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prevalence of periodontitis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225430/association-between-osteoporosis-treatment-and-severe-periodontitis-in-postmenopausal-women
#1
Johelle de S Passos-Soares, Maria Isabel P Vianna, Isaac S Gomes-Filho, Simone S Cruz, Maurício L Barreto, Luis F Adan, Cassiano K Rösing, Soraya C Trindade, Eneida M M Cerqueira, Frank A Scannapieco
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the association between osteoporosis treatment and severe periodontitis in postmenopausal women. METHODS: This cross-sectional study comprised of 492 postmenopausal women, 113 women in osteoporosis treatment, and 379 not treated. Osteoporosis treatment consisted of systemic estrogen alone, or estrogen plus progestin, and calcium and vitamin D supplements, for at least 6 months. Severe periodontitis was defined as at least two interproximal tooth sites with clinical attachment loss of at least 6 mm, and at least one interproximal site with probing depth of at least 5 mm; and dental caries experience was measured using the decayed, missing, and filled teeth (DMFT) index...
February 20, 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222838/prevalence-of-food-impaction-induced-periodontitis-in-conventionally-housed-marsh-rice-rats-oryzomys-palustris
#2
Jonathan G Messer, Jessica M Jiron, Hung-Yuan Chen, Evelyn J Castillo, Jorge L Mendieta Calle, Mary K Reinhard, Donald B Kimmel, J Ignacio Aguirre
Marsh rice rats (Oryzomys palustris) fed a pelleted diet high in sucrose and casein have been used as a model for moderate to severe periodontitis. Here we characterize the prevalence, location, and histopathologic features of food-impaction lesions (FIL), a unique type of oral event, in rice rats fed standard pelleted rodent chow from weaning until 34 wk of age. Healthy female rats (n = 90; age, 4 wk) were weaned into groups (n = 10 to 24) and were euthanized at 4, 16, 22, 28, or 34 wk of age. At necropsy, high-resolution photographs of the 4 jaw quadrants were examined by 3 independent observers to determine the presence, number, and location of FIL...
February 1, 2017: Comparative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211083/the-association-between-periodontitis-and-sleep-duration
#3
Mario Romandini, Gioele Gioco, Giorgio Perfetti, Giorgio Deli, Edoardo Staderini, Andreina Laforì
AIM: Due to its potential to influence systemic inflammation and oxidative stress, and to predispose to bacterial infections, sleep duration could potentially be a risk factor for periodontitis. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate if there was in 2012 an association between periodontitis and sleep duration in a representative sample of the South Korean population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 5,812 subjects representative of 39.4 million of adults were examined...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196151/estimation-of-years-lived-with-disability-due-to-noncommunicable-diseases-and-injuries-using-a-population-representative-survey
#4
Ji In Park, Hae Hyuk Jung
The Global Burden of Disease 2010 and the WHO Global Health Estimates of years lived with disability (YLDs) uses disability-weights obtained from lay health-state descriptions, which cannot fully reflect different disease manifestations, according to severity, treatment, and environment. The aim of this study was to provide population-representative YLDs of noncommunicable diseases and injuries using a prevalence-based approach, with the disability weight measured in subjects with specific diseases or injuries...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188957/factors-associated-with-perceived-unmet-dental-care-needs-of-older-adults
#5
Songi Chae, Yunhwan Lee, Jinhee Kim, Ki Hong Chun, Jeong Keun Lee
AIM: Although older adults have high dental care needs as a result of prevalent oral health problems, they have high unmet needs. The purpose of the present study was to examine factors associated with unmet dental care needs among older adults living in the community. METHODS: This study analyzed 1419 adults aged 65 years and older who participated in both the health interview survey and oral examination of the Fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey carried out in 2010...
