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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071156/bipolar-vs-monopolar-resection-of-bladder-tumours-of-3%C3%A2-cm-in-patients-maintained-on-low-dose-aspirin-a-randomised-clinical-trial
#1
Mohamed M Hashad, Hussein M Abdeldaeim, Ahmed Moussa, Akram Assem, Tamer M Abou Youssif
OBJECTIVE: To compare the safety and efficacy of bipolar vs monopolar transurethral resection of bladder tumour (TURBT) in patients maintained on low-dose aspirin with tumours >3 cm. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective randomised single-centre study was performed including 200 patients with bladder tumours of >3 cm, as measured by ultrasonography. All patients were using low-dose aspirin (81 mg/day), which was not stopped in the perioperative period. Patients were randomised into two groups: Group A, monopolar TURBT (M-TURBT); Group B, bipolar TURBT (B-TURBT)...
September 2017: Arab Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059644/resveratrol-has-a-positive-effect-on-parameters-of-central-hemodynamics-and-myocardial-ischemia-in-patients-with-stable-coronary-heart-disease
#2
Nataliya I Chekalina
INTRODUCTION: Cardiovascular diseases, and primarily coronary heart disease (CHD), are the leading cause of mortality in the developing countries, including Ukraine. Prognosis for patients with CHD depends mainly on progression of coronary atherosclerosis (ASVD). Molecular mechanisms of atherogenesis are studied in detail in order to find new targets of pharmacological intervention. THE AIM: to study the effect of resveratrol on parameters of central hemodynamics and myocardial ischemia in patients with stable coronary heart disease (CHD)...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991105/low-dose-aspirin-inhibits-cardiac-sympathetic-activation-and-vagal-withdrawal-response-to-morning-rising
#3
Tomiya Yasumasu, Kazuo Takahara, Yutaka Otsuji
Aspirin is known to interfere with platelet function and can protect individuals at risk of sudden death. However, this property of aspirin is less defined for cardiac autonomic activity. We assessed pulse rate variability by spectral analysis and measured plasma eicosanoid levels before and after administration of 81-mg aspirin to 12 healthy subjects over a 60-degree head-up tilt test in the morning. In upright posture, low-dose aspirin decreased both the normalized unit value of low-frequency (normalized LF) power (mean ± SD, 82...
October 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927346/deep-venous-thrombosis-prophylaxis-in-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstructive-surgery-what-is-the-current-state-of-practice
#4
Robert A Keller, Vasilios Moutzouros, Joshua S Dines, Charles A Bush-Joseph, Orr Limpisvasti
BACKGROUND: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a significant perioperative risk with many common orthopaedic procedures. Currently, there is no standardized recommendation for the use of VTE prophylaxis during anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. This study sought to evaluate the current prophylactic practices of fellowship-trained sports medicine orthopaedic surgeons in the United States. HYPOTHESIS: Very few surgeons use perioperative VTE prophylaxis for ACL reconstructive surgery...
September 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905988/lack-of-bioequivalence-among-low-dose-enteric-coated-aspirin-preparations
#5
Dermot Cox, Desmond Fitzgerald
Low-dose aspirin (75 mg or 81 mg) is considered to be the lowest effective dose for cardiovascular protection, however, the use of enteric preparations has created a source of variability in bioavailability. As part of regulatory requirements we carried out bioequivalence tests for two 75 mg enteric-coated aspirin preparations (Caprin and Protek) using Nu-Seals 75 mg aspirin as the comparator. The primary endpoint was serum thromboxane levels after 14 days of treatment. Protek failed to meet bioequivalence, as it was significantly less effective than Nu-Seals...
