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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351689/microvascular-decompression-for-patients-with-hemifacial-spasm-associated-with-common-trunk-anomaly-of-the-cerebellar-arteries-case-study-and-review-of-literature
#1
Ehab El Refaee, Christian Rosenstengel, Joerg Baldauf, Dirk T Pillich, Marc Matthes, Henry W S Schroeder
BACKGROUND: Few previous studies have described the origin of both anterior and posterior inferior cerebellar arteries from one vessel as a common trunk anomaly. No previous studies have clearly described the aforementioned anomaly depending on intraoperative endoscopic visualization. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association of a common trunk anomaly with hemifacial spasm, which makes microvascular decompression more challenging. METHODS: All patients with common trunk anomaly associated with hemifacial spasm who received surgical treatment between 2006 and 2015 in our institution were identified in our prospectively collected database...
February 1, 2018: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351158/physical-performance-measures-of-flexibility-hip-strength-lower-limb-power-and-trunk-endurance-in-healthy-navy-cadets-normative-data-and-differences-between-sex-and-limb-dominance
#2
Thiago Jambo Alves Lopes, Milena Simic, Daniel de Souza Alves, Priscila Dos Santos Bunn, Allan Inoue Rodrigues, Bruno de Souza Terra, Maicom da Silva Lima, Fabrício Miranda Ribeiro, Patrick Vilão, Evangelos Pappas
The objectives were to provide normative data on commonly used physical performance tests that may be associated with musculoskeletal injuries in Navy cadets, and assess for sex and limb dominance differences. A large cohort of Navy cadets were assessed for physical performance tests of flexibility (ankle dorsiflexion range of motion and sit and reach), isometric hip strength, lower limb power (single leg hop), and trunk endurance (plank and side plank tests). Besides providing normative data tables, sex and limb dominance differences were assessed by a two-way mixed ANOVA...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350467/alveolar-soft-part-sarcoma-in-children-and-young-adults-a-report-of-69-cases
#3
Ricardo J Flores, Douglas J Harrison, Noah C Federman, Wayne L Furman, Winston W Huh, Emily G Broaddus, Mehmet F Okcu, Rajkumar Venkatramani
BACKGROUND: Alveolar soft part sarcoma (ASPS) is a rare mesenchymal tumor characterized by ASPL-TFE3 translocation. Apart from complete surgical resection, there is no standard management strategy. PROCEDURE: The clinical data of 69 children and young adults less than 30 years old with ASPS diagnosed from 1980-2014 were retrospectively collected from four major institutions. RESULTS: Median age at diagnosis was 17 years (range: 1.5-30). Forty-four (64%) were female...
January 19, 2018: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349407/endovascular-recanalization-of-occluded-superior-mesenteric-artery-using-retrograde-access-through-the-inferior-mesenteric-artery
#4
Eduardo Keller Saadi, Gustavo Oderich, Eduardo Medronha, Rodrigo Petersen Saadi, Marina Petersen Saadi, Cristiano Jaegger
Symptomatic occlusion of the superior mesenteric artery can be treated by open repair, hybrid procedure, or endovascular revascularization. In most cases, endovascular procedures are done by the antegrade approach. We report a case of a 67-year-old woman who presented with acute-on-chronic mesenteric ischemia successfully treated by retrograde endovascular recanalization of an occluded common hepatomesenteric trunk through the inferior mesenteric artery and arc of Riolan.
September 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery Cases and Innovative Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340729/pulmonary-valve-morphology-in-patients-with-bicuspid-aortic-valves
#5
Wilke M C Koenraadt, Margot M Bartelings, Adriana C Gittenberger-de Groot, Regina Bökenkamp, Marco C DeRuiter, Martin J Schalij, Monique R M Jongbloed
The aortic and pulmonary valve share a common developmental origin from the embryonic arterial trunk. Bicuspid aortic valve is the most common congenital anomaly and can occur isolated as well as in association with other congenital heart disease (CHD). Data on pulmonary valve morphology in these cases are scarce. In this study, we aimed to determine pulmonary valve morphology in hearts with BAV associated with CHD. In 83 post-mortem heart specimens with BAV and associated CHD, pulmonary valve morphology was studied and related to BAV morphology...
