keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Nonpharma*

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548547/facing-a-health-threat-in-a-complex-information-environment-a-national-representative-survey-examining-american-adults-behavioral-responses-to-the-2009-2010-a-h1n1-pandemic
#1
Leesa Lin, Rachel F McCloud, Minsoo Jung, Kasisomayajula Viswanath
BACKGROUND: Recent A(H1N1) studies suggest that intrapersonal and interpersonal factors may exert influence on people's preventive behaviors for avoiding the flu during pandemics. AIMS: Nonpharmaceutical interventions (NPIs) and vaccinations play key roles in containing disease transmission during a pandemic. We examined how intrapersonal and interpersonal factors influenced adoption of NPIs and vaccine uptake during the A(H1N1) pandemic of 2009. METHOD: The data come from a nationally representative sample survey of 1,569 American adults...
May 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546322/poststroke-fatigue-emerging-evidence-and-approaches-to-management-a-scientific-statement-for-healthcare-professionals-from-the-american-heart-association
#2
REVIEW
Janice L Hinkle, Kyra J Becker, Jong S Kim, Smi Choi-Kwon, Karen L Saban, Norma McNair, Gillian E Mead
At least half of all stroke survivors experience fatigue; thus, it is a common cause of concern for patients, caregivers, and clinicians after stroke. This scientific statement provides an international perspective on the emerging evidence surrounding the incidence, prevalence, quality of life, and complex pathogenesis of poststroke fatigue. Evidence for pharmacological and nonpharmacological interventions for management are reviewed, as well as the effects of poststroke fatigue on both stroke survivors and caregivers...
May 25, 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544465/correlates-of-nocturia-and-relationships-of-nocturia-with-sleep-quality-and-glycemic-control-in-women-with-type-2-diabetes
#3
Chun-Jen Chang, Dee Pei, Chien-Chih Wu, Mary H Palmer, Ching-Chieh Su, Shu-Fen Kuo, Yuan-Mei Liao
PURPOSES: To explore correlates of nocturia, compare sleep quality and glycemic control for women with and without nocturia, and examine relationships of nocturia with sleep quality and glycemic control in women with diabetes. DESIGN: This study was a cross-sectional, correlational study with data collected from 275 women with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: Data were collected using a structured questionnaire. Multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to identify correlates...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543168/a-new-tool-to-tackle-the-opioid-epidemic-description-utility-and-results-from-the-maine-diversion-alert-program
#4
Brian J Piper, Clare E Desrosiers, Harriet C Fisher, Kenneth L McCall, Stephanie D Nichols
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The opioid epidemic continues to impact the United States, and new strategies are needed to combat this epidemic. The objective of this study was to analyze 2015 drug arrest data from Maine's Diversion Alert program (diversionalert. org), compare arrest data between the first quarters of 2015 and 2016, and provide an analysis of the sex differences in the arrests as well as information about DA use. STUDY DESIGN: A population-based, descriptive study using data from the Maine Diversion Alert Program...
May 19, 2017: Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541989/irritable-bowel-syndrome
#5
Kristen Ronn Weaver, Gail DʼEramo Melkus, Wendy A Henderson
: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common, chronic gastrointestinal (GI) condition characterized by disturbances in bowel habits and abdominal pain in the absence of known organic pathology. IBS reduces quality of life and is costly to treat. It is diagnosed using the symptom-based Rome criteria for functional GI disorders, which was recently updated and released as Rome IV. Both physiologic and psychological variables play a role in the etiology of IBS and perpetuate symptoms. Although research has shed light on IBS pathophysiology, therapeutic interventions remain symptom driven, employing both pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic approaches...
June 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538496/committee-opinion-no-702-female-athlete-triad
#6
(no author information available yet)
The female athlete triad is a medical condition observed in physically active females involving three components: 1) low energy availability with or without disordered eating, 2) menstrual dysfunction, and 3) low bone density. An individual does not need to show clinical manifestations of all three components of the female athlete triad simultaneously to be affected by the condition. Consequences of these clinical conditions may not be completely reversible, so prevention, early diagnosis, and intervention are critical...
June 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538492/committee-opinion-no-702-summary-female-athlete-triad
#7
(no author information available yet)
The female athlete triad is a medical condition observed in physically active females involving three components: 1) low energy availability with or without disordered eating, 2) menstrual dysfunction, and 3) low bone density. An individual does not need to show clinical manifestations of all three components of the female athlete triad simultaneously to be affected by the condition. Consequences of these clinical conditions may not be completely reversible, so prevention, early diagnosis, and intervention are critical...
