keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Quality and safety

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231609/-manual-acupuncture-versus-electroacupuncture-for-menopausal-syndrome-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Caiyuzhu Wen, Yafei Liu, Xiaoli Pan, Zhen Mao, Li Zhou, Hongxing Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To compare the clinical therapeutic effects and safety on menopausal symptoms between manual acupuncture (MA) and electroacupuncture (EA). METHODS: Fifty patients were randomized into an MA group (25 cases) and an EA group (25 cases). In the MA group, the regular needling technique and pseudo-EA were used at Guanyuan (CV 4), Zigong (EX-CA 1), Tianshu (ST 25) and Sanyinjiao (SP 6). In the EA group, the acupoints were the same as the MA group and stimulated with EA and pseudo-MA (no manipulation applied in treatment), with disperse-dense wave, 10 Hz/50 Hz, 0...
May 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231433/-transcutaneous-vagus-nerve-stimulation-for-primary-insomnia-and-affective-disorder-a-report-of-35-cases
#2
Man Luo, Xiaoxiao Qu, Shaoyuan Li, Jingjun Zhao, Yufeng Zhao, Yue Jiao, Peijing Rong
OBJECTIVE: To observe and evaluate the clinical efficacy of transcutaneous vagus nerve stimulation (taVNS) at auricular concha for primary insomnia (PI) and affective disorder. METHODS: A total of 35 patients who met the diagnosis standard of PI in Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th edition) were included. The self-developed auricular vagus nerve stimulator (TENS-200A) was applied at auricular concha, 30 min per treatment, twice a day, 5 days a week for consecutive 4 weeks...
March 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231356/-acupuncture-for-diarrhea-predominant-irritable-bowel-syndrome-a-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Duoxi Deng, Kuikui Guo, Jie Tan, Guilan Huang, Shuai Li, Quanrui Jiang, Jiao Xie, Hui Xie, Zhiqi Zhang, Ying Chen, Liang Peng
OBJECTIVE: To systematically evaluate the efficacy and safety of acupuncture on diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) in the past five years. METHODS: Online databases, including CNKI, VIP, WANFANG, PubMed, CBM, ScienceDirect OnSite, Cochrane Library, etc. were searched for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of acupuncture for diarrhea-predominant IBS. Retrieval time was from January of 2011 to January of 2016. According to modified Jadad standard, the bias risk and quality assessment of each RCT included were evaluated by two researchers...
August 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230816/how-grinding-levels-and-brewing-methods-espresso-american-turkish-could-affect-the-antioxidant-activity-and-bioactive-compounds-in-a-coffee-cup
#4
Antonio Derossi, Ilde Ricci, Rossella Caporizzi, Anna Fiore, Carla Severini
BACKGROUND: Depending on geographical origins and cultural traditions, different brewing procedures are used all over the world to prepare a coffee cup. In this work, we explored as three grinding levels of coffee powder and three coffee preparation methods such as by filtration (American), by boiling (Turkish) and by extraction under pressure (Espresso) affect healthy compounds and physicochemical attributes in coffee cup served to consumers. RESULTS: the grinding level slightly affects the quality of coffees, while the preparation methods significantly influenced all in-cup attributes...
December 11, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230798/botulinum-toxin-type-a-therapy-for-cervical-dystonia
#5
REVIEW
Mafalda Castelão, Raquel E Marques, Gonçalo S Duarte, Filipe B Rodrigues, Joaquim Ferreira, Cristina Sampaio, Austen P Moore, João Costa
BACKGROUND: This is an update of a Cochrane Review first published in 2005. Cervical dystonia is the most common form of focal dystonia and is a highly disabling movement disorder characterised by involuntary, usually painful, head posturing. Currently, botulinum toxin type A (BtA) is considered the first line therapy for this condition. OBJECTIVES: To compare the efficacy, safety, and tolerability of botulinum toxin type A (BtA) versus placebo in people with cervical dystonia...
December 12, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229774/ethical-considerations-for-the-design-and-implementation-of-child-injury-prevention-interventions-the-example-of-delivering-and-installing-safety-equipment-into-the-home
#6
Beatrice Scholtes, Peter Schröder-Bäck
INTRODUCTION: Public health ethics is a growing field of academic interest but ethical discussion of injury prevention seems to have received limited attention. Interventions that promise to be effective are not necessarily-without explicit justification-'good' and 'right' interventions in every sense. This paper explores public health ethics in the context of child injury prevention with the objective to initiate interdisciplinary dialogue on the ethics of child safety interventions...
December 11, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229621/stem-cell-therapy-for-congenital-heart-disease-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Diamantis I Tsilimigras, Evangelos K Oikonomou, Demetrios Moris, Dimitrios Schizas, Konstantinos P Economopoulos, Konstantinos S Mylonas
BACKGROUND: Congenital heart disease (CHD) constitutes the most prevalent and heterogeneous group of congenital anomalies. Although surgery remains the gold standard treatment modality, stem cell therapy has been gaining ground as a complimentary or alternative treatment option in certain types of CHD. The aim of this study was to present the existing published evidence and ongoing research efforts on the implementation of stem cell-based therapeutic strategies in CHD. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted by searching Medline, ClinicalTrials...
