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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434123/conversion-disorder-functional-neurological-symptom-disorder-and-chronic-pain-comorbidity-assessment-and-treatment
#1
REVIEW
Patricia Tsui, Andrew Deptula, Derek Y Yuan
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This paper examines the overlap of conversion disorder with chronic pain conditions, describes ways to assess for conversion disorder, and provides an overview of evidence-based treatments for conversion disorder and chronic pain, with a focus on conversion symptoms. RECENT FINDINGS: Conversion disorder is a significant problem that warrants further study, given that there are not many well-established guidelines. Accurate and timely assessment should help move treatment in a more fruitful direction and avoid unnecessary medical interventions...
June 2017: Current Pain and Headache Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434092/cyberbullying-victimization-and-adolescent-mental-health-evidence-of-differential-effects-by-sex-and-mental-health-problem-type
#2
Soyeon Kim, Scott R Colwell, Anna Kata, Michael H Boyle, Katholiki Georgiades
The use of electronic communication technologies has become a core method for adolescent communication. While there are many benefits to such technologies, cyberbullying has emerged as a potential harm. This study examines the association between cyberbullying and adolescent mental health problems and the extent to which this association differs by sex and mental health problem type. A clustered sample of 31,148 students in grades 6-12 (Female = 51.9%; 56.5% Caucasian, 10.2% South Asian) completed an anonymous survey asking their frequency of exposure to traditional forms of bullying, cyberbullying, and experiences of mental health problems over the past 6 months...
April 22, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434056/beyond-the-primary-endpoint-paradigm-a-test-of-intervention-effect-in-hiv-behavioral-intervention-trials-with-numerous-correlated-outcomes
#3
Jessica M Harwood, Robert E Weiss, W Scott Comulada
Behavioral interventions are increasingly based on holistic approaches to health with an understanding that health-related behaviors are linked. A motivating example is provided by the Philani study, an intervention trial conducted to improve the health of South African mothers and their children. Inter-related health problems around maternal alcohol use, malnutrition, and HIV were addressed; multiple endpoints were targeted. The traditional hypothesis testing paradigm that tests significance on one primary outcome did not suffice...
April 22, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433390/a-computational-study-of-invariant-i5-in-a-nearly-incompressible-transversely-isotropic-model-for-white-matter
#4
Yuan Feng, Suhao Qiu, Xiaolong Xia, Songbai Ji, Chung-Hao Lee
The aligned axonal fiber bundles in white matter make it suitable to be modeled as a transversely isotropic material. Recent experimental studies have shown that a minimal form, nearly incompressible transversely isotropic (MITI) material model, is capable of describing mechanical anisotropy of white matter. Here, we used a finite element (FE) computational approach to demonstrate the significance of the fifth invariant (I5) when modeling the anisotropic behavior of white matter in the large-strain regime. We first implemented and validated the MITI model in an FE simulation framework for large deformations...
April 9, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431502/inequalities-in-health-care-utilization-for-common-childhood-illnesses-in-ethiopia-evidence-from-the-2011-ethiopian-demographic-and-health-survey
#5
Asmamaw Atnafu Ayalneh, Dagnachew Muluye Fetene, Tae Jin Lee
BACKGROUND: Globally, 5.9 million children under the age of five died in 2015. More than half and almost one-third of those deaths occurred in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia, respectively. Diarrhea and Pneumonia, which were the major causes of the problem, accounted for more than two million deaths of the world's youngest children every year. Like other developing countries, child health services utilization is low in Ethiopia. The aim of this study was to identify the determinant factors for the inequalities in medical treatment seeking behavior for common childhood illnesses in Ethiopia...
April 21, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431122/the-sense-study-treatment-mechanisms-of-a-cognitive-behavioral-and-mindfulness-based-group-sleep-improvement-intervention-for-at-risk-adolescents
#6
Matthew Blake, Orli Schwartz, Joanna M Waloszek, Monika Raniti, Julian G Simmons, Greg Murray, Laura Blake, Ronald E Dahl, Richard Bootzin, Dana L McMakin, Paul Dudgeon, John Trinder, Nicholas B Allen
Objective: The aim of this study was to test whether a cognitive-behavioral and mindfulness-based sleep intervention could improve sleep and anxiety on school nights in a group of at-risk adolescents. We also examined whether benefits to sleep and anxiety would be mediated by improvements in sleep hygiene awareness and pre-sleep hyperarousal. Method: Secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial conducted with 123 adolescent participants (Female=60%; Mean Age=14...
