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prevalence of periodontitis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088874/a-clinical-validation-of-self-reported-periodontitis-among-participants-in-the-black-women-s-health-study
#1
Brenda Heaton, Nicholas B Gordon, Raul I Garcia, Lynn Rosenberg, Sharron Rich, Matthew P Fox, Yvette C Cozier
BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of data on the validity of self-report of periodontal disease in African Americans. The Black Women's Health Study, a US national cohort study of 59,000 Black women followed via mailed questionnaires since 1995, offered the opportunity to clinically validate self-reported periodontitis among a sample of participants. METHODS: Oral health questionnaires were sent to study participants residing in Massachusetts. Respondents living in the Boston metro area were invited for clinical examination...
January 15, 2017: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053907/prevalence-of-osteonecrosis-of-the-jaw-and-oral-characteristics-of-oncologic-patients-treated-with-bisphosphonates-at-the-general-hospital-of-mexico
#2
María Verónica Cuevas-González, Celia Minerva Díaz-Aguirre, Enrique Echevarría-Y-Pérez, Juan Carlos Cuevas-González
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence and oral characteristics of cancer patients treated with bisphosphonates in the oncology and maxillofacial prosthesis departments of the General Hospital of Mexico between 2011 and 2013. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study included patients who received prior treatment with bisphosphonates; an intraoral examination was performed by 2 standardized examiners. RESULTS: The prevalence of bisphosphonate-related necrosis in 75 patients was 2...
December 2016: Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050500/influence-of-hypertension-on-ph-of-saliva-and-flow-rate-in-elder-adults-correlating-with-oral-health-status
#3
Vijayalaxmi Nimma, Harshavardhan Talla, Manasa Poosa, Madhulatha Gopaladas, Deepika Meesala, L Jayanth
INTRODUCTION: One of the most prevalent systemic conditions seen in the elderly individuals is hypertension, but very sparse knowledge regarding the influence of hypertension on oral health in known. AIM: Therefore, this study was carried out to evaluate the relationship between hypertension and salivary pH, flow rate and its effect on oral health status. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 40 elderly individuals above 60 years of age, of which 20 individuals (control group) were normotensive without using any medication and 20 individuals (study group) were hypertensive using anti-hypertensive medication...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050499/oral-health-status-of-tibetan-and-local-school-children-a-comparative-study
#4
Vivek Sivakumar, Jithesh Jain, Reshmi Haridas, Shanavas Paliayal, Sheela Rodrigues, Merrin Jose
INTRODUCTION: India has seen a large influx of refugee populations throughout history and the Tibetan immigration is one among them. Understanding the health status and needs of immigrants is imperative because of their growing numbers and their input to the health of the nation. The oral health professionals face many challenges while confronting refugees and immigrants from cultures different from their own. Earlier studies have shown that children, especially refugees and immigrants have had a higher prevalence of unmet oral health needs...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045314/efficacy-of-a-casein-phosphopeptide-amorphous-calcium-phosphate-cpp-acp-paste-in-preventing-white-spot-lesions-in-patients-with-fixed-orthodontic-appliances-a-prospective-clinical-trial
#5
E Esenlik, E Uzer Çelik, E Bolat
AIM: The aim of this prospective study was to test the efficacy of casein phosphopeptide amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP) paste applied in-office to prevent white spot lesions (WSL) in patients undergoing fixed orthodontic treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Study design: this study was designed as a randomised controlled clinical trial. Fifty-seven patients undergoing nonextraction fixed orthodontic treatment were enrolled and divided randomly into two groups (control n = 28, experimental n = 29)...
December 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043998/presence-of-anticitrullinated-protein-antibodies-in-a-large-population-based-cohort-from-the-netherlands
#6
A van Zanten, S Arends, C Roozendaal, P C Limburg, F Maas, L A Trouw, R E M Toes, T W J Huizinga, H Bootsma, E Brouwer
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of anticitrullinated protein antibodies (ACPAs) and their association with known rheumatoid arthritis (RA) risk factors in the general population. METHODS: Lifelines is a multidisciplinary prospective population-based cohort study in the Netherlands. Cross-sectional data from 40 136 participants were used. The detection of ACPA was performed by measuring anti-CCP2 on the Phadia-250 analyser with levels ≥6.2 U/mL considered positive...
January 2, 2017: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035689/oral-health-of-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#7
Yvonne C Y Chau, Kelly Y C Lai, Colman P J McGrath, Cynthia K Y Yiu
This study assessed and compared oral health and oral-health behaviours among children with and without attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The study included 31 children, 12-18 yr of age, with ADHD and 31 age- and gender-matched children without ADHD. Clinical data were recorded by a trained and calibrated examiner for caries, traumatic dental injuries, periodontal health, tooth wear, and salivary function. A questionnaire was also given to parents or caregivers about the oral health habits and behaviours of these children...
