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risk factor of dental caries

Derek Richards
Data sourcesPubMed Central, CINAHL, Embase and reference lists of identified articles.Study selectionObservational and experimental studies published in English where breastfeeding was the exposure and development of caries was the outcome of interest were considered. Two reviewers independently selected studies for inclusionData extraction and synthesisStudy quality was assessed independently by two researchers using the Newcastle Ottawa Scale (NOS). Key data items, exposure and outcome definitions and effect estimates (odds ratios (OR), relative risks, prevalence ratios) with 95% Confidence Interval (95%CI) were abstracted where available for inclusion in a meta-analysis...
September 2016: Evidence-based Dentistry
Tania Mercedes López Martínez, Marília Leão Goettems, Marina Sousa Azevedo, Marcos Britto Correa, Flávio Fernando Demarco, Ana Regina Romano
The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of black stains (BS) and factors associated with their occurrence and to investigate the association of BS with caries experience after adjusting for other risk indicators. A school-based, cross-sectional study using multistage sampling of children aged 10-12 years from 20 private and public schools in Pelotas/Southern Brazil was conducted (n = 706). Children were evaluated for BS and dental caries (DMFT/dmft index) and socioeconomic information was collected by questionnaire...
October 10, 2016: Brazilian Oral Research
Suzely As Moimaz, Najara B Rocha, Artênio Ji Garbin, Cléa As Garbin, Orlando Saliba
This study evaluated the relationships between oral conditions and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL), as well as related factors. A crosssectional study was performed on 119 postnatal women who had sought prenatal care during pregnancy in the public health system of São Paulo State, Brazil. The women received oral clinical exams and were interviewed using the questions on the OHIP14. A second survey with information about their socioeconomic status, pregnancy and health habits was administered. The highest OHIP14 scores were found in the area of physical pain, with an average score of 10...
September 2016: Acta Odontológica Latinoamericana: AOL
Xiangqun Ju, Lisa M Jamieson, Gloria C Mejia
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the effect of mothers' education on Indigenous Australian children's dental caries experience while controlling for the mediating effect of children's sweet food intake. METHODS: The Longitudinal Study of Indigenous Children is a study of two representative cohorts of Indigenous Australian children, aged from 6 months to 2 years (baby cohort) and from 3.5 to 5 years (child cohort) at baseline. The children's primary caregiver undertook a face-to-face interview in 2008 and repeated annually for the next 4 years...
September 28, 2016: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Taeko Kanemoto, Hiroki Imai, Atsuo Sakurai, Hongwei Dong, Sizhen Shi, Masashi Yakushiji, Seikou Shintani
The prevalence of dental caries has been decreasing among kindergarten children in Shanghai, China, over recent years, although it still remains at an unacceptably high level. The purpose of this study was to identify which factors were important in providing oral health guidance and achieving further improvement in the oral health status of kindergarten children in urban China. A survey was conducted on dental caries in 128 Japanese and 368 Chinese kindergarten children and a questionnaire given to their parents/guardians on each child's lifestyle and dietary habits from birth to the present...
2016: Bulletin of Tokyo Dental College
V Toedtling, P Coulthard, G Thackray
Objectives The objectives of the prospective study were to establish the prevalence of distal caries (DC) in the mandibular second molar and to assess the outcomes of these diseased teeth in our population. Further aims were to identify associated risk factors and to design a protocol for prevention.Methods Clinical and radiographic data from 210 consecutive patients were ascertained over a three-month period. The sample population included all patients who had been referred to a hospital oral surgery department for a lower wisdom tooth assessment...
September 23, 2016: British Dental Journal
Qin Du, Ming Yu, Yueling Li, Haojing Du, Wenlan Gao, Hao Mei, Shijian Liu
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between caries experience in primary teeth and caries experience in permanent teeth in a longitudinal study. METHODS: Teeth were examined at 5 years of age and a follow-up examination was conducted 7 years later at 12 years of age in all children from Jiading District, Shanghai, China. A total of 1885 participants were recruited in the study; 1683 students were followed up and 202 students (10.7%) were lost to follow up...
