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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926975/large-for-gestational-age-infants-and-adverse-outcomes-among-uncomplicated-pregnancies-at-term
#1
Hector Mendez-Figueroa, Van Thi Thanh Truong, Claudia Pedroza, Suneet P Chauhan
Background While traumatic delivery with large for gestational age (LGA; birth weight above 90%) is acknowledged, there is paucity of data regarding other morbidity and mortality associated with LGA. Our hypothesis was that compared with appropriate for gestational age (AGA), LGA have a significantly higher rate of composite neonatal morbidity (CNM). Objective Our objective was to compare the CNM among uncomplicated LGA versus AGA at term (37 weeks or more) among all available Maternal-Fetal Medicine Units (MFMU) databases...
December 7, 2016: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926974/pregnant-patient-knowledge-and-behavior-regarding-perinatal-oral-health
#2
Bernard Gonik, Eline Wilson, Melanie Mayberry, Bushra Yuki Joarder
Objective Perinatal oral health is important to obstetric practice, with significant implications for maternal, fetal, and infant health. This study sought to describe and compare knowledge and behavior related to perinatal oral health in two distinct populations of pregnant women. Methods An anonymous 13-question survey was distributed at two patient centers (urban teaching clinics and suburban referral center), examining patient knowledge and behaviors pertaining to oral health. Descriptive statistics were tabulated...
December 7, 2016: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926905/sildenafil-in-pregnancy-a-systematic-review-of-maternal-tolerance-and-obstetric-and-perinatal-outcomes
#3
Liam Dunn, Ristan Greer, Vicki Flenady, Sailesh Kumar
INTRODUCTION: This systematic review evaluates maternal tolerance and obstetric and perinatal outcomes following sildenafil citrate (SC) use in human pregnancy. DATA SOURCES: Scopus, PubMed, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, Embase, and Google Scholar were searched. Relevant full-text studies including case series and reports in English were included. Publications were excluded if the pregnancy was terminated or if SC was used only at conception. RESULTS: Sixteen studies were included (n = 165)...
December 8, 2016: Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926804/the-impact-of-racism-and-midwifery-s-lack-of-racial-diversity-a-literature-review
#4
REVIEW
Jyesha Wren Serbin, Elizabeth Donnelly
INTRODUCTION: The United States is increasingly racially diverse. Racial disparities in maternal-child health persist. Despite national calls for workforce diversification, more than 90% of certified nurse-midwives are white. This systematic review examines how racism and midwifery's lack of racial diversity impact both midwives and their patients. METHODS: Databases were searched in January 2016 for studies that explored 1) racially concordant or racially discordant maternity care provided, at least in part, by midwives; 2) women of color's experience of race and discrimination in maternity care provided, at least in part, by midwives; and 3) midwives of color's experience of race and discrimination in clinical, educational, and/or professional settings...
November 2016: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926659/macroprolactinomas-and-nonfunctioning-pituitary-adenomas-and-pregnancy-outcomes
#5
Kimberley Lambert, Kate Rees, Paul T Seed, Mandish K Dhanjal, Marian Knight, David R McCance, Catherine Williamson
OBJECTIVE: To examine the monitoring, management, and outcomes of pituitary tumors in pregnancy. METHODS: A national, prospective, observational, population-based case series study was conducted in all U.K. consultant-led obstetric units over 3 years using the U.K. Obstetric Surveillance System. To evaluate rates of adverse pregnancy outcomes, women with a macroprolactinoma (10 mm or greater) or nonfunctioning pituitary adenoma, diagnosed before or during pregnancy, were compared with two comparison groups: 1) a U...
December 2, 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926655/maternal-morbidity-after-previable-prelabor-rupture-of-membranes
#6
Sarah K Dotters-Katz, Alexis Panzer, Matthew R Grace, Marcela C Smid, J Adeolu Keku, Catherine J Vladutiu, Kim A Boggess, Tracy A Manuck
OBJECTIVE: To identify risk factors for maternal morbidity after previable prelabor rupture of membranes (PROM). METHODS: We conducted a case-control study of singleton and twin pregnancies complicated by previable PROM (14.0-22.9 weeks of gestation) at a single tertiary care referral institution, 2000-2015. Pregnancies complicated by fetal anomalies, previable PROM within 2 weeks of chorionic villus sampling or amniocentesis, and those with contraindications to expectant management (eg, chorioamnionitis) were excluded...
