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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352193/degree-of-severity-of-molar-incisor-hypomineralization-and-its-relation-to-dental-caries
#1
A Negre-Barber, J M Montiel-Company, M Catalá-Pizarro, J M Almerich-Silla
Molar incisor hypomineralization is a developmental defect of dental enamel associated with rapid caries progression. In order to discover whether molar incisor hypomineralization predisposes to dental caries, a cross-sectional cohort study was conducted in a sample of 414 children aged between eight and nine years. It was found that 24.2% of the children presented molar incisor hypomineralization. Of these, 72% had a mild form and 28% a severe form. Caries prevalence was greater among the children with severe form (60...
January 19, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322499/effect-of-body-weight-and-behavioural-factors-on-caries-severity-in-mexican-rural-and-urban-adolescents
#2
Cynthia Lara-Capi, Maria Grazia Cagetti, Fabio Cocco, Peter Lingström, Franklin García-Godoy, Guglielmo Campus
OBJECTIVES: To investigate if, in Mexican adolescents, body weight and caries severity are associated, and if this association differs between rural and urban populations. METHODS: Adolescents from the rural area of Tepancan and the city of Veracruz were enrolled. Caries was recorded using the International Caries Detection and Assessment System and the body mass index (BMI) was calculated. Oral habits (toothbrushing, flossing, dental check-ups) and dietary patterns (sweets intake) were assessed...
January 11, 2018: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321070/the-effect-of-methamphetamine-abuse-on-dental-caries-and-periodontal-diseases-in-an-eastern-china-city
#3
Tao Ye, Dongliang Sun, Guangying Dong, Guangjie Xu, Ligang Wang, Jinjin Du, Pengcheng Ren, Shibin Yu
BACKGROUND: Dental diseases are among the most frequently reported health problems in drug abusers. However, few studies have been conducted on oral health of methamphetamine (meth) abusers in China. The aim of the present study was to investigate the caries and periodontal health profile of former meth abusers in Eastern China. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 162 former meth abusers in the male Zhoushan Compulsory Detoxification Center. A standardized questionnaire, which collected information about age, drug-use duration / pattern, oral hygiene habit and systemic diseases, was administered...
January 10, 2018: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304473/bariatric-surgery-as-a-risk-factor-in-the-development-of-dental-caries-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
A O Salgado-Peralvo, M V Mateos-Moreno, L Arriba-Fuente, Á García-Sánchez, A Salgado-García, V Peralvo-García, M Millán-Yanes
OBJECTIVES: Obesity is one of the most prevalent chronic pathologies in the world and has become a public health problem. At the present time, bariatric surgery (BS) is considered the best option and the only effective method of treatment, but it can occasionally result in a series of alterations at the oral level. This study aims to review the current literature to establish the possible association of patients who have undergone BS and a greater risk of dental caries. STUDY DESIGN: This study is a systematic review of the literature...
January 2, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301577/ethnic-disparities-in-children-s-oral-health-findings-from-a-population-based-survey-of-grade-1-and-2-schoolchildren-in-alberta-canada
#5
Congshi Shi, Peter Faris, Deborah A McNeil, Steven Patterson, Melissa L Potestio, Salima Thawer, Lindsay McLaren
BACKGROUND: Although oral health has improved remarkably in recent decades, not all populations have benefited equally. Ethnic identity, and in particular visible minority status, has been identified as an important risk factor for poor oral health. Canadian research on ethnic disparities in oral health is extremely limited. The aim of this study was to examine ethnic disparities in oral health outcomes and to assess the extent to which ethnic disparities could be accounted for by demographic, socioeconomic and caries-related behavioral factors, among a population-based sample of grade 1 and 2 schoolchildren (age range: 5-8 years) in Alberta, Canada...
January 4, 2018: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297562/are-maternal-factors-predictors-for-early-childhood-caries-results-from-a-cohort-in-southern-brazil
#6
Gabriela Dos Santos Pinto, Marina Sousa Azevedo, Marília Leão Goettems, Marcos Britto Correa, Ricardo Tavares Pinheiro, Flávio Fernando Demarco
This study aimed to determine the influence of maternal factors on the early development of dental caries in Brazilian preschoolers. This cross-sectional study was nested in a cohort of adolescent mothers. The current wave was performed when the children were aged 24 to 42 months. The questionnaire-based survey targeted adolescent mothers and included demographic and socioeconomic variables as well as the maternal education level. In addition, clinical examinations were performed on the mothers and their children...
May 2017: Brazilian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275171/a-retrospective-clinical-study-on-the-longevity-of-posterior-class-ii-cast-gold-inlays-onlays
#7
A Mulic, G Svendsen, S E Kopperud
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the longevity and reasons for failure of posterior cast Class II gold inlays and onlays among a group of Norwegian adults. The term inlay was used for both inlays and onlays. METHODS: A cohort of 138 patients regularly attending a general practice for check-up were examined in 2016. The patients had a total of 391 posterior gold inlays placed in the period 1970-2015. The inlays were categorized as successful, repaired or failed. Reasons for failure were classified as either "secondary caries", "fractures", "lost inlay" or "other"...
