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prevalence of periodontitis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28517973/periodontal-referral-patterns-in-australia-2000-versus-2015
#1
Leah M Brown, Patrick Bowman, Vincent J O'Rourke, Faustino Mercado, Roderick Marshall, Scott Parsons
BACKGROUND: A previous study had investigated differences in the severity of periodontal disease on referral for specialist care between 1980 and 2000 across the USA. This study found patients referred in 2000 had a greater severity of periodontal disease than those referred twenty years prior. METHODS: A retrospective chart analysis of 384 charts was completed from three periodontal practices across the east coast of Australia. Two time periods were investigated; 2000-2001 and 2015-2016...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512549/evaluation-of-the-effectiveness-of-the-photobiomodulation-in-the-treatment-of-dentin-hypersensitivity-after-basic-therapy-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#2
Cristina García-Delaney, Daniel Abad-Sánchez, Josep Arnabat-Domínguez, Eduard Valmaseda-Castellón, Cosme Gay-Escoda
BACKGROUND: Dentin hypersensitivity (DH) in one of the most common causes of patient discomfort in the general population and its prevalence is higher in patients who have received basic or surgical periodontal treatment. Efficiency of the diode laser with different wavelengths has been studied by several authors, showing an improvement rate of the DH between 60-98%. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of photobiomodulation (PBM) treatment on the reduction of DH after non surgical periodontal treatment...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512272/apical-periodontitis-and-endodontic-treatment-in-patients-with-type-ii-diabetes-mellitus-comparative-cross-sectional-survey
#3
Leena Smadi
AIMS: The aims of this study were to investigate the prevalence of apical periodontitis (AP) in diabetes mellitus (DM) patients compared with nondiabetic patients and to examine the effect of glycemic control on the prevalence of AP. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Radiographs of a group of DM patients were compared with those of a matched nondiabetic group to identify AP. The diabetic group was subdivided according to the level of glycemic control into two subgroups: A well-controlled DM and a poorly controlled DM...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509420/the-magnitude-of-indigenous-and-non-indigenous-oral-health-inequalities-in-brazil-new-zealand-and-australia
#4
Helena S Schuch, Dandara G Haag, Kostas Kapellas, Rui Arantes, Marco A Peres, W M Thomson, Lisa M Jamieson
OBJECTIVE: To compare the magnitude of relative oral health inequalities between Indigenous and non-Indigenous persons from Brazil, New Zealand and Australia. METHODS: Data were from surveys in Brazil (2010), New Zealand (2009) and Australia (2004-06 and 2012). Participants were aged 35-44 years and 65-74 years. Indigenous and non-Indigenous inequalities were estimated by prevalence ratios (PR) and their corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CI), adjusting for sex, age and income...
May 16, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508609/oral-health-in-children-with-obesity-or-diabetes-mellitus
#5
Fima Lifshitz, Patricia Lucia Casavalle, Noemí Bordoni, Patricia Noemi Rodriguez, Silvia Maria Friedman
Oral health status must be considered in the care of children with obesity (OB) and diabetes mellitus (DM). The health of these patients' mouths may have significant effects on their overall health and evolution of their disease. Here we address periodontal disease (PD) and dental caries (DC), since these are two of the most common chronic diseases affecting OB and DM patients. OB plays a plausible role in the development of PD. Both overall OB and central adiposity are associated with increased hazards of gingivitis and its progression to PD...
December 2016: Pediatric Endocrinology Reviews: PER
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501878/-oral-manifestations-of-ulcerative-colitis
#6
C X W Tan, H S Brand, N K H de Boer, T Forouzanfar
Ulcerative colitis is an inflammatory bowel disease occurring relatively frequently in industrialised regions of the world. Pyostomatitis vegetans is the most characteristic pathognomonic oral manifestation but other oral abnormalities like aphthous lesions, caries and periodontitis are more prevalent in patients with ulcerative colitis. Oral care providers must be aware of these problems if they are to provide adequate oral care.
May 2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499236/putative-periodontal-pathogens-in-the-subgingival-plaque-of-sudanese-subjects-with-aggressive-periodontitis
#7
N T Hashim, G J Linden, L Winning, M E Ibrahim, B G Gismalla, F T Lundy, I A El Karim
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: There has been limited study of the bacterial species associated with aggressive periodontitis (AgP) in high-risk populations in Africa. The aim of this study was to investigate and quantify the presence of four putative periodontal pathogens in the subgingival plaque of Sudanese subjects with AgP. A secondary aim was to investigate the effect of varying the detection threshold on the reported prevalence of the bacterial species investigated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Subgingival plaque samples were collected from AgP cases (n=73) and healthy controls (n=71)...
April 27, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483226/pediatric-sialolithiasis-is-not-related-to-oral-or-oropharyngeal-infection-a-population-based-case-control-study-using-the-korean-national-health-insurance-database
#8
Seong Jun Won, Eunkyu Lee, Hee Jung Kim, Hyun-Kyung Oh, Han-Sin Jeong
OBJECTIVES: Poor oral hygiene is one of the risk factors for sialolithiasis particularly in adults; however the etiology of sialolithiasis in pediatric patients remains largely unknown. The purpose of this study is to identify the association between sialolithiasis and the oral/oropharyngeal infections in the pediatric population, as surrogate indicators for oral hygiene and retrograde infections to the affected salivary gland. METHODS: This was a population based case-control study using the Korean National Health Insurance Database...
