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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806786/an-economic-evaluation-of-vector-control-in-the-age-of-a-dengue-vaccine
#1
Christopher Fitzpatrick, Alexander Haines, Mathieu Bangert, Andrew Farlow, Janet Hemingway, Raman Velayudhan
INTRODUCTION: Dengue is a rapidly emerging vector-borne Neglected Tropical Disease, with a 30-fold increase in the number of cases reported since 1960. The economic cost of the illness is measured in the billions of dollars annually. Environmental change and unplanned urbanization are conspiring to raise the health and economic cost even further beyond the reach of health systems and households. The health-sector response has depended in large part on control of the Aedes aegypti and Ae...
August 14, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806640/the-importance-of-nutrition-in-aiding-recovery-from-substance-use-disorders-a-review
#2
REVIEW
Kendall D Jeynes, E Leigh Gibson
BACKGROUND: Nutrition is a prerequisite for health; yet, there is no special nutritional assessment or guidance for drug and alcohol dependent individuals, despite the fact that their food consumption is often very limited, risking malnutrition. Further, the premise is examined that malnutrition may promote drug seeking and impede recovery from substance use disorders (SUD). METHOD: A narrative review addressed the relationship between substance use disorders and nutrition, including evidence for malnutrition, as well as their impact on metabolism and appetite regulation...
August 4, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806639/a-developmental-etiological-model-for-drug-abuse-in-men
#3
Kenneth S Kendler, Henrik Ohlsson, Alexis C Edwards, Jan Sundquist, Kristina Sundquist
BACKGROUND: We attempt to develop a relatively comprehensive structural model of risk factors for drug abuse (DA) in Swedish men that illustrates developmental and mediational processes. METHODS: We examined 20 risk factors for DA in 48,369 men undergoing conscription examinations in 1969-70 followed until 2011 when 2.34% (n=1134) of them had DA ascertained in medical, criminal and pharmacy registries. Risk factors were organized into four developmental tiers reflecting i) birth, ii) childhood/early adolescence, iii) late adolescence, and iv) young adulthood...
July 29, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806607/dissociation-in-patients-with-borderline-personality-disorder-in-acute-inpatient-care-a-latent-profile-analysis
#4
Susanne Jaeger, Tilman Steinert, Carmen Uhlmann, Erich Flammer, Dana Bichescu-Burian, Stefan Tschöke
PURPOSE: Dissociation is a common symptom in Borderline Personality disorder (BPD) and its consideration is important for the therapeutic outcome. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to scrutinize the co-occurrence of BPD symptoms and dissociative experiences. In particular, we were interested in the occurrence of specific symptom clusters characterizing qualitatively different patient groups in a clinical sample of BPD patients. BASIC PROCEDURES: We analyzed the data of 103 patients in a specialized acute inpatient care crisis intervention unit...
July 20, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806574/quantitative-diffusion-weighted-magnetic-resonance-imaging-assessment-of-chemotherapy-treatment-response-of-pediatric-osteosarcoma-and-ewing-sarcoma-malignant-bone-tumors
#5
Andrew J Degnan, Chul Y Chung, Amisha J Shah
OBJECTIVE: Assessment of tumor response to chemotherapy is essential in managing malignant pediatric bone tumors prior to resection. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Pre-chemotherapy and post-chemotherapy osteosarcoma and Ewing sarcoma cases (n=18) were analyzed with apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values measured by two readers. RESULTS: Treated tumors demonstrated significantly greater ADC values compared to untreated tumors (p<0.001). Intraclass correlation coefficients ranged between 0...
August 5, 2017: Clinical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806548/seasonal-variation-characteristic-of-inhalable-microbial-communities-in-pm2-5-in-beijing-city-china
#6
Pengrui Du, Rui Du, Weishan Ren, Zedong Lu, Pingqing Fu
Bacteria and fungi are primary constituents of airborne microbes in fine particulate matter (PM2.5) and significantly impact human health. However, hitherto, seasonal variation and effect of air pollution on microbial community composition and structure are poorly understood. This study analyzed the bacterial and fungal composition of PM2.5 under different air pollution levels during different seasons in Beijing. We altogether collected 75PM2.5 samples during four seasons from April 2014 to January 2015, under different air pollution levels and employed high-throughput sequencing methods to analyze microbial composition...
August 11, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806445/use-of-laboratory-markers-in-addition-to-symptoms-for-diagnosis-of-inflammatory-bowel-disease-in-children-a-meta-analysis-of-individual-patient-data
#7
Gea A Holtman, Yvonne Lisman-van Leeuwen, Andrew S Day, Ulrika L Fagerberg, Paul Henderson, Stevan T Leach, Gøri Perminow, David Mack, Patrick F van Rheenen, Els van de Vijver, David C Wilson, Johannes B Reitsma, Marjolein Y Berger
Importance: Blood markers and fecal calprotectin are used in the diagnostic workup for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in pediatric patients. Any added diagnostic value of these laboratory markers remains unclear. Objective: To determine whether adding laboratory markers to evaluation of signs and symptoms improves accuracy when diagnosing pediatric IBD. Data Sources: A literature search of MEDLINE and EMBASE from inception through September 26, 2016...
