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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779131/production-and-characterization-of-exopolysaccharides-by-geobacillus-thermodenitrificans-arza-6-and-geobacillus-toebii-arza-8-strains-isolated-from-an-armenian-geothermal-spring
#1
Hovik Panosyan, Paola Di Donato, Annarita Poli, Barbara Nicolaus
The thermal ecosystems, including geothermal springs, are proving to be source of thermophiles able to produce extracellular polysaccharides (EPSs). Among the sixteen thermophilic bacilli isolated from sediment sampled from Arzakan geothermal spring, Armenia, two best EPSs producer strains were identified based on 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis and phenotypic characteristics, and designated as Geobacillus thermodenitrificans ArzA-6 and Geobacillus toebii ArzA-8 strains. EPSs production was investigated under different time, temperature and culture media's composition...
May 19, 2018: Extremophiles: Life Under Extreme Conditions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778878/structural-elucidation-of-lignin-carbohydrate-complexes-lccs-from-chinese-quince-chaenomeles-sinensis-fruit
#2
Zhao Qin, Yu-Xiang Ma, Hua-Min Liu, Guang-Yong Qin, Xue-De Wang
The lignin-carbohydrate complexes (LCC) of the mesocarp (MS) and near the endocarp (NE) of Chinese quince (Chaenomeles sinensis) fruits were analyzed using three different methods of fractioning: milled wood lignin (MWL), LCC extracted from crude MWL with acetic acid (LCC-AcOH), and Bjorkman LCC. The MWL and LCC fractions were characterized by carbohydrate composition analysis, SEC, FT-IR, Py-GC/MS, thermal analysis and 2D HSQC NMR. Notably, large amounts of arabinose and galactose remained in the Björkman LCC fractions suggesting a chemical bond between the lignin and pectin...
May 17, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778820/synthesis-of-bioactive-compounds-from-vermicast-isolated-actinomycetes-species-and-its-antimicrobial-activity-against-human-pathogenic-bacteria
#3
R Balachandar, N Karmegam, M Saravanan, R Subbaiya, P Gurumoorthy
The present study aimed to evaluate the antimicrobial activities of bioactive compounds synthesized from vermicast isolated actinomycetes species. Specifically, the synthesized bioactive compounds were evaluated for their antimicrobial activity against selected Gram + ve and Gram-ve human pathogenic bacteria including Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus circulans, Bacillus subtilis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Escherichia coli. Interestingly, a total of five different actinomycetesspecies were recovered from vermicasts...
May 17, 2018: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778796/effect-of-operating-conditions-on-hydrothermal-liquefaction-of-spirulina-over-ni-tio-2-catalyst
#4
Wenying Tian, Renlong Liu, Wenjia Wang, Zhaosen Yin, Xuewen Yi
In this study, the effects of reaction temperature, holding time, algae/water ratio and catalyst dosage on the yield and quality of bio-oil produced via the HTL of Spirulina were investigated. The maximum bio-oil yield (43.05 wt%) and energy recovery (ER) value (64.62%) were obtained at 260 °C for 30 min, with an algae/water ratio of 1/4 and a catalyst dosage of 5 wt%. The bio-oil samples were characterized by elemental analysis, Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS), Fourier Transform Infrared (FI-IR), and Thermo-gravimetric analysis (TGA)...
May 4, 2018: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777442/study-on-immobilization-of-marine-oil-degrading-bacteria-by-carrier-of-algae-materials
#5
Yiran Zhang, Wei Gao, Faxiang Lin, Bin Han, Changfei He, Qian Li, Xiangxing Gao, Zhisong Cui, Chengjun Sun, Li Zheng
This study investigated the immobilizations with of bacteria two kinds of algal materials, Enteromorpha residue and kelp residue. The lipophilicity of them were compared by diesel absorption rates. The immobilization efficiency of Bacillus sp. E3 was measured to evaluate whether these carriers would satisfy the requirement for biodegradation of oil spills. The bacteria were immobilized through adsorption with the sterilized and non-sterilized carriers to compare the differences between the two treatments. Oil degradation rates were determined using gravimetric and GC-MS methods...
