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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428133/epidemiological-study-of-common-diseases-and-their-risk-factors-in-camels-in-south-punjab-pakistan
#1
Aneela Zameer Durrani, Zubair Bashir, Imran Rasheed, Noor-Ul-Ain Sarwar
Bacteriological study of mastitis along with common blood protozoan diseases were studied in dromedary camels in Cholistan, Dera Ismail Khan and Rahim Yar Khan districts in South Punjab, Pakistan. For this purpose 300 camels were sampled randomly at different common grazing and watering point. For study of blood parasites clinically suspected and apparently healthy camels, 150 each, were sampled. An overall prevalence of 15%and 5% was recorded for trypanosomiasis and Anaplasmosis respectively. Trypanosoma evansi was identified with 280 bp product on polymerase chain reaction test...
April 17, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419868/ciprofloxacin-resistance-in-uropathogenic-escherichia-coli-isolates-causing-community-acquired-urinary-infections-in-bras%C3%A3-lia-brazil
#2
Rafaella Christina Rocha Moreira da Silva, Paulo de Oliveira Martins Júnior, Laura Fernandes Gonçalves, Vicente de Paulo Martins, Ana Beatriz Fabrício de Melo, André Pitondo-Silva, Tatiana Amabile de Campos
OBJECTIVES: Considering the global concern of ciprofloxacin resistance, the aim of this study was to evaluate the characteristics of ciprofloxacin-resistant (CIP-R) Escherichia coli isolated from patients with community-acquired urinary tract infections (UTIs) in Brasília, Brazil. METHODS: CIP-R E. coli isolated from different outpatients between July 2013 and April 2014 in a tertiary hospital were analysed for antibiotic resistance profile, phylotype, uropathogenic E...
April 15, 2017: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410918/comparison-of-urinary-tract-infection-antibiograms-stratified-by-emergency-department-patient-disposition
#3
Lee Grodin, Alyssa Conigliaro, Song-Yi Lee, Michael Rose, Richard Sinert
OBJECTIVE: Institutional antibiograms guide Emergency Department (ED) clinicians' empiric antibiotic selection. For this study, we created and compared antibiograms of ED patients stratified by disposition (admitted or discharged). METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study at two hospitals for 2014, comparing antibiograms limited to Escherichia coli urinary tract infections. Study-Specific Antibiograms, created for the study, excluded polymicrobial samples and multiple cultures from the same patient...
March 23, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406770/frequency-and-antibiogram-of-isolates-from-surgical-units-of-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-quetta
#4
Maria Mushtaq Gill, Muhammad Junaid Khan, Muhammad Asif Nawaz, Sarfraz Khan Janjua
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency and antibiogram of the isolates from infected patients in surgical units of a tertiary care hospital. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional, descriptive study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Department of Microbiology, Combined Military Hospital, Quetta, from March to October 2015. METHODOLOGY: Clinical samples from the surgical units received in Department of Microbiology for culture and sensitivity were analyzed by Gram stain, culture and biochemical tests for identification of the isolates; and the antibiotic susceptibility was determined by modified Kirby Bauer disc diffusion method...
March 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391814/antibiogramj-a-tool-for-analysing-images-from-disk-diffusion-tests
#5
C A Alonso, C Domínguez, J Heras, E Mata, V Pascual, C Torres, M Zarazaga
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Disk diffusion testing, known as antibiogram, is widely applied in microbiology to determine the antimicrobial susceptibility of microorganisms. The measurement of the diameter of the zone of growth inhibition of microorganisms around the antimicrobial disks in the antibiogram is frequently performed manually by specialists using a ruler. This is a time-consuming and error-prone task that might be simplified using automated or semi-automated inhibition zone readers...
