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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909132/myxofibrosarcoma-of-the-extremity-and-trunk-a-multidisciplinary-approach-leads-to-good-local-rates-of-local-control
#1
C G Ghazala, N R Agni, M Ragbir, P Dildey, D Lee, K S Rankin, T B Beckingsale, C H Gerrand
AIMS: Myxofibrosarcomas (MFSs) are malignant soft-tissue sarcomas characteristically presenting as painless slowly growing masses in the extremities. Locally infiltrative growth means that the risk of local recurrence is high. We reviewed our experience to make recommendations about resection strategies and the role of the multidisciplinary team in the management of these tumours. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with a primary or recurrent MFS who were treated surgically in our unit between 1997 and 2012 were included in the study...
December 2016: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905367/-celiac-trunk-resection-in-patients-with-pancreatic-cancer-and-severe-pain-syndrome
#2
Yu I Patyutko, M G Abgaryan, N E Kudashkin, A G Kotel'nikov
AIM: To show the advisability, satisfactory tolerance and good analgesic effect of surgery for pancreatic ductal carcinoma with celiac trunk invasion. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Distal subtotal pancreatectomy with resection of celiac trunk and common hepatic artery was made in 21 patients. RESULTS: Early postoperative complications after distal subtotal pancreatectomy with celiac trunk resection occurred in 10 (47.6%) patients. There was no postoperative mortality...
2016: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904268/clinicopathological-features-and-immunohistochemical-alterations-of-keratinocyte-proliferation-melanocyte-density-smooth-muscle-hyperplasia-and-nerve-fiber-distribution-in-becker-s-nevus
#3
Ping Sheng, Yun-Long Cheng, Chuan-Chuan Cai, Wei-Jin Guo, Ying Zhou, Ge Shi, Yi-Ming Fan
BACKGROUND: Although Becker's nevus (BN) is a relatively common disease, the systematic studies of clinicopathological and immunohistochemical results are poorly reported. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinicopathological features and immunohistochemical alterations of keratinocyte proliferation, melanocyte density, smooth muscle hyperplasia and nerve fiber distribution in BN. METHODS: Clinical and pathological data were collected in 60 newly-diagnosed BN cases...
December 2016: Annals of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904002/diffuse-mesangial-sclerosis-in-a-child-with-dyskeratosis-congenita-leading-to-end-stage-renal-disease
#4
Abidi Kamel, Taha Sayari, Manel Jellouli, Yousra Hammi, Rim Ghoucha Louzir, Tahar Gargah
Dyskeratosis congenita (DC) is a very rare inherited disorder. It is caused by dysfunction of telomere maintenance. It involves RNA telomerase components relevant to various mutations leading to a classic triad of physical findings consisting of nail dystrophy of the hands and feet, mucosal leukoplakia, and reticular pigmentation of the skin, most commonly on the head, neck, and trunk. Bone marrow failure along with pulmonary complications and malignancies are all common causes of premature death in patients with DC as well as other abnormalities...
November 2016: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900766/contemporary-management-of-carotid-blowout-syndrome-utilizing-endovascular-techniques
#5
Nauman F Manzoor, Rod P Rezaee, Abhishek Ray, Cameron C Wick, Kristine Blackham, David Stepnick, Pierre Lavertu, Chad A Zender
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To illustrate complex interdisciplinary decision making and the utility of modern endovascular techniques in the management of patients with carotid blowout syndrome (CBS). STUDY DESIGNS: Retrospective chart review. METHODS: Patients treated with endovascular strategies and/or surgical modalities were included. Control of hemorrhage, neurological, and survival outcomes were studied. RESULTS: Between 2004 and 2014, 33 patients had 38 hemorrhagic events related to head and neck cancer that were managed with endovascular means...
November 30, 2016: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894243/spinal-muscular-atrophy-more-than-a-disease-of-motor-neurons
#6
L A Nash, J K Burns, J W Chardon, R Kothary, R J Parks
Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is the most common genetically inherited neurodegenerative disease resulting in infant mortality. SMA is caused by genetic deletion or mutation in the survival motor neuron 1 (SMN1) gene, which results in reduced levels of the survival of motor neuron (SMN) protein. SMN protein deficiency preferentially affects α- motor neurons, leading to their degeneration and subsequent atrophy of limb and trunk muscles, progressing to death in severe forms of the disease. More recent studies have shown that SMN protein depletion is detrimental to the functioning of other tissues including skeletal muscle, heart, autonomic and enteric nervous systems, metabolic/endocrine (e...
November 28, 2016: Current Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892984/anatomical-distributions-of-basal-cell-carcinoma-and-squamous-cell-carcinoma-in-a-population-based-study-in-queensland-australia
#7
Padmini Subramaniam, Catherine M Olsen, Bridie S Thompson, David C Whiteman, Rachel E Neale
Importance: Keratinocyte cancers (KCs), including basal cell carcinoma (BCC) and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), are the most common cancers among fair-skinned populations worldwide. Although studies have indicated that the anatomical distribution of BCC and SCC differ, few have compared them directly in well-defined population samples. Objectives: To describe and compare the anatomical distribution of BCC and SCC in a population-based sample in Queensland, Australia...
