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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742615/trunk-side-strain-has-a-high-incidence-in-first-class-cricket-fast-bowlers-in-australia-and-england
#1
Andrew R Nealon, Jill L Cook
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the past incidence of side strain injury and its associated factors in first-class cricket fast bowlers in Australia and England. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. SETTING: Professional cricket. PARTICIPANTS: Cricket fast bowlers who were professionally contracted full time at first-class level in Australia and England in 2011. All bowlers were male and aged 18 or older. A bowler was defined as a fast bowler if the wicketkeeper would take their stance back from the stumps...
July 21, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740717/hybrid-repair-of-aortic-arch-aneurysms-a-comprehensive-review
#2
REVIEW
Steve Xydas, Christos G Mihos, Roy F Williams, Angelo LaPietra, Maurice Mawad, S Howard Wittels, Orlando Santana
Open total arch replacement (TAR) has become safer with refinements in cerebral protection techniques. The frequent extension of aortic arch aneurysms into the descending thoracic aorta customarily requires a two-staged conventional elephant trunk procedure, carrying relatively high mortality and morbidity risks and high rates of rupture in the interval between the two open surgeries. The technical demands and invasive nature of TAR has therefore precluded many high-risk patients from being surgical candidates for aneurysm repair...
June 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739478/an-overview-of-clinical-guidelines-for-the-management-of-vertebral-compression-fracture-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Patrícia Parreira, Chris G Maher, Rodrigo Z Megale, Lyn March, Manuela L Ferreira
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Vertebral compression fractures are the most common type of osteoporotic fracture comprising approximately 1.4 million cases worldwide. Clinical practice guidelines can be powerful tools for promoting evidence-based practice, as they integrate research findings in order to support decision-making. However, currently available clinical guidelines and recommendations, established by different medical societies, are sometimes contradictory. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to appraise the recommendations and methodological quality of international clinical guidelines for the management of VCFs...
July 21, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738189/surgical-landmarks-to-locating-the-main-trunk-of-the-facial-nerve-in-parotid-surgery-a-systematic-review
#4
Yisi D Ji, R Bruce Donoff, Zachary S Peacock, Eric R Carlson
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to describe distances from commonly used anatomic landmarks to the main trunk of the facial nerve during parotid surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic search of the published literature was performed according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. All studies from January 1, 1990 to January 1, 2017 that measured distances to the main trunk of the facial nerve from common anatomic landmarks were eligible...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737929/enhanced-degradation-of-tce-on-a-superfund-site-using-endophyte-assisted-poplar-tree-phytoremediation
#5
Sharon Lafferty Doty, John Leonard Freeman, Christopher M Cohu, Joel Gerard Burken, Andrea Firrincieli, Andrew Simon, Zareen Khan, Jud G Isebrands, Joseph Lukas, Michael J Blaylock
Trichloroethylene (TCE) is a widespread environmental pollutant common in groundwater plumes associated with industrial manufacturing areas. We had previously isolated and characterized a natural bacterial endophyte, Enterobacter sp. strain PDN3, of poplar trees, that rapidly metabolizes TCE, releasing chloride ion. We now report findings from a successful three-year field trial of endophyte-assisted phytoremediation on the Middlefield-Ellis-Whisman Superfund Study Area TCE plume in the Silicon Valley of California...
July 24, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733739/variation-and-treatment-of-vessels-in-laparoscopic-right-hemicolectomy
#6
Kai Ye, Jianan Lin, Yafeng Sun, Yiyang Wu, Jianhua Xu, Songbing He
BACKGROUND: With the introduction of complete mesocolic excision (CME) and the application of laparoscopic technique, surgery for colon cancer has become more standardized and the curative effect has improved [1]. The key points in laparoscopic right hemicolectomy are high ligation of main vessels and root dissection of lymph nodes. The wide range of variations in vascular architecture and intraoperative bleeding are common causes of prolonged surgical time, wound hemorrhage, and even transfer to the opening operation...
