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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624838/dental-management-of-pediatric-patients-affected-by-pulmonary-atresia-with-ventricular-septal-defect-a-scoping-review
#1
A Garrocho-Rangel, A-C Echavarría-García, M-A Rosales-Bérber, J Flores-Velázquez, A Pozos-Guillén
BACKGROUND: Congenital Heart Diseases (CHD) involves a wide range of pathological conditions, such as Pulmonary Atresia with Ventricle Septal Defect (PA/VSD). This disorder leads to the systemic circulation of oxygen-poor blood (cyanosis), with associated features and consequences in the oral cavity. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Using scoping review methodology for screening and article selection, the primary objectives of this paper were as follows: first, to pose a research question; second, to identify relevant studies in order to answer the research question; third, to select and retrieve the studies; fourth, to chart the critical data, and finally, to collate, summarize, and report the results from the most important articles on the dental management of children affected with PA/VSD...
June 18, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621818/healthy-futures-engaging-the-oral-health-community-in-childhood-obesity-prevention-conference-summary-and-recommendations
#2
Raul I Garcia, Dushanka Kleinman, Katrina Holt, Ann Battrell, Paul Casamassimo, Jane Grover, Norman Tinanoff
Childhood obesity is a major public health problem. An association between obesity and dental caries, the most prevalent disease of childhood, has been identified. One explanation for the association is that consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages and frequent snacking on carbohydrate-rich foods are common risk factors for development of both obesity and caries. The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF) has been at the forefront of national efforts to promote healthy weight in children. As part of these efforts, RWJF sponsored the Healthy Futures: Engaging the Oral Health Community in Childhood Obesity Prevention National Conference, held on November 3-4, 2016, at Georgetown University in Washington, DC...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621280/utility-of-dermatoglyphic-pattern-in-prediction-of-caries-in-children-of-telangana-region-india
#3
Shaik M Asif, Dara Bg Babu, Shaik Naheeda
INTRODUCTION: Dermatoglyphics is an extremely useful tool as a preliminary investigation method for diagnosing suspected genetic disorders. Caries being a multifactorial disease with the influence of genetic pattern, early identification of caries risk children with dermatoglyphics can help in using effective and efficient caries preventive measures. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The study was undertaken to record and know the frequency of occurrence of fingerprint patterns among children with caries and in children without caries...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620634/dental-caries-and-associated-factors-in-children-aged-2-4-years-old-in-mbeya-city-tanzania
#4
Hery Mwakayoka, Joyce Rose Masalu, Emil Namakuka Kikwilu
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM: Dental caries in infants and young children is prevalent worldwide; its magnitude and associated factors vary between communities because of cultural and social economic differences. No such information was available for pre-school children in Mbeya city. PURPOSE: To determine dental caries status and associated factors in 2 to 4-year-old children in Mbeya city. MATERIALS AND METHOD: A cross sectional study was conducted among 525 children aged 2-4 years and their parents/caregivers...
June 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619207/trends-in-dental-caries-in-children-and-adolescents-according-to-poverty-status-in-the-united-states-from-1999-through-2004-and-from-2011-through-2014
#5
Bruce A Dye, Gabriela Lopez Mitnik, Timothy J Iafolla, Clemencia M Vargas
BACKGROUND: Except for a small increase in caries prevalence in young children from 1999 through 2004, the prevalence of pediatric caries in the United States has remained consistent for the past 3 decades. METHODS: The authors used data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) (from 1999 through 2004 and from 2011 through 2014) to ascertain changes in caries prevalence in youth aged 2 to 19 years. The authors evaluated changes in the prevalence of caries experience, untreated caries, and severe caries (3 or more teeth with untreated caries) in the primary, mixed, and permanent dentition according to poverty status...
June 13, 2017: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613064/-status-and-analysis-of-oral-disease-burden-comparison-of-the-domestic-and-overseas-data
#6
Y Meng, X N Liu, S G Zheng
At present, it has been regarded that oral disease was one of the most prevalent problems for people's general health around the world. Oral disease burden study focuses on the pressure and effect of oral diseases to the whole social economy and people's health. Oral disease burden, as a public health problem, needs to be attached importance in China and foreign countries. By means of retrieving the literature, this review article summarizes the progress of domestic and oversea studies on oral disease burden, analyses the epidemiological burden through the indicators such as the prevalence rate, decayed missing and filled teeth, disability adjusted life years, disability weights, and illustrates the economic burden of oral diseases by using part of the data...
June 9, 2017: Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608827/associations-of-community-water-fluoridation-with-caries-prevalence-and-oral-health-inequality-in-children
#7
Han-Na Kim, Jeong-Hee Kim, Se-Yeon Kim, Jin-Bom Kim
This study aimed to confirm the association between the community water fluoridation (CWF) programme and dental caries prevention on permanent teeth, comparing to a control area, neighbouring population without the programme, and verifying whether the programme can reduce the socio-economic inequality related to the oral health of children in Korea. Evaluation surveys were conducted among 6-, 8-, and 11-year-old children living in Okcheon (CWF) and neighbouring Yeongdong (non-CWF, control area) towns in South Korea...
