keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

antibiogram

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101334/implementation-of-short-incubation-maldi-tof-ms-identification-from-positive-blood-cultures-in-routine-diagnostics-and-effects-on-empiric-antimicrobial-therapy
#1
Robin Köck, Jörg Wüllenweber, Dagmar Horn, Christian Lanckohr, Karsten Becker, Evgeny A Idelevich
BACKGROUND: Results of blood culture (BC) diagnostics should be swiftly available to guide treatment of critically ill patients. Conventional BC diagnostics usually performs species identification of microorganisms from mature solid medium colonies. Species identification might be speed up by using matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight (MALDI-TOF) mass spectrometry (MS) of biomass from shortly incubated solid media. METHODS: This single-center analysis compared the applicability of MALDI-TOF-based species identification from shortly incubated cultures in laboratory routine vs...
2017: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098806/antibacterial-activities-and-possible-modes-of-action-of-acacia-nilotica-l-del-against-multidrug-resistant-escherichia-coli-and-salmonella
#2
Muhammad Bilal Sadiq, Joel Tarning, Tay Zar Aye Cho, Anil Kumar Anal
Medicinal plants are frequently used for the treatment of various infectious diseases. The objective of this study was to evaluate the antibacterial activity and mode of action of Acacia nilotica and the antibiogram patterns of foodborne and clinical strains of Escherichia coli and Salmonella. The mechanism of action of acacia extracts against E. coli and Salmonella was elucidated by observing morphological damages including cell integrity and cell membrane permeability, as well as changes in cell structures and growth patterns in kill-time experiments...
January 14, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087492/multi-antibiotic-resistant-and-putative-virulence-gene-signatures-in-enterococcus-species-isolated-from-pig-farms-environment
#3
Abeni Beshiru, Isoken H Igbinosa, Faith I Omeje, Abraham G Ogofure, Martin M Eyong, Etinosa O Igbinosa
The continuous misuse of antimicrobials in food animals both orally and subcutaneously as therapeutic and prophylactic agents to bacterial infections could be detrimental and contribute to the dissemination of resistant clones in livestock production. The present study was carried out to determine the antibiogram and virulence gene characteristics of Enterococcus species from pig farms. A total of 300 faecal samples were obtained from two pig farms in Benin City between February and July, 2016. Standard culture-based and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay were adopted in the detection and characterization of the Enterococcus species...
January 10, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062288/designation-of-pathogenic-resistant-bacteria-in-the-sparusaurata-sea-collected-in-tunisia-coastlines-correlation-with-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry-analysis-of-antibiotics
#4
Amina Zouiten, Ines Mehri, Asma Beltifa, Asma Ghorbel, Olivier Sire, Joris Van Loco, Hassen Abdenaceur, Tim Reyns, Hedi Ben Mansour
Vibrio is characterized by a large number of species and some of them are human pathogens causing gastro intestinal and wound infections through the ingestion or manipulation of contaminated fishes including Vibrio parahaemolyticus and Vibrio alginolyticus. In this study, we reported the phenotypic and molecular characterization of Vibrio parahaemolyticus and Vibrio alginolyticus strains isolated from wild and farm sea bream (Sparus aurata L.) along the Tunisian coast from December 2015 to April 2016. Therefore, the antibiograms indicate a difference between farmed and wild fish...
January 3, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061869/clinical-and-microbiologic-characteristics-of-cefotaxime-non-susceptible-enterobacteriaceae-bacteremia-a-case-control-study
#5
Taro Noguchi, Yasufumi Matsumura, Masaki Yamamoto, Miki Nagao, Shunji Takakura, Satoshi Ichiyama
BACKGROUND: Cefotaxime plays an important role in the treatment of patients with bacteremia due to Enterobacteriaceae, although cefotaxime resistance is reported to be increasing in association with extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) and AmpC β-lactamase (AmpC). METHODS: We conducted a case-control study in a Japanese university hospital between 2011 and 2012. We assessed the risk factors and clinical outcomes of bacteremia due to cefotaxime-non-susceptible Enterobacteriaceae (CTXNS-En) and analyzed the resistance mechanisms...
January 7, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056827/strain-specific-transmission-in-an-outbreak-of-esbl-producing-enterobacteriaceae-in-the-hemato-oncology-care-unit-a-cohort-study
#6
Makiko Uemura, Osamu Imataki, Shumpei Uchida, Haruyuki Nakayama-Imaohji, Yukiko Ohue, Harumi Matsuka, Hatsune Mori, Hiroaki Dobashi, Tomomi Kuwahara, Norimitsu Kadowaki
BACKGROUND: Extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing bacteria are resistant to several types of antibiotics excluding carbapenems. A transmissibility of ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae would be depending on each bacterial property, however, that has not been elucidated in clinical setting. In this study, we attempted to identify the source of an outbreak of ESBL-producing bacteria in a medical oncology and immunology care unit. METHODS: An ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBL-E) outbreak observed between July 2012 and August 2012 in Kagawa University Hospital was surveyed using various molecular microbiology techniques...
