keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

risk factor of periodontitis

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805207/periodontal-diseases
#1
REVIEW
Denis F Kinane, Panagiota G Stathopoulou, Panos N Papapanou
Periodontal diseases comprise a wide range of inflammatory conditions that affect the supporting structures of the teeth (the gingiva, bone and periodontal ligament), which could lead to tooth loss and contribute to systemic inflammation. Chronic periodontitis predominantly affects adults, but aggressive periodontitis may occasionally occur in children. Periodontal disease initiation and propagation is through a dysbiosis of the commensal oral microbiota (dental plaque), which then interacts with the immune defences of the host, leading to inflammation and disease...
June 22, 2017: Nature Reviews. Disease Primers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804947/periodontitis-and-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-a-population-based-cohort-investigation-in-the-study-of-health-in-pomerania
#2
Aderonke A Akinkugbe, Gary D Slade, A Sidney Barritt, Steven Offenbacher, Astrid Petersmann, Thomas Kocher, Markus M Lerch, Julia Mayerle, Henry Völzke, Gerardo Heiss, Birte Holtfreter
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) affects 20-30% of adults with risk factors like obesity and insulin resistance putatively acting through chronic low-grade inflammation. Because periodontitis elicits low-grade inflammation, we hypothesized that it could contribute to NAFLD occurrence. Objective To investigate epidemiologic associations between periodontitis and the incidence of NAFLD among 2,623 participants of the Study of Health in Pomerania METHODS: Periodontitis at baseline was defined as the percentage of sites (0%, 1-30%, ≥30%) with 1) clinical attachment level (CAL) ≥3mm; 2) probing pocket depth (PD) ≥4mm...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800670/-oral-health-and-pregnancy-patient-survey-using-a-questionnaire
#3
Tobias Odermatt, Andreas Schötzau, Irene Hoesli
Introduction and Hypothesis This study investigated how well pregnant patients were informed about the causes and effects of gingivitis during pregnancy. Factors such as age, level of education and nationality were taken into account. Data was collected for the overall oral hygiene of the patients and differences between outpatient and inpatient pregnancies were shown. Possible risk factors in terms of birth results were also defined. Methods With the use of a questionnaire, 83 patients (40 outpatients/43 inpatients) were asked about their oral hygiene, as well as their knowledge pertaining to the causes and effects of gingivitis...
August 2017: Zeitschrift Für Geburtshilfe und Neonatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791827/correlation-between-the-state-of-periodontal-tissues-and-selected-risk-factors-for-periodontitis-and-myocardial-infarction
#4
Renata Górska, Elżbieta Dembowska, Tomasz P Konopka, Joanna Wysokińska-Miszczuk, Małgorzata Pietruska, Ewa Ganowicz
BACKGROUND: The current level of knowledge indicates a relationship between periodontitis and diabetes and/or cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Periodontitis can be not only a risk factor for these diseases, but also a condition modifying other primary risk factors associated with the occurrence of cardiovascular complications (lipid disorders, arterial hypertension, etc.) or diabetes. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was an analysis of the correlation between the state of periodontal tissues and selected risk factors for myocardial infarction (MI) in patients after recent myocardial infarction...
May 2017: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768511/german-dentists-websites-on-periodontitis-have-low-quality-of-information
#5
Falk Schwendicke, Jörg Stange, Claudia Stange, Christian Graetz
BACKGROUND: The internet is an increasingly relevant source of health information. We aimed to assess the quality of German dentists' websites on periodontitis, hypothesizing that it was significantly associated with a number of practice-specific parameters. METHODS: We searched four electronic search engines and included pages which were freely accessible, posted by a dental practice in Germany, and mentioned periodontal disease/therapy. Websites were assessed for (1) technical and functional aspects, (2) generic quality and risk of bias, (3) disease-specific information...
