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Malnutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691779/nomogram-and-validity-of-a-model-for-predicting-malnutrition-in-patients-on-liver-transplant-lists
#1
María Teresa García-Rodríguez, Sonia Pértega-Díaz, Beatriz López-Calviño, María Del Carmen Piñón-Villar, Alejandra Otero-Ferreiro, Francisco Suárez-López, Manuel Gómez-Gutiérrez, María Teresa Seoane-Pillado, Salvador Pita-Fernández
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is associated with increased morbimortality in liver transplant patients, and it is important to identify factors related to nutritional status in these patients. AIMS: Determine variables associated with malnutrition and create a nomogram in liver transplant candidates. METHODS: Cross-sectional study (n = 110). VARIABLES: demographic variables, imbalances due to the disease, transplant aetiology and analytical parameters...
April 25, 2018: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691561/-evaluation-of-nutrition-risk-and-analysis-of-relative-factors-of-patients-with-oral-and-maxillofacial-cancer
#2
Ying Liu, Wu-Long Jin
PURPOSE: To evaluate the potential nutrition risk and analyze relative factors in patients with oral and maxillofacial cancer, and explore the treatment method of nutrition risk. METHODS: Eighty eight patients with oral and maxillofacial cancer were included in the present study. Their age, height, weight, clinical classification, level of hemoglobin、albumin and prealbumin,present treatment were recorded and patients' body weight index (BMI) was calculated and scored based on a table of nutrition risk evaluation...
December 2017: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691242/-to-be-a-woman-is-to-make-a-plan-a-qualitative-study-exploring-mothers-experiences-of-the-child-support-grant-in-supporting-children-s-diets-and-nutrition-in-south-africa
#3
Wanga Zembe-Mkabile, Rebecca Surender, David Sanders, Rina Swart, Vundli Ramokolo, Gemma Wright, Tanya Doherty
Food security and good nutrition are key determinants of child well-being. There is strong evidence that cash transfers such as South Africa's Child Support Grant (CSG) have the potential to help address some of the underlying drivers of food insecurity and malnutrition by providing income to caregivers in poor households, but it is unclear how precisely they work to affect child well-being and nutrition. We present results from a qualitative study conducted to explore the role of the CSG in food security and child well-being in poor households in an urban and a rural setting in South Africa...
April 24, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691171/risk-adjustment-is-necessary-in-medicare-bundled-payment-models-for-total-hip-and-knee-arthroplasty
#4
P Maxwell Courtney, Daniel D Bohl, Edmund C Lau, Kevin L Ong, Joshua J Jacobs, Craig J Della Valle
BACKGROUND: Concerns exist that high-risk patients in alternative payment models may face difficulties with access to care without proper risk adjustment. The purpose of this study is to identify the effect of medical and orthopedic specific risk factors on the cost of a 90-day episode of care following total hip (THA) and knee arthroplasty (TKA). METHODS: We queried the Medicare 5% Limited Data Set for all patients undergoing primary THA and TKA from 2010 to 2014...
March 17, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691162/bioimpedance-spectroscopy-as-a-practical-tool-for-the-early-detection-and-prevention-of-protein-energy-wasting-in-hemodialysis-patients
#5
Marta Arias-Guillén, Eduardo Perez, Patricia Herrera, Bárbara Romano, Raquel Ojeda, Manel Vera, José Ríos, Néstor Fontseré, Francisco Maduell
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether body composition monitor (BCM) could be a practical instrument for nephrologists to assess nutritional status in patients on hemodialysis (HD) and whether it is more effective in identifying patients at highest risk of developing protein-energy wasting (PEW) alone or in combination with other tools currently used for that purpose. DESIGN: Observational cross-sectional study in 91 HD patients (60 ± 14 years, 70.3% male, 24 ± 4...
April 21, 2018: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690916/combined-protocol-for-acute-malnutrition-study-compas-in-rural-south-sudan-and-urban-kenya-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Jeanette Bailey, Natasha Lelijveld, Bethany Marron, Pamela Onyoo, Lara S Ho, Mark Manary, André Briend, Charles Opondo, Marko Kerac
BACKGROUND: Acute malnutrition is a continuum condition, but severe and moderate forms are treated separately, with different protocols and therapeutic products, managed by separate United Nations agencies. The Combined Protocol for Acute Malnutrition Study (ComPAS) aims to simplify and unify the treatment of uncomplicated severe and moderate acute malnutrition (SAM and MAM) for children 6-59 months into one protocol in order to improve the global coverage, quality, continuity of care and cost-effectiveness of acute malnutrition treatment in resource-constrained settings...
April 24, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690899/the-compas-trial-combined-treatment-model-for-acute-malnutrition-study-protocol-for-the-economic-evaluation
#7
Natasha Lelijveld, Jeanette Bailey, Amy Mayberry, Lani Trenouth, Dieynaba S N'Diaye, Hassan Haghparast-Bidgoli, Chloe Puett
BACKGROUND: Acute malnutrition is currently divided into severe (SAM) and moderate (MAM) based on level of wasting. SAM and MAM currently have separate treatment protocols and products, managed by separate international agencies. For SAM, the dose of treatment is allocated by the child's weight. A combined and simplified protocol for SAM and MAM, with a standardised dose of ready-to-use therapeutic food (RUTF), is being trialled for non-inferior recovery rates and may be more cost-effective than the current standard protocols for treating SAM and MAM...
