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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150768/toe-web-intertrigo-in-kaposi-s-sarcoma-patients-a-microbiological-study-in-a-large-cohort-of-patients
#1
G Nazzaro, A Tourlaki, B Scoppio, A Restelli, A Grancini, L Brambilla
Kaposi 's sarcoma (KS) is a rare multifocal angioproliferative disease associated with human herpes virus 8 (HHV-8) infection, characterized by cutaneous nodules or plaques especially on the lower limbs. Some skin modifications, such as chronic lymphedema, plantar hyperkeratosis and interdigital desquamation, may be associated with consequent impairment of the local immunosurveillance and increased risk of some bacterial or mycotic infections. With the objective of evaluating if bacterial or mycotic infections in KS patients are supported by different microorganisms compared to control patients, we performed an observational retrospective study, comparing positive cultural swabs of interdigital intertrigo of KS patients with positive cultural swabs of interdigital intertrigo of patients admitted to our dermatologic unit during the last 10 years...
November 17, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150336/urinary-tract-infections-in-neonates-with-unexplained-pathological-indirect-hyperbilirubinemia-prevalence-and-significance
#2
Elif Bahat Ozdogan, Mehmet Mutlu, Secil Arslansoyu Camlar, Gülcin Bayramoglu, Sebnem Kader, Yakup Aslan
BACKGROUND: It is controversial to test for urinary tract infection (UTI) in patients with unexplained indirect hyperbilirubinemia in the first 2 weeks of life. We aimed to study the prevalence and significance of UTIs in such neonates who were requiring phototherapy. METHODS: Subjects were 2- to 14-day-old neonates with indirect bilirubin levels above phototherapy limit with no other abnormality in their bilirubinaemia-related etiologic workup. UTI was diagnosed by 2 consecutive positive cultures obtained by catheterisation, documenting growth of >10,000 colonies of the same microorganism with consistent antibiograms...
October 28, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148895/characterization-of-cefotaxime-and-ciprofloxacin-resistant-commensal-escherichia-coli-originating-from-belgian-farm-animals-indicates-high-antibiotic-resistance-transfer-rates
#3
Ellen Lambrecht, Eva Van Meervenne, Nico Boon, Tom Van de Wiele, Pierre Wattiau, Lieve Herman, Marc Heyndrickx, Els Van Coillie
Food-producing animals represent one of the sources of antibiotic resistant commensal bacteria. There is an increasing awareness that these bacteria might have the potential to transfer their resistance genes to other (pathogenic) bacteria. In this study, 50 commensal Escherichia coli strains originating from food-producing animals and resistant to the "highest priority, critically important antibiotics" cefotaxime and/or ciprofloxacin, were selected for further characterization. For each strain (i) an antibiogram, (ii) the phylogenetic group, (iii) plasmid replicon type, (iv) presence and identification of integrons, and (v) antibiotic resistance transfer ratios were determined...
November 17, 2017: Microbial Drug Resistance: MDR: Mechanisms, Epidemiology, and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147962/retrospective-review-of-ceftriaxone-versus-levofloxacin-for-treatment-of-e-coli-urinary-tract-infections
#4
Samantha S Wang, Patrick D Ratliff, William R Judd
Background Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are among the most common bacterial infections. Options for initial treatment of pyelonephritis or UTI requiring hospitalization include levofloxacin (LVF) or extended-spectrum cephalosporins. Globally, uropathogenic Escherichia coli resistance rates to fluoroquinolones have increased in recent years. Objective To compare clinical outcomes of patients receiving ceftriaxone (CTX) to those who received LVF empirically for the treatment of E. coli UTI. Setting 433-bed community hospital in Lexington, KY...
November 17, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146497/nocardiosis-from-1888-to-2017
#5
REVIEW
Mehdi Fatahi-Bafghi
The genus Nocardia is an aerobic bacterium, Gram-positive and catalase positive that is in Nocardiaceae family. This bacterium first described by Edmond Nocard in 1888 and is not in human commensal bacteria. To date, nocardiosis incidence is increasing due to increase population growth rate, increase in patients with immune disorder diseases and immunocompromised patients. We surveyed taxonomic position, isolation methods, phenotypic and molecular identification at the genus and species levels, antibiogram, treatment and epidemiology in the world from 1888 to 2017...