July 21, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731672/-urticaria-pigmentosa-clinical-and-therapeutic-aspects-for-the-paediatrician
#7
Catherina Moll-Manzur, Esteban Araos-Baeriswyl, Camila Downey, María T Dossi
Urticaria pigmentosa, also known as maculopapular mastocytosis, is the most common type of paediatric mastocytosis. It presents with yellow to brown macules or papules, usually located on trunk and extremities. Regarding its diagnostic and therapeutic implications, the objective of this article is to serve as an update for the paediatrician on the most relevant aspects of this pathology.
August 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729728/landscape-of-somatic-mutations-in-different-subtypes-of-advanced-breast-cancer-with-circulating-tumor-dna-analysis
#8
Zongbi Yi, Fei Ma, Chunxiao Li, Rongrong Chen, Lifang Yuan, Xiaoying Sun, Xiuwen Guan, Lixi Li, Binliang Liu, Yanfang Guan, Haili Qian, Binghe Xu
It is particularly important to provide precise therapies and understand tumor heterogeneity based on the molecular typing of mutational landscape. However, the landscape of somatic mutations in different subtypes of advanced breast cancer (ABC) is largely unknown. We applied target-region capture deep sequencing to determine the frequency and spectrum of common cancer-related gene mutations in circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) among different ABC subtypes and analyze their association with clinical features. In this retrospective study of 100 female advanced breast cancer patients, 96 (96...
July 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727772/description-of-an-establishment-event-by-the-invasive-asian-longhorned-beetle-anoplophora-glabripennis-in-a-suburban-landscape-in-the-northeastern-united-states
#9
Helen Hull-Sanders, Eugene Pepper, Kevin Davis, Robert Talbot Trotter
The establishment of non-native species is commonly described as occurring in three phases: arrival, establishment, and dispersal. Both arrival and dispersal by the Asian longhorned beetle (Anoplophora glabripennis Motschulsky), a xylophagous Cerambycid native to China and the Korean peninsula, has been documented for multiple locations in both North America and Europe, however the transitional phase, establishment, is not well understood for this species due to the need to rapidly remove populations to prevent dispersal and assist eradication, and the evident variation in the behavior of populations...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726321/the-prevalence-of-transpancreatic-common-hepatic-artery-and-coexisting-variant-anatomy
#10
Kousei Ishigami, Akihiro Nishie, Yoshiki Asayama, Yasuhiro Ushijima, Yukihisa Takayama, Daisuke Okamoto, Nobuhiro Fujita, Tomoharu Yoshizumi, Norifumi Harimoto, Takao Ohtsuka, Kohei Nakata, Hiroshi Honda
PURPOSE: We studied the prevalence of the transpancreatic common hepatic artery (tp-CHA) and coexisting variant anatomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study group comprised 788 consecutive liver transplant donor candidates who had undergone thin-section multidetector-row computed tomography (MDCT) studies to investigate vascular anatomy. Multiplanar reformatted (MPR) images obtained from the arterial phase were retrospectively reviewed to assess the presence/absence of the tp-CHA...
July 20, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719842/spatiotemporal-gait-changes-with-use-of-an-arm-swing-cueing-device-in-people-with-parkinson-s-disease
#11
Elizabeth Thompson, Peter Agada, W Geoffrey Wright, Hendrik Reimann, John Jeka
Impaired arm swing is a common motor symptom of Parkinson's disease (PD), and correlates with other gait impairments and increased risk of falls. Studies suggest that arm swing is not merely a passive consequence of trunk rotation during walking, but an active component of gait. Thus, techniques to enhance arm swing may improve gait characteristics. There is currently no portable device to measure arm swing and deliver immediate cues for larger movement. Here we test report pilot testing of such a device, ArmSense (patented), using a crossover repeated-measures design...