May 18, 2018: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777312/evaluating-organochlorine-pesticide-residues-in-the-aquatic-environment-of-the-lake-naivasha-river-basin-using-passive-sampling-techniques
#6
Yasser Abbasi, Chris M Mannaerts
Passive sampling techniques can improve the discovery of low concentrations by continuous collecting the contaminants, which usually go undetected with classic and once-off time-point grab sampling. The aim of this study was to evaluate organochlorine pesticide (OCP) residues in the aquatic environment of the Lake Naivasha river basin (Kenya) using passive sampling techniques. Silicone rubber sheet and Speedisk samplers were used to detect residues of α-HCH, β-HCH, γ-HCH, δ-HCH, heptachlor, aldrin, heptachlor epoxide, pp-DDE, endrin, dieldrin, α-endosulfan, β-endosulfan, pp-DDD, endrin aldehyde, pp-DDT, endosulfan sulfate, and methoxychlor in the Malewa River and Lake Naivasha...
May 18, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775208/biodegradation-of-asphaltene-and-petroleum-compounds-by-a-highly-potent-daedaleopsis-sp
#7
Elaheh Pourfakhraei, Jalil Badraghi, Fatemeh Mamashli, Mahboobeh Nazari, Ali Akbar Saboury
Petroleum, as the major energy source, is indispensable from our lives. Presence of compounds resistant to degradation can pose risks for human health and environment. Basidiomycetes have been considered as powerful candidates in biodegradation of petroleum compounds via secreting ligninolytic enzymes. In this study a wood-decaying fungus was isolated by significant degradation ability that was identified as Daedaleopsis sp. by morphological and molecular identification methods. According to GC/MS studies, incubation of heavy crude oil with Daedaleopsis sp...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Basic Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775199/haererehalobacter-sp-js1-a-bioemulsifier-producing-halophilic-bacterium-isolated-from-indian-solar-salt-works
#8
Mariathason Birdilla Selva Donio, Subbiahanadar Chelladurai Karthikeyan, Mariavincent Michaelbabu, Ganapathi Uma, Ramaiyan Raja Jeya Sekar, Thavasimuthu Citarasu
Bioemulsifier (BE)-producing Haererehalobacter sp. JS1 was isolated and identified from the solar salt works in India. The BE was extracted, purified, and characterized by Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis. Emulsification activity was performed against different oils and dye degradation potential against different dyes. The production of BE was optimized using different carbon sources (C), nitrogen sources (N), pH, and NaCl. BE screening methods revealed that, Haererehalobacter sp. JS1 was highly positive BE production...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Basic Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775057/analysis-of-improved-nutritional-composition-of-potential-functional-food-okara-after-probiotic-solid-state-fermentation
#9
Sulagna Gupta, Jaslyn J L Lee, Wei Ning Chen
Okara is a major agro-waste, generated as a byproduct from the soymilk and tofu industry. Since okara has a high nutritive value, reusing it as a substrate for solid state biofermentation is an economical and environmental friendly option. Rhizopus oligosporus and Lactobacillus plantarum were the probiotic FDA-approved food-grade cultures used in this study. The study revealed that biofermenting okara improves its nutritional composition. It was found that the metabolomic composition (by GC-MS analysis) and antioxidant activity (by DPPH test) improved after the microbial fermentations...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774354/chemo-chromism-in-an-orthogonal-dabco-based-co-ii-network-assembled-by-methanol-coordination-and-hydrogen-bond-formation
#10
Misaki Shiga, Shogo Kawaguchi, Masaru Fujibayashi, Sadafumi Nishihara, Katsuya Inoue, Tomoyuki Akutagawa, Shin-Ichiro Noro, Takayoshi Nakamura, Ryo Tsunashima
Newly prepared single crystals of [Co(ii)(dabco)(NCS)2(MeOH)2]·dabco (1-pink; dabco: 1,4-diazabicyclo[2.2.2]octane) showed chromotropic behaviour in the solid state, changing from pink to blue upon heating or grinding. The complex 1-pink exhibited a two-dimensional orthogonal network structure with the coordination chain of -dabco-Co- bridged by hydrogen bonds between coordinative methanol and a second dabco molecule, where the methanol molecule was trapped by coordinative and hydrogen bonds. Chromism was demonstrated to stem from the quantitative desorption of methanol from 1-pink to produce [Co(ii)(dabco)(NCS)2]·dabco (1-blue(c)) by thermogravimetric (TG) and temperature controlled gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analyses, and powder X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis suggests that the transformation between the crystalline phases of 1-pink and 1-blue(c) occurred with similar lattice parameters...
