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prevalence of periodontitis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633943/diet-borne-systemic-inflammation-is-associated-with-prevalent-tooth%C3%A2-loss
#1
Georgios A Kotsakis, Vanessa Chrepa, Nitin Shivappa, Michael Wirth, James Hébert, Ai Koyanagi, Stefanos Tyrovolas
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The deleterious effect of cariogenic dietary patterns on tooth loss is well characterized, but the contribution of diet-borne systemic inflammation to loss of teeth remains uncharted. Recent efforts have unveiled a protective role of single nutrients to periodontal health. However, the assessment of overall diet as a modifiable risk factor for oral health remains elusive. Thus, the aim of this study was to assess the association between diet-borne systemic inflammation and tooth loss in a representative sample of the US adult non-institutionalized population...
June 9, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631047/periodontal-disease-in-chinese-patients-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#2
Qiuxiang Zhang, Xiaoli Zhang, Guijaun Feng, Ting Fu, Rulan Yin, Lijuan Zhang, Xingmei Feng, Liren Li, Zhifeng Gu
Disease of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and periodontal disease (PD) shares the common multiple characteristics. The aims of the present study were to evaluate the prevalence and severity of periodontal disease in Chinese SLE patients and to determine the association between SLE features and periodontal parameters. A cross-sectional study of 108 SLE patients together with 108 age- and sex-matched healthy controls was made. Periodontal status was conducted by two dentists independently. Sociodemographic characteristics, lifestyle factors, medication use, and clinical parameters were also assessed...
June 19, 2017: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623321/dysbiosis-in-chronic-periodontitis-key-microbial-players-and-interactions-with-the-human-host
#3
Zhi-Luo Deng, Szymon P Szafrański, Michael Jarek, Sabin Bhuju, Irene Wagner-Döbler
Periodontitis is an extremely prevalent disease worldwide and is driven by complex dysbiotic microbiota. Here we analyzed the transcriptional activity of the periodontal pocket microbiota from all domains of life as well as the human host in health and chronic periodontitis. Bacteria showed strong enrichment of 18 KEGG functional modules in chronic periodontitis, including bacterial chemotaxis, flagellar assembly, type III secretion system, type III CRISPR-Cas system, and two component system proteins. Upregulation of these functions was driven by the red-complex pathogens and candidate pathogens, e...
June 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621285/assessment-of-c-reactive-proteins-cytokines-and-plasma-protein-levels-in-hypertensive-patients-with-apical-periodontitis
#4
N Rashmi, Vineet Galhotra, Pallavi Goel, Jagadish P Rajguru, Satyendra K Jha, Kiran Kulkarni
INTRODUCTION: Chronic apical periodontitis (CAP) manifests mostly as periapical radiolucency. Various inflammatory mediators play a significant role in the pathogenesis of apical periodontitis. In acute inflammatory conditions, C-reactive proteins (CRP) and fibrinogen show a rise in their concentrations. In chronic diseases with high inflammatory components, an increased prevalence of hypertension has been observed. Hence, we assessed the association of CAP and plasma levels of various inflammatory markers (CRP, interleukin 6 [IL-6], and fibrinogen) in severely hypertensive patients...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619155/black-pigmented-anaerobic-bacteria-associated-with-ovine-periodontitis
#5
Ana C Borsanelli, Elerson Gaetti-Jardim, Christiane M Schweitzer, Lorenzo Viora, Valentina Busin, Marcello P Riggio, Iveraldo S Dutra
Periodontitis is a polymicrobial infectious disease that causes occlusion change, tooth loss, difficulty in rumination, and premature culling of animals. This study aimed to detect species of the genera Porphyromonas and Prevotella present in the periodontal pocket of sheep with lesions deeper than 5mm (n=14) and in the gingival sulcus of animals considered periodontally healthy (n=20). The presence of microorganisms was evaluated by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) using specific primers for Porphyromonas asaccharolytica, Porphyromonas endodontalis, Porphyromonas gingivalis, Porphyromonas gulae, Prevotella buccae, Prevotella intermedia, Prevotella loescheii, Prevotella melaninogenica, Prevotella nigrescens, Prevotella oralis, and Prevotella tannerae...
