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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914067/-drugs-and-dosage-forms-as-risk-factors-for-dental-caries
#1
Petra Bořilová Linhartová, Lydie Izakovičová Hollá
Dental caries is a multifactorial disease which, despite a series of preventive measures, remains the most common infectious disease worldwide. Susceptibility or resistance to caries may be a result of the presence of risk or protective factors, genetic predisposition, inappropriate lifestyle associated with education, behavioural and socioeconomic factors. The aim of this review is to highlight the risks associated with the use of some drugs and dosage forms in relation to the formation and development of dental caries...
2017: Ceská a Slovenská Farmacie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899616/risk-factors-for-dental-problems-recommendations-for-oral-health-in-infancy
#2
REVIEW
Yvonne Wagner, Roswitha Heinrich-Weltzien
Primary care providers, gynaecologists and paediatricians have to be aware of the importance of oral health in infancy and possible consequences for child's development, growth, health and quality of life. Oral diseases, particularly dental caries, developmental defects of the dental tissues and periodontal or orthodontic issues have a complex and interrelated aetiology with common, primarily behavioral based risk factors. A sugar-rich diet is the key risk factor with detrimental consequences for general and oral health, particularly in combination with an insufficient oral hygiene...
September 9, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881480/hypomineralised-second-primary-molars-prevalence-defect-characteristics-and-relationship-with-dental-caries-in-melbourne-preschool-children
#3
M L Owen, A Ghanim, D Elsby, D J Manton
BACKGROUND: Dental caries and enamel defects (DDE) are prevalent amongst children. The presence of DDEs, especially enamel hypomineralisation, may increase caries experience in those at increased caries-risk. The reported prevalence of hypomineralised second primary molars (HSPM) is 2.7% - 21.8%, although the occurrence in Australian children remains unknown. These HSPM represent a potential predictive factor for molar-incisor hypomineralisation (MIH). METHODS: In total, 623 three to five-year-old children from 30 randomly selected kindergartens participated...
September 7, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879344/prognosis-after-treatment-with-multiple-dental-implants-under-general-anesthesia-and-sedation-in-a-cerebral-palsy-patient-with-mental-retardation-a-case-report
#4
Young-Joon Hong, Jung-Bae Dan, Myung-Jin Kim, Hyun Jeong Kim, Kwang-Suk Seo
Cerebral palsy is a non-progressive disorder resulting from central nervous system damage caused by multiple factors. Almost all cerebral palsy patients have a movement disorder that makes dental treatment difficult. Oral hygiene management is difficult and the risks for periodontitis, dental caries and loss of multiple teeth are high. Placement of dental implants for multiple missing teeth in cerebral palsy patients needs multiple rounds of general anesthesia, and the prognosis is poor despite the expense...
June 2017: J Dent Anesth Pain Med
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869092/oral-health-promoting-school-environments-and-dental-caries-in-qu%C3%A3-bec-children
#5
Anu Edasseri, Tracie A Barnett, Khady Kâ, Mélanie Henderson, Belinda Nicolau
INTRODUCTION: Dental caries are highly prevalent among children and have negative health consequences. Their occurrence may depend in part on school-based environmental or policy-related factors, but few researchers have explored this subject. This study aimed to identify oral health promoting school environment types and estimate their relation with 2-year dental caries incidence among Québec children aged 8-10 years. METHODS: This study used data from two visits (completed in 2008 and 2011) of the QUALITY (Québec Adipose Lifestyle Investigation in Youth) cohort, which recruited white children at risk of obesity and their families from Greater Montreal schools...
August 28, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868798/feeding-frequency-in-infancy-and-dental-caries-in-childhood-a-prospective-cohort-study
#6
Carlos Alberto Feldens, Priscila Humbert Rodrigues, Gislaine de Anastácio, Márcia Regina Vítolo, Benjamin W Chaffee
OBJECTIVES: Feeding patterns in infancy are plausible contributors to dental caries later in childhood, yet relatively few cohort studies have examined potential dietary risk factors at this age. This study aimed to investigate the associations between feeding frequency at age 12 months and caries prevalence at age 3 years. METHODS: In this prospective birth cohort of 345 Brazilian children, all foods and drinks consumed at age 12 months, including bottle-use and breastfeeding, were recorded using two 24-hour infant dietary recalls with mothers...
