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Blepharitis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160539/prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-external-punctal-stenosis-among-elderly-patients-in-turkey
#1
Mahmut Oğuz Ulusoy, Mehmet Atakan, Sertaç Argun Kıvanç
PURPOSE: To estimate the prevalence of external punctal stenosis (EPS) in the elderly population and investigate associated factors. METHODS: A total of 278 patients ≥65 years of age were evaluated for evidence of EPS from January to July 2016. Associated systemic, ocular, demographic, and lifestyle factors were investigated. Multiple logistic regression analyses were applied to evaluate the factors related to having EPS. P values <0.05 were considered statistically significant...
September 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146760/blepharitis-as-an-early-sign-of-metabolic-syndrome-a-nationwide-population-based-study
#2
Chia-Yi Lee, Hung-Chi Chen, Hui-Wen Lin, Jing-Yang Huang, Shih-Chun Chao, Chao-Bin Yeh, Hung-Yu Lin, Shun-Fa Yang
BACKGROUND: To investigate the relationship between blepharitis and metabolic syndrome (MetS) by using the Longitudinal Health Insurance Database (LHID) of Taiwan. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study was conducted using data collected from the LHID for the period from 2009 to 2013. This study enrolled patients who received a diagnosis of blepharitis according to the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, diagnostic code. The exclusion criteria were legal blindness, eyeball removal, ocular tumours prior to the diagnosis of blepharitis, and patients diagnosed with blepharitis and initiated antibiotic treatment concurrently...
November 16, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134275/-blepharitis-component-of-dry-eye-syndrome
#3
REVIEW
C Auw-Hädrich, T Reinhard
This review contains a compilation of long-standing and more recent relevant information on chronic blepharitis, especially in the context of dry eye disease regarding epidemiology, symptoms, clinical findings and pathophysiology. Chronic blepharitis often represents the underlying cause of dry eye disease but remains undetected and untreated in many cases; however, it can be a result of (hypovolemic) dry eye disease and leads to sometimes severe corneal complications, which are illustrated by material from our own patient archives...
November 13, 2017: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128682/randomized-double-masked-trial-of-eyelid-cleansing-treatments-for-blepharitis
#4
Justin Sung, Michael T M Wang, Sang H Lee, Isabella M Y Cheung, Salim Ismail, Trevor Sherwin, Jennifer P Craig
PURPOSE: To compare the efficacy of a dedicated eyelid cleanser and diluted baby shampoo in the management of blepharitis. METHODS: Forty-three participants with clinical blepharitis signs were enrolled in a prospective, randomized, double-masked, paired-eye trial. A dedicated eyelid cleanser (TheraTears(®) SteriLid(®)) was applied to the eyelids of one eye (randomized) and diluted baby shampoo (Johnson's(®) No More Tears(®)) to the fellow eye, twice daily for 4 weeks...
November 8, 2017: Ocular Surface
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074306/the-efficacy-of-tea-tree-face-wash-1-2-octanediol-and-microblepharoexfoliation-in-treating-demodex-folliculorum-blepharitis
#5
Orla Murphy, Veronica O'Dwyer, Aoife Lloyd-McKernan
PURPOSE: To compare the efficacy of Dr Organic Tea Tree Face Wash, OcuSoft Lids Scrub Plus and the BlephEx™ device at treating of Demodex folliculorum blepharitis. METHODS: Eighty-six subjects (33 males/36 females) were enrolled in a randomised controlled interventional treatment study. Subjects completed a dry eye symptom questionnaire and were assessed for presence of Demodex folliculorum. Subjects were divided into three groups according to treatment: Dr Organic Tea Tree Face Wash (A) (n=28), OcuSoft Lid Scrub Plus (B) (n=30), or in-house lid scrub with the BlephEx™ device before nightly lid scrubs with OcuSoft Lid Scrub Plus (C) (n=28)...
October 23, 2017: Contact Lens & Anterior Eye: the Journal of the British Contact Lens Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033270/a-survey-of-contact-lens-related-complications-in-a-tertiary-hospital-in-china
#6
Weiwei Li, Xuguang Sun, Zhiqun Wang, Yang Zhang
PURPOSE: To describe the type of complications related to contact lens (CL) wear in a tertiary hospital in XX, China. METHODS: A retrospective study of 141 patients who complained discomfort after wearing contact lens on an outpatient basis of XX Hospital were conducted from the January 2012 to December 2015. The data included patients' demographics, lens type, history, slit-lamp examination, reports of corneal scrapings, culture, and examination of in vivo confocal microscopy...
