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bladder tissue engineering

Fatemeh Ajalloueian, Greg Lemon, Jöns Hilborn, Ioannis S Chronakis, Magdalena Fossum
The urinary bladder is a complex organ with the primary functions of storing urine under low and stable pressure and micturition. Many clinical conditions can cause poor bladder compliance, reduced capacity, and incontinence, requiring bladder augmentation or use of regenerative techniques and scaffolds. To replicate an organ that is under frequent mechanical loading and unloading, special attention towards fulfilling its biomechanical requirements is necessary. Several biological and synthetic scaffolds are available, with various characteristics that qualify them for use in bladder regeneration in vitro and in vivo, including in the treatment of clinical conditions...
February 13, 2018: Nature Reviews. Urology
Marta Pokrywczynska, Arkadiusz Jundzill, Karolina Warda, Lukasz Buchholz, Marta Rasmus, Jan Adamowicz, Magdalena Bodnar, Andrzej Marszalek, Anna Helmin-Basa, Jacek Michalkiewicz, Maciej Gagat, Alina Grzanka, Malgorzata Frontczak-Baniewicz, Agata Magdalena Gastecka, Tomasz Kloskowski, Maciej Nowacki, Camillo Ricordi, Tomasz Drewa
A variety of tissue engineering techniques utilizing different cells and biomaterials are currently being explored to construct urinary bladder walls de novo, but so far no approach is clearly superior. The aim of this study was to determine whether mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) isolated from different sources, (bone marrow [BM-MSCs] and adipose tissue [ADSCs]), differ in their potential to regenerate smooth muscles in tissue-engineered urinary bladders and to determine an optimal number of MSCs for urinary bladder smooth muscle regeneration...
November 2017: Cell Transplantation
C Gasanz, C Raventós, J Morote
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Bladder reconstruction is performed to replace or expand the bladder. The intestine is used in standard clinical practice for tissue in this procedure. The complications of bladder reconstruction range from those of intestinal resection to those resulting from the continuous contact of urine with tissue not prepared for this contact. In this article, we describe and classify the various biomaterials and cell cultures used in bladder tissue engineering and reviews the studies performed with humans...
January 11, 2018: Actas Urologicas Españolas
Liuhua Zhou, Jiadong Xia, Pengji Wang, Ruipeng Jia, Jun Hua Zheng, Xudong Yao, Yun Chen, Yutian Dai, Bin Yang
Tissue engineering techniques provide a great potential to de novo construct a histological bladder. Smooth muscle regeneration is extremely important for the functional recovery of engineered neo-bladder. However, many challenges remain for the use of bladder smooth muscle cells (SMCs) as the cell sources. Recent evidences showed that smooth muscle progenitor cells (SPCs) in the peripheral blood have the capacity of differentiating into SMCs, while their use for bladder regeneration hasn't yet been reported...
January 12, 2018: Tissue Engineering. Part A
Frank-Mattias Schäfer, Khalid Algarrahi, Alyssa Savarino, Xuehui Yang, Catherine Seager, Debra Franck, Kyle Costa, Shanshan Liu, Tanya Logvinenko, Rosalyn Adam, Joshua R Mauney
The bladder urothelium functions as a urine-blood barrier and consists of basal, intermediate, and superficial cell populations. Reconstructive procedures such as augmentation cystoplasty and focal mucosal resection involve localized surgical damage to the bladder wall whereby focal segments of the urothelium and underlying submucosa are respectively removed or replaced and regeneration ensues. We demonstrate using lineage-tracing systems that urothelial regeneration following augmentation cystoplasty with acellular grafts exclusively depends on host keratin 5-expressing basal cells to repopulate all lineages of the de novo urothelium at implant sites...
December 12, 2017: Stem Cell Reports
Dario O Fauza
Regenerative medicine as it applies to spina bifida is a multi-pronged endeavor involving spinal cord repair, tissue engineering and fetal regeneration, all of which can mutually overlap to variable extents. The efforts involving spinal cord repair, whether they be cell-based or not, are virtually indistinguishable from the enormous body of work related to spinal cord recovery after traumatic injury. Tissue engineering, on the other hand, can involve a variety of structures besides constructs used for covering the spina bifida defect, for example the urinary bladder, bone, muscle and skin...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine
Daša Zupančič, Katjuša Mrak Poljšak, Mateja Erdani Kreft
New strategies for culturing and co-culturing of the main types of urinary bladder cells are essential for successful establishment of biomimetic in vitro models, which could be applied for research into, and management of, diverse urological disorders. Porcine normal urothelial cells are available in nearly unlimited amounts and have many properties equivalent to human urothelial cells. In the present study, we established normal differentiated porcine urothelial cells in co-cultures with porcine urinary bladder normal fibroblasts and/or smooth muscle cells...
