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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728401/research-trends-in-outdoor-pig-production
#1
Hyun-Suk Park, Sang Hyon Oh
Since the industrialization of swine production in the late 1900s, swine farms in the United States, as well as in Europe, have largely become consolidated. Pig farms became larger in size but fewer in number, with 91% of market pigs being produced by large operations with 5,000 or more pigs on-site in the US, and only 3% of the total utilized agricultural land representing organic farming. Such change in the market made it difficult for small farmers to stay competitive, forcing them to find alternative ways to reduce the cost of production and increase profit using the outdoor production system...
July 17, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728336/management-of-a-recurrent-ischial-sore-using-a-3-flap-technique
#2
Jae Hyun Lee, Hee Chang Ahn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Archives of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728307/changes-in-reference-evapotranspiration-and-its-driving-factors-in-the-middle-reaches-of-yellow-river-basin-china
#3
Dunxian She, Jun Xia, Yongyong Zhang
Reference evapotranspiration (ET0) is important for agricultural, environmental and other studies, and understanding the attribution of its change is helpful to provide information for irrigation scheduling and water resources management. The present study investigates the attribution of the change of ET0 at 49 meteorological stations in the middle reaches of Yellow River basin (MRYRB) of China from 1960 to 2012. Results show that annual ET0 increases from the northwest to the southeast of MRYRB in space. We find that annual ET0 clearly presents a zigzag change pattern rather than a monotonically change during the whole period...
July 16, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728001/modeling-the-effect-of-temperature-control-curtain-on-the-thermal-structure-in-a-deep-stratified-reservoir
#4
Wei He, Jijian Lian, Ye Yao, Mudan Wu, Chao Ma
Temperature-control curtain (TCC) is an effective facility of selective withdrawal. Previous research has estimated the influence of TCC on the outflow temperature, but its effect on the thermal structure of a reservoir area is unknown, which is crucial to the reservoir ecology. For this purpose, taking the Sanbanxi Reservoir as a case study, a 2-D hydrodynamic and temperature model covering the whole reservoir was built and calibrated to simulate the flow and temperature fields under different TCC scenarios, and the change rules of thermal stability and outflow temperature are obtained...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727993/how-do-nurse-practitioners-work-in-primary-health-care-settings-a-scoping-review
#5
REVIEW
Julian Grant, Lauren Lines, Philip Darbyshire, Yvonne Parry
OBJECTIVES: This scoping review explores the work of nurse practitioners in primary health care settings in developed countries and critiques their contribution to improved health outcomes. DESIGN: A scoping review design was employed and included development of a research question, identification of potentially relevant studies, selection of relevant studies, charting data, collating, summarising and reporting findings. An additional step was added to evaluate the methodological rigor of each study...
June 28, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727935/food-addiction-a-barrier-for-effective-weight-management-for-obese-adolescents
#6
Connie L Tompkins, Jennifer Laurent, David W Brock
BACKGROUND: Findings from studies of food addiction in adults suggest those with food addiction are less successful in weight-loss interventions. Little is known about food addiction in obesity treatment-seeking adolescents; therefore, the purpose of this study was to explore the prevalence of food addiction and correlates of food addiction symptoms in obese adolescents entering an outpatient, weight management program. METHODS: Obese adolescents (n = 26) were administered the Yale Food Addiction Scale for Children (YFAS-C), measures of appetitive responsiveness, and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) before and following a 12-week, outpatient, behavioral weight management program...
July 20, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727865/proton-beam-radiotherapy-and-concurrent-chemotherapy-for-unresectable-stage-iii-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-final-results-of-a-phase-2-study
#7
Joe Y Chang, Vivek Verma, Ming Li, Wencheng Zhang, Ritsuko Komaki, Charles Lu, Pamela K Allen, Zhongxing Liao, James Welsh, Steven H Lin, Daniel Gomez, Melenda Jeter, Michael O'Reilly, Ronald X Zhu, Xiaodong Zhang, Heng Li, Radhe Mohan, John V Heymach, Ara A Vaporciyan, Stephen Hahn, James D Cox
Importance: Proton beam radiotherapy (PBT) has the potential to reduce toxic effects in the definitive management of locally advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), but long-term prospective data are lacking. Objective: To report the final (5-year) results of a prospective study evaluating concurrent chemotherapy and high-dose PBT to treat unresectable stage III NSCLC. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this open-label, single-group assignment study, with median follow-up of 27...
