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Elbow arthroplasty

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737619/revision-total-elbow-arthroplasty
#1
Miguel A Ramirez, Emilie V Cheung, Anand M Murthi
Despite recent technologic advances, total elbow arthroplasty has complication rates higher than that of total joint arthroplasty in other joints. With new antirheumatic treatments, the population receiving total elbow arthroplasty has shifted from patients with rheumatoid arthritis to those with posttraumatic arthritis, further compounding the high complication rate. The most common reasons for revision include infection, aseptic loosening, fracture, and component failure. Common mechanisms of total elbow arthroplasty failure include infection, aseptic loosening, fracture, component failure, and instability...
August 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735841/the-perioperative-effects-of-chronic-preoperative-opioid-use-on-shoulder-arthroplasty-outcomes
#2
Jonathan W Cheah, David C Sing, Dell McLaughlin, Brian T Feeley, C Benjamin Ma, Alan L Zhang
HYPOTHESIS AND BACKGROUND: Chronic opioid therapy is an increasingly used modality for the treatment of osteoarthritis-associated pain. We hypothesized that chronic opioid use would be associated with adverse outcomes in shoulder arthroplasty. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of patients undergoing elective anatomic total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA) and reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (rTSA) at a single institution from 2012-2015 was performed. Patients were stratified by preoperative opioid use (nonusers, short-acting opioid users, and long-acting opioid users), and their postoperative clinical outcomes were assessed...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734716/short-term-clinical-outcome-of-an-anatomic-short-stem-humeral-component-in-total-shoulder-arthroplasty
#3
Anthony A Romeo, Robert J Thorsness, Shelby A Sumner, Reuben Gobezie, Evan S Lederman, Patrick J Denard
BACKGROUND: Short-stem press-fit humeral components have recently been developed in an effort to preserve bone in total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA), but few studies have reported outcomes of these devices. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the short-term clinical outcomes of an anatomic short-stem humeral component in TSA. We hypothesized that the implant would lead to significant functional improvement with low rates of radiographic loosening. METHODS: A multicenter retrospective review was performed of TSAs using an anatomic short-stem humeral component (Apex; Arthrex, Inc...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734537/total-elbow-arthroplasty-for-primary-osteoarthritis
#4
Bradley S Schoch, Jean-David Werthel, Joaquín Sánchez-Sotelo, Bernard F Morrey, Mark Morrey
BACKGROUND: Primary osteoarthritis of the elbow is a less common indication for total elbow arthroplasty (TEA). Higher complication rates in younger, active patients may offset short-term improvements in pain and function. The purpose of this study was to determine pain relief, functional outcomes, complications, and survival of TEA in this population. METHODS: Between 1984 and 2011, 20 consecutive TEAs were performed for primary elbow osteoarthritis. Two patients died before the 2-year follow-up...
August 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733108/first-line-management-of-distal-humerus-fracture-by-total-elbow-arthroplasty-in-geriatric-traumatology-results-in-a-21-patient-series-at-a-minimum-2-years-follow-up
#5
D Lami, M Chivot, A Caubere, A Galland, J N Argenson
INTRODUCTION: Total elbow arthroplasty (TEA) is one option in distal humerus fracture in elderly osteoporotic patients. HYPOTHESIS: The study hypothesis was that, in patients aged 70 years or more,TEA provides functional results and ranges of motion compatible with everyday activity, with a complications rate equal to or lower than with internal fixation, and no loss of autonomy or cognitive impairment. MATERIALAND METHODS: In this retrospective study, 21 patients receiving TEA for distal humerus fracture were included...
July 18, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728303/-enhancing-soft-tissue-reattachment-with-artificial-mesh-in-joint-endoprosthetic-reconstruction-for-bone-tumors
#6
J S Lin, R Chen, W Yan, D D Chen
Objective: To investigate the operative method and clinical application of the BARD(®) Mesh in enhancing joint stability and function of endoprosthetic reconstruction for bone tumors. Methods: From Jan 2013 to Jun 2015, the clinical data of 51 patients aged (44.75±23.18) years underwent wide resection of tumor and endoprosthetic reconstruction using the BARD(®) Mesh were collected. Among them, 27 were male and 24 were female. The surgical treatments received by these patients included 5 shoulder arthroplasties, 12 elbow replacements, 12 hip replacements and 32 knee replacements (including 24 femoral tumors and 8 tibial tumors)...