August 14, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806339/cognitive-evaluation-of-cochlear-implanted-adults-using-codex-and-moca-screening-tests
#8
Emmanuèle Ambert-Dahan, Shirley Routier, Lucie Marot, Didier Bouccara, Olivier Sterkers, Evelyne Ferrary, Isabelle Mosnier
OBJECTIVE: The relationship between hearing loss and cognitive function has already been established. The objective of our study was to determine whether the two short cognitive tests, COgnitive Disorders EXamination (CODEX) and Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA), could be used in daily clinical practice to detect cognitive impairment, and its changes after cochlear implantation. PATIENTS: Eighteen patients with severe to profound postlingual progressive hearing loss (mean age ± SEM: 64 ± 3...
September 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806337/the-sound-quality-of-cochlear-implants-studies-with-single-sided-deaf-patients
#9
Michael F Dorman, Sarah Cook Natale, Austin M Butts, Daniel M Zeitler, Matthew L Carlson
OBJECTIVE: The goal of the present study was to assess the sound quality of a cochlear implant for single-sided deaf (SSD) patients fit with a cochlear implant (CI). BACKGROUND: One of the fundamental, unanswered questions in CI research is "what does an implant sound like?" Conventional CI patients must use the memory of a clean signal, often decades old, to judge the sound quality of their CIs. In contrast, SSD-CI patients can rate the similarity of a clean signal presented to the CI ear and candidate, CI-like signals presented to the ear with normal hearing...
September 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806335/a-smartphone-application-for-customized-frequency-table-selection-in-cochlear-implants
#10
Daniel Jethanamest, Mahan Azadpour, Annette M Zeman, Elad Sagi, Mario A Svirsky
HYPOTHESIS: A novel smartphone-based software application can facilitate self-selection of frequency allocation tables (FAT) in postlingually deaf cochlear implant (CI) users. BACKGROUND: CIs use FATs to represent the tonotopic organization of a normal cochlea. Current CI fitting methods typically use a standard FAT for all patients regardless of individual differences in cochlear size and electrode location. In postlingually deaf patients, different amounts of mismatch can result between the frequency-place function they experienced when they had normal hearing and the frequency-place function that results from the standard FAT...
September 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806318/computed-tomography-image-quality-evaluation-of-a-new-iterative-reconstruction-algorithm-in-the-abdomen-adaptive-statistical-iterative-reconstruction-v-a-comparison-with-model-based-iterative-reconstruction-adaptive-statistical-iterative-reconstruction-and
#11
Martin H Goodenberger, Nicolaus A Wagner-Bartak, Shiva Gupta, Xinming Liu, Ramon Q Yap, Jia Sun, Eric P Tamm, Corey T Jensen
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare abdominopelvic computed tomography images reconstructed with adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction-V (ASIR-V) with model-based iterative reconstruction (Veo 3.0), ASIR, and filtered back projection (FBP). METHODS AND MATERIALS: Abdominopelvic computed tomography scans for 36 patients (26 males and 10 females) were reconstructed using FBP, ASIR (80%), Veo 3.0, and ASIR-V (30%, 60%, 90%). Mean ± SD patient age was 32 ± 10 years with mean ± SD body mass index of 26...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806293/-optimizing-your-post-surgical-scars-a-systematic-review-on-best-practices-in-preventative-scar-management-1
#12
Justin L Perez, Rod J Rohrich
BACKGROUND: Scar management is critical for every plastic surgeon's practice and, ultimately, the patient's satisfaction with his or her aesthetic result. Despite the critical nature of this component of routine post-operative care, there has yet to be a comprehensive analysis of the available literature over the last decade to assess the best algorithmic approach to scar care. To this end, a systematic review of best practices in preventative scar management was conducted to elucidate the highest level of evidence available on this subject to date...
August 3, 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806237/botulinum-toxin-use-in-rehabilitation-clinics-a-survey-to-highlight-differences-and-similarities
#13
Rajiv Singh
Spasticity is a complex condition and its management is multifaceted, involving physical therapies as well as interventions with botulinum toxin. There is currently no standard for best practice and also wide variation in spasticity service set-ups and the background of clinicians involved in treatment. This could potentially cause large differences in practice. The aim of this survey was to attempt to identify some of the common elements of service delivery as well as highlight any significant variations in service models...
