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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551894/-advanced-abdominal-pregnancy
#1
REVIEW
David Rabinerson, Alexandra Berezowsky, Rinnat Gabbay-Benziv
Abdominal pregnancy is a very rare obstetric complication which is seriously hazardous to the mother as well as the fetus. It poses a diagnostic challenge to this day. Both maternal and fetal mortality rates in such cases are high, as well as the malformation rate among the affected fetus. The best diagnostic tools are ultrasound and MRI. The availability of these instruments, and especially the latter, is scarce in developing countries, hence the higher rate of this type of pregnancy in these regions. The higher incidence of abdominal pregnancy in developing countries is also associated with the greater prevalence of low socioeconomic status, pelvic infections and infertility - all are more prevalent in these countries...
February 2017: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551838/5-ala-fluorescence-in-intraparenchymal-endodermal-cysts
#2
José Pedro Lavrador, Christian Brogna, Francesco Vergani, Fay Greenway, Miren Aizpurua, Ranj Bhangoo
In recent years, new indications have been suggested for 5-ALA, particularly for cystic lesions. We report the use of 5-ALA fluorescence in an intraparenchymal supratentorial endodermal cyst of a 52-year-old female presenting with headache, progressive right side hemiparesis and anomic aphasia. She underwent an image-guided 5-ALA-assisted left minicraniotomy for fenestration of the cystic lesion into the ventricular system. The capsule of the cyst was noted to fluoresce with 5-ALA. She recovered from the previous deficits and the cyst decreased in size...
May 27, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551812/utilization-of-starch-enriched-brewery-rice-wine-waste-for-mixotrophic-cultivation-of-ettlia-sp-yc001-used-in-biodiesel-production
#3
Yeji Kam, Mina Sung, Hoon Cho, Chang-Min Kang, Jungmin Kim, Jong-In Han
Starch-enriched brewery waste (SBW), an unexplored feedstock, was investigated as a nutritious low-cost source for the mixotrophic cultivation of Ettlia sp. YC001 for biodiesel production. Stirring, autoclaving, and sonication were assessed for the SBW, in conjunction with pH. Stirring at 55 °C was found to be the best, in terms of the effectiveness of starch hydrolysis and yeast disintegration as well as cost. The treated solutions were found to support the mixotrophic growth of microalgae: 20 g/L of glucose medium resulted in the highest biomass production of 9...
May 27, 2017: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551656/assessments-of-neoadjuvant-hormone-therapy-followed-by-robotic-assisted-radical-prostatectomy-for-intermediate-and-high-risk-prostate-cancer
#4
Ju-Chuan Hu, Sheng-Chun Hung, Yen-Chuan Ou
BACKGROUND/AIM: It is still unclear whether neoadjuvant hormone therapy (NHT) followed by radical prostatectomy is the best treatment option for advanced prostate cancer. This study aimed to evaluate the benefits of NHT followed by robotic-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RaLP) in locally advanced prostate cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study included 48 patients that had received NHT prior to RaLP by a single surgeon. The control group was selected using computerized 1:1 ratio matching...
June 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551544/molecular-assessment-of-protective-effect-of-vitex-negundo-in-iso-induced-myocardial-infarction-in-rats
#5
Maruthi Prasad E, Ramgopal Mopuri, Madhusudana Pulaganti, Mohammed Abdul Kareem, Md Shahidul Islam, Dase Gowda K R, Mackraj Irene, Yingli Lu, Lakshmi Devi Kodidhela
Myocardial infarction (MI) is the one of the major causes of death worldwide, however the molecular mechanisms hidden under this disease conditions remain unknown. This demands serious attention to unravel the molecular mechanisms to identify the therapeutic strategies either to prevent or to control MI. Ayurveda is becoming one of the best alternatives for the modern medicines. On the other hand, Vitex negundo is one of the medicinally important plants used for various diseases and to date, its cardioprotective role is not fully elucidated...
