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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091390/demodex-spp-infestation-associated-with-treatment-resistant-chalazia-and-folliculitis
#1
Ulviye Güvendi Akçınar, Emine Ünal, Metin Akpınar
Demodecidosis is an ectoparasitosis of pilosebaceous unit caused by demodex mites. The disease may be a primary skin disease or a secondary disease to inflammatory dermatoses such as folliculitis and rosacea. Demodex spp. blepharitis is an infectious ocular disease that is common but always neglected. These mites contain lipase enzymes that help carry bacteria on the surface. The infestation of Demodex spp. has increasingly become a public health concern. A 29-year-old male patient was admitted to our dermatology clinic with a complaint of papules and pustules on his face, which started 4 years ago...
December 2016: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079825/the-utility-of-bispectral-index-monitoring-for-prevention-of-rocuronium-induced-withdrawal-movement-in-children-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Byung Gun Lim, Il Ok Lee, Young Sung Kim, Young Ju Won, Heezoo Kim, Myoung Hoon Kong
BACKGROUND: This study was designed to determine whether a deep hypnotic state with a bispectral index (BIS) value less than 40 could alleviate withdrawal movement (WM) upon rocuronium injection during anesthesia induction in children. METHODS: Finally, 135 healthy children (3-12 years) scheduled for minor elective surgery were studied. Without premedication, anesthesia was induced with thiopental sodium 5 mg/kg. Patients were randomized into 2 groups (control vs experimental) and then by virtue of rocuronium injection time, patients in the experimental group were allocated into 2 groups, as follows: in the control group (group C; n = 45), rocuronium 0...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052070/identifying-patient-perceived-barriers-to-trichiasis-surgery-in-kongwa-district-tanzania
#3
Ryan J Bickley, Harran Mkocha, Beatriz Munoz, Sheila West
BACKGROUND: Trachomatous trichiasis (TT), inturned eyelashes from repeated infection with Chlamydia trachomatis, is the leading infectious cause of blindness in the world. Though surgery will correct entropion caused by trachoma, uptake of TT surgery remains low. In this case-control study, we identify barriers that prevent TT patients from receiving sight-saving surgery. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Participants were selected from a database of TT cases who did (acceptors) and did not (non-acceptors) have surgery as of August 2015...
January 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045822/fabrication-of-an-orbital-prosthesis-combined-with-eyebrow-transplantation
#4
Banu Karayazgan-Saracoglu, Azimet Ozdemir
Fabrication of an orbital prosthesis is considered as a challenging procedure as compared to the other facial prosthesis due to the presence of inactive eye movements and the need of artificial hair in order to mimic eyelashes and eyebrows. Generally these structures are sewed or bonded in the silicone. However, deformation or hair loss is observed within time. This deformation is visible especially in the eyebrow. This clinical report represents a patient with an implant supported orbital prosthesis. Patient was not satisfied with the nature of her eyebrow that was sewed in the silicone...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030678/eyebrow-and-eyelash-loss
#5
Jules B Lipoff, Katherine T Steele, Neha Jariwala
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 3, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012607/do-demodex-mites-play-a-role-in-pterygium-development
#6
Witold Tarkowski, Joanna Moneta-Wielgoś, Daniel Młocicki
Numerous reports point to Demodex mites as the aetiology of certain eye and skin conditions, hence it is highly probable that infestation with these mites may also play a role in the aetiology and pathogenesis of pterygium. Therefore here we present a hypothesis: whether the presence of Demodex mites in eyelash hair follicles significantly correlates with the presence of pterygia, which could point to a potential role of these mites in the development of such lesions. We present preliminary data for supporting this hypothesis...
January 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922971/aesthetic-lateral-canthoplasty-using-tarso-conjunctival-advancement-technique
#7
Eun Jung Lee, Dae Hyun Lew, Seung Han Song, Myung Chul Lee
Reduced horizontal length of the palpebral fissure is a distinctive characteristic of Asian eyelids, and aesthetic lateral canthal lengthening techniques have been performed for a refinement. The aim of this study is to describe a novel lateral canthoplasty using tarso-conjunctival advancement with a lid margin splitting procedure on the upper eyelids and to report the postoperative results. From December 2011 to June 2014, patients who underwent lateral canthoplasty using the tarso-conjunctival advancement procedure for aesthetic purposes were reviewed retrospectively...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909595/effect-of-smoking-on-reversing-neuromuscular-block
#8
Ömür Öztürk, Gülbin Yalçın Sezen, Handan Ankaralı, Onur Özlü, Yavuz Demiraran, Hakan Ateş, Burhan Dost
OBJECTIVE: Rocuronium is a non-depolarising, intermediate-acting, monoquaternary amino steroid and was brought into clinical use as a potentially ideal muscle relaxant. Post-operative residual curarisation (PORC) results from the prolonged effects of non-depolarising neuromuscular blocking agents. This is a common problem and seriously affects patient safety. No recent study has investigated the effects of sugammadex on smokers, which is often used to restore neuromuscular block and avoid PORC...
