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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29917207/impact-of-patients-nutritional-status-on-major-surgery-outcome
#1
E V Mignini, E Scarpellini, E Rinninella, E Lattanzi, M V Valeri, N Clementi, L Abenavoli, A Gasbarrini, C Rasetti, P Santori
OBJECTIVE: Surgery is a major stress factor that activates several inflammatory and catabolic pathways in man. An appropriate nutritional status allows the body to react properly to this stressor and recover in a faster and more efficient manner. On the other hand, malnutrition is related to a worse surgery outcome and to a higher prevalence of comorbidities and mortality. The aims of this study were to evaluate the nutritional status of patients undergoing major surgery and investigate the potential correlation between malnutrition and surgical outcomes...
June 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915742/prevalence-and-determinants-of-undernutrition-among-children-under-5-year-old-in-rural-areas-a-cross-sectional-survey-in-north-sudan
#2
Amel Abdalrhim Sulaiman, Sarra O Bushara, Wadie M Elmadhoun, Sufian K Noor, Mutaz Abdelkarim, Ilham Nasr Aldeen, Meissa M Osman, Ahmed O Almobarak, Heitham Awadalla, Mohamed H Ahmed
Background: Child malnutrition is a major public health problem in developing countries. Therefore, the aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of undernutrition among children <5 years in River Nile state (RNS) in North Sudan. Subjects and Methods: A cross-sectional household survey was done in four localities in RNS. Using Multistage Cluster sampling, 1635 under 5 years' children had participated. Pretested questionnaire and anthropometric measures were used during data collection...
January 2018: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915732/prevalent-infant-feeding-practices-among-the-mothers-presenting-at-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-garhwal-himalayan-region-uttarakhand-india
#3
Vyas Kumar Rathaur, Monika Pathania, Charu Pannu, Anand Jain, Minakshi Dhar, Nitish Pathania, Rahul Goel
Introduction: There is paucity of studies on infant feeding practices from the rural areas of garhwal Himalayas of the state of uttarakhand. The present study was designed to assess the infant feeding practices in Garhwal region. Infant feeding practices have significant implications on a child's health. Early nutritional status especially during the first year of life has been shown to have a significant effect on child health and development. Optimal infant feeding practices are crucial for nutritional status, growth, development, health, and ultimately the survival of infants and young children...
January 2018: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914840/altered-body-composition-sarcopenia-frailty-and-their-clinico-biological-correlates-in-parkinson-s-disease
#4
Ai Huey Tan, Yin Cheng Hew, Shen-Yang Lim, Norlisah Mohd Ramli, Shahrul Bahyah Kamaruzzaman, Maw Pin Tan, Mathis Grossmann, Ban Hong Ang, Jiun Yan Tan, Mohamad Addin Azhan A Manap, Tun Khong Tay, Siang Lyn Tan, Ru Peng New, Farhana Fadzli, Eng Jui Yee, Foong Ming Moy, Sanjiv Mahadeva, Anthony E Lang
INTRODUCTION: Low body weight in Parkinson's disease (PD) is poorly understood despite the associated risks of malnutrition, fractures, and death. Sarcopenia (loss of muscle bulk and strength) and frailty are geriatric syndromes that are likewise associated with adverse health outcomes, yet have received scant attention in PD. We studied body composition, sarcopenia, frailty, and their clinico-biological correlates in PD. METHODS: 93 patients and 78 spousal/sibling controls underwent comprehensive assessment of diet, clinical status, muscle strength/performance, frailty, body composition (using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry), and serum levels of neurogastrointestinal hormones and inflammatory markers...
June 13, 2018: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914417/improved-rates-of-exclusive-breastfeeding-at-14-weeks-of-age-in-kwazulu-natal-south-africa-what-are-the-challenges-now
#5
C Horwood, L Haskins, I M Engebretsen, S Phakathi, C Connolly, A Coutsoudis, L Spies
BACKGROUND: Increasing the rate of exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) to 50% in the first six months of life is one of six major global targets set by the United Nations Decade of Nutrition, and is essential to achieve the sustainable development goals to eradicate hunger and end malnutrition by 2030. METHODS: A survey using multistage random sampling design included 99 primary health care (PHC) clinics in all 11 districts in KwaZulu-Natal (KZN). All mothers and caregivers of infants 14 weeks of age attending the clinics in the study period were requested to participate in a structured interview to explore feeding practices since birth...
June 19, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914306/nutritional-status-is-associated-with-the-degree-of-cognitive-impairment-and-depressive-symptoms-in-a-greek-elderly-population
#6
Mantzorou Maria, Vadikolias Konstantinos, Pavlidou Eleni, Serdari Aspasia, Vasios Georgios, Tryfonos Christina, Giaginis Constantinos
INTRODUCTION: Cognitive impairment and malnutrition are two important public health issues in the elderly, which have been associated with their mental health. AIMS: This study aims to evaluate the nutritional status of an elderly population in Greece, and its association with the grade of cognitive decline, anthropometric measures and psychological status. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 2092 elderly men and women were enrolled from seven Greek cities...