May 24, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551540/bisphenol-a-alternatives-in-thermal-paper-from-the-netherlands-spain-sweden-and-norway-screening-and-potential-toxicity
#6
Maria K Björnsdotter, Willem Jonker, Jessica Legradi, Jeroen Kool, Ana Ballesteros-Gómez
Thermal paper contains potentially toxic additives, such as bisphenol A (BPA), as a common color developer. Because of its known endocrine disrupting effects, structural analogues to BPA, such as bisphenol S (BPS), D-8 and Pergafast 201, have been used as alternatives, but little is known about the presence and toxicological effects of alternatives other than BPS. In this study, thermal paper is screened by direct probe ambient mass spectrometry (rapid pre-screening method not requiring sample preparation) and by liquid chromatography (LC) with high resolution time-of flight (TOF-MS) mass spectrometry...
May 25, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551489/post-reperfusion-syndrome-during-orthotopic-liver-transplantation-which-definition-best-predicts-postoperative-graft-failure-and-recipient-mortality
#7
Antonio Siniscalchi, Lorenzo Gamberini, Tommaso Bardi, Cristiana Laici, Matteo Ravaioli, Maria Letizia Bacchi Reggiani, Stefano Faenza
Post-reperfusion syndrome during orthotopic liver transplantation, which definition best predicts postoperative graft failure and recipient mortality? PURPOSE: Post-reperfusion syndrome (PRS) is a serious complication of liver transplantation, at present two main definitions are in use, and they differ both clinically and temporally. The primary objective of this study was to evaluate these two definitions as risk factors for post-transplantation mortality and primary graft non-function...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551472/student-outbreak-response-teams-lessons-learned-from-a-decade-of-collaboration
#8
K Pogreba-Brown, J Weiss, G Briggs, A Taylor, M Schumacher, B England, R B Harris
OBJECTIVES: Student response teams within colleges of public health effectively address important concerns for two stakeholders. For universities, students learn the fundamentals of field epidemiology and provide popular training and networking opportunities. For health departments, students serve as surge capacity as trained workforce available during outbreak investigations and potentially for routine tasks. STUDY DESIGN: This paper describes the interaction between a student response team and several health departments utilizing specific examples to demonstrate the various roles and activities students can fulfill...
May 25, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551462/rationalization-of-a-nanoparticle-based-nicotine-nanovaccine-as-an-effective-next-generation-nicotine-vaccine-a-focus-on-hapten-localization
#9
Zongmin Zhao, Yun Hu, Theresa Harmon, Paul Pentel, Marion Ehrich, Chenming Zhang
A lipid-polymeric hybrid nanoparticle-based next-generation nicotine nanovaccine was rationalized in this study to combat nicotine addiction. A series of nanovaccines, which had nicotine-haptens localized on carrier protein (LPKN), nanoparticle surface (LPNK), or both (LPNKN), were designed to study the impact of hapten localization on their immunological efficacy. All three nanovaccines were efficiently taken up and processed by dendritic cells. LPNKN induced a significantly higher immunogenicity against nicotine and a significantly lower anti-carrier protein antibody level compared to LPKN and LPNK...
May 19, 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551434/impact-of-phosphate-solubilizing-bacteria-inoculation-methods-on-phosphorus-transformation-and-long-term-utilization-in-composting
#10
Yuquan Wei, Yue Zhao, Yuying Fan, Qian Lu, Mingxiao Li, Qingbin Wei, Yi Zhao, Zhenyu Cao, Zimin Wei
This study aimed to assess the effect of phosphate-solubilizing bacteria (PSB) application and inoculation methods on rock phosphate (RP) solubilization and bacterial community during composting. The results showed that PSB inoculation in different stages of composting, especially both in the beginning and cooling stages, not only improved the diversity and abundance of PSB and bacterial community, but also distinctly increased the content of potential available phosphorus. Redundancy analysis indicated that the combined inoculation of PSB in the initial stage with higher inoculation amount and in the cooling stage with lower inoculation amount was the best way to improve the inoculation effect and increase the solubilization and utilization of RP during composting...
