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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914157/-prevalence-of-dental-caries-in-type-1-diabetic-patients-treated-with-insulin-pump
#1
Rosana Garcia, Ana Coelho, Anabela Paula, Manuel Marques Ferreira, Francisco Caramelo, Luísa Barros, Carla Batista, Miguel Melo, Mário Jorge Silva, Eunice Carrilho
INTRODUCTION: Type 1 diabetes mellitus and oral health are strictly related on a reciprocal basis, and an increased susceptibility to a wide variety of oral diseases is recognised in these patients. The aim of the present study was to establish a relationship between the prevalence of dental caries in Type 1 diabetic patients treated with insulin pump and that of non-diabetic patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An observational clinical study of analytical and cross-sectional nature was conducted...
August 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898426/maternal-depression-increases-childhood-dental-caries-a-cohort-study-in-brazil
#2
Gabriela Dos Santos Pinto, Luciana de Ávila Quevedo, Marcos Britto Correa, Marina Sousa Azevedo, Marília Leão Goettems, Ricardo Tavares Pinheiro, Flávio Fernando Demarco
AIM: To investigate the relationship between maternal depression and childhood caries in a cohort of adolescent mothers. METHODS: This cross-sectional study nested in a cohort evaluated a sample of 538 mother/child dyads. When the children were 24-36 months of age, data regarding oral health from children and mothers were collected by clinical dental examination. A mother's major depressive disorder was assessed by using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI [Plus]), at the current moment...
November 30, 2016: Caries Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894112/association-of-mbl2-gene-polymorphism-with-dental-caries-in-saudi-children
#3
Yousef M Alyousef, J Francis Borgio, Sayed AbdulAzeez, Naif Al-Masoud, Ali A Al-Ali, Emad Al-Shwaimi, Amein K Al-Ali
The high prevalence of dental caries in children worldwide is a major oral health problem which requires early intervention. Dental caries is mainly caused by the action of acids produced by bacteria in addition to many other factors. Recent genetic studies have reported that a number of genes are associated with the susceptibility to dental caries. The majority of these genes are associated with inflammation, increased susceptibility to infection, and dentine matrix formation. Using the TaqMan assay and direct DNA sequencing, the prevalence of 6 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in MMP9, MBL2, MMP2, and TIMP2 genes was determined in 102 children with caries and in 100 age-matched caries-free controls...
November 29, 2016: Caries Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891457/prevalence-of-dental-caries-among-primary-school-children-of-india-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Anand Hiremath, Vikneshan Murugaboopathy, Anil V Ankola, Mamata Hebbal, Suganya Mohandoss, Pratibha Pastay
INTRODUCTION: In India, the trend indicates an increase in oral health problems especially dental caries, which has been consistently increasing both in prevalence and in severity. Children of all age groups are affected by dental caries. It becomes imperative to collect the data on prevalence of dental caries and treatment needs to provide preventive care. AIM: To assess the prevalence of dental caries and treatment needs of 6-11years old Indian school children...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891303/constructing-public-health-policies-in-post-crisis-countries-lessons-to-learn-from-the-associations-between-free-sugars-consumption-and-diabetes-obesity-and-dental-caries-before-during-and-after-sanctions-in-iraq
#5
E Joury, R Al-Kaabi, Anwar R Tappuni
BACKGROUND: This article aims to provide evidence for an informed public health policy on free-sugar consumption in post-crisis countries. METHODS: Iraq was selected as a case study. A systematic search for published data on the prevalence/incidence of type-2 diabetes, overweight/obesity, dental caries and free-sugar consumption levels in Iraq was conducted using MEDLINE, the Iraqi Academic Scientific journals and relevant international organisations' websites. Comparable data before (1980-1990), during (1991-2002) and after (2003-2015) the United Nations sanctions (UNS) were included...
2016: Zeitschrift Für Gesundheitswissenschaften, Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891302/epidemiology-of-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome-from-an-oral-perspective
#6
REVIEW
Anne Isine Bolstad, Kathrine Skarstein
Oral symptoms are among the most distressing manifestations for patients with Sjögren's syndrome (SS). The feeling of dry mouth is unpleasant, and hyposalivation may contribute to difficulty in speaking, chewing and swallowing and reduced quality of life. Reduced salivary flow increases the risk for dental caries and problems with prosthetic replacement. It seems that SS is not as frequently occurring as previously anticipated. Population-based prevalence studies on primary SS in Europe, conducted on large background populations and in accordance with the AECG criteria, reported of a prevalence of 1-9 cases per 10,000 people...
