keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Oesophagitis

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029002/infrared-intraoperative-fluorescence-imaging-using-indocyanine-green-in-thoracic-surgery
#1
Olugbenga T Okusanya, Nicholas R Hess, James D Luketich, Inderpal S Sarkaria
Thoracic surgery faces many unique challenges that require innovative solutions. The increase in utilization of minimally invasive practices, poor overall cancer survival and significant morbidity of key operations remain key obstacles to overcome. Intraoperative fluorescence imaging is a process by which fluorescent dyes and imaging systems are used as adjuncts for surgeons in the operating room. Other surgical subspecialists have shown that intraoperative fluorescence imaging can be applied as a practical adjunct to their practices...
September 27, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027485/concentration-dependent-effect-of-fumonisin-b1-on-apoptosis-in-oesophageal-cancer-cells
#2
R B Khan, A Phulukdaree, A A Chuturgoon
The geographical distribution of oesophageal cancer is linked to the exposure of fumonisin B1 (FB1), a mycotoxin produced by fungi that contaminates staple food worldwide. Non-genotoxic carcinogens like FB1 disturb homeostasis through increased cell proliferation or suppression of apoptosis. This study investigated the involvement of FB1 (0-20 μM) in spindle-shaped N-cadherin (+) CD45 (-) osteoblastic (SNO) cell death. Cell viability and death were assessed using the MTS and Annexin V-Fluos assays, respectively...
January 1, 2017: Human & Experimental Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027279/long-non-coding-rna-pvt1-emerging-biomarker-in-digestive-system-cancer
#3
REVIEW
Dan-Dan Zhou, Xiu-Fen Liu, Cheng-Wei Lu, Om Prakash Pant, Xiao-Dong Liu
The digestive system cancers are leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide, and have high risks of morbidity and mortality. More and more long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been studied to be abnormally expressed in cancers and play a key role in the process of digestive system tumour progression. Plasmacytoma variant translocation 1 (PVT1) seems fairly novel. Since 1984, PVT1 was identified to be an activator of MYC in mice. Its role in human tumour initiation and progression has long been a subject of interest...
October 12, 2017: Cell Proliferation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026592/yield-of-prolonged-wireless-ph-monitoring-in-achalasia-patients-successfully-treated-with-pneumatic-dilation
#4
Aurelio Mauro, Marianna Franchina, Alessandra Elvevi, Delia Pugliese, Andrea Tenca, Dario Conte, Roberto Penagini
BACKGROUND: Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) is a long-term complication of achalasia treatments. The aim of our study was to evaluate the yield of prolonged wireless pH monitoring in patients with successfully treated achalasia and its influence on proton pump inhibitor (PPI) use. METHODS: Twenty-five patients with achalasia who underwent prolonged wireless pH monitoring after a successful treatment with pneumatic dilation were enrolled. pH variables were analysed in the first 24 hours of monitoring to determine if tracings were indicative of GORD; the same variables were analysed in the following 24-hour period in order to obtain a worst-day diagnosis of GORD...
October 2017: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025781/subclinical-meningoventriculitis-as-a-cause-of-obstructive-hydrocephalus
#5
Ravindran Visagan, Laurent James Livermore, Dominic Kelly, Shailendra Magdum
Communicating hydrocephalus may complicate infantile bacterial meningitis, typically presenting with systemic features of infection. We report a rare case of 'subclinical meningoventriculitis' causing obstructive hydrocephalus and its challenging management. A healthy 10-week-old immunocompetent male patient presented with failure to thrive and vomiting, secondary to presumed gastro-oesophageal reflux. The child was neurologically alert, afebrile with normal inflammatory markers. Progressive macrocephaly prompted an MRI confirming triventricular hydrocephalus secondary to aqueductal stenosis...
October 11, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025777/oesophageal-ischaemia-an-uncommon-cause-of-chest-pain
#6
Ayodele Sasegbon, Akram Algieder, Bashir Rameh
A 79-year-old woman with a history of ischaemic heart disease and atrial fibrillation presented to hospital with severe chest pain. Blood tests showed an elevated D-dimer and a rise in troponin I. ECG showed right bundle branch block pattern and T wave inversion in leads V1 to V3, although these changes were present in old ECGs. A chest X-ray was done which was normal. Due to the nature and severity of her pain a CT aortic angiogram was done. This did not show any evidence of aortic dissection or a pulmonary embolism...
October 11, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024949/nutritional-optimization-during-neoadjuvant-therapy-prior-to-surgical-resection-of-esophageal-cancer-a-narrative-review
#7
Jeremy R Huddy, Fiona M S Huddy, Sheraz R Markar, Olga Tucker
This narrative review aims to evaluate the evidence for the different nutritional approaches employed during neoadjuvant therapy in patients with loco-regional esophageal cancer. Patients with esophageal cancer are often malnourished and difficult to optimise nutritionally. Whilst evidence suggests neoadjuvant therapy can offer a survival advantage, associated toxicity can exacerbate poor nutritional status. There is currently no accepted standard of care regarding optimal nutritional approach.A systematic literature search was undertaken...
