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Blepharitis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713140/better-detection-of-demodex-mites-by-l%C3%A3-ffler-s-alkaline-methylene-blue-staining-in-patients-with-blepharitis
#1
Katsuji Kiuchi
Purpose: To determine whether the Löffler's alkaline methylene blue staining method is better than no staining in detecting Demodex mites in the eyelashes of patients with blepharitis. Materials and methods: Eyelashes were collected from 22 patients with blepharitis. The mean age of the patients was 82.5±6.2 years (± SD) with a range from 71 to 93 years. Eyelashes were epilated by forceps and placed individually on microscope slides. The number of Demodex mites was determined by conventional optical microscopy before and immediately after the addition of the methylene blue staining solution...
2018: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695450/case-series-periocular-habronemiasis-in-five-horses-in-the-netherlands
#2
Nicole Verhaar, Hanneke Hermans, Eugene van Rooij, Marianne Sloet van Oldruitenborgh-Oosterbaan, Jos Ensink
In tropical and subtropical climates, infection of periocular tissue by Habronema larvae is a recognised cause of conjunctivitis or blepharitis. To the authors' knowledge, only a few cases of habronemiasis have been described in Western Europe, and it has not been documented previously in the Netherlands. The objective of this report is to describe the occurrence of five cases of (peri)ocular habronemiasis in the Netherlands, of which four date from the past few years. The diagnosis was based on the history, clinical signs and histopathologic examination of biopsy specimens...
April 25, 2018: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656524/the-prevalence-of-meibomian-gland-dysfunction-tear-film-and-ocular-surface-parameters-in-an-austrian-dry-eye-clinic-population
#3
Dieter Franz Rabensteiner, Haleh Aminfar, Ingrid Boldin, Gerold Schwantzer, Jutta Horwath-Winter
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence of meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD) and its association with tear film and ocular surface parameters in an Austrian clinical population of dry eye patients. METHODS: The records of 1372 consecutive patients from a dry eye unit were analysed retrospectively. Symptoms and objective tear film and ocular surface parameters were evaluated. Patients were classified into pure MGD, pure aqueous tear deficiency (ATD), MGD combined with ATD, pure anterior blepharitis (AB), Sjogren's syndrome (SS) without MGD and SS together with MGD...
April 15, 2018: Acta Ophthalmologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593809/the-impact-of-age-sex-blepharitis-rosacea-and-rheumatoid-arthritis-on-demodex-mite-infection
#4
Aleksandra Sędzikowska, Maciej Osęka, Piotr Skopiński
Introduction: Two human-specific Demodex species have been described: Demodex folliculorum and Demodex brevis . A medical condition caused by the presence of Demodex is called demodicosis. Material and methods: The study material comprised eyelashes collected from 1499 patients. Results: Demodex sp. infection was revealed in 47% of patients (487 women and 216 men). We determined the following rates of infection by age groups: 1-25 (8% of infected subjects), 26-40 (36%), 41-55 (50%), 56-70 (67%), over 70 (77%)...
March 2018: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563688/the-use-of-tea-tree-oil-in-treating-blepharitis-and-meibomian-gland-dysfunction
#5
Thuraya Noaman Maher
INTRODUCTION: Blepharitis and meibomian gland dysfunction are chronic inflammatory conditions with overlapping pathophysiology and symptomatology. Both microbial infection and seborrhea contribute to the pathophysiology and both may benefit from treatment with tea tree oil (TTO). We evaluated the therapeutic effect of eyelids scrubbing with TTO in a group of patients with lid margin disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty patients were recruited. Half of them received lid scrubbing with a TTO formula (Naviblef™) and the other half was treated by massage and cleansing...
January 2018: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543198/-involutional-blepharitis-modern-approaches-to-diagnostic-and-treatment
#6
T N Safonova, N P Kintiukhina
PURPOSE: to identify the role of laser scanning confocal microscopy (LSCM) in diagnostic and to assess the effectiveness of involutional blepharitis treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study involved 32 patients (64 eyes) with chronic blepharitis aged in average 75.21±3.56 years. All patients completed questionnaire (SPEED), underwent Schirmer I, Norn tear break-up time and compression tests, had the number of functioning meibomian glands (NFMG) calculated. The patients' eyelids were examined with LSCM, and the condition of conjunctiva was evaluated by microbiological study...
2018: Vestnik Oftalmologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533687/assessment-of-tear-functions-in-patients-with-acne-rosacea-without-meibomian-gland-dysfunction
#7
Dilay Ozek, Özlem Evren Kemer, Ferda Artüz
PURPOSE: To evaluate the results of tear functions in acne rosacea. METHODS: This prospective study includes 64 eyes of 32 acne rosacea patients without blepharitis and meibomian gland dysfunction and 90 eyes of 45 patients as control group. Tear functions of all were evaluated with ocular surface disease index (OSDI) questionnaire, and measurements of tear osmolarity were performed by using TearLab, Schirmer I tests without anesthesia and fluorescein tear break-up time (TBUT)...
