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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239832/silk-textile-with-antimicrobial-aem5772-5-dermasilk-a-pilot-study-with-positive-influence-on-acne-vulgaris-on-the-back
#1
Caroline Schaunig, Daisy Kopera
BACKGROUND: The use of special silk textiles (Dermasilk) has shown positive effects on chronic inflammatory diseases like lichen sclerosus et atrophicus, atopic dermatitis, diabetic ulcerations, and vulvovaginal candidiasis. OBJECTIVE: Wearing T-shirts of this particular fabric could be useful in the management of patients with acne vulgaris on the back and trunk. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Dermasilk T-shirts were given to 14 patients with acne vulgaris papulopustulosa on the back...
February 27, 2017: International Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239635/the-effects-of-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-workplace-intervention-on-sleep-and-work-family-conflict-outcomes-in-an-extended-care-setting
#2
Miguel Marino, Marie Killerby, Soomi Lee, Laura Cousino Klein, Phyllis Moen, Ryan Olson, Ellen Ernst Kossek, Rosalind King, Leslie Erickson, Lisa F Berkman, Orfeu M Buxton
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of a workplace-based intervention on actigraphic and self-reported sleep outcomes in an extended care setting. DESIGN: Cluster randomized trial. SETTING: Extended-care (nursing) facilities. PARTICIPANTS: US employees and managers at nursing homes. Nursing homes were randomly selected to intervention or control settings. INTERVENTION: The Work, Family and Health Study developed an intervention aimed at reducing work-family conflict within a 4-month work-family organizational change process...
December 2016: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239625/discrepancies-in-communication-versus-documentation-of-weight-management-benchmarks-analysis-of-recorded-visits-with-latino-children-and-associated-health-record-documentation
#3
Christy B Turer, Sarah E Barlow, Sergio Montaño, Glenn Flores
To examine gaps in communication versus documentation of weight-management clinical practices, communication was recorded during primary care visits with 6- to 12-year-old overweight/obese Latino children. Communication/documentation content was coded by 3 reviewers using communication transcripts and health-record documentation. Discrepancies in communication/documentation content codes were resolved through consensus. Bivariate/multivariable analyses examined factors associated with discrepancies in benchmark communication/documentation...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239597/perceived-cognitive-deficits-are-associated-with-diabetes-self-management-in-a-multiethnic-sample
#4
Heather Cuevas, Alexa Stuifbergen
BACKGROUND: People with diabetes have almost twice the risk of developing cognitive impairment or dementia as do those without diabetes, and about half of older adults with diabetes will become functionally disabled or cognitively impaired. But diabetes requires complex self-management: patients must learn about the implications of their disease; manage their diets, physical activity, and medication; and monitor their blood glucose. Difficulties with cognition can hinder these activities...
2017: Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239390/using-landscape-genetics-simulations-for-planting-blister-rust-resistant-whitebark-pine-in-the-us-northern-rocky-mountains
#5
Erin L Landguth, Zachary A Holden, Mary F Mahalovich, Samuel A Cushman
Recent population declines to the high elevation western North America foundation species whitebark pine, have been driven by the synergistic effects of the invasive blister rust pathogen, mountain pine beetle (MPB), fire exclusion, and climate change. This has led to consideration for listing whitebark pine (WBP) as a threatened or endangered species under the Endangered Species Act, which has intensified interest in developing management strategies for maintaining and restoring the species. An important, but poorly studied, aspect of WBP restoration is the spatial variation in adaptive genetic variation and the potential of blister rust resistant strains to maintain viable populations in the future...
2017: Frontiers in Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239313/second-korean-guidelines-for-the-management-of-ulcerative-colitis
#6
REVIEW
Chang Hwan Choi, Won Moon, You Sun Kim, Eun Soo Kim, Bo-In Lee, Yunho Jung, Yong Sik Yoon, Heeyoung Lee, Dong Il Park, Dong Soo Han
Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a chronic inflammatory bowel disease characterized by a relapsing and remitting course. The direct and indirect costs of the treatment of UC are high, and the quality of life of patients is reduced, especially during exacerbation of the disease. The incidence and prevalence of UC in Korea are still lower than those of Western countries, but have been rapidly increasing during the past decades. Various medical and surgical therapies, including biologics, are currently used for the management of UC...
