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prevalence of dental caries

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155223/multilevel-model-to-estimate-county-level-untreated-dental-caries-among-us-children-aged-6-9years-using-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#1
Mei Lin, Xingyou Zhang, James B Holt, Valerie Robison, Chien-Hsun Li, Susan O Griffin
Because conducting population-based oral health screening is resource intensive, oral health data at small-area levels (e.g., county-level) are not commonly available. We applied the multilevel logistic regression and poststratification method to estimate county-level prevalence of untreated dental caries among children aged 6-9years in the United States using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2005-2010 linked with various area-level data at census tract, county and state levels...
November 16, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124950/factors-associated-with-dental-caries-periodontitis-and-intra-oral-lesions-in-individuals-with-hiv-aids
#2
Anderson Jambeiro de Souza, Isaac Suzart Gomes-Filho, Carlos Alberto Lima da Silva, Johelle de Santana Passos-Soares, Simone Seixas da Cruz, Soraya Castro Trindade, Ana Claudia Morais Godoy Figueiredo, Yvonne de Paiva Buischi, Gregory J Seymour, Eneida de Moraes Marcílio Cerqueira
This study aimed to investigate the factors associated with oral diseases in individuals with HIV/AIDS. A cross sectional study was carried out which included 312 individuals registered in the Specialized Care Services for HIV/AIDS in three municipalities of the State of Bahia: Feira de Santana, Santo Antonio de Jesus and Juazeiro, Brazil. Socioeconomic-demographic characteristics related to life style and to dental caries, periodontitis and intra-oral mucosal lesions were investigated in patients with HIV/AIDS infection...
November 10, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122096/association-between-bmi-and-dental-caries-among-school-children-and-adolescents-in-jiangsu-province-china
#3
Wei Li, Taha Hussein Musa, Rong Gao, Xiao Shan Li, Wei Xiang Wang, Lei Hong, Ping Min Wei
Obesity and dental caries are increasing epidemics, especially among children and adolescents. This epidemiological observational cross-sectional study was conducted to assess the possible association between body mass index (BMI) and dental caries among 111,792 school children and adolescents in Jiangsu Province. We found that 13.14% participants of the study sample were overweight, and 7.37% were obese. The prevalence of dental caries was 12.95% in overweight and 7.89% in obese students. There were significant differences in caries prevalence by sex, region, age group, and BMI...
October 2017: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences: BES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122090/prevalence-and-years-of-life-lost-due-to-disability-from-dental-caries-among-children-and-adolescents-in-western-china-1990-2015
#4
Zhuo Wang, Ying Deng, Shi Wei Liu, Jun He, Kui Ji, Xin Ying Zeng, Shu Juan Yang, Xin Yin Xu, Yu Luo, Mai Geng Zhou, Jian Xin Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the prevalence and years lived with disability (YLD) from dental caries among children and adolescents and the time trends over the past two decades in Sichuan province, the largest province in west China. METHODS: Based on the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015 (GBD2015), which systematically assessed the epidemiological characteristics of major diseases and their transitions by country and region from 1990 to 2015, we extracted the estimated results for China...
2017: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences: BES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119318/global-oral-health-status-of-athletes-with-intellectual-disabilities
#5
Luc Marks, Allen Wong, Steven Perlman, Amy Shellard, Carla Fernandez
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to identify the oral health status and treatment needs of Special Olympics athletes with intellectual disabilities from 181 countries by the assessment of oral health parameters and differences between world regions. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data were collected through interview and oral examinations within the Healthy Athletes Screening. These data were analysed with descriptive statistics of oral health parameters of athletes from Africa, Asia Pacific, East Asia, Europe/Eurasia, Latin America, Middle East North Africa (MENA) and North America...
November 9, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116297/maternal-depression-and-anxiety-associated-with-dental-fear-in-children-a-cohort-of-adolescent-mothers-in-southern-brazil
#6
Vanessa Polina Pereira Costa, Marcos Britto Correa, Marília Leão Goettems, Ricardo Tavares Pinheiro, Flávio Fernando Demarco
Exposure to maternal symptoms of depression/anxiety has long-term negative consequences for child development, regardless of the contextual risk. The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship of the symptomatology of persistent maternal depression and anxiety with child dental fear. This study was nested in a cohort of adolescent mothers in southern Brazil. Symptomatology of maternal depression and anxiety was assessed during pregnancy and postpartum, when the mothers' children were 24-36 months old, using Beck Depression Inventory and Beck Anxiety Inventory...
