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Oesophagectomy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329246/lymphovascular-invasion-and-extracapsular-invasion-are-risk-factors-for-distant-recurrence-after-preoperative-chemoradiotherapy-and-oesophagectomy-in-patients-with-oesophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#1
Po-Kuei Hsu, Ling-I Chien, Lei-Chi Wang, Teh-Ying Chou
OBJECTIVES: Patients with oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma have a high risk of disease recurrence even after trimodality treatments, which include preoperative chemoradiotherapy and oesophagectomy. We aimed to identify the histological factors that are associated with loco-regional and distant recurrence. METHODS: A retrospective review of a prospectively established database identified patients who received preoperative chemoradiotherapy and oesophagectomy for squamous cell carcinoma...
February 27, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278490/outcomes-after-oesophageal-perforation-a-retrospective-cohort-study-of-patients-with-different-aetiologies
#2
T T Law, J Yl Chan, D Kk Chan, D Tong, I Yh Wong, F Sy Chan, S Law
INTRODUCTION: The mortality rate after oesophageal perforation is high despite advances in operative and non-operative techniques. In this study, we sought to identify risk factors for hospital mortality. METHODS: We retrospectively examined patients treated for oesophageal perforation in a university teaching hospital in Hong Kong between January 1997 and December 2013. Their demographic and clinical characteristics, aetiology, management strategies, and outcomes were recorded and analysed...
March 10, 2017: Hong Kong Medical Journal, Xianggang Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276285/gastric-conduit-obstruction-due-to-gastroduodenal-compression-a-new-complication-post-ivor-lewis-oesophagectomy
#3
Victoria A Perkins, Samuel McFerran, Ali Kordzadeh, Elias Sdralis, Bruno Lorenzi, Alexandros Charalabopoulos
INTRODUCTION: Oesophagectomy for oesophageal carcinoma carries a high risk of significant morbidity and mortality. Delayed gastric emptying is a relatively common complication following this procedure. A variety of medical, surgical and endoscopic strategies have been described to manage it. The vast majority of cases are related to post-operative pyloric dysfunction and are amenable to conventional management strategies. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We present a new case of a patient with a duodenal hiatus hernia resulting in extrinsic gastroduodenal compression by the massively distended gastric conduit as a cause of gastric outlet obstruction following laparoscopic-assisted Ivor-Lewis oesophagectomy 2 years previously...
March 9, 2017: Acta Chirurgica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262585/the-prognostic-and-potentially-predictive-value-of-the-laur%C3%A3-n-classification-in-oesophageal-adenocarcinoma
#4
Rosa T van der Kaaij, Petur Snaebjornsson, Francine E M Voncken, Jolanda M van Dieren, Edwin P M Jansen, Karolina Sikorska, Annemieke Cats, Johanna W van Sandick
AIM: To investigate the histological subtypes of oesophageal adenocarcinoma according to the Laurén classification (intestinal/diffuse/mixed) in relation to tumour response to neoadjuvant treatment, and in relation to patients' survival after potentially curative treatment. METHODS: Data were collected from all oesophageal adenocarcinoma patients who underwent potentially curative treatment in our institute between 1998 and 2014. Treatment consisted of neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (36-50 Gy) followed by an oesophagectomy or definitive chemoradiotherapy (50-50...
March 2, 2017: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199649/does-cervical-lymph-node-recurrence-after-oesophagectomy-or-definitive-chemoradiotherapy-for-thoracic-oesophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-benefit-from-salvage-treatment
#5
Xiaoli Yuan, Jiahua Lv, Hang Dong, Jiuhui Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 10, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186271/long-term-outcome-of-open-versus-hybrid-minimally-invasive-ivor-lewis-oesophagectomy-a-propensity-score-matched-study%C3%A2
#6
Philippe Rinieri, Moussa Ouattara, Geoffrey Brioude, Anderson Loundou, Henri de Lesquen, Delphine Trousse, Christophe Doddoli, Pascal Alexandre Thomas, Xavier Benoit D'Journo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186238/initial-experience-with-a-dual-anchor-stent-for-anastomotic-strictures-after-oesophagectomy
#7
Eitan Podgaetz, Rafael Garza-Castillon, Rafael S Andrade, Jose Vega-Peralta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120276/the-development-application-and-analysis-of-an-enhanced-recovery-programme-for-major-oesophagogastric-resection
#8
Timothy J Underwood, F Noble, N Madhusudan, D Sharland, R Fraser, J Owsley, M Grant, J J Kelly, James P Byrne
BACKGROUND: Enhanced recovery programmes improve outcomes in surgery, but their implementation after upper gastrointestinal resection has been limited. The aim of this study was to compare short-term outcomes for patients undergoing oesophagogastric surgery in an enhanced recovery programme (EROS). METHODS: EROS was developed after a multidisciplinary meeting by multiple rounds of revision. EROS was applied to all patients undergoing major upper GI resection at a university teaching hospital in the UK from 20/9/13, with data reviewed at 18/09/15...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078465/non-inferiority-of-minimally-invasive-oesophagectomy-an-8-year-retrospective-case-series
#9
L Findlay, C Yao, D H Bennett, R Byrom, N Davies
BACKGROUND: The trend towards laparoscopic surgery seen in other specialties has not occurred at the same pace in oesophagectomy. This stems from concerns regarding compromised oncological clearance, and complications associated with gastric tube necrosis and anastomotic failure. We present our experience of minimally invasive oesophagectomy (MIO) compared to open and hybrid surgery. We aim to ascertain non-inferiority of MIO by evaluating impact on survival, oncological clearance by resection margin and lymph node harvest and post-operative complications...
