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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329596/coalescing-nodules-on-the-trunk-of-an-infant-juvenile-xanthogranuloma-en-plaque
#1
Jennifer T Hau, Kathy Langevin
Juvenile xanthogranuloma (JXG) is a benign, non-Langerhans cell histiocytosis, which commonly manifests as a solitary papule or nodule in infants and young children. However, other less common clinical presentations have been reported including clustered, agminated or plaque-like. It is important to recognize these variants, as diagnosis is often clinical. We highlight a case of juvenile xanthogranuloma presenting as nodules on the trunk of an infant that gradually coalesced to form a larger plaque.
October 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329553/primary-cutaneous-marginal-zone-lymphoma
#2
Joshua Farhadian, Vtaly Terushkin, Shane A Meehan, Jo-Ann Latkowski
Primary cutaneous B cell lymphomas (PCBCL) are thesecond most common type of primary cutaneouslymphoma. The three main types of PCBCL areprimary cutaneous marginal-zone lymphoma(PCMZL), primary cutaneous follicle-centerlymphoma, and primary cutaneous diffuse largeB-cell lymphoma, leg type. PCMZL has an indolentcourse with a five-year survival rate approaching99%. Lesions most often present on the trunk or armas erythematous-to-violaceous papules, plaques, ornodules. Approximately one-half of patients havesolitary skin lesions...
December 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326292/acne-located-on-the-trunk-whey-protein-supplementation-is-there-any-association
#3
Fatma Pelin Cengiz, Bengu Cevirgen Cemil, Nazan Emiroglu, Anil Gulsel Bahali, Nahide Onsun
Whey protein is a source of protein that was isolated from milk. Whey proteins are composed of higher levels of essential amino acids. The role of diet in acne etiology has been investigated for several years. It was established that milk and milk products can trigger acneiform lesions, and recent evidence supports the role of whey protein supplements in acne. Herein, we report 6 healthy male adolescent patients developing acne located only to the trunk after the consumption of whey protein supplements for faster bodybuilding...
2017: Health Promotion Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324141/early-hepatic-artery-thrombosis-after-liver-transplantation-what-is-the-impact-of-the-arterial-reconstruction-type
#4
Astrid Herrero, Regis Souche, Emmanuel Joly, Gildas Boisset, Hussein Habibeh, Hassan Bouyabrine, Fabrizio Panaro, Jose Ursic-Bedoya, Samir Jaber, Boris Guiu, Georges Philippe Pageaux, Francis Navarro
OBJECTIVE: Hepatic artery thrombosis (HAT) is the most severe vascular complication occurring after liver transplantation, with an incidence ranging from 2 to 9% in adults. Although the ideal arterial reconstruction is often described as a short and non-redundant anastomosis fashioned between the recipient and donor hepatic arteries, there is no strong evidence about this ideal reconstruction in the literature. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of the type of arterial reconstruction on early HAT after primary liver transplantation...
March 21, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323651/clinical-features-and-treatment-of-dermatofibrosarcoma-protuberans-affecting-the-vulva-a-literature-review
#5
Austin H Nguyen, Shannon Q Detty, Maria I Gonzaga, Christopher Huerter
BACKGROUND: Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans (DFSP) is a low-to-intermediate grade cutaneous neoplasm with a low propensity for metastasis and a high rate of local recurrence. It typically presents as a dermal plaque or nodule on the trunk, limbs, or head and neck region. Vulvar DFSP has also been described, although it is less common. OBJECTIVE: To review the available literature and discuss the clinical course of DFSP affecting the vulva. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed the existing English-language literature on DFSP of the vulva with respect to clinical presentation, diagnosis, treatment, and outcome...
March 17, 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323240/the-impact-of-continuous-use-of-lumbosacral-orthoses-on-trunk-motor-performance-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Hiroshi Takasaki, Takahiro Miki
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: The lumbosacral orthosis (LSO) is prescribed by general practitioners for the management of low back pain. It may be speculated that continuous use of the LSO for a prolonged period reduces mechanical loading to the trunk muscle in daily living and results in impairments of the trunk muscle. PURPOSE: To investigate whether the trunk motor performances are impaired by continuous use of the lumbosacral orthosis. STUDY DESIGN/SETTING: Systematic review with meta-analysis...
March 17, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323182/treatment-of-large-and-giant-middle-cerebral-artery-aneurysms-risk-factors-for-unfavorable-outcomes
#7
Wonhyoung Park, Jaewoo Chung, Jae Sung Ahn, Jung Cheol Park, Byung Duk Kwun
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the clinical and radiological outcomes after neurosurgical treatment of large and giant aneurysms of the middle cerebral artery (MCA). In addition, we aimed to identify risk factors for unfavorable outcomes. METHODS: This retrospective study included 105 patients with 106 large or giant MCA aneurysms treated with neurosurgical methods, including microsurgery and endovascular treatment, over a 15-year period. RESULTS: The mean aneurysm size was 15...