November 6, 2017: Brazilian Oral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116296/is-obesity-associated-to-dental-caries-in-brazilian-schoolchildren
#7
María Raquel Fernández, Marília Leão Goettems, Flávio Fernando Demarco, Marcos Britto Corrêa
This cross-sectional study aimed to determine the association between dental caries and weight status, and between dental caries and physical activity in Brazilian schoolchildren aged 8 to 12 years. A multi-stage sample of children enrolled in 20 private and public schools in 2010 in Pelotas, Southern Brazil, were invited to participate in the study. Socioeconomic data were collected from parents, and data regarding children characteristics were collected from children using a questionnaire and anthropometric measures...
November 6, 2017: Brazilian Oral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115979/common-oral-conditions-and-correlates-an-oral-health-survey-in-kwara-state-nigeria
#8
Abiola O Tobin, Ikeoluwapo O Ajayi
BACKGROUND: Oral diseases are one of the most prevalent health problems today with distribution and severity varying in different parts of the world and within the same country. Oral health surveys are needed to determine prevalence of oral conditions and the nature and urgency of oral health interventions. A modified version of World Health Organisation pathfinder survey methods was used to determine prevalence of oral conditions amongst 150 respondents in two local government areas in Kwara State, Nigeria...
November 7, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110327/caries-risk-assessment-tool-and-prevention-protocol-for-public-health-nurses-in-mother-and-child-health-centers-israel
#9
Lena Natapov, Dan Dekel-Markovich, Hadas Granit-Palmon, Efrat Aflalo, Shlomo Paul Zusman
OBJECTIVES: Dental caries is the most prevalent chronic disease in children. Caries risk assessment tools enable the dentists, physicians, and nondental health care providers to assess the individual's risk. Intervention by nurses in primary care settings can contribute to the establishment of oral health habits and prevention of dental disease. In Israel, Mother and Child Health Centers provide free preventive services for pregnant women and children by public health nurses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A caries prevention program in health centers started in 2015...
November 7, 2017: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109314/a-cross-sectional-study-to-assess-the-perception-of-psychosocial-elements-among-pediatric-patients-visiting-dental-clinics
#10
Ashish Bhalla, U B Rajasekaran, Madhavi Singh, Manish Goutam, Nikhil Grover, Ashok Galav
INTRODUCTION: Children with high dental fear and perception usually encounter high prevalence of dental caries. Data showed that individuals with dental fear will probably defer dental appointments which may result in the formation of a setup of an endless loop of dental fear. Present study was aimed to assess different psycho-social parameters among pediatric patients visiting dental clinics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In the present cross-sectional study, the data of 200 schoolchildren were collected and analyzed by means of a questionnaire...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109309/prevalence-of-dental-caries-and-oral-hygiene-status-among-juvenile-prisoners-in-the-kingdom-of-saudi-arabia
#11
Thamer Alkhadra
AIM: The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of dental caries and oral hygiene status among juvenile prisoners in Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 105 prisoners aged between 12 and 17 years of age from the Juvenile Detention Center were included in the study. Any prisoner with systemic illness and being noncooperative were excluded from the study. Clinical examinations were performed under an artificial light source using a disposable mouth mirror and explorer while seated on a portable chair...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106352/the-oral-health-of-preschool-children-of-refugee-and-immigrant-families-in-manitoba
#12
Mohamed El Azrak, Alice Huang, Khalida Hai-Santiago, Mary F Bertone, Daniella DeMaré, Robert J Schroth
INTRODUCTION: Children of newcomers to Canada have been identified as at moderately high risk for developing early childhood caries (ECC). The purpose of this study was to investigate the oral health of preschool children of refugee and immigrant families in Winnipeg. METHODS: Children < 72 months of age and their parent or primary caregiver were recruited through several newcomer settlement agencies, dental clinics and community programs. Parents and caregivers completed a short questionnaire with the assistance of a research team member...
January 2017: Journal—Canadian Dental Association, Journal de L'Association Dentaire Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098258/-an-epidemiological-investigation-of-caries-status-of-the-first-permanent-molars-of-children-aged-7-9-year-in-taizhou-city
#13
Xian-Mei Zhong, Chun-Mei Jia, Yi-Feng Duan, Yan Duan, Xiao Qiao
PURPOSE: To investigate caries prevalence of the first permanent molars of children aged 7-9 years in Taizhou city. METHODS: According to caries diagnostic criteria of WHO, 3653 primary school students in downtown areas of Taizhou city were surveyed; the data were statistically analyzed with SPSS 20.0 software package. RESULTS: The total caries prevalence rate of the first permanent molars was 24.99%. The average decayed-missing-filled (DMFT) teeth were 0...
June 2017: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098249/-effects-of-free-dental-filling-interventions-on-early-childhood-primary-tooth-caries-in-shanghai-jiading-district
#14
Hua Dong, Shu-Yu Zhang, Yue-Ling Li
PURPOSE: To provide scientific basis for the establishment of oral health care polices in Jiading, and to evaluate the effectiveness of a free dental filling intervention conducted for childen in Jiading district. METHODS: Nine hundred and eighteen children of 3-5 year old from two kindergartens with similarities in living environments and economic conditions were enrolled in this study. Children in the intervention group received both oral health examination and free filling of shallow and moderate caries once a year for 3 years, while children in the control group received only oral health examination once a year...
