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Blepharitis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076469/scoring-clinical-signs-can-help-diagnose-canine-visceral-leishmaniasis-in-a-highly-endemic-area-in-brazil
#1
Kleverton Ribeiro da Silva, Vitor Rosa Ramos de Mendonça, Kellen Matuzzy Silva, Leopoldo Fabrício Marçal do Nascimento, Antonio Ferreira Mendes-Sousa, Flaviane Alves de Pinho, Manoel Barral-Netto, Aldina Maria Prado Barral, Maria do Socorro Pires E Cruz
Canine visceral leishmaniasis (CVL) diagnosis is still a challenge in endemic areas with limited diagnostic resources. This study proposes a score with the potential to distinguish positive CVL cases from negative ones. We studied 265 dogs that tested positive for CVL on ELISA and parasitological tests. A score ranging between 0 and 19 was recorded on the basis of clinical signs. Dogs with CVL had an overall higher positivity of the majority of clinical signs than did dogs without CVL or with ehrlichiosis. Clinical signs such as enlarged lymph nodes (83...
January 1, 2017: Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039671/ocular-acne-rosacea-in-tertiary-eye-center-in-saudi-arabia
#2
Mohammad A Al-Amry, Huda A Al-Ghadeer
PURPOSE: To report the most common presenting signs and symptoms of ocular rosacea for timely diagnosis and management. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of 23 patients with a diagnosis of acne rosacea or a non-specific diagnosis was performed at a tertiary eye hospital. Patients with lid changes such as recurrent blepharitis; meibomianitis; recurrent chalazia; facial skin change such as papules, telangiectatic blood vessels, and/or rhinophyma were included...
December 30, 2016: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005761/tick-infestation-of-the-eyelid-and-removal-with-forceps-and-punch-biopsy
#3
Jongyeop Park, Eoksoo Suh
Ocular tick infestation can occur in any age group or sex with exposure in an endemic setting. All parts of the ocular tissue have been reported to be susceptible to tick infestation. The authors present a rare patient with tick infestation of eyelid.An 88-year-old woman was referred for a yellowish lesion of the right upper eyelid. She had a history of sting 2 days before presentation, and developed eyelid swelling with mucopurulent discharge the next day. Slit lamp examination showed blepharitis and revealed that the lesion was the body of a hard tick, firmly attached to eyelid...
November 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003734/debs-a-unification-theory-for-dry-eye-and-blepharitis
#4
James M Rynerson, Henry D Perry
For many years, blepharitis and dry eye disease have been thought to be two distinct diseases, and evaporative dry eye distinct from aqueous insufficiency. In this treatise, we propose a new way of looking at dry eye, both evaporative and insufficiency, as the natural sequelae of decades of chronic blepharitis. Dry eye is simply the late form and late manifestation of one disease, blepharitis. We suggest the use of a new term in describing this one chronic disease, namely dry eye blepharitis syndrome (DEBS)...
2016: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997728/azathioprine-induced-rosacea
#5
M Richard, J Seneschal, A Taïeb
In a recent study from our department 7/54 adult atopic dermatitis patients treated with systemic immunosuppressants were referred by ophthalmologists because of severe ocular involvement keratoconjunctivitis with or without keratoconus associated with milder skin symptoms (2). We report the case of a woman affected by atopic dermatitis and asthma in childhood who developed at 63 years of age conjunctivitis associated with blepharitis without causative contact allergen identification at skin testing. She received multiple topical and systemic treatments including cyclosporine 2mg/kg/day stopped after 4 days because of digestive adverse effects...
December 20, 2016: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977033/medical-management-of-blepharokeratoconjunctivitis-in-children-a-delphi-consensus
#6
Moritz Claudius Daniel, Michael O'Gallagher, Melanie Hingorani, Daniel F Larkin, Stephen Tuft, Annegret Dahlmann-Noor
PURPOSE: To describe a pragmatic approach to the medical management of blepharokeratoconjunctivitis in children, based on published evidence and clinical experience. METHODS: The authors used the Delphi consensus method to explore the preferred management patterns of four senior clinicians at one institution to reach agreement on indications and dosage schedules for commonly used treatments. Four iterations were created, with electronic questionnaires distributed via an online survey platform...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976437/monitoring-structural-changes-in-demodex-mites-under-topical-ivermectin-in-rosacea-by-means-of-reflectance-confocal-microscopy-a-case-series
#7
LETTER
C Ruini, E Sattler, D Hartmann, M Reinholz, T Ruzicka, T von Braunmühl
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 15, 2016: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896297/a-mouse-model-of-multi-drug-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-induced-ocular-disease
#8
Nicole M Broekema, Inna V Larsen, Erika S Naruzawa, Marcin Filutowicz, Aaron W Kolb, Leandro B C Teixeira, Curtis R Brandt
Staphylococcus aureus infection of the cornea is a significant threat to vision. The percentage of bacterial isolates resistant to antibiotics is increasing as is the percentage of infections caused by methicillin resistant isolates. There is a critical need for additional therapeutic approaches and their development will require the use of animal models to test efficacy. Two mouse models of S. aureus keratitis have been described but only quantified stromal keratitis (corneal clouding and perforation). We have extended these models using the methicillin resistant S...
