keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Mediastinitis

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812120/risk-adapted-robotic-stereotactic-body-radiation-therapy-for-inoperable-early-stage-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#1
Susanne Temming, Martin Kocher, Erich Stoelben, Lars Hagmeyer, De-Hua Chang, Konrad Frank, Khosro Hekmat, Juergen Wolf, Wolfgang W Baus, Robert Semrau, Christian Baues, S Marnitz
PURPOSE: To evaluate efficacy and toxicity of stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) with CyberKnife® (Accuray, Sunnyvale, CA, USA) in a selected cohort of primary, medically inoperable early-stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. METHODS: From 2012 to 2016, 106 patients (median age 74 years, range 50-94 years) with primary NSCLC were treated with SBRT using CyberKnife®. Histologic confirmation was available in 87 patients (82%). For mediastinal staging, 92 patients (87%) underwent (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron-emission tomography (18-FDG-PET) and/or endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS)-guided lymph node biopsy or mediastinoscopy...
August 15, 2017: Strahlentherapie und Onkologie: Organ der Deutschen Röntgengesellschaft ... [et Al]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811720/endoscopic-occlusion-with-silicone-spigots-for-the-closure-of-refractory-esophago-bronchiole-fistula-after-esophagectomy
#2
Masaya Uesato, Tsuguaki Kono, Yasunori Akutsu, Kentarou Murakami, Akiko Kagaya, Yorihiko Muto, Akira Nakano, Mizuho Aikawa, Tomohide Tamachi, Hiroyuki Amagai, Takahiro Arasawa, Yasuhide Muto, Hisahiro Matsubara
A 65-year-old man with cT1bN0M0 stage I middle thoracic esophageal cancer underwent subtotal esophagectomy and gastric tube reconstruction through the posterior mediastinal route after preoperative carbon-ion radiotherapy and chemotherapy in a clinical trial. Anastomotic leakage occurred, but it spontaneously improved. At six months after the operation, he was rehospitalized with a cough and dysphagia. An esophago-bronchiole fistula and stenosis of the gastric tube were observed. He first underwent stent placement in the gastric tube...
July 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810314/-clinical-and-pathological-characteristics-of-erdheim-chester-disease-involving-the-lungs
#3
T Lu, S Wang, H Huang, T Wang, M Wang, D R Zhong, R E Feng
Objective: To explore the clinical manifestations, pathological features, differential diagnosis and gene mutation status in patients with pulmonary involvement of Erdheim-Chester disease (ECD). Methods: The clinical data of 4 cases of Erdheim-Chester disease admitted to Peking Union Medical College Hospital from October 2014 to August 2016 were examined for imaging, microscopic and immunohistochemitry findings, and BRAFV600E mutation. The related literatures were reviewed. Results: Among the 4 cases, there were 3 males and 1 female, aging from 7 to 47 years, and the average age was 34...
August 12, 2017: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808494/severe-fibrosing-mediastinitis-with-atypical-presentation-effective-control-with-novel-therapeutic-approach
#4
Abdulaziz Uthman Joury, Ahmad Amer Al Boukai, Tarek Seifaw Kashour
Fibrosing mediastinitis (FM), also known as sclerosing mediastinitis, is an uncommon but serious disease involving the mediastinal structures. A high index of suspicion is essential to establish the diagnosis of FM and starting the appropriate therapy for patients. Here, we report a case of a young female who presented with chest symptoms and subsequently underwent different laboratory and radiologic investigations and an excisional biopsy. The findings of these investigations were consistent with the diagnosis of idiopathic FM...
July 2017: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807744/primary-stenting-is-not-necessary-in-benign-central-venous-stenosis
#5
Lynsey E Rangel, Sean P Lyden, Daniel G Clair
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate central venous stenosis (CVS) etiologies and presentation within a vascular surgery practice. We evaluated endovascular treatment modalities and the patency rates of our interventions. METHODS: 5 year retrospective review of endovascular intervention for CVS. Patient demographics, medical comorbidities, and variables were collected including etiology, indwelling device, previous upper extremity (UE) deep venous thrombosis (DVT), long term UE indwelling device (defined as greater than 30 days), malignancy status, hypercoagulable disorders, history of radiation or mediastinal fibrosis or masses, and anticoagulation and/or antiplatelet therapy...
