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prevalence of periodontitis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332718/lower-risk-for-cardiovascular-mortality-for-patients-with-root-filled-teeth-in-a-finnish-population
#1
J H Meurman, S-J Janket, M Surakka, E A Jackson, L K Ackerson, H R Fakhri, S Chogle, A Walls
AIM: To investigate the relationship of radiographic evidence of root filled teeth to cardiovascular outcomes. METHODOLOGY: Baseline data for 506 subjects including 256 angiographically verified heart disease patients and 250 matched cardiologically healthy controls participating in the Kuopio Oral Health and Heart study were collected in 1995-1996. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortalities were accrued until May 31(st) 2015 and appended to the baseline data. Mortality status data were obtained from the Finnish National Death Register where all mortality cases and the causes of death are compiled for all Finnish citizens...
March 23, 2017: International Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326084/hiv-infection-and-compromised-mucosal-immunity-oral-manifestations-and-systemic-inflammation
#2
REVIEW
Samantha E Heron, Shokrollah Elahi
Mucosal surfaces account for the vast majority of HIV transmission. In adults, HIV transmission occurs mainly by vaginal and rectal routes but rarely via oral route. By contrast, pediatric HIV infections could be as the result of oral route by breastfeeding. As such mucosal surfaces play a crucial role in HIV acquisition, and spread of the virus depends on its ability to cross a mucosal barrier. HIV selectively infects, depletes, and/or dysregulates multiple arms of the human immune system particularly at the mucosal sites and causes substantial irreversible damage to the mucosal barriers...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323587/metabolic-syndrome-and-periodontal-disease-among-civilian-pilots
#3
Xi Chen, Lu Xie, Yang Liu, Duanjing Chen, Qing Yu, Xueqi Gan, Haiyang Yu
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a cluster of metabolic abnormalities that can affect civilian pilots' health. Its prevalence and the correlation with periodontal disease (PD) among pilots had not been previously reported. The aim of the study was to determine MetS and PD status, and to reveal their relationship in a representative sample of Chinese civilian pilots. METHODS: We investigated 303 civilian pilots (mean age 34.92 ± 7.66 yr). General information as well as blood and saliva samples were collected...
December 1, 2016: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321852/active-matrix-metalloproteinase-8-and-periodontal-bacteria-depending-on-periodontal-status-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#4
A Kirchner, J Jäger, B Krohn-Grimberghe, S Patschan, T Kottmann, G Schmalz, R F Mausberg, R Haak, D Ziebolz
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this clinical cross-sectional study was to determine the level of active matrix metalloproteinase-8 (aMMP-8) and periodontal pathogenic bacteria in gingival crevicular fluid in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) with varying periodontal conditions. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In total, 103 patients with RA and 104 healthy controls (HC) were included. The assessment of periodontal status included periodontal probing depth, bleeding on probing and clinical attachment loss...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Periodontal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320468/subgingival-microbiota-dysbiosis-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-association-with-periodontal-status
#5
Jôice Dias Corrêa, Débora Cerqueira Calderaro, Gilda Aparecida Ferreira, Santuza Maria Souza Mendonça, Gabriel R Fernandes, E Xiao, Antônio Lúcio Teixeira, Eugene J Leys, Dana T Graves, Tarcília Aparecida Silva
BACKGROUND: Periodontitis results from the interaction between a subgingival biofilm and host immune response. Changes in biofilm composition are thought to disrupt homeostasis between the host and subgingival bacteria resulting in periodontal damage. Chronic systemic inflammatory disorders have been shown to affect the subgingival microbiota and clinical periodontal status. However, this relationship has not been examined in subjects with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The objective of our study was to investigate the influence of SLE on the subgingival microbiota and its connection with periodontal disease and SLE activity...
March 20, 2017: Microbiome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316794/periodontitis-as-a-possible-early-sign-of-diabetes-mellitus
#6
Wijnand J Teeuw, Madeline X F Kosho, Dennis C W Poland, Victor E A Gerdes, Bruno G Loos
OBJECTIVE: The early diagnosis of (pre)diabetes mellitus is essential for the prevention of diabetes complications. It has been suggested that gum disease (periodontitis) might be an early complication of diabetes and may be a useful risk indicator for diabetes screening. Therefore, a dental office could be a good location for screening for (pre)diabetes in patients with periodontitis using a validated glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) dry spot analysis. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: A total of 313 individuals from a university dental clinic participated...
2017: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316002/the-impact-of-periodontal-disease-on-physical-and-psychological-domains-in-long-term-hemodialysis-patients-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Gabriel Veisa, Alexandra Tasmoc, Ionut Nistor, Liviu Segall, Dimitrie Siriopol, Sorina Mihaela Solomon, Mihaela Dora Donciu, Luminita Voroneanu, Andra Nastasa, Adrian Covic
PURPOSE: Periodontal disease is a chronic infectious disease. Individuals with end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) experience impaired quality of life (QoL) and low oral health. This is the first comprehensive study which aimed to explore the link between periodontal disease and quality of life, assessed with the Short Form 36-Item Health Survey in hemodialysis patients. METHODS: In total, 101 patients (57 females) with ESKD were recruited from two Romanian dialysis centers...
