keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Problem behavior

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161526/individualism-collectivism-social-self-control-and-adolescent-substance-use-and-risky-sexual-behavior
#1
Pallav Pokhrel, Brooke L Bennett, Sakshi Regmi, Bulat Idrisov, Artur Galimov, Leila Akhmadeeva, Steve Sussman
Individualism and collectivism are cultural syndromes that have been associated with adolescent problem behavior in studies conducted in the U.S. and Southeast Asia. However, research investigating the mechanisms of how cultural orientation impacts health risk behaviors has been limited. This study tested a new model explaining the relationship between cultural orientation (i.e., individualism, collectivism) and adolescent problem behavior (i.e., substance use and risky sex) in terms of interpersonal self-regulation (i...
November 21, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161295/cardiac-and-renal-dysfunction-is-associated-with-progressive-hearing-loss-in-patients-with-fabry-disease
#2
Maria Köping, Wafaa Shehata-Dieler, Mario Cebulla, Kristen Rak, Daniel Oder, Jonas Müntze, Peter Nordbeck, Christoph Wanner, Rudolf Hagen, Sebastian Schraven
BACKGROUND: Fabry disease (FD) is an X-linked recessive hereditary lysosomal storage disorder which results in the accumulation of globotriaosylceramid (Gb3) in tissues of kidney and heart as well as central and peripheral nervous system. Besides prominent renal and cardiac organ involvement, cochlear symptoms like high-frequency hearing loss and tinnitus are frequently found with yet no comprehensive data available in the literature. OBJECTIVE: To examine hearing loss in patients with FD depending on cardiac and renal function...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160819/physical-fighting-and-associated-factors-among-adolescents-aged-13-15-years-in-six-western-pacific-countries
#3
Lili Yang, Yuanyuan Zhang, Bo Xi, Pascal Bovet
Youth violence is an important public health challenge around the world, yet the literature on this problem in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) has been limited. The present study aims to examine the prevalence of adolescent physical fighting (defined as having been involved in at least one physical fight during the past 12 months) in selected LMICs, and its relations with potential risk factors. We included 6377 school-going adolescents aged 13-15 years from six Western Pacific (WP) countries that had recently conducted a Global School-based Student Health Survey...
November 21, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160603/relationship-between-self-reported-cognitive-difficulties-objective-neuropsychological-test-performance-and-psychological-distress-in-chronic-pain
#4
K S Baker, S J Gibson, N Georgiou-Karistianis, M J Giummarra
BACKGROUND: Persons with chronic pain often report problems with cognitive abilities, such as memory or attention. There is limited understanding of whether objective performance is consistent with subjective reports, and how psychological factors contribute. We aimed to investigate these relationships in a group of patients expressing cognitive concerns, and evaluate the utility of self-report tools for pain management settings. METHOD: Participants with chronic pain (n = 41) completed standardized neuropsychological tests, and self-report measures of cognitive functioning, pain, mood and sleep, as part of a broader study investigating cognitive performance in pain...
November 21, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160337/can-parenting-practices-predict-externalizing-behavior-problems-among-children-with-hearing-impairment
#5
María J Pino, Rosa A Castillo, Antonio Raya, Javier Herruzo
OBJECTIVE: To identify possible differences in the level of externalizing behavior problems among children with and without hearing impairment and determine whether any relationship exists between this type of problem and parenting practices. METHODS: The Behavior Assessment System for Children was used to evaluate externalizing variables in a sample of 118 boys and girls divided into two matched groups: 59 with hearing disorders and 59 normal-hearing controls. RESULTS: Significant between-group differences were found in hyperactivity, behavioral problems, and externalizing problems, but not in aggression...
November 9, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159767/development-and-validation-of-the-health-of-the-nation-outcome-scales-residential-facility-honos-rf
#6
Laura Pedrini, Mariangela Lanfredi, Clarissa Ferrari, Sonia Andreose, Pasquale Basso, Rossella Beneduce, Rosaria Pioli, Luciana Rillosi, Giuseppe Rossi, Roberta Rossi, Giovanni Battista Tura
The Health of the Nation Outcome Scale (HoNOS) (Lora et al. Epidemiol Psichiatr Soc 10(3):198-212, 2001) is widely used. However, clinicians have expressed concerns about its ability to describe severe mentally ill patients, as it does not consider some relevant clinical aspects. This study aims to develop and validate the HoNOS-Residential Facility (HoNOS-RF) in order to pursue a thorough assessment of patients admitted to psychiatric residential facilities (RFs). The final version of the HoNOS-RF was administered to 409 patients admitted to four RFs...