June 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476771/signature-of-microbial-dysbiosis-in-periodontitis
#9
Vincent Meuric, Sandrine Le Gall-David, Emile Boyer, Luis Acuña-Amador, Bénédicte Martin, Shao Bing Fong, Frederique Barloy-Hubler, Martine Bonnaure-Mallet
Periodontitis is driven by a disproportionate host inflammatory immune response induced by an imbalance in the composition of oral bacteria. It instigates microbial dysbiosis along with failed resolution of the chronic destructive inflammation.The objective of this study is to identify microbial signatures for health and chronic periodontitis at the genus level and to propose a model of dysbiosis including the calculation of bacterial ratios. DESIGN AND METHODS: Published sequencing data obtained from several different studies (196 sub-gingival samples from patients with chronic periodontitis and 422 sub-gingival samples from healthy subjects) were pooled and submitted to a new microbiota analysis using the same VAMPS (Visualization and Analysis of Microbial Population Structures) analysis pipeline to identify microbiota specific to health and disease...
May 5, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476470/prevalence-of-periapical-rarefying-osteitis-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#10
Poorya Jalali, Gerald N Glickman, Emet D Schneiderman, Jordan L Schweitzer
INTRODUCTION: The effect of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) on the healing and pathophyisiology of apical periodontitis is unknown because there is no study in the literature evaluating the association of RA with the prevalence of periapical rarefying osteitis (PAR) and endodontic treatment. Therefore, the goal of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate the prevalence of PAR and root canal treatment in RA patients when compared with controlled individuals. METHODS: Full-mouth radiographs of 131 individuals with RA were examined and compared with 131 controls that were sex and age matched exactly with the diseased group...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473854/medical-and-periodontal-clinical-parameters-in-patients-at-different-levels-of-chronic-renal-failure
#11
Caroline Perozini, Gilson Fernandes Ruivo, Lucilene Hernandes Ricardo, Larissa Avance Pavesi, Yeon Jung Kim, Debora Pallos
Aim. To assess the clinical periodontal and medical parameters in patients with chronic renal failure (CRF) at different levels of renal disease. Background. CRF is a progressive and irreversible loss of renal function associated with a decline in the glomerular filtration rate. Periodontal disease is a destructive inflammatory disease affecting periodontal tissues that shows high prevalence in patients with CRF. Materials and Methods. 102 CRF patients were included and divided into an early stage group (EG), predialysis group (PDG), and hemodialysis group (HDG)...
2017: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469818/prevalence-and-distribution-of-odontogenic-cysts-in-a-mexican-sample-a-753-cases-study
#12
Luis Villasis-Sarmiento, Javier Portilla-Robertson, Arcelia Melendez-Ocampo, Luis-Alberto Gaitan-Cepeda, Elba-Rosa Leyva-Huerta
BACKGROUND: Odontogenic cysts (OC) are the most frequent lesions of the jaws and their constant epidemiological update is necessary and indispensable. Therefore the principal objective of this report was To determine prevalence and clinical-demographical characteristics of OC in a Mexican sample. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 753 cases of OC coming from the archive of a head and neck histopathological teaching service, from January 2000 to December 2013, were included. OC cases were re-assessed according 2005 WHO classification...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465684/periodontal-health-status-and-associated-factors-findings-of-a-prenatal-oral-health-program-in-south-brazil
#13
Marta Silveira da Mota Krüger, Renata Picanço Casarin, Letycia Barros Gonçalves, Fernanda Geraldo Pappen, Fernanda Oliveira Bello-Correa, Ana Regina Romano
Objective. The aims of this study were to evaluate the periodontal health of pregnant women and to investigate the association of periodontal status with demographic and socioeconomic characteristics, as well as medical and dental history. Materials and Methods. A total of 311 pregnant women were interviewed to obtain sociodemographic data along with medical and dental histories. Clinical examinations were performed to record the presence of visible plaque, gingival bleeding, and caries activity. The periodontal condition was evaluated by Community Periodontal Index of Treatment Needs (CPITN) in one tooth of each sextant (16, 11, 26, 36, 31, and 46)...
2017: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464544/prevalence-of-diabetes-among-patients-diagnosed-with-periodontitis-a-retrospective-cross-sectional-study
#14
L Ziukaite, D E Slot, C M Cobb, W Coucke, G A Van der Weijden
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence of diabetes among patients with periodontitis and to evaluate whether diabetes is related to extent and severity of periodontitis. METHOD: This is a retrospective study of data observed over a 10-year period in patients referred to a specialized clinic for periodontology in the Netherlands. Patients received at the intake appointment a full-mouth periodontal examination, and based on the clinical data, patients were classified with respect to extent and severity of periodontitis...