May 18, 2018: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770713/component-composition-of-the-extracts-and-essential-oils-from-the-alhagi-canescens-growing-in-uzbekistan-and-their-antimicrobial-activity
#11
Sabir Nishanbaev, Khayrulla Bobakulov, Bakhodir Okhundedaev, Sobirdjan Sasmakov, Elvira Yusupova, Shakhnoz Azimova, Nasrulla Abdullaev
The volatile compounds of hexane, benzene extracts and essential oils (EOs) isolated by steam- and hydrodistillation methods from aerial part of Alhagi canescens were studied by GC-MS analysis. Seventeen components were found in the hexane and benzene extracts, among them palmitic acid (25.2 and 22.1%), neophytadiene (7.3 and 22.3%), cis-chrysanthenyl acetate (11.0% in benzene), cis-geranyl acetate (7.8% in benzene) were major components. The first time fifty-six volatile compounds were identified in the EOs and camphor (5...
May 17, 2018: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770108/gc-ms-analysis-of-the-ruminal-metabolome-response-to-thiamine-supplementation-during-high-grain-feeding-in-dairy-cows
#12
Fuguang Xue, Xiaohua Pan, Linshu Jiang, Yuming Guo, Benhai Xiong
Introduction: Thiamine is known to attenuate high-concentrate diet induced subacute ruminal acidosis (SARA) in dairy cows, however, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Objectives: The major objective of this study was to investigate the metabolic mechanisms of thiamine supplementation on high-concentrate diet induced SARA. Methods: Six multiparous, rumen-fistulated Holstein cows were used in a replicated 3 × 3 Latin square design...
2018: Metabolomics: Official Journal of the Metabolomic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769578/metabolomic-profile-of-systemic-sclerosis-patients
#13
Federica Murgia, Silvia Svegliati, Simone Poddighe, Milena Lussu, Aldo Manzin, Tatiana Spadoni, Colomba Fischetti, Armando Gabrielli, Luigi Atzori
Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is an autoimmune disease of unknown aetiology characterized by vascular lesions, immunological alterations and diffuse fibrosis of the skin and internal organs. Since recent evidence suggests that there is a link between metabolomics and immune mediated disease, serum metabolic profile of SSc patients and healthy controls was investigated by 1 H-NMR and GC-MS techniques. The results indicated a lower level of aspartate, alanine, choline, glutamate, and glutarate in SSc patients compared with healthy controls...
May 16, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768020/chemical-diversity-of-the-essential-oils-of-twenty-populations-of-tanacetum-polycephalum-sch-bip-from-iran
#14
Mehran Mojarrad, Siavash Hosseini Sarghein, Ali Sonboli
Chemical diversity of the essential oils of twenty wild populations of Tanacetum polycephalum Sch. Bip., was investigated. The aerial parts of T. polycephalum were collected at full flowering stage from West Azerbaijan Province of Iran, air-dried; hydrodistilled to produce essential oils. The essential oils were analyzed by GC-FID and GC-MS. A total of forty compounds were identified accounting for 96.4-99.9% of the total oils. The most principal compounds were cis-thujone (0-82.3%), trans-thujone (0-79.8%), camphor (1...
May 16, 2018: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767721/bhd-associated-kidney-cancer-exhibits-unique-molecular-characteristics-and-a-wide-variety-of-variants-in-chromatin-remodeling-genes
#15
Hisashi Hasumi, Mitsuko Furuya, Kenji Tatsuno, Shogo Yamamoto, Masaya Baba, Yukiko Hasumi, Yasuhiro Isono, Kae Suzuki, Ryosuke Jikuya, Shinji Otake, Kentaro Muraoka, Kimito Osaka, Narihiko Hayashi, Kazuhide Makiyama, Yasuhide Miyoshi, Keiichi Kondo, Noboru Nakaigawa, Takashi Kawahara, Koji Izumi, Junichi Teranishi, Yasushi Yumura, Hiroji Uemura, Yoji Nagashima, Adam R Metwalli, Laura S Schmidt, Hiroyuki Aburatani, W Marston Linehan, Masahiro Yao
Birt-Hogg-Dubé (BHD) syndrome is a hereditary kidney cancer syndrome, which predisposes patients to develop kidney cancer, cutaneous fibrofolliculomas and pulmonary cysts. The responsible gene FLCN is a tumor suppressor for kidney cancer which plays an important role in energy homeostasis through the regulation of mitochondrial oxidative metabolism. However, the process by which FLCN-deficiency leads to renal tumorigenesis is unclear. In order to clarify molecular pathogenesis of BHD-associated kidney cancer, we conducted whole-exome sequencing analysis using next-generation sequencing technology as well as metabolite analysis using LC/MS and GC/MS...
