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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351174/the-evolving-science-of-patient-and-family-engagement-an-interview-with-dr-karen-drenkard
#1
Patricia Reid-Ponte
Patient- and family-centered care is a central tenet of nursing practice. This concept has evolved to include patient partnerships, patient engagement, and patient activation. This column differentiates these concepts and describes the core principles embedded in the overriding intention of ensuring that patients (and their families or significant others) are orchestrators of their health and their care plans. In this interview, Karen Drenkard, PhD, RN, FAAN, NEA-BC, CNO, of the GetWellNetwork, discusses work by the O'Neil Center as a leader in this area...
February 2018: Journal of Nursing Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351173/bsn-preparation-for-rns-the-time-is-now
#2
Mary Krugman, Colleen J Goode
Some nurse executives and academic nurse leaders believe that the issue of educational entry into professional nursing practice is an "old" issue. Nursing is the only healthcare profession that still does not require the minimum of a baccalaureate degree (BSN). It is time for nurse leaders to act: eliminate the multiple educational levels and require a minimum BSN degree for professional nurse practice.
February 2018: Journal of Nursing Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351132/mixed-methods-approach-to-humanistic-interprofessional-faculty-development
#3
Alice Fornari, Leanne M Tortez, Monika Lay, Bruce Hirsch, Donna Tanzi, Isabel Friedman, Alison P Ricardo, Renee Pekmezaris, William Branch
INTRODUCTION: This study evaluated the effectiveness of the Mentoring and Professionalism in Training (MAP-IT) program, a longitudinal, interprofessional faculty development curriculum designed to enhance clinicians' humanistic mentoring skills, specifically nurses and physicians. METHODS: During 2014 to 2016, two consecutive cohorts of nurses and physicians completed the MAP-IT program. Participants included 169 high potential mentors (HPMs) and 61 facilitator leaders...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350569/practice-pearl-liraglutide-and-cardiovascular-and-renal-events-in-type-2-diabetes
#4
Robert Guthrie
Review of: Marso S, Daniels G, Brown-Frandsen K, et al. Liraglutide and Cardiovascular Outcomes in Type 2 Diabetes. N Engl J Med 2016; 375: 311-322. Mann J, Orsted D, Brown-Frandsen K, et al. Liraglutide and Renal Outcomes in Type 2 Diabetes. N Engl J Med 2017; 377: 839-848. This comprehensive research project, LEADER, led to two reports, one focusing on the effect of liraglutide on cardiovascular events, and the second one reporting on the renal effects on the same study population. The study group included 9340 patients with type 2 diabetes...
January 19, 2018: Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349654/the-role-of-mentors-in-early-intervention-referrals-overlooked-views-of-pediatric-residency-training-directors
#5
Nicole Megan Edwards
Objectives There continues to be a pressing need to increase referrals to family-centered early intervention (EI) for more eligible infants and toddlers with inadequate consideration for the role of senior, mentoring professionals. Methods To address a dearth in our understanding, a subset of Pediatric Residency Training Directors shared views on EI, referral, and relevant training efforts. Results Participating directors primarily reported limited understanding of EI. Greater knowledge of family-focused EI correlated with its perceived helpfulness (r = ...
January 18, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347203/dynamical-properties-of-the-herding-voter-model-with-and-without-noise
#6
Liudmila Rozanova, Marián Boguñá
Collective leadership and herding may arise in standard models of opinion dynamics as an interplay of a strong separation of time scales within the population and its hierarchical organization. Using the voter model as a simple opinion formation model, we show that, in the herding phase, a group of agents become effectively the leaders of the dynamics while the rest of the population follow blindly their opinion. Interestingly, in some cases such herding dynamics accelerates the time to consensus, which then becomes size independent or, on the contrary, makes the consensus nearly impossible...
July 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346542/hepatitis-b-in-moroccan-dutch-a-qualitative-study-into-determinants-of-screening-participation
#7
Nora Hamdiui, Mart L Stein, Ytje J J van der Veen, Maria E T C van den Muijsenbergh, Jim E van Steenbergen
Background: Chronic hepatitis B (HBV) leads to an increased risk for liver cirrhosis and liver cancer. In the Netherlands, chronic HBV prevalence in the general population is 0.20%, but 3.77% in first generation immigrants. Our aim was to identify determinants associated with the intention to participate in HBV testing among first generation Moroccan immigrants, one of the two largest immigrant groups targeted for screening. Methods: Semi-structured interviews were held with first (n = 9) and second generation (n = 10) Moroccan-Dutch immigrants, since second generation immigrants frequently act as their parents' brokers in healthcare...
