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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229856/-how-to-analyze-periodontal-morphotypes-in-order-to-reduce-the-risk-of-periodontal-recession
#1
Mathilde Jalladaud, Mike Lahmi, Corinne Lallam
INTRODUCTION: The periodontal morphotype is a leading feature to be born in mind during surgical, implant, prosthetic, restorative as well as orthodontic treatment. A fragile morphotype will rapidly trigger severe and worrying clinical repercussions for the patient. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In order to minimize the risks involved, sound knowledge of the different morphotypes and of the techniques for clinically evaluating them is a major requirement. These factors need to be regularly reassessed since morphotypes can vary throughout the course of treatment...
March 2017: L' Orthodontie Française
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216438/porphyromonas-gingivalis-lipopolysaccharide-induces-pro-inflammatory-adipokine-secretion-and-oxidative-stress-by-regulating-toll-like-receptor-mediated-signaling-pathways-and-redox-enzymes-in-adipocytes
#2
Fanny Le Sage, Olivier Meilhac, Marie-Paule Gonthier
Gut microbiota LPS contributes to obesity-related chronic inflammation and oxidative stress, promoting insulin resistance. Periodontal disease also represents a risk factor for type 2 diabetes and is associated with obesity. This study compared the effect of LPS from P. gingivalis periodontopathogen and E. coli enterobacteria on inflammatory adipokine secretion and redox status of 3T3-L1 adipocytes. We found that both LPS activated TLR2- and TLR4-mediated signaling pathways involving MyD88 adaptor and NFκB transcription factor, leading to an increased secretion of leptin, resistin, IL-6 and MCP-1...
February 16, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211083/the-association-between-periodontitis-and-sleep-duration
#3
Mario Romandini, Gioele Gioco, Giorgio Perfetti, Giorgio Deli, Edoardo Staderini, Andreina Laforì
AIM: Due to its potential to influence systemic inflammation and oxidative stress, and to predispose to bacterial infections, sleep duration could potentially be a risk factor for periodontitis. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate if there was in 2012 an association between periodontitis and sleep duration in a representative sample of the South Korean population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 5,812 subjects representative of 39.4 million of adults were examined...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209360/levels-of-high-mobility-group-box-1-in-gingival-crevicular-fluid-in-nonsmokers-and-smokers-with-chronic-periodontitis
#4
Yi-Chun Lin, Ching-Yi Wu, Lien-Yu Chang, Ching-Chu Chen, Hsuan-Hung Chen, Yu-Lin Lai, Shan-Ling Hung
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: High-mobility group box-1 (HMGB1), a proinflammatory cytokine, plays a role in inflammatory disorders. Smoking is a well-established risk factor for periodontal disease. The aim of this study was to compare the levels of HMGB1 in the gingival crevicular fluid from periodontally healthy nonsmokers, chronic periodontitis nonsmokers, and chronic periodontitis smokers. Furthermore, the relationship between levels of HMGB1 and periodontal parameters was examined. METHODS: Periodontal parameters of 17 nonsmokers with chronic periodontitis, nine smokers with chronic periodontitis, and nine periodontally healthy nonsmokers were examined...