November 2016: Journal of Ocular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817918/a-randomized-double-masked-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial-of-two-forms-of-omega-3-supplements-for-treating-dry-eye-disease
#9
Laura A Deinema, Algis J Vingrys, Chinn Yi Wong, David C Jackson, Holly R Chinnery, Laura E Downie
PURPOSE: To assess the efficacy of 2 forms of oral long-chain omega-3 (ω-3) essential fatty acid (EFA) supplements, phospholipid (krill oil) and triacylglyceride (fish oil), for treating dry eye disease (DED). DESIGN: Randomized, double-masked, placebo-controlled clinical trial. PARTICIPANTS: This study was conducted at a single site and involved 60 participants with mild to moderate DED who were randomized (1:1:1) to 1 of 3 groups: placebo (olive oil), krill oil, or fish oil supplements...
January 2017: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815679/-treatment-options-for-chronic-blepharitis-considering-current-evidence
#10
C Auw-Hädrich, T Reinhard
The goal of the treatment of chronic blepharitis lies in the reduction of inflammation, which can be achieved by warming, mechanical, and immunomodulatory measures as well as acaricide medication in cases with pathogenetically relevant demodicosis.
December 2016: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800249/clinical-findings-follow-up-and-treatment-results-in-patients-with-ocular-rosacea
#11
İlkay Kılıç Müftüoğlu, Yonca Aydın Akova
OBJECTIVES: To report the clinical features, treatment options and complications in patients with ocular rosacea. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The records of 48 eyes of 24 patients with ocular rosacea were retrospectively reviewed. Patients' ocular signs and symptoms were scored between 1 and 4 points according to disease severity; tear film break-up time (BUT) and Schirmer's test results were recorded before and after the treatment. Preservative-free artificial tears, topical antibiotic eye drops/ointments, short-term topical corticosteroids, topical 0...
January 2016: Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27791408/evaluation-of-meibomian-gland-dysfunction-in-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-and-obesity
#12
Gonen Baser, Nurdan Yildiz, Mehmet Calan
: Purpose/Aim of the study: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the interaction between Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and Meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD) and obesity, to reveal whether there is a correlation between the testosterone levels and body-mass index (BMI) levels and the dry-eye complaints of these patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 92 patients with PCOS and 52 healthy patients from March 2013 to March 2014. All patients underwent a physical examination, pelvic ultrasound, and clinical and biochemical tests, including free testosterone levels to confirm the diagnosis of PCOS...
October 28, 2016: Current Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775234/sterile-corneal-infiltrates-after-corneal-collagen-cross-linking-evaluation-of-risk-factors
#13
Eren Çerman, Deniz Özarslan Özcan, Ebru Toker
PURPOSE: To evaluate possible risk factors leading to sterile corneal infiltrates following corneal collagen cross-linking (CXL). METHODS: A total of 588 eyes of 459 patients treated with Epi-off (n = 461) or Epi-on (n = 127) CXL were retrospectively evaluated. Risk factors, including preoperative blepharitis and vernal conjunctivitis, the postoperative use of topical non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), as well as Kmax and pachymetry measurements, were assessed...
October 24, 2016: Acta Ophthalmologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774903/sulfur-mustard-induced-ocular-injuries-update-on-mechanisms-and-management
#14
Yunes Panahi, Danial Roshandel, Mohammad Mehdi Sadoughi, Mostafa Ghanei, Amirhossein Sahebkar
Sulfur mustard (SM; mustard gas) is a classic chemical warfare agent that has been used in several wars and is still a potential threat especially in the Middle-East region. Victims experience acute symptoms in air-exposed organs including skin, respiratory tract and the eyes. Survivors of the acute stage might develop chronic or delayed-onset complications in the exposed organs. The exact mechanism(s) of SM-induced tissue damage is still unknown, however DNA alkylation and oxidative damage are the most relevant mechanisms...
