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Somatic symptom disorder

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917395/monitoring-somatic-symptoms-in-patients-with-mental-disorders-sensitivity-to-change-and-minimal-clinically-important-difference-of-the-somatic-symptom-scale-8-sss-8
#1
Benjamin Gierk, Sebastian Kohlmann, Marion Hagemann-Goebel, Bernd Löwe, Yvonne Nestoriuc
OBJECTIVE: The SSS-8 is a brief questionnaire for the assessment of somatic symptom burden. This study examines its sensitivity to change and the minimal clinically important difference (MCID) in patients with mental disorders. METHOD: 55 outpatients with mental disorders completed the SSS-8 and measures of anxiety, depression, and disability before and after receiving treatment. Effect sizes and correlations between the change scores were calculated. The MCID was estimated using a one standard error of measurement threshold and the change in disability as an external criterion...
September 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893153/emotion-focused-perspective-on-generalized-anxiety-disorder-a-qualitative-analysis-of-clients-in-session-presentations
#2
Katie O'Brien, Nora O'Keeffe, Hannah Cullen, Aoife Durcan, Ladislav Timulak, James McElvaney
OBJECTIVE: The classification of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is influenced by the tradition of conceptualizing disorders in the context of their clinical presentation and subsequent professional thinking around them. Our qualitative, descriptive-interpretative study uses a theoretical framework drawn from emotion-focused therapy (EFT) as the basis of our interpretation of GAD clients' presentation of their difficulties. METHOD: The current research consists of an investigation into the GAD presentation based on a multiple case study observational qualitative design...
September 11, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888350/anterior-cingulate-cortex-grey-matter-volume-abnormalities-in-adolescents-with-ptsd-after-childhood-sexual-abuse
#3
Mirjam A Rinne-Albers, J Nienke Pannekoek, Marie-José van Hoof, Natasja D van Lang, Francien Lamers-Winkelman, Serge A Rombouts, Nic J van der Wee, Robert R Vermeiren
Adverse childhood experiences (ACE) substantially increase the risk of later psychiatric and somatic pathology. While neurobiological factors are likely to play a mediating role, specific insights are lacking. The scarce neuroimaging studies in traumatised pediatric populations have provided inconsistent results, potentially due to the inclusion of different types of trauma. To further improve our understanding of the neurobiology of pediatric psychotrauma, this study seeks to investigate abnormalities in grey matter volume (GMV) in a homogeneous group of adolescents with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) due to childhood sexual abuse (CSA) and the relationship between GMV and symptom severity...
September 6, 2017: European Neuropsychopharmacology: the Journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884713/-mental-disorders-in-patients-with-breast-cancer-a-differentiated-approach-to-the-study-of-nozogeny
#4
O V Shushpanova
AIM: To study mental disorders in patients with breast cancer (BC) at different stages of the disease taking into account premorbid characteristics and psychosomatic correlations in their development. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 82 patients with histologically confirmed BC. The first group consisted of 30 patients (mean age 49.7±11.1 years) with the first established diagnosis of BC and mental disorders caused by somatic disease (ICD-10 F40-F48, stress-related neurotic and somatoform disorders)...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880713/sexual-violence-as-a-key-contributor-to-poor-mental-health-among-japanese-women-subjected-to-intimate-partner-violence
#5
Tomoko Honda, Karen Wynter, Jinko Yokota, Thach Tran, Yuri Ujiie, Madoka Niwa, Michi Nakayama, Fumie Ito, Yoshiharu Kim, Jane Fisher, Toshiko Kamo
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine the impact of sexual intimate partner violence (IPV) on mental health among Japanese women and to explore to what extent sexual IPV is an important contributor to the severity of mental health problems in comparison with physical and psychological IPV. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional analysis was conducted of the medical records of participants during psychiatric consultation at the Institute of Women's Health, Tokyo Women's Medical University, including 62 women who experienced IPV without sexual violence and 83 women who experienced IPV with sexual violence...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871346/-differential-diagnosis-of-dissociative-seizures
#6
REVIEW
A Joos, K Baumann, C E Scheidt, C Lahmann, R König, H-J Busch, A Schulze-Bonhage
Patient history taking and semiology provide seminal clues to the diagnosis of dissociative seizures. Openness and alertness of the treating physician are essential. Video-electroencephalogram(EEG)-based analyses of the events are crucial to establish the correct diagnosis, particularly in complex cases. The patient-doctor relationship is of particular importance in order to successfully motivate the patient for psychotherapeutic treatment. Coexisting psychiatric morbidity as well as other functional somatic symptoms must be actively explored...
