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Somatic symptom disorder

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776354/sleep-disturbance-and-psychological-distress-are-associated-with-functional-dyspepsia-based-on-rome-iii-criteria
#1
Yong Li, Yaoyao Gong, Yinghui Li, Danjun He, Yuqin Wu, Haofei Wang, Xiaoyin Cong, Muxin Wei, Lin Lin
BACKGROUND: Functional dyspepsia (FD) is considered a bio-psychosocial disorder. The role of psychosocial factors in FD pathogenesis remains unclear. METHODS: This study evaluated sleep quality and mood symptoms in patients with FD, assessing the associations of FD severity, disordered sleep, and psychological symptoms. One-hundred-and-fifteen adult patients with typical FD symptoms were enrolled alongside 61 healthy volunteers. Rome III criteria were used to evaluate FD symptoms; sleep disorder was assessed with the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), and Symptom Checklist-90-Revised (SCL-90R) was utilized to determine the status of depression, anxiety and other psychological symptoms...
May 18, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761579/latent-class-analysis-differentiation-of-adjustment-disorder-and-demoralization-more-severe-depressive-and-anxiety-disorders-and-somatic-symptoms-in-patients-with-cancer
#2
I Bobevski, D W Kissane, S Vehling, D P McKenzie, H Glaesmer, A Mehnert
OBJECTIVES: Demoralization as a form of existential distress involves poor coping, low morale, hopelessness, helplessness and meaninglessness. In a secondary analysis of a cohort of German cancer patients, we aimed to explore latent class structure to assess the contribution that symptoms of demoralization make to anhedonic depression, anxiety, adjustment and somatic disorders. METHODS: Measures of demoralization, depression, anxiety, physical symptoms and functional impairment had been completed cross-sectionally by 1527 patients with early or advanced cancer...
May 14, 2018: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755373/bidirectional-causal-connectivity-in-the-cortico-limbic-cerebellar-circuit-related-to-structural-alterations-in-first-episode-drug-naive-somatization-disorder
#3
Ranran Li, Feng Liu, Qinji Su, Zhikun Zhang, Jin Zhao, Ying Wang, Renrong Wu, Jingping Zhao, Wenbin Guo
Background: Anatomical and functional deficits in the cortico-limbic-cerebellar circuit are involved in the neurobiology of somatization disorder (SD). The present study was performed to examine causal connectivity of the cortico-limbic-cerebellar circuit related to structural deficits in first-episode, drug-naive patients with SD at rest. Methods: A total of 25 first-episode, drug-naive patients with SD and 28 healthy controls underwent structural and resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging. Voxel-based morphometry and Granger causality analysis (GCA) were used to analyze the data...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745889/potentially-traumatic-events-ptsd-and-post-traumatic-stress-spectrum-in-patients-with-fibromyalgia
#4
Ciro Conversano, Claudia Carmassi, Carlo A Bertelloni, Laura Marchi, Tommaso Micheloni, Manuel G Carbone, Giovanni Pagni, Claudia Tagliarini, Gabriele Massimetti, Laura M Bazzichi, Liliana Dell'Osso
OBJECTIVES: Fibromyalgia (FM) is defined as a severe, chronic, non-articular rheumatic condition characterised by widespread musculoskeletal pain, hyperalgesia and generalised tender points, in the absence of inflammatory or structural musculoskeletal abnormalities. Pain is the predominant symptom, allodynia and hyperalgesia are common signs. Extreme fatigue, impaired cognition and non-restorative sleeping difficulties coexist in addition to other somatic symptoms. Several studies suggest there is a meaningful relationship between FM and the psychological symptoms of depression and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)...