February 13, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207558/association-between-oral-health-behavior-and-periodontal-disease-among-korean-adults-the-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#5
Kyungdo Han, Jun-Beom Park
This study was performed to assess the association between oral health behavior and periodontal disease using nationally representative data.This study involved a cross-sectional analysis and multivariable logistic regression analysis models using the data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. A community periodontal index greater than or equal to code 3 was used to define periodontal disease.Adjusted odds ratios and their 95% confidence intervals of periodontitis for the toothbrushing after lunch group and the toothbrushing before bedtime group were 0...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186427/meta-analysis-of-risk-association-between-interleukin-17a-and-f-gene-polymorphisms-and-inflammatory-diseases
#6
Ebrahim Eskandari-Nasab, Mehdi Moghadampour, Arezoo Tahmasebi
This meta-analysis examined the relationship between IL-17A (rs2275913) and IL17F (rs763780 T/C) gene polymorphisms and the risk of inflammatory diseases, including periodontitis, rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and inflammatory bowel disease. PubMed, MEDLINE, EMBASE, Web of Science, and Elsevier Science Direct were searched, and odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence interval (CI) were calculated to estimate the strength of the association. A total of 25 studies comprising 7,474 cases and 10,628 controls were included...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Interferon & Cytokine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185409/a-retrospective-study-on-1592-consecutively-performed-operations-in-one-private-referral-clinic-part-i-early-inflammation-and-early-implant-failures
#7
Hadi Antoun, Michel Karouni, Jérémy Abitbol, Ons Zouiten, Torsten Jemt
BACKGROUND: Few large-scale follow-up studies are reported on routine implant treatment. PURPOSE: To report retrospective data on early inflammatory and early implant failures in a large number of routine patients at one private referral clinic. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 1017 patients were consecutively provided with 3082 implants with an anodized surface (Nobel Biocare AB) at 1592 implant operations between 2000 and 2011. All patients reported with mucosa inflammation and bone loss and/or implant failures to the first annual examination were identified...
February 10, 2017: Clinical Implant Dentistry and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182619/contribution-of-common-infections-to-cardiovascular-risk-in-hiv-positive-individuals
#8
Victoria Berquist, Jennifer F Hoy, Janine M Trevillyan
HIV-positive individuals are at increased risk for cardiovascular disease due to complex interactions between the increased incidence of traditional cardiovascular risk factors and HIV and antiretroviral-associated inflammation and dyslipidemia. Increasing evidence suggests that a number of important co-pathogens, including cytomegalovirus, hepatitis C virus, and periodontal disease, are likely to also be contributing. Mechanisms such as molecular mimicry and modification of lipids play a role; however, induction of systemic inflammation is the likely key pathogenic link by which this occurs...
February 9, 2017: AIDS Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174369/self-tapping-intermaxillary-fixation-screw-an-alternative-to-arch-bar
#9
Animesh Barodiya, Rishi Thukral, S M Agrawal, Anil S Chouhan, Sidharth Singh, Yogesh Loksh
INTRODUCTION: The use of intermaxillary fixation (IMF) in the treatment of faciomaxillary fractures is the key factor for reduction and immobilization. Various techniques of IMF have been described in the past and recently IMF screws have been introduced. This technique has various advantages, including ease of use, less time consumption, less trauma to the surrounding soft tissues, and relatively reduced risk of needle stick injury. This study evaluates the efficacy of IMF screws over arch bar IMF before definitive fixation of facial fractures...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174362/most-frequent-oral-lesions-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#10
Micheline S Trentin, Georgia Verardi, Michele De C Ferreira, João P de Carli, Soluete O da Silva, Igor Fp Lima, Luiz R Paranhos
AIM: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2) is a chronic disease caused by the underproduction of insulin in the organism and it is considered a risk factor to periodontal disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study performed a cross-sectional research on the main oral changes in patients with DM2 and nondiabetics, in Passo Fundo, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. The sample included 116 patients examined at the Diabetes Outpatient Clinic of the School of Medicine of the University of Passo Fundo (UPF) and 134 nondiabetic patients examined at the Examinations, Triage, and Emergency Sector of the School of Dentistry of UPF...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168759/periodontal-disease-tooth-loss-and-dementia-is-there-a-link-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Pallavi P Tonsekar, Shuying S Jiang, Gang Yue
BACKGROUND: It has been suggested that dementia is caused by neuronal damage due to chronic inflammation from peripheral sources such as the oral cavity in periodontal disease. OBJECTIVE: The aim of our review was to assess the risk of dementia or cognitive impairment associated with chronic periodontitis and multiple tooth loss. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An extensive search of electronic databases of articles on the relation between periodontitis, tooth loss and dementia published on or before April 2016 was conducted...