June 2017: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094770/an-oral-epidemiological-comparison-of-chinese-and-new-zealand-adults-in-2-key-age-groups
#15
Songlin He, William Murray Thomson
OBJECTIVES: To use recent national survey data to compare dentition status and oral diseases in China and New Zealand (NZ), with a particular focus on differences by sex and education level. METHODS: We undertook secondary analysis of representative data from oral health surveys conducted in 2009 in Sichuan (China) and NZ. Both surveys had an oral examination component and collected detailed demographic data. Socioeconomic position in this analysis was represented by the highest level of education completed...
November 2, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090464/caries-assessment-spectrum-treatment-the-severity-score
#16
Ana Paula D Ribeiro, Isadora P Maciel, Ana Luiza de Souza Hilgert, Ewald M Bronkhorst, Jo E Frencken, Soraya C Leal
OBJECTIVES: To appraise the feasibility of the caries assessment spectrum and treatment (CAST) severity score according to the formula (F) recommended in the CAST manual. METHODS: Data from an epidemiological survey of 680 schoolchildren (mean age ± standard deviation: 7.45 ± 0.91 years), living in a low-income area in Brasília, were used. The CAST instrument was used for assessing enamel carious lesions (CAST code = 3), dentine carious lesions (CAST codes = 4-7) and tooth loss from caries (CAST code = 8)...
November 1, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090450/effects-of-environmental-tobacco-smoke-on-the-oral-health-of-preschool-children
#17
N N B Hasmun, B K Drummond, T Milne, M P Cullinan, A M Meldrum, D Coates
AIMS: This study investigated the association between the prevalence of oral health problems (caries, gingivitis, mucosal pigmentation and enamel defects in one to 5 year-old children exposed and not exposed to environmental tobacco smoke before and/or after birth. Exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) in childhood may have significant health effects. METHODS: A structured questionnaire was used to collect data on a child's current and previous illnesses, oral health behaviours, dietary habits, parental smoking behaviours and parents' dental history...
October 31, 2017: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083027/a-longitudinal-study-of-the-relationship-between-dental-caries-and-obesity-in-late-childhood-and-adolescence
#18
Emma Patricia Hall-Scullin, Hilary Whitehead, Helen Rushton, Keith Milsom, Martin Tickle
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether caries experience in late childhood (aged 7-9 years) was predictive of adolescent obesity (ages 12-16 years) to inform the use of a common risk factor approach (CRFA) for prevention. METHODS: A cohort study was conducted in an area of North West England. Clinical assessment of caries took place using the same methodology at ages 7-9 years and 12-16 years. Body mass index (BMI) category was calculated from height and weight measurements using age and gender specific cut-offs at 12-16 years only...
October 30, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072208/assessment-of-caries-status-among-schoolchildren-according-to-decayed-missing-filled-teeth-decayed-extract-filled-teeth-index-international-caries-detection-and-assessment-system-and-caries-assessment-spectrum-and-treatment-criteria
#19
E Rajendra Reddy, S Thabitha Rani, M Manjula, L Vinay Kumar, T Ajay Mohan, E Radhika
BACKGROUND: Detection and evaluation of dental caries is of epidemiological importance. Its early detection is important to commence appropriate treatment planning. Cavitated, noncavitated, and initial lesions of dental caries can be detected by various indices. OBJECTIVES: The objective of the study was to assess the caries experience in schoolchildren using decayed-missing-filled teeth (DMFT)/decayed-extracted-filled teeth (deft), International Caries Detection and Assessment System-II (ICDAS-II), and Caries Assessment Spectrum and Treatment (CAST) systems...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069695/-oral-health-in-children-and-adolescents-with-mental-disability-and-psycho-emotional-disorders-from-lower-saxony-and-thuringia
#20
Ina Manuela Schüler, Marco Dziwak, Kirsten Schmied, Thomas Lehmann, Roswitha Heinrich-Weltzien
Aim This study aimed to compare the oral health status of 6-16 year old pupils with mental disability (MD) and psycho-emotional disorders (PED) from Lower Saxony (LS) and Thuringia (TH). Methods Oral examination was provided for 571 pupils with MD from TH, 118 students with MD and 80 students with PED from LS. Caries experience, odontogenic infections, fissure sealants and periodontal health were recorded. Data were statistically analysed by linear and binary logistic regression after adjusting for age. Results Students with PED revealed highest caries prevalence and experience in both dentitions with highest prevalence of odontogenic infections in the primary dentition...
October 25, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
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