September 4, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867421/dsm-5-illness-anxiety-disorder-and-somatic-symptom-disorder-comorbidity-correlates-and-overlap-with-dsm-iv-hypochondriasis
#7
Jill M Newby, Megan J Hobbs, Alison E J Mahoney, Shiu Kelvin Wong, Gavin Andrews
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the reliability, validity and utility of DSM-5 illness anxiety disorder (IAD) and somatic symptom disorder (SSD), and explore their overlap with DSM-IV Hypochondriasis in a health anxious sample. METHODS: Treatment-seeking patients with health anxiety (N=118) completed structured diagnostic interviews to assess DSM-IV Hypochondriasis, DSM-5 IAD, SSD, and comorbid mental disorders, and completed self-report measures of health anxiety, comorbid symptoms, cognitions and behaviours, and service utilization...
July 23, 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867416/negative-affect-as-mediator-between-emotion-regulation-and-medically-unexplained-symptoms
#8
Jeanine Schwarz, Winfried Rief, Anna Radkovsky, Matthias Berking, Maria Kleinstäuber
BACKGROUND: Research on emotion regulation (ER) in medically unexplained physical symptoms (MUS) is rare. PURPOSE: The goal of this study was to compare ER skills between MUS-patients without comorbid depression, MUS-patients with comorbid depression (MUS+MDD), patients with major depressive disorder (MDD), and healthy controls. Additionally, we examined the mediating effect of depression and anxiety on the relationship between ER and somatization. METHODS: The Emotion-Regulation Skills Questionnaire (ERSQ) and other self-report measures were completed by 138 MUS-patients, 114 MUS+MDD-patients, 106 MDD-patients, and 100 healthy controls...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866901/anxiety-and-psychosomatic-symptoms-in-palliative-care-from-neuro-psychobiological-response-to-stress-to-symptoms-management-with-clinical-hypnosis-and-meditative-states
#9
Anirudh Kumar Satsangi, Maria Paola Brugnoli
Psychosomatic disorder is a condition in which psychological stresses adversely affect physiological (somatic) functioning to the point of distress. It is a condition of dysfunction or structural damage in physical organs through inappropriate activation of the involuntary nervous system and the biochemical response. In this framework, this review will consider anxiety disorders, from the perspective of the psychobiological mechanisms of vulnerability to extreme stress in severe chronic illnesses. Psychosomatic medicine is a field of behavioral medicine and a part of the practice of consultation-liaison psychiatry...
August 9, 2017: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866722/changes-in-intensity-of-neurotic-symptoms-associated-with-reduction-of-suicidal-ideation-in-patients-who-underwent-psychotherapy-in-the-day-hospital-for-the-treatment-of-neurotic-and-behavioral-disorders
#10
Paweł Rodziński, Krzysztof Rutkowski, Agnieszka Murzyn, Jerzy A Sobański, Katarzyna Cyranka, Edyta Dembińska, Karolina Grządziel, Katarzyna Klasa, Michał Mielimąka, Łukasz Müldner-Nieckowski, Bogna Smiatek-Mazgaj
OBJECTIVES: Analysis of associations between changes in the intensity of neurotic symptoms and reduction of suicidal ideation (SI) or lack of SI reduction, in patients who underwent a course of intensive psychotherapy conducted in integrative approach with predominance of psychodynamic approach in a day hospital. METHODS: Symptom Checklist KO"O" and Life Inventory completed by 461 women and 219 men treated in the psychotherapeutic day hospital due to neurotic, behavioral or personality disorders between 2005-2013...
