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Elbow arthroplasty

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526166/transhumeral-anterior-radial-nerve-transposition-to-simplify-anticipated-future-humeral-reconstruction
#1
REVIEW
David A Muzykewicz, Reid A Abrams
Anterior transhumeral radial nerve transposition has been described in the treatment of humeral shaft fracture to protect the nerve from implant irritation or callus entrapment. Transposing the radial nerve through a facilitating humeral defect also simplifies revision surgery should nonunion result. Here we describe a surgical technique for anterior transhumeral radial nerve transposition for complex humeral reconstruction when subsequent revision surgery is anticipated. Three cases are used for illustration: (1) revision of a total elbow arthroplasty with periprosthetic fracture; (2) revision of a total elbow arthroplasty after aseptic loosening from an allograft/prosthesis composite; and (3) septic humeral nonunion with substantial bone loss...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507780/current-concepts-in-elbow-arthroplasty
#2
REVIEW
Daniel Bachman, Akin Cil
Distal humeral replacement and the total elbow are two commonly-used arthroplastiesEach prosthesis has evolving indications and surgical techniquesRecent changes in device design and implantation methods are due to biomechanical and clinical outcome-based researchNew prostheses and methods provide: better elbow kinematics, more durable bearings and longer-lasting joint replacement potential Cite this article: EFORT Open Rev 2017;2:83-88. DOI: 10.1302/2058-5241.2.160064.
April 2017: EFORT Open Rev
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504808/outcome-of-reverse-shoulder-arthroplasty-for-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease-a-matched-cohort-study
#3
Michael C Cusick, Randall J Otto, Rachel E Clark, Mark A Frankle
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a progressive neurologic disorder that affects the musculoskeletal system. Currently, the use of reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA) for patients with PD has not been adequately studied. The authors sought to determine if RSA provided similar functional outcomes for patients with PD compared with a matched cohort of patients without PD. Between 2004 and 2011, 10 patients with PD (4 men, 6 women) underwent RSA. Patients with PD were matched to patients without PD at a 1:4 ratio based on age (average, 76 years; range, 63-85 years), sex (16 men, 24 women), preoperative diagnosis, and length of follow-up (average, 43 months; range, 24-128 months)...
May 15, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500495/causes-for-early-and-late-surgical-re-intervention-after-radial-head-arthroplasty
#4
Pierre Laumonerie, David Ancelin, Nicolas Reina, Meagan E Tibbo, Panagiotis Kerezoudis, Stephanie Delclaux, Nicolas Bonnevialle, Pierre Mansat
PURPOSE: The primary objective was to describe the reasons for surgical re-intervention after radial head arthroplasty. The secondary objective was to analyze the radiographic and clinical outcomes after surgical re-intervention at the elbow with implant conservation. METHODS: Among the 70 radial head arthroplasties with bipolar radial head implant performed between 2002 and 2014, 29 required surgical re-interventions. Reasons for surgical re-intervention were gathered from operative notes and follow-up documentation...
May 12, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483432/reverse-shoulder-arthroplasty-in-patients-with-os-acromiale
#5
William R Aibinder, Bradley S Schoch, Robert H Cofield, John W Sperling, Joaquin Sánchez-Sotelo
BACKGROUND: Os acromiale has been reported in up to 15% of the general population. Reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA) increases deltoid tension, which could potentially lead to excessive stress on a pre-existent os acromiale. The purpose of this study was to determine the outcome and complications of primary RTSA in patients with radiographic evidence of an os acromiale. METHODS: Between 2005 and 2013, 25 shoulders underwent primary RTSA with an associated os acromiale, which was classified preacromion (3), mesoacromion (20), and meta-acromion (2)...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481385/an-assessment-of-the-safety-of-an-orthopedic-specialty-hospital-a-5-year-experience
#6
Eric M Padegimas, Matthew L Ramsey, Matthew Austin, Javad Parvizi, Gerald R Williams, Kelly Doyle, Michael E West, Richard H Rothman, Alexander R Vaccaro, Surena Namdari
One of the goals of orthopedic specialty hospitals is to provide safe and efficient care to medically optimized patients. The authors' orthopedic specialty hospital is a physician-owned, 24-bed facility that accommodates a multispecialty orthopedic practice in the areas of spine, hip and knee arthroplasty, shoulder and elbow, sports, foot and ankle, and hand surgery. The purpose of this study was to examine the first 5 years of an institutional experience with an orthopedic specialty hospital and to determine if any procedures were at increased risk of postoperative transfer...
