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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334717/-the-ten-year-retrospect-of-nutrition-and-health-status-of-pregnant-women-in-china
#1
C X Dong, S A Yin
Improvement of the nutrition and health status of pregnant women should be one of the top priority strategies of improving the physical fitness of next generation and reserve of talented person for national sustainable development. This paper reviews the nutrition and health status of pregnant women in China over the recent ten years and discusses the underlying factors and changing trends. The most popular nutrition-related problem is dietary imbalance, and many micronutrient intakes are lower than the recommended dietary intakes or adequate intakes, and some of nutrient intakes are still at a very low level for a long time such as vitamin D and calcium...
January 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334711/-serologic-surveillance-indicators-analysis-among-syphilis-infected-pregnant-women-in-east-china
#2
L X Dou, Q Wang, X Y Wang, Y P Qiao, M Su, X Jin, A L Wang
Objective: To analyze serologic surveillance indicators during pregnancy among syphilis-infected women who delivered in 2013 in East China. Methods: Data were from national 'Information System of Prevention of Mother-to-child Transmission of HIV, syphilis and HBV Management' and in total 5 206 syphilis-infected pregnant women who delivered in 2013 and in East China were involved in the analysis. Information on demographic characters, laboratory tests, and treatment regimens were collected. The maternal non-treponemal testing surveillance and titer distribution were described and compare the proportions between pregnant women receiving standard testing and non-standard testing, taking baseline testing and testing before delivery or at the third trimester...
January 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334551/rapid-decline-of-hiv-1-dna-and-rna-in-infants-starting-very-early-art-may-pose-a-diagnostic-challenge
#3
Kirsten A Veldsman, Jean Maritz, Shahieda Isaacs, Mary Grace Katusiime, Anita Janse Van Rensburg, Barbara Laughton, John W Mellors, Mark F Cotton, Gert U van Zyl
OBJECTIVE: Birth diagnosis of HIV-1 infection offers an ideal opportunity for early antiretroviral treatment (ART) to limit HIV-1 reservoir size and limit disease progression. Although data on cellular HIV-1 DNA decay exist for children commencing treatment from 2-3 months of age, data is lacking for starting shortly after birth. DESIGN: We studied infants who initiated ART within 8 days after birth to assess HIV-1 DNA levels longitudinally. METHODS: Children were recruited from public health clinics in Cape Town where birth diagnosis of HIV-1 coupled with early ART initiation occurred...
January 13, 2018: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334543/seminoma-metastatic-to-the-orbit
#4
Jonathan J Dutton, Alan D Proia
PURPOSE: Seminomas are solid tumors in young men, but which rarely metastasize to the orbit. The authors review the known literature on seminoma metastatic to the orbit, and describe an additional case in a 33-year-old man. METHODS: A literature search was performed on the MEDLINE database using keywords "seminoma," "testicular germ-cell tumors," "testicular cancer," "testicular neoplasm," "orbital metastasis," and "germ-cell neoplasms." RESULTS: Malignant neoplasms of the testis account for only 1% of cancers in men...
January 12, 2018: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334494/state-based-review-of-maternal-deaths-the-ohio-experience
#5
Cynthia Shellhaas, Elizabeth Conrey
Ohio established a Pregnancy-Associated Mortality Review system in 2010 to ensure that all maternal deaths are identified and preventive actions developed. The need for detailed and reliable information to supplement vital statistics data has led to the development of state-based and urban-based maternal death reviews. Although processes vary from state to state, in general, an expert panel is convened to review individual cases and make recommendations for systems change. This article describes the development and operation of Ohio's state-based maternal death review including interventions developed and actions taken based on review data...
January 12, 2018: Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334493/understanding-severe-maternal-morbidity-hospital-based-review
#6
Sarah J Kilpatrick
Cases of severe maternal morbidity (SMM) share similarities to maternal deaths, including increasing in frequency and having similar rates of preventability. This article will review steps to organizing and implementing standard reviews of all cases of SMM. These steps include create multidisciplinary SMM review committee; identify potential SMM cases and confirm true SMM; identify the morbidity; abstract and summarize data; present case to review committee for discussion; determine events leading to morbidity; determine opportunities to improve outcome; assess provider, system and patient factors in cases with opportunities to improve outcome; make recommendations; and effect change and evaluate improvement...
January 12, 2018: Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334444/pregnancy-and-parenthood-during-medical-school
#7
Emma M Bye, Brody W Brisk, Suzanne D Reuter, Keith A Hansen, Mary D Nettleman
PURPOSE: The stress of pregnancy and parenthood during the intense educational experience of medical school could increase the risk of student burnout. Because 9.2 percent of U.S. medical students are parents by graduation, it would seem prudent to include this topic in wellness programs and policies. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of pregnancy and parenthood on medical students. METHOD: This was a cross-sectional, internet survey distributed to all four classes of medical students at the University of South Dakota Sanford School of Medicine during the 2016-2017 academic year...