June 18, 2017: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860863/premenstrual-syndrome-pms-among-high-school-students
#11
Nattapong Buddhabunyakan, Srinaree Kaewrudee, Chompilas Chongsomchai, Sukree Soontrapa, Woraluk Somboonporn, Jen Sothornwit
BACKGROUND: Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is a common health problem among adolescents. OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of PMS in Thai high school students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a prospective study conducted among menstruating high school students in Khon Kaen, Thailand, from September to December, 2015. Participants were asked to prospectively complete an anonymous questionnaire, which included information about demographic data, menstrual patterns, and symptoms to be recorded on a daily calendar of premenstrual experiences according to the diagnostic criteria proposed by the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857628/correlation-between-allopregnanolone-levels-and-depressive-symptoms-during-late-menopausal-transition-and-early-postmenopause
#12
Radoslaw Slopien, Nicola Pluchino, Alina Warenik-Szymankiewicz, Stefan Sajdak, Michele Luisi, Panagiotis Drakopoulos, Andrea R Genazzani
OBJECTIVES: This observational, cross-sectional study included 140 women with climacteric symptoms. The aim of the study was to evaluate the correlation between the presence and severity of depressive symptoms and allopregnanolone levels in women during late menopausal transition and early postmenopause. METHODS: The study group was divided into two groups: 45 women in late menopausal transition and 95 early postmenopausal women. We evaluated Kupperman index, Hamilton scale and serum follicle-stimulating hormone, luteinizing hormone, 17β-estradiol, prolactin, total testosterone, dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate and allopregnanolone levels...
August 31, 2017: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856902/getting-rid-of-the-blues-formulating-a-risk-index-for-depression-rid-using-structural-equation-modeling
#13
Joanna F Dipnall, Julie A Pasco, Michael Berk, Lana J Williams, Seetal Dodd, Felice N Jacka, Denny Meyer
OBJECTIVE: While risk factors for depression are increasingly known, there is no widely utilised depression risk index. Our objective was to develop a method for a flexible, modular, Risk Index for Depression using structural equation models of key determinants identified from previous published research that blended machine-learning with traditional statistical techniques. METHODS: Demographic, clinical and laboratory variables from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Study (2009-2010, N = 5546) were utilised...
August 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854928/perceived-quality-of-life-in-partners-of-patients-undergoing-treatment-in-somatic-health-mental-health-or-substance-use-disorder-units-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Bente Birkeland, Bente M Weimand, Torleif Ruud, Magnhild M Høie, John-Kåre Vederhus
BACKGROUND: This study explores (1) differences in socio-demographic, social/familial, and health variables and perceived quality of life (QoL) among partners of patients with somatic illness, mental illness, or substance use disorder (SUD); and (2) identifies factors associated with QoL. METHODS: Participants (N = 213) in this cross-sectional study were recruited from inpatient or outpatient services in five hospitals in Norway, 2013-2014. QoL was measured by the QoL-5, a generic five-item questionnaire...
August 30, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852250/delusion-of-triplet-pregnancy-in-abdominal-cavity-a-case-report-with-a-review-of-literature
#15
Shri Gopal Goyal, Ananya Mahapatra, Priti Kumari Goyal, Sudhir Kumar Khandelwal
The two terms, pseudocyesis and delusion of pregnancy, were frequently used for pseudopregnancy. Delusion of pregnancy is a special form of hypochondriacal/somatic delusion reported in various psychiatric and organic disorders. The origin of the delusion of pregnancy in schizophrenia has often been explained by psycho-analytic interpretations attributing wish fulfilling, protective role to false beliefs, and mother establishes an undisturbed union with her fetus during pregnancy, which eliminate loneliness and helplessness...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840747/pediatric-somatic-symptom-and-related-disorders-primary-care-provider-perspectives
#16
Nasuh Malas, Laura Donohue, Robin J Cook, Steven M Leber, Kristin A Kullgren
Somatization, or physical symptoms that are inconsistent with a physiological cause that may or may not involve an identified stressor, is common in outpatient pediatrics. When these symptoms persist, they can impair function and progress to a somatic symptom and related disorder (SSRD), resulting in increased health care use and increased demands on primary care providers (PCPs). We performed a needs assessment among PCPs to better understand how best to support providers caring for children with SSRDs. Pediatric PCPs (n = 77) were surveyed to better understand their training, experience, perceptions, and practices of SSRD care...