March 16, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323157/anatomic-variations-of-inferior-mesenteric-artery-and-left-colic-artery-evaluated-by-3-dimensional-ct-angiography-insights-into-rectal-cancer-surgery
#8
Jia Ke, Jiawei Cai, Xiaofeng Wen, Xianrui Wu, Zhen He, Yifeng Zou, Jianping Qiu, Xiaowen He, Xiaosheng He, Lei Lian, Xiaojian Wu, Zhiyang Zhou, Ping Lan
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the clinical applicability of 3-dimensional CT angiography (3D-CTA) in evaluating the anatomic variations of inferior mesenteric artery (IMA) and left colic artery (LCA), to help make pre-operative strategies of rectal cancer surgery. METHODS: 188 patients with abdominal and pelvic contrast-enhanced CT scan were retrospectively enrolled and 3D-CTA was reconstructed. The origin and branching patterns of IMA, tracking patterns of LCA, intersectional patterns among IMA, LCA and inferior mesenteric vein (IMV) were examined, and their associations with clinical features were analyzed...
March 16, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321690/quality-of-life-following-sentinel-node-biopsy-for-primary-cutaneous-melanoma-health-economic-implications
#9
Rachael L Morton, Anh Tran, Johan Yusof Vessey, Nick Rowbotham, Julie Winstanley, Kerwin Shannon, Andrew J Spillane, Jonathan Stretch, John F Thompson, Robyn P-M Saw
BACKGROUND: Sentinel node biopsy (SNB) is commonly performed in contemporary melanoma management, however there is a paucity of long-term quality of life (QoL) estimates required for economic evaluation of this treatment. METHODS: A single-center, prospective, cross-sectional study of adults with American Joint Committee on Cancer stage I/II/IIIA melanoma of the limbs, trunk, or neck who had undergone wide excision and SNB, but not complete regional node dissection, was undertaken...
March 20, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320359/chronic-cough-conundrum-a-case-report-of-a-new-diagnosis-of-hiv-and-pulmonary-kaposi-s-sarcoma
#10
Pamela P Bailey, Marylou M Dryer, John P Piper, Sajjad Ahmad
BACKGROUND: When evaluating a common complaint such as cough, clinicians should rely on a patient's history and physical to guide them, but also not diverge from guidelines in screening and testing lest certain diagnoses be overlooked. CASE PRESENTATION: A 44 year old Hispanic male presented to a pulmonologist's office after failing multiple courses of antibiotics for chronic cough, now six months in duration. He described intermittent scant hemoptysis and an evanescent migratory non-pruritic rash occasionally noted on his trunk or limbs...
March 20, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319589/exercise-improves-v-combining-dot-above-o-2max-and-body-composition-in-adt-treated-prostate-cancer-patients
#11
Bradley A Wall, Daniel A Galvão, Naeem Fatehee, Dennis R Taaffe, Nigel Spry, David Joseph, Jeffrey J Hebert, Robert U Newton
INTRODUCTION: Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men and patients treated with androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) experience unfavourbale changes in body composition and associated metabolic complications, which can increase the risk of cardiovascular disease. We examined the effect of a 6-month program of aerobic and resistance exercise aimed at improving body composition and cardiorespiratory health in this population. METHODS: Ninety-seven men (43-90 years) with localized prostate cancer receiving ADT were randomized to either exercise (EX, n=50) or usual care (CON, n=47)...
March 18, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318524/cutaneous-angiosarcoma-clinical-and-pathology-study-of-16-cases
#12
C Requena, E Sendra, B Llombart, O Sanmartín, C Guillén, J Lavernia, V Traves, J Cruz
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Primary cutaneous angiosarcoma is one of the most aggressive skin tumors and carries a very poor prognosis. Its initially indolent clinical presentation explains the frequently late diagnosis that, together with its typically multifocal pattern and poor delimitation, often makes surgery difficult. The low incidence of primary cutaneous angiosarcoma means that few large single-center series have been published. We review the clinical and pathologic characteristics of cutaneous angiosarcomas treated in our hospital, looking for prognostic factors and for possible diagnostic traits that could facilitate early diagnosis...
March 16, 2017: Actas Dermo-sifiliográficas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318054/efficacy-and-safety-of-targeted-high-intensity-medium-band-304-312-nm-ultraviolet-b-light-in-pediatric-vitiligo
#13
Da-Ke Dong, Zhan-Yan Pan, Juan Zhang, Xue-Fen Lu, Cheng Jin, Shi-Qin Tao, Li-Jia Yang
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Phototherapy is a commonly used treatment for vitiligo that has demonstrated safety and efficacy. High-intensity targeted ultraviolet B (UVB) light (304-312 nm) delivered using a phototherapy device is a useful therapeutic option because it can induce repigmentation in a short time without global exposure to radiation, but information regarding this device in children is limited. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of 95 patches of vitiligo in 27 children treated using a targeted phototherapy device...
