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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771225/the-impact-of-recommended-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-care-on-hospital-outcomes-for-interhospital-transferred-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction-patients
#1
YeongHo Choi, Yu Jin Lee, Sang Do Shin, Kyoung Jun Song, KyungWon Lee, Eui Jung Lee, Yu Jin Kim, Ki Ok Ahn, Ki Jeong Hong, Young Sun Ro
BACKGROUND: Timely transfer and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with or without thrombolysis are recommended by the American Heart Association (AHA) to care for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients who present first to a non-PCI-capable hospital. This study was to evaluate the impact on in-hospital mortality of the compliance with guidelines regarding to the time of PCI for patients with STEMI who were transferred to a capable PCI hospital. METHODS: We used the CArdioVAscular disease Surveillance data from November 2007 to December 2012 for this study...
September 16, 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27730081/relationship-of-levels-of-vitamin-d-with-flow-mediated-dilatation-of-brachial-artery-in-patients-of-myocardial-infarction-and-healthy-control-a-case-control-study
#2
Sarthak Malik, Subhash Giri, S V Madhu, Vinita Rathi, B D Banerjee, Nikhil Gupta
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) remain the leading cause of death worldwide. Vitamin D deficiency has been linked to increased risk of adverse CV events. Vitamin D deficiency may be responsible for endothelial dysfunction which in turn affects the onset and progression of coronary artery disease and its risk factors, directly or indirectly through various mechanisms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: It was case-control study. A total of 50 cases of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) (aged 40-60 years), admitted to medicine emergency/CCU, were taken as per ACC/AHA 2007 guidelines...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27589358/n-terminal-pro-b-type-natriuretic-peptide-diagnostic-algorithm-versus-american-heart-association-algorithm-for-kawasaki-disease
#3
Audrey Dionne, Léamarie Meloche-Dumas, Laurent Desjardins, Jean Turgeon, Claire Saint-Cyr, Julie Autmizguine, Linda Spigelblatt, Anne Fournier, Nagib Dahdah
BACKGROUND: Diagnosis of Kawasaki disease (KD) can be challenging in the absence of a confirmatory test or pathognomonic finding, especially when clinical criteria are incomplete. We recently proposed serum N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) as an adjunctive diagnostic test. METHODS: We retrospectively tested a new algorithm to help KD diagnosis based on NT-proBNP, coronary artery dilation (CAD) at onset, and abnormal serum albumin or C-reactive protein (CRP)...
September 2, 2016: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27545132/-association-between-the-cardiovascular-health-score-and-new-onset-atrial-fibrillation
#4
J H Shi, A J Xing, Y Z Wang, C P Ji, C R Zhu, X M Wei, S L Wu
OBJECTIVE: To observe the association between the cardiovascular health score and new-onset atrial fibrillation. METHODS: A total of 95 026 participants who participated the health examination between July 2006 and October 2007 at Kailuan group and without history of atrial fibrillation were selected as the observation cohort. The second, the third and the fourth health examination were performed between July 2008 to October 2009, July 2010 to October 2011, July 2012 to October 2013, respectively...
August 24, 2016: Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27543306/2013-acc-aha-cholesterol-guideline-and-implications-for-healthy-people-2020-cardiovascular-disease-prevention-goals
#5
Brent M Egan, Jiexiang Li, Kellee White, Douglas O Fleming, Kenneth Connell, German T Hernandez, Daniel W Jones, Keith C Ferdinand, Angelo Sinopoli
BACKGROUND: Healthy People 2020 aim to reduce fatal atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) by 20%, which translates into 310 000 fewer events annually assuming proportional reduction in fatal and nonfatal ASCVD. We estimated preventable ASCVD events by implementing the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) 2013 Cholesterol Guideline in all statin-eligible adults. Absolute risk reduction (ARR) and number needed-to-treat (NNT) were calculated. METHODS AND RESULTS: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data for 2007-2012 were analyzed for adults aged 21 to 79 years and extrapolated to the US population...