April 18, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430975/behavioral-response-of-the-brown-marmorated-stink-bug-hemiptera-pentatomidae-to-semiochemicals-deployed-inside-and-outside-anthropogenic-structures-during-the-overwintering-period
#7
William R Morrison, Angelita Acebes-Doria, Emily Ogburn, Thomas P Kuhar, James F Walgenbach, J Christopher Bergh, Louis Nottingham, Anthony Dimeglio, Patricia Hipkins, Tracy C Leskey
The brown marmorated stink bug, Halyomorpha halys (Stål), is an invasive species from Asia capable of causing severe agricultural damage. It can also be a nuisance pest when it enters and exits anthropogenic overwintering sites. In recent years, pheromone lures and traps for H. halys have been developed and used to monitor populations in field studies. To date, no study has investigated the applicability of these monitoring tools for use indoors by building residents during the overwintering period. Herein, we 1) assessed when in late winter (diapause) and spring (postdiapause) H...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430839/pathological-imitative-behavior-and-response-preparation-in-schizophrenia
#8
Denisas Dankinas, Sigita Melynyte, Aldona Siurkute, Kastytis Dapsys
Introduction: Pathological imitative behavior (ehopraxia) is occasionally observed in schizophrenia patients. However, only a severe form of echopraxia can be detected with the help of a direct observation. Therefore, our goal was to study a latent form of pathological imitative behavior in this disorder, which is indicated by an increase of imitative tendencies. Method: In our study, 14 schizophrenia patients and 15 healthy subjects were employed in two tasks: (a) in an imitative task they had to copy a hand action seen on a screen; (b) in a counter-imitative task they had to make a different movement (which involves an inhibition of prepotent imitative tendency that is impaired in case of pathological imitative behavior)...
April 20, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430081/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-criminal-behavior-among-illicit-drug-users-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Rafael Alves Guimarães, Natália Silva Mesquita, Renata Silva Lopes, Roselma Lucchese, Rodrigo Lopes de Felipe, Ivânia Vera, Inaina Lara Fernandes, Paulo Alexandre de Castro, Luiz Henrique Batista Monteiro, Graciele Cristina Silva
BACKGROUND: Studies indicate high rates of criminal behavior, violent activities, and legal problems among illicit drug users (IDU) in Brazil. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence and factors associated with criminal behavior among IDU undergoing treatment for chemical dependency in Central Brazil. METHODS: Cross-sectional study carried out with IDU undergoing treatment for chemical dependence. Data were collected by means of face-to-face interviews and analyzed using logistic regression...
April 21, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430014/pediatric-oral-motor-feeding-assessments-a-systematic-review
#10
C Barton, M Bickell, S Fucile
AIM: To describe the clinical properties and psychometric soundness of pediatric oral motor feeding assessments. METHODS: A systematic search was conducted using Medline, CINAHL, EMBASE, PsycInfo, and HAPI databases. Assessments were analyzed for their clinical and psychometric characteristics. RESULTS: 12 assessment tools were identified to meet the inclusion/exclusion criteria. Clinical properties varied from assessments evaluating oral-motor deficits, screening to identify feeding problems, and monitoring feeding progress...
April 21, 2017: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429385/risk-factors-proximate-to-suicide-and-suicide-risk-assessment-in-the-context-of-denied-suicide-ideation
#11
Alan L Berman
Health care providers have significant opportunities to identify individuals at near-term risk for suicide, but lack empirical data on near-term risk factors. This study aimed to identify dynamic, state-related risk factors observed by clinical practitioners within the last 30 days of life of 157 patients who died by suicide and to compare these near-term risk factors among patients who denied versus responded positively to having suicide ideation (SI) when last asked by a clinical practitioner prior to their death...
April 21, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429256/dynamic-modeling-of-problem-drinkers-undergoing-behavioral-treatment
#12
H T Banks, Kidist Bekele-Maxwell, R A Everett, Lyric Stephenson, Sijing Shao, Jon Morgenstern
We use dynamical systems modeling to help understand how selected intra-personal factors interact to form mechanisms of behavior change in problem drinkers. Our modeling effort illustrates the iterative process of modeling using an individual's clinical data. Due to the lack of previous work in modeling behavior change in individual patients, we build our preliminary model relying on our understandings of the psychological relationships among the variables. This model is refined and the psychological understanding is then enhanced through the iterative modeling process...
