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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919694/incidence-of-bovine-clinical-mastitis-in-jammu-region-and-antibiogram-of-isolated-pathogens
#1
Adil Majid Bhat, Jasvinder Singh Soodan, Rajiv Singh, Ishfaq Ahmad Dhobi, Tufail Hussain, Mohammad Yousuf Dar, Muheet Mir
AIM: This study was conducted to evaluate the incidence of clinical mastitis in bovines of Jammu region, to identify the infectious organisms responsible for it, and the antimicrobial sensitivity of isolated pathogens. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was conducted on cases that were presented to the Medicine Division of Teaching Veterinary Clinical Complex, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences and Animal Husbandry, R.S. Pura, Jammu, Jammu and Kashmir. A total of 260 cases of bovines were presented from June 30, 2012, to July 01, 2013, out of which 30 cases were of clinical mastitis...
August 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919687/presence-and-characterization-of-escherichia-coli-virulence-genes-isolated-from-diseased-pigs-in-the-central-region-of-argentina
#2
Fernando A Bessone, Gabriela Bessone, Sebastián Marini, María B Conde, Fabrisio E Alustiza, Gustavo Zielinski
BACKGROUND: The main pathogen of neonatal and post weaning diarrhea and edema disease (ED) is Escherichia coli and pathotypes involved are enterotoxigenic, enteropathogenic, and shiga toxigenic (ETEC, EPEC, and STEC, respectively). Those diseases cause economic loss in pig production. AIM: The aim of this work was to evaluate the presence of strains expressing virulence markers genes and the antibiotic susceptibility profiles of E. coli from clinical cases of post weaning diarrhea and ED in farms in the central area of Argentina...
August 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919615/microbiology-of-chronic-suppurative-otitis-media-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-bangladesh
#3
N Akhtar, P G Datta, M Yasmin, A Naha, A M Jewel, F Hossen, S Ahmed, U K Datta
This cross sectional prospective study was carried out in the Department of Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU) and Department of Microbiology, University of Dhaka from July 2012 to June 2013. The objectives of this study were to identify the common microorganisms involved and the antibiograms of chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM) patients in this tertiary care hospital in Bangladesh. A total of 117 patients clinically diagnosed of CSOM were enrolled in the study...
July 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913872/high-primary-antibiotic-resistance-of-helicobacter-pylori-strains-isolated-from-dyspeptic-patients-a-prevalence-cross-sectional-study-in-spain
#4
Fernando Macías-García, José Llovo-Taboada, Mario Díaz-López, Iria Bastón-Rey, Juan Enrique Domínguez-Muñoz
BACKGROUND: The rate of H. pylori resistance to different antibiotics is increasing and determines the selection of eradication therapy. The aim of this study was to determine the resistance patterns of H. pylori strains in our area. METHODS: Biopsies from gastric corpus for microbiological culture and antibiotic resistance were obtained in patients undergoing upper gastrointestinal endoscopy for dyspepsia. Selective Agar Pylori for isolation of the bacteria and Agar Mueller-Hinton supplemented with blood to test the sensitivity to antibiotics were used...
September 15, 2017: Helicobacter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906365/the-antibiotic-susceptibility-patterns-of-uropathogens-among-children-with-urinary-tract-infection-in-shiraz
#5
Gholamreza Pouladfar, Mitra Basiratnia, Mojtaba Anvarinejad, Pejman Abbasi, Fatemeh Amirmoezi, Samaneh Zare
Urinary tract infection (UTI) is one of the most common bacterial infections in pediatrics. Delay in diagnosis and treatment can cause significant morbidity. The physicians knowledge regarding the symptoms, microorganisms that caused UTI, and effective antibiotics in a geographical area can help them to select the appropriate antibiotics. This study was performed to determine the prevalence of bacteria that cause UTI and their susceptibility to common antibiotics as well as the common symptoms and associated factors in children of Shiraz, Southern Iran...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904920/antimicrobial-susceptibility-pattern-of-extended-spectrum-beta-lactamases-producing-organisms-isolated-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-bangladesh
#6
Mohammad Jobayer, Zeenat Afroz, Sultana Shazeda Nahar, Ayesha Begum, Shahin Ara Begum, S M Shamsuzzaman
CONTEXT: Infection caused by extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBL) producing organism is a major problem regarding antibiotic resistance. AIMS: The aim of this study was to find out the antibiogram of ESBL producing organisms isolated from various samples. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This cross-sectional study was carried out in the Department of Microbiology of a Tertiary Care Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh from January to June 2014. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: One Hundred and seventy-nine ESBL producing Gram-negative organisms detected phenotypically by double-disc synergy test were enrolled in this study...