November 8, 2017: Cell Biology International
Anirudha Singh, Trinity J Bivalacqua, Nikolai Sopko
INTRODUCTION: In this review, we discuss major advancements and common challenges in constructing and regenerating a neo-urinary conduit (NUC). First, we focus on the need for regenerating the urothelium, the hallmark the urine barrier, unique to urinary tissues. Second, we focus on clinically feasible scaffolds based on decellularized matrices and molded collagen that are currently of great research interest. AIM: To discuss the major advancements in constructing a tissue-engineered NUC (TE-NUC) and the challenges involved in their successful clinical translation...
October 21, 2017: Sexual Medicine Reviews
Jan Adamowicz, Marta Pokrywczynska, Shane Vontelin Van Breda, Tomasz Kloskowski, Tomasz Drewa
Regenerative medicine is a new branch of medicine based on tissue engineering technology. This rapidly developing field of science offers revolutionary treatment strategy aimed at urinary bladder regeneration. Despite many promising announcements of experimental urinary bladder reconstruction, there has been a lack in commercialization of therapies based on current investigations. This is due to numerous obstacles that are slowly being identified and precisely overcome. The goal of this review is to present the current status of research on urinary bladder regeneration and highlight further challenges that need to be gradually addressed...
October 10, 2017: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
Marta Pokrywczyńska, Tomasz Kloskowski, Daria Balcerczyk, Monika Buhl, Arkadiusz Jundziłł, Maciej Nowacki, Kaja Męcińska-Jundziłł, Tomasz Drewa
INTRODUCTION: Urinary tract regeneration using tissue engineering is one of the most challenging issues in the field of reconstructive urology. Cells seeded on scaffold are exposed to urine immediately after the implantation. The outcome of urinary bladder regeneration is depended on the ability of these cells to survive, proliferate and regenerate. The aim of this study was to compare a sensitivity of three different cell lines to urine in vitro. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Three different cell lines were isolated from porcine bladder (urothelial cells, UCs and smooth muscle cells, SMCs) and adipose tissue (adipose-derived stem cells, ADSCs)...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
Philip M Iannaccone, Vasil Galat, Matthew I Bury, Yongchao C Ma, Arun K Sharma
Pediatric patients with a neurogenic urinary bladder caused by developmental abnormalities including spina bifida exhibit chronic urological problems. Surgical management in the form of enterocystoplasty is used to enlarge the bladder but is associated with significant clinical complications. Thus, alternative methods to enterocystoplasty have been explored through the incorporation of stem cells with tissue engineering strategies. Within the context of this review, we will examine the use of bone marrow stem cells and induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) as they relate to bladder regeneration at the anatomic and molecular levels...
September 15, 2017: Pediatric Research
Cassandra Ringuette Goulet, Geneviève Bernard, Stéphane Chabaud, Amélie Couture, Alexandre Langlois, Bertrand Neveu, Frédéric Pouliot, Stéphane Bolduc
The tumour microenvironment is critical to both the initiation and maintenance of tumorigenesis. Reconstitution of the microenvironment is a major challenge for in vitro cancer models. Indeed, conventional 2D culture systems cannot replicate the complexity, diversity and dynamic nature of the tumour microenvironment. In this study, we have developed a 3D endotheliazed vesical equivalent by using tissue engineering from primary human cells in which non-invasive or invasive bladder cancer (BCa) cell lines, cultured as compact spheroids, were incorporated...
August 29, 2017: Biomaterials
N F Davis, E M Cunnane, F J O'Brien, J J Mulvihill, M T Walsh
Autologous gastrointestinal tissue has remained the gold-standard reconstructive biomaterial in urology for >100 years. Mucus-secreting epithelium is associated with lifelong metabolic and neuromechanical complications when implanted into the urinary tract. Therefore, the availability of biocompatible tissue-engineered biomaterials such as extracellular matrix (ECM) scaffolds may provide an attractive alternative for urologists. ECMs are decellularised, biodegradable membranes that have shown promise for repairing defective urinary tract segments in vitro and in vivo by inducing a host-derived tissue remodelling response after implantation...