August 11, 2017: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806233/enhancing-key-competencies-of-health-professionals-in-the-assessment-and-care-of-adults-at-risk-of-suicide-through-education-and-technology
#14
Kathryn Ryan, Claudia Tindall, Gillian Strudwick
PURPOSE: This article describes efforts undertaken to improve the clinical competencies of health professionals in the area of suicide risk assessment, documentation, and care planning. DESCRIPTION OF THE PROJECT: Best practices that fit the mental health and addictions setting were identified from the Registered Nurses' Association of Ontario Best Practice Guideline on Assessment and Care of Adults at Risk for Suicidal Ideation and Behaviour. A variety of methods were used to implement the guidelines at the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health in Toronto, Ontario, Canada...
September 2017: Clinical Nurse Specialist CNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806213/maintenance-of-good-visual-acuity-in-best-disease-associated-with-chronic-bilateral-serous-macular-detachment
#15
Sarra Gattoussi, Camiel J F Boon, K Bailey Freund
PURPOSE: We describe the long-term follow-up of a patient with multifocal Best disease with chronic bilateral serous macular detachment and unusual peripheral findings associated with a novel mutation in the BEST1 gene. METHODS: Case report. RESULTS: A 59-year-old white woman was referred for an evaluation of her macular findings in 1992. There was a family history of Best disease in the patient's mother and a male sibling. Her medical history was unremarkable...
August 10, 2017: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806185/graft-quality-verification-in-coronary-artery-bypass-graft-surgery-how-when-and-why
#16
Teresa M Kieser
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) operation is one of the few remaining operations/interventions on diseased arteries that are not routinely verified during or immediately after the procedure. This review answers the 'how', 'when' and 'why' of intraoperative CABG assessment. RECENT FINDINGS: More recent than new literature on this topic, is the increased interest in quality assurance of CABG. This is most likely due to reports in the last 5 years suggesting CABG superiority to percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for improved mid-term and long-term outcomes; for example, for patients with diabetes mellitus (Freedom Trial by Farkouh in 2012), and for patients with SYNTAX score ≥ 33 (SYNTAX Trial by Mohr in 2013)...
August 12, 2017: Current Opinion in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806148/atrial-fibrillation-ablation
#17
Rakesh Latchamsetty, Fred Morady
The prevalence of atrial fibrillation (AF) has risen significantly over the past two decades. Catheter ablation is an increasingly utilized treatment strategy and has evolved significantly over the same time period. Successful ablation improves patient symptoms, reduces stroke risk, and can preserve or improve cardiac function. Recurrences following ablation can occur, particularly in patients with persistent AF. Procedural efficacy can best be improved through continued advancements in ablation technology and strategy, better understanding of the mechanisms of AF initiation and perpetuation, and rigorous integration of ablation into a multidisciplinary AF management approach...
August 14, 2017: Annual Review of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806122/sexual-attitudes-of-classes-of-college-students-who-use-pornography
#18
Cameron C Brown, Stacy Conner, Amber Vennum
Pornography is widely accepted and used as an appropriate sexual practice. Previous literature has suggested that pornography users may be best viewed through a heterogenetic lens that indicates specific classes of pornography users. Furthering this previous research, a latent profile analysis was conducted using a sample of 635 college students (mean age men 20.22 (standard deviation [SD] = 3.10); women 19.16 [SD = 2.12]) over two time points to not only identify unique classifications of pornography users, but also examine specific sexual attitudes 3 months later of each classification...
August 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806083/the-versatile-personality-of-beryllium-be-o2-1-2-vs-be-co-1-2
#19
Isuru R Ariyarathna, Evangelos Miliordos
To reveal the diverse chemistry of beryllium we employ multi-reference methodologies to study the ground and several excited electronic states of the titled beryllium oxides and carbonyls. The two types of complexes serve as model systems to describe the various ways that beryllium can form chemical bonds. Be(O2), its isomer OBeO, and Be(O2)2 are ionic compounds where beryllium is best represented in its Be(II) oxidation state. On the other hand, CO induces the excitation of one or two 2s electrons of beryllium to its 2p shell...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806010/blastomycosis-and-histoplasmosis-in-a-patient-with-glioblastoma-receiving-temozolomide
#20
Aiham H Jbeli, John Yu
Malignant glioblastoma multiform (GBM) is the most common primary malignancy of the brain in the U.S. Temozolomide (TMZ) is the cornerstone of management along with surgical resection and radiotherapy. Because of the reduction in the CD4+ lymphocyte count as a side effect of TMZ use, this patient population is under risk for opportunistic infections like Pneumocystis jiroveci. A male patient with newly diagnosed glioblastoma multiform presented with non-productive cough and chest pain. Before presentation, the patient received the standard therapy including surgical resection, radiation and TMZ...
October 2016: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
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