January 5, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042159/nasal-carriage-of-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-pseudintermedius-in-dogs-treated-with-cephalexin-monohydrate
#7
Punpichaya Fungwithaya, Pattrarat Chanchaithong, Nathita Phumthanakorn, Nuvee Prapasarakul
This study aimed to investigate the nasal carriage of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus pseudintermedius (MRSP) in dogs treated with oral cephalexin monohydrate. Ten dogs with superficial pyoderma were monitored longitudinally for carriage of MRSP for up to 1 year after treatment; the strains were typed and antibiograms were determined. Methicillin-susceptible S. pseudintermedius (MSSP) was recovered prior to treatment in all dogs and could be isolated after 12 months in 1 dog. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus pseudintermedius was detected within 1 week of treatment in all dogs, and 3 clones represented by ST45, ST112, and ST181 were consistently present for up to 12 months after treatment...
January 2017: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990009/distribution-of-methicillin-resistant-coagulase-positive-staphylococci-mrcops-in-a-surgical-unit-and-cystotomy-operation-sites-in-a-veterinary-teaching-hospital
#8
Fungwithaya Punpichaya, Brikshavana Pasakorn, Chanchaithong Pattrarat, Prapasarakul Nuvee
This study aimed to investigate the spread of methicillin-resistant coagulase-positive staphylococci (MRCoPS) among veterinary staff, hand-touch sites and surgical tissue during cystotomy operations on cats and dogs that were patients, and to analyze the genetic relatedness and antimicrobial resistance profiles of the isolates. Human and environmental samples were obtained from the nasal passageways of 12 surgeons and veterinary assistants and from 29 hand-touch sites of instruments in operative units and subjected to bacterial isolation and enumeration...
December 17, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987912/original-method-for-synthesis-of-chitosan-based-antimicrobial-agent-by-quaternary-ammonium-grafting
#9
Ernesto Oyervides-Muñoz, Eric Pollet, Gilles Ulrich, Gerardo de Jesús Sosa-Santillán, Luc Avérous
Functionalized high molar mass chitosan derivatives with increased antibacterial properties were prepared by the reaction of chitosan with different quaternary ammonium salts. Benzalkonium bromide, pyridinium bromide and triethyl ammonium bromide were synthesized by a quaternization reaction between 1,4-dibromobutane and the respective tertiary amines (N, N-dimethylbenzylamine, triethylamine and pyridine) to obtain three ammonium salts with a bromide end-group capable of reacting with a functional group from the chitosan backbone...
February 10, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986824/the-intersection-of-antimicrobial-stewardship-and-microbiology-educating-the-next-generation-of-health-care-professionals
#10
Lauren A O'Donnell, Anthony J Guarascio
With the alarming rise of antibiotic resistance, clinical professionals are called upon to manage antibiotic therapies using the most relevant and recent clinical and laboratory data. To this end, antimicrobial stewardship (AMS) programs aim to reduce unnecessary or suboptimal use of antibiotics while maximizing outcomes for the patient. For AMS programs to succeed, the active participation of clinical professionals at all levels of patient care is required. Although programs exist to train established clinicians in AMS, there is a paucity of literature on how and when to integrate AMS concepts and skills in pre-clinical and clinical coursework...
January 2017: FEMS Microbiology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986734/how-to-measure-the-impacts-of-antibiotic-resistance-and-antibiotic-development-on-empiric-therapy-new-composite-indices
#11
Josie S Hughes, Amy Hurford, Rita L Finley, David M Patrick, Jianhong Wu, Andrew M Morris
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to construct widely useable summary measures of the net impact of antibiotic resistance on empiric therapy. Summary measures are needed to communicate the importance of resistance, plan and evaluate interventions, and direct policy and investment. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: As an example, we retrospectively summarised the 2011 cumulative antibiogram from a Toronto academic intensive care unit. OUTCOME MEASURES: We developed two complementary indices to summarise the clinical impact of antibiotic resistance and drug availability on empiric therapy...
December 16, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981921/emerging-trends-of-bloodstream-infections-a-six-year-study-at-a-paediatric-tertiary-care-hospital-in-kabul
#12
Tariq Mahmud Tariq, Esmatullah Rasool
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of pathogens causing bloodstream infections and evaluate their trends and antibiogram patterns among in-patients in a paediatric tertiary care centre. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: French Medical Institute for Mothers and Children (FMIC), Kabul, Afghanistan in two phases, from January 2010 to December 2015. METHODOLOGY: Results of blood cultures from suspected cases of sepsis admitted in the FMIC, from January 2010 to December 2012 (Period-1), and from January 2013 to December 2015 (Period-2) were completed...
