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Elder maltreatment

Jeanne A Teresi, David Burnes, Elizabeth A Skowron, Mary Ann Dutton, Laura Mosqueda, Mark S Lachs, Karl Pillemer
The goal of this review is to discuss the state-of-the-science in elder abuse prevention. Findings from evidence-based programs to reduce elder abuse are discussed, drawing from findings and insights from evidence-based programs for child maltreatment and domestic/intimate partner violence. A conceptual measurement model for the study of elder abuse is presented, and linked to possible measures of risk factors and outcomes. Advances in neuroscience in child maltreatment and novel measurement strategies for outcome assessment are presented...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
Philip R A Baker, Daniel P Francis, Noran N Hairi, Sajaratulnisah Othman, Wan Yuen Choo
BACKGROUND: Maltreatment of older people (elder abuse) includes psychological, physical, sexual abuse, neglect and financial exploitation. Evidence suggests that 10% of older adults experience some form of abuse, and only a fraction of cases are actually reported or referred to social services agencies. Elder abuse is associated with significant morbidity and premature mortality. Numerous interventions have been implemented to address the issue of elder maltreatment. It is, however, unclear which interventions best serve to prevent or reduce elder abuse...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Steven A Sumner, James A Mercy, Linda L Dahlberg, Susan D Hillis, Joanne Klevens, Debra Houry
IMPORTANCE: Interpersonal violence, which includes child abuse and neglect, youth violence, intimate partner violence, sexual violence, and elder abuse, affects millions of US residents each year. However, surveillance systems, programs, and policies to address violence often lack broad, cross-sector collaboration, and there is limited awareness of effective strategies to prevent violence. OBJECTIVES: To describe the burden of interpersonal violence in the United States, explore challenges to violence prevention efforts and to identify prevention opportunities...
August 4, 2015: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
Xin Qi Dong
This article is based on the lecture for the 2014 American Geriatrics Society Outstanding Scientific Achievement for Clinical Investigation Award. Elder abuse is a global public health and human rights problem. Evidence suggests that elder abuse is prevalent, predictable, costly, and sometimes fatal. This review will highlight the global epidemiology of elder abuse in terms of its prevalence, risk factors, and consequences in community populations. The global literature in PubMed, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, BIOSIS, Science Direct, and Cochrane Central was searched...
June 2015: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Amy Carney
Elder abuse is a growing problem in the United States. Incidents of physical and sexual abuse, as well as neglect, continue to rise as the population ages. Maltreatment of the elderly is associated with increased morbidity and mortality rate, as well as increased health care costs. Fear, shame, and lack of knowledge contribute to underreporting of elder abuse and put the safety of elders at risk. This paper describes indicators of physical and sexual abuse and neglect in the elderly intensive care unit patient and presents how abuse can be identified in the critical care setting...
July 2015: Critical Care Nursing Quarterly
Debbie Ann Loh, Wan Yuen Choo, Noran Naqiah Hairi, Sajaratulnisah Othman, Farizah Mohd Hairi, Fadzilah Hanum Mohd Mydin, Siti Nur Illiani Jaafar, Maw Pin Tan, Zainudin Mohd Ali, Suriyati Abdul Aziz, Rohaya Ramli, Rosmala Mohamad, Zaiton Lal Mohammad, Norlela Hassan, Patricia Brownell, Awang Bulgiba
AIM: The aim of this study was to describe a trial protocol of an educational intervention for nurses to improve their awareness and practice in detecting and managing elder abuse and neglect. BACKGROUND: Knowledgeable and skilful nurses are crucial amidst the growing numbers of maltreated older patients. DESIGN: This trial is a multi-site, three-armed, community-based cluster randomized controlled trial with 6-months follow-up. METHODS: This study will involve 390 community and registered nurses from government health clinics in Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia (protocol approved in October 2013)...
