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prevalence of periodontitis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819322/nampt-enzyme-activity-regulates-catabolic-gene-expression-in-gingival-fibroblasts-during-periodontitis
#1
Ka Hyon Park, Duck-Kyu Kim, Yun Hyun Huh, Gyuseok Lee, Su-Hyeon Lee, Yunkyung Hong, Sun-Hun Kim, Min-Suk Kook, Jeong-Tae Koh, Jang-Soo Chun, Shee Eun Lee, Je-Hwang Ryu
Periodontal disease is one of the most prevalent chronic disorders worldwide. It is accompanied by inflammation of the gingiva and destruction of periodontal tissues, leading to alveolar bone loss. Here, we focused on the role of adipokines, which are locally expressed by periodontal tissues, in the regulation of catabolic gene expression leading to periodontal inflammation. The expression of the nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (NAMPT) adipokine was dramatically increased in inflamed human and mouse gingival tissues...
August 18, 2017: Experimental & Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817589/relationship-between-atherosclerosis-and-occlusal-support-of-natural-teeth-with-mediating-effect-of-atheroprotective-nutrients-from-the-sonic-study
#2
Sayaka Tada, Kazunori Ikebe, Kei Kamide, Yasuyuki Gondo, Chisato Inomata, Hajime Takeshita, Ken-Ich Matsuda, Masahiro Kitamura, Shinya Murakami, Mai Kabayama, Ryousuke Oguro, Chikako Nakama, Tatsuo Kawai, Koichi Yamamoto, Ken Sugimoto, Ayumi Shintani, Takuma Ishihara, Yasumichi Arai, Yukie Masui, Ryutaro Takahashi, Hiromi Rakugi, Yoshinobu Maeda
Whereas most of studies investigating relationship between oral health and atherosclerosis have focused on periodontitis, very few of them were examined about occlusal status of natural teeth which possibly influence dietary habit. The primary aim of this cross-sectional study was to investigate the association between the occlusal support of posterior teeth and the prevalence of atherosclerosis in community-dwelling septuagenarians. Also, the second aim was to test the hypothesis that the intake of key nutrients for atherosclerosis prevention would have a mediating effect on the relationship between the occlusal status and atherosclerosis...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817154/the-gold-nun-a-case-of-a-gold-ligature-from-the-15-th-century-and-the-origins-of-restorative-dentistry-in-europe
#3
Eugénia Cunha, Catarina Leal, Miguel Munhós, Isabel Poiares Baptista
We here report the discovery of a gold dental ligature from the late 15(th) century, at the Convent of Santa Clara-a-Velha, in the city of Coimbra, Portugal. A medieval Clare's nun presented the left upper lateral incisor splinted to the canine, since the others three incisors were lost, most probably due to an aggressive periodontal disease. The convent is associated with the medieval upper class, which was well known for its consumption of high levels of sugar. There is a higher prevalence of caries in comparison to other Portuguese skeletal samples of the same time period, as well as a high prevalence of periodontal disease...
August 17, 2017: Anthropologischer Anzeiger; Bericht über die Biologisch-anthropologische Literatur
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814274/association-between-periodontal-disease-and-mortality-in-people-with-ckd-a-meta-analysis-of-cohort-studies
#4
Jian Zhang, Hong Jiang, Min Sun, Jianghua Chen
BACKGROUND: Periodontal disease occurs relatively prevalently in people with chronic kidney disease (CKD), but it remains indeterminate whether periodontal disease is an independent risk factor for premature death in this population. Interventions to reduce mortality in CKD population consistently yield to unsatisfactory results and new targets are necessitated. So this meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the association between periodontal disease and mortality in the CKD population. METHODS: Pubmed, Embase, Web of Science, Scopus and abstracts from recent relevant meeting were searched by two authors independently...
August 16, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809366/oral-manifestations-of-diabetes-mellitus-a-systematic-review
#5
E Mauri-Obradors, A Estrugo-Devesa, E Jané-Salas, M Viñas, J López-López
BACKGROUND: Diabetes Mellitus has become a global epidemic and presents many complications, usually proportional to the degree and duration of hyperglycemia. The aim of this systematic review was to investigate the different oral manifestations associated with Diabetes Mellitus. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A MEDLINE search for "Diabetes Mellitus and oral manifestations" was performed. A further search was conducted for "diabetes" and its individual oral manifestation...
August 15, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801658/relationship-between-long-working-hours-and-periodontitis-among-the-korean-workers
#6
Wanhyung Lee, Sung-Shil Lim, Byurira Kim, Jong-Uk Won, Jaehoon Roh, Jin-Ha Yoon
We aimed to investigate the association between long working hours and periodontitis, and whether such an association constitutes an exposure-response relationship. Data for this study were collected from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys conducted from 2007 to 2014; 17,533 workers (9,483 of men and 8,050 of women) were included. The odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for the analysis of periodontitis defined as positive of Community Periodontal Index in relation to working hours were calculated using multiple logistic regression models with various stratifications...
