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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753234/manipulative-interventions-for-reducing-pulled-elbow-in-young-children
#1
REVIEW
Marjolein Krul, Johannes C van der Wouden, Emma J Kruithof, Lisette Wa van Suijlekom-Smit, Bart W Koes
BACKGROUND: Pulled elbow (nursemaid's elbow) is a common injury in young children. It often results from a sudden pull on the arm, usually by an adult or taller person, which pulls the radius through the annular ligament, resulting in subluxation (partial dislocation) of the radial head. It can also be caused by a fall or twist. The child experiences sudden acute pain and loss of function in the affected arm. Pulled elbow is usually treated by manual reduction of the subluxed radial head...
July 28, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735848/the-outcomes-and-affecting-factors-after-arthroscopic-isolated-subscapularis-tendon-repair
#2
Yong Girl Rhee, Yeong Seok Lee, Yong Bok Park, Jung Youn Kim, Kwang Joon Han, Jae Chul Yoo
BACKGROUND: This study evaluated clinical outcomes for isolated subscapularis tendon tears treated by arthroscopic repair, the factors affecting clinical outcomes, and changes in tendon structural integrity using magnetic resonance imaging. METHODS: Between 2005 and 2013, 45 patients with isolated subscapularis tendon tears were enrolled from two institutions. Clinical outcomes were assessed using the pain visual analog scale, American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons, and Simple Shoulder Test scores...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718317/hand-surgeons-and-orthopedic-trauma-surgeons-call-coverage-of-acute-upper-extremity-injuries-where-should-the-line-be-drawn
#3
Matthew B Cantlon, Andrew J Miller, Asif M Ilyas
BACKGROUND: There is a lack of consensus as to which subspecialty service should cover acute upper extremity injuries in the emergency department (ED). The purpose of the present study is to understand how upper extremity injuries are currently triaged to specialists and to assess the current opinion among hand and orthopedic trauma specialists as to how these injuries should be best triaged based on injury location and severity. METHODS: The American Association for Hand Surgery (AAHS) membership and Orthopaedic Trauma Association (OTA) membership were surveyed using a 28-item online questionnaire...
January 1, 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680896/the-influence-of-incision-type-on-patient-satisfaction-after-plate-fixation-of-clavicle-fractures
#4
Dave R Shukla, William J Rubenstein, Leslie A Barnes, Mark J Klion, James N Gladstone, Jaehon M Kim, Edmond Cleeman, David A Forsh, Bradford O Parsons
BACKGROUND: Open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) of the clavicle is a common procedure that has been shown to have improved outcomes over nonoperative treatment. Several incisions can be used to approach clavicle fractures, the decision of which is variable among surgeons. PURPOSE: To compare patient satisfaction and subjective outcomes between patients with a longitudinal incision versus those with a necklace incision for the treatment of diaphyseal clavicle fractures...
June 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670713/sonography-of-the-pronator-teres-normal-and-pathologic-appearances
#5
Viviane Créteur, Afarine Madani, Azadeh Sattari, Stefano Bianchi
The pronator teres muscle is rarely examined during a routine sonographic examination of the elbow joint. Nevertheless, it can be affected by a variety of conditions, including trauma and tumors, and can be implicated in compression of the median nerve. This pictorial essay first illustrates the anatomy and biomechanics of the pronator teres. Then we present the sonographic technique for examination, normal sonographic appearance, and anatomic variations of the pronator teres and adjacent structures as well as sonography of their main disorders...
July 3, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656872/prospective-study-of-surgical-fixation-of-radial-head-fractures-using-cannulated-headless-compression-screws-for-simple-and-complex-radial-head-fractures
#6
Pang Hung Wu, Anushri Dixit, David Meng Kiat Tan, Liang Shen, Yu Han Chee
INTRODUCTION: Fixing the two-part Mason II radial head fracture using screws is becoming a popular practice. However, the screw fixation efficacy for three-part Mason III and IV fractures is controversial. The purpose of this study is to determine the effectiveness of using a uniform technique of headless compression screw fixation in simple, isolated Mason II and complex three-part Mason III and IV radial head fractures in terms of functional outcome, treatment efficiency and assessment of complications with the procedure...
May 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644121/intercondylar-fractures-of-the-distal-humerus-in-patients-younger-than-20-years-capsulectomy-results
#7
W Andrew Eglseder, Ebrahim Paryavi
Few reports in the literature have been dedicated to young patients with distal fractures of the humerus, and few have addressed subsequent indications to improve range of motion (ROM). This article is a retrospective review of the elbow flexion-extension ROM in 31 patients (age, 12-19 years) who had been treated with open reduction and internal fixation of intercondylar fractures of the distal humerus at a level I trauma center from 1991 through 2013. The ROM of patients who underwent capsulectomy was compared with that of those who did not...