December 21, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234121/in-silico-modelling-to-differentiate-the-contribution-of-sugar-frequency-versus-total-amount-in-driving-biofilm-dysbiosis-in-dental-caries
#8
David Head, Deirdre A Devine, P D Marsh
Dental caries is the most prevalent infection globally and a substantial economic burden in developed countries. Dietary sugars are the main risk factor, and drive increased proportions of acid-producing and acid-tolerating (aciduric) bacterial species within dental biofilms. Recent longitudinal studies have suggested that caries is most strongly correlated with total sugar intake, contrasting with the prevailing view that intake frequency is the primary determinant. To explore this possibility, we employed a computational model for supragingival plaque to systematically sample combinations of sugar frequency and total amount, allowing their independent contributions on the ratio of aciduric (i...
December 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232677/presence-of-initial-caries-lesions-as-a-risk-factor-for-caries-in-preschool-children-a-cohort-study
#9
Renata S Guedes, Chaiana Piovesan, Thiago M Ardenghi, Bruno Emmanuelli, Mariana M Braga, Fausto M Mendes
The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of initial noncavitated caries lesions on cavitated caries increment in preschool children. A 2-year cohort study was designed to include the participants of a survey on dental caries performed in 2010. Preschool children (12-59 months old) were examined for dental caries and classified as children with no caries lesions, with only initial lesions, with at least 1 moderate caries lesion, and with extensive lesions. Socioeconomic data were also collected. After 2 years, 466 children were re-examined (follow-up rate of 72...
December 13, 2017: Caries Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224001/dental-caries-and-developmental-defects-of-enamel-in-the-primary-dentition-of-preterm-infants-case-control-observational-study
#10
Ina Manuela Schüler, Stefanie Haberstroh, Kristin Dawczynski, Thomas Lehmann, Roswitha Heinrich-Weltzien
AIM: Assessment of dental health in the primary dentition of preterm infants (PTI) including investigation of mother- and infant-related risk factors in a case-control study design. MATERIAL AND METHODS: One hundred twenty-eight infants aged 3-4 years were included. Sixty-four PTI (27 males) were randomly selected from the preterm registry of the Jena University Hospital. As a control group served 64 full-term infants (FTI) recruited from the Department of Paediatric Dentistry, matched for age and sex...
December 9, 2017: Caries Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211203/risk-factors-for-caries-free-time-longitudinal-study-in-early-childhood
#11
Maria Beatriz Barreto de Sousa Cabral, Eduardo Luiz Andrade Mota, Maria Cristina Teixeira Cangussu, Maria Isabel Pereira Vianna, Fabiana Raynal Floriano
OBJECTIVE: To estimate time in days from the beginning of follow-up up to the development of dental caries in children under 30 months and to assess risk factors potentially affecting the development of the disease. METHODS: The study population of the cohort study were children attending public, private, and charitable day care centers in Salvador, Northeastern Brazil, followed up for fourteen months. We used the multivariate Cox regression to estimate risk and Kaplan-Meier method to estimate the caries-free time...
December 4, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191562/genetic-and-lifestyle-dependent-dental-caries-defined-by-the-acidic-proline-rich-protein-genes-prh1-and-prh2
#12
Nicklas Strömberg, Anders Esberg, Nongfei Sheng, Lena Mårell, Anna Löfgren-Burström, Karin Danielsson, Carina Källestål
Dental caries is a chronic infectious disease that affects billions of people with large individual differences in activity. We investigated whether PRH1 and PRH2 polymorphisms in saliva acidic proline-rich protein (PRP) receptors for indigenous bacteria match and predict individual differences in the development of caries. PRH1 and PRH2 variation and adhesion of indigenous and cariogenic (Streptococcus mutans) model bacteria were measured in 452 12-year-old Swedish children along with traditional risk factors and related to caries at baseline and after 5-years...
November 22, 2017: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185146/lack-of-association-between-enam-gene-polymorphism-and-dental-caries-in-primary-and-permanent-teeth-in-czech-children
#13
Petra Borilova Linhartova, Tereza Deissova, Kristina Musilova, Lenka Zackova, Martina Kukletova, Lubomir Kukla, Lydie Izakovicova Holla
OBJECTIVES: The enamelin gene (ENAM) polymorphism (rs12640848) was recently associated with dental caries in primary teeth in Polish children. The aims of the present study were to prove this association in primary dentition and to find a possible effect of this variant on caries development in permanent dentition in Czech children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study comprised 905 Czech children. Totally, 187 children aged 2-6 years with primary dentition [78 healthy subjects (with decayed/missing/filled teeth, dmft = 0) and 109 patients with early childhood caries (ECC; dmft ≥ 1)] were included in this case-control study...
