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Malaria phospholipase a2

Sarah K Wilson, Laura J Knoll
Emerging lipidomic technologies have enabled researchers to dissect the complex roles of phospholipases in lipid metabolism, cellular signaling and immune regulation. Host phospholipase products are involved in stimulating and resolving the inflammatory response to pathogens. While many pathogen-derived phospholipases also manipulate the immune response, they have recently been shown to be involved in lipid remodeling and scavenging during replication. Animal and plant hosts as well as many pathogens contain a family of patatin-like phospholipases, which have been shown to have phospholipase A2 activity...
January 2018: Molecular Microbiology
Amy N Grabner, Jorge Alfonso, Anderson M Kayano, Leandro S Moreira-Dill, Ana Paula de A Dos Santos, Cleópatra A S Caldeira, Juliana C Sobrinho, Ana Gómez, Fernando P Grabner, Fabio F Cardoso, Juliana Pavan Zuliani, Marcos R M Fontes, Daniel C Pimenta, Celeste Vega Gómez, Carolina B G Teles, Andreimar M Soares, Leonardo A Calderon
Snake venoms contain various proteins, especially phospholipases A2 (PLA2 s), which present potential applications in diverse areas of health and medicine. In this study, a new basic PLA2 from Bothrops marajoensis with parasiticidal activity was purified and characterized biochemically and biologically. B. marajoensis venom was fractionated through cation exchange followed by reverse phase chromatographies. The isolated toxin, BmajPLA2 -II, was structurally characterized with MALDI-TOF (Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-time of flight) mass spectrometry, sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE), followed by two-dimensional electrophoresis, partial amino acid sequencing, an enzymatic activity assay, circular dichroism, and dynamic light scattering assays...
September 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Vasiliki Pappa, Karl Seydel, Sanchit Gupta, Catherine M Feintuch, Michael J Potchen, Samuel Kampondeni, Adam Goldman-Yassen, Mike Veenstra, Lillie Lopez, Ryung S Kim, Joan W Berman, Terrie Taylor, Johanna P Daily
BACKGROUND: Cerebral malaria (CM) remains a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in children in sub-Saharan Africa. CM mortality has been associated with increased brain volume, seen on neuroimaging studies. METHODS: To examine the potential role of blood metabolites and inflammatory mediators in increased brain volume in Malawian children with CM, an association study was performed between plasma metabolites, cytokine levels and phospholipase A2 (PLA2) activity with brain volume...
2015: Malaria Journal
Carole Guillaume, Christine Payré, Ikram Jemel, Louise Jeammet, Sofiane Bezzine, Gajendra S Naika, James Bollinger, Philippe Grellier, Michael H Gelb, Joseph Schrével, Gérard Lambeau, Christiane Deregnaucourt
We have previously shown that secreted phospholipases A2 (sPLA2s) from animal venoms inhibit the in vitro development of Plasmodium falciparum, the agent of malaria. In addition, the inflammatory-type human group IIA (hGIIA) sPLA2 circulates at high levels in the serum of malaria patients. However, the role of the different human sPLA2s in host defense against P. falciparum has not been investigated. We show here that 4 out of 10 human sPLA2s, namely, hGX, hGIIF, hGIII, and hGV, exhibit potent in vitro anti-Plasmodium properties with half-maximal inhibitory concentrations (IC50s) of 2...
June 2015: Infection and Immunity
Florian Lang, Majed Abed, Elisabeth Lang, Michael Föller
SIGNIFICANCE: Eryptosis, the suicidal erythrocyte death, is characterized by cell shrinkage, membrane blebbing, and phosphatidylserine translocation to the outer membrane leaflet. Phosphatidylserine at the erythrocyte surface binds endothelial CXCL16/SR-PSOX (CXC-Motiv-Chemokin-16/Scavenger-receptor-for-phosphatidylserine-and-oxidized-low-density-lipoprotein) and fosters engulfment of affected erythrocytes by phagocytosing cells. Eryptosis serves to eliminate infected or defective erythrocytes, but excessive eryptosis may lead to anemia and may interfere with microcirculation...
July 1, 2014: Antioxidants & Redox Signaling
Ryan C Smith, Christopher Kizito, Jason L Rasgon, Marcelo Jacobs-Lorena
BACKGROUND: Genetically modified mosquitoes have been proposed as an alternative strategy to reduce the heavy burden of malaria. In recent years, several proof-of-principle experiments have been performed that validate the idea that mosquitoes can be genetically modified to become refractory to malaria parasite development. RESULTS: We have created two transgenic lines of Anophelesstephensi, a natural vector of Plasmodium falciparum, which constitutively secrete a catalytically inactive phospholipase A2 (mPLA2) into the midgut lumen to interfere with Plasmodium ookinete invasion...
