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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636572/mood-symptoms-in-stabilized-patients-with-schizophrenia-a-bipolar-type-with-predominant-psychotic-features
#1
Konstantinos N Fountoulakis, Dina Popovic, Mariela Mosheva, Melina Siamouli, Katerina Moutou, Xenia Gonda
BACKGROUND: Schizophrenia (SZ) and bipolar disorder (BD) are traditionally distinguished on the basis of progressive deterioration and long-term outcome, but a more dimensional approach is warranted. There are limited data on the occurrence of manic symptoms in patients with schizophrenia. The aim of the current study was to search for patterns in the clinical symptomatology, which may suggest the presence of one or several mood disorders under the label of schizophrenia. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Hundred-seventy-five patients diagnosed with schizophrenia according to DSM-5 were included in the study...
June 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631707/-chondroprotectors-a-range-of-application-in-general-somatic-practice
#2
O A Shavlovskaya
Chondroprotectors (CP) are biological agents that contribute to the regeneration of the cartilage surfaces and articular capsule, participating in the metabolic processes of the articular cartilage. Progressive loss of hyaline cartilage and lower levels of chondroitin sulfate were observed in osteoarthritis (OA) at different sites, including dorsopathy. OA therapy is aimed at slowing disease progression, relieving pain symptoms, and reducing functional disorders. For this purpose, oral or injectable CPs (Chondroguard, Sustaguard) are prescribed...
2017: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626162/intervention-of-the-nuss-procedure-on-the-mental-health-of-pectus-excavatum-patients
#3
Li Luo, Bo Xu, Xinling Wang, Bo Tan, Jing Zhao
Pectus excavatum (PE) is the most common congenital chest wall deformity, but little is known about the influence of the Nuss surgical procedure on mental health of patients with PE. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the influence of the PE Nuss surgical procedure on mental health in Chinese patients and identify the predictors of psychological status for PE. Patients with PE (n = 266) underwent a standard surgical procedure by the same surgeon and did the Symptom Checklist 90 (SCL-90) and the Self-rating Depression Scale (SDS) questionnaires before and 1 year after surgery...
June 16, 2017: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619687/use-of-the-central-sensitization-inventory-csi-as-a-treatment-outcome-measure-for-chronic-spinal-pain-disorder-patients-in-a-functional-restoration-program
#4
Randy Neblett, Meredith M Hartzell, Mark Williams, Kelley R Bevers, Tom G Mayer, Robert J Gatchel
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: The Central Sensitization Inventory (CSI) is a valid and reliable patient-reported instrument designed to identify patients whose presenting symptoms may be related to Central Sensitization (CS). Part A of the CSI measures a full array of 25 somatic and emotional symptoms associated with CS, and Part B asks if patients have previously been diagnosed with one or more specific Central Sensitivity Syndromes (CSSs) and related disorders. The CSI has previously been validated in a group of chronic pain patients who were screened by a trained psychiatrist for specific CSS diagnoses...
June 12, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619177/women-with-symptoms-of-sleep-disordered-breathing-are-less-likely-to-be-diagnosed-and-treated-for-sleep-apnea-than-men
#5
Eva Lindberg, Bryndis Benediktsdottir, Karl A Franklin, Mathias Holm, Ane Johannessen, Rain Jögi, Thorarinn Gislason, Francisco Gomez Real, Vivi Schlünssen, Christer Janson
BACKGROUND: Women are often underrepresented at sleep clinics evaluating sleep-disordered breathing (SDB). The aim of the present study was to analyze gender differences in sleep apnea diagnosis and treatment in men and women with similar symptoms of SDB. METHODS: Respiratory Health in Northern Europe (RHINE) provided information about snoring, excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS), BMI and somatic diseases at baseline (1999-2001) and follow-up (2010-2012) from 4962 men and 5892 women...
July 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616427/specific-genes-associated-with-adverse-events-of-methylphenidate-use-in-the-pediatric-population-a-systematic-literature-review
#6
REVIEW
Beinta Joensen, Morten Meyer, Lise Aagaard
The aim of this study was to review empirical studies examining associations between candidate genes and adverse events (AEs) from methylphenidate (MPH) use in children and adolescents. The PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, and Web of Science databases were searched from their inception until March 2017. We included empirically based articles on pharmacogenetic studies in 0-17-year-old patients that investigated associations between specific candidate genes, their polymorphisms, and reported AEs. We extracted information about study design, setting, type of AE reporter, studied genes and their polymorphisms, age and gender, administered doses, method of genotyping, outcome measures, and main findings...
