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baby aspirin

Min Yi Tan, Lemonia Koutoulas, David Wright, Kypros H Nicolaides, Liona C Poon
INTRODUCTION: Pre-eclampsia (PE), which affects about 2% of pregnancies, is a major cause of maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality. Early detection of PE can improve pregnancy outcome by providing timely intervention and closer monitoring. The current guideline from the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) recommends that at the booking visit, women identified with one major risk factor or more than one moderate risk factor for PE should be advised to take low-dose aspirin daily from 12 weeks until the birth of the baby...
March 13, 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
Sujana Molakatalla, Emily Shepherd, Rosalie M Grivell
BACKGROUND: Perineal trauma (due to spontaneous tears, surgical incision (episiotomy) or in association with operative vaginal birth) is common after vaginal birth, and is often associated with postpartum perineal pain. Birth over an intact perineum may also lead to perineal pain. There are adverse health consequences associated with perineal pain for the women and their babies in the short- and long-term, and the pain may interfere with newborn care and the establishment of breastfeeding...
February 9, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Mehdi Mezidi, Claude Guérin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Annals of Translational Medicine
Shireen Meher, Lelia Duley, Kylie Hunter, Lisa Askie
BACKGROUND: The optimum time for commencing antiplatelet therapy for the prevention of preeclampsia and its complications is unclear. Aggregate data meta-analyses suggest that aspirin is more effective if given prior to 16 weeks' gestation, but data are limited because of an inability to place women in the correct gestational age subgroup from relevant trials. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to use the large existing individual participant data set from the Perinatal Antiplatelet Review of International Studies Collaboration to assess whether the treatment effects of antiplatelet agents on preeclampsia and its complications vary based on whether treatment is started before or after 16 weeks' gestation...
February 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
K Neykova, V Dimitrova, R Dimitrov, L Vakrilova
AIM: To analyze pregnancy outcome in patients who were on antithrombotic medication (AM) because of previous pregnancy with fetal intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The studied group (SG) included 21 pregnancies in 15 women with history of previous IUGR. The patients were on low dose aspirin (LDA) and/or low molecular weight heparin (LMWH). Pregnancy outcome was compared to the one in two more groups: 1) primary group (PG) including the previous 15 pregnancies with IUGR of the same women; 2) control group (CG) including 45 pregnancies of women matched for parity with the ones in the SG, with no history of IUGR and without medication...
2016: Akusherstvo i Ginekologii︠a︡
Kutluk Oktay, Giuliano Bedoschi, Fernanda Pacheco, Volkan Turan, Volkan Emirdar
BACKGROUND: Ovarian tissue cryopreservation is an experimental fertility preservation method and the transplantation techniques are still evolving. OBJECTIVE: We attempted to improve the technique with the utility of a human decellularized extracellular tissue matrix (ECTM) scaffold, robot-assisted minimally invasive surgery, and perioperative pharmacological support. STUDY DESIGN: We prospectively studied 2 subjects with hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (patient A) and non-Hodgkin lymphoma (patient B) who underwent ovarian tissue cryopreservation at the age of 23 years, before receiving preconditioning chemotherapy for hematopoietic stem cell transplantation...
January 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Daniel Stott, Mareike Bolten, Mona Salman, Daniela Paraschiv, Katherine Clark, Nikos A Kametas
INTRODUCTION: Fetal growth restriction (FGR) is associated with poor perinatal outcomes. Screening and prevention tools for FGR, such as uterine artery Doppler imaging and aspirin, underperform in high-risk groups, compared with general antenatal populations. There is a paucity of sensitive screening tests for the early prediction of FGR in high-risk pregnancies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a prospective observational study based in a dedicated antenatal hypertension clinic at a tertiary UK hospital...
March 2016: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
Ben W J Mol, Claire T Roberts, Shakila Thangaratinam, Laura A Magee, Christianne J M de Groot, G Justus Hofmeyr
Pre-eclampsia affects 3-5% of pregnancies and is traditionally diagnosed by the combined presentation of high blood pressure and proteinuria. New definitions also include maternal organ dysfunction, such as renal insufficiency, liver involvement, neurological or haematological complications, uteroplacental dysfunction, or fetal growth restriction. When left untreated, pre-eclampsia can be lethal, and in low-resource settings, this disorder is one of the main causes of maternal and child mortality. In the absence of curative treatment, the management of pre-eclampsia involves stabilisation of the mother and fetus, followed by delivery at an optimal time...