March 13, 2018: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29493395/comparison-of-the-clinical-efficacy-of-topical-and-systemic-azithromycin-treatment-for-posterior-blepharitis
#8
Elvin Yildiz, Nursal Melda Yenerel, Ayca Turan-Yardimci, Murat Erkan, Pembegul Gunes
PURPOSE: To compare the clinical efficacy of topical and oral azithromycin treatments for posterior blepharitis. METHODS: Both topical and oral treatment groups comprised 15 patients. In the topical group, azithromycin 15 mg/g ophthalmic solution (Azyter; Thea Pharmaceuticals, Clermont-Ferrand, France) was used twice a day for 3 days and then once a day until the treatment completes a month. In the systemic treatment group, azithromycin 250 mg tablets (Azitro; Deva Pharmaceuticals, Istanbul, Turkey) were used, 1 × 2 tablets (500 mg) at the first day of treatment and then 1 × 1 tablet (250 mg) for 4 days...
May 2018: Journal of Ocular Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466424/anterior-segment-and-external-ocular-disorders-associated-with-hiv-infections-in-the-era-of-haart-in-chiang-mai-university-hospital-a-prospective-descriptive-cross-sectional-study
#9
Tassapol Singalavanija, Somsanguan Ausayakhun, Chulaluck Tangmonkongvoragul
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) causes impairment to the human immune system which leads to immunocompromised conditions, including ocular complications. Several important HIV-associated disorders may involve the anterior segment, ocular surface, and adnexae organ such as dry eye, blepharitis which reduce quality of life of patients. In present, potent antiretroviral therapies HAART (highly active antiretroviral therapy) has improved the length and quality of life which may lead to an increased prevalence of anterior segment ocular disorders...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426737/-demodex-genus-colonizing-parasites-of-healthy-people-or-mites-associated-with-ocular-pathology
#10
Florencia Mongi, Laura Laconte, Rodolfo D Casero
Demodex folliculorum and Demodex brevis are mites that are responsible for human demodicosis affecting skin and frequently linked to ocular diseasess. The aim of this work was to determine the association between Demodex sp. and eyelid and eyelash diseases and to establish the predisposing factors for acquiring this parasitic disease. Eyelashes from symptomatic and asymptomatic patients (n=72) between 9 and 82 years old were analyzed, where 53% were positive for Demodex sp., of which 66% manifested ocular symptoms and pathologies, blepharitis and dry eye being prevalent...
February 6, 2018: Revista Argentina de Microbiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384803/ophthalmologic-approach-in-epidermolysis-bullosa-a-cross-sectional-study-with-phenotype-genotype-correlations
#11
Felipe Mellado, Ignacia Fuentes, Francis Palisson, José I Vergara, Arturo Kantor
PURPOSE: This study describes ophthalmologic and systemic clinical findings in different subtypes of epidermolysis bullosa (EB) establishing genotype-phenotype correlations. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 58 patients with EB together with the Dystrophic Epidermolysis Bullosa Research Association, Chile. Data were stratified by major subtypes such as "simplex epidermolysis bullosa" (EBS), "junctional epidermolysis bullosa" (JEB), "recessive and dominant dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa" and "dominant dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa" (DDEB), and "Kindler syndrome" (KS)...
April 2018: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29379270/satisfaction-and-convenience-of-using-terpenoid-impregnated-eyelid-wipes-and-teaching-method-in-people-without-blepharitis
#12
Tian Yu Qiu, Sharon Yeo, Louis Tong
Purpose: Demodex infestations cause blepharitis and are difficult to treat. Recently, a new type of eyelid wipes with terpenoids has been found effective. We aim to evaluate patient satisfaction after short-term use and compare two teaching modalities on the techniques of use. Patients and methods: Eligible participants were taught to use eyelid wipes (Cliradex® ) by either live or online video demonstration based on random allocation. Participants used the wipes twice daily for a week...
2018: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369234/in-vitro-evaluation-of-a-hypochlorous-acid-hygiene-solution-on-established-biofilms
#13
Eric G Romanowski, Nicholas A Stella, Kathleen A Yates, Kimberly M Brothers, Regis P Kowalski, Robert M Q Shanks
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine whether a commercial formulation of hypochlorous acid hygiene solution (0.01%), Avenova, can destroy existing biofilms formed by ocular clinical bacterial isolates, including blepharitis isolates of Staphylococcus aureus and coagulase-negative staphylococci, and a keratitis isolate of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. METHODS: Biofilms grown in bacterial growth media on disposable contact lens cases were challenged with hypochlorous acid hygiene solution...
