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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766414/oral-health-and-oral-health-risk-behaviour-in-children-with-and-without-externalising-behaviour-problems
#1
M Staberg, J G Norén, L Gahnberg, A Ghaderi, C Kadesjö, A Robertson
AIM: This was to study children with early detected externalising behaviour problems compared to matched controls regarding oral health, oral health risk behaviour and the parental evaluation of the child's oral health and dental care. METHODS: Children aged 10-13 years and with externalising behaviour problems, were compared to matched controls. Behavioural characteristics were based on the Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire. The children and their parents completed questionnaires regarding dental fear, tooth brushing, dietary habits and evaluation of oral health and dental care...
May 15, 2018: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763355/risk-factors-of-early-childhood-caries-among-young-children-in-hong-kong-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Sherry Shiqian Gao, Duangporn Duangthip, Edward Chin Man Lo, Chun Hung Chu
OBJECTIVE: Early childhood caries (ECC) was prevalent in Hong Kong. Children with ECC risk should be identified early for prevention. This study aimed to identify common risk factors of ECC in Hong Kong 3-year-old children. STUDY DESIGN: Sample size calculation showed at least 6,321 of 3-year-old children should be invited in this study. A consent form and a questionnaire enquiring the children's oral health behaviours and social-economic background were distributed to their parents...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752831/longitudinal-associations-between-dental-caries-increment-and-risk-factors-in-late-childhood-and-adolescence
#3
Alexandra M Curtis, John VanBuren, Joseph E Cavanaugh, John J Warren, Teresa A Marshall, Steven M Levy
OBJECTIVES: To assess longitudinal associations between permanent tooth caries increment and both modifiable and non-modifiable risk factors, using best subsets model selection. METHODS: The Iowa Fluoride Study has followed a birth cohort with standardized caries exams without radiographs of the permanent dentition conducted at about ages 9, 13, and 17 years. Questionnaires were sent semi-annually to assess fluoride exposures and intakes, select food and beverage intakes, and tooth brushing frequency...
May 12, 2018: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751753/knowledge-attitudes-and-self-reported-practices-toward-children-oral-health-among-mother-s-attending-maternal-and-child-s-units-sal%C3%A3-morocco
#4
Sanaa Chala, Soumia Houzmali, Redouane Abouqal, Faïza Abdallaoui
BACKGROUND: The occurrence of severe dental caries is particularly prevalent and harmful in children. A better understanding of parental factors that may be indicators of children's risk of developing dental caries is important for the development of preventive measures. This study was conducted to assess knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) of mothers in Salé, Morocco regarding oral health and their predictors. METHODS: A cross-sectional KAP study was conducted of Mother and Child units in Salé, Morocco...
May 11, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750620/prevalence-and-severity-of-dental-caries-in-foster-care-children-and-adolescents
#5
A Solis-Riggioni, C Gallardo-Barquero, D Chavarria-Bolaños
AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and severity of dental caries among institutionalized children and adolescents in San José, Costa Rica. STUDY DESIGN: This cross-sectional descriptive study included 201 children and adolescents between the ages of 2 and 17 years. Participants were selected by following pre-established criteria from 33 shelters located in the province of San José, Costa Rica. The International Caries Detection Assessment System (ICDAS) method was used for caries assessment...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749033/potential-risk-factors-for-dental-caries-in-type-2-diabetic-patients
#6
M A Almusawi, I Gosadi, R Abidia, M Almasawi, H A Khan
BACKGROUND: Diabetic patients are known to be at higher risk for dental caries. However, the role of potential risk factors such as blood glucose, salivary glucose and glycaemic control in the occurrence of dental caries in type 2 diabetes (T2D) is not clearly understood so far, and therefore, it was evaluated in this study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 100 T2D patients from Saudi Arabia. The caries risk assessment was evaluated using the guidelines of Caries Management by Risk Assessment (CAMBRA)...
May 11, 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748513/a-case%C3%A2-control-study-of-socio-economic-and-nutritional-characteristics-as-determinants-of-dental-caries-in-different-age-groups-considered-as-public-health-problem-data-from-nhanes-2013%C3%A2-2014
#7
Laura A Zanella-Calzada, Carlos E Galván-Tejada, Nubia M Chávez-Lamas, Ma Del Carmen Gracia-Cortés, Arturo Moreno-Báez, Jose G Arceo-Olague, Jose M Celaya-Padilla, Jorge I Galván-Tejada, Hamurabi Gamboa-Rosales
One of the principal conditions that affects oral health worldwide is dental caries, occurring in about 90% of the global population. This pathology has been considered a challenge because of its high prevalence, besides being a chronic but preventable disease which can be caused by a series of different demographic, dietary" among others. Based on this problem, in this research a demographic and dietary features analysis is performed for the classification of subjects according to their oral health status based on caries, according to the age group where the population belongs, using as feature selector a technique based on fast backward selection (FBS) approach for the development of three predictive models, one for each age range (group 1: 10⁻19; group 2: 20⁻59; group 3: 60 or more years old)...
