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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786503/relationships-between-theoretically-derived-short-term-outcomes-and-support-for-policy-among-the-public-and-decision-makers
#1
Carol L Schmitt, Laurel Curry, Vanessa Boudewyns, Pamela A Williams, LaShawn Glasgow, Deanna Van Hersh, Jeffrey Willett, Todd Rogers
PURPOSE AND OBJECTIVES: Policy change is a lengthy and complex process. Thus, it is important to articulate hypothesized causal pathways between advocacy activities and policy change outcomes and to identify and monitor early indicators of progress toward policy change. INTERVENTION APPROACH: The Kansas Health Foundation supports grantee efforts to address the public health effects of obesity through evidence-based policy, systems, and environmental change interventions...
May 17, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786501/strategies-to-increase-filipino-american-participation-in-cardiovascular-health-promotion-a-systematic-review
#2
Jermy-Leigh B Domingo, Gretchenjan Gavero, Kathryn L Braun
INTRODUCTION: Cultural tailoring of interventions can be effective in reducing health disparities by attracting underserved populations to health promotion programs and improving their outcomes. The purpose of this systematic review was to assess what is known about increasing access to and participation in cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevention and control programs among Filipino Americans. METHODS: PubMed MEDLINE, CINAHL, and Sociologic Abstracts were searched for peer-reviewed studies and dissertations conducted in the United States from 2004 through 2016...
May 17, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784820/efficient-collective-swimming-by-harnessing-vortices-through-deep-reinforcement-learning
#3
Siddhartha Verma, Guido Novati, Petros Koumoutsakos
Fish in schooling formations navigate complex flow fields replete with mechanical energy in the vortex wakes of their companions. Their schooling behavior has been associated with evolutionary advantages including energy savings, yet the underlying physical mechanisms remain unknown. We show that fish can improve their sustained propulsive efficiency by placing themselves in appropriate locations in the wake of other swimmers and intercepting judiciously their shed vortices. This swimming strategy leads to collective energy savings and is revealed through a combination of high-fidelity flow simulations with a deep reinforcement learning (RL) algorithm...
May 21, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784519/east-african-perceptions-of-barriers-facilitators-for-pediatric-clinical-research-participation-and-development-of-the-inclusive-research-model
#4
M Rebecca O'Connor, Ali Adem, Helene Starks
PURPOSE: This study sought to gain a greater understanding of perceptions related to barriers/facilitators for pediatric (ages 0-17) clinical research participation among East African immigrant community members. DESIGN AND METHODS: Community leader interviews (n = 6) and focus groups with lay members (n = 16) from the three largest East African communities in the Seattle area (Eritrean, Ethiopian and Somali) were conducted. Discussions were semi-structured based on existing barrier/facilitator research and analyzed using directed content analysis to identify major themes...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784254/evidence-based-practice-in-perianesthesia-nursing-application-of-the-american-geriatrics-society-clinical-practice-guideline-for-postoperative-delirium-in-older-adults
#5
Catherine Hebert
Delirium is a pervasive and dangerous syndrome for older adults in the perianesthesia setting, occurring in up to 60% of surgical cases. The American Geriatrics Society performed a systematic review to develop recommendations for the prevention and management of postoperative delirium in older adults. The recommendations emphasize nonpharmacologic interventions with a strong focus on reducing the use of psychoactive medication. Perianesthesia nurses can serve as leaders in translating these recommendations into evidence-based practice at the bedside for older adults...
June 2018: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784080/how-can-university-sexual-health-promotion-events-reach-those-most-at-risk-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Matthew E Dunn, Merryn McKinnon
Background: The rate of notifications of sexually transmissible infections (STIs) in Australians has increased dramatically, especially in those aged 16-30 years. This age bracket, typical of university students, is the most likely to report multiple sexual partners in the previous year. Individuals who have sex with multiple partners in a year have a significantly increased chance of contracting an STI, making them an important audience for sexual health promotion. This study aimed to determine how university sexual health promotion events can better reach this higher-risk subset of the population...
May 22, 2018: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784050/exploring-hiv-risks-testing-and-prevention-among-sub-saharan-african-community-members-in-australia
#7
Amy B Mullens, Jennifer Kelly, Joseph Debattista, Tania M Phillips, Zhihong Gu, Fungisai Siggins
BACKGROUND: Significant health disparities persist regarding new and late Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) diagnoses among sub-Saharan African (SSA) communities in Australia. Personal/cultural beliefs and practices influence HIV (risk, prevention, testing) within Australia and during visits to home countries. METHOD: A community forum was conducted involving 23 male and female adult African community workers, members and leaders, and health workers; facilitated by cultural workers and an experienced clinician/researcher...