July 4, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716121/identification-of-trunk-mutations-in-gastric-carcinoma-a-case-study
#12
Zhan Zhou, Shanshan Wu, Jun Lai, Yuan Shi, Chixiao Qiu, Zhe Chen, Yufeng Wang, Xun Gu, Jie Zhou, Shuqing Chen
BACKGROUND: Intratumor heterogeneity (ITH) poses an urgent challenge for cancer precision medicine because it can cause drug resistance against cancer target therapy and immunotherapy. The search for trunk mutations that are present in all cancer cells is therefore critical for each patient. CASE PRESENTATION: In this study, we aimed to evaluate the efficiency of multiregional sequencing for the identification of trunk mutations present in all regions of a tumor as a case study...
July 17, 2017: BMC Medical Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710188/leucocytoclastic-vasculitis-following-influenza-vaccination
#13
Sissi Cao, Dongmei Sun
BACKGROUND: Influenza vaccinations are commonly administered and effectively prevent influenza. Most vaccine reactions are mild and self-limiting with few reported cases of vasculitis. We present a case of vasculitis post-vaccination unique for its dramatic visual presentation and rapid response to treatment with the aim to emphasise possible causation and timely treatment. CASE PRESENTATION: This is a case of a 60-year-old man with chronic idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, with fever, arthralgias and rash characterised by extensive erythematous plaques on his limbs and trunk 5 days after influenza vaccination...
July 14, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709930/particle-image-velocimetry-study-of-the-celiac-trunk-hemodynamic-induced-by-continuous-flow-left-ventricular-assist-device
#14
Francesco Scardulla, Diego Bellavia, Leonardo D'Acquisto, Giuseppe M Raffa, Salvatore Pasta
Whereas left ventricular assist device (LVAD) is the gold-standard therapy for patients with heart failure, gastrointestinal bleeding is one of the most common complications. LVAD implantation may remarkably impact aortic hemodynamics so that experimental and computational flow analyses can be used to study the disease mechanisms. Here we present an experimentally-calibrated computational model of the celiac trunk hemodynamic of a LVAD-supported patient who experienced bleeding after device implantation. Specifically, both particle image velocimetry (PIV) and echocardiography were used to measure and compare flow distributions in each branch of a phantom model of the patient abdominal aorta...
July 12, 2017: Medical Engineering & Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704984/the-effect-of-personal-familial-and-enviroinmental-characteristics-on-acne-vulgaris-a-prospective-multicenter-case-controlled-study-from-turkey
#15
Ayşe S Karadağ, İlknur Balta, Hayriye Saricaoğlu, Selim Kiliç, Kıymet H Kelekçi, Mehmet Yildirim, Deniz A Arica, Savaş Öztürk, Göksun Karaman, Aslı A Çerman, Serap G Bilgili, Enver Turan, Mustafa M Demirci, Tuğba K Uzunçakmak, Serdar C Güvenç, Arzu Ataseven, Ayten Ferahbaş, Berna Aksoy, Emine Çölgeçen, Özlem Ekiz, Filiz Topaloğlu Demir, Özlem Bilgiç, Seray Çakmak, Derya Uçmak, Pınar Özuğuz, Yeşim Kaymak Konkuralp, Aylin T Ermertcan, Gonca Gökdemir, Emel Bülbül Başkan, Gökçen Alyamaç, Hatice Şanli
BACKGROUND: There are only a few studies about epidemiological features of acne vulgaris in the literature. The aim of this study was to analyze demographic, clinical, familial and environmental characteristics of acne, the role of diet and aggravating factors and association of these factors with acne severity. METHODS: Patients with a diagnosis of mild-moderate to severe acne were consecutively interviewed at the participating centers during the study period. RESULTS: A total of 3826 patients and 759 control patients were involved in this study...