January 15, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346375/how-do-we-reach-the-girls-and-women-who-are-the-hardest-to-reach-inequitable-opportunities-in-reproductive-and-maternal-health-care-services-in-armed-conflict-and-forced-displacement-settings-in-colombia
#8
Juan Carlos Rivillas, Raul Devia Rodriguez, Gloria Song, Andréanne Martel
OBJECTIVES: This paper assesses inequalities in access to reproductive and maternal health services among females affected by forced displacement and sexual and gender-based violence in conflict settings in Colombia. This was accomplished through the following approaches: first, we assessed the gaps and gradients in three selected reproductive and maternal health care services. Second, we analyzed the patterns of inequalities in reproductive and maternal health care services and changes over time...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346233/video-recordings-to-analyze-preventable-management-errors-in-pediatric-resuscitation-bay
#9
Julia Borns, Jörg Ersch, Milana Dobrovoljac, Georg Staubli, Barbara Brotschi
OBJECTIVE: In treating patients of different ages and diseases in the pediatric resuscitation bay, management errors are common. This study aimed to analyze the adherence to advanced trauma life support and pediatric advanced life support guidelines and identify management errors in the pediatric resuscitation bay by using video recordings. METHODS: Video recording of all patients admitted to the pediatric resuscitation bay at University Children's Hospital Zurich during a 13-month period was performed...
January 16, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346047/cultivating-our-next-generation-of-leaders
#10
Michael J Topper
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2018: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345490/asher-r-pacht-1922-2017
#11
Barbara A Van Horne
Presents an obituary for Asher R. Pacht, who passed away on March 14, 2017. Pacht was a pioneer in bringing effective treatment to correctional clients including sex offenders. In addition to being a teacher with a clinical practice, he was a leader in numerous professional organizations, with particular commitment to the regulation and licensing of psychologists. Pacht's first professional job was with the Wisconsin Division of Corrections; he retired 24 years later as director of the Bureau of Clinical Services...
January 2018: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344451/evaluation-of-brainstorming-session-as-a-teaching-learning-tool-among-postgraduate-medical-biochemistry-students
#12
Binita Goswami, Anju Jain, Bidhan Chandra Koner
Background: The thrust for postgraduate teaching should be self-directed learning with equal participation by all students in academic discussions. Group discussions involve conduction of the discourse by a leader who guides the discussion as well as points out any wrong information. This discourages quieter students from participation with the fear of rebuke. Brainstorming is devoid of all such fallacies with no judgment and reprimand. Aim: The aim of this study was to use brainstorming as a teaching-learning tool among postgraduate students of medical biochemistry...
December 2017: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343666/the-c-terminal-extension-domain-of-saccharomyces-cerevisiae-mrpl32-a-homolog-of-ribosomal-protein-l32-functions-in-trans-to-support-mitochondrial-translation
#13
Ivo Ngundu Woogeng, Madoka Kitakawa
Mitochondrial ribosomal protein L32 (MrpL32) of Saccharomyces cerevisiae is homologous to the bacterial L32 ribosomal protein. MrpL32 carries an N-terminal mitochondrion-targeting sequence (MTS) and is about 60 amino acid residues longer at the C-terminus. Adding to its function as a leader sequence, the MTS of MrpL32 has been reported to regulate ribosome biogenesis through its processing by m-AAA protease. However, the function of the C-terminal extension (CE) remains totally unknown. Therefore, we constructed a series of C-terminally truncated mrpl32 (mrpl32ΔC) genes and expressed them in a Δmrpl32 mutant to examine their function...
January 17, 2018: Genes & Genetic Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343213/the-community-is-just-a-small-circle-citizen-participation-in-the-free-maternal-and-child-healthcare-programme-of-enugu-state-nigeria
#14
Daniel C Ogbuabor, Obinna E Onwujekwe
BACKGROUND: There is a gap in knowledge about how citizen participation impacts governance of free healthcare policies for universal health coverage in low- and middle-income countries. OBJECTIVE: This study provides evidence about how social accountability initiatives influenced revenue generation, pooling and fund management, purchasing and capacity of health facilities implementing the free maternal and child healthcare programme (FMCHP) in Enugu State, Nigeria...
