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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791059/risk-factors-for-pterygium-in-ilam-province-iran
#1
Parviz Malekifar, Hamed Esfandiari, Nazanin Behnaz, Fatemeh Javadi, Sima Azish, Mohammad Ali Javadi, Masumeh Kalantarion
PURPOSE: To evaluate the risk factors for pterygium in the dry, high altitude province of Ilam, Iran. METHODS: The study included patients who presented to ophthalmology clinic. The patients were divided into two groups: 210 diagnosed with pterygium or pinguecula (unilateral or bilateral), and 210 healthy controls. Demographic variables, living environment, disease type, disease laterality, family history of pterygium as well as history of smoking, working outdoors, baking, welding, ocular conditions (trachoma keratopathy, glaucoma, refractive error, and dry eye), use of glasses, ultraviolet light exposure, and systemic conditions were collected from both groups and compared for risk assessment...
July 2017: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747952/human-permanent-ectoparasites-recent-advances-on-biology-and-clinical-significance-of-demodex-mites-narrative-review-article
#2
REVIEW
Dorota Litwin, WenChieh Chen, Ewa Dzika, Joanna Korycińska
BACKGROUND: Demodex is a genus of mites living predominantly in mammalian pilosebaceous units. They are commonly detected in the skin of face, with increasing numbers in inflammatory lesions. Causation between Demodex mites and inflammatory diseases, such as rosacea, blepharitis, perioral and seborrhoeic dermatitis or chalazion, is controversially discussed. Clinical observations indicate a primary form of human Demodex infection. The aim of this review was to highlight the biological aspects of Demodex infestation and point out directions for the future research...
January 2017: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741159/sebaceous-gland-carcinoma-of-the-ocular-adnexa-variability-in-clinical-and-histological-appearance-with-analysis-of-immunohistochemical-staining-patterns
#3
Eva Janine Schmitz, Martina C Herwig-Carl, Frank G Holz, Karin U Loeffler
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the characteristics of sebaceous gland carcinoma (SGC) of the ocular adnexae, which is due to a high variability in clinical, histological and immunohistochemical characteristics often challenging to diagnose. METHODS: Records of six patients with SGC were reviewed, who underwent surgical excision and who were histologically diagnosed with SGC. For comparison, there were specimens from four patients with basal cell carcinoma (BCC) and four patients with squamous cell carcinoma (SCC)...
July 24, 2017: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711991/one-year-efficacy-of-adjunctive-use-of-ripasudil-a-rho-kinase-inhibitor-in-patients-with-glaucoma-inadequately-controlled-with-maximum-medical-therapy
#4
Hiroshi Inazaki, Satoshi Kobayashi, Yoko Anzai, Hisayoshi Satoh, Shimpei Sato, Maiko Inoue, Shin Yamane, Kazuaki Kadonosono
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the one-year efficacy, ability to lower intraocular pressure, and tolerability of ripasudil, a rho-kinase inhibitor, in patients with glaucoma inadequately controlled with maximum medical therapy. METHODS: This prospective, non-comparative, interventional case-series study included 39 patients with primary open-angle glaucoma inadequately controlled with maximum medical therapy before treatment with ripasudil. Ripasudil was administered twice per day as adjunctive therapy to ongoing glaucoma treatment...
July 15, 2017: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648963/the-association-between-diabetes-level-of-glycaemic-control-and-eye-infection-cohort-database-study
#5
Abdus Samad Ansari, Simon de Lusignan, William Hinton, Neil Munro, Andrew McGovern
AIM: To examine whether diabetes and the degree of glycaemic control is associated with an increased risk of acute eye infection, and prescribing of ocular antimicrobial agents. DESIGN AND SETTING: A retrospective cohort study was carried out using the Royal College of General Practitioners Research and Surveillance Centre database (RCGP RSC), a large primary care database in the United Kingdom. We compared ocular infection rates in people aged ≥15 years without diabetes to those with diabetes, both type 1 and type 2...
June 22, 2017: Primary Care Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643716/prevalence-of-ocular-morbidity-in-school-going-children-in-west-uttar-pradesh
#6
Veer Singh, K P S Malik, V K Malik, Kirti Jain
AIM OF THE STUDY: This study aims to evaluate the prevalence and to make a comparison between the ocular morbidity pattern in school going children of urban and rural areas of West Uttar Pradesh. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A school-based cross-sectional study design was adopted to examine children aged 5-15 years in randomly selected urban and rural schools of West Uttar Pradesh from June 2012 to August 2014. An optometrist did the vision and refraction, and a detailed ophthalmic examination was done by an ophthalmologist...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643231/demodex-blepharitis-treated-with-a-novel-dilute-povidone-iodine-and-dmso-system-a-case-report
#7
Jesse S Pelletier, Kara Capriotti, Kevin S Stewart, Joseph A Capriotti
INTRODUCTION: Povidone-iodine aqueous solution is an antiseptic commonly used in ophthalmology for treatment of the ocular surface. Dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO) is a well-known skin penetration enhancer that is scarcely utilized in ophthalmic drug formulations. We describe here a low-dose formulation of 0.25% PVP-I in a gel containing DMSO for the treatment of Demodex blepharitis. CASE REPORT: A 95-year-old female presented with chronic blepharitis involving both the anterior and posterior eyelid margins...
