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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337267/exploration-of-the-effect-of-probiotics-supplementation-on-intestinal-microbiota-of-food-allergic-mice
#1
Bo Yang, Liang Xiao, Sheng Liu, Xiaoyu Liu, Yan Luo, Qiongmei Ji, Pingchang Yang, Zhigang Liu
Environmental factor-induced alterations in intestinal microbiota have been demonstrated to be associated with increasing prevalence of food allergy. However, it is not clear to what extent oral administration of probiotics can affect gut microbiota composition, thus inhibiting food allergy development. Using ovalbumin (OVA)-sensitized murine model, it was demonstrated that probiotics ameliorated allergic symptoms, including reducing OVA specific-IgE, and -IgG1 levels in the serum, Th2 cytokines release in spleen, and occurrence of diarrhea...
2017: American Journal of Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333177/amelioration-of-citrobacter-rodentium-proliferation-in-early-stage-of-infection-in-mice-by-pre-treatment-with-lactobacillus-brevis-kb290-and-verification-using-in-vivo-bioluminescence-imaging
#2
Naoko Waki, Yuki Kuwabara, Yuko Yoshikawa, Hiroyuki Suganuma, Hiroyuki Koide, Naoto Oku, Norio Ohashi
Bioluminescent imaging (BLI) has become a useful tool for monitoring bacterial infections in real time. Citrobacter rodentium and its BLI are widely used as a murine model of enteropathogenic and enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli infection. In this study, we evaluated the protective effects of the probiotic Lactobacillus brevis KB290 against C. rodentium infection by the BLI approach. First, we examined several solutions for making the suspension of bioluminescent C. rodentium for an oral inoculation to establish a stable intestinal infection...
November 10, 2016: FEMS Microbiology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326881/the-effects-of-probiotic-supplementation-on-biomarkers-of-inflammation-oxidative-stress-and-pregnancy-outcomes-in-gestational-diabetes
#3
Bita Badehnoosh, Maryam Karamali, Mitra Zarrati, Mehri Jamilian, Fereshteh Bahmani, Maryam Tajabadi-Ebrahimi, Parvaneh Jafari, Elham Rahmani, Zatollah Asemi
OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to evaluate the effects of probiotic supplementation on biomarkers of inflammation, oxidative stress and pregnancy outcomes among subjects with gestational diabetes (GDM). METHODS: This randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial was done among 60 subjects with GDM who were not on oral hypoglycemic agents. Patients were randomly allocated to intake either probiotic capsule containing Lactobacillus acidophilus, Lactobacillus casei and Bifidobacterium bifidum (2 × 10(9) CFU/g each) (n = 30) or placebo (n = 30) for 6 weeks...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326485/preliminary-assessment-on-potentials-of-probiotic-b-subtilis-rx7-and-b-methylotrophicus-c14-strains-as-an-immune-modulator-in-salmonella-challenged-weaned-pigs
#4
Santi Devi Upadhaya, Suresh Kumar Shanmugam, Dae Kyung Kang, In Ho Kim
A total of 40 crossbred weaned piglets (28 days old; [Landrace × Yorkshire] × Duroc) were used for preliminary assessment on potentials of Bacillus-based probiotics as an immune modulator in a Salmonella Typhimurium challenge model in a 3-week experiment. Pigs were randomly allotted to four experimental diets according to their initial body weight (9.21 ± 1.1 kg) and sex (10 pigs per treatment; 5 barrows and 5 gilts). The dietary treatments were basal diet (CON), basal diet + oral administration of Salmonella enterica ser...
March 21, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326154/probiotic-lactobacillus-reuteri-has-antifungal-effects-on-oral-candida-species-in-vitro
#5
Mette Rose Jørgensen, Camilla Kragelund, Peter Østrup Jensen, Mette Kirstine Keller, Svante Twetman
Background: An alternative approach for managing Candida infections in the oral cavity by modulating the oral microbiota with probiotic bacteria has been proposed. Objective: The aim was to investigate the antifungal potential of the probiotic bacterium Lactobacillus reuteri (DSM 17938 and ATCC PTA 5289) against six oral Candida species (C. albicans, C. glabrata, C. krusei, C. tropicalis, C. dubliniensis, and C. parapsilosis). Design: The lactobacilli were tested for their ability to co-aggregate with and inhibit the growth of the yeasts assessed by spectrophotometry and the agar overlay inhibition assay...
