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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679895/ingredientes-farmac%C3%A3-uticos-activos-potencialmente-inapropiados-en-adultos-mayores-lista-ifaspiam-panel-de-consenso-argentino
#1
Marta M Marzi, Miryam S Pires, Nora B Quaglia
OBJECTIVES: To perform a list agreed by Argentinean experts and adapted to the local context containing potentially inappropriate (PI) medications in old people (OP) usingthe Delphi consensus technique optimized for this subject. METHODS: A preliminary list of potentially inappropriate medications (PIM) was drawn up based on foreign PIM lists and a selective search in the scientific literature. The iterative Delphi process was used to submit the active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) of the preliminary PIM list to the panel of Argentinean experts...
April 18, 2018: Value in Health Regional Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678983/older-patients-perception-of-deprescribing-in-resource-limited-settings-a-cross-sectional-study-in-an-ethiopia-university-hospital
#2
Henok Getachew Tegegn, Yonas Getaye Tefera, Daniel Asfaw Erku, Kaleab Taye Haile, Tamrat Befekadu Abebe, Fasil Chekol, Yonas Azanaw, Asnakew Achaw Ayele
OBJECTIVE: To assess older patients' attitude towards deprescribing of inappropriate medications. DESIGN: This was an institutional-based, quantitative, cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Outpatient clinics of the University of Gondar Referral and Teaching Hospital in Ethiopia. PARTICIPANTS: Patients aged 65 or older with at least one medication were enrolled in the study from 1 March to 30 June 2017. Excluded patients were those who had severe physical or psychological problems and who refused to participate...
April 20, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674846/costs-of-medication-in-older-patients-before-and-after-comprehensive-geriatric-assessment
#3
Gulcin Done Unutmaz, Pinar Soysal, Busra Tuven, Ahmet Turan Isik
Background: Polypharmacy and inappropriate drug use cause numerous complications, such as cognitive impairment, frailty, falls, and functional dependence. The present study aimed to determine the effect of the comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) on polypharmacy, potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs) and potential prescribing omissions (PPOs), and to evaluate the economic reflections of medication changes. Methods: One thousand five hundred and seventy-nine older patients, who had undergone CGA, were retrospectively evaluated...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674796/prescriber-and-dispenser-perceptions-about-antibiotic-use-in-acute-uncomplicated-childhood-diarrhea-and-upper-respiratory-tract-infection-in-new-delhi-qualitative-study
#4
Anita Kotwani, P C Joshi, Urmila Jhamb, Kathleen Holloway
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to explore the prescribing practices, knowledge, and attitudes of primary care doctors and community pharmacists, regarding antibiotic use in acute upper respiratory tract infections (URTI) and diarrhea in children to better understand causes of misuse and identify provider suggestions to change such behavior. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two focus group discussions (FGDs) each were conducted with primary care government doctors (GDs), private general practitioners (GPs), pediatricians, and community pharmacists in Delhi...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674129/polymyxin-b-etest%C3%A2-compared-to-gold-standard-broth-microdilution-in-carbapenem-resistant-enterobacteriaceae-exhibiting-a-wide-range-of-polymyxin-b-mics
#5
Brandon Kulengowski, Julie A Ribes, David S Burgess
OBJECTIVES: Polymyxins have been revitalized to combat carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE). However, evaluating the activity of these agents by traditional broth dilution methods is not practical for busy clinical laboratories. We compared polymyxin B (PMB) activity utilizing two quantitative susceptibility testing methods, Etest® and broth microdilution (BMD), against CRE isolates from patients at an academic medical center. METHODS: PMB activity against 70 CRE clinical isolates was determined by EtestP® P according to manufacturer and by BMD according to CLSI guidelines...
April 16, 2018: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673931/-appropriate-use-of-red-blood-cell-transfusion-in-the-emergency-department-before-and-after-a-specific-protocol
#6
M-L Langlais, M Dargère, C Le Niger, D Goetghebeur
The purpose of this study was to assess appropriateness of red blood cell (RBC) transfusion in the emergency department before and after a specific protocol. METHODS: A retrospective monocenter study was realized during two six-month periods at the emergency unit. A protocol based on the French national guidelines (HAS) in 2014 was set up between the two periods. All the adult patients, except in a context of massive transfusion, were included in the study. The principal criteria analysed was the rate of appropriate transfusion...
