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prevalence of dental caries

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937069/oral-health-in-diabetic-and-nondiabetic-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#1
Lingam Amara Swapna, Pradeep Koppolu, Jyothi Prince
The objective of our study is to assess the subjective and objective oral manifestations and salivary pH in diabetic and nondiabetic uremic patients at a nephrology clinic. A total of 194 diabetic and nondiabetic patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), who were divided into four groups, Group A, B, C, D, and who were attending a nephrology clinic were included in the study. Predialytic unstimulated whole salivary pH was recorded using pH- measuring strips. Subjective and objective findings were evaluated and recorded in the specially designed pro forma...
September 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936152/prevalence-and-severity-of-dental-caries-among-public-school-students-aged-16-l8-in-hai-l-kingdom-of-saudi-arabia
#2
Mohammad Aljanakh
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to determine the prevalence and severity of dental caries among school students aged 16-18 in Ha'il urban city, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). METHODS: This cross-sectional study randomly selected 480 students from eight secondary schools in Ha'il urban city from September to October 2015. Three calibrated examiners used the decayed, missing and filled teeth index (DMFT), based on the World Health Organization criteria, to examine the students...
July 2017: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932895/taxonomic-and-functional-analyses-of-the-supragingival-microbiome-from-caries-affected-and-caries-free-hosts
#3
Jinzhi He, Qichao Tu, Yichen Ge, Yujia Qin, Bomiao Cui, Xiaoyu Hu, Yuxia Wang, Ye Deng, Kun Wang, Joy D Van Nostrand, Jiyao Li, Jizhong Zhou, Yan Li, Xuedong Zhou
Caries is one of the most prevalent and costly infectious diseases affecting humans of all ages. It is initiated by cariogenic supragingival dental plaques forming on saliva-coated tooth surfaces, yet the etiology remains elusive. To determine which microbial populations may predispose a patient to caries, we report here an in-depth and comprehensive view of the microbial community associated with supragingival dental plaque collected from the healthy teeth of caries patients and healthy adults. We found that microbial communities from caries patients had a higher evenness and inter-individual variations but simpler ecological networks compared to healthy controls despite the overall taxonomic structure being similar...
September 20, 2017: Microbial Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930642/microbial-complexes-and-caries-in-17-year-olds-with-and-without-streptococcus-mutans
#4
L Eriksson, P Lif Holgerson, A Esberg, I Johansson
Streptococcus mutans is a key bacterial species in the caries process, which affects >90% of the population worldwide. However, other acidogenic and aciduric/acidophilic species may contribute to disease development. In Sweden, a country with low prevalences of caries and S. mutans, a significant portion of caries-affected adolescents lack detectable levels of S. mutans. The objectives of the present study were 1) to characterize the tooth biofilm and saliva microbiota of adolescents with caries disease, with or without detectable S...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928780/assessment-of-oral-health-parameters-among-students-attending-special-schools-of-mangalore-city
#5
Tom Peter, Deepthi Anna Cherian, Tim Peter
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to assess the oral health status and treatment needs and correlation between dental caries susceptibility and salivary pH, buffering capacity and total antioxidant capacity among students attending special schools of Mangalore city. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study 361 subjects in the age range of 12-18 years were divided into normal (n = 84), physically challenged (n = 68), and mentally challenged (n = 209) groups. Their oral health status and treatment needs were recorded using the modified WHO oral health assessment proforma...
July 2017: Dental Research Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914238/assessment-of-dental-caries-oral-hygiene-status-traumatic-dental-injuries-and-provision-of-basic-oral-health-care-among-visually-impaired-children-of-eastern-odisha
#6
Vinay Suresan, Diptajit Das, Avinash Jnaneswar, Kunal Jha, Gunjan Kumar, Goutham Bala Subramaniam
CONTEXT: The magnitude and severity of oral health problems in visually impaired population are worse than in general population, and they tend to have more untreated dental diseases and more problems accessing dental care. AIMS: The aim of this study is to assess dentition status and treatment needs, oral hygiene status, and traumatic dental injuries among institutionalized children attending special schools for the visually impaired in eastern Odisha. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: A descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted using a universal sampling protocol...
