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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165934/first-rapid-assessment-of-avoidable-blindness-survey-in-the-maldives-prevalence-and-causes-of-blindness-and-cataract-surgery
#1
Ubeydulla Thoufeeq, Taraprasad Das, Hans Limburg, Maharshi Maitra, Lapam Panda, Asim Sil, John Trevelyan, Yuddha Sapkota
PURPOSE: A nationwide rapid assessment of avoidable blindness survey was undertaken in the Maldives among people aged 50 years or more to assess the prevalence and causes of blindness and visual impairment, cataract surgical coverage, cataract surgery outcome, and barriers to uptake of cataract surgical services. DESIGN: Prospective population-based study. METHODS: In the cluster sampling probability proportionate to size method, 3100 participants in 62 clusters across all 20 atolls were enrolled through house-to-house visits...
November 22, 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165421/-outcomes-of-intraocular-lens-implantation-in-the-absence-of-capsular-support-a-review-of-current-literature
#2
A V Gushchin, N V Kadatskaya
Тhe prevalence of complications associated with the deficiency or absence of capsular support in cataract patients is 5-15%. Moreover, approximately 20% of patients have an inconspicuous zonular weakness, which is often left undetected preoperatively. AIM: to classify and comparatively analyze the latest published data on the outcomes of various kinds of complicated cataract surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Analysis of available literature on the subject of research published in 2003-2016...
2017: Vestnik Oftalmologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164454/postsurgical-sympathetic-ophthalmia-retrospective-analysis-of-a-rare-entity
#3
Parthopratim Dutta Majumder, Eliza Anthony, Amala Elizabeth George, Sudha K Ganesh, Jyotirmay Biswas
PURPOSE: To describe clinical manifestations, management and visual outcome in postsurgical sympathetic ophthalmia (SO). METHODS: Retrospective study. RESULTS: Mean age of the patients was 41.1 years, and males were affected 1.8 times than the female. Vitrectomy and scleral buckling were the most common inciting surgeries followed by cataract surgery. Among 10 eyes with anterior uveitis, mutton-fat keratic precipitate was seen in only two eyes...
November 21, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162993/a-61-year-old-man-with-cystoid-macular-edema-and-chorioretinal-folds-after-cataract-surgery
#4
Andrew Lee, Sandra R Montezuma
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Digital Journal of Ophthalmology: DJO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156465/-pseudophacic-additive-lenses
#5
Fritz H Hengerer, Ina Conrad-Hengerer
Implantation of artificial intraocular lenses (IOL) after cataract removal today represents the standard of care in the field of anterior segment surgery. In refractive lens exchange cases the natural lens is replaced by an IOL to correct different types of refractive situations. In the majority of the operations the refractive result is satisfying with only few deviations from target refraction.But daily practice reveals some outliers from the intended corrections with the need for further refractive enhancements, respectively...
November 20, 2017: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154698/phacoemulsification-of-bilateral-mature-cataracts-in-a-texas-rat-snake-elaphe-obsoleta-lindheimeri
#6
Eric C Ledbetter, Ricardo de Matos, Rebekah M Riedel, Teresa L Southard
CASE DESCRIPTION A 10-year-old sexually intact male client-owned Texas rat snake (Elaphe obsoleta lindheimeri) was referred for evaluation because of a 5-month history of progressive bilateral ocular opacities and abnormal behavior. CLINICAL FINDINGS On ophthalmic examination, the snake had bilateral mature cataracts and uveal cysts. No additional ophthalmic or physical abnormalities were detected. Results of CBC, serum biochemical analysis, and ocular ultrasonography were unremarkable. TREATMENT AND OUTCOME Bilateral spectaculotomy was performed, followed by bilateral phacoemulsification and uveal cyst aspiration, without complication...
December 1, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153456/association-of-mortality-with-ocular-diseases-and-visual-impairment-in-the-age-related-eye-disease-study-2-age-related-eye-disease-study-2-report-number-13
#7
Chandana Papudesu, Traci E Clemons, Elvira Agrón, Emily Y Chew
PURPOSE: To evaluate the association of mortality with visual acuity (VA) impairment, age-related macular degeneration (AMD), and cataract surgery. DESIGN: Cohort study. PARTICIPANTS: Participants with at least intermediate AMD enrolled in a randomized controlled clinical trial of lutein/zeaxanthin and/or omega-3 fatty acids, the Age-Related Eye Disease Study 2 (AREDS2), for treatment of AMD and cataract. METHODS: Baseline and annual eye examinations included best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) assessments, slit-lamp examinations, and stereoscopic fundus photographs that were centrally graded for development of late AMD (central geographic atrophy or neovascular AMD) or pseudophakia...