August 30, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021249/prescribing-ppis
#8
(no author information available yet)
Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are widely prescribed and many people remain on them for years. In some, there may be good justification for long-term use; for example, in those with oesophageal stricture, Barrett's oesophagus or a history of a bleeding gastrointestinal ulcer, or to provide gastroprotection in those at high risk of gastrointestinal complications from taking NSAIDs. However, PPIs are often not used in line with clinical guidelines.(1,2) In addition, there are concerns that many people take them for long periods to manage less serious conditions (e...
October 2017: Drug and Therapeutics Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019984/transitional-basal-cells-at-the-squamous-columnar-junction-generate-barrett-s-oesophagus
#9
Ming Jiang, Haiyan Li, Yongchun Zhang, Ying Yang, Rong Lu, Kuancan Liu, Sijie Lin, Xiaopeng Lan, Haikun Wang, Han Wu, Jian Zhu, Zhongren Zhou, Jianming Xu, Dong-Kee Lee, Lanjing Zhang, Yuan-Cho Lee, Jingsong Yuan, Julian A Abrams, Timothy C Wang, Antonia R Sepulveda, Qi Wu, Huaiyong Chen, Xin Sun, Junjun She, Xiaoxin Chen, Jianwen Que
In several organ systems, the transitional zone between different types of epithelium is a hotspot for pre-neoplastic metaplasia and malignancy, but the cells of origin for these metaplastic epithelia and subsequent malignancies remain unknown. In the case of Barrett's oesophagus, intestinal metaplasia occurs at the gastro-oesophageal junction, where stratified squamous epithelium transitions into simple columnar cells. On the basis of a number of experimental models, several alternative cell types have been proposed as the source of this metaplasia but in all cases the evidence is inconclusive: no model completely mimics Barrett's oesophagus in terms of the presence of intestinal goblet cells...
October 11, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017392/a-new-chromosomal-arrangement-due-to-paternal-balanced-translocation-for-syndromic-oesophageal-atresia-case-report
#10
Arzu Koc Bebek, Sema Agar, Ceyda Aydın, Serdar Erman, Ümran Çetinçelik, Ali İhsan Dokucu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 11, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016992/how-to-prevent-atrial-oesophageal-fistula-following-ablation-of-atrial-fibrillation-are-there-actually-any-effective-methods-author-s-reply
#11
Mauricio Scanavacca, José Tarcísio Medeiros De Vasconcelos, Silas Dos Santos Galvão Filho, Jacob Atié, Washington Maciel, Olga Ferreira De Souza, Eduardo Benchimol Saad, Carlos Antonio Kalil, Rodrigo De Castro Mendonça, Nilson Araujo, Cristiano F Pisani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 10, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993052/nivolumab-in-patients-with-advanced-gastric-or-gastro-oesophageal-junction-cancer-refractory-to-or-intolerant-of-at-least-two-previous-chemotherapy-regimens-ono-4538-12-attraction-2-a-randomised-double-blind-placebo-controlled-phase-3-trial
#12
Yoon-Koo Kang, Narikazu Boku, Taroh Satoh, Min-Hee Ryu, Yee Chao, Ken Kato, Hyun Cheol Chung, Jen-Shi Chen, Kei Muro, Won Ki Kang, Kun-Huei Yeh, Takaki Yoshikawa, Sang Cheul Oh, Li-Yuan Bai, Takao Tamura, Keun-Wook Lee, Yasuo Hamamoto, Jong Gwang Kim, Keisho Chin, Do-Youn Oh, Keiko Minashi, Jae Yong Cho, Masahiro Tsuda, Li-Tzong Chen
BACKGROUND: Patients with advanced gastric or gastro-oesophageal junction cancer refractory to, or intolerant of, two or more previous regimens of chemotherapy have a poor prognosis, and current guidelines do not recommend any specific treatments for these patients. We assessed the efficacy and safety of nivolumab, a fully human IgG4 monoclonal antibody inhibitor of programmed death-1 (PD-1), in patients with advanced gastric or gastro-oesophageal junction cancer who had been previously been treated with two or more chemotherapy regimens...
October 5, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983402/regulatory-t-cell-heterogeneity-and-the-cancer-immune-response
#13
REVIEW
Kirsten A Ward-Hartstonge, Roslyn A Kemp
The frequency of circulating or tumour-infiltrating regulatory T cells (Tregs) has been associated with poor patient survival in many cancers including breast, melanoma and lung. It has been hypothesised that Tregs impact the anti-tumour function of effector T cells, resulting in worse outcomes for patients. However, high infiltrates of Tregs have been associated with a positive outcome of patients in a minority of cancers including colorectal, bladder and oesophageal. In addition, many studies have shown no impact of Tregs in patient outcome...
