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Elbow trauma

Nam Hong Choi, Seok Min Lim, Sang Young Lee, Tae Kang Lim
BACKGROUND: This study was conducted to report loss of reduction and complications after single-tunnel coracoclavicular (CC) ligament reconstruction with autogenous semitendinosus tendon graft for acute acromioclavicular (AC) joint dislocations. METHODS: This retrospective study included patients with acute, unstable AC dislocations (surgery within 6 weeks after trauma). We excluded patients with chronic injury and distal clavicle fractures with CC ligaments disruption...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
Seok-Youl Choi, Jong Woong Park, Dong Hwee Kim
Ultrasonographic study is useful for decision making of treatment for focal neuropathy with unusual electrodiagnostic findings. We present a patient with severe acute radial neuropathy with sensory sparing around the distal arm secondary to twisting of the radial nerve following blunt trauma. A 24-year-old man with a 2-week history of left wrist drop and severe pain around the left elbow presented after hitting the left distal arm on the doorknob. The left wrist and finger extensions were grade 0, but elbow extension could not be tested because of severe pain during this action...
November 2016: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
J Christoph Katthagen, Dimitri S Tahal, Scott R Montgomery, Marilee P Horan, Peter J Millett
PURPOSE: To compare glenoid retroversion and functional outcomes between patients with traumatic onset of posterior shoulder instability (PSI) and patients with atraumatic onset of PSI. METHODS: Patients with PSI who underwent arthroscopic posterior capsulolabral anchor repair, were active in sports, and had undergone surgery a minimum of 2 years earlier were included. Traumatic onset was defined as PSI that occurred after a trauma with the shoulder in adduction, flexion, and internal rotation in patients with no history of instability...
October 4, 2016: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
M Burnier, G Buisson, A Ricard, V Cunin, J P Pracros, F Chotel
INTRODUCTION: Among the various elbow injuries in children that initially have normal radiographs, a certain number of occult fractures are only diagnosed correctly after the fact, during a follow-up visit. PURPOSE: This study evaluated the diagnostic contribution of ultrasonography in the treatment of acute elbow injuries in children and the strategic and economic impact of using this tool alongside radiography. MATERIALS AND METHODS: During this prospective study performed between January 1 and April 1 2014, elbow ultrasonography was performed within 6 days in all children under 15 years of age with a suspected occult fracture...
September 30, 2016: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
K Gharanizadeh, F N Mazhar, N Molavy, A Bagherifard, H Shariatzadeh
This study reports the clinical presentations, intra -operative findings, type of the treatments, outcome of the treatment and specially associated injuries in patients with the avulsion of the distal end of the triceps brachii (TB) tendon. We studied 6 patients with rupture or avulsion of the distal end of the TB tendon. The medical records, imaging files, clinical outcomes at the final follow up visit were reviewed. The clinical outcomes were assessed by Mayo Elbow Score at the final follow-up visit. All patients were male, 4 of them having injury in the left hand as the non-dominant hand...
August 2016: Acta Orthopaedica Belgica
Flavia Coroian, Bertrand Coulet, Claire Jourdan, Olivier Choquet, Isabelle Laffont
OBJECTIVE: The musculotendinous retractions are common complications of central neurological damage with consequences for comfort and function. Treatment of uncomfortable retractions is often surgical, mainly based on tendon gestures. The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficiency of percutaneous needle tenotomy in these indications. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: The indication was accepted at a medical-surgical consultation. Tenotomy was performed using an 18 Gauge needle...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Khawla Achour, Eya Mersni, Bassem Krifa, Emna Bahlouli, Sonia Lebib, Catherine Dziri
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work is to determine the epidemiological and characteristics and the therapeutic modalities of heterotopic ossification in brain injury. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective study conducted between January 2010 and January 2016, including patients hospitalized for management of sequelae of an isolated head injury or associated with multiple trauma, and in whom the diagnosis of of heterotopic ossification (HO) was increased. A review of epidemiological data (including age, sex, occupation, type of neurological injury, discovering circumstances of HO), clinical data, the therapeutic choice and evolutivity...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Julien Chapleau, Frédéric Balg, Edward J Harvey, Jérémie Ménard, Frédéric Vauclair, G-Yves Laflamme, Jonah Hebert-Davies, Dominique M Rouleau
PURPOSE: The Proximal Ulna Dorsal Angulation (PUDA) is part of the proximal ulna's normal anatomy. The importance of restoring ulnar anatomy characteristics precisely after olecranon fracture is not known, however, failure to recreate the PUDA after surgery may result in poorer functional outcomes. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the impact of minimal proximal ulna malunion on elbow ROM and function at least one year after olecranon ORIF. METHOD: A retrospective comparative cohort study took place in three level-1 trauma centers...
August 30, 2016: Injury
K Schmidt-Horlohé, S Buschbeck, D Wincheringer, M Weißenberger, R Hoffmann
Radial head fractures are common injuries in elbow trauma. Non-displaced fractures are best treated conservatively. Simple but displaced fractures require anatomic reduction and fixation, typically using screws. The treatment course for complex fractures with multiple fragments is still being debated, as results are less predictable. Radial head resection is not advised if concomitant injuries of the coronoid process or the collateral ligaments with instability are present. Favorable outcomes following open reduction and fixation using plates were reported recently...
October 2016: Der Orthopäde
Joideep Phadnis, Adam C Watts, Gregory I Bain
There has been a growing recent interest in the use of elbow hemiarthroplasty for the treatment of distal humeral trauma in select patients. However, the current available evidence regarding outcome after elbow hemiarthroplasty is limited to case series and biomechanical data. Consequently, the procedure remains unfamiliar to many surgeons. The aim of the present review is to outline the evidence regarding elbow hemiarthroplasty and to use this, along with the author's experience, to better describe the indications, surgical technique and outcomes after this procedure...