November 16, 2017: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151687/medium-term-anatomical-results-of-laser-peripheral-iridoplasty-an-anterior-segment-optical-coherence-tomography-study
#8
Joobin Hooshmand, James Cy Leong, Jeremy O'Connor, Ghee S Ang, Anthony P Wells
Aim: To evaluate by anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) the medium-term (mean duration 3.2 years) anatomical changes in the anterior chamber angle (ACA) after laser peripheral iridoplasty. Materials and methods: This is a longitudinal, retrospective case series of 31 eyes of 31 patients with primary angle-closure suspicion, primary angle closure (PAC), or primary angle-closure glaucoma (PACG) who underwent laser peripheral iridoplasty. All patients had persistent iridotrabecular contact (ITC) despite the presence of a patent peripheral iridotomy (PI)...
September 2017: Journal of Current Glaucoma Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151686/long-term-follow-up-of-patients-receiving-intraocular-pressure-lowering-medications-as-cataract-surgery-candidates-a-case-control-study
#9
Georgios Bontzos, Michail Agiorgiotakis, Efstathios T Detorakis
Aim: In this study, we reviewed demographics and biometric characteristics among patients receiving chronic β-blockers and prostaglandins (PGs) for primary open-angle glaucoma. We compared the age at the time of cataract surgery in different patient groups and in a control group which was not under any medication. Materials and methods: Retrospective chart review of glau-comatous patients who underwent cataract extraction at the Department of Ophthalmology of the University Hospital of Heraklion, Crete, Greece, between January 1998 and December 2016 was done...
September 2017: Journal of Current Glaucoma Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151681/incidence-and-risk-factors-of-early-onset-glaucoma-following-pediatric-cataract-surgery-in-egyptian-children-one-year-study
#10
Ghada I Gawdat, Maha M Youssef, Nermeen M Bahgat, Dina M Elfayoumi, Mohamed As Eddin
Aim: To study the incidence and risk factors of glaucoma occurring within 1 year following pediatric cataract surgery in Egyptian children. Materials and methods: This is a prospective nonrandomized study conducted at Aburich Children's Hospital, over a period of 1 year on a cohort of Egyptian patients with congenital and infantile cataract. One hundred and fifty eyes of 88 patients were enrolled in this study. All the patients underwent anterior approach removal of lens matter, whereas primary intraocular lens (IOL) implantation was carried at the age of 1 and 2 years for unilateral and bilateral cases respectively...
September 2017: Journal of Current Glaucoma Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148530/validation-of-vsld-questionnaire-in-patients-with-learning-disabilities-undergoing-cataract-surgery
#11
E Rostron, C Rawse, R F Pilling
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 17, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148261/management-of-bilateral-cataracts-when-general-anaesthesia-is-required-same-day-or-different-day-surgery
#12
EDITORIAL
Timothy V Roberts, Shawn Li
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147565/operating-room-central-serous-chorioretinopathy
#13
Ahmad M Mansour, Rola Hamam
Objectives: The operating room is a place of surgical intervention with its accompanying bodily and cognitive strain on the performers. Stress in the operating room may lead to the onset of central serous chorioretinopathy as reported hereby in a retina surgeon and is labeled as operating room central serous chorioretinopathy. Methods: The same operator performed the optical coherence tomography scans on one retina surgeon. A masked observer estimated the maximal height of the subretinal fluid...
2017: SAGE open medical case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147104/predictors-of-intraocular-pressure-after-phacoemulsification-in-primary-open-angle-glaucoma-eyes-with-wide-versus-narrower-angles-an-american-ophthalmological-society-thesis
#14
Shan C Lin, Marisse Masis, Travis C Porco, Louis R Pasquale
Purpose: To assess if narrower-angle status and anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) parameters can predict intraocular pressure (IOP) drop in primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) patients after cataract surgery. Methods: This was a prospective case series of consecutive cataract surgery patients with POAG and no peripheral anterior synechiae (PAS) using a standardized postoperative management protocol. Preoperatively, patients underwent gonioscopy and AS-OCT...