November 28, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183304/dental-caries-experience-and-determinants-in-young-adults-of-the-northern-state-medical-university-arkhangelsk-north-west-russia-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Sergei N Drachev, Tormod Brenn, Tordis A Trovik
BACKGROUND: Little information exists about the experience of and risk factors for dental caries in young adults in Russia. We investigated dental caries experience and determinants in medical and dental students in North-West Russia. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 442 medical and 309 dental undergraduate students of Russian nationality aged 18-25 years from the Northern State Medical University, Arkhangelsk, Russia. Information on socio-demographic factors and oral health behaviour (regularity of dental visits, frequency of tooth-brushing, using toothpaste with fluoride, and skipping tooth-brushing) was obtained from a structured, self-administered questionnaire...
November 28, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168780/factors-associated-with-dental-caries-in-primary-dentition-in-a-non-fluoridated-rural-community-of-new-south-wales-australia
#15
Amit Arora, Narendar Manohar, James Rufus John
Dental caries persists as one of the most prevalent chronic diseases among children worldwide. This study aims to determine factors that influence dental caries in primary dentition among primary school children residing in the rural non-fluoridated community of Lithgow, New South Wales, Australia. A total of 495 children aged 5-10 years old from all the six primary schools in Lithgow were approached to participate in a cross-sectional survey prior to implementation of water fluoridation in 2014. Following parental consent, children were clinically examined for caries in their primary teeth, and parents were requested to complete a questionnaire on previous fluoride exposure, diet and relevant socio-demographic characteristics that influence oral health...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163730/association-between-dental-caries-and-body-mass-index-in-schoolchildren-aged-between-14-and-16-years-in-riyadh-saudi-arabia
#16
Ahmed Abdullah Alghamdi, Ahmed Almahdy
Background: Dental caries and obesity are multifactorial diseases that have common risk factors. Studies worldwide reported varied outcomes about the association between dental caries and obesity. There is no published study that investigates this association among schoolchildren in Arabic countries. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between dental caries (DMFT) and body mass index (BMI) for children aged between 14 and 16 years old in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. The role of oral hygiene habits, parent's education, sugar consumption and physical activity in causing both diseases was also evaluated...
December 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109965/estimating-the-carbohydrate-content-of-various-forms-of-tobacco-by-phenol-sulfuric-acid-method
#17
Vardhaman Mulchand Jain, Gundabaktha Nagappa Karibasappa, Arun Suresh Dodamani, Gaurao Vasant Mali
BACKGROUND: Due to consumption of various forms of tobacco in large amounts by Indian population, it has become a cause of concern for major oral diseases. In 2008, the WHO named tobacco as the world's single greatest cause of preventable death. It is also known that certain amount of carbohydrates are incorporated in processed tobacco to make it acceptable for consumption. Thus, its role in oral diseases becomes an important question at this point of time. Through this study, it is attempted to find out the carbohydrate content of various forms of tobacco by phenol-sulfuric acid method...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108500/breastfeeding-and-oral-health-evidence-and-methodological-challenges
#18
K G Peres, B W Chaffee, C A Feldens, C Flores-Mir, P Moynihan, A Rugg-Gunn
Breastfeeding is a powerful health-promoting behavior. A 2016 Lancet global collaboration to review the health implications of breastfeeding was among the first to consider oral health outcomes. While a role was suggested for breastfeeding in preventing malocclusion, caries was the only included disease condition unfavorably associated with breastfeeding. The present critical review examines the evidence connecting breastfeeding practices to these outcomes and discusses the methodological challenges inherent in reaching causal conclusions...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099514/clinical-inquiries-what-is-the-optimal-frequency-for-dental-checkups-for-children-and-adults
#19
Thomas W Hahn, Connie Kraus, Christopher Hooper-Lane
IT IS UNCLEAR, but studies suggest that it should be based largely on individual risk. The American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry recommends a 6-month interval for preventive dental visits (strength of recommendation [SOR]: C, expert opinion), but a 24-month interval does not result in an increased incidence of dental caries in healthy children and young adults or increased incidence of gingivitis in healthy adults (SOR: B, a single randomized controlled trial [RCT]). In adults with risk factors (eg, smoking or diabetes), visits at 6-month intervals are associated with a lower incidence of tooth loss (SOR: C, a retrospective cohort study)...
November 2017: Journal of Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083027/a-longitudinal-study-of-the-relationship-between-dental-caries-and-obesity-in-late-childhood-and-adolescence
#20
Emma Patricia Hall-Scullin, Hilary Whitehead, Helen Rushton, Keith Milsom, Martin Tickle
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether caries experience in late childhood (aged 7-9 years) was predictive of adolescent obesity (ages 12-16 years) to inform the use of a common risk factor approach (CRFA) for prevention. METHODS: A cohort study was conducted in an area of North West England. Clinical assessment of caries took place using the same methodology at ages 7-9 years and 12-16 years. Body mass index (BMI) category was calculated from height and weight measurements using age and gender specific cut-offs at 12-16 years only...
October 30, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
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