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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237952/cancer-related-fatigue-treatment-an-overview
#1
REVIEW
Hemanth Mohandas, Saravana Kumar Jaganathan, Mohan Prasath Mani, Manikandan Ayyar, G V Rohini Thevi
Cancer-related fatigue is a symptom of cancer where most patients or the general practitioners tend to misinterpret due to the insufficient understanding or knowledge of cancer-related fatigue (CRF). This paper will provide a better perspective for the patients and the health professionals on how to manage and handle CRF for both mild and severe fatigue patients. Articles were selected from the searches of PubMed database that had the terms "randomized controlled trials," "cancer," "fatigue," "pharmacologic treatment," and "nonpharmacologic treatment" using both Mesh terms and keywords...
October 2017: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237630/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-pruritus
#2
REVIEW
Dominik Nowak, Jensen Yeung
OBJECTIVE: To describe an approach that allows for a streamlined assessment and accurate differentiation of most patients with itch in primary care and to provide an update on the available nonpharmacologic, topical, and systemic therapies. SOURCES OF INFORMATION: MEDLINE (Ovid) and PubMed were searched for the key words itch or pruritus. Searches were refined for each cause and treatment by adding appropriate key words, and subsequent hand searches of the references of retrieved literature were performed...
December 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232539/how-to-identify-and-manage-cognitive-dysfunction-after-breast-cancer-treatment
#3
Marie Lange, Florence Joly
Attention and memory dysfunction is a common complaint among patients with breast cancer that can be reported during and up to several years after treatment. It can negatively affect patients' quality of life and their ability to work. This phenomenon has mainly been studied in patients with breast cancer who are treated with adjuvant chemotherapy. Women describe concentration problems and difficulties with word finding, multitasking, or remembering new information, as well as more effort and time needed to accomplish these tasks...
December 2017: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232248/endocarditis-in-the-setting-of-idu-multidisciplinary-management
#4
Bobby Yanagawa, Anees Bahji, Wiplove Lamba, Darrell H Tan, Asim Cheema, Ishba Syed, Subodh Verma
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this article is to provide a brief overview of the medical and surgical management of infective endocarditis secondary to IDU, with a focus on the underlying substance use disorder. RECENT FINDINGS: Patients with infective endocarditis secondary to IDU are often young with unique comorbidities including mental illness, chronic hepatitis C, HIV infection, which are often compounded by limited social and familial supports. The focus of management has been treatment of endocarditis using IV antibiotics alongside surgery...
December 11, 2017: Current Opinion in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229501/proceedings-of-the-2017-santa-fe-bone-symposium-insights-and-emerging-concepts-in-the-management-of-osteoporosis
#5
REVIEW
E Michael Lewiecki, John P Bilezikian, John J Carey, Richard M Dell, Catherine M Gordon, Steven T Harris, Michael R McClung, Paul D Miller, Michael Rosenblatt
The 18th Annual Santa Fe Bone Symposium was held on August 4-5, 2017, in Santa Fe, New Mexico, USA. The symposium convenes health-care providers and clinical researchers to present and discuss clinical applications of recent advances in research of skeletal diseases. The program includes lectures, oral presentations by endocrinology fellows, case-based panel discussions, and breakout sessions on topics of interest, with emphasis on participation and interaction of all participants. Topics included the evaluation and treatment of adult survivors with pediatric bone diseases, risk assessment and management of atypical femur fractures, nonpharmacologic strategies in the care of osteoporosis, and skeletal effects of parathyroid hormone with opportunities for therapeutic intervention...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Densitometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227520/pediatric-toxicology-household-product-ingestions
#6
Katherine A O'Donnell
Nonpharmaceutical household products are the most common substances involved in exploratory ingestions in young children. Fortunately, most of these products are not toxic if ingested in small volumes. However, there are several household products that have the potential to cause significant toxicity and, rarely, fatalities in young children. Key products reviewed in this article include alcohols, button batteries, corrosive cleaning products, laundry detergent pods, hydrocarbons, and magnets. [Pediatr Ann...
