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Somatic symptom disorder

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911672/college-students-coping-with-interpersonal-stress-examining-a-control-based-model-of-coping
#1
Mary Jo Coiro, Alexandra H Bettis, Bruce E Compas
OBJECTIVE: The ways that college students cope with stress, particularly interpersonal stress, may be a critical factor in determining which students are at risk for impairing mental health disorders. Using a control-based model of coping, the present study examined associations between interpersonal stress, coping strategies, and symptoms. PARTICIPANTS: 135 undergraduate students from two universities. METHODS: Interpersonal stress, coping strategies, depression, anxiety, and somatization were assessed via self-report...
December 2, 2016: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910097/chronic-migraine-an-update-on-physiology-imaging-and-the-mechanism-of-action-of-two-available-pharmacologic-therapies
#2
Sheena K Aurora, Mitchell F Brin
Several lines of research support the hypothesis that migraine is a spectrum of illness, with clinical symptoms that vary along a continuum from episodic migraine to chronic migraine. Physiologic changes may result in episodic migraine evolving into chronic migraine over months to years in susceptible individuals. With chronification, headache frequency increases, becoming more disabling and less responsive to therapy. Neurophysiologic and functional imaging research has reported that chronic migraine may be associated with severity-specific metabolic, functional, and structural abnormalities in the brainstem...
December 2, 2016: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909451/gender-differences-in-somatic-symptoms-and-current-suicidal-risk-in-outpatients-with-major-depressive-disorder
#3
Hong Jin Jeon, Jong-Min Woo, Hyo-Jin Kim, Maurizio Fava, David Mischoulon, Seong Jin Cho, Sung Man Chang, Doo-Heum Park, Jong Woo Kim, Ikki Yoo, Jung-Yoon Heo, Jin Pyo Hong
OBJECTIVE: Although somatic symptoms are common complaints of patients with major depressive disorder (MDD), their associations with suicide are still unclear. METHODS: A total of 811 MDD outpatients of aged between 18 to 64 years were enrolled nationwide in Korea with the suicidality module of the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI) and the Depression and Somatic Symptom Scale (DSSS). RESULTS: On stepwise regression analysis, current suicidality scores were most strongly associated with chest pain in men, and neck or shoulder pain in women...
November 2016: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907846/modelling-life-satisfaction-and-adjustment-to-trauma-in-children-exposed-to-ongoing-military-violence-an-exploratory-study-in-palestine
#4
Guido Veronese, Alessandro Pepe, Alaa Jaradah, Feda Al Muranak, Husam Hamdouna
Exposure to war and ongoing political violence increases mental health risks among children, especially in terms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and depressive or somatic symptoms. However, an exclusive focus on negative functioning can lead to underestimating the coping abilities and natural potential for adjusting to trauma of war-affected children at different developmental phases. Using structural equation modelling, we tested the extent to which data gathered in a predominantly nonclinical sample of Palestinian children (N=1276) living in refugee camps supported a conceptual model in which the relationship between subjective wellbeing and the effects of trauma is mainly top-down in direction...
November 28, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903024/-depressive-disorders-in-elder-patients-with-ckd
#5
Ute Hoffmann
Depressive disorders in patients with CKD are common und could be detected by simple screening-tests. The differential diagnosis includes uremic somatic symptoms. Besides the psychotherapy, medical treatment with SSRI or NaSSA are recommended in patients with CKD.
November 2016: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895927/expansion-mosaicism-and-interruption-mechanisms-of-the-cag-repeat-mutation-in-spinocerebellar-ataxia-type-1
#6
REVIEW
Cara Kraus-Perrotta, Sarita Lagalwar
Spinocerebellar ataxia type 1 (SCA1) is an autosomal dominant neurodegenerative disorder that primarily affects the cerebellum and brainstem. The genetic mutation is an expansion of CAG trinucleotide repeats within the coding region of the ataxin-1 gene, characterizing SCA1 as a polyglutamine expansion disease like Huntington's. As with most polyglutamine expansion diseases, SCA1 follows the rules of genetic anticipation: the larger the expansion, the earlier and more rapid the symptoms. Unlike the majority of polyglutamine expansion diseases, the presence of histidine interruptions within the polyglutamine tract of ataxin-1 protein can prevent or mitigate disease...
2016: Cerebellum & Ataxias
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894462/multiple-somatic-symptoms-in-primary-care-a-field-study-for-icd-11-phc-who-s-revised-classification-of-mental-disorders-in-primary-care-settings
#7
David P Goldberg, Geoffrey M Reed, Rebeca Robles, Julio Bobes, Celso Iglesias, Sandra Fortes, Jair de Jesus Mari, Tai-Pong Lam, Fareed Minhas, Bushra Razzaque, José Ángel Garcia, Marianne Rosendal, C Anthony Dowell, Linda Gask, Joseph K Mbatia, Shekhar Saxena
OBJECTIVE: A World Health Organization (WHO) field study conducted in five countries assessed proposals for Bodily Stress Syndrome (BSS) and Health Anxiety (HA) for the Primary Health Care Version of ICD-11. BSS requires multiple somatic symptoms not caused by known physical pathology and associated with distress or dysfunction. HA involves persistent, intrusive fears of having an illness or intense preoccupation with and misinterpretation of bodily sensations. This study examined how the proposed descriptions for BSS and HA corresponded to what was observed by working primary care physicians (PCPs) in participating countries, and the relationship of BSS and HA to depressive and anxiety disorders and to disability...