January 11, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078131/a-novel-management-of-post-oesophagectomy-gastro-pleural-fistula
#10
Javaid Ishtiaq, Jonathan Sutton, Waqar Ahmed
Oesophageal anastomotic leak and fistula are major and life-threatening complications of oesophagectomy with resultant increased mortality. Non-operative approach of such cases should be the initial strategy. Re-operative surgery and/or stent insertion are considered if conservative measures failed. Although oesophageal stenting is a safe option for the leaks, stent migration and failure to completely cover large anastomotic leaks are the main complications and pitfalls of the procedure. These can be overcome by using multiple or larger stents...
December 2016: Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073987/neutrophil-lymphocyte-ratio-and-risk-of-atrial-fibrillation-after-thoracic-surgery
#11
Kevin J Walsh, Kay See Tan, Hao Zhang, David Amar
OBJECTIVES: Postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) occurs frequently in patients after noncardiac thoracic surgery and has been associated with increased morbidity and risk of stroke. Recent studies have shown conflicting results on the role of neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and its association with the development of POAF after cardiac surgery. Our goal was to determine whether an association exists between NLR and the incidence of POAF after non-cardiac thoracic surgery. METHODS: Using a database of 259 consecutive patients age 60 or older who had anatomic lung resection or oesophagectomy for oncologic resection, we compared preoperative, postanaesthesia care unit and postoperative day 1 NLR between patients who did and did not develop POAF during their hospitalization using Fisher's exact test or logistic regression...
January 10, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072456/systemic-inflammatory-markers-and-outcome-in-patients-with-locally-advanced-adenocarcinoma-of-the-oesophagus-and-gastro-oesophageal-junction
#12
V P Jagadesham, S M Lagarde, A Immanuel, S M Griffin
BACKGROUND: Raised levels of systemic inflammatory markers are associated with poor survival in patients with cancer. The aim of this study was to assess the prognostic value of markers of systemic inflammation in patients with adenocarcinoma of the oesophagus or gastro-oesophageal junction. METHODS: Data from a consecutive series of patients undergoing transthoracic oesophagectomy following neoadjuvant therapy at a single centre were analysed. Fibrinogen, albumin, C-reactive protein, leucocyte differential and platelet counts were measured before surgery...
January 10, 2017: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035969/the-neurobiological-impact-of-ghrelin-suppression-after-oesophagectomy
#13
REVIEW
Conor F Murphy, Carel W le Roux
Ghrelin, discovered in 1999, is a 28-amino-acid hormone, best recognized as a stimulator of growth hormone secretion, but with pleiotropic functions in the area of energy homeostasis, such as appetite stimulation and energy expenditure regulation. As the intrinsic ligand of the growth hormone secretagogue receptor (GHS-R), ghrelin appears to have a broad array of effects, but its primary role is still an area of debate. Produced mainly from oxyntic glands in the stomach, but with a multitude of extra-metabolic roles, ghrelin is implicated in complex neurobiological processes...
December 26, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956692/the-impact-of-the-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-on-outcome-after-oesophagectomy
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927246/minimally-invasive-oesophagectomy-versus-open-esophagectomy-for-resectable-esophageal-cancer-a-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Waresijiang Yibulayin, Sikandaer Abulizi, Hongbo Lv, Wei Sun
BACKGROUND: Open esophagectomy (OE) is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Minimally invasive oesophagectomy (MIO) reduces complications in resectable esophageal cancer. The aim of this study is to explore the superiority of MIO in reducing complications and in-hospital mortality than OE. METHODS: MEDLINE, Embase, Science Citation Index, Wanfang, and Wiley Online Library were thoroughly searched. Odds ratio (OR)/weighted mean difference (WMD) with a 95% confidence interval (CI) was used to assess the strength of association...