2017: Journal of Surgical Orthopaedic Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634742/outcomes-of-coronoid-first-repair-in-terrible-triad-injuries-of-the-elbow
#8
Junren Zhang, Mark Tan, Ernest Beng Kee Kwek
BACKGROUND: Clinical outcomes of terrible triad injuries (TTIs) of the elbow are historically poor. To date, it is still debatable whether the coronoid needs to be fixed and if so, how and in which sequence. METHODOLOGY: Between 2010 and 2013, 13 patients were treated surgically for acute TTIs of the elbow at a Tertiary Level 1 Trauma Centre by a single surgeon, using a standardized protocol, which included coronoid-brachialis complex fixation via pull-through trans-osseous sutures, radial head fixation or prosthetic replacement and a repair of the lateral ulnar collateral ligament...
June 20, 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630850/anterior-dislocation-of-elbow-with-neurovascular-injury-a-rare-case-report
#9
S Kailash, S Shanmuganathan
INTRODUCTION: Anterior elbow dislocation is an infrequent lesion, produced by direct trauma to the proximal ulna after a fall on the elbow in flexion and injury to the neurovascular bundle is not infrequent. Authors report a case of acute anterior dislocation of the elbow joint with neurovascular injury. CASE REPORT: A 30-year-old male admitted with a history of accidental fall followed by pain, swelling over his left elbow. Clinical, radiological, Doppler investigations revealed anterior dislocation of the elbow with brachial artery injury with posterior interosseous nerve palsy without any bony injury...
January 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630829/are-we-justified-doing-salvage-or-amputation-procedure-based-on-mangled-extremity-severity-score-in-mangled-upper-extremity-injury
#10
R Siva Kumar, Prahalad Kumar Singhi, M Chidambaram
INTRODUCTION: Mangled upper limb injuries are at surge because of industrialization, modernization, and severe motor vehicle accidents. The utility of various scoring systems are meant for decision making in mangled lower limb injuries, and the same have been extrapolated for mangled upper limb injuries to make a decision of salvage or amputation for the lack of separate scoring system. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We applied mangled extremity severity score (MESS) and mangled extremity syndrome index (MESI) scoring systems to 10 cases of mangled upper limb injuries during the period of November 2010 to September 2012 presented at our tertiary trauma care center...
January 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622154/operative-treatment-of-two-part-surgical-neck-fracture-of-the-humerus-intramedullary-nail-versus-locking-compression-plate-with-technical-consideration
#11
Wonyong Lee, Jun-Young Park, Yong-Min Chun
OBJECTIVE: To compare the outcomes of patients who underwent either open reduction internal fixation with a locking plate and screws or closed reduction internal fixation with an antegrade intramedullary (IM) nail for displaced surgical neck fracture of the humerus. DESIGN: retrospective comparative study SETTING:: single institute, Level-I academic trauma center PATIENTS AND INTERVENTION:: Sixty-nine patients with two-part surgical neck fracture of the humerus underwent either an IM nail (38 patients Group A) or a locked plate fixation (31 patients Group B)...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614146/the-effect-of-concomitant-elbow-injuries-on-the-outcomes-of-radial-head-arthroplasty-a-cohort-comparison
#12
Jason A Strelzow, George S Athwal, Joy C MacDermid, Ruby Grewal, Kenneth J Faber, Darren Drosdowech, Graham J W King
OBJECTIVES: To compare physical impairments and patient reported outcomes in patients following simple and complex elbow injuries who were treated with a radial head arthroplasty. DESIGN: Patients with isolated elbow trauma and no prior injury to the elbow were prospectively enrolled following radial head arthroplasty for an acute unreconstructable fracture. Injury patterns were classified as simple or complex based on the presence or absence of associated elbow fractures and/or dislocation...
May 31, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606638/retrospective-cohort-study-on-radial-head-replacements-comparing-results-between-smooth-and-porous-stem-designs
#13
Mélissa Laflamme, Pierre-Philippe Grenier-Gauthier, Alexandre Leclerc, Stéphanie Antoniades, Anne-Marie Bédard
BACKGROUND: When necessary, radial head integrity after a fracture can be re-created by the use of a radial head arthroplasty if the radial head is judged irreparable. The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical and radiographic outcomes of metal modular radial head replacements with a smooth vs. a porous stem. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of radial head replacements performed in the first 4 weeks after a trauma in an adult patient at our institution between 2000 and 2014 was completed...
