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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129257/temporal-changes-in-infective-endocarditis-guidelines-during-the-last-12-years-high-level-evidence-needed
#1
Lauge Østergaard, Nana Valeur, Henning Bundgaard, Jawad H Butt, Nikolaj Ihlemann, Lars Køber, Emil L Fosbøl
BACKGROUND: Infective endocarditis (IE) is a complex disease necessitating extensive clinical guidelines. The guidelines from the American Heart Association (AHA) and the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) have been markedly extended during the last 12 years. We examined the evidence base for these changes. METHODS: IE guidelines published by AHA and ESC were reviewed. We categorized and combined guidelines into 3 time periods: (1) 2004 (AHA) and 2005 (ESC), (2) 2007 (AHA) and 2009 (ESC), and (3) 2015 (AHA) and 2015 (ESC)...
November 2017: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987317/nationwide-survival-after-inhospital-cardiac-arrest-before-and-after-2010-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-guidelines-2007-2014
#2
Sagar Mallikethi-Reddy, Emmanuel Akintoye, Melvyn Rubenfire, Alexandros Briasoulis, Cindy L Grines, Luis Afonso
BACKGROUND: American Heart Association has been revising the cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) guidelines quinquennially. We sought to study the influence of 2010 CPR guidelines on nationwide survival after inhospital cardiac arrest. METHODS: Healthcare Utilization Project's National Inpatient Sample 20007-2014, was used to identify 799,741 adults aged ≥15years, who underwent inhospital CPR. We compared inhospital survival trends during period before (2007-2010) and after (2011-2014) American Heart Association 2010 CPR guidelines...
December 15, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910752/prevalence-of-metabolic-syndrome-among-elderly-mexicans
#3
María Araceli Ortiz-Rodríguez, Lucía Yáñez-Velasco, Alessandra Carnevale, Sandra Romero-Hidalgo, Demetrio Bernal, Carlos Aguilar-Salinas, Rosalba Rojas, Antonio Villa, Josep A Tur
BACKGROUND: One of the most prevalent chronic diseases among elderly population is the Metabolic Syndrome (MetS). The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of MetS and associated factors among Mexican elderly people. SUBJECTS: Cross-sectional survey carried out in Mexico (2007). A random sample (n=516) of the elderly population (≥65years; 277 female, 239 male) was interviewed. Anthropometric and analytical measurements, and a general questionnaire incorporating questions related to socio-demographic and life-style factors were used...
November 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752508/safety-and-effectiveness-of-intravenous-thrombolysis-for-acute-ischemic-stroke-outside-the-coverage-of-national-health-insurance-in-taiwan
#4
Yu-Hsiang Su, Chih-Hung Chen, Huey-Juan Lin, Yu-Wei Chen, Mei-Chiun Tseng, Han-Chieh Hsieh, Chih-Hung Chen, Sheng-Feng Sung
PURPOSE: Only a small percentage of ischemic stroke patients were treated with intravenous thrombolysis in Taiwan, partly because of the narrow reimbursement criteria of the National Health Insurance (NHI). We aimed to assess the safety and effectiveness of intravenous thrombolysis not covered by the NHI. METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of register data from four hospitals. All patients who received intravenous tissue plasminogen activator and fulfilled the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association (AHA/ASA) thrombolysis guidelines between January 2007 and June 2012 were distinguished into two groups: those in accordance (reimbursement group) and those not in accordance (non-reimbursement group) with the NHI reimbursement criteria...
