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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223678/protein-sparing-therapies-in-acute-illness-and-obesity-a-review-of-george-blackburn-s-contributions-to-nutrition-science
#1
REVIEW
Dylan D Thomas, Nawfal W Istfan, Bruce R Bistrian, Caroline M Apovian
Protein sparing therapies were developed to mitigate the harms associated with protein-calorie malnutrition and nitrogen losses induced by either acute illness or hypocaloric diets in patients with obesity. We review the development of protein sparing therapies in illness and obesity with a focus on the pioneering contributions of George Blackburn, MD, PhD. He recognized that protein-calorie malnutrition is a common and serious clinical condition and developed new approaches to its treatment in hospitalized patients...
December 7, 2017: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222901/association-of-energy-intake-and-physical-activity-with-overweight-among-indonesian-children-6-12-years-of-age
#2
Heryudarini Harahap, Sandjaja Sandjaja, Moesijanti Soekatri, Ilse Khouw, Paul Deurenberg
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Indonesia is currently facing double burden malnutrition in children. As overweight and obesity are due to a disturbed energy balance, this study aimed to assess the association of total energy intake and physical activity with the prevalence of overweight among Indonesian children. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: The data used for this analysis were from 1143 children, 6-12 years old, that participated in the South East Asian Nutrition Survey (SEANUTS)...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222890/home-enteral-nutrition-after-minimally-invasive-esophagectomy-can-improve-quality-of-life-and-reduce-the-risk-of-malnutrition
#3
Zixiang Wu, Ming Wu, Qi Wang, Tianwei Zhan, Lian Wang, Saibo Pan, Gang Chen
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The potential benefits of home enteral nutrition (HEN) and the effects of HEN on quality of life (QOL) after esophagectomy remain unclear. The aim was to investigate the effect of 3 months HEN on health related QOL and nutritional status of esophageal cancer patients who were preoperatively malnourished. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: 142 malnourished (PG-SGA stage B or C) patients with esophageal cancer were assigned to receive Ivor Lewis minimally invasive esophagectomy (MIE group) with laparoscopic jejunal feeding tube placement or open esophagectomy (OE group) with nasojejunal feeding tube placement...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222883/the-geriatric-nutritional-risk-index-predicts-mortality-in-nonagenarians-and-centenarians-receiving-home-care
#4
Hui Wang, Shan Hai, Yan Zhou, Ping Liu, Bi-Rong Dong
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The increasing prevalence of malnutrition in old people is related to the risk of illness and death. A number of screening tools to detect malnutrition have been used in the elderly to assess nutritional status and predict prognosis. The aim of the present study was to investigate the ability of the Geriatric Nutritional Risk Index (GNRI) to assess nutritional status and predict mortality in very old home-care people by using a cross-sectional study of Chinese older people aged 90-105 years...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222881/development-and-validation-of-a-pediatric-nutritional-screening-score-pnss-for-hospitalized-children
#5
Lina Lu, Xiaomeng Mao, Jinye Sheng, Jianhu Huang, Ying Wang, Qingya Tang, Wei Cai
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: There is no evidence on the most effective nutritional screening tool for hospitalized children. The objective of this study was to develop and validate a pediatric nutritional screening tool to assess undernutrition risk upon hospital admission. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: The study had a two-phase prospective observational design. A novel pediatric nutritional screening score (PNSS) was developed and sensitivity, specificity, and reliability were evaluated by comparing with a complete dietetic assessment...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219134/does-infant-feeding-method-influence-the-incidence-and-pattern-of-morbidities-among-human-immunodeficiency-virus-exposed-uninfected-nigerian-infants
#6
Olusoga Babatunde Ogunfowora, Tinuade Adetutu Ogunlesi, Abiodun Folashade Adekanmbi, Victor Ayodeji Ayeni
BACKGROUND: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-exposed infants enrolled into the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV program generally receive antiretroviral therapy (ARV), but the feeding methods differ based on several socioeconomic and cultural differences. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to examine the incidence and pattern of morbidities among HIV-exposed uninfected (HEU) Nigerian infants and determine any relationship with infant feeding methods...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219130/effects-of-health-education-tool-on-select-epidemiological-factors-associated-with-adult-obese-urban-slum-women
#7
Deepika Pradeep Vora, Pallavi S Shelke
BACKGROUND: National Family Health Survey-3 (2005-2006) India, found that 14.8% of Ever-Married Adults (age 15-49 years) had Body Mass Index (BMI) in the ranges of overweight and obese; compared to 10.6% in the National Family Health Survey-2. These figures highlighted the fact that India already faces a dual burden of chronic malnutrition, i.e., obesity, besides undernutrition. Higher BMI, especially, increased abdominal fat is an important determinant of the development of diabetes...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218997/causes-of-impaired-oral-vaccine-efficacy-in-developing-countries
#8
Edward Pk Parker, Sasirekha Ramani, Benjamin A Lopman, James A Church, Miren Iturriza-Gómara, Andrew J Prendergast, Nicholas C Grassly
Oral vaccines are less immunogenic when given to infants in low-income compared with high-income countries, limiting their potential public health impact. Here, we review factors that might contribute to this phenomenon, including transplacental antibodies, breastfeeding, histo blood group antigens, enteric pathogens, malnutrition, microbiota dysbiosis and environmental enteropathy. We highlight several clear risk factors for vaccine failure, such as the inhibitory effect of enteroviruses on oral poliovirus vaccine...