March 5, 2016: Lancet
Kosuke Taniguchi, Hiroshi Ono, Anna Sato, Satoko Kinomoto, Naomi Tagawa, Nagayoshi Umehara, Hitoshi Kato, Haruhiko Sago
Coronary artery aneurysms (CAA) may occur in Kawasaki disease (KD). Patients with giant CAA (diameter >8 mm), in particular, have higher risk of myocardial infarction. Previous reports have demonstrated the necessity of anticoagulation therapy in such cases. The management of patients with KD complicated by giant CAA later in life, however, remains controversial. Here, we describe the strict management in the case of a 28-year-old pregnant Japanese woman with KD with giant CAA (diameter, 11 mm). Instead of warfarin, the patient was given low-dose aspirin and i...
October 2015: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
Ana Luísa Areia, Etelvina Fonseca, Miguel Areia, Paulo Moura
PURPOSE: To determine in women with hereditary thrombophilia whether the use of the combination of low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) and aspirin (ASA) is better than ASA alone. METHODS: Meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials evaluating LMWH + ASA compared to ASA in pregnant women with hereditary thrombophilia in order to improve live birth rate. A systematic literature search was conducted in 5 databases (PubMed, Cochrane Controlled Trials Register, EMBASE, Scopus and ISI Web of Knowledge)...
January 2016: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Radmila Zivković, Olivera Marković, Dragomir Marisavljević, Tatjana Terzić, Ljiljana Tukić
INTRODUCTION: Primary myelofibrosis (PMF) is a clonal myeloproliferative neoplasm that occurs most commonly in the decade six of life and it is very rare in the young persons. CASE REPORT: We reported a 28-year-old female patient with primary myelofibrosis who had a normal pregnancy and delivery in the week 40 of pregnancy without any complications. Two years before the diagnosis of PMF she had normal pregnancy. The patient was treated with interferon-alpha and low dose aspirin during the whole pregnancy and with low-molecular-weight heparin a week before delivery and 6 weeks after...
April 2015: Vojnosanitetski Pregled. Military-medical and Pharmaceutical Review
Theano Kontopoulou, Dimitrios Georgios Kontopoulos, Emmanouel Vaidakis, George P Mousoulis
INTRODUCTION: Kawasaki disease is an acute necrotising vasculitis of the medium- and small-sized vessels, occurring mainly in Japanese and Korean babies and children, aged 6 months to 5 years. Its main complication is damage of coronary arteries, which has the potential to be fatal. Here we report a rare case of Kawasaki disease that occurred in a 20-year-old Greek adult. CASE PRESENTATION: A 20-year-old Greek man presented with high fever, appetite loss, nausea and vomiting, headache and significant malaise...
2015: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Aggeliki Kolialexi, Danai Mavreli, Georgia Tounta, Ariadni Mavrou, Nikolas Papantoniou
Preeclampsia (PE) is a multisystem disorder of pregnancy that develops after 20 wk of gestation in previously normotensive women and complicates 5-8% of pregnancies. This rapidly progressive syndrome is usually diagnosed when the mother develops hypertension and proteinuria. The only effective treatment is delivery of the baby although early low-dose aspirin has been shown to significantly reduce the risk for PE. Recent advances in proteomic methods of protein separation, identification, and quantitation may allow for the identification of proteins and peptides that could facilitate early detection of disease, improve assessment of prognosis, and allow closer monitoring of women at risk for PE...
June 2015: Proteomics. Clinical Applications
Arsène Mekinian, Maria Grazia Lazzaroni, Anna Kuzenko, Jaume Alijotas-Reig, Amelia Ruffatti, Pierre Levy, Valentina Canti, Katarina Bremme, Holy Bezanahary, Tiziana Bertero, Robin Dhote, Francois Maurier, Laura Andreoli, Amélie Benbara, Ahmed Tigazin, Lionel Carbillon, Pascale Nicaise-Roland, Angela Tincani, Olivier Fain
In European multicenter study, we aimed to describe the real-life hydroxychloroquine use in APS patients during pregnancy and determine its benefit in refractory obstetrical APS. We analyzed the outcome of pregnancies treated by hydroxychloroquine in patients with APS or asymptomatic antiphospholipid (aPL) antibodies carriers. Thirty patients with APS with 35 pregnancies treated by hydroxychloroquine were analyzed. Comparing the outcome of pregnancies treated by the addition of hydroxychloroquine to previous pregnancies under the conventional treatment, pregnancy losses decreased from 81% to 19% (p<0...