May 14, 2018: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766800/antifungal-activity-gas-chromatographic-mass-spectrometric-analysis-and-in-silico-study-of-punica-granatum-peel-extracts-against-fluconazole-resistant-strains-of-candida-species
#16
Sony Paul, M Kalyani, I Kannan
AIMS: Candida species is the common cause of opportunistic fungal infections all over the world with increased mortality and morbidity especially in immunosuppressed patients. Fluconazole is the first line therapy for candidiasis. The antifungal resistance pattern in high-risk patients is a major concern. The present study was aimed to assess the anticandidal activity of Punica granatum peel against fluconazole resistant Candida species isolated from HIV patients. MATERIALS & METHODS: Ethanol, chloroform, petroleum ether and aqueous extracts of the peel of P...
May 14, 2018: Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766691/analysis-of-acrylamide-3-monochloropropane-1-2-diol-its-esters-and-glycidyl-esters-in-carbohydrate-rich-products-available-on-the-polish-market
#17
Anna Sadowska-Rociek, Magdalena Surma, Ewa Cieślik
Background: Carbohydrate-rich foods, such as breakfast products, snacks and biscuits because of its nutritional or sensory qualities are an inherent part of human diet. However, their production might contribute to the formation of acrylamide, 3-monochloropropane-1,2-diol (3-MCPD) and its esters and glycidyl esters. Objective: The aim of this work was to assess the levels of acrylamide, free and bound 3-MCPD and glycidyl esters in selected carbohydrate-rich, thermal processed products, present on the market in Poland in 2016-2017...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766432/cl-initiated-photo-oxidation-reactions-of-methyl-propionate-in-atmospheric-condition
#18
Ramya Cheramangalath Balan, Rajakumar Balla
Cl-initiated photo-oxidation reaction of methyl propionate was investigated experimentally using relative rate method. Gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and GC/infrared spectroscopy (GC-IR) were used as analytical tools to follow the concentrations of reactants and products during reaction. The gas-phase kinetics of methyl propionate with Cl atoms was measured over the temperature range of 263-363 K at 760 Torr in N2 atmosphere using C2 H6 and C2 H4 as reference compounds. The temperature-dependent rate coefficient for the reaction of methyl propionate with Cl atom was obtained as k(T) = [(3...
May 15, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765092/pilot-scale-study-on-catalytic-ozonation-of-bio-treated-dyeing-and-finishing-wastewater-using-recycled-waste-iron-shavings-as-a-catalyst
#19
Jieting Ma, Yunlu Chen, Jianxin Nie, Luming Ma, Yuanxing Huang, Liang Li, Yan Liu, Zhigang Guo
A pilot scale reactor with an effective volume of 2.93 m3 was built in-situ and run in both batch and continuous modes to investigate the removal for organic pollutants in bio-treated dyeing and finishing wastewater by heterogeneous catalytic ozonation under neutral pH with waste iron shavings as a catalyst. Experimental results showed that both running modes were able to reduce the chemical oxygen demand (COD) from 132-148 mg/L to a level below the discharge criteria (<80 mg/L) within 15-30 mins under several conditions...
May 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763782/high-correlation-of-chemical-composition-with-genotype-in-cryptic-species-of-the-liverwort-aneura-pinguis
#20
Rafał Wawrzyniak, Wiesław Wasiak, Beata Jasiewicz, Agnieszka Ludwiczuk, Alina Bączkiewicz, Katarzyna Buczkowska
Chemical constituents of cryptic species detected within the liverwort Aneura pinguis were identified using headspace solid-phase microextraction gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (HS-SPME-GC-MS). Fibre coating with divinylbenzene/carboxen/polydimethylsiloxane (DVB/CAR/PDMS) was used. A total of 48 samples of A. pinguis were analysed. The studied plants were identified genetically based on barcode DNA sequences and represented three cryptic species (A, B and F) of A. pinguis. Cryptic species A and B are genetically diverse; both represent three evolutionary lineages: A1, A2, A3 and B1, B2, B3, respectively...
May 12, 2018: Phytochemistry
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