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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821198/cd200-expression-in-neuroendocrine-neoplasms
#1
Jason E Love, Kimberly Thompson, Mark R Kilgore, Maria Westerhoff, Claire E Murphy, Antonios Papanicolau-Sengos, Kinsey A McCormick, Veena Shankaran, Natalie Vandeven, Faith Miller, Astrid Blom, Paul T Nghiem, Steven J Kussick
Objectives: CD200 expression has been well studied in hematopoietic malignancies; however, CD200 expression has not been well-characterized in neuroendocrine neoplasms. We examined CD200 expression in 391 neuroendocrine neoplasms from various anatomic sites. Methods: Tissue blocks containing pulmonary small cell carcinoma, pulmonary carcinoid, large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma, pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor, gastrointestinal carcinoid, and Merkel cell carcinoma were evaluated for CD200 expression by immunohistochemistry...
September 1, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821162/oral-administration-of-thymoquinone-mitigates-the-effect-of-cisplatin-on-brush-border-membrane-enzymes-energy-metabolism-and-antioxidant-system-in-rat-intestine
#2
Faaiza Shahid, Zeba Farooqui, Subuhi Abidi, Iqbal Parwez, Farah Khan
Cisplatin (CP) is a widely used chemotherapeutic agent that elicits severe gastrointestinal toxicity. Nigella sativa, a member of family Ranunculaceae, is one of the most revered medicinal plant known for its numerous health benefits. Thymoquinone (TQ), a major bioactive component derived from the volatile oil of Nigella sativa seeds, has been shown to improve gastrointestinal functions in animal models of acute gastric/intestinal injury. In view of this, the aim of the present study was to investigate the protective effect of TQ on CP induced toxicity in rat intestine and to elucidate the mechanism underlying these effects...
August 14, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821042/chemical-and-biological-properties-of-the-novel-exopolysaccharide-produced-by-a-probiotic-strain-of-bifidobacterium-longum
#3
Rosanna Inturri, Antonio Molinaro, Flaviana Di Lorenzo, Giovanna Blandino, Barbara Tomasello, Claudio Hidalgo-Cantabrana, Cristina De Castro, Patricia Ruas-Madiedo
Bifidobacterium longum W11 is a commercialized probiotic that has an exopolysaccharide (EPS) layer covering its surface which could play a role in the beneficial properties attributed to the strain; thus, we have carried out chemical and biological analyses of this polymer. The eps cluster putatively involved in the polymer synthesis presented a unique structural organization not previously reported in bifidobacteria. B. longum W11 produced a complex polysaccharide blend with the main component composed of glucose and galactose...
October 15, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821029/effect-of-gum-arabic-modified-alginate-on-physicochemical-properties-release-kinetics-and-storage-stability-of-liquid-core-hydrogel-beads
#4
Fu-Hsuan Tsai, Yutaka Kitamura, Mito Kokawa
Different weight ratios of alginate/gum arabic (GA) solutions were prepared to serve as the wall material of liquid-core hydrogel beads (LHB) that were formulated to protect the total phenolic compounds (TP) of radish by-product juice from degradation during storage and release in simulated gastrointestinal fluid. The diameter of LHB ranged from 4.63 to 5.66mm with a sphericity lower than 0.05. LHB formulated with 25% GA (AGB0.25) exhibited the highest hardness (26.63N), and those formulated with 50% GA (AGB0...
October 15, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821012/multidomain-analyses-of-a-longitudinal-human-microbiome-intestinal-cleanout-perturbation-experiment
#5
Julia Fukuyama, Laurie Rumker, Kris Sankaran, Pratheepa Jeganathan, Les Dethlefsen, David A Relman, Susan P Holmes
Our work focuses on the stability, resilience, and response to perturbation of the bacterial communities in the human gut. Informative flash flood-like disturbances that eliminate most gastrointestinal biomass can be induced using a clinically-relevant iso-osmotic agent. We designed and executed such a disturbance in human volunteers using a dense longitudinal sampling scheme extending before and after induced diarrhea. This experiment has enabled a careful multidomain analysis of a controlled perturbation of the human gut microbiota with a new level of resolution...
August 18, 2017: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820967/identifying-predictors-for-bleeding-in-hospitalized-cancer-patients-a-cohort-study
#6
Rushad Patell, Alejandra Gutierrez, Lisa Rybicki, Alok A Khorana
BACKGROUND: Bleeding and thrombosis are both major complications of hospitalization in cancer patients. Concern regarding bleeding risk may reduce compliance with thromboprophylaxis. We assessed incidence of major and clinically relevant non-major bleeding (MCRNMB) and identified risk factors associated with in-hospital bleeding risk in hospitalized cancer patients. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of consecutive adults admitted to general oncology floor at Cleveland Clinic from 11/2012-12/2014 (n=3525)...