April 2017: Journal of Research in Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615783/premature-ejaculation-a-redundant-entity-in-the-era-of-somatic-symptom-disorder
#7
Arghya Pal, Rudraprasad Acharya
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609179/maternal-distress-and-the-development-of-hypertensive-disorders-of-pregnancy
#8
Idalia Garza-Veloz, Claudia Castruita-De la Rosa, Yolanda Ortiz-Castro, Virginia Flores-Morales, Maria E Castañeda-Lopez, Edith Cardenas-Vargas, Gloria P Hernandez-Delgadillo, Vicente Ortega-Cisneros, Martha Luevano, Iram P Rodriguez-Sanchez, Fabiola Trejo-Vazquez, Ivan Delgado-Enciso, Miguel A Cid-Baez, Perla M Trejo-Ortiz, Maria G Ramos-Del Hoyo, Margarita L Martinez-Fierro
Despite the implementation of programmes to improve maternal health, maternal and foetal mortality rates still remain high. The presence of maternal distress and its association with the development of pregnancy hypertensive disorders is not well established. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between maternal distress and the development of hypertensive disorders in pregnancy in a prospective cohort of 321 Mexican women. Symptoms of maternal distressing were evaluated at week 20th of gestation using the General Health Questionnaire...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607656/secondary-traumatic-stress-dissociative-and-somatization-symptoms-in-spouses-of-veterans-with-ptsd-in-zahedan-iran
#9
Mohsen Kianpoor, Parisa Rahmanian, Azizollah Mojahed, Ramin Amouchie
INTRODUCTION: Secondary traumatic stress is a disorder which occurs in spouses and people with close relation to someone with posttraumatic stress disorder. Like PTSD, it seems that STS also occurs with other psychiatric problems like somatization and dissociation. This study aimed to determine the relationship between STS and somatization and dissociation symptoms. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was done in 2015 and lasted for one year. Self-report questionnaires assessing secondary traumatic stress symptoms, dissociation symptoms and somatization symptoms were distributed among spouses of veterans with PTSD in Zahedan, Iran...
April 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606506/longitudinal-associations-of-multiple-physical-symptoms-with-recurrence-of-depressive-and-anxiety-disorders
#10
Sandra M A Dijkstra-Kersten, Kate Sitnikova, Berend Terluin, Brenda W J H Penninx, Jos W R Twisk, Harm W J van Marwijk, Henriette E van der Horst, Johannes C van der Wouden
OBJECTIVE: To examine longitudinal associations of multiple physical symptoms with recurrence of depressive and anxiety disorders. METHODS: Follow-up data of 584 participants with remitted depressive or anxiety disorders were used from the Netherlands Study of Depressive and Anxiety disorders. Multiple physical symptoms were measured at baseline (T1) and two-year follow-up (T2) by the Four-Dimensional Symptom Questionnaire (4DSQ) somatization subscale. Recurrence of depressive and anxiety disorders was assessed at two-year (T2) and four-year (T4) follow-up with the Composite International Diagnostic Interview...
June 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606504/the-somatic-symptom-disorder-b-criteria-scale-ssd-12-factorial-structure-validity-and-population-based-norms
#11
Anne Toussaint, Bernd Löwe, Elmar Brähler, Pascal Jordan
PURPOSE: The Somatic Symptom Disorder - B Criteria Scale (SSD-12) assesses the psychological features of DSM-5 Somatic Symptom Disorder (SSD). The present study investigates the dimensionality and psychometric properties in a general population sample and provides norm values. METHOD: Test dimensionality was evaluated via confirmatory factor analysis and nonparametric item response theory. Correlational analyses and logistic regression models based on related measures (SSS 8, PHQ-2, GAD-2, Health Care Utilization) were used to derive predictive validity...
June 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606499/excess-costs-from-functional-somatic-syndromes-in-germany-an-analysis-using-entropy-balancing
#12
Helen Grupp, Claudia Kaufmann, Hans-Helmut König, Florian Bleibler, Beate Wild, Joachim Szecsenyi, Wolfgang Herzog, Dieter Schellberg, Rainer Schäfert, Alexander Konnopka
AIM: The aim of this study was to calculate disorder-specific excess costs in patients with functional somatic syndromes (FSS). METHODS: We compared 6-month direct and indirect costs in a patient group with FSS (n=273) to a control group of the general adult population in Germany without FSS (n=2914). Data on the patient group were collected between 2007 and 2009 in a randomized controlled trial (speciAL). Data on the control group were obtained from a telephone survey, representative for the general German population, conducted in 2014...
June 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606489/affective-symptoms-in-patients-with-oropharyngeal-dysphagia-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Rob J C G Verdonschot, Laura W J Baijens, Sophie Vanbelle, Ilona van de Kolk, Bernd Kremer, Carsten Leue
OBJECTIVE: Affective disorders are prevalent in different somatic conditions and influence somatic symptom bother and quality of life. Mood and anxiety disorders impact patients' compliance and adherence to treatment. This systematic review summarizes published studies on affective complaints in patients with oropharyngeal dysphagia (OD) in order to determine the quality of studies concerning any association of OD with symptoms of depression and/or anxiety. METHODS: A literature search was carried out using electronic databases Embase, Medline, Web-of-science, PsycINFO, Cochrane Library, and Google scholar...
