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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793054/bacillus-clausii-inhibits-bone-loss-by-skewing-treg-th17-cell-equilibrium-in-postmenopausal-osteoporotic-mice-model
#1
Hamid Y Dar, Subhashis Pal, Prashant Shukla, Pradyumna K Mishra, Geetanjali B Tomar, Naibedya Chattopadhyay, Rupesh K Srivastava
OBJECTIVES: Postmenopausal osteoporosis is one of most commonly occurring skeletal diseases leading to bone loss and fragility. Probiotics have been associated with various immunomodulatory properties and thus can be exploited to enhance bone health. In the present study, we report, to our knowledge for the first time, that oral administration of Bacillus clausii (BC) in postmenopausal osteoporotic (OVX) mice model enhances bone health. METHODS: BC was selected as probiotic of choice due to its established immunomodulatory properties...
March 20, 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790614/effects-of-oral-supplementation-of-probiotic-strains-of-lactobacillus-rhamnosus-and-enterococcus-faecium-on-diarrhoea-events-of-foals-in-their-first-weeks-of-life
#2
Christina Ströbel, Elena Günther, Kristin Romanowski, Kirsten Büsing, Vladimir Urubschurov, Annette Zeyner
Foal first diarrhoea is one of the most prominent problems in the early life of horses. Probiotics might have the potency to prevent or at least diminish neonatal diarrhoea. We hypothesised that the treatment of foals with probiotic strains of Lactobacillus rhamnosus and Enterococcus faecium starting early after birth and then daily over 2 weeks would prevent or mitigate foal heat diarrhoea. The influence of this probiotic treatment on diarrhoea incidence and growth and health performance of young foals was investigated...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783731/-lactobacillus-plantarum-strain-ln4-attenuates-diet-induced-obesity-insulin-resistance-and-changes-in-hepatic-mrna-levels-associated-with-glucose-and-lipid-metabolism
#3
Eunjung Lee, So-Ra Jung, So-Young Lee, Na-Kyoung Lee, Hyun-Dong Paik, Seong-Il Lim
The prevalence of obesity and associated metabolic disorders, including diabetes and cardiovascular disease, is rapidly becoming a severe global health problem. Recent reports have suggested that the alteration of the gut ecosystem through the consumption of probiotics and fermented foods, such as yogurt and Kimchi, can significantly impact obesity and Type 2 diabetes (T2D)-related biomarkers. In this study, we screened over 400 strains of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) that were isolated from fermented foods to identify potent anti-obesogenic and diabetic probiotics in vitro...
May 19, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783212/changes-in-biochemical-parameters-of-oral-fluid-in-patients-during-the-orthodontic-treatment-with-a-bracket-system-under-the-action-of-a-developed-mucosal-gel-with-probiotic
#4
Anna V Voronkova, Lyubov V Smaglyuk
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Many research studies involving orthodontic patients focus on changes in levels of oral microbiocenosis after bracket placement. Based upon this the objective of the current study was to determine the effect of the developed mucosal gel with probiotics on the biochemical parameters of the oral fluid of patients during the orthodontic treatment with a bracket system. The aim: Aim of our study is to determine the effect of the developed mucosal gel with probiotics on the biochemical parameters of the oral fluid of patients during the orthodontic treatment with a bracket system...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782471/new-approach-in-acne-therapy-a-specific-bacteriocin-activity-and-a-targeted-anti-il-8-property-in-just-1-probiotic-strain-the-l-salivarius-ls03
#5
Francesca Deidda, Angela Amoruso, Stefania Nicola, Teresa Graziano, Marco Pane, Luca Mogna
GOALS: The aim of this research was to assess the antibacterial activity of Lactobacillus salivarius LS03 (DSM 22776) against Propionibacterium acnes and its anti-inflammatory properties by inhibiting P. acnes-induced interleukin-8 (IL-8) release. BACKGROUND: Acne is the most common skin disease, causing significant psychosocial problems for those afflicted. Currently available agents for acne treatment, such as oral antibiotics, have limited use. Thus, development of novel agents to treat this disease is needed...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777696/sterilized-bifidobacteria-suppressed-fat-accumulation-and-blood-glucose-level
#6
Keita Kikuchi, Mahmoud Ben Othman, Kazuichi Sakamoto
Probiotics such as Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium improve the balance of intestinal microflora and have various physiological functions beneficial to human health. It is not always known whether the ingested microbial cells are viable- or killed. However, even sterilized bacterial cells are functional. Bacterial cell functions are strain-specific and their modes of action are still poorly understood. The aim of this study was to elucidate the roles of sterilized bifidobacteria in obesity and lipid metabolism...
