keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

antibiogram

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915986/molecular-analysis-of-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-metallo-beta-lactamase-a-first-report-of-an-iranian-referral-pediatric-hospital
#1
Shima Mahmoudi, Babak Pourakbari, Mansoure Hosseini, Amir Esmaeil Alyari, Mohammad Taghi Haghi Ashtiani, Setareh Mamishi
INTRODUCTION: Pseudomonas aerouginosa is an important opportunistic pathogen causes clinical infections among ill patients. Metallo- Beta- lactamases (MBLs) are important mechanisms of carbapenem (drug of choice) resistance among Pseudomonas aerouginosa isolates. The aim of this study was to determine B- lactamases genes (bla-genes) in P. aerouginosa isolates and to detect percentage of MBLs among P. aerouginosa isolates in different wards. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Clinical isolates of P...
December 2, 2016: Infectious Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906777/asymptomatic-bacteriuria-to-screen-or-not-to-screen-and-when-to-treat
#2
Tommaso Cai, Bela Koves, Truls E Bjerklund Johansen
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Asymptomatic bacteriuria (ABU) is a common clinical condition that often leads to unnecessary treatment. The purpose of this review is to outline and evaluate the most recent literature on the management of ABU. RECENT FINDINGS: The role of ABU management has been evaluated in several patient subgroups: healthy patients without identified risk factors, pregnant women, postmenopausal women, women with recurrent UTI, patients with diabetes, elderly institutionalized patients, patients with renal transplants, patients with indwelling catheters and prior to surgery...
November 30, 2016: Current Opinion in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894963/longitudinal-surveillance-on-antibiogram-of-important-gram-positive-pathogens-in-southern-china-2001-to-2015
#3
Zhenbo Xu, Jinhong Xie, Brian M Peters, Bing Li, Lin Li, Guangchao Yu, Mark E Shirtliff
OBJECTIVES: A longitudinal surveillance aimed to investigate the antibiogram of three genus of important Gram-positive pathogens in Southern China during 2001-2015. METHODS: A total of 3849 Staphylococcus, Enterococcus and Streptococcus strains were isolated from Southern China during 2001-2015. Bacteria identification was performed by colony morphology, Gram staining, the API commercial kit and the Vitek 2 automated system. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing was determined by disk diffusion method and MIC method...
November 25, 2016: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892398/therapy-resistant-septic-olecranon-bursitis-due-to-mycobacterium-gordonae
#4
Christian Konrads, Kilian Rückl, Mohammed El Tabbakh, Maximilian Rudert, Stefan Kircher, Piet Plumhoff
INTRODUCTION: Septic olecranon bursitis due to atypical mycobacteria is rare. An insidious beginning can delay diagnosis and treatment. Antibacterial therapy recommendations are not well-defined for bursitis caused by atypical mycobacteria. We present a rare case of olecranon bursitis caused by Mycobacterium gordonae, reporting our experiences regarding pathogen identification and antibiotic therapy, which differs from regimes used in common septic bursitis mostly caused by staphylococcus aureus...
2016: SICOT-J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891340/dual-lower-respiratory-tract-infection-by-burkholderia-cepacia-and-acinetobacter-baumannii-in-a-neonate-a-case-report
#5
Neeta Gade, Sanjay Singh Negi, Atul Jindal, Ujjwala Gaikwad, Padma Das, Anudita Bhargava
Burkholderia cepacia (B.cepacia) and Acinetobacter baumannii (A.baumannii), the highly intrinsically resistant nonfermenters are known to cause frequent infections in immunocomproimsed or hospitalized patients with significant mortality rate. In this rare clinical presentation, both were simultaneously isolated from a case of neonatal sepsis with respiratory failure. The prompt early diagnosis and antibiogram of these nonfermenters were proved to be of tremendous help in the present case with successful treatment outcome of dual infection of B...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888174/phenotypic-and-antibiogram-pattern-of-v-cholerae-isolates-from-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-mumbai-during-2004-2013-a-retrospective-cross-sectional-study
#6
V Torane, S Kuyare, G Nataraj, P Mehta, S Dutta, B Sarkar
OBJECTIVES: Cholera is a major gastroenteric disease with reports on fluctuation and resistance. Hence, the objective is to determine the trend in seasonality, resistance pattern, prevalent biotypes, serotypes and phage types between 2004 and 2013 among Vibrio cholerae isolates. DESIGN: A retrospective cross-sectional study. SETTINGS: A single-centre study was carried out at a tertiary care hospital in a metropolitan city (Mumbai) of a developing country (India)...
