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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806734/mental-health-among-single-and-partnered-parents-in-south-korea
#1
Kyoung Ae Kong, Hee Yeon Choi, Soo In Kim
OBJECTIVE: This study compares the mental health of single parents relative to partnered parents and assesses the contribution of the social and demographic factors to this difference, examining the gender difference in it. METHODS: We analyzed 12,024 single and partnered subjects, aged 30-59 years, living with children, aged 0-19 years, drawn from the 4th, 5th, and 6th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) dataset in South Korea conducted from 2007-2013...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806325/parents-reactions-to-the-diagnosis-of-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy-associations-between-resolution-family-functioning-and-child-behavior-problems
#2
Roberto Baiocco, Paola Castelli Gattinara, Giorgia Cioccetti, Salvatore Ioverno
BACKGROUND: Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is the most frequent inherited form of muscular dystrophy during childhood. DMD is a severe and progressive disease. Children initially have no symptoms, but the diagnosis is often delayed until the child is about 5 years old. PURPOSE: Although few studies have addressed parent reactions to DMD, parental reactions to other serious childhood conditions have been documented. This study aims to understand the resolution styles that parents use in the context of their children with DMD...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805719/factors-affecting-depressive-symptoms-among-north-korean-adolescent-refugees-residing-in-south-korea
#3
Subin Park, Minji Lee, Jin Yong Jeon
We examined factors affecting the depressive symptoms and the relationship between depression and quality of life among 131 North Korean adolescent refugees aged 12-24 years. We compared sociodemographic, social, and individual characteristics and perceived the quality of life between participants with and without depression. Thirty-seven refugees (28.2%) had clinically significant depressive symptoms. The refugees with depression were younger (t = 2.67; p = 0.009), more likely to be male (χ² = 6.98; p = 0...
August 14, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805452/birt-hogg-dube-syndrome-with-a-novel-mutation-in-the-flcn-gene
#4
Gulsum Kayhan, Nilgun Yılmaz Demirci, Haluk Turktas, Mehmet Ali Ergun
BACKGROUND: Birt-Hogg-Dube syndrome (BHDS) is an autosomal dominant disease characterized by hair follicle hamartomas, kidney tumors, and spontaneous pneumothorax; its cause is a heterozygous mutation in the FLCN gene. Colorectal polyps and carcinoma have also been reported in BHDS. FLCN mutations can be detected in patients with isolated primary spontaneous pneumothorax (PSP), so PSP may present as part of BHDS. The aim of this report is to enhance awareness that patients presenting with spontaneous PSP should be evaluated for FLCN mutations...
August 14, 2017: Genetic Testing and Molecular Biomarkers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805254/does-fathers-and-mothers-rumination-predict-emotional-symptoms-in-their-children
#5
Lamprini Psychogiou, Nicholas J Moberly, Elizabeth Parry, Abigail Emma Russell, Selina Nath, Angeliki Kallitsoglou
OBJECTIVES: Although rumination can have a negative influence on the family environment and the quality of parent-child interactions, there is little research on the role of parental rumination in predicting adverse child outcomes over time. This longitudinal study examined whether mothers' and fathers' brooding rumination would each uniquely predict emotional symptoms in preschool children. METHODS: The initial sample consisted of 160 families (including 50 mothers with past depression, 33 fathers with past depression, and 7 fathers with current depression according to the Structural Clinical Interview for DSM-IV)...
August 14, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804964/birth-outcomes-of-children-fathered-by-men-treated-with-systemic-corticosteroids-during-the-conception-period-a-cohort-study-based-on-nationwide-data
#6
M D Larsen, S Friedman, B Magnussen, B M Nørgård
Information on the safety of paternal use of medications prior to the time of conception is limited, and there is little available evidence regarding possible adverse effects of paternal use of systemic corticosteroids (SCS). In this cohort study, based on nationwide data, we examined the association between paternal use of SCS prior to conception and adverse birth outcomes. The study includes data from all singletons born in Denmark from 1January 1997 through 2013 (N=1,013,994). Children fathered by men who redeemed a prescription of SCS within 3 months before conception (N=2,380) constituted the exposed groups...
August 14, 2017: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803506/parental-stress-and-depressive-symptoms-increase-the-risk-of-separation-among-parents-with-children-less-than-11-years-of-age-in-sweden
#7
Widarsson Margareta, Nohlert Eva, Öhrvik John, Kerstis Birgitta
AIMS: Parental separations have become more frequent in recent decades. In Western countries, about 25% of children experience parental separation. There is a need to explore the risk factors for separation to give children an optimal childhood. The objective of the present study was to examine parental stress and depressive symptoms during early parenthood and their association with parental separation. METHODS: Four hundred and seven couples completed questionnaires on depressive symptoms for 3 months and parental stress for 18 months after childbirth...