August 11, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806261/unexpected-fibrosing-mediastinitis-shown-on-fdg-pet-ct-in-a-patient-with-igg4-related-disease
#6
Ying Kan, Leilei Yuan, Wei Wang, Jigang Yang
A 66-year-old man presented to our hospital because of abdominal pain for 5 days. A contrast abdominal CT raised the possibility of pancreatic carcinoma. FDG PET/CT showed increased FDG accumulation not only in the pancreas and the retroperitoneum, but also in the posterior mediastinum, which was not typical of pancreatic carcinoma. The patient was subsequently diagnosed having immunoglobulin G4-related disease following the histopathologic examination.
August 12, 2017: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806220/association-of-gender-with-outcome-and-host-response-in-critically-ill-sepsis-patients
#7
Lonneke A van Vught, Brendon P Scicluna, Maryse A Wiewel, Arie J Hoogendijk, Peter M C Klein Klouwenberg, David S Y Ong, Olaf L Cremer, Janneke Horn, Marek Franitza, Mohammad R Toliat, Peter Nürnberg, Marc M J Bonten, Marcus J Schultz, Tom van der Poll
OBJECTIVE: To determine the association of gender with the presentation, outcome, and host response in critically ill patients with sepsis. DESIGN AND SETTING: A prospective observational cohort study in the ICU of two tertiary hospitals between January 2011 and January 2014. PATIENTS: All consecutive critically ill patients admitted with sepsis, involving 1,815 admissions (1,533 patients). INTERVENTIONS: The host response was evaluated on ICU admission by measuring 19 plasma biomarkers reflecting organ systems implicated in sepsis pathogenesis (1,205 admissions) and by applying genome-wide blood gene expression profiling (582 admissions)...
August 11, 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804656/pneumomediastinum-and-mediastinal-hematoma-secondary-to-right-brachiocephalic-vein-thrombectomy-mimicking-stemi
#8
Prem Shukla, Prudence Dy, Rishi Raj, Sayee Sundar Alagusundaramoorthy, Noel Nivera
A 50-year-old male with a history of hemodialysis dependent chronic kidney disease presented to our emergency department with acute midsternal crushing chest pain. Patient was diagnosed with acute anterolateral wall Myocardial Infraction due to the presence of corresponding ST segment elevations in EKG and underwent emergent cardiac catheterization which revealed normal patent coronaries without any disease. He continued to have chest pain for which CT of the chest was done which revealed pneumomediastinum with mediastinal hematoma, due to the recent attempted thrombectomy for thrombus in his right brachiocephalic vein...
2017: Case Reports in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801040/extracorporeal-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-for-blunt-cardiac-rupture-a-case-report
#9
Shunsuke Kudo, Keiji Tanaka, Kunihiko Okada, Takahiro Takemura
Extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ECPR) followed by operating room sternotomy, rather than resuscitative thoracotomy, might be life-saving for patients with blunt cardiac rupture and cardiac arrest who do not have multiple severe traumatic injuries. A 49-year-old man was injured in a vehicle crash and transferred to the emergency department. On admission, he was hemodynamically stable, but a plain chest radiograph revealed a widened mediastinum, and echocardiography revealed hemopericardium. A computed tomography scan revealed hemopericardium and mediastinal hematoma, without other severe traumatic injuries...
August 5, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800837/outcomes-of-invasive-mediastinal-nodal-staging-versus-positron-emission-tomography-staging-alone-for-early-stage-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-treated-with-stereotactic-body-radiation-therapy
#10
Caitlin A Schonewolf, Vivek Verma, Carl M Post, Abigail T Berman, Melissa A Frick, Anil Vachani, Chi Lin, Charles B Simone
BACKGROUND: The benefit of invasive mediastinal nodal staging (IMNS) in addition to positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET/CT) is undefined for early stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). This multi-institutional investigation aimed to evaluate outcomes and patterns of failure in patients staged with PET/CT with or without additional IMNS. METHODS: Two academic centers assessed all consecutive patients staged with PET/CT for early-stage, primary lung NSCLC (cT1-2aN0M0) treated with SBRT...