August 12, 2017: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820799/regional-anesthesia-and-analgesia-after-surgery-in-icu
#7
Mathieu Capdevila, Séverin Ramin, Xavier Capdevila
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim is to demonstrate that ICU physicians should play a pivotal role in developing regional anesthesia techniques that are underused in critically ill patients despite the proven facts in perioperative and long-term pain, organ dysfunction, and postsurgery patient health-related quality of life improvement. RECENT FINDINGS: Regional anesthesia and/or analgesia strategies in ICU reduce the surgical and trauma-stress response in surgical patients as well as complications incidence...
August 17, 2017: Current Opinion in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820749/surgical-pathology-of-gastrointestinal-stromal-tumors-practical-implications-of-morphologic-and-molecular-heterogeneity-for-precision-medicine
#8
Gregory W Charville, Teri A Longacre
Gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST), the most common mesenchymal neoplasm of the gastrointestinal tract, exhibits diverse histologic and clinical manifestations. With its putative origin in the gastrointestinal pacemaker cell of Cajal, GIST can arise in association with any portion of the tubular gastrointestinal tract. Morphologically, GISTs are classified as spindled or epithelioid, though each of these subtypes encompasses a broad spectrum of microscopic appearances, many of which mimic other histologic entities...
August 17, 2017: Advances in Anatomic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820648/natural-bioactive-food-components-for-improving-enteral-tube-feeding-tolerance-in-adult-patient-populations
#9
Adam J Kuchnia, Beth Conlon, Norman Greenberg
Tube feeding (TF) is the most common form of nutrition support. In recent years, TF administration has increased among patient populations within and outside hospital settings, in part due to greater insurance coverage, reduced use of parenteral nutrition, and improved formularies suitable for sole source nutrition. With increasing life expectancy and improved access to TFs, the number of adults dependent on enteral nutrition is expected to grow. However, enteral TF intolerance (ETFI) is the most common complication of TFs, typically presenting with at least 1 adverse gastrointestinal event, including nausea, diarrhea, and constipation...
August 1, 2017: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820525/the-content-validity-of-a-chemotherapy-induced-peripheral-neuropathy-patient-reported-outcome-measure
#10
Ellen M Lavoie Smith, Rylie Haupt, James P Kelly, Deborah Lee, Grace Kanzawa-Lee, Robert Knoerl, Celia Bridges, Paola Alberti, Nusara Prasertsri, Clare Donohoe
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To test the content validity of a 16-item version of the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Quality of Life Questionnaire-Chemotherapy-Induced Peripheral Neuropathy (QLQ-CIPN20). 
. RESEARCH APPROACH: Cross-sectional, prospective, qualitative design. 
. SETTING: Six outpatient oncology clinics within the University of Michigan Health System's comprehensive cancer center in Ann Arbor. 
...
September 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820131/norovirus-in-bottled-water-associated-with-gastroenteritis-outbreak-spain-2016
#11
Albert Blanco, Susana Guix, Noemí Fuster, Cristina Fuentes, Rosa Bartolomé, Thais Cornejo, Rosa Maria Pintó, Albert Bosch
In April 2016, an outbreak of gastrointestinal illness (4,136 cases) occurred in Catalonia, Spain. We detected high levels of norovirus genotypes I and II in office water coolers associated with the outbreak. Infectious viral titer estimates were 33-49 genome copies/L for genotype I and 327-660 genome copies/L for genotype II.
September 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819794/in-vitro-selection-and-identification-of-potential-probiotics-isolated-from-the-gastrointestinal-tract-of-nile-tilapia-oreochromis-niloticus
#12
Rasha M Reda, Khaled M Selim, Hassanin M El-Sayed, M A El-Hady
Fish gut bacteria can be used as probiotics for aquaculture. The aim of this study is to screen and identify beneficial probiotic bacteria from the gut of Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus. Nine out of one hundred thirty-five isolates were non-pathogenic through intraperitoneal injection and had antibacterial activities with at least a strain from the five isolated fish pathogens, Aeromonas sobria, Aeromonas hydrophila, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Pseudomonas putida, and Staphylococcus aureus. Further tests showed that such isolates can survive in the presence of high bile concentration (10%) and at different acidic pH values...
August 17, 2017: Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819709/use-of-direct-oral-anticoagulants-in-patients-on-immunomodulatory-agents
#13
L Man, A Morris, J Brown, S Palkimas, K Davidson
Immunomodulatory agents (IMiDs) are used to treat multiple hematologic malignancies. Their use is also associated with increased risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE). Direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) have been increasingly utilized but due to their relative novelty, their role in malignancy has only been recently investigated. The objective of this study was to assess the safety and efficacy of DOACs in patients receiving IMiDs. This was a retrospective study of patients at our institution treated with an IMiD and concomitant warfarin or DOAC between January 1, 2010 and December 31, 2015...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819564/a-review-of-the-impact-of-obesity-on-common-gastrointestinal-malignancies
#14
Somashekar G Krishna, Hisham Hussan, Zobeida Cruz-Monserrate, Lanla F Conteh, Khalid Mumtaz, Darwin L Conwell
Obesity is a global pandemic and is a well-recognized risk factor for various gastrointestinal diseases. The prevalence of obesity is increasing across all age groups. There is an emergent need for focused guidelines aimed at reducing the incidence, prevalence, and associated risks of obesity. The impact of obesity on gastrointestinal cancers being multifactorial adversely influences the associated risk, disease course, prognosis, and overall survival. We have summarized the current literature highlighting the association between obesity and common gastrointestinal cancers, with specific focus on esophageal adenocarcinoma, colon cancer, hepatocellular cancer, cholangiocarcinoma, and pancreatic malignancies...