May 16, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767090/combined-effects-of-chitosan-and-microencapsulated-enterococcus-faecalis-cg1-0007-probiotic-supplementation-on-performance-and-diarrhea-incidences-in-enterotoxigenic-escherichia-coli-k88-challenged-piglets
#7
Kolawole Aluko, Deepak E Velayudhan, Ehsan Khafipour, Aike Li, Yulong Yin, Martin Nyachoti
The aim of this study was to investigate the combined effects of chitosan oligosaccharide (COS) and a microencapsulated Enterococcus faecalis CG1.0007 probiotic (PRO) on growth performance and diarrhea incidences in enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) K88+ challenged piglets in a 14-d study. Thirty piglets, 7.19 ± 0.52 kg initial BW weaned at 21 ± 1 d, were allotted to 5 treatment groups ( n =  6) consisting of a corn-soybean meal diet with no additive (negative control, NC), NC + 0.25% chlortetracycline (positive control, PC), NC + 400 mg/kg COS (COS), NC + 100 mg/kg PRO (PRO) and NC + a combination of COS and PRO (CPRO)...
December 2017: Animal nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765997/effects-of-oral-probiotic-feeding-on-toll-like-receptor-gene-expression-of-the-chicken-s-cecal-tonsil
#8
Fatemeh Asgari, Reza Falak, Shahram Teimourian, Babak Pourakbari, Salimeh Ebrahimnezhad, Mehdi Shekarabi
Background: It was proposed that probiotics may influence immune system through direct or indirect exposure. Direct exposure is mostly mediated by surface receptors. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are conserved molecular sensors which could be triggered via some pathogen associated structures, hence, modulate the immune responses. This study was conducted to elucidate the impact of lactobacillus acidophilus as a common probiotic on the expression level of TLRs in the chicken's cecal tonsil...
April 2018: Reports of Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763353/effect-of-probiotic-lactobacillus-reuteri-on-salivary-cariogenic-bacterial-counts-among-groups-of-preschool-children-in-jeddah-saudi-arabia-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#9
Najlaa M Alamoudi, Eman S Almabadi, Eman A El Ashiry, Douaa A El Derwi
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of probiotic Lactobacilli reuteri lozenges on caries-associated salivary bacterial counts (Mutans streptococci and Lactobacillus), dental plaque accumulation, and salivary buffer capacity in a group of preschool children. STUDY DESIGN: The study group consisted of 178 healthy children (aged 3-6 years). Children were randomly grouped: the experimental group (n = 90) received L. reuteri probiotic lozenges and the control group (n = 88) received placebo lozenges, twice daily, for 28 days...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762873/l-ornithine-l-aspartate-for-prevention-and-treatment-of-hepatic-encephalopathy-in-people-with-cirrhosis
#10
REVIEW
Ee Teng Goh, Caroline S Stokes, Sandeep S Sidhu, Hendrik Vilstrup, Lise Lotte Gluud, Marsha Y Morgan
BACKGROUND: Hepatic encephalopathy is a common complication of cirrhosis and has high associated morbidity and mortality. The condition is classified as overt if it is clinically apparent or minimal if only evident though psychometric testing. The exact pathogenesis of this syndrome is unknown although ammonia is thought to play a key role. L-ornithine L-aspartate has ammonia-lowering properties and may, therefore, benefit people with cirrhosis and hepatic encephalopathy. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the beneficial and harmful effects of L-ornithine L-aspartate versus placebo, no intervention, or other active interventions in people with cirrhosis and hepatic encephalopathy...
