keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

STAT1

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537924/genetic-defects-of-the-irf1-mediated-major-histocompatibility-complex-class-i-antigen-presentation-pathway-occur-prevalently-in-the-jak2-gene-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#1
Tao Shen, Zhengming Chen, Zhizhuang Joe Zhao, Jie Wu
Recognition of major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I antigens on tumor cells by cytotoxic T cells is involved in T cell-mediated tumor immune surveillance and immune checkpoint therapy. The interferon-γ (IFNγ)-IRF1 signaling pathway regulates MHC class I antigen presentation. To examine genetic defects of the IFNγ-IRF1 pathway in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), we analyzed The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) lung adenocarcinoma (LuAd) and lung squamous cell carcinoma (LuSc) data. Loss-of-function (LOF) genetic alterations of the IFNγ-IRF1 pathway genes (IFNGR1, IFNGR2, JAK1, JAK2, STAT1, IRF1) were found in 64 (6...
May 8, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533225/multi-functional-effects-of-a-small-molecule-stat3-inhibitor-on-nash-and-hcc-in-mice
#2
Kwang Hwa Jung, Wonbeak Yoo, Heather L Stevenson, Dipti Deshpande, Hong Shen, Mihai Gagea, Suk-Young Yoo, Jing Wang, Thomas Kris Eckols, Uddalak Bharadwaj, David J Tweardy, Laura Beretta
The incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is increasing in the United States and liver cancer is the second leading cause of cancer-related mortality worldwide. Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is becoming an important risk for HCC and most patients with HCC have underlying liver cirrhosis and compromised liver function, which limit treatment options. Thus, novel therapeutic strategies to prevent or treat HCC in the context of NASH and cirrhosis are urgently needed. <br /><br />Experimental Design: Constitutive activation of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) is frequently detected in HCC tumors...
May 22, 2017: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528205/heterotrimeric-complex-of-p38-mapk-pkc%C3%AE-and-tirap-is-required-for-ap1-mediated-inflammatory-response
#3
Mirza S Baig, Dongfang Liu, Kannan Muthu, Anjali Roy, Uzma Saqib, Adnan Naim, Syed M Faisal, Mansi Srivastava, Rohit Saluja
Inflammation could be described as a physiological response of the body to tissue injury, pathogen invasion, and irritants. During the inflammatory phase, cells of both the innate as well as adaptive immune system are activated and recruited to the site of inflammation. These mediators are downstream targets for the transcription factors; activator protein-1 (AP1), nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer (NF-κB), signal transducers and activators of transcription factors (STAT1), as well as interferon regulatory factors (IRFs), which control the expression of most immunomodulatory genes...
May 18, 2017: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525837/differentially-expressed-jak-stat-signaling-pathway-genes-and-target-micrornas-in-the-spleen-of-necrotic-enteritis-afflicted-chicken-lines
#4
Anh Duc Truong, Deivendran Rengaraj, Yeojin Hong, Cong Thanh Hoang, Yeong Ho Hong, Hyun S Lillehoj
The JAK signal transducer and STAT signaling pathway is an important regulator of cell proliferation, differentiation, survival, motility, apoptosis, immune response, and development. In this study, we used RNA-Sequencing, qRT-PCR, and bioinformatics tools to investigate the differential expression of JAK-STAT pathway genes, their interactions, and regulators in the spleen of two genetically disparate chicken lines (Marek's disease-resistant line 6.3 and MD-susceptible line 7.2) induced necrotic enteritis (NE) disease by co-infection with Eimeria maxima and Clostridium perfringens...
May 13, 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521627/disseminated-bacillus-calmette-gu%C3%A3-rin-osteomyelitis-in-twin-sisters-related-to-stat1-gene-deficiency
#5
Sabah Boudjemaa, Linda Dainese, Sébastien Héritier, Caroline Masserot, Samia Hachemane, Jean-Laurent Casanova, Aurore Coulomb, Jacinta Bustamante
Mendelian susceptibility to mycobacterial disease is a rare syndrome characterized by severe clinical infections usually caused by weakly virulent mycobacterial species such as Bacillus Calmette-Guérin vaccines and environmental nontuberculous mycobacteria or more virulent mycobacteria as mycobacterium tuberculosis. Since 1996, 9 genes including 7 autosomal ( STAT1, IFNGR1, IFNGR2, IL12B, IL12RB1, ISG15, and IRF8) and 2 X-linked genes ( NEMO and CYBB) have been identified. Allelic heterogeneity leaded to recognize about 18 genetic diseases with variable clinical phenotypes, but sharing a same physiological mechanism represented by a defect in human IL-12-dependant-INF-γ-mediated immunity...
