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Cesarean section

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145339/alveolar-soft-part-sarcoma-with-multiple-brain-and-lung-metastases-in-pregnancy-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#1
Yubo Wang, Jiayue Cui, Xu Yan, Rihua Jin, Xinyu Hong
RATIONAL: Alveolar soft part sarcomas (ASPSs) with multiple brain metastases in pregnancy is a rare entity. PATIENT CONCERNS: We report our experience with a 19-year-old pregnant woman who presented with intermittent headaches and vomiting at 38 weeks gestation. DIAGNOSES: The patient was initially diagnosed as brain metastasis according to computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) imaging. INTERVENTIONS: Cesarean section and craniotomy (complete resection of both brain metastatic lesions) was performed sequentially...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145299/prophylactic-temporary-abdominal-aorta-balloon-occlusion-in-women-with-placenta-previa-accretism-during-late-gestation
#2
Zhongyuan Qiu, Jifen Hu, Jianbo Wu, Lihong Chen
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the clinical efficacy of prophylactic temporary balloon occlusion of the abdominal aorta in patients with placenta previa accretism during cesarean section. METHODS: Twenty-three consecutive patients, prenatally confirmed with placenta previa accretism were retrospectively analyzed in our center from August 2012 to October 2014. All 23 subjects underwent cesarean section with prophylactic balloon occlusion of the abdominal aorta. RESULTS: All of the 23 subjects experienced singleton pregnancies leading to the birth of live infants...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142586/determinants-of-exclusive-breastfeeding-in-infants-less-than-six-months-of-age-in-hawassa-an-urban-setting-ethiopia
#3
Bethlihem Adugna, Henok Tadele, Fekadu Reta, Yifru Berhan
Background: The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) for the first six months of life. However, the proportion of EBF in Ethiopia is 58%. The EBF practice and factors affecting it have not been studied in Hawassa, Southern Ethiopia. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and determinants of EBF practice among infants less than six months age in Hawassa city, Ethiopia. Methods: A total of 529 mothers with infants aged 0-6 months were involved in this study between November 2015 and January 2016...
2017: International Breastfeeding Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142577/congenital-hypothyroidism-in-neonates-of-a-tertiary-care-hospital
#4
Adeel Ahmad, Anam Wasim, Shahida Hussain, Muhammad Saeed, Bilal Munir Ahmad, Khalil Ur Rehman
Objective: To determine neonatal congenital hypothyroidism among neonates born in a tertiary care hospital of Lahore Pakistan. Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out at Pathology Department of Allama Iqbal Medical College, Lahore in collaboration with Pediatrics and Gynecology & Obstetrics Department, Jinnah Hospital, Lahore Pakistan. A total of 770 babies were included in this study, both male and female. About 2 ml venous blood samples were collected aseptically from the neonates in sterile clotted tube...
September 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142561/feto-maternal-outcomes-and-glycemic-control-in-metformin-versus-insulin-treated-gestational-diabetics
#5
Rabia Arshad, Samia Khanam, Fuad Shaikh, Nasim Karim
Objective: To evaluate and compare feto-maternal outcomes and glycemic control in metformin versus insulin treated gestational diabetics. Methods: The study was conducted in 2010- 2012 as a part of M. Phil at Civil hospital, Lyari General Hospital and Mamji Hospital in Karachi. After written informed consent, 71 GDM diagnosed females with WHO criteria were enrolled. They were divided into two groups. Group-A, 32 females were given oral metformin 500 mg TDS while Group-B, 39 females were given insulin 0...
September 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142541/is-it-safe-to-have-multiple-repeat-cesarean-sections-a-high-volume-tertiary-care-center-experience
#6
Alper Biler, Atalay Ekin, Aykut Ozcan, Abdurrahman Hamdi Inan, Tayfun Vural, Emrah Toz
Objective: To compare the obstetric outcomes of cesarean section in women who had a history of four or more previous cesarean sections with those who had a history of two or three previous cesarean sections. Methods: Total 1318 women who underwent repeat cesarean section between January 2013 and January 2016 were retrospectively reviewed. Of these, 244 (18.5%) had previously had four or more cesarean sections (multiple repeat cesarean section group) and 1074 (81...
September 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142203/mode-of-delivery-and-child-and-adolescent-psychological-well-being-evidence-from-hong-kong-s-children-of-1997-birth-cohort
#7
Cherry Y Leung, Gabriel M Leung, C Mary Schooling
Mode of delivery (vaginal or cesarean section) is thought to affect gut microbiota, which in turn may affect psychological well-being. As such, mode of delivery is potentially a modifiable factor for psychological well-being. Here we examined the association of mode of delivery with child and adolescent psychological well-being. We used multivariable linear regression in a population-representative Hong Kong Chinese birth cohort, "Children of 1997," to examine the adjusted associations of mode of delivery with behavioral problems assessed from parent-reported Rutter score at ~7 (n = 6294) and ~11 years (n = 5598), self-esteem assessed from self-reported Culture-Free Self-Esteem Inventory score at ~11 years (n = 6937) and depressive symptoms assessed from self-reported Patient Health Questionnaire-9 score at ~13 years (n = 5797)...