May 8, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471917/radial-neck-dilatory-remodeling-following-radial-head-arthroplasty-with-an-uncemented-press-fit-fully-chemically-etched-stem-design
#7
Matthew P Sullivan, Reza Firoozabadi, Stephen A Kennedy, Julie Agel, Eric Magnusson, Brett Schiffman, Matthew Folchert, Daphne Beingessner
OBJECTIVES: To compare the radiographic outcomes of two widely used side loading, press fit, radial head arthroplasty implants used to reconstruct complex elbow trauma. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study SETTING:: Level 1 Academic trauma center PARTICIPANTS:: Patients undergoing radial head arthroplasty INTERVENTION:: Cohort 1 received Synthes Radial Head Prosthesis. Cohort 2 received Biomet ExploR Radial Head Replacement. MAIN OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS: Radial neck dilatory remodeling RESULTS:: 82 subjects were included in final analysis, 63 from the Biomet Cohort and 19 from Synthes cohort...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464753/a-radial-head-prosthesis-appears-to-be-unnecessary-in-mason-iv-fracture-dislocation
#8
Jens Nestorson, Per-Olof Josefsson, Lars Adolfsson
Background and purpose - Previous reports on elbow injuries with concomitant comminute radial head fracture are difficult to interpret, since they include an array of different soft-tissue and bony injuries around the elbow. We focused on Mason-IV fracture dislocations of the elbow and retrospectively reviewed 2 treatment options: radial head resection or replacement with a radial head arthroplasty, both in combination with lateral ligament repair. Patients and methods - In Linköping, 18 consecutive patients with Mason-IV fracture dislocation and with a median age of 56 (19-79) years were treated with a radial head arthroplasty...
June 2017: Acta Orthopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464752/the-accuracy-and-precision-of-radiostereometric-analysis-in-upper-limb-arthroplasty
#9
Bart Ten Brinke, Annechien Beumer, Koen L M Koenraadt, Denise Eygendaal, Gerald A Kraan, Nina M C Mathijssen
Background and purpose - Radiostereometric analysis (RSA) is an accurate method for measurement of early migration of implants. Since a relation has been shown between early migration and future loosening of total knee and hip prostheses, RSA plays an important role in the development and evaluation of prostheses. However, there have been few RSA studies of the upper limb, and the value of RSA of the upper limb is not yet clear. We therefore performed a systematic review to investigate the accuracy and precision of RSA of the upper limb...
June 2017: Acta Orthopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459420/is-total-elbow-arthroplasty-safe-as-an-outpatient-procedure
#10
Ben M Albert, Anna Lee, Taylor W McLendon, Randolph S Devereaux, Craig C Odum, Guy D Foulkes
Ambulatory surgery centers are the preferred setting for many procedures formerly performed in a hospital setting. This study sought to determine whether outpatient total elbow arthroplasty (TEA) is as safe as inpatient TEA. A retrospective analysis was performed of inpatient (IP) versus outpatient (OP) TEA by a single surgeon over a period of 18 years. Demographic, social, and comorbidity measures as well as complication rates were analyzed and stratified by IP or OP status. Bivariate comparison showed increased prevalence of coronary artery disease in the OP group (32% vs...
2017: Journal of Surgical Orthopaedic Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455478/early-migration-of-a-partially-cemented-fluted-glenoid-component-inserted-using-a-cannulated-preparation-system
#11
D Nuttall, A Birch, J F Haines, A C Watts, I A Trail
AIMS: Radiostereometric analysis (RSA) allows an extremely accurate measurement of early micromotion of components following arthroplasty. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this study, RSA was used to measure the migration of 11 partially cemented fluted pegged glenoid components in patients with osteoarthritis who underwent total shoulder arthroplasty using an improved surgical technique (seven men, four women, mean age 68). Patients were evaluated clinically using the American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) and Constant-Murley scores and by CT scans two years post-operatively...
May 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454997/retrospective-comparative-analysis-of-elbow-arthroscopy-used-to-treat-primary-osteoarthritis-with-and-without-release-of-the-posterior-band-of-the-medial-collateral-ligament
#12
Se Jin Kim, Jeong Woo Kim, Sung Hyun Lee, Ji Woong Choi
PURPOSE: To evaluate the clinical and functional outcomes of arthroscopic debridement arthroplasty with the release of the posterior band of the medial collateral ligament in patients with primary osteoarthritis. METHODS: We evaluated 43 patients treated with arthroscopic debridement arthroplasty for elbow osteoarthritis from February 2006 to February 2014. In group A (n = 19), the posterior band of the medial collateral ligament was released, and in group B (n = 24), it was not released...
