keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Cesarean section

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909623/distribution-of-interstitial-cells-of-cajal-in-the-bladders-of-fetal-rats-with-retinoic-acid-induced-myelomeningocele
#1
Ali Tekin, Osman Zeki Karakuş, Gülce Hakgüder, Oğuz Ateş, Erdener Özer, Mustafa Olguner, Feza Miraç Akgür
OBJECTIVE: Myelomeningocele (MMC) is one of the most common reason of neurogenic bladder dysfunction in children. Although neurogenic bladder dysfunction occurrence is related with bladder innervation, also there are some changes seen in the smooth muscle and neural cells of the bladder. Interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) are the pacemaker cells found in organs with peristaltic activity. Although it has been shown that ICC are diminished in the rat urinary bladder with traumatic spinal cord injury, there is no data about ICC in fetal rat bladders with MMC...
December 2016: Turkish Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902772/relation-between-birth-weight-and-intraoperative-hemorrhage-during-cesarean-section-in-pregnancy-with-placenta-previa
#2
Hiroaki Soyama, Morikazu Miyamoto, Hiroki Ishibashi, Masashi Takano, Hidenori Sasa, Kenichi Furuya
BACKGROUND: Placenta previa, one of the most severe obstetric complications, carries an increased risk of intraoperative massive hemorrhage. Several risk factors for intraoperative hemorrhage have been identified to date. However, the correlation between birth weight and intraoperative hemorrhage has not been investigated. Here we estimate the correlation between birth weight and the occurrence of intraoperative massive hemorrhage in placenta previa. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We included all 256 singleton pregnancies delivered via cesarean section at our hospital because of placenta previa between 2003 and 2015...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900089/pregnancy-and-cesarean-delivery-after-multimodal-therapy-for-vulvar-carcinoma-a-case-report
#3
Kuniaki Toriyabe, Haruki Taniguchi, Tokihiro Senda, Masako Nakano, Yoshinari Kobayashi, Miho Izawa, Hirohiko Tanaka, Tetsuo Asakura, Tsutomu Tabata, Tomoaki Ikeda
Reports of pregnancy following treatment for vulvar carcinoma are extremely uncommon, as the main problem of subsequent pregnancy is vulvar scarring following radical surgery. We herein report the case of a patient who was diagnosed with stage I squamous cell carcinoma of the vulva at the age of 17 years and was treated with multimodal therapy, including neoadjuvant chemotherapy, wide local excision with bilateral inguinal lymph node dissection and adjuvant radiotherapy. The patient became pregnant spontaneously 9 years after her initial diagnosis and the antenatal course was good, except for mild acute pyelonephritis at 25 weeks of gestation...
November 2016: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899049/underreporting-of-complete-uterine-rupture-and-uterine-dehiscence-in-women-with-previous-cesarean-section
#4
Maria Fogelberg, Anton Baranov, Andreas Herbst, Olga Vikhareva
OBJECTIVE: To determine the true incidence of complete uterine rupture and uterine dehiscence among women delivered by cesarean section after a previous cesarean section. METHODS: Medical records of all women who delivered at University Hospital in Malmö, Sweden, during 2005-2009 (n = 21420) were retrieved from the electronic patient record system (EPRS). After adjustment for inaccuracies, 716 women who had undergone repeat cesarean section were identified and their operation reports were reviewed...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896259/prenatal-diagnosis-of-spontaneous-twin-anemia-polycythemia-sequence-and-postnatal-examination-of-placental-vascular-anastomoses
#5
Jin Young Bae, Jin Ju Oh, Seong Yeon Hong
Twin anemia-polycythemia sequence (TAPS) is characterized by a wide discrepancy of hemoglobin between two monochorionic fetuses without sign of twin oligo-polyhydramnios sequence. A primiparous woman with monochorionic diamniotic twin transferred for preterm labor. Ultrasonographic evaluation at 32+3 weeks of gestation revealed increased middle cerebral artery-peak systolic velocity (77.4 cm/sec, 1.69 multiples of median) in donor and decreased in recipient twin (36.4 cm/sec, 0.79 multiples of median), the twin was diagnosed with TAPS...