November 21, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159752/response-to-commentaries-recognizing-hypersexuality-as-a-psychosexual-behavioral-problem-and-advancing-the-sexhavior-cycle-of-hypersexuality
#7
Michael T Walton, James M Cantor, Navjot Bhullar, Amy D Lykins
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 20, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159539/the-importance-of-assessing-for-childhood-abuse-and-lifetime-ptsd-in-bariatric-surgery-candidates
#8
Emily Walsh, Lia Rosenstein, Kristy Dalrymple, Iwona Chelminski, Mark Zimmerman
For bariatric surgery candidates, history of child abuse and PTSD may be under-recognized or under-reported at pre-surgical evaluation. On a range of clinically relevant factors, we studied 3045 candidates for bariatric surgery: (1) those with a history of childhood abuse compared to those without such history; and (2) among candidates with a history of abuse, those with a lifetime diagnosis of PTSD compared to those without that diagnosis. We compared them on current and lifetime eating disorders, physical health problems, health behaviors, physical functioning, psychosocial functioning, psychiatric disorders, emotional wellness, body satisfaction, and self-esteem...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158961/the-furvela-tent-trap-mk-1-1-for-the-collection-of-outdoor-biting-mosquitoes
#9
Jacques D Charlwood, Mark Rowland, Natacha Protopopoff, Corey Le Clair
Outdoor transmission of malaria and other vector borne diseases remains a problem. The WHO has recently recognized the need for suitable methods for assessing vector density outdoors and a number of tent-traps have been developed. Only one such trap, the Furvela tent-trap, does not require an 'entry' behavior on the part of the mosquito. It remains the cheapest and lightest tent-trap described. It takes less than two minutes to install and is the only trap that uses readily available components. Here we describe recent modifications to the trap, which make it even easier to set up in the field, provide a standard operating procedure (SOP) and describe some recent experiments examining the effect of the addition of light and door placement to working of the trap...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158475/universal-model-of-individual-and-population-mobility-on-diverse-spatial-scales
#10
Xiao-Yong Yan, Wen-Xu Wang, Zi-You Gao, Ying-Cheng Lai
Studies of human mobility in the past decade revealed a number of general scaling laws. However, to reproduce the scaling behaviors quantitatively at both the individual and population levels simultaneously remains to be an outstanding problem. Moreover, recent evidence suggests that spatial scales have a significant effect on human mobility, raising the need for formulating a universal model suited for human mobility at different levels and spatial scales. Here we develop a general model by combining memory effect and population-induced competition to enable accurate prediction of human mobility based on population distribution only...
November 21, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158359/are-cocaine-seeking-habits-necessary-for-the-development-of-addiction-like-behavior-in-rats
#11
Bryan F Singer, Monica Fadanelli, Alex B Kawa, Terry E Robinson
Drug self-administration models of addiction typically require animals to make the same response (e.g., a lever-press or nose-poke) over and over to procure and take drugs. By their design, such procedures often produce behavior controlled by stimulus-response (S-R) habits. This has supported the notion of addiction as a "drug habit", and has led to considerable advances in our understanding of the neurobiological basis of such behavior. However, for addicts to procure drugs, like cocaine, often requires considerable ingenuity and flexibility in seeking behavior, which, by definition, precludes the development of habits...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158252/food-addiction-high-glycemic-index-carbohydrates-and-obesity
#12
REVIEW
Belinda Lennerz, Jochen K Lennerz
BACKGROUND: Treatment success in obesity remains low, and recently food addiction has been delineated as an underlying etiologic factor with therapeutic relevance. Specifically, current treatment focuses on reduced food intake and increase of physical activity, whereas interventions for addiction encompass behavioral therapy, abstinence, and environmental interventions such as taxation, restrictions on advertising, and regulation of school menus. CONTENT: Here, we reviewed the pertinent literature on food addiction with a specific focus on the role of high-glycemic-index carbohydrates in triggering addictive symptoms...
November 20, 2017: Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158227/physical-and-sexual-dating-violence-and-nonmedical-use-of-prescription-drugs
#13
Heather B Clayton, Richard Lowry, Kathleen C Basile, Zewditu Demissie, Michele K Bohm
BACKGROUND: Little information is available on the associations between nonmedical use of prescription drugs (NMUPD) and dating violence victimization (DVV) among high school students and how associations vary by sex. METHODS: We used data from the 2015 national Youth Risk Behavior Survey, a cross-sectional survey of a nationally representative sample of students in grades 9 to 12. The sample was restricted to students who dated during the 12 months before the survey, resulting in a sample of 5136 boys and 5307 girls...