June 2015: Autoimmunity Reviews
Y Lodi, V Reddy, A Devasenapathy, J Chou, K Shehades, K Sethi, D Galyon, S Bajwa
BACKGROUND: To prevent thromboembolic events in stent-assisted coiling of aneurysm, 5 to 7 days of being on both aspirin and clopidogrel is considered acceptable. For ruptured cases a loading doses of aspirin and clopidogrel is required at least two hours prior to stent placement. However, antiplatelet regimen in stent-assisted treatment of intracranial aneurysm is not universal and varies from center to center. There are no clear data to evaluate the use of loading dose of aspiring and clopidogrel in all consecutive cases...
July 2014: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
Ranjana Dhar, William Reardon, Colin J McMahon
We report a baby girl with an antenatal diagnosis of biventricular non-compaction and complete heart block detected at 22 weeks' gestation. Postnatal echocardiography confirmed severe biventricular non-compaction hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, multiple muscular ventricular septal defects, and mild-moderate pulmonary valve stenosis. Skeletal muscle biopsy confirmed complex 1 mitochondrial respiratory chain deficiency. An epicardial VVI pacemaker was implanted on day 3 of life and revised at 7 years of age. She remains stable at 8 years of age following pacing and medical treatment with carvedilol, aspirin, co-enzyme Q10, and carnitine...
June 2015: Cardiology in the Young
Yong Cui, Sandra L Deming-Halverson, Martha J Shrubsole, Alicia Beeghly-Fadiel, Hui Cai, Alecia M Fair, Xiao-Ou Shu, Wei Zheng
Chronic inflammation is associated with increased risk of multiple cancers, including breast cancer. Adipose tissues produce proinflammatory cytokines, and obesity is a risk factor for postmenopausal breast cancer. We evaluated the association of regular use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) with breast cancer risk, overall and by body mass index (BMI) and tumor subtypes defined by estrogen receptor, progesterone receptor, and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 status. We conducted a population-based, case-control study involving 5,078 women aged 25-75 years who were recruited primarily from the Nashville metropolitan area of Tennessee...
July 2014: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
Silvia D'Ippolito, Pier Luigi Meroni, Takao Koike, Manuela Veglia, Giovanni Scambia, Nicoletta Di Simone
Obstetric antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is now being recognized as a distinct entity from vascular APS. Pregnancy morbidity includes >3 consecutive and spontaneous early miscarriages before 10weeks of gestation; at least one unexplained fetal death after the 10th week of gestation of a morphologically normal fetus; a premature birth before the 34th week of gestation of a normal neonate due to eclampsia or severe pre-eclampsia or placental insufficiency. It is not well understood how antiphospholipid antibodies (aPLs), beyond their diagnostic and prognostic role, contribute to pregnancy manifestations...
September 2014: Autoimmunity Reviews
Hamid Reza Nakhai-Pour, Anick Bérard
The use of aspirin and other NSAIDs during the first trimester of pregnancy is widespread, despite inconclusive evidence regarding the possible risks for the baby. We present an overview of the current evidence relating to the associations between aspirin or NSAID use during the first trimester of pregnancy and the risk of congenital malformations. We systematically searched Medline, Embase, the Cochrane Library and the reference lists of all relevant articles from 1966 to March 2008 that examined the association between aspirin and NSAID use during the first trimester of pregnancy and the risk of congenital malformations in humans...
September 2008: Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology
Catherine D Bachur, Anne M Comi
We try to see the babies prior to the onset of symptoms so that their parents can receive anticipatory guidance regarding seizures and how to recognize and respond to them and so that proper referrals to ophthalmology can be made. If there is any concern on history, exam, or EEG then we obtain a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with contrast. If presymptomatic diagnosis of brain involvement is made then treatment with low-dose aspirin is offered and if the brain involvement is extensively bilateral then an anticonvulsant such as levetiracetam is offered as well...
October 2013: Current Treatment Options in Neurology
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