August 2, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765461/trends-in-oral-diseases-in-the-u-s-population
#6
R Gary Rozier, B Alexander White, Gary D Slade
This article reviews trends in dental caries, periodontal disease, and tooth loss for the United States along with population dynamics and risk factors that might influence these trends going forward. Dental caries experience remains high in the primary dentition. Caries severity in permanent teeth of children has declined to historically low levels, and long-standing inequalities in untreated caries appear to be narrowing. Declines in caries severity of children's permanent teeth have stabilized at a low level, but likely will contribute to future reductions in dental caries severity in adults...
August 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765338/periodontal-disease-and-incident-cancer-risk-among-postmenopausal-women-results-from-the-women-s-health-initiative-observational-cohort
#7
Ngozi N Nwizu, James R Marshall, Kirsten Moysich, Robert J Genco, Kathleen M Hovey, Xiaodan Mai, Michael J LaMonte, Jo L Freudenheim, Jean Wactawski-Wende
Background: Periodontal pathogens have been isolated from precancerous and cancerous lesions and also shown to promote a procarcinogenic microenvironment. Few studies have examined periodontal disease as a risk factor for total cancer, and none have focused on older women. We examined whether periodontal disease is associated with incident cancer among postmenopausal women in the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study.Methods: Our prospective cohort study comprised 65,869 women, ages 54 to 86 years. Periodontal disease information was obtained via self-report questionnaires administered between 1999 and 2003, whereas ascertainment of cancer outcomes occurred through September 2013, with a maximum follow-up period of 15 years...
August 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760279/risk-factors-for-tobacco-susceptibility-in-an-orthodontic-population-an-exploratory-study
#8
Jared Michael Jashinsky, Sandy Liles, Katy Schmitz, Ding Ding, Melbourne Hovell
INTRODUCTION: Tobacco use is related to increased periodontal disease, tooth loss, and decreased success of orthodontic appliances, and it may inhibit orthodontic tooth movement. Most smokers start during adolescence. Since most cessation attempts fail, prevention appears necessary. METHODS: A cross-sectional sample of orthodontic patients reported hypothesized risk factors for smoking and susceptibility to tobacco use initiation. Exploratory analyses regressed susceptibility to tobacco initiation on each hypothesized predictor variable in a separate logistic model that included a standard set of covariates...
August 2017: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758296/failing-to-meet-the-goals-of-periodontal-recall-programs-what-next
#9
REVIEW
Giles McCracken, Abisola Asuni, Mark Ritchie, Christopher Vernazza, Peter Heasman
Supportive periodontal care is a crucial aspect of the management of chronic periodontitis and peri-implantitis and is inevitably a long-term commitment for both the clinician and the patient. The principal goals of supportive care are to achieve a high standard of plaque control, minimize bleeding and maintain pockets at less than 6 mm. Gain of attachment around natural teeth during supportive periodontal care has been reported, although gain of attachment and of bone during supportive care may be a more pragmatic and aspirational aim in the longer term...
October 2017: Periodontology 2000
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758294/periodontitis-facts-fallacies-and-the-future
#10
REVIEW
Jørgen Slots
This volume of Periodontology 2000 represents the 25th anniversary of the Journal, and uses the occasion to assess important advancements in periodontology over the past quarter-century as well as the hurdles that remain. Periodontitis is defined by pathologic loss of the periodontal ligament and alveolar bone. The disease involves complex dynamic interactions among active herpesviruses, specific bacterial pathogens and destructive immune responses. Periodontal diagnostics is currently based on clinical rather than etiologic criteria, and provides limited therapeutic guidance...