September 19, 2016: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Cancan Fan, Wenhui Wang, Tao Xu, Shuguo Zheng
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of early childhood caries (ECC) among children in Beijing, China, has been increasing continuously though slowly. However, there is limited information about ECC in Beijing. The aim of this study was to identify risk factors of dental caries among preschool children in Beijing. METHODS: For this case-control study, using a convenience sampling method, 787 children aged 3 and 4 years old were recruited; 386 children with caries constituted the early childhood caries (ECC) group and 401children without caries formed the caries-free (CF) group...
2016: BMC Oral Health
Ann Ingemansson Hultquist, Mats Bågesund
BACKGROUND: Early childhood caries (ECC) risk factors are suspected to vary between regions with different caries prevalence. AIM: Identify ECC risk factors for 1-year-olds predicting dentin caries at 3 years of age in a region with low caries prevalence. DESIGN: Caries risk was assessed by dental hygienist or dental assistant in 779 one-year-olds. The oral mutans streptococci (MS) score was performed from a tooth surface or (in pre-dentate children) from oral mucosa...
September 14, 2016: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
Ana Carolina Valinoti, Luiz Carlos da Costa, Adriana Farah, Valéria Pereira de Sousa, Andréa Fonseca-Gonçalves, Lucianne Cople Maia
INTRODUCTION: One of the most frequent parents' concerns is that oral antibiotic formulations induce dental damage in their children's. This study aimed to assess the cariogenic and erosive potentials of 29 pediatric antibiotics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Replicates of each antibiotic were analyzed for the concentration of sugars (sucrose, glucose and fructose) and sorbitol by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The pH was determined by digital pHmeter. Titratable acidity was determined in triplicate using the same pHmeter by gradual addition of 0...
2016: Open Dentistry Journal
Andrea M de Silva, Jacqueline M Martin-Kerry, Katherine McKee, Deborah Cole
Objective The aim of the present study was to identify all evidence about the prevalence and severity of clinically measured caries and periodontal disease in Indigenous adults in Australia published in peer-reviewed journals and to summarise trends over time. In addition, we examined whether the studies investigated associations between putative risk factors and levels of caries and periodontal disease.Methods PubMed was searched in September 2014, with no date limitations, for published peer-reviewed articles reporting the prevalence rates and/or severity of caries and periodontal disease in Indigenous adults living in Australia...
August 29, 2016: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
Burton L Edelstein, Steven D Ureles, Arlene Smaldone
PURPOSE: Culturing mutans streptococci (MS) from children's saliva has high utility in caries risk assessment. The purpose of this retrospective cohort study was to examine its ability in predicting caries progression and determine sensitivity, specificity, and likelihood ratios of a very high ["too numerous to count (TNTC) MS test result. METHODS: 200 preschoolers (3.3±1.2 years, 50 percent no recoverable MS, 50 percent TNTC MS at first dental visit) were followed for five or more years...
2016: Pediatric Dentistry
Carol A Clark, Kathleen A Kent, Richard D Jackson
Oral health is essential to overall health at any age, although in children it is particularly important because poor oral health can have a deleterious effect on deciduous and permanent dentition. For decades, oral health providers have urged primary care providers to incorporate oral health assessment, risk factor identification, parent education, and preventive therapy into routine well-child visits. Despite recommendations from various professional associations and governmental organizations, the incidence of dental disease in young children remains relatively unchanged...
September 2016: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
Miriam B Vos, Jill L Kaar, Jean A Welsh, Linda V Van Horn, Daniel I Feig, Cheryl A M Anderson, Mahesh J Patel, Jessica Cruz Munos, Nancy F Krebs, Stavra A Xanthakos, Rachel K Johnson
BACKGROUND: Poor lifestyle behaviors are leading causes of preventable diseases globally. Added sugars contribute to a diet that is energy dense but nutrient poor and increase risk of developing obesity, cardiovascular disease, hypertension, obesity-related cancers, and dental caries. METHODS AND RESULTS: For this American Heart Association scientific statement, the writing group reviewed and graded the current scientific evidence for studies examining the cardiovascular health effects of added sugars on children...
