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prevalence of dental caries

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425972/the-impact-of-hyposalivation-on-quality-of-life-qol-and-oral-health-in-the-aging-population-of-al-madinah-al-munawarrah
#1
Mohammad S Ahmad, Ahmed Bhayat, Muhammad Sohail Zafar, Khalid H Al-Samadani
Hyposalivation (HS) affects aging individuals by causing pain and discomfort in the oral cavity. The aim here was to determine the impact of hyposalivation and the saliva pH on the quality of life and caries status of geriatrics population. A total of 138 male outpatients attending the Taibah University College of Dentistry (TUCoD) dental clinic were included in the study. The saliva flow, pH, Quality of Life (QoL), and caries status were recorded. The QoL was measured using the Arabic version of the Oral Health Impact Profile-14 (OHIP-14), and the caries status was recorded using the Decayed, Missed, Filled Teeth (DMFT) index...
April 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417515/do-maternal-depression-and-anxiety-influence-children-s-oral-health-related-quality-of-life
#2
Francine Dos Santos Costa, Marina Sousa Azevedo, Thiago Machado Ardenghi, Ricardo Tavares Pinheiro, Flávio Fernando Demarco, Marília Leão Goettems
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the influence of depressive and anxiety symptoms in young mothers on their perception in relation to their children's oral health-related quality of life (COHRQoL). METHODS: This cross-sectional study was carried out in Pelotas, Southern Brazil, and it was nested in a cohort of adolescent mothers having their prenatal care in public health service, starting in 2008. When the children were aged 24-36 months, they and their mothers were interviewed and submitted to clinical examination by a trained team...
April 17, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404475/exploring-the-short-term-impact-of-community-water-fluoridation-cessation-on-children-s-dental-caries-a-natural-experiment-in-alberta-canada
#3
L McLaren, S Patterson, S Thawer, P Faris, D McNeil, M L Potestio, L Shwart
OBJECTIVES: Dental caries (tooth decay) is common and can be serious. Dental caries is preventable, and community water fluoridation is one means of prevention. There is limited current research on the implications of fluoridation cessation for children's dental caries. Our objective was to explore the short-term impact of community water fluoridation cessation on children's dental caries, by examining change in caries experience in population-based samples of schoolchildren in two Canadian cities, one that discontinued community water fluoridation and one that retained it...
February 7, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397954/prevalence-of-obesity-in-elementary-school-children-and-its-association-with-dental-caries
#4
Mahmood D Al-Mendalawi, Deema Farsi
[No Abstract Available].
April 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393814/exploring-the-multitude-of-risk-factors-associated-with-early-childhood-caries
#5
Madhu Kakanur, Mihir Nayak, Sandyadevi S Patil, Rachna Thakur, Santhosh T Paul, Nisha Tewathia
CONTEXT: Despite efforts in restorative therapy, children who experience Early Childhood Caries (ECC) continue to be at a higher risk for new lesions in both the primary and the permanent dentition. Early interventions which disrupt the pathobiology of caries need identification of all the causative or risk factors. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study dealt with the prevalence and associated risk factors of ECC among preschool children aged 3 to 5 years in Bengaluru city...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390461/severity-of-dental-caries-and-quality-of-life-for-toddlers-and-their-families
#6
Izabella Barbosa Fernandes, Túlio Silva Pereira, Débora Souto Souza, Joana Ramos-Jorge, Leandro Silva Marques, Maria Letícia Ramos-Jorge
PURPOSE: The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate the impact of untreated caries in different stages on the oral healthrelated quality of life (OHRQoL) of one- to three-year-olds and their families. METHODS: The mothers of 308 children answered the Brazilian version of the Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale to determine their perceptions of the OHRQoL of their children. The mothers also answered a questionnaire addressing demographic and socioeconomic characteristics of their families...
March 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390204/the-superior-anti-caries-efficacy-of-fluoride-toothpaste-containing-1-5-arginine
#7
D Cummins
Innovation in the dental caries area and the development of new superior efficacy treatments to prevent dental caries are as important today as they have ever been, because caries remains a highly prevalent disease globally. Appropriately designed and well-conducted, randomized clinical trials (RCTs) are best-in-class evidence of the effectiveness of a new intervention in medicine and dentistry, and traditional two- to threeyear caries clinical trials are currently the gold standard for proof of superior caries prevention efficacy...