December 2016: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894459/dsm-5-somatic-symptom-disorder-in-patients-with-vertigo-and-dizziness-symptoms
#8
Karina Limburg, Heribert Sattel, Katharina Radziej, Claas Lahmann
OBJECTIVE: DSM-5 somatic symptom disorder (SSD) could potentially be a highly relevant diagnosis for patients with vertigo and dizziness. The criteria of SSD, particularly the B-criterion with its three components (cognitive, affective, behavioral), have however not yet been investigated in this patient group. METHODS: We evaluated a large sample (n=399) of outpatients presenting in a neurological setting. Physical examinations and a psychometric assessment (SCID-I) were conducted; patients completed self-report questionnaires...
December 2016: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887008/can-sluggish-cognitive-tempo-be-distinguished-from-adhd-inattention-in-very-young-children-evidence-from-a-sample-of-korean-preschool-children
#9
SoYean Lee, G Leonard Burns, Stephen P Becker
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated whether sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) is separable from ADHD-inattention (IN) and uniquely associated with internalizing dimensions in preschool children in South Korea. METHOD: Mothers of 172 preschool children (ages 4-6 years; 52% girls) rated children's SCT, ADHD-IN, ADHD-hyperactivity/impulsivity (HI), oppositional defiant disorder (ODD), aggression, emotional reactivity, anxiety/depression, somatic complaints, withdrawal, and sleep problems...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884006/current-psychosomatic-practice
#10
Giovanni A Fava, Fiammetta Cosci, Nicoletta Sonino
Psychosomatic research has advanced over the past decades in dealing with complex biopsychosocial phenomena and may provide new effective modalities of patient care. Among psychosocial variables affecting individual vulnerability, course, and outcome of any medical disease, the role of chronic stress (allostatic load/overload) has emerged as a crucial factor. Assessment strategies include the Diagnostic Criteria for Psychosomatic Research. They are presented here in an updated version based on insights derived from studies carried out so far and encompass allostatic overload, type A behavior, alexithymia, the spectrum of maladaptive illness behavior, demoralization, irritable mood, and somatic symptoms secondary to a psychiatric disorder...
November 25, 2016: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882843/somatic-symptom-disorder-treated-with-electroconvulsive-therapy
#11
Anna Borisovskaya, Jay Alan Augsburger
Somatic symptom disorder (SSD) is a challenging condition to treat with chronic pain, a common and disabling symptom. We present a patient who received electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) for SSD with significant improvement in pain and gastrointestinal symptoms. We also present a brief literature review of similar cases treated with ECT. Preliminary evidence suggests that ECT should be considered for treatment of SSD comorbid with major depressive disorder, when standard treatments fail. Further research is needed to clarify whether ECT can be used for SSD without associated depression...
November 24, 2016: Pain Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27877043/polycystic-ovary-syndrome-and-mental-disorders-a-systematic-review-and-exploratory-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Sergio Luís Blay, João Vicente Augusto Aguiar, Ives Cavalcante Passos
BACKGROUND: The association between depression, anxiety, and polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is still unclear. Therefore, a systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to assess the rates of comorbid psychiatric disorders among women with PCOS compared to women without it. METHODS: PubMed/MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, and Web of Science databases were searched from inception to November 27, 2015. Studies were eligible for inclusion if they were original reports in which the rates of mood (bipolar disorder, dysthymia, or major depressive disorder), obsessive-compulsive spectrum disorders, trauma- and stressor-related disorders, anxiety disorders or psychotic disorders, somatic symptom and related disorders, or eating disorders had been investigated among women with an established diagnosis of PCOS and compared with women without PCOS...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872937/major-depression-in-primary-care-making-the-diagnosis
#13
Chung Wai Mark Ng, Choon How How, Yin Ping Ng
Major depression is a common condition seen in the primary care setting, often presenting with somatic symptoms. It is potentially a chronic illness with considerable morbidity, and a high rate of relapse and recurrence. Major depression has a bidirectional relationship with chronic diseases, and a strong association with increased age and coexisting mental illnesses (e.g. anxiety disorders). Screening can be performed using clinical tools for major depression, such as the Patient Health Questionaire-2, Patient Health Questionaire-9 and Beck Depression Inventory, so that timely treatment can be initiated...
November 2016: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871281/physical-multimorbidity-and-psychosis-comprehensive-cross-sectional-analysis-including-242-952-people-across-48-low-and-middle-income-countries
#14
Brendon Stubbs, Ai Koyanagi, Nicola Veronese, Davy Vancampfort, Marco Solmi, Fiona Gaughran, André F Carvalho, John Lally, Alex J Mitchell, James Mugisha, Christoph U Correll
BACKGROUND: In people with psychosis, physical comorbidities, including cardiovascular and metabolic diseases, are highly prevalent and leading contributors to the premature mortality encountered. However, little is known about physical health multimorbidity in this population or in people with subclinical psychosis and in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). This study explores physical health multimorbidity patterns among people with psychosis or subclinical psychosis. METHODS: Overall, data from 242,952 individuals from 48 LMICs, recruited via the World Health Survey, were included in this cross-sectional study...