2013: PloS One
Carlos Moneriz, Jordi Mestres, José M Bautista, Amalia Diez, Antonio Puyet
Most drugs against malaria that are available or under development target a single process of the parasite infective cycle, favouring the appearance of resistant mutants which are easily spread in areas under chemotherapeutic treatments. Maslinic acid (MA) is a low toxic natural pentacyclic triterpene for which a wide variety of biological and therapeutic activities have been reported. Previous work revealed that Plasmodium falciparum erythrocytic cultures were inhibited by MA, which was able to hinder the maturation from ring to schizont stage and, as a consequence, prevent the release of merozoites and the subsequent invasion...
August 2011: FEBS Journal
Jiayi Wang, Marie-Lise Bourguet-Kondracki, Arlette Longeon, Joëlle Dubois, Alexis Valentin, Brent R Copp
The electrophilic reactivity of the bioactive marine sponge natural product halenaquinone has been investigated by reaction with the biomimetic nucleophiles N-acetyl-L-cysteine and N(α)-acetyl-L-lysine. While cysteine reacted at the vacant quinone positions C-14 and C-15, lysine was found to react preferentially at the keto-furan position C-1. A small library of analogues was prepared by reaction of halenaquinone with primary amines, and evaluated against a range of biological targets including phospholipase A(2), farnesyltransferases (FTases) and Plasmodium falciparum...
February 15, 2011: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Arlette Longeon, Brent R Copp, Mélanie Roué, Joëlle Dubois, Alexis Valentin, Sylvain Petek, Cécile Debitus, Marie-Lise Bourguet-Kondracki
Bioassay-directed fractionation of South Pacific marine sponges of the genus Xestospongia has led to the isolation of a number of halenaquinone-type polyketides, including two new derivatives named xestosaprol C methylacetal 7 and orhalquinone 8. Chemical characterization of these two new compounds was achieved by extensive 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopic studies. Evaluation of anti-phospholipase A(2), anti-farnesyltransferase and antiplasmodial activities of this series is presented and structure/activity relationships are discussed...
August 15, 2010: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
Maíra N Santos, Paula M Nogueira, Fernando B S Dias, Denise Valle, Luciano A Moreira
Vector-born diseases cause millions of deaths every year globally. Alternatives for the control of diseases such as malaria and dengue fever are urgently needed and the use of transgenic mosquitoes that block parasite/virus is a sound strategy to be used within control programs. However, prior to use transgenic mosquitoes as control tools, it is important to study their fitness since different biological aspects might influence their ability to disseminate and compete with wild populations. We previously reported the construction of four transgenic Aedes fluviatilis mosquito lines expressing a Plasmodium- blocking molecule (mutated bee venom phospholipase A(2)-mPLA(2))...
December 2010: Transgenic Research
F G Rodrigues, M N Santos, T X T de Carvalho, B C Rocha, M A Riehle, P F P Pimenta, E G Abraham, M Jacobs-Lorena, C F Alves de Brito, L A Moreira
The genetic manipulation of mosquito vectors is an alternative strategy in the fight against malaria. It was previously shown that bee venom phospholipase A2 (PLA2) inhibits ookinete invasion of the mosquito midgut although mosquito fitness was reduced. To maintain the PLA2 blocking ability without compromising mosquito biology, we mutated the protein-coding sequence to inactivate the enzyme while maintaining the protein's structure. DNA encoding the mutated PLA2 (mPLA2) was placed downstream of a mosquito midgut-specific promoter (Anopheles gambiae peritrophin protein 1 promoter, AgPer1) and this construct used to transform Aedes fluviatilis mosquitoes...
April 2008: Insect Molecular Biology
Carole Guillaume, Catherine Calzada, Michel Lagarde, Joseph Schrével, Christiane Deregnaucourt
We previously showed that the in vitro intraerythrocytic development of the malarial agent Plasmodium falciparum is strongly inhibited by secreted phospholipases A(2) (sPLA(2)s) from animal venoms. Inhibition is dependent on enzymatic activity and requires the presence of serum lipoproteins in the parasite culture medium. To evaluate the potential involvement of host lipoproteins and sPLA(2)s in malaria, we investigated the interactions between bee venom phospholipase A(2) (bvPLA(2)), human triglyceride-rich lipoproteins, and infected erythrocytes...
July 2006: Journal of Lipid Research
E G Abraham, M Donnelly-Doman, H Fujioka, A Ghosh, L Moreira, M Jacobs-Lorena
The Anopheles gambiae adult peritrophic matrix protein 1 (AgAper1) regulatory elements were used to drive the expression of phospholipase A2 (PLA2), a protein known to disrupt malaria parasite development in mosquitoes. These AgAper1 regulatory elements were sufficient to promote the accumulation of PLA2 in midgut epithelial cells before a blood meal and its release into the lumen upon blood ingestion. Plasmodium berghei oocyst formation was reduced by approximately 80% (74-91% range) in transgenic mosquitoes...