August 2017: Transactions of the American Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146756/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-age-related-macular-degeneration-in-a-southwestern-island-population-of-japan-the-kumejima-study
#15
Ryo Obata, Yasuo Yanagi, Tatsuya Inoue, Miho Yasuda, Yuji Oshima, Shoichi Sawaguchi, Aiko Iwase, Makoto Araie
AIMS: To evaluate the prevalence of and factors associated with age-related macular degeneration (AMD) in a rural population of southwestern Japan. METHODS: This population-based cross-sectional study of all residents aged 40 years or older was conducted on the island of Kumejima, Okinawa, Japan. Of 4632 eligible residents, 3762 completed a comprehensive questionnaire and underwent ocular examination (participant rate, 81.2%). A non-mydriatic fundus photograph was used to grade AMD lesions according to the Wisconsin protocol...
November 16, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146307/long-term-visual-outcomes-and-safety-profile-of-27-gauge-pars-plana-vitrectomy-for-posterior-segment-disease
#16
M Ali Khan, Alexander Kuley, Christopher D Riemann, Maria H Berrocal, Rohit R Lakhanpal, Jason Hsu, Arunan Sivalingam, Allen C Ho, Carl D Regillo
PURPOSE: To report longer-term outcomes of 27-gauge pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) in eyes with posterior segment disease. DESIGN: Multicenter, retrospective, interventional case series. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 390 eyes of 360 patients undergoing 27-gauge PPV for a vitreoretinal surgery indication. INTERVENTION: Three-port, transconjunctival, 27-gauge PPV. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Change in visual acuity (VA) and occurrence of intraoperative and postoperative complications with a minimum follow-up of 365 days...
November 13, 2017: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144846/anticoagulation-in-glaucoma-surgery
#17
Shiraaz I Rahman, Angela Turalba
Anticoagulation medications are used commonly, particularly in an elderly population. There are many systemic diseases and scenarios that require modulation of coagulation to prevent serious adverse outcomes. While there is some consensus about their use in cataract surgery, there is less certainty about their management with glaucoma surgery. Glaucoma surgery presents a unique challenge when considering anticoagulation. Currently, there is great diversity in surgeon practices regarding anticoagulation in glaucoma surgery...
November 16, 2017: Seminars in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144826/cataract-surgery-in-patients-with-diabetes-management-strategies
#18
Scott R Peterson, Paolo A Silva, Timothy J Murtha, Jennifer K Sun
Diabetes is a chronic systemic disease that affects nearly one in eight adults worldwide. Ocular complications, such as cataract, can lead to significant visual impairment. Among the worldwide population, cataract is the leading cause of blindness, and patients with diabetes have an increased incidence of cataracts which mature earlier compared to the rest of the population. Cataract surgery is a common and safe procedure, but can be associated with vision-threatening complications in the diabetic population, such as diabetic macular edema, postoperative macular edema, diabetic retinopathy progression, and posterior capsular opacification...
November 16, 2017: Seminars in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142886/toric-intraocular-lens-for-astigmatism-correction-in-cataract-patients
#19
Hassan Razmjoo, Mohammad Ghoreishi, Azadeh Mohammadi Milasi, Alireza Peyman, Zahra Jafarzadeh, Mohadeseh Mohammadinia, Nasrollahi Kobra
Background: To assess the clinical consequences of AcrySof toric intraocular lens (IOL) and Hoya toric IOL implantation to correct preexisting corneal astigmatism in patients undergoing cataract surgery. Materials and Methods: In this study, we examined 55 eyes of 45 patients with at least 1.00 D corneal astigmatism who were scheduled for cataract surgery. After phacoemulsification, toric IOL was inserted and axis was aligned. We observed the patients, uncorrected distance visual acuity (UDVA), corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA), keratometry, manifest refraction, and IOL axis alignment 6 months after surgery...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142550/clinical-outcome-of-23g-trans-conjunctival-pars-plana-vitrectomy-a-prospective-comparison-of-phaco-vitrectomy-with-only-vitrectomy-in-phakic-eyes
#20
Haroon Tayyab, Asad Aslam Khan, Rana Muhammad Mohsin Javaid
Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety profile of combined phacoemulsification with 23G pars plana vitrectomy when compared to pars plana vitrectomy alone in phakic patients. Methods: This study was performed at Al-Ehsan Eye Hospital (tertiary care eye hospital in Lahore, Pakistan) from January 2016 to August 2016. A total of 40 eyes in two equal groups of 20 eyes each, were enrolled in this prospective study. Group-A underwent combined phaco-vitrectomy, whereas Group-B underwent vitrectomy only for various vitreoretinal pathologies...
September 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
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