keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

antibiogram

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534309/environmental-monitoring-and-assessment-of-antibacterial-metabolite-producing-actinobacteria-screened-from-marine-sediments-in-south-coastal-regions-of-karnataka-india
#1
Sinosh Skariyachan, Shruthi Garka, Sushmitha Puttaswamy, Shobitha Shanbhogue, Raksha Devaraju, Rajeswari Narayanappa
Assessment of the therapeutic potential of secondary metabolite producing microorganisms from the marine coastal areas imparts scope and application in the field of environmental monitoring. The present study aims to screen metabolites with antibacterial potential from actionbacteria associated with marine sediments collected from south coastal regions of Karnataka, India. The actinobacteria were isolated and characterized from marine sediments by standard protocol. The metabolites were extracted, and antibacterial potential was analyzed against eight hospital associated bacteria...
June 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533857/antibiogram-profile-of-uropathogens-isolated-at-bahir-dar-regional-health-research-laboratory-centre-northwest-ethiopia
#2
Awoke Derbie, Derese Hailu, Daniel Mekonnen, Bayeh Abera, Gashaw Yitayew
INTRODUCTION: Antimicrobial resistance among bacteria that cause urinary tract infection (UTI) has been increasing since the introduction of chemotherapy. This study was aimed to assess the types of isolates from patients with UTI and to determine their current antimicrobial susceptibility profile. METHODS: A record based retrospective analysis of bacterial uropathogens processed in the period of January 2012 to December 2014 at Bahir Dar Health Research Laboratory Center (BRHRLC) was determined...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526496/molecular-characterization-and-antimicrobial-resistance-profile-of-clostridium-perfringens-type-a-isolates-from-humans-animals-fish-and-their-environment
#3
Jay Prakash Yadav, Suresh Chandra Das, Pankaj Dhaka, Deepthi Vijay, Manesh Kumar, Asish Kumar Mukhopadhyay, Goutam Chowdhury, Pranav Chauhan, Rahul Singh, Kuldeep Dhama, Satya Veer Singh Malik, Ashok Kumar
The study was aimed to characterize, and determine antibiogram of C. perfringens type A isolated from the feces of human and animal diarrhoeal cases, as well as healthy animals, meat of pigs and goats, gills and intestine of fish and samples from fish pond. A total of 460 samples, including human diarrhoeal cases (n = 130); diarrhoeal cases of pig (n = 52) and goat (n = 50); fecal samples from healthy pig (n = 50) and goat (n = 50); meat samples viz. pork meat (n = 52); goat meat (n = 50) and fish including their environmental sources (n = 26) were used for isolation and identification of C...
May 16, 2017: Anaerobe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526311/dramatic-effects-of-a-new-antimicrobial-stewardship-program-in-a-rural-community-hospital
#4
Claudia R Libertin, Stephanie H Watson, William L Tillett, Joy H Peterson
BACKGROUND: New Joint Commission antimicrobial stewardship requirements took effect on January 1, 2017, promoted as a central strategy for coping with the emerging problems of antimicrobial resistance and Clostridium difficile infection. Our objective was to measure the effects of a new antimicrobial stewardship program (ASP) in a rural community hospital with no prior ASP, in the context of having a new infectious disease specialist on staff. METHODS: An ASP team was formed to implement a prospective audit with health care provider feedback and targeting 12 antimicrobial agents in a rural hospital in Georgia...
May 16, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511231/-epididymitis-in-children-fact-or-fiction
#5
Rolf Beetz, Maximilian Stehr
Epididymitis is one of the most frequent causes of acute scrotum during childhood. Unlike in adults, ascending bacterial infections are rarely the underlying cause of the condition in children. Antibacterial treatment in accordance with a prior antibiogram is possible in the presence of leukocyturia and significant bacteriuria. For the remaining cases, there are no definite criteria allowing for a decision on acute antibacterial treatment. The fact that antibacterial treatment is still initiated in cases of epididymitis in the clinical routine setting is based on the assumption of a possible infection rather than being based on facts...
