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prevalence of periodontitis

Maísa Casarin, Josiele Pazinatto, Roberto Christ Vianna Santos, Fabricio Batistin Zanatta
This is a systematic review of clinical and laboratory studies evaluating the effect of Melaleuca alternifolia on periodontopathogens, dental plaque, gingivitis, periodontitis, and inflammatory responses. The PubMed, Cochrane, Web of science, Bireme, Lilacs, Prospero, Open Grey, and Clinical Trials databases were searched to identify potentially eligible studies through October 2016. Of 1,654 potentially eligible studies, 25 were included in the systematic review. Their methodology was evaluated through the Cochrane Handbook for clinical studies and the GRADE system for in vivo/in vitro studies...
December 12, 2017: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
Ayako Kato, Kenichi Imai, Hiroki Sato, Yorimasa Ogata
BACKGROUND: Peri-implantitis (PI) is an inflammatory reaction associated with functional deterioration of supporting bones around the dental implant. Recent studies suggested Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is involved in the pathogenesis of periodontitis. We investigated the association between EBV and Porphyromonas gingivalis in Japanese PI patients. METHODS: Fifteen periodontally healthy individuals, 15 healthy implant patients and 15 PI patients were recruited. Forty five subgingival plaque samples were collected from the deepest probing pocket depth (PPD) site from each patient...
December 12, 2017: BMC Oral Health
Veiko Vengerfeldt, Reet Mändar, Minh Son Nguyen, Silvia Saukas, Mare Saag
BACKGROUND: Apical periodontitis (AP) is an inflammatory disease around the apex of a tooth root. Reported prevalence of AP ranges from 27% to 83% while the data about most post-Soviet countries are still missing. Knowing the prevalence of AP within a certain population helps to plan the treatment need and evaluate the success of endodontic interventions. We aimed to collect data about prevalence and determining factors of AP for the first time in Estonia. METHODS: The cross-sectional study included 6552 patients (age 35...
December 12, 2017: BMC Oral Health
O S Kim, M H Shin, S S Kweon, Y H Lee, O J Kim, Y J Kim, H J Chung
OBJECTIVES: We assessed the association between periodontal disease status and metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its individual components in Korean adults over 50 years old. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In the Dong-gu study, 5078 men and women aged over 50 years were included. They underwent a questionnaire survey, physical assessment, biochemical assessment and periodontal assessment. The percentages of sites with periodontal probing depth ≥4 mm, and clinical attachment loss ≥4 mm were recorded for each participant...
December 10, 2017: Journal of Periodontal Research
Alejandra Mendoza-Cantú, Víctor Hugo Urrutia-Baca, Cynthia Sofía Urbina-Ríos, Myriam Angélica De la Garza-Ramos, Martha Elena García-Martínez, Hilda H H Torre-Martínez
The variability in Helicobacter pylori vacA and cagA genes has been related to the progression of the gastrointestinal disease; also the presence of H. pylori in the oral cavity has been associated with periodontal disease in adults, but, in children without dyspeptic symptoms, little is known about this. We evaluated the prevalence of H. pylori and the presence of vacA/cagA genotypes in the oral cavity of Mexican children without dyspeptic symptoms. The gingival status was measured, and dental plaque samples (n = 100) were taken...
2017: BioMed Research International
Ina Manuela Schüler, Stefanie Haberstroh, Kristin Dawczynski, Thomas Lehmann, Roswitha Heinrich-Weltzien
AIM: Assessment of dental health in the primary dentition of preterm infants (PTI) including investigation of mother- and infant-related risk factors in a case-control study design. MATERIAL AND METHODS: One hundred twenty-eight infants aged 3-4 years were included. Sixty-four PTI (27 males) were randomly selected from the preterm registry of the Jena University Hospital. As a control group served 64 full-term infants (FTI) recruited from the Department of Paediatric Dentistry, matched for age and sex...
December 9, 2017: Caries Research
Dan G O'Neill, Elisabeth C Darwent, David B Church, Dave C Brodbelt
Background: The Border Terrier is a working terrier type that is generally considered to be a relatively healthy and hardy breed. This study aimed to characterise the demography and common disorders of Border Terriers receiving veterinary care in England using de-identified electronic patient record data within the VetCompass™ Programme. Results: Annual birth proportion for Border Terriers showed a decreasing trend from 1.46% in 2005 to 0.78% in 2014. The median adult bodyweight for males (10...
