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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656018/systematic-analysis-of-the-cerebrospinal-fluid-proteome-of-fibromyalgia-patients
#1
Payam Emami Khoonsari, Sravani Musunri, Stephanie Herman, Camilla I Svensson, Lars Tanum, Torsten Gordh, Kim Kultima
Fibromyalgia (FM) is a syndrome characterized by widespread muscular pain, fatigue and functional symptoms, which is known to be difficult to diagnose as the various symptoms overlap with many other conditions. Currently, there are no biomarkers for FM, and the diagnosis is made subjectively by the clinicians. We have performed shotgun proteomics on cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) from FM patients and non-pain controls to find potential biomarker candidates for this syndrome. Based on our multivariate and univariate analyses, we found that the relative differences in the CSF proteome between FM patients and controls were moderate...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651826/new-percutaneous-interventions-in-heart-failure
#2
Elisabetta Moscarella, Salvatore Brugaletta, Manel Sabaté
Chronic heart failure (HF) is one of the main causes of mortality and morbidity worldwide and represents a growing challenge in interventional cardiology. Its prevalence is recently increasing due to the improvements in cardiac care with subsequent significant reduction in the HF acute mortality. HF may occur with either a reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) (LVEF<40%, HFrEF) or a preserved EF (typically LVEF≥50%, HFpEF) indicative of diastolic dysfunction. Despite recent advances in drug therapies as well as in nonpharmacological strategies, including defibrillators, cardiac resynchronization therapy, LV assist devices (LVAD), mortality in HF remains high...
April 12, 2018: Minerva Cardioangiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650176/pain-management-strategies-among-hospitalized-trauma-patients-a-preliminary-study-in-a-teaching-hospital-in-indonesia
#3
Deya Prastika, Luppana Kitrungrote, Jintana Damkliang
The incidence of trauma has been high and is considered to have increased throughout the years. This study aimed to describe the pain intensity and pain-management strategies of hospitalized trauma patients. Ninety-five adults presenting trauma with full consciousness, and who were admitted to surgical wards were recruited. Outcomes were assessed in a 3-day follow-up of pain and pain management from January to February 2016 by using questionnaires for interviews. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and repeated measures ANOVA...
February 2018: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649082/transcutaneous-electrical-nerve-stimulation-reduces-resting-pain-in-head-and-neck-cancer-patients-a-randomized-and-placebo-controlled-double-blind-pilot-study
#4
Jennifer E Lee, Carryn M Anderson, Yelena Perkhounkova, Brittany M Sleeuwenhoek, Rebecca R Louison
BACKGROUND: Individuals receiving radiation for head and neck cancer (HNC) often develop painful oral mucositis that impairs function, possibly leading to feeding tubes, hospitalization, and treatment delays. Although pharmacologic medications provide some relief, many report inadequate analgesia and adverse effects. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) is a safe, nonpharmacologic intervention; it decreases pain and analgesics and improves function, yet no studies examined TENS for HNC...
April 11, 2018: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644468/-pharmacological-treatment-of-osteoarthritis-related-pain
#5
REVIEW
T A Nees, M Schiltenwolf
Joint pain due to osteoarthritis (OA) is often severe and disabling and affects a large proportion of the aging population impairing daily living and quality of life. Numerous pharmacological treatment approaches are available. Including major OA guidelines this review presents the current evidence of pharmacological therapies in OA-related pain and covers topical, oral and intraarticular treatment approaches. In patients with mild OA topical nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) can be recommended...
April 11, 2018: Der Schmerz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628964/exploring-the-needs-of-family-caregivers-of-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-qualitative-study
#6
Saeid Pahlavanzadeh, Sharifeh Mousavi, Jahangir Maghsoudi
Background: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common chronic childhood disorders that lead to dysfunction and disability in childhood and subsequently be careful. This study aimed to understand the needs of the children's caregivers in Iran. Materials and Methods: This qualitative research was conducted in 2016. Using purposive sampling, 27 participants from 20 families of children with ADHD were interviewed. Unstructured interviews were conducted within 6 months in Isfahan...
March 2018: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628963/the-effect-of-acupressure-on-physiological-parameters-of-myocardial-infarction-patients-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#7
Marzieh Batvani, Hojatollah Yousefi, Mahboubeh Valiani, Javad Shahabi, Hossein Mardanparvar
Background: Myocardial infarction is a major complication of coronary heart disease, and due to high mortality, is a part of important medical emergencies. Today, complementary and alternative medicine, as nonpharmacological and health promotion methods is considered. Therefore, this study was designed to evaluate the effectiveness of acupressure on physiological parameters of patients with myocardial infarction. Materials and Methods: This clinical trial was carried out among two groups and three stages in 2015...