May 16, 2017: Aktuelle Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503342/phenotypic-detection-and-antibiogram-of-%C3%AE-lactamase-producing-proteus-species-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-india
#6
N Pal, S Hooja, R Sharma, R K Maheshwari
BACKGROUND: Proteus species cause a variety of community- and hospital-acquired illnesses. Synthesis of β-lactamases is the predominant mechanism for resistance to β-lactam antibiotics. Among the β-lactamases, extended spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs) and AmpC β-lactamases are the most common. AIM: The objective of this study was to determine the occurrence of ESBL and AmpC β-lactamases in Proteus species among various clinical isolates at a tertiary care hospital, India...
September 2016: Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503324/a-5-day-antibiotic-course-for-treatment-of-intermittent-catheter-associated-urinary-tract-infection-in-patients-with-spinal-cord-injury
#7
Jean-Gabriel Previnaire, Morgane Le Berre, Elisabeth Hode, Vincent Dacquet, Hemanou Bordji, Pierre Denys, Jean-Marc Soler
INTRODUCTION: This was a retrospective monocentric study conducted at Centre Calvé, France, with the objective of evaluating the effectiveness of a 5-day course of antibiotics for symptomatic (mild urinary tract infection, UTI) or asymptomatic (aBact) bacteriuria in patients with spinal cord injury on intermittent catheterization. CASE PRESENTATION: This study was conducted from May 2013 to September 2016. Antibiotic selection always followed culture collection and analysis of antibiograms...
2017: Spinal Cord Series and Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491246/significance-of-coagulase-negative-staphylococcus-from-blood-cultures-persisting-problems-and-partial-progress-in-resource-constrained-settings
#8
Shailpreet K Sidhu, Sita Malhotra, Pushpa Devi, Arpandeep K Tuli
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Coagulase negative Staphylococcus (CoNS) is frequently isolated from blood cultures but their significance is difficult to interpret. CoNS bacteria which are often previously dismissed as culture contaminants are attracting greater importance as true pathogens in the past decades. Clinical evaluation of these isolates suggests that although there is a relative increase of CoNS associated bloodstream infections in recent years, the microorganisms still remain the most common contaminants in blood cultures...
December 2016: Iranian Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490261/prognostic-factors-associated-with-30-day-in-hospital-mortality-in-coagulase-negative-staphylococcus-bacteraemia-no-impact-of-vancomycin-minimum-inhibitory-concentration
#9
Maxime Hentzien, Christophe Strady, Véronique Vernet-Garnier, Amélie Servettaz, Christophe De Champs, Alain Delmer, Firouzé Bani-Sadr, Yohan N'Guyen
BACKGROUND: The impact of a minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of vancomycin ≥2 mg/L on mortality and the potential benefit of new antistaphylococcal treatments in coagulase-negative Staphylococcus (CoNS) bacteraemia remain unknown. We assessed the impact of vancomycin MIC on 30-day in-hospital mortality and identified factors independently associated with 30-day in-hospital mortality. METHODS: All patients presenting significant CoNS bacteraemia in the university hospital of Reims, between 01 January 2008 and 31 December 2012, were included...
May 11, 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468851/whole-genome-sequencing-reveals-the-contribution-of-long-term-carriers-in-staphylococcus-aureus-outbreak-investigation
#10
N C Gordon, B Pichon, T Golubchik, D J Wilson, J Paul, D S Blanc, K Cole, J Collins, N Cortes, M Cubbon, F K Gould, P J Jenks, M Llewelyn, J Q Nash, J M Orendi, K Paranthaman, J Price, L Senn, H L Thomas, S Wyllie, D W Crook, T E A Peto, A S Walker, A M Kearns
Whole genome sequencing (WGS) makes it possible to determine the relatedness of bacterial isolates at high resolution, helping to characterise outbreaks. However, for Staphylococcus aureus, accumulation of within-host diversity during carriage might limit interpretation of sequencing data.In this study, we hypothesised the converse: that within-host diversity can in fact be exploited to reveal the involvement of long-term carriers (LTCs) in outbreaks. We analysed WGS data from 20 historical outbreaks, and applied phylogenetic methods to assess genetic relatedness and estimate time to most recent common ancestor (TMRCA)...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467172/simple-and-fast-detection-of-resistance-to-antibiotic-inhibitors-of-protein-synthesis-in-gram-negative-pathogens-through-evaluation-of-mitomycin-c-induced-cell-elongation
#11
Fátima Otero, Jaime Gosálvez, Germán Bou, José Luis Fernández
Increasing the resistance of Gram-negative pathogens to antibiotics that inhibit protein synthesis is of great concern. In life-threatening situations, an early detection of antibiotic resistance may improve patient outcome. A rapid assay for the identification of antibiotic resistance to gentamicin, tobramycin, and tigecycline has been designed and tested in clinical strains of Acinetobacter baumannii, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and the Enterobacteriaceae Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae. Exponentially growing cultures were incubated with 0...