October 2017: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898113/interferon-regulatory-factor-6-is-necessary-for-salivary-glands-and-pancreas-development
#7
K A Metwalli, M A Do, K Nguyen, S Mallick, K Kin, N Farokhnia, G Jun, W D Fakhouri
Interferon regulatory factor 6 ( IRF6) acts as a tumor suppressor and controls cell differentiation in ectodermal and craniofacial tissues by regulating expression of target genes. Haploinsufficiency of IRF6 causes Van der Woude and popliteal pterygium syndrome, 2 syndromic forms of cleft lip and palate. Around 85% of patients with Van der Woude express pits on the lower lip that continuously or intermittently drain saliva, and patients with the common cleft lip and palate have a higher prevalence of dental caries and gingivitis...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893041/evaluation-of-oral-health-status-among-5-15-year-old-school-children-in-shimoga-city-karnataka-india-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Shivananda Gudal Soumya, Kukkalli Kamalaksharappa Shashibhushan, Muttugadur Chandrappa Pradeep, Prashant Babaji, Vundela Rajashekar Reddy
INTRODUCTION: Oral health is an integral part of general health. Dental problems can be avoided if identified at an early stage. There is no data on oral health status of school going children in Karnataka state's Shimoga city. AIM: To evaluate oral health status of school going children among 5-15-year-old in Shimoga city. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 1458 government and private school children aged 5-6, 9-10 and 14-15 years...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890618/prevalence-of-dental-caries-and-traumatic-dental-injuries-among-6-to-12-year-old-children-in-bhopal-city-india
#9
Satish Maran, N D Shashikiran, Pratibha Ahirwar, Priyanka Maran, Pawan Raj Kannojiya, Babita Niranjan
INTRODUCTION: Dental caries and trauma are the most common oral health problems for many decades. There is need for prevalence data to analyze the nature of the problems and to take necessary steps in improving public health. AIM AND OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of dental caries and traumatic dental injuries among schoolchildren of age 6 to 12 years in Bhopal city. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Cross-sectional study design was selected. Universal sampling method was followed in this study...
April 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890613/assessment-of-vitamin-b12-and-its-correlation-with-dental-caries-and-gingival-diseases-in-10-to-14-year-old-children-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Shivayogi M Hugar, Neha S Dhariwal, Andleeb Majeed, Chandrashekhar Badakar, Niraj Gokhale, Laresh Mistry
AIM: To assess the level of vitamin B12 and correlate it with dental caries [decayed, missing, and filled permanent teeth (DMFT) score] and gingival diseases [plaque index (PI) and gingival index (GI)]. DESIGN: Healthy children according to the inclusion criteria were selected by the computerized randomization method from a school to assess the vitamin B12 levels using Centaur/ Versace machine. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Blood samples were collected to assess vitamin B12 levels using automated analyzer...
April 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888395/dental-adaptations-of-bronze-age-harappans-occlusal-wear-crown-size-and-dental-pathology
#11
John R Lukacs
Systematic study of dental attributes yields insights regarding diet and subsistence that cannot be gained from the archaeological record alone. This analysis documents occlusal tooth wear, tooth crown dimensions and dental pathology of an expanded dental sample from Harappa (2550-2030cal BC; Pakistan). New floral and faunal evidence of subsistence indicates a mix of agriculture and pastoralism that can be integrated with evidence of dental attributes and disease to reveal the impact of Harappan diet on oral health...
September 2017: International Journal of Paleopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881480/hypomineralised-second-primary-molars-prevalence-defect-characteristics-and-relationship-with-dental-caries-in-melbourne-preschool-children
#12
M L Owen, A Ghanim, D Elsby, D J Manton
BACKGROUND: Dental caries and enamel defects (DDE) are prevalent amongst children. The presence of DDEs, especially enamel hypomineralisation, may increase caries experience in those at increased caries-risk. The reported prevalence of hypomineralised second primary molars (HSPM) is 2.7% - 21.8%, although the occurrence in Australian children remains unknown. These HSPM represent a potential predictive factor for molar-incisor hypomineralisation (MIH). METHODS: In total, 623 three to five-year-old children from 30 randomly selected kindergartens participated...
September 7, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880993/trends-in-dental-caries-rates-over-45-years-1971-2016-among-schoolchildren-in-florian%C3%A3-polis-southern-brazil
#13
Ana Paula Debiasi Paganelli, Helena Mendes Constante, Felipe Sappino Sala, Carolina Cassol Bainha, Álvaro Luiz Socorro Borges, João Luiz Bastos, Marco Aurélio Peres
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to estimate the prevalence and severity of dental caries in schoolchildren from Florianópolis, southern Brazil, in 2016, as well as to compare these findings with data obtained from six previous studies carried out in the same school since 1971. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 133 schoolchildren, 12 and 13 years of age. Clinical data were collected by three previously calibrated examiners, according to the 2013 World Health Organization diagnostic criteria, in order to estimate the mean count of decayed, missing and filled teeth/surfaces (DMFT/DMFS indexes) and the Significant Caries Index (SiC)...