November 2016: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895411/reoperation-in-an-adult-female-with-right-sided-hirschsprung-s-disease-complicated-by-refractory-hypertension-and-cough
#6
Zhi-Jian Wei, Lei Huang, A-Man Xu
Hirschsprung's disease (HD) is an intestinal malformation caused by the innate absence of ganglion cells in the neural plexus of the colorectal wall, and is most common in male infants. It is rare in adult, and is usually left-sided. Herein we reported based on the CARE guidelines a case of a 47-year-old adult female suffering from "right-sided" HD complicated by refractory hypertension and cough. The patient with a history of cesarean section and with digestive unfitness (abdominal pain, distention, and constipation) only since 20 years old had recurrence of HD after initial surgery due to the incomplete removal of the HD-affected bowel based on a diagnosis of "chronic ileus", leading to the relapse of the digestive symptoms and the emergence of some intractable circulatory and respiratory complications which could be hardly controlled by conservative treatment...
November 7, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894281/successful-selective-reduction-of-a-heterotopic-cesarean-scar-pregnancy-in-the-second-trimester-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#7
Haiyan Yu, Hong Luo, Fumin Zhao, Xinghui Liu, Xiaodong Wang
BACKGROUND: Heterotopic cesarean scar pregnancy is a cesarean scar pregnancy combined with an intrauterine pregnancy that predisposes a woman to life-threatening complications such as uterine rupture and massive bleeding. Preservation of the intrauterine pregnancy in heterotopic cesarean scar pregnancy is a great challenge. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of a 33-year-old woman with heterotopic cesarean scar pregnancy after IVF-embryo transfer (ET). Expectant management was carried out with early diagnosis of heterotopic cesarean scar pregnancy (HCSP), and selective fetal reduction of cesarean scar pregnancy (CSP) was performed by ultrasound-guided intrathoracic injection of potassium chloride (KCl) at 16 + 4 weeks of gestation due to aggravation of CSP...
November 29, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891272/spontaneous-rupture-of-uterine-artery-in-a-14-week-pregnant-woman
#8
João Paulo Mancusi de Carvalho, Luciano Augusto de Carvalho Severo, Maria Helena Mancusi de Carvalho, Marina de Paula Andres, Mariano Tamura Vieira Gomes, Sergio Podgaec
We report a case of uterine artery rupture in a woman at 14 weeks' gestation who presented with abdominal pain, tachycardia, and hypotension and underwent a diagnostic laparoscopy. During this procedure, a spontaneous rupture of the left uterine artery was diagnosed and the surgery was converted into a laparotomy. The artery was bound to its origin and to its distal uterine portion. The patient exhibited excellent postoperative recovery and was discharged two days after the surgery. The pregnancy continued without other maternal or fetal complications, and the patient delivered a healthy newborn via cesarean section at 39 weeks of gestation...
2016: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890467/use-of-hyperbaric-oxygen-therapy-and-pegylated-carboxyhemoglobin-bovine-in-a-jehovah-s-witness-with-life-threatening-anemia-following-postpartum-hemorrhage
#9
K Thenuwara, J Thomas, M Ibsen, U Ituk, K Choi, E Nickel, M J Goodheart
We present a case of a Jehovah's Witness patient who refused blood products, with the exception of albumin and clotting factors, and underwent cesarean section under spinal anesthesia complicated by postpartum hemorrhage. She was fluid resuscitated and treated with multiple uterotonics and internal iliac artery embolization. Because of agitation she required emergency tracheal intubation. Her hemoglobin concentration dropped from a preoperative value of 12mg/dL to 3mg/dL on postoperative day one. She was acidotic, requiring vasopressors for hemodynamic stability and remained ventilated and sedated...
October 24, 2016: International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888446/cesarean-section-in-the-setting-of-severe-pulmonary-hypertension-requiring-extracorporeal-life-support
#10
Ryosuke Hara, Shuhei Hara, Chin Siang Ong, Gary Schwartz, Christopher Sciortino, Narutoshi Hibino
We describe the use of veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in a 35-year-old female with severe fixed pulmonary hypertension who went into cardiogenic shock during a Cesarean section. Pregnancy in the presence of severe pulmonary hypertension is typically contraindicated due to high maternal mortality rates. This patient visited our hospital at 37 weeks of gestation after experiencing dyspnea and chest pain. Clinical evaluation revealed severe fixed pulmonary hypertension. At the time of the planned delivery, femoral lines were placed; in case of emergency, ECMO became necessary during the delivery...