April 20, 2017: Bulletin of Mathematical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428813/perinatal-depression-in-nigeria-perspectives-of-women-family-caregivers-and-health-care-providers
#13
Ademola Adeponle, Danielle Groleau, Lola Kola, Laurence J Kirmayer, Oye Gureje
BACKGROUND: Perinatal maternal depression is common and undertreated in many sub-Saharan African countries, including Nigeria. While culture shapes the social determinants and expression of depressive symptoms, there is a dearth of research investigating these processes in African contexts. METHODS: To address this gap, we conducted in-depth interviews with 14 women with perinatal depression, 14 of their family caregivers and 11 health providers, using the McGill Illness Narrative Interview as part of a larger trial of a stepped-care intervention...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428748/resting-state-neuroimaging-and-neuropsychological-findings-in-opioid-use-disorder-during-abstinence-a-review
#14
REVIEW
Hada Fong-Ha Ieong, Zhen Yuan
Dependence to opiates, including illicit heroin and prescription pain killers, and treatment of the opioid use disorder (OUD) have been longstanding problems over the world. Despite intense efforts to scientific investigation and public health care, treatment outcomes have not significantly improved for the past 50 years. One reason behind the continuing use of heroin worldwide despite such efforts is its highly addictive nature. Brain imaging studies over the past two decades have made significant contribution to the understanding of the addictive properties as to be due in part to biological processes, specifically those in the brain structure and function...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428738/improved-localization-of-seizure-onset-zones-using-spatiotemporal-constraints-and-time-varying-source-connectivity
#15
Juan D Martinez-Vargas, Gregor Strobbe, Kristl Vonck, Pieter van Mierlo, German Castellanos-Dominguez
Presurgical evaluation of brain neural activity is commonly carried out in refractory epilepsy patients to delineate as accurately as possible the seizure onset zone (SOZ) before epilepsy surgery. In practice, any subjective interpretation of electroencephalographic (EEG) recordings is hindered mainly because of the highly stochastic behavior of the epileptic activity. We propose a new method for dynamic source connectivity analysis that aims to accurately localize the seizure onset zones by explicitly including temporal, spectral, and spatial information of the brain neural activity extracted from EEG recordings...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428737/reducing-sexual-risk-behaviors-secondary-analyses-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-brief-web-based-alcohol-intervention-for-underage-heavy-episodic-drinking-college-women
#16
Kaitlin E Bountress, Isha W Metzger, Jessica L Maples-Keller, Amanda K Gilmore
BACKGROUND: Alcohol use and sexual risk behaviors (SRBs) are significant problems on college campuses. College women are at particularly high risk for negative consequences associated with sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and unwanted pregnancy. METHODS: The current study (n = 160) examined the effect of a brief, web-based alcohol intervention (n = 53) for college women on reducing SRBs compared to an assessment only control (n = 107) with a randomized controlled trial...
2017: Addiction Research & Theory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428676/behavioral-problems-and-emotional-difficulties-at-children-and-early-adolescents-of-the-veterans-of-war-with-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#17
Zihnet Selimbasic, Osman Sinanovic, Esmina Avdibegovic, Maja Brkic, Jasmin Hamidovic
INTRODUCTION: Behavioral problems and emotional difficulties at children of the veterans of war with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have not been researched entirely. In our country, which has a lot of persons suffering from some psychological traumas, this trauma seems to continue. AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the exposure, manifestations of behavioral problems and emotional difficulties at children and early adolescents, whose fathers were the veterans of war demonstrating post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms...
February 2017: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428394/beyond-the-roots-of-human-inaction-fostering-collective-effort-toward-ecosystem-conservation
#18
REVIEW
Elise Amel, Christie Manning, Britain Scott, Susan Koger
The term "environmental problem" exposes a fundamental misconception: Disruptions of Earth's ecosystems are at their root a human behavior problem. Psychology is a potent tool for understanding the external and internal drivers of human behavior that lead to unsustainable living. Psychologists already contribute to individual-level behavior-change campaigns in the service of sustainability, but attention is turning toward understanding and facilitating the role of individuals in collective and collaborative actions that will modify the environmentally damaging systems in which humans are embedded...
April 21, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428160/simulated-conversations-with-virtual-humans-to-improve-patient-provider-communication-and-reduce-unnecessary-prescriptions-for-antibiotics-a-repeated-measure-pilot-study
#19
Antoinette Schoenthaler, Glenn Albright, Judith Hibbard, Ron Goldman
BACKGROUND: Despite clear evidence that antibiotics do not cure viral infections, the problem of unnecessary prescribing of antibiotics in ambulatory care persists, and in some cases, prescribing patterns have increased. The overuse of antibiotics for treating viral infections has created numerous economic and clinical consequences including increased medical costs due to unnecessary hospitalizations, antibiotic resistance, disruption of gut bacteria, and obesity. Recent research has underscored the importance of collaborative patient-provider communication as a means to reduce the high rates of unnecessary prescriptions for antibiotics...
April 19, 2017: JMIR Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427388/movement-cognition-and-narration-of-the-emotions-treatment-versus-standard-speech-therapy-in-the-treatment-of-children-with-borderline-intellectual-functioning-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
V Blasi, G Baglio, F Baglio, M P Canevini, M Zanette
BACKGROUND: Borderline intellectual functioning (BIF) is defined as a "health meta-condition… characterized by various cognitive dysfunctions associated with an intellectual quotient (IQ) between 71 and 85 which determines a deficit in the individual's functioning both in the restriction of activities and in the limitation of social participation". It can be caused by many factors, including a disadvantaged background and prematurity. BIF affects 7-12% of primary school children that show academic difficulties due to poor executive functioning...
April 20, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
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