August 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802371/how-can-we-improve-medical-adherence-to-intranasal-corticosteroids-in-children
#8
Emre Ocak, Deniz Kocaoz, Baran Acar
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the factors which may be related to nonadherence to intranasal corticosteroids (ICS) in the treatment of allergic rhinitis (AR) in children. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted on children with AR diagnosis in a tertiary referral hospital. All participants were provided with mometasone furoate nasal sprays for 30 days after the diagnosis. Caregivers were called back when the therapy was over and completed a questionnaire about the factors that may influence the adherence to the treatment...
September 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801868/resilience-in-women-who-experience-domestic-violence
#9
Konstantinos Tsirigotis, Joanna Łuczak
Violence in the family constitutes a serious social and psychological problem with harmful consequences leading, among others, to changes in the psychological functioning of the victim and, secondarily, also the perpetrator. The aim of this study was to examine resilience in women experiencing domestic violence. The "Ego Resiliency Scale" (ERS) was used to study the group of women suffering domestic violence. The study group included 52 women aged 30-65 years (mean age: 40.15) using assistance of the Crisis Intervention Centre due to experienced domestic violence...
August 12, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800840/comparing-low-income-mother-and-fathers-concern-for-young-children-s-weight
#10
Rachel L Vollmer, Amy R Mobley
PURPOSE: The objectives of this study were to compare the relationship of mother and father (1) perceived child weight and child body mass index (BMI) z-score, (2) concern for child's current weight and child BMI z-score, and (3) concern for child's future weight and child BMI z-score. DESIGN AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study included low-income mothers (n=30) and fathers (n=30) with a young child (3 to 10years old) from the same household. Each parent completed select items from the Child Feeding Questionnaire (CFQ) with a trained interviewer...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799427/quality-of-life-in-family-caregivers-of-schizophrenia-patients-in-spain-caregiver-characteristics-caregiving-burden-family-functioning-and-social-and-professional-support
#11
José M Ribé, Manel Salamero, Carles Pérez-Testor, Josep Mercadal, Concepción Aguilera, Margarida Cleris
OBJECTIVE: Caregivers experience physical and mental stress that ends up lowering their quality of life (QoL). Our goal was to research (a) the level of caregivers QoL; (b) the relationships between the demographic characteristics of the caregivers, their caregiving burden, their family functioning, their social and professional support and their QoL and (c) the best predictors of caregivers QoL. METHODS: 100 key caregivers (70% parents, 8% spouses, 17% siblings and 5% children) were studied using the world health organization quality of life-Bref (WHOQOL-BREF) to research their QoL, the Zarit Scale to assess their perception of their caregiving burden, the Social Network Questionnaire to examine their social support, the Family APGAR to assess the satisfaction with social support from the family and a professional support scale (Escala de Apoyo Profesional) to determine the professional support received by caregivers was performed...
August 11, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799087/the-null-relation-between-father-absence-and-earlier-menarche
#12
Kitae Sohn
Researchers have claimed that the absence of a biological father accelerates the daughter's menarche. This claim was assessed by employing a large and nationally representative sample of Indonesian women. We analyzed 11,138 ever-married women aged 15+ in the Indonesian Family Life Survey 2015. We regressed age at menarche on the interaction of father absence (vs. presence) and mother absence (vs. presence) at age 12 with or without childhood covariates. For robustness checks, we performed a power analysis, re-ran the same specification for various subgroups, and varied the independent variable of interest...
August 10, 2017: Human Nature: An Interdisciplinary Biosocial Perspective
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798724/vasopressin-and-oxytocin-reduce-food-sharing-behavior-in-male-but-not-female-marmosets-in-family-groups
#13
Jack H Taylor, Allison A Intorre, Jeffrey A French
Oxytocin (OT) is critical for lactation and maternal care, but OT and the related nonapeptide vasopressin are important for caregiving behaviors in fathers and alloparents as well. This experiment tested the effects of vasopressin and OT on food sharing in marmoset families. We treated caregivers (parents, siblings) with intranasal vasopressin, OT, or saline, and then paired them with the youngest marmoset in the family. Caregivers were given preferred food, and then observed for food sharing and aggressive behavior with young marmosets...