August 12, 2017: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
Volker Seifarth, Joachim O Grosse, Matthias Gossmann, Heinz Peter Janke, Patrick Arndt, Sabine Koch, Matthias Epple, Gerhard M Artmann, Aysegül Temiz Artmann
To restore damaged organ function or to investigate organ mechanisms, it is necessary to prepare replicates that follow the biological role model as faithfully as possible. The interdisciplinary field of tissue engineering has great potential in regenerative medicine and might overcome negative side effects in the replacement of damaged organs. In particular, tubular organ structures of the genitourinary tract, such as the ureter and urethra, are challenging because of their complexity and special milieu that gives rise to incrustation, inflammation and stricture formation...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Biomaterials Applications
Marco Angelozzi, Letizia Penolazzi, Stefania Mazzitelli, Elisabetta Lambertini, Andrea Lolli, Roberta Piva, Claudio Nastruzzi
Tissue engineering (TE) approaches using biomaterials have gain important roles in the regeneration of cartilage. This paper describes the production by microfluidics of alginate-based microfibers containing both extracellular matrix (ECM)-derived biomaterials and chondrocytes. As ECM components gelatin or decellularized urinary bladder matrix (UBM) were investigated. The effectiveness of the composite microfibers has been tested to modulate the behavior and redifferentiation of dedifferentiated chondrocytes...
2017: Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology
P V Glybochko, Yu V Olefir, Yu G Alyaev, D V Butnaru, E A Bezrukov, A A Chaplenko, T M Zharikova
In a systematic review, to present an overview of the current situation in the field of tissue engineering of urinary bladder related to the use of cell lines pre-cultured on matrices. The selection of eligible publications was conducted according to the method described in the article Glybochko P.V. et al. "Tissue engineering of urinary bladder using acellular matrix." At the final stage, studies investigating the application of matrices with human and animal cell lines were analyzed. Contemporary approaches to using cell-based tissue engineering of the bladder were analyzed, including the formation of 3D structures from several types of cells, cell layers and genetic modification of injected cells...
June 2017: Urologii︠a︡
Xiaoli Zhang, Zhongyu Liu, Yizhuo Yang, Yuanqing Yao, Ye Tao
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study is to evaluate the clinical outcomes of vaginoplasty using tissue-engineered biomaterial mesh in the patients with Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser (MRKH) syndrome. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with MRKH syndrome underwent the vaginoplasty using tissue-engineered biomaterial mesh between January 2006 and August 2014 in PLA general hospital. We analyzed the anatomic results and collected the standardized FSFI (Female Sexual Function Index) questionnaire from each patient...
June 10, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
Reshma S Nair, Jimna Mohamed Ameer, Malcolm R Alison, Thapasimuthu V Anilkumar
Extracellular matrices of xenogeneic origin have been extensively used for biomedical applications, despite the possibility of heterogeneity in structure. Surface modification of biologically derived biomaterials using nanoparticles is an emerging strategy for improving topographical homogeneity when employing these scaffolds for sophisticated tissue engineering applications. Recently, as a tissue engineering scaffold, cholecyst derived extracellular matrix (C-ECM) has been shown to have several advantages over extracellular matrices derived from other organs such as jejunum and urinary bladder...
September 1, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Dan Jiang, Jianwen Huang, Huili Shao, Xuechao Hu, Lujie Song, Yaopeng Zhang
Bladder acellular matrix (BAM) hydrogel may have great potential in tissue engineering due to outstanding biocompatibility and the presence of inherent bioactive factors in BAM. In this study, we prepared the BAM hydrogel by the method of enzymatic solubilization with pepsin and characterize the microrheological properties of the BAM precursor solution. The structures of the BAM hydrogel were characterized by scanning electron microscope (SEM), Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC)...
August 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Matija Veber, David Dolivo, Marsha Rolle, Tanja Dominko
Smooth muscle cells are essential for tissue engineering strategies to fabricate organs such as blood vessels, esophagus, and bladder, and to create disease models of these systems. In order for such therapies and models to be feasible, smooth muscle cells must be sourced effectively to enable production of large numbers of functional cells. In vitro, smooth muscle cells divide slowly and demonstrate short proliferative lifespans compared to other types of cells including stem cells and fibroblasts, limiting the number of cells that can be derived from expansion in culture of a primary isolation...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
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