June 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535241/management-of-depression-in-older-adults-a-review
#8
Rob M Kok, Charles F Reynolds
Importance: Depression in older adults is a common psychiatric disorder affecting their health-related quality of life. Major depression occurs in 2% of adults aged 55 years or older, and its prevalence rises with increasing age. In addition, 10% to 15% of older adults have clinically significant depressive symptoms, even in the absence of major depression. Observations: Depression presents with the same symptoms in older adults as it does in younger populations...
May 23, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534696/light-sleep-and-circadian-rhythms-in-older-adults-with-alzheimer-s-disease-and-related-dementias
#9
Mariana G Figueiro
Alzheimer's disease and related dementias (ADRD) can cause sleep and behavioral problems that are problematic for ADRD patients and their family caregivers. Light therapy has shown promise as a nonpharmacological treatment, and preliminary studies demonstrate that timed light exposure can consolidate and improve nighttime sleep efficiency, increase daytime wakefulness and reduce evening agitation without the adverse effects of pharmacological solutions. Compliance with light treatment and the accurate measurement of light exposures during treatment, however, have presented barriers for the adoption of light therapy for ADRD...
May 23, 2017: Neurodegenerative Disease Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530898/chronic-constipation-update-on-management
#10
REVIEW
Umar Hayat, Mohannad Dugum, Samita Garg
Managing chronic constipation involves identifying and treating secondary causes, instituting lifestyle changes, prescribing pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic therapies, and, occasionally, referring for surgery. Several new drugs have been approved, and others are in the pipeline.
May 2017: Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527057/behavioral-therapy-emotion-and-pain-a-common-anatomical-background
#11
Lauren A-M Dahlke, Jeffrey J Sable, Frank Andrasik
Emotion and pain are closely intertwined in the brain, as the human experience of pain includes both affective and nociceptive components. Although each of these components relies on a different system in the brain, the two systems converge on the anterior cingulate and insular cortices, which interact with the prefrontal cortex and other frontal structures to influence behavior. Both emotional and physical pain elicit activity in these common areas, and conditions that affect one system (e.g., drugs, neural plasticity) may affect the function of the other-ultimately altering the experience of pain...
May 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524911/cancer-related-acute-pain-a-systematic-review-of-evidence-based-interventions-for-putting-evidence-into-practice
#12
Thiruppavai Sundaramurthi, Natalie Gallagher, Bethany Sterling
BACKGROUND: Identifying and implementing evidence-based interventions for cancer-related acute pain can decrease adverse effects and improve quality of life. 
. OBJECTIVES: This article presents current evidence supporting interventions to reduce cancer-related acute pain. 
. METHODS: PubMed and CINAHL® databases were searched to identify studies addressing interventions to manage acute pain in patients with cancer. The interventions are categorized according to the Putting Evidence Into Practice classification schema...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524909/nonpharmacologic-pain-interventions-a-review-of-evidence-based-practices-for-reducing-chronic-cancer-pain%C3%A2
#13
Linda H Eaton, Jeannine M Brant, Karen McLeod, Chao Yeh
BACKGROUND: Pain is a common issue for patients with cancer and can be challenging to manage effectively. Healthcare professionals need to be knowledgeable about evidence-based nonpharmacologic interventions.
. OBJECTIVES: This systematic review critically appraises the strength and quality of the empirical evidence for nonpharmacologic interventions in reducing chronic cancer pain.
. METHODS: Intervention studies were critically appraised and summarized by an Oncology Nursing Society Putting Evidence Into Practice team of RNs, advanced practice nurses, and nurse scientists...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524908/cancer-related-pain-assessment-and-management-with-putting-evidence-into-practice-interventions%C3%A2
#14
Jeannine M Brant, Linda H Eaton, Margaret M Irwin
Many evidence-based pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic strategies exist to manage acute, chronic, refractory, and breakthrough cancer pain. This supplement includes an overview of cancer pain assessment, which is the foundation of pain management. Following the overview are four systematic reviews covering 462 studies on cancer pain management. The Oncology Nursing Society Putting Evidence Into Practice (PEP) expert panel summarized the evidence and provided recommendations for practice based on PEP guidelines...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28519244/neonatal-abstinence-syndrome-update-on-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-strategies
#15
Genny Raffaeli, Giacomo Cavallaro, K Karel Allegaert, Enno Diederik Wildschut, Monica Fumagalli, Massimo Agosti, Dick Tibboel, Fabio Mosca
Substance use among pregnant women is a major public health issue. Both prescription opioid use and illicit opioid abuse have increased dramatically in recent years. Prolonged in utero drug exposure may result in neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS), an acute multisystemic clinical entity that occurs in the first days of life. This syndrome is caused by abrupt discontinuation of fetal exposure to licit or illicit drugs chronically consumed by the mother during pregnancy and transmitted to the fetus through the placenta...
