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Elbow arthroplasty

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936610/tight-fitting-radial-head-prosthesis-does-stem-size-help-prevent-painful-loosening
#1
Pierre Laumonerie, Nicolas Reina, Claudia Gutierrez, Stephanie Delclaux, Meagan E Tibbo, Nicolas Bonnevialle, Pierre Mansat
INTRODUCTION: The most common reason for removal of well-fixed radial head prostheses is painful loosening. We hypothesised that short-stemmed prostheses, used for radial head arthroplasty, are not associated with an increased risk of implant loosening. METHODS: From 2002 to 2014, 65 patients were enrolled in a retrospective single-centre study. The radial head prostheses were classified as having either a long (30-mm) or short (16- to 22-mm) stem. The long-stemmed implants comprised 30 GUEPAR® DePuy Synthes (West Chester, PA, USA) and 20 Evolutive® Aston Medical (Saint-Etienne, France) devices; the short-stemmed implants comprised nine RECON and six STANDARD rHead® SBI-Stryker (Morrisville, PA, USA) devices...
September 21, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932285/comparison-of-the-hospital-costs-for-two-stage-reimplantation-for-deep-infection-single-stage-revision-and-primary-total-elbow-arthroplasty
#2
Eric R Wagner, Jeanine E Ransom, Hilal Maradit Kremers, Mark Morrey, Joaquin Sanchez-Sotelo
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the present study was to determine the cost of two-stage reimplantation for the treatment of deep infection after total elbow arthroplasty (TEA) and compare this with primary and aseptic revision TEA. METHODS: Three hundred and seventy-one primary TEA and 286 revision TEAs (including 47 elbows requiring two-stage reimplantation) were performed. Total direct medical costs during each hospitalization were obtained from our institutional research database and compared for three groups: primary TEA, revision for nonseptic reasons and two-stage reimplantation for deep infection...
October 2017: Shoulder & Elbow
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926381/total-elbow-arthroplasty-for-distal-humeral-fractures-a-ten-year-minimum-follow-up-study
#3
Raul Barco, Philipp N Streubel, Bernard F Morrey, Joaquin Sanchez-Sotelo
BACKGROUND: Total elbow arthroplasty is commonly considered for elderly patients with comminuted distal humeral fractures. Satisfactory short-term outcomes have been reported, but long-term outcomes are unknown. Our purpose was to assess the long-term outcomes of total elbow arthroplasty after distal humeral fracture and to determine differences between elbows with or without inflammatory arthritis at the time of fracture. METHODS: Forty-four total elbow arthroplasties were performed after distal humeral fracture; those patients were followed for a minimum of 10 years and were evaluated with regard to pain, motion, Mayo Elbow Performance Scores, complications, and reoperations...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911814/the-effect-of-patient-gender-on-outcomes-after-reverse-total-shoulder-arthroplasty
#4
Stephanie E Wong, Austin A Pitcher, David Y Ding, Nicola Cashman, Alan L Zhang, C Benjamin Ma, Brian T Feeley
BACKGROUND: Gender differences may exist for patients undergoing shoulder arthroplasty. Limited data suggest that women may have worse preoperative disability and outcomes. Our objective was to determine whether gender influences preoperative disability and patient-reported outcomes after reverse total shoulder arthroplasty. METHODS: Data were prospectively collected for patients who underwent reverse total shoulder arthroplasty for rotator cuff arthropathy or osteoarthritis with a rotator cuff tear at a single institution between 2009 and 2015...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901795/clinical-and-radiographic-outcomes-of-unipolar-and-bipolar-radial-head-prosthesis-in-patients-with-radial-head-fracture-a-systemic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Hongwei Chen, Ziyang Wang, Yongjun Shang
PURPOSE: To compare clinical outcomes of unipolar and bipolar radial head prosthesis in the treatment of patients with radial head fracture. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medline, Cochrane, EMBASE, Google Scholar databases were searched until April 18, 2016 using the following search terms: radial head fracture, elbow fracture, radial head arthroplasty, implants, prosthesis, unipolar, bipolar, cemented, and press-fit. Randomized controlled trials, retrospective, and cohort studies were included...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886390/vascularized-fibular-graft-as-a-surgical-option-for-osteosarcoma-of-distal-humerus-a-case-report
#6
Achmad Fauzi Kamal, Anggaditya Putra, Wahyu Widodo
INTRODUCTION: Distal humerus is a very rare predilection site of osteosarcoma. Limb salvage surgery has widely replaced amputation for surgical treatment of most types of malignant bone sarcomas. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We presented a 42 years old male with rapidly growing osteosarcoma on his right distal humerus. After induction chemotherapy, wide excision and reconstruction using free vascularized fibular graft followed with interpositional elbow arthroplasty technique was done...