November 25, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887603/genetic-elements-associated-with-antimicrobial-resistance-among-avian-pathogenic-escherichia-coli
#7
Amal Awad, Nagah Arafat, Mohamed Elhadidy
BACKGROUND: Avian-pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC) are pathogenic strains of E. coli that are responsible for one of the most predominant bacterial disease affecting poultry worldwide called avian colibacillosis. This study describes the genetic determinants implicated in antimicrobial resistance among APEC isolated from different broiler farms in Egypt. METHODS: A total of 116 APEC were investigated by serotyping, antimicrobial resistance patterns to 10 antimicrobials, and the genetic mechanisms underlying the antimicrobial-resistant phenotypes...
November 25, 2016: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879280/fifteen-minute-consultation-the-complexities-of-empirical-antibiotic-selection-for-serious-bacterial-infections-a-practical-approach
#8
Julia A Bielicki, David A Cromwell, Mike Sharland
Potentially life-threatening infections require immediate antibiotic therapy. Most early stage antibiotic treatment for these infections is empirical, that is, covering a range of possible target bacteria while awaiting culture results. Empirical antibiotic regimens need to reflect the epidemiology of most likely causative bacteria, type of infection and patient risk factors. Summary data from relevant isolates in similar patients help to identify appropriate empirical regimens. At present, such data are mostly presented as hospital or other aggregate antibiograms, showing antimicrobial susceptibility testing results by bacterial species...
November 22, 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Education and Practice Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876539/antimicrobial-resistance-in-urinary-tract-infections-at-a-large-urban-emergency-department-factors-contributing-to-empiric-treatment-failure
#9
Rossana Rosa, Lilian M Abbo, Kenley Raney, Hansel E Tookes, Mark Supino
: Objective To calculate the emergency department (ED)-level Escherichia coli percentage of isolates susceptible to commonly used antibiotics and to determine the risk factors associated with inadequate empiric antibiotic therapy among patients treated for urinary tract infections (UTIs) in our ED. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study conducted at a large tertiary teaching hospital. Participants included patients older than 18years of age who had a urine culture with growth of >100,000 colonies of E...
November 9, 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872643/antibiotic-susceptibility-patterns-of-bacterial-isolates-from-pus-samples-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-of-punjab-india
#10
Rugira Trojan, Lovely Razdan, Nasib Singh
We determined the prevalence and antibiotic susceptibilities patterns of bacterial isolates from pus samples collected from patients in a tertiary care hospital of Punjab, India. E. coli was the most prevalent pathogen (51.2%) followed by Staphylococcus aureus (21%), Klebsiella pneumoniae (11.6%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (5.8%), Citrobacter spp. (3.5%), Acinetobacter baumannii (2.3%), Proteus mirabilis (2.3%), and Streptococcus spp. (2.3%). E. coli, K. pneumoniae, A. baumannii, and Citrobacter isolates were resistant to multiple antibiotics including higher generation cephalosporins...
2016: International Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870236/prior-antimicrobial-use-as-a-risk-factor-for-resistance-in-selected-staphylococcus-pseudintermedius-isolates-from-the-skin-and-ears-of-dogs
#11
Gila Zur, Bella Gurevich, Daniel Elad
BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial resistance within bacteria continues to present therapeutic challenges. One presumed risk factor for increased rates of resistance is prior exposure to antimicrobial drugs. OBJECTIVES: To examine the impact of time since most recent exposure, the number of prior antimicrobial exposures and duration of use on antimicrobial resistance rates in Staphylococcus pseudintermedius isolates. METHODS: Inclusion of a case in the study required laboratory isolation of S...
