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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109965/estimating-the-carbohydrate-content-of-various-forms-of-tobacco-by-phenol-sulfuric-acid-method
#1
Vardhaman Mulchand Jain, Gundabaktha Nagappa Karibasappa, Arun Suresh Dodamani, Gaurao Vasant Mali
BACKGROUND: Due to consumption of various forms of tobacco in large amounts by Indian population, it has become a cause of concern for major oral diseases. In 2008, the WHO named tobacco as the world's single greatest cause of preventable death. It is also known that certain amount of carbohydrates are incorporated in processed tobacco to make it acceptable for consumption. Thus, its role in oral diseases becomes an important question at this point of time. Through this study, it is attempted to find out the carbohydrate content of various forms of tobacco by phenol-sulfuric acid method...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108500/breastfeeding-and-oral-health-evidence-and-methodological-challenges
#2
K G Peres, B W Chaffee, C A Feldens, C Flores-Mir, P Moynihan, A Rugg-Gunn
Breastfeeding is a powerful health-promoting behavior. A 2016 Lancet global collaboration to review the health implications of breastfeeding was among the first to consider oral health outcomes. While a role was suggested for breastfeeding in preventing malocclusion, caries was the only included disease condition unfavorably associated with breastfeeding. The present critical review examines the evidence connecting breastfeeding practices to these outcomes and discusses the methodological challenges inherent in reaching causal conclusions...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099514/clinical-inquiries-what-is-the-optimal-frequency-for-dental-checkups-for-children-and-adults
#3
Thomas W Hahn, Connie Kraus, Christopher Hooper-Lane
IT IS UNCLEAR, but studies suggest that it should be based largely on individual risk. The American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry recommends a 6-month interval for preventive dental visits (strength of recommendation [SOR]: C, expert opinion), but a 24-month interval does not result in an increased incidence of dental caries in healthy children and young adults or increased incidence of gingivitis in healthy adults (SOR: B, a single randomized controlled trial [RCT]). In adults with risk factors (eg, smoking or diabetes), visits at 6-month intervals are associated with a lower incidence of tooth loss (SOR: C, a retrospective cohort study)...
November 2017: Journal of Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083027/a-longitudinal-study-of-the-relationship-between-dental-caries-and-obesity-in-late-childhood-and-adolescence
#4
Emma Patricia Hall-Scullin, Hilary Whitehead, Helen Rushton, Keith Milsom, Martin Tickle
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether caries experience in late childhood (aged 7-9 years) was predictive of adolescent obesity (ages 12-16 years) to inform the use of a common risk factor approach (CRFA) for prevention. METHODS: A cohort study was conducted in an area of North West England. Clinical assessment of caries took place using the same methodology at ages 7-9 years and 12-16 years. Body mass index (BMI) category was calculated from height and weight measurements using age and gender specific cut-offs at 12-16 years only...
October 30, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075418/association-between-prenatal-maternal-cigarette-smoking-and-early-childhood-caries-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Sergio-Varela Kellesarian, Vanessa-Ros Malignaggi, Paula de Freitas, Hameeda-Bashir Ahmed, Fawad Javed
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to assess the relationship between prenatal maternal cigarette smoking (PMCS) and early childhood caries (ECC) through a systematic review of currently available scientific evidence. MATERIAL AND METHODS: To address the focused question: "Is there an association between PMCS and ECC?" an electronic literature search without time or language restrictions was conducted till May 2017 in indexed databases using various key words including dental caries, pregnancy, smoking, tobacco products and child...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070060/the-relationship-between-childhood-body-weight-and-dental-caries-experience-an-umbrella-systematic-review-protocol
#6
Susan J Carson, Lamis Abuhaloob, Derek Richards, Mark P Hector, Ruth Freeman
BACKGROUND: Obesity and dental caries are global public health problems which can impact in childhood and throughout the life course. In simple terms, childhood dental caries and body weight are linked via the common risk factor of diet. An association between dental caries and obesity has been described in a number of studies and reviews. However, similarly, a relationship has also been noted between low body weight and caries experience in children. This protocol will provide the framework for an umbrella review to address the following question: Does the available evidence support a relationship between dental caries experience and body weight in the child population? METHODS: This review protocol outlines the process to carry out an umbrella systematic review which will synthesise previous reviews of childhood dental caries experience and body weight...