November 20, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157640/early-to-bed-early-to-rise-sleep-perceptions-patterns-and-related-behaviors-in-ultra-orthodox-jewish-adolescents-in-israel
#14
Hila Vidal, Tamar Shochat
OBJECTIVES: Studies have described biological and environmental mechanisms underlying adolescent sleep, yet the role of culture has received little attention. Ultra-orthodox (Haredi) Judaism adheres to a traditional lifestyle. To examine how culture and lifestyle are associated with sleep, this study compared sleep perceptions, habits, and patterns and related daytime behaviors among ultra-orthodox and secular Jewish adolescents. METHODS: A sample of 178 healthy adolescents (116 ultra-orthodox, 77 males, ages 13-17) gathered via snowball sampling completed the School Sleep Habits Survey to assess sleep perceptions, habits, patterns (timing and duration), and related behaviors (sleepiness, mood, sleep-problem behaviors)...
December 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157589/overweight-and-obesity-add-to-behavioral-problems-in-children-with-sleep-disordered-breathing
#15
Sarah N Biggs, Knarik Tamanyan, Lisa M Walter, Aidan J Weichard, Margot J Davey, Gillian M Nixon, Rosemary S C Horne
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine whether overweight and obesity increased the detrimental effects of pediatric sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) on cognition, behavior, mood, and quality of life. METHODS: Children and adolescents (8-16 years) with clinically diagnosed SDB were categorized into two groups: healthy weight (Body Mass Index (BMI) z-score <1.04, N = 11) and overweight/obese (BMI z-score ≥ 1.04, N = 10). Age-matched healthy weight, non-snoring controls (N = 25) were recruited from the community...
November 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156451/impact-of-stressful-life-events-on-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#16
Tsung Yu, Anja Frei, Gerben Ter Riet, Milo A Puhan
BACKGROUND: There is a general notion that stressful life events may cause mental and physical health problems. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to describe stressful life events reported by patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and to assess their impact on health outcomes and behaviors. METHODS: Two hundred and sixty-six primary care patients who participated in the ICE COLD ERIC cohort study were asked to document any stressful life events in the past 3 years...
November 1, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156297/associations-between-causal-attributions-and-personal-stigmatizing-attitudes-in-untreated-persons-with-current-mental-health-problems
#17
Susanne Stolzenburg, Simone Freitag, Silke Schmidt, Georg Schomerus
Past research has shown that among the general public, certain causal explanations like biomedical causes are associated with stronger desire for social distance from persons with mental illness. Aim of this study was to find out how different causal attributions of persons with untreated mental health problems regarding their own complaints are associated with stigmatizing attitudes, anticipated self-stigma when seeking help and perceived stigma-stress. Altogether, 207 untreated persons with a current depressive syndrome were interviewed...
November 6, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156247/humor-doesn-t-retire-improvisation-as-a-health-promoting-intervention-for-older-adults
#18
Lucy A Morse, Linda Xiong, Vanessa Ramirez-Zohfeld, Seltzer Anne, Becca Barish, Lee A Lindquist
As our population ages and aging in place continues to remain a priority of older adults, identifying novel ways to promote the wellbeing of older adults and reduce isolation is of the utmost importance. The Second City is a Chicago-based comedy improvisation organization that provides training in improvisation. One of their training courses, Humor Doesn't Retire, specifically teaches adults 55 and over, on improvisation. This study sought to explore the experiences of older adults enrolled in Humor Doesn't Retire, and to characterize any benefits that older adult participants perceived following participation in the comedy improvisation course...
October 28, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155843/the-relation-between-statistical-power-and-inference-in-fmri
#19
Henk R Cremers, Tor D Wager, Tal Yarkoni
Statistically underpowered studies can result in experimental failure even when all other experimental considerations have been addressed impeccably. In fMRI the combination of a large number of dependent variables, a relatively small number of observations (subjects), and a need to correct for multiple comparisons can decrease statistical power dramatically. This problem has been clearly addressed yet remains controversial-especially in regards to the expected effect sizes in fMRI, and especially for between-subjects effects such as group comparisons and brain-behavior correlations...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155814/optimal-synaptic-signaling-connectome-for-locomotory-behavior-in-caenorhabditis-elegans-design-minimizing-energy-cost
#20
Franciszek Rakowski, Jan Karbowski
The detailed knowledge of C. elegans connectome for 3 decades has not contributed dramatically to our understanding of worm's behavior. One of main reasons for this situation has been the lack of data on the type of synaptic signaling between particular neurons in the worm's connectome. The aim of this study was to determine synaptic polarities for each connection in a small pre-motor circuit controlling locomotion. Even in this compact network of just 7 neurons the space of all possible patterns of connection types (excitation vs...
November 20, 2017: PLoS Computational Biology
keyword
keyword
39951
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"