December 30, 2016: European Journal of Oral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032355/socioeconomic-position-during-life-and-periodontitis-in-adulthood-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Helena Silveira Schuch, Karen G Peres, Ankur Singh, Marco A Peres, Loc G Do
Socioeconomic position (SEP) is a well-known risk indicator for chronic periodontitis. However, it is still unclear how SEP during the life course influences periodontal outcomes in adulthood. This study aimed to systematically review longitudinal studies investigating the influence of individual-level SEP during the life course on subsequent periodontitis in adulthood. Inclusion criteria were epidemiological longitudinal observational studies, in which indicators of relative SEP were assessed prior to clinical assessment of periodontitis...
December 29, 2016: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032209/periodontitis-is-associated-with-diabetic-retinopathy-in-non-obese-adults
#9
Su Jeong Song, Seong-Su Lee, Kyungdo Han, Jun-Beom Park
PURPOSE: Patients with diabetes retinopathy appear to show increased susceptibility to periodontal disease. This study was performed to assess the relationship between periodontitis and the prevalence of diabetic retinopathy in a large probability sample of the Korean population. A subgroup analysis was performed using body mass index <25 kg/m(2) as the criterion to evaluate the effect of obesity on this relationship. METHODS: This study is based on data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey of the Korean population, conducted between 2008 and 2010...
December 28, 2016: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028834/the-association-between%C3%A2-undiagnosed-glycemic-abnormalities-and-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-with-periodontitis-results-from-2007-2009-canadian-health-measures-survey
#10
Aleksandra Zuk, Carlos Quiñonez, Michael Lebenbaum, Laura C Rosella
AIM: The aim was to investigate the association between undiagnosed glycemic abnormalities and cardiometabolic risk factors with periodontitis. METHODS: Using Cycle 1 (2007 to 2009) of Canadian Health Measures Survey, survey-sampling weights were applied to a restricted sample of fasting, non-pregnant adults between 19 - 79 years of age without diagnosed or treated type-2 diabetes. We estimated the prevalence of periodontitis, and various cardiometabolic risk factors according to the clinical diagnostic definition for metabolic syndrome (MetS), recognized by the American Heart Association and National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024874/dental-and-temporomandibular-joint-pathology-of-the-california-mountain-lion-puma-concolor-couguar
#11
A Aghashani, A S Kim, P H Kass, F J M Verstraete
Skulls from 91 California mountain lions (Puma concolor couguar) were examined macroscopically and radiographically. The majority of the skulls were from young adult animals (57.1%). The skull specimens were from 42 male (46.1%) and 34 female (37.4%) animals, while the gender was unknown for the remainder. The majority (94.5%) of teeth were present for examination. Only 11 teeth were identified as absent congenitally; five of these teeth were maxillary first molar teeth and three were maxillary second premolar teeth...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Comparative Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024723/the-prevalence-and-risk-factors-associated-with-osteoradionecrosis-of-the-jaw-in-oral-and-oropharyngeal-cancer-patients-treated-with-intensity-modulated-radiation-therapy-imrt-the-memorial-sloan-kettering-cancer-center-experience
#12
Adepitan A Owosho, C Jillian Tsai, Ryan S Lee, Haley Freymiller, Arvin Kadempour, Spyridon Varthis, Adi Z Sax, Evan B Rosen, SaeHee K Yom, Joseph Randazzo, Esther Drill, Elyn Riedel, Snehal Patel, Nancy Y Lee, Joseph M Huryn, Cherry L Estilo
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and correlation of various risk factors [radiation dose, periodontal status, alcohol and smoking] to the development of osteoradionecrosis (ORN). PATIENTS AND METHODS: The records of 1023 patients treated with IMRT for oral cavity cancer (OCC) and oropharyngeal cancer (OPC) between 2004 and 2013 were retrospectively reviewed to identify patients who developed ORN. Fisher exact tests were used to analyze patient characteristics between ORN patients with OCC and OPC...
January 2017: Oral Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011387/the-kidney-and-periodontal-disease-kapd-study-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial-testing-the-effect-of-non-surgical-periodontal-therapy-on-chronic-kidney-disease
#13
Vanessa Grubbs, Faviola Garcia, Bonnie L Jue, Eric Vittinghoff, Mark Ryder, David Lovett, Jacqueline Carrillo, Steven Offenbacher, Peter Ganz, Kirsten Bibbins-Domingo, Neil R Powe
INTRODUCTION: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) remains a prevalent public health problem that disproportionately affects minorities and the poor, despite intense efforts targeting traditional risk factors. Periodontal diseases are common bacterial plaque-induced inflammatory conditions that can respond to treatment and have been implicated as a CKD risk factor. However there is limited evidence that treatment of periodontal disease slows the progression of CKD. METHODS/DESIGN: We describe the protocol of the Kidney and Periodontal Disease (KAPD) study, a 12-month un-blinded, randomized, controlled pilot trial with two intent-to-treat treatment arms: 1...
