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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823074/single-anastomosis-duodeno-ileal-switch-sadis-a-systematic-review-of-efficacy-and-safety
#1
Saeed Shoar, Lauren Poliakin, Rebecca Rubenstein, Alan A Saber
BACKGROUND: Owing to the possibility of weight regain after the long-term follow-up of gastric bypass patients and because of the high morbidity of biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch, single-anastomosis duodeno-ileal switch (SADIS) has emerged as a rescue procedure in bariatric surgery. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this review is to summarize the literature data on SADIS. SETTING: University Hospital, NY. METHODS: A comprehensive literature review was performed through October 2016 to identify English studies on SADIS performed in human subjects...
August 19, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822255/malnutrition-in-postacute-geriatric-care-basic-espen-diagnosis-and-etiology-based-diagnoses-analyzed-by-length-of-stay-in-hospital-mortality-and-functional-rehabilitation-indexes
#2
Dolores Sánchez-Rodríguez, Ester Marco, Cédric Annweiler, Natalia Ronquillo-Moreno, Andrea Tortosa, Olga Vázquez-Ibar, Ferran Escalada, Xavier Duran, Josep M Muniesa
OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationships between malnutrition and nutrition-related conditions according to the European Society of Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism (ESPEN) consensus and guidelines and clinical outcomes in postacute rehabilitation. METHODS: Of 102 eligible inpatients, 95 (84.5 years old, 63.2% women) fulfilled inclusion criteria: aged ≥70 years, body mass index <30kg/m(2), admission for rehabilitation. Mini-Nutritional Assessment-Short Form (MNA-SF≤11) identified patients "at risk" and ESPEN basic and etiology based definitions were applied...
August 2, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821663/agrp-neurons-can-increase-food-intake-during-conditions-of-appetite-suppression-and-inhibit-anorexigenic-parabrachial-neurons
#3
Rachel A Essner, Alison G Smith, Adam A Jamnik, Anna R Ryba, Zoe D Trutner, Matthew E Carter
To maintain energy homeostasis, orexigenic (appetite-inducing) and anorexigenic (appetite suppressing) brain systems functionally interact to regulate food intake. Within the hypothalamus, neurons that express agouti-related protein (AgRP) sense orexigenic factors and orchestrate an increase in food-seeking behavior. In contrast, calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP)-expressing neurons in the parabrachial nucleus (PBN) suppress feeding. PBN CGRP neurons become active in response to anorexigenic hormones released following a meal, including amylin, secreted by the pancreas, and cholecystokinin (CCK), secreted by the small intestine...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821385/increased-knowledge-self-reported-comfort-and-malnutrition-diagnosis-and-reimbursement-as-a-result-of-the-nutrition-focused-physical-exam-hands-on-training-workshop
#4
Beth A Mordarski, Rosa K Hand, Jodi Wolff, Alison L Steiber
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 16, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821284/physical-exercise-following-esophageal-cancer-treatment-perfect-study-design-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Jonna K van Vulpen, Peter D Siersema, Richard van Hillegersberg, Grard A P Nieuwenhuijzen, Ewout A Kouwenhoven, Richard P R Groenendijk, Donald L van der Peet, Eric J Hazebroek, Camiel Rosman, Carlo C G Schippers, Elles Steenhagen, Petra H M Peeters, Anne M May
BACKGROUND: Following esophagectomy, esophageal cancer patients experience a clinically relevant deterioration of health-related quality of life, both on the short- and long-term. With the currently growing number of esophageal cancer survivors, the burden of disease- and treatment-related complaints and symptoms becomes more relevant. This emphasizes the need for interventions aimed at improving quality of life. Beneficial effects of post-operative physical exercise have been reported in several cancer types, but so far comparable evidence in esophageal cancer patients is lacking...
August 18, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820707/prevalence-of-strongyloides-stercoralis-and-other-intestinal-parasite-infections-in-school-children-in-a-rural-area-of-angola-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
María Luisa Ruíz de Alegría Aznar, Karen Colmenares, Mateu Espasa, Arancha Amor, Isabel Lopez, Arlette Ninda, Joaquina Kanjala, Domingas Guilherme, Elena Sulleiro, Begoña Barriga, Eva Gil, Fernando Salvador, Cristina Bocanegra, Teresa López, Milagros Moreno, Israel Molina
Strongyloides stercoralis is widely distributed in the tropics and subtropics. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of S. stercoralis and other intestinal parasites and identify the risk factors for infection with S. stercoralis in a rural area of Angola. A cross-sectional study was conducted in school-age children (SAC) in Cubal, Angola. A questionnaire collecting clinical and epidemiological variables was used, and two stool samples were collected. A concentration technique (Ritchie) and a technique for detection of larvae migration (Baermann) were performed...