2016: Current Oral Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884719/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomised-controlled-trials-on-the-effectiveness-of-school-based-dental-screening-versus-no-screening-on-improving-oral-health-in-children
#7
REVIEW
Easter Joury, Eduardo Bernabe, Wael Sabbah, Kamal Nakhleh, Kurinchi Gurusamy
OBJECTIVES: The current study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of school-based dental screening versus no screening on improving oral health in children aged 3-18 years by a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. SOURCES AND STUDY SELECTION: Three sets of independent reviewers searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, Web of Science and other sources through April 2016 to identify published and nonpublished studies without language restrictions and extracted data...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874156/prevalence-of-obesity-in-elementary-school-children-and-its-association-with-dental-caries
#8
Deema J Farsi, Heba M Elkhodary, Leena A Merdad, Najat M A Farsi, Sumer M Alaki, Najlaa M Alamoudi, Haneen A Bakhaidar, Mohammed A Alolayyan
To investigate the prevalence of obesity among elementary school children and to examine the association between obesity and caries activity in the mixed dentition stage. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia between September 2014 and June 2015 using a multi-stage stratified sample of 915 elementary school children (482 boys, 433 girls) in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Anthropometric measurements, consisting of height, weight, body mass index (BMI), and waist circumference (WC), were obtained...
December 2016: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868355/oral-health-status-of-six-year-old-children-in-qatar-findings-from-the-national-oral-health-survey
#9
M H Al-Thani, A A Al-Thani, A A Al-Emadi, W F Al-Chetachi, H Akram, B V Poovelil
INTRODUCTION: Oral health has a significant impact on physical, social and mental well-being of an individual. Qatar, like the rest of the world, is experiencing higher prevalence of oral health-related problems. OBJECTIVES: To examine the oral health status and extent of preventive and curative needs among six-year-old school children in Qatar by key demographic indicators. METHODS: Secondary data analysis of 1124 six-year-old private and government primary school children from the 2011 Qatar National Oral Health Survey was performed...
November 20, 2016: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865212/changes-in-the-oral-health-of-the-children-of-dili-timor-leste-between-2002-and-2014
#10
Lucio F Babo Soares, Penny L Allen, Jenna Kingi, Kaye Roberts-Thomson, Silvana Bettiol, Leonard Crocombe
INTRODUCTION: This research compared the oral health status of school children in Dili (the capital of Timor Leste) in 2002 and 2014. METHODS: The 2014 oral health survey of Dili's children replicated the methods of an AusAID-supported oral health survey conducted in 2002. Equal numbers of children were invited to participate from four age groups (6-8, 9-11, 12-14 and 15-17 years). For the 2014 survey, the subdistricts of Dom Aleixo, Cristo Rei, Metinaro and Vera Cruz were randomly selected for inclusion...
October 2016: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863799/retrospective-analysis-of-the-prevalence-and-incidence-of-caries-in-the-distal-surface-of-mandibular-second-molars-in-british-military-personnel
#11
T Pepper, P Grimshaw, T Konarzewski, J Combes
Mandibular third molars are commonly removed because of distal caries in the adjacent tooth. To find out the prevalence of distal caries in mandibular second molars we retrospectively studied the primary care dental records of 720 British military personnel (653 men and 67 women) from various centres. These records are standardised and personnel are required to attend for inspection regularly. Those who had been under 20 years of age at enlistment, who had served for at least five years, and had five recorded dental inspections, were included...
November 15, 2016: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863155/nanoparticle-based-targeting-and-detection-of-microcavities
#12
Nathan A Jones, Sywe-Ren Chang, William J Troske, Brian H Clarkson, Joerg Lahann
Although dental caries is the most prevalent oral disease worldwide, currently, many dentists continue to use the traditional mirror and probe (dental explorer) method of caries diagnosis. This method of caries detection has the drawback that it is often difficult to distinguish between active and inactive carious lesions. In this work, novel bio-based nanoparticles are developed to specifically detect active caries in vitro. The nanoparticles are made from a cationic fluorescein-labeled food-grade starch in order to fluoresce when illuminated by a standard dental curing light, and to degrade in the oral cavity into nontoxic compounds after detecting the active carious lesion...
November 15, 2016: Advanced Healthcare Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857525/association-of-body-mass-index-with-dental-caries-among-malnourished-tribal-children-of-indore-division
#13
Astha Chauhan, Sandesh Nagarajappa, Pralhad L Dasar, Prashant Mishra
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Nutrition is an essential component in human growth, development and maintenance of healthy life. Tribal communities are highly disease prone and do not have the required access to basic health facilities, also having a high degree of malnutrition. The aim of this study was to determine the association of body mass index with dental caries among malnourished tribal children of Indore division (M.P.). METHODS: A cross-sectional house to house survey was carried out among 275 study subjects, 6-15 years old tribal children in two major tribal districts of Indore division...
2016: Clujul Medical (1957)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853978/sex-differences-of-dental-pathology-in-early-modern-samurai-and-commoners-at-kokura-in-japan
#14
Joichi Oyamada, Yoshikazu Kitagawa, Masahito Hara, Junya Sakamoto, Takayuki Matsushita, Toshiyuki Tsurumoto, Yoshitaka Manabe
So-called "Ohaguro", teeth blackening, in the married females was a general custom regardless of class in the early modern period. As a result, Ohaguro was thought to have enhanced the acid resistance of tooth substance and tightened gingiva and prevented tooth morbidity due to periodontal disease. For investigation into the influence of Ohaguro, the skeletal remains of early modern samurai and commoners at Kokura were examined for differences in the dental pathology based on sex. Though females from archeological sites have significantly more carious teeth and antemortem tooth loss (AMTL) than males in the previous studies, the prevalence of caries and AMTL in males was higher than in females among the early modern samurai and commoners in Kokura...
