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prevalence of dental caries

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769814/combined-deficiencies-of-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-and-anemia-in-preschool-children-with-severe-early-childhood-caries-a-case-control-study
#1
Shannon Deane, Robert J Schroth, Atul Sharma, Celia Rodd
Background: Severe early childhood caries (S-ECC) is common and has adverse affects on children's health. Children with S-ECC have been shown to have anemia or vitamin D deficiency. No studies have assessed the presence of combined deficiencies with S-ECC. The purpose of our study was to examine whether those with S-ECC had a higher prevalence of combined anemia and low 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) compared to controls. Covariates associated with elevated parathyroid hormone (PTH), previously noted in S-ECC, were examined...
May 2018: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768525/effects-of-a-food-enriched-with-probiotics-on-streptococcus-mutans-and-lactobacillus-spp-salivary-counts-in-preschool-children-a-cluster-randomized-trial
#2
Judy Villavicencio, Lina Maria Villegas, Maria Cristina Arango, Susana Arias, Francia Triana
Probiotics have provided benefits to general health, but they are still insufficient to dental health. This study aimed to evaluate milk supplemented with probiotic bacteria and standard milk, measured by levels of Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans) and Lactobacillus spp., in 3-4-year-old children after 9 months of intervention. The study was a triple-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized trial. The sample was composed of 363 preschoolers attending five child development centers in Cali, Colombia. They were randomized to two groups: children in the intervention group drank 200 mL of milk with Lactobacillus rhamnosus 5x106 and Bifidobacteruim longum 3x106, and children in the control group drank 200 mL of standard milk...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Applied Oral Science: Revista FOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766414/oral-health-and-oral-health-risk-behaviour-in-children-with-and-without-externalising-behaviour-problems
#3
M Staberg, J G Norén, L Gahnberg, A Ghaderi, C Kadesjö, A Robertson
AIM: This was to study children with early detected externalising behaviour problems compared to matched controls regarding oral health, oral health risk behaviour and the parental evaluation of the child's oral health and dental care. METHODS: Children aged 10-13 years and with externalising behaviour problems, were compared to matched controls. Behavioural characteristics were based on the Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire. The children and their parents completed questionnaires regarding dental fear, tooth brushing, dietary habits and evaluation of oral health and dental care...
May 15, 2018: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763355/risk-factors-of-early-childhood-caries-among-young-children-in-hong-kong-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Sherry Shiqian Gao, Duangporn Duangthip, Edward Chin Man Lo, Chun Hung Chu
OBJECTIVE: Early childhood caries (ECC) was prevalent in Hong Kong. Children with ECC risk should be identified early for prevention. This study aimed to identify common risk factors of ECC in Hong Kong 3-year-old children. STUDY DESIGN: Sample size calculation showed at least 6,321 of 3-year-old children should be invited in this study. A consent form and a questionnaire enquiring the children's oral health behaviours and social-economic background were distributed to their parents...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761342/impact-of-oral-hygiene-and-socio-demographic-factors-on-dental-caries-in-a-suburban-population-in-nigeria
#5
T A Oyedele, A D Fadeju, Y I Adeyemo, C L Nzomiwu, A M Ladeji
AIM: This was to determine dental caries determinants in the study participants. METHODOLOGY: This was a secondary data study extracted from primary data through a school-based study that recruited students from primary and secondary schools in a suburban population in Nigeria. The variables included age, gender, socio-economic status, oral hygiene status, type of parenting, birth rank, family size and presence of dental caries. The diagnosis of dental caries was based on the World Health Oral Health Survey recommendations while oral hygiene was determined using simplified-oral hygiene index (OHI-S)...
May 14, 2018: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752807/oral-health-and-school-performance-in-a-group-of-schoolchildren-from-the-federal-district-brazil
#6
Raquel Francis Almeida, Soraya Coelho Leal, Jordana Guedes Amorim Medonca, Leandro Augusto Hilgert, Ana Paula Dias Ribeiro
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether an association exists between school performance, quality of life, dental caries, and dental pain in children between 6 and 8 years of age. METHODS: All 6- to 8-year-old children enrolled in the second year of the six public schools in Paranoá-FD were invited to participate in this cross-sectional study. In total, 374 consented. Dental caries was recorded according to the Caries Assessment Spectrum and Treatment (CAST) index by two trained examiners...
May 12, 2018: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751753/knowledge-attitudes-and-self-reported-practices-toward-children-oral-health-among-mother-s-attending-maternal-and-child-s-units-sal%C3%A3-morocco
#7
Sanaa Chala, Soumia Houzmali, Redouane Abouqal, Faïza Abdallaoui
BACKGROUND: The occurrence of severe dental caries is particularly prevalent and harmful in children. A better understanding of parental factors that may be indicators of children's risk of developing dental caries is important for the development of preventive measures. This study was conducted to assess knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) of mothers in Salé, Morocco regarding oral health and their predictors. METHODS: A cross-sectional KAP study was conducted of Mother and Child units in Salé, Morocco...