May 3, 2017: Microbial Drug Resistance: MDR: Mechanisms, Epidemiology, and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465629/noninvasive-molecular-analysis-of-helicobacter-pylori-is-it-time-for-tailored-first-line-therapy
#12
EDITORIAL
Enzo Ierardi, Floriana Giorgio, Andrea Iannone, Giuseppe Losurdo, Mariabeatrice Principi, Michele Barone, Antonio Pisani, Alfredo Di Leo
The main problem of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection management is linked to antibiotic resistances. This phenomenon has grown in the last decade, inducing a dramatic decline in conventional regimen effectiveness. The causes of resistance are point mutations in bacterial DNA, which interfere with antibiotic mechanism of action, especially clarithromycin and levofloxacin. Therefore, international guidelines have recently discouraged their use in areas with a relevant resistance percentage, suggesting first-line schedules with expected high eradication rates, i...
April 14, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439680/microbiological-evaluation-of-infected-pelvic-lymphocele-after-robotic-prostatectomy-potential-predictors-for-culture-positivity-and-selection-of-the-best-empirical-antimicrobial-therapy
#13
Alaa Hamada, Catalina Hwang, Jorge Fleisher, Ingolf Tuerk
OBJECTIVES: To examine symptomatology and microbiology of infected lymphocele (LC) post-robotic-assisted radical prostatectomy and pelvic lymph node dissection (PLND) and to assess for potential predictors for LC fluid culture positivity. Secondly, to provide general recommendations about use of select antimicrobial therapy. METHODS: This was a single-center, IRB-approved, retrospective, case series review conducted between October 2008 and October 2014. Data included symptomatology, microbiology of symptomatic LC in men post-robotic prostatectomy and PLND...
April 24, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439602/antibiogram-profile-of-septic-meningitis-among-children-in-duhok-iraq
#14
Abdulrahman T Saadi, Nadir A Garjees, Aveen H Rasool
  To determine the prevalence of bacteria in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), and the antibiogram profile in pediatric patients with suspected meningitis. Methods: This descriptive study was conducted between January 2014 and January 2016 in the Hevi Paediatric Teaching Hospital in Duhok, Iraq. The CSF samples were withdrawn from 432 pediatric patients suspected of meningitis. The samples were cultured, and antibiotic sensitivity tests were performed.  Results: There were 33 (7.6%) culture positive cases among 432 CSF samples...
May 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435202/phenotypic-and-genotypic-characterization-of-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-from-bovine-mastitis
#15
S Hamid, Mohd Altaf Bhat, Irfan Ahmad Mir, Anil Taku, Gulzar Ahmad Badroo, Salik Nazki, Andleeb Malik
AIM: This study was conducted to determine the occurrence of methicillin-sensitive and Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA) methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) from bovine mastitis and to characterize them with respect to antibiotic resistance gene mecA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 160 mastitic milk samples were screened for the presence of S. aureus. The presumptive positive isolates were confirmed using nuc and 23S rRNA gene-based polymerase chain reaction. All the confirmed isolates were subjected to in vitro antibiogram using a number of antibiotics...