November 2016: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973235/development-of-antibiogram-for-management-of-aerobic-bacterial-infection-in-diabetic-foot-ulcer
#13
S S Miraj, U Mk, G S Rodrigues
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27959872/survival-of-antibacterial-resistance-microbes-in-hospital-generated-recycled-wastewater
#14
Kumarasingam Kalaiselvi, Vincent Mangayarkarasi, Doraisami Balakrishnan, Vasudevan Chitraleka
Hospital wastewater has the potential to be a threat to the hospital environment as it can contain pathogenic bacteria that may facilitate the resistant nature of organisms within effluent or water treatment plants. The recycling of hospital wastewater should have good quality. This study was carried out to highlight the incidence of antibiotic resistant bacteria in hospital-generated recycled water. This study was conducted in a tertiary care teaching hospital during June 2013-June 2014. One hundred and forty wastewater samples were aseptically collected at different stages in the recycling plant...
December 2016: Journal of Water and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941735/isolation-of-extended-spectrum-%C3%AE-lactamase-producing-gram-negative-bacilli-from-wound-swab-with-their-antimicrobial-susceptibility-pattern
#15
T A Islam, S M Shamsuzzaman
Extended Spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs) producing organisms have become the major clinical concern worldwide. The present study was undertaken to see the frequency of ESBLs producing gram-negative bacilli with their antibiogram in post surgical wound swab collected over a period of 12 months from July 2011 to June 2012 at Dhaka Medical College Hospital. Among 200 samples 121(60.5%) gram negative bacilli and 52(26%) gram-positive bacteria were isolated. Escherichia coli (36.42%) was the most predominant gram-negative bacilli followed by Klebsiella species (9...
October 2016: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915986/molecular-analysis-of-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-metallo-beta-lactamase-a-first-report-of-an-iranian-referral-pediatric-hospital
#16
Shima Mahmoudi, Babak Pourakbari, Mansoure Hosseini, Amir Esmaeil Alyari, Mohammad Taghi Haghi Ashtiani, Setareh Mamishi
INTRODUCTION: Pseudomonas aerouginosa is an important opportunistic pathogen causes clinical infections among ill patients. Metallo- Beta- lactamases (MBLs) are important mechanisms of carbapenem (drug of choice) resistance among Pseudomonas aerouginosa isolates. The aim of this study was to determine B- lactamases genes (bla-genes) in P. aerouginosa isolates and to detect percentage of MBLs among P. aerouginosa isolates in different wards. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Clinical isolates of P...
December 2, 2016: Infectious Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906777/asymptomatic-bacteriuria-to-screen-or-not-to-screen-and-when-to-treat
#17
Tommaso Cai, Bela Koves, Truls E Bjerklund Johansen
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Asymptomatic bacteriuria (ABU) is a common clinical condition that often leads to unnecessary treatment. The purpose of this review is to outline and evaluate the most recent literature on the management of ABU. RECENT FINDINGS: The role of ABU management has been evaluated in several patient subgroups: healthy patients without identified risk factors, pregnant women, postmenopausal women, women with recurrent UTI, patients with diabetes, elderly institutionalized patients, patients with renal transplants, patients with indwelling catheters and prior to surgery...
November 30, 2016: Current Opinion in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894963/longitudinal-surveillance-on-antibiogram-of-important-gram-positive-pathogens-in-southern-china-2001-to-2015
#18
Zhenbo Xu, Jinhong Xie, Brian M Peters, Bing Li, Lin Li, Guangchao Yu, Mark E Shirtliff
OBJECTIVES: A longitudinal surveillance aimed to investigate the antibiogram of three genus of important Gram-positive pathogens in Southern China during 2001-2015. METHODS: A total of 3849 Staphylococcus, Enterococcus and Streptococcus strains were isolated from Southern China during 2001-2015. Bacteria identification was performed by colony morphology, Gram staining, the API commercial kit and the Vitek 2 automated system. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing was determined by disk diffusion method and MIC method...
November 26, 2016: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892398/therapy-resistant-septic-olecranon-bursitis-due-to-mycobacterium-gordonae
#19
Christian Konrads, Kilian Rückl, Mohammed El Tabbakh, Maximilian Rudert, Stefan Kircher, Piet Plumhoff
INTRODUCTION: Septic olecranon bursitis due to atypical mycobacteria is rare. An insidious beginning can delay diagnosis and treatment. Antibacterial therapy recommendations are not well-defined for bursitis caused by atypical mycobacteria. We present a rare case of olecranon bursitis caused by Mycobacterium gordonae, reporting our experiences regarding pathogen identification and antibiotic therapy, which differs from regimes used in common septic bursitis mostly caused by staphylococcus aureus...
2016: SICOT-J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891340/dual-lower-respiratory-tract-infection-by-burkholderia-cepacia-and-acinetobacter-baumannii-in-a-neonate-a-case-report
#20
Neeta Gade, Sanjay Singh Negi, Atul Jindal, Ujjwala Gaikwad, Padma Das, Anudita Bhargava
Burkholderia cepacia (B.cepacia) and Acinetobacter baumannii (A.baumannii), the highly intrinsically resistant nonfermenters are known to cause frequent infections in immunocomproimsed or hospitalized patients with significant mortality rate. In this rare clinical presentation, both were simultaneously isolated from a case of neonatal sepsis with respiratory failure. The prompt early diagnosis and antibiogram of these nonfermenters were proved to be of tremendous help in the present case with successful treatment outcome of dual infection of B...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
keyword
keyword
40022
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"