July 20, 2017: JAMA Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727755/no-abatement-of-steroid-injections-for-tennis-elbow-in-australian-general-practice-a-15-year-observational-study-with-random-general-practitioner-sampling
#8
Bill Vicenzino, Helena Britt, Allan J Pollack, Michelle Hall, Kim L Bennell, David J Hunter
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate general practitioner (GP) management of tennis elbow (TE) in Australia. METHODS: Data about the management of TE by GPs from 2000 to 2015 were extracted from the Bettering the Evaluation of Care of Health program database. Patient and GP characteristics and encounter management data were classified by the International Classification of Primary Care, version 2, and reported using descriptive statistics with point estimates and 95% confidence intervals...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727744/climate-change-and-sugarcane-expansion-increase-hantavirus-infection-risk
#9
Paula Ribeiro Prist, María Uriarte, Katia Fernandes, Jean Paul Metzger
Hantavirus Cardiopulmonary Syndrome (HCPS) is a disease caused by Hantavirus, which is highly virulent for humans. High temperatures and conversion of native vegetation to agriculture, particularly sugarcane cultivation can alter abundance of rodent generalist species that serve as the principal reservoir host for HCPS, but our understanding of the compound effects of land use and climate on HCPS incidence remains limited, particularly in tropical regions. Here we rely on a Bayesian model to fill this research gap and to predict the effects of sugarcane expansion and expected changes in temperature on Hantavirus infection risk in the state of São Paulo, Brazil...
July 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727710/management-of-symptomatic-tarlov-cysts-a-retrospective-observational-study
#10
Wei Jiang, Zhenming Hu, Jie Hao
BACKGROUND: Symptomatic Tarlov cysts are a common cause of chronic pain. Many methods have been reported to treat this disease, with variable results. Most previous reports concerning the treatment methods of symptomatic Tarlov cysts were either sporadic case reports or series of limited cases. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to further optimize the management for patients with symptomatic Tarlov cysts (TCs) by analyzing the results of 82 patients who were treated with different strategies...
July 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727700/therapeutic-role-of-placebo-evolution-of-a-new-paradigm-in-understanding-research-and-clinical-practice
#11
Laxmaiah Manchikanti, Mark V Boswell, Alan D Kaye, Standiford Helm Ii, Joshua A Hirsch
Research into interventional techniques in managing chronic spinal pain continues to be challenging, mystifying, confusing, and biased. Insight, or lack thereof, into placebo and nocebo phenomena contributes mightily to these difficulties. Unfortunately, placebo-nocebo responses are the subject of numerous controversies and challenges from not only a research perspective, but also clinical perspective. While interventionalists consider the biggest threat to interventional pain management research is inappropriate and outdated interpretation of the data, a greater problem is the misuse of the placebo response in research, with the declaration that all and everything as a placebo effect: with a misinterpretation of the nature of the placebo the, associated conclusions can be inaccurate...
July 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727621/how-information-drives-complexity
#12
Thomas R Clancy
As systems evolve over time, their natural tendency is to become increasingly more complex. Studies in the field of complex systems have generated new perspectives on the application of management strategies in health systems. This article is the 2nd in a series of articles that focuses on why technological complexity is increasing and strategies nurse administrators can use to successfully implement change in the face of it.
July 2017: Journal of Nursing Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727481/leucocyte-and-platelet-rich-fibrin-l-prf-as-a-regenerative-medicine-strategy-for-the-treatment-of-refractory-leg-ulcers-a-prospective-cohort-study
#13
Nelson R Pinto, Matias Ubilla, Yelka Zamora, Verónica Del Rio, David M Dohan Ehrenfest, Marc Quirynen
Chronic wounds (VLU: venous leg ulcer, DFU: diabetic foot ulcer, PU: pressure ulcer, or complex wounds) affect a significant proportion of the population. Despite appropriate standard wound care, such ulcers unfortunately may remain open for months or even years. The use of leukocyte- and platelet-rich fibrin (L-PRF) to cure skin ulcers is a simple and inexpensive method, widely used in some countries but unknown or neglected in most others. This auto-controlled prospective cohort study explored and quantified accurately for the first time the adjunctive benefits of topical applications of L-PRF in the management of such refractory ulcers in a diverse group of patients...
July 20, 2017: Platelets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727214/what-plant-functional-traits-can-reduce-nitrous-oxide-emissions-from-intensively-managed-grasslands
#14
Diego Abalos, Jan Willem van Groenigen, Gerlinde B De Deyn
Plant species exert a dominant control over the nitrogen (N) cycle of natural and managed grasslands. Although in intensively managed systems that receive large external N inputs the emission of the potent greenhouse gas nitrous oxide (N2 O) is a crucial component of this cycle, a mechanistic relationship between plant species and N2 O emissions has not yet been established. Here we use a plant functional trait approach to study the relation between plant species strategies and N2 O emissions from soils. Compared to species with conservative strategies, species with acquisitive strategies have higher N uptake when there is ample N in the soil, but also trigger N mineralization when soil N is limiting...