April 24, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690722/-dynamic-investigation-of-nutritional-risk-in-patients-with-malignant-tumor-during-hospitalization
#8
M W Zhu, J M Wei, W Chen, X Yang, H Y Cui, S N Zhu, P P Zhang, J Xiong, D F Zheng, H J Song, X Y Liang, L Zhang, W Y Xu, H B Wang, G Q Su, L J Feng, T Chen, Y D Wu, H Li, J Q Sun, Y Shi, B D Tong, S M Zhou, X Y Wang, Y H Huang, B M Zhang, J Xu, H Y Zhang, G L Chang, Z Y Jia, S F Chen, J Hu, X W Zhang, H Wang, Z D Li, Y Y Gao, B Gui
Objective: To prospectively investigate the changes in nutritional status of patients with malignant tumors during hospitalization by using nutritional risk screening (NRS2002), and to analyze the correlation between the nutritional status and clinical outcomes . Methods: This was a prospective and parallel research done by multi-center collaboration from 34 hospitals in China from June to September 2014.Hospitalized patients with malignant tumors inthese departments (Department of Gastroenterology, respiratory medicine, oncology, general surgery, thoracic surgery and geriatrics)were investigated...
April 10, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688853/gender-difference-in-health-related-quality-of-life-and-associated-factors-among-people-living-with-hiv-aids-attending-anti-retroviral-therapy-at-public-health-facilities-western-ethiopia-comparative-cross-sectional-study
#9
Delelegn Yilma Gebremichael, Kokeb Tesfamariam Hadush, Ermiyas Mulu Kebede, Robel Tezera Zegeye
BACKGROUND: Though HIV/AIDS has multidimensional consequences on quality of life, there is a gap in measuring and monitoring health related quality of life of HIV/AIDS patients. Hence, this study intended to measure health related quality of life domains and associated determinants among people living with HIV/AIDS in western Ethiopia. METHODS: A comparative cross-sectional study was conducted among 520 HIV/AIDS patients on anti-retroviral therapy in public health facilities in West Shoa Zone, Western Ethiopia from April to May, 2016...
April 23, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688090/high-and-low-body-mass-index-may-predict-severe-disease-course-in-children-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#10
Anat Yerushalmy-Feler, Amir Ben-Tov, Yael Weintraub, Achiya Amir, Tut Galai, Hadar Moran-Lev, Shlomi Cohen
OBJECTIVES: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) has been historically associated with underweight and malnutrition. The impact of both underweight and obesity on the clinical course of IBD in adults is controversial. This study described the association between body mass index (BMI) at diagnosis to disease course in children with IBD. METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of children with IBD from the database of the 'Dana-Dwek' Children's Hospital between 2010 and 2016...
April 24, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686867/nutritional-status-of-children-ages-0-5-and-5-10-years-old-in-households-headed-by-fisherfolks-in-the-philippines
#11
Mario V Capanzana, Divorah V Aguila, Glen Melvin P Gironella, Kristine V Montecillo
Background: The study aimed to analyze the nutritional status of Filipino children ages 0-60 months (0-5.0 years old) and 61-120 months (5.08-10.0 years old) in households headed by fisherfolks. Methods: The 8th National Nutrition Survey (NNS) data collected by the Food and Nutrition Research Institute, Department of Science and Technology (FNRI-DOST) was used in the study. There were 13,423 young children and 16,398 schoolchildren participants for anthropometry component...
2018: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686466/nutrition-status-and-helicobacter-pylori-infection-in-patients-receiving-hemodialysis
#12
REVIEW
Mitsushige Sugimoto, Hideo Yasuda, Akira Andoh
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients receiving hemodialysis (HD) often develop gastrointestinal abnormalities over their long treatment period. In general, prognosis in such patients is poor due to the development of protein-energy wasting (PEW). Therefore, it is important to clarify the etiology of PEW and to establish better strategies to deal with this condition. Chronic Helicobacter pylori ( H. pylori ) infection in the gastric mucosa has a close association with not only the development of peptic ulcer disease and gastric cancer, but is also associated with abnormal plasma and gastric mucosal ghrelin levels that are seen in malnutrition...
April 21, 2018: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685567/minimally-invasive-treatment-of-ankle-fractures-in-patients-at-high-risk-of-soft-tissue-wound-healing-complications
#13
REVIEW
Sherif Mohamed Abdelgaid, Ahmed Fawaz Moursy, Eyad Abd Allah Elgebaly, Aly Mohamed Aboelenien
The complex nature of ankle fractures is magnified when seen in patients at high risk of soft tissue wound healing complications. The major categories include associated soft tissue injury, diabetes, tobacco use, peripheral vascular disease, malnutrition, alcoholism, and corticosteroid use. Because of the potential for wound dehiscence and infection with open reduction and internal fixation of ankle fractures in these patients, minimally invasive procedures have been described. The aims of the present study were to assess the possibility for, and evaluate the results and complications of, minimally invasive techniques for different types of malleolar fractures in high-risk patients...
