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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770585/comparison-of-a-virtual-older-driver-assessment-with-an-on-road-driving-test
#1
Ranmalee Eramudugolla, Jasmine Price, Sidhant Chopra, Xiaolan Li, Kaarin J Anstey
OBJECTIVES: To design a low-cost simulator-based driving assessment for older adults and to compare its validity with that of an on-road driving assessment and other measures of older driver risk. DESIGN: Cross-sectional observational study. SETTING: Canberra, Australia. PARTICIPANTS: Older adult drivers (N = 47; aged 65-88, mean age 75.2). MEASUREMENTS: Error rate on a simulated drive with environment and scoring procedure matched to those of an on-road test...
October 22, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747138/immersive-molecular-visualization-with-omnidirectional-stereoscopic-ray-tracing-and-remote-rendering
#2
John E Stone, William R Sherman, Klaus Schulten
Immersive molecular visualization provides the viewer with intuitive perception of complex structures and spatial relationships that are of critical interest to structural biologists. The recent availability of commodity head mounted displays (HMDs) provides a compelling opportunity for widespread adoption of immersive visualization by molecular scientists, but HMDs pose additional challenges due to the need for low-latency, high-frame-rate rendering. State-of-the-art molecular dynamics simulations produce terabytes of data that can be impractical to transfer from remote supercomputers, necessitating routine use of remote visualization...
May 2016: IEEE International Symposium on Parallel & Distributed Processing, Workshops and Phd Forum: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27662351/screening-and-mitigation-of-layperson-anxiety-in-aerospace-environments
#3
Robert A Mulcahy, Rebecca S Blue, Johnené L Vardiman, Tarah L Castleberry, James M Vanderploeg
INTRODUCTION: Anxiety may present challenges for commercial spaceflight operations, as little is known regarding the psychological effects of spaceflight on laypersons. A recent investigation evaluated measures of anxiety during centrifuge-simulated suborbital commercial spaceflight, highlighting the potential for severe anxiousness to interrupt spaceflight operations. METHODS: To pave the way for future research, an extensive literature review identified existing knowledge that may contribute to formation of interventions for anxiety in commercial spaceflight...
2016: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27658590/impact-of-irrigation-extension-on-malaria-transmission-in-simret-tigray-ethiopia
#4
Bonhee Chung
Poor subsistence farmers who live in a semi-arid area of northern Ethiopia build irrigation systems to overcome water shortages. However, there is a high risk of malaria transmission when increased standing water provides more favorable habitats for mosquito breeding. This is a serious problem because there are many barriers to malaria control measures and health care systems in the area. Using a causal loop diagram and computer simulations, the author attempted to visually illustrate positive and negative feedbacks between mosquito and human populations in the context of Simret, which is a small village located in northern Ethiopia and is generally considered a malaria-free area...
August 2016: Korean Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27633193/mitigating-simulator-adaptation-syndrome-by-means-of-tactile-stimulation
#5
Germán Gálvez-García, Javier Albayay, Lucio Rehbein, Francisco Tornay
Some drivers experience Simulator Adaptation Syndrome (SAS), a condition in which nausea, disorientation, dizziness, headache, and difficulty focusing, are exhibited when driving in a simulator. To reduce this syndrome, we investigated the efficacy of tactile stimulation (TS) on mitigating Simulator Adaptation Syndrome (SAS) in a driving simulation. Fifteen drivers (eight women; mean age = 24.07 years) participated in this experiment. We compared the total scores of the Simulator Sickness Questionnaire (SSQ) across two stimulation conditions (TS condition and no stimulation condition as a baseline measure)...
January 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27623835/-simulator-sickness-and-its-measurement-with-simulator-sickness-questionnaire-ssq
#6
REVIEW
Marcin P Biernacki, Robert S Kennedy, Łukasz Dziuda
One of the most common methods for studying the simulator sickness issue is the Simulator Sickness Questionnaire (SSQ) (Kennedy et al., 1993). Despite the undoubted popularity of the SSQ, this questionnaire has not as yet been standardized and translated, which could allow us to use it in Poland for research purposes. The aim of our article is to introduce the SSQ to Polish readers, both researchers and practitioners. In the first part of this paper, the studies using the SSQ are discussed, whereas the second part consists of the description of the SSQ test procedure and the calculation method of sample results...
2016: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27539218/the-viewpoint-specific-failure-of-modern-3d-displays-in-laparoscopic-surgery
#7
Shinichiro Sakata, Philip M Grove, Andrew Hill, Marcus O Watson, Andrew R L Stevenson
PURPOSE: Surgeons conventionally assume the optimal viewing position during 3D laparoscopic surgery and may not be aware of the potential hazards to team members positioned across different suboptimal viewing positions. The first aim of this study was to map the viewing positions within a standard operating theatre where individuals may experience visual ghosting (i.e. double vision images) from crosstalk. The second aim was to characterize the standard viewing positions adopted by instrument nurses and surgical assistants during laparoscopic pelvic surgery and report the associated levels of visual ghosting and discomfort...
