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Chia-Yi Lee, Yi-Ju Ho, Chi-Chin Sun, Hsin-Chiung Lin, Ching-Hsi Hsiao, David Hui-Kang Ma, Chi-Chun Lai, Hung-Chi Chen
Aspergillus species produces a wide spectrum of fungal diseases like endophthalmitis and fungal keratitis ophthalmologically, but there has been no report about blepharitis caused by Aspergilus flavus to date. Herein, we report a 61-year-old ethnic Han Taiwanese male who had suffered from pain with burning and foreign body sensation after an insect bite on his left eye. Specimens from bilateral eyelids suggested infection of A. flavus, whereas corneal scraping showed the presence of Gram-negative bacteria. He was admitted for treatment of infectious keratitis with topical antibiotic and antifungal eye drops...
September 12, 2016: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Jongyeop Park, Eoksoo Suh
Ocular tick infestation can occur in any age group or sex with exposure in an endemic setting. All parts of the ocular tissue have been reported to be susceptible to tick infestation. The authors present a rare patient with tick infestation of eyelid.An 88-year-old woman was referred for a yellowish lesion of the right upper eyelid. She had a history of sting 2 days before presentation, and developed eyelid swelling with mucopurulent discharge the next day. Slit lamp examination showed blepharitis and revealed that the lesion was the body of a hard tick, firmly attached to eyelid...
September 9, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Mahmut Oğuz Ulusoy, Sertaç Argun Kıvanç, Mehmet Atakan, Berna Akova-Budak
Purpose. There are several etiological factors that cause epiphora, and treatment differs according to the cause. We aimed to evaluate the etiology of epiphora and the treatment modalities of the affected patients. Materials and Methods. Data of patients who were referred to ophthalmology clinics for epiphora were retrospectively analyzed. All patients were evaluated for epiphora etiology, treatment modalities, and duration of complaints, after complete ophthalmologic examination. Results. This study consisted of 163 patients with a mean age of 64...
2016: Journal of Ophthalmology
Kamran Hosseini, Richard L Lindstrom, Gary Foulks, Kelly K Nichols
PURPOSE: To evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of a 1% azithromycin-0.1% dexamethasone combination in DuraSite ("combination") compared to 0.1% dexamethasone in DuraSite, 1% azithromycin in DuraSite, and vehicle in the treatment of subjects with blepharitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a Phase III, double-masked, vehicle-controlled, four-arm study in which 907 subjects with blepharitis were randomized to combination (n=305), 0.1% dexamethasone (n=298), 1% azithromycin (n=155), or vehicle (n=149)...
2016: Clinical Ophthalmology
Sara M Thomasy, Olivia Shull, Catherine A Outerbridge, Christine C Lim, Kate S Freeman, Ann R Strom, Philip H Kass, David J Maggs
OBJECTIVE To evaluate outcomes for cats treated with orally administered famciclovir 3 times/d for clinical signs attributed to naturally occurring feline herpesvirus type 1 (FHV-1) infection and to assess variables related to owner satisfaction with the treatment. DESIGN Retrospective case series. ANIMALS 59 client-owned cats. PROCEDURES Medical records were reviewed to identify cats treated for presumed FHV-1 infection from 2006 through 2013 with ≥ 1 follow-up visit. Signalment, duration of clinical signs, prior treatment, examination findings, diagnostic test results, concurrent treatments, and outcome data were recorded...
September 1, 2016: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Peter C Smith, Caroline J Zeiss, Amanda P Beck, Jodi A Scholz
Demodex musculi, a prostigmatid mite that has been reported infrequently in laboratory mice, has been identified with increasing frequency in contemporary colonies of immunodeficient mice. Here we describe 2 episodes of D. musculi infestation with associated clinical signs in various genetically engineered mouse strains, as well as treatment strategies and an investigation into transmissibility and host susceptibility. The first case involved D. musculi associated with clinical signs and pathologic lesions in BALB/c-Tg(DO11...
