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prevalence of dental caries

György Miklós Buzás
Although fructose was discovered in 1794, it was realised in recent decades only that its malabsorption can lead to intestinal symptoms while its excessive consumption induces metabolic disturbances. Fructose is a monosaccharide found naturally in most fruits and vegetables. Dietary intake of fructose has gradually increased in the past decades, especially because of the consumption of high fructose corn syrup. With its 16.4 kg/year consumption, Hungary ranks secondly after the United States. Fructose is absorbed in the small intestine by facilitated transport mediated by glucose transporter proteins-2 and -5, and arrives in the liver cells...
October 2016: Orvosi Hetilap
Mor Shlezinger, Yael Houri-Haddad, Shunit Coppenhagen-Glazer, Grégory Resch, Yok-Ai Que, Shaul Beyth, Elisheva Dorfman, Ronen Hazan, Nurit Beyth
Dental diseases are perhaps the most prevalent infection-related diseases in humans. Biofilm is involved in almost every infectious disease compromising oral health, notably caries, periodontal disease, gingivitis, endodontic infections and peri-implantitis. Current therapies of biofilm-derived oral infections lack sensitivity; they are not species-specific and kill pathogenic species as well as commensal species, which are protective against the formation of pathogenic biofilms. Moreover, antibiotics have a limited effect on biofilm and are almost unused in oral diseases...
September 30, 2016: Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry
Derek Richards
Data sourcesPubMed Central, CINAHL, Embase and reference lists of identified articles.Study selectionObservational and experimental studies published in English where breastfeeding was the exposure and development of caries was the outcome of interest were considered. Two reviewers independently selected studies for inclusionData extraction and synthesisStudy quality was assessed independently by two researchers using the Newcastle Ottawa Scale (NOS). Key data items, exposure and outcome definitions and effect estimates (odds ratios (OR), relative risks, prevalence ratios) with 95% Confidence Interval (95%CI) were abstracted where available for inclusion in a meta-analysis...
September 2016: Evidence-based Dentistry
Pradeep Jayashantha, Newell W Johnson
Sri Lanka's Veddas/Vanniya-laeto, are a small Indigenous group today with little information on their oral health status. This report is to provide an overview on oral health status of Veddas. Oral health status was recorded by the principal investigator after obtaining consent, using World Health Organization criteria, at an initial screening point before sending the person for any necessary treatment. Total participants were 194: 78% were males>35 years. Mean decayed, missing, filled teeth was 0.9 and 3% had pockets <3...
2016: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
C Mantegazza, F Angiero, G V Zuccotti
Alterations of the oral cavity are common in children: 22% of children aged less than 4 years and 44% of those aged more than 12 develop dental erosion, 9-95% of children in Europe and in North America develop gingivitis, with adolescents showing a prevalence of more than 60% [Italian Ministry of Health, Guidelines 2013]. Alterations within the oral cavity can be the first sign of systemic diseases and may thus allow for an early diagnosis and treatment. In particular, being the oral cavity a part of the gastrointestinal system, oral alterations can be an expression of a gastrointestinal disease...
September 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
L Paglia
Despite the general advances in dental care, dental caries is still a global health problem affecting many children. Occlusal surfaces of first permanent molars are the most susceptible sites in the developing permanent dentition. Dentists should use sealants or fluoride varnish - as well as other means - to limit the onset of tooth decay. Application of sealants is a recommended procedure to prevent or control caries. Sealing occlusal surfaces of newly erupted permanent molars in children and teenagers delays caries onset up to 48 months compared with unsealed teeth...
September 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
Santhosh Kumar, Jeroen Kroon, Ratilal Lalloo, Suhas Kulkarni, Newell W Johnson
OBJECTIVES: To determine the association of body mass index (BMI) with dental caries in Indian schoolchildren, and to analyse the influence of socio-economic status (SES). METHODS: The study population consisted of 11- to 14-year-old children from Medak District in Telangana State, India. The Indian Academy of Paediatrics 2015 growth charts were used to categorise children as underweight, overweight, normal or obese, based on their BMI. Data on the SES of the family were collected through questionnaires...