December 8, 2017: Future Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217898/using-of-ileucecal-interposition-as-a-neo-stomach-in-dogs-with-total-gastrectomy-presentation-of-a-novel-technique
#9
Ehsan Soltani, Ahmad Reza Mohamadnia, Faezeh Alipour, Monavar Afzal Aghaei, Samaneh Ghasemi, Ali Sadrizadeh
Total gastrectomy and R&Y reconstruction is the standard treatment of gastric cancer except distal form one. Malnutrition is a common adverse effect of this technique, and in this study, we preset a novel technique in order to help to reduce the rate of it. We use seven dogs as participants and after total gastrectomy; we used the 10 cm of the ileum and its concomitant cecum as a neo-stomach in them. For 3 months, the dogs were evaluated in nutrition status. Three of the dogs died-one due to endocarditis and two due to internal hernia...
December 2017: Indian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216957/handgrip-strength-as-a-predictor-of-nutritional-status-in-chinese-elderly-inpatients-at-hospital-admission
#10
Xin Sheng Zhang, Ying Hua Liu, Yong Zhang, Qing Xu, Xiao Ming Yu, Xue Yan Yang, Zhao Liu, Hui Zi Li, Feng Li, Chang Yong Xue
OBJECTIVE: To assess nutritional status and define gender- and age-specific handgrip strength (HGS) cut-point values for malnutrition or nutritional risk in elderly inpatients. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 1,343 elderly inpatients was conducted in the Chinese PLA General Hospital. Nutrition Risk Screening (NRS 2002) and Subjective Global Assessment (SGA) were administered. Anthropometric measurements and blood biochemical indicators were obtained using standard techniques...
November 2017: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences: BES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216027/acute-malnutrition-among-children-mortality-and-humanitarian-interventions-in-conflict-affected-regions-nigeria-october-2016-march-2017
#11
Eva Leidman, Erin Tromble, Adamu Yermina, Robert Johnston, Chris Isokpunwu, Adeyemi Adeniran, Assaye Bulti
A public health emergency was declared by the Nigerian Federal Ministry of Health in northeastern Nigeria in June 2016 and escalated by the United Nations to a Level 3 Emergency in August 2016, after confirmation of wild poliovirus and measles outbreaks and evidence that prevalence of acute malnutrition exceeded emergency thresholds in areas newly liberated from Boko Haram control (1,2). To monitor rates of mortality, acute malnutrition among children, infectious disease morbidity, and humanitarian interventions after the emergency declaration, a series of cross-sectional household surveys were conducted in fall 2016 and winter 2017 in the northeastern states of Borno and Yobe using a cluster methodology...
December 8, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215819/prevalence-of-malnutrition-in-hospitalized-patients-a-multicenter-cross-sectional-study
#12
Min Chang Kang, Ji Hoon Kim, Seung Wan Ryu, Jae Young Moon, Je Hoon Park, Jong Kyung Park, Jong Hoon Park, Hyun Wook Baik, Jeong Meen Seo, Myoung Won Son, Geun Am Song, Dong Woo Shin, Yeon Myung Shin, Hong Yup Ahn, Han Kwang Yang, Hee Chul Yu, Ik Jin Yun, Jae Gil Lee, Jae Myeong Lee, Jung Hwa Lee, Tae Hee Lee, Haejun Yim, Hyun Jeong Jeon, Kyuwhan Jung, Mi Ran Jung, Chi Young Jeong, Hee Sook Lim, Suk Kyung Hong
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is associated with many adverse clinical outcomes. The present study aimed to identify the prevalence of malnutrition in hospitalized patients in Korea, evaluate the association between malnutrition and clinical outcomes, and ascertain the risk factors of malnutrition. METHODS: A multicenter cross-sectional study was performed with 300 patients recruited from among the patients admitted in 25 hospitals on January 6, 2014. Nutritional status was assessed by using the Subjective Global Assessment (SGA)...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213515/rehabilitation-in-severe-memory-deficit-a-case-study
#13
Nariana Mattos Figueiredo Sousa
The term amnesia refers to a pathological state of mind in which memory and learning are affected to a greater extent than other cognitive functions in a patient without altered level of consciousness. The aim of the current study was to describe a case of severe amnesia in a patient during neurological rehabilitation and to report the importance of preserved cognitive functions to compensate for the mnemonic deficit. VJA presented a clinical condition suggestive of encephalopathy due to caloric-protein malnutrition following several abdominal surgical procedures for complicated choledocholithiasis...
