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Jaana Alakortes, Susanna Kovaniemi, Alice S Carter, Risto Bloigu, Irma K Moilanen, Hanna E Ebeling
Growing evidence supports the existence of clinically significant social-emotional/behavioral (SEB) problems among as young as 1-year-old infants. However, a substantial proportion of early SEB problems remain unidentified during contacts with child healthcare professionals. In this study, child healthcare nurse (CHCN; N = 1008) and parental (N = 518) reports about SEB worries were gathered, along with the maternal and paternal Brief Infant-Toddler Social and Emotional Assessment (BITSEA) ratings, for 12-month-old infants randomly recruited through Finnish child health centers...
October 21, 2016: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Seyed Hamdollah Mosavat, Maral Marzban, Mohsen Bahrami, Mohammad Mahdi Parvizi, Mahdie Hajimonfarednejad
One of the best remaining manuscripts is the "Canon of Medicine" fathered by Avicenna in the Islamic Golden Age [ninth to twelfth century AD]. Considering Avicenna's role in the development of medical science in the Islamic Golden Age, we reviewed Avicenna's point of view on sexual headache based on his famous book "Canon of Medicine". This historical review discusses the clinical approaches applied to diagnose, classify, and treat sexual headache-specifically herbal therapy-from the viewpoint of Avicenna and Traditional Persian Medicine...
October 21, 2016: Neurological Sciences
Nur Nadia Mohamed, See Ling Loy, Che Nin Man, Abdullah Al-Mamun, Hamid Jan Jan Mohamed
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study are to determine parental and children's hair nicotine levels, their relationships as well as to investigate the association of smoking status of the fathers with mothers' and children's hair nicotine. METHODS: A cross-sectional study design was conducted among 124 families who were participants of the Universiti Sains Malaysia Pregnancy Cohort Study. Both parents with their 2 years old children joined this study. A total of 92 hair samples of fathers, 124 hair samples of mothers and 111 hair samples of children were collected and analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry...
October 21, 2016: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
Joe Wark, Jo-Ann Vis
Research shows that child sexual abuse (CSA) can have detrimental effects on adult functioning. While much research regarding the effects of CSA on parenting of mothers is available, there is a dearth of information on how CSA impacts fatherhood. This literature review finds that the parenting experiences of male survivors are characterized by self-perceptions as adequate parents, deficient parenting as measured by standardized instruments, conceptualization of parenting as an intergenerational legacy and potential healing experience, fear of becoming an abuser, and physical and emotional distance from their children...
October 21, 2016: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
P Ha, C Li, B Shi
The purpose of this study was to investigate the key factors in relation to parent satisfaction with the primary repair of paediatric cleft lip. One hundred and ninety-five children born with cleft lip and/or palate aged between 3 months and 1 year were recruited, along with their caregivers. All patients underwent primary cleft lip repair, and a telephone interview was held with their main caregivers at 3 months postoperative. The level of satisfaction with each item included in a simplified Cleft Evaluation Profile was ascertained and recorded...
October 18, 2016: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Vicky Lehmann, Mariët Hagedoorn, Cynthia A Gerhardt, Madelaine C Keim, Lory Guthrie, Robbert Sanderman, Marrit A Tuinman
PURPOSE: Childhood cancer is stressful for the entire family. Preoccupation and anxiety surrounding the child's illness may result in parents of children with cancer being overprotective or less emotionally responsive toward their children. Such parenting in response to a negative life event like childhood cancer may cause survivors to be more insecurely attached than healthy peers, which could have downstream effects on survivors' romantic relationships later in life. Therefore, we examined survivors' perspectives on parent behaviors, adult attachment, and marital status among adult survivors of childhood cancer relative to controls...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
M Brendgen, I Ouellet-Morin, S J Lupien, F Vitaro, G Dionne, M Boivin
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the potential environmental effects of peer victimization and the quality of relationships with parents and friends on diurnal cortisol secretion in mid-adolescence. METHOD: This study used the monozygotic (MZ) twin-difference design to control for genetic effects and thus estimate the unique environmental influences on diurnal cortisol. Participants were 136 MZ twin pairs (74 female pairs) for whom cortisol was assessed four times per day over four collection days grouped in a 2-week period in grade 8 (mean age = 14...