July 31, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820648/natural-bioactive-food-components-for-improving-enteral-tube-feeding-tolerance-in-adult-patient-populations
#7
Adam J Kuchnia, Beth Conlon, Norman Greenberg
Tube feeding (TF) is the most common form of nutrition support. In recent years, TF administration has increased among patient populations within and outside hospital settings, in part due to greater insurance coverage, reduced use of parenteral nutrition, and improved formularies suitable for sole source nutrition. With increasing life expectancy and improved access to TFs, the number of adults dependent on enteral nutrition is expected to grow. However, enteral TF intolerance (ETFI) is the most common complication of TFs, typically presenting with at least 1 adverse gastrointestinal event, including nausea, diarrhea, and constipation...
August 1, 2017: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817825/muscle-strength-and-muscle-mass-in-older-patients-during-hospitalization-the-empower-study
#8
Jeanine M Van Ancum, Kira Scheerman, Vincent D Pierik, Siger T Numans, Sjors Verlaan, Hanne E Smeenk, Monique Slee-Valentijn, Roeliene C Kruizinga, Carel G M Meskers, Andrea B Maier
BACKGROUND: Low muscle strength and muscle mass are associated with an increased length of hospital stay and higher mortality rate in inpatients. To what extent hospitalization affects muscle strength and muscle mass is unclear. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to assess muscle strength and muscle mass at admission and during hospitalization in older patients and its relation with being at risk of geriatric conditions. METHODS: The EMPOWER study included patients aged 70 years and older, admitted to 4 wards of the VU University Medical Center in the Netherlands between April and December 2015...
August 18, 2017: Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816919/enteral-nutrition-practices-in-critically-ill-children-requiring-noninvasive-positive-pressure-ventilation
#9
Matthew K Leroue, Ryan J Good, Heather E Skillman, Angela S Czaja
OBJECTIVES: Evaluate the practice of providing enteral nutrition in critically ill children requiring noninvasive positive pressure ventilation. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: PICU within a quaternary care children's hospital. PATIENTS: PICU patients older than 30 days requiring noninvasive positive pressure ventilation for greater than or equal to 24 hours from August 2014 to June 2015. Invasive mechanical ventilation prior to noninvasive positive pressure ventilation and inability to receive enteral nutrition at baseline were additional exclusionary criteria...
August 12, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816555/chemical-utilization-of-albizia-lebbeck-leaves-for-developing-protein-concentrates-as-a-dietary-supplement
#10
Lutful Haque Khan, V K Varshney
In search of nonconventional sources of protein to combat widespread malnutrition, the possibility of developing a protein concentrate as an alternative dietary supplement from abundantly available yet poorly valorized leaves of Albizia lebbeck (siris) was examined. A process for recovery of leaf protein concentrate (LPC) from these leaves was optimized and applied for isolation of LPCs from lower, middle, and upper canopies of the tree. The optimized conditions (leaves to water 1:9, coagulation at pH 4.0 using 1 N citric acid at 90°C for 11 minutes) afforded LPCs containing protein 37...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815083/routine-jejunostomy-tube-feeding-following-esophagectomy
#11
Teus J Weijs, Hanneke W J van Eden, Jelle P Ruurda, Misha D P Luyer, Elles Steenhagen, Grard A P Nieuwenhuijzen, Richard van Hillegersberg
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is an important problem following esophagectomy. A surgically placed jejunostomy secures an enteral feeding route, facilitating discharge with home-tube feeding and long-term nutritional support. However, specific complications occur, and data are lacking that support its use over other enteral feeding routes. Therefore routine jejunostomy tube feeding and discharge with home-tube feeding was evaluated, with emphasis on weight loss, length of stay and re-admissions...
July 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814847/relationship-between-tongue-strength-lip-strength-and-nutrition-related-sarcopenia-in-older-rehabilitation-inpatients-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Kotomi Sakai, Enri Nakayama, Haruka Tohara, Keiji Kodama, Takahiro Takehisa, Yozo Takehisa, Koichiro Ueda
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to clarify the relationship between tongue strength, lip strength, and nutrition-related sarcopenia (NRS). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 201 older inpatients aged ≥65 years (70 men, median age: 84 years, interquartile range: 79-89 years) consecutively admitted for rehabilitation were included in this cross-sectional study. The main factors evaluated were the presence of NRS diagnosed by malnutrition using the Mini-Nutrition Assessment - Short Form, sarcopenia based on the criteria of the Asian Working Group for Sarcopenia, tongue strength, and lip strength...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814845/texture-modified-food-and-fluids-in-dementia-and-residential-aged-care-facilities
#13
REVIEW
Virginia Painter, David G Le Couteur, Louise M Waite
INTRODUCTION: Dysphagia is common in people living with dementia and associated with increased risk of aspiration pneumonia, dehydration, malnutrition, and death. Treatment options are limited and the use of texture-modified food and fluids (TMF) is a widespread clinical practice. This review aimed to evaluate the evidence for TMF in dementia. METHODS: A literature search using terms "dysphagia," "texture-modified food and fluids," "dementia," and "aged care" was performed by using three electronic databases from 1990 to March 2017...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814393/soya-maize-and-sorghum-based-ready-to-use-therapeutic-food-with-amino-acid-is-as-efficacious-as-the-standard-milk-and-peanut-paste-based-formulation-for-the-treatment-of-severe-acute-malnutrition-in-children-a-noninferiority-individually-randomized-controlled
#14
Paluku Bahwere, Peter Akomo, Mwawi Mwale, Hitoshi Murakami, Chrissy Banda, Sylvester Kathumba, Chimwemwe Banda, Solomon Jere, Kate Sadler, Steve Collins
Background: Development of more cost-effective ready-to-use therapeutic food (RUTF) is a global public health priority. To date, previous lower-cost recipes have been less effective than the standard peanut and milk (PM)-based RUTF, particularly in children aged <24 mo.Objective: We aimed to compare the efficacy of the PM-RUTF to a milk-free soya, maize, and sorghum (FSMS)-RUTF enriched with crystalline amino acids without cow milk powder and a milk, soya, maize, and sorghum (MSMS)-RUTF containing 9.3% skim cow milk powder...