June 2016: Journal of Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381246/-fit-for-school-a-school-based-water-sanitation-and-hygiene-programme-to-improve-child-health-results-from-a-longitudinal-study-in-cambodia-indonesia-and-lao-pdr
#8
Denise Duijster, Bella Monse, Jed Dimaisip-Nabuab, Pantjawidi Djuharnoko, Roswitha Heinrich-Weltzien, Martin Hobdell, Katrin Kromeyer-Hauschild, Yung Kunthearith, Maria Carmela Mijares-Majini, Nicole Siegmund, Panith Soukhanouvong, Habib Benzian
BACKGROUND: The Fit for School (FIT) programme integrates school health and Water, Sanitation and Hygiene interventions, which are implemented by the Ministries of Education in four Southeast Asian countries. This paper describes the findings of a Health Outcome Study, which aimed to assess the two-year effect of the FIT programme on the parasitological, weight, and oral health status of children attending schools implementing the programme in Cambodia, Indonesia and Lao PDR. METHODS: The study was a non-randomized clustered controlled trial with a follow-up period of two years...
April 5, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380090/individual-and-contextual-factors-influencing-dental-health-care-utilization-by-preschool-children-a-multilevel-analysis
#9
Chaiana Piovesan, Thiago Machado Ardenghi, Fausto Medeiros Mendes, Bernardo Antonio Agostini, Edgard Michel-Crosato
The effect of contextual factors on dental care utilization was evaluated after adjustment for individual characteristics of Brazilian preschool children. This cross-sectional study assessed 639 preschool children aged 1 to 5 years from Santa Maria, a town in Rio Grande do Sul State, located in southern Brazil. Participants were randomly selected from children attending the National Children's Vaccination Day and 15 health centers were selected for this research. Visual examinations followed the ICDAS criteria...
March 30, 2017: Brazilian Oral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377651/a-cross-sectional-study-for-assessment-of-untreated-dental-caries-and-its-consequences-among-slum-dwelling-children
#10
Charu Marya, Sakshi Kataria, Ruchi Nagpal, Sukhvinder S Oberoi, Chandan Dhingra, Dimple Arora
INTRODUCTION: Dental caries affects humans of all ages throughout the world and remains the major dental public health problem among children globally. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted using the cluster sampling technique to obtain the required sample size of 400 children from urban slum population of Faridabad, Haryana, India. Data were collected using World Health Organization dentition status 1997 criteria and PUFA/pufa index. TYPE OF STUDY: Cross-sectional study...
January 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377540/the-prevalence-of-overweight-obesity-in-high-school-adolescents-in-jeddah-and-the-association-of-obesity-association-with-dental-caries
#11
Deema Jamil Farsi, Heba Mohammed Elkhodary
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of overweight/obesity in children in Saudi Arabia is among the highest in the world. The prevalence of dental caries is also high in Saudi children. Studies on the relationship between caries and obesity in Saudi adolescents are lacking. OBJECTIVES: To study the prevalence of overweight/obesity in adolescents, and determine any association between obesity and caries. DESIGN: An analytical cross-sectional study. SETTING: Private and public schools in Jeddah...
March 2017: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374326/maternal-identification-of-dental-caries-lesions-in-their-children-aged-1-3%C3%A2-years
#12
I B Fernandes, A C Sá-Pinto, L Silva Marques, J Ramos-Jorge, M L Ramos-Jorge
AIM: To analyse the maternal identification of different stages of dental caries in children aged 1-3 years. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 274 children and their mothers. The mothers answered a questionnaire on the occurrence of dental caries in their children and completed questions addressing their demographic/socio-economic status. The oral examination of the children was performed using the International Caries Detection and Assessment System...
April 3, 2017: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371848/negative-effect-of-malocclusion-on-the-emotional-and-social-well-being-of-brazilian-adolescents-a-population-based-study
#13
Jéssica Madeira Bittencourt, Letícia Pereira Martins, Cristiane Baccin Bendo, Miriam Pimenta Vale, Saul Martins Paiva
Background/objectives: The aesthetic impact of malocclusion can have negative repercussions on quality of life, social interaction, interpersonal relationships, and psychological well-being. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of malocclusion on the quality of life of Brazilian adolescents. Methods: A representative cross-sectional study of 1612 adolescents from Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais was conducted. The adolescents responded to the Brazilian version of the Child Perception Questionnaire (CPQ11-14-ISF:16) to assess the impact of the condition on quality of life...
March 25, 2017: European Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360245/listening-to-paediatric-primary-care-nurses-a-qualitative-study-of-the-potential-for-interprofessional-oral-health-practice-in-six-federally-qualified-health-centres-in-massachusetts-and-maryland
#14
Judith Bernstein, Christina Gebel, Clemencia Vargas, Paul Geltman, Ashley Walter, Raul Garcia, Norman Tinanoff
OBJECTIVES: To explore the opportunities for interprofessional collaboration (IPC) to improve paediatric oral health in federally qualified health centres (FQHCs), to identify challenges to IPC-led integration of oral health prevention into the well-child visit and to suggest strategies to overcome barriers. SAMPLE: Nurse managers (NMs), nurse practitioners (NPs), paediatric clinical staff and administrators in six FQHCs in two states were interviewed using a semistructured format...
