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prevalence of periodontitis

Khushboo Yamima Nand, Anu Mary Oommen, Rabin Kurudamannil Chacko, Vinod Joseph Abraham
Background: Chronic periodontitis is a common cause of poor oral health globally. Those at higher risk of this preventable and easily treatable condition need to be identified so that efforts can be taken to decrease disease burden and subsequent consequences. Aims: The aims of the study were (1) To compare the prevalence of chronic periodontitis among individuals with and without type 2 diabetes, aged 35-65 years from a rural block in Vellore, Tamil Nadu and (2) to assess risk factors for chronic periodontitis among individuals with diabetes...
July 2017: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
Aravindhan Thathachari Ranganathan, Sarath Sarathy, Chitraa Rama Chandran, Kannan Iyan
Background: The prevalence of enteric rods and their association with chronic periodontitis has gained prominence recently. Although the prevalence of these organisms from the subgingival plaque sample was reported in the literature, the carriage rate of these rods in our population is lacking. The present study was undertaken to know the carriage rate of enteric rods from our population in patients with periodontal health and disease. Materials and Methods: Eighty-four systemically healthy participants, inclusive of 46 males and 38 females, were selected for the study...
May 2017: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
Lea Ladegaard Grønkjær, Palle Holmstrup, Søren Schou, Johanne Kongstad, Peter Jepsen, Hendrik Vilstrup
BACKGROUND: Many patients with cirrhosis have poor oral health but little is known on periodontitis, and its clinical significance is largely unknown. This study aimed to examine the prevalence and predictors of periodontitis, and evaluate the association of periodontitis with nutritional and systemic inflammation status. METHODS: 145 patients with cirrhosis were consecutively enrolled. Clinical, oral examination of plaque, pocket depth, clinical attachment level, and bleeding on probing was performed...
February 13, 2018: BMC Oral Health
Lea Ladegaard Grønkjær, Palle Holmstrup, Søren Schou, Peter Jepsen, Hendrik Vilstrup
Background: Periodontitis and edentulism are prevalent in patients with cirrhosis, but their clinical significance is largely unknown. Objective: The objective of this article is to determine the association of severe periodontitis and edentulism with mortality in patients with cirrhosis. Methods: A total of 184 cirrhosis patients underwent an oral examination. All-cause and cirrhosis-related mortality was recorded. The associations of periodontitis and edentulism with mortality were explored by Kaplan-Meier survival plots and Cox proportional hazards regression adjusted for age, gender, cirrhosis etiology, Child-Pugh score, Model for End-Stage Liver Disease score, smoker status, present alcohol use, comorbidity, and nutritional risk score...
February 2018: United European Gastroenterology Journal
Taro Misaki, Shuhei Naka, Kaoruko Wato, Rina Hatakeyama, Yasuyuki Nagasawa, Seigo Ito, Hiroaki Inaba, Ryota Nomura, Michiyo Matsumoto-Nakano, Kazuhiko Nakano
BACKGROUND: Periodontitis-related pathogens, such as Campylobacter or Treponema species, have recently been shown to be associated with immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN). Some strains of Streptococcus mutans, a major pathogen of dental caries, harbour the cnm gene that encodes a collagen-binding protein (Cnm). This has also been demonstrated to be associated with urinary protein levels in IgAN patients. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the present study was to analyse the association of IgAN with C...
February 9, 2018: Nephron
Meghashyam Bhat, Loc G Do, Kaye Roberts-Thomson
AIM: The aim of the present study was to determine the association between dental visiting and missing teeth using propensity score (PS) adjustment to control for confounding bias, and to compare the estimates with those obtained from traditional regression models. METHODS: A population-based study was conducted on adults aged 35-54 years in India. Multistage stratified cluster random sampling was used. Data were collected through interviews and oral examinations...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
Paula Chaves, Joao Oliveira, Alex Haas, Ruy Carlos Ruver Beck
Polymeric nanoparticles are promising drug delivery systems due to their physicochemical properties, which may be explored to improve the treatment and prevention of several diseases, including oral conditions. Moreover, the pharmacological effects of polymers may be improved by nanostructuration. Therefore, this article supply a detailed review of the studies published between 2010 and 2017 covering the use of polymeric nanoparticles in the treatment and/or prevention of oral diseases. A brief description about the dental biofilm and oral diseases is presented in first part of the article...