September 14, 2017: Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768756/impact-of-timing-on-the-functional-recovery-achieved-with-platelet-supplementation-after-treatment-with-ticagrelor
#6
M Urooj Zafar, Donald A Smith, Usman Baber, Samantha Sartori, Kevin Chen, David W Lam, Carlos A Linares-Koloffon, Juan Rey-Mendoza, Gustavo Jimenez Britez, Gines Escolar, Valentin Fuster, Juan J Badimon
BACKGROUND: American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association guidelines advise waiting 5 to 7 days before operating on P2Y12 inhibitor-treated acute coronary syndrome patients, to allow dissipation of its antiplatelet effects. Platelet transfusion is often used to restore hemostasis during operations, but its effectiveness and optimal timing are unclear. We investigated the degree of functional gains obtained from platelet supplementation after loading and maintenance of dual antiplatelet therapy with ticagrelor and the influence of timing on this strategy...
August 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614214/a-rare-case-of-multiple-thrombi-in-a-giant-left-atrium
#7
Alfredo Intorcia, Marco A Perrone, Riccardo Morgagni, Domenico Sergi, Massimo Marchei, Mauro Borzi, Francesco Romeo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585903/dabigatran-following-acute-transient-ischemic-attack-and-minor-stroke-ii-datas-ii
#8
Kuan H Ng, Mukul Sharma, Oscar Benavente, Laura Gioia, Thalia S Field, Michael D Hill, Shelagh B Coutts, Kenneth Butcher
Rationale Patients with transient ischemic attack or minor stroke are at high risk of early recurrent cerebrovascular events. Anticoagulation with heparin or warfarin acutely after ischemic stroke is at least as efficacious as aspirin for preventing recurrent events but is associated with an increased risk of clinical worsening due to hemorrhagic transformation. Aim and hypothesis We aim to demonstrate the safety of early anticoagulation with dabigatran, an oral direct thrombin inhibitor, in acute cerebrovascular syndrome patients...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579807/effects-of-chemopreventive-agents-on-the-incidence-of-recurrent-colorectal-adenomas-a-systematic-review-with-network-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#9
Sajesh K Veettil, Nattawat Teerawattanapong, Siew Mooi Ching, Kean Ghee Lim, Surasak Saokaew, Pochamana Phisalprapa, Nathorn Chaiyakunapruk
BACKGROUND: Protective effects of several chemopreventive agents (CPAs) against colorectal adenomas have been well documented in randomized controlled trials (RCTs); however, there is uncertainty regarding which agents are the most effective. METHODS: We searched for RCTs published up until September 2016. Retrieved trials were evaluated using risk of bias. We performed both pairwise analysis and network meta-analysis (NMA) of RCTs to compare the effects of CPAs on the recurrence of colorectal adenomas (primary outcome)...
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28517974/the-impact-of-docosahexaenoic-acid-therapy-on-subgingival-plaque-microbiota
#10
Asghar Z Naqvi, Lin Mu, Hatice Hasturk, Thomas E Van Dyke, Kenneth J Mukamal, J Max Goodson
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) with low-dose aspirin therapy on periodontal bacterial profile in patients with periodontitis. BACKGROUND: We recently showed that oral DHA + aspirin therapy reduces periodontal pocket depth and local inflammatory mediators in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) among patients with untreated chronic periodontal disease. Whether or not DHA + aspirin therapy influences specific bacterial burden in this setting is unknown...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507597/low-adherence-to-national-guidelines-for-proton-pump-inhibitor-prescription-in-patients-receiving-combination-aspirin-and-anticoagulation
#11
Rajani Sharma, Abhik Roy, Christopher Ramos, Richard Rosenberg, Reuben Garcia-Carrasquillo, Benjamin Lebwohl
BACKGROUND: Aspirin, when used with concurrent anticoagulation, increases the risk of gastrointestinal bleeding (GIB). Therefore, multisociety guidelines recommend prophylactic proton-pump inhibitors (PPIs) for patients receiving aspirin and anticoagulation. We aimed to determine rates and predictors of adherence to these recommendations. METHODS: All adult inpatients discharged from the hospital on aspirin and anticoagulation from July 2009 to June 2014 were retrospectively evaluated for PPI prescription on discharge instructions...