2017: Canine Genetics and Epidemiology
(no author information available yet)
Periodontitis is common in the adult Finnish population. Also the prevalence of peri-implant diseases increases. As symptoms are rare, affected patients seldom seek dental care but require attention through the health care system. A careful periodontal screening, including risk assessment, is essential. Individual brushing and interdental cleaning instructions, as well as tobacco counseling, are important in preventing and treating these diseases, Early signs of periodontitis are indication for treatment, including necessary maintenance visits, preventing the severe periodontitis and its harmful consequences for the patient's dentition and general health...
2017: Duodecim; Lääketieteellinen Aikakauskirja
Nayansi Jha, Jae Jun Ryu, Eun Ha Choi, Nagendra Kumar Kaushik
The generation of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species (RONS) has been found to occur during inflammatory procedures, during cell ischemia, and in various crucial developmental processes such as cell differentiation and along cell signaling pathways. The most common sources of intracellular RONS are the mitochondrial electron transport system, NADH oxidase, and cytochrome P450. In this review, we analyzed the extracellular and intracellular sources of reactive species, their cell signaling pathways, the mechanisms of action, and their positive and negative effects in the dental field...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
M A Lopez, N Manzulli, A D'Angelo, D Lauritano, R Papalia, V Candotto
It is well known in dentistry that there are numerous chronic conditions that require ongoing and constant management over time, the most noteworthy being periodontal disease, gingivitis and periodontitis. Yet, in recent years, with the increase in the number of implants being placed, mucositis and peri-implantitis have become more and more prevalent pathologies. The results of the statistical analysis demonstrate that there was a slight difference between the pocket depth as measured in the treated sites at time 0 (pre-treatment) and time 1 (15 days post-treatment), although the difference was so small as to render it statistically irrelevant...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
I F Persoon, A R Özok
Purpose of Review: This review describes the recent findings from epidemiological studies on endodontic infections. The recent literature was screened for studies on the prevalence of primary apical periodontitis and posttreatment apical periodontitis in various populations. Recent Findings: Twenty-nine articles reporting data on the prevalence of primary or posttreatment apical periodontitis from all over the world were included. The prevalence of apical periodontitis varied between 7 and 86%, while that of posttreatment apical periodontitis varied between 10 and 62%...
2017: Current Oral Health Reports
Roberto Carlos Mourão Pinho, Larissa Bastos Pimentel, Francisco Alfredo Farias Bandeira, Rayanne Soraia Aguiar Melo Dias, Renata Cimões
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a metabolic disease defined by hyperglycemia, which is associated with periodontal disease and exerts an effect on bone metabolism. The aim of this study was to determine serum levels of sclerostin in postmenopausal women with diabetes and determine a possible association with periodontal disease. Sixty-one postmenopausal women (32 with diabetes and 29 without diabetes) were evaluated. Blood was collected for biochemical analysis and the determination of serum sclerostin. The participants were also submitted to a clinical examination for the evaluation of periodontal status...
December 1, 2017: Special Care in Dentistry
Miriam Ting, James Craig, Burton E Balkin, Jon B Suzuki
The objective of this systematic review was to perform a comprehensive overview of systematic reviews and meta-analyses pertaining to peri-implantitis in humans, including the prevalence and incidence, the diagnostic findings, the microbial findings, the effects of systemic diseases, and the treatment of peri-implantitis. Electronic databases were searched for systematic reviews and meta-analyses of peri-implantitis. In view of the limitations of the included systematic reviews, the outcome of this overview suggested that: 1) the occurrence of peri-implantitis was higher in patients with periodontitis, in patients who smoke, and after 5 years of implant function; 2) the microbial profile of peri-implantitis was different from periodontitis; 3) the risk for peri-implantitis was higher in patients with uncontrolled diabetes and cardiovascular disease; 4) there was no strong evidence to suggest the most effective treatment intervention for peri-implantitis, although most peri-implantitis treatments can produce successful outcomes; and 5) post-implant maintenance may be crucial in patients with a high risk of peri-implantitis...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Oral Implantology
Yvonne C Y Chau, Si-Min Peng, Colman P J McGrath, Cynthia K Y Yiu
OBJECTIVE: This systematic review investigated the oral health of children with ADHD. METHOD: A structured search strategy was performed on five electronic databases: SCOPUS, Web of Science, COCHRANE, PubMed, and PsychInfo. Studies were included in the review if they reported clinical oral health outcomes on a population diagnosed with ADHD under the age of 18 years old. Qualitative and quantitative analysis was performed on pooled prevalence and mean/median values for caries, trauma, periodontal problems, and tooth wear...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
Reiner Mengel, Theresa Heim, Miriam Thöne-Mühling
AIM: The aim of this case-series study is to evaluate the prevalence of mucositis, peri-implantitis, and survival and success rates of oxide-coated implants in subjects treated for periodontitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-four subjects treated for generalized chronic periodontitis (GCP) and five treated for generalized aggressive periodontitis (GAP) were orally rehabilitated with a total of 130 dental implants. Subjects were examined 2 to 4 weeks prior to extraction of non-retainable teeth and at insertion of superstructure...