February 7, 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151544/relationship-between-past-myocardial-infarction-periodontal-disease-and-porphyromonas-gingivalis-serum-antibodies-a-case-control-study
#12
Radosław P Łysek, Krystyna Szafraniec, Maciej Polak, Piotr Jankowski, Agnieszka Micek, Renata Wolfshaut-Wolak, Danuta Czarnecka, Jan Potempa, Andrzej Pająk
BACKGROUND: The relationship between chronic periodontitis (CP) and increased risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD) is known but quantitative assessments and mechanisms are not fully understood. The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between past myocardial infarction (MI) and the severity of CP, and the level of serum antibody titer against Porphyromonas gingivalis gingipains. METHODS: The study sample consisted of 97 patients after MI and 113 high risk controls with no history of coronary heart disease (CHD) matched with age, sex and place of residence (urban vs...
2, 2017: Cardiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143415/oral-health-and-nutritional-status-in-nursing-home-residents-results-of-an-explorative-cross-sectional-pilot-study
#13
Dirk Ziebolz, Christine Werner, Gerhard Schmalz, Ina Nitschke, Rainer Haak, Rainer F Mausberg, Jean-François Chenot
BACKGROUND: This study was performed to assess oral and nutritional status of nursing home residents in a region of Lower Saxony, Germany. The aim was to show potential associations between oral status (dentate or edentulous), further anamnestic factors (dementia, age, smoking) and the risk for malnutrition in this population. METHODS: In this observational cross-sectional pilot study of residents from four nursing homes Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA), Body-Mass-Index (BMI), dental status (DMF-T) and periodontal situation (PSR(®)/PSI) were recorded...
January 31, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130277/periodontal-disease-edentulism-and-pancreatic-cancer-a-meta-analysis
#14
P Maisonneuve, S Amar, A B Lowenfels
BACKGROUND: Periodontal disease (PD), now our commonest infectious disorder leads to tooth loss, and has been linked to various systemic diseases, including various types of cancer. The aim of this study is to provide a systematic review and a meta-analysis of the relationship between PD, edentulism, and pancreatic cancer (PC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: From an initial review of 327 references we selected eight studies concerning periodontitis or edentulism with sufficient quantitative information to allow us to examine the risk of PC...
January 27, 2017: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129466/the-number-of-microvascular-complications-is-associated-with-an-increased-risk-for-severity-of-periodontitis-in-type-2-diabetic-patients-results-of-a-multicenter-hospital-based-cross-sectional-study
#15
Hiroshi Nitta, Sayaka Katagiri, Toshiyuki Nagasawa, Yuichi Izumi, Isao Ishikawa, Hajime Izumiyama, Isao Uchimura, Masao Kanazawa, Hiroshige Chiba, Akira Matsuo, Kazunori Utsunomiya, Haruyasu Tanabe, Izumi Takei, Soichiro Asanami, Hiroshi Kajio, Toaki Ono, Yoichi Hayashi, Kiichi Ueki, Masatomi Tsuji, Yoichi Kurachi, Toshikazu Yamanouchi, Yoshimi Ichinokawa, Toshiki Inokuchi, Akiko Fukui, Shigeru Miyazaki, Takashi Miyauchi, Reiko Kawahara, Hideki Ogiuchi, Narihito Yoshioka, Jun Negishi, Masatomo Mori, Kenji Mogi, Yasushi Saito, Hideki Tanzawa, Tetsuo Nishikawa, Norihiko Takada, Kishio Nanjo, Nobuo Morita, Naoto Nakamura, Narisato Kanamura, Hirofumi Makino, Fusanori Nishimura, Kunihisa Kobayashi, Yoshinori Higuchi, Toshiie Sakata, Shigetaka Yanagisawa, Chuwa Tei, Yuichi Ando, Nobuhiro Hanada, Shuji Inoue
AIMS/INTRODUCTION: To explore the relationships between periodontitis and microvascular complications as well as glycemic control in type 2 diabetic patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This multi-center hospital-based cross-sectional study included 620 patients with type 2 diabetes. We compared the prevalence and severity of periodontitis between patients with ≥1 microvascular complication and those without microvascular complications. We also compared the prevalence and severity of periodontitis among patients with different degrees of glycemic control...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Diabetes Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128681/impact-of-periodontitis-case-criteria-a-cross-sectional-study-of-lifestyle