March 15, 2017: Acta Neurologica Taiwanica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713108/current-prescribing-practices-for-antibiotic-prophylaxis-a-survey-of-dental-practitioners
#5
Leah S Spittle, Kathleen B Muzzin, Patricia R Campbell, Janice P DeWald, Francisco Rivera-Hidalgo
AIM: Antibiotic prophylaxis guidelines have been developed for health care and dentistry. The authors examined whether dentists were following the 2007 American Heart Association (AHA) and the 2012 American Association of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) recommendations for antibiotic prophylaxis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A survey was sent to 600 dentists in the south-central region of the United States. The survey examined dentists' prescribing practices for patients with cardiac and prosthetic joint replacements, antibiotic regimen prescribed, confidence in their prescription decisions, and dentistry's contribution to antibiotic resistance...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625367/impact-of-aha-s-2007-guideline-change-on-incidence-of-infective-endocarditis-in-infants-and-children
#6
MULTICENTER STUDY
Rie Sakai Bizmark, Ruey-Kang R Chang, Yusuke Tsugawa, Kenneth M Zangwill, Ichiro Kawachi
Use a nationally representative sample to assess impacts of new clinical guidelines issued by the American Heart Association (AHA) in 2007 for many types of invasive procedures, with recommendations for significant decreases in antimicrobial prophylaxis use. STUDY DESIGN: Interrupted time series analyses of pediatric hospitalizations for Infective Endocarditis (IE), using the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) ICD-9-CM diagnostic codes, identified IE hospitalizations for patients <18 years old from 2001 to 2012...
July 2017: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549764/effect-of-the-american-heart-association-2007-guidelines-on-the-practice-of-dental-prophylaxis-for-the-prevention-of-infective-endocarditis-in-olmsted-county-minnesota
#7
Daniel C DeSimone, Abdelghani El Rafei, Douglas W Challener, Alan B Carr, James A Kelly, Walter A Rocca, Jennifer L St Sauver, Cynthia M Bock-Goodner, Brian D Lahr, James M Steckelberg, Walter R Wilson, Larry M Baddour
OBJECTIVE: To determine the adherence of dental providers to the 2007 American Heart Association (AHA) infective endocarditis prevention guidelines regarding antibiotic drug administration before invasive dental procedures. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study included all adults (≥18 years old) with a moderate-risk (MR) or high-risk (HR) cardiac condition who received dental care at participating dental offices from January 1, 2005, through June 1, 2015, in Olmsted County, Minnesota...
May 10, 2017: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321301/early-aspirin-administration-post-coronary-artery-bypass-graft-surgery-changing-hospital-culture-through-a-two-cycled-audit
#8
Shefali Parikh, Justin Ratnasingham
"Early Aspirin" or a medium dose of aspirin 6 hours after Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (CABG) Surgery is strongly recommend by international guidelines (EACTS 2007/AHA 2011 guidelines, Level1a evidence) to protect venous graft patency. However, compliance with Early Aspirin prescription at our centre is poor due to long standing hospital cultural practices and lack of awareness. We completed a two-cycled retrospective audit of 53 (September 2015 Baseline), 65 (January 2016 First Cycle) and 58 (June 2016 Second Cycle) consecutive CABG patients...
2017: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029013/application-of-the-2013-american-college-of-cardiology-american-heart-association-cholesterol-guideline-to-the-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-surveys-from-1998-to-2012
#9
Young Shin Song, Tae Jung Oh, Kyoung Min Kim, Jae Hoon Moon, Sung Hee Choi, Hak Chul Jang, Kyong Soo Park, Soo Lim
BACKGROUND: The 2013 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) guideline for the treatment of blood cholesterol recommends statin therapy for individuals at high risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD). The aim of this study was to investigate serial trends in the percentages of Korean adults considered eligible for statin therapy according to the new ACC/AHA cholesterol guideline. METHODS: Data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) I (1998, n=7,698), II (2001, n=5,654), III (2005, n=5,269), IV (2007 to 2009, n=15,727), and V (2010 to 2012, n=16,304), which used a stratified, multistage, probability sampling design, were used as representative of the entire Korean population...
February 2017: Diabetes & Metabolism Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771225/the-impact-of-recommended-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-care-on-hospital-outcomes-for-interhospital-transferred-stemi-patients
#10
YeongHo Choi, Yu Jin Lee, Sang Do Shin, Kyoung Jun Song, KyungWon Lee, Eui Jung Lee, Yu Jin Kim, Ki Ok Ahn, Ki Jeong Hong, Young Sun Ro
BACKGROUND: Timely transfer and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with or without thrombolysis are recommended by the American Heart Association (AHA) to care for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients who present first to a non-PCI-capable hospital. This study was to evaluate the impact on in-hospital mortality of the compliance with guidelines regarding to the time of PCI for patients with STEMI who were transferred to a capable PCI hospital. METHODS: We used the CArdioVAscular disease Surveillance data from November 2007 to December 2012 for this study...
