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Somatic symptom disorder

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141362/-evaluation-of-the-psychological-feature-and-quality-of-life-in-outpatients-with-somatic-symptoms-disorder-in-a-general-hospital
#1
F H Cui, N N Xiong, X Hong, Y P Duan, J Wei
Objective: To explore the psychological features and quality of life in outpatients with somatic symptoms disorder in a general hospital. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted from 2014-05 to 2015-06. Patients diagnosed with major depressive disorder (MDD) and somatic symptoms disorder (SSD) were recruited from psychological outpatient department, and patients with peptic ulcer (PU) / reflux esophagitis (RE) were recruited from Gastroenterology. Depression scale of the patient health questionnaire (PHQ-9), Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7-item scale (GAD-7), Toronto Alexithymia scale (TAS), 12-item Short Form Health Survey (SF-12), items from Somatoform Disorder Screening Questionnaire were employed to evaluate the severity of depression, anxiety, alexithymia, quality of life, health care use and subjective feelings...
November 7, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139355/-post-concussion-syndrome-is-a-neuro-cognitive-condition
#2
EDITORIAL
Line Kirstine Hauptmann, Mahmoud Ashkanian
Post-concussion syndrome (PCS) is often caused by an uncomplicated mild head injury but followed by long-lasting somatic, cognitive and psychiatric symptoms. For many years PCS has been an area of controversy between clinicians. New diagnostic techniques and clinical researches has shed light to some neurobiological aspects behind PCS. In Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders V PCS is redefined as a neuro-cognitive condition emphasizing the importance of neuropsychological deficits among these patients...
November 13, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134969/the-prevalence-and-impact-of-overlapping-rome-iv-diagnosed-functional-gastrointestinal-disorders-on-somatization-quality-of-life-and-healthcare-utilization-a-cross-sectional-general-population-study-in-three-countries
#3
Imran Aziz, Olafur S Palsson, Hans Törnblom, Ami D Sperber, William E Whitehead, Magnus Simrén
OBJECTIVES: The population prevalence of Rome IV-diagnosed functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) and their cumulative effect on health impairment is unknown. METHODS: An internet-based cross-sectional health survey was completed by 5,931 of 6,300 general population adults from three English-speaking countries (2100 each from USA, Canada, and UK). Quota-based sampling was used to generate demographically balanced and population representative samples with regards to age, sex, and education level...
November 14, 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131079/are-inflammatory-cytokines-associated-with-pain-during-acute-myocardial-infarction
#4
Laurin Imholz, Rebecca E Meister-Langraf, Mary Princip, Michaela Fux, Ulrich Schnyder, Jürgen Barth, Hansjörg Znoj, Jean-Paul Schmid, Roland von Känel
OBJECTIVE: Pain and inflammation during acute myocardial infarction (AMI) have been associated with the development of posttraumatic stress disorder and may also impact negatively on somatic outcome. We investigated the relationship between pain during AMI and levels of circulating proinflammatory (tumor necrosis factor [TNF]-α, interleukin [IL]-6) and anti-inflammatory (IL-33 and tissue growth factor [TGF]-β1) cytokines. METHODS: Data were collected as part of the Myocardial Infarction - Stress Prevention Intervention (MI-SPRINT) study...
November 4, 2017: Neuroimmunomodulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128371/assessments-of-neurocognitive-and-behavioral-function-in-the-mucopolysaccharidoses
#5
REVIEW
Elsa G Shapiro, Maria L Escolar, Kathleen A Delaney, John J Mitchell
The mucopolysaccharidoses (MPS) are a group of rare, inherited lysosomal storage disorders in which accumulation of glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) leads to progressive tissue and organ dysfunction. In addition to a variety of somatic signs and symptoms, patients with rapidly progressing MPS I (Hurler), II, III, and VII can present with significant neurological manifestations, including impaired cognitive abilities, difficulties in language and speech, behavioral abnormalities, sleep problems, and/or seizures. Neurological symptoms have a substantial impact on the quality of life of MPS patients and their families...
September 15, 2017: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128113/measurement-equivalence-of-the-bdsx-scale-with-young-and-older-adults-with-bipolar-disorder
#6
Norm O'Rourke, Yaacov G Bachner, Sarah L Canham, Andrew Sixsmith, Badas Study Team
Instruments developed for mental health research are commonly devised and validated with young adults only. However, the measurement properties of these scales may differ over the lifespan. For this study, we set out to demonstrate the psychometric equivalence of the BDSx scale with an international sample of young and older adults with bipolar disorder (BD). We independently replicated the 4-factor model of BDSx responses with young and older participants (M = 45.63, range 19-87 years of age); we then compared the psychometric properties between models...