June 2005: Insect Molecular Biology
Shumpei Ishikawa, Naonori Uozumi, Takashi Shiibashi, Takashi Izumi, Masashi Fukayama, Takao Shimizu, Junichi Watanabe, Sadao Nogami
Lipid mediators play important roles in the pathogenesis of malaria. Phospholipase A2s are enzymes involved in the production of these mediators, and they function in inflammation. Among them, cytosolic phospholipase A2 (cPLA2) is a key enzyme in the metabolism of arachidonic acid, the first intermediate in the production of lipid mediators. Plasmodium berghei ANKA causes cerebral malaria in CL57B/6 mice, and we recently produced cPLA2-deficient mice with this background. With the expectation of reduced pathogenicity, we performed experimental infection in these mice...
June 2004: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Marcelo Jacobs-Lorena
Malaria ranks among the deadliest infectious diseases that kills more than one million persons every year. The mosquito is an obligatory vector for malaria transmission. In the mosquito, Plasmodium undergoes a complex series of developmental events that includes transformation into several distinct morphological forms and the crossing of two different epithelia--midgut and salivary gland. Circumstantial evidence suggests that crossing of the epithelia requires specific interactions between Plasmodium and epithelial surface molecules...
September 2003: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases
Luciano A Moreira, Jing Wang, Frank H Collins, Marcelo Jacobs-Lorena
One potential strategy for the control of malaria and other vector-borne diseases is the introduction into wild vector populations of genetic constructs that reduce vectorial capacity. An important caveat of this approach is that the genetic construct should have minimal fitness cost to the transformed vector. Previously, we produced transgenic Anopheles stephensi expressing either of two effector genes, a tetramer of the SM1 dodecapeptide or the phospholipase A2 gene (PLA2) from honeybee venom. Mosquitoes carrying either of these transgenes were impaired for Plasmodium berghei transmission...
March 2004: Genetics
Carole Guillaume, Christiane Deregnaucourt, Véronique Clavey, Joseph Schrével
Antibacterial, antiparasitidal and antiviral properties have recently been attributed to members of the secreted phospholipases A(2) (sPLA(2)s) superfamily. Seven sPLA(2)s from groups IA, IB, IIA and III, were tested here in different culture conditions for inhibition of the in vitro intraerythrocytic development of Plasmodium falciparum, the causative agent of the most severe form of human malaria. In the presence of human serum, all sPLA(2)s were inhibitory, with three out of seven exhibiting IC(50)<0...
March 1, 2004: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
A B J Groeneveld, A N Tacx, A W J Bossink, G J van Mierlo, C E Hack
The host response to microbial infection is associated with the release of inflammatory mediators. We hypothesized that the type and degree of the systemic response as reflected by levels of circulating mediators predict morbidity and mortality, according to the invasiveness of microbial infection. We prospectively studied 133 medical patients with fever and culture-proven microbial infection. For 3 days after inclusion, the circulating levels of activated complement C3a, interleukin (IL)-6, and secretory phospholipase A(2) (sPLA(2)) were determined daily...
February 2003: Clinical Immunology: the Official Journal of the Clinical Immunology Society
Luciano A Moreira, Junitsu Ito, Anil Ghosh, Martin Devenport, Helge Zieler, Eappen G Abraham, Andrea Crisanti, Tony Nolan, Flaminia Catteruccia, Marcelo Jacobs-Lorena
Malaria kills millions of people every year, and new control measures are urgently needed. The recent demonstration that (effector) genes can be introduced into the mosquito germ line to diminish their ability to transmit the malaria parasite offers new hope toward the fight of the disease (Ito, J., Ghosh, A., Moreira, L. A., Wimmer, E. A. & Jacobs-Lorena, M. (2002) Nature, 417, 452-455). Because of the high selection pressure that an effector gene imposes on the parasite population, development of resistant strains is likely to occur...
October 25, 2002: Journal of Biological Chemistry
H Zieler, D B Keister, J A Dvorak, J M Ribeiro
Oocyst formation is a critical stage in the development of the malaria parasite in the mosquito. We have discovered that the phospholipase A(2) (PLA2) from the venom of the eastern diamondback rattlesnake (Crotalus adamanteus) inhibits oocyst formation when added to infected chicken blood and fed to mosquitoes. A similar transmission-blocking activity was demonstrated for PLA2s from the venom of other snakes and from the honeybee. This effect is seen both with the avian malaria parasite Plasmodium gallinaceum and with the human parasite Plasmodium falciparum developing in their respective mosquito hosts...
December 2001: Journal of Experimental Biology
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