October 21, 2016: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27621301/recurrent-fungal-keratitis-and-blepharitis-caused-by-aspergillus-flavus
#15
Chia-Yi Lee, Yi-Ju Ho, Chi-Chin Sun, Hsin-Chiung Lin, Ching-Hsi Hsiao, David Hui-Kang Ma, Chi-Chun Lai, Hung-Chi Chen
Aspergillus species produces a wide spectrum of fungal diseases like endophthalmitis and fungal keratitis ophthalmologically, but there has been no report about blepharitis caused by Aspergilus flavus to date. Herein, we report a 61-year-old ethnic Han Taiwanese male who had suffered from pain with burning and foreign body sensation after an insect bite on his left eye. Specimens from bilateral eyelids suggested infection of A. flavus, whereas corneal scraping showed the presence of Gram-negative bacteria. He was admitted for treatment of infectious keratitis with topical antibiotic and antifungal eye drops...
November 2, 2016: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27617811/tick-infestation-of-the-eyelid-and-removal-with-forceps-and-punch-biopsy
#16
Jongyeop Park, Eoksoo Suh
Ocular tick infestation can occur in any age group or sex with exposure in an endemic setting. All parts of the ocular tissue have been reported to be susceptible to tick infestation. The authors present a rare patient with tick infestation of eyelid.An 88-year-old woman was referred for a yellowish lesion of the right upper eyelid. She had a history of sting 2 days before presentation, and developed eyelid swelling with mucopurulent discharge the next day. Slit lamp examination showed blepharitis and revealed that the lesion was the body of a hard tick, firmly attached to eyelid...
September 9, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27595013/how-important-is-the-etiology-in-the-treatment-of-epiphora
#17
Mahmut Oğuz Ulusoy, Sertaç Argun Kıvanç, Mehmet Atakan, Berna Akova-Budak
Purpose. There are several etiological factors that cause epiphora, and treatment differs according to the cause. We aimed to evaluate the etiology of epiphora and the treatment modalities of the affected patients. Materials and Methods. Data of patients who were referred to ophthalmology clinics for epiphora were retrospectively analyzed. All patients were evaluated for epiphora etiology, treatment modalities, and duration of complaints, after complete ophthalmologic examination. Results. This study consisted of 163 patients with a mean age of 64...
2016: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27570444/a-randomized-double-masked-parallel-group-comparative-study-to-evaluate-the-clinical-efficacy-and-safety-of-1-azithromycin-0-1-dexamethasone-combination-compared-to-1-azithromycin-alone-0-1-dexamethasone-alone-and-vehicle-in-the-treatment-of-subjects-with-blepharitis
#18
Kamran Hosseini, Richard L Lindstrom, Gary Foulks, Kelly K Nichols
PURPOSE: To evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of a 1% azithromycin-0.1% dexamethasone combination in DuraSite ("combination") compared to 0.1% dexamethasone in DuraSite, 1% azithromycin in DuraSite, and vehicle in the treatment of subjects with blepharitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a Phase III, double-masked, vehicle-controlled, four-arm study in which 907 subjects with blepharitis were randomized to combination (n=305), 0.1% dexamethasone (n=298), 1% azithromycin (n=155), or vehicle (n=149)...
2016: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27556267/oral-administration-of-famciclovir-for-treatment-of-spontaneous-ocular-respiratory-or-dermatologic-disease-attributed-to-feline-herpesvirus-type-1-59-cases-2006-2013
#19
Sara M Thomasy, Olivia Shull, Catherine A Outerbridge, Christine C Lim, Kate S Freeman, Ann R Strom, Philip H Kass, David J Maggs
OBJECTIVE To evaluate outcomes for cats treated with orally administered famciclovir 3 times/d for clinical signs attributed to naturally occurring feline herpesvirus type 1 (FHV-1) infection and to assess variables related to owner satisfaction with the treatment. DESIGN Retrospective case series. ANIMALS 59 client-owned cats. PROCEDURES Medical records were reviewed to identify cats treated for presumed FHV-1 infection from 2006 through 2013 with ≥ 1 follow-up visit. Signalment, duration of clinical signs, prior treatment, examination findings, diagnostic test results, concurrent treatments, and outcome data were recorded...
September 1, 2016: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27538858/demodex-musculi-infestation-in-genetically-immunomodulated-mice
#20
Peter C Smith, Caroline J Zeiss, Amanda P Beck, Jodi A Scholz
Demodex musculi, a prostigmatid mite that has been reported infrequently in laboratory mice, has been identified with increasing frequency in contemporary colonies of immunodeficient mice. Here we describe 2 episodes of D. musculi infestation with associated clinical signs in various genetically engineered mouse strains, as well as treatment strategies and an investigation into transmissibility and host susceptibility. The first case involved D. musculi associated with clinical signs and pathologic lesions in BALB/c-Tg(DO11...
2016: Comparative Medicine
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