May 2, 2017: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464019/radiologic-assessment-of-quality-of-root-canal-fillings-and-periapical-status-in-an-austrian-subpopulation-an-observational-study
#15
Andrej M Kielbassa, Wilhelm Frank, Theresa Madaus
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Progress in endodontic techniques and methodological advances have altered root canal therapy over the last decades. These techniques and methods need periodical documentation. This observational study determined the current prevalence of endodontic treatments, and investigated the relationship of various factors with the periapical status in a Lower Austrian subpopulation. METHODOLOGY: One thousand orthopantomograms of first-time university adult patients radiographed at an outpatient clinic were evaluated...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462408/apical-periodontitis-and-atherosclerosis-%C3%A2-is-there-a-link-review-of-the-literature-and-potential-mechanism-of-linkage
#16
Yuli Berlin-Broner, Maria Febbraio, Liran Levin
Atherosclerosis is a progressive narrowing of arteries that may lead to occlusion as a consequence of lipid deposition. It underlies coronary heart disease, as well as myocardial and cerebral infarctions. Recent attention has been directed towards the potential contribution of chronic inflammatory processes that may amplify vascular inflammation in atherosclerosis, as it is recognized as a chronic inflammatory disease. In this category are two of the most prevalent oral diseases: periodontal disease and apical periodontitis (AP)...
April 28, 2017: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462008/association-between-periodontal-flap-surgery-for-periodontitis-and-vasculogenic-erectile-dysfunction-in-koreans
#17
Jae-Hong Lee, Jung-Kyu Choi, Sang-Hyun Kim, Kyung-Hyun Cho, Young-Taek Kim, Seong-Ho Choi, Ui-Won Jung
PURPOSE: The National Health Insurance Service-National Sample Cohort and medical checkup data from 2002 to 2013 were used to evaluate the association between periodontal surgery for the treatment of periodontitis (PSTP) and vasculogenic erectile dysfunction (VED). METHODS: Bivariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were applied to a longitudinal retrospective database to assess the association between PSTP and VED while adjusting for the potential confounding effects of sociodemographic factors (age, household income, insurance status, health status, residence area, and smoking status) and comorbidities (diabetes mellitus, angina pectoris, cerebral infarction, and myocardial infarction)...
April 2017: Journal of Periodontal & Implant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449041/periodontal-disease-tooth-loss-and-cancer-risk
#18
Dominique S Michaud, Zhuxuan Fu, Jian Shi, Mei Chung
Periodontal disease, which includes gingivitis and periodontitis, is highly prevalent in adults and disease severity increases with age. The relationship between periodontal disease and oral cancer has been examined for several decades, but there is increasing interest in the link between periodontal disease and overall cancer risk, with systemic inflammation serving as the main focus for biological plausibility. Numerous case-control studies have addressed the role of oral health in head and neck cancer, and several cohort studies have examined associations with other types of cancers over the past decade...
January 1, 2017: Epidemiologic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449029/a-genome-wide-association-study-identifies-nucleotide-variants-at-siglec5-and-defa1a3-as-risk-loci-for-periodontitis
#19
Matthias Munz, Christina Willenborg, Gesa M Richter, Yvonne Jockel-Schneider, Christian Graetz, Ingmar Staufenbiel, Jürgen Wellmann, Klaus Berger, Bastian Krone, Per Hoffmann, Nathalie van der Velde, André G Uitterlinden, Lisette C P G M de Groot, Amr Sawalha, Haner Direskeneli, Güher Saruhan-Direskeneli, Esra Guzeldemir-Akcakanat, Gencay Keceli, Matthias Laudes, Barbara Noack, Alexander Teumer, Birte Holtfreter, Thomas Kocher, Peter Eickholz, Jörg Meyle, Christof Doerfer, Corinna Bruckmann, Wolfgang Lieb, Andre Franke, Stefan Schreiber, Rahime M Nohutcu, Jeanette Erdmann, Bruno G Loos, Soeren Jepsen, Henrik Dommisch, Arne S Schaefer
Periodontitis is one of the most common inflammatory diseases, with a prevalence of 11% worldwide for the severe forms and an estimated heritability of 50%. The disease is characterized by destruction of the alveolar bone due to an aberrant host inflammatory response to a dysbiotic oral microbiome. Previous genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have reported several suggestive susceptibility loci. Here, we conducted a GWAS using a German and Dutch case-control sample of aggressive periodontitis (AgP, 896 cases, 7,104 controls), a rare but highly severe and early-onset form of periodontitis, validated the associations in a German sample of severe forms of the more moderate phenotype chronic periodontitis (CP) (993 cases, 1,419 controls)...
April 25, 2017: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429479/dental-geriatrics-and-periodontitis
#20
REVIEW
Gösta Rutger Persson
The present literature review is focused on two main areas: (i) periodontal conditions in older individuals; and (ii) the scientific data available on periodontal treatment outcomes in individuals ≥ 75 years of age. The population of older people is increasing but the data on periodontal therapies and their efficacy in this population are limited and need to be carefully reviewed. Although life expectancy has increased, this does not mean that older people are medically healthy. Several chronic systemic diseases are associated with periodontitis, and the prevalence of most chronic diseases increases with age...
June 2017: Periodontology 2000
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