July 2017: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894440/otitis-media-caused-by-v-cholerae-o100-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#7
Peter Kechker, Yigal Senderovich, Shifra Ken-Dror, Sivan Laviad-Shitrit, Eiji Arakawa, Malka Halpern
Infections due to Vibrio cholerae are rarely documented in Israel. Here we report a case of recurrent otitis media in a young male, caused by V. cholerae non-O1/O139. This extra-intestinal infection was caused by V. cholerae O100 and has been associated with freshwater exposure and travel. Symptoms of chronic periodic earaches along with purulent exudate began about one week after the patient suffered a water skiing accident on a river in Australia. The condition lasted for three years, until his ear exudate was examined in a clinical laboratory, diagnosed and treated...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893776/mycobacterium-tuberculosis-subculture-results-in-loss-of-potentially-clinically-relevant-heteroresistance
#8
John Z Metcalfe, Elizabeth Streicher, Grant Theron, Rebecca E Colman, Renee Penaloza, Christopher Allender, Darrin Lemmer, Robin M Warren, David M Engelthaler
Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis is a major public health dilemma. Heteroresistance, the co-existence of drug-resistant and drug-susceptible strains, or multiple drug-resistant strains with discrete haplotypes, may affect accurate diagnosis and institution of effective treatment. Subculture, or passage of cells onto fresh growth medium, is utilized to preserve M. tuberculosis cell lines and is universally employed in TB diagnostics. The impact of such passages, typically performed in the absence of drug, on drug-resistant subpopulations is hypothesized to vary according to the competitive costs of genotypic resistance-associated variants...
September 11, 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881144/studies-on-occurrence-characterization-and-decontamination-of-emerging-pathogenic-escherichia-coli-stec-etec-and-eiec-in-table-eggs
#9
C O Vinayananda, Nadeem Fairoze, C B Madhavaprasad, S M Byregowda, C Nagaraj, Prashanth Bagalkot, Nagappa Karabasanavar
1. Escherichia coli is one of the most common facultative anaerobic species present in the gastrointestinal tract of animals and human beings. Usually they occur as commensals, but some serotypes can cause significant illnesses in humans as well as mammals and birds. 2. The occurrence of E. coli in different categories of table eggs collected from markets was evaluated. Isolates were analysed for the presence of virulence genes, antibiotic susceptibility pattern and efficacy of peracetic acid and chlorine for the purpose of decontaminating table eggs...
September 7, 2017: British Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878521/time-to-positivity-and-antibiotic-sensitivity-of-neonatal-blood-cultures
#10
Sarah Magdy Abdelhamid
BACKGROUND: Sepsis is a commonly encountered and potentially life-threatening problem in neonatal intensive care units, blood culture of neonatal sepsis helps in either optimizing treatment or terminating antibiotics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We determined the causative agent, time to positivity (TTP), and antibiogram of neonatal blood cultures collected in a tertiary care center, to investigate difference between early- and late-onset neonatal sepsis and to establish the time at which a blood culture could safely be considered negative, using the BacT/ALERT(®) 3D 60...
July 2017: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859935/urinary-tract-infections-recurrence-and-development-of-urinary-specific-antibiogram-for-kidney-transplant-recipients
#11
Ghazwa B Korayem, Tirdad T Zangeneh, Kathryn R Matthias
INTRODUCTION: Urinary tract infections (UTI) recurrence and antimicrobial resistance remain a common problem in kidney transplant recipients. While the use of annual institutional antibiograms may help guide appropriate empiric antibiotic selection, these non-disease specific antibiograms do not always account for patient-specific risk factors or disease-specific resistance patterns. OBJECTIVES: To determine the frequency of UTI recurrence during the first-year after kidney transplantation and whether antimicrobial susceptibility differs between an institutional antibiogram and the disease-specific antibiogram for patients after kidney transplantation...
August 28, 2017: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859448/master-a-model-to-improve-and-standardize-clinical-breakpoints-for-antimicrobial-susceptibility-testing-using-forecast-probabilities
#12
Nicolas Blöchliger, Peter M Keller, Erik C Böttger, Michael Hombach
Objectives: The procedure for setting clinical breakpoints (CBPs) for antimicrobial susceptibility has been poorly standardized with respect to population data, pharmacokinetic parameters and clinical outcome. Tools to standardize CBP setting could result in improved antibiogram forecast probabilities. We propose a model to estimate probabilities for methodological categorization errors and defined zones of methodological uncertainty (ZMUs), i.e. ranges of zone diameters that cannot reliably be classified...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859442/emerging-multidrug-resistance-in-community-associated-staphylococcus-aureus-involved-in-skin-and-soft-tissue-infections-and-nasal-colonization
#13
Grace C Lee, Steven D Dallas, Yufeng Wang, Randall J Olsen, Kenneth A Lawson, James Wilson, Christopher R Frei
Background: Staphylococcus aureus is a major pathogen causing significant morbidity and mortality worldwide. The emergence of MDR S. aureus strains in the community setting has major implications in disease management. However, data regarding the occurrence and patterns of MDR community-associated S. aureus sub-clones is limited. Objectives: To use whole-genome sequences to describe the diversity and distribution of resistance mechanisms among community-associated S...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858915/how-to-translate-the-new-hospital-acquired-and-ventilator-associated-pneumonia-guideline-to-the-bedside
#14
Mario F Perez, Mark L Metersky, Andre C Kalil
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Hospital-acquired pneumonia and ventilator-associated pneumonia remain significant causes of morbidity, mortality, and financial burden in the United States and around the globe. Although guidelines for the management of patients with these conditions have been available for several years, implementation remains challenging. Here, we review the most common barriers faced by clinicians in implementing the current guidelines and offer suggestions for improved adherence...