September 3, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865505/-prevalence-of-dental-caries-in-patients-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-treated-with-multiple-insulin-injections-and-that-of-individuals-without-diabetes
#7
Diogo Machado, Ana Coelho, Anabela Paula, Francisco Caramelo, Francisco Carrilho, Luísa Barros, Carla Batista, Miguel Melo, Manuel Marques Ferreira, Eunice Carrilho
INTRODUCTION: In addition to macro and microvascular complications that are associated with the disease, hyperglycaemia is also a risk factor for several oral complications. The aim of this study is to establish a relationship between dental caries in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus treated with multiple insulin injections and that of individuals without diabetes. It is also an aim to characterize the oral hygiene habits of this population. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An observational clinical study of analytical and cross-sectional nature was conducted...
May 31, 2017: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858557/inner-wall-detachment-of-the-spiral-tube-during-extubation-a-case-report
#8
Tomo Morota, Katsuya Endou, Hiroshi Omizo, Setsuo Furuta, Hisashi Miyajima
We report a case of endotracheal tube malfunction, in which the inner surface of the tube peeled off during anesthesia. The patient, a 7-year-old boy, was under general anesthesia for the treatment of multiple dental caries. The damaged tube could have caused respiratory failure, putting the patient's life at risk. We speculate that the use of nitrous oxide was one of the contributing factors to the inner wall detachment. Several additional lessons can be learned from this incident in order to prevent tube-related trouble during an operation...
2017: Anesthesia Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858282/-assessment-of-caries-risk-factors-among-school-age-children-by-comparing-egohid-scores-in-minsk-and-moscow
#9
P A Leus, L P Kiselnikova, T N Terekhova
The aim of the study was to assess the acceptability of the objective and subjective indicators for identification of oral diseases risk factors and the quality of dental care of school-aged children. The study included 200 school children of two age groups (12 and 15-year-old) surveyed in Minsk and Moscow cities using European global system of oral health indicators development (EGOHID). The modified WHO questionnaire was used to study behavioral habits of 15-year-old children. There were significant variations in the most indicators studied in different localities...
2017: Stomatologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853125/placement-and-replacement-rates-of-amalgam-and-composite-restorations-on-posterior-teeth-in-a-military-population
#10
Benjamin D Owen, Peter H Guevara, William Greenwood
OBJECTIVE: Replacement rates of direct dental restorations have been reported to be 37% to 70%, occupying a large proportion of a general dentist's time. Variations in the rate of initial placement and replacement of direct dental restorations may be associated with material placed (amalgam or composite), age, caries risk of the patient, and other factors. The purpose of this research was to clarify where the majority of patient care time is spent as a restorative Army dentist regarding either the initial placement or replacement of failed restorations; and how the location, caries risk, and material used (amalgam or composite) affects replacement rates...
July 2017: U.S. Army Medical Department Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839419/family-related-factors-associated-with-caries-prevalence-in-the-primary-dentition-of-5-6-year-old-children-in-urban-and-rural-areas-of-jabalpur-city
#11
Amrita Pal, Shilpi Gupta, Ashish Rao, Sommyta Kathal, Soumyadip Roy, Swarnam Pandey
AIM: The purpose of this study was to examine the prevalence of dental caries in primary dentition of 5-6-year-old children in urban and rural areas of Jabalpur city. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present cross-sectional study was conducted in the rural and urban areas of Jabalpur city, India. A power analysis was carried out to select a representative sample of 5-6-year-old children (n = 408), 204 from government schools and 204 from private schools. Parents were interviewed using a self-structured questionnaire to collect data with regard to variables under evaluation...
April 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834423/khat-catha-edulis-and-its-oral-health-effects-an-updated-review
#12
REVIEW
Sadeq A Al-Maweri, Saman Warnakulasuriya, Abdulaziz Samran
Khat or qat (Catha edulis) is a plant that grows in East Africa and southern Arabia. The leaves and twigs of this small tree are chewed by several millions of people worldwide for their stimulating amphetamine-like effects. The reported prevalence of khat chewing in Europe and the USA is on the rise, especially with global migration. Long-term khat chewing has several detrimental general and oral health effects. The aim of the present study was to review the current literature regarding khat use and its association with oral and dental diseases, with particular emphasis on its link with oral keratotic white lesions and oral cancer...
August 19, 2017: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832432/elevating-oral-health-interprofessional-practice-among-pediatricians-through-a-statewide-quality-improvement-learning-collaborative
#13
Joni D Nelson, Sharon M Spencer, Christine E Blake, Justin B Moore, Amy B Martin
CONTEXT: Because of persistent effects of early childhood caries and impacts of dental health professional shortages areas, the integration of oral health in primary care settings is a public health priority. In this study, we explored oral health interprofessional practice (OHIP) as an integrative pathway to reduce oral health disparities. OHIP can include performing oral health risk assessments, describing the importance of fluoride in the drinking water, implementing fluoride varnish application, and referring patients to a dental home...