July 23, 2017: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719556/inadvertent-harvest-of-the-median-nerve-instead-of-the-palmaris-longus-tendon
#7
Bruce M Leslie, A Lee Osterman, Scott W Wolfe
BACKGROUND: The palmaris longus tendon is frequently used as a tendon graft or ligament replacement. In rare instances the median nerve has been inadvertently harvested instead of the palmaris longus for use as a tendon. METHODS: Nineteen cases in which the median nerve had been mistakenly harvested instead of the palmaris longus tendon were collected from members of the American Society for Surgery of the Hand (ASSH) Listserve. Surgeons involved in the subsequent care of the subject who had had an inadvertent harvest were contacted or the chart was reviewed...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705693/erratum-to-clinical-outcome-of-reverse-total-shoulder-arthroplasty-combined-with-latissimus-dorsi-transfer-for-the-treatment-of-chronic-combined-pseudoparesis-of-elevation-and-external-rotation-of-the-shoulder-j-shoulder-elbow-surg-2014-23-49-57
#8
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696952/total-elbow-arthroplasty-a-systematic-review
#9
Chantal L Welsink, Kaj T A Lambers, Derek F P van Deurzen, Denise Eygendaal, Michel P J van den Bekerom
BACKGROUND: Most total elbow arthroplasty (TEA) designs aim to replicate anatomy and provide stability in the treatment of the degenerative elbow joint. Given the promising results that have been reported following the use of TEA for the treatment of complex fractures, the indications for this procedure are growing. The objective of the present study was to review the most recent literature on the results of the most commonly performed TEAs. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search was conducted...
July 11, 2017: JBJS Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690459/functional-outcomes-of-modular-conversion-of-hemiarthroplasty-or-total-to-reverse-total-shoulder-arthroplasty
#10
Phillip N Williams, Samir K Trehan, Nicholas Tsouris, Joshua S Dines, David M Dines, Edward V Craig, Lawrence V Gulotta, Russell F Warren
BACKGROUND: The advent of modular shoulder arthroplasty systems has allowed the conversion of hemiarthroplasty or total shoulder arthroplasty to reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA) without removing a well-fixed stem. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: To determine the feasibility, functional outcome, and complication profile of RTSA modular conversion. METHODS: A prospective shoulder arthroplasty registry was queried for consecutive patients scheduled for a modular conversion from January 1, 2007, to April 1, 2015...
July 2017: HSS Journal: the Musculoskeletal Journal of Hospital for Special Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676727/-effects-on-the-elbow-of-radial-head-resection-following-isolated-radial-head-fracture-in-young-patients
#11
C Á González Roldán, Á M Hidalgo Ovejero, J Ruiz Ruiz, P Mateo Sebastian
ackground. Radial head resection has been a widely used procedure in cases of non-reconstructable radial head fracture. Some authors propose the use of radial head arthroplasty. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the long-term outcome of radial head resection for isolated fracture, without instability at the time of the fracture, and its radiological and functional repercussions at the elbow level. METHODS: We reviewed 44 clinical records with acute resection of the radial head following isolated radial head fracture, with absence of associated injuries, younger than forty, with a minimum follow-up of 15 years...
July 4, 2017: Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668181/arthroscopic-joint-preservation-in-severe-glenohumeral-arthritis-using-interpositional-human-dermal-allograft
#12
Robert U Hartzler, Sabelo Melapi, Joe F de Beer, Stephen S Burkhart
PURPOSE: To investigate the outcomes of arthroscopic glenoid resurfacing (AGR) for severe glenohumeral arthritis at short- to medium-term follow-up. METHODS: We performed a multicenter retrospective review of consecutive patients undergoing AGR (2005-2013) with a minimum of 2 years' follow-up or until revision. Patients lost to follow-up and those included in a prior study were excluded. The indications for AGR were severe primary shoulder osteoarthritis without significant bone loss in younger, higher-demand patients...
June 28, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666671/arthroscopic-management-of-elbow-osteoarthritis
#13
REVIEW
Leo T Kroonen, Samantha L Piper, Andrew C Ghatan
The incidence of osteoarthritis in the general population is low, but it can be seen in manual laborers, throwing athletes, and people dependent on crutches and wheelchairs. Patients often complain of pain at the terminal extents of motion, and imaging shows osteophyte formation at the tips of the coronoid and olecranon processes as well as thickening of the bone between the coronoid and the olecranon fossae. Recent advances in arthroscopic instrumentation and techniques have led to a growing interest in the arthroscopic treatment of elbow osteoarthritis...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664232/-elbow-dislocation-fractures
#14
S Siebenlist, K F Braun
The treatment of complex elbow dislocation fractures is a challenge to both the treating surgeon as well as to the patient due to the complex bony and soft tissue anatomy of the joint. In order to establish an expedient treatment algorithm, all osseous and ligamentous injuries need to be thoroughly assessed. Furthermore, a detailed knowledge of the joint-stabilizing structures, practicable surgical approaches as well as the possible techniques for fracture fixation and/or arthroplasty are essential to facilitate early rehabilitation of the elbow and avoid injury-related complications...