June 2017: Pediatric and Developmental Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511943/relationship-between-soluble-cd25-and-gene-expression-in-healthy-individuals-and-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis
#6
Sophie Buhelt, Rikke Lenhard Ratzer, Jeppe Romme Christensen, Lars Börnsen, Finn Sellebjerg, Helle Bach Søndergaard
Genome wide association studies and fine mapping has established a firm link between the IL2RA gene, encoding the interleukin-2 receptor α-chain CD25, and susceptibility to multiple sclerosis (MS). We hypothesized that gene expression in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from healthy controls (HCs) and MS patients are associated with IL2RA SNP rs2104286 and that gene expression levels correlate with soluble CD25 (sCD25) concentrations - that are affected by rs2104286. We used the Affymetrix Human Gene ST 1...
May 13, 2017: Cytokine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510715/quantitative-specificity-of-stat1-and-several-variants
#7
Basab Roy, Zheng Zuo, Gary D Stormo
The quantitative specificity of the STAT1 transcription factor was determined by measuring the relative affinity to hundreds of variants of the consensus binding site including variations in the length of the site. The known consensus sequence is observed to have the highest affinity, with all variants decreasing binding affinity considerably. There is very little loss of binding affinity when the CpG within the consensus binding site is methylated. Additionally, the specificity of mutant proteins, with variants of amino acids that interact with the DNA, was determined and nearly all of them are observed to lose specificity across the entire binding site...
May 16, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507795/digital-analysis-and-epigenetic-regulation-of-the-signature-of-rejection-in-colorectal-cancer
#8
Viktor H Koelzer, Lena Sokol, Stefan Zahnd, Lucine Christe, Heather Dawson, Martin D Berger, Daniel Inderbitzin, Inti Zlobec, Alessandro Lugli
The immune system plays a pivotal role in the development and progression of colorectal cancer (CRC). Tumor immune rejection has been previously linked to the activation of the interferon-stimulated genes (ISG) STAT1, IRF-5 and IRF-1. Specific immunoregulatory microRNAs (miRNAs) may impact the expression of these ISG in the tumor microenvironment. In this translational study, we develop a digital image analysis protocol to identify the ISG-gene expression signature and investigate miRNA expression in the immediate environment of invading cancer cells...
2017: Oncoimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507043/non-phosphorylated-stat1-helps-infected-macrophages-to-survive
#9
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 15, 2017: Journal of Cell Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500070/cxcr3-1-and-cxcr3-2-differentially-contribute-to-macrophage-polarization-in-teleost-fish
#10
Xin-Jiang Lu, Qiang Chen, Ye-Jing Rong, Feng Chen, Jiong Chen
The study of multiple copies of chemokine receptor genes in various teleosts has long appealed to investigators seeking to understand the evolution of the immune system. The CXCR CXCR3 gene has two isoforms, CXCR3.1 and CXCR3.2, which are both expressed in macrophages. The distinct roles of teleost CXCR3s have not been identified previously. In this article, we found that CXCR3.1 and CXCR3.2 differentially contributed to macrophage polarization in the teleosts: ayu (Plecoglossus altivelis), grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella), and spotted green pufferfish (Tetraodon nigroviridis)...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496097/hepatitis-b-virus-e-antigen-activates-the-suppressor-of-cytokine-signaling-2-to-repress-interferon-action
#11
Yi Yu, Pin Wan, Yanhua Cao, Wei Zhang, Junbo Chen, Li Tan, Yan Wang, Zhichen Sun, Qi Zhang, Yushun Wan, Ying Zhu, Fang Liu, Kailang Wu, Yingle Liu, Jianguo Wu
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection causes acute hepatitis B (AHB), chronic hepatitis B (CHB), liver cirrhosis (LC), and eventually hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The presence of hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg) in the serum generally indicates ongoing viral replication and disease progression. However, the mechanism by which HBeAg regulates HBV infection remains unclear. Interferons (IFNs) are pleiotropic cytokines that participate in host innate immunity. After binding to receptors, IFNs activate the JAK/STAT pathway to stimulate expression of IFN-stimulated genes (ISGs), leading to induction of antiviral responses...
