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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544064/obesity-is-inversely-related-to-the-risks-of-dental-caries-in-korean-adults
#1
In-Seok Song, Kyungdo Han, Jae-Jun Ryu, Jun-Beom Park
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated whether obesity is linked with dental caries. The present study hypothesized that obesity may influence the number or prevalence of dental caries in Korean adults. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Data was derived from Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey performed at 2008-2010. Lifestyle, sociodemographic, and biochemical variables were analyzed. Indices related with obesity, sarcopenia, and metabolic syndrome were investigated...
May 20, 2017: Oral Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540394/clinical-efficacy-of-a-two-year-oral-health-programme-for-infants-and-toddlers-in-singapore
#2
Bien Lai, Wee Kiat Tan, Qing Shu Lu
INTRODUCTION: Dental caries, which is prevalent in Singapore preschoolers, is a disease that has a major impact on children's health and places a high cost on the society and health services. Oral health programmes for young children implemented in several parts of the world have been shown to be effective in the prevention of dental caries. We aimed to examine the clinical efficacy of an oral health programme for infants and toddlers in Singapore. METHODS: 90 children and their caregivers participated in the programme while 64 children who were 24 months older than the intervention group at initial visit were recruited as controls in a quasi-experimental study design...
May 25, 2017: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538220/identification-of-caries-risk-determinants-in-toddlers-results-of-the-gusto-birth-cohort-study
#3
C Un Lam, L W Khin, A C Kalhan, R Yee, Y S Lee, M F-F Chong, K Kwek, S M Saw, K Godfrey, Y S Chong, C-Y Hsu
The aim of this study was to identify risk determinants leading to early childhood caries (ECC) and visible plaque (VP) in toddlers. Data for mother-child pairs participating in the Growing Up in Singapore towards Healthy Outcomes (GUSTO) birth cohort were collected from pregnancy to toddlerhood. Oral examinations were performed in 543 children during their clinic visit at 24 months to detect ECC and VP. Following logistic regression, ECC and VP were jointly regressed as primary and secondary outcomes, respectively, using the bivariate probit model...
May 25, 2017: Caries Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537792/dental-caries-and-weight-among-children-in-nuuk-greenland-at-school-entry
#4
Signe Sloth Madsen, Vicky Jenny Rebecka Wetterstrand, Michael Lynge Pedersen
OBJECTIVE: To explore the possible association between weight class and prevalence of caries among children born 2005-2007, living in Nuuk, Greenland, at time of school entry. DESIGN: A cross-sectional register study based on data from electronic medical records(EMR) and oral health data from public health and dental care facilities. METHODS: Data from routine examinations of children at time of primary school entry, including height and weight, were obtained from the EMRs...
2017: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537368/the-relationship-between-maternal-smoking-during-pregnancy-and-parental-reported-experience-of-dental-caries-in-indigenous-australian-children
#5
C Claudia, X Ju, G Mejia, L Jamieson
Objective: This study aimed to test the association between maternal smoking during pregnancy and parental-reported experience of dental caries in Indigenous Australian children. Methods: Data were from the Longitudinal Study of Indigenous Children (LSIC); a population-based cohort study in Australia. Participants were 1,687 Indigenous Australian children aged 5 or less. Biological, social and behavioural variables were tested using log-linear modelling with binomial regression to determine the association with parental-reported experience of dental caries...
December 2016: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537365/approximal-caries-increment-in-relation-to-baseline-approximal-caries-prevalence-among-adolescents-in-sweden-with-and-without-a-school-based-fluoride-varnish-programme
#6
U M Sköld
Objective: Approximal surfaces are a focal point for caries prevention among adolescents in Sweden and the aims of this study were therefore to evaluate approximal caries incidence and caries progression among adolescents with and without a three-year school-based fluoride varnish programme in relation to approximal caries prevalence at baseline. Basic research design: In all, 758 (89%) 13-year-olds completed the three-year randomised controlled trial. They all used fluoride toothpaste at home and had regular dental check-ups at the public dental clinics...
December 2016: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536781/oral-health-status-in-adult-patients-with-newly-diagnosed-acute-leukemia
#7
Rilana Busjan, Justin Hasenkamp, Gerhard Schmalz, Rainer Haak, Lorenz Trümper, Dirk Ziebolz
BACKGROUND: The aim of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate the oral health of adult patients with newly diagnosed acute leukemia. METHODS: Patients with initially diagnosed acute myeloid (AML) or lymphocytic (ALL) leukemia and a matched healthy control (HC) group were included. The oral investigation comprised inspection of the oral mucosa; the decayed (D), missing (M), and filled (F) teeth (DMF-T) index; and a detailed periodontal status. Subgingival biofilm samples were analyzed (polymerase chain reaction) for the presence of selected potentially periodontal pathogenic bacteria...