October 21, 2016: Psychological Medicine
Meenaxi Sharda, Anil Soni, Harish Nigam, Anuraj Singh, Nitasha Sharma
Acute scrotal edema associated with dengue fever is a rare and self limiting condition resolving in a few days without any complication or sequelae. We report two cases of dengue fever in father and son which presented simultaneously with acute scrotal edema.
October 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Toshiyuki Iwahata, Takeshi Shin, Yukihito Shimomura, Keisuke Suzuki, Tomohiro Kobayashi, Akane Miyata, Yoshitomo Kobori, Shigehiro Soh, Hiroshi Okada
OBJECTIVES: To present a single-center experience with testicular sperm extraction and intracytoplasmic sperm injection for fathering biological children in patients with ejaculatory dysfunction as a result of spinal cord injury. METHODS: Testicular sperm extraction was carried out in 52 male patients with ejaculatory dysfunction as a result of spinal cord injury. We investigated sperm retrieval rates and pregnancy rates from medical records. Data on age, testicular volume, hormonal status (luteinizing hormone, follicle stimulating hormone and testosterone), and time since spinal cord injury were obtained and analyzed to detect potential associations with the presence of spermatogenesis...
October 21, 2016: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
Michał Bronikowski, Małgorzata Bronikowska, Beata Pluta, Janusz Maciaszek, Maciej Tomczak, Agata Glapa
The promotion of physical activity (PA) in children and their parents requires effective planning and sometimes even interventions. This study shows the effect of PA during a 15-week intervention program "Junior for Seniors" by applying a socioecological model to the interpretation of the data. This comprehensive approach emphasizes the fact that health promotion should focus not only on intrapersonal factors but also on the multilevel factors that might be determinants and modulators of increased PA. In 2015, 24 children ("juniors," 14 girls and 10 boys, aged M = 7...
2016: BioMed Research International
Ming-Ching Shen, Ming Chen, Gwo-Chin Ma, Shun-Ping Chang, Ching-Yeh Lin, Bo-Do Lin, Han-Ni Hsieh
BACKGROUND: Von Willebrand disease (VWD) is not uncommon in Taiwan. In type 2 or type 3 VWD hemorrhagic symptoms are severer and laboratory data relatively more distinctive. De novo mutation and somatic mosaicism of type 2 VWD gene were rarely reported. Therefore clinical, laboratory and genetic studies of only type 2A, 2B and 2M VWD will be presented and issues of de novo mutation and somatic mosaicism will be explored. METHODS: Fifty-four patients belonging to 23 unrelated families from all around the country in whom type 2 VWD exclusive of type 2N has been diagnosed not only by clinical and routine laboratory studies but also by genetic confirmation during 1990-2015 were investigated...
2016: Thrombosis Journal
J W Zhang, Q Zeng, L Zhao, M Zhang, L Zhang, Q Gu
Objective: To investigate the association between parental environmental risk factors exposure and the risk for childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Methods: A total of 179 ALL children cases were selected in Tianjin Blood Disease Hospital and 136 healthy children matched by age, gender and living place were selected in 2015 for a case control study. The data were analyzed with univariate and multivariate non conditional logistic regression models. Results: The results of multivariate logistic regression analysis indicated that sex, history of abortion, exposure in a smoking environment during pregnancy, catching a cold, taking antipyretic analgesics, maternal exposure to air purifying agent, father' s occupational exposure to petroleum products and home decoration during pregnancy were associated with the risk of childhood ALL (P<0...
October 10, 2016: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
Paola Catastini, Serena Di Marco, Maria Furriolo, Carmela Genovese, Alessia Grande, Eugenia Iacinti, Rosa Danila Iusco, Rita Maria Vittoria Nobili, Rita Pescini, Roberto Ragni, Roberto Randazzo, Cristiana Risso, Paola Tabarini, Cesare Braggion, Salvatore De Masi, Kathleen S McGreevy
BACKGROUND: Cystic fibrosis, like other chronic diseases, is a risk factor for the development of elevated symptoms of depression and anxiety. The objective of this study was to investigate the prevalence of anxiety and depression in Italian patients with CF and their parents. METHODS: The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) questionnaires were administered to a sample of patients and their parents recruited at the cystic fibrosis centers in Italy...