November 2015: Journal of Advanced Nursing
Lynn Chaiken, Jewel Mullen
STATEMENT OF PURPOSE: Creating a culture of safety must include collaborating across sectors to promote the health of older adults, the focal point of ASTHO's 2015 President's Challenge. This year's challenge is "Healthy Ageing-Living Longer Better" and preventing injury is an essential component. As injury directors know, it takes the support and engagement of state health officials, their public health teams, state and local experts in ageing and a broad network of partners, to implement evidence-based strategies for increasing the number of older adults who are living well in our communities...
April 2015: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
Rosa Martins, Maria João Neto, Ana Andrade, Carlos Albuquerque
INTRODUCTION: The aging population is increasing worldwide, but the abuse and mistreatment in the elderly (often silenced forms) has also been increasing, with strong implications for their quality of life. OBJECTIVE: To identify forms of abuse and ill-treatment in the elderly, as well as the determinants of these abuses. METHODOLOGY: This is a quantitative study, of the non-experimental, descriptive, cross-sectional type attended by 135 Portuguese elderly...
November 2014: Atencion Primaria
Shelly L Jackson, Thomas L Hafemeister
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether case characteristics are differentially associated with four forms of elder maltreatment. METHOD: Triangulated interviews were conducted with 71 APS caseworkers, 55 victims of substantiated abuse whose cases they managed, and 35 third party persons. RESULTS: Pure financial exploitation (PFE) was characterized by victim unawareness of financial exploitation and living alone. Physical abuse (PA) was characterized by victim's desire to protect the abusive individual...
December 2014: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
Martine Mikolajczak, Corinne Gabillaud
The notion of well-treatment has followed on from the prevention of maltreatment, resulting from a discussion process instigated by the managers of nursing homes and from actions deployed over the years. After the designation of a lead person, the formalisation of reference documents to be used by the staff, and the assessment of monitoring indicators, professionals were invited to consider their professional practices. This article presents the results of this approach in Angoulême.
March 2014: Soins. Gérontologie
Sharyn E Parks, Linda L Johnson, Dawn D McDaniel, Matthew Gladden
PROBLEM/CONDITION: An estimated 55,000 persons die annually in the United States as a result of violence-related injuries. This report summarizes data from CDC's National Violent Death Reporting System (NVDRS) regarding violent deaths from 16 U.S. states for 2010. Results are reported by sex, age group, race/ethnicity, marital status, location of injury, method of injury, circumstances of injury, and other selected characteristics. REPORTING PERIOD COVERED: 2010...
January 17, 2014: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
Xinqi Dong
Elder abuse, also called elder mistreatment or elder maltreatment, includes psychological, physical, and sexual abuse, neglect (caregiver neglect and self-neglect), and financial exploitation. Evidence suggests that 1 out of 10 older adults experiences some form of elder abuse, and only a fraction of cases are actually reported to social services agencies. At the same time, elder abuse is independently associated with significant morbidity and premature mortality. Despite these findings, there is a great paucity in research, practice, and policy dealing with this pervasive issue...
April 2014: Gerontologist
Fritz Pragst, Sebastian Broecker, Martin Hastedt, Sieglinde Herre, Hilke Andresen-Streichert, Hans Sachs, Michael Tsokos
BACKGROUND: Children living in homes with drug-addicted parents are in a steady danger of poisoning and may suffer from neglect, maltreatment, and lagging behind in development. Hair analysis could be a suitable way to examine this endangering exposure to drugs. METHODS: Hair samples from 149 children (aged 1-14 years) living with parents substituted by methadone and/or suspected for abuse of illegal drugs, and from 124 of the parents in a German community were investigated by liquid chromatography-hybrid quadrupole time-of flight mass spectrometry and by headspace solid phase microextraction gas chromatography-mass spectrometry for methadone, heroin, cocaine, amphetamines, ecstasy, cannabinoids and benzodiazepines and their metabolites or degradation products (32 compounds)...