2016: Comparative Medicine
Mehdi Zandian, Neda Rahimian, Sanaz Soheilifar
AIM: To compare the effect of azithromycin drop and doxycycline capsule on treatment of posterior blepharitis. METHODS: Fifty patients (100 eyes) with moderate posterior blepharitis, randomly divided into two therapeutic groups; all the patients got warm eyelid compress and massage three times a day for 3wk. In addition the first group got azithromycin 1% drop, twice daily for 1wk and then one drop daily for 2wk. The second group got oral doxycycline 100 mg daily for 3wk...
2016: International Journal of Ophthalmology
M Tirant, P Anderson, P Bayer, J Hercogovấ, M Fioranelli, S Gianfaldoni, A A Chokoeva, G Tchernev, U Wollina, F Novotny, M G Roccia, G K Maximov, K França, T Lotti
We report the case of a 48-year-old female with chronic atopic eczema who responded successfully to Dr Michaels® (Eczitinex® and Itchinex®) product family. The patient had a 41-year history of atopic eczema and presented with erythematous, excoriated lesions with telangiectasia and scattered purpura (bruising) covering 90% of her body surface area. The patient also regularly suffered blepharitis with red, itchy, watery eyes. The patient was treated with Dr Michaels® (Eczitinex® and Itchinex®) ointment and herbal supplements and presented total resolution of the atopic eczema and underlying inflammation within 6 weeks...
April 2016: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
Yasutaka Takagi, Hirotaka Osaki, Tomohiro Yamashita, Yasuhiko Kai
INTRODUCTION: The intraocular pressure (IOP)-lowering effect and safety of tafluprost 0.0015%/timolol maleate 0.5% combination ophthalmic solution (Taf-TFC) were investigated in a real-world clinical setting. METHODS: A prospective up to 2-year (more than 1 year) observational study has been initiated to collect data on the IOP, conjunctival hyperemia score, corneal staining score, and adverse events suffered by patients with glaucoma or ocular hypertension treated at 3 months, and up to 2 years (more than 1 year) after initiating treatment with Taf-TFC...
August 4, 2016: Ophthalmology and Therapy
Nisha S Yeotikar, Hua Zhu, Maria Markoulli, Kelly K Nichols, Thomas Naduvilath, Eric B Papas
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to understand natural changes of meibomian glands (MG) that occur with aging in the absence of any ocular pathology or ocular discomfort symptoms, to differentiate between "age normal" and pathologic or dysfunctional changes of the MG. METHODS: A total of 185 subjects (109 females) with no pre-existing ocular and systemic abnormalities were recruited and divided into four age groups: 25 to 34, 35 to 44, 45 to 54, and 55 to 66 years...
August 1, 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Grant A Watters, Philip R Turnbull, Simon Swift, Alex Petty, Jennifer P Craig
BACKGROUND: To investigate the ocular microbiome in meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD) relative to the normal eye in Auckland, New Zealand (NZ). DESIGN: Prospective, cross-sectional, observational study in a University setting. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 157 participants, resident in NZ for ≥ 2 years were classified as normal (n = 66), mild MGD (n = 41), and moderate-to-severe MGD (n = 50). Contact lens (CL) wear and anterior blepharitis status were recorded, as well as symptoms and clinical features...
July 29, 2016: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
M C Herwig, K U Löffler
AIM: Meibomian gland dysfunction/blepharitis is usually a harmless inflammatory process of the lid margin. However, it can be the first sign of a malignant lesion. Patients/Results: Clinical and histological findings are illustrated for 8 patients with changes in the lid margin and with the differential diagnosis of blepharitis. CONCLUSION: Tumours of the lid margin can mimic blepharitis or induce meibomian gland dysfunction. Conversely, blepharitis can present in a nodular form, which is highly indicative of a neoplasm...
July 2016: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
Gloria López-Valverde, Elena Garcia-Martin, José Manuel Larrosa-Povés, Vicente Polo-Llorens, Luis E Pablo-Júlvez
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to describe a case of ocular rosacea with a very complex evolution. Rosacea is a chronic dermatological disease that may affect the ocular structures up to 6-72% of all cases. This form is often misdiagnosed, which may lead to long inflammatory processes with important visual consequences for affected patients. Therefore, an early diagnosis and an adequate treatment are important. METHODS: We report the case of a 43-year-old patient who had several relapses of what seemed an episode of acute bacterial conjunctivitis...