July 2017: Der Unfallchirurg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660435/non-operative-management-of-distal-humerus-fractures-in-the-elderly-a-review-of-functional-outcomes
#15
Timothy J Batten, Claire Sin-Hidge, Mark D Brinsden, Paul M Guyver
Comminuted distal humerus fractures in the elderly have traditionally been managed by ORIF or total elbow arthroplasty (TEA). This poses a treatment dilemma in elderly patients where anaesthetic and surgical risks combine with poor bone and wound healing. We aimed to assess the functional outcomes in patients managed non-operatively, with TEA being used as the salvage procedure. Retrospective analysis of patients over 65 years presenting to our unit between 2005 and 2015 was undertaken. Sixty-two patients were identified, 38 had died, and 5 were lost to follow-up leaving 5 with immediate TEA and 14 non-operatively managed, available for review...
June 28, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653544/operative-management-of-unstable-radial-head-fractures-in-a-young-active-population
#16
Nicholas Kusnezov, Emmanuel Eisenstein, John C Dunn, Austin Fares, Justin Mitchell, Kelly Kilcoyne, Brian R Waterman
BACKGROUND: Radial head and neck fractures are the most common elbow fracture in the general adult population; however, the optimal treatment for radial head fractures remains a topic of ongoing clinical controversy. The purpose of this study was to determine the rate of return to function, complications, and reoperation following operative management of unstable radial head fractures in a young, active patient population with intense upper extremity demands. METHODS: A military health care database was queried for all US military servicemembers undergoing open reduction with internal fixation (ORIF; Current Procedural Terminology [CPT] code: 24665) and radial head arthroplasty (RHA; CPT code: 24666) between 2010 and 2015...
June 1, 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632592/changes-in-psychological-status-and-health-related-quality-of-life-following-total-shoulder-arthroplasty
#17
Chul-Hyun Cho, Kwang-Soon Song, Ilseon Hwang, Margaret S Coats-Thomas, Jon J P Warner
BACKGROUND: There has been little documentation of the effects of total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA) on psychological status and health-related quality of life (HRQoL). We investigated changes in psychological status (depression and anxiety) and HRQoL following TSA and assessed the effect of preoperative psychological status on postoperative clinical and functional outcome. We hypothesized that TSA would improve both psychological status and HRQoL. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled 46 patients undergoing TSA for osteoarthritis...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614146/the-effect-of-concomitant-elbow-injuries-on-the-outcomes-of-radial-head-arthroplasty-a-cohort-comparison
#18
Jason A Strelzow, George S Athwal, Joy C MacDermid, Ruby Grewal, Kenneth J Faber, Darren Drosdowech, Graham J W King
OBJECTIVES: To compare physical impairments and patient reported outcomes in patients following simple and complex elbow injuries who were treated with a radial head arthroplasty. DESIGN: Patients with isolated elbow trauma and no prior injury to the elbow were prospectively enrolled following radial head arthroplasty for an acute unreconstructable fracture. Injury patterns were classified as simple or complex based on the presence or absence of associated elbow fractures and/or dislocation...
May 31, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606638/retrospective-cohort-study-on-radial-head-replacements-comparing-results-between-smooth-and-porous-stem-designs
#19
Mélissa Laflamme, Pierre-Philippe Grenier-Gauthier, Alexandre Leclerc, Stéphanie Antoniades, Anne-Marie Bédard
BACKGROUND: When necessary, radial head integrity after a fracture can be re-created by the use of a radial head arthroplasty if the radial head is judged irreparable. The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical and radiographic outcomes of metal modular radial head replacements with a smooth vs. a porous stem. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of radial head replacements performed in the first 4 weeks after a trauma in an adult patient at our institution between 2000 and 2014 was completed...
August 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601487/results-of-cementless-total-elbow-arthroplasty-using-the-discovery-elbow-system-at-a-mean-follow-up-of-61-8-months
#20
Simon P Frostick, Ahmed A Elsheikh, Ali Abdullah Mohammed, Amanda Wood
BACKGROUND: The available literature on the use of a cementless total elbow arthroplasty (TEA) design and its results are limited. This clinical study reports the outcome of the cementless Discovery elbow system. METHODS: Patients were operated on by a single surgeon between 2007 and 2014. Nineteen patients (20 elbows) were available for review, 2 women (1 bilateral TEA) and 17 men. The age of the patients ranged from 27 to 75 years (mean, 48 years). The mean follow-up was 61...
August 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
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