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risk factor of dental caries

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733184/medication-use-and-its-potential-impact-on-the-oral-health-status-of%C3%A2-nursing-home-residents-in-flanders-belgium
#1
Barbara Janssens, Mirko Petrovic, Wolfgang Jacquet, Jos M G A Schols, Jacques Vanobbergen, Luc De Visschere
BACKGROUND: Polypharmacy is considered the most important etiologic factor of hyposalivation, which in turn can initiate oral health problems. OBJECTIVES: To describe the medication use of nursing home residents, to identify the medications related to hyposalivation and to find possible associations between the different classes of medication, the number of medications, and the oral health status of the residents. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study...
July 18, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707363/equine-peripheral-dental-caries-an-epidemiological-survey-assessing-the-prevalence-and-possible-risk-factors-in-western-australian-horses
#2
K Jackson, E Kelty, M Tennant
BACKGROUND: Peripheral dental caries is defined as macroscopic destruction of the calcified dental tissues and can be a cause of considerable dental pathology and pain. It appears to have a high prevalence within Western Australian horses and, at present, risk factors for the condition are poorly understood, making treatment and prevention difficult. OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence and potential risk factors involved in peripheral caries in horses in Western Australia...
July 14, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702060/oral-health-status-salivary-ph-status-and-streptococcus-mutans-counts-in-dental-plaques-and-saliva-of-children-with-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia
#3
Romina Mazaheri, Ebrahim Jabbarifar, Elnaz Ghasemi, Elahe Akkafzadeh, Elmira Poursaeid
BACKGROUND: Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), accounting for 23% of all malignancies in children, is the most prevalent pediatric malignancy. This study compared dental caries, oral hygiene status, salivary pH, and Streptococcus mutans counts in dental plaques and saliva of children with leukemia with those of healthy controls. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This case-control cross-sectional study assessed 32 children with ALL and 32 healthy children (4-9-year-old) for gingival bleeding index (GBI), decayed, missing, and filled/decayed, missing, and filled surfaces (DMF/dmfs), and plaque index (PI)...
May 2017: Dental Research Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671327/dental-caries-clusters-among-adolescents
#4
John J Warren, John M Van Buren, Steven M Levy, Teresa A Marshall, Joseph E Cavanaugh, Alexandra M Curtis, Justine L Kolker, Karin Weber-Gasparoni
OBJECTIVES: There have been very few longitudinal studies of dental caries in adolescents, and little study of the caries risk factors in this age group. The purpose of this study was to describe different caries trajectories and associated risk factors among members of the Iowa Fluoride Study (IFS) cohort. METHODS: The IFS recruited a birth cohort from 1992 to 1995, and has gathered dietary, fluoride and behavioural data at least twice yearly since recruitment...
July 3, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661079/centre-level-variation-in-dental-treatment-and-oral-health-and-individual-and-area-level-predictors-of-oral-health-in-5-year-old-children-with-non-syndromic-unilateral-cleft-lip-and-palate-the-cleft-care-uk-study-part-3
#5
J Smallridge, A K Wills, O Mahmoud, A Chong, V Clark, M Collard, J R Sandy, A R Ness
OBJECTIVES: To explore centre-level variation in fluoride treatment and oral health outcomes and to examine the association of individual- and area-level risk factors with dental decay in Cleft Care UK (CCUK). SETTING: Two hundred and sixty-eight 5-year-old British children with non-syndromic unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data on caries and developmental defects of enamel (DDE) were collected. The child's history of fluoride ingestion and postcode was used to assess exposure to fluoridated water...
June 2017: Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658909/effect-of-motives-for-food-choice-on-oral-health-among-primary-school-children-in-mangalore-an-analytical-survey
#6
Viral Vijay Mehta, Gururaghavendran Rajesh, Ashwini Rao, Ramya Shenoy, Mithun Pai, Vijayendranath Nayak
INTRODUCTION: Parents influence children's eating behaviours by making some foods available than others and by acting as models of eating behaviour. Food selected by parents influence general and oral health of their children. AIM: Aim of this study was to assess oral health parameters among primary school children and motives for food choice among their parents in Mangalore. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 759 primary school children aged 5-10 years, and their parents participated in this study...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658675/caries-experience-in-children-with-and-without-molar-incisor-hypomineralisation-a-case-control-study
#7
Juliana de Aguiar Grossi, Renata Nunes Cabral, Soraya Coelho Leal
AIM: The aim of this study was to compare the caries experience of children with and without molar-incisor hypomineralisation (MIH). METHODS: A case-control study was designed in which 130 children aged between 7 and 13 years with MIH (cases) were matched with 130 children without the condition (controls) according to age, sex, and school. Dental caries and MIH were assessed using the Caries Assessment Spectrum and Treatment (CAST) and European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry (EAPD) criteria, respectively, by three examiners...