February 11, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174362/most-frequent-oral-lesions-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#6
Micheline S Trentin, Georgia Verardi, Michele De C Ferreira, João P de Carli, Soluete O da Silva, Igor Fp Lima, Luiz R Paranhos
AIM: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2) is a chronic disease caused by the underproduction of insulin in the organism and it is considered a risk factor to periodontal disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study performed a cross-sectional research on the main oral changes in patients with DM2 and nondiabetics, in Passo Fundo, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. The sample included 116 patients examined at the Diabetes Outpatient Clinic of the School of Medicine of the University of Passo Fundo (UPF) and 134 nondiabetic patients examined at the Examinations, Triage, and Emergency Sector of the School of Dentistry of UPF...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168902/environmental-tobacco-smoke-and-periodontitis-in-us-non-smokers-2009-to-2012
#7
Julie D Sutton, Mabel L Salas Martinez, Mary M Gerkovich
BACKGROUND: Epidemiologic studies using half-mouth designs for assessment of periodontal disease prevalence have reported that environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) exposure of non-smokers is associated with 2-3 fold increase in the odds of developing periodontitis. In response to the possibility of underreporting of periodontitis the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) updated periodontal examination procedures in 2009 for the National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey (NHANES), including full-mouth, 6-site periodontal probing and attachment loss assessment...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158292/profiling-of-subgingival-plaque-biofilm-microbiota-in-adolescents-after-completion-of-orthodontic-therapy
#8
Shuang Pan, Yi Liu, Li Zhang, Shuxiang Li, Yujie Zhang, Jianwei Liu, Chunling Wang, Shuiqing Xiao
BACKGROUND: Fixed orthodontic treatment is the most common method for malocclusion but has the potential risk of periodontal complication with unclear outcomes of whether microbiologic and clinical changes could be reversible in adolescents after orthodontic therapy. METHODS: Twenty adolescents with orthodontic treatment were enrolled in the study as the case group at end of the therapy, while 19 periodontally healthy adolescents were involved in the control group...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149451/access-to-oral-health-care-services-among-adults-with-learning-disabilities-a-scoping-review
#9
REVIEW
Mustafa Naseem, Altaf H Shah, Muhammad Faheem Khiyani, Zohaib Khurshid, Muhammad Sohail Zafar, Shabnam Gulzar, AlBandary H AlJameel, Hesham S Khalil
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of oral diseases including dental caries and periodontal conditions is remarkably higher in people with disabilities. The provision of accessible oral health services for people with learning disabilities may be challenging. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of the review were to identify barriers in accessing oral health care that persists within society, enabling or disabling people with learning disabilities. METHODS: Using the Arksey O'Malley framework, a scoping review was conducted on PubMed/Medline, OVIDSP, and EMBASE...
July 2016: Annali di Stomatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148273/prevalence-of-candida-albicans-and-non-albicans-on-the-tongue-dorsa-of-elderly-people-living-in-a-post-disaster-area-a-cross-sectional-survey
#10
Toshiro Sato, Mitsuo Kishi, Miki Suda, Kiyomi Sakata, Haruki Shimoda, Hiroyuki Miura, Akira Ogawa, Seiichiro Kobayashi
BACKGROUND: Candida species are normal commensal organisms of the mouth. However, they can cause oral mucosal and severe systemic infections in persons with reduced immune function, which is common in the very elderly. In post-disaster areas, the number of elderly residents rapidly increases due to the outflow of younger generations. Hence, we examined the prevalence of Candida albicans and non-albicans in association with oral and systemic conditions, life style, medications, and living conditions...
February 1, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143836/periodontitis-in-early-and-chronic-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-prospective-follow-up-study-in-finnish-population
#11
Leena Äyräväinen, Marjatta Leirisalo-Repo, Antti Kuuliala, Kirsi Ahola, Riitta Koivuniemi, Jukka H Meurman, Anna Maria Heikkinen
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association between rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and periodontitis with special emphasis on the role of antirheumatic drugs in periodontal health. DESIGN: Prospective follow-up study. Patients with early untreated RA and chronic active RA were examined at baseline and 16 months later. Controls were examined once. SETTINGS AND PARTICIPANTS: The study was conducted in Finland from September 2005 to May 2014 at the Helsinki University Hospital...