November 16, 2016: Odontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848202/prevalence-of-enamel-defects-and-association-with-dental-caries-in-preschool-children
#15
C Massignan, M Ximenes, C da Silva Pereira, L Dias, M Bolan, M Cardoso
AIM: This was to evaluate the prevalence of the developmental defects of enamel (DDE) in primary teeth and its association with dental caries. METHODS: A cross-sectional study with a randomised representative sample was carried out with 1101 children aged 2-5 years enrolled in public preschools (50% prevalence of DDE in primary teeth, a standard error of 3%, and a confidence level of 95%). Three calibrated dentists (K > 0.62) performed clinical examination...
November 15, 2016: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846833/oral-health-related-background-factors-and-dental-service-utilisation-among-sudanese-children-with-and-without-a-congenital-heart-defects
#16
H M Ali, M Mustafa, E F Nasir, S A Lie, S Hasabalrasol, O H Elshazali, R W Ali, M S Skeie
BACKGROUND: Sudanese children with congenital heart defects (CHDs) were found to have poorer oral health than those without CHDs. The aims of this study were to: describe the patterns of oral-health-related background factors in children with and without CHD and explore any differences, and to evaluate the effects of background factors on caries and gingivitis prevalence and dental services utilisation. METHODS: In this analytical cross-sectional study, caregivers of children aged 3-12 years with (CHD cases n = 111) and without CHDs (Controls n = 182), underwent face-to-face interviews using a structured questionnaire...
November 15, 2016: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846636/caries-and-innate-immunity-defb1-gene-polymorphisms-and-caries-susceptibility-in-genetic-isolates-from-north-eastern-italy
#17
Chiara O Navarra, Antonietta Robino, Nicola Pirastu, Lorenzo Bevilacqua, Paolo Gasparini, Roberto Di Lenarda, Sergio Crovella
BACKGROUND: The DEFB1 gene, encoding for the constitutively expressed human β-defensin 1 (hBD1) antimicrobial peptide is a potential candidate when studying genetic susceptibility to caries. DEFB1 genetic variations have been reported as contributing to hBD1 production impairment, leading to a greater susceptibility to be infected by oral pathogens, also leading to periodontitis. METHODS: We analysed 5 DEFB1 polymorphisms, namely 3 functional single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) at the 5'-untranslated region (UTR), -52G>A (rs1799946), -44C>G (rs1800972), and -20G>A (rs11362), 2 SNPs at the 3'-UTR, c*5G>A (rs1047031) and c*87A>G (rs1800971) SNP located in potential miRNA binding sites, looking for possible correlations with the risk to develop caries in 654 adult subjects from isolated populations of north-eastern Italy...
November 16, 2016: Caries Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846621/unstimulated-saliva-related-caries-risk-factors-in-individuals-with-cystic-fibrosis-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-unstimulated-salivary-flow-ph-and-buffering-capacity
#18
Alaa A Alkhateeb, Lloyd A Mancl, Richard B Presland, Marilynn L Rothen, Donald L Chi
Salivary flow rate, pH, and buffering capacity are associated with dental caries, but studies from the cystic fibrosis (CF) literature are inconclusive regarding these salivary factors and caries. The aim of this study was to evaluate these factors and their associations with dental caries in individuals with CF. Unstimulated whole saliva was collected from individuals aged 6-20 years at Seattle Children's Hospital CF Clinic, USA (n = 83). Salivary flow rate was measured in milliliters per minute. Salivary pH was assessed using a laboratory pH meter...
November 16, 2016: Caries Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843258/prevalence-of-early-childhood-caries-in-children-of-west-godavari-district-andhra-pradesh-south-india-an-epidemiological-study
#19
Srikanth Koya, K S Ravichandra, Vasa A Arunkumar, Suzan Sahana, H M Pushpalatha
AIM: To determine the prevalence of early childhood caries (ECC) and its risk factors in children of West Godavari district, Andhra Pradesh. STUDY DESIGN: A sample of 1,897 children between 24 and 71 months of age based on stratified cluster random sampling were clinically examined for dental caries using mouth mirror under day light. The parents/caregivers of each child were interviewed with a structured questionnaire. Data was analyzed using independent sample Student's t-test and chi-square test...
July 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833512/impact-of-sociodemographic-attributes-and-dental-caries-on-quality-of-life-of-intellectual-disabled-children-using-ecohis
#20
Vikram Pal Aggarwal, Anmol Mathur, C L Dileep, Manu Batra, Diljot Kaur Makkar
OBJECTIVES: To assess the impact of oral health outcomes on Oral Health-Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL) among intellectual disabled children and their families. METHODOLOGY: OHRQoL based study was conducted among 150 intellectual disabled children students in the North West part of the country, Rajasthan, India. Guardians were asked to complete questionnaire on socioeconomic status and the Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale (ECOHIS) on their perception of the children's OHRQoL...
October 2016: International Journal of Health Sciences
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