May 11, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750628/effect-of-dentists-appearance-related-with-dental-fear-and-caries-status-in-6-12-years-old-children
#8
Ozge Yahyaoglu, Ozgul Baygin, Gorkem Yahyaoglu, Tamer Tuzuner
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to determine the prevalence of dental fear, the relationship between dental fear and dental caries and the dentist appearance most likely to reduce anxiety among children. In this way, dental treatment could be made more effective by changing the dentist's appearance. STUDY DESIGN: The "Children's Fear Survey Schedule-Dental Subscale" and a questionnaire 'designed to examine the children's preferences for their dentist's appearance', were administered to 810 patients between 6-12 years of age...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750620/prevalence-and-severity-of-dental-caries-in-foster-care-children-and-adolescents
#9
A Solis-Riggioni, C Gallardo-Barquero, D Chavarria-Bolaños
AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and severity of dental caries among institutionalized children and adolescents in San José, Costa Rica. STUDY DESIGN: This cross-sectional descriptive study included 201 children and adolescents between the ages of 2 and 17 years. Participants were selected by following pre-established criteria from 33 shelters located in the province of San José, Costa Rica. The International Caries Detection Assessment System (ICDAS) method was used for caries assessment...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750237/oral-health-of-youth-housed-in-socio-educational-centers-of-the-juvenile-penal-area-of-the-province-of-c%C3%A3-rdoba-argentina
#10
María M Barnetche, Lila S Cornejo
The purpose of this research was to analyze the oral health status of youth housed in socio-educational centers of the Juvenile Penal Area of the Province of Córdoba, Argentina of corrections by considering clinical evaluation and the main sociodemographic data. Socio-demographics, healthy and unhealthy habits of self-care, and dental clinical profile were assessed for this purpose. An exploratory cross-sectional study was carried out on 70 14- to 18-year-olds who had been institutionalized for at least six months...
December 2017: Acta Odontológica Latinoamericana: AOL
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748513/a-case%C3%A2-control-study-of-socio-economic-and-nutritional-characteristics-as-determinants-of-dental-caries-in-different-age-groups-considered-as-public-health-problem-data-from-nhanes-2013%C3%A2-2014
#11
Laura A Zanella-Calzada, Carlos E Galván-Tejada, Nubia M Chávez-Lamas, Ma Del Carmen Gracia-Cortés, Arturo Moreno-Báez, Jose G Arceo-Olague, Jose M Celaya-Padilla, Jorge I Galván-Tejada, Hamurabi Gamboa-Rosales
One of the principal conditions that affects oral health worldwide is dental caries, occurring in about 90% of the global population. This pathology has been considered a challenge because of its high prevalence, besides being a chronic but preventable disease which can be caused by a series of different demographic, dietary" among others. Based on this problem, in this research a demographic and dietary features analysis is performed for the classification of subjects according to their oral health status based on caries, according to the age group where the population belongs, using as feature selector a technique based on fast backward selection (FBS) approach for the development of three predictive models, one for each age range (group 1: 10⁻19; group 2: 20⁻59; group 3: 60 or more years old)...
May 10, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744207/salivary-intercellular-adenosine-triphosphate-testing-in-primary-caretakers-an-examination-of-statistical-significance-versus-diagnostic-predictability
#12
Crystal Bill, Judy A Danielson, Robert S Jones
A primary caretaker is a potential reservoir of bacteria for an infant child and can be evaluated during a child's caries risk assessment. The aim of this study was to investigate an indirect method for assessing Streptococcus mutans and Streptococcus sobrinus (MS) and lactobacillus (LB) levels in a caretaker's saliva. Thirty-eight primary caretakers participated in the study to determine whether a 2-step method to assess the intracellular adenosine triphosphate (ATP) levels in saliva (saliva i-ATP method) predicted higher MS and LB levels...
December 2017: Clinical and Experimental Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743172/prevalence-of-dental-caries-profile-in-children-and-adolescents-in-rural-jiangsu-province
#13
Taha Hussein Musa, Wei Li, Xiaoshan Li, Wei Xiang Wang, Wonmongo Lacina Soro, Rong Gao, Yue Song, Yan He, Lei Hong, Hassan Hussein Musa, Pingmin Wei
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 9, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736494/oral-health-behaviour-and-oral-health-status-of-elderly-vietnamese
#14
Minh Son Nguyen, Triin Jagomägi, Ülle Voog-Oras, Toai Nguyen, Mare Saag
PURPOSE: To describe oral health behaviours and problems among elderly Vietnamese as well as determine their prevalence of caries and periodontal disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study examined 258 elderly persons aged 65-74 years living in Danang, Vietnam. All subjects self-reported oral health behaviour and problems. Dental caries was assessed using the DMFT index. Periodontal status was evaluated with the modified Community Periodontal Index, whereby all teeth were examined for gingival bleeding and periodontal pocket depth (PPD), and the index teeth were assessed for clinical attachment loss (CAL)...