November 25, 2016: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886948/variation-in-hospital-intrapartum-practices-and-association-with-cesarean-rate
#11
Lisbet S Lundsberg, Jessica L Illuzzi, Aileen M Gariepy, Sangini S Sheth, Christian M Pettker, Henry C Lee, Heather S Lipkind, Xiao Xu
OBJECTIVE: To examine hospital variation in intrapartum care and its relationship with cesarean rates. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Connecticut and Massachusetts hospitals providing obstetric services. PARTICIPANTS: Nurse managers or other clinical staff knowledgeable about intrapartum care. METHODS: We assessed labor and birth unit capacity and staffing, fetal monitoring, labor management, intrapartum interventions, newborn care, quality assurance, and performance review practices...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885429/defect-width-the-prognostic-index-for-vaginal-repair-of-cesarean-section-diverticula
#12
Xingchen Zhou, Min Yao, Jieru Zhou, Weilin Tan, Husheng Wang, Xipeng Wang
PURPOSE: To evaluate the clinical parameter associated with cesarean section diverticula anatomic healing via vaginal repair management. METHODS: Observational cohort study. From Jul 2014 to Dec 2015, 143 women with CSD underwent vaginal repair surgery in Shanghai First Maternity and Infant Hospital, and 137(95.80%) were diagnosed using both transvaginal ultrasound and MRI. A total of 124 patients (86.71%) who were followed-up for more than 6 months after surgery were enrolled in this study...
November 25, 2016: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884069/risk-factors-of-incomplete-apgar-score-and-umbilical-cord-blood-gas-analysis-a-retrospective-observational-study
#13
Anne A C van Tetering, Joost van de Ven, Annemarie F Fransen, Jeanne P Dieleman, Pieter J van Runnard Heimel, S Guid Oei
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether incomplete umbilical cord blood gas (UCBG) analysis occurs more often than the incomplete reporting of the Apgar score, and risk factors associated with the incomplete values. METHODS: A total of 8824 infants born alive after 26 weeks' gestation between January 2009 and April 2013 were included. We extracted data on five-minute Apgar score, UCBG analysis, gestational age, mode of delivery, time of delivery and multiple pregnancy...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882763/effect-of-systemic-enzymotherapy-on%C3%A2-cesarean-section-scar-healing
#14
E Dosedla, A Grendelova, P Calda
OBJECTIVES: The aim of our study was to monitor changes in the healing of Caesarean section scars in patients using systemic enzymotherapy in comparison with patients not treated with systemic enzymotherapy (Wobenzym). METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted in 60 primiparous women delivered by CS. We compared the following outcomes: scar thickness after the Caesarean section, dehiscence risk coefficient (DRC), severity of the Caesarean section scar defect, uterine cavity dilation, post-operative pain, C-reactive protein level and febrility...
2016: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880841/association-between-maternal-mortality-and-cesarean-section-turkey-experience
#15
Cihangir Uzuncakmak, Hasene Ozcam
BACKGROUND: To investigate the cesarean Section (C/S) rates and maternal mortality (MM) causes and its relation between 2002 and 2013. METHODS: Data were gathered from Turkish Ministry of Health and Istanbul Health Administration. The Annual Clinical Reports for 2002-2013 were reviewed and analyzed: C/Ss and maternal deaths in women who gave birth ≥20 weeks between January 1, 2002, and December 31, 2013, in any hospital in Turkey and Istanbul. RESULTS: The major causes of MM were hemorrhage (20%), hypertensive disorders (18...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873484/pregnant-women-s-perceptions-of-gestational-weight-gain-a-systematic-review-and-meta-synthesis-of-qualitative-research
#16
REVIEW
Meredith Vanstone, Sujane Kandasamy, Mita Giacomini, Deirdre DeJean, Sarah D McDonald
Excess gestational weight gain has numerous negative health outcomes for women and children, including high blood pressure, diabetes, and cesarean section (maternal) and high birth weight, trauma at birth, and asphyxia (infants). Excess weight gain in pregnancy is associated with a higher risk of long-term obesity in both mothers and children. Despite a concerted public health effort, the proportion of pregnant women gaining weight in excess of national guidelines continues to increase. To understand this phenomenon and offer suggestions for improving interventions, we conducted a systematic review of qualitative research on pregnant women's perceptions and experiences of weight gain in pregnancy...
