keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Quality and safety

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109160/antibiotics-for-infection-prevention-after-excision-of-the-cervical-transformation-zone
#1
REVIEW
Chumnan Kietpeerakool, Bandit Chumworathayi, Jadsada Thinkhamrop, Butsakorn Ussahgij, Pisake Lumbiganon
BACKGROUND: Excision of the transformation zone of the cervix is the most commonly used approach to treat cervical precancerous lesions (cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN)) to reduce the risk of developing cervical cancer. As the excision of the transformation zone leaves a raw area on the cervix, there is a risk of infection following the procedure. The incidence of infection after cold knife conization (CKC) is 36%, whereas the incidence for large loop excision of the transformation zone (LLETZ, also known as loop electrical excision procedure (LEEP)) is much lower (0...
January 21, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108139/emergency-department-waiting-room-nurse-role-a-key-informant-perspective
#2
Innes Kelli, Jackson Debra, Plummer Virginia, Elliott Doug
BACKGROUND: Emergency departments have become overcrowded with increased waiting times. Strategies to decrease waiting times include time-based key performance indicators and introduction of a waiting room nurse role. The aim of the waiting room nurse role is to expedite care by assessing and managing patients in the waiting room. There is limited literature examining this role. METHODS: This paper presents results of semi-structured interviews with five key informants to explore why and how the waiting room nurse role was implemented in Australian emergency departments...
January 17, 2017: Australasian Emergency Nursing Journal: AENJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107995/multivariate-optimization-of-headspace-trap-for-furan-and-furfural-simultaneous-determination-in-sponge-cake
#3
Mayela Cepeda-Vázquez, David Blumenthal, Valérie Camel, Barbara Rega
Furan, a possibly carcinogenic compound to humans, and furfural, a naturally occurring volatile contributing to aroma, can be both found in thermally treated foods. These process-induced compounds, formed by close reaction pathways, play an important role as markers of food safety and quality. A method capable of simultaneously quantifying both molecules is thus highly relevant for developing mitigation strategies and preserving the sensory properties of food at the same time. We have developed a unique reliable and sensitive headspace trap (HS trap) extraction method coupled to GC-MS for the simultaneous quantification of furan and furfural in a solid processed food (sponge cake)...
March 1, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107576/non-invasive-anaesthetic-methods-for-dermatological-laser-procedures-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
K Greveling, E P Prens, L Liu, M B A van Doorn
Pain is a common side-effect of dermatological laser procedures. Non-invasive anaesthetic drugs and anaesthetic procedures can be used to provide pain relief and increase patient satisfaction and treatment efficacy. However, it remains unclear which method provides the best pain relief. The objective of this systematic review was therefore to assess the efficacy and safety of non-invasive anaesthetic methods during dermatological laser procedures. A systematic literature search was conducted. Randomized and non-randomized controlled clinical trials (RCTs and CCTs) were included...
January 20, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107451/effect-of-nocturnal-hemodialysis-versus-conventional-hemodialysis-on-end-stage-renal-disease-a-meta-analysis-and-systematic-review
#5
Fangjie Liu, Yiting Sun, Tianhua Xu, Li Sun, Linlin Liu, Wei Sun, Xin Feng, Jianfei Ma, Lining Wang, Li Yao
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to assess the efficacy and safety of nocturnal hemodialysis on end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients. METHODS: We searched Medline, EmBase, and the Cochrance Central Register of Controlled Trials for studies up to January 2016. Analysis was done to compare variant outcomes of different hemodialysis schedules, including mortality, cardiovascular-associated variables, uremia-associated variables, quality of life (QOL), side-effects, and drug usage...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107397/efficacy-and-safety-of-everolimus-for-maintenance-immunosuppression-of-kidney-transplantation-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#6
Jinyu Liu, Dong Liu, Juan Li, Lan Zhu, Chengliang Zhang, Kai Lei, Qiling Xu, Ruxu You
BACKGROUND: Conversion to everolimus is often used in kidney transplantation to overcome calcineurin inhibitor (CNI) nephrotoxicity but there is conflicting evidence for this approach. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the benefits and harm from randomized clinical trials (RCTs) involving the conversion from CNI to everolimus after kidney transplantation. METHODS: Databases were searched up to March 2016. Two reviewers independently assessed trials for eligibility and quality, and extracted data...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107394/quality-of-documentation-as-a-surrogate-marker-for-awareness-and-training-effectiveness-of-phtls-courses-part-of-the-prospective-longitudinal-mixed-methods-epptc-trial
#7
David Häske, Stefan K Beckers, Marzellus Hofmann, Rolf Lefering, Bernhard Gliwitzky, Christoph C Wölfl, Paul Grützner, Ulrich Stöckle, Marc Dieroff, Matthias Münzberg
OBJECTIVE: Care for severely injured patients requires multidisciplinary teamwork. A decrease in the number of accident victims ultimately affects the routine and skills. PHTLS ("Pre-Hospital Trauma Life Support") courses are established two-day courses for medical and non-medical rescue service personnel, aimed at improving the pre-hospital care of trauma patients worldwide. The study aims the examination of the quality of documentation before and after PHTLS courses as a surrogate endpoint of training effectiveness and awareness...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107335/aromatherapy-using-essential-oils-as-a-supportive-therapy%C3%A2
#8
Debra Reis, Tisha Jones
Essential oils can be a great adjunct to cancer care, aiding in the management of side effects, such as insomnia and nausea. Healthcare professionals should be knowledgeable about the quality and safety of essential oils when using them for clinical purposes. Using lesser quality essential oils and not understanding safety guidelines can negatively affect clinical outcomes. This article provides an overview of how nurses can help patients with cancer safely use essential oils as a supportive therapy.