July 20, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727021/physiology-and-endocrinology-symposium-the-effects-of-poor-maternal-nutrition-during-gestation-on-offspring-postnatal-growth-and-metabolism
#15
M L Hoffman, S A Reed, S M Pillai, A K Jones, K K McFadden, S A Zinn, K E Govoni
Poor maternal nutrition during gestation has been linked to poor growth and development, metabolic dysfunction, impaired health, and reduced productivity of offspring in many species. Poor maternal nutrition can be defined as an excess or restriction of overall nutrients or specific macro- or micronutrients in the diet of the mother during gestation. Interestingly, there are several reports that both restricted- and over-feeding during gestation negatively affect offspring postnatal growth with reduced muscle and bone deposition, increased adipose accumulation, and metabolic dysregulation through reduced leptin and insulin sensitivity...
May 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726993/genetic-parameters-for-wool-traits-live-weight-and-ultrasound-carcass-traits-in-merino-sheep
#16
S I Mortimer, S Hatcher, N M Fogarty, J H J van der Werf, D J Brown, A A Swan, J C Greeff, G Refshauge, J E Hocking Edwards, G M Gaunt
Genetic correlations between 29 wool production and quality traits and live weight and ultrasound fat depth (FAT) and eye muscle depth (EMD) traits were estimated from the Information Nucleus (IN). The IN comprised 8 genetically linked flocks managed across a range of Australian sheep production environments. The data were from a maximum of 9,135 progeny born over 5 yr from 184 Merino sires and 4,614 Merino dams. The wool traits included records for yearling and adult fleece weight, fiber diameter (FD), staple length (SL), fiber diameter CV (FDCV), scoured color, and visual scores for breech and body wrinkle...
May 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726791/implementation-of-a-multidisciplinary-guideline-improves-preterm-infant-admission-temperatures
#17
M W Harer, B Vergales, T Cady, A Early, C Chisholm, J R Swanson
BACKGROUND: Hypothermia is a common problem in preterm infants immediately following delivery.Local problem:The rate of admission hypothermia in our neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) was above the rate of comparable NICUs in the Vermont Oxford Network. METHODS: To reduce the rate of preterm admission hypothermia, a quality improvement (QI) project was implemented, utilizing the plan-do-study-act (PDSA) methodology. A guideline for delivery room thermoregulation management in <35-week infants at the University of Virginia was created and put into practice by a multidisciplinary team...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726532/local-to-global-working-together-to-meet-the-needs-of-vulnerable-communities
#18
Anne Dressel, Lucy Mkandawire-Valhmu, Ann Dietrich, Ellen Chirwa, Florence Mgawadere, Sylvia Kambalametore, Peninnah Kako
Since 2012, the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee (UWM) faculty from nursing and physical therapy (PT) have been working together towards a common goal: to meet the healthcare needs of vulnerable populations in Malawi and Milwaukee. Sharing valuable knowledge and understanding one another's professions have allowed us to develop interprofessional education (IPE) learning experiences for students to help identify how quality of life could be improved or enhanced for children and their families across two different geographic spaces, one in rural Malawi and the other in urban Milwaukee...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726510/the-effect-of-probiotic-lactobacillus-casei-shirota-on-knee-osteoarthritis-a-randomised-double-blind-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#19
M Lei, C Guo, D Wang, C Zhang, L Hua
Knee osteoarthritis (OA) treatment is challenging due to inefficacy and adverse effects of current medications. Probiotic treatment has been shown to promote bone metabolism, reduce pain and inflammatory responses of age-related musculoskeletal disorders, including OA. We aimed to investigate the effect of probiotic Lactobacillus casei Shirota (LcS) on patients with knee OA. 537 patients with knee OA were enrolled in this double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, who were randomised to receive skimmed milk containing either LcS or placebo daily for 6 months...
July 20, 2017: Beneficial Microbes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726504/informal-consultations-between-radiologists-and-referring-physicians-as-identified-through-an-electronic-medical-record-search
#20
Eugene Won, Andrew B Rosenkrantz
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to assess informal consultations between radiologists and referring physicians as identified through an electronic medical record (EMR) search. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The EMR was searched for physician notes containing either the term "radiologist" or "radiology" in combination with any of the following: "second opinion," "second-opinion," "2nd opinion," "2nd-opinion," "rereview," "re-review," "reread," "re-read," "overread," "over-read," "spoke with," "discussed with," or "reviewed with...
July 20, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
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