December 20, 2016: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000267/reliability-of-periodontal-diagnostic-tools-for-monitoring-peri-implant-health-and-disease
#14
REVIEW
Pierluigi Coli, Véronique Christiaens, Lars Sennerby, Hugo De Bruyn
The prevalence, causes and consequences of crestal bone loss at dental implants are a matter of debate. In recent years, a high prevalence of peri-implant soft-tissue inflammation, associated with peri-implant bone loss, has been reported and the need for treatments similar to those offered for natural teeth affected by periodontitis has been proposed. This suggestion is based on the assumption that periodontal indices, such as probing pocket depth and bleeding on probing, are reliable indicators of the peri-implant tissue conditions and good predictors of future bone loss...
February 2017: Periodontology 2000
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993634/an-ex-vivo-evaluation-of-the-efficacy-of-andrographolide-in-modulating-differential-expression-of-transcription-factors-and-target-genes-in-periodontal-cells-and-its-potential-role-in-treating-periodontal-diseases
#15
Ambili R, Prasanthila Janam, P S Saneesh Babu, Manu Prasad, D Vinod, P R Anil Kumar, T V Kumary, S Asha Nair, M Radhakrishna Pillai
ETHANOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Andrographolide is a herbal extract traditionally used in South Asian countries for treating inflammatory diseases. AIM OF THE STUDY: To evaluate the efficacy of andrographolide in management of periodontal disease which is a highly prevalent oral disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Periodontal ligament fibroblasts (PDLF) were cultured from healthy and diseased periodontium using explant culture methods. The safe dose of AG was determined using MTT assay...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987307/prevalence-and-nature-of-fungi-in-root-canal-infections-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
I F Persoon, W Crielaard, A R Özok
The role of bacteria in causing apical periodontitis has been widely established, while the role of other microorganisms is studied less thoroughly. This systematic review and meta-analysis reviewed the literature for the prevalence and diversity of fungi in root canal infections. An extensive literature search was done in the Cochrane databases, EMBASE, MEDLINE, LILACS, SciELO and Web of Science. Additional studies were identified from six endodontic journals, four main endodontic textbooks and references of relevant papers...
December 17, 2016: International Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987273/implant-maintenance-for-the-prevention-of-biological-complications-are-you-ready-for-the-next-challenge
#17
REVIEW
Edwin X J Goh, Lum Peng Lim
With increasing knowledge of wound biology and material sciences, the provision of dental implants as a treatment modality has become increasingly predictable and more commonly used to replace missing teeth. However, without appropriate follow up, peri-implant diseases could develop and affect the long-term success of implants. Currently, there is not enough focus on the prevention of peri-implant diseases, as compared to the definition of the disease, its prevalence, and treatment. In the present study, we aim to summarize various factors influencing the successful maintenance of dental implants and highlight current gaps in knowledge...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982490/rt-pcr-quantification-of-periodontal-pathogens-in-crack-users-and-non-users
#18
M Casarin, R P Antoniazzi, R A Vaucher, C A Feldens, F B Zanatta
OBJECTIVE: To compare counts of Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans, Prevotella intermedia, Porphyromonas gingivalis and Fusobacterium nucleatum between crack users and non-users. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted involving seventy-four crack cocaine users and eighty-one non-users matched for age, gender and tobacco use. Demographic and clinical variables were analysed. Subgingival bacterial samples were collected from four sites with the greatest probing depths and were analysed using real-time polymerase chain reaction...
November 5, 2016: Oral Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982241/self-reported-periodontitis-and-complications-in-type-1-diabetes-patients-a-brazilian-nationwide-survey
#19
Luciano Santos Oliveira, Ronaldo Lira-Junior, Carlos Marcelo Figueredo, Marília Brito Gomes, Ricardo Guimarães Fischer
This study aimed to evaluate the possible association between periodontitis and systemic complications in a Brazilian type 1 diabetes population. A multicentre, sectional study was carried out in 28 public clinics located in 20 Brazilian cities. Data from 3,591 patients were obtained (56.0% females, 57.2% Caucasians), with an average age of 21.2 ± 11.7 years and whose mean duration of type 1 diabetes was 9.6 ± 8.1 years. Periodontitis was evaluated through self-report. Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals were calculated to evaluate the association between periodontitis and systemic diabetes complications (chronic micro and macrovascular complications and hospitalizations by hyperglycemia and diabetic ketoacidosis)...
September 2016: Brazilian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27978601/cross-sectional-associations-of-impaired-glucose-metabolism-measures-with-bleeding-on-probing-and-periodontitis
#20
Cynthia M Pérez, Francisco Muñoz, Oelisoa M Andriankaja, Christine S Ritchie, Sasha Martínez, José Vergara, José Vivaldi, Lydia López, Maribel Campos, Kaumudi J Joshipura
AIM: This study assessed the associations of pre-diabetes and insulin resistance with bleeding on probing (BOP) and periodontitis among adults. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We included 1191 Hispanic adults aged 40-65 years, free of diabetes, enrolled in San Juan Overweight Adults Longitudinal Study. Pre-diabetes was defined as impaired fasting glucose (IFG), impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), or impaired glycated haemoglobin. Impaired one-hour plasma glucose (1hPG) was defined as levels >155 mg/dl...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
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