.
February 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107173/electronic-cigarettes-and-indoor-air-quality-a-review-of-studies-using-human-volunteers
#9
Najihah Zainol Abidin, Emilia Zainal Abidin, Aziemah Zulkifli, Karmegam Karuppiah, Sharifah Norkhadijah Syed Ismail, Amer Siddiq Amer Nordin
OBJECTIVE: This paper is primarily aimed to review articles on electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) focusing on indoor air quality (IAQ) assessment that were conducted using human volunteers under natural settings that mimic actual vaping scenarios. Such studies may give a better representation of the actual potential exposure towards e-cigarettes emissions in indoor settings. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted using PubMed search engine database...
January 20, 2017: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106160/evaluation-of-three-block-anesthesia-methods-for-pain-management-during-mandibular-third-molar-extraction-a-meta-analysis
#10
Fanyuan Yu, Yao Xiao, Hanghang Liu, Fanzi Wu, Feng Lou, Dian Chen, Mingru Bai, Dingming Huang, Chenglin Wang, Ling Ye
A patient's pain during mandibular third molar extraction often creates problems for a dental surgeon and can also cause immense patient discomfort, such as decreased quality of life, serious complications, or even danger to the patients' lives. Effective pain management is therefore of great importance. Conventional block anesthesia method often fails to control such pain completely during an operation. Therefore, two available alternatives, Gow-Gates (G-G) and Vazirani-Akinosi (V-A) methods, have been developed...
January 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105882/quality-improvement-in-hospitals-barriers-and-facilitators
#11
Dick E Zoutman, B Douglas Ford
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to examine quality improvement (QI) initiatives in acute care hospitals, the factors associated with success, and the impacts on patient care and safety. Design/methodology/approach An extensive online survey was completed by senior managers responsible for QI. The survey assessed QI project types, QI methods, staff engagement, and barriers and factors in the success of QI initiatives. Findings The response rate was 37 percent, 46 surveys were completed from 125 acute care hospitals...
February 13, 2017: International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105733/vitamin-d-supplementation-for-sickle-cell-disease
#12
REVIEW
Htoo Htoo Kyaw Soe, Adinegara Bl Abas, Nan Nitra Than, Han Ni, Jaspal Singh, Abdul Razzak Bin Mohd Said, Ifeyinwa Osunkwo
BACKGROUND: Sickle cell disease is a genetic chronic haemolytic and pro-inflammatory disorder. The clinical manifestations of sickle cell disease result from the presence of mutations on the beta globin genes that generate an abnormal haemoglobin product (called haemoglobin S) within the red blood cell. Sickle cell disease can lead to many complications such as acute chest syndrome, stroke, acute and chronic bone complications (including painful vaso-occlusive crisis, osteomyelitis, osteonecrosis and osteoporosis)...
January 20, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105496/cirse-guidelines-on-percutaneous-vertebral-augmentation
#13
Georgia Tsoumakidou, Chow Wei Too, Guillaume Koch, Jean Caudrelier, Roberto Luigi Cazzato, Julien Garnon, Afshin Gangi
Vertebral compression fracture (VCF) is an important cause of severe debilitating back pain, adversely affecting quality of life, physical function, psychosocial performance, mental health and survival. Different vertebral augmentation procedures (VAPs) are used in order to consolidate the VCFs, relief pain,and whenever posible achieve vertebral body height restoration. In the present review we give the indications, contraindications, safety profile and outcomes of the existing percutaneous VAPs.