January 31, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129466/the-number-of-microvascular-complications-is-associated-with-an-increased-risk-for-severity-of-periodontitis-in-type-2-diabetic-patients-results-of-a-multicenter-hospital-based-cross-sectional-study
#12
Hiroshi Nitta, Sayaka Katagiri, Toshiyuki Nagasawa, Yuichi Izumi, Isao Ishikawa, Hajime Izumiyama, Isao Uchimura, Masao Kanazawa, Hiroshige Chiba, Akira Matsuo, Kazunori Utsunomiya, Haruyasu Tanabe, Izumi Takei, Soichiro Asanami, Hiroshi Kajio, Toaki Ono, Yoichi Hayashi, Kiichi Ueki, Masatomi Tsuji, Yoichi Kurachi, Toshikazu Yamanouchi, Yoshimi Ichinokawa, Toshiki Inokuchi, Akiko Fukui, Shigeru Miyazaki, Takashi Miyauchi, Reiko Kawahara, Hideki Ogiuchi, Narihito Yoshioka, Jun Negishi, Masatomo Mori, Kenji Mogi, Yasushi Saito, Hideki Tanzawa, Tetsuo Nishikawa, Norihiko Takada, Kishio Nanjo, Nobuo Morita, Naoto Nakamura, Narisato Kanamura, Hirofumi Makino, Fusanori Nishimura, Kunihisa Kobayashi, Yoshinori Higuchi, Toshiie Sakata, Shigetaka Yanagisawa, Chuwa Tei, Yuichi Ando, Nobuhiro Hanada, Shuji Inoue
AIMS/INTRODUCTION: To explore the relationships between periodontitis and microvascular complications as well as glycemic control in type 2 diabetic patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This multi-center hospital-based cross-sectional study included 620 patients with type 2 diabetes. We compared the prevalence and severity of periodontitis between patients with ≥1 microvascular complication and those without microvascular complications. We also compared the prevalence and severity of periodontitis among patients with different degrees of glycemic control...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Diabetes Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128803/-inpatients-days-in-patients-with-respiratory-diseases-and-periodontal-disease
#13
Rosario Fernández-Plata, Daniel Olmedo-Torres, David Martínez-Briseño, Herminia González-Cruz, Guillermo Casa-Medina, Cecilia García-Sancho
INTRODUCTION: Periodontal disease is a chronic inflammatory gingival process that has been associated with the severity of respiratory diseases. In Mexico a prevalence of 78% was found in population with social security and > 60 years old. The aim of this study is to establish the association between periodontal disease and respiratory diseases according to the inpatient days. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted from January to December 2011...
January 2017: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120314/evaluating-periodontal-treatment-to-prevent-cardiovascular-disease-challenges-and-possible-solutions
#14
REVIEW
Anwar T Merchant, Salim S Virani
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Periodontal disease is correlated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) in observational studies, but a causal connection has not been established. The empirical evidence linking periodontal disease and CVD consists of a large body of observational and mechanistic studies, but a limited number of clinical trials evaluating the effects of periodontal treatment on surrogate CVD endpoints. RECENT FINDINGS: No randomized controlled trial has been conducted to evaluate the effect of periodontal treatment on CVD risk...
January 2017: Current Atherosclerosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107028/interrelationship-of-clinical-radiographic-and-hematological-features-in-patients-under-bisphosphonate-therapy
#15
Valesca Sander Koth, Maria Antonia Figueiredo, Fernanda Gonçalves Salum, Karen Cherubini
OBJECTIVE: To analyze clinical, radiographic and hematological aspects of patients under bisphosphonate therapy. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted where the records of patients taking bisphosphonates were analyzed considering the occurrence of bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (BRONJ). Evaluation included panoramic and periapical radiographies, hematological exams and clinical features. Radiographies were analyzed determining the presence or absence of bone sclerosis, osteolysis, persisting alveolar socket, narrowing of the mandibular canal, widening of the periodontal ligament space, periradicular radiolucency, sequestrum, and thickening of the lamina dura...