May 19, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551388/anaplastic-lymphoma-kinase-protein-positive-diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma-a-developing-world-experience
#11
Huzaifah Salat, Nasir Ud Din, Tariq Moatter, Naila Kayani, Arsalan Ahmed
Anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) positive diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (ALK+DLBCL) is a rare, distinct and aggressive subtype of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL). These tumors are considered to be derived from post-germinal center B cells but peculiarly their distinction is based on the fact that they are ALK-positive neoplastic B cells but lack expression of B cell markers (CD19,CD20, CD79a), T cell markers (CD3, CD5) and CD30. Its broad differential diagnosis and similarities to plasmablastic lymphoma, immunoblastic DLBCL, Anaplastic large-cell lymphoma (ALCL) of T-null cell lineage, and poorly differentiated/anaplastic carcinoma pose a grave challenge to physicians with conventional costly treatment for DLBCL failing to yield any clinical or prognostic significance in ALK+DLBCL...
March 6, 2017: Pathology, Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551384/cpeb4-immunohistochemical-expression-is-associated-to-prognosis-in-stage-iv-colorectal-carcinoma
#12
D Cortés-Guiral, C Pastor-Iodate, C Díaz Del Arco, L Del Puerto-Nevado, M J Fernández-Aceñero
The cytoplasmic polyadenylation element binding protein 4 (CPEB4) is a RNA binding protein and translational regulator. It has been associated with tumor growth, vascularization and invasion and with tumor progression in breast, pancreas and lung carcinomas. To the best of our knowledge only one previous report has analyzed the prognostic value of CPEB4 in an experimental model of colorectal carcinoma. We have reviewed the files of patients with stage IV colorectal carcinoma metastatic to the liver. All the patients had received chemotherapy followed by hepatic metastasis resection and subsequent resection of the colon (liver-first approach)...
May 6, 2017: Pathology, Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551383/a-exceptional-collision-tumor-of-primary-adrenal-angiosarcoma-and-non-functioning-adrenocortical-adenoma
#13
Katsumi Takizawa, Kenichi Kohashi, Takahito Negishi, Kenichi Taguchi, Yuichi Yamada, Motonobu Nakamura, Yoshinao Oda
Primary adrenal angiosarcoma is an extremely rare vascular tumor. We report a case of a 63-year-old man with a collision tumor of epithelioid angiosarcoma and adrenocortical adenoma of the right adrenal gland. The adrenal tumor was incidentally observed by a preoperative computed tomography (CT) scan of penis squamous cell carcinoma. The patient underwent a right laparoscopic adrenalectomy, and the tumor size measured 34×34×15mm. Histological examination revealed two different tumor cell proliferations, namely epithelioid angiosarcoma and adrenocortical adenoma...
April 19, 2017: Pathology, Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551362/an-evaluation-of-different-measures-of-color-saturation
#14
Florian Schiller, Matteo Valsecchi, Karl R Gegenfurtner
We investigated how well seven saturation measures defined in CIECAM02, HSV, DKL, LAB, LUV, and CIE 1931 xyY color spaces correspond to human perception of saturation. We used a paradigm that allowed us to measure the perceived saturation of several standard color stimuli in many different directions of color space. We implemented this paradigm at different levels of luminance and varied background luminance relative to the luminance of our color stimuli in order to ensure the generality of our approach. We found that varying background luminance changed the relative saturation of the standard colors...