December 2016: Veterinary Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846254/extended-spectrum-beta-%C3%AE-lactamases-and-antibiogram-in-enterobacteriaceae-from-clinical-and-drinking-water-sources-from-bahir-dar-city-ethiopia
#12
Bayeh Abera, Mulugeta Kibret, Wondemagegn Mulu
BACKGROUND: The spread of Extended-Spectrum beta (β)-Lactamases (ESBL)-producing Enterobacteriaceae has become a serious global problem. ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae vary based on differences in antibiotic use, nature of patients and hospital settings. This study was aimed at determining ESBL and antibiogram in Enterobacteriaceae isolates from clinical and drinking water sources in Bahir Dar City, Northwest Ethiopia. METHODS: Enterobacteriaceae species were isolated from clinical materials and tap water using standard culturing procedures from September 2013 to March 2015...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834330/distribution-trends-antibiogram-pattern-of-salmonella-enterica-serovar-newport-in-india
#13
Y Kumar, N Gupta, V B Vaish, S Gupta
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Salmonellosis is a major public health concern worldwide. Besides typhoidal salmonellae, infections due to non-typhoidal serovars of Salmonella are also associated with high morbidity and mortality leading to huge economic losses. Among non-typhoidal serovars, Salmonella Newport has been reported as a major cause of foodborne infections resulting in outbreaks due to consumption of contaminated food items. Little data related to this serovar are available from India leading to the scarcity of information on the distribution trends of this important serovar in the country...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812810/-local-fixation-of-antibiotics-by-fibrin-spray-in-bone-defects-with-soft-tissue-involvement
#14
Maren Janko, Christoph Nau, Ingo Marzi, Johannes Frank
In acute and chronic bone infections with concomitant soft tissue involvement the current gold standard is radical surgical debridement including explantation of the infected prosthetic devices. This is followed by initiation of systemic antibiotic therapy appropriate for the antibiogram. Several revision operations are often necessary to achieve complete healing. Additional treatment with local antibiotics or antibiotic-containing substances is routinely used in bone surgery. Apart from the typical procedures with commercially available products, we have conducted a study with 21 patients by application of local antibiotic treatment in combination with the fibrin glue spray technique and evaluated the results...
November 3, 2016: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807211/a-survey-of-veterinary-antimicrobial-prescribing-practices-washington-state-2015
#15
H Fowler, M A Davis, A Perkins, S Trufan, C Joy, M Buswell, T F McElwain, D Moore, R Worhle, P M Rabinowitz
Antimicrobial resistance is a growing global health issue. It is also a recognised problem in veterinary medicine. Between September and December 2015 the authors administered a cross-sectional survey to licensed veterinarians in Washington State to assess factors affecting antimicrobial prescribing practices among veterinarians in Washington State. Two hundred and three veterinarians completed the survey. The majority of respondents (166, 82 per cent) were engaged in small animal or exotic animal practice...
November 2, 2016: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800290/antibiogram-of-medical-intensive-care-unit-at-tertiary-care-hospital-setting-of-pakistan
#16
Aayesha Qadeer, Aftab Akhtar, Qurat Ul Ain, Shoab Saadat, Salman Mansoor, Salman Assad, Wasib Ishtiaq, Abid Ilyas, Ali Y Khan, Yousaf Ajam
OBJECTIVE:  To determine the frequency of micro-organisms causing sepsis as well as to determine the antibiotic susceptibility and resistance of microorganisms isolated in a medical intensive care unit. MATERIALS AND METHODS:  This is a cross-sectional analysis of 802 patients from a medical intensive care unit (ICU) of Shifa International Hospital, Islamabad, Pakistan over a one-year period from August 2015 to August 2016. Specimens collected were from blood, urine, endotracheal secretions, catheter tips, tissue, pus swabs, cerebrospinal fluid, ascites, bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL), and pleural fluid...