September 2017: Clinical & Translational Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982887/chemoradiotherapy-for-solitary-skeletal-muscle-metastasis-from-oesophageal-cancer-case-report-and-brief-literature-review
#14
Yoshiaki Fujimoto, Yuichiro Nakashima, Shun Sasaki, Tomoko Jogo, Kosuke Hirose, Keitaro Edahiro, Shotaro Korehisa, Daisuke Taniguchi, Kensuke Kudou, Y U Nakaji, Ryota Nakanishi, Koji Ando, Hiroshi Saeki, Eiji Oki, Minako Fujiwara, Yoshinao Oda, Yoshihiko Maehara
BACKGROUND: The incidence of skeletal muscle metastasis from oesophageal cancer is very low, and the treatment strategy has not been established. CASE REPORT: A 77-year-old man underwent oesophagectomy following neoadjuvant chemotherapy for oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma (CT-pT3 N0 M0, CT-pStage II). Fourteen months after surgery, he became aware of a subcutaneous tumour in his left forearm. Computed tomography and fluorodeoxyglucose positron-emission tomography revealed a 65×75 mm intramuscular nodular lesion with a standardized uptake value of 8...
October 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980899/oesophageal-disease-in-systemic-sclerosis-does-heritability-play-a-role
#15
Tracy Frech, Latifa Fakoya, Andrew J Gawron, Jathine Wong, Mary Beth Scholand, Allen Sawitzke, Kathryn Peterson
OBJECTIVES: In systemic sclerosis (SSc) the most common gastrointestinal tract (GIT) complaint is gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), which may contribute to oesophagitis, stricture, Barrett's oesophagus, and oesophageal adenocarcinoma. We used a genealogical resource the Utah Population Database (UPDB) to analyse SSc pedigrees for hereditability of oesophageal disease. METHODS: SSc, GERD, oesophagitis, stricture, Barrett's, and oesophageal adenocarcinoma were defined by ICD Ninth and Tenth Revision codes...
October 2, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980898/resistin-a-possible-biomarker-of-organ-involvement-in-systemic-sclerosis-patients
#16
Karolina Sawicka, Małgorzata Michalska-Jakubus, Małgorzata Kowal, Emilia Potembska, Dorota Krasowska
OBJECTIVES: Resistin has strong pro-inflammatory and profibrotic properties, which are key pathogenetic processes in systemic sclerosis. We hypothesised that resistin may be associated with organ involvement and inflammatory process in SSc patients. To address this hypothesis, the aim of this study was to define serum resistin levels in SSc patients and control group and determine the correlation between this adipokine and internal organ involvement in SSc patients. METHODS: The study enrolled 48 Caucasian female patients with SSc and 38 healthy subjects of control group...
September 18, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979718/characterisation-and-risk-assessment-of-venous-thromboembolism-in-gastrointestinal-cancers
#17
Robert L Metcalf, Eamon Al-Hadithi, Nicholas Hopley, Thomas Henry, Clare Hodgson, Antony McGurk, Wasat Mansoor, Jurjees Hasan
AIM: To characterise venous thromboembolism (VTE) in gastrointestinal cancer and assess the clinical utility of risk stratification scoring. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis using electronic patient records of 910 gastro-oesophageal (GO) cancer and 1299 colorectal cancer (CRC) patients referred to a tertiary cancer centre to identify the incidence of VTE, its relationship to chemotherapy and impact on survival. VTE risk scores were calculated using the Khorana index...
September 15, 2017: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978306/respiratory-gated-4d-contrast-enhanced-fdg-pet-ct-for-radiotherapy-planning-of-lower-oesophageal-carcinoma-feasibility-and-impact-on-planning-target-volume
#18
Andrew Scarsbrook, Gillian Ward, Patrick Murray, Rebecca Goody, Karen Marshall, Garry McDermott, Robin Prestwich, Ganesh Radhakrishna
BACKGROUND: To assess the feasibility and potential impact on target delineation of respiratory-gated (4D) contrast-enhanced (18)Fluorine fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography - computed tomography (PET-CT), in the treatment planning position, for a prospective cohort of patients with lower third oesophageal cancer. METHODS: Fifteen patients were recruited into the study. Imaging included 4D PET-CT, 3D PET-CT, endoscopic ultrasound and planning 4D CT...
October 4, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977486/anatomical-distribution-of-residual-cancer-in-patients-with-oesophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-who-achieved-clinically-complete-response-after-neoadjuvant-chemoradiotherapy
#19
Yin-Kai Chao, Wen-Yu Chuang, Chi-Ju Yeh, Hsien-Kun Chang, Chen-Kan Tseng
OBJECTIVES: Recent advances in neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (nCRT) have significantly increased the rates of pathological complete response achieved by patients with oesophageal cancer. Consequently, a watchful waiting strategy based on 'active endoscopic surveillance and surgery as needed' has been proposed for cases without clinical evidence of disease after neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy. Here, we investigated whether endoscopic surveillance is a reliable tool for the detection of the initially unidentified residual cancer in this patient group...
July 20, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977436/the-role-of-individualized-treatment-in-patients-with-oesophageal-cancer-mind-the-patient-and-not-only-the-disease
#20
Demetrios Moris, Dimitrios Schizas, Eleftherios Spartalis, Antonios Athanasiou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 20, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
keyword
keyword
3995
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"