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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620912/oesophageal-epidermal-naevi-as-a-feature-of-systematised-epidermal-naevus-syndrome
#1
Tola Oyesanya, Emily Boozalis, Shawn G Kwatra, Bernard A Cohen
Systematised epidermal naevi are hamartomas developing from neural ectoderm that can be quite extensive, typically with involvement of the face, neck, scalp, arms, legs and trunk. Involvement of the gastrointestinal tract is rare. We report on a 38-year-old Caucasian woman with systematised epidermal naevus syndrome who presented with previously undescribed involvement of the oesophagus, as well as the right side of her scalp, forehead, cheeks, chin, oral mucosa, neck, arms and trunk.
June 16, 2017: Australasian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611477/a-guide-to-multimodal-endoscopy-imaging-for-gastrointestinal-malignancy-an-early-indicator
#2
REVIEW
Arthur Hoffman, Henrik Manner, Johannes W Rey, Ralf Kiesslich
Multimodality imaging is an essential aspect of endoscopic surveillance for the detection of neoplastic lesions, such as dysplasia or intramucosal cancer, because it improves the efficacy of endoscopic surveillance and therapeutic procedures in the gastrointestinal tract. This approach reveals mucosal abnormalities that cannot be detected by standard endoscopy. Currently, these imaging techniques are divided into those for primary detection and those for targeted imaging and characterization, the latter being used to visualize areas of interest in detail and permit histological evaluation...
June 14, 2017: Nature Reviews. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610400/shammah-smokeless-tobacco-and-public-health
#3
Abdulsallam Bakdash
Shammah is a preparation of smokeless tobacco (ST) that is frequently used in the Arabian Peninsula, especially in Saudi Arabia. A mixture of powdered tobacco, lime, ash, black pepper, oils and flavorings, shammah in is placed in the buccal cavity or lower labial vestibule of the mouth. The user (or dipper) spits out insoluble debris. ST is linked to a number of harmful effects such as dental disease, oral cancer, oesophagus cancer, and pancreas cancer. It also causes adverse reproductive effects including stillbirth, premature birth and low birth weight...
May 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610335/rhigonema-naylae-n-sp-rhigonematomorpha-rhigonematidae-a-new-parasitic-nematode-from-a-japanese-polydesmid-millipede-polydesmida-xystodesmidae
#4
Jans Morffe, Koichi Hasegawa
Rhigonema naylae n. sp. (Rhigonematomorpha: Rhigonematidae) is described from the hindgut of the polydesmid millipede Parafontaria laminata (Attems, 1909) (Polydesmida: Xystodesmidae), from Aichi prefecture, Japan. The new species is characterized by having a medium sized body in both sexes, the cephalic collar partially fused to the body cuticle, but not overhanging the body contour; cervical region densely covered in short, fine microtrichs that extend from the posterior margin of the cephalic collar to ca...
May 22, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608503/acute-radiation-oesophagitis-associated-with-2-deoxy-2-18f-fluoro-d-glucose-uptake-on-positron-emission-tomography-ct-during-chemo-radiation-therapy-in-patients-with-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#5
Sarah Everitt, Jason Callahan, Eman Obeid, Rodney J Hicks, Michael Mac Manus, David Ball
INTRODUCTION: Acute radiation oesophagitis (ARO) is frequently experienced by patients receiving concurrent chemo-radiation therapy (cCRT) for non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We investigated ARO symptoms (CTCAE v3.0), radiation dose and oesophageal FDG PET/CT uptake. METHOD: Candidates received cCRT (60 Gy, 2 Gy/fx) and sequential FDG PET/CT (baseline FDG0 , FDGwk2 and FDGwk4 ). Mean and maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmean and SUVmax) and radiation dose (Omean and Omax ) were calculated within the whole oesophagus and seven sub-regions (5-60 Gy)...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607296/a-case-report-of-oesophageal-schwannoma-with-thoracoscopic-surgery
#6
Zhiliang Hu, Zhun He, Xianfeng Li, Chuanliang Peng, Zhen Li
Oesophageal schwannomas is a rare tumour and most commonly found incidentally or from diagnostic workup of dysphagia or dyspnoea. Most oesophageal schwannomas are benign and more frequently occurs in female than in the male. To date, <40 cases have been described in the English literature. In this study, we reported the case of a 57-year-old woman visited our hospital with the symptom of long-time dysphagia. A thoracic computed tomography demonstrated an upper oesophageal well marginated and homogeneous mass that adhered to the right wall of the oesophagus...