February 8, 2018: Current Pharmaceutical Design
Deepak Kumar Roy, Stephen Cohen, Varun Pratap Singh, Vinay Marla, Siddharth Ghimire
BACKGROUND: In general, mandibular canines have a single root and a single canal. The occurrence of two roots and two canals is a rare entity ranging from 1 to 5%. The anatomy of root canal morphology plays a decisive role in determining the conditions under which endodontic treatment can be performed effectively. Successful endodontic treatment comprises proper diagnosis, meticulous cleaning and shaping followed by three dimensional obturation. Failure to do so may lead to postoperative diseases, pain and further complications...
February 8, 2018: BMC Research Notes
Paola de Pablo
Periodontitis is arguably the most prevalent chronic inflammatory disease of humans, affecting more than 45% of US adults aged 30 years and older (1, 2). The defining feature of periodontitis is chronic inflammation of the tooth supporting tissues leading to the progressive irreversible destruction of periodontal ligament and alveolar bone, resulting in the formation of periodontal pockets and eventually tooth loss if untreated. Host susceptibility is clearly of primary importance and tobacco smoking is a strong environmental risk factor (2)...
February 6, 2018: Arthritis & Rheumatology
Swati Setty, Tanvee Wadikar, S S Suprith, Kishore Bhat, Srinath Thakur
BACKGROUND: A. actinomycetemcomitans is prevalent in periodontitis but is found in some periodontally healthy individuals as well. Certain serotypes of the organism have shown to determine severity of the disease. The distribution of serotype and genotype is affected by geographic and ethnic variation. Therefore, the present study was aimed to detect serotypes b & c of A. actinomycetemcomitans and the genotypes and find its correlation with periodontal status. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 75 subjects (25 aggressive periodontitis, 25 chronic periodontitis and 25 periodontally healthy) in age range of 14-55 yrs were included...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
Kirk E Hevener, Bernard D Santarsiero, Hyun Lee, Jesse A Jones, Teuta Boci, Michael E Johnson, Shahila Mehboob
Enoyl-acyl carrier protein (ACP) reductase II (FabK) is a critical rate-limiting enzyme in the bacterial type II fatty-acid synthesis (FAS II) pathway. FAS II pathway enzymes are markedly disparate from their mammalian analogs in the FAS I pathway in both structure and mechanism. Enzymes involved in bacterial fatty-acid synthesis represent viable drug targets for Gram-negative pathogens, and historical precedent exists for targeting them in the treatment of diseases of the oral cavity. The Gram-negative organism Porphyromonas gingivalis represents a key causative agent of the costly and highly prevalent disease known as chronic periodontitis, and exclusively expresses FabK as its enoyl reductase enzyme in the FAS-II pathway...
February 1, 2018: Acta Crystallographica. Section F, Structural Biology Communications
Uma Mohan Das, Rosamma Joseph Vadakkekuttical, Harikumar Kanakkath, Smitha Pathiyari Shankunni
Background: Periodontal disease prevalence in children is an indicator of future disease burden in the adult population. Knowledge about the prevalence and risk status of periodontal disease in children can prove instrumental in the initiation of appropriate preventive and therapeutic measures. Aim: This school-based cross-sectional survey estimated the prevalence and severity of periodontal disease among 15-17-year-old children in Kozhikode district and assessed the risk factors...
March 2017: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
Jane Ziegler, Evan Spivack
BACKGROUND: People with intellectual and developmental disabilities are among the most disadvantaged and underserved groups of dental patients. Considerable health care disparities for this population have been identified, particularly oral and dental health as well as access to dental care services. People with Down syndrome and cerebral palsy have a variety of nutritional and dental considerations. CONCLUSIONS: These people have a higher prevalence of untreated caries and periodontal disease than the general population and may have higher rates of obesity, edentulism, and chronic oral and systemic diseases...