November 21, 2016: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872480/association-of-pre-pregnancy-body-mass-index-gestational-weight-gain-with-cesarean-section-in-term-deliveries-of-china
#17
Chao Xiong, Aifen Zhou, Zhongqiang Cao, Yaqi Zhang, Lin Qiu, Cong Yao, Youjie Wang, Bin Zhang
China has one of the highest rates of cesarean sections in the world. However, limited epidemiological studies have evaluated the risk factors for cesarean section among Chinese women. Thus, the aim of this cohort study was to investigate the associations between pre-pregnancy BMI, gestational weight gain (GWG) and the risk of cesarean section in China. A total of 57,891 women with singleton, live-born, term pregnancies were included in this analysis. We found that women who were overweight or obese before pregnancy had an elevated risk of cesarean section...
November 22, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871977/a-time-course-regulatory-and-kinetic-expression-study-of-steroid-metabolizing-enzymes-by-calcitriol-in-primary-cultured-human-placental-cells
#18
Nancy Noyola-Martínez, Ali Halhali, Verónica Zaga-Clavellina, Andrea Olmos-Ortiz, Fernando Larrea, David Barrera
1,25-dihydroxivitamin D3 (calcitriol), is a secoesteroid involved in several placental functions. In particular, we and others showed that calcitriol regulates peptides, proteins, cytokines and hormones production in human trophoblastic cells. On the other hand, calcitriol modifies the activity and expression of some steroidogenic enzymes, a process that is considered tissue-specific. However, the effects of calcitriol on the expression of enzymes involved in the synthesis of sex steroids in placental tissue have not yet been entirely studied...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871467/the-effect-of-diabetes-and-hypertension-on-the-placental-permeation-of-the-hydrophilic-drug-ranitidine
#19
Mladena Lalic-Popovic, Jovana Paunkovic, Zorica Grujic, Svetlana Golocorbin-Kon, Velibor Vasovic, Hani Al-Salami, Momir Mikov
INTRODUCTION: Ranitidine is a hydrophilic weak base and an H2-receptor antagonist which is commonly used for gastroesophageal reflux, including during pregnancy. It has limited placental permeation and can be used as a pre-anesthetic antacid to prevent aspiration of acidic stomach contents. Recent studies suggest that diabetes and hypertension may influence placental permeation of hydrophilic drugs. Thus, this study aimed to investigate the influence of diabetes and hypertension on ranitidine's placental permeation in pregnant women...
December 2016: Placenta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871464/downregulation-of-mir-29a-b-c-in-placenta-accreta-inhibits-apoptosis-of-implantation-site-intermediate-trophoblast-cells-by-targeting-mcl1
#20
Yongzhong Gu, Yuehong Bian, Xiaofei Xu, Xietong Wang, Changting Zuo, Jinlai Meng, Hongyan Li, Shigang Zhao, Yunnan Ning, Yongzhi Cao, Tao Huang, Junhao Yan, Zi-Jiang Chen
OBJECTIVE: Placenta accreta is defined as abnormal adhesion of placental villi to the uterine myometrium. Although this condition has become more common as a result of the increasing rate of cesarean sections, the underlying causative mechanism(s) remain elusive. Because microRNA-29a/b/c (miR-29a/b/c) have been shown to play important roles in placental development, this study evaluated the roles of these microRNAs in placenta accreta. METHODS: Expression of miR-29a/b/c and myeloid cell leukemia-1 (MCL1) were quantified in patient tissues and HTR8/SVneo trophoblast cells using the real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction...
December 2016: Placenta
keyword
keyword
39937
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"