January 2016: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
G Sosne, D Rimmer, H K Kleinman, G Ousler
Chronic ocular surface diseases such as dry eye, blepharitis, and neurotrophic keratopathies represent a significant and a growing therapeutic challenge. The basis of this expanding prevalence is multifactorial and may due to issues such as an aging population, an increasing use of video display terminals, and increases in frequency of refractive surgeries. The growing incidence of diseases such as diabetes may also be a contributing factor. Current treatments for ocular surface disease include artificial tears, lubricants, tear duct plugs, steroids, antibiotics, cyclosporine, scleral lenses, and serum tears...
2016: Vitamins and Hormones
Shino Sato, Kazuyuki Hirooka, Eri Nitta, Kaori Ukegawa, Akitaka Tsujikawa
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study is to investigate the additive intraocular pressure (IOP)-lowering effects and safety of the selective Rho kinase inhibitor, 0.4% ripasudil, in patients with glaucoma not adequately controlled by other maximal tolerated medical therapies. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 92 glaucoma patients who received ripasudil as an additive glaucoma treatment. In spite of receiving prior maximal tolerated medical therapies, all patients had uncontrolled glaucoma before receiving ripasudil...
September 2016: Advances in Therapy
Simona Di Pietro, Valentina Rita Francesca Bosco, Chiara Crinò, Francesco Francaviglia, Elisabetta Giudice
AIM: The point prevalence of ocular lesions due to leishmaniasis was evaluated in 127 dogs living in a municipal shelter placed in a highly endemic area (Sicily, Italy). Moreover, the period prevalence, the type, and prognosis of lesions due to leishmaniasis were evaluated in 132 dogs with ocular pathologies referred to a Veterinary Teaching Hospital (VTH) in the same endemic area over a 3-year period. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All the dogs were submitted to ophthalmological examination...
June 2016: Veterinary World
Marie-Charlotte Veys, Michel Delforge, Ilse Mombaerts
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Clinical Lymphoma, Myeloma & Leukemia
Smith Ann M Chisholm, Steven M Couch, Philip L Custer
PURPOSE: Allergic dermatitis is a common but often misdiagnosed condition that can present with a variety of findings including inflammation, eyelid malposition, and tearing. This study was performed to identify likely etiologies, along with presenting findings and treatment strategies for allergic dermatitis. METHODS: A retrospective review of clinical records was performed of patients diagnosed with allergic dermatitis in academic oculoplastics practices from 2002 to 2014...
June 20, 2016: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Irini Chatziralli, Theodoros Sergentanis, Flora Zagouri, Dimosthenis Chrysikos, Ioannis Ladas, George C Zografos, Marilita Moschos
Aromatase inhibitors (AIs) are widely used as adjuvant hormonal therapy in postmenopausal women with hormone receptor-positive breast cancer. The purpose of this study was to investigate the potential impact of AIs on the anterior segment of the eye and especially the ocular surface. Participants in our study were 41 hormone receptor-positive early stage breast cancer patients (80 eyes), treated with AIs, while 80 eyes of 40 age- and gender-matched healthy controls, not previously used AIs for any purpose, were also evaluated...
September 2016: Breast Journal
Ahmed Hamroush, David Cheung
We present a case of an 84-year-old man with advanced glaucoma on multiple unilateral glaucoma medication. He had 2 years history of unilateral ocular irritation thought to be related to his medication. Patient was referred to an oculoplastic clinic and found to have segmental eyelash loss partially masked by hypertrichosis caused by glaucoma medications. His symptoms were initially thought to be related to drop-induced blepharitis. A clinical diagnosis of possible basal cell carcinoma (BCC) was made and the incisional biopsy showed infiltrative micronodular BCC...
2016: BMJ Case Reports
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