April 25, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450100/effect-of-radial-head-implant-shape-on-radiocapitellar-joint-congruency
#13
Emily A Lalone, Hannah L Shannon, Simon R Deluce, Joshua W Giles, Graham J W King, James A Johnson
PURPOSE: Radial head arthroplasty is indicated in displaced fractures in which comminution precludes successful internal fixation. Many types of radial head implants have been developed varying in material, methods of fixation, and degrees of modularity and geometry. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of radial head implant shape on radiocapitellar joint congruency. METHODS: Joint congruency was quantified in 7 cadaveric specimens employing a registration and inter-surface distance algorithm and 3-dimensional models obtained using computed tomography...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419037/depression-and-patient-reported-outcomes-following-total-shoulder-arthroplasty
#14
Brian C Werner, Alexandra C Wong, Brenda Chang, Edward V Craig, David M Dines, Russell F Warren, Lawrence V Gulotta
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have found that depression is associated with increased pain and impairment following lower-extremity arthroplasty; however, this association has not been investigated for total shoulder arthroplasty. The objective of this study was to investigate the association between depression and patient-reported outcomes following total shoulder arthroplasty. METHODS: A prospectively collected institutional registry was queried for consecutive patients who underwent total shoulder arthroplasty for osteoarthritis from 2007 to 2013 with baseline and minimum 2-year postoperative American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) scores...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408254/midterm-outcomes-of-bone-grafting-in-glenoid-defects-treated-with-reverse-shoulder-arthroplasty
#15
Yaiza Lopiz, Carlos García-Fernández, Alvaro Arriaza, Belen Rizo, Hector Marcelo, Fernando Marco
BACKGROUND: Large glenoid defects are a difficult reconstructive problem for shoulder surgeons. The purpose of this study was to determine the complications, rate of healing, and functional results of glenoid bone grafting in primary or revision surgery with reverse shoulder arthroplasty. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 23 patients with glenoid bone loss who underwent primary or revision surgery using a glenoid bone graft with a minimum follow-up of 2 years...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405225/use-of-flexible-elbow-reamers-for-cement-removal-in-the-humerus-during-revision-shoulder-arthroplasty
#16
Jeremy Granville-Chapman, R Steve Bale, Ian A Trail
Humeral cement removal in revision shoulder arthroplasty can be challenging. Secondary damage to the bone and neighbouring structures can be extensive and compromise later reconstruction. We present a technique that employs flexible reamers from elbow arthroplasty instrumentation, which aids cement removal at the same time as minimizing the risk of iatrogenic injury.
April 2017: Shoulder & Elbow
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405222/triceps-on-approach-for-total-elbow-arthroplasty-worth-preserving-a-review-of-approaches-for-total-elbow-arthroplasty
#17
REVIEW
Simon J Booker, Chris D Smith
Total elbow arthroplasty can be a rewarding operation and is becoming increasingly used in the elderly fracture population. Multiple approaches are represented in the literature and deciding on the best approach is difficult. This review discusses approaches and their reported outcomes, aiming to allow surgeons to make an informed choice about which approach to use.
April 2017: Shoulder & Elbow
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391518/discovery-elbow-system-clinical-and-radiological-results-after-2-to-10-year-follow-up
#18
Patrik Hänninen, Tuukka Niinimäki, Tapio Flinkkilä, Jaakko Niinimäki, Pasi Ohtonen, Susanna Yli-Luukko, Juhana Leppilahti
BACKGROUND: Discovery Elbow System (DES) is a semi-constrained prosthesis, mainly used for patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: Records from 79 patients with RA (90 DES arthroplasties) were reviewed; 47 patients with 55 DES elbows were re-examined. Range of motion (ROM) of both elbows, upper limb function, and quality of life (Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand [DASH] score, Mayo Elbow Performance Score [MEPS], and the RAND 36-Item Health Survey [RAND-36]) were assessed...
April 8, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391430/why-does-total-elbow-arthroplasty-fail-today-a-systematic-review-of-recent-literature
#19
Ante Prkic, Chantal Welsink, Bertram The, Michel P J van den Bekerom, Denise Eygendaal
BACKGROUND: Total elbow arthroplasty is a relatively uncommon type of arthroplasty, which has undergone several design changes in the past four decades. However, research on improvement requires knowledge of failure mechanisms that can be addressed. Therefore, we conducted a systematic review on modes of failure of total elbow arthroplasty. METHODS: We conducted searches on PubMed/Medline, Embase and Cochrane databases to identify studies describing modes of failure of primary total elbow arthroplasties...
April 9, 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375524/distal-humeral-hemiarthroplasty-versus-total-elbow-arthroplasty-for-acute-distal-humeral-fractures
#20
Rajesh Rangarajan, Rick F Papandrea, Akin Cil
For acute distal humeral fractures not amenable to open reduction and internal fixation, total elbow arthroplasty has become an established alternative. However, lifelong activity restrictions designed to prevent early mechanical failure make this a poor option for some patients. This has led to a renewed interest in distal humeral hemiarthroplasty. Using modern implants and techniques, distal humeral hemiarthroplasty has shown outcomes comparable to those of total elbow arthroplasty at short- to mid-term follow-up, with an overall higher but different complication rate...
January 1, 2017: Orthopedics
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