April 24, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745445/prevalence-of-psychiatric-morbidity-in-united-states-military-spouses-the-millennium-cohort-family-study
#5
Maria M Steenkamp, Nida H Corry, Meng Qian, Meng Li, Hope Seib McMaster, John A Fairbank, Valerie A Stander, Laura Hollahan, Charles R Marmar
BACKGROUND: Approximately half of US service members are married, equating to 1.1 million military spouses, yet the prevalence of psychiatric morbidity among military spouses remains understudied. We assessed the prevalence and correlates of eight mental health conditions in spouses of service members with 2-5 years of service. METHOD: We employed baseline data from the Millennium Cohort Family Study, a 21-year longitudinal survey following 9,872 military-affiliated married couples representing all US service branches and active duty, Reserve, and National Guard components...
May 10, 2018: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741795/characteristics-of-perceived-electromagnetic-hypersensitivity-in-the-general-population
#6
Michael J Gruber, Eva Palmquist, Steven Nordin
Health problems evoked in the presence of electrical equipment is a concern, calling for better understanding for characteristics of electromagnetic hypersensitivity (EHS) in the general population. The present study investigated demographics, lifestyle factors, frequency and duration, coping strategies, proportion meeting clinical criteria for intolerance attributed to electromagnetic fields (EMF) and comorbidity. Using data from a large-scale population-based questionnaire study, we investigated persons with self-reported (n = 91) EHS in comparison to referents (n = 3,250)...
May 9, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740350/psychometric-properties-of-the-bermond-vorst-alexithymia-questionnaire-bvaq-in-the-general-population-and-a-clinical-population
#7
Lars de Vroege, Wilco H M Emons, Klaas Sijtsma, Christina M van der Feltz-Cornelis
Introduction: The Bermond-Vorst Alexithymia Questionnaire (BVAQ) has been validated in student samples and small clinical samples, but not in the general population; thus, representative general-population norms are lacking. Aim: We examined the factor structure of the BVAQ in Longitudinal Internet Studies for the Social Sciences panel data from the Dutch general population ( N  = 974). Results: Factor analyses revealed a first-order five-factor model and a second-order two-factor model...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734057/institutionalised-otherness-patients-references-to-psychiatric-diagnostic-categories
#8
Elina Weiste, Anssi Peräkylä, Taina Valkeapää, Enikö Savander, Jukka Hintikka
Diagnosis is integral part of the way medicine organises illness: it is important for identifying treatment options, predicting outcomes and providing an explanatory framework for clinicians. Previous research has shown that during a medical visit not only the clinician but also patients provide explanations for the causes of their symptoms and health problems. Patients' lifeworld explanations are often differentiated from the diagnostic explanations provided by clinicians. However, while previous conversation analytic research has elaborated the ways in which diagnostic and lifeworld explanations are interactionally structured in somatic medicine, there is little research on how these explanations are organised in psychiatry...
April 30, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721255/paroxysmal-nocturnal-hemoglobinuria-when-delay-in-diagnosis-and-long-therapy-occurs
#9
Salvatrice Mancuso, Giuseppe Sucato, Melania Carlisi, Marco Santoro, Giuseppe Tarantino, Emilio Iannitto, Mariasanta Napolitano, Sergio Siragusa
Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) is a rare clonal disorder characterized by hemolytic anemia, bone marrow failure and thrombosis, caused by a somatic mutation in PIG-A gene that results in the absence of CD55 and CD59, two important complement regulatory proteins. In this paper, a case of PNH is retrospectively examined looking for clinical and laboratory features, and the entire course of the disease from the onset of the symptoms is described, together with an adequate follow- up over a 7-years treatment period...
March 2, 2018: Hematology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719351/senile-depression-with-somatization-symptoms-and-insomnia-is-diagnosed-as-multiple-system-atrophy-a-case-report
#10
Ling Yue, Hai Yu, Guanjun Li, Shifu Xiao
Patients who have senile depression with somatization symptoms are commonly encountered in clinical practice. The present case reports on a patient with senile depression who was repeatedly hospitalized and had somatic symptoms. Although the patient recovered after the first hospitalization, she suffered from a relapse one year later. As we followed up, due to the neurological findings and the response to treatment, we found that the patient is in line with the diagnoistic criteria for multiple system atrophy (MSA)...