#16
Johanne Kongstad, Christian Enevold, Lisa Bøge Christensen, Nils-Erik Fiehn, Palle Holmstrup
BACKGROUND: Associations of risk factors/indicators with periodontitis may depend on the included case criterion. The objective was to evaluate differences in outcome by applying five periodontitis case definitions for cross-sectional associations with lifestyle factors among participants of The Danish Health Examination Survey (DANHES). METHODS: A total of 4,402 adults aged 18-96 years from the general health examination of DANHES had a periodontal examination consisting of half-mouth registration at 6 sites per tooth including probing pocket depth (PPD) and clinical attachment level (CAL)...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123124/-bisphosphonate-and-osteonecrosis-of-the-jaw
#17
Akira Taguchi
Marx first reported avascular osteonecrosis of the jaw(ONJ)in oncology patients who had used high dose intravenous bisphosphonate(BP)at 2003. Ruggiero et al. also reported BP-related ONJ in osteoporosis patients who had used low dose oral BP at 2004. Since tooth extraction was considered one of risk factors for ONJ, discontinuation of BP before and after tooth extraction was recommended as one of preventive strategy for ONJ, especially in osteoporosis patients. However, recent studies showed that discontinuation of BP did not prevent ONJ, but increased the occurrence of adverse events such as fracture...
2017: Clinical Calcium
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117909/inflammatory-bowel-disease-and-oral-health-systematic-review-and-a-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Spyridon N Papageorgiou, Martin Hagner, Andressa Vilas Boas Nogueira, Andre Franke, Andreas Jäger, James Deschner
BACKGROUND: The objective of this systematic review was to systematically investigate whether there is an association between inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and oral health. METHODS: Literature searches for randomized and non-randomized studies were performed up to January 2017. Risk of bias within studies was assessed with the Downs and Black checklist. Across-studies risk of bias was assessed with the GRADE framework. Quantitative synthesis was conducted with random-effects meta-analyses...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110701/potential-relationship-between-periodontal-diseases-and-eye-diseases
#19
Z A D Pockpa, X Struillou, N T Coulibaly, M Weber, A Soueidan, Z Badran
Periodontal diseases are inflammatory lesions initiated by oral bacteria and lead to the destruction of the supporting structures of the teeth (gingiva, periodontal ligament and alveolar bone) in susceptible patient. Via several biological mechanisms, periodontal diseases have been associated with multiple systemic diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, Alzheimer's disease and adverse pregnancy outcomes. Similarly certain eye diseases have been associated with systemic diseases of the inflammatory pathway...
February 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110067/poly-glycerol-sebacate-elastomer-supports-bone-regeneration-by-its-mechanical-properties-being-closer-to-osteoid-tissue-rather-than-to-mature-bone
#20
S H Zaky, K W Lee, J Gao, A Jensen, K Verdelis, Y Wang, A J Almarza, C Sfeir
: Mechanical load influences bone structure and mass. Arguing the importance of load-transduction, we investigated the mechanisms inducing bone formation using an elastomeric substrate. We characterized Poly (glycerol sebacate) (PGS) in-vitro for its mechanical properties, compatibility with osteoprogenitor cells regarding adhesion, proliferation, differentiation under compression versus static cultures and in-vivo for the regeneration of a rabbit ulna critical size defect. The load-transducing properties of PGS were compared in-vitro to a stiffer poly lactic-co- glycolic-acid (PLA/PGA) scaffold of similar porosity and interconnectivity...
January 18, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
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