August 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800144/at-least-three-phenotypes-exist-among-periodontitis-patients
#7
Chryssa Delatola, Bruno G Loos, Evgeni Levin, Marja L Laine
AIM: To identify phenotypes of periodontitis patients by the use of an unsupervised modeling technique (clustering), based on pre-treatment radiographic and microbiological characteristics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study included data from 392 untreated periodontitis patients. Co-regularized spectral clustering algorithm was used to cluster the patients. The resulting clusters were subsequently characterized based on their demographics, radiographic bone loss patterns and microbial data...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795622/animal-models-for-periodontal-tissue-engineering-a-knowledge-generating-process
#8
Karim Mohamed Fawzy El-Sayed, Christof Doerfer
The human periodontium is a uniquely complex vital structure, supporting and anchoring the teeth in their alveolar sockets, playing thereby a decisive role in tooth homeostasis and function. Chronic periodontitis is a highly prevalent immune-inflammatory disease of the periodontium, affecting 15% of adult individuals and is characterized by progressive destruction of the periodontal tooth-investing tissues, culminating in their irreversible damage. Current periodontal evidence-based treatment strategies achieve periodontal healing via repair processes, mostly combating the inflammatory component of the disease, to halt or reduce prospective periodontal tissue loss...
August 10, 2017: Tissue Engineering. Part C, Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793083/oral-health-condition-and-reasons-for-tooth-extraction-among-an-adult-population-20-64-years-old
#9
Manoelito Ferreira Silva-Junior, Anne Caroline Correia de Sousa, Marília Jesus Batista, Maria da Luz Rosário de Sousa
The study characterized the oral health condition and main self-reported reasons for tooth extraction in an adult population. The cross-sectional study examined 248 adults aged 20-64 years, representative of the population of Piracicaba, São Paulo, Brazil. The oral examination conducted in households used the DMFT and CPI indexes, use and necessity of prosthodontics according to the WHO criteria and the presence of visible biofilm. Demographic and socioeconomic data were collected along with reasons for tooth extraction through a questionnaire...
August 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765461/trends-in-oral-diseases-in-the-u-s-population
#10
R Gary Rozier, B Alexander White, Gary D Slade
This article reviews trends in dental caries, periodontal disease, and tooth loss for the United States along with population dynamics and risk factors that might influence these trends going forward. Dental caries experience remains high in the primary dentition. Caries severity in permanent teeth of children has declined to historically low levels, and long-standing inequalities in untreated caries appear to be narrowing. Declines in caries severity of children's permanent teeth have stabilized at a low level, but likely will contribute to future reductions in dental caries severity in adults...
August 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764979/apical-periodontitis-a-predictor-variable-for-preeclampsia-a-case-control-study
#11
Navid Khalighinejad, Anita Aminoshariae, James C Kulild, Andre Mickel
INTRODUCTION: Preeclampsia (PE) is characterized by hypertension and proteinuria after the 20th week of gestation. There is an association between systemic inflammation and adverse pregnancy outcomes such as PE. Therefore, for the first time, the present study aimed to investigate the possible association between maternal apical periodontitis (AP) and PE. METHODS: In this case-control study, 50 mothers who were diagnosed with PE during pregnancy were included in the experimental group...
July 29, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764291/impact-of-alcohol-dependency-on-oral-health-a-cross-sectional-comparative-study
#12
Kakarla Priyanka, Kudlur Maheswarappa Sudhir, V Chandra Sekhara Reddy, Rvs Krishna Kumar, G Srinivasulu
INTRODUCTION: Alcoholism is a chronic and progressive psychiatric illness characterised by a loss of control over alcohol consumption. Consumption of alcohol inevitably affects the oral cavity, oral mucosa and teeth. Literature indicates that alcohol dependents may have increased risk of dental caries, probing pocket depth and mucosal lesions. AIM: To assess the impact of alcohol dependency on oral health status among alcoholics in comparison with non alcoholics...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762345/assessment-of-dental-caries-and-periodontal-status-in-institutionalized-hearing-impaired-children-in-khordha-district-of-odisha
#13
Avinash Jnaneswar, Goutham Bala Subramaniya, Jayashree Pathi, Kunal Jha, Vinay Suresan, Gunjan Kumar
INTRODUCTION: Over 5% of the world's population has disabling hearing loss. The oral health of the disabled may be disused for the reason of the disabling condition, a challenging disease or the limited access to oral health care. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of the study were to assess the prevalence of dental caries and periodontal status of institutionalized hearing impaired (HI) children in Khordha district of Odisha. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study on the HI children was conducted in Khordha district, Odisha...