October 25, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068589/chosen-single-nucleotide-polymorphisms-snps-of-enamel-formation-genes-and-dental-caries-in-a-population-of-polish-children
#7
Karolina Gerreth, Katarzyna Zaorska, Maciej Zabel, Maria Borysewicz-Lewicka, Michał Nowicki
BACKGROUND: It is increasingly emphasized that the influence of a host's factors in the etiology of dental caries are of most interest, particularly those concerned with genetic aspect. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to analyze the genotype and allele frequencies of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in AMELX, AMBN, TUFT1, TFIP11, MMP20 and KLK4 genes and to prove their association with dental caries occurrence in a population of Polish children. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was performed in 96 children (48 individuals with caries - "cases" and 48 free of this disease - "controls"), aged 20-42 months, chosen out of 262 individuals who had dental examination performed and attended 4 day nurseries located in Poznań (Poland)...
September 2017: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067071/caries-risk-assessment-in-school-children-using-reduced-cariogram-model
#8
Muhammad Taqi, Ishak Abdul Razak, Norintan Ab-Murat
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the percentage of children with low, moderate and high caries risk; and to determine the predictors of caries risk amongst 11-12 year old Pakistani school children. METHODS: Subjects' caries risk was assessed using the Cariogram programme. The survey was done among school children in Bhakkar district of Punjab, Pakistan. Caries and plaque level were assessed using the DMFT and Sillnes and Loe indices respectively, while diet content and frequency were assessed using a three-day diet diary...
July 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064800/the-relationship-between-colonization-resistance-of-the-oral-cavity-and-individual-typological-characteristics-of-personality-dental-aspects
#9
Tetiana A Petrushanko, Viktoriia V Chereda, Galina A Loban'
INTRODUCTION: The present article deals with the role of the oral mucosa colonization resistance in the implementation of the influence of individual-typological characteristics of the individual susceptibility to caries and inflammatory periodontal diseases. THE AIM: to study the role of colonization resistance of the oral mucosa in the implementation of the influence of individual-typological characteristics of the individual susceptibility to caries and inflammatory periodontal diseases...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063912/-importance-of-dental-care-to-maintain-oral-health-of-children-and-youth-with-type-1-diabetes
#10
Anna Kuźmiuk, Grażyna Marczuk-Kolada, Elżbieta Łuczaj-Cepowicz, Marta Obidzińska, Ewa Chorzewska, Urszula Wasilczuk, Anna Kierklo, Sławomir Dariusz Szajda
BACKGROUND: Dental care for children and youth with type 1 diabetes should rely on reliable examination of the oral cavity, early treatment of dental caries and maintenance of the treatment results. This can be achieved through regular control visits consistent with the standards, and also through following the recommendations for prevention of dental caries and periodontal disease. The aim of the study was to investigate whether dental care allows to preserve good oral health of children and youth with type 1 diabetes...
October 24, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063383/risk-factors-associated-with-new-caries-lesions-in-permanent-first-molars-in-children-a-5-year-historical-cohort-follow-up-study
#11
Carmen Llena, Elena Calabuig
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to analyze the factors associated with the occurrence of caries in the permanent teeth (PT) and in the permanent first molar (PFM) 5 years after their eruption. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Children born in 2005 and enrolled in a community dental program were included. The inclusion criteria were: age 10 years in 2015; the availability of clinical dental history (CDH) data from before eruption of the PT and a follow-up period of 5 years after eruption of the PT...
October 23, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057853/dental-caries-and-related-risk-factors-in-saudi-cerebral-palsy-children
#12
Amjad H Wyne, Nouf S Al-Hammad, Christian H Splieth
OBJECTIVE: To determine caries experience and related risk factors in cerebral palsy (CP) children. METHODS: Random sample of CP children was examined for dental caries and oral hygiene. Questionnaire was utilized for information about caries risk factors. This cross-sectional study was conducted in Riyadh from December 2014 to May 2015. RESULTS: Fifty-two CP children were examined with mean age of 6.3+/-2.7 years. Only one (1.9%) child out of the 52 had no clinical caries...
October 2017: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046025/-asthma-associated-oral-and-dental-health-repercussions-in-children-aged-6-to-12-years
#13
Juana Angélica Ramos-Ríos, Esperanza Ramírez-Hernández, Eliza Mireya Vázquez-Rodríguez, Francisco Vázquez-Nava
BACKGROUND: Asthma, which is characterized by mouth breathing and by the use of drugs for its treatment, affects between 1 and 30% of children and adolescents. There are only few studies reporting its impact on the oral cavity. OBJECTIVE: To find out the most common asthma-associated repercussions in 6 to 12-year-old children. METHODS: Cross-sectional, comparative, analytical study carried out in 2 primary schools from Coclique, Veracruz, Mexico, in 6 to 12-year-old children...