March 18, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304209/subgingival-microbiota-in-caucasian-patients-with-desquamative-gingivitis-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Paolo G Arduino, Federica Romano, Danilo Sasia, Roberto Broccoletti, Fulvio Ricceri, Anna Maria Barbui, Silvia Brossa, Raffaella Cipriani, Luca Cricenti, Marco Cabras, Mario Aimetti
BACKGROUND: The presence of epithelial desquamation, erythema, and erosions on the gingival tissue is usually described in literature as desquamative gingivitis (DG). A wide range of autoimmune/dermatological disorders can manifest as DG, although the two more common are oral lichen planus and mucous membrane pemphigoid. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of 11 periodonto-pathogenic microorganisms in DG cases and to compare it with microbiologic status of individuals affected by plaque-induced gingivitis (GI)...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298910/clustering-of-subgingival-microbiota-reveals-microbial-disease-ecotypes-associated-with-clinical-stages-of-periodontitis-in-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Sébastien Boutin, Daniel Hagenfeld, Heiko Zimmermann, Nihad El Sayed, Tanja Höpker, Halina K Greiser, Heiko Becher, Ti-Sun Kim, Alexander H Dalpke
Periodontitis is characterized by chronic inflammation associated with alteration of the oral microbiota. In contrast to previous microbiome studies focusing a priori on comparison between extreme phenotypes, our study analyzed a random sample of 85 people. The aim of this study was to link microbial differences to disease's prevalence and severity. Using next generation sequencing of 16S rRNA amplicons and cluster analysis, we observed that the population can be divided into two major ecotypes: One mainly contained periodontal healthy/mild periodontitis individuals whereas the second ecotype showed a heterogeneous microbial distribution and clustered into three distinct sub-ecotypes...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298829/a-cross-sectional-survey-to-study-the-relationship-of-periodontal-disease-with-cardiovascular-disease-respiratory-disease-and-diabetes-mellitus
#10
Sukhvinder Singh Oberoi, Yashoda Harish, Shivalingaswamy Hiremath, Manjunath Puranik
BACKGROUND: Periodontal deterioration has been reported to be associated with systemic diseases such as cardiovascular disease (CVD), diabetes mellitus, respiratory disease, liver cirrhosis, bacterial pneumonia, nutritional deficiencies, and adverse pregnancy outcomes. AIM: The present study assessed the periodontal disease among patients with systemic conditions such as diabetes, CVD, and respiratory disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study population consisted of 220 patients each of CVD, respiratory disease, and diabetes mellitus, making a total of 660 patients in the systemic disease group...
July 2016: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295299/oral-findings-and-dental-behaviour-before-and-after-liver-transplantation-a-single-centre-cross-sectional-study
#11
Anne Kauffels, Gerhard Schmalz, Otto Kollmar, Jan E Slotta, Michael Weig, Uwe Groß, Oliver Bader, Dirk Ziebolz
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this single-centre, cross-sectional study was to evaluate dental, periodontal and mycological findings, as well as oral behaviour, in patients before (pre-LTx) and after (post-LTx) liver transplantation. METHODS: A total of 47 patients pre-LTx and 119 patients post-LTx were asked to participate. Oral health behaviour was assessed using a standardised questionnaire. Oral examinations included dental [decayed, missing and filled teeth (DMFT) index] and periodontal [papillary bleeding index (PBI), periodontal probing depth (PPD) and clinical attachment loss (CAL)] findings...
March 10, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291850/efficiency-of-nanotube-surface-treated-dental-implants-loaded-with-doxycycline-on-growth-reduction-of-porphyromonas-gingivalis
#12
Cimara Fortes Ferreira, Jegdish Babu, Azhang Hamlekhan, Sweetu Patel, Tolou Shokuhfar
PURPOSE: The prevalence of peri-implant infection in patients with dental implants has been shown to range from 28% to 56%. A nanotube-modified implant surface can deliver antibiotics locally and suppress periodontal pathogenic bacterial growth. The aim of this study was to evaluate the deliverability of antibiotics via a nanotube-modified implant. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Dental implants with a nanotube surface were fabricated and loaded with doxycycline. Afterward, each dental implant with a nanotube surface was placed into 2-mL tubes, removed from solution, and placed in a fresh solution daily for 28 days...
March 2017: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290390/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-asymptomatic-carotid-artery-stenosis-in-indian-population-an-8-year-follow-up-study
#13
Subhash Kaul, Suvarna Alladi, K Rukmini Mridula, V C S Srinivasarao Bandaru, Matapathi Umamashesh, Darapureddy Anjanikumar, Palli Lalitha, R Chandrasekhar
BACKGROUND: Asymptomatic carotid artery stenosis (ACAS) is a marker for cerebrovascular disease, coronary atherosclerosis, and death. AIM: To investigate the prevalence of ACAS in the Indian population, and to correlate ACAS with other vascular risk factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We prospectively recruited 1500 individuals who were older than 40 years and asymptomatic for cerebrovascular disease between June 2003 and December 2014. Evaluation of vascular risk factors was done for all the participants...