August 22, 2016: Circulation
Sophie Doméjean, Stéphanie Léger, Antoine Simon, Nadège Boucharel, Christopher Holmgren
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to describe the knowledge, opinions and practices of French general dental practitioners with respect to caries risk assessment (CRA) through the use of a national questionnaire survey. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A postal questionnaire survey was applied to a simple random sample of dentists (n = 2000) in France. Descriptive and logistic regression analyses were performed. RESULTS: The response rate was 34...
August 22, 2016: Clinical Oral Investigations
Kai-Fang Hu, Yu-Hsiang Chou, Yen-Hsia Wen, Kun-Pin Hsieh, Jui-Hsiu Tsai, Pinchen Yang, Yi-Hsin Yang, Chun-Hung Richard Lin
We investigated the association between antipsychotic medications and the risk of dental caries in patients with schizophrenia. We enroled a nationwide cohort of patients with newly diagnosed schizophrenia within 1 year of dental caries development. Exposure to antipsychotics and other medications was categorised according to their type and duration, and the association between exposure and dental caries was assessed through logistic regressions. Of the 3610 patients with newly diagnosed schizophrenia, 2149 (59...
November 30, 2016: Psychiatry Research
Ankita Goyal, Manjunath Chaluvaiah Bhadravathi, Adarsh Kumar, Ridhi Narang, Ambika Gupta, Harneet Singh
INTRODUCTION: Sucrose is added as sweetening agent in liquid oral medication (LOM) to mask the acrid taste of medicines which may be potentially cariogenic. Many children under long term LOM therapy for treatment of epilepsy may be susceptible to dental caries. AIM: To assess and compare dental caries experience in children under long term liquid oral medication with those not under such medication among 2-12 years old children suffering from epilepsy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was undertaken on a total of 84 children aged 2-12 years, who were suffering from epilepsy receiving liquid oral medication for more than 3 months were selected (study group) and for comparison 106 children of similar age group and disease but on other forms of medication were included as control group...
June 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Luisa Zupin, Francesco Angelelli, Domenico Leonardo Grasso, Sergio Crovella
INTRODUCTION: Recurrent tonsillitis is an oral pathology characterized by inflammation of tonsils. The disease susceptibility depends upon environmental and host factors, specifically the innate immune response, the first line of host defence could play an important role. Among innate immunity members, lactoferrin, known for its antimicrobial properties, was previously correlated with the risk of oral pathology as periodontitis and dental caries. METHODS: 89 Italian children presenting recurrent tonsillitis and 95 healthy children were genotyped for two LTF non-synonymous polymorphisms, called Thr29Ala and Arg47Lys, in order to investigate their potential role in recurrent tonsillitis susceptibility...
September 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Madhu M Mitha, J E Nijesh, Preetha Elizabeth Chaly, Indra Priyadharshini, Mohammed Junaid, S Vaishnavi
BACKGROUND: Dental caries is as ancient as humankind and has the longest association with the dental profession, an association that is punctuated with agony and ecstasy. The agonizing fact is that despite several efforts toward total eradication, this disease is still prevalent. Nevertheless, an ecstatic success of the profession is the global decline in the incidence compared to the yesteryears' epidemics. Hence, predicting dental caries earlier is a boon. One such model to predict is cariogram developed by Bratthall in 1996...
July 2016: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
Nobuhiro Takahashi, Bente Nyvad
Recent advances regarding the caries process indicate that ecological phenomena induced by bacterial acid production tilt the de- and remineralization balance of the dental hard tissues towards demineralization through bacterial acid-induced adaptation and selection within the microbiota - from the dynamic stability stage to the aciduric stage via the acidogenic stage [Takahashi and Nyvad, 2008]. Dentin and root caries can also be partly explained by this hypothesis; however, the fact that these tissues contain a considerable amount of organic material suggests that protein degradation is involved in caries formation...
2016: Caries Research
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