November 13, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138665/-epidemiological-profile-of-uropathogenic-enterobacteria-producing-extended-spectrum-beta-lactamases
#6
Mohammed Sbiti, Khalid Lahmadi, Lhoussaine Louzi
Urinary tract infections due to enterobacteria producing extended spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBL-E) constitute a infectious risk, a major therapeutic challenge and can even lead, in some cases, to a deadlock beacuse of their multi-resistance to antibiotics. This study aimed to determine the epidemiological profile of uropathogenic ESBL-E and to describe their current level of resistance to antibiotics for a better patient management according to local data. We conducted a retrospective study of all ESBL-E strains isolated from all cytobacteriogical testing of urine (CBEU) treated in the Microbiology Laboratory at the Military Hospital of Moulay Ismail, Meknes over a period of three years (from 1 January 2013 to 31 December 2015)...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135361/molecular-characteristics-of-new-clonal-complexes-of-staphylococcus-pseudintermedius-from-clinically-normal-dogs
#7
Jae-Ik Han, Haerin Rhim, Cheol-Ho Yang, Hee-Myung Park
BACKGROUND: High prevalence of methicillin resistance among clinical isolates of Staphylococcus pseudintermedius obtained from dogs was reported in Seoul metropolitan area, South Korea. However, no information on genetic lineage and clonal spread is currently available. OBJECTIVE: To identify the genetic diversity of methicillin-resistant or -susceptible S. pseudintermedius (MRSP and MSSP, respectively) from healthy dogs. ANIMALS AND METHODS: From 119 healthy dogs, 29 isolates consisting of 20 MRSP and 9 MSSP were collected from June 2013 to February 2014...
November 14, 2017: Veterinary Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126042/successful-treatment-of-infected-wound-dehiscence-after-minimally-invasive-locking-plate-osteosynthesis-of-tibial-pilon-and-calcaneal-fractures-by-plate-preservation-surgical-debridement-and-antibiotics
#8
Giandavide Ieropoli, Jorge Hugo Villafañe, Silvia Chiara Zompi, Umberto Morozzo, Riccardo D'Ambrosi, Federico Giuseppe Usuelli, Pedro Berjano
OBJECTIVE: The aim is to present a case series that illustrates possible benefits from combining minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis (MIPO), plastic surgery and antibiotic therapy, in order to treat and eradicate infection in patients with tibial pilon or calcaneal fractures. METHODS: Eleven consecutive patients with dehiscence of the surgical wound in outcomes MIPO using a Locking Compression Plate (LCP) for tibial pilon, or calcaneus fractures. The patients had developed a documented infection of the surgical wound...
October 23, 2017: Foot
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108916/an-evidence-based-protocol-for-antibiotic-use-prior-to-cystoscopy-decreases-antibiotic-usage-without-impacting-post-procedural-symptomatic-urinary-tract-infection-rates
#9
Justin R Gregg, Rohan G Bhalla, J Paul Cook, Caroline Lai, Roger Dmochowski, Thomas R Talbot, Daniel A Barocas
PURPOSE: Symptomatic urinary tract infection (UTI) is a complication of office-based cystourethroscopy. Studies are mixed regarding the efficacy of antibiotic prophylaxis for UTI prevention. Our aim was to develop and evaluate an evidence-based protocol that reduces unnecessary antibiotic use while avoiding an increase in UTI. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A clinic antibiogram was created based on all urology office visits performed during a two-year time period. Bacterial resistance rates, institutional risk-related data, and clinical guidelines were used to create a protocol for pre-cystourethroscopy antibiotic use...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105824/wound-culture-isolated-antibiograms-and-caregiver-reported-skin-care-practices-in-children-with-epidermolysis-bullosa
#10
Hannah M Singer, Laura E Levin, Maria C Garzon, Christine T Lauren, Paul J Planet, Nicole W Kittler, Susan Whittier, Kimberly D Morel
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Many patients with epidermolysis bullosa (EB) require intensive daily wound care and individualized treatment plans. Understanding patient's home skin care routines and emerging antibiotic resistance patterns in EB wounds is necessary to optimize treatment recommendations. The objective was to identify patterns of antimicrobial resistance in EB wounds and characterize patient's home practices of skin care and bathing. METHODS: This was an observational study of 23 children with EB at an outpatient pediatric dermatology practice in New York City from 2012 to 2014...
