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prevalence of periodontitis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912817/molecular-mechanisms-of-apical-periodontitis-emerging-role-of-epigenetic-regulators
#1
REVIEW
Shebli Mehrazarin, Abdullah Alshaikh, Mo K Kang
Conventional root canal therapies yield high success rates. The treatment outcomes are negatively affected by the presence of apical periodontitis (AP), which reflects active root canal infection and inflammatory responses. Also, cross-sectional studies revealed surprisingly high prevalence of AP in the general population, especially in those with prior endodontic treatments. Hence, AP is an ongoing disease entity in endodontics that needs further understanding of the pathogenesis and disease progression. The current Chapter will discuss the basic mechanisms of AP with emphasis on emerging role of epigenetic regulators in regulation of inflammatory mediators...
January 2017: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903295/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-periodontal-disease-among-pre-conception-chinese-women
#2
Hong Jiang, Yi Su, Xu Xiong, Emily Harville, Hongqiao Wu, Zhijun Jiang, Xu Qian
BACKGROUND: Periodontal disease is one of the most common chronic infectious diseases. It has been reported that periodontal disease is associated with various adverse pregnancy outcomes including preterm birth, low birth weight, and gestational diabetes mellitus. Given the fact that the treatment for periodontal disease during pregnancy was ineffective in improving pregnancy outcomes by most of studies, the pre-conception period has been put forward as a more optimal time. However, very few studies have reported the prevalence of periodontal disease among pre-conception women...
December 1, 2016: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899307/viruses-bystanders-of-periodontal-disease
#3
REVIEW
Titiksha Aggarwal, Arundeep Kaur Lamba, Farrukh Faraz, Shruti Tandon
Bacterial etiology of periodontal disease is an established fact today. However, despite advances in the field of pharmacology with advent of newer and better antibiotics prevalence of the disease could not be abated. Moreover, unpredictable remissions and indefinite pattern in a single host force us to go back to the exact etiology of the disease. Present is a short communication highlighting the role and plausible mechanisms by which viruses can affect the development of periodontal disease. This broadens our concept and will help establish a better treatment protocol for periodontal disease...
November 26, 2016: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891449/oral-health-status-and-treatment-needs-of-paniya-tribes-in-kerala
#4
Iris Valsan, Joe Joseph, Chandrashekar Janakiram, Shamaz Mohamed
INTRODUCTION: The tribal communities of Kerala have been largely left out of the gains of the Kerala model of development. AIM: The study was aimed to obtain baseline data of oral health status and treatment needs of Paniyas, in Kerala, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A descriptive population based survey of adult Paniya belonging to index age groups of 35-44 years and 65-74 years was conducted. The study population comprised of 420 subjects drawn from three talukas by stratified cluster sampling...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888369/prevalence-of-periodontal-pathogens-as-predictor-of-the-evolution-of-periodontal-status
#5
Miriam Puig-Silla, José María Montiel-Company, Francisco Dasí-Fernández, José Manuel Almerich-Silla
The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between the prevalence of Porphyromonas gingivalis, its fimA genotypes, Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans, Tannerella forsythia, and Treponema denticola and the evolution of periodontal health. In a longitudinal prospective study, samples of subgingival plaque were taken from 114 patients (37 with chronic periodontitis, 17 with gingivitis, and 60 periodontally healthy) in the course of a full periodontal examination. PCR was employed to determine the presence of the periodontopathogenic bacteria...