May 24, 2017: Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551355/roles-of-diacylglycerols-and-ceramides-in-hepatic-insulin-resistance
#15
REVIEW
Max C Petersen, Gerald I Shulman
Although ample evidence links hepatic lipid accumulation with hepatic insulin resistance, the mechanistic basis of this association is incompletely understood and controversial. Diacylglycerols (DAGs) and ceramides have emerged as the two best-studied putative mediators of lipid-induced hepatic insulin resistance. Both lipids were first associated with insulin resistance in skeletal muscle and were subsequently hypothesized to mediate insulin resistance in the liver. However, the putative roles for DAGs and ceramides in hepatic insulin resistance have proved more complex than originally imagined, with various genetic and pharmacologic manipulations yielding a vast and occasionally contradictory trove of data to sort...
May 24, 2017: Trends in Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551296/a-decade-long-telemedicine-screening-program-for-diabetic-retinopathy-in-the-north-east-of-italy
#16
Stela Vujosevic, Porzia Pucci, Margherita Casciano, AnnaRita Daniele, Silvia Bini, Marianna Berton, Fabiano Cavarzeran, Angelo Avogaro, Annunziata Lapolla, Edoardo Midena
AIM: To describe a decade long telemedicine screening for diabetic retinopathy (DR) in the metropolitan area of Padova (North-East Italy) and to report about prevalence/incidence of DR and maculopathy, rate of progression to STDR and optimal screening interval in patients with no DR at first examination. METHODS: Observational, longitudinal, cohort study; 9347 patients with Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) underwent 17,344 fundus exams (three-45° color photos per eye) in two diabetes clinics and were graded in the Reading Centre, by certified personnel...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551295/corneal-confocal-microscopy-best-identifies-the-development-and-progression-of-neuropathy-in-patients-with-type-1-diabetes
#17
Katie Edwards, Nicola Pritchard, Cirous Dehghani, Dimitrios Vagenas, Anthony Russell, Rayaz A Malik, Nathan Efron
A sub-set of 38 individuals with type 1 diabetes that fulfilled a strict criterion of "normal" classification for all 7 measures of neuropathy at baseline, were identified and followed. Corneal nerve morphology, as captured with corneal confocal microscopy demonstrated the greatest, and most sustained degeneration over a 4 year period.
May 5, 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551278/reducing-construction-waste-a-study-of-urban-infrastructure-projects
#18
REVIEW
Ruane Fernandes de Magalhães, Ângela de Moura Ferreira Danilevicz, Tarcisio Abreu Saurin
The construction industry is well-known for producing waste detrimental to the environment, and its impacts have increased with the development process of cities. Although there are several studies focused on the environmental impact of residential and commercial buildings, less knowledge is available regarding decreasing construction waste (CW) generation in urban infrastructure projects. This study presents best practices to reduce waste in the said projects, stressing the role of decision-making in the design stage and the effective management of construction processes in public sector...
May 24, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551244/rapid-and-selective-detection-of-e-coli-o157-h7-combining-phagomagnetic-separation-with-enzymatic-colorimetry
#19
Yun Zhang, Chenghui Yan, Hang Yang, Junping Yu, Hongping Wei
Mammal IgG antibodies are normally used in conventional immunoassays for E. coli O157:H7, which could lead to false positive results from the presence of protein A producing S. aureus. In this study, a natural specific bacteriophage was isolated and then conjugated with magnetic beads as a capture element in a sandwich format for the rapid and selective detection of E. coli O157:H7. To the best of our knowledge, it was the first time to utilize a natural bacteriophage to develop a phagomagnetic separation combined with colorimetric assay for E...
November 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551200/factors-associated-with-indigenous-youths-abstinence-from-drinking
#20
Kelley J Sittner
The proportion of youth who abstain from alcohol use decreases during adolescence but little attention has focused on factors associated with abstinence. No research has examined this question for Indigenous youth, many of whom live in communities experiencing high rates of alcohol-related health problems. Using data from a longitudinal study of Indigenous youth (n = 649, ages 10-17 years) in the U.S. and Canada, the current study investigates factors associated promoting or decreasing abstaining from alcohol use...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
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