November 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141244/exploring-parental-expectations-and-experiences-around-gentle-and-standard-caesarean-section
#8
Jolien Onsea, Bernadette Bijnens, Siska Van Damme, Tim Van Mieghem
BACKGROUND/AIMS: "Gentle" or "natural" cesarean sections are implemented to improve parental satisfaction. The objective of this study was to investigate whether there is a need for adopting such a gentle approach. METHODS: We recruited those with low-risk pregnancies scheduled for elective cesarean delivery at term. Three questionnaires were administered to both partners: prior to delivery, 2-5 days after delivery, and 6 weeks postpartum. Questionnaires assessed the couple's expectations, fears, and satisfaction prior to and after cesarean section...
November 16, 2017: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136752/-the-effect-of-breast-massage-at-different-time-in-the-early-period-after-cesarean-section
#9
J Y Chu, L Zhang, Y J Zhang, M J Yang, X W Li, L L Sun
Objective: To evaluate the effect of breast massage at different time in the early period on maternal lactation after cesarean section. Methods: 80 women delivered by cesarean section were randomly selected from maternity ward of a hospital in Shandong province during Jan. 2013 to Jan. 2015; which were divided into four groups, with 20 patients in each. Three groups received 3 times of breast massage every 24 hoursbeginning from 2, 12 and 24 h after cesarean section, respectively. The control group didn't receive any breast massage...
November 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136611/gut-microbiota-in-health-and-disease
#10
Yuichiro Yamashiro
Intestinal regulatory T (Treg) cells are critical to maintaining immune tolerance to dietary antigens and gut microbiota. This paper reviews several papers on this topic that were recently published by Japanese researchers. Specifically, Prof. K. Honda and his group have found that commensal microbiota capable of metabolizing butyrate induces the differentiation of colonic Treg cells. In a separate work, Prof. Y. Yokoyama and his group used a novel, culture-independent analytical method (the Yakult Intestinal Flora-Scan) for detection of bacteria in the bloodstream...
November 14, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136018/adverse-obstetric-outcomes-in-pregnant-women-with-uterine-fibroids-in-china-a-multicenter-survey-involving-112-403-deliveries
#11
Rong Zhao, Xin Wang, Liying Zou, Guanghui Li, Yi Chen, Changdong Li, Weiyuan Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the association between uterine fibroids and adverse obstetric outcomes. METHODS: This was a retrospective cross-sectional study of 112,403 deliveries from 14 provinces and 39 different hospitals in 2011 in mainland China. We compared pregnancy outcomes in women with and without uterine fibroids who underwent detailed second trimester obstetric ultrasonography during 18 to 22 weeks. Obstetric outcomes include cesarean delivery, breech presentation, preterm delivery, placenta previa, placental abruption, premature rupture of membranes and neonatal birthweight...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132768/pr%C3%A3-vention-et-prise-en-charge-de-l%C3%A2-infection-herp%C3%A3-tique-au-cours-de-la-grossesse-et-de-l%C3%A2-accouchement%C3%A2-recommandations-pour-la-pratique-clinique-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-texte-des-recommandations-texte-court
#12
M-V Sénat, O Anselem, O Picone, L Renesme, N Sananès, C Vauloup-Fellous, Y Sellier, J-P Laplace, L Sentilhes
OBJECTIVE: Identify measures to diagnose, prevent and treat genital herpes infection during pregnancy and childbirth and neonatal infection. METHODS: Bibliographic search from Medline, Cochrane Library databases and research of international clinical practice guidelines. RESULTS: Genital herpes lesion is most often due to HSV2 (LE2). The risk of HSV seroconversion during pregnancy is 1 to 5% (LE2). Genital herpes ulceration during pregnancy in a woman with history of genital herpes corresponds with a recurrence...
November 10, 2017: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132767/-management-of-pregnant-women-with-first-episode-of-genital-herpes-guidelines-for-clinical-practice-from-the-french-college-of-gynecologists-and-obstetricians-cngof
#13
N Sananès
OBJECTIVE: To provide guidelines for the management of first episode genital herpes during pregnancy and in the immediate postpartum period. METHODS: MedLine and Cochrane Library databases search and review of the main foreign guidelines. RESULTS: In case of first episode genital herpes during pregnancy, antiviral treatment with acyclovir (200mg 5 times daily) or valacyclovir (1000mg twice daily) for 5 to 10 days is recommended (grade C)...
November 10, 2017: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132459/-short-term-clinical-outcomes-of-neonates-of-secundiparous-mothers-a-single-center-cohort-study
#14
Ai-Juan Yang, Ke-Ping Cheng, Xiao-Lu Ma, Li-Zhong DU
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the short-term clinical outcomes of neonates of secundiparous mothers, and to provide a reference for the clinical practice after the change in birth policy. METHODS: A cohort study was performed for the parturients and their neonates born in Yongkang Maternal and Child Health Care Hospital in Zhejiang, China between June 2015 and April 2016. According to the parity of the mother, the neonates were divided into primiparous group and secundiparous group...