August 2016: Turkish Journal of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857447/registration-of-eye-reflection-and-scene-images-using-an-aspherical-eye-model
#9
Atsushi Nakazawa, Christian Nitschke, Toyoaki Nishida
This paper introduces an image registration algorithm between an eye reflection and a scene image. Although there are currently a large number of image registration algorithms, this task remains difficult due to nonlinear distortions at the eye surface and large amounts of noise, such as iris texture, eyelids, eyelashes, and their shadows. To overcome this issue, we developed an image registration method combining an aspherical eye model that simulates nonlinear distortions considering eye geometry and a two-step iterative registration strategy that obtains dense correspondence of the feature points to achieve accurate image registrations for the entire image region...
November 1, 2016: Journal of the Optical Society of America. A, Optics, Image Science, and Vision
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852232/novel-homozygous-missense-mutation-in-gan-associated-with-charcot-marie-tooth-disease-type-2-in-a-large-consanguineous-family-from-israel
#10
Sharon Aharoni, Katy E S Barwick, Rachel Straussberg, Gaurav V Harlalka, Yoram Nevo, Barry A Chioza, Meriel M McEntagart, Aviva Mimouni-Bloch, Michael Weedon, Andrew H Crosby
BACKGROUND: CMT-2 is a clinically and genetically heterogeneous group of peripheral axonal neuropathies characterized by slowly progressive weakness and atrophy of distal limb muscles resulting from length-dependent motor and sensory neurodegeneration. Classical giant axonal neuropathy (GAN) is an autosomal recessively inherited progressive neurodegenerative disorder of the peripheral and central nervous systems, typically diagnosed in early childhood and resulting in death by the end of the third decade...
November 16, 2016: BMC Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829761/evaluation-of-oral-and-periodontal-status-of-leprosy-patients-in-dindigul-district
#11
S A Jacob Raja, J Johnson Raja, R Vijayashree, B Meena Priya, G Sai Anusuya, P Ravishankar
AIM: After the introduction of the multidrug therapy, the incidence of leprosy is decreasing every year. However, periodontal complaints are commonly seen in these patients due to compromised immunity and impaired oral hygiene. The aim of the present study is to assess the oral and periodontal status of the leprosy patients in Dindigul district. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was conducted on 62 patients treated in a leprosy center at Dindigul district. Among these, 22 (35...
October 2016: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787205/ocular-symptoms-reported-by-patients-infested-with-demodex-mites
#12
Aleksandra Sędzikowska, Maciej Osęka, Barbara Grytner-Zięcina
The purpose of this study was to determine subjective ocular symptoms occurring in patients infested with Demodex. The number of Demodex mites in the obtained material that correlated with the appearance of ocular symptoms was estimated. The study material were eyelashes collected from 1499 patients. The material were observed under a light microscope. T-test, the logistic regression method, and Pearson correlation coefficient were used for the analysis. Demodex mites were detected in 47% patients. The mean ages of infected women and men were 64 and 59 years, respectively...