July 2017: Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606862/pathogenicity-profile-of-vibrio-parahaemolyticus-in-farmed-pacific-white-shrimp-penaeus-vannamei
#7
R Ananda Raja, R Sridhar, C Balachandran, A Palanisammi, S Ramesh, K Nagarajan
A pathobiological study was conducted using Vibrio parahaemolyticus (VP) strain isolated from vibriosis affected shrimp (Penaeus vannamei) farms in Kancheepuram and Thiruvallur districts of Tamil Nadu during August 2014 to February 2015. The isolate was identified based on the morphological, physiological, biochemical and molecular characters. LD50 value with intramuscular injection was determined as 2.6 × 10(4) cfu/shrimp and sequential pathology was studied giving 6.1 × 10(3) cfu/shrimp (LD25). Total plate count (TPC) and total Vibrio count (TVC) in water, pond sediment, haemolymph, muscle, HP and gut were found significantly (P < 0...
June 9, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605437/anatomical-predisposing-factors-of-transmural-thermal-injury-after-pulmonary-vein-isolation
#8
Takashi Kaneshiro, Yoshiyuki Matsumoto, Minoru Nodera, Masashi Kamioka, Yoshiyuki Kamiyama, Akiomi Yoshihisa, Hiroshi Ohkawara, Hitoshi Suzuki, Yasuchika Takeishi
Aims: Transmural thermal injury (TTI), such as oesophageal erosion/ulcer and perioesophageal nerve injury leading to gastric hypomotility, is an important complication associated with pulmonary vein isolation (PVI). However, a predictor of TTI concerning anatomical structures surrounding the oesophagus has not yet been fully elucidated. Therefore, we sought to identify the predisposing factors of TTI after PVI. Methods: Consecutive 110 patients, who underwent PVI for atrial fibrillation, received oesophagogastroduodenoscopy 2 days later, were investigated...
June 12, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600646/increased-fdg-uptake-on-late-treatment-pet-in-non-tumour-affected-oesophagus-is-prognostic-for-pathological-complete-response-and-disease-recurrence-in-patients-undergoing-neoadjuvant-radiochemotherapy
#9
Sebastian Zschaeck, Frank Hofheinz, Klaus Zöphel, Rebecca Bütof, Christina Jentsch, Julia Schmollack, Steffen Löck, Jörg Kotzerke, Gustavo Baretton, Jürgen Weitz, Michael Baumann, Mechthild Krause
PURPOSE: Early side effects including oesophagitis are potential prognostic factors in patients undergoing radiochemotherapy (RCT) for locally advanced oesophageal cancer (LAEC). We assessed the prognostic value of (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) uptake within irradiated non-tumour-affected oesophagus (NTO) during restaging positron emission tomography (PET) as a surrogate for inflammation/oesophagitis. METHODS: This retrospective evaluation included 64 patients with LAEC who had completed neoadjuvant RCT and had successful oncological resection...
June 9, 2017: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600380/cohort-profile-the-nordic-antireflux-surgery-cohort-nordasco
#10
John Maret-Ouda, Karl Wahlin, Miia Artama, Nele Brusselaers, Martti Färkkilä, Elsebeth Lynge, Fredrik Mattsson, Eero Pukkala, Pål Romundstad, Laufey Tryggvadóttir, My von Euler-Chelpin, Jesper Lagergren
PURPOSE: To describe a newly created all-Nordic cohort of patients with gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD), entitled the Nordic Antireflux Surgery Cohort (NordASCo), which will be used to compare participants having undergone antireflux surgery with those who have not regarding risk of cancers, other diseases and mortality. PARTICIPANTS: Included were individuals with a GORD diagnosis recorded in any of the nationwide patient registries in the Nordic countries (Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden) in 1964-2014 (with various start and end years in different countries)...