November 23, 2016: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891438/blastomycosis-like-pyoderma-a-rare-case-report
#8
Amrita A Hongal, Somashekar Gejje
Blastomycosis-like pyoderma is a rare, cutaneous bacterial infection of skin, seen in malnourished individuals, in a poor state of health and manifests as vegetating skin lesions. It is an unusual tissue reaction possibly to bacterial infection, the most common organism being Staphylococcus aureus. This case report is of a 35-year-old male who presented with thick verrucous surfaced plaques and papules on trunk and extremities since 2 months. Investigations revealed anaemia with hypochromasia, neutrophilic leucocytosis, hypo-proteinemia and hypo-albuminemia with reversal of A/G ratio...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890943/recapitulation-of-acquired-immuno-deficiency-syndrome-associated-kaposi-s-sarcoma
#9
REVIEW
Balaji Govindan
Acquired immuno deficiency syndrome (AIDS) associated Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) is one of the clinical forms of KS. KS is caused by human herpes viruses 8 or KS associated herpes virus (KSHV). In India, till now, only 16 cases of AIDS associated KS was reported. Of all the clinical forms of KS, AIDS associated KS is distinct in many ways viz.; cutaneous manifestations commonly affects face and trunk rather than lower limbs, more mucosal lesions, rapidly progressive, and early systemic involvement. When human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is co-infected with KSHV, in addition to the other pathogenic factors for the development of KS, HIV Tat protein promotes the proliferation of cytokine-activated endothelial cells and stimulates KS...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885047/morphological-variability-of-the-arterial-valve-in-common-arterial-trunk-and-the-concept-of-normality
#10
Gabriel Romero Liguori, Marcelo Biscegli Jatene, Siew Yen Ho, Vera Demarchi Aiello
OBJECTIVE: Until now, no study established a morphometric evaluation of the truncal valve dysplasia and a description of its different presentation patterns. Thus, authors conducted an anatomopathological study describing the gross features and histological findings of the truncal valve. METHODS: 50 common arterial trunk (CAT) specimens were examined. The number of valvar leaflets was determined and valvar dysplasia was classified as absent, mild, moderate or severe...
November 24, 2016: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881936/autologous-fat-transfer-to-the-subcutaneous-tissue-in-the-context-of-breast-reconstructive-procedures
#11
REVIEW
Pawel Szychta, Marek Zadrozny, Jan Rykala, Lukasz Banasiak, Henryk Witmanowski
Autologous fat transfer (AFT) is an appropriate technique for aesthetic rejuvenation of the face, aesthetic enhancement of hands, correction of the facial appearance in various disorders and constitutes a surgical alternative of treatment of numerous breast deformities ranging from distorting posttraumatic scars, post-eczema lesions, post-burn deformities to partial or total breast reconstruction. Our work is aimed to familiarize dermatologists with the technique of harvesting and implanting the aspirate of adipose cells in patients consulted for deformities of the breast...
October 2016: Postȩpy Dermatologii i Alergologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878340/anatomical-risk-evaluation-of-iatrogenic-injury-to-the-infrapatellar-branch-of-the-saphenous-nerve-during-medial-meniscus-arthroscopic-surgery
#12
Guillaume Koch, Agathe Kling, Nitin Ramamurthy, Faramarz Edalat, Roberto Luigi Cazzato, Jean-Luc Kahn, Julien Garnon, Philippe Clavert
PURPOSE: To determine the relationship of the medial meniscus with the infrapatellar branches of the saphenous nerve, the primary goal is to define and characterize different risk areas for these nerves during medial meniscus surgery. METHODS: After dissecting 20 embalmed cadaver knees, we defined 7 readily identifiable anatomical landmarks. For each knee, we recorded 2 morphological criteria and 16 measurements. RESULTS: The most common anatomical course is a main trunk that is 8 mm anterior to the tuberculum adductorium and 60 mm posterior to the midpoint of the medial patellar margin...
November 22, 2016: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872427/giant-lipoma-in-the-thigh-a-case-report
#13
Carlo de Werra, Gabriele di Filippo, Roberto Tramontano, Sergio Aloia, Rosa di Micco, Roberto Del Giudice
: Lipomas are the most common benign mesenchymal tumours; they are composed by mature lipocytes and are usually located in the subcutaneous tissue. They may occur at any place in which there is adipose tissue, most of them are found in the upper part of the body, especially in the trunk and neck, although they may also develop in other sites, including the hand. Most lipomas are small, weigh only a few grams, and usually the maximum diameter is smaller than 2 cm. Whereas, to be referred to as ''giant'', the lipoma must be at least 10 cm in diameter or weigh a minimum of 1,000 g...