December 2013: Therapeutic Drug Monitoring
Rajini Sooryanarayana, Wan-Yuen Choo, Noran N Hairi
OBJECTIVES: Aging is a rising phenomenon globally and elder abuse is becoming increasingly recognized as a health and social problem. This review aimed to identify the prevalence of elder abuse in community settings, and discuss issues regarding measurement tools and strategies to measure elderly abuse by systematically reviewing all community-based studies conducted worldwide. METHOD: Articles on elder abuse from 1990 to 2011 were reviewed. A total of 1,832 articles referring to elders residing at home either in their own or at relatives' houses were searched via CINAHL and MEDLINE electronic databases, in addition to a hand search of the latest articles in geriatric textbooks and screening references, choosing a total of 26 articles for review...
October 2013: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
Christine Gayte
The procedures to assess practices in health or medical social institutions aim to improve the quality and safety of health care. The respect of good practices concerns all players in the health care system. At practice level, the risk of maltreatment, a major potential hindrance to the quality of care, must always be borne in mind.
June 2013: Revue de L'infirmière
Merav Ben Natan, Nili Tabak
A great deal of research has considered the dynamics of family violence and the way that family violence is processed and handled in the criminal justice system. Very little nursing research has considered the dynamics of older persons' maltreatment in long-term care. Older people living in a residential setting have the right to respectful care based on professional ethics. To fill this void, the current study proposes to identify policy implications for effectively implementing the recently developed Israeli public law designed to protect vulnerable older adults in nursing homes...
March 2013: Medicine and Law
Kate Ryan Kuhlman, Andreas Maercker, Rahel Bachem, Keti Simmen, Andrea Burri
The purpose of this study was to quantify the association between childhood traumatic experiences and geriatric depression (GDS) in a population of elderly who were exposed to severe childhood trauma. We aimed to identify the role of childhood maltreatment exposure in geriatric depression and the developmental and contextual factors that exacerbate this relationship. We interviewed 141 former indentured child laborers (58 females) about their experiences as children and their current depressive symptoms (Mage=77, SD=6...
November 2013: Child Abuse & Neglect
Annelissa Andrade Virgínio de Oliveira, Debora Raquel Soares Guedes Trigueiro, Maria das Graças Melo Fernandes, Antonia Oliveira Silva
The study aimed to identify, through an integrative literature review, scientific knowledge, produced between 2005 and 2009 about the mistreatment of the elderly. It was selected sixteen studies in the data banks LILACS, SciELO and BDENF. Of the sixteen studies, 56.25% comprised original articles. The journal that published the most was the Public Health Journal (25%), being the majority of the studies from the Southeast (56.25%). The survey revealed that the physical violence was prevalent among the elderly; the home was the environment where aggression occurs more frequently; and family members were the main aggressors...
January 2013: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
Jonathan Matusitz, Gerald-Mark Breen, Ning Jackie Zhang, Binyam K Seblega
In this article the authors discuss the prevalence of resident abuse and reported violations of care deficiencies and resident maltreatment in nursing homes in the United States. The number of nursing homes in the United States that are cited with abuse violations has increased in recent years. While the authors recognize that treatments (both positive and negative) received by residents are sometimes related to factors other than staff's lack of knowledge and poor attitudes, their purpose in this analysis is to enhance resident integrity through the improvement of staff interpersonal communication skills...
2013: Journal of Evidence-based Social Work
Shelly L Jackson, Thomas L Hafemeister
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to test whether particular actions on the part of adult protective services (APS), the elderly victim, and/or society's response to abusive individuals, are associated with the continuation of abuse after the close of an APS investigation and thereby compromise victim safety. METHOD: Interviews were conducted with 71 APS caseworkers, 55 of the elderly victims of substantiated abuse, and 35 third-party persons. RESULTS: A small proportion of elderly victims continue to experience abuse after the close of an APS investigation...
April 2013: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
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