January 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27730081/relationship-of-levels-of-vitamin-d-with-flow-mediated-dilatation-of-brachial-artery-in-patients-of-myocardial-infarction-and-healthy-control-a-case-control-study
#11
Sarthak Malik, Subhash Giri, S V Madhu, Vinita Rathi, B D Banerjee, Nikhil Gupta
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) remain the leading cause of death worldwide. Vitamin D deficiency has been linked to increased risk of adverse CV events. Vitamin D deficiency may be responsible for endothelial dysfunction which in turn affects the onset and progression of coronary artery disease and its risk factors, directly or indirectly through various mechanisms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: It was case-control study. A total of 50 cases of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) (aged 40-60 years), admitted to medicine emergency/CCU, were taken as per ACC/AHA 2007 guidelines...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27589358/n-terminal-pro-b-type-natriuretic-peptide-diagnostic-algorithm-versus-american-heart-association-algorithm-for-kawasaki-disease
#12
MULTICENTER STUDY
Audrey Dionne, Léamarie Meloche-Dumas, Laurent Desjardins, Jean Turgeon, Claire Saint-Cyr, Julie Autmizguine, Linda Spigelblatt, Anne Fournier, Nagib Dahdah
BACKGROUND: Diagnosis of Kawasaki disease (KD) can be challenging in the absence of a confirmatory test or pathognomonic finding, especially when clinical criteria are incomplete. We recently proposed serum N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) as an adjunctive diagnostic test. METHODS: We retrospectively tested a new algorithm to help KD diagnosis based on NT-proBNP, coronary artery dilation (CAD) at onset, and abnormal serum albumin or C-reactive protein (CRP)...
March 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27545132/-association-between-the-cardiovascular-health-score-and-new-onset-atrial-fibrillation
#13
J H Shi, A J Xing, Y Z Wang, C P Ji, C R Zhu, X M Wei, S L Wu
OBJECTIVE: To observe the association between the cardiovascular health score and new-onset atrial fibrillation. METHODS: A total of 95 026 participants who participated the health examination between July 2006 and October 2007 at Kailuan group and without history of atrial fibrillation were selected as the observation cohort. The second, the third and the fourth health examination were performed between July 2008 to October 2009, July 2010 to October 2011, July 2012 to October 2013, respectively...
August 24, 2016: Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27543306/2013-acc-aha-cholesterol-guideline-and-implications-for-healthy-people-2020-cardiovascular-disease-prevention-goals
#14
Brent M Egan, Jiexiang Li, Kellee White, Douglas O Fleming, Kenneth Connell, German T Hernandez, Daniel W Jones, Keith C Ferdinand, Angelo Sinopoli
BACKGROUND: Healthy People 2020 aim to reduce fatal atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) by 20%, which translates into 310 000 fewer events annually assuming proportional reduction in fatal and nonfatal ASCVD. We estimated preventable ASCVD events by implementing the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) 2013 Cholesterol Guideline in all statin-eligible adults. Absolute risk reduction (ARR) and number needed-to-treat (NNT) were calculated. METHODS AND RESULTS: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data for 2007-2012 were analyzed for adults aged 21 to 79 years and extrapolated to the US population...
August 19, 2016: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27434662/population-effect-of-differences-in-cholesterol-guidelines-in-eastern-europe-and-the-united-states
#15
Jerry C Lee, Tomasz Zdrojewski, Michael J Pencina, Adam Wyszomirski, Mateusz Lachacz, Grzegorz Opolski, Piotr Bandosz, Marcin Rutkowski, Zbigniew Gaciong, Bogdan Wyrzykowski, Ann M Navar
IMPORTANCE: The American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) guidelines for the management of blood cholesterol and the current European Society of Cardiology/European Atherosclerosis Society (ESC/EAS) guidelines differ in how they identify adults in need of statin therapy; furthermore, it is unclear how this difference translates into numbers and characteristics of patients recommended for treatment. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of the ACC/AHA and ESC/EAS cholesterol guidelines when applied to a population-based sample...