2017: Integrative Cancer Science and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819499/multiple-jejunal-perforation-secondary-to-intestinal-tuberculosis-infection-a-case-report
#15
Anthony Lyonga Ngonge, Domin Sone Majunda Ekaney, Carlson-Babila Sama, Joffi Musonge-Effoe, Valery Sammah Effoe, Gerald Ekwen
Abdominal tuberculosis (TB) may affect any part of the gastrointestinal tract resulting in significant morbidity and mortality. There is an increase in the incidence of abdominal TB favored by the emergence of multi-drug resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis and immunosuppression especially from HIV co-infection. Our case is that of a 31 year old HIV-positive woman, adherent to antiretroviral therapy, who presented with a 2 month history of progressive abdominal distention, drenching night sweat and fatigue, but without fever...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819373/increased-transgenerational-intestinal-tumorigenesis-in-offspring-of-ionizing-radiation-exposed-parent-apc-1638n-mice
#16
Shubhankar Suman, Santosh Kumar, Bo-Hyun Moon, Albert J Fornace, Bhaskar V S Kallakury, Kamal Datta
The purpose of the study was to assess transgenerational intestinal tumorigenic effects of low dose ionizing radiation employing a well-characterized mouse model of human colorectal cancer. Mice (6 to 8 weeks old APC(1638N/+) mice; n=20 per study group) were exposed to whole-body 25 cGy x-rays and mated 2 days post-irradiation. Intestinal tumorigenesis in male and female F1 mice from No Parents Irradiated (NPI), Both Parents Irradiated (BPI), and Male Parent Irradiated (MPI) groups were compared 210 days after birth...
2017: Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819193/experiments-suggesting-extra-digestive-effects-of-enteral-pancreatic-amylase-and-its-peptides-on-glucose-homeostasis-in-a-pig-model
#17
Stefan G Pierzynowski, Kateryna Goncharova, Peter C Gregory, Björn Weström, Sergiy E Podpryatov, Sergii S Podpriatov, Jarosław Woliński, Hlib Repich, Nils Wierup, Liudmyla Lozinska
The studies presented were designed to highlight the impact of pancreatic enzymes on glycemic control and insulin response. Blood glucose and plasma insulin levels were monitored after intravenous, oral or direct gut glucose tolerance tests (GTT) in 6 pigs with an intact gastrointestinal tract and in 12 pigs following duodenal-jejunal bypass (DJB) surgery. In the intact pigs, pancreatic enzymes (Creon®) given orally 1 h prior to the GTT, lowered the blood glucose levels during the oral and meal GTT and reduced the plasma insulin response during the intravenous and meal GTT...
August 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819081/sterilization-of-gastrointestinal-endoscope-in-medical-institutions-in-fukuoka-prefecture
#18
Shinji Kumagai, Hiroaki Watanabe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 17, 2017: Sangyō Eiseigaku Zasshi, Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818751/nutritional-modulation-of-intestinal-drug-metabolizing-cytochrome-p450-by-butyrate-of-different-origin-in-chicken
#19
Anna Kulcsár, Gábor Mátis, Andor Molnár, Janka Petrilla, László Wágner, Hedvig Fébel, Ferenc Husvéth, Károly Dublecz, Zsuzsanna Neogrády
Intestinal cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes play key role in the first pass metabolism of orally ingested xenobiotics, providing a primary metabolic barrier, being of special importance in maintaining animal health and production. This study was aimed to investigate how intestinal drug-metabolizing CYPs can be modulated by nutritional factors in broiler chicken. We investigated the effects of the natural growth promoter (n-)butyrate of different origin (feed supplementation of protected or non-protected forms and/or inducing caecal microbial production by supporting higher level of dietary non-starch polysaccharides [NSP]) on the activity of duodenal CYPs...
August 1, 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818701/lapcap-a-novel-device-to-reduce-the-entry-complications
#20
Ramesh Bettaiah, Shwetha Sudhakar Kamath, Rachana Ghanti
Laparoscopy is one of the most common procedures performed worldwide .Over 50% of laparoscopic injuries to the gastrointestinal tract and major vessels occur during the initial entry phase. Major vascular injury during the initiation of a pneumoperitoneum is a much feared complication of laparoscopic procedures.This can be overcome by using a vacuum cup at the time of Veress entry especially in thin patients.The vacuum cup is a simple device to create pneumoperitoneum with ease . It can significantly reduce the risk of retroperitoneal injury associated with the use of Veress needle...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
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