October 17, 2016: International Dental Journal
Aradhana Nagarsekar, Ridhima Gaunkar, Meena Aras
OBJECTIVE: This survey was undertaken to assess dentist's opinion regarding the occurrence and pattern of food impaction in relation to fixed partial denture (FPD) prostheses, its commonly observed consequences, factors contributing to it, and its management. METHODS: A descriptive survey was conducted on a sample size of 150 dental practitioners. The pro forma consisted of informed consent, demographic information, and questionnaire. The results were tallied and quantitative analysis was performed to obtain the descriptive statistics for the data using SPSS version 20...
October 2016: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
Tania Mercedes López Martínez, Marília Leão Goettems, Marina Sousa Azevedo, Marcos Britto Correa, Flávio Fernando Demarco, Ana Regina Romano
The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of black stains (BS) and factors associated with their occurrence and to investigate the association of BS with caries experience after adjusting for other risk indicators. A school-based, cross-sectional study using multistage sampling of children aged 10-12 years from 20 private and public schools in Pelotas/Southern Brazil was conducted (n = 706). Children were evaluated for BS and dental caries (DMFT/dmft index) and socioeconomic information was collected by questionnaire...
October 10, 2016: Brazilian Oral Research
Soni Kottayi, Sham S Bhat, K Sundeep Hegde, Faizal C Peedikayil, T P Chandru, Sukumaran Anil
INTRODUCTION: Overweight and obesity are growing health-related problems worldwide, and it is currently the most prevalent nutritional disorder among children and adolescents. The objective of this study was to assess the association between overweight and dental caries among 12- to 15-year-old schoolchildren in Mangaluru district, Karnataka, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were obtained from 2000 school-going children aged 12 to 15 years. The children were categorized as overweight and normal-weight group by assessing the body mass index (BMI)...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Lena Natapov, Avi Sasson, Shlomo P Zusman
BACKGROUND: The National health insurance law enacted in 1995 did not include dental care in its basket of services. Dental care for children was first included in 2010, initially up till 8 years of age. The eligibility age rose to 12 years in 2013. The dental survey of 6 year-olds in 2007 found that the average of decayed, missing and filled teeth index (dmft) was 3.31 and 35 % of children were caries free. The current cross sectional survey of dental health for 6 year-olds was conducted as a comparison to the pre-reform status...
2016: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
Fahimeh Rezazadeh, Abdollah Bazargani, Jamshid Roozbeh-Shahroodi, Ali Pooladi, Peyman Arasteh, Khosro Zamani
INTRODUCTION: Diabetes is associated with higher rates of caries, on the other hand some studies have shown that renal failure can be protective against dental caries. OBJECTIVES: In this study we compared oral Lactobacillus and Streptococcus mutans between diabetic dialysis and non-diabetic dialysis patients and the normal population. PATIENTS AND METHODS: During November 2014 to January 2014, 85 people that referred to our medical care center entered the study...
2016: Journal of Renal Injury Prevention
Marijana Radić, Tomislav Benjak, Vlasta Dečković Vukres, Željko Rotim, Irina Filipović Zore
BACKGROUND: Dental caries is the most common oral disease affecting all age groups and a major cause of tooth loss. Although a decrease in the prevalence of dental caries has been marked across the globe, in many countries it has remained a major oral-health problem. AIM: The objective of this paper was to show the trends in the DMFT/dmft index ​​in Croatia, compare it with European countries and present further courses of action oriented towards promotion of oral health and decrease in caries prevalence...