January 16, 2018: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338846/comparison-of-two-trunk-electromagnetic-sensor-placement-methods-during-shoulder-motion-analysis
#6
Hillary A Plummer, Federico Pozzi, Lori A Michener
For kinematic studies of the shoulder, electromagnetic sensors are commonly placed on the humerus, scapula, and trunk. The trunk sensor is used to describe humeral and scapular kinematics with respect to the trunk. There are two common trunk sensor placements, the sternum or third thoracic vertebrae (T3). It is currently unclear if placement of the trunk sensor affects kinematics, making it difficult to compare data across studies. The purpose of this study was to compare two trunk sensor placements (T3 and sternum) on trunk and scapular kinematics during arm elevation...
December 24, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338149/injection-pressure-mapping-of-intraneural-vs-perineural-injections-further-lessons-from-cadaveric-studies
#7
Andrzej Krol, Arber Vala, Leonidas Phylactides, Matthew Szarko, Miguel A Reina, Jose de Andrés
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to investigate the difference between intraneural and perineural injection pressures in human cadavers. Targeted nerves included the cervical roots, the supraclavicular and infraclavicular brachial plexus, the sciatic-subgluteal nerve and the common peroneal and tibial nerves. METHODS: Ten readings were obtained for each nerve location. 1mL of 0.9% NaCl was injected over ten seconds - deliberately slower than in clinical practice to eliminate the risk of aberrant readings relating to the speed of injection...
January 16, 2018: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332925/pulmonary-artery-pseudoaneurysm-secondary-to-lung-inf-lammation
#8
Shinichirou Ishimoto, Hiroyuki Sakurai, Ryouta Higure, Riken Kawachi, Mie Shimamura
Pulmonary artery aneurysms (PAA) and pseudoaneurysms (PAP) are caused by infections, vasculitis, trauma, pulmonary hypertension, congenital heart disease, and connective tissue disease. Most cases of such aneurysm occur in the trunk or major branches of the pulmonary artery, while the peripheral type is less common. The treatment modalities are medical therapy, surgery, and percutaneous catheter embolization. The mortality rate associated with rupture is approximately 50%. We encountered a case of a 53-year-old man with a pulmonary artery pseudoaneurysm secondary to pneumonia and cavity formation during chemotherapy for acute myeloid leukemia (AML)...
January 15, 2018: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332706/skin-mapping-for-the-classification-of-generalized-morphea
#9
Noelle Teske, Joseph Welser, Heidi Jacobe
BACKGROUND: Generalized morphea lacks cohesive clinical features, limiting its clinical and investigative utility. OBJECTIVE: We sought to use computerized lesion mapping to objectively subtype morphea. METHODS: We conducted a 2-part cross-sectional study. In part 1, we created a discovery cohort of patients with generalized morphea of whom lesion maps were created to characterize subsets. Clinical and demographic features were compared between proposed subsets to determine if they identified clinically relevant differences...