May 2017: Veterinary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618120/supportive-periodontal-treatment-pocket-depth-changes-and-tooth-loss
#6
L M De Wet, D E Slot, G A Van der Weijden
AIM: The purpose of this retrospective study was to determine the results of 10 years of supportive periodontal treatment(SPT) following active periodontal therapy(APT). Probing pocket depth(PPD), bleeding on probing(BOP), tooth loss(TL)and the effects of two patient-related factors, smoking and gender were evaluated. METHODS: This retrospective study examined patients who underwent APT and SPT for adult periodontitis. Analyses were conducted using site-, tooth- and patient-level information...
June 15, 2017: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613064/-status-and-analysis-of-oral-disease-burden-comparison-of-the-domestic-and-overseas-data
#7
Y Meng, X N Liu, S G Zheng
At present, it has been regarded that oral disease was one of the most prevalent problems for people's general health around the world. Oral disease burden study focuses on the pressure and effect of oral diseases to the whole social economy and people's health. Oral disease burden, as a public health problem, needs to be attached importance in China and foreign countries. By means of retrieving the literature, this review article summarizes the progress of domestic and oversea studies on oral disease burden, analyses the epidemiological burden through the indicators such as the prevalence rate, decayed missing and filled teeth, disability adjusted life years, disability weights, and illustrates the economic burden of oral diseases by using part of the data...
June 9, 2017: Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605044/periodontal-status-of-candidates-for-allogeneic-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#8
Marta Aparecida Alberton Nuernberg, Suelen Caroline Rodrigues, Nicole Nichele Perdoncini, Vaneuza Araújo Moreira Funke, Carmem Maria Sales Bonfim, Samir Kanaan Nabhan, Cassius Carvalho Torres-Pereira
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to describe the periodontal profile of -candidates for allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. METHODS: This cross-sectional prospective study was performed from March 2014 to March 2015. After an initial interview, eligible individuals were evaluated by the following clinical parameters: visible plaque, bleeding on probing, probing depth, and clinical attachment level at six sites per tooth, excluding third molars...
June 12, 2017: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602746/role-of-oral-and-gut-microbiome-in-nitric-oxide-mediated-colon-motility
#9
REVIEW
Miriam Y Walker, Pratap S, Janet H Southerland, C Farmer-Dixon, L Kesavalu, P Gangula
Periodontal disease (PD), a severe form of gum disease, is among the most prevalent chronic infection in humans and is associated with complex microbial synergistic dysbiosis in the subgingival cavity. The immune system of the body interacts with the microbes as the plaque extends and propagates below the gingival sulcus. Once bacteria reach the gingival sulcus, it can enter the blood stream and affect various areas of the human body. The polymicrobial nature of periodontal disease, if left untreated, promotes chronic inflammation, not only within the oral cavity, but also throughout the human body...
June 7, 2017: Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601370/impact-of-periodontal-treatment-on-hospitalization-for-adverse-respiratory-events-in-asthmatic-adults-a-propensity-matched-cohort-study
#10
Te-Chun Shen, Pei-Ying Chang, Cheng-Li Lin, Chang-Ching Wei, Chih-Yen Tu, Te-Chun Hsia, Chuen-Ming Shih, Wu-Huei Hsu, Fung-Chang Sung, Chia-Hung Kao
BACKGROUND: Periodontal disease is prevalent in asthmatics, but it is unclear whether periodontal treatment plays a role in adverse respiratory events in these patients. We evaluated risk of hospitalization for adverse respiratory events (acute exacerbation, pneumonia, and acute respiratory failure) and mortality in asthmatic adults with and without periodontal treatment. METHODS: We used National Health Insurance (NHI) claims data of Taiwan to identify 4771 asthmatic adults with periodontal disease who underwent periodontal treatment during 2000-2006...