November 25, 2016: Odontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883200/a-new-way-to-estimate-disease-prevalence-from-random-partial-mouth-samples
#6
John S Preisser, Sarah J Marks, Anne E Sanders, Aderonke A Akinkugbe, James D Beck
AIM: Standard partial-mouth estimators of chronic periodontitis that define an individual's disease status solely in terms of selected sites underestimate prevalence. This study proposes an improved prevalence estimator based on randomly sampled sites and evaluates its accuracy in a well characterized population cohort. METHODS: Importantly, this method does not require determination of disease status at the individual level. Instead, it uses a statistical distributional approach to derive a prevalence formula from randomly selected periodontal sites...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882123/obesity-in-relation-to-oral-health-behaviors-an-analysis-of-the-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2008-2010
#7
Jun-Beom Park, Ga Eun Nam, Kyungdo Han, Youngkyung Ko, Yong-Gyu Park
Obesity is reported to be associated with an increased incidence and prevalence of periodontal disease. The present study aimed to evaluate the relationship between oral health behaviors and obesity in South Korean adults. Data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey between 2008 and 2010 was used to assess this and a total of 15,666 participants were included in the analysis performed. Oral behaviors, including the time of day and rate of tooth brushing, and usage of secondary oral products, were considered in this analysis...
November 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868355/oral-health-status-of-six-year-old-children-in-qatar-findings-from-the-national-oral-health-survey
#8
M H Al-Thani, A A Al-Thani, A A Al-Emadi, W F Al-Chetachi, H Akram, B V Poovelil
INTRODUCTION: Oral health has a significant impact on physical, social and mental well-being of an individual. Qatar, like the rest of the world, is experiencing higher prevalence of oral health-related problems. OBJECTIVES: To examine the oral health status and extent of preventive and curative needs among six-year-old school children in Qatar by key demographic indicators. METHODS: Secondary data analysis of 1124 six-year-old private and government primary school children from the 2011 Qatar National Oral Health Survey was performed...
November 20, 2016: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860358/deficits-in-oral-health-behavior-and-oral-health-status-in-patients-after-lung-transplantation
#9
Anna Marcinkowski, Dirk Ziebolz, Bjoern E Kleibrink, Gerhard Weinreich, Markus Kamler, Helmut Teschler, Urte Sommerwerck
BACKGROUND: Dental status has been implicated in several systemic inflammatory diseases and is a potential focus for systemic infections. Therefore, most lung-transplant centers have recommendations regarding pre-transplant dental care and follow-up, but there are no official clinical guidelines. To date there is little information on oral health status in lung transplant (LTx) recipients. The aim of this study was to systematically assess oral health status in LTx recipients. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess oral health status, including periodontal disease, oral health behavior, and awareness of the need for good oral health after LTx...
November 18, 2016: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860171/long-term-effect-of-surface-roughness-and-patients-factors-on-crestal-bone-loss-at-dental-implants-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Ron Doornewaard, Véronique Christiaens, Hugo De Bruyn, Magnus Jacobsson, Jan Cosyn, Stijn Vervaeke, Wolfgang Jacquet
Publications from 2011 to 2015 were selected to evaluate effect of implant surface roughness on long-term bone loss as surrogate for peri-implantitis risk. 87 out of 2,566 papers reported the mean bone loss after at least 5 years of function. Estimation of the proportion of implants with bone loss above 1, 2, and 3 mm as well as analysis the effect of implant surface roughness, smoking, and history of periodontitis was performed. By means of the provided statistical information of bone loss (mean and standard deviation) the prevalence of implants with bone loss ranging from 1 to 3 mm was estimated...
November 15, 2016: Clinical Implant Dentistry and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858556/does-obstructive-sleep-apnea-increase-the-risk-for-periodontal-disease-a-case-control-study
#11
Hikmet Gamsiz-Isik, Esen Kiyan, Zuleyha Bingol, Ulku Baser, Evin Ademoglu, Funda Yalcin
BACKGROUND: A possible association between periodontitis and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) has been suggested. The aim of this study was to compare periodontitis prevalence between control and OSA patients by assessing clinical periodontal parameters and the levels of gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), high-sensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and serum hs-CRP. METHODS: A case-control study was performed that included 163 individuals: 83 individuals (18 females; 65 males) with OSA and 80 non-OSA individuals (23 females; 57 males) as controls...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853978/sex-differences-of-dental-pathology-in-early-modern-samurai-and-commoners-at-kokura-in-japan
#12
Joichi Oyamada, Yoshikazu Kitagawa, Masahito Hara, Junya Sakamoto, Takayuki Matsushita, Toshiyuki Tsurumoto, Yoshitaka Manabe
So-called "Ohaguro", teeth blackening, in the married females was a general custom regardless of class in the early modern period. As a result, Ohaguro was thought to have enhanced the acid resistance of tooth substance and tightened gingiva and prevented tooth morbidity due to periodontal disease. For investigation into the influence of Ohaguro, the skeletal remains of early modern samurai and commoners at Kokura were examined for differences in the dental pathology based on sex. Though females from archeological sites have significantly more carious teeth and antemortem tooth loss (AMTL) than males in the previous studies, the prevalence of caries and AMTL in males was higher than in females among the early modern samurai and commoners in Kokura...