2016: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27434662/population-effect-of-differences-in-cholesterol-guidelines-in-eastern-europe-and-the-united-states
#6
Jerry C Lee, Tomasz Zdrojewski, Michael J Pencina, Adam Wyszomirski, Mateusz Lachacz, Grzegorz Opolski, Piotr Bandosz, Marcin Rutkowski, Zbigniew Gaciong, Bogdan Wyrzykowski, Ann M Navar
IMPORTANCE: The American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) guidelines for the management of blood cholesterol and the current European Society of Cardiology/European Atherosclerosis Society (ESC/EAS) guidelines differ in how they identify adults in need of statin therapy; furthermore, it is unclear how this difference translates into numbers and characteristics of patients recommended for treatment. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of the ACC/AHA and ESC/EAS cholesterol guidelines when applied to a population-based sample...
September 1, 2016: JAMA Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27048305/texas-hospitals-with-higher-health-information-technology-expenditures-have-higher-revenue-a-longitudinal-data-analysis-using-a-generalized-estimating-equation-model
#7
Jinhyung Lee, Jae-Young Choi
BACKGROUND: The benefits of health information technology (IT) adoption have been reported in the literature, but whether health IT investment increases revenue generation remains an important research question. METHODS: Texas hospital data obtained from the American Hospital Association (AHA) for 2007-2010 were used to investigate the association of health IT expenses and hospital revenue. The generalized estimation equation (GEE) with an independent error component was used to model the data controlling for cluster error within hospitals...
2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26888844/-the-relationship-between-changes-in-ideal-cardiovascular-health-score-and-the-carotid-intima-media-thickness-among-the-middle-age-and-elderly-population
#8
Wei Huang, Weiqi Nie, Wen Li, Xiaoqing Li, Yanli Zhang, Xiaoyan Geng, Shouling Wu, Xuemei Liu
OBJECTIVE: To explore the relationship between changes in ideal cardiovascular health score(ΔICHS) and the carotid intima-media thickness(CIMT) among the middle age and elderly population. METHODS: A total of 5 852 cases were enrolled from 101 510 Kailuan Group employees who participated in the health examination in 2006-2007 and 2010-2011 through stratified random sampling. A total of 5 440 individuals met the inclusion criteria (≥40 years old; no history of stroke, transient ischemic attack, or myocardial infarction)...
December 2015: Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26868840/infective-endocarditis-hospitalizations-before-and-after-the-2007-american-heart-association-prophylaxis-guidelines
#9
Andrew S Mackie, Wei Liu, Anamaria Savu, Ariane J Marelli, Padma Kaul
BACKGROUND: In 2007, the American Heart Association (AHA) published revised guidelines for infective endocarditis (IE) prophylaxis. Population-based data with respect to the potential impact of these revised guidelines are lacking. METHODS: The Canadian Institute for Health Information Discharge Abstract Database was used to identify all hospitalizations between April 2002 and March 2013 having IE as a primary diagnosis. Hospitalization rates were determined using age-specific population data from Statistics Canada...
August 2016: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26786291/sulfonylurea-use-and-the-risk-of-hospital-readmission-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#10
Pamela C Heaton, Vibha C A Desai, Christina M L Kelton, Swapnil N Rajpathak
BACKGROUND: Hospital inpatient care for patients with diabetes was estimated to cost $76 billion in 2012. Substantial expense resulted from those patients having multiple hospitalizations. The objective was to compare the risk for diabetes-related hospital readmission in patients with type 2 diabetes treated with sulfonylureas (SUs) compared to those treated with other oral antihyperglycemic agents (AHAs). METHODS: A retrospective cohort analysis was conducted using two-year panels, from 1999 to 2010, from the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey...