August 19, 2016: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27503112/feasibility-of-a-walking-virtual-reality-system-for-rehabilitation-objective-and-subjective-parameters
#8
Adrián Borrego, Jorge Latorre, Roberto Llorens, Mariano Alcañiz, Enrique Noé
BACKGROUND: Even though virtual reality (VR) is increasingly used in rehabilitation, the implementation of walking navigation in VR still poses a technological challenge for current motion tracking systems. Different metaphors simulate locomotion without involving real gait kinematics, which can affect presence, orientation, spatial memory and cognition, and even performance. All these factors can dissuade their use in rehabilitation. We hypothesize that a marker-based head tracking solution would allow walking in VR with high sense of presence and without causing sickness...
2016: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27503039/frequency-not-amplitude-of-latency-affects-subjective-sickness-in-a-head-mounted-display
#9
Amelia Kinsella, Ryan Mattfeld, Eric Muth, Adam Hoover
BACKGROUND: Interactions between frequency and amplitude of latency in head-mounted displays (HMDs) are thought to affect simulator sickness. Many studies have linked system latency to subjective sickness, but recent research has found that at least with the case of inertia-based head tracking technology, latency is not a constant; rather it varies systematically over time due to sensor errors and clock asynchronization. The purpose of this experiment was to further explore the relationship between frequency and amplitude of latency as they relate to subjective sickness experienced in an HMD...
July 2016: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27411523/-a%C3%A2-new-age-of-mass-casuality-education-the-insitu-project-realistic-training-in-virtual-reality-environments
#10
D Lorenz, W Armbruster, C Vogelgesang, H Hoffmann, A Pattar, D Schmidt, T Volk, D Kubulus
BACKGROUND: Chief emergency physicians are regarded as an important element in the care of the injured and sick following mass casualty accidents. Their education is very theoretical; practical content in contrast often falls short. Limitations are usually the very high costs of realistic (large-scale) exercises, poor reproducibility of the scenarios, and poor corresponding results. OBJECTIVES: To substantially improve the educational level because of the complexity of mass casualty accidents, modified training concepts are required that teach the not only the theoretical but above all the practical skills considerably more intensively than at present...
September 2016: Der Anaesthesist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27405359/optimal-control-analysis-of-ebola-disease-with-control-strategies-of-quarantine-and-vaccination
#11
Muhammad Dure Ahmad, Muhammad Usman, Adnan Khan, Mudassar Imran
BACKGROUND: The 2014 Ebola epidemic is the largest in history, affecting multiple countries in West Africa. Some isolated cases were also observed in other regions of the world. METHOD: In this paper, we introduce a deterministic SEIR type model with additional hospitalization, quarantine and vaccination components in order to understand the disease dynamics. Optimal control strategies, both in the case of hospitalization (with and without quarantine) and vaccination are used to predict the possible future outcome in terms of resource utilization for disease control and the effectiveness of vaccination on sick populations...
2016: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27344385/random-forest-estimation-of-genomic-breeding-values-for-disease-susceptibility-over-different-disease-incidences-and-genomic-architectures-in-simulated-cow-calibration-groups
#12
S Naderi, T Yin, S König
A simulation study was conducted to investigate the performance of random forest (RF) and genomic BLUP (GBLUP) for genomic predictions of binary disease traits based on cow calibration groups. Training and testing sets were modified in different scenarios according to disease incidence, the quantitative-genetic background of the trait (h(2)=0.30 and h(2)=0.10), and the genomic architecture [725 quantitative trait loci (QTL) and 290 QTL, populations with high and low levels of linkage disequilibrium (LD)]. For all scenarios, 10,005 SNP (depicting a low-density 10K SNP chip) and 50,025 SNP (depicting a 50K SNP chip) were evenly spaced along 29 chromosomes...
September 2016: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27322638/driving-simulator-sickness-impact-on-driving-performance-influence-of-blood-alcohol-concentration-and-effect-of-repeated-simulator-exposures
#13
Arne Helland, Stian Lydersen, Lone-Eirin Lervåg, Gunnar D Jenssen, Jørg Mørland, Lars Slørdal
Simulator sickness is a major obstacle to the use of driving simulators for research, training and driver assessment purposes. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the possible influence of simulator sickness on driving performance measures such as standard deviation of lateral position (SDLP), and the effect of alcohol or repeated simulator exposure on the degree of simulator sickness. Twenty healthy male volunteers underwent three simulated driving trials of 1h's duration with a curvy rural road scenario, and rated their degree of simulator sickness after each trial...
September 2016: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27296784/analysis-of-a-model-of-gambiense-sleeping-sickness-in-humans-and-cattle
#14
A M Ndondo, J M W Munganga, J N Mwambakana, C M Saad-Roy, P van den Driessche, R O Walo
Human African Trypanosomiasis (HAT) and Nagana in cattle, commonly called sleeping sickness, is caused by trypanosome protozoa transmitted by bites of infected tsetse flies. We present a deterministic model for the transmission of HAT caused by Trypanosoma brucei gambiense between human hosts, cattle hosts and tsetse flies. The model takes into account the growth of the tsetse fly, from its larval stage to the adult stage. Disease in the tsetse fly population is modeled by three compartments, and both the human and cattle populations are modeled by four compartments incorporating the two stages of HAT...