August 23, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885383/application-of-a-modified-pedicled-adipofascial-lateral-arm-flap-in-the-prevention-and-treatment-of-radial-nerve-injuries
#7
Steven M Koehler, Andrew P Matson, Suhail K Mithani
The fasciocutaneous lateral arm flap is a workhorse flap in upper extremity reconstruction. However, its adipofascial variant is not widely used. The technique can be used in various clinical scenarios. The adipofascial flap can be transposed to circumferentially wrap the radial nerve with a pliable, vascularized fat and fascial envelope, mimicking the natural fatty environment of peripheral nerves. This technique has the advantage of providing a scar tissue barrier, a barrier to hardware irritation and a milieu for vascular regeneration of the nerve...
September 6, 2017: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861200/reverse-shoulder-arthroplasty-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-systematic-review
#8
Chul-Hyun Cho, Du-Han Kim, Kwang-Soon Song
BACKGROUND: There are limited data available regarding the results of reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). We performed a systematic review of the literature to investigate the radiological and clinical outcomes after RSA in patients with RA. METHODS: A literature search for publications between 1987 and 2014 was conducted by 2 independent reviewers using PubMed, Scopus, Embase, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials...
September 2017: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860400/mid-term-outcomes-of-77-modular-radial-head-prostheses
#9
P Laumonerie, N Reina, D Ancelin, S Delclaux, M E Tibbo, N Bonnevialle, P Mansat
AIMS: Radial head arthroplasty (RHA) may be used in the treatment of non-reconstructable radial head fractures. The aim of this study was to evaluate the mid-term clinical and radiographic results of RHA. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between 2002 and 2014, 77 RHAs were implanted in 54 men and 23 women with either acute injuries (54) or with traumatic sequelae (23) of a fracture of the radial head. Four designs of RHA were used, including the Guepar (Small Bone Innovations (SBi)/Stryker; 36), Evolutive (Aston Medical; 24), rHead RECON (SBi/Stryker; ten) or rHead STANDARD (SBi/Stryker; 7) prostheses...
September 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860399/effect-of-pre-operative-expectations-on-the-outcomes-following-total-shoulder-arthroplasty
#10
I Swarup, C M Henn, J T Nguyen, D M Dines, E V Craig, R F Warren, L V Gulotta, R F Henn
AIMS: Few studies have evaluated the relationship between patients' pre-operative expectations and the outcome of orthopaedic procedures. Our aim was to determine the effect of expectations on the outcome after primary anatomical total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA). We hypothesised that patients with greater expectations would have better outcomes. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients undergoing primary anatomical TSA completed the Hospital for Special Surgery's Shoulder Expectations Survey pre-operatively...
September 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844420/a-prospective-randomized-controlled-trial-to-identify-the-optimal-postoperative-pain-management-in-shoulder-arthroplasty-liposomal-bupivacaine-versus-continuous-interscalene-catheter
#11
Vani J Sabesan, Rajin Shahriar, Graysen R Petersen-Fitts, James D Whaley, Therese Bou-Akl, Matthew Sweet, Marc Milia
BACKGROUND: Shoulder arthroplasty is the fastest growing joint replacement surgery in the United States, and optimal postoperative pain management is critical to optimize outcomes for these surgeries. Liposomal bupivacaine (LB) has gained popularity for its potential to provide extended postoperative pain relief with possibly fewer side effects. The goal of this study was to assess the impact of LB compared with continuous interscalene nerve block (CISB) in terms of postoperative pain control, outpatient pain scores, and patient-reported and functional outcomes after shoulder arthroplasty surgery...
August 22, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835585/the-history-and-future-of-unlinked-total-elbow-arthroplasty
#12
Takuji Iwamoto, Hiroyasu Ikegami, Taku Suzuki, Satoshi Oki, Noboru Matsumura, Masaya Nakamura, Morio Matsumoto, Kazuki Sato
Unlinked total elbow arthroplasty (TEA), which has no mechanical connection between the humeral and ulnar components, has theoretical advantages based on its near-normal elbow kinematics and the preservation of bone stock. Unlinked TEA is appropriate only for patients who have limited bone loss or limited deformity and good ligamentous function. This is because postoperative instability has been a major complication of unlinked prostheses. The concept and goal of unlinked TEA is to share the loading stress on the bone implant interface with the surrounding tissues...
August 24, 2017: Keio Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795210/-arthrodesis-of-the-trapeziometacarpal-joint
#13
REVIEW
T Pillukat, M Mühldorfer-Fodor, R Fuhrmann, J Windolf, J van Schoonhoven
OBJECTIVE: Bony fusion of the trapeziometacarpal joint. INDICATIONS: High demands concerning stability and strength of the thumb in primary or secondary osteoarthritis (e.g., posttraumatic osteoarthritis following injuries to the carpometacarpal joint of the thumb); instability in the absence of osteoarthritis due to malformations, ligamentous laxicity, and joint hypermobility; malformations; improvement of hand function in neurological disorders; salvage procedure after carpometacarpal arthroplasty provided bone stock is sufficient...