June 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603908/depression-profile-in-cancer-patients-and-patients-without-a-chronic-somatic-disease
#14
Christoph Nikendei, Valentin Terhoeven, Johannes C Ehrenthal, Imad Maatouk, Beate Wild, Wolfgang Herzog, Hans-Christoph Friederich
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether depressed oncology patients show a specific depressive symptom profile, we compared depression symptoms in depressed cancer patients (CANCER-DEP) and depressed patients without a chronic somatic disease (NONCANCER-DEP). METHODS: Of a total of 2493 outpatients from a comprehensive cancer center and a center for psychosocial medicine, 1054 (42.3%) met the DSM-5 criteria for depression, measured with the patient health questionnaire (PHQ-9)...
June 11, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600645/acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-for-perinatal-mood-and-anxiety-disorders-development-of-an-inpatient-group-intervention
#15
REVIEW
Alexa Bonacquisti, Matthew J Cohen, Crystal Edler Schiller
Perinatal mood and anxiety disorders are a leading cause of morbidity and mortality for childbearing women. Current treatments, such as cognitive behavioral therapy and interpersonal therapy, have demonstrated modest success in addressing perinatal psychiatric symptoms; however, additional treatment options are needed to address the limitations of current approaches, particularly for women experiencing moderate to severe perinatal mental illness during pregnancy or postpartum. We discuss the use of acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) as a promising treatment approach that may be uniquely suited for perinatal women due to its emphasis of values, mindfulness, and acceptance; these psychological constructs notably address the significant psychiatric and behavioral health condition comorbidity, somatic symptoms, and stigma associated with perinatal mood and anxiety disorders...
June 10, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596466/-clocks-behavior-and-cognition
#16
Akinori Futamura, Azusa Shiromaru, Takeshi Kuroda, Motoyasu Honma, Ryuta Kinno, Kenjiro Ono, Mitsuru Kawamura
The nerve center responsible for controlling our circadian rhythm is located in a cluster of cells known as the suprachiasmatic nucleus in the hypothalamus. Various physiological functions such as sleep, arousal, blood pressure, body temperature, and hormone secretion are regulated in a 24-hour rhythm by this circuit. Somatic cells of other organs have a peripheral clock gene and by synchronizing the rhythm of the central and peripheral clocks, it is possible to live a healthy life. Due to aging and degenerative disease, circadian rhythm gradually collapses...
June 2017: Brain and Nerve, Shinkei Kenkyū No Shinpo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595809/neuroticism-in-child-sex-offenders-and-its-association-with-sexual-dysfunctions-cognitive-distortions-and-psychological-complaints
#17
Coralie Boillat, Gunnar Deuring, Marlon O Pflueger, Marc Graf, Timm Rosburg
Studies in child sex offenders (CSO) often report deviant personality characteristics. In our study, we investigated neuroticism in CSO and tested the hypothesis that CSO with high neuroticism show more serious abuse behavior and are more likely to exhibit sexual dysfunction and cognitive distortions, as compared to CSO with low neuroticism. A sample of 40 CSO (both child sexual abusers and child sexual material users) was split into two subsamples based on their neuroticism scores, obtained by the NEO-Personality Inventory-Revised (NEO-PI-R) questionnaire...
June 5, 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595149/evidence-of-the-paradoxical-effect-of-social-network-support-a-study-among-filipino-domestic-workers-in-china
#18
Norman B Mendoza, Imelu G Mordeno, Carl A Latkin, Brian J Hall
Labor migrants are at an increased risk for poor mental health. Post-migration stressors contribute significantly to this risk. Social network supports are vitally important to protect health but little is known about the role of social network supports among labor migrants. The current study evaluated the role of migration stressors on poor mental health among Filipino female domestic workers (FDW) and whether family and friend social network support (SNS) modified this relationship. Data were collected from 261 FDWs in Macau, China from May to September 2013...
May 24, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585761/somatic-experiencing-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-a-randomized-controlled-outcome-study
#19
Danny Brom, Yaffa Stokar, Cathy Lawi, Vered Nuriel-Porat, Yuval Ziv, Karen Lerner, Gina Ross
This study presents the first known randomized controlled study evaluating the effectiveness of somatic experiencing (SE), an integrative body-focused therapy for treating people with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). There were 63 participants meeting DSM-IV-TR full criteria for PTSD included. Baseline clinical interviews and self-report measures were completed by all participants, who were then randomly assigned to study (n = 33) or waitlist (n = 30) groups. Study participants began 15 weekly SE sessions, whereas waitlist participants waited the same period, after which the second evaluation was conducted...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585740/comparing-trauma-exposure-mental-health-needs-and-service-utilization-across-clinical-samples-of-refugee-immigrant-and-u-s-origin-children
#20
Theresa S Betancourt, Elizabeth A Newnham, Dina Birman, Robert Lee, B Heidi Ellis, Christopher M Layne
Most mental health services for trauma-exposed children and adolescents were not originally developed for refugees. Information is needed to help clinicians design services to address the consequences of trauma in refugee populations. We compared trauma exposure, psychological distress, and mental health service utilization among children and adolescents of refugee-origin, immigrant-origin, and U.S.-origin referred for assessment and treatment by U.S. providers in the National Child Traumatic Stress Network (NCTSN)...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
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