April 16, 2018: Transfusion Clinique et Biologique: Journal de la Société Française de Transfusion Sanguine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671705/explicit-versus-implicit-evaluation-to-detect-inappropriate-medication-use-in-geriatric-outpatients
#7
Gulistan Bahat, Birkan Ilhan, Ilker Bay, Cihan Kilic, Pinar Kucukdagli, Meryem Merve Oren, Mehmet Akif Karan
AIM: The rates and reasons why clinicians decide not to follow recommendations from explicit-criteria have been studied scarce. We aimed to compare STOPP version 2 representing one of the most commonly used excplicit tool with the implicit comprehensive geriatric assessment mediated clinical evaluation considered as gold standard. METHODS: Two hundred and six (n = 206) outpatients ≥65 years old were included. The study was designed as retrospective, cross-sectional, and randomised...
April 19, 2018: Aging Male: the Official Journal of the International Society for the Study of the Aging Male
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671696/emergency-department-visits-in-a-cohort-of-persons-with-substance-use-incorporating-the-role-of-social-networks
#8
Paul Sacamano, Noa Krawczyk, Carl Latkin
BACKGROUND: Frequent emergency department (ED) visits often suggest inappropriate use for low acuity needs and multiple comorbidities, including substance use disorders. OBJECTIVE: This study examines associations of individuals and their social networks with high frequency ED use among persons reporting substance use. METHODS: Information was obtained from interview responses from the first 6-month follow-up visit of a longitudinal. Prevalence ratios for the outcome of high frequency ED visits (≥2 in 6 months) were determined with a generalized linear model, log link, Poisson distribution and robust standard errors...
April 19, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670505/selective-fiber-degeneration-in-the-peripheral-nerve-of-a-patient-with-severe-complex-regional-pain-syndrome
#9
Adrien Yvon, Alessandro Faroni, Adam J Reid, Vivien C Lees
Aims: Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) is characterized by chronic debilitating pain disproportional to the inciting event and accompanied by motor, sensory, and autonomic disturbances. The pathophysiology of CRPS remains elusive. An exceptional case of severe CRPS leading to forearm amputation provided the opportunity to examine nerve histopathological features of the peripheral nerves. Methods: A 35-year-old female developed CRPS secondary to low voltage electrical injury. The CRPS was refractory to medical therapy and led to functional loss of the forelimb, repeated cutaneous wound infections leading to hospitalization...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669046/nephrology-comanagement-and-the-quality-of-antibiotic-prescribing-in-primary-care-for-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-a-retrospective-cross-sectional-study
#10
Justin X G Zhu, Danielle M Nash, Eric McArthur, Alexandra Farag, Amit X Garg, Arsh K Jain
Background: In primary care, patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are frequently prescribed excessive doses of antibiotics relative to their kidney function. We examined whether nephrology comanagement is associated with improved prescribing in primary care. Methods: In a retrospective propensity score-matched cross-sectional study, we studied the appropriateness of antibiotic prescriptions by primary care physicians to Ontarians ≥66 years of age with CKD Stages 4 and 5 (estimated glomerular filtration rate <30 mL/min/1...
April 12, 2018: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668346/medication-discontinuation-at-the-end-of-life-a-questionnaire-study-on-physicians-experiences-and-opinions
#11
Eric C T Geijteman, Bregje A A Huisman, Marianne K Dees, Roberto S G M Perez, Carin C D van der Rijt, Lia van Zuylen, Agnes van der Heide
BACKGROUND: Many patients who are in the last phase of life use multiple medications that are continued until shortly before they ultimately die. Little is known about physicians' opinions and experiences regarding medication discontinuation at the end of patients' lives. OBJECTIVE: To explore physicians' opinions and experiences regarding medication discontinuation during the last phase of life, and to identify factors influencing the continuation of potentially inappropriate medications...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667638/-the-forensic-medical-aspects-of-the-inappropriate-medical-care-in-the-modern-day-ukraine
#12
V V Franchuk
Despite the fact that the ever growing relevance of the problem of the inappropriate medical care was long ago brought to the worldwide attention, it has not been practically addressed in the Ukraine since the country gained independence in 1991. The objective of the present study was to consider the specific features of expert examination of the cases of inappropriate medical care as exemplified by the materials of the legal actions and lawsuits instituted against healthcare specialists violating their occupational duties...
2018: Sudebno-meditsinskaia Ekspertiza
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665778/characteristics-of-elderly-patients-with-polypharmacy-who-refuse-to-participate-in-an-in-hospital-deprescribing-intervention-a-retrospective-cross-sectional-study
#13
Junpei Komagamine, Kenichi Sugawara, Kazuhiko Hagane
BACKGROUND: Few studies have evaluated the characteristics of elderly patients with polypharmacy refusing deprescribing. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of potentially inappropriate medication (PIM) use in elderly patients accepting and refusing a deprescribing intervention and to investigate factors associated with deprescribing refusal. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cross-sectional study by analyzing the electronic medical records from a single hospital...