August 9, 2017: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776630/metal-allergy-as-a-cause-of-implant-failure-in-shoulder-arthroplasty
#14
Jia-Wei Kevin Ko, Thema A Nicholson, C Edward Hoffler, Gerald Williams, Charles Getz
Metal allergy is an uncommon and poorly understood cause of failure of orthopedic implants. To the authors' knowledge, there have been no reports of the management of shoulder arthroplasty patients with metal allergy. The authors present their experience with the diagnosis and management of patients with metal allergy. Patients with metal allergy undergoing shoulder arthroplasty were identified through retrospective chart review from January 1, 2012, to January 31, 2015. Case characteristics collected included patient risk factors (age, sex, prior cutaneous reactions to metal), metal allergy factors (type of metal allergy, method of diagnosis), and surgery factors (implant type, primary/revision, type of shoulder arthroplasty)...
August 3, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751094/revision-of-failed-shoulder-hemiarthroplasty-to-reverse-total-arthroplasty-analysis-of-157-revision-implants
#15
Giovanni Merolla, Eric Wagner, John W Sperling, Paolo Paladini, Elisabetta Fabbri, Giuseppe Porcellini
BACKGROUND: There remains a paucity of studies examining the conversion of failed hemiarthroplasty (HA) to reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA). Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine a large series of revision HA to RTSA. METHODS: A population of 157 patients who underwent conversion of a failed HA to a revision RTSA from 2006 through 2014 were included. The mean follow-up was 49 months (range, 24-121 months). The indications for revision surgery included instability with rotator cuff insufficiency (n = 127) and glenoid wear (n = 30); instability and glenoid wear were associated in 38 cases...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737619/revision-total-elbow-arthroplasty
#16
Miguel A Ramirez, Emilie V Cheung, Anand M Murthi
Despite recent technologic advances, total elbow arthroplasty has complication rates higher than that of total joint arthroplasty in other joints. With new antirheumatic treatments, the population receiving total elbow arthroplasty has shifted from patients with rheumatoid arthritis to those with posttraumatic arthritis, further compounding the high complication rate. The most common reasons for revision include infection, aseptic loosening, fracture, and component failure. Common mechanisms of total elbow arthroplasty failure include infection, aseptic loosening, fracture, component failure, and instability...
August 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735841/the-perioperative-effects-of-chronic-preoperative-opioid-use-on-shoulder-arthroplasty-outcomes
#17
Jonathan W Cheah, David C Sing, Dell McLaughlin, Brian T Feeley, C Benjamin Ma, Alan L Zhang
HYPOTHESIS AND BACKGROUND: Chronic opioid therapy is an increasingly used modality for the treatment of osteoarthritis-associated pain. We hypothesized that chronic opioid use would be associated with adverse outcomes in shoulder arthroplasty. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of patients undergoing elective anatomic total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA) and reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (rTSA) at a single institution from 2012-2015 was performed. Patients were stratified by preoperative opioid use (nonusers, short-acting opioid users, and long-acting opioid users), and their postoperative clinical outcomes were assessed...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734716/short-term-clinical-outcome-of-an-anatomic-short-stem-humeral-component-in-total-shoulder-arthroplasty
#18
Anthony A Romeo, Robert J Thorsness, Shelby A Sumner, Reuben Gobezie, Evan S Lederman, Patrick J Denard
BACKGROUND: Short-stem press-fit humeral components have recently been developed in an effort to preserve bone in total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA), but few studies have reported outcomes of these devices. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the short-term clinical outcomes of an anatomic short-stem humeral component in TSA. We hypothesized that the implant would lead to significant functional improvement with low rates of radiographic loosening. METHODS: A multicenter retrospective review was performed of TSAs using an anatomic short-stem humeral component (Apex; Arthrex, Inc...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734537/total-elbow-arthroplasty-for-primary-osteoarthritis
#19
Bradley S Schoch, Jean-David Werthel, Joaquín Sánchez-Sotelo, Bernard F Morrey, Mark Morrey
BACKGROUND: Primary osteoarthritis of the elbow is a less common indication for total elbow arthroplasty (TEA). Higher complication rates in younger, active patients may offset short-term improvements in pain and function. The purpose of this study was to determine pain relief, functional outcomes, complications, and survival of TEA in this population. METHODS: Between 1984 and 2011, 20 consecutive TEAs were performed for primary elbow osteoarthritis. Two patients died before the 2-year follow-up...
August 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733108/first-line-management-of-distal-humerus-fracture-by-total-elbow-arthroplasty-in-geriatric-traumatology-results-in-a-21-patient-series-at-a-minimum-2years-follow-up
#20
D Lami, M Chivot, A Caubere, A Galland, J N Argenson
INTRODUCTION: Total elbow arthroplasty (TEA) is one option in distal humerus fracture in elderly osteoporotic patients. HYPOTHESIS: The study hypothesis was that, in patients aged 70years or more, TEA provides functional results and ranges of motion compatible with everyday activity, with a complications rate equal to or lower than with internal fixation, and no loss of autonomy or cognitive impairment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this retrospective study, 21 patients receiving TEA for distal humerus fracture were included...
July 18, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
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