November 22, 2016: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868174/-acromegaly-recognition-of-a-rare-disease-in-psychiatric-practice
#15
A J de Kort, D Postulart, G A A M Wetzer, S H P P Roerink
Acromegaly is a rare disease which is caused by a tumour in the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland. The tumour stimulates excessive production of the growth hormone. As a result, all the organs and tissues in the body are induced to grow. This growth is responsible for a wide range of symptoms, some of which can be neuro-psychiatric.<br/> AIM: To promote the early detection of acromegaly so that treatment can be started as soon as possible and further damage can be prevented.<br/> METHOD: We searched PubMed for articles relating to quality of life and cognitive, psychological and psychiatric symptoms and personality changes associated with acromegaly...
2016: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865628/the-genesis-and-presentation-of-anxiety-in-disorders-of-autonomic-over-excitation
#16
Andrew P Owens, David A Low, Valeria Iodice, Hugo D Critchley, Christopher J Mathias
INTRODUCTION: We investigated the genesis and presentation of previously-reported anxiety in disorders of autonomic overexcitation in relation to interoception, body vigilance and trauma to test our hypothesis that patients with the postural tachycardia syndrome (PoTS), vasovagal syncope (VVS) and essential hyperhidrosis (EH) represent atypical anxiety phenotypes in whom affective symptoms are more related to apprehension and vigilance of physiological (interoceptive) feedback than neurotic or trauma-related factors...
October 19, 2016: Autonomic Neuroscience: Basic & Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865065/how-do-we-recognize-the-child-with-osas
#17
Koen F Joosten, Helena Larramona, Silvia Miano, Dick Van Waardenburg, Athanasios G Kaditis, Nele Vandenbussche, Refika Ersu
Obstructive sleep-disordered breathing includes a spectrum of clinical entities with variable severity ranging from primary snoring to obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). The clinical suspicion for OSAS is most often raised by parental report of specific symptoms and/or abnormalities identified by the physical examination which predispose to upper airway obstruction (e.g., adenotonsillar hypertrophy, obesity, craniofacial abnormalities, neuromuscular disorders). Symptoms and signs of OSAS are classified into those directly related to the intermittent pharyngeal airway obstruction (e...
November 16, 2016: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846075/clinical-presentation-of-acute-gastroenteritis-in-children-with-functional-gastrointestinal-disorders
#18
Miguel Saps, Stijn Mintjens, Cenk K Pusatcioglu, Daniel M Cohen, Petra Sternberg
Visceral hypersensitivity (VH) and abnormal coping are common in children with functional abdominal pain disorders (FAPDs). Thus, it would be expected that children with VH would report more pain if their gut is acutely inflamed. Aims- Compare clinical symptoms and somatization of children with and without FAPDs at time of an episode of acute gastroenteritis (AGE). Seventy children with AGE and their parents completed the Rome III Diagnostic Questionnaire for Pediatric Functional GI Disorders and the Children's Somatization Inventory...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834406/-complaints-of-pain-in-the-orofacial-area-of-non-odontogenic-origin
#19
B Stegenga
Complaints of pain in the orofacial area usually are odontogenic in origin or have to do with temporomandibular dysfunction. Dentists can, nevertheless, be confronted with a number of disorders that are non-odontogenic in nature. In such instances it is not always a matter of nociceptive pain, associated with somatic damage, but the pain can also be the result of nerve damage (neuropathic pain) or of changes that may occur within the central nervous system (central sensitisation). In most of these cases, the pain is chronic in nature...
November 2016: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833645/the-impact-of-psychopathological-subtypes-on-retention-rate-of-patients-with-substance-use-disorder-entering-residential-therapeutic-community-treatment
#20
Angelo G I Maremmani, Pier Paolo Pani, Emanuela Trogu, Federica Vigna-Taglianti, Federica Mathis, Roberto Diecidue, Ursula Kirchmayer, Laura Amato, Joli Ghibaudi, Antonella Camposeragna, Alessio Saponaro, Marina Davoli, Fabrizio Faggiano, Icro Maremmani
BACKGROUND: A specific psychopathology of addiction has been proposed and described using the self-report symptom inventory (SCL-90), leading to a 5-factor aggregation of psychological/psychiatric symptoms: 'worthlessness and being trapped', 'somatic symptoms', 'sensitivity-psychoticism', 'panic-anxiety' and 'violence-suicide' in various populations of patients with heroin use disorder (HUD) and other substance use disorders (SUDs). These clusters of symptoms, according to studies that have highlighted the role of possible confounding factors (such as demographic and clinical characteristics, active heroin use, lifetime psychiatric problems and kind of treatment received by the patients), seem to constitute a trait rather than a state of the psychological structure of addiction...
2016: Annals of General Psychiatry
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