June 13, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600842/a-scoping-review-of-epidemiologic-risk-factors-for-pediatric-obesity-implications-for-future-childhood-obesity-and-dental-caries-prevention-research
#8
Donald L Chi, Monique Luu, Frances Chu
RESEARCH QUESTIONS: What are the non-modifiable (socioeconomic, genetic) and modifiable factors (physical activity, dietary behaviors) related to childhood (under age 12) obesity? How can this knowledge be applied to oral health professionals' efforts to prevent or manage dental caries in children? OBJECTIVES: Studies have identified risk factors for childhood obesity. The purpose of this scoping review was to develop a conceptual model to identify non-modifiable and modifiable risk factors for childhood obesity and to illustrate how these findings are relevant in developing interventions aimed at preventing obesity and dental caries in children...
June 10, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573843/socio-demographic-and-area-related-factors-associated-with-the-prevalence-of-caries-among-preschool-children-in-greece
#9
M Mantonanaki, T Hatzichristos, H Koletsi-Kounari, W Papaioannou
OBJECTIVE: To assess dental caries experience in 4-6 year old children of the Athens Metropolitan Area attending public kindergartens and investigate the association of area deprivation and immigration status on dmft. BASIC RESEARCH DESIGN: A cross-sectional study of a large area-stratified sample of 683 kindergarten children was conducted during the academic years 2009-2011. Dental caries experience and oral hygiene level were assessed using dmft and the Simplified Debris index (DI-s)...
June 2017: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573842/caries-prevalence-and-treatment-needs-in-young-people-in-portugal-the-third-national-study
#10
R Calado, C S Ferreira, P Nogueira, P Melo
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate caries prevalence and dental treatment needs in Portuguese children and teenagers, as well as fluorosis prevalence in 12-year-old children, in order to address public oral health program strategies. PARTICIPANTS: A representative stratified random cluster sample of 3,710 participants of 6, 12, and 18 years old was selected. A questionnaire was applied to determine sociodemographic data and some oral health determinants. The clinical examination was based on the ICDAS criteria, then adapted to DMFS index, and Dean's index for fluorosis...
June 2017: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573837/public-health-intervention-over-four-decades-for-the-children-in-the-australian-capital-territory-have-we-reached-the-point-of-diminishing-returns
#11
I Sohal, E Kruger, M Tennant
BACKGROUND: Most of the developed world has seen some substantial improvements in the dental health of children over the past four decades owing to advances in service access, fluoride exposure, socio-economic development and improved diets, with the DMFT score of 12 year-olds dropping from well over 10 down to around one. AIM: To examine the question of advancing dental health for children even further using the same set of tools as we have to date by asking the question: Have we come to a point of diminishing returns? The study examines the long-term, near optimum settings of the known public dental health variables in the Australian Capital Territory...
June 2017: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571698/a-novel-antimicrobial-peptide-against-dental-caries-associated-bacteria
#12
Long Chen, Lili Jia, Qiang Zhang, Xirui Zhou, Zhuqing Liu, Bingjie Li, Zhentai Zhu, Fenwei Wang, Changyuan Yu, Qian Zhang, Feng Chen, Shi-Zhong Luo
Dental caries, a highly prevalent oral disease, is primarily caused by pathogenic bacteria infection, and most of them are anaerobic. Herein, we investigated the activity of a designed antimicrobial peptide ZXR-2, and found it showed broad-spectrum activity against a variety of Gram-positive and Gram-negative oral bacteria, particularly the caries-related taxa Streptococcus mutans. Time-course killing assays indicated that ZXR-2 killed most bacterial cells within 5 min at 4 × MIC. The mechanism of ZXR-2 involved disruption of cell membranes, as observed by scanning electron microscopy...