May 15, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760423/simultaneous-amelioratation-of-colitis-and-liver-injury-in-mice-by-bifidobacterium-longum-lc67-and-lactobacillus-plantarum-lc27
#11
Se-Eun Jang, Jin-Ju Jeong, Jeon-Kyung Kim, Myung Joo Han, Dong-Hyun Kim
Disturbances in the gut microbiota composition are associated with chronic inflammatory diseases of the intestine and the liver. In a preliminary study, Lactobacillus plantarum LC27 and Bifidobacterium longum LC67 could inhibit Escherichia coli growth and lipopolysaccharide-induced NF-κB activation linked to gut inflammation. Here, we investigated their effects on 2,4,6-trinitrobenzesulfonic acid (TNBS)-induced colitis and liver damage in mice. First, oral administration of LC27 or LC67 (1 × 109 CFU/mouse) inhibited TNBS-induced colon shortening [F(5,30) = 100...
May 14, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750772/the-ins-and-outs-of-an-outside-in-view-of-allergies-atopic-dermatitis-and-allergy-prevention
#12
Marcus Shaker, Robert G P Murray, Julianne A Mann
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The skin barrier is a dynamic innate immune organ. This review summarizes the current understanding of how deficiencies associated with atopic dermatitis invite other atopic disorders of the allergic march. RECENT FINDINGS: Atopic dermatitis is characterized by skin barrier defects (such as mutations in filaggrin), intrinsic proallergic T-helper cell 2 immune dysregulation, and skin microbiome alterations. These factors promote the development of food allergy and asthma...
May 9, 2018: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749362/effects-of-synbiotics-on-ileal-microbiota
#13
Shunichiro Komatsu, Eiji Sakamoto, Takashi Asahara, Koji Nomoto, Masato Nagino
Background & objectives: Despite advancements in molecular-based methods, the composition of the human ileal microbiota and the effects of synbiotics/probiotics on its microbes remain poorly understood. The aim of this study was to determine the composition of the mucus microbiota in the human ileum and to assess the effects of oral administration of synbiotics on the microbiota. Methods: As part of a clinical trial for synbiotics treatment and surgical infection, ileal mucus was sampled when resection of the ileocecal portion was required...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747062/biochemical-characterization-of-a-recombinant-lactobacillus-acidophilus-strain-expressing-exogenous-foma-protein
#14
Li Ma, Fei Li, Xiangyu Zhang, Xiping Feng
In previous research, to combine the immunogenicity of Fusobacterium nucleatum (F. nucleatum) and the probiotic properties of Lactobacillus acidophilus (L. acidophilus), we constructed a FomA-expressing L. acidophilus strain and assessed its immunogenicity. Our findings indicated that oral administration of the recombinant L. acidophilus strain reduced the risk of periodontal infection by Porphyromonas gingivalis (P. gingivalis) and F. nucleatum. However, because the exogenous FomA is an heterologous protein for the original bacterium, in this study, we assessed whether the biochemical characteristics of the recombinant L...
April 30, 2018: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745777/current-experimental-and-future-treatments-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease-a-clinical-review
#15
Christian L Hvas, Mia Bendix, Anders Dige, Jens F Dahlerup, Jørgen Agnholt
Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs) may result from dysregulated mucosal immune responses directed toward the resident intestinal microbiota. This review describes the hallmark immunobiology of Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis as well as therapeutic targets and mechanisms of action for current, experimental, and future treatments in IBD. Conventional therapies include 5-aminosalicylic acid, glucocorticosteroids, thiopurines, and methotrexate. Since 1997, monoclonal antibodies have gained widespread use...