February 1, 2018: Journal of the American Dental Association
G Vallogini, V Nobili, R Rongo, S De Rosa, F Magliarditi, V D'Antò, A Galeotti
AIM: To assess the prevalence of caries, oral hygiene quality and periodontal disease in a cohort of obese adolescents compared to a control group. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Study Design: cross-sectional study conducted on 204 subjects (age range 10-16 years). Ninety obese subjects (BMI >90) and 114 normal-weight subjects (BMI <75) were visited at the Bambino Gesù Children's Hospital and in a junior high school in Rome, respectively. An ad hoc questionnaire (investigating demographic and oral health behaviour data) was filled in by patients and their caregivers...
December 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
C X W Tan, N K H de Boer, H S Brand
Gastrointestinal symptoms are predominant in Crohn's disease. Oral manifestations may also occur. The prevalence of oral manifestations varies between 0.5% and 37%. The manifestations may coincide with or precede gastrointestinal symptoms, and can be subdivided into specific and non-specific lesions. In most patients, lesions are asymptomatic but some patients experience serious discomfort. Oral manifestations can be classified as specific lesions, such as diffuse lip and buccal swelling and cobblestones, and non-specific lesions, such as aphthous ulcers, pyostomatitis vegetans, caries, gingivitis and periodontitis...
January 2018: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
Jung-Hoo Lee, Yoo-Jin Shin, Jong-Ho Lee, Hyun-Duck Kim
AIM: Toothbrushing (TB), dental flossing (DF) and inter-dental brushing (IDB) are regarded as fundamental self-care methods for periodontal health. Few evidences on its effectiveness on periodontal health are available. Hence, this study aimed to evaluate the association of TB, DF, IDB and interaction effect with periodontal health. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The nationally representative 4,766 Korean adults aged 19 years and older were cross-sectionally surveyed in 2010 and 2012...
January 25, 2018: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
A Takahama, I N Rôças, I S P Faustino, F R F Alves, R S Azevedo, C C Gomes, W R Araújo-Filho, J F Siqueira
AIM: To evaluate the association between the presence of selected bacterial species/groups in the apical root canal and expression of mediators of soft and bone tissue destruction in apical periodontitis lesions. Relationships between bacteria and some other features of apical periodontitis were also investigated. METHODOLOGY: Seventeen freshly extracted teeth with pulp necrosis and apical periodontitis were included. The apical root segment was sectioned and cryopulverized; DNA was extracted and evaluated for the presence of 9 bacterial species/groups using real-time polymerase chain reaction...
January 24, 2018: International Endodontic Journal
Catherine Jauregui, Suyog Yoganarasimha, Parthasarathy Madurantakam
Periodontitis is a chronic inflammatory disease affecting almost half of the adult US population. Gingiva is an integral part of the periodontium and has recently been identified as a source of adult gingiva-derived mesenchymal stem cells (GMSCs). Given the prevalence of periodontitis, the purpose of this study is to evaluate differences between GMSCs derived from healthy and diseased gingival tissues and explore their potential in bone engineering. Primary clonal cell lines were established from harvested healthy and diseased gingival and characterized for expression of known stem-cell markers and multi-lineage differentiation potential...
January 23, 2018: Bioengineering
Juan Pablo Loyola Rodríguez, Jose Luis Ayala-Herrera, Noel Muñoz-Gomez, Rita E Martínez-Martínez, Miguel Angel Santos-Díaz, Jose Honorio Olvera-Delgado, Alejandra Loyola-Leyva
OBJECTIVE: To compare dental caries and oral findings in patients affected by different types of Cerebral Palsy (CP). STUDY DESIGN: This cross-sectional study involved 120 children and adolescents with a diagnosis of CP. WHO diagnostic criteria were used to determine DMFT (caries diagnosis), the pocket depth and attachment level (periodontitis diagnosis). Additionally, the study evaluated dental erosion, traumatic dental injuries, treatment needs index (TNI), oral habits, malocclusions, gingival overgrowth, and dental fluorosis...
2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Shrikanth Muralidharan, Arun Kumar Acharya, Shanthi Margabandhu, Sufiyan Kalekhan, Sameer Ahsan, Dinraj Kulkarni
INTRODUCTION: In countries where human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) is widespread and highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) medications are too expensive, or patients are failing HAART, oral disease management and risk remain an important issue. AIM: The aim of the study was to evaluate the prevalence of oral mucosal lesions and periodontitis among the HIV-positive adult patients and assess the association of these lesions with age, sex, duration of HIV, time on ART, dietary habits, and oral hygiene habits...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
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