June 29, 2017: Caries Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651623/association-between-untreated-carious-lesions-and-asthma-in-adults-at-rabat-university-hospital-morocco-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Sanaa Chala, Saloua Rouiffi, Mouna Soualhi, Jamal Eddine Bourkadi, Redouane Abouqal, Faïza Abdallaoui
BACKGROUND: Depending on risk factors, cumulative risk of developing more dental caries by age has been reported. However, the association between dental caries and asthma is less studied among adults. The aims of this study were to evaluate the severity of untreated carious lesions in a population of asthmatic adults and to evaluate the mediation of socio-economic and oral health behaviour variables. METHODS: The study involved participants with diagnosed asthma (N = 100) and control (N = 100) subjects attending a tertiary hospital...
June 26, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633647/meeting-the-oral-health-needs-of-12-year-olds-in-china-human-resources-for-oral-health
#9
Xiangyu Sun, Eduardo Bernabé, Xuenan Liu, Shuguo Zheng, Jennifer E Gallagher
BACKGROUND: An appropriate level of human resources for oral health [HROH] is required to meet the oral health needs of population, and enable maximum improvement in health outcomes. The aim of this study was to estimate the required HROH to meet the oral health needs of the World Health Organization [WHO] reference group of 12-year-olds in China and consider the implications for education, practice, policy and HROH nationally. METHODS: We estimated the need of HROH to meet the needs of 12-year-olds based on secondary analysis of the epidemiological and questionnaire data from the 3rd Chinese National Oral Health Survey, including caries experience and periodontal factors (calculus), dentally-related behaviour (frequency of toothbrushing and sugar intake), and social factors (parental education)...
June 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628586/building-a-pediatric-oral-health-training-curriculum-for-community-health-workers
#10
Molly Martin, William Frese, Christie Lumsden, Anna Sandoval
OBJECTIVES: Community health workers (CHWs) are a promising approach to oral health promotion in high-risk populations. This article describes the process of creating a pediatric oral health CHW training curriculum. DESIGN: Existing curricula were identified through outreach efforts to experts in the oral health and CHW fields, as well as PubMed and Google searches. After coding basic information, curricula were mapped to define oral health domains. Then group discussion was employed to determine final curriculum contents...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621818/healthy-futures-engaging-the-oral-health-community-in-childhood-obesity-prevention-conference-summary-and-recommendations
#11
Raul I Garcia, Dushanka Kleinman, Katrina Holt, Ann Battrell, Paul Casamassimo, Jane Grover, Norman Tinanoff
Childhood obesity is a major public health problem. An association between obesity and dental caries, the most prevalent disease of childhood, has been identified. One explanation for the association is that consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages and frequent snacking on carbohydrate-rich foods are common risk factors for development of both obesity and caries. The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF) has been at the forefront of national efforts to promote healthy weight in children. As part of these efforts, RWJF sponsored the Healthy Futures: Engaging the Oral Health Community in Childhood Obesity Prevention National Conference, held on November 3-4, 2016, at Georgetown University in Washington, DC...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613022/parental-attitudes-towards-oral-health-and-caries-risk-in-their-children
#12
J H Vermaire, Nja van Exel
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate whether parents can be matched with attitudes towards oral health by means of a short vignette sheet, developed based on the results of an earlier Q-methodological study. Furthermore, this study aims to explore how the attitudes associate with diet and oral hygiene habits and with clinical outcomes in children. METHODS: A total of 170 parents of 6- to 9-year-old children completed a questionnaire including the vignette sheet and clinical scores (oral hygiene, caries) were retrieved from the follow-up measurement of a RCT on caries-preventive measures...
June 14, 2017: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606831/relationship-between-dental-status-and-development-of-osteoradionecrosis-of-the-jaw-a-multicenter-retrospective-study
#13
Yuka Kojima, Souichi Yanamoto, Masahiro Umeda, Yumiko Kawashita, Izumi Saito, Takumi Hasegawa, Takahide Komori, Nobuhiro Ueda, Tadaaki Kirita, Shin-Ichi Yamada, Hiroshi Kurita, Yasuko Senga, Yasuyuki Shibuya, Hiroshi Iwai
OBJECTIVE: Osteoradionecrosis of the jaw is a serious late adverse event in patients with head and neck cancer undergoing radiotherapy. The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between dental status and development of osteoradionecrosis. STUDY DESIGN: Multicenter, retrospective observational study. A total of 392 patients with head and neck cancer who underwent radiotherapy were investigated for correlations between the development of osteoradionecrosis and various factors...