March 2018: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628545/the-role-of-nonpharmacological-methods-in-attenuation-of-pain-due-to-peripheral-venous-cannulation-a-randomized-controlled-study
#8
Archana Shivashankar, K B Nalini, Prapti Rath
Background: Establishing an intravenous access is indispensable for safe administration of anesthesia. Most of the times, it is executed without any analgesia although the pain associated with this procedure is quite agonizing to the patients. Aims: This study aims to evaluate the role of 3 different nonpharmacological measures such as Valsalva maneuver, flash of light, and distraction method in attenuation of pain during venous cannulation. Design: A clinical randomized controlled study...
January 2018: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625631/operationalizing-surveillance-of-chronic-disease-self-management-and-self-management-support
#9
Teresa J Brady, Jeffrey J Sacks, Albert J Terrillion, Erin M Colligan
Sixty percent of US adults have at least one chronic condition, and more than 40% have multiple conditions. Self-management (SM) by the individual, along with self-management support (SMS) by others, are nonpharmacological interventions with few side effects that are critical to optimal chronic disease control. Ruiz and colleagues laid the conceptual groundwork for surveillance of SM/SMS at 5 socio-ecological levels (individual, health system, community, policy, and media). We extend that work by proposing operationalized indicators at each socio-ecologic level and suggest that the indicators be embedded in existing surveillance systems at national, state, and local levels...
April 5, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622325/pediatric-pain-management
#10
REVIEW
Aarti Gaglani, Toni Gross
Nearly 20 years ago, standards were established for hospitals to assess and treat pain in all patients. Research continues to demonstrate evolving trends in the measurement and effective treatment of pain in children. Behavioral research demonstrating long-lasting effects of inadequate pain control during childhood supports the concepts of early and adequate pain control for children suffering from painful conditions in the acute care setting. The authors discuss pain concepts, highlighting factors specific to the emergency department, and include a review of evidence for pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic treatments...
May 2018: Emergency Medicine Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621892/competence-enhancement-program-of-expressive-arts-in-end-of-life-care-for-health-and-social-care-professionals-a-mixed-method-evaluation
#11
J K M Nan, Bobo Hi-Po Lau, M M L Szeto, K K F Lam, J C N Man, C L W Chan
In the recent decades, expressive arts (EXA) has been used in end-of-life care (EOLC) for facilitating the quality of life of the patients and the caregivers. However, it may not be practical for every EOLC service to dispense EXA activities solely by extensively trained art therapy specialists. There is currently a lack of brief training for nonart therapists, which may have stifled the application of the techniques in clinical settings. The current study therefore described and evaluated the effectiveness of a 2-day EXA training workshop in enhancing practice, knowledge, and self-competence among health and social care professionals working in EOLC using a mixed-method approach...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617872/nonpharmacological-management-of-pain-convergence-in-priorities-fuels-the-drive-for-more-evidence
#12
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 29, 2018: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614764/how-safe-is-ginger-rhizome-for-decreasing-nausea-and-vomiting-in-women-during-early-pregnancy
#13
REVIEW
Julien Stanisiere, Pierre-Yves Mousset, Sophie Lafay
Ginger, Zingiber officinale Roscoe, is increasingly consumed as a food or in food supplements. It is also recognized as a popular nonpharmacological treatment for nausea and vomiting of pregnancy (NVP). However, its consumption is not recommended by all countries for pregnant women. Study results are heterogeneous and conclusions are not persuasive enough to permit heath care professionals to recommend ginger safely. Some drugs are also contraindicated, leaving pregnant women with NVP with few solutions. We conducted a review to assess effectiveness and safety of ginger consumption during early pregnancy...
April 1, 2018: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614184/neonatal-abstinence-syndrome-advances-in-diagnosis-and-treatment
#14
Elisha M Wachman, Davida M Schiff, Michael Silverstein
Importance: Neonatal abstinence syndrome, which occurs as a result of in utero opioid exposure, affects between 6.0 and 20 newborns per 1000 live US births. There is substantial variability in how neonatal abstinence syndrome is diagnosed and managed. Objective: To summarize key studies examining the diagnosis and management (both pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic) of neonatal abstinence syndrome published during the past 10 years. Evidence Review: PubMed, Web of Science, and CINAHL were searched for articles published between July 1, 2007, and December 31, 2017...