December 12, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229613/acupuncture-with-or-without-combined-auricular-acupuncture-for-insomnia-a-randomised-waitlist-controlled-trial
#8
Ka-Fai Chung, Wing-Fai Yeung, Branda Yee-Man Yu, Feona Chung-Yin Leung, Shi-Ping Zhang, Zhang-Jin Zhang, Roger Man-Kin Ng, Gar-Chung Yiu
BACKGROUND: Few high-quality, large-scale, controlled trials comparing the effectiveness and safety of acupuncture,auricular acupuncture and combined acupuncture treatment for insomnia are available. OBJECTIVE: To carry out a randomised, assessor-blinded, waitlist-controlled trial to test the superiority of combination treatment. METHODS: After in-person and polysomnography screening, 224 subjects (mean age 53.4 years; 75.4% female) with DSM-5 insomnia disorder, who were free from major psychiatric disorders and with sleep-diary-derived sleep efficiency averaged over 1 week of <85%, were randomised to acupuncture alone, acupuncture plus auricular acupuncture (combination treatment), or a waitlist in a 3:3:1 ratio...
December 11, 2017: Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227873/restraint-use-in-older-adults-in-home-care-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Kristien Scheepmans, Bernadette Dierckx de Casterlé, Louis Paquay, Koen Milisen
OBJECTIVES: To get insight into restraint use in older adults receiving home care and, more specifically, into the definition, prevalence and types of restraint, as well as the reasons for restraint use and the people involved in the decision-making process. DESIGN: Systematic review. DATA SOURCES: Four databases (i.e. Pubmed, CINAHL, Embase, Cochrane Library) were systematically searched from inception to end of April 2017. REVIEW METHODS: The study encompassed qualitative and quantitative research on restraint use in older adults receiving home care that reported definitions of restraint, prevalence of use, types of restraint, reasons for use or the people involved...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227788/posterior-only-surgical-correction-of-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-an-egyptian-experience
#10
Belal Elnady, Mohammad M El-Sharkawi, Mohamed El-Meshtawy, Faisal F Adam, Galal Zaki Said
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this prospective case series study is to document safety and effectiveness of high density pedicle screws through posterior only approach with intraoperative wake-up test in correction of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). METHODS: Between 2011 and 2015, all surgically treated patients for AIS were followed up for a minimum of 2 years. Clinical outcomes were evaluated using scoliosis research society-22 (SRS) questionnaire. All patients were classified according to Lenke classification...
2017: SICOT-J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227430/continuing-education-meets-the-learning-organization-the-challenge-of-a-systems-approach-to-patient-safety
#11
John M Eisenberg
Since the release of the report of the Institute of Medicine on medical errors and patient safety in November 1999, health policy makers and health care leaders in several nations have sought solutions that will improve the safety of health care. This attention to patient safety has highlighted the importance of a learning approach and a systems approach to quality measurement and improvement. Balanced with the need for public disclosure of performance, confidential reporting with feedback is one of the prime ways that nations such as the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, and Australia have approached this challenge...
October 2017: Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227206/attitudes-toward-e-health-the-otolaryngologists-point-of-view
#12
Martin Holderried, Ansgar Hoeper, Friederike Holderried, Gunnar Blumenstock, Christian Ernst, Anke Tropitzsch
INTRODUCTION: Online communication and the number of e-health applications have noticeably increased. However, little is known about the otolaryngologists' use behavior and their attitudes toward the potential of e-health. The aims of the study were to evaluate the documentation, information, and communication technologies used by otolaryngologists and to get a better understanding of their attitudes toward the potential of e-health for cross-sectoral patient care. METHODS: A survey was developed and tested by otolaryngologists, healthcare-information technology experts, and health services researchers...
December 11, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227175/effects-of-28-day-bifidobacterium-animalis-subsp-lactis-hn019-supplementation-on-colonic-transit-time-and-gastrointestinal-symptoms-in-adults-with-functional-constipation-a-double-blind-randomized-placebo-controlled-and-dose-ranging-trial
#13
Alvin Ibarra, Mathilde Latreille-Barbier, Yves Donazzolo, Xavier Pelletier, Arthur C Ouwehand
Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactis HN019 (HN019) ameliorates chronic idiopathic constipation. Our aim was to determine the efficacy and safety of 28-day supplementation with 1 × 109 or 1 × 1010 CFU of HN019/day for constipation. A total of 228 adults who were diagnosed with functional constipation according to the Rome III criteria were randomized in a double-blind and placebo-controlled trial. Colonic transit time (CTT), the primary outcome, and secondary outcomes that were measured using inventories-patient assessment of constipation symptoms (PAC-SYM) and quality of life (PAC-QoL), bowel function index (BFI), bowel movement frequency (BMF), stool consistency, degree of straining, bowel emptying, bloating, and pain severity-were assessed...