2016: BMC Endocrine Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26727340/effect-of-emergency-medical-service-use-and-inter-hospital-transfer-on-time-to-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-in-patients-with-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction-a-multicenter-observational-study
#11
MULTICENTER STUDY
Sae Won Choi, Sang Do Shin, Young Sun Ro, Kyoung Jun Song, Yu Jin Lee, Eui Jung Lee
BACKGROUND: The 2013 ACCF/AHA guideline for the management of ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) recommends that patients be transported by emergency medical services (EMS) directly to a percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI)-capable hospital. We examined the effects of EMS use according to inter-hospital transfer on time to PCI in STEMI patients. METHODS: Adult patients diagnosed with STEMI from November 2007 to December 2012 with symptom onset less than 24 hours treated with primary PCI at 29 emergency departments (ED) were included...
2016: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26535890/health-insurance-status-as-a-barrier-to-ideal-cardiovascular-health-for-u-s-adults-data-from-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-nhanes
#12
Michael A McClurkin, Leah Rae Yingling, Colby Ayers, Rebecca Cooper-McCann, Visakha Suresh, Ann Nothwehr, Debbie S Barrington, Tiffany M Powell-Wiley
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the association between cardiovascular (CV) health and health insurance status. We hypothesized that U.S. adults without health insurance coverage would have a lower likelihood of ideal cardiovascular health. METHODS AND RESULTS: Using National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) data from 2007-2010, we examined the relationship between health insurance status and ideal CV health in U.S. adults aged ≥19 years and <65 (N = 3304)...
2015: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26456272/channeling-phaedrus-how-do-the-2007-and-2014-acc-aha-guidelines-compare-on-the-horns-of-a-dilemma
#13
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Angela M Bader, John A Fox, David L Hepner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2015: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26442390/resident-implementation-of-the-2007-acc-aha-guidelines-on-preoperative-cardiac-evaluation-in-non-cardiac-surgery-patients-is-clinical-experience-enough
#14
Hassan H Amhaz, Ruth Kuo, Elie J Chidiac, Vinay Pallekonda, Samir F Fuleihan, George McKelvey, Romeo N Kaddoum
BACKGROUND: Preoperative evaluation of surgical patients is important, as perioperative complications are associated with increased mortality. Specialties including anesthesiology, internal medicine, cardiology, and surgery are involved in the evaluation and management of these patients. This institutional study investigated the residents' knowledge of the 2007 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) guidelines on perioperative evaluation of patients undergoing non-cardiac surgery...
June 2015: Middle East Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26409984/antibiotic-prophylaxis-for-infective-endocarditis-knowledge-and-implementation-of-american-heart-association-guidelines-among-dentists-and-dental-hygienists-in-alberta-canada
#15
Pankaj Jain, Thomas Stevenson, Alexandra Sheppard, Kathryn Rankin, Sharon M Compton, William Preshing, Ross Anderson, Sunjidatul Islam, Andrew S Mackie
BACKGROUND: Knowledge and interpretation of the 2007 American Heart Association (AHA) guidelines regarding infective endocarditis (IE) prophylaxis among the dental community is not well established. The authors' aim was to determine how dentists and dental hygienists interpret the 2007 AHA guidelines. METHODS: The authors sent a cross-sectional survey to a random sample of 450 dental hygienists and 450 dentists in Alberta, Canada. The survey ascertained whether the practitioner would recommend IE prophylaxis to a high-risk cardiac patient undergoing a variety of dental procedures and for a variety of cardiac lesions in patients requiring gingival manipulation...
October 2015: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26387028/efficacy-and-safety-of-loading-dose-rosuvastatin-therapy-in-elderly-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndromes-undergoing-elective-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#16
Yungen Jiao, Feng Hu, Zhengang Zhang, Kaizheng Gong, Xiaoning Sun, Aihua Li, Naifeng Liu
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this work was to investigate the efficacy and safety of loading-dose rosuvastatin therapy in elderly patients with non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes (NSTEACS) undergoing elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS: A total of 126 patients (≥70 years old) with NSTEACS were randomly divided into two groups: (1) loading-dose rosuvastatin-treated group, treated with rosuvastatin 20 mg 12 h prior to PCI, with a second dose administered just before PCI (n = 62), and (2) control-treated group, treated with the standard method according to ACC/AHA guidelines in UAP/NSTEMI 2007 (n = 64)...