May 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494922/analysis-of-jak-stat-signaling-pathway-genes-and-their-micrornas-in-the-intestinal-mucosa-of-genetically-disparate-chicken-lines-induced-with-necrotic-enteritis
#12
Anh Duc Truong, Deivendran Rengaraj, Yeojin Hong, Cong Thanh Hoang, Yeong Ho Hong, Hyun S Lillehoj
The JAK-STAT signaling pathway plays a key role in cytokine and growth factor activation and is involved in several cellular functions and diseases. The main objective of this study was to investigate the expression of candidate JAK-STAT pathway genes and their regulators and interactors in the intestinal mucosal layer of two genetically disparate chicken lines [Marek's disease (MD)-resistant line 6.3 and MD-susceptible line 7.2] induced with necrotic enteritis (NE). Through RNA-sequencing, we investigated 116 JAK-STAT signaling pathway-related genes that were significant and differentially expressed between the intestinal mucosa of the two lines compared with respective uninfected controls...
May 2017: Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494868/interferon-receptor-signaling-pathways-regulating-pd-l1-and-pd-l2-expression
#13
Angel Garcia-Diaz, Daniel Sanghoon Shin, Blanca Homet Moreno, Justin Saco, Helena Escuin-Ordinas, Gabriel Abril Rodriguez, Jesse M Zaretsky, Lu Sun, Willy Hugo, Xiaoyan Wang, Giulia Parisi, Cristina Puig Saus, Davis Y Torrejon, Thomas G Graeber, Begonya Comin-Anduix, Siwen Hu-Lieskovan, Robert Damoiseaux, Roger S Lo, Antoni Ribas
PD-L1 and PD-L2 are ligands for the PD-1 immune inhibiting checkpoint that can be induced in tumors by interferon exposure, leading to immune evasion. This process is important for immunotherapy based on PD-1 blockade. We examined the specific molecules involved in interferon-induced signaling that regulates PD-L1 and PD-L2 expression in melanoma cells. These studies revealed that the interferon-gamma-JAK1/JAK2-STAT1/STAT2/STAT3-IRF1 axis primarily regulates PD-L1 expression, with IRF1 binding to its promoter...
May 9, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492391/hepatitis-c-virus-drives-increased-type-i-interferon-associated-impairments-associated-with-fibrosis-severity-in-antiretroviral-treatment-treated-hiv-1-hepatitis-c-virus-coinfected-individuals
#14
Morgane Griesbeck, Marc-Antoine Valantin, Karine Lacombe, Assia Samri-Hassimi, Julie Bottero, Catherine Blanc, Zineb Sbihi, Rima Zoorob, Christine Katlama, Marguerite Guiguet, Marcus Altfeld, Brigitte Autran
BACKGROUND: Viral coinfections might contribute to the increased immune activation and inflammation that persist in antiretroviral treatment (ART)-treated HIV-1 patients. We investigated whether the hepatitis C virus (HCV) coinfection contributes to such alterations by impairing the plasmacytoid dendritic cell (pDC) IFNα/TLR7 pathway in a highly homogeneous group of ART-treated HIV-1-HCV-coinfected patients. METHODS: Twenty-nine HIV-1-infected patients with fully suppressive ART were included, 15 of whom being HCV-coinfected with mild-to-moderate fibrosis and matched for their HIV-1 disease, and 13 control healthy donors...
June 1, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488774/fscn1-is-upregulated-by-snai2-and-promotes-epithelial-to-mesenchymal-transition-in-head-and-necksquamous-cell-carcinoma
#15
Lei Wang, YaoPeng Jia, ZengYu Jiang, Wei Gao, BinQuan Wang
In this study, we investigated whether there is any association between the expression of FSCN1 and SNAI2and the possible underlying mechanisms in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSC). In addition, we also investigated whether FSCN1 modulates epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) in HNSC cells. Microarray data of dysregulated genes in HNSC was searched in GEO datasets. The association between FSCN1 expression and the 5-year/10-year overall survival (OS), as well as the correlation between the expression of FSCN1 and SOX2, MYBL2, SNAI2, STAT1 and SOX4 were analyzed based on data in TCGA HNSC cohort (TCGA-HNSC)...
May 10, 2017: Cell Biology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488695/blockade-of-ido-kynurenine-ahr-metabolic-circuitry-abrogates-ifn-%C3%AE-induced-immunologic-dormancy-of-tumor-repopulating-cells
#16
Yuying Liu, Xiaoyu Liang, Xiaonan Yin, Jiadi Lv, Ke Tang, Jingwei Ma, Tiantian Ji, Huafeng Zhang, Wenqian Dong, Xun Jin, Degao Chen, Yanchun Li, Songyan Zhang, Heidi Q Xie, Bin Zhao, Tong Zhao, Jinzhi Lu, Zhuo-Wei Hu, Xuetao Cao, F Xiao-Feng Qin, Bo Huang
Interactions with the immune system may lead tumorigenic cells into dormancy. However, the underlying molecular mechanism is poorly understood. Using a 3D fibrin gel model, we show that IFN-γ induces tumour-repopulating cells (TRCs) to enter dormancy through an indolamine 2,3-dioxygenase 1 (IDO1)-kynurenine (Kyn)-aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR)-p27 dependent pathway. Mechanistically, IFN-γ signalling triggers differentiated tumour cell apoptosis via STAT1; however, when IDO1 and AhR are highly expressed as in TRCs, IFN-γ results in IDO1/AhR-dependent p27 induction that prevents STAT1 signalling, thus suppressing the process of cell death and activating the dormancy program...