October 14, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115965/operationalization-of-diagnostic-criteria-of-dsm-5-somatic-symptom-disorders
#7
Nana Xiong, Yaoyin Zhang, Jing Wei, Rainer Leonhart, Kurt Fritzsche, Ricarda Mewes, Xia Hong, Jinya Cao, Tao Li, Jing Jiang, Xudong Zhao, Lan Zhang, Rainer Schaefert
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to test the operationalization of DSM-5 somatic symptom disorder (SSD) psychological criteria among Chinese general hospital outpatients. METHODS: This multicenter, cross-sectional study enrolled 491 patients from 10 general hospital outpatient departments. The structured clinical "interview about cognitive, affective, and behavioral features associated with somatic complaints" was used to operationalize the SSD criteria B. For comparison, DSM-IV somatoform disorders were assessed with the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview plus...
November 7, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111092/quantitative-neuroimaging-in-mucopolysaccharidoses-clinical-trials
#8
REVIEW
Igor Nestrasil, Leonardo Vedolin
The mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS) disorders are rare lysosomal storage disorders caused by mutations in lysosomal enzymes involved in glycosaminoglycan (GAG) degradation. The resulting intracellular accumulation of GAGs leads to widespread tissue and organ dysfunction. In addition to somatic signs and symptoms, patients with MPS can present with neurological manifestations such as cognitive decline, behavioral problems (e.g. hyperactivity and aggressiveness), sleep disturbances, and/or epilepsy. These are associated with significant abnormalities of the central nervous system (CNS), including white and gray matter lesions, brain atrophy, ventriculomegaly, and spinal cord compression...
September 15, 2017: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109664/a-cross-sectional-study-of-psychiatric-disorders-in-medical-sciences-students
#9
Farkhondeh Jamshidi, Sasan Mogehi, Maria Cheraghi, Seiedeh Farzaneh Jafari, Iman Kabi, Leila Rashidi
Introduction: Aim of article was to investigate the prevalence of psychiatric disorders (depression, social dysfunction, anxiety and somatic symptoms) and some of its influencing factors in freshmen at Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study which has conducted among 781 new students of all faculties of University in 2014. A study tool was the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ28). Results: Founding of this study has shown that from 781 students under study (33% male and 67% female)...
September 2017: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103329/identification-and-validation-of-functional-gastrointestinal-disorder-subtypes-using-latent-class-analysis-a-population-based-study
#10
Alan R Zinsmeister, Linda M Herrick, Yuri A Saito Loftus, Cathy D Schleck, Nicholas J Talley
OBJECTIVE: Attempts to categorize distinct functional gastrointestinal disorders based on reported symptoms continue but symptoms frequently overlap. The study objective was to use latent class analysis (LCA) which accommodates both continuous and discrete manifest variables to determine mutually exclusive subgroup assignments of a population-based sample using gastrointestinal symptom and patient data. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A validated bowel disease questionnaire and somatic symptom questionnaire were mailed to an age and gender stratified randomly selected community sample...
November 6, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102870/depression-and-associated-factors-in-nondemented-chinese-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease
#11
Jun Zhu, Liyu Lu, Yang Pan, Bo Shen, Shulan Xu, Yuchao Hou, Xiangrong Zhang, Li Zhang
OBJECTIVES: Depression is more common in Parkinson's disease (PD) than other chronic and disabling disorders. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence and identify potential risk factors influencing depression in 519 consecutive nondemented Chinese PD patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Depression was assessed using the Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HAMD), PD severity was assessed using Hoehn and Yahr (H&Y) staging, motor symptoms were measured with the Unified PD Rating Scale (UPDRS) part III, and the Non-Motor Symptoms Questionnaire (NMS-Quest) was used to evaluate the global non-motor symptoms (NMS)...
October 31, 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098041/migration-stress-poor-mental-health-and-engagement-in-sex-with-high-risk-partners-a-mediation-modeling-analysis-of-data-from-rural-to-urban-migrants-in-china
#12
Bin Yu, Xinguang Chen, Yaqiong Yan, Jie Gong, Fang Li, Emily Robserson
Background: There is a growing need for better understanding of mechanisms underpinning the relationship between migration stress and HIV risk behaviors for the development of HIV prevention and control policy. Methods: Survey data from a random sample of 1,293 Chinese rural-to-urban migrants were analyzed. Stress was assessed using the Domestic Migration Stress Questionnaire (DMSQ), mental health status was assessed using the Brief Symptoms Inventory (BSI), and having sex with high risk partners was assessed as if ever have had sex with high risk partners (e...
December 2017: Sexuality Research & Social Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092782/psychopathological-constellation-in-patients-with-pnes-a-new-hypothesis
#13
Iolanda Martino, Antonella Bruni, Angelo Labate, Roberta Vasta, Antonio Cerasa, Giuseppe Borzì, Pasquale De Fazio, Antonio Gambardella
Depression symptoms have often reported in patients with psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES), although the underlying psychopathological symptomatology has been poorly understood. Our aim was to compare constellations of psychological and behavioral disturbance in PNES with respect to patients with mild-major depressive disorder (MDD), hypothesizing that the construct of depression might be different in the two groups. Ten patients with PNES and ten sex-/age-matched patients with mild-MDD newly-diagnosed, were enrolled in this study...