May 21, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782309/in-memoriam-assistant-professor-kre%C3%A5-imir-kostovi%C3%A4-md-phd-16-october-1969-15-october-2017
#8
Branka Marinović
On a Sunday afternoon almost six months ago, we were deeply moved by the news that our Krešimir is no longer with us. The sad news spread from Sarajevo with the speed only most horrible and saddest news can achieve. And everybody who was reached by these news wondered whether it was possible and whether it was true. Because our professor Kostović left us a day before his 48th birthday. Krešimir Kostović was born on the 16th October 1969 in Zagreb, where he completed primary and secondary education. He enrolled at the University of Zagreb School of Medicine in 1988, and got his medical degree in 1995...
April 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782284/-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-patients-with-implantable-devices-for-treatment-of-disturbed-heart-rhythm-review-of-the-current-situation
#9
A A Sviridova
The question of the possibility of MRI scanning in patients with cardiac implantable electronic devices (CIED) appeared simultaneously with the introduction of MRI in clinical practice. A lot of in-vitro, in-vivo and clinical researches were performed to estimate wat going on with CIED in strong magnetic field and is it possible to perform some unified protocol of safe MRI-scanning for these patients. Recommendations were provided, but not for the wide practice. MRI remained strongly contraindicated for CIED patient...
2018: Kardiologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781950/report-of-the-key-opinion-leaders-meeting-on-stem-cell-derived-beta-cells
#10
Jon Odorico, James Markmann, Douglas Melton, Julia Greenstein, Albert Hwa, Cristina Nostro, Alireza Rezania, Jose Oberholzer, Daniel Pipeleers, Luhan Yang, Chad Cowan, Danwei Huangfu, Dieter Egli, Uri Ben-David, Ludovic Vallier, Shane T Grey, Qizhi Tang, Bart Roep, Camilo Ricordi, Ali Naji, Giuseppe Orlando, Daniel G Anderson, Mark Poznansky, Barbara Ludwig, Alice Tomei, Dale L Greiner, Melanie Graham, Melissa Carpenter, Giovanni Migliaccio, Kevin D'Amour, Bernhard Hering, Lorenzo Piemonti, Thierry Berney, Mike Rickels, Thomas Kay, Ann Adams
Beta cell replacement has the potential to restore euglycemia in patients with insulin dependent diabetes. While great progress has been made in establishing allogeneic islet transplantation from deceased donors as the standard of care for those with the most labile diabetes, it is also clear that the deceased donor organ supply cannot possibly treat all those who could benefit from restoration of a normal beta cell mass, especially if immunosuppression were not required. Against this background, the International Pancreas and Islet Transplant Association (IPITA) in collaboration with the Harvard Stem Cell Institute (HSCI), the Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation (JDRF), and the Helmsley Foundation held a 2-day Key Opinion Leaders Meeting in Boston in 2016 to bring together experts in generating and transplanting beta cells derived from stem cells...
April 30, 2018: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781636/exploring-the-affective-impact-boundary-conditions-and-antecedents-of-leader-humility
#11
Lin Wang, Bradley P Owens, Junchao Jason Li, Lihua Shi
In this article, the authors further develop the theory of leader humility by exploring the affective impact, a vital boundary condition, and the antecedents of leader humility. Specifically, they (a) theorize how leader humility can enhance followers' performance by increasing their relational energy and decreasing their emotional exhaustion, (b) test perceived leader power in the organization as an important boundary condition of leader humility effectiveness, and (c) establish leader's incremental theory of the self (i...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781057/cardiovascular-disease-prevention-training-opportunities-the-challenges-and-future-directions
#12
REVIEW
Anum Saeed, Kaustubh Dabhadkar, Salim S Virani, Peter H Jones, Christie M Ballantyne, Vijay Nambi
PURPOSE: Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, necessitating major efforts in prevention. This review summarizes the currently available training opportunities in CVD prevention for fellows-in-training (FITs) and residents. We also highlight the challenges and future directions for CVD prevention as a field and propose a structure for an inclusive CVD prevention training program. RECENT FINDINGS: At present, there is a lack of centralized training resources for FITs and residents interested in pursuing a career in CVD prevention...
May 21, 2018: Current Atherosclerosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780178/autonomy-and-authority-in-public-research-organisations-structure-and-funding-factors
#13
Laura Cruz-Castro, Luis Sanz-Menéndez
This paper establishes a structural typology of the organisational configurations of public research organisations which vary in their relative internal sharing of authority between researchers and managers; we distinguish between autonomous, heteronomous and managed research organisations. We assume that there are at least two sources of legitimate authority within research organisations, one derived from formal hierarchy (organisational leadership) and another derived from the research community (professional); the balance of authority between researchers and managers is essentially structural but is empirically mediated by the funding portfolio of organisations and the corresponding endowment of resources at the disposal of leaders or researchers...