December 8, 2016: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859017/patterns-of-recurrence-after-oesophagectomy-and-postoperative-chemoradiotherapy-versus-surgery-alone-for-oesophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#16
P-K Hsu, H-S Chen, C-S Huang, C-C Liu, C-C Hsieh, H-S Hsu, Y-C Wu, S-C Wu
BACKGROUND: Patterns of recurrence after surgery with postoperative chemoradiotherapy (S-CCRT) or surgery alone in patients with oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) may differ. This might influence the nature and timing of subsequent management strategies. METHODS: Patients with SCC who had undergone R0 resection were included. Propensity score matching was used to select matched groups. Survival and recurrence were compared by Kaplan-Meier analysis. Univariable and multivariable Cox regression analyses were used to identify prognostic factors for overall and disease-free survival...
January 2017: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844264/does-routine-endoscopy-or-contrast-swallow-study-after-esophagectomy-and-gastric-tube-reconstruction-change-patient-management
#17
N Nederlof, J de Jonge, T de Vringer, T C K Tran, M C W Spaander, H W Tilanus, B P L Wijnhoven
BACKGROUND: Anastomotic leakage is a severe complication after esophagectomy. The objective was to investigate the diagnostic and predictive value of routine contrast swallow study and endoscopy for the detection of anastomotic dehiscence in patients after esophagectomy. METHODS: All patients who underwent contrast swallow and/or endoscopy within 7 days after oesophagectomy for cancer between January 2005 and December 2009 were selected from an institutional database...
February 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842926/a-randomised-trial-of-post-discharge-enteral-feeding-following-surgical-resection-of-an-upper-gastrointestinal-malignancy
#18
Farid Froghi, Grant Sanders, Richard Berrisford, Tim Wheatley, Paul Peyser, Jo Rahamim, Stephen Lewis
BACKGROUND: Patients undergoing upper gastrointestinal surgery often eat poorly post-operatively, despite dietetic input. A pilot study was conducted to examine the benefit of a 6 week nutritional supplementation via a feeding jejunostomy on fatigue, quality of life and independent living. METHODS: A feeding jejunostomy was placed routinely at oesophagectomy or total gastrectomy for cancer. At discharge, patients were randomised to nutritional supplementation (600 kcal/day) via their feeding jejunostomies or no jejunal supplement...
November 5, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834015/surgical-treatment-results-of-burn-related-oesophageal-strictures
#19
Janusz Włodarczyk, Tomasz Smęder, Jarosław Kużdżał
BACKGROUND: Post-burn oesophageal stricture is a late complication, which may require surgical intervention. The aim of the study was to compare gastric and colonic conduits and to evaluate the safety, efficacy and complications of these techniques. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of all patients treated for burn-related oesophageal strictures between 1989 and 2013. Oesophagectomy was performed via laparotomy and right thoracotomy, and/or cervical incision. RESULTS: Forty-six patients, including 29 men, aged 17-67 years (mean: 41 years), had burn-related oesophageal strictures...
November 10, 2016: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810380/surgical-and-long-term-outcomes-following-oesophagectomy-in-oesophageal-cancer-patients-with-comorbidity
#20
Hiroshi Ichikawa, Shin-Ichi Kosugi, Tatsuo Kanda, Kazuhito Yajima, Takashi Ishikawa, Takaaki Hanyu, Yusuke Muneoka, Takahiro Otani, Masayuki Nagahashi, Jun Sakata, Takashi Kobayashi, Hitoshi Kameyama, Toshifumi Wakai
INTRODUCTION: The elucidation of the clinical impact of comorbidities is important to optimize the treatment and follow-up strategy in oesophageal cancer. We aimed to clarify the surgical and long-term outcomes following oesophagectomy in oesophageal cancer patients with comorbidity. METHODS: A total of 658 consecutive patients who underwent oesophagectomy for oesophageal cancer between 1985 and 2008 at our institution were enrolled. Based on the criteria of comorbidity as we defined it, we retrospectively reviewed and compared the surgical outcomes and survival between the comorbid (n = 251) and non-comorbid group (n = 407)...
December 2016: International Journal of Surgery
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