November 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132336/study-protocol-the-labor-progression-study-laps-does-the-use-of-a-dynamic-progression-guideline-in-labor-reduce-the-rate-of-intrapartum-cesarean-sections-in-nulliparous-women-a-multicenter-cluster-randomized-trial-in-norway
#15
Stine Bernitz, Rebecka Dalbye, Pål Øian, Jun Zhang, Torbjørn Moe Eggebø, Ellen Blix
BACKGROUND: The increasing rate of intrapartum cesarean sections is subject of attention and concern as it is associated with adverse outcomes. Labor dystocia is one of the most frequent indications for cesarean sections even though there is no consensus on criteria for labor dystocia. Traditionally the progression of labor follows guidelines based on Friedman's curve from the mid 1950s. In 2010 Zhang presented a new labor curve and a dynamic guideline for labor progression based on contemporary research...
November 13, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132221/2009-iom-guidelines-for-gestational-weight-gain-how-well-do-they-predict-outcomes-across-ethnic-groups
#16
Amal R Khanolkar, Gillian E Hanley, Ilona Koupil, Patricia A Janssen
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the Institute Of Medicine's (IOM) 2009 guidelines for weight-gain during pregnancy are predictive of maternal and infant outcomes in ethnic minority populations. METHODS: We designed a population-based study using administrative data on 181,948 women who delivered live singleton births in Washington State between 2006-2008. We examined risks of gestational hypertension, preeclampsia/eclampsia, cesarean delivery, and extended hospital stay in White, Black, Native-American, East-Asian, Hispanic, South-Asian and Hawaiian/Pacific islander women according to whether they gained more or less weight during pregnancy than recommended by IOM guidelines...
November 13, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130675/-severe-adverse-pregnancy-outcomes-in-placenta-previa-and-prior-cesarean-delivery
#17
Mi Zhou, Meng Chen, Li Zhang, Guo-Lin He, Lei He, Qiang Wei, Tao Li, Xing-Hui Liu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the severe adverse pregnancy outcomes in pregnancies with placenta previa and prior cesarean delivery and its risk factors. METHODS: This retrospective casecontrol study reviewed all pregnancies with placenta previa and prior cesarean delivery delivered by repeat cesarean section in our institution between January 2005 and June 2015,and investigated the incidence of severe adverse pregnancy outcome. A composite of severe adverse pregnancy outcomes (including transfusion of 10 units or more red blood cells,maternal ICU admission,unanticipated injuries,repeat operation,hysterectomy,and maternal death) and other maternal and neonatal outcomes were described...
September 2017: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129159/third-trimester-ultrasound-accuracy-and-delivery-outcome-in-obese-and-morbid-obese-pregnant-women
#18
Sawsan Al-Obaidly, Abdullah Al-Ibrahim, Najah Saleh, Mariam Al-Belushi, Zeena Al-Mansouri, Najat Khenyab
OBJECTIVE: Several studies have highlighted the negative impact of maternal obesity on ultrasound accuracy for fetal weight estimation (EFW). However, the evidence is conflicting. We aimed in our study to find if the ultrasound accuracy for fetal weight estimation would differ or decrease in obese and morbid obesity classes. In addition to study the mode of delivery within the same cohort. METHODS: It's a retrospective study of obese patients with recorded BMI ≥ 30 kg/m(2), class I and II (BMI 30-39...
November 12, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128157/prophylactic-internal-iliac-artery-occlusion-balloon-placement-to-reduce-operative-blood-loss-in-patients-with-invasive-placenta
#19
Andrew C Picel, Brent Wolford, Rory L Cochran, Gladys A Ramos, Anne C Roberts
PURPOSE: To evaluate efficacy and safety of prophylactic internal iliac occlusion balloon placement before cesarean hysterectomy for invasive placenta. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed of patients with invasive placenta treated with and without occlusion balloon placement. Preoperative occlusion balloons were placed in 90 patients; 61 patients were treated without balloon placement (control group). Baseline demographics, including patient age, gestational age at delivery, gravidity, parity, and number of previous cesarean sections, were not significantly different (P > ...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125378/type-of-obstetric-anesthesia-administered-and-complications-in-women-with-preeclampsia-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#20
Soha Sobhy, Kuhan Dharmarajah, David Arroyo-Manzano, Ramesan Navanatnarajah, James Noblet, Javier Zamora, Shakila Thangaratinam
BACKGROUND: Delivery is often expedited with cesarean section, necessitating anesthesia, to prevent complications in women with preeclampsia. Anesthesia-associated risks in these women from low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) are not known. METHODS: We searched major databases (until February 2017) for studies on general vs. regional anesthesia in women with preeclampsia. We summarized the association between outcomes and type of anesthesia using a random effects model and reported as odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs)...
November 2017: Hypertension in Pregnancy
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