March 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432607/impact-of-the-medical-specialty-on-knowledge-regarding-multidrug-resistant-organisms-and-strategies-toward-antimicrobial-stewardship
#16
Steffen Lebentrau, Christian Gilfrich, Malte W Vetterlein, Harald Schumacher, Philipp J Spachmann, Sabine D Brookman-May, Hans M Fritsche, Martin Schostak, Florian M Wagenlehner, Maximilian Burger, Matthias May
PURPOSE: Evidence is scarce on subject-specific knowledge of multidrug-resistant organisms and rational use of antibiotics. We aimed at evaluating attitude, perception, and knowledge about multidrug-resistant organisms (MDRO) and antibiotic prescribing among urologists versus other medical specialties. METHODS: Within the MR2-study (Multiinstitutional Reconnaissance of practice with MultiResistant bacteria), a questionnaire was conducted targeting general surgeons, internists, gynecologists, and urologists in 18 German hospitals...
April 21, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428133/epidemiological-study-of-common-diseases-and-their-risk-factors-in-camels-in-south-punjab-pakistan
#17
Aneela Zameer Durrani, Zubair Bashir, Imran Rasheed, Noor-Ul-Ain Sarwar
Bacteriological study of mastitis along with common blood protozoan diseases were studied in dromedary camels in Cholistan, Dera Ismail Khan and Rahim Yar Khan districts in South Punjab, Pakistan. For this purpose 300 camels were sampled randomly at different common grazing and watering point. For study of blood parasites clinically suspected and apparently healthy camels, 150 each, were sampled. An overall prevalence of 15%and 5% was recorded for trypanosomiasis and Anaplasmosis respectively. Trypanosoma evansi was identified with 280 bp product on polymerase chain reaction test...
April 18, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419868/ciprofloxacin-resistance-in-uropathogenic-escherichia-coli-isolates-causing-community-acquired-urinary-infections-in-bras%C3%A3-lia-brazil
#18
Rafaella Christina Rocha Moreira da Silva, Paulo de Oliveira Martins Júnior, Laura Fernandes Gonçalves, Vicente de Paulo Martins, Ana Beatriz Fabrício de Melo, André Pitondo-Silva, Tatiana Amabile de Campos
OBJECTIVES: Considering the global concern of ciprofloxacin resistance, the aim of this study was to evaluate the characteristics of ciprofloxacin-resistant (CIP-R) Escherichia coli isolated from patients with community-acquired urinary tract infections (UTIs) in Brasília, Brazil. METHODS: CIP-R E. coli isolated from different outpatients between July 2013 and April 2014 in a tertiary hospital were analysed for antibiotic resistance profile, phylotype, uropathogenic E...
April 15, 2017: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410918/comparison-of-urinary-tract-infection-antibiograms-stratified-by-emergency-department-patient-disposition
#19
Lee Grodin, Alyssa Conigliaro, Song-Yi Lee, Michael Rose, Richard Sinert
OBJECTIVE: Institutional antibiograms guide Emergency Department (ED) clinicians' empiric antibiotic selection. For this study, we created and compared antibiograms of ED patients stratified by disposition (admitted or discharged). METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study at two hospitals for 2014, comparing antibiograms limited to Escherichia coli urinary tract infections. Study-Specific Antibiograms, created for the study, excluded polymicrobial samples and multiple cultures from the same patient...
March 23, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406770/frequency-and-antibiogram-of-isolates-from-surgical-units-of-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-quetta
#20
Maria Mushtaq Gill, Muhammad Junaid Khan, Muhammad Asif Nawaz, Sarfraz Khan Janjua
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency and antibiogram of the isolates from infected patients in surgical units of a tertiary care hospital. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional, descriptive study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Department of Microbiology, Combined Military Hospital, Quetta, from March to October 2015. METHODOLOGY: Clinical samples from the surgical units received in Department of Microbiology for culture and sensitivity were analyzed by Gram stain, culture and biochemical tests for identification of the isolates; and the antibiotic susceptibility was determined by modified Kirby Bauer disc diffusion method...
March 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
keyword
keyword
40022
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"