May 4, 2017: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600842/a-scoping-review-of-epidemiologic-risk-factors-for-pediatric-obesity-implications-for-future-childhood-obesity-and-dental-caries-prevention-research
#14
Donald L Chi, Monique Luu, Frances Chu
RESEARCH QUESTIONS: What are the non-modifiable (socioeconomic, genetic) and modifiable factors (physical activity, dietary behaviors) related to childhood (under age 12) obesity? How can this knowledge be applied to oral health professionals' efforts to prevent or manage dental caries in children? OBJECTIVES: Studies have identified risk factors for childhood obesity. The purpose of this scoping review was to develop a conceptual model to identify non-modifiable and modifiable risk factors for childhood obesity and to illustrate how these findings are relevant in developing interventions aimed at preventing obesity and dental caries in children...
June 10, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591238/salivary-protein-polymorphisms-and-risk-of-dental-caries-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Andrea Lips, Leonardo Santos Antunes, Lívia Azeredo Antunes, Andrea Vaz Braga Pintor, Diana Amado Baptista Dos Santos, Rober Bachinski, Erika Calvano Küchler, Gutemberg Gomes Alves
Dental caries is an oral pathology associated with both lifestyle and genetic factors. The caries process can be influenced by salivary composition, which includes ions and proteins. Studies have described associations between salivary protein polymorphisms and dental caries experience, while others have shown no association with salivary proteins genetic variability. The aim of this study is to assess the influence of salivary protein polymorphisms on the risk of dental caries by means of a systematic review of the current literature...
June 5, 2017: Brazilian Oral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585768/allergic-rhinitis-rather-than-asthma-is-a-risk-factor-for-dental-caries
#16
Chun-Yi Chuang, HaiLun Sun, Min Sho Ku
OBJECTIVES: The association between AS (asthma) and dental caries is controversial, while that between AR (allergic rhinitis) and caries has not been established. This study aimed to verify the relationship among AR, AS, and dental caries. DESIGN: retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Data from Health Insurance Database of the Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research. DATABASE: Participants: Nine thousand and thirty eight children born in 2004 were obtained...
June 6, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577639/pediatric-dental-focused-interprofessional-interventions-rethinking-early-childhood-oral-health-management
#17
REVIEW
Burton L Edelstein
Evidence of effectiveness for prevention of early childhood caries suggests that parent engagement needs to occur perinatally and that unconventional providers, helping professionals like social workers and dietitians and lay health workers like community health workers, are most effective. This finding, coupled with the emergence of population-based accountable care, value-based purchasing with global payments, understanding of common risk factors for multiple conditions, and social determinants of health behaviors, calls for a rethinking of early childhood oral health care...
July 2017: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577633/prenatal-maternal-factors-intergenerational-transmission-of-disease-and-child-oral-health-outcomes
#18
REVIEW
Tracy L Finlayson, Aarti Gupta, Francisco J Ramos-Gomez
This article reviews maternal prenatal risk factors for caries in children and intergenerational transmission of caries, emphasizing early interventions for pregnant women and mother-infant pairs. A growing body of evidence focuses on maternal interventions. Studies suggest that early prenatal clinical and educational interventions are effective at reducing mother-child mutans streptococci (MS) transmission and delaying colonization and caries in young children. Dental screenings and anticipatory guidance about maternal and infant oral health should be included in prenatal care and pediatric well visits...
July 2017: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571506/longitudinal-study-of-caries-development-from-childhood-to-adolescence
#19
E Hall-Scullin, H Whitehead, K Milsom, M Tickle, T-L Su, T Walsh
The World Health Organization (WHO) stated that globally, dental caries is the most important oral condition. To develop effective prevention strategies requires an understanding of how this condition develops and progresses over time, but there are few longitudinal studies of caries onset and progression in children. The aim of the study was to establish the pattern of caries development from childhood into adolescence and to explore the role of potential risk factors (age, sex, ethnicity, and social deprivation)...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571283/estimation-of-dmft-salivary-streptococcus-mutans-count-flow-rate-ph-and-salivary-total-calcium-content-in-pregnant-and-non-pregnant-women-a-prospective-study
#20
Wasim Ismail Kamate, Nupura Aniket Vibhute, Rajendra Krishna Baad
INTRODUCTION: Pregnancy, a period from conception till birth, causes changes in the functioning of the human body as a whole and specifically in the oral cavity that may favour the emergence of dental caries. Many studies have shown pregnant women at increased risk for dental caries, however, specific salivary caries risk factors and the particular period of pregnancy at heightened risk for dental caries are yet to be explored and give a scope of further research in this area. AIM: The aim of the present study was to assess the severity of dental caries in pregnant women compared to non-pregnant women by evaluating parameters like Decayed, Missing, Filled Teeth (DMFT) index, salivary Streptococcus mutans count, flow rate, pH and total calcium content...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
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