2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736488/transitional-changes-in-the-prevalence-of-dental-caries-in-children-and-preventive-strategies-a-review-of-nationwide-annual-surveys-in-japan
#15
Chizuru Mukouyama, Yuji Koike, Toshie Hirohara
PURPOSE: To elucidate the efficacy of strategies for preventing dental caries in Japanese children by examining trends over time in the prevalence of dental caries, the number of decayed, missing, or filled teeth (the DMFT index), and their association with factors affecting oral hygiene. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Several national surveys performed between 1955 and 2015 were reviewed. The prevalence of dental caries in children aged 5-15 years, the DMFT index in children aged 9 or 14 years, individual consumption of added sugars and snacks, the number of dentists in Japan, and the percentage of children who received fluoride varnish were analysed...
2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717975/prevalence-of-total-and-untreated-dental-caries-among-youth-united-states-2015-2016
#16
Eleanor Fleming, Joseph Afful
Dental caries is the most common chronic disease among youth aged 6-19 years. Untreated caries can cause pain and infections. Monitoring prevalence of untreated and total caries (untreated and treated) is key to preventing and controlling oral diseases. This report presents the prevalence of total and untreated caries in primary or permanent teeth among youth aged 2-19 years for 2015-2016, and trends from 2011-2012 through 2015-2016.
April 2018: NCHS Data Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710488/human-oral-microbiota-and-its-modulation-for-oral-health
#17
REVIEW
Yangheng Zhang, Xiang Wang, Houxuan Li, Can Ni, Zhibin Du, Fuhua Yan
The oral microbiome is an important part of the human microbiome. The oral cavity contains several significantly different niches with distinct microbial communities. A wide range of microorganisms inhabit the human oral cavity, including bacteria, fungi, viruses, archaea and protozoa. These microorganisms form a complex ecological community that influences oral and systemic health. The most prevalent oral diseases, dental caries and periodontal diseases, are microbiota-associated diseases. Moreover, increasing evidences have supported that many systemic diseases are associated with disturbances in the oral ecosystem, such as diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and tumors...
March 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698142/contribution-of-streptococcus-mutans-virulence-factors-and-saliva-agglutinating-capacity-to-caries-susceptibility-in-children-a-preliminary-study
#18
Eloa Ramalho de Camargo, Jonas Bitencourt Canalle, Rodriguo Capozzoli, Tanila Wood Dos Santos, Margareth Bulhman Ballini, Lucio Fabio Caldas Ferraz, Thaís Manzano Parisotto, Michelle Darrieux
BACKGROUND: Many factors contribute to caries development in humans, such as diet, host factors - including different saliva components - and the presence of acidogenic bacteria in the dental biofilm, particularly Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans). Despite the influence of S. mutans in caries, this bacterium is also prevalent among healthy individuals, suggesting the contribution of genetic variation on the cariogenic potential. Based on this hypothesis, the present work investigated the influence of S...
April 26, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698139/early-childhood-caries-and-risk-factors-in-vietnam
#19
Yen Hoang Thi Nguyen, Masayuki Ueno, Takashi Zaitsu, Toai Nguyen, Yoko Kawaguchi
OBJECTIVE: To investigate caries prevalence and examine its relationship with socioeconomic status and oral health behavior of Vietnamese kindergarten children. STUDY DESIGN: The study was carried out on 1,028 children aged 2-5 years in six kindergartens in Thua Thien Hue province, Vietnam. Information about socioeconomics and oral health behaviors was collected through a self-administered questionnaire, and oral health status by clinical dental examination. RESULTS: Clinical dental examination found that overall caries prevalence and mean dmft were 89...
April 26, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698134/dental-diseases-and-intestinal-dysbiosis-among-children
#20
T Shishniashvili, T Suladze, M Makhviladze, M Kalandaze, V Margvelashvili
OBJECTIVES: The goal of the present study correlates dental hard tissue mineralization, mucosal pathologies in the oral cavity and different degrees of intestinal dysbiosis. STUDY DESIGN: the study examined two groups: the study group (Group I) included 229 children and adolescents aged 1-17 (mean age 5±1years) with oral pathologies (caries, acute or chronic candidiasis) and confirmed dysbiosis of varying severity and stages as well. Group II (the Control Group) was composed of 50 patients aged 1 - 16 (mean age 5±1years) with oral pathologies but with no detected changes in gastrointestinal (GI) flora...
April 26, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
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