May 23, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531148/early-childhood-dental-caries-mouth-pain-and-malnutrition-in-the-ecuadorian-amazon-region
#8
Marvin So, Yianni A Ellenikiotis, Hannah M Husby, Cecilia Leonor Paz, Brittany Seymour, Karen Sokal-Gutierrez
Malnutrition and dental caries in early childhood remain persistent and intertwined global health challenges, particularly for indigenous and geographically-remote populations. To examine the prevalence and associations between early childhood dental caries, parent-reported mouth pain and malnutrition in the Amazonian region of Ecuador, we conducted a cross-sectional study of the oral health and nutrition status of 1407 children from birth through age 6 in the "Alli Kiru" program (2011-2013). We used multivariate regression analysis to examine relationships between severe caries, parent-reported mouth pain measures, and nutritional status...
May 22, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530844/developing-a-new-generation-of-antimicrobial-and-bioactive-dental-resins
#9
L Cheng, K Zhang, N Zhang, M A S Melo, M D Weir, X D Zhou, Y X Bai, M A Reynolds, H H K Xu
Dental caries is prevalent, and secondary caries causes restoration failures. This article reviews recent studies on developing a new generation of bioactive resins with anticaries properties. Extensive effects were made to develop new antimicrobial composites, bonding agents, and other resins containing quaternary ammonium methacrylates to suppress plaque buildup and bacterial acid production. The effects of alkyl chain length and charge density and the antimicrobial mechanisms for chlorhexidine, nano-silver, quaternary ammonium methacrylates, and protein-repellent agents were discussed...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529280/alternative-methods-to-visual-and-radiographic-examinations-for-approximal-caries-detection
#10
Naif Abogazalah, Masatoshi Ando
A shift in caries prevalence from occlusal surfaces to approximal surfaces has been demonstrated by epidemiological studies. Two recent meta-analyses evaluated the performance of visual examination and radiography for carious lesion detection, and reported low sensitivity but high specificity for early approximal caries detection. This suggests that the conventional methods have a higher risk of failing to detect approximal lesions. Consequently, in caries susceptible populations, there is a risk of progression of non-cavitated lesions to irreversible tooth destruction before the lesions are detected...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Oral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28518210/regular-graveyard-in-the-stronghold-versus-settlement-burials-in-the-bailey-comparison-of-early-medieval-populations-from-pohansko-czech-republic
#11
Kateřina Kalová, Renáta Přichystalová, Kateřina Boberová, Alena Pavlůsková
The aim of the study is to identify possible differences in the prevalence of biological stress markers (cribra orbitalia, linear enammel hypoplasia), dental caries, activity markers (Schmorl's nodes) and markers of violence (traumatic lesions) in populations from a typical graveyard around the first church (9(th)-10(th) century AD) in the stronghold and from settlement burials in the southern bailey (second half of the 9(th) - beginning of the 10(th) century AD) of Slavs from Pohansko (Czech Republic). Cribra orbitalia and enamel hypoplasia did not markedly differ in either population...
May 15, 2017: Anthropologischer Anzeiger; Bericht über die Biologisch-anthropologische Literatur
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514516/which-factors-most-influence-referral-for-restorative-dental-treatment-under-sedation-and-general-anaesthesia-in-children-with-complex-disabilities-caries-severity-child-functioning-or-dental-service-organisation
#12
Johanna Norderyd, Denise Faulks, Gustavo Molina, Mats Granlund, Gunilla Klingberg
BACKGROUND: The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child gives all children right to the highest standard of services for treatment and rehabilitation. For children with disabilities, sedation and general anaesthesia (GA) are often indicated for dental treatment; however, accessibility to this varies. The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health - Child and Youth version (ICF-CY) enables a biopsychosocial description of children undergoing dental treatment. AIM: To investigate conscious sedation and GA in children with complex disabilities and manifest caries and analyse how caries, child functioning, and dental service organisation relate to dental GA (DGA), comparing Argentina, France, and Sweden using the ICF-CY...
May 17, 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511504/prevalence-of-distal-caries-in-mandibular-second-molar-due-to-impacted-third-molar
#13
Kamran Bokhari Syed, Fatima Saeed Alshahrani, Wejdan Saad Alabsi, Zainab Ali Alqahtani, Mohammad Shahul Hameed, Abdel Bagi Mustafa, Tanveer Alam
INTRODUCTION: A tooth is said to be impacted if it does not reach the occlusal plane even after two-thirds root formation. The aetiology of impacted teeth is varied and multi-factorial. Significant problems associated with impacted teeth include trismus, infection, cervical caries of second molars. AIM: This study was aimed to assess the prevalence of distal caries in second molar teeth due to impacted third molars and to compare with similar studies conducted elsewhere...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509420/the-magnitude-of-indigenous-and-non-indigenous-oral-health-inequalities-in-brazil-new-zealand-and-australia
#14
Helena S Schuch, Dandara G Haag, Kostas Kapellas, Rui Arantes, Marco A Peres, W M Thomson, Lisa M Jamieson
OBJECTIVE: To compare the magnitude of relative oral health inequalities between Indigenous and non-Indigenous persons from Brazil, New Zealand and Australia. METHODS: Data were from surveys in Brazil (2010), New Zealand (2009) and Australia (2004-06 and 2012). Participants were aged 35-44 years and 65-74 years. Indigenous and non-Indigenous inequalities were estimated by prevalence ratios (PR) and their corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CI), adjusting for sex, age and income...