November 6, 2017: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090866/tokyo-guidelines-2018-antimicrobial-therapy-for-acute-cholangitis-and-cholecystitis
#11
Harumi Gomi, Joseph S Solomkin, David Schlossberg, Kohji Okamoto, Tadahiro Takada, Steven M Strasberg, Tomohiko Ukai, Itaru Endo, Yukio Iwashita, Taizo Hibi, Henry A Pitt, Naohisa Matsunaga, Yoriyuki Takamori, Akiko Umezawa, Koji Asai, Kenji Suzuki, Ho-Seong Han, Tsann-Long Hwang, Yasuhisa Mori, Yoo-Seok Yoon, Wayne Shih-Wei Huang, Giulio Belli, Christos Dervenis, Masamichi Yokoe, Seiki Kiriyama, Takao Itoi, Palepu Jagannath, O James Garden, Fumihiko Miura, Eduardo de Santibañes, Satoru Shikata, Yoshinori Noguchi, Keita Wada, Goro Honda, Avinash Nivritti Supe, Masahiro Yoshida, Toshihiko Mayumi, Dirk J Gouma, Daniel J Deziel, Kui-Hin Liau, Miin-Fu Chen, Keng-Hao Liu, Cheng-Hsi Su, Angus C W Chan, Dong-Sup Yoon, In-Seok Choi, Eduard Jonas, Xiao-Ping Chen, Sheung Tat Fan, Chen-Guo Ker, Mariano Eduardo Giménez, Seigo Kitano, Masafumi Inomata, Shuntaro Mukai, Ryota Higuchi, Koichi Hirata, Kazuo Inui, Yoshinobu Sumiyama, Masakazu Yamamoto
Antimicrobial therapy is a mainstay of the management for patients with acute cholangitis and/or cholecystitis. Tokyo Guidelines 2018 (TG 18) provides recommendations for the appropriate for use of antimicrobials for community-acquired and healthcare-associated infections. The listed agents are for empirical therapy) provided before the infecting isolates are identified. Antimicrobial agents are listed by class-definitions and TG 18 Severity Grade I, II, and III subcategorized by clinical settings. In the era of emerging and increasing antimicrobial resistance, monitoring and updating local antibiograms is underscored...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Hepato-biliary-pancreatic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071076/burden-of-bacterial-upper-respiratory-tract-pathogens-in-school-children-of-nepal
#12
Sangita Thapa, Shishir Gokhale, Annavarapu Laxminarasimha Sharma, Lokendra Bahadur Sapkota, Shamshul Ansari, Rajendra Gautam, Sony Shrestha, Puja Neopane
INTRODUCTION: Respiratory tract infections are one of the most common human infections in all age group and important cause of mortality and morbidity worldwide. Most bacterial upper respiratory tract infections are vaccine preventable. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of carrier state of bacterial upper respiratory tract pathogens among school children. It also aimed to study their antibiograms. METHODS: The specimen from posterior pharyngeal wall and tonsils were collected from 204 participants on calcium alginate coated swabs (HiMedia)...
2017: BMJ Open Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062191/detection-of-food-borne-bacteria-in-ready-to-eat-betel-leaf-sold-at-local-markets-in-mymensingh
#13
Md Mazedul Haque, Md Atiqur Rahman Sarker, Rafia Afroze Rifa, Md Ariful Islam, Mst Minara Khatun
AIM: The present study was undertaken to determine bacterial load as well as characterize bacterial flora of ready to eat (RTE) betel leaf sold at local markets in Mymensingh city. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 25 RTE betel leaf samples were collected from five local markets such as Kamal-Ranjit (KR) market, Shesh more, Kewatkhali, Jobber more, and Ganginar par. RESULTS: Total viable count of bacteria in betel leaf (log10 mean colony forming unit±standard deviation/ml) was 7...
September 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055132/gram-negative-bacterial-toe-web-infection-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Till Weidner, Jörg Tittelbach, Tanja Illing, Peter Elsner
Gram-negative bacterial toe web infection (GNBTWI) is a frequent therapeutic challenge in clinical practice with high recurrence rates and frequent need of systemic drugs. The aim of this systematic review was to provide an updated overview and evidence-based data on pathogens, risk-factors and treatment of GNBTWI along with promoting a consistent international terminology. This systematic review is based on a search in PubMed database for English and German articles published between 1980 and 2016. A total of 7 articles were considered appropriate for inclusion in this review regarding to treatment and outcome...