June 8, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600361/coding-of-barrett-s-oesophagus-with-high-grade-dysplasia-in-national-administrative-databases-a-population-based-cohort-study
#11
Georgina Chadwick, Mira Varagunam, Christian Brand, Stuart A Riley, Nick Maynard, Tom Crosby, Julie Michalowski, David A Cromwell
OBJECTIVES: The International Classification of Diseases 10th Revision (ICD-10) system used in the English hospital administrative database (Hospital Episode Statistics (HES)) does not contain a specific code for oesophageal high-grade dysplasia (HGD). The aim of this paper was to examine how patients with HGD were coded in HES and whether it was done consistently. SETTING: National population-based cohort study of patients with newly diagnosed with HGD in England...
June 9, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598063/squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-oesophagus-with-tracheo-esophageal-fistula-pulmonary-tuberculosis-and-hyperthyroidism-in-16-yrs-old-female
#12
Vitull K Gupta, Jang Bahadur Singh, Ajesh Bansal, Meghna Gupta
This case of a 16-year-old female with moderately-differentiated squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus with tracheo-esophageal fistula, hyperthyroidism and sputum positive pulmonary tuberculosis with RNTCP Category 1 DOTS is reported because of its rarity. The patient presented with cough, vomiting, weight loss and respiratory distress.
May 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590274/survival-from-cancer-in-the-north-region-of-portugal-results-from-the-first-decade-of-the-millennium
#13
Luís Antunes, Lúcio L Santos, Maria José Bento
The aim of this study was to evaluate net survival from cancer diagnosed during the period 2001/2010 in the north region of Portugal to identify the tumours that need actions to improve the outcomes. Data were retrieved from the North Region Cancer Registry of Portugal database. The top 20 cancer sites in adults were considered: oesophagus, stomach, colon, rectum, pancreas, liver, larynx, lung, skin melanoma, breast, cervix, corpus uteri, ovary, prostate, kidney, bladder, brain and central nervous system, thyroid, non-Hodgkin lymphoma and multiple myeloma...
June 5, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588795/cancer-survival-in-qidong-between-1972-and-2011-a-population-based-analysis
#14
Jian-Guo Chen, Jian Zhu, Yong-Hui Zhang, Yi-Xin Zhang, Deng-Fu Yao, Yong-Sheng Chen, Jian-Hua Lu, Lu-Lu Ding, Hai-Zhen Chen, Chao-Yong Zhu, Li-Ping Yang, Yuan-Rong Zhu, Fu-Lin Qiang
Population-based cancer survival is an improved index for evaluating the overall efficiency of cancer health services in a given region. The current study analysed the observed survival and relative survival of leading cancer sites from a population-based cancer registry between 1972 and 2011 in Qidong, China. A total of 92,780 incident cases with cancer were registered and followed-up for survival status. The main sites of the cancer types, based on the rank order of incidence, were the liver, stomach, lung, colon and rectum, oesophagus, breast, pancreas, leukaemia, brain and central nervous system (B and CNS), bladder, blood [non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL)] and cervix...
June 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580343/effectiveness-of-thymoquinone-zeolite-and-platelet-rich-plasma-in-model-of-corrosive-oesophagitis-induced-in-rats
#15
Gökhan Karaca, Oktay Aydin, Faruk Pehlivanli, Canan Altunkaya, Hafize Uzun, Osman Güler
PURPOSE: The effectiveness of platelet-rich plasma (PRP), thymoquinone, and zeolite in corrosive esophageal burns was investigated in a rat model. METHODS: Four groups were comprised as containing 10 rats in each group. For group I, oesophagitis was induced and no other procedure was performed (control group). For group II, oesophagitis was induced and thymoquinone was administered for 1 week via oral gavage once a day (thymoquinone group). For group III, oesophagitis was induced for 1 week via oral gavage once a day (PRP group)...
June 2017: Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578699/treating-lung-cancer-with-dynamic-conformal-arc-therapy-a-dosimetric-study
#16
Primož Peterlin, Karmen Stanič, Ignasi Méndez, Andrej Strojnik
BACKGROUND: Lung cancer patients are often in poor physical condition, and a shorter treatment time would reduce their discomfort. Dynamic conformal arc therapy (DCAT) offers a shorter treatment time than conventional 3D conformal radiotherapy (3D CRT) and is usually available even in departments without inverse planning possibilities. We examined its suitability as a treatment modality for lung cancer patients. METHODS: On a cohort of 35 lung cancer patients, relevant dosimetric parameters were compared in respective DCAT and 3D CRT treatment plans...