April 17, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665270/european-repository-of-explicit-criteria-of-potentially-inappropriate-medications-in-old-age
#14
Ivana Ivanova, Monique Elseviers, Maarten Wauters, Thierry Christiaens, Robert Vander Stichele
AIM: Lack of electronic assessment of medication lists in electronic health records is a barrier for more generalized use of potentially inappropriate medications (PIM) lists, designed for older adults. The aim was to construct a European repository of explicit criteria on PIM, suitable for electronic assessment. METHODS: PIM description, medication information, clinical information and level of evidence was entered. Criteria with unclear medication specifications were excluded...
April 17, 2018: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664187/exercise-interventions-and-patient-beliefs-for-people-with-hip-knee-or-hip-and-knee-osteoarthritis-a-mixed-methods-review
#15
REVIEW
Michael Hurley, Kelly Dickson, Rachel Hallett, Robert Grant, Hanan Hauari, Nicola Walsh, Claire Stansfield, Sandy Oliver
BACKGROUND: Chronic peripheral joint pain due to osteoarthritis (OA) is extremely prevalent and a major cause of physical dysfunction and psychosocial distress. Exercise is recommended to reduce joint pain and improve physical function, but the effect of exercise on psychosocial function (health beliefs, depression, anxiety and quality of life) in this population is unknown. OBJECTIVES: To improve our understanding of the complex inter-relationship between pain, psychosocial effects, physical function and exercise...
April 17, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664118/narratives-and-gatekeeping-making-sense-of-triage-nurses-practice
#16
Lars E F Johannessen
It is well documented that emergency service staff consider some patients to be 'inappropriate attenders'. A central example is 'trivia', denoting patients with medical problems considered too 'trivial' to warrant attention. Although research has repeatedly shown that frontline staff violate guidelines in turning away 'trivial' patients, existing research has paid insufficient attention to why staff are willing to engage in guideline-violating gatekeeping, which may put both themselves and 'trivial' patients at risk...
April 17, 2018: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662328/hyporeninemic-hypoaldosteronism-in-a-patient-with-diabetes-mellitus-an-unforgettable-case-report
#17
Naziha Chelaghma, Samson O Oyibo
A 58-year-old man presented with a 3-year history of chronic and intermittent hyperkalemia requiring recurrent attendances to the emergency department for urgent treatment. His medical history included secondary diabetes mellitus following a bout of acute pancreatitis and a previous splenectomy for a spontaneous splenic rupture. He also had a history of prolonged use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for back pain and painful neuropathy. He was not on any medication or diet that would cause a raised serum potassium level and his renal function was normal...
2018: International Medical Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659552/improving-pharmacists-targeting-of-patients-for-medication-review-and-deprescription
#18
Vanessa Marvin, Emily Ward, Barry Jubraj, Mark Bower, Iñaki Bovill
Background: In an acute hospital setting, a multi-disciplinary approach to medication review can improve prescribing and medicine selection in patients with frailty. There is a need for a clear understanding of the roles and responsibilities of pharmacists to ensure that interventions have the greatest impact on patient care. Aim: To use a consensus building process to produce guidance for pharmacists to support the identification of patients at risk from their medicines, and to articulate expected actions and escalation processes...
April 16, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659488/does-a-consumer-targeted-deprescribing-intervention-compromise-patient-healthcare-provider-trust
#19
Yi Zhi Zhang, Justin P Turner, Philippe Martin, Cara Tannenbaum
One in four community-dwelling older adults is prescribed an inappropriate medication. Educational interventions aimed at patients to reduce inappropriate medications may cause patients to question their prescriber&rsquo;s judgment. The objective of this study was to determine whether a patient-focused deprescribing intervention compromised trust between older adults and their healthcare providers. An educational brochure was distributed to community-dwelling older adults by community pharmacists in order to trigger deprescribing conversations...
April 16, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659107/knowledge-and-practice-of-healthcare-professionals-relating-to-oral-medicine-use-in-swallowing-impaired-patients-a-scoping-review
#20
REVIEW
Mehrusha Masilamoney, Ros Dowse
OBJECTIVES: Swallowing impairment is a growing problem that affects 16% of the overall population and can significantly affect medicine-taking. However, little is known about the knowledge and practice of healthcare professionals (HCPs) relating to swallowing-impaired (SI) patients. The aim of this scoping review was to investigate the knowledge and practice of HCPs in supporting SI patients with their medicine-taking, to identify their reference sources, and to describe their training and information needs...
April 16, 2018: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
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