February 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329945/model-of-acetic-acid-affected-growth-and-poly-3-hydroxybutyrate-production-by-cupriavidus-necator-dsm-545
#10
Jaruwan Marudkla, Wen-Chien Lee, Siwaporn Wannawilai, Yusuf Chisti, Sarote Sirisansaneeyakul
Acetic acid, a potential growth inhibitor, commonly occurs in lignocellulosic hydrolysates. The growth of Cupriavidus necator DSM 545 and production of poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) (PHB) by this bacterium in a glucose-based medium supplemented with various initial concentrations of acetic acid are reported. The bacterium could use both glucose and acetic acid to grow and produce PHB, but acetic acid inhibited growth once its initial concentration exceeded 0.5 g/L. As acetic acid is an unavoidable contaminant in hydrolysates used as sugar sources in commercial fermentations, a mathematical model was developed to describe its impact on growth and the production of PHB...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319600/abdominal-muscle-activation-during-common-modifications-of-the-trunk-curl-up-exercise
#11
Martin Eriksson Crommert, Anna Bjerkefors, Olga Tarassova, Maria M Ekblom
The purpose of this study was to investigate effects of common modifications of trunk curl-up exercise on the involvement of the abdominal muscles, particularly the deepest muscle layer, transversus abdominis (TrA). Ten healthy females performed five different variations of the trunk curl-up at a standardized speed, varying the exercise by assuming three different arm positions and applying left and right twist. Indwelling fine-wire electromyography (EMG) electrodes were used to record from TrA, obliquus internus (OI), obliquus externus (OE) and rectus abdominis (RA) unilaterally on the right side...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318427/mr-neurography-in-traumatic-non-obstetric-paediatric-brachial-plexopathy
#12
Vaishali Upadhyaya, Divya Narain Upadhyaya, Brijesh Mishra
OBJECTIVES: Many studies have elaborated on the role of magnetic resonance neurography (MRN) in evaluating traumatic brachial plexopathies. Most of these deal with MR findings in adult traumatic plexopathies or children with obstetric brachial plexus palsy (OBPP). Hence, the authors felt the need for this particular study, which focuses on MRN findings in children with non-obstetric traumatic brachial plexus palsy, to find out the distribution and severity of injuries in these patients...
January 9, 2018: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318283/screening-for-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-evidence-report-and-systematic-review-for-the-us-preventive-services-task-force
#13
John Dunn, Nora B Henrikson, Caitlin C Morrison, Paula R Blasi, Matt Nguyen, Jennifer S Lin
Importance: Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS), a spinal curvature of 10° or more, is the most common form of scoliosis, with a prevalence of 1% to 3%. Curves progress in approximately two-thirds of patients with AIS before skeletal maturity, and large curves (>50°) may be associated with adverse health outcomes. Objective: To systematically review evidence on benefits and harms of AIS screening for the US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF). Data Sources: Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, MEDLINE, ERIC, PubMed, CINAHL, and relevant systematic reviews were searched for studies published from January 1966 to October 20, 2016; studies included in a previous USPSTF report were also reviewed...
January 9, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316593/demographics-of-tennis-related-injuries-that-presented-to-emergency-departments-in-the-united-states
#14
Jonathan D Chevinsky, Neil V Shah, Mikhail Tretiakov, Alexandr Aylyarov, Gregory S Penny, Joanne C Dekis, Jonathan N Chorney, Natasha Ahmed, Nipun Sodhi, Alyeesha B Wilhelm, William P Urban, Carl B Paulino, Jared M Newman
INTRODUCTION: Tennis injuries are not uncommon, and efforts have been made to reduce the risk of these injuries. There are a number of different factors that have been shown to influence injury rates of tennis players, in particular patient-related risks. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the epidemiology of tennis-related injuries. Specifically, we evaluated: 1) demographics; 2) incidence and trends of injuries; and 3) incidence and trends of body parts that were injured...
December 22, 2017: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315449/trends-and-epidemiology-of-tennis-related-sprains-strains-in-the-united-states-2010-to-2016
#15
Jonathan D Chevinsky, Jared M Newman, Neil V Shah, Neel Pancholi, John Holliman, Nipun Sodhi, Ahmed Eldib, Qais Naziri, Bashir A Zikria, John P Reilly, Scott E Barbash, William P Urban
BACKGROUND: While tennis is one of the most popular sports in the world, it predisposes those who play it to a number of injuries. Several studies have shown sprains/strains to be the most common tennis-related injury. However, data is limited regarding trends in tennis-related sprains/strains. Therefore, this study evaluated: 1) trends in tennis-related sprains/strains; 2) trends in tennis-related sprains/strains by age; and 3) trends in the most common tennis-related sprained/strained body parts...