June 19, 2018: Nutritional Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914295/hiv-and-the-dual-burden-of-malnutrition-in-senegal-1994-2012
#7
Noelle A Benzekri, Moussa Seydi, Ibrahima NDoye, Macoumba Toure, Nancy B Kiviat, Papa Salif Sow, Stephen E Hawes, Geoffrey S Gottlieb
The aims of this study were to determine the nutritional status of HIV-positive versus HIV-negative adults in Senegal and to identify predictors of nutritional status among people living with HIV (PLHIV). We conducted a retrospective study using data from individuals enrolled in previous studies in Senegal. Undernutrition was defined as body mass index (BMI) <18.5 and overnutrition was defined as BMI ≥25.0. Subcategories of overnutrition were overweight (defined as BMI 25.0-29.9) and obesity (BMI ≥30...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912757/dietary-interventions-in-liver-cirrhosis
#8
Chu Kion Yao, James Fung, Natural Hoi Sing Chu, Victoria Ping Yi Tan
Liver cirrhosis is associated with significant nutritional risks that often result in serious hepatic complications and poor survival rates. Diet is an important but underutilized aspect in the treatment modality of cirrhosis. Therefore, the aims of this review are to ascertain nutritional risks associated with its pathophysiology and to summarize existing evidence that support dietary recommendations for managing this patient population. Alterations in substrate utilization for energy production is a main feature of liver cirrhosis, resulting in increased catabolism of protein stores and a predisposition toward protein-energy malnutrition, even in the early stages of the disease...
June 16, 2018: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912235/-peripartum-cardiomyopathy-a-little-known-disease
#9
Angela Beatrice Scardovi, Renata De Maria
Peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) is a relatively rare cardiac disease that manifests itself in the final stage of pregnancy and in the first months after delivery in women with no previous history of cardiovascular disease. The incidence of PPCM varies widely across geographic areas and seems to be on the rise as a result of increased awareness and socioeconomic changes. PPCM recognizes a still partially undefined multifactorial etiology. Various pathogenetic hypotheses have been proposed, that range from autoimmune mechanisms to myocarditis to the hormonal hypothesis for aberrant, antiangiogenic and cardiotoxic prolactin (PRL) production, apoptosis, prolonged exposure to tocolytic drugs, malnutrition and genetic predisposition...
April 2018: Giornale Italiano di Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911462/the-double-burden-of-chronic-malnutrition-and-overweight-and-obesity-in-ecuadorian-mothers-and-children-1986-2012
#10
Wilma B Freire, William F Waters, Gabriela Rivas-Mariño, Philippe Belmont
BACKGROUND: The simultaneous presence of undernutrition and over-nutrition represents a paradox in global public health and is of increasing concern in Ecuador, where chronic malnutrition and overweight and obesity occur in the context of demographic and epidemiologic transitions. Two overlapping trends are present in Ecuador; while levels of stunting have decreased slowly in the past three decades, increasing proportions of children <5 years and women of reproductive age suffer from overweight and obesity...
January 1, 2018: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908691/pancreatic-enzyme-replacement-therapy-following-surgery-for-pancreatic-cancer-an-exploration-of-patient-self-management
#11
Lisa Dunleavy, Ahmed Al-Mukhtar, Vanessa Halliday
BACKGROUND: For those diagnosed with pancreatic cancer, ill-addressed pancreatic exocrine insufficiency (PEI) following surgery can result in malnutrition related complications that may impact on predict mortality and morbidity. The use of pancreatic enzyme replacement therapy (PERT) is recommended and often demands a degree of patient self-management. Understanding more about how this treatment is managed is fundamental to optimising care. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore patient self-management of PERT following surgery for pancreatic cancer...
August 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908679/a-multicenter-cross-sectional-study-to-evaluate-the-clinical-characteristics-and-nutritional-status-of-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#12
Kursad Aydin
BACKGROUND & AIMS: This study was designed to assess clinical characteristics and nutritional status of pediatric outpatients with cerebral palsy (CP) and to determine prevalence of malnutrition based on physicians' clinical judgment and on anthropometric data in relation to percentile reference values. METHODS: A total of 1108 pediatric neurology outpatients (mean ± SEM age: 7.2 ± 0.1 years, 59.3% were males) diagnosed with CP were included in this cross-sectional, non-interventional multicenter single-visit study conducted between October 2015 and July 2016 at 20 centers across Turkey...
August 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908677/diagnosing-clinical-malnutrition-perspectives-from-the-past-and-implications-for-the-future
#13
Levi M Teigen, Adam J Kuchnia, Emily M Nagel, Kathleen L Price, Ryan T Hurt, Carrie P Earthman
This review, intended for both researchers and clinicians, provides a history of the definition of clinical malnutrition. Despite global efforts, we remain without one clear, objective, internationally accepted definition; clarity in this regard will ultimately improve our evaluation and monitoring of nutritional status to achieve optimal patient outcomes. In this review we explore the development of the term malnutrition and its diagnosis and application in the setting of acute and chronic disease. We begin in the second century A...