August 21, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800116/maintaining-traditions-a-qualitative-study-of-early-childhood-caries-risk-and-protective-factors-in-an-indigenous-community
#14
Ana Levin, Karen Sokal-Gutierrez, Anita Hargrave, Elizabeth Funsch, Kristin S Hoeft
In lower middle-income economies (LMIE), the nutrition transition from traditional diets to sugary foods and beverages has contributed to widespread early childhood dental caries. This qualitative study explores perceived risk and protective factors, and overall experiences of early childhood nutrition and oral health in indigenous Ecuadorian families participating in a community-based oral health and nutrition intervention. Dental exams of 698 children age 6 months through 6 years determined each child's caries burden...
August 11, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798441/minimal-intervention-management-of-the-older-patient
#15
L J Walsh
With an aging population, dentists need to be aware of the risks which come to their elderly patients from retained teeth and exposed root surfaces. Oral health problems in the later years of life are multifactorial, with lifestyle, plaque and salivary factors remaining paramount. Root surface caries is likely to present a challenge in patients with a strong history of past coronal caries (and who have the attendant lifestyle risk factors) as well as in elderly patients who suddenly develop salivary hypofunction...
August 11, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774943/epidemiological-survey-on-equine-cheek-tooth-infundibular-caries-in-the-united-kingdom
#16
Dewi Borkent, Richard Reardon, Padraic M Dixon
Infundibular caries (IC) is an important equine dental disorder that can cause premature wear, fractures and apical infection of affected maxillary cheek teeth. No accurate prevalence values for IC are available for UK horses. The feeding of high levels of concentrates is believed to increase its prevalence, but no objective information is available on such possible environmental risk factors. The aims of the study were to document the prevalence of IC in UK horses, assess its distribution and severity between infundibulae and teeth in affected horses and examine for potential risk factors for its development...
August 3, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770188/early-childhood-caries-prevalence-risk-factors-and-prevention
#17
REVIEW
Sukumaran Anil, Pradeep S Anand
Early childhood caries (ECC) is major oral health problem, mainly in socially disadvantaged populations. ECC affects infants and preschool children worldwide. The prevalence of ECC differs according to the group examined, and a prevalence of up to 85% has been reported for disadvantaged groups. ECC is the presence of one or more decayed, missing, or filled primary teeth in children aged 71 months (5 years) or younger. It begins with white-spot lesions in the upper primary incisors along the margin of the gingiva...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765461/trends-in-oral-diseases-in-the-u-s-population
#18
R Gary Rozier, B Alexander White, Gary D Slade
This article reviews trends in dental caries, periodontal disease, and tooth loss for the United States along with population dynamics and risk factors that might influence these trends going forward. Dental caries experience remains high in the primary dentition. Caries severity in permanent teeth of children has declined to historically low levels, and long-standing inequalities in untreated caries appear to be narrowing. Declines in caries severity of children's permanent teeth have stabilized at a low level, but likely will contribute to future reductions in dental caries severity in adults...
August 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762343/assessment-of-maternal-risk-factors-and-its-relationship-with-early-childhood-caries-among-preschool-children-in-mangaluru-city
#19
Sham S Bhat, Sundeep Hegde, Vidya Bhat, K M Ramya, Praveen Jodalli
AIM: The aim of this study is to assess the maternal risk factors and its relationship with early childhood caries (ECC) among preschoolchildren in Mangaluru city. METHODS: Children aged 3-5 years attending preschool (Anganwadi) and their mothers were included in the study. A total of 120 child-mother pairs participated in the study. The maternal risk factors were assessed by a pretested questionnaire. After obtaining the consent, the mother and their children were clinically examined for dental caries using the WHO criteria (1997)...
July 2017: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759394/impact-of-prolonged-breastfeeding-on-dental-caries-a-population-based-birth-cohort-study
#20
Karen Glazer Peres, Gustavo G Nascimento, Marco Aurelio Peres, Murthy N Mittinty, Flavio Fernando Demarco, Ina Silva Santos, Alicia Matijasevich, Aluisio J D Barros
BACKGROUND: Few studies have assessed the effect of breastfeeding, bottle feeding, and sugar consumption on children's dental caries. We investigated whether the duration of breastfeeding is a risk factor for dental caries in the primary dentition, independently of sugar consumption. METHODS: An oral health study (n = 1303) nested in a birth cohort study was carried out in southern Brazil. The average number of decayed, missing, and filled primary tooth surfaces (dmfs) and severe early childhood caries (S-ECC: dmfs ≥6) were investigated at age 5 years...
July 2017: Pediatrics
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