June 7, 2017: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597838/-collaboration-between-periodontics-and-orthodontics-interest-of-alveolar-corticotomies-and-piezocision-review-of-literature
#11
Brenda Mertens, Charles Angioni, Valérie Orti, Pierre Canal
INTRODUCTION: Orthodontics in adults must adapt to certain particularities especially related to the decrease or absence of growth and the prevalence of periodontal damage in this population. This review of the literature aims to assess the effects of alveolar corticotomies on accelerating or facilitating tooth movements in different types of orthodontic movements, to compare results obtained by classical technique with those obtained by piezocision and analyze their impact on periodontal tissues in the long term...
June 2017: L' Orthodontie Française
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591257/oral-candida-spp-carriage-and-periodontal-diseases-in-hiv-infected-patients-in-ribeir%C3%A3-o-preto-brazil
#12
Alan Grupioni Lourenço, Ana Elisa Rodrigues Alves Ribeiro, Cristiano Nakao, Ana Carolina Fragoso Motta, Luana Grupioni Lourenço Antonio, Alcyone Artioli Machado, Marilena Chinali Komesu
The majority of HIV-infected patients develop Candida spp-associated clinical oral lesions. Studies have shown that asymptomatic oral colonization of Candida spp may lead to oral lesions or become a source of disseminated infections. The aim of this study was to verify the effects of periodontal conditions on Candida spp prevalence and Candida spp carriage in the oral cavity of HIV-infected patients compared to non-infected patients. Twenty-five patients not infected with HIV and 48 HIV-infected patients were classified according to periodontal conditions as being periodontal healthy or with periodontal disease...
June 1, 2017: Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589474/triglyceride-to-high-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-ratio-and-its-association-with-periodontal-disease-in-korean-adults-findings-based-on-the-2012-2014-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#13
Yu-Jin Kwon, Jeong-Won Park, Hyoung-Ji Lim, Yong-Jae Lee, Hye-Sun Lee, Jae-Yong Shim
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to evaluate whether the triglyceride to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (TG/HDL-C) ratio is associated with periodontal disease in Korean adults. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 12,249 individuals (4,941 men and 7,308 women) who took part in the 2012-2014 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. We categorized the TG/HDL-C ratio into three groups. Periodontal disease was defined as a community pocket index score ≥3 with at least one affected site...
June 6, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585271/partial-mouth-periodontal-examination-protocols-for-the-determination-of-the-prevalence-and-extent-of-gingival-bleeding-in-adolescents
#14
Michely Ediani Machado, Fernanda Tomazoni, Maísa Casarin, Thiago M Ardenghi, Fabricio Batistin Zanatta
OBJECTIVE: To compare the performance of partial-mouth periodontal examination (PMPE) protocols with different cut-off points to the full-mouth examination (FME) in the assessment of the prevalence and extent of gingival bleeding in adolescents. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted involving 12-year-old adolescents. Following a systematic two-stage cluster sampling process, 1134 individuals were evaluated. Different PMPE protocols were compared to the FME with six sites per tooth...
June 6, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583214/trichomonas-tenax-and-periodontal-diseases-a-concise-review
#15
Mathieu Marty, Mathieu Lemaitre, Philippe Kémoun, Jean-Jacques Morrier, Paul Monsarrat
Periodontal diseases (gingivitis and periodontitis), result from a disruption of the host-oral microbiome homoeostasis. Whereas the pathological role of some specific bacterial strains during periodontal diseases is well documented, the impact of parasites in periodontium pathophysiology is still under debate. This review aims to collect data about the prevalence and the potential role of Trichomonas tenax during periodontal diseases. Data from 47 studies revealed that T. tenax prevalence in diseased periodontium ranged from 0 to 94·1%...
