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prevalence of dental caries

Anna L Suominen, Sinikka Varsio, Sari Helminen, Anne Nordblad, Satu Lahti, Matti Knuuttila
OBJECTIVE: We assessed dental and periodontal health in adults aged ≥30 years living in southern and northern Finland as part of the Health 2000/2011 Surveys (BRIF8901). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Clinical findings in 2000 (n = 2967) and 2011 (n = 1496) included the presence of teeth and number of teeth with caries, fillings, fractures or periodontal pockets. RESULTS: Edentulousness decreased in all age groups. The prevalence of those with no caries increased from 67% to 69% in men and from 80% to 85% in women, and of those with no periodontal pocketing from 26% to 30% in men and from 39% to 42% in women...
March 16, 2018: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
Fernando Barcellos da Silva, Luiz Alexandre Chisini, Flávio Fernando Demarco, Bernardo Lessa Horta, Marcos Britto Correa
Population-based studies estimating the prevalence of tooth bleaching desire or the percentage of individuals who had performed this treatment are rare. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the desire to perform tooth bleaching and the prevalence of adult individuals who had performed the treatment and investigate the association of these outcomes. A subsample (n = 536) of the 1982 Pelotas birth cohort in southern Brazil was investigated at the ages 15, 24 and 31 by clinical examinations and interviews...
March 8, 2018: Brazilian Oral Research
K Hisano, K Tanaka, C Nagata, M Arakawa, Y Miyake
OBJECTIVE: We determined the prevalence of dental caries in 3-year-old Japanese children in a cross-sectional study and analysed its associations with birthweight, gestational age and birthweight for gestational age among the study subjects. METHODS: Study subjects were 6327 children. Their parents or guardians completed our study questionnaire with information on birth conditions and oral examinations taken from their Maternal and Child Health Handbooks, as documented by medical personnel at the hospital, clinic or public health centre...
March 13, 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
Marília Leão Goettems, Ayah Qassem Shqair, Veridiana Fischer Bergmann, Mariana Gonzalez Cadermatori, Marcos Britto Correa, Flávio Fernando Demarco
BACKGROUND: Oral health perception has multidimensional nature and can be influenced not only by clinical conditions but also by psychosocial characteristics. HYPOTHESIS: Dental fear could modify the association between dental caries and dental pain and the perception of negative impact. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study was conducted with (n = 1,196) children aged 8-12 years attending public and private schools in Pelotas/Brazil. Children were interviewed and examined...
March 12, 2018: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Marília Leão Goettems, Mariana Ourens, Laura Cosetti, Susana Lorenzo, Ramon Álvarez-Vaz, Roger Keller Celeste
This study aims to estimate orthodontic treatment need among 15-24 year-old individuals in Montevideo, Uruguay, and the association of occlusal traits with demographic, clinical and socioeconomic factors, considering a life course approach. A cross-sectional study using data from the First National Oral Health Survey in Uruguay was conducted. A two-stage cluster procedure was used to select a sample of 278 individuals in Montevideo. Household interviews and oral examinations were performed by six dentists. Dental Aesthetic (DAI) and Decayed Missing and Filled Teeth Indices (DMFT) were used to assess orthodontic treatment need and dental caries, respectively...
March 5, 2018: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
Maher Bourbia, Yoav Finer
The use of resin composites and adhesives in dental restorations is ubiquitous. However, the longevity of resin composites is less than that of comparable restorative materials, mainly because of higher fracture rates and greater prevalence of secondary caries. Dental resin composites and adhesives contain ester links, which are vulnerable to biochemical hydrolysis by esterase activity from human saliva and bacteria. In this article, we review biodegradation processes that occur in the oral cavity and their contribution to the premature failure of resin composites...