July 2016: Shoulder & Elbow
Val Jones
Elbow stiffness is a common consequence following trauma with the management of this condition posing a challenge to therapists and surgeons alike. This paper discusses the role of conservative treatment, such as exercise and splinting, in the prevention and management of the stiff elbow, along with a review of available evidence, to justify their usage.
April 2016: Shoulder & Elbow
J F Maempel, O D Stone, A W Murray
Introduction Surgical procedures to manage trauma to the wrist, forearm and elbow in children are very common. Image intensifiers are used routinely, yet studies/guidelines that quantify expected radiation exposure in such procedures are lacking. Methods Information on demographics, injury type, surgeon grade and dose area product (DAP) of radiation exposure per procedure was collected prospectively for 248 patients undergoing manipulation/fixation of injuries to the elbow, forearm or wrist at a paediatric hospital over 1 year...
September 2016: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
Kiery A Braithwaite, Kelley W Marshall
Injuries to the shoulder and elbow in the pediatric and adolescent throwing athlete are common. Both knowledge of throwing mechanics and understanding of normal bone development in the immature skeleton are key to the diagnosis, treatment, and potential prevention of these common injuries. Pathologic changes from chronic repetitive trauma to the developing shoulder and elbow manifest as distinctly different injuries that can be predicted by the skeletal maturation of the patient. Sites of vulnerability and resulting patterns of injury change as the child evolves from the skeletally immature little league player to the skeletally mature high school/college athlete...
September 2016: Radiologic Clinics of North America
S Y Kim, C L Chan, D M Hyam
Football injuries are responsible for many of the maxillofacial injuries sustained during sporting activities. In the Australian Capital Territory (ACT), the four major types of Australian football are played in large numbers and up to a high standard. Our objective was to analyse maxillofacial fractures that were sustained during rugby league, rugby union, Australian rules, and soccer matches. We retrospectively studied 134 patients with maxillofacial fractures during the five-year period 2010-14. All patients were assessed and treated at Canberra Hospital, the major trauma centre in the ACT...
October 2016: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
Prospero Bigazzi, Marco Biondi, Massimo Ceruso
Radiocapitellar prosthetic arthroplasty is a fascinating new option in the treatment of complex lesions of the elbow. The device has been developed in order to treat primitive and post-traumatic radiocapitellar degenerative arthritis, while preserving the ulnohumeral joint of the elbow. Compared to a radial head resection, it avoids valgus and axial instability of the elbow and forearm preventing ulnohumeral degeneration. Seven patients have been reviewed with a mean of follow-up of 40 months. Two of them presented with an acute trauma and five of them with a post-traumatic degenerative arthritis involving the radial compartment of the elbow...
August 20, 2016: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
Kuen Lam, Man Fuk Leung, Chi Wai Kwan, Joseph Kwan
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to examine the epidemiology of hypertonic contractures and its relationship with minimal trauma fracture (MTF), and to determine the incidence and predictors of (MTF) in long-term care residents. DESIGN: This was a longitudinal cohort study of prospectively collected data. Participants were followed from March 2007 to March 2016 or until death. SETTING: A 300-bed long-term care hospital in Hong Kong. PARTICIPANTS: All long-term care residents who were in need of continuous medical and nursing care for their activities of daily living...
August 9, 2016: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
Takaaki Shinohara, Emiko Horii, Shukuki Koh, Yuki Fujihara, Hitoshi Hirata
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the mid- to long-term clinical and radiographic outcomes after surgical treatment of chronic anterior dislocation of the radial head in children. METHODS: Open reduction was performed in 16 children (mean age, 9.3 years [range, 2.6-13.6 years]) with chronic anterior dislocation of the radial head. Twelve patients had a history of preceding injuries, with a mean interval between injury and surgery of 24 months (range, 2-86 months); 4 patients did not have injuries...
August 9, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
Dirk P Ter Meulen, Sjoerd P F T Nota, Michiel G J S Hageman, David C Ring
BACKGROUND: This study addresses the null hypothesis that there is no expansion of heterotopic ossification (HO) in the elbow beyond what can be seen early on. METHODS: The area of HO was measured on lateral radiographs of 38 consecutive patients that had operative treatment of HO between 2000 and 2013. Measurements from radiographs obtained between 3 to 7 weeks were compared to measurements from radiographs made 3 months or more after injury. RESULTS: There was no significant difference between the average area of HO on the first (median 2...
June 2016: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
Ching-Hsing Hsieh
Women who undergo vaginal birth apply uterine fundal pressure during the second stage of labor. Uterine fundal pressure is done manually with the practitioner's forearms, elbows, or palms pressed on the uterine fundus at a 30° to 45° angle to the maternal spine in the direction of the pelvis. The pressure is applied in the longitudinal direction. Gentle, firm, and steady pressure is recommended. The various side effects of applying uterine fundal pressure include: uterine rupture, postpartum urinary retention, severe perineal trauma and pain, rib fracture, postpartum dyspareunia, and potential neonatal distress or trauma...
August 2016: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
Dafang Zhang, Matthew Tarabochia, Stein Janssen, David Ring, Neal Chen
OBJECTIVE: The management of terrible triad injuries has evolved over the last two decades to include routine radial head fixation or replacement, reattachment of the LCL, with or without coronoid fixation. Our objective was to determine the likelihood of and factors associated with subluxation or dislocation after operative treatment of terrible triad injuries among a large group of surgeons using current techniques. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study SETTING:: Two Level I trauma centers PATIENTS/PARTICIPANTS:: A total of 107 patients with operatively treated terrible triad injuries from January 2000 to June 2015...
July 29, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
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