December 2017: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334402/noninvasive-reconstruction-of-placental-methylome-from-maternal-plasma-dna-potential-for-prenatal-testing-and-monitoring
#8
Kun Sun, Fiona M F Lun, Tak Y Leung, Rossa W K Chiu, Y M Dennis Lo, Hao Sun
OBJECTIVE: During human pregnancy, the DNA methylation of placental tissue is highly relevant to the normal growth and development of the fetus, therefore methylomic analysis of the placental tissue possesses high research and clinical value in prenatal testing and monitoring. Thus our aim is to develop an approach for reconstruction of the placental methylome, which should be completely noninvasive and achieve high accuracy and resolution. RESULTS: We propose a novel size-based algorithm, FEMER, to noninvasively reconstruct the placental methylome by genomewide bisulfite sequencing and size-based analysis of maternal plasma DNA...
January 15, 2018: Prenatal Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334343/breast-milk-iodine-concentrations-and-iodine-levels-of-infants-according-to-the-iodine-status-of-the-country-of-residence-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Pantea Nazeri, Ali Kabir, Hosein Dalili, Parvin Mirmiran, Fereidoun Azizi
BACKGROUND: Iodine, an essential micronutrient, plays a critical role in normal growth and development, especially during the first two years of life. This systematic review and meta-analysis is among the first to evaluate breast-milk iodine concentrations and infant iodine status in countries characterized by iodine sufficiency or deficiency. METHODS: PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, Google Scholar, and other relevant databases, as well as reference lists of previous reviews, were searched for relevant studies published between 1986 and 2016...
January 2018: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334310/dendritic-polyglycerol-nanoparticles-show-charge-dependent-bio-distribution-in-early-human-placental-explants-and-reduce-hcg-secretion
#10
Herbert Juch, Liudmila Nikitina, Sabine Reimann, Martin Gauster, Gottfried Dohr, Barbara Obermayer-Pietsch, Denise Hoch, Karin Kornmueller, Rainer Haag
A thorough understanding of nanoparticle bio-distribution at the feto-maternal interface will be a prerequisite for their diagnostic or therapeutic application in women of childbearing age and for teratologic risk assessment. Therefore, the tissue interaction of biocompatible dendritic polyglycerol nanoparticles (dPG-NPs) with first- trimester human placental explants were analyzed and compared to less sophisticated trophoblast-cell based models. First-trimester human placental explants, BeWo cells and primary trophoblast cells from human term placenta were exposed to fluorescence labeled, ∼5 nm dPG-NPs, with differently charged surfaces, at concentrations of 1 µM and 10 nM, for 6 and 24 h...
January 15, 2018: Nanotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333831/-mammary-hemangioma-in-an-infant-with-apparent-mastitis-case-report
#11
Cristina Rodríguez Jiménez, Concepción Míguez Navarro, Minia Campos Domínguez, Carmen Garrido Colino
Mammary pathology is infrequent during childhood. It is rare the probability of finding a breast mass in an infant. The most frequent possible diagnoses at this age are breast abscess, mastitis, breast engorgement due to maternal hormonal stimulation and hemangioma. Reaching the proper diagnosis is essential in order to apply a suitable treatment and avoid the potential disease complications. We present the case of a female infant having a mass in the right breast from birth. Initially the entity was treated as mastitis...
February 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333816/national-health-care-network-for-children-with-oral-clefts-organization-functioning-and-preliminary-outcomes
#12
Agustina Cassinelli, Nadia Pauselli, Agustina Piola, Claudia Martinelli, José L Alves de Azeved, María P Bidondo, Boris Groisman, Pablo Barbero, Rosa Liascovich, Ana Sala
INTRODUCTION: Oral clefts are major congenital anomalies that may affect the lip and/or palate, and that may also involve the nose and nostrils. In Argentina, their prevalence is approximately 15 per 10 000 births. In 2015, the Ministry of Health of Argentina created a national health care network for children with oral clefts in Argentina through the joint work with the National Registry of Congenital Anomalies (Red Nacional de Anomalías Congénitas, RENAC) (coordinating center for the national network) and the SUMAR Program...
February 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332758/prevalence-of-physical-activity-among-adolescents-in-southern-brazil
#13
Tiago Rodrigues de Lima, Diego Augusto Santos Silva
OBJETIVE: The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of low physical activity levels and to identify related factors (sociodemographic, lifestyle and body weight status) in adolescents. METHODS: The study included 1103 students aged 14-19 years from city of São José/SC, Brazil. Physical activity was assessed using a questionnaire that classified adolescents into those who meet recommendations and those who do not meet recommendations. Independent variables were gender, age, monthly household income, maternal education, balanced diet, number of physical education classes, sleep/day, tobacco use, excessive alcohol use, screen time and weight status...
January 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332623/gene-expression-and-lymphocyte-population-at-the-fetal-maternal-interface-in-sheep-pregnancies-established-by-somatic-cell-nuclear-transfer
#14
Jason A Koroghli, Elizabeth Floyd, Misha Regouski, Kerry Rood, Kirsten Gash, Kip Panter, Rusty Stott, Christopher J Davies, Irina A Polejaeva, Heloisa M Rutigliano
The hypothesis of this study was that the leukocyte populations and expression levels of genes related to immune response, growth factors and apoptosis would be altered at the fetal-maternal interface in somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT)-generated sheep pregnancies. Placental and endometrial samples from sheep pregnancies established by SCNT and natural breeding (control) were collected at 45 days and at term. Expression of genes related to growth factors, apoptosis and immune response was examined using quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction...