January 2018: Journal—Canadian Dental Association, Journal de L'Association Dentaire Canadienne
Niodita Gupta, Marko Vujicic, Cassandra Yarbrough, Brittany Harrison
BACKGROUND: The Affordable Care Act of 2010 increased dental coverage for children in the United States, (U.S.) but not for adults. Few studies in current scholarship make use of up-to-date, nationally representative data to examine oral health disparities in the U.S. POPULATION: The purpose of this study is to use nationally representative data to determine the prevalence of untreated caries among children and adults of different socioeconomic and racial/ethnic groups and to examine the factors associated with untreated caries among children and adults...
March 6, 2018: BMC Oral Health
Robert V Faller, Warden H Noble
All fluoride sources help strengthen teeth against bacterial acids that cause caries. However, excessive exposure to dietary acids, which can result in dental erosion, presents a more aggressive level of challenge compared to caries. Despite the fact that almost all toothpastes contain fluoride, both the incidence and prevalence of dental erosion appear to be on the rise. This article: (1) describes key differences between caries and dental erosion and the ability of different fluoride sources to help prevent erosion; (2) discusses the importance of the evaluation of patients for dental erosion at the earliest stages using the Basic Erosive Wear Examination scoring system to help assess and educate patients; and (3) provides evidence-based information for making specific recommendations to patients with dental erosion...
March 2018: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
Adriana Gledys Zink, Eder Cassola Molina, Michele Baffi Diniz, Maria Teresa Botti Rodrigues Santos, Renata Oliveira Guaré
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to develop and evaluate an application (app) facilitating patient-professional communication among individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and compare it with the Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS). METHODS: Forty nine- to 15-year-olds were randomly divided into two groups: G1 (app; <small>N</small> equals 20) and G2 (PECS; <small>N</small> equals 20). Initially, the visual contact timing of the groups was measured...
January 1, 2018: Pediatric Dentistry
J T Marchesan, T Morelli, K Moss, J S Preisser, A F Zandona, S Offenbacher, J Beck
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the associations between interdental cleaning behavior and the prevalence of caries and periodontal disease and numbers of missing teeth, with data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2011 to 2012 and 2013 to 2014). Analysis included the following parameters: interproximal clinical attachment level (iCAL) ≥3 mm, interproximal probing depth (iPD) ≥4 mm, number of coronal and interproximal caries, number of missing teeth, ≥1 surfaces with coronal caries, and periodontal profile classes (PPCs)...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Dental Research
Anna Ali Nayani, Romaina Iqbal, Syed Iqbal Azam, Farhan Raza Khan, Aysha Habib Khan, Naveed Janjua, Azmina Hussain
OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between environmental tobacco smoke and dental caries. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in peri-urban and urban areas of Karachi, from February to August 2014, and comprised children aged 5-14 years. A pre-coded questionnaire for environmental tobacco smoke and food frequency questionnaire for dietary habits were used. Dental examination of children was done to detect caries. Cox-proportional hazard algorithm was used to measure the association of environmental tobacco smoke with dental caries at multivariable level...
February 2018: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Vladimir W Spolsky, Jason Clague, Debra A Murphy, Steven Vitero, Bruce A Dye, Thomas R Belin, Vivek Shetty
BACKGROUND: Methamphetamine (MA) use is associated with extensive dental caries. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence and severity of periodontal disease in a convenience sample of MA users. METHODS: In this cross-sectional survey, MA users were recruited with a combination of snowball sampling and street outreach techniques. Three dentists, trained and calibrated to the oral assessments used in the National Health and Nutrition Survey, measured and recorded the participants' attachment loss, probing depth, and gingival recession...
March 2018: Journal of the American Dental Association
L-A Ruiz, M-B Diniz, J-P Loyola-Rodriguez, C-H Habibe, C-C Garrubbo, M-T-B-R Santos
BACKGROUND: Cerebral palsy (CP) is a permanent neurological disorder accompanied by secondary musculoskeletal masticatory disorder, with repercussion on chewing and deglutition functions. In these conditions, the liquids ingestion is compromised resulting in salivary osmolality alteration. The objective of this study was to compare salivary osmolality, caries experience and caries risk between normoreactive individuals and patients with CP. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The participants were 4-20 years old: 52 patients with CP treated at a reference rehabilitation centre (study group, SG), and 52 normoreactive individuals (control group, CG)...