May 2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684966/-nutritional-assessment-and-management-for-patients-with-chronic-liver-disease
#14
REVIEW
Tae Hee Lee
When liver disease is severe, the prognosis can be worse if the patient is malnourished. Adequate nutritional support for patients with liver diseases can improve the patient's condition and prognosis. In the case of liver cirrhosis, malnutrition can occur due to a variety of causes, including poor oral intake, maldigestion, malabsorption, associated renal disease, and metabolic abnormalities. For a nutritional assessment, it is important to check the dietary intake, change in body composition, including anthropometry, and a functional assessment of muscle...
April 25, 2018: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684916/predictors-of-rapid-cognitive-decline-in-patients-with-mild-to-moderate-alzheimer-disease-a-prospective-cohort-study-with-12-month-follow-up-performed-in-memory-clinics
#15
Achille E Tchalla, Jean-Pierre Clément, Isabelle Saulnier, Betty Beaumatin, Florent Lachal, Caroline Gayot, Anaïs Bosetti, Iléana Desormais, Anaïck Perrochon, Pierre-Marie Preux, Philippe Couratier, Thierry Dantoine
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Alzheimer disease (AD) is particularly devastating, with no cure, no means of prevention, and no proven way to slow progression. AD is associated with the worsening of cognitive function attributable to a variety of factors of which little is known. Our main objective was to determine factors associated with rapid cognitive decline (RCD) in older AD patients. METHODS: We conducted a 12-month, prospective, multi-centre cohort study. Community-living individuals aged ≥65 years with mild-to-moderate AD were included...
April 23, 2018: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684086/frequency-of-appearance-of-transverse-harris-lines-reflects-living-conditions-of-the-pleistocene-bear-ursus-ingressus-sudety-mts-poland
#16
Dariusz Nowakowski
Transverse lines, called Harris Lines (HL), osteological markers of recovery from growth arrest episodes, are visible in radiograms of recent and Pleistocene fossil bones. Since on the one hand they mark stressful episodes in life, and on the other are mainly used to trace health fluctuations in prehistoric human communities, I used a cave bear population to check if the processes that could affect the specie' condition were in any way reflected in the bone structure. 392 bear bones from Bear Cave in Kletno (collection: Department of Palaeozoology, University of Wrocław), dated as 32 100 ±1300 to >49 000 years BP, were radiologically examined...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683742/detecting-and-managing-malnutrition-in-hospital-patients-the-battle-continues
#17
Liz Anderson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 26, 2018: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682542/gut-microbial-changes-interactions-and-their-implications-on-human-lifecycle-an-ageing-perspective
#18
REVIEW
Ravichandra Vemuri, Rohit Gundamaraju, Madhur D Shastri, Shakti Dhar Shukla, Krishnakumar Kalpurath, Madeleine Ball, Stephen Tristram, Esaki M Shankar, Kiran Ahuja, Rajaraman Eri
Gut microbiota is established during birth and evolves with age, mostly maintaining the commensal relationship with the host. A growing body of clinical evidence suggests an intricate relationship between the gut microbiota and the immune system. With ageing, the gut microbiota develops significant imbalances in the major phyla such as the anaerobic Firmicutes and Bacteroidetes as well as a diverse range of facultative organisms, resulting in impaired immune responses. Antimicrobial therapy is commonly used for the treatment of infections; however, this may also result in the loss of normal gut flora...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682364/gastrointestinal-tuberculosis-presenting-as-malnutrition-and-distal-colonic-bowel-obstruction
#19
Raja Chandra Chakinala, Zahava C Farkas, Benjamin Barbash, Khwaja F Haq, Shantanu Solanki, Muhammad Ali Khan, Edward Esses, Taliya Farooq, Brad Dworkin
Gastrointestinal (GI) tuberculosis (TB) is rare and can occur in the context of active pulmonary disease or as a primary infection with no pulmonary symptoms. It typically presents with vague abdominal symptoms, making it difficult to discern from alternative disease processes. Although the ileocecal region is the most commonly affected site, tuberculous enteritis can involve any aspect of the GI tract. To demonstrate the importance of maintaining a high clinical suspicion for the disease, we present a case of GI TB presenting as severe malnutrition and segmental colitis of the left colon...
2018: Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681913/toward-eradication-of-b-vitamin-deficiencies-considerations-for-crop-biofortification
#20
REVIEW
Simon Strobbe, Dominique Van Der Straeten
'Hidden hunger' involves insufficient intake of micronutrients and is estimated to affect over two billion people on a global scale. Malnutrition of vitamins and minerals is known to cause an alarming number of casualties, even in the developed world. Many staple crops, although serving as the main dietary component for large population groups, deliver inadequate amounts of micronutrients. Biofortification, the augmentation of natural micronutrient levels in crop products through breeding or genetic engineering, is a pivotal tool in the fight against micronutrient malnutrition (MNM)...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
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