December 2, 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926654/neonatal-abstinence-syndrome-and-ethical-approaches-to-the-identification-of-pregnant-women-who-use-drugs
#7
Mishka Terplan, Howard Minkoff
The United States is experiencing an epidemic of opioid use, addiction, and neonatal abstinence syndrome. Consequentially, a great deal of public, and public health, attention has turned toward the timely recognition of pregnant women who use drugs. We explore the clinical efficacy and ethical acceptability of different methods of identification-contrasting drug testing (using biologic samples such as urine) with screening (using an instrument or questionnaire) under both universal and selective approaches within the current legal and social landscape, which is fraught with potential adverse consequences for both the woman and her child...
December 2, 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926651/factors-underlying-the-temporal-increase-in-maternal-mortality-in-the-united-states
#8
K S Joseph, Sarka Lisonkova, Giulia M Muraca, Neda Razaz, Yasser Sabr, Azar Mehrabadi, Enrique F Schisterman
OBJECTIVE: To identify the factors underlying the recent increase in maternal mortality ratios (maternal deaths per 100,000 live births) in the United States. METHODS: We carried out a retrospective study with data on maternal deaths and live births in the United States from 1993 to 2014 obtained from the birth and death files of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Underlying causes of death were examined between 1999 and 2014 using International Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision (ICD-10) codes...
December 2, 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926640/preeclampsia-and-long-term-risk-of-maternal-retinal-disorders
#9
Nathalie Auger, William D Fraser, Gilles Paradis, Jessica Healy-Profitós, Ada Hsieh, Marc-André Rhéaume
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether preeclampsia is associated with risk of maternal retinal disease in the decades after pregnancy. METHODS: We carried out a longitudinal cohort study of 1,108,541 women who delivered neonates in any hospital in Quebec, Canada, between 1989 and 2013. We tracked women for later hospitalizations until March 31, 2014. Preeclampsia was measured at delivery categorized by severity (mild or severe) and onset (before or at 34 weeks or more of gestation)...
December 2, 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926639/angiotensin-converting-enzyme-inhibitors-and-the-risk-of-congenital-malformations
#10
Brian T Bateman, Elisabetta Patorno, Rishi J Desai, Ellen W Seely, Helen Mogun, Sara Z Dejene, Michael A Fischer, Alexander M Friedman, Sonia Hernandez-Diaz, Krista F Huybrechts
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between first-trimester angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor exposure and the risk of overall major congenital, cardiac, and central nervous system malformations. METHODS: We used a cohort of completed pregnancies linked to liveborn neonates derived from Medicaid claims from 2000 to 2010. We examined the risk of malformations associated with first-trimester exposure to an ACE inhibitor. Propensity score-based methods were used to control for potential confounders including maternal demographics, medical conditions, exposure to other medications, and measures of health care utilization...
December 2, 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926636/feasibility-and-outcomes-of-fetoscopic-tracheal-occlusion-for-severe-left-diaphragmatic-hernia
#11
Michael A Belfort, Oluyinka O Olutoye, Darrell L Cass, Olutoyin A Olutoye, Christopher I Cassady, Amy R Mehollin-Ray, Alireza A Shamshiraz, Stephanie M Cruz, Timothy C Lee, David G Mann, Jimmy E Espinoza, Stephen E Welty, Caraciolo J Fernandes, Rodrigo R Ruano
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate feasibility and initial outcomes of fetoscopic tracheal occlusion for severe diaphragmatic hernia compared with a historical cohort who had not received fetal tracheal occlusion. METHODS: Outcomes in a prospective observational cohort who underwent fetoscopic tracheal occlusion for severe fetal left diaphragmatic hernia without associated anomalies were compared with our historical nontreated cohort of matched fetuses of similar severity. Fetuses were classified using the same ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging methodology-prospectively in the fetoscopic tracheal occlusion group and retrospectively in the historical nontreated cohort...