September 7, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872983/prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-tooth-erosion-in-8-12-year-old-brazilian-schoolchildren
#14
Mabel Miluska Suca Salas, Fabiana Vargas-Ferreira, Thiago Machado Ardenghi, Karen Glazer Peres, Marie-Charlotte Dnjm Huysmans, Flávio Fernando Demarco
OBJECTIVE: This study estimated the prevalence, distribution and associated factors of tooth erosion in Brazilian schoolchildren. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study was carried out in a representative sample of children aged 8-12-years-old from public and private schools. Six calibrated examiners assessed tooth erosion (O'Sullivan index) and other oral conditions (dental trauma, enamel defects, plaque, dental caries and dental crowding). Socio-demographic and behavioral data were collected using questionnaires...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872812/type-2-diabetes-as-a-risk-indicator-for-dental-caries-in-korean-adults-the-2011-2012-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#15
I-S Song, K Han, Y-M Park, J-J Ryu, J-B Park
OBJECTIVES: The associations between type 2 diabetes (T2D) and untreated dental caries was examined. This study hypothesized that there would be a positive association between T2D and the prevalence of decayed permanent teeth (DT) in representative Korean adults. METHODS: The information was derived from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey conducted in 2011-2012. Sociodemographic and lifestyle variables, anthropometric and biochemical status, metabolic health and glucose tolerance status, oral health behaviors, and dental caries index were evaluated...
September 2017: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872807/using-normalisation-process-theory-to-investigate-the-implementation-of-school-based-oral-health-promotion
#16
O J Olajide, J Shucksmith, A Maguire, F V Zohoori
Despite the considerable improvement in oral health of children in the UK over the last forty years, a significant burden of dental caries remains prevalent in some groups of children, indicating the need for more effective oral health promotion intervention (OHPI) strategies in this population. OBJECTIVE: To explore the implementation process of a community-based OHPI, in the North East of England, using Normalisation Process Theory (NPT) to provide insights on how effectiveness could be maximised...
September 2017: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871287/bayesian-analysis-of-the-association-between-family-level-factors-and-siblings-dental-caries
#17
A Wen, R J Weyant, D W McNeil, R J Crout, K Neiswanger, M L Marazita, B Foxman
We conducted a Bayesian analysis of the association between family-level socioeconomic status and smoking and the prevalence of dental caries among siblings (children from infant to 14 y) among children living in rural and urban Northern Appalachia using data from the Center for Oral Health Research in Appalachia (COHRA). The observed proportion of siblings sharing caries was significantly different from predicted assuming siblings' caries status was independent. Using a Bayesian hierarchical model, we found the inclusion of a household factor significantly improved the goodness of fit...
July 2017: JDR Clinical and Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869092/oral-health-promoting-school-environments-and-dental-caries-in-qu%C3%A3-bec-children
#18
Anu Edasseri, Tracie A Barnett, Khady Kâ, Mélanie Henderson, Belinda Nicolau
INTRODUCTION: Dental caries are highly prevalent among children and have negative health consequences. Their occurrence may depend in part on school-based environmental or policy-related factors, but few researchers have explored this subject. This study aimed to identify oral health promoting school environment types and estimate their relation with 2-year dental caries incidence among Québec children aged 8-10 years. METHODS: This study used data from two visits (completed in 2008 and 2011) of the QUALITY (Québec Adipose Lifestyle Investigation in Youth) cohort, which recruited white children at risk of obesity and their families from Greater Montreal schools...
August 28, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868798/feeding-frequency-in-infancy-and-dental-caries-in-childhood-a-prospective-cohort-study
#19
Carlos Alberto Feldens, Priscila Humbert Rodrigues, Gislaine de Anastácio, Márcia Regina Vítolo, Benjamin W Chaffee
OBJECTIVES: Feeding patterns in infancy are plausible contributors to dental caries later in childhood, yet relatively few cohort studies have examined potential dietary risk factors at this age. This study aimed to investigate the associations between feeding frequency at age 12 months and caries prevalence at age 3 years. METHODS: In this prospective birth cohort of 345 Brazilian children, all foods and drinks consumed at age 12 months, including bottle-use and breastfeeding, were recorded using two 24-hour infant dietary recalls with mothers...
September 3, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865505/-prevalence-of-dental-caries-in-patients-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-treated-with-multiple-insulin-injections-and-that-of-individuals-without-diabetes
#20
Diogo Machado, Ana Coelho, Anabela Paula, Francisco Caramelo, Francisco Carrilho, Luísa Barros, Carla Batista, Miguel Melo, Manuel Marques Ferreira, Eunice Carrilho
INTRODUCTION: In addition to macro and microvascular complications that are associated with the disease, hyperglycaemia is also a risk factor for several oral complications. The aim of this study is to establish a relationship between dental caries in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus treated with multiple insulin injections and that of individuals without diabetes. It is also an aim to characterize the oral hygiene habits of this population. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An observational clinical study of analytical and cross-sectional nature was conducted...
May 31, 2017: Acta Médica Portuguesa
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