January 2017: Intestinal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239303/structure-and-functioning-of-dryland-ecosystems-in-a-changing-world
#7
Fernando T Maestre, David J Eldridge, Santiago Soliveres, Sonia Kéfi, Manuel Delgado-Baquerizo, Matthew A Bowker, Pablo García-Palacios, Juan Gaitán, Antonio Gallardo, Roberto Lázaro, Miguel Berdugo
Understanding how drylands respond to ongoing environmental change is extremely important for global sustainability. Here we review how biotic attributes, climate, grazing pressure, land cover change and nitrogen deposition affect the functioning of drylands at multiple spatial scales. Our synthesis highlights the importance of biotic attributes (e.g. species richness) in maintaining fundamental ecosystem processes such as primary productivity, illustrate how N deposition and grazing pressure are impacting ecosystem functioning in drylands worldwide, and highlight the importance of the traits of woody species as drivers of their expansion in former grasslands...
November 2016: Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239276/a-multifaceted-view-on-the-impacts-of-shrub-encroachment
#8
Fernando T Maestre, David J Eldridge, Santiago Soliveres
Shrub encroachment, a global phenomenon with management implications, is examined in two papers in the current issue of Applied Vegetation Science. Barbosa da Silva et al. show that encroachment simplifies herbaceous community, and Pittarello et al. illustrate how pastoral practices can restore encroached grasslands. While detrimental effects of shrub encroachment on grassland vegetation are often reported, we argue for a more holistic view when assessing this land cover change.
July 2016: Appl Veg Sci
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238666/clinical-impact-of-second-opinion-musculoskeletal-subspecialty-interpretations-during-a-multidisciplinary-orthopedic-oncology-conference
#9
Aleksandr Rozenberg, Barry E Kenneally, John A Abraham, Kristin Strogus, Johannes B Roedl, William B Morrison, Adam C Zoga
PURPOSE: To analyze the impact on clinical management when musculoskeletal radiologists render second-opinion consultations during multidisciplinary orthopedic oncology conference. METHODS: A PACS database was searched for secondary interpretations on outside MRI studies reviewed during a multidisciplinary orthopedic oncology conference from January 2014 to December 2016. Reports were compared with the original interpretations, when available. Reports were categorized using a 7-point scale: I (no discrepancy), II (undetected clinically insignificant abnormality), III (clinically insignificant difference in interpretation), IV (difference in imaging follow-up recommendation), V (equivocal initial interpretation with subsequent definitive subspecialty interpretation), VI (clinically significant difference in interpretation), VII (failure to detect a clinically significant abnormality)...
February 23, 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238604/transitional-leadership-leadership-during-times-of-transition-key-principles-and-considerations-for-success
#10
Alexander Norbash
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: To suggest a methodical approach for refining transitional management abilities, including empowerment of a growing leader, leading in an unfamiliar organization or leading in an organization that is changing. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Management approaches based on the body of work dealing with leadership studies and transitions and dealing with leadership during times of transition and change management were consolidated and categorized...
February 24, 2017: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238586/developing-a-minimum-dataset-for-nursing-team-leader-handover-in-the-intensive-care-unit-a-focus-group-study
#11
Amy J Spooner, Leanne M Aitken, Amanda Corley, Wendy Chaboyer
BACKGROUND: Despite increasing demand for structured processes to guide clinical handover, nursing handover tools are limited in the intensive care unit. OBJECTIVES: The study aim was to identify key items to include in a minimum dataset for intensive care nursing team leader shift-to-shift handover. METHODS: This focus group study was conducted in a 21-bed medical/surgical intensive care unit in Australia. Senior registered nurses involved in team leader handovers were recruited...
February 23, 2017: Australian Critical Care: Official Journal of the Confederation of Australian Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238579/preoperative-coil-embolization-of-side-branches-and-postoperative-antifibrinolytic-therapy-in-endovascular-aneurysm-repair-a-propensity-score-analysis
#12
Arudo Hiraoka, Genta Chikazawa, Atsuhisa Ishida, Toshinori Totsugawa, Kentaro Tamura, Taichi Sakaguchi, Hidenori Yoshitaka
PURPOSE: To demonstrate feasibility and efficacy of preoperative coil embolization of side branches and postoperative tranexamic acid (TXA) therapy for management of type II endoleak and aneurysmal sac regression after endovascular aortic repair (EVAR). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study included 284 patients who underwent EVAR between 2007 and 2014. In 133 patients (group A), since March 2012, preoperative coil embolization of side branches and postoperative TXA therapy had been introduced as a modified strategy after EVAR, including combined coil embolization and TXA therapy (n = 41), coil embolization only (n = 17), and TXA therapy only (n = 75)...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238575/impacts-of-climate-and-land-use-changes-on-the-water-quality-of-a-small-mediterranean-catchment-with-intensive-viticulture
#13
D Serpa, J P Nunes, J J Keizer, N Abrantes
Studies that address the potential effects of climate and land use changes on surface water quality are scarce in the Mediterranean region. In the present work, the impacts of climate and land use changes on nutrient and copper exports from a humid Mediterranean catchment (São Lourenço) were evaluated using the SWAT model. SWAT reproduced reasonably well total nitrogen (TN), phosphorus (TP) and copper (Cu) exports in São Lourenço, providing an adequate baseline scenario as well as a suitable model parameterization for assessing the impacts of climate and land use changes under the A1B and B1 emission scenarios for the end of the 21st century (2071-2100)...