May 2017: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389926/influence-of-molecular-characteristics-in-the-prognosis-of-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-prosthetic-joint-infections-beyond-the-species-and-the-antibiogram
#6
Irene Muñoz-Gallego, Jaime Lora-Tamayo, Dafne Pérez-Montarelo, Patricia Brañas, Esther Viedma, Fernando Chaves
We have explored the relationship of phenotypic (antibiogram, β-haemolysis, agr functionality, biofilm formation) and genotypic characteristics on the prognosis of 18 cases of methicillin-resistant S. aureus prosthetic joint infection (2005-2015). All isolates belonged to CC5, and had agr type II. This pilot study suggests that phage-borne genes belonging to the immune evasion cluster (chp, sak and scn) were more frequent among episodes with treatment failure (80.0 vs. 37.5%).
April 7, 2017: Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384858/antimicrobial-resistance-surveillance-among-intensive-care-units-of-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-southern-india
#7
Kailash Moolchandani, Apurba Sankar Sastry, R Deepashree, Sujatha Sistla, B N Harish, Jharna Mandal
INTRODUCTION: Hospital Acquired Infections (HAIs) are the rising threat in the health care facilities across the globe. As most Intesive Care Unit (ICU) patients are frequently on broad spectrum antimicrobials, this induces selective antibiotic pressure which leads to development of Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR) among the microorganisms of ICUs. AIM: To study the occurrence of different types of HAIs in patients admitted to various ICUs of JIPMER and the AMR pattern of the bacterial pathogens isolated from them...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365324/clinical-features-and-antimicrobial-resistance-profiles-of-important-enterobacteriaceae-pathogens-in-guangzhou-representative-of-southern-china-2001-2015
#8
Jinhong Xie, Brian M Peters, Bing Li, Lin Li, Guangchao Yu, Zhenbo Xu, Mark E Shirtliff
OBJECT: This surveillance aimed to investigate the antimicrobial resistance profiles of Enterobacteriaceae pathogens in Southern China during 2001-2015. METHODS: A total of 6858 Enterobacteriaceae isolates were collected, including 4276 E. coli, 1992 K. pneumoniae and 590 Enterobacter spp. Disk diffusion method and minimum inhibitory concentrations method were used for susceptibility testing, with results interpreted by the CLSI (2015). RESULTS: Urinary tract remained the dominant isolated site among E...
March 29, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363690/american-urological-association-white-paper-on-the-prevention-and-treatment-of-the-more-common-complications-related-to-prostate-biopsy-update
#9
Michael A Liss, Behfar Ehdaie, Stacy Loeb, Maxwell V Meng, Jay D Raman, Vanessa Spears, Sean P Stroup
OBJECTIVE: To identify the prevalence and prevention of common complications of prostate needle biopsy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A literature review was performed on prostate biopsy complications. A methodologist queried PubMed and Embase databases for prostate biopsy complications from January 1, 2010 until June 1, 2015. We focus on infection, bleeding, urinary retention, needle tract seeding, and erectile dysfunction. We identified 346 articles for full-text review and selected 119 for inclusion in the final data synthesis...
March 28, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363064/conjunctival-bacterial-flora-antibiogram-and-lacrimal-production-tests-of-collared-anteater-tamandua-tetradactyla
#10
Nayone Lima Lantyer Cordeiro de Araujo, Ana Cláudia Santos Raposo, Ana Celly Nascimento Lima Pinho, Melissa Hanzen Pinna, Paula Diniz Galera, Deusdete Conceição Gomes Júnior, Arianne Pontes Oriá
The collared anteater ( Tamandua tetradactyla ) is adapted to a variety of habitats. It is a solitary species for which no reference values for ophthalmic tests have been established. Eight animals ranging from 1 to 4 yr of age, two males and six females, were manually restrained for assessment. Ophthalmic tests included evaluation of tear production by Schirmer tear test 1 (STT1), endodontic absorbent paper point tear test (EAPPTT), palpebral fissure length (PFL), culture of the conjunctival bacterial flora, and antimicrobial susceptibility test...
