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prevalence of periodontitis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029989/the-effect-of-demographic-and-disease-variables-on-schneiderian-membrane-thickness-and-appearance
#1
Tuba Talo Yildirim, Güliz Nigar Güncü, Dincer Göksülük, Melek Didem Tözüm, Mehmet Colak, Tolga Fikret Tözüm
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of sinus mucosal thickening (MT) and mucosal appearance (MA) in a patient population as detected with cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) and to determine the effects of various disease and demographic factors on MT and MA. STUDY DESIGN: The retrospective study consisted of CBCT images of 1000 maxillary arches in 500 patients. The arches were divided into 3 groups (atrophic, partially atrophic, and nonatrophic) according to the type of the maxillary dental crest...
September 8, 2017: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023745/prevention-of-tooth-loss-and-dental-pain-for-reducing-the-global-burden-of-oral-diseases
#2
Susan Hyde, Veronique Dupuis, Boipelo P Mariri, Sophie Dartevelle
Population ageing is a global phenomenon and is predicted to become one of the most significant social transformations of the 21st century. The anticipated demographic shift provides governments the opportunity to proactively align policies with the estimated demands for housing, transportation, social protection, and health and well-being. Oral health is a fundamental component of health and physical and mental well-being, and is influenced by the individual's changing experience, perceptions, expectations and ability to adapt to circumstances...
September 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023744/the-relationship-of-oral-health-with-general-health-and-ncds-a-brief-review
#3
Christof Dörfer, Christoph Benz, Jun Aida, Guillaume Campard
Oral health is closely related to systemic health. Periodontitis, a chronic inflammatory disease which is highly prevalent worldwide, interacts with a variety of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs). It is a risk factor in the complex pathogenesis of diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease and plays a role in the development of endocarditis and recurrent pneumonia in elderly people. However, the available data may be interpreted in different ways, and more and better-designed studies are still needed to answer relevant questions about the causal role of periodontitis in NCDs...
September 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023518/factors-associated-with-the-risk-of-gingival-disease-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#4
Liang-Gie Huang, Gin Chen, Der-Yuan Chen, Hsin-Hua Chen
Gingival disase and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are linked at both the epidemiologic and pathogenesis levels. In this study, we aimed to identify environmental factors associated with RA and gingival disease and to investigate factors that protect the gingival tissue in RA patients. This retrospective study analyzed 754 RA patients with gingival disease selected from the NHANES database who completed the mobile examination center interview/examination between 1999 and 2004. Data collected included demographics, lifestyle, dietary intake, and biomarkers...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993472/explaining-time-changes-in-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-in-england-a-decomposition-analysis
#5
Georgios Tsakos, Carol C Guarnizo-Herreño, Rhiannon O'Connor, John Wildman, Jimmy G Steele, Patrick Finbarr Allen
BACKGROUND: Oral diseases are highly prevalent and impact on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL). However, time changes in OHRQoL have been scarcely investigated in the current context of general improvement in clinical oral health. This study aims to examine changes in OHRQoL between 1998 and 2009 among adults in England, and to analyse the contribution of demographics, socioeconomic characteristics and clinical oral health measures. METHODS: Using data from two nationally representative surveys in England, we assessed changes in the Oral Health Impact Profile-14 (OHIP-14), in both the sample overall (n=12 027) and by quasi-cohorts...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989139/prevalence-of-periodontal-destruction-and-putative-periodontal-pathogens-in-the-same-lebanese-family
#6
Zoubeida Al Yahfoufi
AIM: Periodontal diseases are associated with microorganisms rich in Gram-negative species. Several studies have indicated the presence of few a periodontopathic microorganisms in the same family. A parent with severe adult periodontitis, who is infected with bacteria associated with periodontal disease, may function as a source of infection. Their children may be at a greater risk to become colonized with bacteria. The purpose of this investigation was (1) to explore the presence of three bacteria, such as Porphyromonas gingivalis (PG), Prevotella intermedia (PI), and Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans (AA) in the same Lebanese family and (2) to study the clinical destruction in the same family and their relations as members of this family due to the presence of PG...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984027/influence-of-a-preschool-preventive-dental-programme-on-caries-prevalence-oral-care-and-secretory-immunity-to-streptococcus-mutans-in-young-adults
#7
K L Aida, S de Paula Ramos, G F Seixas, A Bozza, R S Couto de Almeida, C C Dezan Garbelini
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate oral hygiene habits, decayed, missing and filled teeth (DMFT) and surfaces (DMFS), dental care, dietetic habits and anti-Streptococcus mutans salivary secretory Immunoglobulin A (SIgA) in young adults who attended a preventive programme during preschool age. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study group (Baby Clinic) comprised 72 patients, aged 18-25 years, who had participated in the Baby Clinic preventive programme. The control group was age- and gender-matched...