July 11, 2017: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702038/neofusicoccum-parvum-colonization-of-the-grapevine-woody-stem-triggers-asynchronous-host-responses-at-the-site-of-infection-and-in-the-leaves
#16
Mélanie Massonnet, Rosa Figueroa-Balderas, Erin R A Galarneau, Shiho Miki, Daniel P Lawrence, Qiang Sun, Christopher M Wallis, Kendra Baumgartner, Dario Cantu
Grapevine trunk diseases cause important economic losses in vineyards worldwide. Neofusicoccum parvum, one of the most aggressive causal agents of the trunk disease Botryosphaeria dieback, colonizes cells and tissues of the grapevine wood, leading to the formation of an internal canker. Symptoms then extend to distal shoots, with wilting of leaves and bud mortality. Our aim was to characterize the transcriptional dynamics of grapevine genes in the woody stem and in the leaves during Neofusicoccum parvum colonization...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697683/metastatic-sclerosing-epithelioid-fibrosarcoma-in-bone-marrow
#17
Rana Asakra, Shane Zaidi, Khin Thway
Sclerosing epithelioid fibrosarcoma (SEF) is an aggressive neoplasm thought to be related to low-grade fibromyxoid sarcoma, which typically occurs in middle-aged adults in the deep soft tissues of the lower extremities and trunk. It comprises nests and cords of relatively uniform epithelioid polygonal cells with clear or eosinophilic cytoplasm in densely sclerotic stroma, and it is typically associated with EWSR1 gene rearrangements, and most commonly EWSR1-CREB3L1 fusions. As primary SEF can arise in bone, and bone is also a common metastatic site for SEF, its recognition at this site is important...
July 1, 2017: International Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693048/the-use-of-branched-endografts-for-the-aortic-arch-in-the-endovascular-era
#18
Rami O Tadros, Scott R Safir, Peter L Faries, Daniel K Han, Rajiv K Chander, Cherrie Z Abraham, Michael L Marin, Allan S Stewart
The endovascular realm has steadily increased its footing in the treatment of the aorta and all of its territories since the foundational case in 1990 by Parodi. The aortic arch, however, continues to be one of the last bastions for treatment via open surgery, which remains the gold standard. Significant comorbidity and prior cardiac surgery prevent open surgery from being the only preferred option, allowing novel endovascular procedures to be considered. Since 1999, more advanced endovascular systems have been created by companies such as Cook Medical, Bolton Medical, Medtronic, Endospan, Gore Medical, and, recently, Kawasumi...
July 11, 2017: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689951/spot-stenting-of-supra-aortic-branch-vessels-for-residual-type-a-dissection
#19
Ciro Ferrer, Raffaele Grande, Luigi Venturini, Valerio Scarano Catanzaro, Gabriele Maritati, Luca di Marzo
of this report is to describe the exclusion of the false lumen in a residual type A aortic dissection (TAAD) by the deployment of two covered stents: one in the right common carotid artery (RCCA) and one in the left subclavian artery (LSA). A 77-year-old female, already treated with ascending aorta replacement for acute TAAD, was referred to our center for a 97-mm post-dissection arch aneurysm. A computed tomography angiography (CTA) showed false lumen patency by reperfusion from secondary tears located at level of RCCA and LSA...
July 6, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689949/three-extremely-rare-findings-in-the-same-patient-harlequin-syndrome-thyrocervical-trunk-aneurysm-and-systemic-pulmonary-arterio-arterial-fistula
#20
Adenauer Marinho de Oliveira Góes, Adib Koury, Eric Homero Albuquerque Paschoal, Salim Abdon Haber Jeha
Harlequin syndrome is a rare autonomic disorder characterized by unilateral diminished sweating and flushing of the face in response to heat or exercise. Extrinsic ganglion compressions, most of the times by neoplasms, can induce the syndrome. During investigation of a 27 year-old woman presenting Harlequin syndrome with diminished sweating on the left side and flushing of the right half of her face, a left thyrocervical trunk aneurysm was detected by angio MRI. Thyrocervical trunk aneurysms are rare and only a few cases have been reported...
July 6, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
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