April 3, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610916/should-this-patient-receive-prophylactic-medication-to-prevent-delirium-grand-rounds-discussion-from-beth-israel-deaconess-medical-center
#15
Anjala V Tess, Melissa L P Mattison, Joshua R Leo, Eileen E Reynolds
In 2015, the American Geriatrics Society released recommendations for prevention and management of postoperative delirium, based on a systematic literature review and evaluation of nonpharmacologic and pharmacologic approaches by an expert panel. The guidelines recommend an interdisciplinary focus on nonpharmacologic measures (reorientation, medication management, early mobility, nutrition, and gastointestinal motility) for prevention and consideration of this strategy for acute management. They also recommend optimizing nonopioid medication as a means to manage pain and avoiding benzodiazepines other than to treat substance withdrawal...
April 3, 2018: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610109/improvement-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-symptoms-in-school-aged-children-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-autism-via-a-digital-smartglasses-based-socioemotional-coaching-aid-short-term-uncontrolled-pilot-study
#16
Arshya Vahabzadeh, Neha U Keshav, Joseph P Salisbury, Ned T Sahin
BACKGROUND: People with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) commonly experience symptoms related to attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), including hyperactivity, inattention, and impulsivity. One-third of ASD cases may be complicated by the presence of ADHD. Individuals with dual diagnoses face greater barriers to accessing treatment for ADHD and respond less positively to primary pharmacologic interventions. Nonpharmacologic technology-aided tools for hyperactivity and inattention in people with ASD are being developed, although research into their efficacy and safety remains limited...
March 24, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607375/new-trends-and-recent-care-approaches-in-pediatric-oncology-nursing
#17
REVIEW
Ebru Kilicarslan Toruner, Naime Altay
Increased incidence of children diagnosed with cancer and survivors was an impact on changes in pediatric hemato-oncology nursing care. In this review article, it is aimed to investigate the new trends and recent care approaches in pediatric oncology nursing. The recent care topics were common in the literature as family-centered care, technology-based care, program development, primary care of child, health-care provider, survivors and home care, and nonpharmacological care. All of the topics contribute to perform evidence-based care for health promotion and well-being in pediatric hemato-oncology nursing...
April 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606335/spinal-manipulative-therapy-and-other-conservative-treatments-for-low-back-pain-a-guideline-from-the-canadian-chiropractic-guideline-initiative
#18
André E Bussières, Gregory Stewart, Fadi Al-Zoubi, Philip Decina, Martin Descarreaux, Danielle Haskett, Cesar Hincapié, Isabelle Pagé, Steven Passmore, John Srbely, Maja Stupar, Joel Weisberg, Joseph Ornelas
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to develop a clinical practice guideline on the management of acute and chronic low back pain (LBP) in adults. The aim was to develop a guideline to provide best practice recommendations on the initial assessment and monitoring of people with low back pain and address the use of spinal manipulation therapy (SMT) compared with other commonly used conservative treatments. METHODS: The topic areas were chosen based on an Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality comparative effectiveness review, specific to spinal manipulation as a nonpharmacological intervention...
March 29, 2018: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602407/nonpharmacological-interventions-in-the-management-of-hypertension-in-the-adult-population-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#19
REVIEW
Patricia Urrico
This review discusses nonpharmacological interventions for the management of hypertension in people with diabetes. Interventions that focus on controlling weight, reducing salt intake, eating according to the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension guidelines, partaking in regular physical activity, ceasing smoking and self-measuring of blood pressure can lower blood pressure in the population with diabetes. Other positive outcomes resulting from these lifestyle changes are improved glycemia levels and cardiac function and reduction in overall cardiovascular risk...
April 2018: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596288/management-of-intracranial-pressure-part-i-pharmacologic-interventions
#20
Tara L Sacco, Samantha A Delibert
Dangerous, sustained elevation in intracranial pressure (ICP) is a risk for any patient following severe brain injury. Intracranial pressure elevations that do not respond to initial management are considered refractory to treatment, or rICP. Patients are at significant risk of secondary brain injury and permanent loss of function resulting from rICP. Both nonpharmacologic and pharmacologic interventions are utilized to intervene when a patient experiences either elevation in ICP or rICP. In part 1 of this 2-part series, pharmacologic interventions are discussed...
May 2018: Dimensions of Critical Care Nursing: DCCN
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