March 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362935/evolution-and-transmission-of-carbapenem-resistant-klebsiella-pneumoniae-expressing-the-blaoxa-232-gene-during-an-institutional-outbreak-associated-with-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography
#11
Shangxin Yang, Peera Hemarajata, Janet Hindler, Fan Li, Helty Adisetiyo, Grace Aldrovandi, Robert Sebra, Andrew Kasarskis, Duncan MacCannell, Xavier Didelot, Dana Russell, Zachary Rubin, Romney Humphries
Background: Whole-genome sequencing (WGS) is an emerging and powerful technique by which to perform epidemiological studies in outbreak situations. Methods: WGS was used to identify and evaluate an outbreak of OXA-232-expressing carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (CRKP) transmitted to 16 patients over the course of 40 weeks via endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography procedures at a single institution. WGS was performed on 32 OXA-232 CRKP isolates (1-7 per patient) and single-nucleotide variants (SNVs) were analyzed, with reference to the index patient's isolate...
April 1, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361554/molecular-antibiogram-in-diagnostic-clinical-microbiology-advantages-and-challenges
#12
Fabio Arena, Tommaso Giani, Simona Pollini, Bruno Viaggi, Patrizia Pecile, Gian Maria Rossolini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 31, 2017: Future Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359312/extended-spectrum-beta-lactamase-producing-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-in-camel-in-egypt-potential-human-hazard
#13
Mahmoud Elhariri, Dalia Hamza, Rehab Elhelw, Sohad M Dorgham
BACKGROUND: The rapid increase of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) producing bacteria are a potential health hazard. Development of antimicrobial resistance in animal pathogens has serious implications for human health, especially when such strains could be transmitted to human. In this study, the antimicrobial resistance due to ESBL producing Pseudomonas aeruginosa in the camel meat was investigated. METHODS: In this study meat samples from 200 healthy camels at two major abattoirs in Egypt (Cairo and Giza) were collected...
March 31, 2017: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350870/bacterial-clonal-diagnostics-as-a-tool-for-evidence-based-empiric-antibiotic-selection
#14
Veronika Tchesnokova, Hovhannes Avagyan, Elena Rechkina, Diana Chan, Mariya Muradova, Helen Ghirmai Haile, Matthew Radey, Scott Weissman, Kim Riddell, Delia Scholes, James R Johnson, Evgeni V Sokurenko
Despite the known clonal distribution of antibiotic resistance in many bacteria, empiric (pre-culture) antibiotic selection still relies heavily on species-level cumulative antibiograms, resulting in overuse of broad-spectrum agents and excessive antibiotic/pathogen mismatch. Urinary tract infections (UTIs), which account for a large share of antibiotic use, are caused predominantly by Escherichia coli, a highly clonal pathogen. In an observational clinical cohort study of urgent care patients with suspected UTI, we assessed the potential for E...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331866/clinical-response-and-outcome-in-patients-with-multidrug-resistant-gram-negative-infections
#15
Masoume Malekolkottab, Lida Shojaei, Hossein Khalili, Mahsa Doomanlou
OBJECTIVE: In this study, frequency and antimicrobial sensitivity pattern of multidrug resistant (MDR) microorganisms were evaluated in a referral teaching hospital in Iran. METHODS: Patients with MDR Gram-negative pathogens were followed during the course of hospitalization. Demographic data, baseline diseases, type of biological sample, isolated microorganism, type of infection, antibiotic regimen before the availability of the culture result and change in the antibiotic regimen following receiving the antibiogram results, response to the treatment regimen, and duration of hospitalization and patient's outcome were considered variables for each recruited patient...