May 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504994/preoperative-low-dose-aspirin-exposure-and-outcomes-after-emergency-neurosurgery-for-traumatic-intracranial-hemorrhage-in-elderly-patients
#12
Alex T Lee, Arni Gagnidze, Sharon R Pan, Pimwan Sookplung, Bala Nair, Shu-Fang Newman, Alon Ben-Ari, Ahmed Zaky, Kevin Cain, Monica S Vavilala, Irene Rozet
BACKGROUND: Antiplatelet medications are usually discontinued before elective neurosurgery, but this is not an option for emergent neurosurgery. We performed a retrospective cohort study to examine whether preoperative aspirin use was associated with worse outcomes after emergency neurosurgery in elderly patients. METHODS: We analyzed all cases of emergency neurosurgical procedures for traumatic intracranial hemorrhage from 2008 to 2012 at a level 1 trauma center...
August 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468653/a-description-of-the-methods-of-the-aspirin-supplementation-for-pregnancy-indicated-risk-reduction-in-nulliparas-aspirin-study
#13
Matthew K Hoffman, Shivaprasad S Goudar, Bhalachandra S Kodkany, Norman Goco, Marion Koso-Thomas, Menachem Miodovnik, Elizabeth M McClure, Dennis D Wallace, Jennifer J Hemingway-Foday, Antoinette Tshefu, Adrien Lokangaka, Carl L Bose, Elwyn Chomba, Musaku Mwenechanya, Waldemar A Carlo, Ana Garces, Nancy F Krebs, K Michael Hambidge, Sarah Saleem, Robert L Goldenberg, Archana Patel, Patricia L Hibberd, Fabian Esamai, Edward A Liechty, Robert Silver, Richard J Derman
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth (PTB) remains the leading cause of neonatal mortality and long term disability throughout the world. Though complex in its origins, a growing body of evidence suggests that first trimester administration of low dose aspirin (LDA) may substantially reduce the rate of PTB. METHODS: Hypothesis: LDA initiated in the first trimester reduces the risk of preterm birth. Study Design Type: Prospective randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blinded multi-national clinical trial conducted in seven low and middle income countries...
May 3, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444860/aspirin-responsiveness-changes-in-obese-patients-following-bariatric-surgery
#14
Nicholas B Norgard, Scott V Monte, Stanley F Fernandez, Qing Ma
AIMS: Bariatric surgery has emerged as a promising treatment option for weight loss and to counter the metabolic consequences of obesity. Obesity has been linked to a hyperaggregable state, as well as a blunted response to aspirin. This pilot study assessed the hypothesis that bariatric surgery would lead to an improvement in aspirin-induced platelet inhibition and a reduction in platelet aggregability. METHODS: Fifteen patients scheduled to undergo bariatric surgery were administered two 7-day courses of aspirin 81 mg: the first course administered before surgery and the second was 3 months following surgery...
August 2017: Cardiovascular Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434157/general-practitioner-attitudes-towards-prescribing-aspirin-to-carriers-of-lynch-syndrome-findings-from-a-national-survey
#15
Samuel G Smith, Robbie Foy, Jennifer McGowan, Lindsay C Kobayashi, John Burn, Karen Brown, Lucy Side, Jack Cuzick
A dose non-inferiority study comparing 100 mg, 300 mg and 600 mg of aspirin for cancer prevention among Lynch Syndrome carriers is underway (Colorectal Adenoma/Carcinoma Prevention Programme trial 3, CaPP3). To guide implementation of the findings, we investigated general practitioner (GP) attitudes towards aspirin prescribing for Lynch Syndrome carriers. We surveyed 1007 UK GPs (9.6% response rate). Using a within-subjects design, GPs read a statement on harms and benefits of aspirin and indicated their willingness to prescribe aspirin at three doses (100 mg, 300 mg, 600 mg)...