December 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225466/korsakoff-s-syndrome-a-critical-review
#7
REVIEW
Nicolaas Jm Arts, Serge Jw Walvoort, Roy Pc Kessels
In this review, we present a survey on Korsakoff's syndrome (KS), a residual syndrome in patients who suffered from a Wernicke encephalopathy (WE) that is predominantly characterized by global amnesia, and in more severe cases also by cognitive and behavioral dysfunction. We describe the history of KS and its definition, its epidemiology, and the lack of consensus criteria for its diagnosis. The cognitive and behavioral symptoms of KS, which include anterograde and retrograde amnesia, executive dysfunction, confabulation, apathy, as well as affective and social-cognitive impairments, are discussed...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222591/dementia-with-lewy-bodies-and-parkinson-s-disease-dementia-current-concepts-and-controversies
#8
REVIEW
Kurt A Jellinger
Dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) and Parkinson's disease-dementia (PDD), although sharing many clinical, neurochemical and morphological features, according to DSM-5, are two entities of major neurocognitive disorders with Lewy bodies of unknown etiology. Despite considerable clinical overlap, their diagnosis is based on an arbitrary distinction between the time of onset of motor and cognitive symptoms: dementia often preceding parkinsonism in DLB and onset of cognitive impairment after onset of motor symptoms in PDD...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Neural Transmission
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222399/pediatric-disorders-of-orthostatic-intolerance
#9
REVIEW
Julian M Stewart, Jeffrey R Boris, Gisela Chelimsky, Phillip R Fischer, John E Fortunato, Blair P Grubb, Geoffrey L Heyer, Imad T Jarjour, Marvin S Medow, Mohammed T Numan, Paolo T Pianosi, Wolfgang Singer, Sally Tarbell, Thomas C Chelimsky
Orthostatic intolerance (OI), having difficulty tolerating an upright posture because of symptoms or signs that abate when returned to supine, is common in pediatrics. For example, ∼40% of people faint during their lives, half of whom faint during adolescence, and the peak age for first faint is 15 years. Because of this, we describe the most common forms of OI in pediatrics and distinguish between chronic and acute OI. These common forms of OI include initial orthostatic hypotension (which is a frequently seen benign condition in youngsters), true orthostatic hypotension (both neurogenic and nonneurogenic), vasovagal syncope, and postural tachycardia syndrome...
December 8, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220627/neuropsychological-functioning-in-older-adults-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-insomnia-randomized-to-cbt-i-or-control-group
#10
Erin Cassidy-Eagle, Allison Siebern, Lisa Unti, Jill Glassman, Ruth O'Hara
OBJECTIVES: Improving the sleep of older adults with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) represents a first step in discovering whether interventions directed at modifying this risk factor also have the potential to alter the cognitive decline trajectory. METHODS: A six-session, adapted version of a cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) was administered to older adults (N = 28; 14 per group) with MCI across two residential facilities. Participants were randomly assigned to either the sleep intervention or an active control group and completed a neuropsychological battery at three time points (e...
October 24, 2017: Clinical Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214907/the-attend-trial-an-alternative-explanation-with-implications-for-future-recovery-and-rehabilitation-clinical-trials
#11
Carolee Winstein
Over the past decade, ATTEND is one of only a handful of moderate to large-scale nonpharmacologic stroke recovery trials with a focus on rehabilitation. While unique in some respects, its test of superiority for the experimental intervention returned negative/neutral results, with no differences in outcome between the experimental intervention and an appropriate control group - a result not uncommon to the majority of moderate to large stroke rehabilitation intervention trials (i.e. six out of eight conducted in the past decade)...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214620/cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-insomnia-treatment-in-a-military-deployed-operational-setting-utilizing-enlisted-combat-medics-a-quality-and-process-improvement-project
#12
Rohul Amin, Brooke E Wirtz
Insomnia disorder is a prevalent condition especially among the American military, affecting up to 50% of service members. It is shown to affect military performance. Guidelines recommend the use of nonpharmacologic approaches as initial treatment of insomnia. Cognitive behavioral therapy informed insomnia treatment (CBT-I) has the greatest evidence, however it requires specialized training. While deployed in the Middle East in support of US military operations, we faced a resource challenge while caring for service members with insomnia...