October 2017: Periodontology 2000
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753104/p-gingivalis-suppresses-trophoblast-invasion-by-soluble-factors
#11
Naoko Hirohata, Shihoko Komine-Aizawa, Muneaki Tamura, Kuniyasu Ochiai, Masahiko Sugitani, Satoshi Hayakawa
BACKGROUND: Periodontitis is a common chronic inflammatory disorder that affects supporting tissues of the teeth. An increased risk of pregnancy complications has been reported in the patients with periodontitis; however, its pathophysiology remains uncharacterized to date. In addition, Porphyromonas gingivalis (P.g) are detectable in a few placentae derived from diseased pregnancies. Thus, we aimed to examine the roles of soluble factors produced by P.g on trophoblast invasion in vitro to clarify the remote effects of periodontitis on the outcomes of pregnancy...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750107/practice-based-longitudinal-study-of-multifactorial-risk-assessment-for-periodontal-condition-and-survival-of-remaining-teeth-in-patients-with-removable-partial-dentures
#12
Shigeto Koyama, Takeshi Fuji, Takashi Ohi, Kenji Kadowaki, Nobuhiro Yoda, Keiichi Sasaki
PURPOSE: This retrospective cohort study examined factors affecting the periodontal condition and survival of remaining teeth 5 years after removable partial denture (RPD) placement using multivariate analyses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Of 231 patients who received RPDs at Tohoku University Hospital, 108 patients who had agreed to undergo a 5-year follow-up were examined. The outcomes of RPD treatment were assigned to one of three categories: successful (n = 58), remake (n = 36), and failure (n = 14)...
July 27, 2017: International Journal of Prosthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746658/relationship-between-periodontal-disease-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors-among-young-and-middle-aged-brazilians-cross-sectional-study
#13
Alessandra Carvalho Goulart, Favius Armani, Astrid Marie Arap, Thais Nejm, Juliana Barros Andrade, Henry Bittar Bufarah, Danielli Haddad Syllos Dezen
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: It has been suggested in the literature that periodontal disease (PD) is associated with cardiovascular risk. The objective of this study was to appraise the relationship between periodontal disease (gingivitis and periodontitis) and traditional cardiovascular risk factors (obesity, hypertension, dyslipidemia, diabetes and metabolic syndrome) among young and middle-aged adults attended at a health promotion and check-up center in the city of São Paulo, Brazil. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study at the Health Promotion and Check-up Center of Hospital Sírio-Libanês, São Paulo, Brazil...
May 2017: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740268/the-association-between-periodontal-disease-and-preterm-low-birthweight-in-kosovo
#14
Kastriot Meqa, Fatmir Dragidella, Metush Disha, Zana Sllamniku-Dalipi
OBJECTIVE: Periodontal diseases have a high prevalence worldwide. Existing evidence support the concept that gingivitis and periodontitis are potentially infectious and they present inflammatory reservoirs that can be threatening to the fetoplacental unit. The objective of this study was to compare the periodontal status between women with normal delivery and those with preterm low-birthweight delivery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study included 200 postpartum women whose periodontal and obstetrical parameters were taken...
March 2017: Acta Stomatologica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735759/associations-between-tooth-loss-and-prognostic-biomarkers-and-the-risk-for-cardiovascular-events-in-patients-with-stable-coronary-heart-disease
#15
Ola Vedin, Emil Hagström, Ollie Östlund, Alvaro Avezum, Andrzej Budaj, Marcus D Flather, Robert A Harrington, Wolfgang Koenig, Joseph Soffer, Agneta Siegbahn, Philippe Gabriel Steg, Ralph A H Stewart, Lars Wallentin, Harvey D White, Claes Held
BACKGROUND: Underlying mechanisms behind the hypothesized relationship between periodontal disease (PD) and coronary heart disease (CHD) have been insufficiently explored. We evaluated associations between self-reported tooth loss- a marker of PD- and prognostic biomarkers in 15,456 (97%) patients with stable CHD in the global STABILITY trial. METHODS AND RESULTS: Baseline blood samples were obtained and patients reported their number of teeth according to the following tooth loss levels: "26-32 (All)" [lowest level], "20-25", "15-19", "1-14", and "No Teeth" [highest level]...
