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risk factor of dental caries

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209191/knowledge-of-caries-risk-factors-indicators-among-japanese-and-irish-adult-patients-with-different-socio-economic-profiles-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Makiko Nishi, Máiréad Harding, Virginia Kelleher, Helen Whelton, Finbarr Allen
BACKGROUND: A previous study has shown deficient knowledge of caries risk factors/indicators in a Japanese adult population regarded to have a high interest in preventive dentistry. No prior research has investigated caries risk knowledge in an Irish adult population. We hypothesise there may be unexpected differences or similarities in knowledge across countries with similar levels of economic development when comparing groups with different socio-economic and cultural profiles. Understanding what influences knowledge is important for the development of effective and efficient caries prevention strategies...
February 16, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127315/relationship-between-different-types-and-forms-of-anti-asthmatic-medications-and-dental-caries-in-three-to-12-year-olds
#2
Alireza Heidari, Bahman Seraj, Mahdi Shahrabi, Hamideh Maghsoodi, Mohammad Javad Kharazifard, Tara Zarabian
OBJECTIVES: Asthma is a common chronic disease. Asthma and anti-asthmatic medications have been suggested as risk factors for increased susceptibility to caries. This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of different types and forms of antihistaminic medications and the duration of drug consumption on the severity of dental caries in asthmatic children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Asthma and Allergy Department of Children's Medical Center in Tehran, Iran...
August 2016: Journal of Dentistry of Tehran University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071620/squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-oral-cavity-and-oropharynx-in-patients-aged-18-45-years-a-case-control-study-to-evaluate-the-risk-factors-with-emphasis-on-stress-diet-oral-hygiene-and-family-history
#3
K P Dholam, G C Chouksey
BACKGROUND: Increasing incidence of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the oral cavity and oropharynx is reported in young adults. However, there is a paucity regarding etiology and risk factors. AIM: To evaluate the exposure potential carcinogenic factors among a sample aged 45 years and younger, diagnosed with SCC of the oral cavity and oropharynx. METHODOLOGY: Eighty-five case samples aged 18-45 years, diagnosed with SCC of the oral cavity and oropharynx were compared with 85 controls who had never had cancer, matched for age and sex...
April 2016: Indian Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050981/intricate-evaluation-of-association-between-dental-caries-and-obesity-among-the-children-in-al-kharj-city-saudi-arabia
#4
Mohammed As Abu El Qomsan, Mohammed N Alasqah, Fahad A Alqahtani, Mohammed Aa Alobaydaa, Muteb M Alharbi, Zaheer Kola
INTRODUCTION: Dental caries and obesity are two of the most prevalent health conditions affecting children. Relative decrease in corporeal movements, escalating inactive lifestyles, and changes in dietary factors are strongly linked with the increasing incidence of overweight and obesity. Furthermore, obesity increases the risk of chronic disease and dental caries that significantly affects the quality of life of young children. The present study intends to explore the relationship between dental caries and obesity in children in Al-Kharj city, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025807/risk-factors-and-prevalence-of-dental-fluorosis-and-dental-caries-in-school-children-of-north-india
#5
Kavita Plaka, Khaiwal Ravindra, Suman Mor, Krishan Gauba
The aim of the study was to assess the prevalence of dental fluorosis, dental caries, and associated risk factors in the school children of district Fatehgarh Sahib, Punjab, India, using a cross-sectional study design. Oral health status of children aged between 8 and 15 years was assessed using World Health Organization (WHO) 2013 criteria. Dental fluorosis was assessed using Dean's index, and dental caries were recorded using decayed, missing, filled/decayed, extracted, filled (DMF/def) indices. Four hundred school children were examined, of which 207 were in the 8-11-year-old group and 193 were in the 12-15-year-old group...
January 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013297/weight-status-is-associated-with-blood-pressure-vital-capacity-dental-decay-and-visual-acuity-among-school-age-children-in-chengdu-china
#6
Rong Peng, Shiyun Li, Hongbin Zhang, Honglian Zeng, Biyu Jiang, Yu Liu, Xiangming Yi, Mengjing Xu, Li Zhu, Zhaohui Zhang
AIMS: To examine the association of weight status with the prevalence of blood pressure (BP), vital capacity, dental decay, and visual acuity among school-age children in Chengdu, China and to find the potential role of weight status to predict the common and frequently occurring diseases among school-age children. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 12,297 children aged 6-18 years from 10 schools in the Jinniu District of Chengdu, China. Body height, weight, waist circumference (WC), and BP were measured...