April 22, 2017: Familial Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431413/novel-oral-anticoagulants-and-trauma-the-results-of-a-prospective-american-association-for-the-surgery-of-trauma-multi-institutional-trial
#16
MULTICENTER STUDY
Leslie Kobayashi, Galinos Barmparas, Patrick Bosarge, Carlos V Brown, Marko Bukur, Matthew M Carrick, Richard D Catalano, Jan Holly-Nicolas, Kenji Inaba, Stephen Kaminski, Amanda L Klein, Tammy Kopelman, Eric J Ley, Ericca M Martinez, Forrest O Moore, Jason Murry, Raminder Nirula, Douglas Paul, Jacob Quick, Omar Rivera, Martin Schreiber, Raul Coimbra
BACKGROUND: The number of anticoagulated trauma patients is increasing. Trauma patients on warfarin have been found to have poor outcomes, particularly after intracranial hemorrhage (ICH). However, the effect of novel oral anticoagulants (NOAs) on trauma outcomes is unknown. We hypothesized that patients on NOAs would have higher rates of ICH, ICH progression, and death compared with patients on traditional anticoagulant and antiplatelet agents. METHODS: This was a prospective observational trial across 16 trauma centers...
May 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418802/transfer-of-low-dose-aspirin-into-human-milk
#17
Palika Datta, Kathleen Rewers-Felkins, Raja Reddy Kallem, Teresa Baker, Thomas W Hale
BACKGROUND: Aspirin has antipyretic and anti-inflammatory properties and is frequently used by pregnant and lactating women. However, its transfer in human milk when administered at low dose has not been reported. Research aim: This study aimed to evaluate the transfer of acetylsalicylic acid and its metabolite, salicylic acid, into human milk following the use of low dose aspirin. METHODS: In this study, milk samples were collected at 0, 1, 2, 4, 8, 12, and 24 hours from seven breastfeeding women after a steady-state daily dose of 81 mg of aspirin...
May 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414670/diulafoy-s-lesion-an-uncanny-etiology-of-gastrointestinal-bleed
#18
V Gasia, O Lamendola
INTRODUCTION: Dieulafoy's lesion is a relatively rare, but potentially life-threatening, condition. It accounts for 1-2 percent of acute gastrointestinal (GI); bleeding. CASE: A 99-year-old woman was initially admitted due to left lower extremity cellulitis related to chronic venous stasis ulcer and was receiving broad-spectrum IV antibiotics. Upon admission to the medical floor, she had an episode of hematemesis and multiple bowel movements with black-tarry stools...
March 2017: Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society: Official Organ of the Louisiana State Medical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409546/clinical-correlation-with-failure-of-endovenous-therapy-for-leg-swelling
#19
Ahmad Alsheekh, Anil Hingorani, Natalie Marks, Yuriy Ostrozhynskyy, Enrico Ascher
Background The development and use of minimally invasive procedures provide improved options for the management of symptoms of chronic venous insufficiency. While many patients with iliac venous occlusive disease and superficial venous insufficiency improve with combined iliac venous stenting and correction of superficial venous reflux, some patients have symptoms which persist. The goal of this study was to identify clinical factors related to persistent symptoms in patients with leg swelling after treatment of both iliac vein stenting and thermal ablation...
June 2017: Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323989/preconception-low-dose-aspirin-restores-diminished-pregnancy-and-live-birth-rates-in-women-with-low-grade-inflammation-a-secondary-analysis-of-a-randomized-trial
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Lindsey A Sjaarda, Rose G Radin, Robert M Silver, Emily Mitchell, Sunni L Mumford, Brian Wilcox, Noya Galai, Neil J Perkins, Jean Wactawski-Wende, Joseph B Stanford, Enrique F Schisterman
Context: Inflammation is linked to causes of infertility. Low-dose aspirin (LDA) may improve reproductive success in women with chronic, low-grade inflammation. Objective: To investigate the effect of preconception-initiated LDA on pregnancy rate, pregnancy loss, live birth rate, and inflammation during pregnancy. Design: Stratified secondary analysis of a multicenter, block-randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Setting: Four US academic medical centers, 2007 to 2012...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
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