February 24, 2018: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
Omar A Ghulam, Hani T Fadel
Background: Overhanging dental restorations (ODRs) and secondary caries lesions (SCLs) are of high prevalence and jeopardize the fate of the restoration. Objectives: To assess the relationship between ODRs, SCLs and certain caries contributory factors. Methods: A total of 502 radiographic records of dental patients with proximal fillings (mean age 38 ± 13 years, 50% females) were screened for ODRs and SCLs. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used...
February 2018: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
Najith Amarasena, Andrew John Spencer, Kaye F Roberts-Thomson, David S Brennan
OBJECTIVES: To investigate associations of dental knowledge with dental service utilization over 2 years in South Australians aged 45-54 years. METHODS: In 2004-2005, a random sample of 2469 adults aged 45-54 years from Adelaide, South Australia, who were selected from the Australian electoral roll was surveyed. The outcome variables were the numbers of visits and dental services received over 2 years. Data were analysed using log-binomial and Poisson regression...
February 20, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
T Shishniashvili, T Suladze, M Makhviladze, M Pkhaladze
On the background of microecological changes in the gastrointestinal tract, mineral and protein metabolism is disrupted, biochemical changes occur in the phosphorus-calcium metabolism in the bones of the skeleton and hard tissues of the teeth. The aim of the research was to study the activity of the caries process, characterized by progressive decalcification, under conditions of microecological changes in the intestine and its effect on the processes of endogenous calcium assimilation in adolescence. Within the frames of the research 68 adolescents aged 11 to 17 years with various degrees of pathology of the gastrointestinal tract were examined...
January 2018: Georgian Medical News
Sravani A Ambati, Suhas Kulkarni, Dolar Doshi, M Padma Reddy, Srikanth Reddy
PURPOSE: Dental caries is the primary pathological cause of early tooth loss in children, which may lead to malnutrition and other health problems. Identification of patients with active carious lesions and at high risk for caries can help to dramatically decrease the disease prevalence. Thus, recognising the importance of early diagnosis of caries, the present study was carried out to correlate caries with oral microflora using Oratest among 12- to 15-year-old schoolchildren. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 100 children were divided into control and test groups (n = 50) according to their DMFT scores...
2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Alessandro Ugolini, Simona Salamone, Paola Agostino, Enrica Sardi, Armando Silvestrini-Biavati
PURPOSE: To evaluate the prevalence of early childhood caries (ECC) and severe ECC (S-ECC) among Italian preschool children and its predictors regarding children's lifestyle. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out involving 563 preschool children. A questionnaire for children's parents and clinical examinations were conducted by calibrated, blinded examiners. The odds ratios (OR) for ECC or S-ECC and co-presence of risk factors were calculated using univariate and multivariate models...
2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Roshan Shetty, Vijaya Hegde, Pooja J Shetty
Background and Objectives: Dental caries and malocclusion are common dental public health problems. Surveys provide us with an insight into the oral health status and treatment needs and also help in proper treatment planning. Hence, the objective of this study was to assess the malocclusion status, dentition status, and treatment needs of 15-year-old school children of Mangalore. Methodology: A cross-sectional study of 1001 school children aged 15-year-old was conducted in Mangalore...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
Taro Misaki, Shuhei Naka, Kaoruko Wato, Rina Hatakeyama, Yasuyuki Nagasawa, Seigo Ito, Hiroaki Inaba, Ryota Nomura, Michiyo Matsumoto-Nakano, Kazuhiko Nakano
BACKGROUND: Periodontitis-related pathogens, such as Campylobacter or Treponema species, have recently been shown to be associated with immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN). Some strains of Streptococcus mutans, a major pathogen of dental caries, harbour the cnm gene that encodes a collagen-binding protein (Cnm). This has also been demonstrated to be associated with urinary protein levels in IgAN patients. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the present study was to analyse the association of IgAN with C...
February 9, 2018: Nephron
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