to occur by the utilization of these metals in various industrial processes and/or contents including color pigments and alloys...
January 2018: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640307/healthy-properties-of-green-and-white-teas-an-update
#19
REVIEW
S Pastoriza, M Mesías, C Cabrera, J A Rufián-Henares
Green tea has been consumed for centuries in Japan, China and Morocco. White tea, which is considered a variety of green tea, is mostly consumed in China and is very appreciated for its flavor. Currently the consumption of both types of tea has been extended to the western countries even as a functional ingredient. A group of polyphenols called catechins stands out among their bioactive components, the most abundant being the (-) epigallocatechin gallate, with high antioxidant power. Teas also contain other phenolic compounds such as gallic, caffeic, chlorogenic or cinnamic acids, quercetin and proanthocyanidols, caffeine, theophylline, l-theanine and minerals such as fluorine, manganese or chromium...
August 1, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632927/prospective-associations-between-environmental-heavy-metal-exposure-and-renal-outcomes-in-adults-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#20
Chun-Chieh Tsai, Chia-Lin Wu, Chew-Teng Kor, Ie-Bin Lian, Chin-Hua Chang, Teng-Hsiang Chang, Chia-Chu Chang, Ping-Fang Chiu
BACKGROUND: In Taiwan, Changhua County residents were exposed to high heavy metal pollution and exhibited high heavy metal levels in blood and urine. We examined associations between heavy metals in residential soil and renal outcomes of residents with chronic kidney disease (CKD). METHOD: From January 01, 2003 to June 30, 2015, we retrospectively identified CKD patients with an estimated glomerular filtration rate of <60 mL/min/1.73 m(2) at one tertiary care center...
June 20, 2017: Nephrology
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