August 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907379/prediction-of-prognosis-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-patients-with-respiratory-failure-a-comparison-of-three-nutritional-assessment-methods
#14
Ruiqi Chen, Lu Xing, Chao You, Xuemei Ou
OBJECTIVES: Due to their increased energy expenditure, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients with respiratory failure are susceptible to malnutrition. This study aimed to compare the predictive values of the following three widely used nutritional assessment methods for the clinical prognosis of COPD patients with respiratory failure: body mass index (BMI), Nutritional Risk Screening 2002 (NRS 2002), and serum albumin (ALB) level. METHODS: COPD patients with respiratory failure treated in our center from June 2013 to June 2016 were retrospectively included...
June 12, 2018: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907352/corrigendum-to-mealtime-habits-and-meal-provision-are-associated-with-malnutrition-among-elderly-patients-admitted-to-hospital-clin-nutr-32-2-2013-281-288
#15
Lisa Söderström, Eva Thors Adolfsson, Andreas Rosenblad, Hanna Frid, Anja Saletti, Leif Bergkvist
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 8, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907148/a-case-of-metaplastic-atrophic-gastritis-in-immune-dysregulation-polyendocrinopathy-enteropathy-x-linked-ipex-syndrome
#16
Youyou Luo, Jie Chen, Youhong Fang, Jingan Lou, Jindan Yu
BACKGROUND: Autoimmune metaplastic atrophic gastritis is a chronic progressive inflammatory condition. The clinical spectrum includes pernicious anemia, atrophic gastritis, antibodies to parietal cell antigens and intrinsic factor, achlorhydria, hypergastrinemia and carcinoma. It is rare in paediatric cohorts. CASE PRESENTATION: We present the case of a boy with metaplastic atrophic gastritis in whom immune dysregulation, polyendocrinopathy, enteropathy, X-linked(IPEX) syndrome was confirmed by FOXP3 gene mutation...
June 15, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907140/undiagnosed-maternal-diaphragmatic-hernia-a-management-dilemma
#17
Maya Reddy, Annie Kroushev, Kirsten Palmer
BACKGROUND: Maternal diaphragmatic hernias identified during pregnancy are rare and pose significant management challenges with regards to timing and mode of both delivery and hernia repair. CASE PRESENTATION: We describe a case of a maternal diaphragmatic hernia diagnosed at 31 weeks gestation in the setting of acute upper abdominal pain. Due to no evidence of visceral compromise and a stable maternal condition, the patient was conservatively managed, allowing for further foetal maturation...
June 15, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906405/dermatologic-manifestations-of-inflammatory-bowel-disease-a-review
#18
Uma Keyal, Yeqiang Liu, Anil Kumar Bhatta
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic relapsing disease of the gastrointestinal tract with unknown etiology and pathogenesis. It includes Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC). Approximately one-third of the patients with IBD are seen to develop extraintestinal manifestations, among which cutaneous manifestations are the most common and should be managed in close collaboration with a dermatologist. Depending upon the nature of the association, skin conditions associated with IBD can be listed under 4 categories: specific, reactive, secondary to malnutrition or malabsorption, and secondary to drug therapy...
May 2018: Discovery Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905848/uraemic-symptom-burden-and-clinical-condition-in-women-and-men-of-%C3%A2-65-years-of-age-with-advanced-chronic-kidney-disease-results-from-the-equal-study
#19
Moniek W M van de Luijtgaarden, Fergus J Caskey, Christoph Wanner, Nicholas C Chesnaye, Maurizio Postorino, Cynthia J Janmaat, Anirudh Rao, Claudia Torino, Marian Klinger, Christiane Drechsler, Olof Heimburger, Maciej Szymczak, Marie Evans, Friedo W Dekker, Kitty J Jager
Background: The epidemiology and prognosis of chronic kidney disease (CKD) differ by sex. We aimed to compare symptom prevalence and the clinical state in women and men of ≥65 years of age with advanced CKD receiving routine nephrology care. Methods: The European QUALity study on treatment in advanced chronic kidney disease (EQUAL) study follows patients from six European countries of ≥65 years of age  years whose estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) dropped to ≤20 mL/min/1...
June 13, 2018: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905564/-the-influence-of-unbalanced-nutrition-of-pregnant-rats-on-the-content-of-biogenic-elements-in-the-enamel-and-blood-serum-of-their-offspring
#20
O Nikolayeva, O Pysmenna
Malnutrition of pregnant women can slow down dental tissue development in offspring, cause growth of tooth decay and other disruptions, associated with changes amount of biogenic elements (BE), which are received into child in the womb body. The aim of this study-determination of the BE in the enamel and blood serum of mother rats, who had unbalanced nutrition with excess or lack of nutrients during the pregnancy. The content of Ca, Mg, Cu, Fe, P and Zn was studied in 129 species 1- and 2-month offspring. Reduction of BE in the enamel and blood serum mote often exist and more raised in pups, whose prenatal development took place under a shortage of nutrients...
May 2018: Georgian Medical News
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