2017: Journal of Oral Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322134/reproductive-microbiomes
#6
Michael L Power, Caroline Quaglieri, Jay Schulkin
Almost every part of our body has a coevolved microbial community. The expressed microbial genes comprise the various microbiomes that play important roles in normal physiology and development. The various microbiomes are separate, yet often connected, with the species composition of one affecting others. The female reproductive system microbiomes (eg, vaginal, placental, and mammary/milk) remain less well explored than the gut microbiome although they comprise a large proportion of the female microbial network...
January 1, 2017: Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321827/effects-of-dietary-administration-of-shewanella-xiamenensis-a-1-aeromonas-veronii-a-7-and-bacillus-subtilis-single-or-combined-on-the-grass-carp-ctenopharyngodon-idella-intestinal-microbiota
#7
Kai Hao, Zhuo-Qi Wu, Dong-Liang Li, Xiao-Bo Yu, Gao-Xue Wang, Fei Ling
Gut microbiota of grass carp plays an important role in host. However, detailed information regarding the changes of microbiota after probiotics administration in relation to the gastrointestinal microbiota is absent. In the present study, dietary administration of putative probiotics Shewanella xiamenensis A-1, Aeromonas veronii A-7, and Bacillus subtilisstrains was conducted in grass carp to investigate if there is a discernible alteration in intestinal microbiota and whether the alteration is associated with previous study about the immunity regulation in grass carp...
March 21, 2017: Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320484/nutritional-intervention-preconception-and-during-pregnancy-to-maintain-healthy-glucose-metabolism-and-offspring-health-nipper-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#8
Keith M Godfrey, Wayne Cutfield, Shiao-Yng Chan, Philip N Baker, Yap-Seng Chong
BACKGROUND: Improved maternal nutrition and glycaemic control before and during pregnancy are thought to benefit the health of the mother, with consequent benefits for infant body composition and later obesity risk. Maternal insulin resistance and glycaemia around conception and in early pregnancy may be key determinants of maternal physiology and placental function, affecting fetal nutrient supply and maternal-feto-placental communications throughout gestation, with implications for later postnatal health...
March 20, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318108/neonatal-mono-colonization-of-germ-free-mice-with-lactobacillus-casei-enhances-casein-immunogenicity-after-oral-sensitization-to-cow-s-milk
#9
Matieny Aicha Maiga, Stéphanie Morin, Hervé Bernard, Sylvie Rabot, Karine Adel -Patient, Stéphane Hazebrouck
SCOPE: Food allergy is an increasing global health problem and perinatal administration of probiotic bacteria is currently under investigation in order to prevent the development of allergic diseases. Here, we investigated the impact of neonatal mono-colonization of mice with Lactobacillus casei BL23 on an oral sensitization to cow's milk. METHODS AND RESULTS: Mono-colonized (LC) mice were obtained by inoculating L. casei to germ-free (GF) parents. Nine-week-old GF, LC and conventional (CV) mice were orally sensitized to cow's milk with cholera toxin as adjuvant...
March 20, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316010/protective-effect-of-lactobacillus-casei-on-dmh-induced-colon-carcinogenesis-in-mice
#10
Cesar Antonio Irecta-Nájera, María Del Rosario Huizar-López, Josefina Casas-Solís, Patricia Castro-Félix, Anne Santerre
The administration of probiotics is a promising approach to reduce the prevalence of colon cancer, a multifactorial disease, with hereditary factors, as well as environmental lifestyle-related risk factors. Biogenic polyamines, putrescine, spermidine, and spermine are small cationic molecules with great roles in cell proliferation and differentiation as well as regulation of gene expression. Ornithine decarboxylase is the first rate-limiting enzyme for polyamine synthesis, and upregulation of ornithine decarboxylase activity and polyamine metabolism has been associated with abnormal cell proliferation...