May 29, 2017: Anaerobe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571506/longitudinal-study-of-caries-development-from-childhood-to-adolescence
#13
E Hall-Scullin, H Whitehead, K Milsom, M Tickle, T-L Su, T Walsh
The World Health Organization (WHO) stated that globally, dental caries is the most important oral condition. To develop effective prevention strategies requires an understanding of how this condition develops and progresses over time, but there are few longitudinal studies of caries onset and progression in children. The aim of the study was to establish the pattern of caries development from childhood into adolescence and to explore the role of potential risk factors (age, sex, ethnicity, and social deprivation)...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571487/targeting-of-streptococcus-mutans-biofilms-by-a-novel-small-molecule-prevents-dental-caries-and-preserves-the-oral-microbiome
#14
S S Garcia, M S Blackledge, S Michalek, L Su, T Ptacek, P Eipers, C Morrow, E J Lefkowitz, C Melander, H Wu
Dental caries is a costly and prevalent disease characterized by the demineralization of the tooth's enamel. Disease outcome is influenced by host factors, dietary intake, cariogenic bacteria, and other microbes. The cariogenic bacterial species Streptococcus mutans metabolizes sucrose to initiate biofilm formation on the tooth surface and consequently produces lactic acid to degrade the tooth's enamel. Persistence of S. mutans biofilms in the oral cavity can lead to tooth decay. To date, no anticaries therapies that specifically target S...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571281/assessment-of-enamel-remineralisation-after-treatment-with-four-different-remineralising-agents-a-scanning-electron-microscopy-sem-study
#15
Renita Soares, Ida De Noronha De Ataide, Marina Fernandes, Rajan Lambor
INTRODUCTION: Decades of research has helped to increase our knowledge of dental caries and reduce its prevalence. However, according to World Oral Health report, dental caries still remains a major dental disease. Fluoride therapy has been utilised in a big way to halt caries progression, but has been met with limitations. This has paved the way for the development of newer preventive agents that can function as an adjunct to fluoride or independent of it. AIM: The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the ability of Casein Phosphopeptide-Amorphous Calcium Phosphate Fluoride (CPP ACPF), Bioactive Glass (BAG), fluoride enhanced Hydroxyapatite (HA) gel and self-assembling peptide P11-4 to remineralise artificial carious lesions in enamel in vitro using a 30 day pH cycling model through surface microhardness analysis and SEM...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562728/-distribution-of-dental-caries-and-its-association-with-variables-of-social-protection-in-children-12-years-of-age-in-the-county-of-avellaneda-province-of-buenos-aires
#16
Adriana Fort, Aida Julia Fuks, Alberto Vicente Napoli, Silvia Palomba, Ximena Pazos, Pablo Salgado, Graciela Klemonskis, Aldo Squassi
Different international organizations have indicated the need to analyze the conditions of each population in order to identify groups and individuals at risk as an operational strategy in pursuit of greater equity, efficacy and efficiency in the health system. The aim of this study was to identify differentials in the dental caries profiles of children attending public schools in the county of Avellaneda (Province of Buenos Aires, Argentina) and their association with variables of social protection. In 2014, an observational, analytical and cross-sectional study was performed with a sample of 656 students 12 years of age from 40 public schools in the 8 county districts (out of a total universe of 3580 individuals distributed in 70 schools)...
January 2017: Salud Colectiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561561/oral-health-and-oral-health-behaviours-of-five-year-old-children-in-the-charedi-orthodox-jewish-community-in-north-london-uk
#17
C Klass, A Mondkar, D Wright
OBJECTIVE: To report on the oral health status and oral health behaviours of five-year-old Charedi Orthodox Jewish children attending schools in London, UK. BASIC RESEARCH DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. METHOD: Clinical examinations mirroring the 2015 National Dental Public Health Epidemiology Programme for England for five-year-olds and a parental questionnaire on oral health behaviours. PARTICIPANTS: 137 five-year-olds attending Charedi Orthodox Jewish schools in Hackney, North London...
March 2017: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561558/dental-caries-experience-among-albanian-pre-school-children-a-national-survey
#18
D Hysi, E Caglar, E Droboniku, C Toti, O O Kuscu
Objective: To determine the dental caries experience and treatment needs among 5-year-olds in Albania. Research Design: This cross sectional study was conducted in 2015 by using a cluster sampling technique. The dmft was used to assess dental caries experience and caries prevalence as percentages of children with dmf⟩0. Caries treatment needs were assessed with dt/dmft x 100, missing teeth with mt/dmft x 100 and ft /dmft x 100 as the Care Index. Participants: 2,039 five-year-olds, from 17 districts of Albania were selected ...
March 2017: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561556/association-between-sense-of-coherence-and-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-among-toddlers
#19
I B Fernandes, D C Costa, V S Coelho, A C Sá-Pinto, J Ramos-Jorge, M L Ramos-Jorge
Objective: To assess the relationship between sense of coherence (SOC) and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) among children aged one to three years. Participants: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 276 mother-child pairs randomly selected from the city of Diamantina, Brazil. Method: Information was obtained on socio-demographic factors. The short version of Antonovsky's sense of coherence scale (SOC 13) and the Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale (ECOHIS) were administered...
March 2017: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560054/antibacterial-activity-against-streptococcus-mutans-and-inhibition-of-bacterial-induced-enamel-demineralization-of-propolis-miswak-and-chitosan-nanoparticles-based-dental-varnishes
#20
Mariem O Wassel, Mona A Khattab
Using natural products can be a cost-effective approach for caries prevention especially in low income countries where dental caries is highly prevalent and the resources are limited. Specially prepared dental varnishes containing propolis, miswak, and chitosan nanoparticles (CS-NPs) with or without sodium fluoride (NaF) were assessed for antibacterial effect against Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans) using disk diffusion test. In addition, the protective effect of a single pretreatment of primary teeth enamel specimens against in vitro bacterial induced enamel demineralization was assessed for 3 days...
July 2017: Journal of Advanced Research
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