June 6, 2017: Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578369/what-is-the-frequency-of-anatomical-variations-and-pathological-findings-in-maxillary-sinuses-among-patients-subjected-to-maxillofacial-cone-beam-computed-tomography-a-systematic-review
#16
J Ata-Ali, J-V Diago-Vilalta, M Melo, L Bagán, M-C Soldini, C Di-Nardo, F Ata-Ali, J-F Mañes-Ferrer
BACKGROUND: When considering dental implant rehabilitation in atrophic posterior sectors, the maxillary sinuses must be evaluated in detail. Knowledge of the anatomical variations and of the potential lesions found in these structures conditions the outcome of sinus lift procedures and therefore of the dental implants. A systematic review is made to determine the frequency of anatomical variations and pathological findings in maxillary sinuses among patients subjected to cone beam computed tomography (CBCT)...
June 4, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573262/proposing-a-novel-three-level-definition-of-periodontitis-%C3%A2-using-probing-depth-clinical-attachment-loss-and-bleeding-on-probing-analysis-of-a-rural-chinese-population
#17
Xi Yan Pei, Lu He, Xiang Ying Ouyang
OBJECTIVE: To propose a novel, three-level (severe, moderate, mild) case definition using probing depth (PD), clinical attachment loss (CAL) and bleeding on probing (BOP) for epidemiologic studies on periodontitis. METHODS: Case definitions (DEF) 1-30 with PD, CAL and BOP were made. Based on data from epidemiologic research in Chengde (Hebei Province, China) in 1992, prevalence of periodontitis by DEF1-30 was calculated and compared with a reference (definitions by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention/American Academy of Periodontology in 2012)...
2017: Chinese Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571277/periodontal-and-dentition-status-among-orphans-and-children-with-parents-in-mysore-city-india-a-comparative-study
#18
Ravi Kumar Thetakala, S Sunitha, B R Chandrashekar, Priyanka Sharma, N C Krupa, Y Srilatha
INTRODUCTION: Oral health symbolises the general health and quality of life of an individual. The socioeconomic status of the parents shows direct impact on oral health status of children. Thus, it can be hypothesised that the pattern of oral diseases would be different among children living with parents and orphans. AIM: To explore periodontal and dentition status among orphans and children with parents in Mysore city, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among six to 15-year-old children residing in eight orphanages...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567552/periodontitis-deteriorates-peripheral-arterial-disease-in-japanese-population-via-enhanced-systemic-inflammation
#19
Norio Aoyama, Jun-Ichi Suzuki, Naho Kobayashi, Tomoya Hanatani, Norihiko Ashigaki, Asuka Yoshida, Yuka Shiheido, Hiroki Sato, Hidetoshi Kumagai, Yuichi Ikeda, Hiroshi Akazawa, Issei Komuro, Yuichi Izumi, Mitsuaki Isobe
Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is a common manifestation of arterial stenosis of the extremity that reduces arterial flow. While patients with periodontitis are at a high risk of PAD, little causal information has been provided to date. To clarify the relationship, we conducted this cross-sectional study. The oral condition of patients with or without PAD, who attended Tokyo Medical and Dental University Hospital, was evaluated. Blood examinations and dental clinical measurements, including number of teeth, probing pocket depth (PPD), bleeding on probing (BOP) and clinical attachment level (CAL) were performed...
May 31, 2017: Heart and Vessels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549330/impact-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-on-oral-health
#20
Ana Cristina de Oliveira Solis, Álvaro Cabral Araújo, Felipe Corchs, Marcio Bernik, Érica Panzani Duran, Cláudio Silva, Francisco Lotufo-Neto
BACKGROUND: The stress experienced as an intense and traumatic event can increase the odds of orofacial pain, affect the biomechanics of masticatory system and compromise the periodontal health. This study was conducted to investigate the impact of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) on oral health. METHODS: A case-control study with a convenience sample was designed. Probing pocket depth (PPD), clinical attachment level (CAL), bleeding on probing, and plaque were recorded at 6 sites per tooth...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
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