December 2015: Acta Stomatologica Croatica
Luiz Evaristo Ricci Volpato, Annelyze Podolan Kloster, Lenieser Fajardo Nunes, Fabio Luis Miranda Pedro, Alvaro Henrique Borges
AIM: To analyze the cariogenic microbiota of children who are under antineoplastic therapy. METHODS: Twenty-seven patients undergoing cancer treatment in the Pediatric Unit of Mato Grosso Cancer Hospital were selected. The inclusion criteria of volunteers were being under chemotherapy in the saliva collection period, age between 2 and 18 years, collaborate with the protocol for clinical examination and saliva collection, and responsible have given their written consent...
October 2016: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
Sudipta Kar, Goutam Kundu, Shyamal Kumar Maiti, Chiranjit Ghosh, Badruddin Ahamed Bazmi, Santanu Mukhopadhyay
CONTEXT: Dental caries is one of the major modern-day diseases of dental hard tissue. It may affect both normal and hearing-impaired children. AIMS: This study is aimed to evaluate and compare the prevalence of dental caries in hearing-impaired and normal children of Malda, West Bengal, utilizing the Caries Assessment Spectrum and Treatment (CAST). SETTINGS AND DESIGN: In a cross-sectional, case-control study of dental caries status of 6-12-year-old children was assessed...
October 2016: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
Yue Guo, Li-Li Tian, Feng-Yi Zhang, Yan-Hong Bu, Yun-Zhi Feng, Hou-De Zhou
BACKGROUND: In leprosy, oral health is often neglected and poorly understood. This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence and risk indicators of dental caries in patients with leprosy in China. METHODS: This cross-sectional, multicentre study included 613 patients with leprosy and 602 control subjects. Based on the established standards of the World Health Organization, we investigated dental caries in cluster samplings from six so-called 'leprosy villages' in three Chinese provinces...
September 29, 2016: International Dental Journal
N R Aimée, A J van Wijk, M Maltz, M M Varjão, H D Mestrinho, J C Carvalho
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the extent to which dental caries and fluorosis, in addition to sociodemographic and oral health behavior determinants, impact the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of adolescents. METHODS: All adolescents attending from sixth to eighth grades in the Region of Itapoã, Federal District of Brazil (n = 1122), were screened, and 618 10-15-year-olds were selected. Parents answered a questionnaire about their family's socioeconomic status...
September 27, 2016: Clinical Oral Investigations
Erum Sami, Tippanart Vichayanrat, Pratana Satitvipawee
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of dental caries and its relationship with dental fluorosis, oral health behaviour and dietary behaviour among 12-year school children in moderate-fluoride drinking water community in Quetta, Pakistan. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Government and private schools of Quetta, from November 2012 to February 2013. METHODOLOGY: Atotal of 349 children aged 12-year from 14 randomly selected schools were included...
September 2016: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
Taeko Kanemoto, Hiroki Imai, Atsuo Sakurai, Hongwei Dong, Sizhen Shi, Masashi Yakushiji, Seikou Shintani
The prevalence of dental caries has been decreasing among kindergarten children in Shanghai, China, over recent years, although it still remains at an unacceptably high level. The purpose of this study was to identify which factors were important in providing oral health guidance and achieving further improvement in the oral health status of kindergarten children in urban China. A survey was conducted on dental caries in 128 Japanese and 368 Chinese kindergarten children and a questionnaire given to their parents/guardians on each child's lifestyle and dietary habits from birth to the present...
2016: Bulletin of Tokyo Dental College
C R Vernazza, S L Rolland, B Chadwick, N Pitts
Background The 2013 Children's Dental Health Survey is the fifth in a series of national surveys.Aims To describe caries prevalence and severity and factors affecting these, in children in England, Wales and Northern Ireland in 2013.Methodology A representative sample of children (aged 5, 8, 12 and 15 years) in England, Wales and Northern Ireland were invited to participate in dental examinations. Caries was measured at both the dentine ('obvious caries') and dentine plus enamel ('clinical caries') levels and analysis included identifying those with indicators of significant burden of caries and identifying predictive factors...
September 23, 2016: British Dental Journal
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