November 16, 2016: Odontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846636/caries-and-innate-immunity-defb1-gene-polymorphisms-and-caries-susceptibility-in-genetic-isolates-from-north-eastern-italy
#13
Chiara O Navarra, Antonietta Robino, Nicola Pirastu, Lorenzo Bevilacqua, Paolo Gasparini, Roberto Di Lenarda, Sergio Crovella
BACKGROUND: The DEFB1 gene, encoding for the constitutively expressed human β-defensin 1 (hBD1) antimicrobial peptide is a potential candidate when studying genetic susceptibility to caries. DEFB1 genetic variations have been reported as contributing to hBD1 production impairment, leading to a greater susceptibility to be infected by oral pathogens, also leading to periodontitis. METHODS: We analysed 5 DEFB1 polymorphisms, namely 3 functional single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) at the 5'-untranslated region (UTR), -52G>A (rs1799946), -44C>G (rs1800972), and -20G>A (rs11362), 2 SNPs at the 3'-UTR, c*5G>A (rs1047031) and c*87A>G (rs1800971) SNP located in potential miRNA binding sites, looking for possible correlations with the risk to develop caries in 654 adult subjects from isolated populations of north-eastern Italy...
November 16, 2016: Caries Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834119/correlation-of-periodontal-disease-with-inflammatory-arthritis-in-the-time-before-modern-medical-intervention
#14
Bruce Rothschild
BACKGROUND: Controversy exists as to possible correlation of periodontal disease with rheumatoid arthritis and ankylosing spondylitis. Confounding factors may relate to stringency of inflammatory disease diagnosis and to effect on periodontal disease of therapeutic intervention for rheumatoid arthritis. These were investigated. METHODS: Forty-five individuals with documented rheumatoid arthritis, spondyloarthropathy and calcium pyrophosphate deposition disease were examined from the Hamann-Todd collection of human skeletons compiled between 1912 and 1938, in addition to fifteen individuals contemporarily incorporated in the collection were examined for tooth loss, cavity occurrence, average and maximum lingual and buccal depth of the space between tooth and bone, periosteal reaction, serpentine bone resorption, abscess formation and root penetration of bone surface and analyzed by analysis of variance (ANOVA)...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833965/the-prevalence-of-crown-injuries-to-frontal-teeth-at-schoolchildren-aged-6-to-14-and-their-effects-on-the-periodontal-tissue
#15
Ionela Teodora Dascălu, Horia Octavian Manolea, Evantia Coleş, Constantin Dăguci, Marilena Bătăiosu, Cristina Maria Andrei, Mihaela Jana Ţuculină, Oana Andreea Diaconu, LuminiŢa Dăguci
The research aims at emphasizing the interrelation between the social impact and the self-esteem of schoolchildren with dental crown fractures in the frontal group. Dental traumatic injuries are frequently met to schoolchildren, therefore, the prevention and interception of traumatic pathology within parents, teachers and children is more than necessary. Our statistical study intends to determine the prevalence of dental trauma to southwestern Romanian schoolchildren aged 6 to 14. The survey included a number of 1684 schoolchildren attending public schools, randomly chosen...