January 15, 2018: Eye & Contact Lens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334519/the-most-common-causes-of-eye-pain-at-2-tertiary-ophthalmology-and-neurology-clinics
#14
Randy C Bowen, Jan N Koeppel, Chance D Christensen, Karisa B Snow, Junjie Ma, Bradley J Katz, Howard R Krauss, Klara Landau, Judith E A Warner, Alison V Crum, Dominik Straumann, Kathleen B Digre
BACKGROUND: Eye pain is a common complaint, but no previous studies have determined the most common causes of this presenting symptom. Our objective was to determine the most common causes of eye pain in 2 ophthalmology and neurology departments at academic medical centers. METHODS: This was a retrospective cross-sectional analysis and chart review at the departments of ophthalmology and neurology at the University Hospital Zurich (USZ), University of Zürich, Switzerland, and the University of Utah (UU), USA...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325546/development-and-evaluation-of-a-measure-of-patient-reported-symptoms-of-blepharitis
#15
Kamran Hosseini, Linda B Bourque, Ron D Hays
BACKGROUND: Blepharitis is an ocular surface disease and chronic ophthalmic condition. This paper reports on the development of psychometric evaluation of a patient-reported measure of blepharitis symptoms. METHODS: Self-reports of 13 blepharitis symptoms collected in a Phase 3 multi-site, randomized, double-masked, 4-arm parallel group, clinical trial of 907 individuals with blepharitis (mean age = 62, range: 19-93; 57% female) were analyzed. Symptoms asked about were: eyes that itch; eyes that burn; eyelids feel heavy or puffy; feel like something is in your eye; dry eyes; gritty eyes; irritated eyes; eyes that tear or water; crusty eyes; flaking from your eyelids; eyelids that are stuck together; red eyes or eyelids; and debris like pieces of skin or dandruff in your eyes...
January 11, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286864/a-study-on-ocular-morbidity-among-patients-with-psoriasis-visiting-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-karnataka-southern-india
#16
Surabhi Abbagani, Yogish Subraya Kamath, Sudhir Nayak
INTRODUCTION: Psoriasis is a chronic immune-mediated disorder with predominantly dermatological manifestations and varying prevalence in different parts of the world. Data on the ocular features of this disease are limited. Hence, we aimed to estimate the burden of ocular disease in psoriatic patients in the Indian population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An interdisciplinary cross-sectional hospital-based observational study was conducted in South India, wherein an ophthalmological evaluation was performed for the patients with Psoriasis...
December 29, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233249/you-re-the-flight-surgeon
#17
(no author information available yet)
Kitz R. You're the flight surgeon: blepharitis. Aerosp Med Hum Perform. 2018; 89(1):72-74.
January 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232760/the-association-of-keratoconus-with-blepharitis
#18
Dina Mostovoy, Shlomo Vinker, Michael Mimouni, Yakov Goldich, Shmuel Levartovsky, Igor Kaiserman
BACKGROUND: Identifying potentially treatable risk factors for the progression of keratoconus is of great importance. The purpose of this study was to determine the association between blepharitis and keratoconus. METHODS: In this prospective, comparative, observational study, 50 keratoconus participants from the central district of the Clalit Health Services Health Maintenance Organization in Israel underwent comprehensive eye examination. Seventy-two healthy medical personnel of similar ages were randomly chosen as a control group...
December 12, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224027/a-clinical-scoring-system-for-diagnosis-of-ocular-demodicosis
#19
Oktay Alver, Sertaç Argun Kıvanç, Berna Akova Budak, Nazmiye Ülkü Tüzemen, Beyza Ener, Ahmet Tuncer Özmen
BACKGROUND Demodex may cause chronic and refractory blepharitis with associated ocular surface problems, and its diagnosis and treatment can be quite challenging. In this study, our aim was to assess the efficacy of tea tree oil in Demodex treatment on caucasian patients in an industrialized region of Turkey, and to develop a systematic scoring system for extremely accurate diagnosis in the absence of advanced facilities. MATERIAL AND METHODS Charts of 412 patients with blepharitis were reviewed. A group of 39 out of 412 cases were identified as chronic and treatment-refractory, and therefore were enrolled in this study...
December 10, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210535/assessment-care-and-management-of-patients-with-red-eye
#20
Susan Watkinson, Ramesh Seewoodhary
Red eye is a common ocular presentation in primary care, and there are several challenges that healthcare practitioners may encounter when caring for such patients. The main ocular conditions that can give rise to red eye are: primary acute angle closure glaucoma, acute iritis, dry eye, blepharitis and conjunctivitis. Red eye can be classified as sight-threatening or non-sight-threatening. Many patients presenting with painless red eye and normal vision usually recover well. However, when red eye is associated with pain, photophobia, watering and blurred vision, it is potentially sight-threatening and must be addressed urgently...
December 6, 2017: Nursing Standard
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