October 2017: Current Opinion in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854219/molecular-characterization-of-vancomycin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-strains-isolated-from-clinical-samples-a-three-year-study-in-tehran-iran
#15
Marjan Shekarabi, Bahareh Hajikhani, Alireza Salimi Chirani, Maryam Fazeli, Mehdi Goudarzi
INTRODUCTION: Emergence of vancomycin-intermediate Staphylococcus aureus (VISA) and vancomycin-resistant S. aureus (VRSA) strains has led to great concern in global public health in both developing and developed countries. This study investigated distribution and molecular characterization of VRSA strains in Tehran's hospitals using a combination of molecular typing methods. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 1789 S. aureus isolates obtained between 2014 and 2017 and were characterized using antibiogram, SCCmec typing, spa typing, and multilocus-sequence typing...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831226/antibiotic-and-heavy-metal-resistance-of-aeromonas-hydrophila-and-edwardsiella-tarda-isolated-from-red-hybrid-tilapia-oreochromis-spp-coinfected-with-motile-aeromonas-septicemia-and-edwardsiellosis
#16
S W Lee, W Wendy
AIM: The aim of this study is to identify antibiogram and heavy metal resistance pattern of Aeromonas hydrophila and Edwardsiella tarda isolated from red hybrid tilapia (Oreochromis spp.) coinfected with motile aeromonas septicemia and edwardsiellosis in four commercial fish farms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A. hydrophila and E. tarda were isolated using glutamate starch phenol red and xylose lysine deoxycholate (Merck, Germany) as a selective medium, respectively. All the suspected bacterial colonies were identified using conventional biochemical tests and commercial identification kit (BBL Crystal, USA)...
July 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814443/antibiotic-use-by-pediatric-residents-identifying-opportunities-and-strategies-for-antimicrobial-stewardship
#17
Prateek J Shukla, Maria Behnam-Terneus, Beatriz Cunill-De Sautu, Geovanny F Perez
OBJECTIVES: To determine the antibiotic prescribing practices of pediatric residents and assess how they acquire knowledge leading to prescribing behaviors. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional electronic survey of all pediatric residents at the Children's National Medical Center and Nicklaus Children's Hospital, assessing antibiotic prescribing patterns for common pediatric infections, use of antibiograms, and factors influencing antibiotic choice. RESULTS: Eighty-five surveys (45%) were returned complete and included in the analysis...
August 16, 2017: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812009/the-bacteriological-quality-safety-and-antibiogram-of-salmonella-isolates-from-fresh-meat-in-retail-shops-of-bahir-dar-city-ethiopia
#18
Melkamnesh Azage, Mulugeta Kibret
The habit of raw meat consumption in addition to the poor hygienic standards and lack of knowledge contribute to food-borne diseases outbreaks. The objective of this research was to assess the bacterial quality and safety of fresh meat from retail Bahir Dar City, Ethiopia. A total of 30 fresh meat samples were collected from butcher shops. Standard bacteriological methods were used to isolate and enumerate bacteria. Kirby-Bauer disk diffusion method was used for antimicrobial susceptibility testing of Salmonella isolates...
2017: International journal of food science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807755/antimicrobial-susceptibility-of-pathogens-in-acute-uncomplicated-cystitis-cases-in-the-urology-department-of-a-community-hospital-in-japan-comparison-with-treatment-outcome-and-hospital-wide-antibiogram
#19
Toshiki Etani, Taku Naiki, Sachiyo Yamaguchi, Saori Mori, Takashi Nagai, Keitaro Iida, Ryosuke Ando, Noriyasu Kawai, Keiichi Tozawa, Tohru Mogami, Takahiro Yasui
We hypothesized that cases of uncomplicated cystitis treated in a Urology Department would display higher antimicrobial susceptibility than those reported by the hospital antibiogram. This would suggest narrow spectrum antibiotics could still be an effective treatment for uncomplicated cystitis despite this era of antimicrobial resistance. The objective of this study was thus to evaluate the rates of antimicrobial susceptibility of isolates cultured from uncomplicated cystitis cases that presented to the Urology Department of a community hospital in Japan...
October 2017: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754426/relevance-of-multidrug-resistant-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-infections-in-cystic-fibrosis
#20
REVIEW
S Stefani, S Campana, L Cariani, V Carnovale, C Colombo, M M Lleo, V D Iula, L Minicucci, P Morelli, G Pizzamiglio, G Taccetti
Multidrug-resistant (MDR) Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an important issue for physicians who take care of patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). Here, we review the latest research on how P. aeruginosa infection causes lung function to decline and how several factors contribute to the emergence of antibiotic resistance in P. aeruginosa strains and influence the course of the infection course. However, many aspects of the practical management of patients with CF infected with MDR P. aeruginosa are still to be established...
September 2017: International Journal of Medical Microbiology: IJMM
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