October 2017: U.S. Army Medical Department Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207895/nonpharmacological-management-of-neonatal-abstinence-syndrome-a-review-of-the-literature
#13
Gareth Ryan, Anishnaabe Bimaadiziwin, Joe Dooley, Lianne Gerber Finn, Len Kelly
BACKGROUND: Infants with neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) experience withdrawal that occurs as a result of termination of placental opioid supply following delivery. Common symptoms include restlessness, tremors, agitation and gastrointestinal disturbances. Severe NAS is often treated using opioids and/or sedatives. Although commonly employed effectively in neonatal care, there is a lack of published information regarding nonpharmacological management of the NAS infant. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this review was to summarize the current literature on nonpharmacological management of NAS...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203684/nonpharmacological-management-of-atrial-fibrillation-in-patients-at-high-intracranial-hemorrhage-risk
#14
REVIEW
M Edip Gurol
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 4, 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200836/computerized-cognitive-stimulation-and-engagement-programs-in-older-adults-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-comparing-feasibility-acceptability-and-cognitive-and-psychosocial-effects
#15
Leila Djabelkhir, Ya-Huei Wu, Jean-Sébastien Vidal, Victoria Cristancho-Lacroix, Fabienne Marlats, Hermine Lenoir, Ariela Carno, Anne-Sophie Rigaud
Purpose: Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is associated with a higher risk of dementia and is becoming a topic of interest for pharmacological and nonpharmacological interventions. With advances in technology, computer-based cognitive exercises are increasingly integrated into traditional cognitive interventions, such as cognitive training. Another type of cognitive intervention involving technology use is cognitive engagement, consisting of involving participants in highly motivational and mentally challenging activities, such as learning to use a form of new digital technology...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200001/effect-of-aromatherapy-massage-on-chemotherapy-induced-peripheral-neuropathic-pain-and-fatigue-in-patients-receiving-oxaliplatin-an-open-label-quasi-randomized-controlled-pilot-study
#16
Nur Izgu, Leyla Ozdemir, Fatma Bugdayci Basal
BACKGROUND: Patients receiving oxaliplatin may experience peripheral neuropathic pain and fatigue. Aromatherapy massage, a nonpharmacological method, may help to control these symptoms. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this open-label, parallel-group, quasi-randomized controlled pilot study was to investigate the effect of aromatherapy massage on chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathic pain and fatigue in patients receiving oxaliplatin. METHODS: Stratified randomization was used to allocate 46 patients to 2 groups: intervention (n = 22) and control (n = 24)...
December 2, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196594/perceptions-of-families-of-intensive-care-unit-patients-regarding-involvement-in-delirium-prevention-activities-a-qualitative-study
#17
Pamela L Smithburger, Amanda S Korenoski, Sheila A Alexander, Sandra L Kane-Gill
BACKGROUND: Nonpharmacologic delirium-prevention strategies are commonly used in the intensive care unit by bedside nurses. With up to 80% of intensive care unit patients becoming delirious, and lacking treatment options, prevention is key. However, with increasing nurse workloads, innovative delirium-prevention strategies such as involving the patient's family are needed. OBJECTIVE: To gain insight into opinions of patients' families regarding active participation in delirium-prevention activities to inform specific recommendations for involving patients' families in such activities...
December 2017: Critical Care Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196587/perceptions-of-family-members-nurses-and-physicians-on-involving-patients-families-in-delirium-prevention
#18
Pamela L Smithburger, Amanda S Korenoski, Sandra L Kane-Gill, Sheila A Alexander
BACKGROUND: Delirium occurs in up to 80% of patients admitted to an intensive care unit. Nonpharmacologic delirium-prevention strategies, which are commonly used by the bedside nurse, have reduced the incidence and duration of delirium in patients in the intensive care unit. With increasing demands on the nurse, strategies such as including the patient's family in delirium prevention activities should be investigated. OBJECTIVE To determine opinions and willingness of health care providers to involve patients' families in nonpharmacologic delirium-prevention activities in the intensive care unit, and of patients' families to be involved...
December 2017: Critical Care Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196586/implementing-a-multicomponent-intervention-to-prevent-delirium-among-critically-ill-patients
#19
Felipe Martínez, Ana María Donoso, Carla Marquez, Eduardo Labarca
BACKGROUND: Delirium is common among the critically ill. Nonpharmacologic interventions are reportedly effective in reducing incident delirium, but limited data specific to this population exist. OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy and describe the implementation strategy of a multicomponent intervention to prevent delirium in an intensive care unit. METHODS: A before-and-after study was conducted in an intensive care unit between May 2014 through August 2015...
December 2017: Critical Care Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185535/behavioral-therapy-for-tourette-syndrome-and-chronic-tic-disorders
#20
REVIEW
Odette Fründt, Douglas Woods, Christos Ganos
Purpose of review: To summarize behavioral interventions for the treatment of primary tic disorders. Recent findings: Although tics were attributed to a disordered weak volition, the shift towards neurobiological models of tic disorders also transformed nonpharmacologic treatment practices. Current international guidelines recommend habit reversal training, comprehensive behavioral intervention, and exposure and response prevention as first-line therapies for tics...
April 2017: Neurology. Clinical Practice
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