July 2017: Revista Alergia Mexico: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Mexicana de Alergia e Inmunología, A.C
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039225/toxicological-impact-of-waterpipe-smoking-and-flavorings-in-the-oral-cavity-and-respiratory-system
#14
Fawad Javed, Shatha Subhi ALHarthi, Munerah Saleh BinShabaib, Sangeeta Gajendra, Georgios E Romanos, Irfan Rahman
Waterpipe smoking (WS), an emerging trend has major health concerns. It is prevalent worldwide as a recreational activity both indoors and outdoors. The aim of this review was to assess the impact of waterpipe smoke on the oral and respiratory system (oral cavity and pulmonary tissues). A number of studies have shown that periodontal health status is compromised in waterpipe smokers when compared with nonsmokers. Some studies have associated WS with oral premalignant and malignant lesions; however, due to the poor quality of these studies, the presented outcomes should be interpreted with caution...
August 2017: Inhalation Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023745/prevention-of-tooth-loss-and-dental-pain-for-reducing-the-global-burden-of-oral-diseases
#15
Susan Hyde, Veronique Dupuis, Boipelo P Mariri, Sophie Dartevelle
Population ageing is a global phenomenon and is predicted to become one of the most significant social transformations of the 21st century. The anticipated demographic shift provides governments the opportunity to proactively align policies with the estimated demands for housing, transportation, social protection, and health and well-being. Oral health is a fundamental component of health and physical and mental well-being, and is influenced by the individual's changing experience, perceptions, expectations and ability to adapt to circumstances...
September 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023740/surveillance-and-monitoring-of-oral-health-in-elderly-people
#16
Hideo Miyazaki, Judith A Jones, Eugenio D Beltrán-Aguilar
Continued ageing of the global population is expected to pose significant challenges to maintaining optimum lifelong health in individuals and populations. Oral health is an essential element of general health and quality of life throughout an individual's life course, yet it is often neglected in integrated approaches to general health promotion. Surveillance and monitoring systems are essential for developing oral health policy and strategy at both national and community levels. As major oral diseases, dental caries and periodontal diseases are core indicators for surveillance at every stage of life...
September 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994462/limitations-of-fluoridation-effectiveness-studies-lessons-from-alberta-canada
#17
Christopher Neurath, James S Beck, Hardy Limeback, W Gary Sprules, Michael Connett, Bill Osmunson, Donald R Davis
A paper published in this journal, "Measuring the short-term impact of fluoridation cessation on dental caries in Grade 2 children using tooth surface indices," by McLaren et al had shortcomings in study design and interpretation of results, and did not include important pertinent data. Its pre-post cross-sectional design relied on comparison of decay rates in two cities: Calgary, which ceased fluoridation, and Edmonton, which maintained fluoridation. Dental health surveys conducted in both cities about 6...
October 10, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989126/risk-factors-and-treatment-needs-among-orphan-school-children
#18
Malleedi Shanthi, E V Soma Sekhar Goud, G Padmanabha Kumar, Jagdeesh P Rajguru, Subramaniam Ratnasothy, Kranti Kr Ealla
AIM: The aim of the study was to identify risk factors and treatment needs of orphan children of Selangor, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Ob ectives: (1) To identify the association between the frequency of snacking and caries among orphan schoolchildren, (2) To assess Streptococcus mutans and Lactobacilli (microbiological assessment) in saliva of orphan children, and (3) To formulate treatment needs for orphan children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was done among 253 children of 5-, 12-, and 15-year-olds living in various orphanage houses of Selangor, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984068/dental-visiting-behaviours-among-primary-schoolchildren-application-of-the-health-belief-model
#19
C-Y Lee, C-C Ting, J-H Wu, K-T Lee, H-S Chen, Y-Y Chang
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to develop and validate a new instrument based on the health belief model and to use the instrument to investigate the determinants of regular dental attendance among primary schoolchildren. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted using a newly developed measurement scale based on the HBM, 4 health-promoting schools participated in the study and 958 students studying in grades 4-6 completed the questionnaire. The psychometric properties of the instrument were analysed, and a path analysis model was used to identify the determinants of regular dental attendance...
October 6, 2017: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947694/-oral-cancer-diagnosis-and-therapy
#20
Takahiko Shibahara
Oral cancer is a malignant neoplasm that occurs in the oral cavity. Squamous cell carcinoma accounts for over 90%of the oral cancers, and others include adenocarcinoma derived from minor salivary gland, sarcoma, malignant lymphoma and metastatic cancer. The number of oral cancer patients in Japan is about 3-times higher than the current number. Age-adjusted male-to-female ratio is 3:2, which is higher in males than in females. Of oral cancers, tongue carcinomas accounts is the most common and accounts for 40%of oral cancers...
2017: Clinical Calcium
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