2018: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343161/addressing-the-social-determinants-of-health-a-call-to-action-for-school-nurses
#15
Krista Schroeder, Susan Kohl Malone, Ellen McCabe, Terri Lipman
Social determinants of health (SDOH), the conditions in which children are born, grow, live, work or attend school, and age, impact child health and contribute to health disparities. School nurses must consider these factors as part of their clinical practice because they significantly and directly influence child well-being. We provide clinical guidance for addressing the SDOH when caring for children with three common health problems (obesity, insufficient sleep, and asthma). Given their unique role as school-based clinical experts, care coordinators, and student advocates, school nurses are well suited to serve as leaders in addressing SDOH...
January 1, 2018: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340783/identification-of-bat-trypanosomes-from-minas-gerais-state-brazil-based-on-18s-rdna-and-cathepsin-l-like-targets
#16
Elaine Cristina Bento, César Gómez-Hernández, Lara Rocha Batista, Laís Anversa, André Luiz Pedrosa, Eliane Lages-Silva, Juan David Ramírez, Luis Eduardo Ramirez
Several bat species can be infected by trypanosomes, but there is not much information about which of these parasites infect bats from Triângulo Mineiro and Alto Paranaíba, Minas Gerais state, Brazil, a formerly endemic region for Trypanosoma cruzi, the causative agent of Chagas disease. The aim of this study was to describe, characterize, and identify the presence of trypanosomes in bats. The captured bats (448) belong to four families and to 19 different species. Of those, 37 bats were found to be positive for trypanosomes by microhematocrit, (infection rate 8...
January 16, 2018: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340725/decision-making-in-management-of-the-complex-trauma-patient-changing-the-mindset-of-the-non-trauma-surgeon
#17
Linda Sonesson, Kenneth Boffard, Lars Lundberg, Martin Rydmark, Klas Karlgren
BACKGROUND: European surgeons are frequently subspecialized and trained primarily in elective surgical techniques. As trauma leaders, they may occasionally have to deal with complex polytrauma, advanced management techniques, differing priorities, and the need for multidisciplinary care. There is a lack of expertise, experience, and a low trauma volume, as well as a lack of research, with limited support as to the decision-making and teaching challenges present. We studied what experienced trauma experts describe as the challenges that are specific to the advanced surgical decision-making required, whether civilian, humanitarian, or military...
January 16, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340519/evaluating-the-current-state-of-the-art-of-huntington-disease-research-a-scientometric-analysis
#18
L A Barboza, N C Ghisi
Huntington disease (HD) is an incurable neurodegenerative disorder caused by a dominant mutation on the 4th chromosome. We aim to present a scientometric analysis of the extant scientific undertakings devoted to better understanding HD. Therefore, a quantitative study was performed to examine the current state-of-the-art approaches that foster researchers' understandings of the current knowledge, research trends, and research gaps regarding this disorder. We performed literature searches of articles that were published up to September 2016 in the "ISI Web of Science™" (http://apps...
January 11, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340341/credentialing-of-hospitalists-in-ultrasound-guided-bedside-procedures-a-position-statement-of-the-society-of-hospital-medicine
#19
Brian P Lucas, David M Tierney, Trevor P Jensen, Ria Dancel, Joel Cho, Mahmoud El-Barbary, Ricardo Franco-Sadud, Nilam J Soni
Ultrasound guidance is used increasingly to perform the following 6 bedside procedures that are core competencies of hospitalists: abdominal paracentesis, arterial catheter placement, arthrocentesis, central venous catheter placement, lumbar puncture, and thoracentesis. Yet most hospitalists have not been certified to perform these procedures, whether using ultrasound guidance or not, by specialty boards or other institutions extramural to their own hospitals. Instead, hospital privileging committees often ask hospitalist group leaders to make ad hoc intramural certification assessments as part of credentialing...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339941/building-capacity-to-encourage-research-reproducibility-and-makeresearchtrue
#20
Melissa L Rethlefsen, Mellanye J Lackey, Shirley Zhao
Background: Research into study replication and reporting has led to wide concern about a reproducibility crisis. Reproducibility is coming to the attention of major grant funders, including the National Institutes of Health, which launched new grant application instructions regarding rigor and reproducibility in 2015. Study Purpose: In this case study, the authors present one library's work to help increase awareness of reproducibility and to build capacity for our institution to improve reproducibility of ongoing and future research...
January 2018: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
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