January 19, 2017: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104697/male-birthweight-semen-quality-and-birth-outcomes
#14
B W Whitcomb, M S Bloom, S Kim, Z Chen, G M Buck Louis
STUDY QUESTION: What are the relations among birthweight (BW), semen parameters and birth outcomes in a population-based sample? SUMMARY ANSWER: BW is unrelated to semen parameters, which are in turn unrelated to birth outcomes. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: In clinical settings, there has been suggestion that semen parameters are related to BW when comparing fertile and infertile men; however, findings have been less clear in more general populations...
January 18, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104490/increasing-trainee-reporting-of-adverse-events-with-monthly-trainee-directed-review-of-adverse-events
#15
Alla Smith, Jonathan Hatoun, James Moses
OBJECTIVE: Underreporting of adverse events by physicians is a barrier to improving patient safety. In an effort to increase resident and medical student (hereafter "trainee") reporting of adverse events, trainees developed and led a monthly conference during which they reviewed adverse-event reports, identified system vulnerabilities and designed solutions to those vulnerabilities. METHODS: Monthly conferences over the 22-month study period were led by pediatric trainees, and attended by fellow trainees, departmental leadership, and members of the hospital's quality improvement team...
January 16, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104414/dissolution-failure-of-solid-oral-drug-products-in-field-alert-reports
#16
Dajun Sun, Meng Hu, Mark Browning, Rick L Friedman, Wenlei Jiang, Liang Zhao, Hong Wen
From 2005 to 2014, 370 data entries of dissolution failures of solid oral drug products were assessed with respect to the solubility of drug substances, dosage forms (immediate release (IR) vs. modified release (MR)), and manufacturers (brand-name vs. generic). The study results show that the solubility of drug substances does not play a significant role in dissolution failures; however, MR drug products fail dissolution tests more frequently than IR drug products. When multiple variables were analyzed simultaneously, poorly water-soluble IR drug products failed the most dissolution tests, followed by poorly soluble MR drug products and very soluble MR drug products...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104022/-immune-checkpoint-inhibitor-therapy-in-advanced-head-and-neck-cancer
#17
W Hang, Z X Xu, Q Zhang, X Lu, G Liu
Immune checkpoint inhibitor therapy, which targets regulatory pathways in T cells to enhance antitumor immune responses, improves the life quality of cancer patients and has joined the ranks of surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy to become a major choice for cancer therapy. Over the past few years, multiple exciting results have been obtained on checkpoint inhibitor therapy in advanced head and neck cancer. However, questions such as patient selection and biomarkers for assessing the therapy are largely unsolved...
January 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103925/protocol-for-a-realist-review-of-workplace-learning-in-postgraduate-medical-education-and-training
#18
Anel Wiese, Caroline Kilty, Colm Bergin, Patrick Flood, Na Fu, Mary Horgan, Agnes Higgins, Bridget Maher, Grainne O'Kane, Lucia Prihodova, Dubhfeasa Slattery, Deirdre Bennett
BACKGROUND: Postgraduate medical education and training (PGMET) is a complex social process which happens predominantly during the delivery of patient care. The clinical learning environment (CLE), the context for PGMET, shapes the development of the doctors who learn and work within it, ultimately impacting the quality and safety of patient care. Clinical workplaces are complex, dynamic systems in which learning emerges from non-linear interactions within a network of related factors and activities...
January 19, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103911/comparison-of-the-effectiveness-and-safety-of-topical-versus-intravenous-tranexamic-acid-in-primary-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#19
Tao-Ping Chen, Yu-Min Chen, Jian-Bao Jiao, Yun-Fei Wang, Li-Gang Qian, Zhao Guo, Zheng Ma, Cui-Yu Han, Tong-Huan Shi
BACKGROUND: This study aims to compare the effectiveness and safety of topical versus intravenous tranexamic acid (TXA) in reducing blood loss in primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA). METHODS: PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Library, Web of Science, Chinese Biomedicine Literature (CBM), Wanfang Database and China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), and Google Scholar were searched for randomized controlled studies (RCTs) that compared topical versus intravenous TXA in terms of reducing blood loss during TKA from their inception to September 2015...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103444/efficacy-and-safety-of-a-recombinant-factor-viii-produced-from-a-human-cell-line-simoctocog-alfa
#20
Massimo Franchini, Pier Mannuccio Mannucci
The development of inhibitors against infused factor VIII (FVIII) has a detrimental impact on health and quality of life of patients with hemophilia A. Several observational studies and a recently published randomized trial indicate that the inhibitor risk in previously untreated patients (PUPs) is higher following the use of recombinant FVIII (rFVIII) products compared with plasma-derived FVIII concentrates. There is currently a great interest towards newer rFVIII products that adopt various technological solutions to reduce the inhibitor risk...
January 19, 2017: Expert Opinion on Drug Safety
keyword
keyword
40053
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"