May 16, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508609/oral-health-in-children-with-obesity-or-diabetes-mellitus
#15
Fima Lifshitz, Patricia Lucia Casavalle, Noemí Bordoni, Patricia Noemi Rodriguez, Silvia Maria Friedman
Oral health status must be considered in the care of children with obesity (OB) and diabetes mellitus (DM). The health of these patients' mouths may have significant effects on their overall health and evolution of their disease. Here we address periodontal disease (PD) and dental caries (DC), since these are two of the most common chronic diseases affecting OB and DM patients. OB plays a plausible role in the development of PD. Both overall OB and central adiposity are associated with increased hazards of gingivitis and its progression to PD...
December 2016: Pediatric Endocrinology Reviews: PER
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506885/high-proportions-of-staphylococcus-epidermidis-in-dental-caries-harbor-multiple-classes-of-antibiotics-resistance-significantly-increase-inflammatory-interleukins-in-dental-pulps
#16
Darshan Devang Divakar, Muzaheed, Sultan Salem Aldeyab, Sara A Alfawaz, Abdulaziz Abdullah AlKheraif, Aftab Ahmed Khan
Staphylococcus epidermidis is one of most prevalent in dental caries or dental pulp which has the capability of horizontal genetic transfer between different bacterial species in the oropharynx, suggesting that it may evolve with the dissemination of resistant determinants, This study was performed to molecularly characterize and differentiate S. epidermidis isolated from dental caries and healthy individual. Also, two important cytokines in inflammation were assayed caused due to S. epidermidis of health and dental caries sources...
May 12, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502178/diverted-total-synthesis-of-carolacton-inspired-analogs-yields-three-distinct-phenotypes-in-streptococcus-mutans-biofilms
#17
Amy E Solinski, Alexander B Koval, Richard S Brzozowski, Kelly R Morrison, Americo J Fraboni, Carrie E Carson, Anisa R Eshraghi, Guangfeng Zhou, Robert G Quivey, Vincent A Voelz, Bettina A Buttaro, William M Wuest
The oral microbiome is a dynamic environment inhabited by both commensals and pathogens. Among these is Streptococcus mutans, the causative agent of dental caries, the most prevalent childhood disease. Carolacton has remarkably specific activity against S. mutans, causing acid-mediated cell death during biofilm formation; however, its complex structure limits its utility. Herein, we report the diverted total synthesis and biological evaluation of a rationally designed library of simplified analogs that unveiled three unique biofilm phenotypes further validating the role of natural product synthesis in the discovery of new biological phenomena...
May 17, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502097/oral-health-related-quality-of-life-and-risk-factors-associated-with-traumatic-dental-injuries-in-brazilian-children-a-multilevel-approach
#18
Rafael Aiello Bomfim, Daniel Rodrigo Herrera, Alessandro Diogo De-Carli
Among the diseases related to oral health, such as caries and oral cancer, dental trauma stands out as one of the major public health problems worldwide. The aim of this study was to verify the occurrence of factors associated with traumatic dental injuries (TDI), including oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL), sociodemographic characteristics, untreated caries, occlusal problems, and contextual variables in 12-year-old Brazilian children METHODS: This study assessed a complex sample of the National Research in Oral Health (SBbrasil 2010) data on 7240 twelve-year-old children and contextual features of the municipalities where they lived RESULTS: TDI prevalence in 12-year-old schoolchildren was 23...
May 14, 2017: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501065/limited-and-nongeneralizable-evidence-shows-neighborhood-contextual-factors-may-be-linked-to-dental-treatment-but-not-untreated-caries-prevalence
#19
Gabriela de Almeida Lamarca
ARTICLE TITLE AND BIBLIOGRAPHIC INFORMATION: Neighbourhood Determinants of Caries Experience in Preschool Children: A Multilevel Study. Priesnitz MC, Celeste RK, Pereira MJ, Pires CA, Feldens CA, Kramer PF. Caries Res 2016;50(5):455-61. SOURCE OF FUNDING: None. TYPE OF STUDY/DESIGN: Cross-sectional study.
June 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497034/comparison-of-fluoride-levels-in-tap-and-bottled-water-and-reported-use-of-fluoride-supplementation-in-a-united-states-mexico-border-community
#20
Kerton R Victory, Nolan L Cabrera, Daniela Larson, Kelly A Reynolds, Joyce Latura, Cynthia A Thomson, Paloma I Beamer
BACKGROUND: Compared to the general United States (U.S.) population, Arizona counties along the U.S.-Mexico border have a higher prevalence of dental caries, which can be reduced with adequate fluoride exposure. Because of concern regarding local tap water quality, fluoride-free bottled water consumption is common in this region, raising concern that families are not receiving adequate fluoride to promote dental health. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the levels of fluoride in tap and bottled water as well as the use of fluoride supplements in an Arizona border community...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
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