December 1, 2016: Acta Parasitologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783094/outcomes-of-two-surgical-techniques-using-silicone-rod-for-frontalis-sling-suspension-to-treat-severe-ptosis
#13
Alicia Galindo-Ferreiro, Patricia Akaishi, Somaya Hanafi, Rajiv Khandekar, Alberto Galvez-Ruiz, Silvana Schellini, Augusto Cruz
PURPOSE: To compare outcomes of two techniques of frontalis silicone sling surgery. METHODS: This retrospective, nonrandomized chart review was performed on patients undergoing frontalis sling surgery between 2008 and 2011. Silicone rods were sutured to the tarsal plate through an eyelid crease incision (open method) or stab incisions (closed method). Data were collected on age, gender, type of surgery, preoperative and postoperative margin reflex distance (MRD), and complications...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766525/comparison-of-the-qcon-and-qnox-indices-for-the-assessment-of-unconsciousness-level-and-noxious-stimulation-response-during-surgery
#14
Umberto Melia, Eva Gabarron, Mercé Agustí, Nuria Souto, Patricia Pineda, Joan Fontanet, Montserrat Vallverdu, Erik Weber Jensen, Pedro Gambus
The objective of this work is to compare the performances of two electroencephalogram based indices for detecting loss of consciousness and loss of response to nociceptive stimulation. Specifically, their behaviour after drug induction and during recovery of consciousness was pointed out. Data was recorded from 140 patients scheduled for general anaesthesia with a combination of propofol and remifentanil. The qCON 2000 monitor (Quantium Medical, Barcelona, Spain) was used to calculate the qCON and qNOX. Loss of response to verbal command and loss of eye-lash reflex were assessed during the transition from awake to anesthetized, defining the state of loss of consciousness...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762642/efficacy-and-safety-of-mascara-dyeing-as-an-adjunct-to-alexandrite-and-nd-yag-laser-applications-for-removing-thin-and-white-colored-facial-and-axillary-hair
#15
Pelin Üstüner, Ali Balevi, Mustafa Özdemir
INTRODUCTION: There is no satisfactory and efficient method for long-term removal of white-colored and thin hair. METHODS: We conducted a randomised clinical trial of hirsute patients with excessive white and/or thin hair on the face and/or axilla. In Group I (n: 16), the facial hair on one side of the face was painted with a black eyelash mascara immediately before Nd:YAG laser and the other half was only treated by Nd:YAG. In Group II (n: 20), the axillary hair on one side was painted with the mascara before the Alexandrite laser with the other side being only treated by Alexandrite...
December 2016: Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy: Official Publication of the European Society for Laser Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759909/further-delineation-of-the-phenotype-of-truncating-kmt2a-mutations-the-extended-wiedemann-steiner-syndrome
#16
Yu Sun, Guorui Hu, Huili Liu, Xia Zhang, Zhuo Huang, Hui Yan, Lili Wang, Yanjie Fan, Xuefan Gu, Yongguo Yu
KMT2A mutations cause Wiedemann-Steiner syndrome (WDSTS), which is characterized by hypertrichosis cubiti, short stature, and distinct facial features in general. Here, we report two Chinese boys with novel nonsense KMT2A mutations. Most of their phenotypes are concordant with WDSTS. They, however, lack the key WDSTS feature-hypertrichosis cubiti. Additionally, their transverse palmar creases are absent. We further summarized the genotypes and phenotypes of the KMT2A mutation carriers. The consensus phenotypes include postnatal growth retardation, developmental delay, short stature, and intellectual disability...
October 19, 2016: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759711/can-down-gaze-during-near-work-cause-peripheral-deprivation-in-asian-eyes
#17
Renfeng Xu, Huachun Wang, Feng Jiang, Chunyan Xue, Zhenping Huang, Arthur Bradley
PURPOSE: We hypothesize that the typically narrower palpebral apertures of East Asian eyes in combination with the narrowing of this aperture during down-gaze combine to reduce light levels and image contrast in the inferior retina during near work, thus creating peripheral deprivation in these eyes that could generate deprivation myopia in children culturally encouraged to perform near work. METHODS: We photographed the right eyes of 53 Chinese children during down-gaze (from 10 to 40 degrees) from the fixation point and the primary gaze position...
December 2016: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27758711/loss-of-eyebrows-and-eyelashes-during-concomitant-treatment-with-sitagliptin-and-metformin
#18
Elena Succurro, Caterina Palleria, Maria Francesca Ruffo, Raffaele Serra, Franco Arturi, Luca Gallelli
: The fixed dose combination of sitagliptin 50 mg and metformin 850 mg (Janumet ®), is indicated for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus in addition to diet and exercise to improve glycemic control in patients treated with metformin alone. METHODS: We report a 69-year-old man with type 2 diabetes that developed sudden loss of eyebrows and eyelashes about 4 months after the beginning of Janumet ®. Clinical and laboratory findings excluded the presence of systemic or skin diseases able to induce these manifestations, while the Naranjo probability scale documented a possible association between the drug and the adverse drug reaction...
October 14, 2016: Current Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27745915/getting-hooked-a-simple-technique-for-the-treatment-of-adhesive-injuries-to-the-eyelids
#19
Kristen Jijelava, Hongvan Le, Jack Parker, Jeffrey Yee
BACKGROUND: Ocular chemical injuries due to accidental exposure or application of cyanoacrylate, commonly known as "superglue," have increased over the past 30 years. However, current treatment options to relieve eyelid adhesions due to cyanoacrylate applications are difficult to successfully execute and can require sedation or general anesthesia. Here we describe a simple technique to release eyelid adhesions due to cyanoacrylate, or other adhesive agents, that can be successfully performed at bedside without sedation...
January 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27722027/eyelash-loss-secondary-to-escitalopram-but-not-to-sertraline-a-case-report
#20
Daniel J Norton, Carolyn Cates
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
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