September 1, 2016: JAMA Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27048305/texas-hospitals-with-higher-health-information-technology-expenditures-have-higher-revenue-a-longitudinal-data-analysis-using-a-generalized-estimating-equation-model
#16
REVIEW
Jinhyung Lee, Jae-Young Choi
BACKGROUND: The benefits of health information technology (IT) adoption have been reported in the literature, but whether health IT investment increases revenue generation remains an important research question. METHODS: Texas hospital data obtained from the American Hospital Association (AHA) for 2007-2010 were used to investigate the association of health IT expenses and hospital revenue. The generalized estimation equation (GEE) with an independent error component was used to model the data controlling for cluster error within hospitals...
April 5, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26888844/-the-relationship-between-changes-in-ideal-cardiovascular-health-score-and-the-carotid-intima-media-thickness-among-the-middle-age-and-elderly-population
#17
Wei Huang, Weiqi Nie, Wen Li, Xiaoqing Li, Yanli Zhang, Xiaoyan Geng, Shouling Wu, Xuemei Liu
OBJECTIVE: To explore the relationship between changes in ideal cardiovascular health score(ΔICHS) and the carotid intima-media thickness(CIMT) among the middle age and elderly population. METHODS: A total of 5 852 cases were enrolled from 101 510 Kailuan Group employees who participated in the health examination in 2006-2007 and 2010-2011 through stratified random sampling. A total of 5 440 individuals met the inclusion criteria (≥40 years old; no history of stroke, transient ischemic attack, or myocardial infarction)...
December 2015: Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26868840/infective-endocarditis-hospitalizations-before-and-after-the-2007-american-heart-association-prophylaxis-guidelines
#18
Andrew S Mackie, Wei Liu, Anamaria Savu, Ariane J Marelli, Padma Kaul
BACKGROUND: In 2007, the American Heart Association (AHA) published revised guidelines for infective endocarditis (IE) prophylaxis. Population-based data with respect to the potential impact of these revised guidelines are lacking. METHODS: The Canadian Institute for Health Information Discharge Abstract Database was used to identify all hospitalizations between April 2002 and March 2013 having IE as a primary diagnosis. Hospitalization rates were determined using age-specific population data from Statistics Canada...
August 2016: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26786291/sulfonylurea-use-and-the-risk-of-hospital-readmission-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#19
Pamela C Heaton, Vibha C A Desai, Christina M L Kelton, Swapnil N Rajpathak
BACKGROUND: Hospital inpatient care for patients with diabetes was estimated to cost $76 billion in 2012. Substantial expense resulted from those patients having multiple hospitalizations. The objective was to compare the risk for diabetes-related hospital readmission in patients with type 2 diabetes treated with sulfonylureas (SUs) compared to those treated with other oral antihyperglycemic agents (AHAs). METHODS: A retrospective cohort analysis was conducted using two-year panels, from 1999 to 2010, from the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey...
January 20, 2016: BMC Endocrine Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26727340/effect-of-emergency-medical-service-use-and-inter-hospital-transfer-on-time-to-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-in-patients-with-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction-a-multicenter-observational-study
#20
MULTICENTER STUDY
Sae Won Choi, Sang Do Shin, Young Sun Ro, Kyoung Jun Song, Yu Jin Lee, Eui Jung Lee
BACKGROUND: The 2013 ACCF/AHA guideline for the management of ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) recommends that patients be transported by emergency medical services (EMS) directly to a percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI)-capable hospital. We examined the effects of EMS use according to inter-hospital transfer on time to PCI in STEMI patients. METHODS: Adult patients diagnosed with STEMI from November 2007 to December 2012 with symptom onset less than 24 hours treated with primary PCI at 29 emergency departments (ED) were included...
2016: Prehospital Emergency Care
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