October 6, 2017: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979074/oral-health-status-and-treatment-needs-of-gunj-marketing-yard-laborers-of-raichur-city-karnataka
#8
B Vengal Rao, A M Suresh Babu, S K Kamalsha, M Sirisha Rao, K Karthik
BACKGROUND: Oral health is a vital part of general health and is a valuable asset of every individual. The working population in India usually belong to the lower socioeconomic group. AIM: This study was conducted to assess the oral health status and treatment needs of Gunj marketing yard laborers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A descriptive study was conducted among 550 laborers of Gunj marketing yard of Raichur city. A specially designed questionnaire was used to assess the demographic variables and oral hygiene practices...
July 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972384/clinical-care-for-an-aging-population
#9
Elisa M Chávez, Amruta Hendre
Pathologic changes in the oral cavity can portend the presence of systemic diseases and result in poor oral health and tooth loss, which are commonly symbolic of aging. Systemic diseases can have direct and indirect effects on oral health, and, likewise, poor oral health can impact general health and wellbeing. Negligence in oral care results in the accumulation of dental plaque and calculus, which eventually contributes to the onset of dental caries, periodontal disease, halitosis, tooth loss, and, ultimately, diminished oral function...
October 2017: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969294/point-of-care-a-novel-approach-to-periodontal-diagnosis-a-review
#10
REVIEW
Nancy Srivastava, Prathibha Anand Nayak, Shivendra Rana
Periodontal disease, one of the prevalent oral diseases, is characterized by gingival inflammation and periodontal tissue destruction. Diagnosing this disease is challenging to the clinicians as the disease process is discontinuous and shows periods of exacerbation and remission. Traditional diagnostic methods basically tells about the past tissue destruction so new diagnostic methods are required which is able to detect the active state of the disease, determine the future progression and also estimates the response to the therapy, thereby helping in the better clinical management of the patient...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965774/revascularization-associated-intracanal-calcification-assessment-of-prevalence-and-contributing-factors
#11
Minju Song, Yangpei Cao, Su-Jung Shin, Won-Jun Shon, Nadia Chugal, Reuben H Kim, Euiseong Kim, Mo K Kang
INTRODUCTION: Intracanal calcifications have been reported in endodontic cases after revascularization. The purpose of the current study was to determine the incidence of intracanal calcification and potential contributing factors in retrospective revascularization cases. METHODS: Among 37 patients who had undergone revascularization between 2010 and 2014, 29 cases were assessed with average follow-up period of 24.9 months. Clinical and radiographic examinations were performed to evaluate the treatment outcomes, eg, resolution of apical periodontitis (AP), root development, and occurrence of intracanal calcification...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965352/global-smoking-attributable-burden-of-periodontal-disease-in-186-countries-in-the-year-2015
#12
Falk Schwendicke, Christof E Dörfer, Toni Meier
AIM: We aimed to quantify the smoking-attributable burden of periodontal disease (PD). METHODS: The association between smoking and PD was evaluated. Population-, smoking- and PD-data from the Global Burden of Disease Study were used and the burden in different sex- and age-groups in 186 countries in 2015 calculated, adjusted for PD-prevalence and numbers of cigarettes smoked. No adjustment was performed in a sensitivity analysis. RESULTS: The global smoking-attributable burden was 251,160 disability-adjusted life years (DALYs; 95% uncertainty interval: 190,721-324,241; sensitivity analysis: 344,041 DALYs), or 38...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963776/occurrence-of-cases-with-peri-implant-mucositis-or-peri-implantitis-in-a-21-26-years-follow-up-study
#13
Stefan Renvert, Christel Lindahl, G Rutger Persson
AIM: to determine the prevalence and development of peri-implant mucositis and peri-implantitis and to assess risk factors over time. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study is a longitudinal case series assessing the occurrence and diagnosis of peri-implant mucositis and peri-implantitis. RESULTS: 218/294 patients who had received dental implants between 1988-1992 were examined between 2000-2002 (exam II; 9-14 years after the first exam). At exam III (20-26 years after exam I, on average 23...
September 29, 2017: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960881/interspecies-dynamics-among-bacteria-associated-with-canine-periodontal-disease
#14
P Sanguansermsri, A H Nobbs, H F Jenkinson, R Surarit
The etiology and pathogenic mechanisms associated with canine periodontal disease are less well understood than the disease in humans. In this study we have reconstructed defined consortia biofilms in vitro of microorganisms identified as prevalent in a same-breed cohort of dogs with or without periodontal disease. Frederiksenia canicola and Neisseria canis were selected as potential early colonizers of salivary pellicle, and Fusobacterium nucleatum and Porphyromonas gulae were included as high incidence canine oral bacteria...