May 10, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487813/transcriptional-and-molecular-pathways-activated-in-mesenteric-adipose-tissue-and-intestinal-mucosa-of-crohn-s-disease-patients
#17
Andressa Coope, Lívia Bitencourt Pascoal, Francesca Aparecida Ramos da Silva, José Diego Botezelli, Maria de Lourdes Setsuko Ayrizono, Marciane Milanski, Michel Gardere Camargo, Núria Planell, Mariana Portovedo, Cilene Bicca Dias, João José Fagundes, Raquel Franco Leal
Crohn's disease (CD) is a chronic inflammatory disorder, characterized by cytokine imbalance and transcription signaling pathways activation. In addition, the increase of mesenteric adipose tissue (MAT) near the affected intestinal area is a hallmark of CD. Therefore, we evaluated the transcription signaling pathways and cytokines expression in intestinal mucosa and MAT of active CD patients. Ten patients with ileocecal CD and eight with noninflammatory diseases were studied. The biopsies of intestinal mucosa and MAT were snap-frozen and protein expression was determined by immunoblotting...
2017: International Journal of Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484267/microrna-146a-reduces-mhc-ii-expression-via-targeting-jak-stat-signaling-in-dendritic-cells-after-stem-cell-transplantation
#18
N Stickel, K Hanke, D Marschner, G Prinz, M Köhler, W Melchinger, D Pfeifer, A Schmitt-Graeff, T Brummer, A Heine, P Brossart, D Wolf, N von Bubnoff, J Finke, J Duyster, J Ferrara, U Salzer, R Zeiser
Acute Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is a major immunological complication after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation and a better understanding of the molecular regulation of the disease could help to develop novel targeted therapies. Here we found that a G/C polymorphism within the human microRNA-146a (miR-146a) gene of transplant-recipients, which causes reduced miR-146a levels, was strongly associated with the risk of developing severe acute GVHD (n=289). In mice, deficiency of miR-146a in the hematopoietic system or transfer of recipient-type miR-146a(-/-) dendritic cells (DCs) enhanced GVHD, while miR-146a mimic-transfected-DCs ameliorated disease...
May 9, 2017: Leukemia: Official Journal of the Leukemia Society of America, Leukemia Research Fund, U.K
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480427/inhibitory-effect-of-emodin-on-raw-264-7-activated-with-double-stranded-rna-analogue-poly-i-c
#19
Young-Jin Kim, Ji Young Lee, Hyun-Ju Kim, Do-Hoon Kim, Tae Hee Lee, Mi Suk Kang, You-Kyung Choi, Hye Lim Lee, Jaieun Kim, Hyo-Jin An, And Wansu Park
BACKGROUND: Emodin (3-methyl-1, 6, 8-trihydroxyanthraquinone) is a compound which can be found in Polygoni Multiflori Radix (PMR). PMR is the root of Polygonum multiflorum. PMR is used to treat dizziness, spermatorrhea, sores, and scrofula as well as chronic malaria traditionally in China and Korea. The anti-tumor property of emodin was already reported. However, anti-viral activity of emodin on macrophages are not fully reported. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Effects of emodin on RAW 264...
2017: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476581/tumour-associated-macrophages-activate-migration-and-stat3-in-pancreatic-ductal-adenocarcinoma-cells-in-co-cultures
#20
Aino Salmiheimo, Harri Mustonen, Sanna Vainionpää, Zhanlong Shen, Esko Kemppainen, Pauli Puolakkainen, Hanna Seppänen
OBJECTIVES: Tumour-associated macrophages participate in tumour development and progression. The aim of this study was to assess the interactions of pancreatic cancer cells and pro-inflammatory M1 and anti-inflammatory M2 macrophages, specifically their effect on pancreatic cancer cell migration and the changes in STAT-signalling. METHODS: Monocytes were isolated from healthy subjects and differentiated into macrophages with M-CSF. The macrophages were polarized towards M1 by IL-12 and towards M2 by IL-10...
April 24, 2017: Pancreatology: Official Journal of the International Association of Pancreatology (IAP) ... [et Al.]
keyword
keyword
39942
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"