March 29, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358035/oral-health-status-in-sichuan-province-findings-from-the-oral-health-survey-of-sichuan-2015-2016
#15
Wei Yin, Ying-Ming Yang, Hong Chen, Xue Li, Zhuo Wang, Li Cheng, Qiu-Dan Yin, Hong-Zhi Fang, Wei Fei, Fang-Lin Mi, Min-Hai Nie, Tao Hu, Xue-Dong Zhou
To investigate oral health status in the residents of Sichuan Province, southwest China, a cross-sectional study was performed using the latest Oral Health Survey Basic Methods recommended by the World Health Organization. A multistage stratified random cluster-sampling method was used to enroll participants from the following three groups: children aged 3-5 years, adolescents aged 12 years, and people aged 65-74 years. In these three groups, the mean numbers of teeth that were affected by caries were 3.28, 0...
March 2017: International Journal of Oral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348617/assessment-of-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-in-9-15-year-old-children-with-visual-impairment-in-uttarakhand-india
#16
Aditi Singh, Preeti Dhawan, Vivek Gaurav, Pradeep Rastogi, Shilpi Singh
BACKGROUND: To assess the prevalence of dental diseases among 9-15-year-old visually impaired children and find out its impact on their daily activities using the Child-Oral Impact on Daily Performance (C-OIDP) questionnaire in districts of Uttarakhand, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 423 visually impaired institutionalized children between the age group of 9-15 years were included in the study. Stratified random sampling technique was used to obtain the study population...
January 2017: Dental Research Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345213/caries-experience-of-children-in-primary-schools-with-long-term-tooth-brushing-programs-a-pilot-australian-study
#17
T Cakar, L Harrison-Barry, M L Pukallus, S Kazoullis, W K Seow
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate a primary school-based tooth brushing (TB) program conducted in a low socio-economic area of Queensland, Australia, to determine its effectiveness in reducing caries. METHODS: Records kept at the central dental clinic of the district were used to analyse the caries experience (decayed, missing, filled teeth [dmft/DMFT]) and caries prevalence in children from two schools with long-term TB programs (TB) (N=1191) and three Non-TB schools (N=553)...
March 26, 2017: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344574/health-associated-niche-inhabitants-as-oral-probiotics-the-case-of-streptococcus-dentisani
#18
Arantxa López-López, Anny Camelo-Castillo, María D Ferrer, Áurea Simon-Soro, Alex Mira
Oral diseases, including dental caries and periodontitis, are among the most prevalent diseases worldwide and develop as a consequence of a microbial dysbiosis. Several bacterial strains are being tested as potential oral health-promoting organisms, but usually they are species isolated from niches other than the site where they must exert its probiotic action, typically from fecal samples. We hypothesize that oral inhabitants associated to health conditions will be more effective than traditional, gut-associated probiotic species in key aspects such as colonization of the oral site where disease takes place or the possession of oral health promoting functions, as well as more practical issues like safety and toxicity, and establishing proper doses for administration...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327264/association-of-candida-species-isolated-from-the-dental-plaque-of-hiv-infected-children-and-prevalence-of-early-carious-lesions
#19
Cristiana Aroeira Rosa Oliveira, Senda Charone, Rosangela Maria de Araújo Soares, Maristela Barbosa Portela, Gloria Fernanda Barbosa de Aráujo Castro
PURPOSE: The purposes of this study were to: (1) quantify and identify Candida species (spp.) in the dental plaque of children infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and compare with noninfected children; and (2) determine the association of Candida spp. with the presence of caries. METHODS: Seventy HIV-infected and 55 non-HIV-infected three- to 12-year-old children were examined to determine caries prevalence. After a visual inspection, supragingival plaque was collected from the cervical region using standard dental curettes...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Dentistry for Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327110/an-assessment-of-the-impacts-of-child-oral-health-in-indonesia-and-associations-with-self-esteem-school-performance-and-perceived-employability
#20
Diah Ayu Maharani, Melissa Adiatman, Anton Rahardjo, Girvan Burnside, Cynthia Pine
BACKGROUND: Previous surveys have indicated that a majority of Indonesian children have poor oral health. However, little detailed information is available on underlying causation and none that examine impacts of oral health on child self-esteem, school performance and perceived employability. The aim of this study was to determine levels of child oral health in primary school children in Indonesia, the prevalence of key causal factors; and, to determine relationships between oral health, self-esteem and school academic performance...
March 21, 2017: BMC Oral Health
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