2016: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830369/prevalence-and-treatment-of-necrotizing-ulcerative-gingivitis-nug-in-the-british-armed-forces-a-case-control-study
#16
J Dufty, N Gkranias, A Petrie, R McCormick, T Elmer, N Donos
OBJECTIVES: Necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis (NUG) has been seen in military populations throughout history. This study aims to determine the prevalence, treatment modality and risk factors associated with NUG in the British Armed Forces. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A whole population dataset of the British Armed Forces was searched to determine cases of NUG during the period 1 January to 31 December 2012. Individual case records were identified, and a case-control study undertaken with data gathered and analysed against a randomised control group, matched for age, sex and service...
November 9, 2016: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27820425/a-pilot-study-to-evaluate-the-oral-microbiome-and-dental-health-in-primary-open-angle-glaucoma
#17
Daniel Polla, Konstantin Astafurov, Eman Hawy, Leslie Hyman, Wei Hou, John Danias
PURPOSE: To evaluate possible associations between primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG), dental health, and the oral microbiome. METHODS: Case-control study was conducted at SUNY Downstate. Adult subjects (40 to 87 y) were recruited as POAG cases (n=119) and controls without glaucoma (n=78) based on visual field and optic nerve criteria. Overall 74.6% were African Americans (AA). Information on medical history and oral health was collected and ophthalmologic examinations were performed...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Glaucoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814698/national-dental-policies-and-socio-demographic-factors-affecting-changes-in-the-incidence-of-periodontal-treatments-in-korean-a-nationwide-population-based-retrospective-cohort-study-from-2002-2013
#18
Jae-Hong Lee, Jung-Seok Lee, Jung-Kyu Choi, Hye-In Kweon, Young-Taek Kim, Seong-Ho Choi
BACKGROUND: Dental insurance coverage has recently expanded in Korea. The number of patients diagnosed with periodontal disease (PD), and the actual number of periodontally compromised patients has increased. However, few studies have investigated the relationships between the prevalence of periodontal disease and the incidence of PD treatment, dental insurance policies, and socio-demographic factors. To determine the incidence of periodontal treatments required, the comprehensive longitudinal data of the National Health Insurance Service were used...
November 5, 2016: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801947/prevalence-of-periodontal-diseases-in-a-multicenter-cohort-of-perinatally-hiv-infected-and-hiv-exposed-and-uninfected-youth
#19
Mark I Ryder, Tzy-Jyun Yao, Jonathan S Russell, Anna-Barbara Moscicki, Caroline H Shiboski
AIMS: To compare the prevalence and severity of periodontal diseases between 180 perinatally HIV-infected (PHIV) and 118 perinatally HIV-exposed and uninfected (PHEU) youth in a cross-sectional study conducted at 11 clinical sites in the United States and Puerto Rico from the Adolescent Master Protocol study of the Pediatric HIV/AIDS cohort study (PHACS) network. METHODS: Several analyses were conducted, employing the current CDC/AAP classification for periodontitis and incorporating a definition of gingivitis based on a bleeding on probing (BOP) threshold, and analyses based on more detailed whole-mouth, intra-oral regionally, site-based and tooth-based criteria of BOP, plaque levels, pockets depths and clinical attachment levels...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798445/root-cause-analysis-an-examination-of-odontogenic-origins-of-acute-maxillary-sinusitis-in-both-immunocompetent-immunocompromised-patients
#20
Jennifer L McCarty, Ryan M David, Shelly Y Lensing, Rohan S Samant, Manoj Kumar, Rudy L Van Hemert, Edgardo J C Angtuaco, Ryan T Fitzgerald
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Dental and periodontal diseases represent important but often overlooked causes of acute sinusitis. Our goal was to examine the prevalence of potential odontogenic sources of acute maxillary sinusitis according to immune status and their associations with sinusitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of maxillofacial computed tomography studies from 2013 to 2014 was performed. Each maxillary sinus and its ipsilateral dentition were evaluated for findings of acute sinusitis and dental/periodontal disease...
October 29, 2016: Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography
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