March 18, 2017: Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289360/effect-of-probiotic-administration-in-the-therapy-of-pediatric-thermal-burn
#11
M H El-Ghazely, W H Mahmoud, M A Atia, E M Eldip
Oral probiotic administration has been advocated for treatment and prevention of a diverse range of disorders. This study was undertaken to evaluate the effect of probiotic supplementation on outcome of pediatric post-burn patients. Forty thermally-injured pediatric patients with total body surface burns between 20-50% and depth between 5-10% were randomized in a prospective, double-blind, controlled clinical trial into two even groups: probiotic group (n=20), who received probiotic preparations, and placebo control group (n=20)...
December 31, 2016: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282515/probiotic-consumption-decreases-the-number-of-osteoclasts-during-orthodontic-movement-in-mice
#12
Camila Alessandra Pazzini, Luciano José Pereira, Tarcília Aparecida da Silva, Carina Cristina Montalvany-Antonucci, Soraia Macari, Leandro Silva Marques, Saul Martins de Paiva
AIMS: The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of probiotic (Bacillus Subtilis) supplementation on bone remodelling induced by mechanical loading. METHODS: C57BL/6 mice were divided in two groups: (1) Probiotic and (2) Vehicle (water). The probiotic (1.5×10(8)CFU/mL) was administered orally for 14 days, starting two days before the induction of orthodontic tooth movement (OTM). OTM was determined by histomorphometric analysis by comparing the right to the left side of the maxilla...
February 24, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270173/efficacy-of-a-mixture-of-probiotic-agents-as-complementary-therapy-for-chronic-functional-constipation-in-childhood
#13
Marina Russo, Francesca Paola Giugliano, Paolo Quitadamo, Valeria Mancusi, Erasmo Miele, Annamaria Staiano
BACKGROUND: About 30% of constipated children continue to struggle with constipation beyond puberty. Growing interest has recently raised on the use of probiotics as complementary therapy for FC, in order to prevent the possible PEG-related intestinal dysbiosis. Our study aimed at evaluating the effect on childhood FC of a probiotic mixture (PM), including Bifidobacteria breve M-16 V®, infantis M-63®, and longum BB536®. METHODS: Fifty-five consecutive children suffering from FC were randomly assigned into two groups: group A received a daily oral combination of PEG plus PM and group B received oral PEG only...
March 7, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250847/oral-administration-of-clostridium-butyricum-cgmcc0313-1-inhibits-%C3%AE-lactoglobulin-induced-intestinal-anaphylaxis-in-a-mouse-model-of-food-allergy
#14
Juan Zhang, Hui Su, Qiuhong Li, Haixia Wu, Mengyun Liu, Jianqiong Huang, Minghua Zeng, Yuejie Zheng, Xin Sun
BACKGROUND: Probiotic bacteria can induce immune regulation or immune tolerance in patients with allergic diseases, but the underlying mechanisms are still unclear. There has been a growing interest in the use of beneficial bacteria for allergic diseases recently. This study aimed at exploring whether Clostridium butyricum CGMCC0313-1 (C. butyricum) can reduce β-lactoglobulin(BLG)-induced intestinal anaphylaxis in a murine model of food allergy. METHODS: The preventive and therapeutic effects of oral C...
2017: Gut Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236205/influence-of-oral-probiotic-streptococcus-salivarius-k12-on-ear-and-oral-cavity-health-in-humans-systematic-review
#15
Katarina Zupancic, Valentina Kriksic, Irena Kovacevic, Dujo Kovacevic
Traditionally, probiotics are linked to the good health of the intestine and most clinical studies focus on that field. Evidence of oral probiotic use for ear and oral cavity disease prevention with impact on human health is limited. This work reviews existing studies and literature on Streptococcus salivarius K12 as an oral probiotic and effects of S. salivarius K12 on human ear and oral cavity human health. The studies were accessed via database searches: MEDLINE, PubMed, and Elsevier. The search included/focused on/encompassed publications from 2003 to 2016 with keywords related to K12 Streptococcus salivarius, bacteriocin-like inhibitory substances (BLIS) K12, probiotic K12 salivarius, and K12 probiotic health effects...