December 11, 2017: Gut Microbes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226862/the-rationale-and-design-of-the-reducing-pathology-in-alzheimer-s-disease-through-angiotensin-targeting-radar-trial
#14
Patrick G Kehoe, Peter S Blair, Beth Howden, David L Thomas, Ian B Malone, Jeremy Horwood, Clare Clement, Lucy Selman, Hannah Baber, Athene Lane, Elizabeth Coulthard, Anthony Peter Passmore, Nick C Fox, Ian B Wilkinson, Yoav Ben-Shlomo
BACKGROUND: Anti-hypertensives that modify the renin angiotensin system may reduce Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathology and reduce the rate of disease progression. OBJECTIVE: To conduct a phase II, two arm, double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized trial (ISRCTN: 93682878; EudraCT: 2012-003641-15) of losartan to test the efficacy of Reducing pathology in Alzheimer's Disease through Angiotensin TaRgeting (RADAR). METHODS: Men and women aged at least 55 years with mild-to-moderate AD will be randomly allocated 100 mg encapsulated generic losartan or placebo once daily for 12 months after successful completion of a 2-week open-label phase and 2-week placebo washout to establish drug tolerability...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226307/macrolides-for-treatment-of-haemophilus-ducreyi-infection-in-sexually-active-adults
#15
REVIEW
Laura Romero, Cesar Huerfano, Carlos F Grillo-Ardila
BACKGROUND: Chancroid is a genital ulcerative disease caused by Haemophilus ducreyi. This microorganism is endemic in Africa, where it can cause up to 10% of genital ulcers. Macrolides may be an effective alternative to treat chancroid and, based on their oral administration and duration of therapy, could be considered as first line therapy. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness and safety of macrolides for treatment of H ducreyi infection in sexually active adults...
December 11, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226226/work-based-assessment-and-co-production-in-postgraduate-medical-training
#16
Eric S Holmboe
Assessment has always been an essential component of postgraduate medical education and for many years focused predominantly on various types of examinations. While examinations of medical knowledge and more recently of clinical skills with standardized patients can assess learner capability in controlled settings and provide a level of assurance for the public, persistent and growing concerns regarding quality of care and patient safety worldwide has raised the importance and need for better work-based assessments...
2017: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225958/overcoming-challenges-in-implementing-the-who-surgical-safety-checklist-lessons-learnt-from-using-a-checklist-training-course-to-facilitate-rapid-scale-up-in-madagascar
#17
REVIEW
Kristin L Close, Linden S Baxter, Vaonandianina A Ravelojaona, Hasiniaina N Rakotoarison, Emily Bruno, Alison Herbert, Vanessa Andean, James Callahan, Hery H Andriamanjato, Michelle C White
The WHO Surgical Safety Checklist was launched in 2009, and appropriate use reduces mortality, surgical site infections and complications after surgery by up to 50%. Implementation across low-income and middle-income countries has been slow; published evidence is restricted to reports from a few single institutions, and significant challenges to successful implementation have been identified and presented. The Mercy Ships Medical Capacity Building team developed a multidisciplinary 3-day Surgical Safety Checklist training programme designed for rapid wide-scale implementation in all regional referral hospitals in Madagascar...
2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225912/effects-of-virtual-rehabilitation-versus-conventional-physical-therapy-on-postural-control-gait-and-cognition-of-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-feasibility-trial
#18
Keyte Guedes Silva, Tatiana Beline De Freitas, Flávia Doná, Fernando Freitas Ganança, Henrique Ballalai Ferraz, Camila Torriani-Pasin, José Eduardo Pompeu
Background: There is an association among postural instability, gait dysfunction, and cognitive impairment in subjects with Parkinson's disease (PD). Difficulty in dividing attention, response inhibition, and visuospatial attention deficiencies may contribute to the impairment of motor performance during daily activities. There are strong evidences that physical therapy can prevent physical and cognitive decline in individuals with PD. Recently, the European Physiotherapy Guideline (EPG) was developed based on randomized clinical trials about the effectiveness of the physical therapy to improve the functional deficiencies of individuals with PD...
2017: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225742/introduction-of-a-pilot-study
#19
REVIEW
Junyong In
A pilot study asks whether something can be done, should the researchers proceed with it, and if so, how. However, a pilot study also has a specific design feature; it is conducted on a smaller scale than the main or full-scale study. In other words, the pilot study is important for improvement of the quality and efficiency of the main study. In addition, it is conducted in order to assess the safety of treatment or interventions and recruitment potentials, examine the randomization and blinding process, increase the researchers' experience with the study methods or medicine and interventions, and provide estimates for sample size calculation...
December 2017: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224861/a-survey-of-selected-animal-based-measures-of-dairy-cattle-welfare-in-the-eastern-alps-toward-context-based-thresholds
#20
A Zuliani, M Mair, M Kraševec, I Lora, M Brscic, G Cozzi, C Leeb, M Zupan, C Winckler, S Bovolenta
In the Alps, traditional dairy farms are small-scale operations where vertical transhumance from valley indoor housing systems to highland pasture-based systems is still practiced in summer. Vertical transhumance implies a substantial change of environment, available resources, and management practices from one season to another. In such systems, animal-based welfare measures need to be monitored throughout the year to capture the variation of welfare outcomes, based on which targeted welfare management plans can be implemented...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
keyword
keyword
40053
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"