August 16, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814218/diagnosis-and-management-of-pancreatic-exocrine-insufficiency
#15
Mehrdad Nikfarjam, Jeremy S Wilson, Ross C Smith
In 2015, the Australasian Pancreatic Club (APC) published the Australasian guidelines for the management of pancreatic exocrine insufficiency (http://pancreas.org.au/2016/01/pancreatic-exocrine-insufficiency-guidelines). Pancreatic exocrine insufficiency (PEI) occurs when normal digestion cannot be sustained due to insufficient pancreatic digestive enzyme activity. This may be related to a breakdown, at any point, in the pancreatic digestive chain: pancreatic stimulation; synthesis, release or transportation of pancreatic enzymes; or synchronisation of secretions to mix with ingested food...
August 21, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813205/combining-2-commonly-adopted-nutrition-instruments-in-the-critical-care-setting-is-superior-to-administering-either-one-alone
#16
Charles Chin Han Lew, Ka Po Cheung, Mary Foong Fong Chong, Ai Ping Chua, Robert J L Fraser, Michelle Miller
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to determine the agreement between the modified Nutrition Risk in Critically ill Score (mNUTRIC) and the Subjective Global Assessment (SGA) and compare their ability in discriminating and quantifying mortality risk independently and in combination. METHODS: Between August 2015 and October 2016, all patients in a Singaporean hospital received the SGA within 48 hours of intensive care unit admission. Nutrition status was dichotomized into presence or absence of malnutrition...
August 1, 2017: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811783/incidence-and-associated-risk-factors-of-low-birth-weight-babies-born-in-shaikh-khalifa-bin-zayad-al-nayan-hospital-muzaffarabad-azad-jammu-and-kashmir
#17
Gulnaz Iltaf, Beenish Shahid, Muhammad Ijaz Khan
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Birth weight is the most important factor that affects infant and child mortality. The most common cause of low birth is malnutrition before and during the pregnancy period. The present study was conducted to explore the associated risk factors of low birth weight which will be helpful to undertake effective measures to reduce the incidence of the low birth weight babies. METHODS: The study was conducted at Shaikh Khalifa Bin Zayad Al-Nayan Hospital Muzaffarabad...
May 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811120/impact-of-caregiver-incentives-on-child-health-evidence-from-an-experiment-with-anganwadi-workers-in-india
#18
Prakarsh Singh, William A Masters
This paper tests the effectiveness of performance pay and bonuses among government childcare workers in India. In a controlled study of 160 ICDS centers serving over 4000 children, we randomly assign workers to either fixed bonuses or payments based on the nutritional status of children in their care, and also collect data from a control group receiving only standard salaries. In all three study arms mothers receive nutrition information. We find that performance pay reduces underweight prevalence by about 5 percentage points over 3 months, and height improves by about one centimeter...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810666/monitoring-and-discharging-children-being-treated-for-severe-acute-malnutrition-using-mid-upper-arm-circumference-secondary-data-analysis-from-rural-gambia
#19
Alice Burrell, Marko Kerac, Helen Nabwera
Background: Severe acute malnutrition (SAM) is a major public health problem. Mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC) is widely used to admit children to treatment programmes. However, insufficient data supporting MUAC discharge criterion limits its use as a stand-alone tool. Our aim was to evaluate MUAC for monitoring nutritional recovery and discharge. Methods: This was a secondary analysis of clinical data from children 6-59 months-old treated for SAM from January 2003 to December 2013 at the Nutritional Rehabilitation Unit in rural Gambia...
July 1, 2017: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807987/use-of-noninvasive-ventilation-during-feeding-tube-placement
#20
REVIEW
Paolo Banfi, Eleonora Volpato, Chiara Valota, Salvatore D'Ascenzo, Chiara Bani Alunno, Agata Lax, Antonello Nicolini, Nicola Ticozzi, Vincenzo Silani, John R Bach
Parenteral nutrition is indicated in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) when dysphagia, loss of appetite, and difficulty protecting the airways cause malnutrition, severe weight loss, dehydration, and increased risk of aspiration pneumonia. The aim of this review is to compare percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG), radiologically inserted G-tube (RIG), and percutaneous radiologic gastrostomy (PRG) in patients with ALS, performed with or without noninvasive ventilation (NIV). We searched PubMed, MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), the EBSCO Online Research Database, and Scopus up to December 2015...
August 14, 2017: Respiratory Care
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