October 19, 2016: Pediatric Pulmonology
Louise M Alissa, Danilo G Muniz, Glauco Machado
When there is a temporal trade-off between mating effort and parental care, theoretical models predict that intense sexual selection on males leads to reduced paternal care. Thus, high-quality males should invest more in mating effort because they have higher chances of acquiring mates, whereas low-quality males should bias their investment toward parental care. Once paternal care has evolved, offspring value should also influence males' decisions to invest in offspring attendance. Here we performed a manipulation under field conditions to investigate the factors that influence male allocation in either mating effort or parental care...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Evolutionary Biology
Boram Lee, Louise J Keown, Gavin T L Brown
This study examined parenting styles and culturally-specific parenting practices of Korean immigrant mothers (N = 128) and fathers (N = 79) of children (ages 6-10) in New Zealand and the parenting predictors of child behaviour. Participants completed questionnaires on parenting styles and practices, and parental perceptions of child behaviour. Both parents indicated a high degree of devotion (Mo jeong) and involvement in care and education of their child with fathers were more likely than mothers to utilise shaming/love withdrawal and modesty encouragement...
October 18, 2016: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
Maria Cancian, Yiyoon Chung, Daniel R Meyer
We consider the intersection between two striking U.S. trends: dramatic increases in the imprisonment of fathers and increases in the proportion of mothers who have children with more than one partner (multiple-partner fertility, or MPF). Using matched longitudinal administrative data that provide unusually comprehensive and accurate information about the occurrence and timing of imprisonment, fertility, and MPF for the population of the state of Wisconsin, we consider the relationship between paternal imprisonment and MPF among unwed mothers...
October 18, 2016: Demography
Anne Rochtus, Raf Winand, Griet Laenen, Elise Vangeel, Benedetta Izzi, Christine Wittevrongel, Yves Moreau, Carla Verpoorten, Katrien Jansen, Chris Van Geet, Kathleen Freson
BACKGROUND: Neural tube defects (NTDs) are severe congenital malformations that arise from failure of neurulation during early embryonic development. The molecular basis underlying most human NTDs still remains largely unknown. Based on the hypothesis that folic acid prevents NTDs by stimulating methylation reactions, DNA methylation changes could play a role in NTDs. We performed a methylome analysis for patients with myelomeningocele (MMC). Using a candidate CpG analysis for HOX genes, a significant association between HOXB7 hypomethylation and MMC was found...
2016: Clinical Epigenetics
Edna O Kara, Helen Campbell, Sonia Ribeiro, Norman K Fry, David Litt, Seyi Eletu, Gayatri Amirthalingam
BACKGROUND: Highest rates of pertussis occur in infants <3 months old, too young to be fully vaccinated. The 2012 national outbreak provided a valuable opportunity to study sources of infection for these infants at highest risk of severe complications and death. METHODS: Households of infants <3 months old with laboratory-confirmed pertussis between 08/2012 and 10/2013 were invited to complete a questionnaire with information on household members' demographics, relationship with the infant, chronology of cough onset where relevant, and vaccination history...
October 17, 2016: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
Giuseppe Civitarese
Over five years, from 1919 to 1924, Freud dealt with masochism in three texts written in close proximity: "A Child Is Being Beaten," Beyond the Pleasure Principle, and "The Economic Problem of Masochism." Initially Freud explains masochism as incestuous fixation on the father and regression to pregenital, sadistic ways of loving. Subsequently he considers it primarily as subservient to the death drive. This paper starts from an idea present in two of the three texts, but not developed by Freud, in which he refers to the role that the "qualitative" element of rhythm could play in the occurrence of pleasure in masochism...
October 17, 2016: Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association
Philip M Massey, Ruth K Boansi, Jessica D Gipson, Rachel M Adams, Helene Riess, Thierno Dieng, Michael L Prelip, Deborah C Glik
OBJECTIVE: To examine HPV vaccine awareness and receptivity among adolescents and young adults in Senegal. METHODS: Participants from 6 high schools and 5 community centers across five regions of Senegal (n=2,286) completed a self-administered questionnaire in October and November 2014. The study assessed HPV awareness and receptivity toward receiving the HPV vaccine. Multivariable logistic regression explored statistically significant relationships between the predictor variables and both outcomes...
October 18, 2016: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
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