March 2017: Neurology India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288301/oral-health-assessment-of-a-group-of-children-with-autism-disorder
#14
Mariana C Morales-Chávez
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this research was to determine the oral status of a group of children with autism. STUDY DESIGN: An observational transversal study was carried out in 96 pediatric patients between the ages of 2 and 16 years old with a diagnosis of autism. The patients were assessed to determine the presence of caries with Index Caries (WHO criteria) and debris and calculus with the Simplified Oral Hygiene Index, as well as the type of diet they followed. RESULTS: It was established that 41...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277873/periodontal-disease-and-women-s-health
#15
Maria Luisa Martelli, Maria Luisa Brandi, Marialaura Martelli, Piero Nobili, Enzo Medico, Francesco Martelli
BACKGROUND: Periodontal disease (PD) is a multifactorial inflammatory condition in which inappropriate interaction between the host immune response and specific groups of bacterial pathogens leads to destruction of connective and bone tissues supporting the tooth. Dissemination of pathogens, toxins, and immune complexes from and to periodontal lesions is at the basis of the increasingly recognized association between PD and various systemic diseases (SDs). Considering the growing attention of the medical community to "gender medicine", this review focuses on the association between PD and six systemic conditions heavily impacting women's health, with the aim of providing evidence in support of a joint effort between physicians and dentists to improve clinical management of these conditions...
March 24, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276781/association-between-numbers-of-decayed-teeth-and-hba1c-in-japanese-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#16
Satoru Yonekura, Masato Usui, Shunichi Murano
BACKGROUND: Dental caries (DC) are more prevalent in individuals with diabetes than in healthy individuals. However, the association between glycaemic control and DC has not been well characterized in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). We therefore assessed the association between glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) serum concentrations and the prevalence of DC in patients with T2DM. METHODS: Retrospective analyses of data pertaining to 108 Japanese patients with T2DM hospitalized because of poor or worsened glycaemic control were included...
March 3, 2017: Upsala Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274501/microbiological-and-ammp-8-findings-depending-on-peri-implant-disease-in-patients-undergoing-supportive-implant-therapy
#17
Dirk Ziebolz, Gerhard Schmalz, Daniel Gollasch, Peter Eickholz, Sven Rinke
The aim of this study was to evaluate microbiological findings and aMMP-8 level of peri-implant mucositis (M) and peri-implantitis (P) in patients undergoing supportive implant therapy (SIT). Eighty-nine patients with 171 implants were included. The case definitions were as follows: M: PPD ≥4mm, BOP; P: PPD≥4mm, BOP, radiographic bone loss ≥3.5mm. Samples of peri-implant sulcular fluid (PISF) were taken from all peri-implant pockets at each implant to detect periodontal pathogens using PCR and aMMP-8 level with ELISA...
February 21, 2017: Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274052/efficacy-of-natural-and-allopathic-antimicrobial-agents-incorporated-onto-guided-tissue-regeneration-membrane-against-periodontal-pathogens-an-in-vitro-study
#18
Neha Mehrotra, Ajay Reddy Palle, Rajani Kumar Gedela, Sanjay Vasudevan
INTRODUCTION: Periodontal disease is one of the most prevalent afflictions worldwide. It is an infection of the periodontium as a result of subgingival colonization of the specific microbiota, leading to loss of attachment, which requires optimal care for regeneration to its pre-disease state. Guided Tissue Regeneration (GTR) is one of the successful treatment modalities in Periodontal Regenerative Therapy, but is vulnerable to bacterial colonization. The conflict between usage of classical antibiotics and plant origin antimicrobial agents has recently been in the limelight...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273964/biofilm-formation-by-drug-resistant-enterococci-isolates-obtained-from-chronic-periodontitis-patients
#19
Sonia Bhonchal Bhardwaj, Manjula Mehta, Shaveta Sood, Jyoti Sharma
INTRODUCTION: Enterococci are an important cause of opportunistic nosocomial infections and several multidrug resistant strains have emerged. The severity of periodontal diseases is managed by reduction in the pathogenic bacteria. There is a need to assess the prevalence and antibiotic susceptibility of enterococci colonizing the periodontal pocket and correlate its biofilm formation ability because oral biofilms provide a protective environment and are a reservoir of bacterial colonization of the gingival crevice...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271515/a-cross-sectional-and-longitudinal-study-of-endodontic-and-periapical-status-in-an-australian-population
#20
Aovana Timmerman, Hanny Calache, Peter Parashos
BACKGROUND: This study described the cross-sectional and longitudinal data of endodontic and periapical status of new patients presenting to a major dental hospital, and assessed the relationships between tooth-related variables with apical periodontitis. METHODS: The records of 695 patients were randomly selected and the orthopantomograms of these patients up to 31(st) October 2014 were reviewed by two endodontists. The periapical status of teeth was recorded using the Periapical Index...
March 8, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
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