February 23, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238520/precision-surgery-and-avoiding-over-treatment
#14
REVIEW
A Hosseini, A L Khoury, L J Esserman
Over-diagnosis and over-treatment are consequences of greater awareness about breast cancer, more intensive screening, and the resultant identification of more cases of breast cancer that are low or ultralow risk. This area represents an important opportunity to optimize the delivery of appropriate targeted therapy for breast cancer patients. Despite the evolution of breast cancer care over the last few decades and our ability to tailor treatment to biology, a one-size fits all approach is still prevalent in the local and regional management of and screening for breast cancer, failing to reflect the unique biology and tumor characteristics of each patient...
February 11, 2017: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238351/antenatal-weight-management-diet-physical-activity-and-gestational-weight-gain-in-early-pregnancy
#15
Judy A Swift, Kirsty J Elliott-Sale, Jo Pearce, Preeti H Jethwa, Moira A Taylor, Amanda Avery, Sarah Ellis, Simon C Langley-Evans, Sarah McMullen
OBJECTIVE: to investigate women's physical activity levels, diet and gestational weight gain, and their experiences and motivations of behavior change. DESIGN: analysis of cross-sectional data collected during a longitudinal, cohort study examining physiological, psychological, sociodemographic, and self-reported behavioural measures relating to bodyweight. SETTING: women recruited from routine antenatal clinics at the Nottingham University Hospitals NHS Trust...
January 31, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238312/-breast-cancer-management-the-change-is-now
#16
EDITORIAL
C Mathelin, E Luporsi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Gynecol Obstet Fertil Senol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238307/comparing-pyloromyotomy-outcomes-across-canada
#17
Alexander C Ednie, Ofer Amram, Nadine Schuurman, Natalie L Yanchar
BACKGROUND: Changing patterns of referral and management of hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (HPS) in North America have recently been described. Comfort with perioperative management, anesthesia, and corrective surgery have been cited as reasons for these changes. Our primary objective was to assess pyloromyotomy outcomes between different hospital types across Canada. The secondary objective was to geospatially map all pyloromyotomies to identify regions of higher HPS incidence across Canada...
January 28, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238223/glucose-lowering-agents-for-treating-pre-existing-and-new-onset-diabetes-in-kidney-transplant-recipients
#18
REVIEW
Clement Lo, Min Jun, Sunil V Badve, Helen Pilmore, Sarah L White, Carmel Hawley, Alan Cass, Vlado Perkovic, Sophia Zoungas
BACKGROUND: Kidney transplantation is the preferred form of kidney replacement therapy for patients with end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) and is often complicated by worsening or new-onset diabetes. Management of hyperglycaemia is important to reduce post-transplant and diabetes-related complications. The safety and efficacy of glucose-lowering agents after kidney transplantation is largely unknown. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of pharmacological interventions for lowering glucose levels in patients who have undergone kidney transplantation and have diabetes...
February 27, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238195/switching-therapy-from-bevacizumab-to-aflibercept-for-the-management-of-persistent-diabetic-macular-edema
#19
Bobak Bahrami, Thomas Hong, Meidong Zhu, Timothy E Schlub, Andrew Chang
PURPOSE: To evaluate the visual and anatomical outcomes following switching therapy from bevacizumab to aflibercept in patients with persistent diabetic macular edema (DME). METHODS: Patients with DME and central macular thickness (CMT) >300 μm on spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) despite at least 4 intravitreal bevacizumab injections in the prior 6 months were recruited for this prospective, single-armed, single centre, open-label clinical trial...
February 25, 2017: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238152/myocardial-infarction-in-neonates-a-review-of-an-entity-with-significant-morbidity-and-mortality
#20
REVIEW
Koyelle Papneja, Anthony K Chan, Tapas K Mondal, Bosco Paes
Coronary artery disease is a global problem with high mortality rates and significant residual sequelae that affect long-term quality of life. Myocardial infarction (MI) in neonates is a recognized, uncommon entity, but the incidence and broad spectrum of the disease is unknown and likely underestimated due to limited reporting which in the majority is confined to acute ischemic events. The challenges involve clinical diagnosis which masquerades in the early phase as non-specific symptoms and signs that are commonly found in a host of neonatal disorders...
February 25, 2017: Pediatric Cardiology
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