June 2, 2017: Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578652/icorg-10-14-neoadjuvant-trial-in-adenocarcinoma-of-the-oesophagus-and-oesophagogastric-junction-international-study-neo-aegis
#17
J V Reynolds, S R Preston, B O'Neill, L Baeksgaard, S M Griffin, C Mariette, S Cuffe, M Cunningham, T Crosby, I Parker, K Hofland, G Hanna, L B Svendsen, C L Donohoe, C Muldoon, D O'Toole, C Johnson, N Ravi, G Jones, A K Corkhill, M Illsley, J Mellor, K Lee, M Dib, V Marchesin, M Cunnane, K Scott, P Lawner, S Warren, S O'Reilly, G O'Dowd, G Leonard, B Hennessy, R Mc Dermott
BACKGROUND: Neoadjuvant therapy is increasingly the standard of care in the management of locally advanced adenocarcinoma of the oesophagus and junction (AEG). In randomised controlled trials (RCTs), the MAGIC regimen of pre- and postoperative chemotherapy, and the CROSS regimen of preoperative chemotherapy combined with radiation, were superior to surgery only in RCTs that included AEG but were not powered on this cohort. No completed RCT has directly compared neoadjuvant or perioperative chemotherapy and neoadjuvant chemoradiation...
June 3, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573546/skoulekia-erythrini-n-sp-digenea-aporocotylidae-a-parasite-of-pagellus-erythrinus-l-perciformes-sparidae-from-the-western-mediterranean-with-an-amendment-of-the-generic-diagnosis
#18
José F Palacios-Abella, Simona Georgieva, Salvatore Mele, Juan Antonio Raga, Wolf Isbert, Aneta Kostadinova, Francisco E Montero
A new aporocotylid, Skoulekia erythrini n. sp., is described from the heart, cephalic kidney and gill blood vessels of the common pandora Pagellus erythrinus (L.) collected from several localities of the western Mediterranean off Spain. The new species differs from the type- and only species of the genus, S. meningialis Alama-Bermejo, Montero, Raga & Holzer, 2011 in possessing a symmetrical body (vs laterally curved), short tegumental spines (3-4 vs 7-10 µm) without hooked ends, diffuse (vs conspicuous) oesophageal gland-cells, a relatively longer oesophagus, a testis that is shorter in relation to body length and a much smaller seminal vesicle (17-34 × 10-26 vs 33-101 × 27-97 μm)...
June 1, 2017: Systematic Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572839/non-pulmonary-cancer-risk-following-tuberculosis-a-nationwide-retrospective-cohort-study-in-lithuania
#19
Ruta Everatt, Irena Kuzmickiene, Edita Davidaviciene, Saulius Cicenas
BACKGROUND: Lithuania remains one of the highest tuberculosis burden countries in Europe. Epidemiological studies have long pointed to infections as important factors of cancer aetiology, but the association between tuberculosis and the risk of non-pulmonary cancers has rarely been tested and results have been inconsistent. The aim of this population-based cohort study was to examine the risk of cancer among patients diagnosed with tuberculosis using data from Lithuanian Tuberculosis, Cancer and Resident's Registries...
2017: Infectious Agents and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571591/dietary-inflammatory-index-and-risk-of-reflux-oesophagitis-barrett-s-oesophagus-and-oesophageal-adenocarcinoma-a-population-based-case-control-study
#20
Nitin Shivappa, James R Hebert, Lesley A Anderson, Martha J Shrubsole, Liam J Murray, Lauren B Getty, Helen G Coleman
The dietary inflammatory index (DIITM) is a novel composite score based on a range of nutrients and foods known to be associated with inflammation. DII scores have been linked to the risk of a number of cancers, including oesophageal squamous cell cancer and oesophageal adenocarcinoma (OAC). Given that OAC stems from acid reflux and that the oesophageal epithelium undergoes a metaplasia-dysplasia transition from the resulting inflammation, it is plausible that a high DII score (indicating a pro-inflammatory diet) may exacerbate risk of OAC and its precursor conditions...
June 2, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
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