May 10, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700934/the-oral-health-behaviours-and-fluid-consumption-practices-of-young-urban-aboriginal-preschool-children-in-south-western-sydney-new-south-wales-australia
#8
Ajesh George, Rebekah Grace, Emma Elcombe, Amy R Villarosa, Holly A Mack, Lynn Kemp, Shilpi Ajwani, Darryl C Wright, Cheryl Anderson, Natasha Bucknall, Elizabeth Comino
ISSUE ADDRESSED: Australian Aboriginal children have a higher risk of dental caries yet there is limited focus on oral health risk factors for urban Aboriginal preschool children. This study examined the oral health behaviours and fluid consumption practices of young children from an urban Aboriginal community in south-western Sydney, Australia. METHODS: In total, 157 Aboriginal children who were recruited to the "Gudaga" longitudinal birth cohort participated in this study...
April 2018: Health Promotion Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698139/early-childhood-caries-and-risk-factors-in-vietnam
#9
Yen Hoang Thi Nguyen, Masayuki Ueno, Takashi Zaitsu, Toai Nguyen, Yoko Kawaguchi
OBJECTIVE: To investigate caries prevalence and examine its relationship with socioeconomic status and oral health behavior of Vietnamese kindergarten children. STUDY DESIGN: The study was carried out on 1,028 children aged 2-5 years in six kindergartens in Thua Thien Hue province, Vietnam. Information about socioeconomics and oral health behaviors was collected through a self-administered questionnaire, and oral health status by clinical dental examination. RESULTS: Clinical dental examination found that overall caries prevalence and mean dmft were 89...
April 26, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698136/oral-health-of-portuguese-children-with-type-1-diabetes-a-multiparametric-evaluation
#10
Ana Sofia Estima da Cunha Coelho, Andreia Silva Carneiro, Vânia Filipa Pereira, Anabela Pereira Paula, Ana Paula Macedo, Eunice Virgínia Palmeirão Carrilho
OBJECTIVE: To perform a multiparametric evaluation of the oral health of 36 children with type 1 diabetes. STUDY DESIGN: A group of type 1 diabetic children and a sex-age-matched control group were formed. Seven parameters were evaluated: probing depth, bleeding on probing, plaque index (O'Laery index), calculus index (according to Ramfjord), dental caries (using ICDAS), salivary pH and unstimulated salivary flow rate. Statistical analysis was performed and the significance level was set at 5%...
April 26, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691837/oral-health-status-associated-with-sociodemographic-factors-of-nepalese-schoolchildren-a-population-based-study
#11
Saujanya Karki, Marja-Liisa Laitala, Manoj Humagain, Marjo Seppänen, Jari Päkkila, Vuokko Anttonen
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the oral health of Nepalese schoolchildren relative to their sociodemographic characteristics. METHODS: This school-based, cross-sectional study was conducted among 5-6-, 12- and 15-year-old Nepalese children in 18 randomly selected districts of the 75 in Nepal. Clinical parameters were recorded according to the World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines. Results were presented as mean (SD) and proportions; the chi-square test, t-test and one way-ANOVA were also performed...
April 25, 2018: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685329/cohort-study-of-hiv-positive-and-negative-methamphetamine-users
#12
Vladimir W Spolsky, Jason Clague, Vivek Shetty
BACKGROUND: The effects of methamphetamine (MA) on caries have been well documented. Little, however, is known about its effects on the periodontium. The authors conducted this study to determine the prevalence and severity of periodontal disease in an urban population of HIV-positive MA users. METHODS: This cross-sectional survey was conducted in one of the most populous urban areas of Los Angeles County, California, beset with high rates of MA use. Participants were recruited by a combination of street outreach methods, referral from drug treatment centers, and word of mouth...
April 20, 2018: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681939/deciphering-possible-association-of-risk-factors-for-dental-caries-in-pakistani-population
#13
Shahida Maqsood, Hasan Baber, Zia Abbas, Javeria Ali Khan, Muznah Khalid
Obesity is a state of abnormal accumulation of fat in adipose tissues of the body to the level that one's health is adversely compromised. Tripathi et al. state (according to WHO) that obesity is now considered the fifth leading cause of mortality in the world. Caries is a multifactorial disease and one of the major oral health issues of the modern era affecting people around the globe. Rise in dental caries has been observed in developing countries as a result of factors including increased intake of carbohydrates...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666713/comprehensive-treatment-of-severe-periodontal-and-periimplant-bone-destruction-caused-by-iatrogenic-factors
#14
Gregor-Georg Zafiropoulos, Andreas Parashis, Taha Abdullah, Evangelos Sotiropoulos, Gordon John
Dental implant success requires placement after periodontal therapy, with adequate bone volume, plaque control, primary stability, control of risk factors, and use of well-designed prostheses. This report describes the surgical and prosthetic management of a patient with severe iatrogenic periodontal/periimplant bone destruction. Methods. A 55-year-old female smoker with fixed partial dentures (FPDs) supported on teeth and implants presented with oral pain, swelling, bleeding, and a 10-year history of multiple implant placements and implants/prosthesis failures/replacements...