December 22, 2017: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311175/features-of-terra-firma-forme-dermatosis
#16
Nurşad Çifci Aslan, Şükran Güler, Kamile Demirci, Emel Isiyel
Terra-firma-forme dermatosis (TFFD) is a little known hyperpigmented skin disease that is more common than expected. We examined retrospectively the medical records of 79 patients: 88.6% were children, the mean age was 10.4 years (SD = 7.5 years), and 64.6% were female. The dermatoses were found on the trunk in 27.8%, extremities in 26.6%, fold zones in 8.9%, and head in 2.5% of the patients. The lesions appeared in more than 1 location in 34.2% of the patients and were symmetrically located 77.2% of the time...
January 2018: Annals of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310946/validation-of-lumbar-spine-loading-from-a-musculoskeletal-model-including-the-lower-limbs-and-lumbar-spine
#17
Jason A Actis, Jasmin D Honegger, Deanna H Gates, Anthony J Petrella, Luis A Nolasco, Anne K Silverman
Low back mechanics are important to quantify to study injury, pain and disability. As in vivo forces are difficult to measure directly, modeling approaches are commonly used to estimate these forces. Validation of model estimates is critical to gain confidence in modeling results across populations of interest, such as people with lower-limb amputation. Motion capture, ground reaction force and electromyographic data were collected from ten participants without an amputation (five male/five female) and five participants with a unilateral transtibial amputation (four male/one female) during trunk-pelvis range of motion trials in flexion/extension, lateral bending and axial rotation...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310402/a-rare-variation-of-celiac-trunk-and-hepatic-artery-complicating-pancreaticoduodenectomy-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#18
Zhou Ye, Song Ye, Dongkai Zhou, Shusen Zheng, Weilin Wang
RATIONALE: Anatomical variations of the celiac trunk and the hepatic artery are of considerable importance in hepatopancreatobiliary surgery, liver transplants, and radiological abdominal interventions. PATIENT CONCERNS: Here, we report a 57-year-old man with 2 weeks of painless progressive jaundice. Preoperative imaging and cytology brush results suggested an ampullary tumor and common hepatic artery anomaly (CTA) was reported. The patient underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD)...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310347/radical-antegrade-modular-pancreatosplenectomy-for-adenocarcinomaof-the-body-of-the-pancreas-in-a-patient-with-portal-annular-pancreas-aberrant-hepatic-artery-and-absence-of-the-celiac-trunk-a-case-report
#19
Hao Yuan, Pengfei Wu, Jianmin Chen, Zipeng Lu, Lei Chen, Jishu Wei, Feng Guo, Baobao Cai, Jie Yin, Dong Xu, Kuirong Jiang, Yi Miao
RATIONALE: Portal annular pancreas is a rare anatomic variation, where the uncinated process of the pancreas connects with the dorsal pancreas and the pancreas tissue encases the portal vein (PV), superior mesenteric vein (SMV) or splenic vein (SV). Malignancies are quite uncommon in the patients, who have an annular pancreas especially portal annular pancreas. Ectopic common hepatic artery and absence of the celiac trunk (CT) are the other infrequent abnormalities. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 74-year-old man suffered from upper abdominal and back pain...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306892/association-of-body-flexibility-and-carotid-atherosclerosis-in-japanese-middle-aged-men-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Masataka Suwa, Takayuki Imoto, Akira Kida, Takashi Yokochi, Mitsunori Iwase, Kenji Kozawa
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the associations of body flexibility with carotid arterial remodelling, including intima-media thickness (IMT) and plaque formation in middle-aged men. METHODS: The subjects of this cross-sectional study included 1354 Japanese men aged 35-59 years without histories of stroke or cardiac diseases. The arm extensibility test, which can estimate flexibility of the upper extremity (composed of shoulder external rotation and forearm supination), and the sit-and-reach test were performed...
January 5, 2018: BMJ Open
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