March 20, 2017: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303476/a-review-of-clinical-cases-of-infection-with-photorhabdus-asymbiotica
#14
John G Gerrard, Robert P Stevens
The three recognised Photorhabdus species are bioluminescent Gram-negative bacilli of the family Enterobacteriaceae. They are all pathogenic to insects and form a symbiotic relationship with nematodes of the genus Heterorhabditis. P. luminescens and P. temperata are both harmless to humans whilst P. asymbiotica, on the other hand, is a human pathogen that is a symbiont of the newly described nematode vector, Heterorhabditis gerrardi. In this chapter, we review the epidemiological and clinical features of eighteen human cases of P...
March 17, 2017: Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303155/adulteration-and-contamination-of-commercial-sap-of-hymenaea-species
#15
Katyuce de Souza Farias, Sarah Alves Auharek, Andréa Luiza Cunha-Laura, Jeana Mara Escher de Souza, Geraldo Alves Damasceno-Junior, Mônica Cristina Toffoli-Kadri, Wander Fernando de Oliveira Filiú, Edson Dos Anjos Dos Santos, Marilene Rodrigues Chang, Carlos Alexandre Carollo
The Hymenaea stigonocarpa and Hymenaea martiana species, commonly known as "jatobá," produce a sap which is extracted by perforation of the trunk and is commonly used in folk medicine as a tonic. For this study, the authenticity of commercial samples of jatobá was verified by the identification of the main compounds and multivariate analysis and contamination by microbial presence analysis. The acute toxicity of the authentic jatobá sap was also evaluated. The metabolites composition and multivariate analysis revealed that none of the commercial samples were authentic...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302062/ancestral-and-novel-roles-of-pax-family-genes-in-mollusks
#16
Maik Scherholz, Emanuel Redl, Tim Wollesen, André Luiz de Oliveira, Christiane Todt, Andreas Wanninger
BACKGROUND: Pax genes are transcription factors with significant roles in cell fate specification and tissue differentiation during animal ontogeny. Most information on their tempo-spatial mode of expression is available from well-studied model organisms where the Pax-subfamilies Pax2/5/8, Pax6, and Paxα/β are mainly involved in the development of the central nervous system (CNS), the eyes, and other sensory organs. In certain taxa, Pax2/5/8 seems to be additionally involved in the development of excretion organs...
March 16, 2017: BMC Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301442/effect-of-ankle-mobility-and-segment-ratios-on-trunk-lean-in-the-barbell-back-squat
#17
Emil Isager Fuglsang, Anders Stampe Telling, Henrik Sørensen
The barbell back squat is a popular exercise used for both performance enhancing and rehabilitation purposes. However, injuries are common and people with a history of lower back pain are especially vulnerable. Past studies have shown that higher trunk angles (less forward lean) generate less stress on the lower back; thus, it seems appropriate to investigate the factors presumed to influence the trunk angle. Therefore, the aim in this study was to investigate how ankle mobility and the segment ratios between the thoracic spine, thighs and shanks influence the trunk angle in the back squat...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300447/sweet-syndrome
#18
Jose Ricardo Casarin Costa, Anangelica Rodrigues Virgens, Luisa de Oliveira Mestre, Natasha Favoretto Dias, Luciana Paula Samorano, Neusa Yuriko Sakai Valente, Cyro Festa Neto
BACKGROUND: Sweet syndrome (SS) is an infrequent skin disease characterised by sudden onset of fever, leukocytosis, neutrophilia, and tender erythematous plaques infiltrated by neutrophils. Multiple conditions have been associated with this syndrome. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical, epidemiological, laboratory, and histopathological findings and associations of patients with SS. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study of 83 patients with SS followed between January 1, 2006, and January 31, 2015...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296050/a-heart-within-a-heart
#19
Edward T Carreras, Maya Barghash, Michael M Givertz, Deepak L Bhatt
A 44-year-old man with a history of end-stage dilated cardiomyopathy status-post orthotopic cardiac transplant 14 years ago presented for coronary angiography in preparation for re-operative tricuspid valve replacement. Coronary angiography revealed an anomalous origin of the left coronary artery, with a common coronary trunk arising from the right coronary cusp and bifurcating into right and left main coronary arteries. Interestingly, the right and left coronary arteries coursed to form the shape of a heart, hence, a heart within a heart! © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc...
March 14, 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291905/long-term-results-of-therapy-with-sunitinib-in-metastatic-alveolar-soft-part-sarcoma
#20
Paulina Jagodzińska-Mucha, Tomasz Świtaj, Katarzyna Kozak, Hanna Koseła-Paterczyk, Anna Klimczak, Iwona Ługowska, Pawel Rogala, Michał Wągrodzki, Sławomir Falkowski, Piotr Rutkowski
BACKGROUND: Alveolar soft part sarcoma (ASPS) is a rare, highly vascularized soft tissue sarcoma characterized by a high frequency of metastatic disease and resistance to classical chemotherapy. The purpose of our analysis was to assess long-term sunitinib activity in the treatment of metastatic ASPS. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between 2009 and 2015, 15 patients were diagnosed with metastatic ASPS and received therapy with sunitinib at initial continuous daily dosing of 37...
March 8, 2017: Tumori
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