January 2017: Journal of Research in Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316051/pathogenic-multiple-antimicrobial-resistant-escherichia-coli-serotypes-in-recreational-waters-of-mumbai-india-a-potential-public-health-risk
#16
Aayushi Maloo, Abhay B Fulke, Najmuddin Mulani, Soniya Sukumaran, Anirudh Ram
Globally, coastal waters have emerged into a pool of antibiotic resistance genes and multiple antibiotic resistant microorganisms, and pathogenicity of these resistant microorganisms in terms of serotypes and virulence genes has made the environment vulnerable. The current study underscores the presence of multiple antibiotic resistant pathogenic serotypes and pathotypes of Escherichia coli, the predominant faecal indicator bacteria (FIB), in surface water and sediment samples of famous recreational beaches (Juhu, Versova, Mahim, Dadar, and Girgaon) of Mumbai...
March 18, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298258/susceptibility-to-rifaximin-and-other-antimicrobials-of-bacteria-isolated-in-patients-with-acute-gastrointestinal-infections-in-southeast-mexico
#17
O Novoa-Farias, A C Frati-Munari, M A Peredo, S Flores-Juárez, O Novoa-García, J Galicia-Tapia, C E Romero-Carpio
INTRODUCTION: Enteropathogenic bacteria isolated in Mexico City have shown a high rate of resistance to different antibiotics, with the exception of rifaximin (RIF). RIF is a nonabsorbable antibiotic that reaches high fecal concentrations (≈ 8,000μg/g). Susceptibility to antimicrobials can vary in different geographic regions. AIM: To study the susceptibility to rifaximin and other antimicrobials of enteropathogenic bacteria isolated in patients with acute diarrhea in the southeastern region of Mexico...
March 12, 2017: Revista de Gastroenterología de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291334/rapid-real-time-antimicrobial-susceptibility-testing-with-electrical-sensing-on-plastic-microchips-with-printed-electrodes
#18
Mohammadali Safavieh, Hardik J Pandya, Maanasa Venkataraman, Prudhvi Thirumalaraju, Manoj Kumar Kanakasabapathy, Anupriya Singh, Devbalaji Prabhakar, Manjyot Kaur Chug, Hadi Shafiee
Rapid antimicrobial susceptibility testing is important for efficient and timely therapeutic decision making. Due to globally spread bacterial resistance, the efficacy of antibiotics is increasingly being impeded. Conventional antibiotic tests rely on bacterial culture, which is time-consuming and can lead to potentially inappropriate antibiotic prescription and up-front broad range of antibiotic use. There is an urgent need to develop point-of-care platform technologies to rapidly detect pathogens, identify the right antibiotics, and monitor mutations to help adjust therapy...
March 30, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286058/molecular-detection-and-antimicrobial-resistance-profile-of-zoonotic-salmonella-enteritidis-isolated-from-broiler-chickens-in-kohat-pakistan
#19
Muhammad Asif, Hazir Rahman, Muhammad Qasim, Taj Ali Khan, Waheed Ullah, Yan Jie
BACKGROUND: Salmonella enteritidis infection is a frequently encountered zoonotic problem, occurring with concerning regularity in recent years on a worldwide basis. The study that we undertook for the first time detected S. enteritidis and associated antimicrobial resistance pattern in broiler chickens. METHODS: A total of 150 different poultry samples were first enriched and grown on selective media, and then processed for molecular detection of S. enteritidis by amplification of the spvb gene...
May 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270804/eradication-and-sensitization-of-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-to-methicillin-with-bioactive-extracts-of-berry-pomace
#20
Serajus Salaheen, Mengfei Peng, Jungsoo Joo, Hironori Teramoto, Debabrata Biswas
The therapeutic roles of phenolic blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum) and blackberry (Rubus fruticosus) pomace (commercial byproduct) extracts (BPE) and their mechanism of actions were evaluated against methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). Five major phenolic acids of BPE, e.g., protocatechuic, p. coumaric, vanillic, caffeic, and gallic acids, as well as crude BPE completely inhibited the growth of vegetative MRSA in vitro while BPE+methicillin significantly reduced MRSA biofilm formation on plastic surface...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
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