2016: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992873/mmp20-rs1784418-protects-certain-populations-against-caries
#7
Arnôldo V A Filho, Merilene S Calixto, Kathleen Deeley, Neide Santos, Aronita Rosenblatt, Alexandre R Vieira
This work aimed to further evaluate the association of MMP20 rs1784418 C>T and dental caries experience with the hypothesis that MMP20 rs1784418 C>T is a risk factor for dental caries. 184 children 4-7 years of age had their caries experience determined and buccal cheek swabs collected for DNA extraction to test for association with the MMP20 rs1784418 C>T using standard statistical approaches. A meta-analytic approach was also implemented to compile previous discrepant reports of the same association...
December 20, 2016: Caries Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976596/influence-of-non-impacted-third-molars-on-the-pathologies-of-adjacent-second-molars-a-retrospective-study
#8
Zhi-Bang Li, Hong-Lei Qu, Li-Na Zhou, Bei-Min Tian, Fa-Ming Chen
BACKGROUND: Although the removal of impacted third molars (I-M3s) is common in dental clinics, the decision to retain or remove asymptomatic non-impacted third molars (N-M3s) presents a significant challenge. This study investigated the influence of N-M3s on the pathologies of the adjacent second molars (A-M2s). METHODS: The clinical status of M3s was evaluated, and the presence of distal caries, the external root resorption (ERR) and the alveolar bone loss of A-M2s were assessed by orthopantomograms (OPGs)...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957268/evaluation-of-mineral-content-in-healthy-permanent-human-enamel-by-raman-spectroscopy
#9
Anna Akkus, Asya Akkus, Renato Roperto, Ozan Akkus, Thiago Porto, Sorin Teich, Lisa Lang
BACKGROUND: An understanding of tooth enamel mineral content using a clinically viable method is essential since variations in mineralization may serve as an early precursor of a dental health issues, and may predict progression and architecture of decay in addition to assessing the success and effectiveness of the remineralization strategies. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty two human incisor teeth were obtained in compliance with the NIH guidelines and site specifically imaged with Raman microscope...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935024/risk-factors-for-dental-caries-among-children-with-cerebral-palsy-in-a-low-resource-setting
#10
Rahena Akhter, Nur Mohammad Monsur Hassan, Elizabeth F Martin, Mohammad Muhit, Raziur Rahman, Hayley Smithers-Sheedy, Cheryl Jones, Nadia Badawi, Gulam Khandaker
AIM: To describe the oral health status and investigate factors affecting dental caries experience among children with cerebral palsy (CP) in rural Bangladesh. METHOD: A cross-sectional study was conducted among children with CP who are part of the Bangladesh Cerebral Palsy Register (BCPR) study. Caries experience was measured by identifying decayed, missing, and filled teeth for deciduous and permanent teeth (dmft/DMFT). Clinical periodontal index, body mass index, oral hygiene behaviour, masticatory ability, and dietary habits were recorded...
December 9, 2016: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921373/association-between-the-prevalence-of-dental-caries-in-children-and-factors-related-to-their-mothers
#11
B-M Shin, D-Y Park
OBJECTIVES: We assessed the association between the socio-economic, behavioural, psychological and oral health status factors of Korean mothers with the status of dental caries in their children using nationwide representative data from the Fourth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. METHODS: Children were categorized into child (CG, 6-11 years) and adolescent (AG, 12-18 years) groups. Responses from both the child and his/her mother were included in the analysis...
December 6, 2016: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920981/infective-endocarditis-and-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome-diagnosed-simultaneously
#12
Fujiko Morita, Yuji Hirai, Kiyozumi Suzuki, Yuki Uehara, Kazunori Mitsuhashi, Atsushi Amano, Toshio Naito
Poor dentition and/or dental infection due to insufficient oral care are presumed to be risk factors for infective endocarditis (IE). We present a case of endocarditis caused by Granulicatella adiacens and Sjögren's syndrome (SS) with oral complications diagnosed simultaneously. A 67-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital with fever, general fatigue, arthralgia, and back pain. She was diagnosed with primary SS according to the criteria of the American-European Consensus Group. Transthoracic echocardiography carried out to examine her persistent fever revealed vegetation formation (14 × 5 mm) on the aortic valve and her blood cultures were positive for G...
2017: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891303/constructing-public-health-policies-in-post-crisis-countries-lessons-to-learn-from-the-associations-between-free-sugars-consumption-and-diabetes-obesity-and-dental-caries-before-during-and-after-sanctions-in-iraq
#13
E Joury, R Al-Kaabi, Anwar R Tappuni
BACKGROUND: This article aims to provide evidence for an informed public health policy on free-sugar consumption in post-crisis countries. METHODS: Iraq was selected as a case study. A systematic search for published data on the prevalence/incidence of type-2 diabetes, overweight/obesity, dental caries and free-sugar consumption levels in Iraq was conducted using MEDLINE, the Iraqi Academic Scientific journals and relevant international organisations' websites. Comparable data before (1980-1990), during (1991-2002) and after (2003-2015) the United Nations sanctions (UNS) were included...