June 22, 2017: Ophthalmology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621909/systemic-therapy-of-ocular-and-cutaneous-rosacea-in-children
#8
L I Gonser, C E Gonser, C Deuter, M Heister, M Zierhut, M Schaller
BACKGROUND: In paediatric rosacea, ocular symptoms are often predominant. Literature about systemic therapy of paediatric ocular rosacea is sparse, though. OBJECTIVE: Analysis of children with ocular rosacea treated systemically, particularly addressing remission and recurrence rates. METHODS: Retrospective study reviewing the medical records of children with ocular rosacea treated with systemic antibiotic therapy. Nine of 19 patients were chosen for detailed analysis...
June 16, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615842/retro-bulbar-cyst-of-coenurus-gaigeri-in-barbari-goats
#9
Nitika Sharma, Ashok Kumar, Vinay Chaturvedi, Shivsharanappa Nayakwadi, A K Mishra, M K Singh, R P Pandey, Ashish Srivastava, S Purohit, Vikrant Sudan
Two adult Barbari goats were presented to the Division of Animal Health of the Institute with the history of unilateral protrusion of the left eye ball, blepharitis and congestion of the conjunctival membrane. Physical and ultrasonographical examination revealed large fluctuating fluid filled bladder with distinct dimensions. The cysts were successfully removed along with its membrane and parasitological examination revealed it as a Coenurus gaigeri, the intermediate stage of T. multiceps gaigeri. The present report describes the retro-bulbar cyst of Coenurus gaigeri in two Barbari goats...
June 2017: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605219/retraction-of-azithromycin-1-5-ophthalmic-solution-for-blepharitis-treatment-comparison-of-14-versus-30-day-treatment-doi-10-1089-jop-2015-0099
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of Ocular Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28565799/phthiriasis-palpebrarum-a-case-of-eyelash-infestation-with-pthirus-pubis
#11
Na Wu, Hong Zhang, Feng Yuan Sun
Phthiriasis palpebrarum is a rare type of eyelid infestation. In the present study, a 63-year-old woman presented with a case of phthiriasis palpebrarum, which was initially misdiagnosed as anterior blepharitis. The patient had a 2-month history of repeated episodes of itching and burning sensations and moderate pain in both eyes that were not improved by antibiotic and corticosteroid eye drops. Slit lamp examination revealed lice and nits anchored to the eyelashes. All eyelashes were removed from the base along with lice and nits...
May 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552438/high-prevalence-of-demodex-spp-infestation-among-patients-with-posterior-blepharitis-correlation-with-age-and-cylindrical-dandruff
#12
D López-Ponce, F Zuazo, C Cartes, D Salinas-Toro, C Pérez-Valenzuela, F Valenzuela, L Traipe-Castro, R O López-Solís
OBJECTIVE: To determine prevalence of Demodex spp. and infestation index (II) by the parasite among patients of different ages with blepharitis and to assess association with occurrence of cylindrical dandruff (CC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Prospective study including patients diagnosed with posterior blepharitis between 2013 and 2015, without previous acaricide treatment, was conducted by Fundación Oftalmológica Los Andes (Chile). Four eyelashes were randomly extracted from each eyelid for parasite detection...
May 25, 2017: Archivos de la Sociedad Española de Oftalmología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546937/ocular-manifestation-and-their-associated-factors-among-hiv-aids-patients-receiving-highly-active-antiretroviral-therapy-in-southern-ethiopia
#13
Anteneh Amsalu, Kindie Desta, Demiss Nigussie, Demoze Delelegne
AIM: To assess the pattern of ocular manifestation and associated factors among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) patients on highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) at Hawassa University Referral Hospital, Southern Ethiopia. METHODS: A cross sectional study was conducted from January 2014 to April 2015. After obtaining informed written consent, 240 adult HIV/AIDS patients on HAART were randomly selected regardless of their ophthalmic symptoms, WHO status or CD4 count...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521845/hiv-infected-individuals-on-long-term-antiretroviral-therapy-are-at-higher-risk-for-ocular-disease
#14
E Schaftenaar, N S Khosa, G S Baarsma, C Meenken, J A McINTYRE, A D M E Osterhaus, G M G M Verjans, R P H Peters
Introduction of antiretroviral therapy (ART) has dramatically reduced the incidence of infectious ocular diseases in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected individuals. However, the effects of long-term ART and chronic HIV infection on the eye are ill-defined. This study determined the occurrence and severity of ocular diseases among 342 participants in a rural South African setting: HIV-naïve (n = 105), HIV-infected ART-naïve (n = 16), HIV-infected on ART for 36 months (long-term ART; n = 165). More HIV-infected participants presented with an external eye condition, in particular blepharitis, than HIV-naïve individuals (18% vs...