October 29, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079542/aapt-diagnostic-criteria-for-chronic-abdominal-pelvic-and-urogenital-pain-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#14
QiQi Zhou, Ursula Wesselmann, Lynn Walker, Linda Lee, Lonnie Zeltzer, G Nicholas Verne
In conjuction with the Analgesic, Anesthetic, and Addiction Clinical Trial Translations, Innovations, Opportunities, and Networks (ACTTION) public-private partnership with the US Food and Drug Administration and the American Pain Society (APS), the ACTTION-APS Pain Taxonomy (AAPT) initiative strove to develop the characteristics of a diagnostic system useful for clinical and research purposes across disciplines and types of chronic pain conditions. Following the establishment of these characteristics, a working group of clinicians and clinical and basic scientists with expertise in abdominal, pelvic, and urogenital pain began generating core diagnostic criteria and defining the related extraintestinal somatic pain and other symptoms experienced by patients...
October 24, 2017: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078774/the-kessler-psychological-distress-scale-translation-and-validation-of-an-arabic-version
#15
Scott D Easton, Najwa S Safadi, Yihan Wang, Robert G Hasson
BACKGROUND: The Kessler Psychological Distress Scale has been widely used in assessing psychological distress among general and clinical populations from different cultural backgrounds. To our knowledge, however, researchers have not yet validated any translated versions in Arabic. The purpose of this study was to test the reliability and validity of Arabic translations of the ten item (K10) and six item (K6) versions among public sector employees in the Occupied Palestinian Territories...
October 27, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074036/developmental-and-behavioral-aspects-of-mucopolysaccharidoses-with-brain-manifestations-neurological-signs-and-symptoms
#16
REVIEW
Elsa G Shapiro, Simon A Jones, Maria L Escolar
The mucopolysaccharidoses (MPS) are a group of rare, inherited lysosomal storage disorders, caused by mutations in lysosomal enzymes involved in the degradation of glycosaminoglycans (GAGs). The resulting accumulation of GAGs in the body leads to widespread tissue and organ dysfunction. The spectrum, severity, and progression rate of clinical manifestations varies widely between and within the different MPS types. In addition to somatic signs and symptoms, which vary between the different MPS disorders, patients with MPS I, II, III, and VII present with significant neurological signs and symptoms, including impaired cognitive abilities, difficulties in language and speech, and/or behavioral and sleep problems...
August 26, 2017: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072184/dysfunctional-internet-behaviour-symptoms-in-association-with-personality-traits
#17
E Tsiolka, I D Bergiannaki, M Margariti, M Malliori, Ch Papageorgiou
Internet addiction is a matter of great interest for researchers, taking into consideration Internet's rapid spread and its ever growing use in children, adolescents and adults. It has been associated with multiple psychological symptoms and social difficulties, therefore raising even greater concerns for its adverse consequences. The present study that consists part of a broader research, aims to investigate the association between excessive Internet use and personality traits in an adult population. Specifically, the research examined the relation between dysfunctional internet behaviour and personality traits as neuroticism and extraversion, the two personality dimensions that have arisen as the most important ones in all relevant research...
July 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064796/association-between-depressive-symptoms-and-cognitive-impairment-in-patients-with-metabolic-syndrome
#18
Oksana Kopchak, Oleksander Pulyk
INTRODUCTION: Metabolic dysregulation is intimately associated with wide array of seemingly unrelated disorders, including cognitive impairment and depression. The aim was: to identify special characteristic features of depressive disorder in patients with metabolic syndrome (Mets); to identify possible association between depressive disorder (DD) and cognitive impairment in patients with Mets; to establish whether metabolic syndrome and its components are associated with severity of DD...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058290/mental-health-status-assessment-in-polycystic-ovarian-syndrome-infertility-patients-a-pilot-study
#19
Sai-Jiao Li, Dan-Ni Zhou, Wei Li, Jing Yang
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a major endocrine disorder afflicting women of reproductive age. Women with PCOS are more likely to suffer from mental health disturbances than healthy women. The "infertility" suffered by PCOS patients would also lead to mental health disturbances. Symptom Checklist 90 (SCL-90) and questionnaire which includes patients' socio-economic and demographic data were used to assess the mental health status of PCOS (n=103) and non-PCOS (n=110) infertile patients. Logistic regression analysis and t-tests were used for comparative analysis...
October 2017: Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056773/investigating-mental-health-in-patients-with-osteoarthritis-and-its-relationship-with-some-clinical-and-demographic-factors
#20
Masoumeh Nazarinasab, Azim Motamedfar, Azin Eskandari Moqadam
OBJECTIVE: The reduction in the level of mental health, particularly depression is associated with outcome of treatment in patients with osteoarthritis (OA). There is no broader research into mental health or mental health care for OA patients. The purpose of the present study was to determine mental health and its relationship with some clinical and demographic factors among patients with OA. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 94 patients with osteoarthritis were included in presented study...
2017: Reumatologia
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