December 25, 2017: Shanghai Archives of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719088/depressive-and-anxious-symptoms-and-20-year-mortality-evidence-from-the-stirling-county-study
#11
Ian Colman, Mila Kingsbury, Ewa Sucha, Nicholas J Horton, Jane M Murphy, Stephen E Gilman
BACKGROUND: Depression and anxiety disorders are highly comorbid, and share significant symptom overlap. Whereas depression has been consistently associated with excess mortality, the association between anxiety and mortality is less clear. Our aim was to identify constellations of anxious and depressive symptoms and examine their associations with mortality. METHOD: This study considers respondents from the 1970 (n = 1203) and 1992 (n = 1402) cohorts of the Stirling County study...
May 2, 2018: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713371/association-between-uncooperativeness-and-the-glucose-metabolism-of-patients-with-chronic-behavioral-disorders-after-severe-traumatic-brain-injury-a-cross-sectional-retrospective-study
#12
Tomohiro Yamaki, Kosuke Suzuki, Yusuke Sudo, Tomihisa Niitsu, Masahiko Okai, Nobuo Oka, Masaru Odaki
Bakground: Patients with behavioral disorders following severe traumatic brain injury (sTBI) often have disorders of consciousness that make expressing their emotional distress difficult. However, no standard method for assessing the unsettled and unforeseen responses that are associated with behavioral disorders has yet to be established. Because the thalamus is known to play a role in maintaining consciousness and cognition, we used 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (18F-FDG-PET/CT) to examine the association between brain glucose metabolism in the thalamus and behavioral disorders...
2018: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713103/a-case-of-concomitant-pseudocyesis-and-couvade-syndrome-variant
#13
Srinagesh Mannekote Thippaiah, Vinu George, Badari Birur, Ananda Pandurangi
Per DSM-V, pseudocyesis is included under the category "other specified somatic symptom and related disorder" and is defined as a false belief of being pregnant that is associated with objective signs and reported symptoms of pregnancy. The male counterpart of pseudocyesis is Couvade syndrome, also called "sympathetic pregnancy" where a man experiences symptoms of pregnancy when his female partner is pregnant. There are extensive reports on pseudocyesis and Couvade syndrome in psychiatric literature but none with features of both, in a single case...
March 13, 2018: Psychopharmacology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709877/affective-and-behavioral-dysfunction-under-antiepileptic-drugs-in-epilepsy-development-of-a-new-drug-sensitive-screening-tool
#14
Lea Julia Mertens, Juri-Alexander Witt, Christoph Helmstaedter
OBJECTIVE: Behavioral problems and psychiatric symptoms are common in patients with epilepsy and have a multifactorial origin, including adverse effects of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs). In order to develop a screening tool for behavioral AED effects, the aim of this study was to identify behavioral problems and symptoms particularly sensitive to AED drug load and the presence/absence of AEDs with known negative psychotropic profiles. METHODS: Four hundred ninety-four patients with epilepsy were evaluated who had been assessed with three self-report questionnaires on mood, personality, and behavior (Beck Depression Inventory, BDI; Neurological Disorders Depression Inventory for Epilepsy extended, NDDI-E; and Fragebogen zur Persönlichkeit bei zerebralen Erkrankungen, FPZ)...
April 27, 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707169/testing-competing-factor-models-of-the-latent-structure-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-complex-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-according-to-icd-11
#15
Siobhan Murphy, Ask Elklit, Sarah Dokkedahl, Mark Shevlin
With the publication of the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, 11th edition (ICD-11) due for release in 2018, a number of studies have assessed the factorial validity of the proposed post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and complex (CPTSD) diagnostic criteria and whether the disorders are correlated but distinct constructs. As the specific nature of CPTSD symptoms has yet to be firmly established, this study aimed to examine the dimension of affect dysregulation as two separate constructs representing hyper-activation and hypo-activation...