September 28, 2017: Molecular Oral Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937069/oral-health-in-diabetic-and-nondiabetic-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#15
Lingam Amara Swapna, Pradeep Koppolu, Jyothi Prince
The objective of our study is to assess the subjective and objective oral manifestations and salivary pH in diabetic and nondiabetic uremic patients at a nephrology clinic. A total of 194 diabetic and nondiabetic patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), who were divided into four groups, Group A, B, C, D, and who were attending a nephrology clinic were included in the study. Predialytic unstimulated whole salivary pH was recorded using pH- measuring strips. Subjective and objective findings were evaluated and recorded in the specially designed pro forma...
September 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936289/socioeconomic-factors-and-severity-of-periodontal-disease-in-adults-35-44-years-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
José-Manuel Almerich-Silla, Pedro J Almiñana-Pastor, Montserrat Boronat-Catalá, Carlos Bellot-Arcís, José-María Montiel-Company
BACKGROUND: Periodontal disease or periodontitis is an inflammatory disease with a hight prevalence. According to the last oral health survey of the Spanish population, between 24% and 37% of Spaniards aged over 35 years have periodontitis and 6% to 10% of the adult population have deep periodontal pockets. The aim of this study was to determine the association between risk factors and the presence of periodontal pockets in the adult population. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross sectional or prevalence study of a representative sample of the adult population of the Valencia region was designed...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924191/metabolic-crosstalk-regulates-porphyromonas-gingivalis-colonization-and-virulence-during-oral-polymicrobial-infection
#17
Masae Kuboniwa, John R Houser, Erik L Hendrickson, Qian Wang, Samar A Alghamdi, Akito Sakanaka, Daniel P Miller, Justin A Hutcherson, Tiansong Wang, David A C Beck, Marvin Whiteley, Atsuo Amano, Huizhi Wang, Edward M Marcotte, Murray Hackett, Richard J Lamont
Many human infections are polymicrobial in origin, and interactions among community inhabitants shape colonization patterns and pathogenic potential (1) . Periodontitis, which is the sixth most prevalent infectious disease worldwide (2) , ensues from the action of dysbiotic polymicrobial communities (3) . The keystone pathogen Porphyromonas gingivalis and the accessory pathogen Streptococcus gordonii interact to form communities in vitro and exhibit increased fitness in vivo (3,4) . The mechanistic basis of this polymicrobial synergy, however, has not been fully elucidated...
September 18, 2017: Nature Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922461/the-role-of-leptin-as-a-biomarker-in-the-relationship-between-periodontitis-and-chronic-migraine
#18
Yago Leira, Pablo Ameijeira, Clara Domínguez, Rogelio Leira, Juan Blanco
AIM: To evaluate the prevalence of periodontitis (CP) and its contribution to serum leptin levels in chronic migraine (CM). MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this case-control study, we included 150 subjects divided into healthy controls (n=58) and CM patients (n=92). Demographic, neurological, clinical data as well as full-mouth periodontal records were obtained. Serum leptin levels were measured by ELISA technique. RESULTS: Both the prevalence of CP and mean serum leptin levels were significantly higher in patients with CM in comparison to controls (57...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919284/mmp-8-and-timp-1-are-associated-to-periodontal-inflammation-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-under-methotrexate-immunosuppression-first-results-of-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
G Schmalz, I Davarpanah, J Jäger, R F Mausberg, B Krohn-Grimberghe, J Schmidt, R Haak, U Sack, Dirk Ziebolz
BACKGROUND: Aim of this cross-sectional study was the investigation of associations between different rheumatoid arthritis (RA)-related blood parameters and periodontal condition as well as selected periodontal pathogenic bacteria in RA patients under methotrexate (MTX) immunosuppression. METHODS: Periodontal probing depth (PPD), bleeding on probing (BOP) and clinical attachment loss (CAL) were assessed. Periodontal condition was classified into: no/mild and moderate or severe periodontitis (P)...
September 4, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915303/prevalence-of-functional-dentition-in-a-group-of-mexican-adult-males
#20
Mirna Minaya-Sánchez, Carlo Eduardo Medina-Solís, Juan Fernando Casanova-Rosado, Ana Alicia Vallejos-Sánchez, Alejandro José Casanova-Rosado, María de Lourdes Márquez-Corona, Martha Mendoza-Rodríguez, Gerardo Maupomé
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of functional dentition and associated periodontal variables in a sample of Mexican adult males. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 161 policemen in Campeche, Mexico, was carried out. A clinical examination using an electronic probe was used to collect variables (dental plaque, periodontal pockets, gingival recession, suppuration, and bleeding on probing) on 6 periodontal sites (a maximum of 168 sites, excluding third molars)...
September 2017: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal
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