2018: Minerva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779828/followership-a-review-of-the-literature-in-healthcare-and-beyond
#14
REVIEW
Caleb Leung, Amanda Lucas, Peter Brindley, Shellie Anderson, Jason Park, Ashley Vergis, Lawrence M Gillman
INTRODUCTION: Research in healthcare leadership has focused on leaders. In contrast, organizational success may be more influenced by followers. Kelley described five followership styles based on two characteristics: active engagement and independent critical thinking. We examined the literature on the association between followership style and workplace outcomes. METHODS: Articles from MEDLINE, CINAHL, and EMBASE were searched. Given the paucity of studies, we expanded our search to non-healthcare databases...
May 6, 2018: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779548/utilization-and-economic-contribution-of-psychiatric-mental-health-nurse-practitioners-in-public-behavioral-health-services
#15
Susan A Chapman, Bethany J Phoenix, Talia E Hahn, Deborah C Strod
INTRODUCTION: Expanded insurance coverage through the Affordable Care Act and parity in behavioral health coverage have increased demand for services. Yet there is a persistent shortage in the behavioral health workforce. Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioners (PMHNPs) may be part of the solution to shortages but are not yet fully utilized. The purpose of this study was to describe how PMHNPs are utilized, identify barriers to full utilization, and assess PMHNPs' economic contribution in public behavioral health systems...
June 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779169/-keeping-in-mind-the-gender-stereotype-the-role-of-need-for-closure-in-the-retrieval-induced-forgetting-of-female-managers-qualities
#16
Gennaro Pica, Antonio Pierro, Valerio Pellegrini, Valeria De Cristofaro, Annamaria Giannini, Arie W Kruglanski
The present research addressed the question of whether need for closure (NFC; Kruglanski in The psychology of closed mindedness, Psychology Press, New York, 2004) biases individuals' memory of female leaders. Merging research on role congruity theory of leadership (Koenig et al. in Psychol Bull 4:616-642, 2011. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0023557 ) and research on retrieval-induced forgetting (RIF, Anderson et al. in J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cognit 20:1063-1087, 1994. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.65.5.861 ), we hypothesized and found that high-NFC participants show (1) a higher RIF of dimensions commonly associated with the leadership prototype (agentic/masculine) ascribed to female manager targets, when selectively retrieved dimensions commonly associated with the female prototype (communal/feminine) were ascribed to the same target; and (2) a lessened RIF of female stereotypical dimensions ascribed to female manager targets, when selectively retrieved prototypical leadership dimensions were ascribed to the same target...
May 19, 2018: Cognitive Processing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779149/an-invitation-to-travel-in-an-interethnic-arena-listening-carefully-to-amerindian-leaders-speeches
#17
Rafaela Waddington Achatz, Danilo Silva Guimarães
In this article, we identify usual difficulties faced by Brazilian psychologists when dealing with Amerindian Peoples, concerning the systematic violence experienced by those Peoples, who have been suffering and fighting against a process of genocide and ethnocide. To identify those difficulties, we analysed speeches of Amerindian leaders of the State of São Paulo - Guarani Mbya, Pankararu, Xavante, Baniwa, Tupi - Guarani, Terena, Kaingang and Krenak - which were addressed to psychologists. Those speeches were delivered in events promoted by CRP-SP in 2010 and in the 2nd and 3rd Forums "The Amerindian presence in São Paulo" at the Institute of Psychology (USP), in 2014...
May 19, 2018: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778119/the-need-for-leaders
#18
EDITORIAL
William B Lawson, Silver Spring
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Journal of the National Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777334/patient-engagement-in-community-health-center-leadership-how-does-it-happen
#19
Anjana E Sharma, Beatrice Huang, Margae Knox, Rachel Willard-Grace, Michael B Potter
Patient engagement in primary care leadership is an important means to involve community voices at community health centers. Federally qualified health centers (FQHCs) are mandated to have patient representation within their governing boards, while practices seeking patient-centered medical home certification receive credit for implementing patient advisory councils (PACs). Our objective was to compare and contrast how community health centers engage patients in clinic management, decision-making and planning within governing boards versus PACs...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776583/reducing-workplace-accidents-through-the-use-of-leadership-interventions-a-quasi-experimental-field-study
#20
Sharon Clarke, Ian Taylor
There is increasing evidence to suggest that leaders need to use a combination of leader behaviors to successfully improve safety, including both transformational and transactional styles, but there has been limited testing of this idea. We developed a leadership intervention, based on supervisor training in both transformational and active transactional behaviors, and implemented it with supervisors at a UK-based chemical processing company. The study found that the supervisory training intervention led to significant improvements in perceived employee safety climate, over an eight-week period, relative to the comparison group...
May 15, 2018: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
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