August 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593358/accuracy-in-identifying-the-elbow-rotation-axis-on-simulated-fluoroscopic-images-using-a-new-anatomical-landmark
#14
J K Wiggers, R M Snijders, J G G Dobbe, G J Streekstra, D den Hartog, N W L Schep
External fixation of the elbow requires identification of the elbow rotation axis, but the accuracy of traditional landmarks (capitellum and trochlea) on fluoroscopy is limited. The relative distance (RD) of the humerus may be helpful as additional landmark. The first aim of this study was to determine the optimal RD that corresponds to an on-axis lateral image of the elbow. The second aim was to assess whether the use of the optimal RD improves the surgical accuracy to identify the elbow rotation axis on fluoroscopy...
June 7, 2017: Strategies in Trauma and Limb Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588166/comparative-efficacy-of-local-steroid-and-therapeutic-ultrasound-for-quicker-functional-improvement-in-tennis-elbow
#15
M S Rahman, A K Salek, M A Ullah
Lateral epicondylitis or Tennis elbow is very common repetitive stress injury or cumulative trauma disorder among active professionals and tennis players. Local steroid injection can provide quick functional improvement as sought by most of the patients. Therapeutic ultrasound and eccentric exercises can also improve the function. This study was carried out to see the comparative efficacy of these two modalities of treatments in terms of quicker functional improvement and this randomized interventional clinical trial was carried out in a private rehabilitation hospital in Dhaka...
April 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578470/which-immobilization-is-better-for-distal-radius-fracture-a-prospective-randomized-trial
#16
Carlo Gamba, Felipe Andrés Mingo Fernandez, Marta Cuenca Llavall, Xavier Lizano Diez, Fernando Santana Perez
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to determine whether an above-elbow cast (AEC) is better than a below-elbow cast (BEC) at maintaining the initial reduction in the orthopaedic management of a distal radius fracture (DRF). METHODS: It is a prospective randomized study carried out in a single emergency trauma department. There were 72 patients older than 55 years of age (55-96) with a distal radius fracture treated orthopaedically. They were randomized into two groups: group B (AEC 32 patients) and group A (BEC 40 patients)...
June 3, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572852/primary-elbow-arthroplasty-problems-and-solutions
#17
Joaquin Sanchez-Sotelo
Prosthetic replacement of the elbow joint has continued to improve over time. Widespread implantation of certain designs has led to identification a few successful elements of elbow arthroplasty, as well as several opportunities for improvement. Current hot topics in elbow arthroplasty include triceps-preserving exposures, implantation of components with better-expected wear performance, management of the ulnar nerve, prevention of infection, and the development of successful cementless components. Total elbow arthroplasty has the potential to improve pain, function and quality of life for many patients with articular destruction secondary to inflammatory arthropathy or as a consequence of trauma...
January 2017: Shoulder & Elbow
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571089/emergency-and-trauma-of-the-elbow
#18
Alberto Bazzocchi, Maria Pilar Aparisi Gómez, Alessandra Bartoloni, Giuseppe Guglielmi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567157/modified-open-suprapectoral-endobutton-tension-slide-tenodesis-technique-of-long-head-of-biceps-with-restored-tendon-tension-length
#19
Jagadish Prabhu, Mohammed Khalid Faqi, Rashad Khamis Awad, Fahad Alkhalifa
BACKGROUND: The vast majority of biceps tendon ruptures occurs at the proximal insertion and almost always involves the long head. There are several options for long head of biceps (LHB) tenodesis with advantage and disadvantages of each technique. We believe that the suprapectoral LHB tenodesis described in this article enables the restoration of the anatomic length-tension relation in a technically reproducible manner, when following the guidelines set forth in this article, and restores biceps contour and function adequately with a low risk of complications...
2017: Open Orthopaedics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567154/angulating-distraction-ulnar-osteotomy-and-interpositional-phosphocalcic-ceramic-wedge-graft-for-a-chronic-monteggia-lesion
#20
Jagadish Prabhu, Mohammed K Faqi, Fahad Al Khalifa, Rashad K Awad
BACKGROUND: Various types of osteotomies have been used to facilitate reduction of the radial head and to prevent recurrent subluxation. The Bouyala technique - open reduction of radial head associated with open wedge ulnar osteotomy with or without annular ligament reconstruction, is presently the most widely used treatment for long- standing traumatic dislocation of the radial head, independently of age, in the absence of osteoarthritis remodeling, and should preferably be performed within 1 year of trauma...
2017: Open Orthopaedics Journal
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