October 12, 2017: Contact Lens & Anterior Eye: the Journal of the British Contact Lens Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938378/severe-corneal-disorders-developed-after-brimonidine-tartrate-ophthalmic-solution-use
#7
Yuko Maruyama, Yoko Ikeda, Norihiko Yokoi, Kazuhiko Mori, Hiroaki Kato, Morio Ueno, Shigeru Kinoshita, Chie Sotozono
PURPOSE: The primary side effects associated with 0.1% brimonidine tartrate (BT) ophthalmic solution with sodium chlorite are allergic conjunctivitis, blepharitis, and conjunctival hyperemia. However, cornea-related side effects are rare. In this study, we report 2 similar cases in which corneal neovascularization, corneal infiltration, and corneal opacity developed after BT eye-drop use. METHODS: Retrospective report of 2 cases of corneal infiltration after BT eye-drop use...
December 2017: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926882/-diagnostic-criteria-of-demodex-blepharitis
#8
L Y Liang, J Li, Y Liu
Demodex infestation is a common cause of blepharitis and now is drawing more and more attention from clinicians. Demodex mite is the most common age-related ectoparasite of human being and may be detected from asymptomatic normal population. Furthermore, the pathogenesis of demodicosis remains unclear. Therefore, the commonly accepted diagnostic criteria of demodex infestation related blepharitis have not been established. Herein, we summarize the related studies about ocular demodicosis and comment the debates about the diagnosis of the disease...
September 11, 2017: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922088/semifluorinated-alkane-eye-drops-for-treatment-of-dry-eye-disease-due-to-meibomian-gland-disease
#9
Philipp Steven, Albert J Augustin, Gerd Geerling, Thomas Kaercher, Florian Kretz, Kathleen Kunert, Johannes Menzel-Severing, Norbert Schrage, Wolfgang Schrems, Sonja Krösser, Michael Beckert, Elisabeth M Messmer
PURPOSE: Meibomian gland disease is generally accepted as the leading cause for evaporative dry eye disease (DED). In a previous study, perfluorohexyloctane, a semifluorinated alkane, has been demonstrated to significantly increase tear film breakup time and to reduce corneal fluorescein staining in patients with evaporative DED, thereby vastly reducing dry eye-related symptoms. This study was set up to evaluate perfluorohexyloctane in a larger population of patients with Meibomian gland dysfunction...
November 2017: Journal of Ocular Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922018/tacrolimus-ointment-for-refractory-posterior-blepharitis
#10
Fernando Eiji Sakassegawa-Naves, Helena Maria Moraes Ricci, Bernardo Kaplan Moscovici, Daniela Akemi Miyamoto, Brenda Biagio Chiacchio, Ricardo Holzchuh, Ruth Muyuki Santo, Richard Yudi Hida
PURPOSE: This prospective, randomized, double-blind interventional case series was designed to evaluate the short-term efficacy of 0.03% tacrolimus ointment as a new therapeutic approach for refractory cases of posterior blepharitis. METHODS: Forty eyes (20 patients) with posterior blepharitis refractory to previous treatment were randomized. Eighteen eyes (9 patients) were treated with 0.03% tacrolimus ointment and 20 eyes (10 patients) with placebo ointment twice daily...
November 2017: Current Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920471/unilateral-blepharitis-with-fine-follicular-scaling
#11
Alin Laurentiu Tatu, Violeta Corina Cristea
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919243/drugs-do-we-need-them-applications-of-non-pharmaceutical-therapy-in-anterior-eye-disease-a-review
#12
REVIEW
Priyanka Mandal, Mohammad A Khan, Sunil Shah
Natural products have been in use long before the introduction of modern drug therapies and are still used in various communities worldwide for the treatment of anterior eye disease. The aim of this review is to look at the current non-pharmaceutical modalities that have been tried and assess the body of existing evidence behind them. This includes alternative medicine, existing non-pharmaceutical therapy and more recent low and high tech solutions. A detailed search of all available databases including MEDLINE, Pubmed and Google was made to look for English-language studies for complementary and alternative treatment modalities (CAM), natural therapies and new modalities for anterior eye disease such as blepharitis, dry eye and microbial keratitis...
September 14, 2017: Contact Lens & Anterior Eye: the Journal of the British Contact Lens Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902017/ocular-demodicosis-as-a-potential-cause-of-ocular-surface-inflammation
#13
Xiaohui Luo, Jing Li, Chuan Chen, Scheffer Tseng, Lingyi Liang
Among different species of mites, Demodex folliculorum and Demodex brevis are the only 2 that affect the human eye. Because demodicosis is highly age-dependent and can be found in asymptomatic adults, the pathogenicity of these mites has long been debated. In this study, we summarize our research experience including our most recent study regarding Demodex infestation as a potential cause of ocular inflammatory diseases. Specifically, we describe the pathogenesis of demodicosis and then discuss the results of work investigating the associations and relationships between ocular demodicosis and blepharitis, meibomian gland diseases, and keratitis, in turn...