July 17, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733984/implant-treatment-in-pharmacologically-immunosuppressed-liver-transplant-patients-a-prospective-controlled-study
#16
Víctor Paredes, Rosa María López-Pintor, Jesús Torres, Juan Carlos de Vicente, Mariano Sanz, Gonzalo Hernández
OBJECTIVES: The main objective of this prospective study was to evaluate the long-term outcome of implant therapy in liver transplant patients (LTP). The secondary goal was to assess several implant- and patient-dependent variables, such as peri-implantitis (PI), peri-implant mucositis (PIM), bone loss (BL), and immediate postoperative complications. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Two groups, including 16 pharmacologically immunosuppressed LTP and 16 matched controls, received 52 and 54 implants, respectively, between 1999 and 2008...
July 21, 2017: Clinical Oral Implants Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707864/oxidative-stress-antioxidants-and-lipid-profile-in-the-serum-and-saliva-of-individuals-with-coronary-heart-disease-is-there-a-link-with-periodontal-health
#17
Natheer H Al-Rawi, Alaa M Shahid
BACKGROUND: Oxidative stresses and dyslipidemia are an important risk factor in the development of coronary atherosclerotic complications like angina pectoris and myocardial infarction. The aim of this study was to find the relationship between the salivary lipid profile, lipid peroxidation and antioxidants and the periodontal health status of patients with acute coronary heart disease. METHODS: Forty s who had experienced a recent attack of angina pectoris or myocardial infarction and another 40 noncardiac patients matched for age, sex and residence (control) were recruited...
July 12, 2017: Minerva Stomatologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707363/equine-peripheral-dental-caries-an-epidemiological-survey-assessing-the-prevalence-and-possible-risk-factors-in-western-australian-horses
#18
K Jackson, E Kelty, M Tennant
BACKGROUND: Peripheral dental caries is defined as macroscopic destruction of the calcified dental tissues and can be a cause of considerable dental pathology and pain. It appears to have a high prevalence within Western Australian horses and, at present, risk factors for the condition are poorly understood, making treatment and prevention difficult. OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence and potential risk factors involved in peripheral caries in horses in Western Australia...
July 14, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704648/diabetes-enhances-il-17-expression-and-alters-the-oral-microbiome-to-increase-its-pathogenicity
#19
E Xiao, Marcelo Mattos, Gustavo Henrique Apolinário Vieira, Shanshan Chen, Jôice Dias Corrêa, Yingying Wu, Mayra Laino Albiero, Kyle Bittinger, Dana T Graves
Diabetes is a risk factor for periodontitis, an inflammatory bone disorder and the greatest cause of tooth loss in adults. Diabetes has a significant impact on the gut microbiota; however, studies in the oral cavity have been inconclusive. By 16S rRNA sequencing, we show here that diabetes causes a shift in oral bacterial composition and, by transfer to germ-free mice, that the oral microbiota of diabetic mice is more pathogenic. Furthermore, treatment with IL-17 antibody decreases the pathogenicity of the oral microbiota in diabetic mice; when transferred to recipient germ-free mice, oral microbiota from IL-17-treated donors induced reduced neutrophil recruitment, reduced IL-6 and RANKL, and less bone resorption...
July 12, 2017: Cell Host & Microbe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696070/the-association-between-three-attitude-related-indexes-of-oral-hygiene-and-secondary-implant-failures-a-retrospective-longitudinal-study
#20
S Tecco, M G Grusovin, S Sciara, F Bova, G Pantaleo, P Capparé
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the strength of the association between three widely used clinical indexes considered as distal behavioural indicators of attitude-related oral status (an index of oral hygiene, the plaque index [PI] and two periodontal indexes, that is the presence of bleeding on probing [BOP] and of pockets probing depth [PPD]) and secondary implant failure due to peri-implantitis in patients rehabilitated with cemented prosthesis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included patients who underwent implant-prosthetic rehabilitation and had joined the programme of maintenance of the same hospital...
July 11, 2017: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
keyword
keyword
40008
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"