July 2017: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761663/standardized-screening-for-periodontitis-as-an-integral-part-of-multidisciplinary-management-of-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-an-observational-cross-sectional-study-of-cohorts-in-the-usa-and-uk
#14
Andrew S Pumerantz, Susan M Bissett, Fanglong Dong, Cesar Ochoa, Rebecca R Wassall, Heidi Davila, Melanie Barbee, John Nguyen, Pamela Vila, Philip M Preshaw
OBJECTIVE: To determine prevalence and factors predictive of periodontitis by using a standardized assessment model in adults with type 2 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We performed an observational cross-sectional study to determine the burden of periodontitis in adults with type 2 diabetes attending urban, ambulatory referral centers in the USA and UK. Full-mouth probing was performed and periodontitis was diagnosed based on either a low (≥5 mm at ≥1 site) or high pocket probing-depth threshold (≥6 mm at ≥1 site)...
2017: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758302/periodontitis-epidemiology-is-periodontitis-under-recognized-over-diagnosed-or-both
#15
REVIEW
Panos N Papapanou, Cristiano Susin
Currently, two principal forms of destructive periodontal disease are recognized - chronic periodontitis and aggressive periodontitis - but their distinction in epidemiologic studies has been rather problematic because of substantial overlap of their primary features. This review critically appraises some key features relevant to the epidemiology of human periodontitis that underlie its core 'identity' as a bacterial biofilm-induced, inflammatory disease and discusses its impact within the larger context of aging populations...
October 2017: Periodontology 2000
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757933/prevalence-of-periodontal-pathogens-among-italian-patients-with-chronic-periodontitis-a-retrospective-study-on-2992-patients
#16
L Tettamanti, R M Gaudio, F Cura, D Mucchi, N Illuzzi, A Tagliabue
PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the prevalence of some periodontal pathogens in Italian adults with chronic periodontitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The sample consisted of 2992 patients with a clinical diagnosis of chronic periodontitis, based on the criteria of the American Academy of Periodontology, sampled in the period 2013-2016: 2108 patients were from Northern, 690 from Central and 194 from Southern Italy. Porphyromonas gengivalis, Treponema denticola, and Tannerella forsythia were investigated in all patients of the present study, while Campylobacter rectus, Fusobacterium nucleatum and Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans only in 2514 (84%) patients...
January 2017: Oral & Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753104/p-gingivalis-suppresses-trophoblast-invasion-by-soluble-factors
#17
Naoko Hirohata, Shihoko Komine-Aizawa, Muneaki Tamura, Kuniyasu Ochiai, Masahiko Sugitani, Satoshi Hayakawa
BACKGROUND: Periodontitis is a common chronic inflammatory disorder that affects supporting tissues of the teeth. An increased risk of pregnancy complications has been reported in the patients with periodontitis; however, its pathophysiology remains uncharacterized to date. In addition, Porphyromonas gingivalis (P.g) are detectable in a few placentae derived from diseased pregnancies. Thus, we aimed to examine the roles of soluble factors produced by P.g on trophoblast invasion in vitro to clarify the remote effects of periodontitis on the outcomes of pregnancy...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750777/prevalence-of-periodontitis-dental-caries-and-peri-implant-pathology-and-their-relation-with-systemic-status-and-smoking-habits-results-of-an-open-cohort-study-with-22009-patients-in-a-private-rehabilitation-center
#18
Miguel de Araújo Nobre, Paulo Maló
OBJECTIVES: This investigation, based on a 3-year epidemiological surveillance open cohort study, aimed to provide an insight of the prevalence of periodontitis, dental caries and peri-implant pathology and to compare inferentially between healthy and systemic compromised patients. METHODS: A total of 22009 patients were observed consisting in 9035 men (41.1%) and 12974 women (58.9%) with an average age of 48.5 years (standard deviation of 15.6 years). The prevalence of the 3 chronical oral diseases was calculated...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748039/age-related-prevalence-and-characteristics-of-aggregatibacter-actinomycetemcomitans-in-periodontitis-patients-living-in-sweden
#19
Rolf Claesson, Carola Höglund-Åberg, Dorte Haubek, Anders Johansson
Background: The presence of Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans in patients with periodontitis has been extensively studied for decades. Objective: To study the prevalence of A. actinomycetemcomitans in younger and older periodontitis patients and to genetically characterize isolates of this bacterium. Design: Data from microbiological analyses of 3459 subgingival plaque samples collected from 1445 patients, 337 'younger' patients (≤35 yrs) and 1108 'older' patients (>35 yrs) during 15 years (2000-2014), has been summerized...
2017: Journal of Oral Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740268/the-association-between-periodontal-disease-and-preterm-low-birthweight-in-kosovo
#20
Kastriot Meqa, Fatmir Dragidella, Metush Disha, Zana Sllamniku-Dalipi
OBJECTIVE: Periodontal diseases have a high prevalence worldwide. Existing evidence support the concept that gingivitis and periodontitis are potentially infectious and they present inflammatory reservoirs that can be threatening to the fetoplacental unit. The objective of this study was to compare the periodontal status between women with normal delivery and those with preterm low-birthweight delivery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study included 200 postpartum women whose periodontal and obstetrical parameters were taken...
March 2017: Acta Stomatologica Croatica
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