2016: Zeitschrift Für Gesundheitswissenschaften, Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886383/permanent-tooth-loss-and-sugar-sweetened-beverage-intake-in-u-s-young-adults
#14
Sunkyung Kim, Sohyun Park, Mei Lin
OBJECTIVE: In young adults, sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) intake is associated with dental caries, which in turn is a major contributor to tooth loss. The independent role of SSB intake on tooth loss, however, has not been well-described. This cross-sectional study examined associations between tooth loss and SSB intake among U.S. young adults. METHODS: The outcome was number of permanent teeth lost because of dental caries or periodontal disease (0, 1-5, ≥6 teeth)...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882508/regional-early-development-and-eruption-of-permanent-teeth-case-report
#15
A M Al Mullahi, A Bakathir, S Al Jahdhami
BACKGROUND: Early development and eruption of permanent teeth are rarely reported in scientific literature. Early eruption of permanent teeth has been reported to occur due to local factors such as trauma or dental abscesses in primary teeth, and in systemic conditions. Congenital diffuse infiltrating facial lipomatosis (CDIFL) is a rare condition that belongs to a group of lipomatosis tumours. In this disorder, the mature adipocytes invade adjacent soft and hard tissues in the facial region...
November 23, 2016: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880790/integrating-maternal-and-children-s-oral-health-promotion-into-nursing-and-midwifery-practice-a-systematic-review
#16
Reham Abou El Fadl, Mitch Blair, Sondus Hassounah
BACKGROUND: Globally, oral diseases contribute to major disease problems and oral health disparities persistently exist amongst vulnerable population groups. Two contributory factors to these challenges are the shortage of dental practitioners and the characteristic separation between the medical and dental professions. Nurses and midwives, in particular, are in a potentially excellent position to assist in basic oral health services such as dental health education and intraoral screening...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866358/anemia-and-dental-caries-in-pregnant-women-a-prospective-cohort-study
#17
Elisa Miranda Costa, Juliana A P Azevedo, Rafiza F M Martins, Cláudia M C Alves, Cecília C C Ribeiro, Erika B A F Thomaz
The objective was to evaluate the effect of anemia during pregnancy on the risk of dental caries development in pregnant women. A prospective cohort including a sample of pregnant women in a prenatal care unit of São Luís, Brazil, was done. The incidence of dental caries during pregnancy, according to Nyvad's criteria, was the outcome. The main independent variables were serum iron, ferritin, hemoglobin, erythrocyte, hematocrit, mean corpuscular volume (MCV), mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH), mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC), and red cell distribution width (RDW)...
November 19, 2016: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862171/prognostic-factors-of-single-visit-endodontic-and-restorative-treatment-under-general-anaesthesia-for-special-needs-patients
#18
J Chang, H-Y Kim
The aim of this study was to evaluate the longevity of teeth with single-visit endodontic and restorative treatment under general anaesthesia (GA) for special needs patients and to investigate factors associated with survival and success. Data were collected from 381 teeth in 203 patients [mean (s.d.) age = 27·0 (14·1)]. All endodontic and restorative procedures were performed during a single GA session except for cementation of crowns in the cases requiring crown restoration (38%). A total of 267 teeth (70·6%) were followed-up for 6-81 months [mean (s...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846621/unstimulated-saliva-related-caries-risk-factors-in-individuals-with-cystic-fibrosis-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-unstimulated-salivary-flow-ph-and-buffering-capacity
#19
Alaa A Alkhateeb, Lloyd A Mancl, Richard B Presland, Marilynn L Rothen, Donald L Chi
Salivary flow rate, pH, and buffering capacity are associated with dental caries, but studies from the cystic fibrosis (CF) literature are inconclusive regarding these salivary factors and caries. The aim of this study was to evaluate these factors and their associations with dental caries in individuals with CF. Unstimulated whole saliva was collected from individuals aged 6-20 years at Seattle Children's Hospital CF Clinic, USA (n = 83). Salivary flow rate was measured in milliliters per minute. Salivary pH was assessed using a laboratory pH meter...
November 16, 2016: Caries Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843258/prevalence-of-early-childhood-caries-in-children-of-west-godavari-district-andhra-pradesh-south-india-an-epidemiological-study
#20
Srikanth Koya, K S Ravichandra, Vasa A Arunkumar, Suzan Sahana, H M Pushpalatha
AIM: To determine the prevalence of early childhood caries (ECC) and its risk factors in children of West Godavari district, Andhra Pradesh. STUDY DESIGN: A sample of 1,897 children between 24 and 71 months of age based on stratified cluster random sampling were clinically examined for dental caries using mouth mirror under day light. The parents/caregivers of each child were interviewed with a structured questionnaire. Data was analyzed using independent sample Student's t-test and chi-square test...
July 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
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