April 2017: Dementia & Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210101/problems-of-dual-vulnerability-in-nutrition-a-qualitative-study-of-older-persons-caring-for-under-5-year-olds-in-post-disaster-haiti
#14
Stephanie Raybould, Thomas Ward, Renée Burnett, Logan Manikam, Mackentoch Tibe, Barry Munslow
SITUATION: Malnutrition plays a significant role in under-five mortality rates following disasters. Older people play an important role in childcare in non-Western societies, which often increases in displacement contexts. Until now, policy, in general, and nutrition programmes, in particular, have focused on the mother-child dyad. AIM: To gather information on possible barriers to older carers accessing nutritional services for the children they care for and explore ways to overcome these obstacles...
December 5, 2017: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208341/hemodynamic-correlates-of-nutritional-indexes-in-heart-failure
#15
Yu Horiuchi, Shuzou Tanimoto, Taishi Okuno, Jiro Aoki, Kazuyuki Yahagi, Yu Sato, Tetsu Tanaka, Keita Koseki, Kota Komiyama, Hiroyoshi Nakajima, Kazuhiro Hara, Kengo Tanabe
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition in heart failure (HF) is related to altered intestinal function, which could be due to hemodynamic changes. We investigated the usefulness of novel nutritional indexes in relation to hemodynamic parameters. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 139 HF patients with reduced ejection fraction who underwent right heart catheterization. We investigated correlations between right side pressures and nutritional indexes, which include controlling nutritional (CONUT) score and geriatric nutritional risk index (GNRI)...
December 2, 2017: Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208071/economic-policy-and-the-double-burden-of-malnutrition-cross-national-longitudinal-analysis-of-minimum-wage-and-women-s-underweight-and-obesity
#16
Annalijn I Conklin, Ninez A Ponce, Catherine M Crespi, John Frank, Arijit Nandi, Jody Heymann
OBJECTIVE: To examine changes in minimum wage associated with changes in women's weight status. DESIGN: Longitudinal study of legislated minimum wage levels (per month, purchasing power parity-adjusted, 2011 constant US dollar values) linked to anthropometric and sociodemographic data from multiple Demographic and Health Surveys (2000-2014). Separate multilevel models estimated associations of a $10 increase in monthly minimum wage with the rate of change in underweight and obesity, conditioning on individual and country confounders...
December 6, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207944/incidence-of-breast-cancer-in-chinese-women-exposed-to-the-1959-1961-great-chinese-famine
#17
Dandan He, Yuan Fang, Marc J Gunter, Dongli Xu, Yanping Zhao, Jie Zhou, Hong Fang, Wang Hong Xu
BACKGROUND: The association of malnutrition in early life with breast cancer risk has been studied in Europe by investigating survivors of the Dutch Hunger Winter Famine, but not in China. We evaluated the effect of exposure to the 1959-1961 Great Leap Forward famine on subsequent breast cancer risk in Chinese women. METHODS: A total of 59,060 women born in 1955~1966 were recruited from Minhang district, Shanghai, China, during the period 2008 to 2012. A baseline survey was conducted to collect demographic characteristics and known risk factors for breast cancer...
December 5, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207770/making-nutrition-management-scientific-objective-and-simple-with-the-help-of-technology
#18
Sanjith Saseedharan, Edwin Joseph Pathrose
Nutrition management is one of the cornerstones of care in the management of hospitalized patients, especially, for those who are critically ill. Significant numbers of hospitalized patients have alteration in appetite and the function of the gastrointestinal tract. Calculating the caloric goal, prescribed proteins to be delivered in a finite amount of water at a certain rate is the need of the hour and it becomes a daunting task to complete daily. With the help of technology such tasks can be completed easily and accurately...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207554/the-synergetic-effect-of-cash-transfers-for-families-child-sensitive-social-protection-programs-and-capacity-building-for-effective-social-protection-on-children-s-nutritional-status-in-nepal
#19
Andre M N Renzaho, Stanley Chitekwe, Wen Chen, Sanjay Rijal, Thakur Dhakal, Pradiumna Dahal
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the synergetic effect of child sensitive social protection programs, augmented by a capacity building for social protection and embedded within existing government's targeted resource transfers for families on child nutritional status. DESIGN: A repeat cross-sectional quasi-experimental design with measures taken pre- (October-December 2009) and post- (December 2014-February 2015) intervention in the intervention and comparison district...
December 4, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204255/bariatric-surgery-and-long-term-nutritional-issues
#20
REVIEW
Roberta Lupoli, Erminia Lembo, Gennaro Saldalamacchia, Claudia Kesia Avola, Luigi Angrisani, Brunella Capaldo
Bariatric surgery is recognized as a highly effective therapy for obesity since it accomplishes sustained weight loss, reduction of obesity-related comorbidities and mortality, and improvement of quality of life. Overall, bariatric surgery is associated with a 42% reduction of the cardiovascular risk and 30% reduction of all-cause mortality. This review focuses on some nutritional consequences that can occur in bariatric patients that could potentially hinder the clinical benefits of this therapeutic option...
November 15, 2017: World Journal of Diabetes
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