August 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838884/conventional-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-facilitated-by-an-internet-based-support-system-feasibility-study-at-a-psychiatric-outpatient-clinic
#17
Kristoffer Nt Månsson, Hugo Klintmalm, Ragnar Nordqvist, Gerhard Andersson
BACKGROUND: Cognitive behavioral therapies have been shown to be effective for a variety of psychiatric and somatic disorders, but some obstacles can be noted in regular psychiatric care; for example, low adherence to treatment protocols may undermine effects. Treatments delivered via the Internet have shown promising results, and it is an open question if the blend of Internet-delivered and conventional face-to-face cognitive behavioral therapies may help to overcome some of the barriers of evidence-based treatments in psychiatric care...
August 24, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836553/depression-anxiety-and-quality-of-life-in-paroxysmal-kinesigenic-dyskinesia-patients
#18
Wo-Tu Tian, Xiao-Jun Huang, Xiao-Li Liu, Jun-Yi Shen, Gui-Ling Liang, Chen-Xi Zhu, Wei-Guo Tang, Sheng-Di Chen, Yan-Yan Song, Li Cao
BACKGROUND: Paroxysmal kinesigenic dyskinesia (PKD) is a rare movement disorder characterized by recurrent dystonic or choreoathetoid attacks triggered by sudden voluntary movements. Under the condition of psychological burden, some patients' attacks may get worsened with longer duration and higher frequency. This study aimed to assess nonmotor symptoms and quality of life of patients with PKD in a large population. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional survey in 165 primary PKD patients from August 2008 to October 2016 in Rui Jin Hospital, using Symptom Check List-90-Revised (SCL-90-R), World Health Organization Quality of Life-100 (WHOQoL-100), Self-Rating Depression Scale, and Self-Rating Anxiety Scale...
September 5, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831260/an-observational-study-of-duloxetine-versus-ssri-monotherapy-in-japanese-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder-subgroup-analyses-of-treatment-effectiveness-for-pain-depressive-symptoms-and-quality-of-life
#19
Atsushi Kuga, Toshinaga Tsuji, Shinji Hayashi, Shinji Fujikoshi, Hirofumi Tokuoka, Aki Yoshikawa, Rodrigo Escobar, Kazuhide Tanaka, Takaharu Azekawa
OBJECTIVE: To examine how clinical and demographic patient baseline characteristics influence effectiveness of duloxetine versus selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) treatment, in real-world Japanese clinical settings of patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) and associated painful physical symptoms (PPS). METHODS: This was a multicenter, 12-week, prospective, observational study in patients with MDD (Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology ≥16) and at least moderate PPS (Brief Pain Inventory-Short Form [BPI-SF] average pain ≥3)...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829979/clinical-and-demographic-predictors-of-response-to-rtms-treatment-in-unipolar-and-bipolar-depressive-disorders
#20
Reza Rostami, Reza Kazemi, Michael A Nitsche, Fatemeh Gholipour, M A Salehinejad
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies investigated predictors of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) response in depressive disorders but there is still limited knowledge about clinical predictors. Moreover, predictors of rTMS response in bipolar depression (BDD) are less studied than unipolar depression (UDD). METHODS: We performed a binary logistic regression analysis in 248 patients with depressive disorders (unipolar N=102, bipolar N=146) who received 20 sessions of DLPFC rTMS (High-frequency rTMS, low-frequency rTMS, bilateral rTMS) to investigate significant clinical and demographic predictors of rTMS response...
July 24, 2017: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
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