July 14, 2017: Lung Cancer: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800774/angiostrongylus-vasorum-in-wolves-in-italy-prevalence-and-pathological-findings
#11
Claudio De Liberato, Goffredo Grifoni, Raniero Lorenzetti, Roberta Meoli, Cristiano Cocumelli, Antonio Mastromattei, Francesco Scholl, Pasquale Rombolà, Pietro Calderini, Gianpaolo Bruni, Claudia Eleni
BACKGROUND: Angiostrongylus vasorum is a nematode residing in the heart and pulmonary vessels of dogs and wild carnivores. In Europe the red fox is its reservoir, while only three records from wolves have been published. Angiostrongylus vasorum has a worldwide distribution, and many pieces of evidence demonstrate that it is spreading from endemic areas to new ones. In Italy, A. vasorum was reported with increasing frequency in dogs and foxes in the last decades, and now it is considered endemic throughout the country...
August 11, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798226/image-guided-combination-of-177-lu-dotatate-and-capecitabine-peptide-receptor-chemoradionuclide-therapy-in-metastatic-mediastinal-paraganglioma
#12
Abhiram G Ashwathanarayana, Chinmoy K Biswal, Ashwani Sood, Ashwin S Parihar, Rakesh Kapoor, Bhagwant R Mittal
The peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT) targets highly expressed somatostatin receptors (SSTR) shown on SSTR imaging in well-differentiated neuroendocrine tumours (NETs) with stable or partial response in majority of inoperable/metastatic NETs patients. However NETs showing increased FDG uptake carry the poor outcome with limited treatment options and role of PRRT is still unclear. Here is a case of young male patient of mediastinal paraganglioma and extensive metastatic disease showing avidity both on SSTR and FDG imaging...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Medicine Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798034/fdg-pet-ct-in-lymphoma-has-imaging-directed-personalized-medicine-become-a-reality
#13
Sally F Barrington, Peter Wm Johnson
Positron emission tomography with computed tomography (PET-CT) using (18)F- fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) is an essential part of the management of patients with lymphoma. Efforts to standardize PET acquisition and reporting, including the five-point 'Deauville scale', have enabled PET to become a surrogate for treatment success/failure in common lymphoma subtypes. This review summarizes the key evidence from clinical trials that supports PET-directed personalized approaches in lymphoma. PET-guided therapy has improved outcomes in Hodgkin lymphoma, using less chemotherapy and more selective radiotherapy...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798005/hodgkin-s-lymphoma-as-a-multiloculated-lung-cavity-lesion
#14
Aisha M Al-Osail, Hind S Al-Saif, Mashail M Al-Hajri, Hajer M Al-Zuhair, Deemah A Al-Abdulhadi, Emad M Al-Osail, Sarah M Al-Hajri
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary manifestation of Hodgkin's lymphoma is common, and recently, single and/or multiple lung cavities with air-fluid levels has been reported as a primary manifestation of Hodgkin's lymphoma. However, the unusual presentation of the lung cavity itself has not been previously reported for Hodgkin's lymphoma, especially as the first presentation of the disease. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a 16-year-old male who presented to the emergency department with chief complaints of fever, unintentional 10-kilogram weight loss, a productive cough and pulmonary cavity for investigation...