December 2, 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926606/maternal-mortality-in-the-united-states-we-must-do-better
#12
Kathleen Rice Simpson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926598/acculturation-and-postpartum-depressive-symptoms-among-hispanic-women-in-the-united-states-systematic-review
#13
Dalia Alhasanat, Carmen Giurgescu
PURPOSE: The purpose of this review was to evaluate studies that examined the relationship between acculturation and postpartum depression (PPD) among immigrant and/or refugee women in the United States. METHODS: A systematic, computer-assisted search of quantitative, English-language, peer-reviewed, published research articles was conducted in the Scopus, PsycINFO, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), and Maternity and Infant Care databases using the keyword terms of "postpartum depression" and "perinatal depression" in combination with "acculturation...
January 2017: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926597/social-determinants-of-maternal-health-and-birth-outcomes
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926462/peri-conception-maternal-lipid-profiles-predict-pregnancy-outcomes
#15
Enitan Ogundipe, Mark R Johnson, Yiqun Wang, Michael A Crawford
In this study, healthy women and those at high-risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes (pre-eclampsia, fetal growth restriction, gestational diabetes) were selected to assess the effect of fatty acid supplementation. The purpose of this paper is to report two novel findings (i) at recruitment the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) for erythrocyte oleic acid predicted spontaneous delivery at 34 weeks gestation (ROC=0.926 n=296) for all women entering the study. Further analysis revealed oleic and all monounsaturated fatty acids were similarly predictive with or without a supplement during the pregnancy...
November 2016: Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes, and Essential Fatty Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926376/ending-preventable-maternal-and-newborn-deaths-multiple-choice-questions-for-vol-36
#16
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925691/parents-need-support-to-find-ways-to-optimise-their-own-sleep-without-seeing-their-preterm-infant-s-sleeping-patterns-as-a-problem
#17
Ylva Thernström Blomqvist, Kerstin Hedberg Nyqvist, Christine Rubertsson, Eva-Lotta Funkquist
AIM: This study described how parents perceived their own sleep, and their infants', during neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) admission and after discharge. It also explored the infants' sleeping location at home. METHODS: The study was conducted in the NICUs of two Swedish university hospitals. The parents of 86 infants - 86 mothers and 84 fathers - answered questionnaires during their infants' hospital stay, at discharge and at the infants' corrected ages of two, six and 12 months...
November 7, 2016: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925622/relation-between-amniotic-fluid-infection-or-cytokine-levels-and-hearing-screen-failure-in-infants-at-32-wk-gestation-or-less
#18
Eun Young Jung, Byung Yoon Choi, Jihye Rhee, Jaehong Park, Soo-Hyun Cho, Kyo Hoon Park
BACKGROUND: To determine whether the presence of intra-amniotic infection and elevated proinflammatory cytokine levels in amniotic fluid (AF) are associated with failure in the newborn hearing screen (NHS) test in very preterm neonates. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study of 112 premature singleton neonates born to women with preterm labor or preterm premature rupture of membranes at ≤32 wk. AF obtained through amniocentesis was cultured, and interleukin-6 (IL-6) and IL-8 levels were determined...
December 7, 2016: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925470/induction-of-labour-vs-spontaneous-vaginal-delivery-in-twin-pregnancy-after-36-weeks-of-gestation
#19
Mariana Vide Tavares, Ana Patrícia Domingues, Filipa Nunes, Margarida Tavares, Etelvina Fonseca, Paulo Moura
Time for delivery and delivery pathway in twin pregnancies are still in great debate. Our study goal was to compare the characteristics of delivery and maternal-foetal outcome in uncomplicated near-term twin pregnancies undergoing labour induction and those with spontaneous labour. We found no statistical differences in patients with twin pregnancies who underwent labour induction and those with spontaneous labour regarding the history of previous caesarean delivery, parity, pregnancy achieved by assisted reproductive techniques (ART), chorionicity and cervical dilation at the admission as well as maternal and neonatal morbidity, and admission to the neonatal intensive care unit...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925392/environmental-and-maternal-factors-associated-with-gross-placental-morphology-in-dairy-cattle
#20
M M Kamal, M Van Eetvelde, L Vandaele, G Opsomer
This article reports on a study of gross placental morphology of 282 expelled placentas from 89 primi- and 193 multiparous Holstein dams immediately after calving and examines associations with environmental factors such as typical herd features and season of calving, and maternal factors such as age at calving, level of milk yield at conception and cumulative amount of milk produced during gestation. The highest correlation between calf measurements and placental characteristics was found between the weight of the calf and the total cotyledonary surface (r = ...
December 7, 2016: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
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