2016: Journal of Biological Dynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27196271/diving-into-the-rat-plasma-proteome-to-get-to-the-bottom-of-decompression-sickness
#15
Ingrid Eftedal
Decompression sickness (DCS) is the collective term for an array of signs and symptoms triggered by ambient pressure reduction. It is of particular concern to divers as they decompress on ascend from depth to sea surface, but despite a long history of studies the determinants of DCS risk are incompletely understood and there are no validated biomarkers. In this issue of Proteomics Clinical Applications, Lautridou et al. [8] report on their search for DCS biomarkers in rats exposed to simulated diving. By comparing the plasma proteomes from animals showing neurological symptoms to those emerging from dives unaffected, they identified several high-abundance proteins not previously associated with DCS...
July 2016: Proteomics. Clinical Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27180133/simulated-acute-central-mycoplasma-infections-in-rats-induce-fever-anorexia-body-mass-stunting-and-lethargy-but-spare-memory
#16
Tanya Swanepoel, Mariam Sabbar, Tamzyn L Baartman, Helen P Laburn, Duncan Mitchell, Tanusha Dukhan, Lois M Harden
Despite the documented post-infectious neurological complications of a central nervous system (CNS) Mycoplasma infection in humans, very few studies have investigated the acute inflammatory responses and sickness behaviours induced by CNS Mycoplasma infections. We therefore determined the effect of acute central administration of fibroblast-stimulating lipopeptide-1 (FSL-1), derived from Mycoplasma salivarium, and FAM-20 from a more pathogenic species, namely Mycoplasma pneumoniae, on behavioural and inflammatory responses in rats...
September 1, 2016: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27176321/phase-transitions-in-cooperative-coinfections-simulation-results-for-networks-and-lattices
#17
Peter Grassberger, Li Chen, Fakhteh Ghanbarnejad, Weiran Cai
We study the spreading of two mutually cooperative diseases on different network topologies, and with two microscopic realizations, both of which are stochastic versions of a susceptible-infected-removed type model studied by us recently in mean field approximation. There it had been found that cooperativity can lead to first order transitions from spreading to extinction. However, due to the rapid mixing implied by the mean field assumption, first order transitions required nonzero initial densities of sick individuals...
April 2016: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27100313/a-four-way-comparison-of-cardiac-function-with-normobaric-normoxia-normobaric-hypoxia-hypobaric-hypoxia-and-genuine-high-altitude
#18
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Christopher John Boos, John Paul O'Hara, Adrian Mellor, Peter David Hodkinson, Costas Tsakirides, Nicola Reeve, Liam Gallagher, Nicholas Donald Charles Green, David Richard Woods
BACKGROUND: There has been considerable debate as to whether different modalities of simulated hypoxia induce similar cardiac responses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a prospective observational study of 14 healthy subjects aged 22-35 years. Echocardiography was performed at rest and at 15 and 120 minutes following two hours exercise under normobaric normoxia (NN) and under similar PiO2 following genuine high altitude (GHA) at 3,375 m, normobaric hypoxia (NH) and hypobaric hypoxia (HH) to simulate the equivalent hypoxic stimulus to GHA...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27068327/effect-of-simulated-air-dive-and-decompression-sickness-on-the-plasma-proteome-of-rats
#19
Jacky Lautridou, Vianney Pichereau, Sébastien Artigaud, Peter Buzzacott, Qiong Wang, Benoit Bernay, Sabrina Driad, Aleksandra Mazur, Kate Lambrechts, Michael Théron, François Guerrero
PURPOSE: Decompression sickness (DCS) is a poorly understood systemic disease caused by inadequate desaturation following a reduction in ambient pressure. Although recent studies highlight the importance of circulating factors, the available data are still puzzling. In this study, we aimed to identify proteins and biological pathways involved in the development of DCS in rats. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Eighteen male Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to a same simulated air dive to 1000 kPa absolute pressure and divided into two groups: no DCS or DCS...
May 2016: Proteomics. Clinical Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27046617/usability-comparisons-of-head-mounted-vs-stereoscopic-desktop-displays-in-a-virtual-reality-environment-with-pain-patients
#20
Xin Tong, Diane Gromala, Dimple Gupta, Pam Squire
Researchers have shown that immersive Virtual Reality (VR) can serve as an unusually powerful pain control technique. However, research assessing the reported symptoms and negative effects of VR systems indicate that it is important to ascertain if these symptoms arise from the use of particular VR display devices, particularly for users who are deemed "at risk," such as chronic pain patients Moreover, these patients have specific and often complex needs and requirements, and because basic issues such as 'comfort' may trigger anxiety or panic attacks, it is important to examine basic questions of the feasibility of using VR displays...
2016: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
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