December 2015: Clinical Drug Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26366549/components-of-hospital-perioperative-infrastructure-can-overcome-the-weekend-effect-in-urgent-general-surgery-procedures
#17
Anai N Kothari, Matthew A C Zapf, Robert H Blackwell, Talar Markossian, Victor Chang, Zhiyong Mi, Gopal N Gupta, Paul C Kuo
OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that perioperative hospital resources could overcome the "weekend effect" (WE) in patients undergoing emergent/urgent surgeries. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: The WE is the observation that surgeon-independent patient outcomes are worse on the weekend compared with weekdays. The WE is often explained by differences in staffing and resources resulting in variation in care between the week and weekend. METHODS: Emergent/urgent surgeries were identified using the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project State Inpatient Database (Florida) from 2007 to 2011 and linked to the American Hospital Association (AHA) Annual Survey Database to determine hospital level characteristics...
October 2015: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26321091/safety-of-american-heart-association-recommended-minimum-exercise-for-desmosomal-mutation-carriers
#18
Abhishek C Sawant, Anneline S J M Te Riele, Crystal Tichnell, Brittney Murray, Aditya Bhonsale, Harikrishna Tandri, Daniel P Judge, Hugh Calkins, Cynthia A James
BACKGROUND: Endurance exercise is associated with adverse outcomes in patients with arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia/cardiomyopathy (ARVD/C). Exercise recommendations for family members remain undetermined. OBJECTIVE: The purposes of this study were to determine if (1) endurance exercise (Bethesda class C) and exercise intensity (metabolic equivalent hours per year [MET-Hr/year]) increase the likelihood of fulfilling 2010 Task Force Criteria and ventricular arrhythmias/implantable cardioverter-defibrillator shock (ventricular tachycardia/ventricular fibrillation [VT/VF]), and (2) exercise restriction to the American Heart Association (AHA)-recommended minimum for healthy adults is associated with favorable outcomes of at-risk family members...
January 2016: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26319967/the-impact-of-infective-endocarditis-prophylaxis-recommendations-on-the-practices-of-pediatric-and-adult-congenital-cardiologists
#19
MULTICENTER STUDY
Michael J Grattan, Alyssa Power, Deborah S Fruitman, Sunjidatul Islam, Andrew S Mackie
BACKGROUND: Compliance with the April 2007 American Heart Association (AHA) infective endocarditis (IE) guidelines is not well described. We sought to evaluate the impact of these guidelines on the clinical practices of pediatric and adult congenital cardiologists. METHODS: We conducted a 2-centre retrospective cohort study, including patients who had at least 1 outpatient cardiology visit after April 1, 2008 and had 1 of 11 prespecified high- or low-risk congenital cardiac lesions...
December 2015: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26260556/underutilization-of-anticoagulant-for-venous-thromboembolism-prophylaxis-in-three-hospitals-in-jakarta
#20
MULTICENTER STUDY
T Djumhana Atmakusuma, Karmel L Tambunan, Lugyanti Sukrisman, Shufrie Effendi, Andhika Rachman, Arini Setiawati, Ikhwan Rinaldi, Nadia A Mulansari, Wulyo Rajabto, Sally A Nasution, Muhadi, Tiara Aninditha, Rudyanto Sedono, Adhrie Sugiarto, Ceva W Pitoyo, Diana Paramitha, Nyoto W Astoro, Intan R Nasution
AIM: to assess the current use of anticoagulants and implementation of International Guidelines in venous thromboembolism (VTE) prophylaxis in hospitalized patients with acute medical illnesses in Jakarta, Indonesia. METHODS: a multicenter, prospective, disease registry, recruiting patients diagnosed as acutely ill medical diseases and other medical conditions at risk of VTE, with in-hospital immobilization for at least 3 days. RESULTS: of 401 patients, 46...
April 2015: Acta Medica Indonesiana
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