September 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400372/risk-factors-for-bleb-related-infection-following-trabeculectomy-surgery-ocular-surface-findings-a-case-control-study
#15
Poornima A Rai, Keith Barton, Ian E Murdoch
PURPOSE: Bleb-related infection (BRI) is a devastating complication of trabeculectomy surgery. The aim of this study was to identify ocular risk factors for BRI with specific emphasis on ocular surface parameters. It has been suggested that the frequency has increased since the introduction of antimetabolites, particularly mitomycin C. DESIGN: A case-control study. METHOD: A clinical study of BRI following trabeculectomy surgery to investigate risk factors by documenting historical data review from patients records, self-reported questionnaire specific to ocular surface symptoms and a repeat detailed clinical examination of the lid, ocular surface and tear film...
July 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346280/conjunctivochalasis-and-related-factors-in-an-adult-population-of-iran
#16
Hassan Hashemi, Hadith Rastad, Mohammad Hassan Emamian, Akbar Fotouhi
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of conjunctivochalasis and its determinants in a middle-aged Iranian population. METHODS: This population-based study was conducted in the context of the second phase of Shahroud Eye Cohort Study in 2014. Of 4,737 participants aged 45 to 69 years who participated in the second phase, the data of 4,702 participants were available for this report. A diagnosis of conjunctivochalasis was made based on the physician's judgment on ophthalmic examinations...
March 24, 2017: Eye & Contact Lens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292273/ocular-bacterial-infections-at-quiha-ophthalmic-hospital-northern-ethiopia-an-evaluation-according-to-the-risk-factors-and-the-antimicrobial-susceptibility-of-bacterial-isolates
#17
Mebrahtu Teweldemedhin, Muthupandian Saravanan, Araya Gebreyesus, Dawit Gebreegziabiher
BACKGROUND: External and intraocular infections can lead to visual impairments, which is a major public health problem. Bacteria are the most frequent pathogens affecting ocular structures; the increasing rate of antimicrobial drug resistance is a worldwide concern. The aim of this study was to determine the occurrence of bacteria in ocular infections, their antimicrobial susceptibility patterns, and risk factors in bacterial ocular infection. METHODS: A hospital based cross-sectional study was conducted from September 2015 to December 2015 at Quiha Ophthalmic Hospital, Tigray, northern Ethiopia...
March 14, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283768/-ocular-involvement-in-atopic-dermatitis-clinical-aspects-and-therapy
#18
P Maier, T Lapp, T Reinhard
Patients with atopic dermatitis frequently complain of ocular symptoms. The general dermatitis can directly affect the periocular skin and patients often present with chronic atopic blepharokeratoconjunctivitis. Early diagnosis of the characteristic ophthalmological alterations, such as blepharitis, allergic conjunctivitis, keratoconjunctivitis sicca, conjunctival scarring with formation of symblepharon and lid malpositioning, filiform keratitis, corneal plaques, (persistent) epithelial defects, corneal ulcers and keratoconus as well as appropriate stage-adapted treatment, including lid hygiene with preservative-free lubricants, topical and sometimes systemic anti-inflammatory therapy and surgical treatment are important for patients to prevent long-term damage of the ocular surface leading to severe visual impairment...
March 10, 2017: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257379/use-of-crossed-polarizers-to-enhance-images-of-the-eyelids
#19
Ryan OʼSullivan, Lisa M Tom, Vatinee Y Bunya, William C Nyberg, Mina Massaro-Giordano, Ebenezer Daniel, Eli Smith, David H Brainard, James Gee, Maureen G Maguire, Richard A Stone
PURPOSE: To describe imaging of the external eye with Crossed Polarizers to enhance clinically important features in digital photographs of the eyelids. METHODS: External photographs with and without crossed polarizing filters were taken of patients with blepharitis and controls with no clinical eye pathology. RESULTS: Photographing eyelid skin through Crossed Polarizers decreased reflections on the skin surface and improved visualization of eyelid telangiectasias and blood vessels in patients with a broad range of skin pigmentation and ethnicities...
May 2017: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209904/noninvasive-imaging-of-human-immune-responses-in-a-human-xenograft-model-of-graft-versus-host-disease
#20
Catharina H M J Van Elssen, Mohammad Rashidian, Vladimir Vrbanac, Kai W Wucherpfennig, Zeina El Habre, Jana Sticht, Christian Freund, Johanne Jacobsen, Juanjo Cragnolini, Jessica Ingram, Loes Plaisier, Eric Spierings, Andrew M Tager, Hidde Ploegh
The immune system plays a crucial role in many diseases. Activation or suppression of immunity is often related to clinical outcome. Methods to explore the dynamics of immune responses are important to elucidate their role in conditions characterized by inflammation, such as infectious disease, cancer or auto-immunity. Immuno-PET is a non-invasive method by which disease and immune cell infiltration can be explored simultaneously. Using radiolabeled antibodies or fragments derived from them, it is possible to image disease-specific antigens and immune cell subsets...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
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