May 2017: Gulf Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796590/subsolid-lung-nodule-classification-a-ct-criterion-for-improving-interobserver-agreement
#15
Marie-Pierre Revel, Inès Mannes, Joseph Benzakoun, Claude Guinet, Thomas Léger, Philippe Grenier, Audrey Lupo, Ludovic Fournel, Guillaume Chassagnon, Sébastien Bommart
Purpose To evaluate an objective computed tomographic (CT) criterion for distinguishing between part-solid (PS) and nonsolid (NS) lung nodules. Materials and Methods This study received institutional review board approval, and patients gave informed consent. Preoperative CT studies in all patients who underwent surgery for subsolid nodules between 2008 and 2015 were first reviewed by two senior radiologists, who subjectively classified the nodules as PS or NS. A second reading performed 1 month later used predefined classification criteria and involved a third senior radiologist as well as three junior radiologists...
August 8, 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795891/experience-using-closed-incision-negative-pressure-wound-therapy-in-sternotomy-patients
#16
B Philip, P McCluskey, J Hinchion
OBJECTIVE: Postoperative delayed wound healing, surgical site infections (SSIs), and other wound complications are associated with increased morbidity and health-care costs. In cardiothoracic surgery, wound complications can have life-threatening consequences. In recent years, negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) has been applied over closed surgical incisions to help reduce tension and protect from external contamination. We report our initial experiences using a closed incision negative pressure therapy (ciNPT) over clean, closed sternotomy incisions at an Irish tertiary referral centre...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794967/pleural-effusion-as-a-rare-manifestation-of-mediastinal-teratoma-a-case-report
#17
Ebrahim Razi, Aida Imani, Iman Ansari, Tehereh Khamechian, Abdolhossein Davoodabadi
Pleural effusion as one of the most common manifestations of pulmonary diseases is a rare symptom of anterior mediastinal teratoma that might mislead general physicians. In this study we report a rare case of pleural effusion and anterior mediastinal teratoma accompanying each other. The patient was a 21-year-old woman who suffered from dyspnea, cough, fever and manifestations of pleural effusion were obvious in chest X Ray (CXR). Computed tomography scan showed a cystic mass with lipid component. After thoracotomy, a mass was taken out from medial lobe of right lung and the results of pathology showed the mature mediastinal teratoma...
2017: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794637/the-role-of-mediastinoscopy-in-the-diagnosis-of-non-lung-cancer-diseases
#18
Serdar Onat, Gungor Ates, Alper Avcı, Tekin Yıldız, Ali Birak, Cihan Akgul Ozmen, Refik Ulku
BACKGROUND: Mediastinoscopy is a good method to evaluate mediastinal lesions. We sought to determine the current role of mediastinoscopy in the investigation of non-lung cancer patients with mediastinal lymphadenopathy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed clinical parameters (age, gender, histological diagnosis, morbidity, mortality) of all patients without lung cancer who consecutively underwent mediastinoscopy in Hospital of Faculty of Medicine of Dicle University between June 2003 and December 2016...
2017: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791071/periorbital-and-mediastinal-emphysema-after-upper-gastrointestinal-endoscopy-case-report-of-a-rare-complication
#19
Thankappan Lekha, Leelakrishnan Venkatakrishnan, Karuppannasamy Divya, Perumal Lavanya
PURPOSE: To report a rare case of periorbital emphysema concurrent with cervicofacial and mediastinal emphysema in an elderly woman who underwent upper gastrointestinal endoscopy for chronic liver disease. CASE REPORT: An elderly woman with decompensated chronic liver disease presented with features of periorbital, facial, and mediastinal emphysema, characterized with crepitant swelling over the right periorbital area, face, neck, and mediastinum after undergoing upper gastrointestinal endoscopy...
July 2017: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790290/-postoperative-intrathoracic-hemorrhage-perioperative-prevention-and-management
#20
Yoshimasa Maniwa
Postoperative intrathoracic hemorrhage is sometimes diagnosed in the thoracic cavity, while the patient is in the recovery room after undergoing thoracic surgery such as lung resection with thoracotomy or mediastinal surgery with a median sternotomy. The information from the chest tube is important to identify this kind of postoperative complication. When the condition becomes severe, the patient may develop hemorrhagic shock due to hemothorax and re-exploration to assess for bleeding and hemostasis may be required...
July 2017: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
keyword
keyword
39991
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"