2017: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798086/the-changing-tides-of-the-type-2-diabetes-epidemic-smooth-sailing-or-troubled-waters-ahead-kelly-west-award-lecture-2016
#14
Edward W Gregg
The Kelly West Award for Outstanding Achievement in Epidemiology is given in memory of Kelly M. West, widely regarded as the "father of diabetes epidemiology," to an individual who has made significant contributions to the field of diabetes epidemiology. Edward W. Gregg, PhD, of the Division of Diabetes Translation, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, received the prestigious award at the American Diabetes Association's 76th Scientific Sessions, 10-14 June 2016, in New Orleans, LA. He presented the Kelly West Award Lecture, "Changing Tides of the Type 2 Diabetes Epidemic-Smooth Sailing or Troubled Waters Ahead?" on Sunday, 12 June 2016...
August 10, 2017: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796840/yes-research-matters
#15
Mari L Shinohara
My father was diagnosed with stomach cancer recently. Luckily, it was still at an early stage, and endoscopic surgery successfully took care of it. My father was fortunate; since people with stomach cancer do not show clear symptoms in the early stages, the disease is often not diagnosed until it becomes advanced. In his case, the diagnosis started from a suggestion by his doctor to check whether he had a gastric infection with Helicobacter pylori, a bacterial species found in the digestive tract. In Japan, where he lives, a majority of gastric cancer patients (more than 99%) have been infected with H...
August 2017: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796826/health-behaviors-and-union-dissolution-among-parents-of-young-children-differences-by-marital-status
#16
Jess M Meyer, Christine Percheski
Previous research finds that marriage is associated with better health and lower mortality, and one of the mechanisms underlying this association is health-related selection out of marriage. Using longitudinal survey data from 2,348 couples from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study, we examine whether certain health behaviors-smoking and binge drinking-are associated with risk of union dissolution among couples with young children. We use discrete time hazard models to test whether associations between health behaviors and union dissolution differ between married and cohabiting parents...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796595/william-burroughs-sailor-of-the-soul
#17
Andrew J Lees
In 1953, William Seward Burroughs made several important and largely unrecognized discoveries relating to the composition and clinical pharmacological effects of the hallucinogenic plant potion known as yagé or ayahuasca. Illustrations of Burroughs' voucher sample of Psychotria viridis and his letter to the father of modern ethnobotany, Richard Evans Schultes, are published here for the very first time.
August 10, 2017: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796241/the-neonatal-intensive-parenting-unit-an-introduction
#18
S L Hall, M T Hynan, R Phillips, S Lassen, J W Craig, E Goyer, R F Hatfield, H Cohen
This paper describes a paradigm shift occurring in neonatal intensive care. Care teams are moving from a focus limited to healing the baby's medical problems towards a focus that also requires effective partnerships with families. These partnerships encourage extensive participation of mothers and fathers in their baby's care and ongoing bi-directional communication with the care team. The term Newborn Intensive Parenting Unit (NIPU) was derived to capture this concept. One component of the NIPU is family-integrated care, where parents are intimately involved in a baby's care for as many hours a day as possible...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796068/the-relationship-between-perceived-parental-rearing-behaviors-and-school-adjustment-of-adolescent-cancer-survivors-in-korea-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Sunhee Lee, Dong Hee Kim
Return and adjustment to school in adolescents who have survived cancer have become of increasing interest as the numbers of childhood cancers survivors have grown due to advances in treatments. Perceived parental rearing behavior is an important factor related to school adjustment. This study examined the relationships between maternal and parental rearing practices, general characteristics, and school adjustment in adolescent cancer survivors in Korea. We conducted a descriptive, exploratory study of 84 adolescents with cancer using the Korean version of the Fragebogen zum erinnerten elterlichen Erziehungsverhalten: FEE (Recalled Parental Rearing Behavior) and a school adjustment measurement...
August 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795829/patterns-of-interparental-conflict-parenting-and-children-s-emotional-insecurity-a-person-centered-approach
#20
Olena Kopystynska, Katherine W Paschall, Melissa A Barnett, Melissa A Curran
We examined the relations between interparental conflict (destructive and constructive), parenting behaviors (harshness and supportiveness) and children's emotional insecurity in early childhood when children were approximately 36 months of age. The sample consisted of low-income unmarried couples who were expectant/new parents who participated in the national Building Strong Families project. Interparental conflict was assessed through parents' reported perception of the other parent's conflict behavior. Parenting behaviors were measured through observational data, and children's emotional insecurity was based on parents' reports...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
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