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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635525/the-role-of-prenatal-obstetric-and-post-partum-factors-in-the-parenting-stress-of-mothers-and-fathers-of-9-month-old-infants
#1
Karen Matvienko-Sikar, Gillian Murphy, Mike Murphy
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this paper was to examine the role of perinatal, obstetric and post partum factors on maternal and paternal stress. It will present the first examination of the role of prenatal, obstetric, post-partum, and demographic variables in parenting stress for mothers and fathers at 9 months. METHODS: Data from 6821 parental dyads of 9-month-old infants were extracted from the Growing Up in Ireland National Longitudinal Study of Children. Participants completed the Parental Stress Scale, the Dyadic Adjustment Scale, the Quality of Attachment Sub-scale from the Maternal and Paternal Postnatal Attachment Scales, and a single item health status question from the Short Form 12 Health Survey...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634531/smallpox-vaccination-an-early-start-of-modern-medicine-in-america
#2
Dan Liebowitz
Smallpox was eradicated by the World Health Organization in 1980. Before its eradication thedisease had a mortality rate upwards of 50% and had a significant impact on society. During theAmerican Revolutionary war, smallpox outbreaks were impeding the American war effort until1777 when George Washington carried out a mass inoculation campaign in the ContinentalArmy that reduced the mortality from smallpox to less than 2%. Inoculation was an early formof vaccination that used live virus from active pustules to induce a milder, but still sometimesdeadly, case of disease...
January 2017: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633443/nod2-genetic-variants-predispose-one-of-two-familial-adenomatous-polyposis-siblings-to-pouchitis-through-microbiome-dysbiosis
#3
Kathleen M Schieffer, Justin R Wright, Leonard R Harris, Sue Deiling, Zhaohai Yang, Regina Lamendella, Gregory S Yochum, Walter A Koltun
Background and Aims: Individuals with familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) may undergo a total proctocolectomy with ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA) to surgically treat their disease. Inflammation of the ileal pouch, termed pouchitis, is uncommon in FAP patients but prevalent in patients who received IPAA for ulcerative colitis, a type of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Methods and Results: We report on two FAP siblings, living in the same household, who underwent IPAA surgery within one week of each other...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633070/length-and-repeat-sequence-variation-in-58-strs-and-94-snps-in-two-spanish-populations
#4
Ferran Casals, Roger Anglada, Núria Bonet, Raquel Rasal, Kristiaan J van der Gaag, Jerry Hoogenboom, Neus Solé-Morata, David Comas, Francesc Calafell
We have genotyped the 58 STRs (27 autosomal, 24 Y-STRs and 7 X-STRs) and 94 autosomal SNPs in Illumina ForenSeq™ Primer Mix A in 88 Spanish Roma (Gypsy) samples and 143 Catalans. Since this platform is based in massive parallel sequencing, we have used simple R scripts to uncover the sequence variation in the repeat region. Thus, we have found, across 58 STRs, 541 length-based alleles, which, after considering repeat-sequence variation, became 804 different alleles. All loci in both populations were in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium...
June 16, 2017: Forensic Science International. Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633058/prenatal-and-early-postnatal-depression-and-child-maltreatment-among-japanese-fathers
#5
Kenji Takehara, Maiko Suto, Naoko Kakee, Yoshiyuki Tachibana, Rintaro Mori
We investigated the association of paternal depression in the prenatal and early postnatal period with child maltreatment tendency at two months postpartum among Japanese fathers. This population-based longitudinal study recruited Japanese perinatal women and their partners living in Nishio City, Aichi, Japan. Of the 270 fathers who participated, 196 were included in the analysis. All data were collected via self-administrated questionnaires at four time points: 20 weeks' gestation and in the first few days, one month, and two months postpartum...
June 17, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632193/adolescents-knowledge-of-breastfeeding-and-their-intention-to-breastfeed-in-the-future
#6
Marija Čatipović, Tamara Voskresensky Baričić, Sunčana Rokvić, Josip Grgurić
The aim of this paper is to analyze third-year secondary school students' knowledge of breastfeeding and intention to breastfeed their children, based on the results of a questionnaire. The respondents were 154 students (101 female/43 male) of two secondary schools in Bjelovar. The students completed a questionnaire which consisted of 23 questions regarding knowledge and intention to breastfeed. The answers were analyzed statistically and different results were compared by nonparametric tests. About half of the respondents think that both partners should decide on breastfeeding and recognize the role that fathers have in initiating and maintaining breastfeeding...