May 18, 2017: Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506281/a-telephonic-mindfulness-based-intervention-for-persons-with-sickle-cell-disease-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Hants Williams, Susan Silva, Leigh Ann Simmons, Paula Tanabe
BACKGROUND: One of the most difficult symptoms for persons with sickle cell disease (SCD) to manage is chronic pain. Chronic pain impacts approximately one-third of persons with SCD and is associated with increased pain intensity, pain behavior, and frequency and duration of hospital visits. A promising category of nonpharmacological interventions for managing both physical and affective components of pain are mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs). METHODS/DESIGN: The primary aim of this study is to conduct a randomized controlled study to evaluate the acceptability and feasibility, as well as to determine the preliminary efficacy, of a telephonic MBI for adults with SCD who have chronic pain...
May 15, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505687/-exacerbation-of-copd
#17
J Lorenz, R Bals, M Dreher, B Jany, R Koczulla, M Pfeifer, W Randerath, G Steinkamp, C Taube, H Watz, W Windisch
Acute worsenings of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) were for a long time regarded as transient deteriorations, although occasionally life-threatening. No connection to disease progression was recognized. Data emerging during the last decade showed that patients had a considerably worse survival outcome after severe exacerbations. This insight was consolidated in 2012 by a large population-based cohort analysis. At present, severe exacerbations are regarded as key risk factors for COPD disease progression...
May 2017: Pneumologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503650/hand-held-fan-airflow-stimulation-relieves-dyspnea-in-lung-cancer-patients
#18
Ni Luh Putu Dewi Puspawati, Ratna Sitorus, Tuti Herawati
OBJECTIVE: The main symptom of lung cancer is dyspnea which can lead to depression, anxiety, limited independent activities, and decreased quality of life. The purpose of this study was to identify the effect of airflow stimulation from a hand-held fan as nonpharmacological palliative intervention on dyspnea in patients with lung cancer. METHODS: This study used open, randomized, controlled, crossover trial design involved 21 participants. Diaphragmatic breathing technique was used in control arm...
April 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496929/management-of-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-focus-on-treatment-options
#19
REVIEW
Pawel Matusik, Jacek Lelakowski, Barbara Malecka, Jacek Bednarek, Remigiusz Noworolski
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is leading cardiac arrhythmia with important clinical implications. Its diagnosis is usually made on the basis on 12-lead ECG or 24-hour Holter monitoring. More and more clinical evidence supports diagnostic use of cardiac event recorders and cardiovascular implantable electronic devices (CIED). Treatment options in patients with atrial fibrillation are extensive and are based on chosen rhythm and/or rate control strategy. The use and selected contraindications to AF related pharmacotherapy, including anticoagulants are shown...
October 2016: Journal of Atrial Fibrillation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494957/antioxidant-and-membrane-binding-properties-of-serotonin-protect-lipids-from-oxidation
#20
Slim Azouzi, Hubert Santuz, Sandrine Morandat, Catia Pereira, Francine Côté, Olivier Hermine, Karim El Kirat, Yves Colin, Caroline Le Van Kim, Catherine Etchebest, Pascal Amireault
Serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) is a well-known neurotransmitter that is involved in a growing number of functions in peripheral tissues. Recent studies have shown nonpharmacological functions of 5-HT linked to its chemical properties. Indeed, it was reported that 5-HT may, on the one hand, bind lipid membranes and, on the other hand, protect red blood cells through a mechanism independent of its specific receptors. To better understand these underevaluated properties of 5-HT, we combined biochemical, biophysical, and molecular dynamics simulations approaches to characterize, at the molecular level, the antioxidant capacity of 5-HT and its interaction with lipid membranes...
May 9, 2017: Biophysical Journal
keyword
keyword
39954
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"