May 10, 2018: Immunopharmacology and Immunotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734688/skin-protective-nutraceuticals-the-current-evidence-in-brief
#16
Oroma Nwanodi
Nutraceuticals are important for healthy skin maintenance. Probiotics, phenolics, and vitamins are just a few of the nutraceuticals meant to potentially prevent and assist medical management of dermatologic conditions. Among these, probiotics, vitamin E, and green tea catechins may offer the broadest array of skin protective mechanisms with probiotics having the greatest clinical range. Probiotics’ amelioration of atopic dermatitis and opportunistic infections of skin burns has been targeted in recent research efforts...
May 4, 2018: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727446/development-of-experimental-gbs-vaccine-for-mucosal-immunization
#17
T Gupalova, G Leontieva, T Kramskaya, K Grabovskaya, E Bormotova, D Korjevski, A Suvorov
Streptococcus agalactiae, or group B streptococcus (GBS), is an important pathogen as it is the leading cause of neonatal deaths due to sepsis, meningitis or bacterial pneumonia. Although the development of an effective and safe GBS vaccine is on the agenda of many research labs, there is no GBS vaccine on the market yet. In the present study we attempted to engineer a live vaccine strain based on Bac, a surface protein of GBS, incorporated into a surface fimbrial protein of probiotic Enterococcus. The resulting strain induced specific systemic and local immune responses in mice and provided protection against GBS when administered via the intranasal, oral or intravaginal immunization routes...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726282/effect-of-probiotic-lozenges-containing-lactobacillus-reuteri-on-oral-wound-healing-a-pilot-study
#18
S Twetman, M K Keller, L Lee, T Yucel-Lindberg, A M Lynge Pedersen
It has been suggested that beneficial bacteria may stimulate wound healing. The aim was to investigate the effect of topical applications of probiotic lactobacilli on the healing of standardised oral wounds. This pilot study employed a randomised, placebo-controlled, double-blind cross-over design. Standardised biopsies were punched in the oral mucosa of 10 healthy volunteers, with and without exposure to two strains of Lactobacilli reuteri administrated as lozenges and topical oil. The healing was scored clinically after 2, 5 and 8 days...
May 4, 2018: Beneficial Microbes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721395/super-charged-nk-cells-inhibit-growth-and-progression-of-stem-like-poorly-differentiated-oral-tumors-in-vivo-in-humanized-blt-mice-effect-on-tumor-differentiation-and-response-to-chemotherapeutic-drugs
#19
Kawaljit Kaur, Paytsar Topchyan, Anna Karolina Kozlowska, Nick Ohanian, Jessica Chiang, Phyu Ou Maung, So-Hyun Park, Meng-Wei Ko, Changge Fang, Ichiro Nishimura, Anahid Jewett
Therapeutic role of NK cells in solid tumors was challenged previously even though their role in hematological malignancies has clearly been established. Furthermore, functions and numbers of NK cells are greatly suppressed in oral cancer patients necessitating effective future NK immunotherapeutic strategies to aid in the control of disease. The humanized-BLT (hu-BLT) mice were used to implant stem-like/undifferentiated oral tumors to study the role of super-charged NK cells with and without feeding with AJ2 probiotic bacteria...
2018: Oncoimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713493/prophylaxis-of-acute-respiratory-infections-via-improving-the-immune-system-in-late-preterm-newborns-with-e-coli-strain-nissle-1917-a-controlled-pilot-trial
#20
Mykola L Aryayev, Liudmyla I Senkivska, Nataliya K Bredeleva, Irina V Talashova
Background: Acute respiratory infections (ARIs), caused by the high level of immaturity of the immune system, are a major cause of morbidity in preterm newborns. The probiotic Escherichia coli strain Nissle 1917 (EcN) is well known for its immuno-modulatory properties and may therefore enhance the immune competence. Thus, EcN administration may provide a promising possibility to decrease the risk of ARIs in this vulnerable group of children. However, clinical data supporting or refuting this hypothesis are, to our knowledge, not available...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
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