June 20, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632087/psychopathology-and-expressed-emotion-in-parents-of-patients-with-eating-disorders-relation-to-patient-symptom-severity
#7
Renee D Rienecke, Rebekah L Richmond
The purpose of the current study was to examine the relation between parental psychopathology, parental expressed emotion, and patient symptom severity. One hundred twenty-six parents of 79 patients receiving treatment for an eating disorder completed measures of expressed emotion and general psychopathology, and patients completed a measure of eating disorder psychopathology. Mothers reported higher expressed emotion scores than fathers. Both mothers and fathers scored higher on general psychopathology compared to nonpatient population means...
February 26, 2017: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631023/the-influence-of-perceived-parenting-styles-on-socio-emotional-development-from-pre-puberty-into-puberty
#8
Min Yee Ong, Janna Eilander, Seang Mei Saw, Yuhuan Xie, Michael J Meaney, Birit F P Broekman
The relative impact of parenting on socio-emotional development of children has rarely been examined in a longitudinal context. This study examined the association between perceived parenting styles and socio-emotional functioning from childhood to adolescence. We hypothesized that optimal parenting associated with improvement in socio-emotional functioning from childhood into early adulthood, especially for those with more behavioral problems in childhood. Children between ages 7 and 9 years were recruited for the Singapore Cohort Study of Risk Factors for Myopia (SCORM)...
June 19, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630308/measuring-shared-variants-in-cohorts-of-discordant-siblings-with-applications-to-autism
#9
Kenny Ye, Ivan Iossifov, Dan Levy, Boris Yamrom, Andreas Buja, Abba M Krieger, Michael Wigler
We develop a method of analysis [affected to discordant sibling pairs (A2DS)] that tests if shared variants contribute to a disorder. Using a standard measure of genetic relation, test individuals are compared with a cohort of discordant sibling pairs (CDS) to derive a comparative similarity score. We ask if a test individual is more similar to an unrelated affected than to the unrelated unaffected sibling from the CDS and then, sum over such individuals and pairs. Statistical significance is judged by randomly permuting the affected status in the CDS...
June 19, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629931/fathers-feeding-practices-and-children-s-weight-status-in-mexican-american-families
#10
Carlos Penilla, Jeanne M Tschann, Julianna Deardorff, Elena Flores, Lauri A Pasch, Nancy F Butte, Steven E Gregorich, Louise C Greenspan, Suzanna M Martinez, Emily Ozer
Mothers' feeding practices are associated with their children's weight status, but little is known about the associations between fathers' feeding practices and children's weight status. Moreover, there is a dearth of research on Latino fathers' feeding practices and children's weight status, even though Latino children suffer some of the highest obesity rates in the U.S. We examined the associations between fathers' feeding practices and child weight status, conditional on mothers' feeding practices, within 174 Mexican American families with children aged 8-10 years...
June 16, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629930/dining-with-dad-fathers-influences-on-family-food-practices
#11
Priya Fielding-Singh
Scholars have documented multiple barriers to healthy eating within families. This article examines an overlooked obstacle to a nutritious family diet: fathers. Using 109 in-depth interviews with middle and upper-middle class mothers, adolescents, and fathers in the United States, I show how fathers can undermine mothers' efforts to provision a healthy diet. While family members perceive mothers as committed to provisioning a healthy diet, many fathers are seen as, at best, detached and, at worst, a threat to mothers' dietary aspirations...
June 16, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629678/history-of-electromyography-and-nerve-conduction-studies-a-tribute-to-the-founding-fathers
#12
REVIEW
Mohamed Kazamel, Paula Province Warren
The early development of nerve conduction studies (NCS) and electromyography (EMG) was linked to the discovery of electricity. This relationship had been concluded by observing the effect of applying electricity to the body of an animal and discovering that nerves and muscles themselves could produce electricity. We attempt to review the historical evolution of NCS and EMG over the last three centuries by reviewing the landmark publications of Galvani, Adrian, Denny-Brown, Larrabee, and Lambert. In 1771, Galvani showed that electrical stimulation of animal muscle tissue produced contraction and, thereby, the concept of animal electricity was born...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629428/study-protocol-evaluation-of-an-online-father-inclusive-universal-parenting-intervention-to-reduce-child-externalising-behaviours-and-improve-parenting-practices
#13
Lucy A Tully, Patrycja J Piotrowska, Daniel A J Collins, Kathleen S Mairet, David J Hawes, Eva R Kimonis, Rhoshel K Lenroot, Caroline Moul, Vicki Anderson, Paul J Frick, Mark R Dadds
BACKGROUND: Parenting interventions that focus on enhancing the quality and consistency of parenting are effective for preventing and reducing externalising problems in children. There has been a recent shift towards online delivery of parenting interventions in order to increase their reach and impact on the population prevalence of child externalising problems. Parenting interventions have low rates of father participation yet research suggests that father involvement may be critical to the success of the intervention...