October 21, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038662/multidrug-resistant-enteric-bacterial-pathogens-in-a-psychiatric-hospital-in-ghana-implications-for-control-of-nosocomial-infections
#15
Kwabena O Duedu, George Offei, Francis S Codjoe, Eric S Donkor
Enteric bacteria are commonly implicated in hospital-acquired or nosocomial infections. In Ghana, these infections constitute an important public health problem but little is known about their contribution to antibiotic resistance. The aim of the study was to determine the extent and pattern of antibiotic resistance of enteric bacteria isolated from patients and environmental sources at the Accra Psychiatric Hospital. A total of 265 samples were collected from the study site including 142 stool and 82 urine samples from patients, 7 swab samples of door handle, and 3 samples of drinking water...
2017: International Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026424/prevalence-and-antibiotic-resistance-pattern-of-bacteria-isolated-from-urinary-tract-infections-in-northern-iran
#16
Abbas Mihankhah, Rahem Khoshbakht, Mojtaba Raeisi, Vahideh Raeisi
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the bacteria associated with urinary tract infection (UTI) and antibiotic susceptibility pattern of the isolates during 2013-2015 in Northern Iran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Overall 3798 patients with clinical symptoms of UTI were subjected as samples, and they were cultured and pure isolated bacteria were identified using biochemical tests and subjected to antibiogram assessment using disc diffusion method. RESULTS: Totally, 568 (14...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023054/genetic-characterization-antimicrobial-resistance-patterns-and-virulence-determinants-of-staphylococcus-aureus-isolated-form-bovine-mastitis
#17
Amal Awad, Hazem Ramadan, Sherif Nasr, Ahmed Ateya, Samar Atwa
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Staphylococcus aureus is commonly associated with mastitis in dairy herds with potential public health implications. This study was conducted to investigate the existence of S. aureus in mastitic milk and to determine the antimicrobial resistance profiles of the isolated strains as well as the resistance and virulence associated genes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two hundred quarter milk samples were collected from 3 dairy farms at Dakahliya (n = 2) and Damietta (n = 1) Governorates, Egypt from September to December 2016...
2017: Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences: PJBS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017424/development-of-a-statewide-antibiogram-to-assess-regional-trends-in-antibiotic-resistant-eskape-organisms
#18
Anthony J Guarascio, Laura M Brickett, Timothy J Porter, Nancy D Lee, Erin E Gorse, Jordan R Covvey
BACKGROUND: Hospitals and other facilities utilize antibiograms as tools for optimal antibiotic selection. Currently, no measures compare broad trends on the regional level, despite interest for more comprehensive data, particularly for antibiotic-resistant ESKAPE organisms. OBJECTIVE: To collect and compare regional health-care facility antibiogram data for ESKAPE organisms to form a cumulative antibiogram. METHODS: Health-care facilities were identified using the publicly accessible Pennsylvania Department of Health web site...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969192/effect-of-2-nasal-mupirocin-ointment-on-decreasing-complications-of-nasotracheal-intubation-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Kourosh Taheri Talesh, Reza Movassaghi Gargary, Seyed Ahmad Arta, Javad Yazdani, Monireh Roshandel, Milad Ghanizadeh, Hossein Samadi Kafil, Mir Naser Seyyed Mousavi
INTRODUCTION: In oral and maxillofacial surgeries, nasotracheal intubation is carried out to increase the surgeon's access to the oral cavity. During nasotracheal intubation the risk of trauma is higher than that in orotracheal intubation as there is passage of the tube through the mucosa of the nasal tract due to which bacteria might get transported into the trachea. AIM: To evaluate the effect of 2% nasal mupirocin ointment before and after nasotracheal intubation on decreasing the complications of intubation for oral and maxillofacial surgeries...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952688/-antimicrobial-resistance-of-uropathogens-in-patients-with-acute-obstructive-pyelonephritis
#20
Yu L Naboka, I A Gudima, E V Mitusova, S K Bedzhanyan, P P Morgun, M I Kogan, K T Dzhalagoniya, M A Akimenko
RELEVANCE: Acute pyelonephritis is known to be the most complicated and severe urinary tract infection occurring in all age groups and accounting for 14% of all kidney diseases. The generally recognized standard antibiotic therapy cannot completely prevent the progression of the disease to its chronic form after relief of its acute manifestations thus leading to a high incidence of relapses. The aim of our study was to investigate the spectrum of uropathogens and their antibiotic sensitivity in acute obstructive pyelonephritis...
September 2017: Urologii︠a︡
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