November 21, 2016: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872403/biomechanical-analysis-of-weighted-ball-exercises-for-baseball-pitchers
#14
Glenn S Fleisig, Alek Z Diffendaffer, Kyle T Aune, Brett Ivey, Walter A Laughlin
BACKGROUND: Weighted-ball throwing programs are commonly used in training baseball pitchers to increase ball velocity. The purpose of this study was to compare kinematics and kinetics among weighted-ball exercises with values from standard pitching (ie, pitching standard 5-oz baseballs from a mound). HYPOTHESIS: Ball and arm velocities would be greater with lighter balls and joint kinetics would be greater with heavier balls. STUDY DESIGN: Controlled laboratory study...
November 21, 2016: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871166/traumatic-neuroma-at-the-inferior-mesenteric-artery-stump-after-rectal-cancer-surgery-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#15
Sung Mi Jeon, Jae Young Lee, Sun Ju Byeon
Traumatic neuroma results from regeneration attempts of the proximal end of an injured or severed nerve, resulting in a non-neoplastic nodular lesion. The lower extremity after amputation is the most common site, followed by the head and neck. Traumatic neuromas occurring in the abdomen, however, are rare. In the abdominal region, traumatic neuromas occur in the cystic duct stump and the common bile ducts as well as around the celiac trunk. This study reports a case of a 59-year-old man who presented with a traumatic neuroma arising at the stump of the inferior mesenteric artery after rectal cancer surgery...
November 25, 2016: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867740/regressing-basal-cell-carcinoma-masquerading-as-benign-lichenoid-keratosis
#16
Aleksandra Kulberg, Wolfgang Weyers
BACKGROUND: Benign lichenoid keratosis (BLK, LPLK) is often misdiagnosed clinically as superficial basal-cell carcinoma (BCC), especially when occurring on the trunk. However, BCCs undergoing regression may be associated with a lichenoid interface dermatitis that may be misinterpreted as BLK in histopathologic sections. METHODS: In order to assess the frequency of remnants of BCC in lesions interpreted as BLK, we performed step sections on 100 lesions from the trunk of male patients that had been diagnosed as BLK...
October 2016: Dermatology Practical & Conceptual
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866536/-in-vivo-and-in-vitro-experimental-studies-of-remote-digital-control-endovascular-robotic-system-in-interventional-angiography
#17
J Y Tan, L Q Jia, W H Shi, Z Y Tian, J D Tong, Y Deng, B Yu
Objective: To investigate the feasibility of the remote control endovascular robotic system in interventional angiography. Method: The endovascular robotic system Heifetz™ and the matched steerable catheter Mirage™ were used to cannulate all the target vessels in the vascular model and cerebral arteries originated from the aorta of Bama mini-pigs under fluoroscopic guidance. The technical success rate, cannulation time and exposure dose were all collected and compared with the result of using conventional techniques...
November 15, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861399/factors-affecting-pelvic-rotation-in-idiopathic-scoliosis-analysis-of-85-cases-in-a-single-center
#18
Yunfei Zhao, Lin Qi, Jun Yang, Xiaodong Zhu, Changwei Yang, Ming Li
Pelvic rotation (PR) is commonly seen in patients with idiopathic scoliosis (IS), but factors contributing to this phenomenon and its relationship with the surgical outcome are not well established.This retrospective study included 85 IS patients in 2 groups: thoracic curve dominance group (group A) and lumbar curve dominance group (group B). Pre- and postoperative PR was measured on standing posteroanterior radiographs by the left/right ratio (L/R ratio) of horizontal distance between the anterior superior iliac spine (ASIS) and the inferior ilium (SI) at the sacroiliac joint on the same side in both groups...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858698/low-back-pain-prevalence-in-healthcare-professionals-and-identification-of-factors-affecting-low-back-pain
#19
Ozge Cınar-Medeni, Bulent Elbasan, Irem Duzgun
BACKGROUND: Work-related musculoskeletal system diseases are commonly observed among nurses, physiotherapists, dentists, and dieticians. OBJECTIVE: To assess working postures of nurses, physiotherapists, dentists and dieticians, to identify whether low back pain (LBP) is present, and to put forth the correlation between LBP, working posture, and other factors. METHODS: Twenty seven physiotherapists, 34 nurses, 30 dentists, and 16 dieticians were included...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852504/bilateral-rib-based-distraction-to-the-pelvis-for-the-management-of-congenital-gibbus-deformity-in-the-growing-child-with-myelodysplasia
#20
John T Smith
BACKGROUND: Congenital gibbus deformity of the spine associated with myelodysplasia is a challenging problem in the growing child and is commonly associated with skin breakdown and chronic infection. Surgical solutions including kyphectomy, flap closure of the skin, and early spinal fusion are associated with a high rate of complications and, ultimately, a short trunk due to stoppage of spinal growth. The purpose of this article is to describe our early results in using a rib-based distraction to the pelvis without vertebral resection and fusion to manage this deformity...
January 2016: Spine Deformity
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