November 2017: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880989/blepharitis-with-facial-numbness-and-ocular-pain
#14
Jennifer C Fan Gaskin, Caroline O L Wong, Brent J Gaskin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 7, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860908/meibography-for-eyes-with-posterior-blepharitis
#15
Abdulrahman AlDarrab, Mohammed Alrajeh, Adel H Alsuhaibani
PURPOSE: To study the effect of posterior blepharitis on meibomian glands using infrared meibography and to correlate the results with tear film parameters. METHODS: This is a prospective cohort study. The study included eyes from two groups: 86 eyes of healthy volunteers' eyes and 72 eyes with posterior blepharitis. Participants were examined, and diagnosis of posterior blepharitis was achieved clinically based on signs of posterior blepharitis. Clinical assessment of dryness was performed including slit lamp examination looking for signs of posterior blepharitis, tear breakup time (TBUT), superficial punctate keratopathy (SPK), Schirmer II test (with anesthesia) and meibum score...
July 2017: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859743/demodicosis-treatment-with-systemic-ivermectin
#16
Manuel Coelho da Rocha, Ana Rita Travassos, Luís Uva, Hortênsia Sequeira, Paulo Filipe
A 23-year-old white man presented to our dermatology department complaining of pruriginous and erythematous papulopustules on the right cheek that had developed 6 months previously. He had a history of chronic blepharitis, complicated by a recurrent hordeolum that had been treated with warm compresses and topical antibiotic ointment (chloramphenicol) for approximately 2 years. The patient had oily skin and atopy (allergic rhinitis) and did not experience photosensitivity or flushing or have previous exposure to immunosuppressants or topical/systemic corticosteroids...
2017: Skinmed
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858192/bleb-related-endophthalmitis-after-use-of-the-invitria-injection-guide
#17
Alex J Baneke, Georgios Vakros, Vik Sharma, Sui Chien Wong
PURPOSE: To present the case of a patient who developed bleb-related endophthalmitis after an intravitreal injection using the InVitria injection guide, alongside a review of the literature on bleb-related endophthalmitis. METHODS: Our case is presented in context of the current literature on bleb-related endophthalmitis. RESULTS: Bleb-related endophthalmitis occurs in up to 2% of eyes within 5 years of filtering glaucoma surgery. Risk factors include bleb leakage, use of anti-fibrinolytic agents, blepharitis, hypotony, and nasolacrimal duct obstruction...
August 28, 2017: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855579/expression-of-il-33-in-ocular-surface-epithelium-induces-atopic-keratoconjunctivitis-with-activation-of-group-2-innate-lymphoid-cells-in-mice
#18
Yasutomo Imai, Yuka Hosotani, Hiroto Ishikawa, Koubun Yasuda, Makoto Nagai, Orie Jitsukawa, Fumi Gomi, Kenji Nakanishi, Tomohiro Yoshimoto, Takahiro Nakamura, Kiyofumi Yamanishi
In a transgenic mouse line hK14mIL33tg, with the expression of interleukin-33 (IL-33) driven by a keratin 14 promoter, keratoconjunctivitis developed spontaneously between 18 and 22 weeks of age under specific-pathogen-free conditions. These mice showed blepharitis and corneal impairments, and the histology revealed epithelial thickening in the conjunctiva and the cornea with infiltration of eosinophils, mast cells and basophils. IL-5, IL-13 and CCL11 were abundant in lacrimal fluid in the mice, and the gene expressions of IL-4, IL-5, IL-13, IL-33, Prg2 and Mmcp8 were significantly increased in the cornea...
August 30, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853982/outcomes-of-two-surgical-techniques-for-major-trichiasis-treatment
#19
Lucieni Cb Ferraz, Roberta Lrs Meneghim, Alicia Galindo-Ferreiro, Ana Cv Wanzeler, Michelli M Saruwatari, Larissa H Satto, Carlos R Padovani, Silvana A Schellini
The purpose of this article is to analyze the outcomes of two surgical techniques to treat major trichiasis. A retrospective chart review of 67 patients (89 eyelids) with major trichiasis was performed who underwent surgical treatment using one of two techniques: intermarginal split lamella with graft (ISLG group) or lid lamella resection (LLR group). There were 30 lids in the ISLG group with mean patient age of 71.8 years and 63.3% were females. There were 59 lids in the LLR group with mean patient age of 72...
August 30, 2017: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830451/bacterial-pathogens-associated-with-external-ocular-infections-alongside-eminent-proportion-of-multidrug-resistant-isolates-at-the-university-of-gondar-hospital-northwest-ethiopia
#20
Ergibnesh Getahun, Baye Gelaw, Abate Assefa, Yared Assefa, Anteneh Amsalu
BACKGROUND: External ocular infection is a public health problem in Ethiopia. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and antimicrobial susceptibility pattern of external ocular bacterial infections. METHODS: A cross sectional study was conducted at the University of Gondar Hospital among patients seeking health services at the Department of Ophthalmology from January to April, 2016. All patients with suspected external ocular infections were examined under slit lamp microscope...
August 22, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
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