2018: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666647/oral-health-of-lipjan-convicts-kosovo-prison-house
#15
Luljeta Zajmi, Agim Begzati, Milaim Sejdini, Nora Berisha, Lumnije Krasniqi
Objectives: The oral health services of the prison population are considered more complex than those of the general population. The aim of this study was to examine the oral health status (the DMFT index and OHI index) and to evaluate the relation between the oral health and risk factors of inmates of this population, thus identifying the dental health status of inmates by gender, age, and the duration of their sentence. Materials and Methods: Our study has included a total number of 150 inmates, of both genders, from Lipjan prison house in Kosovo...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625615/to-fill-or-not-to-fill-a-qualitative-cross-country-study-on-dentists-decisions-in-managing-non-cavitated-proximal-caries-lesions
#16
F Schwendicke, L A Foster Page, L A Smith, M Fontana, W M Thomson, S R Baker
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to identify barriers and enablers for dentists managing non-cavitated proximal caries lesions using non- or micro-invasive (NI/MI) approaches rather than invasive and restorative methods in New Zealand, Germany and the USA. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted, focusing on non-cavitated proximal caries lesions (radiographically confined to enamel or the outer dentine). Twelve dentists from New Zealand, 12 from Germany and 20 from the state of Michigan (USA) were interviewed...
April 6, 2018: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618222/adolescent-sugar-sweetened-beverage-intake-is-associated-with-parent-intake-not-knowledge-of-health-risks
#17
Elizabeth A Lundeen, Sohyun Park, Stephen Onufrak, Solveig Cunningham, Heidi M Blanck
PURPOSE: To examine associations of adolescent sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) intake with parent SSB intake and parent and adolescent knowledge of SSB-related health risks. DESIGN: Quantitative, cross-sectional. SETTING: 2014 SummerStyles survey. SUBJECTS: Nine hundred and ninety parent and adolescent (12-17 years) pairs. MEASURES: The outcome was self-reported adolescent intake (0, >0 to <1, or ≥1 time/day) of SSBs (soda, fruit drinks, sports/energy drinks, other SSBs)...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603696/dentition-status-and-treatment-needs-among-women-involved-in-sex-work-as-a-profession-in-the-red-light-district-of-pune-maharashtra-india-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Shrikanth Muralidharan, Arun K Acharya, Tejaswi Sevekari, Shanthi Margabandhu, Divya Rupawat, Rehan Khan, Mandakini Desale
INTRODUCTION: The overall rehabilitation of women in sex work is unfortunately limited most of the time only to moving them to another profession, but it should be focused on including health as an important factor. Factors that restrict regular dental care include misconceptions, dental fear and expense of dental care, unpleasant dental experiences, and socioeconomic factors, but such a direct correlation cannot be made in the case of such women. Until now, no study has been conducted related to the complete dentition status and treatment needs of women in sex work...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569447/association-between-salivary-cortisol-level-and-caries-in-early-childhood
#19
S Caruso, R Gatto, B Cinque, M G Cifone, A Mattei
AIM: The present study aimed to evaluate the association between caries and oral health status, age, salivary cortisol levels, and parental education in children with and without prior dental caries experience. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An observational case-control study was performed including 122 children aged between 3 and 6 years who were clinically examined for caries experience using the sum of decayed, missing, and filled teeth in the primary (dmft index) and permanent (DMFT index) dentition...
March 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563431/weight-status-and-dental-problems-in-early-childhood-classification-tree-analysis-of-a-national-cohort
#20
Michael Crowe, Michael O' Sullivan, Oscar Cassetti, Aifric O' Sullivan
A poor quality diet may be a common risk factor for both obesity and dental problems such as caries. The aim of this paper is to use classification tree analysis (CTA) to identify predictors of dental problems in a nationally representative cohort of Irish pre-school children. CTA was used to classify variables and describe interactions between multiple variables including socio-demographics, dietary intake, health-related behaviour, body mass index (BMI) and a dental problem. Data were derived from the second (2010/2011) wave of the 'Growing Up in Ireland' study (GUI) infant cohort at 3 years, n = 9793...
August 31, 2017: Dentistry journal
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