2018: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701659/the-effect-of-depressive-symptoms-on-the-association-between-gluten-free-diet-adherence-and-symptoms-in-celiac-disease-analysis-of-a-patient-powered-research-network
#16
Andrew M Joelson, Marilyn G Geller, Haley M Zylberberg, Peter H R Green, Benjamin Lebwohl
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of depression in celiac disease (CD) is high, and patients are often burdened socially and financially by a gluten-free diet. However, the relationship between depression, somatic symptoms and dietary adherence in CD is complex and poorly understood. We used a patient powered research network (iCureCeliac® ) to explore the effect that depression has on patients' symptomatic response to a gluten-free diet (GFD). METHODS: We identified patients with biopsy-diagnosed celiac disease who answered questions pertaining to symptoms (Celiac Symptom Index (CSI)), GFD adherence (Celiac Dietary Adherence Test (CDAT)), and a 5-point, scaled question regarding depressive symptoms relating to patients' celiac disease...
April 26, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699530/associations-between-degree-and-sub-dimensions-of-depression-and-metabolic-syndrome-mets-in-the-community-results-from-the-gutenberg-health-study-ghs
#17
Jörg Wiltink, Matthias Michal, Claus Jünger, Thomas Münzel, Philipp S Wild, Karl J Lackner, Maria Blettner, Norbert Pfeiffer, Elmar Brähler, Manfred E Beutel
BACKGROUND: A growing number of studies have associated metabolic syndrome (MetS) and depression, both retrospectively and prospectively. However, it has remained unclear, which degrees, or sub-dimensions of depression are related to MetS and if comorbid depression affects health care utilization. The purpose of the study was to determine the associations of a) somatic and cognitive-affective symptoms to MetS and b) depression and MetS to health care utilization. METHODS: In a population-based, representative survey of 14...
April 27, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699012/-mental-health-problems-among-female-staff-in-a-provincial-maternal-and-child-health-hospital-an-investigation-of-647-individuals
#18
W J He, J H Xia, X Lv, L M Li
Objective: To investigate the current status of depression and anxiety among female staff in a maternal and child health hospital, and to provide a basis for developing related prevention and intervention measures and promoting the mental health of female staff. Methods: The female staff from a provincial maternal and child health hospital completed a psycho-health questionnaire survey on Internet from June to October, 2016. The questionnaires used in the survey consisted of Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) , Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scale (GAD-7) , and Symptom Checklist-90 (SCL-90) ...
February 20, 2018: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698081/kundalini-yoga-for-generalized-anxiety-disorder-an-exploration-of-treatment-efficacy-and-possible-mechanisms
#19
M G Gabriel, Joshua Curtiss, Stefan G Hofmann, Sat Bir S Khalsa
The aim of this study was to examine the efficacy of Kundalini Yoga in reducing symptoms of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) compared to a common treatment-as-usual condition using cognitive techniques. A secondary objective was to explore potential treatment mechanisms. Females aged 24 to 75 years with GAD ( n = 49) received either an 8-week Kundalini Yoga intervention ( n = 34) or an 8-week treatment-as-usual condition ( n = 15). The yoga condition resulted in lower levels of anxiety relative to the treatment-as-usual condition...
April 26, 2018: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696220/evaluating-the-efficacy-of-an-integrated-motivational-interviewing-and-multi-modal-exercise-intervention-for-youth-with-major-depression-healthy-body-healthy-mind-randomised-controlled-trial-protocol
#20
Yasmina Nasstasia, Amanda L Baker, Sean A Halpin, Leanne Hides, Terry J Lewin, Brian J Kelly, Robin Callister
Background: Recent meta-analytic reviews suggest exercise can reduce depression severity among adults with major depressive disorder (MDD); however, efficacy studies with depressed youth are limited. Few studies have investigated the efficacy of multi-modal exercise interventions in this population, addressed treatment engagement, or explored the differential effects of exercise on depressive symptom profiles. Objectives: This paper describes the study protocol and recruitment pattern for an assessor blinded, two-arm randomised controlled trial investigating the efficacy of an integrated motivational interviewing (MI) and multi-modal exercise intervention in youth diagnosed with MDD...
March 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications
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