September 29, 2016: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790433/prevalence-of-esbl-in-escherichia-coli-isolates-among-icu-patients-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital
#17
Nipa Singh, Dipti Pattnaik, Dhruba Kumar Neogi, Jagadananda Jena, Bandana Mallick
INTRODUCTION: Resistance to common antibiotics is a matter of grave concern in treating infections in hospital settings especially in Intensive Care Units (ICUs). One of the most commonly used and effective group of antibiotics, cephalosporins, exhibit resistance due to production of Extended Spectrum Beta- Lactamases (ESBLs). The prevalence of ESBL producing Escherichia coli (E.coli) has increased throughout the world and is a major cause of treatment failure in ICUs. As per our knowledge studies were not available on the prevalence of ESBL producing E...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777759/regional-variations-in-fluoroquinolone-non-susceptibility-among-escherichia-coli-bloodstream-infections-within-the-veterans-healthcare-administration
#18
Daniel J Livorsi, Michihiko Goto, Margaret Carrel, Makoto M Jones, Jennifer McDanel, Rajeshwari Nair, Bruce Alexander, Brice Beck, Kelly K Richardson, Eli N Perencevich
OBJECTIVES: We sought to define regional variations in fluoroquinolone non-susceptibility (FQ-NS) among bloodstream isolates of Escherichia coli across the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) in the United States. METHODS: We analyzed a retrospective cohort of patients managed at 136 VHA hospitals who had a blood culture positive for E.coli between 2003 and 2013. Hospitals were classified based on US Census Divisions, and regional variations in FQ-NS were analyzed...
2016: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777701/the-role-of-dna-amplification-and-cultural-growth-in-complicated-acute-appendicitis
#19
Francesca Tocchioni, Chiara Tani, Laura Bartolini, Maria Moriondo, Francesco Nieddu, Patrizia Pecile, Chiara Azzari, Antonio Messineo, Marco Ghionzoli
Bacterial growth of peritoneal fluid specimens obtained during surgical procedures for acute appendicitis may be useful to optimize further antibiotic therapy in complicated cases. DNA amplification represents a fast technique to detect microbial sequences. We aimed to compare the potential of DNA amplification versus traditional bacterial growth culture highlighting advantages and drawbacks in a surgical setting. Peritoneal fluid specimens were collected during surgery from 36 children who underwent appendectomy between May and December 2012...
September 19, 2016: Pediatric Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756235/an-outbreak-of-pneumococcal-meningitis-among-older-children-%C3%A2-5%C3%A2-years-and-adults-after-the-implementation-of-an-infant-vaccination-programme-with-the-13-valent-pneumococcal-conjugate-vaccine-in-ghana
#20
Brenda Anna Kwambana-Adams, Franklin Asiedu-Bekoe, Badu Sarkodie, Osei Kuffour Afreh, George Khumalo Kuma, Godfred Owusu-Okyere, Ebenezer Foster-Nyarko, Sally-Ann Ohene, Charles Okot, Archibald Kwame Worwui, Catherine Okoi, Madikay Senghore, Jacob Kweku Otu, Chinelo Ebruke, Richard Bannerman, Kwame Amponsa-Achiano, David Opare, Gemma Kay, Timothy Letsa, Owen Kaluwa, Ebenezer Appiah-Denkyira, Victor Bampoe, Syed M A Zaman, Mark J Pallen, Umberto D'Alessandro, Jason M Mwenda, Martin Antonio
BACKGROUND: An outbreak of pneumococcal meningitis among non-infant children and adults occurred in the Brong-Ahafo region of Ghana between December 2015 and April 2016 despite the recent nationwide implementation of a vaccination programme for infants with the 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13). METHODS: Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) specimens were collected from patients with suspected meningitis in the Brong-Ahafo region. CSF specimens were subjected to Gram staining, culture and rapid antigen testing...
October 18, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
keyword
keyword
40022
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"