June 19, 2017: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629204/paternal-risk-factors-for-oral-clefts-in-northern-africans-southeast-asians-and-central-americans
#14
Stephanie Ly, Madeleine L Burg, Ugonna Ihenacho, Frederick Brindopke, Allyn Auslander, Kathleen S Magee, Pedro A Sanchez-Lara, Thi-Hai-Duc Nguyen, Viet Nguyen, Maria Irene Tangco, Angela Rose Hernandez, Melissa Giron, Fouzia J Mahmoudi, Yves A DeClerck, William P Magee Iii, Jane C Figueiredo
While several studies have investigated maternal exposures as risk factors for oral clefts, few have examined paternal factors. We conducted an international multi-centered case-control study to better understand paternal risk exposures for oral clefts (cases = 392 and controls = 234). Participants were recruited from local hospitals and oral cleft repair surgical missions in Vietnam, the Philippines, Honduras, and Morocco. Questionnaires were administered to fathers and mothers separately to elicit risk factor and family history data...
June 19, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628955/recovering-the-father-in-mind-and-flesh-history-triadic-functioning-and-developmental-implications
#15
Michael J Diamond
This paper aims to restore the father and paternal function to their rightful place alongside the mother and maternity in order to counter the prevailing matricentric, dyadic bias in psychoanalytic theory and technique. The author contends that both the symbolic and the actual, flesh-and-blood father are necessary to optimize his child's development. The paternal function inevitably operates in a triadic matrix; thirdness is always psychically in existence-with the father ever present in the mother's unconscious mind-and the paternal third is necessary to open up symbolic space...
April 2017: Psychoanalytic Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628376/becoming-a-mother-perspectives-and-experiences-of-young-women-in-a-south-african-township
#16
Nompilo Mjwara, Pranitha Maharaj
There has been growing interest in the high levels of pregnancy among young women in South Africa. This study aimed to explore a range of perspectives and experiences of early motherhood among young women in a township in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. This was done using in-depth interviews from a small sample of young mothers aged 18-24 years. All the young mothers reported that they had had their first child while still at school. None of them had intended or planned to have a child, and were therefore not ready for motherhood...
June 19, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627836/dna-based-identification-of-a-carbonized-victim-by-kinship-analysis
#17
Raluca Dumache, Alexandru F Rogobete, Veronica Ciocan, Camelia O Muresan, Alexandra Enache
BACKGROUND: Our study will present the DNA identification of a carbonized victim using the DNA genotyping and by comparing the victim's DNA genotype with his parents' genotypes. METHODS: Blood obtained from the heart chambers was used for the identification of the carbonized body's genotype. Biological samples were also obtained by buccal swabs from his biological parents. We used an ABI 7500 real-time PCR system for quantification and a ProFlex PCR System to amplify...
May 1, 2017: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627813/effect-of-the-oxidant-antioxidant-system-in-seminal-plasma-on-varicocele-and-idiopathic-infertility-in-male-humans
#18
Hayrullah Yazar, Fikret Halis, Yasemin Nasir, Derya Guzel, Mehmet Akdogan, Ahmet Gokce
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate seminal oxidant-antioxidant activity in idiopathic and varicocele infertility in men. METHODS: Total anti-oxidant capacity (TAC), total oxidant status (TOS), paraoxonase (PON1), aryl esterase (ARE), and total thiol levels (TTL) were measured in seminal plasma with an autoanalyzer. The TOS/TAC ratio was determined as the oxidative stress index (OSI). A histopathological evaluation of the sperm was performed in the andrology laboratory of the hospital...
May 1, 2017: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627261/maternal-psychological-distress-and-perceived-impact-on-child-feeding-practices-in-south-kivu-dr-congo
#19
Jillian A Emerson, Wietse Tol, Laura E Caulfield, Shannon Doocy
BACKGROUND: Maternal mental health problems are associated with poor child growth and suboptimal child feeding practices, yet little qualitative research has been conducted to understand mothers' perceptions about how maternal mental ill health and child nutrition are related. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to understand maternal perceptions on sources of psychological distress, and how distress impacts functioning, especially related to childcare and feeding practices among mothers of young children in South Kivu, DR Congo...
January 1, 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626872/a-longitudinal-analysis-of-well-being-of-ghanaian-children-in-transnational-families
#20
Victor Cebotari, Valentina Mazzucato, Ernest Appiah
This study is the first to employ panel data to examine well-being outcomes-self-rated health, happiness, life satisfaction, and school enjoyment-of children in transnational families in an African context. It analyzes data collected in 2013, 2014, and 2015 from secondary schoolchildren and youth (ages 12-21) in Ghana (N = 741). Results indicate that children with fathers, mothers, or both parents away and those cared for by a parent, a family, or a nonfamily member are equally or more likely to have higher levels of well-being as children in nonmigrant families...
June 19, 2017: Child Development
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