January 20, 2017: Dento Maxillo Facial Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100211/waist-circumference-and-waist-to-height-ratio-are-associated-with-periodontal-pocketing-results-of-the-health-2000-survey
#16
Sanna Kangas, Petra Timonen, Matti Knuuttila, Antti Jula, Pekka Ylöstalo, Anna-Maija Hannele Syrjälä
BACKGROUND: Body mass index (BMI) has been found to associate with different parameters of chronic periodontal disease in previous studies. It is reasonable to expect that central adiposity measures, such as waist circumference and waist-to-height ratio, which indirectly takes into account visceral fat, are more accurate measures of obesity-related oral health risks than BMI. The aim of this study was to examine whether central obesity is associated with periodontal pocketing, an indication of infectious chronic periodontal disease...
January 18, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088874/a-clinical-validation-of-self-reported-periodontitis-among-participants-in-the-black-women-s-health-study
#17
Brenda Heaton, Nicholas B Gordon, Raul I Garcia, Lynn Rosenberg, Sharron Rich, Matthew P Fox, Yvette C Cozier
BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of data on the validity of self-report of periodontal disease in African Americans. The Black Women's Health Study, a US national cohort study of 59,000 Black women followed via mailed questionnaires since 1995, offered the opportunity to clinically validate self-reported periodontitis among a sample of participants. METHODS: Oral health questionnaires were sent to study participants residing in Massachusetts. Respondents living in the Boston metro area were invited for clinical examination...
January 15, 2017: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053907/prevalence-of-osteonecrosis-of-the-jaw-and-oral-characteristics-of-oncologic-patients-treated-with-bisphosphonates-at-the-general-hospital-of-mexico
#18
María Verónica Cuevas-González, Celia Minerva Díaz-Aguirre, Enrique Echevarría-Y-Pérez, Juan Carlos Cuevas-González
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence and oral characteristics of cancer patients treated with bisphosphonates in the oncology and maxillofacial prosthesis departments of the General Hospital of Mexico between 2011 and 2013. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study included patients who received prior treatment with bisphosphonates; an intraoral examination was performed by 2 standardized examiners. RESULTS: The prevalence of bisphosphonate-related necrosis in 75 patients was 2...
December 2016: Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050500/influence-of-hypertension-on-ph-of-saliva-and-flow-rate-in-elder-adults-correlating-with-oral-health-status
#19
Vijayalaxmi Nimma, Harshavardhan Talla, Manasa Poosa, Madhulatha Gopaladas, Deepika Meesala, L Jayanth
INTRODUCTION: One of the most prevalent systemic conditions seen in the elderly individuals is hypertension, but very sparse knowledge regarding the influence of hypertension on oral health in known. AIM: Therefore, this study was carried out to evaluate the relationship between hypertension and salivary pH, flow rate and its effect on oral health status. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 40 elderly individuals above 60 years of age, of which 20 individuals (control group) were normotensive without using any medication and 20 individuals (study group) were hypertensive using anti-hypertensive medication...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050499/oral-health-status-of-tibetan-and-local-school-children-a-comparative-study
#20
Vivek Sivakumar, Jithesh Jain, Reshmi Haridas, Shanavas Paliayal, Sheela Rodrigues, Merrin Jose
INTRODUCTION: India has seen a large influx of refugee populations throughout history and the Tibetan immigration is one among them. Understanding the health status and needs of immigrants is imperative because of their growing numbers and their input to the health of the nation. The oral health professionals face many challenges while confronting refugees and immigrants from cultures different from their own. Earlier studies have shown that children, especially refugees and immigrants have had a higher prevalence of unmet oral health needs...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
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