November 28, 2017: International Journal of Implant Dentistry
Gerhard Schmalz, Marion Mয়ller, Jan Schmickler, Sven Rinke, Rainer Haak, Rainer F Mausberg, Dirk Ziebolz
PURPOSE: This randomized clinical study compared the influence of manual and power toothbrushes on clinical and microbiological findings in initial treatment of periodontitis. METHODS: A total of 72 participants with a mean age of 55.7 years were randomly assigned to three groups (n= 24):oscillating-rotating (OR), sonic-active (SA) and manual toothbrush (MTB). At baseline, after 4 weeks and after 12 weeks, the following parameters were assessed:modified Quigley-Hein-Index (QHI), papilla bleeding index (PBI), periodontal pocket depth (PPD), bleeding on probing (BOP) and recession...
February 2017: American Journal of Dentistry
H S Schuch, K G Peres, F F Demarco, B L Horta, D P Gigante, M A Peres, L G Do
AIMS: To quantify the impact of life course income trajectories on periodontitis in adulthood. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data from the 1982 Pelotas Birth Cohort Study, Brazil was used. Information on family income was collected at birth and ages 15, 19, 23 and 30 years. Group-based trajectory modelling was used to identify income trajectories. Periodontal measures were assessed through clinical examination at age 31. Log-Poisson regression models were used to estimate prevalence ratios (PRs) of any and moderate/severe periodontitis, as outcomes...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
Shuang Pan, Yi Liu, Yi Si, Qiang Zhang, Lin Wang, Jianwei Liu, Chunling Wang, Shuiqing Xiao
BACKGROUND: The placement of fixed orthodontic appliances may alter the composition of oral microbiota and has the potential risk of periodontal complication. Porphyromonas gingivalis fimbriae play a critical role in colonization of P. gingivalis in subgingival regions. In this study, we investigated the association between the prevalence of P. gingivalis-specific fimA genotypes and periodontal health status in adolescent orthodontic patients, to identify the pathogencity of P. gingivalis during orthodontic therapy...
2017: PloS One
Giuseppe Scardina, Roberto Citarrella, Pietro Messina
BACKGROUND Diabetes mellitus is a chronic degenerative systemic disease whose prevalence is increasing. This paper aims to evaluate the effects of diabetic microangiopathy, depending on its duration and the type of treatment administered, by using polarized light videocapillaroscopy of the oral mucosa. MATERIAL AND METHODS We enrolled 120 subjects: 60 healthy subjects and 60 patients with diabetes mellitus. In turn, patients were divided into 3 subgroups according to the type of diabetes, the duration of the disease, and the type of treatment administered...
November 25, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Nicolas M Oreskovic, German O Gallucci, Isabelle I Chase, Carly E Milliren, Tracy K Richmond
BACKGROUND: Dental and cardiometabolic diseases are highly prevalent, share many common risk factors, and begin during youth. Despite poor dental health being known to influence dietary behaviors that are in turn linked to cardiometabolic health, the role of oral health on concomitant and future cardiometabolic disease is understudied. We sought to determine the association of oral health with cardiometabolic markers during adolescence and early adulthood. METHODS: Our sample included 11,556 participants with data from waves 1 (when participants were aged 12 to 19 years) and 4 (when they were aged 26 to 32 years) of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health...
December 2017: Journal of the American Dental Association
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