January 15, 2018: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332605/antidepressant-use-during-pregnancy-and-risk-of-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-systematic-review-of-observational-studies-and-methodological-considerations
#15
Daniel R Morales, Jim Slattery, Stephen Evans, Xavier Kurz
BACKGROUND: Antidepressant exposure during pregnancy has been associated with an increased risk of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in several observational studies. We performed a systematic review of these studies to highlight the effect that important methodological limitations have on such analyses and to consider approaches to the conduct, reporting and interpretation of future studies. METHODS: A review of MEDLINE and EMBASE identified case-control, cohort and sibling studies assessing the risk of ASD and ADHD with antidepressant use during pregnancy...
January 15, 2018: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332178/association-of-autism-with-maternal-infections-perinatal-and-other-risk-factors-a-case-control-study
#16
Dikran Richard Guisso, Fadi S Saadeh, Dahlia Saab, Joud El Deek, Sarah Chamseddine, Hadi Abou El Hassan, Ghidaa Majari, Rose-Mary Boustany
This case-control study explores the association between pregnancy/birth complications and other factors with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) in Lebanese subjects aged 2-18 years. Researchers interviewed 136 ASD cases from the American University of Beirut Medical Center Special Kids Clinic, and 178 controls selected by systematic digit dialing in the Greater-Beirut area. Male gender (Adjusted Odds Ratio [95% CI]: 3.9 [2.2-7.0]); postpartum feeding difficulties (2.5 [1.2-5.4]); maternal infections/complications during pregnancy (2...
January 13, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332092/early-life-stress-activates-glial-cells-in-the-hippocampus-but-attenuates-cytokine-secretion-in-response-to-an-immune-challenge-in-rat-pups
#17
Luis Miguel Saavedra, Bertha Fenton Navarro, Luz Torner
OBJECTIVE: Early life stress (ELS) increases the vulnerability to developing psychopathological disorders in adulthood that are accompanied by brain inflammatory processes. However, it is not known how a combined double hit (stress and immune) at an early age affects the response of the neuroimmune system. Here we investigated the effect of periodic maternal separation (MS) followed by administration of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) on glial cells in the CA3 region and hilus of the hippocampus and on cytokine release on postnatal day (PN) 15...
January 13, 2018: Neuroimmunomodulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331855/retrievable-inferior-vena-cava-filters-in-pregnancy-risk-versus-benefit
#18
REVIEW
David A Crosby, Kevin Ryan, Niall McEniff, Patrick Dicker, Carmen Regan, Caoimhe Lynch, Bridgette Byrne
OBJECTIVE: Venous thromboembolism remains one of the leading causes of maternal mortality in the developed world. Retrievable inferior vena cava (IVC) filters have a role in the prevention of lethal pulmonary emboli when anticoagulation is contraindicated or has failed [1]. It is unclear whether or not the physiological changes in pregnancy influence efficacy and complications of these devices. The decision to place an IVC filter in pregnancy is complex and there is limited information in terms of benefit and risk to the mother...
December 21, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331841/culture-beats-gender-the-importance-of-controlling-for-identity-and-parenting-related-risk-factors-in-adolescent-psychopathology
#19
Inge Seiffge-Krenke, Malte Persike, Elias Besevegis, Cecilia Chau, Neslihan Güney Karaman, Lyda Lannegrand-Willems, Katharzyna Lubiewska, Iffat Rohail
This study analyzed the unique effects of gender and culture on psychopathology in adolescents from seven countries after controlling for factors which might have contributed to variations in psychopathology. In a sample 2259 adolescents (M = 15 years; 54% female) from France, Germany, Turkey, Greece, Peru, Pakistan, and Poland identity stress, coping with identity stress, maternal parenting (support, psychological control, anxious rearing) and psychopathology (internalizing, externalizing and total symptomatology) were assessed...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331823/pre-pregnancy-maternal-depressive-symptoms-and-low-birth-weight-and-preterm-birth-outcomes-assessment-of-adolescent-background-characteristics-and-birth-outcomes-in-adulthood
#20
Stephen Nkansah-Amankra
PURPOSE: In the United States and other countries of the world , high prevalence of pre-pregnancy depressive symptoms and depression during pregnancy is an important public health concern, as they are associated with low birth weight (LBW) and preterm birth (PTB) outcomes in adulthood. However, the relationships among pre-pregnancy depressive symptoms, low birth weight, preterm birth outcomes and household characteristics have not been well established. METHODS: The study used data from 7120 adolescent female participants in the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health data from Waves I (1994-1995 in-school interview), II (1996 as in-home), III (2001-2002 as in-home interview), IV (2008 as in-home interview) and Wave V is currently underway...
December 13, 2017: Midwifery
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