February 24, 2017: Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217694/probiotics-for-prevention-of-urinary-stones
#16
John C Lieske
BACKGROUND: Urinary supersaturation is one key determinant of calcium oxalate (CaOx) urinary stone formation, and urinary excretions of oxalate and citrate are two key determinants. Each is influenced by gastrointestinal processes. METHODS: Open label and randomized placebo studies have examined the effect of oral probiotic preparations on urinary supersaturation and oxalate excretion. Cross sectional studies in humans have studied the association of Oxalobacter formigenes colonization status and urinary oxalate excretion and prevalence of urinary stones...
January 2017: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215310/review-of-the-mechanisms-of-probiotic-actions-in-the-prevention-of-colorectal-cancer
#17
REVIEW
Sandra A Dos Reis, Lisiane L da Conceição, Nathane P Siqueira, Damiana D Rosa, Letícia L da Silva, Maria do Carmo G Peluzio
The purpose of this review is to discuss the potential mechanisms of probiotics action in colorectal cancer prevention. In this regard, the composition of the intestinal microbiota is considered as an important risk factor in the development of colorectal cancer, and probiotics are able to positively modulate the composition of this microbiota. Studies have shown that the regular consumption of probiotics could prevent the development of colorectal cancer. In this respect, in vitro and experimental studies suggest some potential mechanisms responsible for this anticarcinogenic action...
January 2017: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209661/non-topical-management-of-recalcitrant-paediatric-atopic-dermatitis
#18
REVIEW
Jin Ho Chong, Mark Jean Aan Koh
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a common chronic, pruritic skin disease in children. As the incidence of AD increases, especially in high-income countries, paediatricians may see an increasing number of recalcitrant AD cases in their practice. Although these cases are principally managed by paediatric dermatologists, it is important for paediatricians to be aware of the use and side effects of non-topical treatment like phototherapy and systemic agents as well as the evidence for alternative treatment, which caregivers may ask about...
February 16, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201936/effects-of-lactobacillus-casei-and-enterococcus-faecalis-on-growth-performance-immune-function-and-gut-microbiota-of-suckling-piglets
#19
Chaoqi Liu, Qun Zhu, Juan Chang, Qingqiang Yin, Andong Song, Zhentian Li, Erzhu Wang, Fushan Lu
This study was carried out to investigate the effects of orally administrated Lactobacillus casei and Enterococcus faecalis on performance, immune function and gut microbiota of suckling piglets. Neonatal piglets (n = 120) were randomly assigned to 4 groups, with 30 suckling piglets in each group. The piglets were from 15 litters, one male and one female piglet were selected for each group in each litter. The Control group was administrated with normal saline, the other groups with L. casei or E. faecalis or a combination of L...
April 2017: Archives of Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182644/multiple-strains-probiotics-appear-to-be-the-most-effective-probiotics-in-the-prevention-of-necrotizing-enterocolitis-and-mortality-an-updated-meta-analysis
#20
Hung-Yang Chang, Jin-Hua Chen, Jui-Hsing Chang, Hung-Chih Lin, Chien-Yu Lin, Chun-Chih Peng
BACKGROUND: Some oral probiotics have been shown to prevent necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) and decrease mortality effectively in preterm very low birth weight (PVLBW) infants. However, it is unclear whether a single probiotic or a mixture of probiotics is most effective for the prevention of NEC. OBJECTIVE: A meta-analysis was conducted by reviewing the most up to date literature to investigate whether multiple strains probiotics are more effective than a single strain in reducing NEC and death in PVLBW infants...
2017: PloS One
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